Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1856, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1856 Page 3
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Our t tmliwmtl Cnrrr*]>uii<1eurr. Cincinnati, \hr 11,1656. Politic* in South H'nt'rn Ohio? TUe Ruth of the Revolution Have the Buchanan Party it made J> ?The Conventional Campaign ? The Fill more Union Savert ? Wire Stretched across the Ohio River, to Hold Ohio and Kentucky togelhet ? Creat Cry and Little Wool of the Know Nolhingt ? Nomination of Sam Campbell fur Re election ?The Gei-man Republican Movement When T last wrote tiyou t'?e 'Back fever" wis prevailing in this quarter. The town was full of Bnchaneers. inflammatory witti the exd'emcat* of of the Convention, which in i's pomp and pride claimed to be 'he grand regulator of the concerns of the country for the next lour \ eurs. The impres sion wan prevalent here thut ihete was not the re motest doubt of BuchaiinnV ele tion. Now a! 1 this is change/]. The d?*legatr.s, inside and outside to the Cincinnati Convention wre g ? e, aud the people have been thinking When Buchanan wan uutni nated it was thought absolutely certain that he would carry Ohio. Now th?* nio-t sanguine of his friends are not such fools an to b< t that ho will come wlihiu twenty-five 'hou u*>d vo'es o tlmt onaam mafion. The fact th'it Buchaniin ? ih no longer sim ply James Bnclianan," hut Ilia*, he is a representa tive of the fame corrupt and infamms influences which conveited Pierce l'r"m a decent sort of man to a rcproach and curse to the country and that he is eminently adapted to he the tool ? f Forney & Co.. and improve in iniquity even on Pierce, has been powerful in producing this change. The Buchanan party here is made no of al! the effete purticleB of all the old oaities. und is the most incongruous composition of political elements ever presented for analysis. It is re uarkaile that the democratic veteran# Ot many wars ure not in this fight. Those who, through the storm that raged ?bout the time ot the passu ge of the Nebraska bill, were firm beside the administration, and who were strong f'.r Pierce or Douglas >n convention, are, with few exceptions. Indifferent spe< tHtors o the conflict; while those who were nnM-Nebraska democrats, and free soileis with democratic tendencies ? tho-e who make up the soft division of the Ohio democracy were the " original'' and are excessively zealous Buchanan men. The lelative position of tbe aoft and hard demo crats is completely reversed from that which was held up to the time of the Contention. Those who, two months ago, were styled tlie " sore heads" are now those whose scalps are considered soundest. The ward in this city (the Third) not >riom for Us free soil infection is uow the very citadel for the Buchaaeeif ? the only locality in the city, or the ciuntiy round about, where it is impossible to get up a respectable Fremont meeting without import ing the " masses" to make up the " vast assem blage.'' All the democratic papers in this State of any force were advocates of tbe nomination of Douglas, and they make the light for the oil Buck very feebly and foolishly. Col. Mediry, of the Ohio SiaUtman, threatened to nuke u'i exootr of the original Buchanan men of the State, saying t hat he felt It to be bis duty to do so. liut he failed to come up to the scratch, and the " foul ??me" which he said was " afoot" is probably on horseback by tUi s time. Tbe first and second Ohio Congressional districts, which are in the couoty of Hamiltm, the southwest corner of the State, are now represented by Ho*. T. C. Day in tbe Fiiet and lion. J. Scott Harrison in the Second. Day was for a long line a leading democrat, and editor of tbe Enquirer, the demo cratic oigan: but be is a stronr republican, and the democrats who assisted to elect bun, diriug tbe lirst flash of the auti-Xebraskii ez-it -ment. have sinte been called "Tom Day denocrat*." Day is not an orator, but Is keen as a razor and r .tiKb in Iii-4 at tacks af a rat-t&i!ed file: but his health has taile I eo that it will be impossible for bun to consent to be a candidate for re-election In fact, lie has declined without qualilication. His "regular"' d?uncratic opponent at the last election was (teo. Pendleton, i young gentleman ol tine tilents, who is to lie plao* d upon tie track again in a few days, and who will, almost certainly, l>e elected. Harrison, of the Se.-oud district, is n nice little man, of very slight force, whote prir.clpal distinction is that lie is a sou of President Harri-on. a fact that is invariably men tioned when he is referred to, aa V it attached vast merit to him. He has succeedcd in becoming famous as tbe man named by (hooks in his resigna tion speech as a" noble apeefmen," una is essentially damned in this community. The ocratic piper takes occasion to defend him by aliasing others, hut makes little headway, and only illustrat-s the "pas sional acuities" that exUt 1-etwcen the democru y and the old line whlgs. HarrNou will be notniffit d and snpnortid by the Know Xothings, 'an will in evitably he defeated. The democracy will put their twi<e "defeated champion, Oroesbeck, on the tiack again in that district. He is an able gentleman, of aristocratic family, who is ijuite ambitious to be a national legiaktor. As the hnnker strength will be thus divided, the republican candidate, who will pro' ably lie Mr. It. B. Hayes, s prominent member of the Cincinnati bar, will stand a fair chance for re election. The oi.ly w.iy in wlii'h he can be defeated is for the oil line w ,igs and democr ta to fuse on either Groesbe -k or H irrls >n, and this, under the circum dances, tb y can hanJiy do. Not a few of the old line wHg* are tor Iki i lis nan. but there are ten young dcui->crats for Fre mont for every one of them. Since the return of Fillm >re 'rom F. irope his friends tere have manife t"d the most excessive 'activity. Though fear, they Inn made mo"o denoi, '?at rations than all other parties, ana b?ve been uol?y to a wonderful degue. Being thoroughly orgnnize.l and dlsi iplincd, they tunke a tremendous star (themselves, mm h to the smnat ment of those who K understand It. They will bo'd three or four meet Jngs in various parts of t!.; city, nil I then mar h in prcc,<-fthion fn.m one place ol meeting to another, jnakinf, a bideoim np'".t ? ol d rnnn and a flann'lng iisplay >.f lianners, nnd mmsg'.ng^o hold uli the meetings with the s*me crovj. r.ieir system of rarfare is tooi^rstc in moveable coin nc^ IVohun red men nnd a rabble of liojs, ch trl led by the beepskin thunder, will in this way dMnrb th- nilet r the whole city, and conrlve ti !*? repvted to heir ni wspai er as bddiug perhaps ball ad?/en tree and entbie-lasilc meetings. The old rowdy b'tn of the Know Xo'Ji r whLb either eonstitntbinal or chronic w, h them, and lerhsp-- both, as they were (Mn the first s di-et??d rgani: <tion, still sui k? out. Ni.iriy evey demo ratlc and republican m:ctir.g is disturbed I t a < m Bittee of Know Nothing boil: ?, wh have fr-1 et f at* e l Inoffensive persons. A fen evenings incc i cr< id "f the~e rowdies was fortuitously nocked down, beaten and dragged In'o the wa'^h Spouse. Hut it U not probable that they wiil ever ?arn anything. These fellows have an e*oi <:i.d eye n tbe safety '?f the I'nlon, and are making despe ate euorls lo ensure I'm ptirman?*nc?. I he I, t< *t Ian for the salvn.ion of oer gb rious con'?sieracv Is bus set forth : ? There is to ,t gran I f nun fill r.oiedeni' natulan held on the ->pp sing ?h -e? of he < lik). on tbe landing of < ar ia.it, an I of C >v igton snd o' Newport. The baud o' uni m is to M wire stretched acioas the river, i" the cen re of bleb 's to he a ?*?aue> >ns ri ed I'uloi." Wouldn't we be ia a dresd'ui fix if the wire should reak ] T^ie eeremony of Intermaniage '.>etwe< n lie North ami tbe von!b is then to take p! ?c<>. \ kamn is to leave Covington, l>esnr.c fl^een |,idie?, ["presenting tbe fifteen Souti.ern states and a learner to eave Cincinnati, with s'lU -n 1 1:- * re resenting tbe ?;xteen Xfrthem ^t i These are meet in tbe middle of the stream and to b ? lashed tether and pr??ceed under the flair la <-11 <1 | n o, ..pre a rirc'.e of tbe State-nary young hdiee le tnfit inne.l. Mh (e tic ideaf In the meantime tberc i? | tbund?r from fon' cannon, on tbe ltind ng? ??f i, h of tbe tosna, ClnelBSaM,' C vinpt.rt an 1 rarport. and one on a flat boat in tbe m Idle o( the Hnt what is thense or all tUl posno an l cir >im snee* It is now clear as sunshine tliat Kentucky ill go for Rncban^n. All the idiotic c!?,n .r and , ad violem e of Know Nothmglsm cann t prevent tat . and in Ohio the Fillmore force is u't.eriy eon mptible. There are man v townships already nn ,ved, and tbe votes polled, in wbic'i ?b"r? will >t, lie s solitary Fillmore vote east,. i In the Third Ohio district, comp< ?e,i < Butler, rrble and Montgomery counties, Kn Nothing n? 4ill has 'ome vitality, kept up bv the pet -on? "lneroe of Hon. fjewla f>. Campbell, who m ik'-s s republicanism an appendage, a sort of tail t > ,s Knew Nothlngism. and who has only at the I'venth hour managed to crawl out and say tint fce In favor of 1'remont. i;he first that his constttq ta knew of this was from tho lips of Mr. Hurlin kme at the great Davton mass meeting, and they pre exiieniely dissatisfied Wi'h him, ii:liev1ng tlun. khis beart he was more of a Fillmore than a mon' man. But at the Congressional Convention j nis district tbe other day he w.is forciven for his Resent sins in oonsequence of his past seiVces, I id after a sharp struggle other candidates wore i thdrawn and be was nominated by aiclamation. ' evions to this, however, the Convention adopted a solution that it re affirmed the repnWIean plat in mede at Philadelphia, and entered into the 'ngrewional fight on the Issues embodied on that , it for*, and upon none other. Mr. Campbell will 'eafore have to sqosre himself to meet, the views * 1 W?atttt?at+ fru Mm b? Wz malits -acta boastful dlspl iy of hi* Know Nothtn* i.- Hi ( will Work iujury to the republican c ?u*e am >n { the Germans. A u.o-e ^eusitke pe;>p!e thau the (.t'niuKH do uot exiet, an? iln-y of wour-m ab>ini ia e Know NoUiingietu ; ai d the'? are ttiO'maud* of tlicui toll ) are excellent republican*. The appear aiceof f rtion in the nomination of Gnnn;it>ell ii therefore to then: offensive. Campbell will be e ect ed. but it will be by the hkin of his teeth, t>s we ?*y out West, aiid liecause his opponent. Vail mdingnain, U baled bv the libei at d inorrat-* an heartily a* raiujib' !! is execrated by those who are genome republicans. The etrong and steady (lerman Fie moit movement in the West is one of the most s i kii ? ftutute* of the campaign; and though the nomination of Campbell aH a republican Know No thing may iinptde, it cannot arrest iw course. Our AIlian> Cnrrt-spoiuleiire. A I.BANY , Aug. 11, lKr)6. Ri'jn t of the Canal Appraisers on the Rochester Claims? Disallowance of the Greater Portion ? A Lnrftt Saving to the Trewury, fyc. , fyc. Mort of the leidrrs of the '? ur am> will recollec' that the (?t?ongest po- Hue efibr'B bave iteen made by tin organized hit of Rochester couspirators, dur ii g several sessions of t'te IjegMatnre, to plunder the State treasury of uii enotmotin iimountof money. Tl's combination <un4stcd of some onehmired ai d fifty individual*, many of *!iom are the most wealthy and influential personi residing in tint city, fit ^..nk of Aubu<n nno th lloches'er City liank were alao engaged in this plundering srhem". The P'etor.ce pet foith for tbat formidable invasion of the trcamn was, that the Mate ot New York had tukin a portion of the waters of the Genesee river, and conveyed them to the Erie c<nal and the Gene see Valley canal, by which means the hydraulic pro perty of private citizens was injured to an lucalcu lahle amount. Dining the BesMora of the Legi-lature of 1B54 and 1855 the corifpira'orfl beslepcd the members of both branches of the Legislature to enact a lav under which thf-y could obtain tbeir pretei (Jed claims for tlK'e alleged damages- Severalof the leading millers and ctfccrs of Rochester were in the lobbies usiug every aiguintnt within their po#?r to couvince the m mbers of tie Legislature of the justness of their claims. The foriter session passed without granting the rcqut : t. The lobby was again tilled at the suh Fcquf it session with the same lusty beggars: in died, they then had be:omc actually ravenous, and demanded millions as a mutter of right. Th? Al bany correspondent of the Hkkalp, discovering the anxiety, both in the lobby and iu the Legislature, in relation to this Rochester mill race, and finding also that immense sums of money were demanled to aa t!sfy the modest petitioners, to >k occasion, quite frequently, iD the columns of that paper, to cantiou members, and to admonish them iu ieference to tbeir proceedings in the Rochester water claim. And, itrarge to say .that although the people of the whole State we.e aware of this attempt to impover ish the treasury from year to year, not a icnan s.rarce was h'ard-not a newspaper paragraph ap I cared against the wholesale swindle, except the articles which appealed in the New Yoke Hes&ld. In these aiticles it was contended, in the first j late. ?Lat if aDy damag. s tvereever sustained, they weie liquidated iu 182C, win u it wa3 considered, on ell hands, that no fuither ilemauds wm!d be made; in tie fccond place, that all the hydrtnlic worki .it Rochester have been constructed subsequent to the completion of the Krie canal, with a full knowledge of t*e Otnestee feeder for that laiibl, consequently there could be do just < r eqmtuble claim against the State by individuals erecting those works. It was allowed that tl c Genneeee Valley canal having been con structed -ince the (rcction of a great p'> tion at the mill.- and other mantifa' turing e 'tabhshinen**. there was a plausible reason tor remunerating peraoiu who ok in d property at that period, 1*40. The lobby made si w progress even in the latter be <*| >n. The honors! le Senator from Rochester. since retained as v< unT. tor the petitioners, after lalmnng nearly through the entire session lor a bill giving the c tiul ttppraiscrs power, solely to adjust and pay the claimarts, finally bccame discouraged, and attri buted the II kh a i.D articles a* the principal cane why the bill was let&rded. At the heel oi the ses ' ion, wt.cn it became evident that the bill whi h the lobby wanted must fail, it was conceded on all hands to frame a new bill, in-erting the natno and amount cf claims of eseh individual, and authorize.th ; Board of Canal Appraisers to hear and determine the claims, and t > make a just and equitable e it i ante and appraisMBt of tho e damage. If any had been sustained, to report the name to the Caml Jj?rd; that I* aid to revie* the proceedings, and then pre sent the same to the next legislature This rej?oit has iust appeared in print The ap praisers met in the city of Rochester on the 17th of Jnly, 1C56. The claimants bad forcoun.-el Henry R. Stlden, Selah Mat' hews, E. Darwin Smith, W. 8. Bi-liop (the aforesaid named exSeu.itor) , and Alfred Ely. On the part of the State appeared Joshua A. Sjiencer. John H. Marticdale, and Canal Conim s sioner Frederick Follett. A nam >er of witnes?es were examined, and the care wa? finally submitted to the snprnl sers on the Wth of November last. The claims amounted to about two hundred and fiity thousand dollars. The appraisers decide that the original appropriation of tlenesee river for ca nal purposes was permanent, and that the State has U i n simply using its own waters, and no liability can atta:h theiefur. "It was a large river, and favor ably situated for feeding the canal, both east and we^t, and who*- whole current, if ne:es-ary, could he turned into It The Oak Or hard creek, the Tocawnndi creek, and other streams and lakes west of thetieuesee r'ter were taken and permi neotly appropi iate d hy the same process. and the state has had an absolute Ihe to tho soil and an < qua'ily absolute easement in the water for caoal purposes. In all the oilglnal sarveyi nnl differ ent routes proposed for the Me canal Is was it'. wajs in contemplation to mike the wa'crs of the Genesee river solwervient to Its supply. Thrce fonrths of the whole liuc of the Lite canal is now In ill by the rami; tenure as the P. Chester feeder. Will it be seri*is] y preceded that tlie sta'e has no tlt e? that the fee Ins never pas-ed.' In our own ' judgment It wa? cleat !y the fn'entlonof the Stute ifllcen t<> male this feeder and the ne<es*ary volume of water from the tieaesee to How through it ss permanent as the life o! the Kiie canal. We quote Anther fr ra 'he apnroi-ers report:? I ' rhcte is not one of ti.'' claimants whocU m* ">m pensatU n on 'he ground that he had any rl ;ht to or ?Merest 'n the wstcr power win n lie impropriation | wps made in 1^22. Most, ti not all o' the tuu pro prietor- leng #g? parted with their en. ire Interest, | on. it Is presumed, valuable term*. New parties have taki n their plsr>i Tli. ee new panies have ta ken, tuijo-t to the rights of the Stat<\ end with no tlce that tho?e righ'- existed tnd might h'1 enforced. If the M*te liad never paid a fr-thing for thn uuter, in the way of money, it h i* paid an ample and icnr.um-ra'ive fOdiUetlM in the w ay of Iteuc tit?. The Fri" euinl ha* tieen the ve y life of Rochester. To it, irn'" than all other iniltiencea < onibired i^ attributable its |y??enl p-oud position us ar inland city. llo< luster I" ??a.d to tie the greate-t foi.ring ^ltv in tde world Would it h?ve ? ten so without theV.ii canal transporting wheat to It* mills and i's floi.r to market?" Tlie appraiseis c in hub the ea'r . s tar as ?he water* of the tie ne- 1 see flow into the Eiie canal, by ieje>ling ail the , 'Ininis nn that a?eouii?. in these* em pnati terms:? " These liims, tt<eicfufC. so fur s? they relate to the i Erie csi nl. m..st be re.io ted. The -tate has le en ?Imply uatrg its own projK'rty, and whatever the dsmsge to trn* parties mav >*, there IsSOjttstCf equitable demuid on the Stat? for redre??. Tlf k*tes nbufqMBt to l - have been tm', the legiti mate ror'e?|uence o the rightful and permanent ap |ii<ip!iatioti of 1MB." The appraisers then rrviev the Cinitns on the Oencfe > alley canal, and come to the conclMtoa to award certain damsire-' to person* who held Mtle in 1*40, when the c.>nal was opened, and who still bold t! e 'ame. To all th'>se who have 4iaposci of tlieir ii.te.-est they awanl nothing. To slxt >eu persons they swart the snmof ug, one half or more teirig for fifteen jears' intere?t, f'l.l.Vi being th^ ti^gbeH, and 1353 the lowest to any individual. These awards will nndoubteilly t? eonnrmed tiy the next {.eglMatnir. and the Canal Auditor Ire directed to pay the same out of the canal fnnd. Peihaps a more systematic attempt was never made to swindle the State out of nn immense amount of money than this effort of the Ro hester mill own er? anil other*. The m< n employed in the scheme are among the richest, strongest snd most Influential in Western New York. Backed np with hanking. c< tnn ereial, manufactiiilng, legal and lobty influ enc<i, withont measure or stint ? wielding a com tiined power supposed to be irresistible ? artful, se date, lilieral, and munificent in their loi>by appll aneet? It Is truly a wonder that, under all the cir cumstances, they did not succeed in compelling the State to pay the.r exorbitant, demands. The Canal Appraisers are entitled to something more thin mere empty thanks from the people of this State for resisting the mighty pressure made upon them, snd for saving nearly a million and a half of the canal fnnd. t'nltiil Ststn fmiuiilMlonrr's Cnnrt< Hef ire fieorjr W. Mnrion, Km. >n?trow Wllhelms wm riamineri n? a rnargs of stab ms?e of the ship J. 0. Fl' ott, sn't committed ler umu, Our Toronto Cormvpoitdrnre. . Tohomto, Aug. 9, 1868. I l/fipfr Canada Politicians? Thnr Sympathies and Hostilities ? Personalities of the Party Press JMnnn in High Plant? Ministerial Defeat in Huron County? N^te Line of Steamer ? to Con tied the Northxcut Coast* of the Great Like* with Toronto and the Ocean ? Outrages Perpe trated by Toronto Firemen at the Falls? Decline of I he Produce Markets, $e , fyc. "Pat va leves capiunt ammos." "Lit'le thing* in flunce or control weak mitids," is ttn old aud trite, j though universally applicable truism, and one which has Uen found peculiarly suitable to the present politicians of I pper Canada. U|> and down, here j ai d there they go Like tue pudding bag, with the ! quicksilver in its rotundity, as told in one ,t Ca.le- j ton's inimitable Irish tales, they go ?' bobbing round ai.d rouid," without apparently ai.y detinite pu pose ?n view, except jjukinjf a bole in their neighbor' coat, and making political ca,.itul from their i.ra/.en faced BBteitions of their i.eighbor's fancied short ccmi-gs. One miuut, tooth ui.d n ail in EngUud'a wool, the next in heir own wi?li equal v rue toe aiid animosity. One instum. venting their fun mouthed ravings sguiust Yankee notions and (Inoali'km*, the next extending the h*uu of lellow sblp and promising all sorts of good behavior, depre cating cbe vicious lookiug glitter or the b>wie knives, or the more deadly form of the revdver, Leaping, at the same time, ou our f rt .nately sturdy fc ouiders the choice epithets of murdering rascals, il! munneied blackguards, blusterers, thieve-, row dies, rnjbterere and filibusters, to the end of the Bil lii;gfga*e calendar. Such are the Upper Canada politicians at present, without aim or purpo.-e, hanging, like Mahomet's coffin, between Heaven and earth. Their great points of difference have been allowed a little repose for these few weeks past, and .rota stiiving to amend the national afla;rs they have now tiirecttd their attention more particularly to blackguarding, in the most approved style, each other. The Ishrnu elites running a muck through the ancient Judea, ?ould not have exhibited their divine au'.houty for kicking op rows in a more effectual manner. lhc Globe goes smash into the Colonist, the Colo n.it into the Globe. The Leader assumes a highly m< rs 1 and elevated position, superior to all sublunary emotions, and administers its cassations in a most scientific and gentlemanly manner. It pUta one in mind for all the world of a doctor in black clothe* white shi't, white nloves, and glaz >d boots siiotrin 1" "?;?? H.e ? lorty-five" ut tCe < triangT^"P ^e vali eof ? lUr*-tU Sll?kspeie's estimate of the valte of a good name, waen it speaks of a < ert?in ir dividual, t ot insinuating but affirming, that that coninioditv has alwavs r^en a scarce coin in his pceket. Jn the train of these journals follow all the 7'! er?-wf tlie province. To *n uuiu teiested spectator this petty warfare is rather a-u a mg. olti.ough with our mirth is m xed a li? e ol pity for such folly Their conduct Ls unworthy 0J! met* hirpuming to be gentlemen. theMn' thJF ^ IK','hhr? "rord. an<l elegant epi ,r^?i Catholic organ s voca'.ulary Bobbery and perjury are the lea t objectionable traits in iti opponents characters, according to t?>e Globe. If nil h??tr' *4lJ>^dby each partv were ' , V ure ( ert}')ul> governed by a set of the gieatest scoundrels that ever tasted the awe'* of thT " ? tC(k t0 "P1** t!?em are not a whit Let'er. It is a queer sorld we live in, wheu a given ment lends itself to a transaction like the lolloping, whnh u stated to be one of the minor peccaai .us of our immaculate ministry. PT^,?.tC,Xi r* charge lull bevu imposed on saw 1 gs poited from the provinces, fur the enoourtgeujent ol saw nulls. FormMy a great mniy logs were t iken acioss the lakes in rafts, and cut In American nulls, and this charge was intended to put a stop to the practice, and induce sawing oa our side of the line s. However, on the 17th July, an o.der in Couu ci I was published, abolishing this im.-o't Where lore A II lhc opposition organs say that the met H.re was unc*!le.l for and mjudiciaus. The se cret las halted out. Mr. David Kot.bin, an M. I? p ( which letters indicate equally Member of the Prj' vincial I eniteotiasy and Member of the Provincial I at Ifsment) obtained a timber iim't from the in Ternmect, nCar ti)P Ray of Quiutc. He c,.t i ,d drew his logs, and when all were ready for export by n sterol order in Council, the duty ou stw logs !\ /awn'. , *stranK'-' coincidence, co side'iiug that ; the afoiesaid gciitl. nl in is a strenuous adh-reui ot the ministry. It is not meet that .i f iithml ser tant sriould go unrewarded; aud so the public, at | usual here, hi* sold. 1 ' J tm glael to se-e for the sake of old Jahn null | himrclf, that the people throng the ro iaUy are , universally beccminc conscious of their position. ' 0 peculiar something in the Ame rican political atmosphere (in the term Atnenein I V"'1.0' 1 hoJ'e 0, e day moi-e authorit lively t ? ao, both Canada and the States) which hinders al /\er? ooert,.U|,t,Rht m'in from surlng in Ira baneful ether. It is bnt se'dom that they attain anv eminence among the crowd of schemers who fill learly all our hlgb places; however, there l?, I ho >e a glorious change in store for both of us; and may the same wind tint bears Fremont triumph int on ts wings to the Capitol wait new iuen a:i 1 new laws into our own small world over here, where we need UrtUo li^unt ^ gh tLC i,UefC3tJ ttt stakc ire lasTw^k1" u?rrreC?ivedl.ll,tcllin* d,fcat ln 1 Mr ,he Inspector General, mem fcer for Huron county, aient about ten days "anviss .?.WkIn?!in,J',M,i then evened a meeting, at which to addi ess his constituents. In (io lcrich and its vicinity. After his lengthy de/en?c, during which ? i to witb respe ctful si'ence, resolutions condemning his conduct in the strongest terms wcre carried by ovcrwli. lining majorities, and the T1?o ^?. n^ Minister retired crest (alien and abashed. I'M seat It man who has got no seat, Mr. Philip Van ,mrM ap|?enr.-d now in the awful disguise of "" '"J8b,), Uo'iM lo,t'e"' | However, leaving ofl the iiilnist-yand the'r doings t e ulSTf f H0 m.vrh time for them IsiHctt tl.ej ardon of your readers), I will now turn vo ir -tteuiion to something much more worthy of con s kl r rut Ion, as Iteon ems the interests not only of (\nada ls,t nl-o of that far Northwest Is utidlffH wealth lias yet. to lie o/?ened nn by the exploring hand of man. I allude to the pr. iected bne o? ?.teamen conn, cting the north wes! ; coast of Vll> ' "| in?^'<l- Torono and the rcean. W hat the merchants of the Northwest 'In- fly require is the transmiasi n of their goo<ls with cbcapi'>--s , imuknrtH and ^irety to the ifreat |>r> .In.-e tnnrts This will t-e f Vted m ,r0 tonly by this rente than by any otlier.as it is alv.rter ?y lwiirs in time than the Well.indcin.il route from ( hi '-ago t< Montreal, and has an advanUre or -1 cenu per ten over tie route frsa Chi -air ? to Boston via B iflalo. Ita advnnt tg?^ over the Lake Krie ronte aie still farther exemplified by the differ eree in in> >iaoce made in favor of th9 r >rout7 route, orequarti r per cent having l?e> n uvide of dir. fcrcnce In its f.,rnr dnrin? the pan retr. Of course this route can never claim the patronage of the COmmi nitT in point of time when placed ineompaiwon with the continuous railway lines to the -amr point; lsit in comfort and eontciilen.-e the pitropage already .-xien.le.1 show- how ir ia estl mited. A pie..minary ineeting was held last M in day in the Kxrhange for the pnrpose of establishing a remanent line of -earners on these lak s, ami I b ve little donM hot that this 'ndertaklng wi l re celve energ' tic support. U -Lop Clisrbounel, the archbishop of Canadian lafno.u s. is now on n visit to Horn' , as is l/e!'eved. for the p; i p"?e imp.>nint a f0lV m .re pri-f- and n n?. \ if >?-e had not already got plenty of tli -n' onMor.riyl.it .i Imiro: our tin m'-a d-p irM ' A % ' t to '' " K"' i' - I rai?f a t- r ri".e n.n.t" - tl,;r. bp. nL t.e .t-M, M, Cut?min_s. < f the .National H >t. I , Imli murdered Mr. Booth, t1u> ' "r 1 1 Kni'l'M l-y P Hag us l?- - and uestroMng Wl,.? ti.ry couli l.n h a|s )/ ? n. He-tin hirif to the s pen -n bridje th. t it tnckfd the bridge keepi r, i.n.l for -?g their w.ivon !l'I, V ro ' CH"",0*S tb? olliee a- the t! ! I the town. A comnnnv cf flrem- n fr >ru *"te nrsr iy. and bad Miev no! . Vycl tn, i, fei'fnl f be consequences might Invahe-n V ""'"J 'in !lne?s Ins nerval,-.! the i.rodn.'O mi let- during the pa?t week. Thi-wh^it mukf nas Ir.n a 'most de-.rted, nnd cod wheat has .1.1 nt i*. a .s- (.t per bushel l-'niit of all kind-i i? wry ?carce end in ?rrat demand for nr..sen.ne. |li ""t "lining forward so rapidlv In td . tatiJns.^1, an'' m for ""^'etf, are' the quo Mrrcnr'! of ? Wu r. nr iikk Hi sbano in Chi<'*oo. ?Night before lust. a woman. named Marraret Wa guire, reakiii'R on IllinoU street, near the hike ahoie. wna killed l.y having hemeck bt>ken by her hnxbui.i, l'atnck M??niie. who threw her, while aho w/h i.i a atnte of intozkstton, with grpat violence up to the floor. The woman waa aged ."R yeara. and Iter hm b?n<1 ??y* he ia 64 year* old. They hare bad twelve children, eeven of whom, fne daughter* and two m na. 8 re now living. Two of the di'ightcr* ar? ttiarried, and live in INlwankle, one la marled in California, another in New Yoik. and one married and one aingle live* in thia ritv. One of the son* la in California, the other In New York? Old" go P. I'i lin e Jrioinr'4 I)IhitU?m. TO THE tlilTOli OF TU* UfcllALD. I perceive in your paper an extract run tbe eorre.s pondence 01 tbe lk>lgitai pa.er I-< Nurd, stating that tbe special commission appointed by tbe Em peror Napoleon to examine into a delicate family j matter, ban now decided upon tbe important que* j tion of tbe validl y of Prince Jerome's first marriage ' with Mies Pa'tersoii, iu America: tbat tbe result of the investigation is the validity of tbe ourriage, and tbe conw;quence thai a vouiik bous lieutenant in the French ar^iy, the grandson of Prince Jerome and M*s Patterson, u.ust be recognized as a legitim t'e member of the Nap leon dynasty, and that Prince Napoleon, the ton of Jerome by bis second marriage, would be excluded. Now, I think the correspondent of Lt Word must be misUuien. Tbe marriage contracted between Prince Jen-ine and Mian l'atteraon was, and is, void a'-coi ding to tbe French 1 jhth, and cannot have (con* trury to uiliclt '201 of the French civil code) any civU elhct. At the time the marriage took place the French laws leiating tin retei en-icttd, first ? I'liat a son uu

dcr twenty-five jearw oid and a daughter under tweu ty-one could not ra?rry without the consent of thei patents; ttcond ? that ?u< ?i marriage should hav been prt ceded by publication, and some other leg* loimaltties. It is true that the urthle 201 of said cod'" says th?t. ?'any niiirnage *hicn lias been decla.ed void does, however, produce civil effects, mm tar a- the husband, wi'e aiid child'en are couccrutd, when such id i ? riage bas been U?m Jii.'r contrac'ed." Hut iu tue present c t-e Mir- a Patterson's family cannot take ad vaiitage of tbat ait.cle, for her marriage took place iu spite oi the urgen' and reiterated opposition of M. Pic tion, tbe French Chuve d vftai'S at Washington. The treitniof the Patterson family were intorn ed of the invalidity with which the mai riage would be regained by the French civil laws. It, uowitbstauding, they cho.se to hive the unr riage ceremony i ertormcd, the consequences must rtnuiin upon tin m In lo cate the Prince Napoleon, the son of Je rome by tie second uurriaxe, can be considered a i illegitimate, and deprived ot any eventtud rig it be may have t<> his imp' rial cousin's succession. The second marriage of his father t >ok place with all fotms required by law. attcr the first lairriage had been annulled. Aid further, supposing that the first murritge with Mi:-* Patterson l?e d -dared good an.t lawful, .?ould not tbe children of the ?econd marm??e hire avuileo themselves of the aitic'e -!ol related above? If imy mariiage was contracted bona fidr, is it not lhes< coud one.' A. P. M. Tlie Flilladelphla Opera House. |Kr in the I'tnlU'Mphi* U^lger, Au< 11] The immense building intended for tlie American Acadei ,y of Music, or Opera House, at the cjruer of UioBd and Ixicnst streets, is no* so rapidly ap proaching comp'etion that there can be no doubt tbat it will be ready for inauguration on or before the coming first of January, fhe stige portion ire gins to pre ent to the uninitiated un insight into oil the mysteries of sta^e construction, with its glut *iaiis, Tails and tackliug; and mauy ol the wonderful changes of scenery, as presented from the auditorium of a theatre, become very simple whtn tbe machinery to produce them is examined. A epuce of about fifty feet, under the front of the stage, has been exc ivated to the depth of twenty six feet. This is divided Into two stories, tie lloors ot each being ingeniously constructed In sections, so Br, to allow of their being entirely removed and repla< ed in a very short spa< e of time. A great part ot tbe area thus covered ia likewise formed in such a manner as to be raised above the ground level of the stage (Ivor, so as to form bridges, Ac , for the actors, when mount in scenery is repaired The whole area of the state is ninety feet wide b j r evenly-' wo feet deep ex -lusive of the prownium, which is eighteen feet wide, waking a total depth c.f HO feet, wh ch will certainly nnk- u migaifloent area fer the most splendid dramatic reoreseutations. '1 lie uaiin dnore on e ach sine ot tUs .;ta?e are m ide laige enough fur the adnmsion of horses, chaiiots, and tvtn elephant', which may l.e required, as these huge auimals have lately taken ptrt in a piece reptesented in Paris, where oriental scenery was iu trcduecd. The dressing rooms on cither side are very numerous, well light* d and commodious. The green room and the retiring room tor the dtncvrs aie quite large. The plat'orms for the seats in the auditorium are flntcbtu, and it is quite evident from a personal in spe i tion tbat the promisf s of the architects tbat all f e audience, no n stter in what part of the hou->e, would bnve an unobstructed view of the sca^e, are uloi.t to he fully realized. The dome ovee this part <>f the house is of novel construction, being formed ot tight litis of wrought iron, with the spi-esbe twc> a them tilled with iron net or wire work, upon v Inch the pla-tering is laid. Tfti* lire proof cm struct ion whs deemed necessary on account of the grent bra' that will be generated by the three hun (l ed gas li>?hN attached to the main clundelier, a us I enrtrd Immcdiatclv beneath ft. Ihe msln vestibule along the Broad street fror.t i ? thirty fee' by nitie'.v, w t'i ua'r*rays at e*ch end fourteen feet in widtn. The promenade saloon, Im mcdiuteiy < ver the vestibule, i* forrv fe<-t by ninety, w ith a ceiling thirty 3ve feet in height. Thisnxm will I e ttnly magnlli ent, and will fir exceed in ar chitectural licauty ard pruporti >n auy other riom in our city. Tbe numerous Ionic columns iute.ided to decorate the walls, arc readv to be placed ia their positions as soon as the s< afli ld ngs are re.noved. which will l>e shoitlv, as the ceiling is now nearly completed. This room L? to be lighted by ten chum deiiers. suspended from the intersections of the ftroired ceiling, in addition to the brrke's on the walls. This saloon is well adipted for banquets, bul's cr morning concerts: one can jud<e of the large pcuIc on which this ettjbl shment is canstnict cd, when it is stated that there will be over 30,000 feet of steam pipes through the btiil ling for heiting aid v> nt lb ting purposes alone. The con'.ract for this work has Uen given to Messrs. Walworth, of lloston, who have been h'ghlv successful in tbe nn merous large public buildings they have war ^ed and ventilated. The ventilati ?n will r?e forccd by me ins of a steam engine, and a fan twelve feet in dimeter, by means of whi h pure tempered air ran he forced in or out as required. The gas lights aloiig the walls also aid the veu'llation by having openings alongside into Hues conne<'ting with tbe main vrntilating shaM above the chan delier of tbe auditorium, which will carry ofT all the beat wl'hon* tit all dim nlshlng the fight. The gas pipes whl h have been introduced mea sure almut fourteen thousand fret, and are cilcu Istid to supply over two thousand jet.s or burners, and provision bis also been made to place four ad ditional cb indeliers upon the staqe, when grand balls are given. On thee occasions the parqu t'e will lie tli'Oit <1 ov??r and brought on a level wilb the 'I'll' -;al< *?(!*. dr.wi'i . i. 1 letu-nc r-n'iw. cont guous to the lobblex In the several stories, are rnaily finished, snd are to be fi!rni>be<l with all the modem convenient e?. The stair ways lor the audience are very numerous, wide, and of ? ny s??-ent, and dis tributed in the most onvenb et mnnner possible. Mr. John l>. Jones, tbe coi'ra tor for building, his displayed mn h cner(jy and fidelity in carrying o tt the designs, acd expe< ts to < omplcte his prrt of the contract in about one month. Already the ar'ists are er.ga?r? d in painting s .ine of th* scenery. Alto ? tl er, the taiiluing seea? to give the highest satis faction to all concerned, and promises to realise the desires of the directors, in hiving one of the mo-t perfect and extensive opera hou? s in the world, and when successfully completed tbe architects nviy w.dl lie proud of their achievement. Tbe bmlding < on mitt e are acxionsto complete tbdr ta?k a soon snd ss complete as possible, but mm-h will depend np?>n their -ucfcs in raising tbe ha Ian' e of $.1't,ooo still unsold of tbe eight per cent preferred stock. Tlw AmMltaii Hhlp l>Mir Wi <*h I* l.tvirpnnl I ?Ca|il?m Bry?r Fineil. [UttrfMl (-'uly Corre*p?>nlfti ? of M*noh>-?ter Kxatn aei An invotlgatii-n. which took pin"* leCoe our magistrates to ilav, di*<lo?cd an amount of swindling ami roguery on the part of shipping an I enj tains, In connection with cm grant vessels, which goes far to account for the fo?* of several >hip*. laden with a freight of huintn beings. The plain'iffln thl? i a-r was f'ar>taiu ^chom'. ;rg, the senior rmifri at i? -n oflicer nt tlii* po t. who aa-iimon ed Captain Itryar, of 'he Atretic in chip NwoWlkh. ft;t nn infiir>gemeut of the 2Pih ?e lion o the Kmi* liiathn Act. which provides that, prior to salliutt, all f migrant vee^is shall b? inspected by the etni gratinti officer of the port, who la to?e? that tae crew ahfpp'd on houid i<- xufTlrf^nt. bo'h in n imbir at.il eapi?'it> for 'he sai'e am! proper work ng of th" vessel. fntheca>e under notice, the Isaac Webb wan cleared hy Lieuteuaut I'ri >r, the second crolgiatlon officer, on the .*?th of July, when he adjudged that fort} nine men would i<e nqnirtd for the cicw. He inspected that nntnt?cr of *eamcn, and having sfgned all tae Becrnmiv do-uraents, the Isaac Webb exiled on th" 7th for N<W York, with 2nd passengers on Kurd On the *Hh, dnrinjr a heavy gale, sue w >i driu-n ashore at Amlwch. Some clr -nmsHncea earn* to it-e e.ns of the emigration officers whicli le,l them make farther luiniry abont the ve?<*l, and the re?nlt of these- inquiries and of the evidence before ti e magistrates to-day is, that of th<* forty nin* men inn*-, red before Lieutenant Prior twelve had hem h I. , quently pnt on shore: and it wa? stared by ?e vuidl ,ioeeM?? that it is a common practice on t ie pert el emigrant vesw h for "dummy" seamen ??i lie pa laded i?efore the emigration officers, the mcu re ceiving a fee of 2s. ?<f. ea h for snsh services. In tl it c u-c onlv two of the twelve men who w< rp pit, >.u -hoicere 1 ini, id th umb <> imm >r>-?. . ",r. ? l ?m i-eived l*>n ther.i they have K en kfti' <> i? of tl e way. The magistrates id nerved that, though tlv e* i.?enee was no" q liie so clear a? t.Vy c all j ha e *Hu d, tin* 'pint oi tb<* net had l*>en ri"?ly vm laled. As it was the first case of the kind, how ever onlv half the full penalty (?2.? instead or ?30) Vguid be ijrmU* The Cuban Pre** on American Affair*. tie (OK O * MEXICAN TKRUlTOKV TO Tax VflRSD STATUS. | From K. I>i?rio i? lit Maria*, ot Havana, July 30.] Amongst the more or less credible minora which h av? been lately circulated in the press relative to Mexico, the Ntw Yokk Hehalii, in one of its last numbers, speak* of a proportion addressed by the Cabinet at Washington to the government of Mexico, referring to a new acquisition of territory from that country. The project alluded to concerns the tlt fiu ing of the limits fixed by the treaty male on the acquisition of the Messilla Valley, iu such a mauner thai the frontier line between the two na tions should run from the Rio Bravo to the Gulf of California along the parrallel of 31 degrees of lati tude. For this privilege six mil ions of dollars was of ered.a pretty high price, apparently, considering the si; all revenue which, under present clr umstauces, Mexico is enabled to draw trow those district*. But, l.otwithstauding this seeiiug insignificance, the ces bi u involves a very important point, ho far as it iin 1 plicated dominion over the upper part of the (iulf of California, including the mouth of the Rio Colo rado a d I'D tributaiy, the Gila. For this and other reufcot's, it is said that the government of Mexico resolutely rejected the offer. We do not know what degree of credit is to be attached to the alleged fact, but ad"!ittinf the conectnas of the proposition, the | refusal appears to us as probable as it would be | hocoral le to the government of Scnor Gomon'ort. , Another more positive occurrence connected with the t-nme matter, and which goes to strengthen our opinion, is ti e recent dismissal or resignation of General Gadsden, representative ot the government of Washington near th t of Mexico. The strange conduct (implicitly condemned at present by his government) of this diplomatic aftent, during his residence in Mexio, is of puolic notoriety. He oid not only, in an ostentatious man- ; ner, separate from his other European colleagues, but openly utUmpted to interior*; in the domestic | concerns of the tou try, apd to exercise an itillueuce j favorable to certain ideas. Neither is it less clear, so . fur as matters of such a nature can i>e fully asccr tamed, that the retreat of Mr. Gadsden was origi nally brought on by the complaints and reclanu tious ol the actual ttc.xicau g \ eminent, which, U3 is quite reusouabie, w,n not very favorable to such intrigues. This act of moral protest agiinst the tendencies of foreign domination deserves likewise our praise, on account both of its immediate conse quences and its aigniii ation for the future. To jill these antecedents may 1* added not only the honorable and convenient arrangement of the dif le rentes pending betweeu Spa>n and Mexico, but al-o the expressive hnguage u.-cd by Sr. President G'omonfort within ti e interval of a few days. We Veil know what cast >ra proscribes in such ca*e*, and what is the real value of official phrases, still, the fotm of expression always changes much of the sense, either to partly annul it or to lend i addition al : tienjjtb. This last intention h purposely carried out, and sh;nesthroiiKhthe speech of Sr. Comonfort. This conduct is eauully honorable to hi 4 sentiment 3 as a man, aud to pis foresight as a politician. Tin ' Mexican government, by regulating the conditions of an arrangement which pi tsati e..d to disagreea ble diiTeiences, but limited to questions of dignity, canted by iu tercet* of a material character, judi ciously showed that it never allowed itself to bo daz zled by the declamation? of the foreigner, nor never lent itself to seive as an instrument to project* which aie well known. Such symj.toms, viewed one with the other, and justly appreciated by a sound judgment, lead us to inferences highly satisfactory, aud such a* throw light on the ra'ernatfonal relations which may exist between those two countries We may, for exam ple, euteitain merely individual opinions, more or Ics- stable, relative io the interior poli< y which might suit Mexico: but, as BpnMl writes' , we never ex pre-scd, nor can express, a single judgment or idea contrary to the fundamental interests of that country, or leading to its ruin. Even when we in an abstract way condemn this or that doctrine iu opposition with our - wn general principles, we do so, maiulv ac tuated by our fear lest their application i ;h' contribute to enervate the vigor 1 ' i an na in . ali | This, otu permit, al position which we cite only l>y way of an humble . \ n i. ent exact lv ?nd completely the lish inter* ests. By sympathy ami !? i oni a ii reit, we wish to see Mexico nappy, but ?vhat we desire above all is the existence of Mexioo; for thus the high in terests of race will 1 uauteed, while the gertni of stiergth and pro which exist in that society cannot but develop? t n elves sooner or 1 iter. Tt e political interests which prevail in Mexico do not diner nor could not difler substantially from this vety medel. l?oct rites mote or le*s democratic may exist a* well under their ru^e a* under that of the 1 ist dicta torship, but the end which every good Mexican pro potts to himself has no other object. The idea of nationality circles all other consideration*, apart from the manner of sustaining it. Therefore, Mex ican siatesnien, whatever n ay lie their political character, wi'I not let themselves lie deceived so as to Ik lit ve in imaginary dangers: nor will they ce**e to oppose whatever attempt will be made for lonient it'g real danger. The democratic school, in the largest expression of the word, governs to- lay the de.itiny oi M< xic >, and not wi hsta tiding iu eoadnct it shows thut the idet of rational snldde rouses iu the hree -t of her sons the deepest iceliag of repug nance to such a cause. HIE CONDITION OK CALIFORNIA? TCTCKK 0? TIIE LATIN SACK ON Till: AMKKICAN CONTINENT, [from the In* to oo U Msrlus, Aog. 5. 1 From the begirning of the unaccountable o-cur i rent es i f wtiich CalilornU has l*en tbe theatre to ihn date of our last advices, we have derived a le^ ion I both clcur and useful for the instruction of our rice on ti>e neighboring continent. Nev r will Chris tianity be able to boast of obtaining nitteri&l remits more brilliant, cr more apt to da//.le the mind by ! silencing criticism. Ri hes, progress in the mUd? ble develoiien.ent of society, extemporized popnl t tiou and civilization? all are found tb-rr. and to a ilegice Mich as to .-but the d<*>r upon further hope. However, under this brilliant surface there is some thing frightful. The !o'. of the MMl race was hjtoliation, violerce and humiliation; neither was the tuling race Ie?w afflicted by tn<? like video -e pushed to a la?t extremity, so that ia order to sccure oj to tc c-tabliih gimrHiti Cs tor tlie protection of Ufa and property, it ?u* necessary to have rocottrte to heroic nacdiee. Neither doea time promise to bring u long with ft any cure. Rather on the cm tranr the evil becomes chronic, tad, in u city suh as i^uri Fniucltco, which, from the number of its in habitant*, it* commerce and other conditions may be already counted among th^se of the firnt clA*s, in order to maintain tbe spirit of the laws the i>eople l?egan by trampling ou them with ac s which ;it leu-t we ratict qualify as Ml< gul and which admit of no other excuse but thut of an i .iperluue aeoeagMf. These are the logical ard unavailable tMMMNMN of pll the civilization wlrcb is accomplished by bands ot adventurers, who, in their mm''" < are a rccklcsj'-et of men. without any other m itive bnt avame, and without any other rule but their own apt* tics. I'.ut even taking into considei ati?n th ?c c!r< iim stances, or a io .?ing th" turbulent portion Of tlM popul. itior of California n >t to le the exact or rieht ?-tur.dard of tbe nation ti which it belong*, never tbeb as, it is perm it t' d u? to infer from it the exist enceofavery seiioua phenomenon, which is pt g nant with diingcr' fot the fhnre. It Isceitaia t'iA?. the ;il!nieoients offcre 1 by that wonderful c-unrv ntie l.ktfy, ?t too fl i at moment, to attra t to it* i bores n inot'ey cn>wd of adventurers, sod that I aiiinngi-t this multitude the social dreg* were ne> es- j sarily to occupy a place without any legitimate , proportion to its numerical importance However, ! it little Inter, the neccsities or commerce and the ; ostensible form of in organized soci ty, at once drew to it another ell mcnt, more worthy of prai-ft ' and iesi>e?t I<abor, respectability and IntelliJMce fWHit already, without any doubt , mighty i eprcsen tetiree their: and it would be tlpe greatest Injustice I to measure tl ie whole pop dati m of Cenfornii by the tvpe of thnse hord>:s under who?e I jranny ft I ijr en slaved. The very desj era'e c(T rtthe city of San Francisco I a? just n nde to nt rut ?r ao heavy a burden gives oioence of this. without recurring to new argu ments. T1 eie is. then, a constant and lateut antag-t nHn between the two principle* of evi! and good ; I n' the Irregti'arty ? *?? ts, or rather i? oeing aggro tated, eoimiderlnf the' in the <>rd'iiery ?our* of things tl e mischief oils prinriple has a inaked tea den< y of o\ei powe. nir its a Iversury. If there were In the situation of things ?ry sign of spontaneous iapmeaent.lt would furnish ?>m? reason* for hope; , I ut we doubt terv miHi that. Ir in such % hypotlie I sis. the respectable portion of the inhabitants of S in | Fram Isco wen Id have reported to such desperate ' mrr.snres. For eTper'enee proved to th' m how er- 1 roreov.s was tbetr fiellef, and hi.w. from day to day, the tvil waa In reasint: : for tiiia reanoo. .uid exclu lively for this reason, we may pardon their conduct, although we il not perliAps approve of It. >o far so well. The social pr>blom l>eing la'u down in these terms, the impo'lnnce of ltas ilnion ia enhanced beeond all measure. And, a< to the sp precintion of thisclissof pbenotneni, tbe itndy ot tnnlogons fact is of Uie greatest utility: It la to our I'utpose 4o mention lien- another aerie* of facts which may, peihnps, throw snnc light on the mit< ?<r. Al endy, we nave remarked that. n? regards tbe popnlatti na of tbe l<aMn rncc. Inhabiting tbe southern part of the new continent, there can lie.'vi h lull exacvaees, meed out ft gradual progress in their prosperity, and by establishing it to that degree they proved themselves truthful to their old 'rad - tie ns ar.d the fund" mental tondit'ona of their pr? vio'-s exi^teuce. The monarchical Rrazil opens hf march, and the utilitarian Chile, with a strong government and semi ariatoi ratle institutions which have l>een cement* d hy a law admitting the right of piimogenitnre. is the tepnblie which. amonirH all the rest, follows It the nearest. From here we de sutd Uic k?i? ia ? lex fcrU rr?rwsi?a uatu k riving at tVse population* who, in Ml infliUlt ?* ? delirium, adopting the federal organization, unfortu- ? nately allied theui eh eg .0 ttie domination of Euro I" mu democratic idea*. la order t j attaia tke Iwt extremity ot prostration and discontent, ire mu-4 pursue our t oar.-e of examination until we stumble over the wreck of the argentine Confederation,, wheie tbe licent\ou-ne?a of legi?Utors twinintted by ranging iu butt e amy the theoreti:al, red de nti(?cracy of the poi tenon against the retrograde ma terial democracy of the %aucho?. And in ordar that nothing may be wanting to com plete our picture, w? observe that even amongst the exceaMe of evil the slightest reaction in favor of conservative ideas produced wonderful < feet*. The obscure history of Guatemala, which would deserve to be better known, proves the advantage of a dictatorship which not limiting itaelf to material facta, tries- a reorganization upon the baaia of the past, accommodating itaelf to the exi gencies of the present. In tiue, wherever the Latin American societies kiiaw how to preserve the un Eu Ire to which they owed their existence, their ad erence to the Bpint of the old European civiliaatiou regarded them with proportionate benefits. Essentially the rame, although under a different form, is the picture presented by \nglo-Saxou ao ciptv in the great con'ed*ration or th? North, from the States of New England, where the English type shows itself better cor served to our eyes, to tne extreme West, which, like California and Kansas, i* the last expression of the purely national devtlope njent. This pict'ire, perhips, Ichb familiar to the foreign er in i's leading feature, than it ought in all justice to be, is worthy of being more fully exruuined. Shipment of Sllvei' from England to tha Eiul. [From (ho I/mpcIou Vows. Ju'y C4 ] The constant efflux of silver to the East continues to torm one of the most remarkable monetary phe nomena of the time, and is attracting increased at tention at present on account of a wtU founded belief that coupled with ai.d acting as auxiliary to the bullion purchases of the Bank of Franoe, it operates aa the chief check to the otherwise strongly improv ing tendency of the money market- Of the extent of the influence thus extnMi food idea * ill be afforded if we muke ubo of the tables compiled by Mr. .James Low , showing the total shipment ?< of the precious metals from England by th? Indian ateamen during the fiist six moat'a<j of til.' pre sent year. The results are as follows, viz la January, ?532.048; in February, ?,',)7''.\ -?>: in March, ?882,118; in April, ?813,718, m May. ?1 182,144: ami in June, ?679,920; nitk'tug x t >tal of ?5tl(>0,633 in the six months, of which XJ01, 725 ,iu8 gold, and ?4,898,008 silvei. The pr porti?a despatched to the three Chinese ports was ?9. J 7,288, tl e remaining ?4, 103, 345 being sent entirely to In dia, with the exception of a small sum to Alexan dria. In the corresponding six months of last year, the total shipments were ?i,M4,80fl. The e figures exhibit an increase of ?2,58.1,827, or moie than 10? ?er cent over those lor Vac coi responding lialf of (?55. But the ir.cieaged velocity with which the curiett of the precious v. etals has lately pet towards India will be best shown by a recapitulation of the. total exports from England by the Eastern sto.i nenr duriDg tue bat five > ears. These remittances ! amounted in Is 51 to .'.1 v1x,:jk(); In lsj2,to ?3,r>,?l, >>77; in 1863, to ?.j,51K>,867; in 1m54, to ?4 1101! ,302; and in 18, W. to ?7,358,101. Iu the present year Uiey a:e proceeding at the unprecedented rate ot nearly tin millions and a (juaiter sterling per annum. In considering the efTec's of this heavy drainjof al ver, it must be borne in mind that, no large stocks of silver existing in t'n? c< untry, any spe ial de mand foi the metal in the East can oulj be met by puThaFes of silver m the Continent and el <? where. This opeiation materially disturbs the ex hinges, and we believe we should not lie far wrong in as suming that, for the whole of the sil er which is diawn from the Continent for shipment to India and China, the Contii.ent requires goll in payment. This view is jonol "orated in a remarkable manner by tlie recently published official returns of the com merce of France, which, under tho head ot the pre cious tne'als. state the total imports of silver into France dining the three years 185:1-4 5 at ?13,332,000 ?we take the exchange at 25f. fo the pound? and tlic t xpoits at no less than ?33,4 lo.tmo, indicating a lai ce in lavor of exports over 1'iiporls of silver of .10 ,000. During the same period the aggregate rnpoita oi gold into France were ?17,21'', oGO, and the total expoits ?10.272, 0U0, ahjwlug a balance on th?> site of impor sover expoita of golu of ?3:>,'.i4 1,000. The gold sent into France, it vill be noticed, ex eeda Sre -riy in value the silver drawn from \>. I'art of lis excess is piobably due to ihe French transit trade iu the precious metal, whilst pirt i> very likely hoaidtd in the provinces. It is evident from a general comparison of these figures that, under the influence of the Eastern d< mti d f>.r silver, ihe stock of thin metal circulating in Frar.ce and >n other continental j countries is leing gradually drawn away and re placed by geld If additional proof liere mired. ho* I e\er, it Is a Herded hy the returns of ttie operations | of the Fiecch Mint.nliich indicate an cnormouH coinugi o< gold and a comparatively trifling coiuagw of tn< less piecious metal, although a few years ago the direct iev rse was the ca?e. Se en years ago, viz., in lslfi, the total coinage of the Paris Mint was ll,o> 0,000 in gold, and ?7,3tf0,lK)0 in silver. In ls^4 it iru an much us ?20,480,000 in gold, ami only ?80,000 in silxer. The exact figures for tho year 1*55 are not at pre-ent liefore ns.iiut the gold coinage was nearly as large as that of 18?*>4. wblle the \alue of the silver coined was little more than a quarter of n million. These factj account to soma ex< nt lor the coMtftnt disappearance of the g Id yielded In such ahtimlance by CaHfomit andP Australia. Wc are able to point to an enor mous aggregate of gold which has passed into circulation in Fruice merely in lieu of the pre viously existing silver cola, 'h? latter having Wen olieorbed by India. The smut pr K-e-? hat caused a groat change in the relative stock ot gold and silver ! in the ! 1 'R*e-sion of the Bank at Franoe. At tha I end of 'stvtbe llenk neld C17, 170.800 in silver, and ! only ?102,400 in gold, wheteas att^ee'idof 1*54 the proportions we t nraily equal, the gold standing I at 1 7, 733, 4 si), and the silver at i.7,!i4s,SI20. The change made still further progress in I s51, tho 1 Slunk s ^tock of gi.ld l>e,n;r esii mated at the close of i (he year at <44<N>.00?, white the silver had dimln j isLcd to about ?3,500,000. The ifflrence exert ' ed '.(.on tlws 1'uropoan money i rooi feels the flow of silver to the East being that powrrfiil. it would be |d nliarlv iuteic-timr if any rellublc ct tlmute could o formed as to the extent of the capa< ity of India to absorb silver, lie mn?t lis a hold salt, however, Uho will venture upon positive asi.e*ti' is on this p< int. From time linineinoriai India liter aotorlonsly a complete sink or the precious mttals. In a mo t interesting piper, r*? ecntly i<ad before the BUtUtlcal fl<?< iety. from ihs pen of Colonel >jkes, some valuable dc' ails I tearing ouon this Mitject are given. Taking, lor purposes of illustration, a period of eight jews. Item I tl 5 to 1 -4! 2, Colonel Svkes -how that the a^grearste im ports of all goo Is int) India we.e valued at 101,111,044, and the aggre^nte exparta at t'l08,0i2,2 3, and that, Oon*eqnont)y, Uiere nae a balance in fawir of lu i a, or de t d"1: to it. of ,'."lH,s4 1 .24" This lie remaik?, w>w? ptnly iiqni | .fated by a net impoit of bullion of ?l"), 1^4, 720, | leaving an unpaid trade eebt of ?1 1,0. >6 ,528. 18 ulttless, this appsr ntly licavy ?nncrepaticy was made up in some other way? -in part, perks pS, by i ihe pecuniary and otter transactions ?x tween the Iiidian rover Bta eat itl i's d< pe?dan?*ies: but tlio general inference to l?e dedocsd fi im the figure* M. that 1 1 : > balance of trade w aa on-tantly in fa* vor of India. Takimt next a p"riod of five vears f om lN't-^O to l%W-'54, < ioiiel Hyke's statistics f.xhitlt leauits of a kindred character. The aggre gate valre ot the im|M>rUi into India in th^se rtv? ycnr< was x."?j,2S?2,i>- against ffl|JU,17(i of ex por* .. leaving an spjiarent lialance of trade in mcr chsndlse In Tavor or fndi i of ?13,822.7^8, This sh< ws it much lsrger annual baltnie in favor of Imh 1 1 an i!> tinr the eight >*? ar? of tlie preceding period. The total imports of litiliiou in the e tiv<? years wre tl8^?;>i.MJ,>, byMhi:h thebaUme vis i ? dm ed to 1 20,^28," -2^. The?e and similar de ails coocl islvely prove what luts lontr lirta lebeved Vl*. ? tlut whilst i.i* export trade of India hi? l>e? ?;< grnd i .11 v increasing for the last twenty j eara, the balance oi trade in favor of that i o inriy has also anmiMlly augmebtid. The na tural conreqnence is, as Colonel Sykes points ont, ibat n em hantsand mam 'act irer* trsdiog aith In die have lieiu compelled, In rddiU' ut > l?eir manu f ietnrcs, to tian-uiit thither laige and Iu reasing amonr ts oi bullion, which ha\o ieen absorl?ed loi aT ly, and have not again left t ' e count it. Tnr. Attmift rti EntXK Kin-" as via Nkihase a. We make the following extract, ssvs the Boston Twllri . trom h prince letter received in this city from one wl. > is connected with the expedition als iit to attempt to enter Kansas by the way of Ne braska:? Civil Heko. lows. Aug. 1, ISfiO. I have nly time t" report myst II m En t to start for the Territory to-day, in company wi h the great emlTTsnt train, wh eh propoaes to force Its way lnt? K ?iisns through Nebraska. It ntimlter* about rtOOi I will tske i.? ten "lavs to go. 1 trust it msy go It ? irepe d foi any emergency? it is bemad to re in. A mes^?nger was sent some ten or twelve dnjs since to ask of tJen. Smith an escort, but n? ne hss arrived, and the itieasenger is missing. If the government troops kep out of the way tha M'?>H)urians can't stop us. 1 would go in alone, but not deemed ? ?te to en s* the !?ordcr unprotect ed. We shall move on to-day or to-morrow, and nith the greatest c^ntion. The camp is now about twenty miles from here. In Nebraska, near the littlrt Neireha. I am heie in Iowa, nearly opposite thw month of the Platte rivsr, cr rather alx miles abov? Nebraska city, on the Iowa aide. Reports reach nS that the enemy sre collecting slo ng tne line to op pose our passage, but thev mnst he sm >rt to do it. It will lie the crisis in this great question. If w# ste ls*ten hark by violence, then look mit for cona motkm. I trnst. however, tl'St tliry will ^ 9? Bad m to attcjrpt $rj t^P?<