Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 21, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 21, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7296. MORNING EDITION? THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1858. PRICE TWO CENTS. ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA. TBREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. SPLENDID ACCOUNTS OF THE EUROPEAN CROPS. &BGLO- AMERICAN AFFAIRS. fipMial Cemmwsioner to the United States. TWBTmS IN THE ENGLISH MONEY MARKET. FILL IH CONSOLS* The Difficulties with Russia Settled. ALL QUIET IN SPAIN, kc., Ac., Ac. The Cunard mail steamship Africa, Capt. Stone, arrived at hall past 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon. She left Li verpool at half-past 1 o'clock on Saturday afternoon, the 9th iust. The news, politically, Is not important. It is Uated In the London Chronicle that the Hon. Bobert Lowe, Viee President of the Board of Trade, visits the United States semiofticially, and that his mission is Connected with the Central American question. The As:i-niUc< National* of August 7, in an articlc on the Central American differences between England and the United States, gives a:; its opinion that the latter ought to be satisfied if the stipulations presented by Mr. Dallas are |acceptsd. The United States, says the Assemblee, bave nothing more to demaud for the present; they Could not evea go further without imposing upon tUem 8('' es for the luture a u- for which they are not suffl Cleatly prepared. We think, also, tlut Eugland hae acted wisely in acceding to them, although the sacrifices are evidently on her sldo. The ditliculties between the Allies and Russia in the Settlement of the details of the treaty of l'aria, are pro bably at an end. It was stated that the vessels of the Sng istt squadron still In the Ksst, had received orders to concentrate themselves in the Black Sea, in order to ?ralcUover the fuliUment ot article 20 of the treaty of peace, which remained unexecuted, In consequence of ths non restitution of Kara, and the occupation ot the Isle Of Serpents by the Russians ; but Russia having malt con cestiors on the abttt jxtin't, the Bnglith Admiral has re Ceiied a counter order, ani the affair teas being arranged. According to letters from Finland, Russia is adopting -various measures that imply an intention of forming a large fortified naval establishment In the island of Kasko, to the northward of Chrlstlaestad and Sundswall. This Island will be a very desirable place for such a purpose, as the water there Is very deep, and the navigation of tbs port Is open much longer than the others of the Gulf of Bothnia. A detachment of the Nicolaleil naval officers was summoned to St. Petersburg by telegraph, for the purpose ot taking six war steamers from Cronstadt to the Black Be* With the exception o I the vessels In course of construction at Nicolaietr, the Russians have, of course, sot a cruiser lelt to float la the Black &sa.l Tbe accounts of the crops arc very favorable, not only Trom Prussia, bet from all Germany. In some places the harvest will be more abundant than for the last twenty years, the magnificent weather which has reigned for tae last week rendering the satisfactory result certain. Deaotark ts to make every concession demanded re specting the Duchlcs, provided the Germmic Confedera tion will support Denmark in its views with reference to the Noutid due*. The people ot the Panubtan Principalities are every day more earuett f.?r the union of the two. It 1s pretty cer tato that t!ie Divans of both wtli make representations la flavor #f union. The Cotnm.ttee of Mexican Bondholders In Loidon hare issued their report. With regard to the arrears on the old bond*, amount. og to 9900,000, It has still been foun mpos?d>ie to obtain any satisfactory attention from th; Mexican government. In relation to the general debt, which was compromised in I860, it Is stated that oat of eleven half yearly dividends which have since become due, omy five have been paid. Those overdue re present an aggregate of ?021,748, whleh In January will be increaicd to ?1,074,373, as tho amount at the baak to meet the next dividend is only ?30 349, (the requisite sum being ?153,424,) and there is no prospect of sufficient remittances in the Intervening petiod. The revenues aligned as seenrtty would be ample tor the purpose, but the Mexican government have seized them in defiance Of all remonstrances; and hence, with the exception of some accounts cuoally recovered by the agents of the committee tn the ports of the Pacific, the rights of the bondholder have for a long time past been wholly conOscaU J. fader these circumstances application has again been ma it to Lord Clarendon, who has entertained a plan submitted to him by the committee, which, if adopted, as they expect, will prevent the future mtai? propriation of fie revenues tn question. It is recom mended, therefore, that full powers should be trans mltled to Mr. Whitehead in Mexico to conclude with the Mexican government an agreement on the sub|eet The committee bear testimony to the efiorts or the British Minuter in Mexico on their behalf, and the reasaia tsr of the report is devoted to details of minor importance. Whenever a packet station is established between Ire 'and sad America, Foyne's Island meat be the piece. The commissioners appointed by the Knglieb government to report on that subject, bave certainly decided in favor of the Foyne*. The railroad will be completed from t oynes to Ltmsiirk within another year, and passengers landing at Foynes could readily reach I.ondon within fifteen or sixteen hours, via Walerford and Miltord. Oommo<tore Breere bat left Gibraltar, with the failed States fr'gate Congress, fer > pent a. The Londoa Watchman contains a long and tavorahle report from Revs. Dr. Baaaab and Mr. Jobeon, of their recest v ? I to the Methodist churches In the United SMee (Hit London CorrripondtiKr. Lmmk, Aug a, IBM VfttriS of r*t . ml A'ewe? </l Um4m at Oku WitTing rtmcn-K rti4H Durftrd the Trmtf */ Parit? trmik C nn<r?nee? Lord Pmlmmrtion Trying to Ck" ' . me'' Is* >' A'tjrJeon by Kntmng in to a Clot' AUUn t %ith Amitrn?frmik in/frnmct Paramount mt CVnjlcn ( Mnapif? t<mi<on in thi Trt>fit~TKrmtric*\ /tym, #r. There U an cller dearth of political news here, and rtrjr ; ittle obroad to aflord any ?nbj<?ct lor oomnont. Tbe Hn|l ?h Cab.oet have alaodooed Loodoa n mu>, in qnest ot ropoee and freeh air, and the I" ranch Kmperor tuts loft Pvn lor ti?iiar objects, 10 political f*td ??i are at a stand at II, and the newspaper- in both couotrte* are hard pot to it to tree* up a leader on home topics o( snfflc.ent ?lereM to make H worth the "retting np '' ? There !? Mo eubteet, however, tho EoglUk to'iroali ot torolly ?ey vtr y little atwit, bat third partie* are oet ikely to be ao chary of their remarks Tbe treaty of peace ri no sooner signed than tbe Rotates government et abov* ?biwiof their eooiewpt Tor It. Tbe ob'eel o I Knaola o making pe >ce wa< e'oarly to pat an end to tbe alliance, aid n hilng about the disarmament that was sore to 'etlow. when the could reenme her old policy ao I rteatabt i her o! I authority wherever It had been dli I WfrsdEy llic mlichascen of war Tli s li now taking place, aaj R iMla la going joiatly bol cor.ll/ to work, mat is If oo f tIi thine a' a treaty bad boeo beard ot. It M ?roapetv 1 that ibu la done oo a ferret ondmtao'llng with France, but Knjiaod la perfectly belpleaa In tbe milter -tir ts ckm lively to eo to war again oa her own oooosot Bilbao enemy the could not conquer with the aid o( France Hiwever, lord Caimeraton Is not likely to stand ??till wooderleg or <nmplaiaiog of a wan'. o( good fkdb In Ru??ta hut be in already at work weaving a rto*e alliance with Aimttla. as a cheek to Roorlfl and to France. Thet* it another event of some Importance. wbtA i? a result of tlx? late war. Up to lMt R'ina * wot contending with England for the mattery orer Turkey, and tb* Ambssaadnrt of either na lion were eternally lattigatng and caballing to get the wendancy. ft now li'rnt out that I'rance hm completely oaated them both, and baa got the Turkish fivcram at 1 Mflff io It' hands. The Tr.rke bare organised a poll -a rot^^m the Fiencb model, sod have adopted the V reach flnan< si e* stem, and in all ntnrr mattere, greet ood aoMlt, rterj tblev Is dose ? |o r ?ntxi? Tbe Roglish *re better rsttawd, donbtleoe, to tee in v reach ioftueaco 1 predominant In Turkey, Ihr they have far greater fear of tbe colonism* eoteri>ri?o of Russia, ft would be a very nnlortijnate tniof Indesd for John R?J', tbooeb If I,*iU Napoteov ebttfci ever ton his book, on him and take bit imperial brother of Ru?sia to hit fcreaat. Stranger tkiiiga Uare happened a good deal. In American matters there la h.'tle stirring. Mr. Dal las, In suite of the hot weather, sticks to business, and will not allow Lord Clarendon to myoy that do Ice far nierite which the season so deoidedl/ encourages. Oae would think, from what the Time) sa >??, that the KnglUh government has great apprehensions ?t Mr. Btiehanan coming into power, and that it lias been ao object to settle all vexed questions beforohaud. Still little has /el been done, and for a couple of mouths to come nothing wtll be done at all. The KuglWli Cabinet are determine! to l?ve a rest after the war, and the energy and eloquence of Mr. Dallas will be quite wasted upon them. We have had sucli weather here as rarely cornea ottener than once in twenty years. The thermometer has readied 60 Fahrenheit lu the shade, and the London ers are gaspiuK for breath, l'hwe haa been such an esodus going on this last week as was never teen before. Not a cab passe<l but had a portmanteau or other symp tom of tti|ht upon it. The wateriog places on the coast are overflowing, and loodon is a perfect desert? not more tban a million aud a half left in it, if that. It takes a good deal, you see, to empty London; a few huudred thousand are really not missed. Tbe theatres are empty nightly, but tho gardens are crammed ; no less than I6.0C0 at the Surrey every night I umlry clores his Opera House to morrow, and ha beaten Gye aud tbe Queen, his patron, all hollow. Our Parle Correspondence. Paris, Aug. 7, 1856. The Moral of tne Speuiuh Revolution an Drawn by French and Spaniih Govrrnmrnt Writers ? Ilx True Significance? Louis Xopoltm Dictating O'Donnell Stale Papert from Plomlieret ? Projected Interview bet i' ten the Emperor and Lard Palmerston on Spanish Affair* ? Health of Ms Ma jetty ? An Imperial Omen? The Young Hopeful of Prance ?Goiiip of Paris, ?fe., <fc. There would seem to be a Nemesis that follows the mo tions of the Imperial Court of France la relation to Spaniih ail'airs. Tbe Mtniieur of yesterday published a long let ter from Madrid, which you will receive in your ordinary course; and if ttaucceed In throwing dust In the eyes of American I can say is, that It will be more successful on your side the Atlantio tban on ours. If a Court show itself predisposed to see a question through an oblique medium, there never will b? any want of in struments to assist such obliquity ; and as the cue.has been given at Plombieres that the aubstitutlen or Marshal O'Don net! in lieu of Marshal Espartero was not a coup d'etat, and could not by any )>oestblHty be tortured into so grave an event, there is no difllculty in finding a writer at Madrid who will demonstrate, with mathematical accuracy, the late political solution as a simple change of ministry, ac complished by constitutional means and with proper monarchical deliberation and decision. But tbe genius or Plombieres is, lor once, betide tbe mark. People will persist in calling an event a covp d'etat which secures power to any class of men by shooting down the claas which opposes it. Tbe patent truth is, that the Cortes were pronounced an illegal anil unconstitutional bo ly; that In darlc.' to communicate the result of their deliberation they were obstructed, were browbeaten, fired upon and dismissed, and tbat all this was done by order of one wbo himself, only yesterday, as It were, was their armed champion in the -Ireets. There is no getting over this part of tbe difficulty, and the worst part is to come; Carlism it at work, fomeatiog the disorder, which is only allayed, not cured; and if the government intend to bold what It has thus violently seized, it must be prepared to atop at nothing? military severity must be Increased, for military domination alone can enable it to retain the reins. Wherever I go I do not find two opinions on the subject. The creatures of Isa bella Secunda may cry peace, when there is notoriously no peace; but men will not be deceived. They know that con-t.tutlonei government is impoasible with such an ad ministration, and that if U is to be a despotism, there will really be no hope of tranquillity till a stronger man tban O Donnell stands In bis shoes? that man Is Narraez, Due do Valentla. It is now well understood that Napoleon, better iorormed as to the strength and Influence oi O'Donnell, is ho ti!e to hi- making any attempt to govern Spain without a Parliament. The moat frequent communt, cations are p using between the two governments, and the extremo jealousy ol England has bean dwelt upoa at a great and grave lhct. O'Donnell it thirty puslML No l< st than three separate drafts of a political programme or manifesto have been submitted to the Court at Plom b.i res without success, and the world at present looks In vain for the expected ennunciation of principles. The English Ambassador, who was inhaling tbe sea breezes at Dteppe, has been telegraphed for to keep his place at Parts, aud be ready to communicate with the Emperor; m tact, a report prevails in well In'ormed c. relet that the English Premier, Lord Palmerston, It to meet Napo Icod at t't. Cloud outhe 15th. Tte Kmperor has caused it be signified that though b? wtll be at St. Cloud at Ike commemoration of tbe great annual/eft, it is not bU Intention to "receive;" a ad a a tbit I* contrary to all tirago, tbe qut> nuivi are b'i?y deviling a reason lor lucb reeolufcon. A very large portion of mankind will bave It tbat Napoleon ha< got a spinal af feci on which rendera any exertion eevere agony to him, and tint, forsooth, bis general bealtb is completely tort <U In answer to Ibis, all Ibat ran be said U, tbat tbe Emperor, (or a aiek man, is tbe strongest man in bis Kwptrc. Tbere be is to be seen at I'lombieros, mortneg, noon and night, and yet be U too poorly to bold a reception. Since ?o many protest be Is 111, I do not contradn l it, but 1 am at liberty to point to tbe ra:t tbat be take* more eser< ise, if tba journals of that dn trict are credible, tban any ordinary man in either Kog land or France. A day or two ago bo bad tbe pro verliial good lurk to bave a swarm of bees enter bU cham ber and fairly take poaaeaaion oi it. His lfauesty. despite tbe favorable omen, doubtless leeling tbat the atmosphere might become butter and more procarloua tban was ngrecabie, opeued tbe window and gavoibem egres*; and. it Is urderrtood, tbe bees, having awarmed In ?a old chimney close to the I mperor 's cabinet have Ween se eured in an imperial bive of tbe first quality. lbe walker continues to l>e frightfully hot Tbe bar veat has been almost entirely got In, and report* Irom every dopaitment speak mort promts, nglv or tbe proba ble yield. Tbe Ksprei.s bow takes almost dally driven la the Rata de Boulogne, with tbe young Imperial hopeful by beraide. lie Ki tten a good deal with his le-<th, and yeeterday, while the carriage was moving neatly by tbe side ol the lake, and he was sitting on the nurse's lap. bu mpertal bigbuesa set up such a shout? such a howl or ?briek. I trav call it? tbat It ?. hoed loudly tbrongli tbe neighboring treei. and alarm-. i tbe gallant cavallera and Amnions who were exploring those sylvan shadea. Many roJe boldly tip to tbe carnage of ibe Kmpiogs, atil nquired tr an) thing ierlou< was tb? matter? " X<m, nm. JMuieur," teplied the (empress, " a tanl Ut 4f*'t c'? lv( Jtmrf la dcultur !? !'.? ? i siVsu hjM become the kMtM resort of all wbo friquent the wood. Ev. ry day the chair* are Ollel to repletion, and as tbe ?o?*?*?or.> mi sipping their coflee, pia)ng w tU their tee, or bury irg their olfactory organs in ? bennt'fttl booklet fresh plucked from tbe parterre* of the Beta (stslan, a more enchanting slfM cannot he imag*1*"1 lbe bands at either end p*rferm every day: and tbe mutic. aa II murmurs through the deep loliage of th? Boie, or rtcals over the silent oeptbs ot the gtaa*y lake. is inetpresiibly enc'ianting? and all this Is to be had K.r the < \c??il|| MlMllllNrM'i' One th ng. lis clear- Uie people, duung all their worst < ommotions, have had aa eye to one Mea and that I*, tbat goverament shall take them untfer lis eepectal protection, shall pro ide for their inwtttiHI, for th?ir comfbrt and repose md I "aria, In thu r?9M, ia in advance ot *\ery other capital. From Madeira we learn that Generals Kchaquee and < ?'c a have been created Orand Crossee ot Ibe M hlary ' ri.ara. ? t nerala /.apntero, Marchess), Armero, Maero. hon and Msntilkm are rained to tba rack of I. lent an ant Oer.erals. (;en. K?# de oiano baa resumed the general directum of the itinntrr Three mcendiar'ee have been executed at P. o ??c?, The insurgents wbo escape! from I'art <? < ns I a\ e oine<t themselves to th? i arhst ban Is and great i ncasineee it expressed lost s regul ir civil war, on the old plan 01 Onril<m and Christ aotsm ahouM break ctit M ' f Mo^py arriv ed at Ft I'etersbtirg on the Hb and if?ter''ay rricce Ad* iboet of Bavaria rnn< bed trsncv He iraveii tinder the n.meoi Count Andrerk* Marshal Pellatier la at riorni.iere* and ii to leave to morrow Why w*? ha to rotf.lenty HtnttHil from tbe M? reel lies fest.vtt ?. and no suddenly cnlM upon to lake his de fsrtore* He ia *tmnge m*n. tb!? Marshal, who?< very pieseice fills the air m 'h signs or atrife sad combat 111. eft i bop ?* M?r? elites (ti mieif formerly a noidier) and U.'enrrnt i Hrondelc^ w?re r''ady lo flgbi a duel lor tbe I oner el ? it ng at his rijht ban l and the church mill tsnt It Itir i 1? -I. lUlft-lREItKll IFFJUftH. lltr rrr*l<lenf |a| r.lerttnn? The ( rntrsl Ami* then l(nrst)mi? Mission of the lion. Mr. Msre Trsfllt In Mew Ywrfc, Ar., 4r., Ar. (from th? I ondon Times, Aug 6 | Tbe public mind In. the I nlted (Hates ?eem* now I illy ocenp d with the I'rnsiiienital election wbkb I# lo tah# place during tb? ensuing autumn. Tbere are signa th* thiettri ggle will fngage, morn than on conmoii occa tione, tbe attention, and interference of the whole pe <ple. It may not be tb*,'t this la n great crista; mankind ar I ?i wave apt lo look on tbe events of the present day a i pre cmincntly important, nnd in a conntry like America a four years' term must naturally prodoie many ipic-tiona vkM the resslt of a Pr*nwienlial eiocti.in must determinn \ "r rsn we conceive that there ia nay danger threa'ening the I nion ol tho RU*e? They difler In ?o many wses that the efTeel i^ to keep them together ft II ? it only North ard SpMtb Kast and Went, New K??l>n l| so l tbe centroi BNste*. whleh have Ihelr fends, leelomtes and wars of w?)rd!?, and they remain one, hes.mso the only altermUivs) w not to mike two republics, but f> i or ii ,-e Witbo?i>^hen, attaching any vnt?? ii\|iafttnc ? lti? presort election, we msy My that it Is ? 10 the world at large, aud senssa to excite ???" lions of good or evil la the Bute, themselves. to fcaUl in a contest not no much on the mater-! ccuntry as on tta moral policy. Whether Bucl Fremont be victorious will mnko litUe difference to the farmer, whose crops eorer the Northern State?, .V) the hardy pioneer* of the wilderoess, or lb* merchant ? or the great towns. Probohiy m no country hare pohl tod changes so kittle tnltMnce on the general concerns of I. ? as in the republic wtaish devotea so much or It* time f> oratory and electioneering. Bet for some ticee American citizens hay* ktea meditating on certain phenomena of their own society- Tlioae who travel in Europe or read the writings of Europeans hare learned Urn* the world while fully impressed with the extent of American terrt tory, the increase of Its population, and the promise of 111 matenal greatness, is by m means disposed to pi opofje to lUelf the American poMtlenl character as a model. This leeling is not confined to England. wbieh might bo sup posed euvlous of a younger rival, but extends thootigu out Europe, both constitutions! and despotic. The naoa strous inconsistency of slavery In a free republic might be parsed over, If there appeared a desire on the part of the people to remove an evil which it might bo said was bequeathed ts them by the parent State; but whan tan institution is extolled? when every theory ol social science and every text of Scripture is sought after to support tt. then the natural feeling or the world is alienated even fromtbose wiio have cart ied fnrtheit the principles ofpopu lar government. The war in Kansas, where the opponents of slavery have been expelled by an arm* force, who* doings have been since rail Bed by the highest aa'.lio Hty the assault cn a 'Northern Senator by i member ol the Bouse or Representatives, an action applauded J?jr half the States of the Union, and gloried In to the last by the i>erp?trator? are sufficient to call men's* attention lo the Mure prospects or the community to which they be long. Add to this that the aggressive doctrines avowed by many politicians are calculated tojeeep the union ran state or perpetual unrest, besides undermining tuose foundations of morality by which even n preponderating State cn a uew contiueut must be supported, and we have reaion enough why men of a I classes should lools for ward to the Presidential election as n dectsion ol the community cn questions of the greateit magnitude. Mr. Buchanan, the democratic candidate, has hitherto been thought by hia fri'uds as certain or an easy victor y. He will be supported by the South, by the advocates or annexation and absorpt.on, by the conquering ractlon In Kansas? in short, by all those sections or the population with which we iu England have least in common. Mr. Buchanan is un derstood to have purposely delayed a settlement of the Central American question, and to hold opinions on tire subject ol an armed occupation which 'are directly op noted to the stipulations or the treaty. He It also said to aaree with the doctrines laid down at what was called the t hit cud Conference, where certain American diplomatics promulgated principles which must subject every weak State to the will of its more powertul neighbor. The Pierce administration has been so little satisfactory to the country that no chance or his re-election existed, and Mr. Buchanan wa? chosen by the democratic party. Wc are told that the announcement or hia uame fell flat on the country; yet, as the chosen nomiuee of a great political body, he had the best chance or success. Witblu the last month, however, Colonel Fremont, the republican candidate, has beeu growing in favor. At the outset he had the courage to speak boldly on tno subject or "dtlbuatering" and the armed invs ncn ol other nations' rights without cause ol quarrel. Tlie treatment received by the free ?oil.party in Kansas has raised the indignation ol the northwest, and swelled the nt ruber of Colonel Fremont's supi>orters. lhree months are still to elapse belore the election and it Is thcugbt that, tr no unexpected event o< cur, Colonel 1 re mcnt will continually rise ia popularity, and eventua Ij Ulain the highest plai e in the American commonwealth. The precslons of Mr. Fillmore, however, are likely U> complicate the struggle. This gentleman will be auppoi t ed bv a great part of the wbi,- party ; and the resi'lt m.'> pertr>ps be that neither candidate will obtain a sufll 'lent number or votoa, and that the ITesideiit will bo . hosen by the Ho-:se or Bepr-aentatlvcs. The news papers whfch lavcr Colonel Fremont are. however, Sanguine ol bis succes, and, tnkiiifr the Mates om- by one they urguo as to the probnble result oi the e eo tion. The New England Wales are, as is nny be SBTi. &g ?? as p.% uXVr?.SV large maiortty. In Massachusetts a large portion even el the demo, rate are hkely to abandon the cause ot Mr. ?u chanan. The northwest, every day advancing la popnla tion and wealUi, although sumciently democratic in principle, is looke?l upon as likely to support the more moderate politician of the two. But the 'antral States, Ntw York New Jersey, Pennsylvania, with their midions of inhabitants, wl I most probably decide! Uhs N*w York haa now a population ol more than 4,000,000, and, though enjoying no metropolitan status, la, iron i the zrcatoesa of its chiel city, naturally most influential to a struggle or popular opinion. e are not o iraet ves called ui>on to ex,>rers any judgment or sym oath-es in the matter. The opinions of EngUih nidi msy be well divined. They know little ol the multitudinous parties which politic* and Ijss or the men who take the lead iu ihe I ui'ou. But when freedom is pitted again-t slavey, and a sense or jo t!ce and national right against agjies on they cannot but desire that risht cause will prevail. It U to be hoped that bt-rore liu.erl7ta.dent is installed at W.bingtoutheq^ ions cow debated between the two " b* ?u*0.y fettled. Po far, therefore, as we are immediately con cerned Ihe dec is ion of the .\meri in people m not 01 much mpottance. But in the long run we are interested in the mora' tone of the republic ; for ir the doctr nee enunciated in seine quarter* be accepted by ?s pe?ple. we teonot bet 1/ar a 'recession or troubles snd dispute-*, *&'??[ better ccunreU prevail, a period ot emUy and goodwill may commence, not *oen to t>e disturbed. I From the Ijoodon Chronicle. Aug. 6. 1 The Right Honorable Robert Lowe has left LsnJon lor ? ttmr in the l n;ted States. Snch Is the molest istim* ?ion in which the movements of the Vice President oTtbe l^rdor Trade arTtiven to lhe world. We are aware ibis is the season for Uolidayr ? that tthe members of the letlslal'ire srs cow scattered all over the country not a few reuatori having bel*ken themae.ves to the amsottlen of lbs Coatment. We are aware, a^o^that the membert ol government, who are comptllei to war Ik double t'.des Curing the session, are more thau<th.r4 fDtille l to -me rc'axat;?n at its close. BW *Ter ?mk ing alt these allowances, we cannot h?lp tbe s^g?J n thai a tow in the United states is rather a b?>ld at ret h U the ua.al vacation ? - ? -nan n . : ; Ihe . . I tade must be an easier situation, or l ord SUniey or Alderlcy, muft be nrore prompt In getting throwfctt* CSmS of hia oBce. than ia usually ? rare the \ ce President away irom hn duties Ibr w K c( n pericd as a tour in the I nited TTr ha al")'ws The Di)i)C?i>al mii.it bo gooJ onlorwl ln'lee?l ? no . i ot an tolightcnad cnHoaTlir, JKlV itlnPihat ?f rhfl thill rut<l mMi(9 dutlea ol tl?e B?jarti. Bat wbat u other it?an tbon? of pl*atire orcurloaUv lea<! Jr. ?owe arroM lhe Atlantic ? 6ur regions wltfc ttoHioun trv are not ol the moat amicable oharacter, and 'l plom* tic inurcourse does rot promine to ditentnngle the knots, indeed the diplomat^ intercourse betw^ the two cooa litaa 'nai pr^s??t entirely of a one sided nature. We have so mlei-ter at Waahington, and the .vanertcaa mia fct. , ,,?w ,i st ' a mas' tmrdly I Uli ft* bnpw mm t&% \n25St himltl-t ha w.rsrrne.1 with 13 , ower. snd pernonslly a* the dell-ate negotiations in which the _tao co_ii air es are . HtmS to an a?k*ble ?eltlement Wee v. a hs><> cp,_ .i t.nce wc were told that a satf IS< tory cone i aston | ltd hern srnved st. and thai tbn termination of the i d.s |nite would tor* a prossinenl |x rlion oftheyeyal a^.ch Lt the irrrr inst on of tbe ie slnn. But lhe "S?,?n tiSWH, .ndThe^orr .peeeh ?>< .delivered with no more di. j * net a in* -'on to th " all isiportant gnestion than the ? mSSm S a faint hope that a sp^dy^??H?t ol he 'in est Ion miabt t>e attained. There i? evidently ah >cn vimewbcre Ihher Mr MM haa not been armed with i . and 1 < ? *< ?"* "a* l' ' 5 (but wb-.ch certalaly received no countenance Irom Mr M.nv a defpntch), or he demsnds terms wh^htheR. , 5rU^r?mst caaeede. la this state of things wtat mi "Sural than that lord ralmerston sho-ild | rave betlUM fbt himself ol sending an agsn^^yBeum | I I r< d with Cfflris! ->r dtfMaMS_Wrm< thral led by no , , ? prr ?nn< "W empnts. b t * M limjlllldist En*1 -bmaa? a , ;nceholder. .1 a iru?. hot net ia Mgfc nlfcee? availing bisseeir or tbe re | laxation stiordrd 5 ths receae to MMl Ma IM?rs n the I nittd Mat- s* Being there. ? U. not l*y a m<>ro^ rs call nttht Wnit' Boose at Wa h,ngton. dropping in I L Pre^^eat IVrre and Mr. f *retary Marry .tuite is | . rrom1 "ions wsy .' and in n Irank. ?asy. goo.1 hii?8ri< < -,?t aaeevtaming Irom them what really is tne nodns in SltfeS neeitiator and etplaimng m return how lar oor own government nre d?po??d to go in SmumJ Ad res<lera of Mnewlay rem^mbW tM ers >iile Ceserlf t on oi the tntermlnnnl- lormsht. IltZ. atd d?ln?a that beset tbn ns??tiatM?* at ihe f k> ?"a and how the form, bid Mr to M | 1. 1 ttbened ?ut fve? l-ejosd the dvia ol that generai on, | tad they not hern cut hort by nn aMIlcinl SMttfj W P' i Hand and B< ? ' ti, who. in a cmple ->i no.irs ?aaf an apple <W,*d more w t ha peace than the other and more h! ' ? ( i,| and) r the d . cremony hav?- MMMM* r? omn i.i lor m. ? tli It may he that MN I 1'aim. " M sSi^Lisrd Cla?S>tfBii ham i?frav?;' "P ? ,h* deal that IW? ?>?< br the great historian or ^iheif party, aadhave sM fortli Mr Urns w i*com?itsh i.eia'? | ?liich tl>e accredited and for main* f?tia*ors asve ln*orad M fhr M?ths Mi vain. Wc need hardly ree.,1 to the re I'ection of our readers a precedent snmewh it *u .i - mus of mueh more modern date. The settlem ent m h m' 1 1 heal tern frontier, between the Tailed Nate- . Br l *h colonies, >:ave not many year. ago. as MCI m wlsfM to tbe politic tsn? m I* JuilTiM im l<i t-al Amernan queamm doen now. Ibe rrg dariy acef? i trdnrnhMsadora had Tor year, endenvorel tejMliW a mutual imder.tandlog. but n vain; and l , nd wae e^ or t.rtrrlng and irrltatlnr and threatan^I I* l ecctne a rankrr In ihi* situation 0?s late ?r JJtobert p, , : broke through ihe technicalities and dlpl, mncy. and /ent the Inte 1 ord Ashburton on a ape. al missten to adpist the question. He was eminently _ m38 Prnetlsln* BO coneealnsent tr cva.ian, he ?tMrd at once how far the Brli.h government w <? nrenared to go in ths w?y of rw>r?*eton. In the i.p.osge ot our present ITemier, who was then irte n ,m, rf asenilant of tbe Convention, he shook a I I ? Jk?l? out of the bsg, and toassd them at the leet of the Aner Iran Minater . t ranknesa on the one aids ladt. , m?i frankness on tHjetber the Aahbniion t?nvention m ?? conc I u ded; Wd ifom that day to ?he present not. murmur ot diesaUsfe< V,*o. or doubt as to iU meamnr hss hrer heard U Mr I owe sbonld prove equally succeoa fM' n ihe s?tt'.ement oi the sftairs of Central America, he ? ill JKewe. and will obtof. MO sMstpl |IO?tsdS?M o"ir roontrv S?nppo?in| that la bis errsnd? ot which w% I havS I it'e doubt -we ha e only tO w *h him ennld have deatrsd, Indeed, that a atat?sms? of 1 I tlon t"i'ip' and mo1"rat <m ba-i b?en CBp' J a-l t th? mission. Of lug ability, bit promptness to argument, bn qutskness to dctect tbe weak joint la an adversary 'a can-, wufhave no doubt whatever; we only fear tbat those very qualities, which are ao noticeable ia debate, may prove snares In council. U would be a poor triumph to And that our agent bad nonplussed his adversaries, tb.it by tbe remorseless keenness of his logic be bad driven , then to take up a position which could only be main I tallied by the sword, and yet we fear still moru from the shrewd American statesmen detecting the weak petals of bis character, than from his proving mor. tntothoir 1 match in dialectic skill. We can only hope that Mr. Lowe will be duly impressed with a sense of the magui tade and importance ol the interests entrusted to his cart*; t>at be will remember tbe council chamber art Washing tou' has nothing akin to the ttoor of the British House of (ktaxtaona; acd tbat his busiaess la not to gain a triumph n a esere encounter of wits, but amicably to arrange a treaty which in to assure the cowi.miance ol friendly rela tioua between two great empires. Ho baa undertaken a Aelwale mission ? grtat is nis responsibility ; bur propor tionally great will >e his Influence in the councils ol his country sbwuld bo b^ppily succeed. |T>om tfc? Loudon I'ost, Aug. 6 ] We learn horn a variety ol sourcett that the slave trade bas ol late been somewhat tile in th? ports ol the United Slates. Tbe t raffle ia oat, indeed, enrried on openly, for it has long been strictly prohibited in that quarter; but it afpears luat means have been found to e.nde the vigi lance of the authorities, ami that at N'aw York the mode in which this ia done has been recently brought to light Certain Portuguese fli dm have establishments in that city, and by means of their experience in the- trade, and their connections in foreign countries, they tmsre contrived of 1st* to supply tbe Cubsa market with cargo ee of kidnap ped Africans. The ww in which the biimoess is carried oa appears to be aa follows ?A suitable vowel being rtgajged lor the purpose, she sails with khlse papers ? the crew, or al least the greater part ol- Miera, being ignorant of their true destination. Once at aoa, they arc tempted by tbe promise of enormous wages to proceed on tbe voyage. A few may be dlssaUstied or dis couraged by the dangerf attendant upon the pursuit of an

illicit traffic but tin prospect of unusual gain* Is sure to overcome the acrupk; of the miiority At ttaaes. how ever, men are compelled against their will to aid in this dot ratable traffic. An instance of this kind has lust come hefbre the authorities of New York. A sailor, named Andrew Wilsou, a native or New England , w ji engaged 10 proceed on a voyage to Montevideo. lie bjou discov ered, however, afler setting sail, that her true destina \ion wai the cout of Afrijs, aad tbithev he wsa compell ?1 to go. On arriving there, and while tho vowel was being loaded with her burnau cargo, he contrived, along with a companicn, to mate his escape, and be lived for rome time at a slave barracoon, which appears to have kolonged to a Lisbon merchant, and tho interior ?cooomy of which he minutely describes. One fact which he relates, enables us to form an estimate or the immense profits of tbe traue. He says tbat tbe highest trice given for a negro on the spot is eight dollars, or an equivalent In rum, gla~3 beads, or Hlrnaingbam buttons. Tie highest selling price in Cuba is eight huudred dollars, ao that we need not be astonished at tbe risks thtt have teen run, and atill continue to be run, lor tbe sake of auh eODrmoux protlu. The witness from whom we learn thene tacts was sub mquently forced to go on board an Amerx au vessel from N*w York, and which aaiied for Cuba with a slave cargo. We need uot attempt to describe the horrors oi tbe \ oyage. The scenes w hich he witnessed were merely a repetition of tbe revolting incidents which ever have at tended, and ever must attend, this mo t abominable of all t: st'et. One fourth tiie helpless creatures on board died; the remainder wrre transported to Cuba, and there sold; aud tbe vessel whisb nad been the scene of ao much nus?ry and crime was consigned to the flames, as is om niou in such caaea, iu order to destroy tbe unmistaltea hie traces of guilt to be round in every ship that hat car ned such a cartro. But this precaution did not suffice to screw it? owner, a Porlugueae merchant in New Vork, from tbe penalties due to bis crime. Wilson, who was a wit teas to all tbat had takeu place on board, gave tnfor. tuaticn to tbe authorities immediately on bu arrival in tbe I'nited States. Tbe individual in question was a r rested, and we truat tbat by tbts time the puulshuicut wlich he menta baa l>een awarded to him. We are naturally disputed to ask. in reference to this systematic evasion ol lb# laws of tbe United State*, whether we ourselves caunot do anything iu tbe way of a remedy* And we are disced to ret>ly in the affirma tive- Cuba is now tbe ouly market lor slaves, anl we have never yet availed ourselves o f tbe means at our disposal lor clovug it tflectually. We have leut a too cndu'.oua ear to the promises ot Spam. Not witbaland'ngthe unvarying experience of thirty years, w< lmvetu"er?d ourselves to be misled upon every occa turn by tbat Power. We hate tried both bribe* and menaets and wttb the aamo result. The Cuban slave tiade has In fret been, in times past, directly encouragea by tbe aatliorities of tba: inland. Public opinion hss no', yet, >? it hss in Brazil, awakened tbat splendid colony to us true Itteresu. It is still rea?iy to welcome Hit slave cargo, let It eomo Irom where it may. We have rotdbe eJighteet e*pcc? itton ot aay rtal assistance being til ceded to its by 8pan?h or Cuban othclals. The ord so pompon* v promulgated at Madrid eome two years fince have remained, au 1, we toubt uot will continue to remain, a dead letter What then is to be done' It is ridiculous 10 ?t|>e<:l w ith our experience el the piak that diplomacy will help But we have a remedy, add aa efl?ctive ace, ready a' haed. If we <hoose to use it. It Spain neglects ber duty tbat is no reason wby we ?ho ild neglect ours. Now tba' tbe war is ov? r. we have pteity ol ships to spare, and oi theverj kind bc^t adapted tor tbe purpose we have In view. Let a score or two of gunboats be sent out to cruise about the Cuban coa ts, and we bt neve that in a twelve month 'a time, the occupation of the sliver would he gone It t* pott.bln that Spain might feel ber dignity c (tended fbv euch a proceeding, but ahe could have no vood reason lo complain. All civil;/?d uat.one now re card slave trade as a crime, and like other enmee it >an only be put down by tbe stron- band. I'nhke other < rimes, however, expeneme has -bown that, when once (liectually put down, it doen not revive. It baa n< w dis aj.prared everywhere except in tbaVpaaieb ooion -s, and we do not expect to see it s ippreaied there until we onr e'\e*take tbe matUr inban-i. We shall probably never tlnd a more fitting opi?orfr:nuy tfean tbe present for put ting the Ui .sblrg band to ibis good work. [From tbe London Times, Aug. 7 ] We have rer. ti'y felt t our duty to proVst against tbe r?. k? ees .mpatieuco which deprecat -s the ui ' tjr and le - l?.t-a the pilvi e?. ot a Illative Assembly We have ctn.Micd tasoneo! th<- most dangeron* avmptoasof , ur ?oclal |H>llt cs; as ev)d< r.? ng a for.cttolncss Of the > ti, itiee winch are tuvoh*! Par'.amentary freedom ?! i cecb si.. I tiie pr'.ce wh ch ??' ;? d Tor their attairment . and aa icdxaliug a prrj>et> ty which, under the influences , i < Miime i *1 i>ton|wtlv or nnconstit ifoitil Je-potum, ni i'bt degenerate into absolute servility. We have Iiotest.d sushi it it the more oc< ?u?e tbe present sge ,,h ra'"y ?eee loo many evamptaa of nations ahan .iMiing the love <? and bartering the blrt'inglit ..r sell gtivf rament Tor tbe qu?ilio?able advantage .?r ,n energetic. c.nlrsH'aon and we are convlnied that Irom tbe moment tbe nations ol Europe are iniecied tl. this lireferent e cf a^'iesi to d; . umion? of tbmgs it by a rovernmert lo debates rained byal^g'ila ?ure-from thai oroent w II be l.^troye.i the trongeat l.nlwarks ol ratw nal dignity, grealuras, and se.l reliance. ? .1, rg coi.:d l e uim- a[j*:: u* to ?'! rati >ua' Invcri oi frMdMH thu Um uni?pin! k)? of ^oviriMistil i a< bnery mug with ??ich corrct mesa, eelent v. and ii-i tuie a to ,u..fn?e >mWi tbe expre -k?i ol n*t,'>n?l , men and th-> tolh-u n or pop !ar .i^ciiasion It ?<? | ?r iIim, aarrru- other re*ons, tbat we r<? al'- V deprecate-t a war * U the peo|. e ol the i i,;Uil Sta'es ol Amcr.s s- borne not only a i trrd race th otiraelves, but tne only other ti.t ? n n the wor d ?ho.r r-|.re->r tat ve ustit'i lions were t>a ed up n tbe ?am. principles and enioyed 11 ,. rame herty aa ?- r own To >'a% ?? pitted two sm-h cotmtru- in a ranutary < onteat aiimet on* another ?... l have he.n to o T a 1. .lo. au't oi p... iou? hi.H.d on Hip a. ars <A rb ukllnp and dri -ire deepotism throughout 1. ' .? a, ???! ' ev , >i ? i ; will r.. w w-a^.u. Mid to l.avi Htrakg'e.1 the naacem ?? 'orW 01 oppre-sed nauoaa ?tn agio get re?. ? 1 lie -m | kibv wbicli iln.s attache* 'laHtha r?nstitu t!J>ti e( if. t mt< I ?Ut'- is K-r.ved from th.-" eeluig-" wt. rhirskeu* ihortfh 0"r own ? a low oi ro.utry, a . . ? Ol ndep. iiilenc- a '.me of free *!??'? h. W# belitve tlalrepr- -enut ve nmi i n aev er were and ne^ercrviU rn.,j, vap.plewtot I n-it enterta i, II. -aefee- i. ? Fut . ih< i t ii tlif ?e ar o ndispef nl> ?" to tbe craatmn they ?m not mfte ? nt 'or ti ?? fre et ration, w *uch a conatltu . , -J , , , . Ulli(t to * i oi ?? ler to rh-rk the i ? o?e a rsve> ence 'i?r iiithor'iy t?> re-iram the lurbu , , ,, , , II i 1 1 ? I l.oi.l til ? ' ?'?. ? 111 an 1 i tiesk a < "ti\ eiition of senator* in'ss to tbe level >>f a 1 1 ? < t mon era h. ar f - , l?n 11a' .1 is ea* ? *>r ii ?ny ;nie 1:11 . lilt? te rti ? m ile the legmmat* and nor e^ary ?| dei st- wh that propriety am decorum w.tti t wh . h the iramer* of onr laws would inspire no re ?j??t and oi r iaws tin n -e < v c - obtain no obcd. 'ii e, s i roved by tbe procee ng? of t r two lep iatire t iam i>er? l".-ce?f out tray t?e led'O'u? >resm%> tooire j'l, nt * bti i de tli?"mrel< ee ? tiie Icrn - <?' 1'arl anient may be t< o often rr?orte. to or tbe pnrjw<?e ei evading or p>-t t?cil(ig ?> d 'agreeable <t(teati?n b it how r irely ' ? to?r horn* present the *p etaele ??! ai ? tororooa as ; ? r ? tnrhulent lolheion. We belteve t >at. eacefiting one ?*c wb ch hspoened n the Ho iae ol I ?rd? ou th? pa?? ii t of It e Kelorm bt'l, an<I another in t'?e Hmue of tun mons dnr'n. the Iriab lehatea. there s hardly a seen? wh'ch con'd be cited v Inconsistent with the dignity an I 'elf reepect ol a !egi?!ali\t aasemhly Perhaps we a'e unable to estimate aright tbe value of such <*em?anor. wi may approximate to il by reading the efitleiams oc rarte tally put forth by c?>nt.n?ntai ournalist* on the per ? onat boettnUes ofthe Senator* an 1 repreaaidative* ct ti.S VBietican < engreas. Tbeae cenaor#? are often suggewted bv f BtwIrfs, unseemly enough, In provincial Ixjg!* mtcrot and which the crittca confbuud w th the coll* 'live (netting ofthe States; an I when the mi^ch e| *?<!.>-? in a provincial I egislatnre it Is no! of very serious a tiMo'ienct; hut it is a very diBerenl Ibmg wl??ii II oj n in o,e great dellberat .ve Parliament of the whute tnhn Then, Indeed, may those who hat" free l?stitu t? is chnthle, and those wl?o love them grieve. irrctg the most hocking? to oor notM<?.s, at l.><?Jt? the assault recently cemmttted hy the repreaenta ive of South Carolina. Mr Rrooks. on Mr. Sumner, Senator. \la??achu?ctla Tbe provo) ation was a speech del .f.rd in the Senate by th? latter, on the side of the abn litk ni'ts. The spaecb w?a elaboraiely strong, but not ?tr< rger than many Oelivermt within the walls or o tr nwr Parliam?H6t dmtag tbe discussion on the reform *mt < mane .pat ou bills. Bui it was strong enough to oxc te Mr. Brooks, ;* member of the tower no se, ti the cmro'vun or v. bat we should call a monstrous ooti tme He ? vaulted Mr 8umner while aeated writing at a table ir u, e derate, struck him severely with a cane over the kt a<* ard l?ft 1,1,11 in*e?*thle ?rent indignstion w ?s e* I riled' IS the Ijtstetn State* and in C>ng eas. A m>tl?>n ... ?ade, on the re^uisttin* of Iheftanat tor the tspul ?ton ol Mr. Brink*, which Ibifcd, not bnoiuse it I, i not oMtttt sn ?ete?l tntjorllf r?t??, hH b?;? e it I \ mH obtain (he legal majority required. t'pon this Mr. Brooks resigned tin seat, and took leave Of (he House o( Reprs sentallvn in a speech which not only did no! contain an/ "apology for the assault, but bollly justtlled it, aod claim ed the sympathies ol the world. It i? this conduct wfieb strikes us with astonishment. We can understand lha * in tlie hot conflict of passions mi interests betweeu the abctttionista and the emancipation lata, one legislator wight b* ?o far carried away by hii impeluesHy as to strike suoftter. But we cannot figure to owselres a legislator deliUrratel/ ami preened 4*te lly watching his opportunity to assail a ?aan sitting at his desk in aaother house of legislation, strtKng him before he could rise, beating him in the presence of his col | lea|ces and finally testifying th.M sacrilege aga'nst the I nat.onal dignity to the assembled delegates of the people Where this c%n be douc no coolly as it seems Mohave been dooe by Sir. Brooks wc arre inclined lo Tear ifcat the li cense of acflon and immuu.ty froi.t control , among the members of the American Congress i are lending towards that line which separate* , extreme liberty from retrei.ouary and vindictive des potism. Mr. Brooks in his speech tut rely ignores the principle that Congress has a sat, oual and collects? cha racter. In bis eyes it is only a fortuitous conglomeration of indiviiualatoiua, each as gocd as Its neighbor, and the whole not a bit better than any one. It < right to regulate the conduct of members within its walls, to m Untaln or der, to suppress violsnce, ho regards as questionable ar dangerous. -'I do net,' says he, "believe that the spirit of Amerioan freedom would tolerate siauder in lm.ti plaoes, and jtermit a member 01 Cuagrcss to publish and circulate a I'.bel oa nnolher, and then call upon either bo ?we to protect him against the personal responsibilities which lie had thus incurred." Tl.tl l-i to say, nobolj had any right to ay anything agaicat slavery without being prepared to light or be caned on the -pot. A ra tional and effectual inducement to free discussion this' Of aourse, we do not ealer into the niceties or the con stitutiarcal question whether Mr. llr.Mks committed a breach of Parliamentary privilege, inasmuch as his vic tim w.js a member of the other, and turner houso, though it would Je curious in this eoeutry to hear a inorob?r of the House of Commons deprecate a similar (barge on the ground that he bad only assaulted a IVer in 011a of the comciittee teams. Nor do we very clearly see why Mr. Brooks should have embrrrassed hiinseU witn the constitutional argument at all, lor he has a theorj of bis own which proudly overrules all const it u tionai and legal niceties whatever It W Hiniply to cane or send a-ohallenge to any member of eitl.ev house who denounces his attack on Mr. Sumner: and one of these challenges, sent to ? Connecticut legislator, he actually rtad to the listening represeutut.ves. i. geatletnaii so ready with bis cartel aocd hardly descend to the triviali ties ol' constitutional ;,r.vilege We are iu general averse irom rritic.aiiig the peculiari ties of lorcigti mMM and governments. We know that imich that seems to us htraugu aad quisxical may proceed l'roin causes with which wc are rmperfoctly ac quainted, aud be palliated by accompaniments which less forcibly attract our notice. We know also how exag gciatcd and overcolorcd is the converse criticism of our selves by foreign bands. We should be particularly cau tioua in (.omineuUiig upon the more strange anomalies in the political or social conditions of a new country like the I nilcd titaus, which is still iu its growth aiul immaturity. But ronaaonuity of feeling, constitutional a} mpatbies, and the knowledge that both we aud thov ar?? jealously watched by the haters ot Ties institutions, prompt us to warn them that scenes like these which wc havo-cited, and declarations like those made by Mr. Brooks, are a discredit aad a dishonor to free representative govern ment. 11 is for the people, aud those whom they send to Congress, to correct this unseemly delect, ero time, IU tense anil toleration have made it irremed.able. Affulia In Spain. I ff rom the Iiari* Motmeur, Aug. 6 I t*{"u?$Zr*VPZTne ,?"C"y **? ????- which ,^e . t..?? !? Madrid, (he uianni r lo which ttu> last ?i^fL|h?i ^rticcurr*d l>? lwi light or while (be bapj.y inilueace exercised by thy chana* n n aloao I 'eunderstood by a recollect, on ol the an ?rcliy which the Peninsula baa oecai>ed. Manors as far !J?!in e%r'?Wtl '* concern,'<J, have lollowod Htituioual course. Ttu> re?olut;jn which couiidod the lived 'from' th? u" 'laDdji ?' . iUr?l'?1 01 wuuel I *u j, !h? ?? Th 8il1 e*ercc,,i? "I the prerogative oi the throne. The ministry haviug ollerod its regional >? in VEfSE?! <* mUnul Wk aJThu'M irithoiKjdtomffeeiiiii Introducing the two marshal into a new combination. Iijiart. ro b.tvisg ituixh. i tbm Utte'r C?Uld UOt b0 *ccpl't?J by O'Domwli, n - .J f5?'?r? "cccf>lin? the nusaiou or farming | th^ O^fn y*!!*0"' CO"sld('rtd " l"""[?'r to remmd the c;ueen ol the great doI ti.al influence exercHeJ by the pake de la Victoria. The t'ouut himself retire ? euU.l to bis colleugue the grave nature or tbe a/suls ^nd ml! ?"'omI,*ny ,u?' statesman a withdrawal, and employed MusereeflorMMD eodeavorin; lo persud* u kef P ,t?? Pteetdency ol tbe Council. Tln? Que,-!! i r ??,Jr ar,or having III Ta n endeavored to uis.ntaia K'partero s presence in bsr council; and it U tndtnlable that Marshal O'DobdoII, on hi* sldo so far , Irom having wUtlied to supplant a rival, neeluct d no measure which toukl insure his cooporaton. Ksoartaro l>osftlvcly refuted, and tb< n only did the Queen proceed luin X.'v ?! t,n$Ul''u0nMl Iiforoi llf? r<l?lacs lh"? which bad ahan.loued tier rililJ. .?? eojnplksted and sarlotu difficultly Ih ? <wi?10 forei::n journals, according to bif '' this change was accompanied by forms stvoriaroi a c. ti'rfaf, are founded, therefore. on a c "m" Mely'r ?'T:ecl*!l?n 01 ,h? '*CW or ?*? l*Oubtlwa . ?"?A w,a coinP*"cd to recur to force in or der to maintain the royal authority; but hi. coaduct in It is tire unutatre in no way affected the laws or the eoua J F *"P>r**,r<J ?" insurrection whieh no mea jure or word o( tbe new mini?try could explain. Bet., re .fd."y"cl,,lw Miatdtor en.oun tcred b\ a vote ol distruat on tbe part or a m.uonty or the v . y muafcet shots which proceeded from the u! ""N*4 with the rioters ? t the laubourga. i ffw iustead or hsviop been the atfirrefisor and ir that struggle, which be bad not ?.ou,)it iiermitteti bim to sub-itltu'e a .ou.ervative policy tor a rerolu :oi ary one. he obta!ne<l that |>o itlon by aa entirely legitimate defence. Tbo>e who, n raahty. absndWed he < cnstituliODal fwstU were hey who failed to respe. t tbe dc. isioo or the <Meea, and attempted tosn.vertbr lVr LV^T'y Wh:' h w ' r????llthSTn a r^.lar rU/ ler and or tbe programme or whi.'b tbey wire "till icno ihf , ? ?e tomlr believe, that history will tujge the respective condui t o the two parties wbiiu lound Ha'.IT'^ i," T1'1 '* prr--?c? 'b Ihe streets oi Ma-liiJanl .i iTi. ; ! b^ri unfortunate . >r Uie Peninsula that the i.ltra fix tion of the (.r?gresM?u |?i ty should spotita ue< i >iy have led to its own destruction, and ad irded an ow-ortunity of bringing to a close a system or dUorgam /atmu and anarchy. It n iui|K.?.ible, in lact. not to ad mit the gratity ot a sltuaucu which the certsla toie ranee cl the demagog:.- , I ,?rty ha.l created m Hie pro v luces, even more, perhaps, than at Madrid ttaeir, For two>eara, w ng to the tui|w,t?n. ? of tho adwluwtrallon M.hverilve i.'.H trlnes had he? u dlsaeaiiiiated without working < lessee. Ijtst year the i ?ucl' do, lllnf,? b*'1 ,,wl> ?*en at Mircelona and in a number ol other Iocallti<? of inferior Unpor' fane. Independently ofacf i which did not ce ,,e to give procis or a botbed ol socia,.sm ,<i ? aufonia, at tfat same or vloien,. ,.r u,e UB, 'natire t^ fc?, JT **'? U ^'aHadoiid. Paieu. ia and i .. . ll,rr*u agaiuat property, criee ot 'I'slli agalnkt tbe rich ia the most ladustri 0"? prevlurea of the kingdom, are proois noi ?nly of tbe progress of social !-m durtog th? u?t sw months, but ot an organuatlou becom.ng stronger I and stronger of tbe istitaa which directed that comt. n ? I movimetit. It ta rertaia thai it tbe miiiUry rorce has pit ?kwn these riKings, the bad spirit of tbe civil ad mi o, stiat.cn was more calculated to encourage than to pre vtntihem. And even had the civil sdnt.nlstratlou been dirpestd lo causc projwrly and public order to be res pectcd it ftniiii lUell |iaraiv,e.l br theiatse ideas which I mailed ia the tortea, aad by tbe un. ertala direct, on which were sent frrm Madrid, it was thus that at Valla doi'd ibe Jfrsous meet ardent alt. r pillage were liberated eon\ cu, who were allowed to be there by ibe tan It or the police. Thus alro the insurgeeu of Madrid rorcs.1 tbe prisons to obtain additional tssislance. Recourse to f neb .-iag.ilar auxiliaries lo .lefea.i a rotts t.tatioa wb b bad r.tt been \'olaUd, and to repel a -mi. which hsd tet been attempted, proves sntiiclentlv what su ges tlotis the iasurrection obejed. what was tta real object sr. ' with ? fat danger it would hare menaced dm only they royal autbortty. but ibe whole range of tbe social oider. bad it triumphed. Influence of I'ranec In Turhev. t from the losdon rimsa. Aug. I | ll i-', no . oubt, a |u<< . I the advance o* t.?.? Turkish eini'ire tbi.i .n ttsl- ol?t . <i?at t ational touolry Ihe doings I ol lurkttii mmsiUrf. t f ?cii Hie, Uitir illrlfti' ? ni.<l fill hare an isterr-t to al least a -e. ti..n ^ |s>..iic .n., h - tr c wc h ive In t.h.e- ynt looked ? ih ev en mare si ?ei in n en Madrid, Vienna iinl Ilerlin. and have 'ivd to ? ; In - ? . ;.| tai - r.i ,c I .. tbe cat. . ? r) . : , n,ir. .d nee IMl al aHM. bal the f?? t that <n lineal .1 monsr (ly-hoi.iit s< ; over ag..'i .11 :? |>e. n i. i I?m? d t> assciai' with ciMliseJ rtate^ governed by .i lit.ii 1 1 .al -ot. .eigii ai d .dm.n tere.1 l.y orators aa. I to. "-'i'1 f' - ? ? ?- n slttii nmHalir, mif^ ? t.l . w-iit may ? r <>:*.] ?- t 1 l < tho r?pi.?e!.n m ' i due l .p. The Turkish ndnl-try is now. It n| )??.? . ! i > I ,nt. two ii.^titr . iB|> ,i,d t lis ? l?" n-s he dn. y e t e. te-t. As ti.s Vrf Sh r"bl ? know nothing of Ibe in I ri.luals and read- ihtir nsmes w.th only perhaps a vag'ie notion ot having keen tbem before in tbe mnltitmlinons eorres per ience << the ast two years, we need enter ?t<i no let. ? ll s salli.'ien loss; last tbe pre./nl adrl-e, . ol the Pintail re a t.ciy oi men an ted by ao fixed poiw v d .trusting eae another, divided by potty -P L , ,rt prvate merest, and tr.ontb. connl ,g in their rmmber enr or two men of ability, yet powerle,, to inanaurste a rat, oasl policy, or even to sustain t^eir n.hrendeace ? vain I the various Infnencee which ) ress on them. ?Ve cannot be surprised to learn what dire, tmn the pel:, of Ihe Porte Is takiag after tbe events ot the last two yrarr It is said, aod we believe truly, that Tursey, ?" long accu timed U. look ,p Rnss* snd Anstr a asthechler Powers of the globe, is now gii , led almost wholly by the Mr, ce or ? rice Now. of this we cannot reel anv more nateaai jealousy. If there *,h rf which tlie laps* of centuries has proved. It is that Kngtish laws, bsb-U aad instltutfoas are a.iopt *d immeel lately oaly by toainnuailiea of tbe Tnglish rsce Fvea la America, where a people whoa we sre spt to rail flgiirati'vsiv our ehtidren, our brotlfbra or our cootifts, are ests.oliebed, it is wonderful to note the pro gms of rofttiaeata1 ideas snd usages. We raanot. therefore, w.ndertbal tbe Ka?tern races, whether Mas inlmaa or hristian. receiving their edncatloa chiefly by iresns of tbe French language, aad seeing among them a large %nd rlvlllscd community who haveemlgrM]4 ! 'm r ranee or ti e rnontr es under French lanum e 1 hoi. id look npon oitr allies as tbe representatives of Eu'l "tfean civilization aad eullare We, wbo have In th 'emc.test part of Ihe globe col lates grow?ng up lo the ? 0 r kit ot??? we, Wbe tot on Un lovkht, I 1 people and lu trade, u hiviotf oat/ a second ary importance, can rod little laoftittcaUoa ar learning tbat the mt.au which <"or so many centuries hw proclaimed Hi peculiar latere*' in the Fast baa at last won, tn opposition to a b*rb*ro'nt empire, tbe status and influence which it h* ao lot* de sired Here u reason to believe that the genius of Ui? I rencb people, so cchiaoptfitan and universal, can better impart to these half instructed raees th-i Vuowl?dge winch is necessary Dm* ws who work aud legurtaie aad preach and write for ourselves, mod those who uadar stand us, eari*<j little for imltal-or, cr ere a ai?reciati<?n, \ abroad We ttmv, therefore, pom? ?rt merely as an hu torwM fact tbe progreta vrbtcU treaeb n.iea? are mafeiug in (be Turkish metropolis. That the fctepoor has sent tj Ibe Kast an auiba-wadbr of gt& at aWI.ty, wtto finlg no o a# of intetteetuat calibre sufllcrtnt to cope wUbbim, it only consistent with wiiftt we lavo otoswrrcfll during a , three ytars' alliacts. Kugltatuceu, who aid by Ul< ' time philosophical eco-tgb, mat bear with At tatei licence tfcst the geo ua and ?nergy of tb* French people b?79 full ptay through tbo superiority of M. Jbouveuel, who, thoutfii Uttle mere thaa- a' year m Uu cdantry, ba^'ound meaci to attael'to hi meet? tbs greater part of tbe icon who bear a part i;s> tbe gsreramaat of tbe couutry. It is evident tbat wbertthe iw.tresantas.vaa tf tae i'ower coaline then-*eives to advice, ottoa grveo in no gentle toc?, while tbe other not only pmrhed re lorm. but kind)/ and i-onri>?rr?lr alic-rs th? asaaner of commencing tt, taa latter vc-M soou wis way over tba first. Now this is, it seems, e-wctly wtiat the t rsucu ara doing. The Ottorcaa Pashas are not \ cry high' tctn led staUsnoen, but in their case Lewestv U accessary for a time as a policy, if not as a pra*p? T%ey k&oir that no government can Jtold its groitnd unless it undertaken some of the reformn which western statesmen proaiUed as a means of inducing their reapertire nations to otrgaga ; in war. As these changes are cat likely IV a tinw to extend further thui 'be capital, tattle uallomi (eatuig will be aroused, arx^'emi to pcRtlciam aixioua only *>r their own eaae, it may seem as well ta aequjaeco in all that the Western V&wcrs demand. Hence they hava lent a willing ear to tbe practical suggestions of tba I'TPuch embassy. For 7 ears the police of Comtant.'aopta has been a subject of complaint. I la tbe works of tra xellera. long beiore tbe UenscUikoS i*l*sion was heard o(, (he atrocities com ar t led at Pera and GaMa were dwelt u{>on, with, perhaps, tbe ut>nal exaggeration. I iioly, tbe Krencb established their own police in tha BwopM* quartei , and uow that thoy are about to iaara tbe counh y they bequeutU their method. and orgaalztUMi to the<r allies. A detailed r.tatement of their system u laid lwlorv the I'orte. ami thoroughly e?pl? aed Speci me t gendarmes, t'ul.y accoutred, are sent before tba Council; a -'detective" mai.es known tlia peculiar mys terita of his craft; and tbe couae'|uen?-e is tbat a po lice ia formed thoroughly attar tbe Ki-encb plan, aad will, uo doubt, prove mo?t etleotl.e. Tbe street* ot l'iu % bave Ion.' been an abomination in the eyes Of Kurapenns, aud for ytars it ha? been debated bow tbe rations natuwalilioi of tbe inbabi tani3 could be combined into one munlsipahty tyr tba purpose of paving. Tha Erauch treat tbe thing practi cally. They seud a body or soldiers, wba pull up tba lung* J and murderous . 1 uc ; of lha main stroet, ant lay dowa a proper footpath. Be*, a more important matter ia tiia raising of revenue. H.thtrto taxatioa bas Callen with ficaadalous injustice on the poor and unfriended, and tha uuttrai consequence has bean tbat the returns are small, and the money collected with diiUculty. Nov, France ta plsyx^ the part of ( bancellor of tha Exchequer to tba embi*rrassed State. Some Krencb employ of the Trea sury are called ia, wbo eateaaporiss an "octroi," a tax oa trades, a system of ohecks and counterchecks, furnish the beuildcred Pachas with clear instructions, and now* tcbtme of taxation is Inaugurated which may possibly ba extended over tbe whole empire, aud lorm toe ^ round - work or luture TurkutU tlnaace. The;e lacidews show sutlicieatly tbe obaiues which the late w*i bas induced. Tbe Turkish capital may be take" aa a Fample or the othor ciU;? of tbe ?aat. At Smyrna aaJ Alexandria, no lets than at Constantinople, ibe eoergj and organizing geuius of our allies are at work, producing, we believe, a better system of admmistratioa, the beae Qti of which will not be last on Ibe world. We may re gret tbat this nation is not more immediately influencing the countries for which we have fought, but the march of Knglisti clvilixatioa, if slow, is sure. We still be Leva that these regions will receive their full develop?m??? from British enterprise, although many Imp*"-*"' depen dencies in both hemispheres have a rrl? cla'.m upon aa. Tliere is no reason to retrr*' while Canada, Iidia and Australia ar? w*u;t advanced by tbe eilorts of Ka^land. wMhcr cfvlll r.ed nation Is regonerating the Kaat, anl awskeumg its p<orle from the sleep or ages. The event will lorm a striking passage in the history of saanktad, a' d we may look Willi imereat to its final results. Rewards tw HrltIA Hcutrn bjr the A??r|t?n Government. [from t lie Ixmdon Newt, Aujujt J.) The l-lerl 01 Olareudtm das received de-ipatc-iea t 1- > u'j Mr. Italia*. enctoaing testimonials, for warded by the President of the Cnlied Malts, for presentation to BrltUii seamen, " in grateful acknowledgmeut far service* renderi d to American eauieu under clrcumstaucM com municated U> his government by (lie Coo*nt of the C nitet State* at I.iven oot." A gold chronometer and chain In rai taia 8. Wii.-on, a Uil a medal each to George William Planchard, Grorge Kmnl*, George I.ee. and WllUam Lee, I- i i- reei?ctivfly master and seinen or the Bilt.-ib bark Sarah, oi 1 lei i at l : and aUo a gold chronometer and chain to laptato Jo,,- pb Clark, of l?e Bi t ub hark UaMlcoU. 01' Liverpool. It api>rarH that tb* American brig Crusader, Capt. Joseph B Wooster, with a crew consisting of inastsr, two male*, a cook and lour tettuea, -ailed from Jacktoa vilic, a port .n Florida, on the J3d of December, l$i$, laden w.ih lumber and roam for Bordeaux, in Krsooe, Dial oti Ibe 6th of January ho sprung a leak, and on tb* morning of the loth January, while la a Kinking state, .?Hid dmtng a gale, *be wm fallen in with by the Bribels bark Sarah. The Crusader '? crew did not suppiaa it poerible for any boat to live in the tea. then running fear lully high, and induced the Sarah to lie by them. In tb* si tor neon four of the Sarah'* meu vtluateeiad for the un dertaking. weut tn the i>oat to the Crusader, an J after l?;lling several times under ber l<<r. Anally atlorded ber captain und ooeoi ber crew an opportunity to leap lato tl.e boat, iieconi iig scared they returned to their vm af I but encouragcd by tbeir captain, they raaetrad the eiiort. and UnaUy succeeded in rescuing all. Tbebravaaaa men who manned the boat are the tour aboveoamed, to whom the medali are u?uued. The other mat incc waa tie wreck of tbe American schoooor Mayflower , com manded by Captain I w pray. Flie sailed l rum Georgetown s Ui < arolina, laden with t.mber lor Hxton, on the 30tli oi last tiecembcr. She was ctpalxed on the Oth of Jan uary. and ber whole crew perished except the captain and two otbera. These three were taken Iron the wreck by the directiou of the officer ol the Batlcola, and ealelp conveyed to Liverpool. Mr. (fella*. tn bis eommumcatio* to the Karl of Clarendon, adds that be most respectfully n usta the noble carl will be good enough lo cause lb see I testimonial* to be presented to the peraou* for whom they are intended, accompanied by the thanks of the Pre eident of ihe Called States, by whom their humane ea t I ih /anions rescue of American mariner* ironi iiamioeat ptril la luatly appreciated. The EngHali Haakla| latere*!. i from tbe l.oodoa Chroo.cle, Aug. 9.) The bail yearly Meetings of tbe various l?odon Joint Stuck Banks, winch base been held daring the pa*t few da>s, and are now completed, exhibit a remarkable as pen- on tu tbe boaine** and the prosperity of tbe*e eatnb iGhmsnts. Tl.e whole system is barely twenty yenra old, the senior bank oo tbe list having >een only in eils teu<e a. nee 1*.H. and yet the aggre ale amount of de posits received, commercial paper diw-ountsd, aad proflta accruing then irom lar exceeds that of tbe llank of Ro land it elf, wl b all Ita advantage oi ancient preat ge and political privllrgt*. In tact, the public deport < <>r a tin gle member of thejemt toc? banking corporal. oa, hava ira? bed a higher amount than that contemporaneously entruMed to tne Threadneedle street establishment, reach teg tbe etornv u* rega*e of tU, 170. oto. I'jon tbe whole list, which a* yet oaly include* eight bank*, tbe total amount of paid up capital In C3 641.000, while the s< me drpoeitel aie more than tenfold as much, vi? . ' 36. %3'i. cco and the dlvl te.vis lately declared vary Irmtttlt. I*<|, aWetei S>; per reat per annum. The ?rr slier per cents** Is, ladr<>d, exhibited la oaly m *lngl?- Ir.-iancc. artalag tborf. m< 'eorer. from cause* of a< c. dental aad t< mporary ebaiacter. "a tbe whole aaaa of capital ewbarkc.! tn these uadertak lags, tbe averaf* dividend net i>re?ented to ibe eba'rbolder* Is eqmvaleot to tear ly 14 ()." ?) i-er crni Tne increase ot buslnesv, out oi which tine satisfactory return of profit has besw derived, is nut itas remarkable Since tbe htgtn tiir s oi the year the deposits la the eight old estab lished jniat atock banks Ivare augmeated by a sum exreeding 4M millions, and t we mote rarrnlta to tl.e class wlixa accounts do not as yet Agar* or the M?t? the fity Nank and Rank of loadoa? hava reciived a deposit someibipg ever tero millions mme. Ibe n "tropoittan public bave. therefore, depoett e>! with tbe loint stuck banks considerably beyond sis m ions tn exce? <>t their itepoelta only it months ?tnce. (Hiring the f?m e interval tbe amoant eaUuated to tbn Itai k o{ KntUmt has diminished by not less than ?i,5&'2. - wo This cs< ration is due. partly to tbe narrow an t eaiora system of c*cht*ion )<r?rtis?d in Tbreadnaedie MrH wl b regard to the particular customer* who aro to be aiiowed tl.e privilege of "acommodaiion." bat ? I ieBy therr- le no doubt, to the irowieg eontldeace nf tbe ci mnierctal c<mmumty tn ibe letnt stock banks; as prolofiged experience te?t* <m ine oe^ hand. Us* sound ness of the rr neiple oi' which tbos* estabitsbmenta are based, ard shows, on the other, the prndaat hberaHty with which banking tacintiea are piawl at the diapoeal oC al'.lsesrs oi customer* who are engaged in l*tHiatat? trsdiag laterprlse*. _____ The ( fep of Essroftr. rrcm George Pornsbneh s tircnlar, Augnet 1. 1 Ihe weather this week has been as fcvorable aa the ag rlculiurtst can desire dor maturing tbe ripanlng craps and proFecnt ng harveet work tn the more forward dls trfi is The splendid, drtr, glowiag weather ol the last eight day* has considerably promoted maturity. Tb* ?h kie ami the reaping machine are dally extending har vest work in a wider circle, but even with a conttam snce of the most favornble clrcumstnacea, tbe cereal tar vesi n tbe late dtatrieM *111 net be general UU oaxk month fetarnsttic ( baracter ot tbe present bareeeb in the imted Kingdom can at tMa Mme i>? seoer ta.nod, it would tippea* that the crop or wbeat may roach a full average predaee. tn tbree ?* the meet important wheat growing co-jnliM? Ba se*, Stiflolk and Norfcik? tbe wheal eeop M ab present estimated Inlly one Bltb over an avveagi-. Never, perhaps, wa* there a seed lime nom favoiable tlMa taab autnmn, and under tbe iMmultis of high pridaa aad tb* Itn'ktan war a target breadth of land was sown wit* wheat in the Vn ted Kingdom tbaa ever before. Leak ?rr rg waa fbvorable to tbe growth of wbeal till tb* month of July, when blasts of cold north wind* aad slot my tain* interfered with the blooming I'l'ocms, but w tlioet appareatly mnch lalortag tbe erop Tbo barley rrn? it rf >rs of food finality, bet the <j?antity will |g oh aiam