Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1856 Page 3
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vnanrzA polxtxoi. IPORTANT POLITICAL DISCUSSION. CH OF EX-LIEUT. GOVERNOR LEAKE. ?Appearance of Alex. H. H. Stuart. ? E FEELING IN VIRGINIA, &c., Ac., Ac. tlnl ltfport for the New York Herald. OKAWUK C'OtTKT Hul'SS. 1 Ninety miles S. W. of Richmond, July 'J8, 1S58. J It Richmond yesterday morning by the Central ad, now the great thoroughfare of this comrnou i, aud arrived at (iordontville, the great converging ?r the down and up Richmond aud Staunton train, orth aud South Orange aud Alexandria train, at half past 10 o'clock. Hero an immense crowd was bled from all quarters, awaitiug the train to tbi3 (or the purpose of hearing tbe discussion so long need. jy utter d I -appointment, I ascertained from a gon l who travelled that morning 011 the down train ttauutou, that Mr. Stuart was slrk and unable to . Contradictory statements were made upon this t, some that he passed that way by yes 't> train, others averting that he was positively BelieviLg that whatever of interest would trans icre would be last by the absence of this gen ii I resolved to return to Richmond by the down when a gentleman, who became aware of the ob m.v journey, ond this intention to return, informed t this .-tatement was made merely as a decoy to lie oil. lie expressed tbe opinion that should I )ut my purpose to return, Stuart would turn up as ,?3 daylight. I then resolved to pursue my jour d see the matter out. ?ived here at balt'-paet 11 o'clock A. M. It was ay? au occasion Tor theaajemblingof large crowds place, but the number present in this Instance Ml tcofold the u.sual collection. Great indeed I to be the disappointment when it was ascertained i orator of the day had not come, and many were jectures as to the ca use which ted to his absence, isaerted that he remained away because of the cement exLleuteuant Governor Leake would on; other* tbat he dreaded the Hkkai.ii and his Jy " reporter. The den ocrntt deemed truly Jubi r the "oiialap," while the Know Nothings maul heir chagrin by curses, "loud aud deep," upon the 'their orator. a sour, bitter look your reporter bvl the honor ng bestowed ou htm while he st*xi amid fee cool as a cucumber. 5 now 1 o'clock, and there was no prospect of a " Iu every corner of the little town squads ollected about rabid partisans in the Bucba d Kill mo re interest, discussing earnestly the ye merits of their standard bearers, each assert rond all question, that the other was an ibolit on e records of both were unalyzod In every In to a degree suri>a^ing the most minute research uoBt rabid of the party organs. a nit ay into the Court House, but not a soul did lere, save a few Justices on the bench and air a dozen lawers, not one ol whom h.i I a ciie in rbe attrac'ion was up to* n, am.d the politicians. >> e, I mi?f.t have stated that this district contains the most distinguished lawyers of the Mate, ai, ?nee, Shelton F l.eake, ex -Lieutenant Governor .. Ken.]>er, of Madison, and Thomas Walsh, of nay taU of politic* and politicians in New Why it cannot compare with Virginia, She cn always political, and she will continue i Is so, however, from ii) mercenary mo e \oi. all, bot, pursuing the old habit and oil id i- 1 she seeks to exercise by her example inlliirnce throughout the Cnion. I should like to nan or the State who would dare encroach upon ai Talk about South Carolina: why, sin w mid her up in an in.-tautif she dared to compete r. Slie I- the mother; these small folks ar ?, an. I disobedient ones, too, by the way. And prres still her beautiful ancient simplicity. Go cai ijtry regions, wuere I am now. and yon wi!! Old 1 K>m u ion'' in tier primitive simplicity and ntfdje-v negating, in fact, h' r own concern of the I niou. She fancies -he possesses ? in ike doe' ? a mjral dictaf re a thority ovr the lion and she t-till seek* to exercise i', scr ipulom d to tbo example she set* to th? little clu-ter r. Sooner than permit a wrong sentiment to go te>l, a con of Virginia (1 mean tb? farmers, not for they are seltmh everywhere) would i lit I pending the most Important suit In order to slander They are truly a line peopus ? tho the world, I believe. TIU II K AID AND ITS KKPOHTiK. arrival nt it .?? little Urera aeveral hard <ayingi ?red * .tli refereoce to the Hauti d and the obj?ct ndiDit me here Some argued for an I *oi\* , and miuy expreae.l * deiire to hav.? alway* [unity "t rc i lin,{ the Hiiut n Hillacommii at rlVt > t More- or s':bacriberj wiuU l>o ad J 9 J Kiit volumoioua lut. THE fPKAIISf). 2 o'clock I' M a call wa- tnaJe la front of the tavern, an they call It tier*, for ' ' and thu hcimtd to bo thj ?ijnal lor a BioveRKDt towards tSe l rt Hju-o *|-uiv wrti the crowd, aa<t on gelling thore 0 imtueaao a??< mlilft^e ut,.ing hii\I)ii , but in) tipcaker Soou, however. ex ivoruor Irnkc road-' ln? appearance. and In t<> loud mid ciithuaiaetu: call*. a* ended a tempo brtn prepared lor the ooanoD. Through the 01 111' clerk ol tli e court. I -1'iccccded III g?tlm;f riling < hair, wblch I pla< ed al a couveuleut du a the platform. ere ?tate thai o*ver Id the on i rw of my repor erW uca dl<l I vltneM tii"r* < >ufu?on an 1 !? '? tm I t<> a public speaker than on this i*xa#ion ever, wa-t conOnctl to one MlvMnal, n Mr New Sv U VI ir :iol llr < I h I I r? n difficult} lodl.nm Mr Newman uttered al d fur ft 'Til * th M l.i . i . e m .'titradietioo of lento, of course and tu * m iti-laii. ? t, the Ian ? Mich a* tb' |>ati?ii. o of lew evil I t -V. ? tlwi the ||>R?inclrcnlat'"? largely lo that region, prop. r to oiler tin* rebuke for the Tatar* benefit rlio wet e c "iicernet In th? ? a t< of di?' oarto*/. IL > a ' Are ?dy oppr i by *???? turning i? ? ' *r?. uded |)j ( crow t who k< ,>t <?/ : uj? n ?i wel ? ?> ?? at .i | me. tie ?e at ntervi! .f note or two. (wearing ??In b<* "I ? 1 if he er>!and that i ort of serat' hing, it w t* neither t.n or Hrbrew." I n.ler all tli- ctr. .injuii es, m wa? by no me-tna enviable. ?? ?? " u a- the ?p, .i' ?a which hail-' ! In a on lb' pi.. tlorm hi I *ub ..led. <?' I - My fel >w the co'intr of Orange | rani> li. re to ! iy In try p*of?~ ? onal in. mion mwlule expect ailed upon to reply to a d ?ting.ii-Sic I gentle a ne ihboring count*. wli ? wa< to represent aide of the que-tinn . tb.1t gentleman, it Is hard ry for me to nform yon, < Mr \ II. H. w.p'i-ia At tho in?tate e oi many frien< *. I to engage w ih him In a di - ? on of tli? to;- * n the pr '?rnt i an\ .??? r??? lie waa not afraid to meet von. kf_ | mideratand, however, that that gentleman letained bya^'kneei: but at the reqtien *f many ndeftik. lo a ldre?? a few r"m?rlwto ?u. li a the people of Orange at honor me w h th.-ir My fellow citiiten* lean hut eiprtw my I theie I* oo ot.e here to represent tne opposite ta queetton 1 prefer a!wiy? ? T'tll. Imr and nesionon both md*?, heranve ft only by nom h !odea that the people are enable.) to arrive at le. Dion In re|?rd to the point* Involved. The rb h I mean to ? I \ * *1" ? ? > ?lr<mg in dl own nerlt- that H can well a'T.>rd to re?t itt lei. nee ai h nible an advocate I am. I had eup il with'n the laet two or three w -k' that in !>*a? t thit elei Hon would have pa.t.<i?l without rdinary et? ilement I believed that the pe<> . noiitti ? of the whole South? were prepared Uy under the only flag whi It pr .m - I them d neccrtt in the com nn rntile?t 1 had ?up fi How that there w e Id :>e luaind no ?tn the limi'? of thU an. eat l<o niinon, who r their votoe for any othrr tl: ?n Ui'i 't H i cheer* >r raliv in favor of any nth-r pi'ly ?In e|t alway* -too l tr ie to tb>' -^outll, and h ail it* Iio|h*s depend Thu < no ordinary \ fellow I It eua It la I f.iiile-1 involving the of till* I n Ol, l?r< i ^e it in\ olvea the right" of ind the faithfol admlnlatrnti'tn o| thecoiwtilu federal government Una ?nt*>t whirh in rytbb sr <'rar to ??? al leant I r'gtrd i io? ror "me to our Im-omn the i?-'i-- whether we of the tame'y to Fiihmit to the a?gre-ir .<na of the people and aurrender Iho^e conatitutlontl ite I by ' father* ? right* which we ahall de otir fcloo.1 should. It ho n ''??*ry (Cheora.) ? l"c e truly and ii?tlnrtly pre?ented< S.?me ('?od help 'them '?there are no peraon* now Nothing'' -a large majority >>f the )<e..ple tf e ant Ainer - am areording to the teat which rl< ana apply) | ?ay *?me Americana in i.ict that tlie platl'.rm whi. h Ih. y present ia the nd nab -lie \\ hy. gentlemen, we present to orm and acandidue u|?.n which all pirti tiur candidate l* an Ind vldital whoae record Oiliest einrarit"e of fidelity to every pnneipie hold dear? of a ?triet adherence to th Me eon right' who ft, above all other* are dnar to o* m ?i? - He ia bo anrh thing ?he wu never r ght kf We hav# another can ' date, n.->n nated iomi> Mf-he wi< encagert in d ' harging the C* o< ki*?iBf the P0|?e? toe, and ???retold that be h. to save u*. Mr Kili.noro to Mvf) u . . whose jiarty refused t? nominate him ,? 18a- ?nl? . ? had triod him tor four >%?rH (cheer- t h . uit i jwrty repudiated and dwfered to be unworthv^ri?K?a toi fldeucr. He id the man whom his fr.eT.ds ? m model hUtesman or the country and as a man ? as. f to bea! ail the ev.U ef the body'wlitic ,h" ' ??a?,1ei!1 S: -izz&u:rz2rx! :r:? I have known you lor mauy vmr, .,,1 i : kin ?u' vmi tn Jin _i ( . ? / oftr> j and I dov or ascertained th.V inT " "'7 nn fnH -ith M L- <"D?ylvama the Fillmore men have united with the Fremoot men u|?on the name ticket with t'ckeu? iif ailri? arB to Uan^e the Mi , such a mmuer as to coucentrae upon whomsoever of the two shall iret the Uffest number of vote. It is a m?Uer of STtolMST:0* Th0 may he el6ct8d i but '* behooves ' ' , '? ,our ow" Interests in thU scramble. The de J". ? a'ic party present to you a man whom even John C. I 71Se i'.W! ?" bls ullr* Southern feeling ?, had always dc< laied to be conservative and true on thesiib " * ?verpy' a whMe record? and it illuminatea m cry page of our history from 1927 to this dav? shows wi? "n'ler *" circumstances, with scarcely a ??ingle exception, voting with every ultra southern man ui on this question. A man who has lirrnly planted him selfupon the Cincinnati platrerm, resolving neither to add a plank to It, or take one from it. A man who fought Vhth i. annexation of Texas, the conditions upou which it was annexed, and who is with us to this dav upon every question which U most dear to us. (Loud cheers.) Now with regard to Fillmore, I would ask who ht* ttu<1 w,,iat ll?s l'e doner ir he was this great aud d "lan that his (riends represent him to be why I "'k> ?'J they not nominate him in 1S.V2- Iu their des aera tion they are driven to impute to the Governor or ?.ir iilrl remark "that hi- administration was Wa-hing ion like, and yet while they aflec.t now so to regaid it llie> deemed him at its close unworthy or a ronewal of what Mr* Hlimore XClieTer ) ^ ?" soo no /who and u-r v-,U *?; 1 fm aware J am addressing many Know Nothings. (Laughter.) Some, however are old line whigs and I say here, with all sincerity, that I regard their position as very humble-indeed, they are in a o% dicament the most humiliating I have ever known men to occupy. They c, led a convention and m?wen?y or thirty or tkem-recently in Richmond, and there solcmuly resolved that the country could be wvej could not stand Know NoThingiW^^K^oVNoOn^ candidate they would have nothing to do with, and ve? Nnih iT to Richmond, solemnly endorsed the Know Nothing candidate, and recommcuded him to the poot>l? of \ Irgtma as the man above all others the I S ' ol accomplishing all the country needed. "iTrermn, ! ??;? inAci(U'ut whl^ took place In the county or flick liphatn A > man, named .lones. who was a little hard ui> for money thought pro, ?er to raUethe wind, and, in order to do so, advertised that he had for exhibition a Mculif? Hnlfra0#' ? 21? 01 Bd,ni*sion to be a qua-ter ot a ?k1'i !? time for the exhibition having ar med, hundred? assembled to sec the curiosity. Jones made Lis appearance with a bag on h.s back well t ed uith strings. He untied one string, and out jumped a Kl. LnnH?rEt l00% ^ tliat ever anyhody did see. Wei . gentlemen, said he, did anybody ever see a wors* iISi?* an "i?1' Ev?rJ">0dy said certainly it w.h' a U^tied another string, aud out ca ne another ptg much worse looking than tf e other Jones remarking that there was a still greater curioMy (laughter.) Now, gontlemen, the wnigs said that the Know Nothings were the worn looking nigs they erer u ,?, r 7 en they wc,,t t0 Richmond, out came a wagran of Tar w orse appearance th.?n the animals first presented to their view. (Loud laughter.) The v word not accept a Know Nothing, but they verv cheert'uiK agreed to take Fillmore! This is truly^a strawe , neon .Mency. Who, then, is Fillmore- thLs w^ran whom iMu I'",e,UCreed?<1 in shaking out ol the bag? I know there arc honest men among you who b* lieve H"?ore to be all he is represented Those of j ot? who boliere so must be Know N'othinir Indeed. lJut can you believe that a man who hw; solemniy declared that Congress had j-mer to abolish slavery in th- f>i?trlct of Columbia and the abolition of the slave trade among the Southern States a sale man for the South f Do von believe that the man who declared that Texas ought never to be ?! in i i i into this Union upon tho conditions on which she has been admitted, is a sarc man lor the South If h -re 1 man here who believe, it. let him spaak; and Ifhe do-ihtt what I here state in reference to him. 1 have his record here o prove it. All that I have imputed to him he hu stated id his Erie letter, which I will read for? on a, H you w ill remember that every man here who Vote's for rMr""i?uiVCh a praCl ,Cal cnd"rsement to all his v.ews I*'; 'x,ake ,h?rc r?<l copious extracts from the c-le brattd l'.rie letter or Mr. Ullmore.] Now. tny Cello* --it ?ens, I have read to you Fillmore ' own Words in ihicii he declared that he was opposed to the admission ol Texas except on the concltious related in this ,i,h-,i ami in la . or ot the Imrnediaie abolition or xlaverv m Vie ntstrict ot Columbia. I ask, then, can you me tor a m?? holding such opine,, f Ittsbaidly .,ece?sary to repea" in so doing you endorse tho-e opinions, ir any nw here can show me where FiUn, ore repudiated that letTS? J will not only vote for him, but even stump it for him i am told that Mr. I illmore signed the Fugitive Slave law f* m l I W'tl1 what ,,-wtnKH may easily be as. -r' taimU from Lis LouUvi.le fpeeth. made when I'resi lent ?nd dur nganHecMooeering tour. |n that h? declared ll.athj* had great he# tat loo in signing tl%t bit! he'nj ?loubtfui ot if* Const, tut. on.lity, ita-m* n a' ii i,a nof embody the right of trial by Jury. Remember also tha v< to rowpr Vl '' I'reuf'entiai chair pledged against the ??to power, ?b. e he eon emplated its ex.'rci-.' -a revar. . to this bill which was of so much heneilt t> t'?<<ri!h f-.u h then, is Mr I in, -re It t that is n -t all Wh-,t th.nk ind , !!I|?''IW' of a party that wo,. Id come here and a-k you t? vote ror a man for President who doe. n* believe that it is wrong to steal ne ro? we'd you think of a "Know NotbinR"_that dT,t cd gentleman Mr. Stun, t, for ,nstince_,r he wore w a^ Tc^ rVnd .Vit'p r*V thal 't*'" no crime to steal' a ni r!r . .A V. . 1['n,oro " ' 'Presented on the re?ord as paid 4n lart, tha it was to ofT nce to *t/*ii sorentr negroes Hi pardoned men for an oneace of th.s rh*ra h^ft That * "".L^ U" roi,cIii*ioii Iron ?urh an art I.M tin r*?,rrt#;1. '? 00 crime * Two mm namei i . ' . ^"?ve, in l?4i, or after Fillmore hec?m ? I resi *tole from VashinL-|oa and AlexuidrH re.enty ne ?r. es. (riememher thst tse r?.-u which I -tue t J vL Wehf.w" h',U" rec0'^ 10 trus. ) These met, ^ .. .k. 1 r '''T'nt' nefroes. They got thorn as far as ihe mouih of the Potott* , when they were co?d llei ^cm Mress of w. a her to run into a httleUbor K?e ? JihnP7P'*.?r f'ttla.' wind ot ihe mat icr mIW .| and armed ? iKh-wne^, pursue-i th.s vessel and overhauled her n ar the mouth of the {Mtomar ThVr went on batrd, ai.d tho Urst thin,' they di I wh, to shii^ ?<>* * ,tf? chwav*. Having wured th, p^i ^V brought them back to Washington with their ill ffutt<n P.txe, and then tried and eonviSS them in a'! ?'.tTh.T>? W l, %b? ,h'n tJortrnor or Vir.-mia' .uade a requisition upon the authorities at Washington to deliver up tLcse men. when tried in Waahl. ton tuft ihev might be trltd according to our Uwj: but the requiitiua was dlsiivarortl. They rema in d in tail nut.l t|,.? t. L fence b. in . that they .should s,?ud a certain term a i ' bum imut lor each nc.'ro <toleu, beside- the l ayn.ent of a cettain line, half ( I which wa to go to tho owners of le n, roe- The lion. Chario. sumg.r, tliatgewMmV? who wms recently caned by Mr Brooics ,0 th, s. ? bomber, u<dres-.d an appeal to t .e I'res.lent for 1 -mU' c"-rt ,l ,hl? t'?'1 In '* "W. o'ter the couvebl.on met at B> t do,,. he"i 'it" *'"u f"r ,h" l*re?lJ?cy. HI lino* liiidiaf he bad nothing rn-re to expect the Smth. i>ardoned riZr'.f rvyy onc of ,b8m- ffu-'og even to ellvir th.m cp lo \irg'nia np?i the re.ptsit|en four t? over nor t> be trieil tor the oilen.e committed w th o our border- Tl, ere I. not a Know he^-Tiot , wl ig here?who did not denounce ?. ,v. Joseph JoJ.nson or ,.?rdoi.lntihen,geo Jordan H? her. and yrt h," , iiann?PW l1*r,,r',!P th-?e two men ronrieted of .r '?r which th-y should havre f ?" r1"ri- ty ol puai-hm -nt? and tb .* deet I > 1 thai ii * no harm to ?(>?*; *, only otr n*.i by I I uppurtera I >r tbw act, bul actMlly MMI?i ?< the it ) mwmtMN an*! fs'i'imi lor the cointry' And ID ..?! fotl, he never extended Uuj far 'loo MM after tbe Omvci.ttoa of IMS. ? b ch nonnuitel smi, and then ever at the aMancr ot Chart** Sumner. Bvt that t* not tfr en*-t. Th<?e adi -caU- of Fillmore have prwvcfced rs to <hi* rort of dliiuaion. they bav < l>?-n chartfng Ike d? mocrat' |>* rtr aai tta candidate * th |>oeci?cly the < IT) new r>f ?b: It they were ihmsoi vo? amity. I hare vot.cbed record* lor many charge wh? b ihrnf ?<aiiHt Fillmore and if they show me that those re ortf* ?re ?n ng. or that tbey liare bom contra Itcted at auy t :ne. I ? ill vote for Mm II i m I ba\e ?ntd. taat it not tlio ?ntat thicg be l a* ?r*r iiooe, though yoit will ai: *ay that W?* bad ?'uoijth. home few > oar ^ ago a gentleman id fti<hmond, liav rt a number oir slave* to send to Kow ??rlc<n.*, despatched thorn by * bnr a< the a??vt cmivo B.<iit m?<te of sending tbem The b-lg. ! remember, use called tbe Creole When she g"t out tipon the ocean tbe alavca roe* up againat tbe crew mur derd part of them and comjiolled the balance to tiling tbem to Ns*a?u, one ot tba West India , -I mill Thla (fare rl*a to negotiation* between the flitted State* *overi'mciit ?nd the British government, tbe former doreaniling of the latter the value of the slave* or their -urnnder. whiob never ha* been done. Tli'* led to certain proceeding* I* Ci>n?r<wa, whet" U lard Vir.*iore * a* a lending member at lite time Jo?him K t.Wdlngt, ttie inti??io friecd of Fillmore at the time, o| flrred a sorb* oi reaolutmn* I will meet any man here oj < n tin? '|iio?tloi, and II he abow* mo cae <D*Unce in whUb Biddings. Fillmore, and John (frnnry AUm? di l not vote Hgrfhar u|>on the same question, 1 wiil say that bi* record I* a* pore and a* ?ood *? oven that of ?lai.iof Buchanan's. Ilut I *?i gtlng on to say that UM .in g? ottered a sertea of rraolutiona In which ha jtMtiB' d tb' mnrder of these whte men by tho n>-gj'>e* and >le clarod that It was no crime. John Minor ft?u? oil-re I a ro?olution ??< wiring Giddlng* for tbe Introduction ot auch ro?ol?tione I will foBd them f.?r\0't [Heherer-ad tli' -e resolution*. and went on to ahew. that tpea Hie roolntton of cetnure upon (iidding-, introduce.! by John Minor Bolt*, which re. a two third role. Mr Kill more voted ''No " and endor**.! the resolution Motro dnced byOtddlng* ] Mr I.hkk, contlniing? Mr. Fillmore, pmr eMfli*.'* tbe great friend of tbr> Nil tb \ oto<l against thla ron if up on (lidding* fer the Introduction of those resolutions dec Wring that a negro had a right to kill a wblt* mam Are you going to \ote for *uch a man? James B<i han*n would have cut his arm off before ha would c*at aoh a vote. I defy the worl't to ahew ma any instan'-e in wbich be haa not voted to maintain Sonthern right*, and where ha avowed any other opinion In regard to the gxtension of ilavery into the Territory* tluu that CWigrees had no power to interfere while on the contrary, as the worda kept by llUtr At Rive* will show, Fillmore never. In any Inttancc. voted with tbe Pouth upon any of tho*e qua<tion* {Cheer*.) He was a mighty good lYosideat. M did m harm (iAugbter ) Will anyhodr toll mo whtt good be did while President Yaa, b# signed tho Fugitive Slave law, and did so reluctantly believing the bill wsa nnconatltutlocal a* not embodvlng tb? rglit of trial by inry for fugitive alavea " I wo-tld a-k whether he otecoted that law faithfully, when an tbe oc carton of the arrest of a fugitive ulave at BMtoa, Bmrb-'l rtor was murdoreil- Md he not refuse to dli*mi<* tho Marshal for fhillng? nay , refining to do hi* dniy t n oed not refer to hia conr*e wtth reference U tit - a' ilr in PMinsylvania, when Oorsocb was murdered Tb'* history af that traagact oo ia known to *11 of you, I pretume What wu the course of General IMorce in regard to th9 Anthony Burn a allairv When information ufhu rescue reached him, he telegraphed back stating in the most peremptory wanner thai "the law must be executed at all liazarda." .So aaid Mr Pteroe, anl so <!.<! uo' say Mr KiUmore. Well, my friends, I hare some resolutions here, ottered by Governor Henry A. Wise, when In tho Congress ol the lulled States, the fifth of which I will read for you a-s being the most important. Mr. Fillmore was then a member ol that body, and voted in the uega live u|>ou tt at resolution. It runs thus ? "That Congro a ha* no power to impose upon any Slate the abolition of slavery within it* limits as a condition of IU admission into this Union." Fillmore, as I have taiJ, voted against that resolution, and thereby asserted tbat Congress hid the |M>?er to impose this condition of admssi.m, and yet he u admirably safe for the South! Bu chanau nor the democratic party are not trust worthy ? they ure all abolitionist-" ( I .aughter ) Fillmore, by his vote upon this resolution, necessarily ad vacates the converse ol the proposit.on tnat Congress had the power to do what wa3 contemplated to h? denied tbem by that resolution. He declared that it ougit to ex ercise i<s power to extend slavery Into tho Territories, and now he is found declaring that Congress ought to have the power ol imposing tiie abolition of slavery as a con dition ol the adinissiou of a State into the Union. Such l- the candidate for whom Southern people are called u|wn to vote. I have heard of a bet made to day in Madison. Some democrat bet that fill MOM would not get ouc single electoral vote in the I'nion. A Voick ? 1 will take up that bet; down with the money. Mr. Liakk ? 1 believe that person U truly a Know No thing. (Laughter.) If not, be would not go on i a that way. Fillmore might get tome Ufly thousand votes in Virginia. A Voici? There were seventy thousand polled for Flour noy at the last election, and we w,ill exceed that number by ten thousand next time. We fcftvt raU.ed considera bly iitice Wise's election. Mr. Ijukk? You have rallied, I believe, to the extent that about two third* or JTOU have come o it ol the cul verts and gone tlie right way. You have broken up, and by abolishing your secret oaths admitted that you war wrong. A Voir* ? Wbat do the democrats do? Mr. I.kakk ? They behave themselves when a gentle mau is apeaking. (I-aughter.) Now, my friends, I da net inleud to make a long speech hora today. I expected a discussion; but as tho gentleman who announced his intention to be here has failed to at tend, I deem it unnecessary to go at any length into the issues involved in the present cauvaas Permit ins to make a solitary appeal to you. 1 have intimated to you that, m my judgment, this contest is one of the greatest magnitude to the South. You are lighting the flnal battle for the preservation ol this I nun, which has boeu ce mented by the blood of our ancestors, an 1 which nothing but the madness of the present generation can break up Wbat is the nature of this coutest r How are you to meet the issue? Who is your adversary f Fiilmore i? out of the question Who is there In this State foolhardy enough ?o claim Virginia for Fillmore ? Who is there that doeg not see that this contcst is between the democratic party ai.d the abolitionists, represented respectively by James Buchanan and this man Fremont, whose claims 1 wili not insult you by undertaking to discuss ' Why, at the pre smt time they have not a FiUtnore ticket in one half the Northern i-tatea. In Penns\ Ivan i they hire a joint elec toral ticket, with the understanding, a* 1 havj already ?ai J, that the cau Jidate having I'm ma o-.'y is to com trand the whole vote. In other words, tu? minority are to go with the majority, the contest 3 bat ween the South acd the North. Not a contest of our own seeking, but a contest which inexorable necessity tin forced upon us; and therefore it behooves us to meet it square up, resolved to do or to die* I do not uuJerta.%0 to say thai the democrats are better than others I say to our enemies as ocr father? K&'.d to the British, who were sad in defeat, "I hold you as 1 hold the rest of mankind? in war, iu peace friends.-' (Cheers ) I will not surrender the Union tamely. I do not be! eve that tho Scuth is going to be injured by a dissolution. All that it would lose would he somewhat ot national powur id the ectimation or the other great Powers of the world In all the elements ol uational greatness I Believe tne South would be the gainer. Yet I am dead aga.n-t a dis solution but 1 sincerelv believe you caunot preserve the Union 11 Uiese abolitionists gei tne upper baud ol you. What national party, I ask. have you in the field but the democratic party 1* the Fil.more party a national party" God help us. gentlemen, 1! wo are com polled to rely upon them to nve us, this country mist surely be in a bad way. (laughter.) Wny. the Kiow Nothings are now split into ten tliou-aod fragments, not only here, but all over the country. In the North they are" an a general thing, utterly abolitiouized. They adopt ed a plattorm at Philadelphia which embodied the cele brated twelfth section; but it had no g-jneral ap plicatiou, flit y at once rejected it, and the gentle nan who oi ew up that twelfth section, Mr. Wm M. Birwell. of B< dlord. h now lor Buchanan, allegu/^ a< his reason for fo doing that the democrat* party wa? the only true national prrtj in the country. (Caeers ) I wv i go'.ag to y&y that I wtiuM n< t insult yo'i by the m*jr ltd ol l'remont bc-loro the people of Virginia, but God knows H are they have taken 1-Y.itnore, I don't know where tney j mill stop. I allude, ot course, to th ? wh'gaaulkuow I Nothings. For my pert. I would a* soon vote for one as ihe other There Is net much d lie re nee between them la the color or their lia r, whil?t die heart which boats in the bosoms of both fend the fame sort of blood to the breast- of both. We have a national organization, an or sa. ./alloc eit-nding from Maine to T<*as. from California to tl.e Atlutitic coatt. Everywhere, in fact, throughout t hi ? sreai country th ? democratic flag w .vei ener ever} baitie field, and is daetlned to b? t iumphant We are r,nc and indi v.- bl" We ha- e not one a<-t of principles ror the North and on ? Tor the South. Stand eg on the const tut ou we have the same principle; every a here. (I ''1 cheeis ) Th" Fiimore men hare their l.c .it for the >-outh. and they *oy tvy have a rhance, to e e< t hi? Tni-v have ? chime, anu what i- it *i. Then? i * no. nn intelligent Know In Vlrg a.* who Jwno' Know? I w ill not say that? who ought n il to now tfjat ? hen he vote? for Fiilmore u-* i ves hall a v>w Tor . re mon?. A Voter? Hurrah for F.'tmore Wr. I.KAhE? You get a belly full of b m iror# ng (lauthter.) ..... ? A Vokt? You have jonr nelly ruli at ice (.aujjter. Mr 1iuk?? You have ?t fill of aom'Uiiag hotter fl/.ud Inuahtor.) The iU'ii.; *?ya? the way, I w state here that t ie politico of that papsr at th.i titna s truly tnomilou# an'! uneuvixblG? -some ihort t'. .tie nine? it made nerce war upon Butts and an party for advocating a repudiation ol the twelfih section, wh'l * It 1< now .tsoll in the same, IfwH a worse position. It advocates the ro. tn recently adopted by the whlgs, whl :h d-nou?c?? the democrats for their agency In repealing th- Missouri c? mpromtse. It aayi that Buchanan is distanced already, ab l that the couteal la now b-tween Fremont and Fi.. more; in Tact the democratic party ha.o g - er. up tba South alrc?d /. (laughter.) They have n 4 r?'?a u?> ^ " giua though' Tuat party ought to know that F Jlmora h?s no more chance to qtt even Ore states than I hive to timi' the ttara, aad letup from at*r to atar I w;ll bet *;oo b< does not gel that number ot SUtes Mr Cii oiii.t N*w?.?>? 1 will taaeyou up. I'll be lamaed It I don't. Mr I ju> i, i? Put down the m .ney Mi. Ni ?*?>?! '*? dama.-d If 1 din t I hava It o>w. down with your live hundred Mr l.KaKS? I wih ifo ?o in a f<w minute. A F?tir.?t> ro Ma I.ita*?? Oo on ; dou't mini that maa. he is continually interrupting. Xr. I I I k, I want to know wlitt the e|t?ct of a vote for Fillmore U under the c rcumntsncei, It li to throw the electiou Into the R<"iie of I< :i>res'.'nt tt *e?. anil what wili he the re-ult The very House that elect ed Banks the and Know N ithiug ai he ha . bt. l not Intiit 'oef Speaker. w.II elect the Pres leal or the Utited Matei. the only d'.ilerence b?;ag that when tbev i ?ms to vote for PrMld?nt ,i .'1 vole ty at ites an : n -t h' h?a1-. * nag -^n ? rote for ra. i ?stat?. is to b? ca-t by th- mvor ?. Tow la tlie eutly chance for elect'm ill! more If there ?< any man ? !w> bop? ? tlial be will be elei le-l b the votes ol the clettcra. coil-fs. 1 wo d nit hesitate to suy t.iat tha. ? it v sh i tit - bict for the lunat a- f 11 an: t'.ua mnn- r>c de tunati- tn/utranl' ?ho lid ? ne. I upon ? v (I o .d .a -ht. r ) : beg leave, in w- >u. to rti ? ,i, mr tlncere thanks? at 1ea?t the jr.Mt ?- num ?ir ?: 'ycu? for the kind attention you ha -re given toe. ?ndtoexpre- tbe hope that you will r.< or ' ,i?r vote r the n an * bore election ts be*t c?*ulal*d to p?rpetu ibis glnrlous I uion That man I see I tartly repeat. ;? ] Ja to** ? B ii hanac (! oud aad long c intlncd c.i *era x i rhe Ban't tn <?e?nis It )uat t > Mr. L^ak-' H atate that, oa. ng to the repeated infrruptioa.*. err ra may haw ???> biy crept into th's report He teel* assured that. , wiih the knowWg" whie u Mr. L has of tor diaadrantagirs pr.sented wl lie h.- |?e'Ch waa l.emg r- p^te t. be ? II ?ul'y appreciate the dif tultiee of his position, an I e* use at v errors wh;eb tnav have been comm Ited. One in > - vi.'i al, m fact kept chattering all the t a?e an ' the great d " city with the reporter was to ck out the language rj he n <-aker. There was a marke t is tr e but the words we-e, ia some ln??ances ?? perr-ct,y .red bv the ptrpetual b' it ng kept up, ae to render i mmt imp. ???.??> to hear them By way of - ontrat ? *c 1 1 be well*to give the remarks of Me Newman, t?r'" that It way he seen bow far he a'as 'i* tillable in then ?re of Intel, .-ence or ability u? interrupt a the manner he had I"ooe ] , ,. Mr. ti*rtWiK N** vol unt. arl r a*< eade l th plAt. ?rm. ;B'i a't?r a few c ea of -'Comedown. "C?me down roceeded as fbllow ?? I want to say to a.! tu .a o, g ?<d OV'.rai u' 'lit *<?-<>?! -en", a few w >- i? X Voki? C.O to h? 1' com" down Mr Nawva? ?I am about to api-ak I dou ? care whether von bear me or not I 'ion_t care ? u are, <?r demoirat". or Kaow vith.uga *1 don't i are wti i you are? Bapt.?ls, Metho<l,?ts. I'r -.tiy t. r.sns, Kp "-opn'mn "r any thug else? I loa t care whether you are wing*, democrats or Know VK ^.aga? I Cot ?? car". 1 'hall r -P' ct you >- g-nt'- men (vfM o_ ? f rime ilowr. < me down, you d ? n foo. ) It ? * th di n t i ire whit profe? on they l? 'oag to ? or p i hi)ili or low. 1 know no man I >n >* the m-vmen or, i cu'tcms of men (Cries ot ' Your m?no'rsand your i ?. ?-te tns are bad enoi.jh ! kii"-" th ' mnini'" v th' li.mor ef trcn. I know on * thug, ail thai is toe ni"tn cerfn ntv of Fiilm e-e's election The retr , i ? ' ? ? i i ' ' " which was suddenly cut short by ci w of "Co:ne down, c- uie

sn ' was entirely inaudible to th" ri porter ] ? r.Tiat ail, of <tra"ge. neat aecen led the platform. He said Not hav *g a< cunomed mvseir much to pub i speaking at this advanced a^e I should not no# appear before you but for the came that I ?m about to a Ivocate I am ?itengihened, and, in fact, more confident of myael n advocating that cause. 1 want to bring 'o your re> o' leciion at the outset, one single fact in this c.anva<? a* well as every other canvass rlnce 1*4'). There never hie been a candidate in the ftate In opjxsition to the do mo crattc party who has not been declared hy that narij- to l,< s free soiler or abolitionist 0-n Harrison, who was run s gainst Mattln Van Burea. was an abollt;o?i?t. Clay ra? an aboti'irio'?t, Taylor, though a large ila^ "holder, ? also an abolitionist The same charg' , in short. wa? made ngain^t every candidate put torwar I in opposition to the demoo-atie !>arty, since 1M0 8;nce tnat tim", too, the rsm? brag game sought to be played by them lias been persevered in. I remember that at the Convent on held in Char etteovllle in tbe tall of that year the lat" Mr P tchie made his appearance there, an 1 congrat iliU" I the i - ntion on thecbeeringaccouBU he b?d receiv. i m all qiiatters ot the Union. And you know what wee Ihe result, and bow true- the*? accounts proved to !>e. Toe fame game m now attempteit to he played. ft la laid that Fillmore has no chance Wn?t grounds are there for such a eemclueion T I ihould aupt?o?e thai after the testimony of Mr Wise, that hla "ad minptration was Washington like," aod thn exp" riouo^ whicfc the country baa ha 1 ol lua eutgaaaa I like qualities, little hesitation should exist on the part o( those who voted for iuin to 1848 to cast tteir vole lor him ia this instance It is likely that tiie vole lor Pill more will bring the election into the Bouse; and what U the complexion of the House* 1 believe that i! Fillmore were not a candidate Buchanan would not get ? solitary free Mate in this I'm on This is proved by the majority that fierce had whru he wmt into the administration. That Ibis majority is reduced considerably there Is M doubt, and that it will ho turn out seriously to the disadvantage o( Buchanan I feel perfectly confident. (A Voice ? ''Shut up.") There are now three candidates in the Held? one the democratic republican, the otber the black republi can? I believe Krernont, not long since, was the demo c ratio Senator from the State ol California? and we tiud Fillmore, who was pronounced at the close or bis admin Istrat.on "the model President," the nominee of the American party and endorsed by the old hue whigs. As to Killmore, his prospects are not the worst, so far. at least, as the South is concerned. Here, at least, the con test is bet* een h.m and Buchansn. And what is the his tory of Buchanan" What are nis claims to the Presi dency? We lind him, as early as 1814, when ho came Into public life, as the representative of the county of I^ncaster in the Legislature of I*ennsylvania, a decided federalist, opposing the war of 1812. He went into the Congress ot the I'nited States as the candidate of the fede ralist.-, and there continued a lederalut. But as tar back a.- 181'.'-'20 how does he stand' We And him innCcn viution at Lancaster, o! which he wus a member, voting in favor ol resolutions restricting the slavery line to M.s.->ouri. lie turns round now and says that he was ot a member of the committee that reported those re solutions. It not, he was a member of the Convention, and therefore eudorsed them. I say that he was as much ouud by tho^e lancaster resolutions as 1 am bound by the resolutions ot the Whig Convention, although not a member of the committee that reported them. We Bi.d liiui in tlie canvass of liW, when the eloctiou or Pre sident was brought into the House, calle l ui>on as the most reliable witness to make good the charge of bargain and sale made by Jackson against Clay. Jackson pro claimed that the charge came rrom a resnonsible source and Clay callcd upon him to ascertain with reference to that source. Jackson informed tim that It came from a source entitled to implicit reliance, and that therofore he felt bound to crec it the statement. Mr. Buchauan was called upon to give a statement exculpating Mr. Clay. What turns out to be the fact In regard to thu barguin and t ale, so far as Buehanan was concerned? It api>ears that in the month or January, 1828, Mr. Robert B Letcher came to Henry Clay's room to visit him. Mr. Bu char ia was ttere. He remarked that if Jackson was elected President he would have one or t!?e best cabinets that ever could be selected. How could that be. said Mr. L. ''Oh," said the other, "he would have so and so mem bers of it" ? mentioning the names or two or three distin guished men During the canvass or 1844 between Clay and Polk, Mr. Buchanan was called upon by Mr Letcher for permission to publish that conversation. Mr. Bucha nan refused, on the ground that it was a private conver sation. HU letter of refusal is cow in existence. He took the stump in Pennsylvania with the platform of Polk inscribed on bis banner, and even said on that occasion that Polk was a better taritl man than Henry Clay. I have rererred to this to show that there is a want of ho nesty and candor in the man whom the democratic party now pre tent as their candidate. Nor is this conduct to him. There are other members of that party as much devoid of these charac teristics as he is. After the death of Henry Clay we tind him extolled by men who, durlnf his Hfe, abused him unsparingly. We find that at a re ccnt celebration of his birthday, at Slash '.ot luge. Hanover, tlia place of bis nativity, men who. when ho lived, represented him as everything had, lauded him as the great commoner, and the greatest statesman of this couutry. That wa- the man whom Mr. Buchanan sought so unkindly to injure; an I now forsooth, the old line wnlgs are called upon to aid in putting into the I'resi ticu y the man who treated him thus when living, but now eulogizes him when dead. What did Mr. Buchauan say l:i the Senate iu regard to the annexation ol Texas He said he considered slavery a groat |>ol:tical evil ; but th?re was one consideration that induced him to vote in favor ot the anne.iktion, which was, that it woald be the means ol exterminating slavery by runniug the line to Mexico. We find him in the Senate voting in 1'avjr of au amendment offered by Mr. Morris to a resolution on the subject o: slavery, ottered by Mr. Clay, the ellect ot t.urh an amendment being to counteract or defeat thj object of the resolution. Wi flnl liim recognizing fn doctrine of squatter sovereignty in his SfeMfe; but when questioned since upon that subj'-ct, he avow-i a totally opposite principle. He went, in fact, iuto an argu ment to show w hy ho did not recogLi/e that Congress had power over the subject, repudiating the very priaji ples which seemed to govern hi- views in favor of the dortnre formerly. Wbai wa' his conduct when seat abroad as Minister to the Court of St. James f Ho we Had hsm regularly at his post, attending carefully to his bm cers? So. we find him going oil to Ostend to atteud a conference, composed ol Soule, Masou and himself, and thi re i lanning, In conjunction with his compeers, a sys of piracy upon States with which we are at pjace. What, 1 ask, aie the claims of this party to a renewal of the'.r present |K>wer lor Tour mere year- Thay come torward, ai.1 w:th all the Crimea ot maladministration, both ot ihe ftate and f deral government. on their beats tlat they are the only party capable of admiai-ter it.g the affairs o! this couutry. How havo they mi.isged our State affaire? ' We knew not. m fact wiiat was our condition. until we are n ?de to feel It in the shape oi heavy tace* and o\er whelming Slate debt It has been hitherto their policy to Wetp concealed Irom the p ople the real condition ol "the Stite, lent the;- may adopt s<'me means to stop the infa tuo'is system of logrolling which has to long character ued our Statu legislation. It any be asked wnst hn< the frtatc admin stration to do with the federal jmlli.c- 1 say it i- the same partv that controls both, and the same priii' ??'ci govern tb'Tn everywhere. It will bea-Wed if l did not go fo the internal improvement policy? I say cer ? nly 7 do for I woull u >t e so foolWh as to stai?l !m ?.. i see the money squanlerel Without get: ng a murh a* ! coi.' i \\? <:M l stand by. hks the democrat; l>a " !io b ?a.?t that they ar- ?trict coostract.ouirt-i, an 1 i ei -1 tn accept our 'luota of the public land f in I. and tbi ul? they are voting aw iy tn.llioi.s u|>on m l. mis of ac public la1 I to ot'i.-r Stite I ihotiM icrtatnly n; B 't vh.-it I mik-i Inconsistent in th* pn-ty i*. wU... they adhere to this strict comtruct.on they ate tn >re lavi-h or that which they pr<>le? to with bold than any part; coc'd possibly be Tbey de indl rs t'yvliat th?; would u >t undertake to d" directly. In regard to the <1 strlbutten f nd. when it was distributed, we And that Virgin. a received an<i accepted tho two first tnsuiTC nt* The ?y?U'm soon became popilar; Clay su-iported it: b it th? detrnx ratic party seeing that the votes at the ui'W Slate* would be lorretted by Ittch a oo li, y, ch?ng? 1 t icir position an I went against the dlstribu turn. Nirgln'a, .n pursuance ot the lirst policy, took the two tirst in. talments, but 'efu-?ed the third, which amounted to aome $40. tOO. Tins lias been ab >ut twenty years aco, aud that "am ? ml, if pla ed out at iat-'re->t, w> uid Riakc not less than $10,000 s'.nee that time. And >?*. tbey c lu m to be the strict construction party 1 sm mysolf to some extent a strict coni 1 Ik i. >w that tber ? are great constitutional barriers which surr lund tlie powers ot this government. But the demo crat.* i>arty are stran :?ly tncan-istent inlhc.r pfoAtsslou aa I ptacUoea with reierence to this doctrine 1 call tbem a heterogeneous hand, kept together, a- John C Ca.houu has said, " by the cohesive |?ower of the public plun der.'' He here referred to the recent vctoej of the President upoa Ute land bill*, and the lubaciueut pa<*ag>> of tbium lull* over the vetooi. H/ tUU cour?e, ?al>i ho, both houtcKof Congreoi apat u;h u the Cincinnati platform rb'Ti-fore I fay that thta party t * a hetero^eo eoua party, rnri !e up Of all B ute but *t!ll the Ittitfi ar- h.-U together by tls ? influence of that coheatve pow<>r *o aptly i' viale 1 li> i '* houn Hi-' leaiera have no fatten- 1 up en the public citb that they wo'il t bow 'none* let ?!!?> tht l :? t n than part with thi tr apoib. f > strong .lot?- thin leel " - o! plunder prvva., ammif that alas*, tbv ev -a tbo;!r '.i the lell spirit o' party wer? noar ?-.ti< a obit v . n, wo -liouM lotlow the ?atne example? tbe aam< re\ -a; ot party fee, ;u# that *v exhib ted after the flee : Tiro, Tli ? .lemoc: it- r? t>r t'i ? n?m.i -?t...o o. i:?neml frott taut tod ujt with a want of prop.-r app'ecia t > n oi the aervlcei of Mr Flllao-e. la having rejected h'rii. They paid h" wa* a conservative m*n in (act an ?xtraordtnary Preadent, an ', now. that lie U more Am" i emitted? for that la O only dlt: eace between hi* con ' t'n'a at now? lie la U"ti<>unc?Hl a* an .1 ai.t whatnot. >ir Ktllmore accept* the nom'^at. m now *. >>;t l.e ?a}* h.? pa*t aJatoNtratioe If an Ulna! wtat h'? futuro admin itratton flioi. 1 be, wore heelivt-.d. At 1 what ilo?M h" nay on h'.* ret-.ra from F.ujWn 1 * ii ? .? *, to th" very nndat of the i?tio!it< mbls, if yot expect ?? to dt tU" 'iirty work of tboMwiw m ft t 'it m> He said be w.%* no seci'ona! man; b tt, r.i tb?c*ui traty. he would give the people of every a?cti"0 of the c titry tUelr J'.?t r'ghts f>r T conclule.1 w:.U sf?w tLer ;*narU * 'au tatory of Mr Fillmore Thtre were one ii- two other ?|* ecUea ou botu ?i.ii ?. alt< r which ue u - :ubiy <iiapei?cd. r. w '? w liocr* after tha clo?e of th* apeakmj jh a! I friy took p'*e? betW'?n twj young tu?r named ???? Duvall and John Huffman, 'a tbe eour"> of wb 'b the for el ih v*ra' *Ub< tn the n-c?ant one on tbe ?rm Tli* tsirtlc !ty urew out ot a political dtacii** '>o Ttie tecov?ry of the wounded man i? c.m? derei very : wMNL Torek Tiiun Makbikd akd tkt Not Gviltt o' IIioamv.? There waM quite an interesting ex*? 1 r>ati<>n at the Police OfTW, before Jtuitice Paraon*. tb> roorninff, in which (ieorge <larrl???n wa? tbe de fendant. ana Lucy i'otta wm complainant. It wa* i pon a charge of btgamy. A warrant wa* uwued wne dava nince no her complaint, and placed in the band* <T officer Teelio. who round tiarrtaon ia 'eraey City tiriTing a apan of horses, and i rought him to ' la city. The eutire morning wan conittmed in th Nomination, dtirinit which It appears tha' eigh .lira ago he married Elizabeth Smith; that while ni< a iewa* living in Aptil 1*50, he married Lucy Pott* w th wl-om he lived until April, 1H.W. when he ntarri ed Margaret Smith. Hia flrwt wife. FliMbeth Smith, died two vearn ago. and before hia marriage with hi* tli id wife. After a full investigation of the charge, his counael, Mr. Mink, moved for hi* dia tlarge on the gronnd that in accordance with th? *tatnte he wa* not guilty of bigamy. The .iimtlce decided that there waa no bigamy between the flrnt and aecond marriage*, be au-e the -t^tute of I niltati n (three years) explrtd before the com tiio'.nt wa* made. Second, there waa no bigamy fctwten ttic marriage of the Drat and third. Iwcanae the firit wife died before the date of the third mar liage. Ihird. there waa no bigamy between the fpcond and third wifo, becanae the marriage of the tecntid wife waa void because it waa con-mmmated whi'e hia flrat wlft waa still living. In connection With this we would state that the atrnie I ncj Pott* canted Benjamin Simons to be arnt to State prison for bigamy, in marrying her niieti he had another wife firing. She wn < also ar tt*ted for marrying him when it was alleged that ?.hc knew he had a wife living, but for some cause or othrr the case was permitted to go by default. There ia m*ny a altp between the cut) and the bp. find ao do' btlese thlnka I^jcy P ^itt*.? Albany Jr,%rva< /. July 3^; f iONR How*? A letter i^ tha Mobile Tritmin * from Kaneaa says:? Of the 850 Southern emigrants who went with Col. Bn^ord into that Tvrltory oaly ftft) Letter front Prafnwor Haluui on En|ll?h Morals ? [From the 1-ondon 8Ur ] 1 have just read in CdJi^riam an article from an Ko# ! liih journal, dated July 8, from which I bare made this . ext.- art : 11 Now it must be owned that English travellers who hare gone over to the United States, for the purpose or book making, hart not always been fair." ? ? ? " But we are not awart that tbe political press In this country has ofleuded in this way. Speaking for our selves, we have always endeavored to do justice to Ame- { rican claims." ? * * "The American people will get older In time, and know better than to take every light word that is said on this ilde or the Atlantic in such dead- | ly earnest." Well. Mr. Star, alter this I give up, and agree with all the world that the journal in question Is a truly wonderful paper ? that it infinitely transcends all . other creative minds, from the great Twamley, the in ventor ol the flood gate iron of Johnionian celebrity, to the great American humbug, Barnum. As our French friends say, Quel farceur ? Then, after writing leader upon leader, to persuade the people of England that they had been grievously Insulted by Ameri ca, and to procure the dismissal of Mr. Dallas, as a pre lude to non-intercourse and war; alter every taunting and Insulting remark that language can frame having been applied to the American people and government; after culling every dirty incident it could find in the American press, and parading them la its columns as specimens of American morals and manners, this great, this overshadowing journal, which assumes to dictate to the world, and is thought to be but a reflex of the Knglish nund, tel'sus it was all a joke; nothing more: it intended no mischief. Tnus, then, the Thunderer, after all, was only "roaring as gently as a sucking dove." Well, let the public of England be thankful. The "leading jour nal" was only joking. It did not strive to have Mr. las dismissed. It did not intend to lash the English lion into a ragt* against the American eagle. It wa3 far from wishing to teach the American manners. Its stomach was only a little disordered ; its sight a little obscure and jaundiced, when it saw that " frock coat aud yellow vest" at the Queou's levt-e. Since then it has taken a good dinner, with generous wine, with Americans, on the 4th July, and its stomach's tone is restored to health. ^Let tbe world receive the explana tion with thankfulness. At least, ? little advert ity has brought even it "^consider its ways." One libel pail for, one gross misrepresentation most ungraciously cor rected by it, and a darling project, that ra.iht have plunged two great nations into war, defeated, the great public instructor ?ay> ? ' Why, I only intended a. Joke." Let me cite for the benefit of that journal for the future the o|>eningof a Yankee school teacher'* address on some memorable occasion. ? "It is p'etty considerably difficult for us to communicate unto others that whereof we our selves are not i> h ses-sod of." And when the Tinvs wishes to instruct England on American morals, man ners, .-tatistics or pol.tics, it Is to be hoped it will profit by it. In continuation of what I proposed to you Mr. S'ir, and mjself, la commaucing these let '.era, I would now approach, ia my last, that most dclicate of all subjects? a comparison or the social coa j.tioa ot England aud the United States, so far ?as a few weeks' residence only ia the fo-mer have jiivrn tne opportunities to make it. 1 ani awa-e how fallacious, how wrong may he iirst impressions; hut it is < uiy whilst tiu-y are rre.->h that thoy ,-eize hold of the .ma agination. A few mouths wcarn theni out. We begin to ? 'leel as if to the manner born," and pa-3 by, as not note worthy, what at tt'ht may even hare struck us with hor ror. IK) not think that 1 lutend to charge upon the lish people whit a few facts, If alone considered, m.ght lead a person to infer Oa thj contrary, 1 wish to lead this people, at least so many as may peruse my letters to you, to reflect how grievous a wrong: may be ioue to a uutieu by such Isolated facts, presented as a represenu tiuu of a whole. 1 wUh to guard the Kugi.-h peopie, whim 1 know to be generous, brave, loyal and, above all, trrt'uful and just, a^t.nst a correct repre-euU ti.ns of the United States such articl as the Tim the p, the Prtii an I the Ui<l- r yi.nW rtt to put forth, to cater to tbe taste of what class of Kn<i a society I know tot. ill Europe of late has rung with the oecurrorce ut the Queen's levue, with respect t> which the Ttmti and its followers, aad tho-e of their readers who swallow ed a* true a story so absurd tint the application of one ;r i n of com m n -ease would have d;spellel it. are now r : ? the ridiculous part} . an l taunts have been ma le in n> ??. t . ?:i one journal ?(" standing aga< ust Am a:., wit ? ?,'tii" 1 such r"?pect aal devot on to w.nn -i- w insi. I I linre cothiD? to say lor the Unit* I States oa tii point, this I leave to row owi travel'ers, w!io, ci" /, have not been rpuruig abuse aud mUrepr*ecutit:on? ou most others. But t w U it ia England' I have v?en at a pub f concert (the price of ttcUcts being 7s *4.) m y>ur Crystal Pa'ace, a iady, two youag person', appa rently her daughters, at h - !e, receive such treatment, tea have language addrsssel tj her, by a mat w'th gray i?Us. wearing a large brilliant on his flo?**r. an I other Wtss miMcmm* il /ou.'? me that, from his externa*, would have been pronounced a gentleman? and in tbe hearing of thtee or rour K.nglishmeu. who too* no notice of it? for which conduct he would uuder like circumstances, have at once been thrust out of any assembly ia the United States Here the woman was outraged?the mother hun iliated in the sight of her chil dren, the dignity of the lady tmmplsd on yet no Kas'.ish v otre was raise !, uo Kngliah hand put forth iu her da >nce. I have stood in the d.n.ngrooin of tho-o much to be tlcpiored outcasts from a home, the girls at yaur foundling Hospital, whiUt a grace was aaid, aad they jbsequently were at m at. yet, in that entire room, wh eh was crowded, I counted hut mix hat' taken o i, and two or these 1 kuew to be American I kuow not. Mr s sr. what tin/* mark of respect may stand for in Knglau l but this I do know, that for one, I should as soon have thought ot entering the d.tuigroom of that most grae <cis v whose example to her sex .s not tba l?ast or Kag lino s g'ory, with my hat on my head, as to have stool in the presence of those i?oor, friendicas girls my brad coverrd, to bivs humbled them by such a ?aat of ordinary coirtesy. t'n that day. a Sun I may add. me duke, wh"?? nam I dil n<?; 1 a:n. was cxpectel W> vts't the last.Ution i aa i a'lejr. btlweeu the ta '.es iu Ui" centre, wa< ?ept clear ? r I. m to pass May I s'k. had he apparel, wh -re ? i d have bt en all tbe hats for I suppose him too well I'd to have kept hi- hat ou 1 l.avc 'e 1 in the a s" o' rr,e n' ymtrfa.': 'cable . . jm lie?, *:..l w me n s me arpsr.i t';. teeh> w men, ? -tin ; t ,/ V' ir in" * I ? n-n U* , t t 'at- < '? , ? a - ,? or ?!.<? ;>? ws an : 'n.t ?i: '' ?' h.s to a w ? ?i.? .1 I knew to b an Am ? Ilia -to>. ??e al y .,f th" p t ? f your Oi"-a il" - i I'.'.' ' ' 1 :'ia ? . at. ' there I saw one .a ly allowed to .-t??. 1 at le?-t ? m.iiQi '? i. tbe lack tl.-? j"t wh ? an.rtlnr. with a ?i "what iri"rt el a r. earn ^ si >wly up th. a' : . w .. 1 1 out. ! >e. i.g lor "ir," rest. eg I ' ?< ' '" : ' man . e.t. a". i" igi. p a "s ii gl.t lu?- e i. ?. t mac's f ? h." a * n ?n al ia?t beekoued to her and made a for at her side. Bit Mr. 5 i ti? -e ire but light matter*? hardly Inronveaienres t> tl?e ? t rom"areil with ?thers !."->k at to ? pr v < m IS n jour sernod class railroad csrnw ? ...i at y ? ir confined omnibuses, w ' i their !i>rl*? dm k at the narrow, dangerous ?tairws> that .en is i.? t;.e gal ery or the theatre in the >tra:. I, wle r" t ?as my misfortune one n gbt to u.e what was ca led i suit, |..r h hall a guinea wa< pa d t, ar R to- I <>'< at your pit seats In the Princess ' theatr" n -tre?t Are these accomnfc 'at.ons ,n civ.1 fed Kngland for wo n "U, peihap? for preunsnt wom-n. obi g"d to leave home f?r sham*, al ollsh llos il'.nkeyism of your radrimd, ?m , bus and theatre pr iprtrtors. who t'i n'< they a-e 1. we re the ?. .-her clasps by the.e do a- ng m? ?;,> to France do to the fnite.! Sl.atea, and Use a les?on up.u, tts II g? ty of ?hf manses? upon the respset due to ttus and ritel'lgence when forcivl into a se. 'a I ciaas ra 'roa I carr age. Pr ach, Mr, SUir. preach civil.xat.on t? ! ngland on tt IS point. l et her le.trn from you that t rot * -I - a something more tbaa cocked hats an I swerds worn at levies. Ail this Is had, but the worst? the worst of all, the nn'tl degradatH n of woman as seen In your l-o- 'on streets It meets y i at all boars, at every ?te;> Words that pollute tbs ear, that may make the cheek tmgb) w th the bludi of bame, how olen are they h.-ed "to tbs ear In y ir most thronged aud respecUble thoroughlarss ' Words whu b the modest old Roman could not. for shame. hN-.s written, much lew hsve spoken, break upon you rrom the lips of women. I have passed, more than once, from ,he foot of l?or?land place, through Regent street, down tbe Baymarket, through Pall ssall. up St. alo,^ Piccadilly, and I do not exag^rate in saying, that on each 1 ule cf the way of these great thoroughrares women I whose repuUtlon rould not be mi -taken were echelws.1 I ,, lesst at every fifty races and hew often, talking with 1 ??ch are l*.nd aged men with silvered locks ! To go into your Queen's prsswee ,n s black stork has been I made a rock of ?yct, yrt u P""^ waiaa. and h?( stainless daughter* obliged to pan through an at moaphert teeming with polluted breath* whenever they wUh ta vwit any of their own Uiea tree. Mr Star, euch a apect* Cie m to be found in uo place else that I hare been In Lug Laud Lakes no email credit to herself " that ehe u not as other nations are, " and particular ly aa nhe imagines France to bt. But let any unbiassed third party paaa through the streets of London and Paria, and be would conclude? I will not say what, but beg you to examaa for yourself. But I hare doae, Mr. Star. I have said, perhaps, to* much. But I shall say this only throurh your columns, and in the heart of England, daring refutation. Never would I have said a word ef this had not a certain portioa of your press assailed, ao tmjustifiably as it has dona, the I'uited States. Recrimination, I know, is not arguaseat, and Is seldom good policy, eitfcer private or public. But when our brother is forever plucking motes out of our eye, it is not forbidden to us to ask him to examine the beam in bis own. Every petty street brawl, the tirades of aa ultra temperance paper against dram shops, the killing of a servant by a man maddened with the orgies perhaps of a night, and rage, are industriously spread cut in theao journals, to the exclusion of much that It would be the in terest of the English people to know of that vast empire with which she is so closely connected by almost every tie. May I ask how long since such scenes have beea unknown in England ? Have taere been no mea of stauding assassinated in your streets by even nobio hands . No t>ervant> deliberately murdered by even noMe liandt? No orgies that would disgrarp the lowest clause* by men of high families* Are thore no ?in palaces* Have those journals, who parade those thing" about the United States ever read, Mr. Star, the memoirs of their own land? Why, a Imblin paper tells us, from the Cirrk E to emu'ner, that, only a day or two back, "a clergyman of the Established Church, at a ball, pitched into a Crimean officer, that the roan of war, after the first blow, retired to w&<b the blood from hia face, and returning in tho course of a few minutes, retat.atod, after the same fashion, with such effect as to damage considerably the personal appearance of his ecclesiastical adversary." But enough. I repeat, Mr. Star, I write in uo bad spirit. 1 respect the English people, for they have all the qualities of a great nation. But let me say, that the power and insolence of wealth ? your crowning faults, the causes 01 your flunkeyi-im, and, I fear, of the degra dation ol too many of your womeu ? may lead you where Venice l as gone from like causes. A nation that has to depeud on foreign mercenaries to carry out it# extrava gant wars moat uot forget the doom of Rome and Con stantinople. A C1TT/.EN Oi nr. North Amxhk ax Coctkukiutios Highly Interesting Nfwi from Oregon In dians. [From the Washington Vnion of July 31.] Mr. Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian afttura for Oregon Territory, in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affaire, dated Dayt n, July 23, given tiighiy interesting intelligence respecting the closing up of the Indian war in Southern Oregon. We copy a- follows: ? The departure of the mail steamer early to-mor row (and it now l>eing nearly midnight) leaves me no time to make a detailed report of my pr iceeding* in the Port Orford district. I may say, however, that I reached here to-day at II A. M , with six hun dred Indians from that place on their way to the coa*t reservation At 3 P. M. they were put en route for Oregon city, and will leave there to-morrow morning for Davton. 1 start from here to-morrow on horse in time to reach Dayton on their arrival. 1 now regard the war in Southern Oregon aa flowed. All the hostile imnds, with the exception of John's, who has about thirty warriors, and the Gbet co iinii Pistol liver Indians, now numbering perhaps fifty warriors, have come in and unconditionally sur itn'dered t hem-elves prisoners of war. The two bands lat-t uamtd have -ent word that ?!i;>y will sur render and come in when word it> sent them where to go. The old chief John has sen*, ia two ef hu sons, asking the retention of other bands at Port Orford until he oan get there with his people; that he is tiied of war, baa resolved to seek for peace, ami will submit to gp on the reservation. We have now at Port Orford about six hundred, nd at the hu. mli of Ilogue river about two ban died Mi fifty Indians, all of whom have uncon ditionally bui rendered. They will be escorted to the tout hern part of the "coast reservation by United States troops, together with any of the other bonds that may come in. 1 deemed it best, tinier all the circumstance*, to transport by steam er fr< m Port Orford here the six hundred just ar rived. The latest intelligence from the Yackima country indicates a favorable prospect for pence. It was de termined by Col. Buchanan, the military officer in command of the district, to retain and hold all the Indian* now at Port Orford as prisoners of war until they reached the reservation when they would be turned ovtr to the proper officers of the Indian De psitment. The six hundred Indians just arrived, being most ly ot the friendly bands, will be located on th northern portion of the reservation, near Selot titer. The company of troops, under Capt. Augur, vho came up with them, '(numbering seventy two men.) wlii !>e posted at the Grand It-nde as a per manent post. Mr. Pr' irolt'i Method of Writing. From th?- Newark Advert. ser. Joljr St.] The following letter, received a few days since, by I'r .1. Henry Clark, of this city, ot 'Sight and Hearing ? How Pre*, ved and How Lost," de scribes a method by which the blind may write, and communicates an interesting fact in relation to the infirmity against which the great historian has strag gled in the attainment of his unequalled lame in tua iiepaituun.:? I.vnn. Mass.. July 20, 1856. J. Hksrt Cuu, M. I).:? My Dkah Sir? I ana much oMtged to you for your work, which vou have been ho kind as to send m- . on "Sight aud dearing." Aa far as I can judge -and I hare bid some expe nonce in regard to troubles connected with the for mer? It seem* to me extremely well suited to the objects fur which it was intended. I sincerely hope tbat the young and inexperienced may p'oflt by the military counsels it conveys. PVon ask n e to give you some account of the ap paratus which I use in 'wiiting. It ia of a very sim ple kitid, consisting of a frame of the aize of a com mon sheet of letter paper, with brass wires inserted in it to corre?n< nd with the numlter of tines mark ed. On one aide of thi? frame is pa -ted a leaf of thin < arbc liatcd paper, such as is u?ed to obtain du plicate'. instead of a pea, the writ* I makes use of a stylus of ivory or agate, the last better, as harder. A tin leaf should be put into the sheet which i- to I- wri'tcn on, us the puper would otherwise yield to the messutc of the pen. lite difficulty in the way of a blind man's writing in the usual way arise* from his not knowing wh? n the ifk is < xhatisted in his |>en. and ^oreorer Lis lines nin into one soother. Both difficulties are obviated l>y this s mple writing ca?e, which entbtee one to do his work as well in thedatk as in the light. Though my trouble is n< t blindness, hut a disorder ot tli- n?>rve of the eye, the e fleet, as far aa this is concerned, is the sime.and 1 am wholly incapaci tated for wilting in the ordinary nay. 1 should add that it would I* more convenient to have this frame bot.nd with leather or morocco, and attached to a portfolio. This is the way with mine. A mrv'el, bom ver. is better than any description; and I have frequently had the pleasure of furnishing my writing case, which was made In England many %ean? ago as a model from which others have been ms<le here for those who were laboring under an in fliti itv of the ete. With great regard. I remain, dear sir, your obliged and olwdient servaut, Wy. H. PKEScorr. Thk Liability of TtLKaR^ra Compamu* ? Th? liability ol telegraph computet for damage* on m. coat of error* in the transmission of messages ovc tbr wire*. appear* to have been fully demonstrated in a cat* reantly tri<d ia a iourt of law In Ob The complaint w thai a message directing tlt< pntchaw of a large y of wool at 40 cent* pot pound reached it* destination with the 4? change ? to 45. and aa th'a wool wa? pnrrhased at tbia latte figure on the strength of the message, the plaur brought an action to recover tht loan to which b? wa* exposed, lading hw damage* at 12,000. Hi Judpe field that the rule of damage* wma th< differ erne between the price actually pt?id under the dm patch and the market value of wool at the time an i place of nnrrhaee. and judgment wn? fireo for thi plaintiff for >750, without interest. ? PHtlmlrlphia UtlXfUf. CaiTAPtAM Inn*paM>Bfoa.? Tho Montreal Pee mt*: ? Ac *nre aa the destiny of Cana l* point* t > an iMiie, *o mire, if Canada remain* united will thai iwuie he independence. It may be a question of vear*. M it la worth waiting for. I; may he a miextion involving coordination to England for a time, bnt the dlre -t tendency of that country'* legis I at ion la to train us for independent self government. We ?re at present too few in population, but its ra pid increase will soon obviate that difficulty. We may be divided, bnt only on social and local ques tion*. W$ may tall out of the way, but let no "?ranger intei meddle with our ouarrel*: our fortune is in our hands? we may make or mar it. '?wi as ptndrnce or folly may influence us; but to no (mistical speculation, no political at mtan-m dlvida rur anlty of efltwt. Lira PHwnmvitBS 8 rot i. an. The Buflhlo Krprr* My* Ike ll*e imwinw ? toe I ike moanier* are 'rt quently ?polled by the ttdie* using them In thilr ?*Me rooms for rin ruahions. Such wsn the caee a It h those on UM UHat?l .t?n?N ?ortfc?? India