Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1856 Page 4
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(TEW YORK HERALD. sabbb ?omooM aiiiitVi BBrro? amo rioniiTtii 0BIVB 0. ?? ?OSMB or HAMAD AJCB fULTON M xnk. i) Ail v ummalo. i m* (wmmr imt ? <?>. fCT WLKKL V riKILAl 0, tr-ry IhMav, at 6* mu* pw ?, or IB ?-r mw ?*? WWw ? **??. * ** Mnu,.!, ?f PU/-I of <*"*i 8rAfc?. or * * am* part of A* ConUwort. 1 roL'u^A^ i<JMKM^pysDsm:ii, ?y>? ?M nwt, mtHrtuAjrm w* m* qmtrt r ?f *? teorU->^? ?*IJ fx Strati* patrf far. W* Ponmio* CwMromiMm ill /AancuLAMLf ta?Mmi to 8ml iu T Wm aao I*ao? M* rttKT fl. film XXX ? ill 3 AKUSMJWTB THIS ?VKMIMS. WIBUl 8 <i ABO Elf, Bro*4w?y? La Fsra Chaktctki? Fwabo? I'oHUO. BOWTRT THEATRE. Bowarr? Pumvu of th* Misais ?DTV- Fa* DK I>KlX11^ LLB4- fluiTAKDt? Po-CA H0X-TA3. ?EOR.;P ?HRISTrM AN1> WOOD'S MIN8TRKU*, No 144 HrmtUWtty -Ouj Kasbio^kb t CYUt or XTUiOriui Mm ?W?UY. ^CSk^I.IKIRF 0 \LT.KRT, No. 497 Broadway? Valoabu PlOmKl.* AHD MiK'UT-IiKTTUIUI Or UOSS, Ac. lew York, Saturday, Aagut lMSO. Tlie New*. We give elwwhere all the facts our reporters cool-1 father respecting the amount of yellow fever at Quarantine. It will be seen that about eighty cases have oocurred in alJ, of which forty-six have come directly from r-hipboard, tea from the neighboring village. and seventeen from this city; bat all are traceable dire t!y to infection taken from ships in the harbor. In one case three men sickened from pumping out an infected vessel from 8t. Thomas, at the foot of Cortlandt street; the others were Custra House officer* and captiins of vessels or their fami lies, who had come up to the city, but all were re tamed to the Marine Hospital, where the treatment was verysuccessfal, as of the whole number bat eight persona are reported to have died. From this it will be seen that there is absolutely no fever in ?hia city; all of it is imported, and for the last week only oni case has occurred within the city limits. In the repot of the proceedings of the Commis sioner- of Health , given elsewhere , is a letter from the Croton Aqueduct Board, refusing a compliance with a previous resolution of the Commissioners to allow the Commissioner of Streets free u-te of the Croton water, to cleanse the streets and gutters of th?- city every night, as deeded by the Health Com miseioners important for the preservation of the health of the city. The ground taken by the Croton Aqueduct Board is, that keeping the streets and gutters clean is no portion of the duty belonging to that department. They insist that if the depart ment to which this wo-k rightly belonged were vigi lant in their duty, there would be nothing, in the first place, to wuh from the streets and gutters. But aside from this argument, they stale that they have not the water to supply, In any case. The city, acoording to their statement, is at present oasumlnir daily 000.000 gallons of water more than is sap- j plied to the ciry by the Croton river. A letter from (ien. Houston, on political matters, i? published in to-days Hmuld. The old hero i< str v -or the Know Nothing Preputial nominees. Ikto..ls of the news from Nicaragua, a brief tele gmph..- -;;:nmary of which appeared in our elition of Send >y last, may be found in oar columns this morning. (ieneral Walker received an overwhelm ing majority for President, and was inaugurated on the 12th ult. with imposing ceremonies. Don Fir min Ferrer, the provisional President, delivered an addre*?, resting the reins of office, and admiuia tered the official oat b to General Walker, in the pre sence of an immense and enthusiastic assemblage, irenera! vv ,ilker delivered an inangaral address, in whi h the protrratnme of his administration of the foreign and domestic concerns of the republic wa> bnefly vet pointedly laid down. The country wai to<erably quiet. Rivas held possession of Leon, and a par*y of Chimirristas were in the vicinity of Cbontal'?. As -oon as the riiny season isorer.it is expec e l *?.e allied for es o: the n .rthern Cen tra.' An>r "nr. <ut*- will comm. ;. e hostile opera tions. i: J <'.f:ie*ul Walker is sadly n need of the sinews of w?r to repel the invaders < i; . of the brig Juhn ivnton arrived yesterday, from Port at; Prinze l- tb ult , de?Tibes that ? r- as pr'e tly healthy a' that dite. and states ;bat it had been so for some time previous. ^ Wi- h ,\e advices from Barhador* to the Kith alt s.sy u'.i n r thing of ?],.? j n;.->rtance. Tim followirg British vessels of war arrived between Ik | 3d and 10th of July: ? Steamers Prion, ft) guns; Lm pereuse, 51 ; Arrogant, 47; Tartar. 41; ?'o?ack,50 I Plone?r, 10: Victor, ?. If otL ng of public important tran-nired in the | ^na> yesterday. The papers in the case of Lieut. Buliett. of the Navy, were ordered to bt printed, " th ' ? ?? t . do Justice to th.it gentleman. The ( on r; ittc e - n r'ommer ce were directed to report a< tJtb- ' tt i 'henry of requiring the Are rooms of rtean v- ?!" to be ctnitrn ted ft lireproof m ae rial. T\e r p- rt relative to the case of Birhard W. Th irrp-on *:.d the Henomonee Indian* wa? dia cuet. : n: t: th- adj > :rnm nt. In the H ?*, Pres ton - Br>k ? of South Carolina, appeared, wa, dniy i-uiiifleJ .r.d t k his -.-at. Th? ons deration on'< '? i e >? ?? .,n rase wa-? r sum"! The retention ooating Gen. Whitfield was a.lopfel ? 1 10 to 2. The resolution giving the vacant ?e*t to Gov. Beeder was rejected? ?S to 113. The House also refused to give Mr. Recder per .tlem and ?ileage Tb* evidence before the Coroner with reference to the disaster on board the ?t?*iner Empire State was concluded yesterday and the jnry will render their verdict u>day. At last ounta the wounded were more comfortable. We bave date* from Buenos Ayres to the '?th of June. The schoooer Lewis Perry. Captain Turner, bad ar ved from Valparaiso. ha-, ing as passenger* I thirty-'-*-, rf '}>e crew of the Briti?h Earner Pana ma. wh I, ?. e*.?| was wrer k?d in the -traits of Ma gelUn. whi < nthe voyaze from Lfvorpo., I to Val paraiso. Th? r,..wis Perry reports th* b?s of the British -hip W.-rtem Bride. Ciptain Sinclair, bound from < illao for fork. S?ie was wrecked on the K rvt Narrow#, ,n tlx -tra.is of Magellan. The^w were taken on board the I nited sut?, brig Bain bridge. The sales of cotton yesterday were limited tn?ome 300 a 400 hales, in lots, closing dull, without quota ble change in price*. Flour was less active, and the market was heavy at the close at about the quot* lions of the previous day. Wheat was active, an] sal.* freely made. A lot of choice Canadian white ?HJ at II "4. and another of Kestacky new do., the ?r<t of the seaeon, at f 1 M. Mllwaukie good red wa? freely sold at ?l CO a II 61. Corn was firm, with Mies of prime -mind W?**rn mixed, in shipping order, at 1.'.c a ?4c , and *ome holder* asks>l ?6c. J ork was turner, owing to the stock being less than was exported. Men sold at 113 a $20 f*rd continued Arm, and l.ow pa^ka^rs were sold, to arrtre, at 12|c. Sugar- were firm, with sates of ?is> a 700 hhds. Coffee was qoiet. Freighta were at Cd. ? 54d. for grain to Liverpool , and Is. ad. for flour Professor Dennis Mahan Aosin in the Ftr.i.o. ? We publish in another column a long letw, which the Lotxlon Slur says, most distinctly is from the pen of Prof?*?or Mahan. We had siip powd this gentleman had mad<' himself sufficient ly notorious by his conduct at court, without wishing to becom" mor.? so try an attack on the English people. We se? no connection whatever hetw<en tbe jrellow vest, black lie and no sword or chfM-an. with the subject matter of lbs letter. It appears to be written to show that ?ome English femalea are no better than tbpy should be. ami that an unforttioate class of public woid'.d do not bt-bavt tlivmse. et- ui En if laud as wel) ad th" same class do in France and the I oited S i -t. Ia sume parts of London one Certainly m ?j tM some very irapro pei and distrusting sights, but they may be seen in Newt York at the Five Points, at the Book, and in Church street. But in I^ondon there ne ver yet have been seen more infamous spectacles than are privately exhibited in New York and Paris. We think the Professor had better return home. So far. like Jonah, he has travelled much and learned little. His ideas of etiquette, we undertake to say, are by no means American. Professor Maban may have inherited them from some other clime, or imbibed them at some other fountain. His mathematical genius is universally admitted, but his knowledge of the world is very questionable, or he would never have written such a foolish and uncalled for communication for the English press. The Presidential Question?1 The Slaveholrtfng and Non-Slaveliol<*.lng Vote of the South. It has now become a very general conviction that the old whig and democratic parties have been broken up, and are practically extinct ? that their old landmarks are obliterated ? that a chaoe of parties has succeeded, and that out of these com used elements a revolutionary process is going on. a reconstruction of parties and party issues. which is bringing into bold relief the fun damental principles upon which the republic was founded, the philosophy of the Union, and all those great issues and questions affecting North ern interests and Southern rights, in a novel but practical shape. This great movement of the popular mind, which we regard as the working of a mighty revolution, we are disposed to follow and encourage, because we believe it good and seasonable, nnd that its final result will be a general reform in the morals and tactics of poli ticians and parties, and in the men and measures of our government. We have already shown that this revolutionary destruction and reconstruction of the old parties of t ' e country Iks deeper and covers a broader and uore comprehensive field than the Kansas question ? that Fremont is the representative of other principles than the isolated one wliich. in reference to Kansas, divides the politicians of the North and the South; but still the ridiculous cry is kept up among the Buchanan and Fillmore or gans and orators, that Fremont is a sectional candidate ? that his party is a sectional party ? that it ignores fifteen States of the Union, and that "his electiou will and ought to be the end of the Union,'' because it will be but the signal for the secession or subjugation of the South. We have already answered these idle and ab surd charges against Fremont and the rapidly increasing and extending party devoted to his election, and have shown that all such charge** and all such fears and threats are utterly falla cious and deceptive, come from what quarter they may. Freiront is not a sectional candidate: he is prominently and pre-eminently the consti tutional and Union candidate of the campaign. vHis name, first started by a few sagacious indi viduals. was next taken up by the independent press ? other presses, democratic, republican. Know Nothing and independent, here and there, came to his support ? meetings of tho people here nnd there next adopted him. until with the meeting of the republican and anti-Fill more general Conventions in Philadelphia and New York, the name of Fremont, from the popu lar outside pressure in his ltehalf. bore down all opposition. It was the man, the hi torv. the exploits ; tho courageous patri otic and decisive character of the man which thus brought the anti-democratic elements of the country around him: and it was the sec tional, nigger drh inland filibustering nomina tion and platform adopted at Cincinnati that con centrated thi-c opposition elements upon Fre mont. We gave, the other dny. some general statistics of the population of the South, nad some general remarks upon them, to show that the declaration of Mr. Senator Toombs that Promont's election -will and ought to beth" end of the Union." had no foundation to rest upon, even in Georgia or South Carolina. For the more particular infor mation, upon this point, of our Southern #ec"s sion brethren, we have compiled, from the census of 1^50 and the official returns of 18.12. the fol lowing table : ? l' >401 0*11 V fieri own VoUrmtUK 7"?i in j uifU ? ing m-rr 6 out any >*.<?'? Stat'* liar <i. llartt. llim. 18112. Alabama IX, 941 It W 14, 7W 41093 Arkansas 1.H4 '.Mb 13*10 1?.M? Delaware '72 137 11 12 675 Ftortda l,?w i.wo 3,67? 7.1M (ieorra 1?.*70 Vt. 1M ftt,4M ?o,?14 Kmtocky M,IM U.U1 7t,7M 11 1, UP loaUtaaa lO.ktii* V.401 16. 2)2 M.ttt Mar; an 1 10.1M 6**4 49 130 71 'TO MMnl t,S?a 13 24* 11.171 44..1 Xis* uri , 12 64o a. 54a 4*. 180 Nortli Cafr-I na . . 10.'7J 17.431 M.1M 7S,? P. CaroUaa t.iM 1?,W? 24,414 5<>.,jy i T hbmkc I* If* ?.??* 82,** m Tens 4.171 3,171 10,771 18.518 rtrgDla t ym UMN T?X'.I 174.K5 173 OK M8.7U 870,241 * Vole wtiButd. Here we have 52i.OOO non-slaveholding voters (in round numbe: t) against 347.000 alaveholding voters in the South. A-siiminn that with the for mer class the price of nigger" is everything ami that to them, with the defeat of Buchanan, the Union will become intolerable, thcr*' Is yet this anti-olnveholding class of 500.000 voter* with whom the price of nigirers is little or nothing. a-i<l the Union everything. There i? ? natural air ? gonism bet* n the tailoring whitos and the ala\ ? holders of the South, as there i- b tveen la's* and capital in the North. There is an aristocrat* of capital, and a democracy of itfflP in both sections. In the North, this aris tocracy is in our banks, insurance com panies railroad, manufacturing and other corp > rations, real estate owners, shipowners. &c. in the S.uth it is nigger*. to the extent of two thou- I sand millions or more of invested capital. In J both sections, however, it is an aristocracy of cap ital. against which there is a continual war from the democracy of labor. Upon any such danjjer oue experiment, therefore as secession, this demo cracy of the South will be apt to see the ques tion in a wholly different light from that of the aristocracy around them, and the latter will in evitably be defeated. We must remember that the three-fifths of tliei slaves allowed the South in th<ir e numeration* for Congress, do not apply to the slavehoidlng voters of that section in the elections. On. Wad* Hampton, of S. C , with over a thousand slaves, and the poorest white voter of his dis trict have each one vote. Now is it safe to rest npon the pr??umption that the political senti ments of the laboring whites of the South are at the service, on all occasions, of their stave hold in* neighbors* Mr Toombs and the Bucha-tan democracy would have us believe this, but from c< rtain late confession* from the new?pap>-r* of Sortfc Carolina, wc perceive that though ' the poor whites" of that section have neiAer organs nor orators, they have not their political opinions. wLch cannot he suppressed. These senti meat* from this important Southern vot ing element were strikingly illustrated In JSouth Carolina, Georgia. Alabama and Mis sissippi, iu 1861, when, upon the direct question of secession, on account of the admission of Caliv, for iiia as a fret' State, the secessionists in ea m* of those States were routed and reduced to a sur render. Mr. Toombs. Mr. Fillmore and Mr. Bu chanan will remember that in South Carolina, where their preparations for secession were the most formidable and alarming, their defeat was more decisive than in any other Southern State. A little reflection upon these figures, facts and conclusions, will serve to show that our Southern secessionists are playing a false and ridiculous game, that there is a superior weight of metal opposed to than, even iu their own section, and that there is nothing to fear from the election of Fremont in the way of disunion. We believe, too, that there need be no cause of alarm to the most credulous of Southern slaveholders from the suc cess of Fremont. On the contrary, while we be lieve. that from his past life, his history, edu cation and early associations, his election would be the harbinger of jwace between the North and South? if peace there is to be? we also believe that the election of Mr. Buchanan would launch us upon a sea of filibustering adventures which could only end in mischief to us all, and most disastrously to the South. We have no sympathy with abolition agitatora Our views upon the abstract question of Southern slavery are well known. It is asystem under whteh the African is enlightened, and socially and mo rally elevated beyond his advancement under any other system in the history of the race ? it is a system from which the products of the South, the manufactures and commcrce of the North, the wealth of both sections, and the power and prosperity of the Union have been so wonder fully developed. So far. therefore, from enter taining any of these modern abolition ideas that Southern slavery should be abolished or restrict ed, we are decidedly in favor of its extension from time to time, where climate and productions favor it, for the purpose of preserving to the South a self-sustaining balance of power in the government. Finally, as Fremont is a Southern man, of the non-slaveholding class, and as he has been favo rably taken up in Kentucky as a Presidential candidate, we would admonish our secession brethren not to be alarmed if this Kentucky movement should be rapidly followed up in every Southern State, because it may be safely done without prejudice to Southern rights or the Union, and without any very alarming reduction even in the price of niggers. The Consolidation of the Democracy. The democrats of tbia State are making a great deal of fuss and noise over what they are pleased to call the consolidation of the party, which has just been effected at Syracuse. They are overjoyed at an event which they have Mr. Buchanan's warrant for calling ?? one of the grandest events in our history." Now, what is this consolidation, and between whom has it been effected! Why, everybody knows that the par ties consolidated are mere groups of ofBce-seeking politicians, who are and have been always ready to divide or consolidate, for the sake of spoils. In 1*52 they consolidated? as they have just done ? for the sake of sharing the spoils to be won under the flag of Franklin Pierce; and In 1*53 they quarrelled, each of the little miserable factions accusing the other of having got more than its share of the loaves and fishes. Now they consolidate again, in order to try to carry the State for Buchanan. Should they succeed, they will quarrel as fiercely as ever next sprint, and the hards will accuse the softs, and the softs the hards, of having cheated in the division. Or put them to the test of principle. In 1851. the radical ground of the division of the demo cracy was on the question of free soil ? one sec tion going for the ostracism of the Van Burn* men. the other for their reception into the bosom of the party, as dejected, if not repentant ?inner?. The two factions being irreconcilably hostile on this issue. Fierce was proposed and presented to the people on the Baltimore platform of opposition to further agitation of the slavery question, llow this was swallowed, alike by hards and softs, they know best; certain it i:? that they swallowed it with seeming ease, and elected fierce without difficulty. No sooner was he elected than a split took place. Vou may suppose. p< rhaps, that this was occasioned by the inter!' rcnce of Fierce with the slavery question in defiance of the Baltimore platform. Not at all. The split was caused by the appointment to office of more softs than bards. It was when th<y saw the fattest offices in the gift of th?' ^overument passing from th"m and going to the softs that tbc loyalty of the hard* to the constitution gushed forth in armed re Mlinn. It was when tlcy were cheated in the division of the spoils? when John Van B> r?B and his friends proved unfaithful to th? maxim, which ought, at all events, to have b -en fnmiliar in some of their ears ? Honor aiding tbi? ves" ? it was then that Bronson. and O'Co uor. and Cutting, and the other patriots of Ro man mould, discovered that Pierce was a traitor ami that tin y . at all erenta. would have uo hand nor part in the dismemberment of their beloved country. So they withdrew from the sordid ar< na of politics, and with language that would have be* n fitting in the mouth of Arlstides or Fabricius. they declared that between them and the softs there could henceforth be no com mon interest, no bond or tie of any kind what ever. &MM three years have passed since then, and now we bear shouts of consolidation and read of old Judge Beardsiey embiacing Lorenzo .-she pard. What has happened since the rupture? No4fetog but what oug'ut, in reality, to have widened it. Franklin Fierc* has grossly violat ed his pl< dge at Baltimore, by re-opening the slavery discussion; and so far from desiring now to set it at test. Mr. Buchanan comes before the country as the champion of a policy which must perpetuate and envenom the quarrel of a policy which seeks to make Kansas a slave State per force. Vet the same hards and the same softs who coalesced on the non-intervention platform of Pierce, and afterwards quarrelled on the ground that it was not honestly carried out. coalesce afresh this week on the armed iut< rveution plat form of Buchanan. Pro-slavery o; anti si ivery. baid or soft, black or white, it is in truth all the same to them, and they stwid always ready to coalesce at a moment's notice on any and every I platform that can help them to the spoils. Fur I the men who met at Syracuse are not the ' great democratic party of this State, or any pro [itr representation of it. Tbey are a group of office seeking politicians, who have, in general, no < haracter to lose and no prneiples to stick to; and whose only object in going to Syracuse is to try and arrange matk rs in some way, by n ak:ng compromises and ?acrifk >s of the p> inoi plea they have avowed, so aa to secure a fat office. They have no authority from the people to act as they do, and are responsible for none of their acts to any one but themselves. They are practically a self-constituted body, without mis bc*1, or power, or rank, or even influence, as the uequel will show. They may bargain and barter away thiB or that vote, but when the time of election comes round they will find that the peo ple wbom they sold so cheap are not quite ready for delivery. The consolidation is, in fact, a gross, glaring, palpable fraud and cheat; there has been nothing consolidated but a few score of hungry politicians in want of office, and who are splitting their lotteiy tickets with each other; and for James Buchanan, who knows all.the facts of the case, to talk of the swindle as "one of the grandest events of our history," and to show such excessive joy at the news, indicates pretty plainly that he needs a little encouragement. Increased City Taxation. The clique of which Comptrolle lngg has been ho long a shining member has always

been famous for crying out against unjust taxa tion and oppressive monopoly. It was the shib boleth by which it gained and retained power for many years; but it is a curious fact that whenever the most vociferous of these patriots obtained a fair chance for a good haul, they post poned their principles for their pockets. Th" Central Railroad operations are a fair sample of their perseverance, their virtue and disinterest edness. By skilful combinations and a proximity to legislation the Albany managers made hand some fortunes, particularly out of the consolida tion of central railroad lines. If we are not much mistaken Mr. Flagg came in for a hand some share of profit when he and his associates amalgamated what was called the South Side or Mohawk Valley Railroad with the other lines. This project never intended to be carried through, which was very hastily surveyed, never laid out. and on which a small per centage only was ever called, (only enough to secure the charter.) was generously taken into the general valuation, and was valued at a good round sum, to the great comfort of some of the brethren, and the manifest advantage of their collapsed purses. The thea tre of enterprise being for a time about eloiing, the actors were busy in finding other localities for the dK-play of their talents. The Minnesota scheme was, it is true, unfortunately knockcd in the head, by the discovery of a single interpolation, made mysteriously, in a bill before Congress. One little word, if it could have escaped observation, would have rewarded these Regency grammarians splendid fortunes. The Sault St. Marie JMual offered a better chance, and there a rich Seward and large grants of public lands have fol lowed the lucky schemers. Mr. Flae_r was trans planted to New York to try his hand here, and the cry of economy has been his capital and stock in trade. Since he has been at the h^ad of oar financial bureau our tuxes have doubl'-d, and if he continues there much longer thtre will not bo much more left to tax. The whole amount of taxes levied in this city from 1801 to 1830. was but SC.3C0.000. while those for a single year (the present one), exceed that sum by $10C..v.?!? s8, not including the State tax either, which is *t;o8. 82G 04 more. There is not a doubt but that the tax of 1850, which was about three million*, would be amply sufficient for the support of the city government. The items which swell the sum for this yeur are quite sturtling in character, and if analysed carefully would show that a large portion of them might be cut down one hall. What aggravates the matter is the fact, that while large appropriations arc scarcely critici* d by the Comptroller, he Is so tenacious and so resistant iu the merest trifles. Small bills are closely ?cru tinized. many are refused, and expensive law suits are incurred to defeat their payment. We aie kept amuft d with constant professions of re gard for the public treasury, and a continual tinkering at the spigot while a full stream pours incessantly out of the bungbole. It is about time that the city of New York did its own coopering, and that the Albany Regency, seeing one more ?? a speck in the horizon." were comp-lb'd to open -hop somewhere else. Thk Presidential Caxtass in Old Virginia. - We give fcotn our own reporter (who i* on the *pot) n ftill, particular anil most interesting ac count of the proves* ?>f tli<' Presidential canvass in Old Virginia. Tli?- campaign w.i- in. indurated, a- our readers will recollect, I ij thy famous -| ' < i h >>f Governor Wise, -bowing the advantage which the election of Buchanan would ?"?cure to the South in the rise which it would occasion !u the price of nigger*. The controversy may ? ' '-aid to lie fairly js ned in the South between tip two pro-davcry c.iididat- Buchauati and I illn.t n by the diKUssion which took place be tween their adherents at the Orange Court lIou?e, on the 27th. All the eloquence and Z'-nl expended by their suppirter-1 on that oc casion goes to t-how that never did two public characters come before the country whose career* pre-eotcd to many Incousictenclei ami tergiversa tion* as James Buchanau and Millard Fillmore. Nothing can be more edifying than the t <y<o? ? of tie political acts of both pr -ented at th - m e; ing. On one point, however, the partizan* on each fide seem agreed ? that they are respec tive ly the beau ideal* of pro-slavery champions, ar d anxious lor a ri-e in tbe iiikg' i market. In this controversy, addresi?<d to the dav<| holder* of the South, who number only 3.10.000 the Buchanan and Fillmore men >1" not ""?ni m t:iko into account the .r, 00.000 or 600.000 vol'-# of i.oti "lavehold'T- whieh will 1? brought to b u on tbe Presidential election. We should I k- to see a movement set on foot calling upon all th non-daveholders in the Southern voter* to heur the arguments in favor of Fremont the only mnn who can settle the slavery que?tion for all titn and demolish the errors and prejudices by which it in surrounded. One thing ha* been made evident by this op ing of the Presidential canvass in Virginia, and tha' is, that under our tuition tbe politician* of Virginia have improved greatly in manners. When, about a year since, we sent a reporter to Virginia, out of kindness to Governor Wise, and to do him a favor by reporting his speeches, our representative was set upon, intuited, and mobbed by tbe Governor's adherents In fact, the con duct of the Virginia politician* at that time offera a clow parallel to the habit? which are prevalent ju?t now in the high claw* society of the Five Points and of Washington. On the prevent occasion our correspondent has been fretted with tbe courtesy and good fee ling due to his miwi'?n. The Virginia politicians know from their paM experienee that he will do them justice, and repot t them fairly and accurately. With this improvement in the manners of the politicians of old Virginia we take them )>?,* k into our good opinion and confidence venturing at th? snme time to predict that under our tuition they will become accomplished stale-men nnd L? nth intB. Ocean Navigation ? Screw Propelixiw and Paddle Wheels.? We have recently, ou several occasions, pointed out to the attention of our readers the remarkable improvement manifested in the speed of the newly constructed steamers fitted with the screw propeller, and the preference that is being shown for this method of propulsion in the military as well as mercantile marine of other countries. Most of the English and French vessels of war have had the screw substituted for the paddle wheel, and it is believed that in another year or two the latter principle will be altogether discontinued in naval construction. It was at one time supposed that the only advan tage to be derived from the screw was the leas liability which it offered to damage from the bat teries of an enemy's vessel. In point of speed it was thought that it could never equal iu power the old paddle wheel system, and therefore, although in one respect well adapted for the pur poses of warfare, it was not considered generally applicable to commercial vessels. Unfortunately, in our own case, the snail like parages and fre quent disasters of the earliest line of screw steamers plying between this country and Europe, rather tended to confirm this conviction, and dis couraged our shipbuilders from any very exten sive adoption of the principle. Tin. experience of the last two years has, how ever. demonstrated the error of the prejudice enter tained against the screw. Not only, as we have already stated, has it been introduced very gene rally in foreign war vessels, but it has also been adopted with the greatest advantage and protit in passenger steamers. Already, on several occa sions, have we been indebted to the new screw steamers on the New York, Philadelphia and Que bec lines for European news in advance of the re gular mails. The passages of these vessels have all been made with an average speed which show that they are capable of competing with the be.;t of the paddle wheel steamers of the same dimen sions. We will just take a few of the recent trips which they have made in confirmation of this opinion. The Emeu sail <1 from New York on the 26th of June, at 2:1"? P. M., and arrived at Havre at 12:15 P.M. on the 8th of July ? making the passage in eleven days and se\ eateen hours mean time. Th<> Lebanon left Havre on th? 28th of June, at 4 P. M.. and reached the Cunard dock. Jersey City, at 8:30 A. M.. on the 1 2th of July ? making the passage in thirteen days and twenty one hours. The Alps left Havre at 12:30 A M.. on the 16th of July, and reached her dock in this pprt at 8:30 A. M., oa the 29th? making the parage in thirteen days and twelve hours, mean time. In taking these figures into consideration it should be borne in mind that these vessels had full cargoes. These results give on the whole a higher average of speed than that of the paddle wheel vessels in the same line; and. takiug in ' j account th? ir previous trips, greater regularity. We trust these facts will not be lost upon th attention of our shipbuilders. We must not allow ourselves to lag behind our maritime rivals in tke adoption of the recent improvements in Mr. Smith's admirable invention. SrAM. h Government Liukijs on Ge^.ral Goicovria. ? We find in the Croniea. the organ of the Spanish government in this city, the following statement : ? If what tbe AVorafWrfU* of the Mth June ha* sut.nl be correct. Mother -Minister of Walker, w ith the title of ? ? Cit r ?Tfci. ' tnuit now be en r?u" iorloivou. a* Kuvoy *s the ? ourt of ^t. Jan. This in one Uoicouria, a sUSie of Cuba, ar.d an nuividunl who, according to an >ner.< an stafn ??nt. fled, soruc t.me a/o. inn) Havana, to avoid the cou .|iietren of hi? baukruptcy and debts, ami came to New Yo.k, where be presented himself a? a po'itical victim. introduced h.ra*M into the t!libu*toro a??<x:'?l on, where he contributed more than nay other to the ? *(ifdit.on* sgainst .Xba, and was one of the colloc lon of the luot-rr ptloci n aid of that enterprise, be and Mr (juilmau lemaininy in p<>??ettion of the greater por tion ol the collect* d sunt, part of which be tub*eq>iently trot loyed In a d of Walker. ItU said that, notwithstand ing hi* utter pcspac ty, be rn-e to eminence amongst the cr.tni anion* of that leader, thanks to ibe honorable rank ol Might 01 a certa.n order, or of g*.:irterma*ter, or come some other similar title which one of tbc C'ub.tn administrations ol her Majesty, with that prodigality wbb, untii recently ban marked their conduct in the distribution ot favors. bad conferred upon h'm, he being at that time manager ;n Cuba of a nail factory, or some other fvtab.lfhment of the kind. Now. any one who is at all acquainted with the history of the < uban patriot aguin?t whom these statements are levelled, mu't kuow that they are entirely without foundation. Ge neral Goicouria did not leave Cuba to avoid the consequences of any commercial obligations that he bad contracted, nor wa? ever the slightest im putation cast upon hi* name, such a? the Croniea aver*. He left hi* country from a very different reason. Loving her not wisely but loo well, be was exiled to Spain by the Captain General for hi* well known liberal sympathies, and no stronger presumptive evidence can l>" adduced of hi* upright and patriotic character than the fact ot hit" expatriation by the SfNUiiflb authori ties. W? re he a man tuokrupt in moan* and principle. as the Crono: s?eks to make him out. he would lie found among the t??ol?* and partu tns ol Spanish despotism. enjoying at borne tbc fruit* of bin corrupt services. Alter remaining a -hort time In Spain, G neral Goicouria. finding the political atmosphere of that country as little suited to him as that of Cuba, derided upon coming to the United States, wh<>re not only he could enjoy the lull liberty of his opinions, but also perhaps contribute to aid the effort* of his countrymen to ?hake off the yoke that oppressed them. All tho?e who had the pl< amn? of his acquaintance while Irrp cn i testify that no foreigner that ever came to thi? conniry was n.< re eminently entitled to the respect and r?t- ? m of the American people than this gentle man In the pos?e?sionof ample n?< ans from his own private fortune, he lived in a handsome, gentlemanly style, making ho?-t# of friends by his conciliatory and amiable manners, and having ;be pood "*nw to avoid the error into which so many strangers have fallen, of interfering in tbc domestic politics of the conntry. He devoted himself. like a true patriot, solely to the interests of Cuba. and took sn active part in all the move n ? ids set on foot here to effect its liberation. Fur tb> he earned the undying hatred of the Cuban authorities and the vindictive attacks ol ils organs l>oth hen' and at Havana. W hen Walker's successes in Nicaragua held out a toy of hope that they might, at no very distant period. react upon the desttnf? <f Cuba. General Goiconrla frit himself Imp* lied to offer the aid of bis sword and political talents to that it od> r. His warm reception at Granada, his im mediate appointment to several important posts, and bis subsequent nomination to the delicate and difficult mlsrion which he Is on hi* way to lnlfd at the English and French courts show that the Nicarngnan President duly apprcci.it.ed the advantages to lie gained to his cause by the ac < eVion of "iich a man. The apprehension and annt'j anre experienced by the Chban government ?t th appointment has manifested itself in th? ?ly personal attack almve qoated. Is it the duty of onr authorities to see that these insults to the Minister of a friendly country, by the re cgnin d organs of foreign despot i*ms eotablish f d In our midst, shall not be repeated t The frit rule of G< nersl Goiconria should proweeute to conviction the au'hnrs of this infamous libeL THE latest news; BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING niEQRAPHI. Affair* In Washington. THE CAPE OF WHITFIELD AND KXEDKIt? C?T- BKU <JK& AT THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS ? DIW'3 PACIFICATIO* DILI. IN THE SENATE? THE LAND PI.UNDEB11W, . ETC. Wakiiinoto*, August 1, 1858 TLis being private bill Jay ill Ccngresp but UttVw* public intereit wu dune. Tlie Senate had a protracted discussion on tbe claim ot R. W. Thompson against the Miuomenee Indiana lor (40,000 as a Ice, which had beeo rejected by Commissioner Manypenny, and which led tt>. an angry control ersy between these parties. The dccu mentr are all in your possession. No vole wad taken. The lioiiK' ousted W1 iffield, as I predicted, but fearing the anecess of the plau of tabling Reeder's renoloUor, it was brought to a direct vote, and lost by the saiut majority as that by which Whittle Id was rejected. Au election will be immediately ordered by Gover nor Gorey, under the existing Territorial 'aw, ami . Whitfield will be again returned; and as many of tne re publicans express every confidt nee In Gov. Uarey, his. action in the premises will receive their support. Gen Whitfield informed members who voted b;in out of hn. , scat that he would be back hero in December next, and take his seat again; and that, further, Keeder dare not gc > into the Territory and run In opposition to him. The b'aik rt publicans fuilsd In their attempt to give Rseder hie J i r diem. The resolution giving Roeder his milengt and per diem was not entertained. Another ellort wil> be n rde. C< Brooks was sworn In to day. and received the on gralnlations of his friends. While at the Virginia White Su'i licr ,?pr.ngs, Col. Pro.ks was quite a lion, having to uu< < rgo un introduction to tcvcral hundred guests. V hni leaving he called for hirf bill, and was informed iha. b.. tiuautial matter:: had been attended to by the guests, and that a private carriage and an escort awaited bin- . without. The ladies waved their handkerchief in honor ot South Carolina and her " chivalrous'' representative The Senate Territorial Committee will report tbe House bill re-establishing the Missouri compromise, with ai> amendment striking out all iflcr the enacting clanae, am? inserting Instead I)uu<'a> ' Kansas bill. Tbe Minnesota Rai.ruol siiietne will be tr ed cither to D ,rrow or Monday. Th.- lobby has been very active the last few days urging . trenacusly the ClrV.rman of the Committee on 1'uMlc Lands to report the ii'll. This Con gress, the plunderers allege, will be thou- U*t chance. Tl.c net amount in tbe Treasury subject to draft >? near ly <^00,000, notwithstanding tbat $7,10^,70.3 li*vo be r paid on account of the Texas debt. The officers and employes of tlie legislative and execu tire blanches ot the government were not jwiid fbr last . n onth's t( rv'ces, owing to the delay in tbe passage ot the Appiopiiation bill for Ihc present tlscal year. Tbe pay o. ? tier us. who have heretofore been accommodate! with ad van <?> under fdtnllar clrcumetinces, Is no ? refused by tlie banks for feir of the possible defeat of the approprla tlon bills. rHIKTY-FOl'HTH CONORK88. FIKbT bEHSION. lenati. Wa.-iii.hoT'>*, Augi.st X, 1866. THE CM OF U*ITT. BA FtTLKTT. Mr. Cxittkxoicw presented tbe memorial of I .eutenan*. . < Bartlett, relative to tbe action of the Naval Board in hi* cast and that of the Senate Naval Committee thereon Mr. Otittentien spoke on the case, anl on his motion thr ft "rs were ordered to be printed with vow to do Justice IP ;'r. Bartlett. AMiianosf or kaxsah. Mr. Cass and Mr. Sn .ii;t presented petitions fron , citiw r.s of Micbitfan praying lor tlie admission of K&nsa with the Top< kit constitution. FIKB ROOMS OK l-T FAM ?KHBKLM. On mction of Mr. Skwobo, a resolution was atoned directing the Committee on Commerce to inquire whether It is expedient to re-p'tre tliat the tire rxims of stouri. vessels be constructed of fireproof material. IIIIUH AKFAIKH. Tbo Senate then cooaMered the report of the Committe* on Indian affkirr The report states that no further legUi lai. n is nrcevai j iu ine cane of Kicbard W. Thompson who made an ugrn ment with the Menornonee li> I. aii> for one third of the money be should pro cuie for thorn in addition to the amount allowed for tholr lands, and their removal across the Mis Mtrippi He obtained $240,000 from the govi*nintm, i ml, modifying his original agreement, oonsented to ?akr M0,( a- ru.s fee. Thi bill passed last Congtes*, author lying that this be paid him. with the provuo that Tbotn? son tfcould gi-t the cor.-eut of the Indians, wluoo ho <1. 1. Fut complaint is made that Commissioner Manypeany prevented th<- payment. on the ground that the bill slgno' by tie President was not the bill passed by t'engrexs. Uu I roviso l.aviLg boon, by some meant, omitted thore.roin The matter was debated, but no definite re-iilt ar lived at. Adjourned till Monday. House of Hcprrsentativea. Waj-bim.to.v, August 1, 1&66. rk irni?A\o; o? mk. Moots. Mr Bovcx, (dew.) ot S. C., said be bad received the certificate or the Governor of South Caroliua, sUUng tha? rretton S. Brooks was re elected to Congress, and ask? i tlat be be swern in. Mr. BK'ioui ad vaueei to the chair of tbe speaker, wbo adnriitered the oath to support tbe onstitm >n. tub Kasha* ooTntsmtn imrnox riu. Tb^lerk finished (be reading of Governor Reeder'r. (Ulement. Among oAier things, be refers to tbe remarkt ? ol General Cass and Mr. Ruchanan to show tbat a dele gate may be admitted In tln< absence ol a spejiOo law loi tl at purpose. Hn cnotlodet by arguing in support ol "> U.s i-otitk'M heretofore a?suracd by h m. Mr Wiimmti, tbe sitting delegate, said his eWtlor il.onld not be reveled without a rutl and impartial hear It l!? maintained tl at lie was elected over the statute in - i ol in pursuance of the organic law, and therefore ?a? infilled to remain where he was. There was here Do ; roper legal d.^Ueuge of bis rights, Irons tbe farttba ? be Lad McotnpetMor In the canvass. Hence, Mr. Re?ler li <tg a volnnteer, tad no right to confen. But a|?r* Iron, fh . Gov, Reeder la ealoppad, be liavlup oertifie* th' Leeis'atlte Assomliiy as legal, ar I having the powei lor tbttuch troll a- were r-'prfsentod to e*i?U Hf ii -i?te<t tbat every rule of testimony n Lis rise hait been s totaled by the Kansas ln',<>stigat.ng ,, -miter Mr Wa-iihi in (nigger worsh^ppi-r) ol M repllfl to Mr. Mejhen#. rent- ndiug from unHorm pflarlpie an ?TMWMC. it ?? mm$ has the right to Inquire? as it bar iicp.red m ihc present ca e ? into th'- question of Ibct. ? Intber th' re wi< or tot s Iygi<lature winch could pas' en of biudu.g loroa. It had beeu proved iuexinteslihly that the Katras Legislafuri- wa* elei te>! by the ?id of elti sens t oi(i Mi??ouri He fatti-ted tliat Mr. Heeder be mittrit as tbe pro| or reprea* titative of k majority ol the legal voter* of K?rna'. lln flrst rnolsttA reported by tb* Committee r n File" I ns it at Mr W! I'loli was not n titled to a seat as dele gite 'rem Kansas, was adopted by yeas 110, nays vi, as *ot!ows ? Vr?? *te?f*. Alhricht Alll?on. Ball, RaHo-ir, Ban-i 17, Hennoo ot New Ym *, He : ? >n. H.ilin*hurs' Hlis* Hreti'' n Brown, Huflu.Um. ?ami bell of P*.. r?inph?li m Ohm, ? bnive. Hark of Conn . t'lawaon, Oolfkt, QMiaa Ob ?o?!' Ciasui Pamr-dl, Oa.v. f'ean, Dl<-k. ItoiW, D>mn. t>ur f te IMle.KdwardiL Fnirte, Flagler. Fn.lerol fa , (tallow Ay. OkVnw Ollhert. ?!i sneer Grew, Hallo! Mass., TlarUn. Har ris* n. Il?.vett. Iliekman lloibmay. Horton ol .V V . Ilor'on of < lio llughatoo. Kaiser Klnn Koapp, Knlgh<, Kn'iwltasi. Knot. Kunkel, l^i'er Msre Matterson. In a ijr. MlM*ro( Sof York. Moore, Morgan Morrill. Moit, Wtebola, WorSaa. A ti.liew Oliver. Pai-lifr.l'srker Pelton. Perming on Perry. Pete Pike Prlngle, Porvtaaee R.ohie, Roblnns, R..'>eria. ^abtn. Ssge, Pspp H^ott, Kherm to ITtWiiinaas Hoinner, stra nslian Tsmiari. Trafton. Tj?on 1 iMirllngion, Tisfii, Thurston, V?;k. W s.ie, VakeiDan Walbr.'lge^ Waldmn. W*?W>urni? ot W IS) onsla W *?hburne of llltnois Wf?Hht>nrne of Mnlne. W?( s< n Welrb. Wi lls. Whitney, Williams. Wood, Woodro*. Woodwadb Nuts? Me??rs Aiken Ftarksdnle. Bell, Bennett of Missis slppi Por org Bowie Hoyre. Itrsneh, Hnrneit. <'ad?ra)isd>'r, (laatpbell of Kenturlti-. nsrltale, ''srnthers. < 's?k ?, Cobb rat <>eorgis. I obb of Alabsms. Cox. Cralge, ? rawrord. t'nllen. Bavirl'oti. l>aiis ot lO'l . Ilenver. Ilardell, K.lmnrwlMn. ngi.?h. Eostls. Ki ana. Fa likner. Florence, Koeter. t'nlior of Msiae <tor?lie Ore, mood llama of Maryland. Hsrrl* of Alsbams. Harris of III Herbert, Hoffman, Ifo istnn. Jones ol Irrui, Keni.eti. Khlweil. Lake. I.r.i-lier, l.lndley, Lomnfeln, A K Mirahall ftiimnlire? Vfae.hiill. Marshall ol III.. Maiwell. MoMtilleti. Mlileroi la . Mlllaon, < Hirer of Mo., t tr, IV k. Pl?el| a. Porter, I'owell, Purrear, Uulin.an, Keade. Ready. Kiraud, K>< i.ardson. Rlv. rs. Rnflin. Rms?. s mdidse, Fs?sc .-ew?rd Cbfh r, Fnntltof Term., Pnuih 'if V.i Hinlth t Ala .?n?> ? I. Mephena. Kti wart, Swope, Talbou. Taylor. 1 rip e. Coder WOM. Tail. Waller, Wiirner Watkins. Wine hi* It right of Miss . Wright of Tenn.. KollieofTer. Tbe r'cond resolution, th.it Mr Reed er be ad?itte<l U> tl.e seal was rejeeted bv yeas l? nays 111. Mr WANHinura, of Mr . asked, but was denial, unani tti? r,- i on-ent to f?y Mr. Reeder mileage and /wr (fie* to tliile. rsivAT* mil*. n.e llo.ue then considered, but passe I no pr1vatr> bills. Adioutteu. ( onfttHtanal Nomination. WjfHHMfMi, P.A., Aaftuxt 1, 186?. Tbt l*eo.ocralic Convention of Ifelaware couaty to'Ujr reo' moated .'oVin Hlrkman for ConfTMB. Re receiretf; ? ft vote* out of 63 delegates ( Drulh or ? l.?wyrr. PirreitrM, Ang. 1, I960 T. Fo*AI'len.an old and eminent lawyer ol ?hl-. ritjr. nod ilia author of several legal works, dt*d tii*> mot r iaf . K?f?pt of I'rlMNim. KlMiM, Angimt t, 1464. Henry I-oop. one Of tie tow*# thievna and .mntorfMfc (nan. who *a* confined ;n the jail at tbia placa awaltinc biatrial, madr Ma e?rai-?? !aet n ght toy kn< "kin* th? inrakey dowa with a bar of Iron. a< bo waa entering tto? re: 1 in which ibe prHonrr tM ronflnel. t. P Chat worth Waiting hie trial for ihe eatne offence aieo ?!*?