Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 7, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 7, 1856 Page 2
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T K SflEJTIFTC COXGHES*. A eriran Arifiatioi for (he AdTanfffflfnt of Si knee. THE YELLOW FEVER. Inter eatinD Reports cu E'tictrioity, Exp*", ltaents ou Visual Direction, Meteorology, Typhoons and Cyclones, Whirlwind! &adta'J Early Voy ages of ti. '?^ to Aaierica. THE C1.0SK OF lilt PttOf LK1IN.8, fcc., ic., Ac. Our Sjmlul CMnipMMbMt> At H4.XV, Aug. 2S? ?. M. A 1 I I >rrKiX" H\KX<ll ?' ? v. The ?ert">rs cloned tr:eir w.trk yesterday. In tho (ieo il.rre ; ai'cri, w Mich had been on tUe programme fur several clajw, and ?iii( li di I sot seem ti be vorv appeti sing. were itad. Ol? ft the*e, I ought to say, was a re view of a geological map of tiie Un.t-.d States, r-.b li!-h?d .u France by cue Jt..e*: *ar -on, mb i, it seems, his blundered terrible. }t?r the which Mr. -^e-rettry B aite ha- bun mpelied ;?) thi-Ui; Lim, Gi <>Kist.s a- \ others ?i.l therefore inke uotu >' that ihey ought not to buy Mr. Juics Marccu's map; au<l our French subscribers will be fo good aa to 'I out tii.4 Mr. llarcou, and a-,k hiin what UVd he mean by t aducitg .he geological i La racter of our count! ; Letliim be told t:s I act, as he would a j ti.unelf. comet-". 1 beg o> you. Prof. Alexander'! now theory of canRt?, whtch he developed vesterday '.n the !*cnato Chamber. He s'tpt<-es their lamiaoa.ty to arise lVon U?e elevtucity cf ttte s iu. l'rof. Alexander, that spire, cadaver, us, v ry email mail, i.s certainly one of Ike bo'.Jett cf observers and theorists in this lection. as will as one of tue most eloquent I pea le er*. Prof. Pierce l.kenel him, the other day. to K< pier, and aid tLat h? would ti e been a Kepler if Kepler bad not been. The ei rnphmect was not -o far more exaggerated, or o i u>: :i on the m tual adm raticn pnccii'le as you m ght imagine. i-iuce *?; have been here Prof. Alexander ta pr. tented papers on the mron, on the asteroid*, on Mm nebular byiioth- >? and on com . 'Is, aiic all tave been the be t papers presented >n these subjects respectively. Even MUebeli of Cincinnati, has almost b- en lefi in the back ground, though he is, proba bly, the greater astronomer. Prof. Peters, the Dane, who. with Dr. Gould, is to have the management and use for the present ol the Oloott Meridian Circle, has already read one paper on his own comet, and was to have read another this mtrnmg, on two of the older oomtts. Bat his duties in connection with the o9?ervatory, oblige him to absent himself, so the paper remains over till next year. Another paper, which alio rema ns over, is one by Or. Bruncow, of Anapa, on the a-teroids. Tni woul 1 have been a aseful and interesung communication, and I therefore tend you an ab- tract ot it for pulllca.ion. a M>ra<)K. Prof. O'metc&d. of New H*ven, presented a paper oa a niftier, which appeared on tlie 8th of July test, and took that oeca. oo to icvlcw the aubject of meteorology generally. Vou have in me re^rt ? aketch of hi* remark*. which 1 thin* you will On in terming. it !a? always Mtinf'1 i?' ?ira?i=*r that cotnuericg the uun.l>er of aercl t * wtiiofi 1*11 od fir carxt two i<vr Cuv, la ro Q?i r..:.V, a - >r . u. to Bun.boidt? -w few a cideute a- .1 ' '?* V? the proportion of unoccoj it l *(*<-.. to ?, ^ i ' ?t U oec-s pted mi<t moot ; hut, on the 'ther h-u.i, I b< here th - is but w?U authenticate! u?? ot ! "?" o life a maJe/u tinea by ibe fail of a ??Uimdertwtt, wru. h was Uist of a pr,c?t in Ita'y, whn:b ? ''irret i- t .e jat car ry. Proto?*o? Olm?Wd w?< ' "vewtdby a VI. V* .<U?. wao, srommifly. lu m. ui> ii : ?? ' ?? ' x'~ '? ' Ury tchool of acieucc, an ? ha? -< :ne hor? f> ? ? ' ? -oateU. liiK y>.u * ry: n In another portion of this pa;>-r you * ?' ilni a sic 'tch of |*r Webster ? remark* on t:^ ye. 'aw fever at I oru mouth viewed n connection with atmo-pheria phe???e na i<r. W* bitei exhibited a map oa ?u ca certain hue*, ?rotated according to a gvea ?al.v .d ; -at M Up state if uw almoner*, Uiat of the urn mature, the tent of mortality prevailing at the Dr. M ebster did net cNum, n. r do 1 *uppo?e th-it any ??**? taw* can t>? e\olv?d irom the t*:t< he reoofdod , w the eame tine, now that mmc people are afra I of y";k w fi ver in New York. it may be we., to m'enmc that he found the mortality to a a>M??re with tfce t m|*raiure? ihat u heaviest on the t,ncu ^ ' fUtf prT.a trd'ii'tii' licrea^- n meats:- ,?'.??? pr.M ' refer you Wtbe h< a: trar -,f l?r, Wetwter rimarka lor farther information. iiu-ra. rrr. A met tm!?vrunt pape- ww read y t-r la; by IV IltLri of the Sm i' ii'an. tbe phot ? >.? ?'? ?> 1 ? * . hart." -f ?> , ir.oty Vo. novo. 1 p.-< - in?*, f ?'> lirhrd t eiit.r.- a*. ..*? frot II r| J contains n !? v? ' ' ? ?' r "r otbtra lher<- ? v ? r rm'M *!-f it ?' * '?*; ' '' neht at the prtsett tin>e. Soni -i o' tt> m>?t?a*a'nt meti-1 acience in F.uropr ire low er.gag 1 a* ? tnir the very uie el'Oti al phemmena, mey w a. doubt come to tae >au> ?-<*c1um'>d a the MPitMoaiaa I Vrofewor it 1 1 well aal we be uot accuaod of alcalmg their thunder. t *tw*y Hrrt. Bereral paper* h*ve been r-ad by thl* gectleman dn-tnt ih# Kfy?ii'ti , ou have pot) li* had abatract* of the ct i* , Off amoi ? tb m *" tl.e AwoclaHon meett neit year IB Montreal, where Mr Hunt win rec??arily liart u one of the t<?tc, I thin* It as wen to >ute that te Ui satire of Conne< licit, and a pupil oi aar venerai.e 1.. i.?., When 8<r L"g*a 'inlertno* the ge ?urTer of Canada he wa.~ani?oiM to nbla n the *sai?taace of a nwt rale man, who wan a nat re ot thea utlnent. oo tbe recomniecdai m of hn idri^r* here he aecjred toe ?or vi' ea of Mr H ct, who bream-, and ha> erer ?;o.:e roa tin ued to he, att*hed to the ioreey. ?? has writtra Uriel* in Sxlliman'i Jiumnl. the t,or.don / ?*! Ma.*?, aa.l other ?e|entiflo periodl *al.?, on aubjecta conn*, ted with bia ow n peculiar labor*, an I also on mineral cheml'try and ha* had the ?aUafacMoO of ioatng 1 1* r hrmical theoriea auatalne I by toe highe*! aotbori tiee on both snl< - tbe .< n. Mr I C ?: ?.t w.-ul to V*ri* ooe or the C miri'#*iMn? raofthf Kx .ihiUon. *i' ot.e .1 th. nternat ry. un i n ? .v -d fr-m th- Krr. -r r tbe ritii ? n -f me \jt* n of H t or, w' . t. !.<! wear- H >.aa at. y b* ' I . ? ; ' ? *'i 10 ft |' * "? ' ' * v '?f '4 ? I * 1 U 1,46 ^ Ter-iw I aval at qoebec. aHMtW. I Wl t w II- o Mr ! a- '? ? p ? '* on atom- n.d t> . ? im. Th-y w-ro hard with to createat atil. lilion 10 the ?ath-?*atl' a??? and p"jy-ci I Md were qu t< worh? or the repuui. .n o( the cm ieni ttnant who elnered tlirm ?twotooT _ Thi? a? To" are awa*e, la Ifofeaaor Afaaets' aectioi bat a (.happily ?br 1U taterert, he announced pel eat- ly t?wter ? . teat he winat withdraw an 1 (*w!ei h? thought" r>? the oration be waa to leilrer on the Ina-iguratioo >4 liaoioc rai Mail The heat and bur ten of the day were, tberef -e borne by I rof Wil?oa. of ( anada. who mate a mech to prore that the analogiea discovered bet wo* aomt of the art* of the American Indian" and thoae of cert* i .tw.r ? ml F.nropeaa nation* did bot neeeaaorlly imply in l#re< urae hetw?*n the two bet m rht be reorde<1 ae n Mirations of feiman n't "ct The PreHMior t ? * oc at. to dee'are tbat ne was of the opin?m that th" b im .n r sras . ne and : " " p l'? '?*? *'??? of hi* , -nlr. however, he d?d not I relbly bring science tnto olha >n with r. ? ??.atioj and tb- 1. sn t '/t:.' alter or leny t. I.irmr- : i ?>' er te. | r ?' an a| .'if e .,f har'1 . . M.,er ? lletlle.) 1 * tbe gr-md thai wh?'i we',,?,da .-.ereiancyb-twee., th 1-- th' ?miree te pnra-ie wn to penaacite onr tnrosUgavmi vi . ? ? ,.?-t ih I o ?? tna' c "?'er ledg- ? t iead 1. a ' ??>??? a' an I n the m-ar l ?? to h- -d ' .,r :-i.|?ment n ?e*J- ? ?e I pree-irne that Ir fee- or W ?^a is a ? -gyrra:. I wi 'h all of hi" l<tth w -e in r. t er g .!??!. ed ' th- absen -e of \ or r , ? to. k 1. rn up Hemar s ? re made by Profeaa r An- ' mx the? were more of an orator ?? than * ? ? ? 1 i s*- - ' Ma. M.| tie., n ? ,? . . n the |?- W tS.0'11 tlOW*"."r ? Ik t ng aay new ?<-t? of .mportiri' >> Mi.tta a, w raanr Pr Har n r Ms e read ar tn-r W'T ' the *-an dinar ar ? wi n <a ?" ? i- ????l ' .* ' 'i-.'iv T ha - e i*i t i i.e'-re - ??.r read."* r> -re 1 a >tn ? c Wi '.w Wb" h OMght I *< te ?? ' te- "t . >-< "t'oti < II Amer an arei ? .,i<*y thai tbe e-nf'is-t tea -t ' event* so nearly h i i n ?>y the ark wavee of i me N ?> one who ha* rend ! ' ? 'a* ' -a*, th'. i : a' f,., , i ar :* to h? i' k w in th -n an n :e ? to know m->re fm-ire ran he dm - -red A T?p! -n ? Ham - f-r th? I g it he has tr.r w., . ??ib Kt. He ?s a yo og man of gf*at prom ?e rao'B<eoii ?iT'imi. o? n*'-i?*ati. 1 J. I .. aei ' ar m'-m ".nit e?t- ? er ,'-.. r M.tchel of I nn innaii v ,r reader, at arg?. o .1 t.e. ao-. ' i. a ; I astr n-imees inro'iirb > it th" wori.l 1 r? ed - -t ye"! t ?? fro? ?"?or M trbe I* r<-a |y ene .f H ? ?rn-.t ? >? ?< i' le m"n o' the C- Il'ry ? 1< ne? a rlrase w ha* ,1-ne cmjiela rut to employ A piptl of tbe tTest Point Aeaiemy, he left that >n? t rtlon w th bigh hoaoe, an I hewn* al ??tronr.nii<-a! rtudent und? A'ry, the astrraomer royai <H K?ig ani* After t,*vel g tliro igb the f'ontineat he re torred home, at by his nnaidel ef-wts an 1 gr"at energy acvaally i-ene a-led the people of ' inriooati? that city, wboee jieopje ?,e suppose-? to think of nothing but pig* ? to snhse'lbe the m"ne* ne. ->sary for an observe tory and a ?. omphde let of adns!raii|? instruments. Tiiat I consider an mmfW trlnmpti. Mio bei i* a short, wiry man, with hard feature* and iron tray ha'r He ia really a great astronomer, and must not on aay *vo?int be judged by hi* popular book on tbe subject of at MMMT. _ TH* iv*e,;i *?T10*. Thl* ceremony, of whlrh jon bav? a full -eport e where took ptace yeeterday afVmooa. and wait off re ?narka'btr well. Yoa may fancy how wen people were v< leaned when yoi h arn that they sat three hour* and a Lir Mitering to apeafc. rs wttbont any sign" of impatianc* a MMir wae of cmree, the lioei of tbe oc- tsion his *pe?-.h I. admirable'. Beantiful idea tbat of hi*, that the !onr ? t?ws of the animai kingdom are the fOur tuaes on wbieh the Alm-ghty r^rHh'frand hw^h^atj^^aii/H ."^re^V SX?Z In the even in f there wm ? r*rtf tht Phtroon *, to i? i, h all the * wlI. To clav, the r.eneral Session UiLt *1111 UOU. "??' ^ ^Bioeig. Tl is l fli>' Tb* Ml UUIY oBSlKVAT'KV. orou fcir I- ver? U laaugurate l the Dudley Ob ~ rx " " r wit'i ?b 'Tiitnto wni' ii. 1 will make bold to My, bus DOtdeat ettort*. Th>rc are very few meu in r. hi. try who could have risen to such a height. By i i ,o you receive lUetto ? i ??. you will have it in priiit, jiiil I ueed therefore t>a> uo Ti' Pts. iif t 1 s|>?ua time m i uiiiiU'-ut.iin upou tbe un rir.- "1 liberal'ty ol Mm. Dudley, who ba< added t< btr li'iitwr dnali.iis a further ^ifl ot llfly thousand Oilai t to die Obstrvalory. I am not mlormod *t to the < xu iit of the laiy'it lortime. uor cau I cay whether auy i young ii auve* are e<> fortunate a* tu he deprived of the umptaliun to uleneBH hihI UBelessua*.-. which toe posses sion ol' thlft money might haw otlrred tuem But most ? eitaiol) hmtoiy jots i ot contain an'Hber Instance of ? <iual linerality on the p*rt ol a iady. When her letter w;is naO by JiHlgv Harm ;here ?a* a good ileal ol ap plause; hot when Prohssor Agassi* sprang uy, and wa\ ib?.' his bat. called tor "three times three, : ' and ??one it ore '' for Mr*. Dudley, the n<<be was deafening. Such enthusiasm 1 have rartiy witu *esed before. royoLi wox. Ttis ''j-t Inaufura i ? concludes my labor* herr I m } -ay, in th*' tm has beeu the mostinpor Mm Bitting the Asaoctution has ever held. fher? a.jre mote member* in ettenaancc, and aaore and bett?r pi per; r?-ad than on any former occasion la tstro i amy, fee rep rt ot Bun d, tie sketch of methods bv Mitchel, lie irgen'ou* iheori-s of Alexander, and the h lat* Ha l ia ol l eu-iB: iu (ieiU?gy, tho valuabte reports or Hall, Rogers, tawou Sohof , Ace . and tae aimiraie generalizations of l?Mia it I'hiaies, thu pifers o' Ilea'/ on acoustics and alectm ty ; the reeutt-i of trie Coi-t ~u vev. tu, presented by I'ioI liaoh*: the b id.ant and novel l?apcr?'.m z oi. gy as I na'.ural history, wfe.iti w-' owe t > l be get '.us of Aga?* '/.. are only a lew <?: itie moreeiwl bnt proCuotiouH "f tbi ? meeting ol t^v ..ssociafon. i'boi.U. it i 'M.uoue u In b-gou, the country will so <i tLoeed have cau?e to be proud ol it. 1 trust that yon will not rep-nt the liberal manie'ii wtiubyou ha\c devoted jtm. c to the long inper< whieu Lave been read Though they m?y afem tedious toiomo of jour readers, there are thon>anii> to whon they will prove b<ih interesting and valoaliie. If there exists auy wjrx In which go much learning and ocitnce li? contaiue i a< may be found iu the !a.-t ten days' mues of the H -len, it iias not been my fortune to fail in it. 1 tr: -t. ijxi the other 1 and, that the gentlerufi: for wh )s > lame and < r. dit you have itoc<i so much ? some of wto:u wi re to doi bt pirLe? to the foolwh attempt to mjtzle thu prew made at the beginmcg of the pr*">e imgs ? #.'1 Icoru from the fact to understand and appreciate news papers a little better iu future. la Lotclufcion, 1 can only say that 1 re.ura thtnks t"> Dr. Armsby. Thomas W Olcott, K.-q., and Mr fre ien :k N!ward, cf the Albiny t. in;, Journal, for assistance au I civilities t> n;?ered to "aie in the discharge of my duty. It wc id havL- been s duty at well as ? pleasure to mi to thank the Local Oomniittc ? had they earned aay clai ai l my thanks, but now that tho w >rk H over, ! have no scriiple tn -aymg tl.a*. tbe executive agert of fiat b dy, Mr Woolw?>rth. not oniy i>n.ed me tiio facilities which it was ,n tint p< wer to have allorded, hut so far a* in hira lay to seek to throw obstacles in the way ol the prcM (OH rally. Seventh Day '? Proceeding*. MORMN'U? OKNKKAL SESSION. Au.a.Ni, Aufc' 27, 18i6. Prof. Raj i in the cnair. Tbe i.sual Itet ul member* w as read, and they were a.l admitted. The ^Und'.ug Committee recommended that the Session aloue itouU meet to morrow. Carried. Tfcit the Committee on i'mciculture should be dis charged, while the others were retained in existence. Carried. That the Medical Association should be invited tt thtir next meeting. Carried. In reference to the letter of Mayor Wosd, o! New York, the Standing Co mm ttco recommended the passage Of the following reioluliom, whli h were accor Jingly put and earned unanimously ? KcsrlTcd, that ihe advancement of acience, form* the gnat object of th ? ,i?'i '<-.*? -a, requires al*olbee?Mi?jl!?<i lit** nt of universale* all bran-ha of bumto k ."wledt: ? may be pursued under eminent profenaors tothtir last d^ rr'ot>em Kesolvid. That the establishment of at least om il'k insti tution many | art< t our coi.ntry at th* present urns is an ob ject of the highest nten-n. to this Aa-oici i'.ioo, and na.ili, ui ih-or judgment, forn ?u in the progresa ofscieuce Ui this country, Re-olv?d Thst every jud Hons effort male for the aeeom pli?fcment of lion area; aoiW w:ll receive our hearty com mendation aiid iirm tm rt. Rnolved. Th.,' we roi.stderer t'te recommendation bafore ui an such an effort a* .? referred to In the 1 tat resolution. Ttic auditors appoint l yesterday reiO'itd thiy had exam.; ed th' acvounli- -lid loiai 1 tnem correct. ) rofpstor Bam rose t > 1 ig to be heard oc the subject of <-piriius cm. li-j j*. 4 he ha^ becu dealt WiUt uuiai ?ly by ("ri feasor P '-r e. The ri, r called for a I 'i . Ui*m moved that he be heard and went on toe** p>ain i.w \ .ems, w hen Toe Ciuih put the mc '.icn whether Dr. Hare shoul 1 bs h. ard Motion Ijst. A motion was then made to adjocra. (l>r. Flare still >p>aK 14,) which a as earned, and tnc met. n< aijOU'ned iLUl tCCliotS. GEOLOGICAL S1CTION. Prof. lU.vjt la the chair. There sus no t/u?iu**? jwibilc interest done here this Three capers wer * read, nsroely 1. A Kern w ol u i' t iu or the il tec'. g'cal Mapor the I lined Mat published in Kurupc by Jules Marcos by W.iuan. P. Blake. 2. Ov the CarbouVroui l.tmeatone of the M.sniiiippl Valley by .Umis Hall 8. ('bterralions oc the Coal Fields of llliuoil: by R. P. Pleven*. After debate oc there the sactloe adjourned. 1'HYnCAL aiXTIOX. Prof Out mm in the ? hair. Tie followtsg paj*r* were read by Prof. Piwtt ? 1. Morj toiogi ai Itiacuasioa ol the Lasra of Cent -a' fores 8. Motion of a I'-ody upon a -ol d of ?.? roUtion, when the force is dire< ted towards a punt up -u the ai.s. c>?n?. Prof. !*iriiirs Amtsi'ti then reail a p tper on the Thy l.iai Peculiar. lies of ( ? meu, of wh. h the tubtL.ii was a* lollows -He Urst remarked upon the close a<MO, la'Jon M the inipeni'erab ? sub>taoc^?. sud drew the ik>aciqitoa that, as the sua ts very hot, sn t bomi hris hi. an l also now proved to be u agnetx. be mit-l also be it'ghly eiectrihe i He found n this eie? irieity the c*n-;e ol tue rtpuldve energy which B^asell and (lauss Itare (hi en to bi necet sa<y to ac.ouiit for the forth of the comet's heat. The Ui was regarded aa matter crntinually thrown oJTby c^o tiirai rrpuiMor. The curvature of it.c uil wan accounted for by the cbansc n trie direction of the comet > m il; >u while the tail was devilopid. The aiontation and sur>s>< qui nt lupture of linda'i comet re!err?>d to an int?B*e UiiJiicl.oi. th ? i i;iitura oe,;urring, of course, in tbe region oi in" t I'oslr i liiy n aaay Imm the on. An arcj or ioni"tary malt'T, however, remonad, t'trougb whieh discharge* of electricity mu?t h ive taken plr at th? two iiortions thus Iti d become aseo lallf electrl Jo J . ?f metimeK rendering tbe one portion of the omet tin more i onspici.ous and the other, an wa-t ob served. Tlie?e cio hargea nui-equ Hilly rupl :rcd the ar< h snd tbe cmet divided into two, wh.cb have since re turned ?eparst<?. Tlie I jIIowibk paper > were il.en read in their order _ 1. "ti the Abbreviation of ts.ienU&c Titles ay l.leut. Hurr. i A > ir.j 'e r ?ih I ofrorr-et the co - rnm naut'eal method of l oublr Alt tud*a ' oi the Son M > <n. or a P i Ml. lor the, of denoiai.or, Itctweeu the observe t. n? by * (In m : 8 Note on the Roulioo of a Rigid Body : by J. B Cuss SIB K t On the Ititi rr" tat onof S imCa'os of Af.'irent ,?o metix 1 t- coot. no t) by J. H C??? s*>. a aosnKKSt t urn na. Prof. H. enx rrn, of New Ha. en, then rea<* a p?**r on the M -siss.t p M? t?ir of July 8, IMG, of wh)s.h th-s f?l i w.rg was the ? ?"his eitraor.i nary rnetoor whi> . app- a-"l In tiie -t\te or J, st ?s,p(.i J i,!y ? 1?>5?, he reg.irdo 1 a* i,?j ?' th' trnst ettraew l nary mi-twin on record, Ocm* dew-rihed s slut og w th great brilliancy la the broai Igbt ot day and of at apparent dlameur aa large a? the iur H<- h*d n sm< tg vari' ua newspapers -tafm.rtt two ae count* whieh eppeared to he very reltoh > ?'.he one feo? i'ro fe? nor llarjer of toe t'Biverstl/ of Mississippi. ?he other by Mr. Marrewly, of M'-mr*h i. Tbe Prohwsor rem irk l that the te*timot.y of ,adi s was eqraily valnabla lor its prer ??on aad lore of the esact truta In th ? courts o' law atd tbe roorta of sei?ace. According to the?e ai thorf es the meteor appeared at ?b '20m t' M. in a ci<\?r sky Som* spe< tutors d' -rribft it as being as tari'i' as tietuo. and vrr? bright even, in the pr'-sence of the sua. ft was followed by a brilliant train, whieh threw oft numerous srinthialioaa, and after t?s exiiactioo a diffose cio id of i ap|ieared sa a reaidiotn nt the combust on. 1'iof, 0. dealred to mil the attention of the Aaaoriat. m to thw eifaordiuary meu-or on t?0 ace ooMs ?First, alnce we sre favored wiih tbe attf-ndance of m?not acienee Irom that part of Ihe country, he hoped they woul 1 th >r Highly ,n i e?tigat< the facta of tbe caie and seeont ly, be tbnaght the smgnlar phenom^u* of thsa body would. If nadenteoi, throw light on the theory of these my-terio u bodies. ."e-eral rd the part" apparently leal t? reey stalling rone|iiaion?. Ihe distance of the body, as determined by the coand, woul | swm ivbesiity m l -s torn tbe ^p?etalor and, if a' large aa the mil, its r *l dia meter m ist have b"? a forty tnt ?* B it probably the ?oti>j,i did net tome Irotn the body tt?*?if. hot from the iraguient' hrown off Irom il by the ?urfa i oeyomlng h^a ed, as ragments are Uirown off from a tt oe when In ate 1 tn a urna< e. These fragmi'rits. In falltnf thro igh tbe aliens I here, cais< the report that follow the pis*agn of the meteor, lite main body goes on ts way in Its or bit. Profe-ae>r O. had irgied In hia paper on the |r>at meteoric shower of ,Voremb"r, ltda. pnbll-h ed imme liai'dy nfter lh? occurrences, that shooting star* are of a diff r ot spe- ? f'om the?e la^'ifi whicii r?in stem"* on the earth Th"re meteors unsltt ol lijlit, r ?nhii't b'u m*W?-r, whitli Is ertlre ly burned up at toe height e>f 'hirty m!le* above Ihe earth, ae ! are sc ni' inied by ne.lher sound nor falling stones. tVnen. Ih?n fore, a meteor pissei with th<*se latter rl,ara< ter>ttoe, w<> know it te> bean ''olite, ?nd not a 'hit o? tar Mor< ver, ? -oiitea are not nstia'ly 10 Wad l.y Ihe r? ' al clo i ] r.e .niok* hat in th* j'rc?<nl ca^e the residual clo 1 was seen, and the fat suggAsta the ilea that meteors. Ilk* eom'ts are ? mietim a constituted of s soi d nucleus, w th ati enrel<i[?e and train of neb' loos matter, hut. In th?ca?* of ahootmi stars, the body is wholly ncholoos, while In 1 1 r - a e ? roltis the nurV'i? only H sll th?t sen. while n other rare < aaea, as in the Mississippi mr?te >r, b"th the nucleus and the ne^ulo is a'xsompaoiment are present The section then adjourned. nrmnTio* or phtsics. Iff J=tmvw* m tha , hatr. omusatv ri.B<T*;'rrr? uetrrrvtesi ?ot>* Pr?f llrtu read the f l ow ng most valuable and a t( resting paper on ordiaary ?Mectri'tty At tl,? rneeting of the R"t ?h *?"? sl'on, iH i? I pro*f f ti-d * scr *s of esp-riments tn sleHrinty whi h spp*sr? ! to hav* a bearing on Ihe s(I -sry of ths light n ng rol Th*** ctpttrimonui afterward" gav* rite to consider gMe di*rns*ion They were brought np hefors the J/Tdt ol the Admtrslty of Great Britain, In opposl tion to the adoption of the system of Hghtntag protection propped by Mr. now Mr ^uow Harris. lhe comm ssion ?ppoint? J to examine tha )>t*o proposed by Mr Harris lepcrted tfcat lb* facts -taw by roe did not milttate against it Iney were aitei wards several titne? referred to :n duou stuns which took place on the occasion of <lurcbes ocing struck in london. They were again brought irto notice by I?r. O Shaughnensy, of Cal.'utia w jo, be ilk cttileu vi|x>n lor a plan lor protecting powder to.. fts, alter one hid been exploded by a discharge of lijfbti riR adv:??d that a number of rods be placed on li'fc-ts at a dtctanoe ;rom the building. and gave < a *ea t ?? 'or u - peculiar plan the result# of the expendMMi to which 1 have a.lauid 1 gave no opinion myself as to the raui"? ol the pbiYomena, or of their practical bearing, until 1 could Dave an opportunity to farther investigate the pubjeci. Even up to ibis ti'uiu I have never pub lished the continuance- of the Investigation, tho ign it was a number of yearn ?go. I retrained fr?m publish trig thtin, with the hope of being able to give au exteuded ti? liioir. embracing many of my iescarcbes on electricity. My appointment, however, to the otlice 1 no* hold, pre viLttil my prosecuting these researches, or even pre seating them in definite lortn aud suitibl ; detiil to tho world. 1 propose at thin tiuie to present a connected out hLe ot t! i tn, and to ptiuluh them more at Ur^'e, wiiu si:. table illuslrat ons, u. one of the volume* of the ^ ? man contribution*. The facts above alluded to were as loiluws: ? A n.ttu'lic conductor, ;Ltlrnate>y connected wittj the faith at '>ne end, dors not silently conduct the electr.." iy i brown in sparks on tVe other end. In one etperim nt rietcrtbed, a copper wire, one-eighth of an inch in d ?? meter, ?u plunged at its lower <.-ud ;uto the wat r ol a deep well, so as to form as perfee* a c? c ecticn with the earth a-s po-:>ibIe ? a Small ball uoing altar bed to the upper end ? and sparks passed on to th fiom a tlotje ol about a loot in diameter. A lateral spirit ould be draw u from any part ot tho wire and a pi - tot ol Vol** tired even near the surface ot tho water. TbiseilV.-'. was rendered ? till more striking by attaching a ball, b> nitims ol a thii k wire, to the middle ot the psrpen licuiar 1 art ol' a lightning rod, put up according to the dincuons pivtu by (<ay l.ussac, in hebaii of a commission of the French Academy: when sparks of about an inch and a hi If in length were thrown on the hall, corresponding lateial spatks could be drawr not only from the purls of the ro<l bet ween the ground and the ball, bet from the part above, i vtn to the top of the rod. In an experiment on atmospheric electricity, the wi-e t rc m a kite wax suppo* t? d cn au insulated reel, and, to prevent accident, an iron crowbar wai driven eighteen irebes into the moist earth of a held covered with grass The w lie was withiu an inch or an inch and a hal; of the top of tbecrnwbar. and while vivid sparks were pi-sin* tbiougb this space, very pungent spark* could be drawn fri m the crowbar witlnu an inch or two of the ground. mm these experiment* it Is evident thit when elec tr city lai.s upon the top of a rod explosively, or in the form ol * spark, it m not conducted silently to tho earth, but tctels ??>p*r-nt!y to give oil a s mall discharge to ail bodies in n> ar proximity. It is well known ihu a point brought near an mtchice in full action d - charge* tl.e electi icily silently by conduction, without proaucing that sudden rupture "I the *:r uilled a spark When, however, a rod, with a ball at one end and poin' ed at the other, is presented to toe conductor of tlm ma ilr.te, and the spark received on the bill, a spark w >1 be given ofl in this case from the point, and may also be received on another [>oint. K'um this experiment we infer Ihu whenever a ro? receives elcctncity explosively it tends to throw it olT explosively. It is a fact fam liar to ail who have made experiment* in eli ctriflUy that when a discharge from a L 'ydan J vr i passed through the ordinary discharging rod w.t a class handle * feeble spark may be obtained from the rod at the moment of the passage of the eiejirt city. This phenomenon has been properly referred, by Biot. to the redundant electi i'-ity which always exists oj the side ol the jar. and if due to the want ol a perfect neutralization, on account of the thickness of the gla^s. The truth or this hypothesis was shown by catching ibe spark ou the knob oi a very small l eyden vial and ?ub sequent)) bringing this mar a gold leaf electrometer. In ibis way it was found that it.e lateral spari. was always of the tame kind, namely, plus or minus, as the redundtni electricity. By increasing the anount of the latter the spaik was *lso increased in ? corresponding degroe. This was readily effected by replacing the small knob of the clurged jar by a large bail, and an extreme result wes produced when aconuuctor feet in leugin tna ter n ' Dated bi,ba Is o( about IB Inches diameter, cnarg td and spaitu thrown Irom it u^ion au Insulatea Una cop per wire, ? bunured yards in ler gth, with a ball at caci end Ir iLi? ca e the wire, which wai supported ho.-i zoctall; by si'k threads, became luminous from one end to the i ther, w nb diverging rays on all sides, like the brittlisof a cj lipdr.'-al brush, used for cleamog battles lie preconi- i.a Indicated au elastic action, and would ?<t-ni to renuire another postulate to our bypth.-sisa' to it.e eiectnc t'uid, namely, lLertia, without weight. Wb? r. the long wire wa< double<l upon itself so as to ffiaie two parallel strands, the rays I'i-appeared on the inter eiles and wcra ex Libitea with mcreuied length on the otb? r. This was besl ttL'.bted with a shorter w re and illustrated the re pu.uive action of ebctricity in motion. Il.ete last e fleets are reaciiy rtierable to the repulsive action r l free eitctiicuy coupled, a.J I have stated before, with inertia. V ben a discharge passes through a conductor it tends to expand In the ??it e Burner m it i?ea in a statical con ditiin . aad from liU we may lnlcr th?t electricity io a Itrge loncuctor t?nd? tc move near tbo surface, while galNanu. electricity, which poaeeeaee very feeble, if any, repultive oicrgy, p? ????? thiougb the wnole mat* Tn* latter la;t ia inforrel Iroia the experimental deduc tu n tL?t tt.o eowle -tji-g power la dire.tly as ite trar ?vcrt-?- tioo ol the wire. From anal > gy it baa h<cn atppored that orcinary eleotric.ty I ' rva>t?u the whole io*4a; ami th;* is probably the e??e wben ibe diameter cf the conductor U small in projorti '0 to the quartity of lb-- Mcbtril. The fact, however. bu not, lar a* 1 aiu in'oi .ned, oeeo shown by exp^rlmart that th- electricity really pacrea at the saria.e wh n the conductor ia of iunki"ct Size. To tmrttll whether tin ?a> the ? uae, a ptei e of copper hcl! wire wai s ? oiled in the mio'tile of i'.i let K'h iuto the : >rm o * he ix, and this fa teeed iu the a> i of a p*ec? of ps i ;p*j. oi about f> ct lonf, so tint the hcilT was support? I io the middle of tho hollow cylinder without teaching the de*. Io nrkr to n.nki a me'.alll cotiU' t Ml* ? a tho copper wire in the a* ? and the Inleiiial lurtai e of the < > 1'Bder, a iiatillty ol tin foil was crowded in aio<ind the loi tner Toe two end? of the wre were iett proiectintr en I the helix wi hin was h?<l with a lar?;e 'izert ?? noe.iic. A full d i. a r/r from a Leydt-r .ir wm then sent through the cop ! er "ire ; tbc needle wa* then taken from the helix an'* examiiicd, I'Ut exhibited M trace of magneti m. Ha. the >< aat quantity of electricity followed the copper wire ? hi b was a much better condw tor than the in It passed throrg1! the tptrca of the h'ilx aiii .. ? . the needl*. it ? iu'd have m??neti7eil the !att< i The (act that the needle wa a uriuaitnt i:/ d show* Ikttlht el< ctrk it/ 1> ft the (,ood C'litdu lor te pui Urough th. exterior iron cylinder. T<> rentier thin result itili more evident tbebei x and were removed from tbc mettle rl the pi* p ;* at.'! were placed oi. the outside o* it; each md ol tbc waa Wound no serai time* arcm. the cylinder a > aa to form a pood Metal uo contact. H, thla ajrangen.cnt, when atl charge w?? t>ia*e<t from a I *yi.'in lar ih, "Ugh the Iron cylinder. .i portien at lee?t of the eli i tricity leit it and |? sed threugh the Wider clrcuii of tho aire, and strongly magnetixeil tho needl<> in the bellx. A s ''r.e? of (Xprnmi nti were alio trade In |ia>slnc *l?'' trk'tty through water, ai>>l alio th.-o tti large dues of ?etai, wi*h f me ctiiwue reeolte. From all th> ?e txpet merta :t u evi Jectthat electricity tend* to repel itaelf and the atomt to ?eparate Irom each utter a* widely a* poasiile, whether tL y arc at rc?t or la motion. 1b?re w another mt: ience. bow.;rer, wtich t^nde, n? we shall l>< realter to aejtrah/.- thia ex|*n t\etoroe flit lateral spar* whi'h appears bet Wert a principle c?n doctor atd r\ c? nduct'rg 'io?ly In Ibt immedi ?t.' vk in?ty, t hi t paitialij oae to the ener>ry of ihc free eiec trtcity, anil ia connei.tcii with a series el |ihcaoacn> which diaerve speciil attention. W rien a dis< harge from a l>e*den Jar witn the knoh remo* r-d so ai to lessen an m-Kh as j o??thv the redondant electricity, Is sent throe h a lo?g wire. If the iergtb h? ruffle eelty ceat 'parks m*> be ottaiaed from a lattral contactor placet at rUtht argles io the dteetion of Ibe principal eondu'l >r If the enda of the lat? < >nd ctor each rumished ?>th a imnll hall be tiro tit near tae prim i|a' one hot ttc t ails at the t ?tin-e of t? emy feet from each other, at the instant of dlscha' ? oi a l.^yden Jar through the priu rip. 1 coederior. a hruiwrt tpnrk will be >een at ea> b ball II Ibe wire whkb form' the lateral cndi ctor be divide t into two parts at the middle, and a spiral be introduced the laaftetl'm of t*le ene'o-ied t.eee.le Will indicate a C^.<" rent In the a<!ver?e direct n to that from lb" Jar. !r the two balls i>a hroaght n' -er to each other, tii ? m ,uudi will be ili&iniahcd ad in ^omc caees re versed. jkrais if a powerful ditcharpo !rcin tajrden jar with tho knoh r? moved, be sect thro igh a long Wirn ray fifty teet, and the kr.< h of % small jar h ? broeght near the wire at the Middle, a brlgh* spark will appear between the knoh of the lar and th> wire. Though the *nar< may appear qnite intense and brilliant, yet when the |ar la examine! it i- found to con tain scarcely aty electric. ty. If a delicate silver l<*f ele<trom?ter be snbetltuted so tiat the ?parc may appear between the top of it and Uie w:r? a brilliant spark will be o^etTcd. contain ?; apparently aufflcient electricity. If drawn from a prime coaottetor, to t*ar ti e dehrate leavae of metal in piece*, and yet the remarkable fact la appa rent that the electrometer le unaJ: -< ted. FroM theee reaulta and aaerte* of other phenomena, after many rxperiments and a variety ol hypotheees, each or which ?a<< d'. -prove 1 in tu*n, I arrived a the ooncliWl m that nt the mMant ot liacharge o( a I^yoen )*r, the two Im.vea of the wire are in opposite ? <mditioo< ih^t a nepa live wave ttarta frmn the end next the outer cmtli *. while a poeitive one starts fr"m the other; thai they bo?h traverse the who'e lertfih oi ine wire and neutrali/w earh other for an lt:?tant *t the middle. ThiH l^ in accord ance with the result obtained by Professor Wlioal tone, whofettnd that 0>e disturbance prwd need by the discharg" of elect ri<ity through a long wire si< liwrt perceived ?t tho middle. <?n this hypothesis, the expl.ination of the biil!?nt spark apparently peeping to the delicate etc -trometcr without aO^ting it. is readl'y ex piamed l*t aa anpf ese the etectmmetfr was placet somewhere near a point in the first ba!f of the wire, th n II m e\ i?ient, ae the poaltire wave pa -sed along, it w ?ul t give a |osltive srerk to the electrometer whieh would, a moment after, be neutralized hr a ?park dne to the n< ga live wave from the other end of the wi'e. Io other werds. the wire would at first give a spark to the elec i remoter and before the oper.lrg of the rnptnro of tin *tr could be cloned, <r the inertia of i he gold loaf com i he o\ ercome, a rrtura spark w on Id be given from the alter to the lormer This hypothecs readily expHine ? phrnomenon wh' 'i ; has long besn known metilnre?l hy ihe older etew I trie tae*, naiwly ? that a ep*rk will pa?a between the l 'i iicti<ns of a bent wire, lortxample, If tbe middle portion of a wire of tw< nty or tairty feet In length he beet ;rt<. the |hrm of a C or oien loop, and the two pro e?t|eg bends he bronght wh'n an Inch er tw o of naoh other, a brilliant apark will appear lietween tho , two Thia experiment has l>'?o brought forward to Illustrate the resistance of the wire to conduction, and the fa> t that the electrtotty pefera 'he -horter and more direct pa ?age throufh the air than thi longer an<' wore eircnltnue one through Hie wlrw. Th? reeult, however, I* dee to the difierent condition of th?

elf. tnctty ol th* wire at th* moment of dl-ebarge nm half of ihe wire heteg pin* and the other mian*, ihi sjsrk prodnced is iherefhre lot one of direct discharge t nt ope of oaetDatM. 1 ito pm* of Z jTlStfw wave * j^frr<;MvB, wcire ??? x; .... ^ this is preceded by a negauvewaire, Uw rcn llt wisr ? rxr sue s^sra which driv th(1 nuUlral elcc^ricity ol the oou I theory ot a ..ngto u uUve W4V?, or unsaturated portion i ?a ter whteh prcc^eH the positive wave, wh ob ne a s it' un<l tend to prevent the natural rop-iUto J of the particle* from distipatlLg them into surro' vi at4 rhe negative wave, however, i? nm.h |eBg ju uc.-e tiau the po. t?e, auJ, thereto.-*, un.ess the koob of Seawall mrw ivuUh ilu-v^W ? receive b?brougit verv near the ocuductor the ueratlv? *hf? will not be eutlic leut to rupture 'he intarv.joiu; MraUm ol air, ami iu tb ? cate, he.t a verv t<?rUal neutralization will take place. There is, how4Ver, another action, m wo tlia'l st- bereattor, wh>u teuds to diminish the fina. quantity ol the lateral ^charge. a series ot were afterwards male upon electro d\ namic ioCiuction, in which an Induced current wss produced in a conductor placed parallel to tho pri ' a'^uII account ol lbe*o experiments, amounting as the; did to several hundrtd, indeed 1 may say thousand*, would occupy more tban that allotted io ine on th:-. occasion. 1 will, towever, mention that tho dtrection ?>t tn ? induced current was obtained by the magnetization ol VI wine needles in the axis ol msguetmng spirals, au l alto in come cafes by Uie position ol the holo ill * Pj**?*'', eard ^V ith the Mine strength ol charge and the sam 1, neih ol cct doct.ire, a t hat ?? was produced in the tnv tetfun of th? needle by the mere change of distance by the proximity of a third c-ndictor, I, a break so as to produce a second spark In t! *? circuit ?.* the hut conductor, by a break in the recnv uk rnnd ctor [.Klin when aU the conditions were apimreix 'v the ' an.e a "iange in the bize ol the needle, and lull. Himi licitv and complexity of the spiral, would produce u , r, .'ret ce in the direct;, n of the U first the e rseults would lead to tho conclusion tha tl i niM?etiz*tloii ot the needle could not be relied upon u mdtcation of the direction of the dis charge and yet the i'f ?i It in the ease of a galvanic current is alwaj s * > c, finite that, admht ng the identity, or cvcn the gcncri analogy el the el. ctrual and galvanic principles, the ? .de , could not readily be abandoned that these variations iu tl.. magnetism were not caused by some peculiarities oi result* ."and all those 1 have previously de ecribed, 1 was led, after disproving a ?anet> of other by - i otheses provisionally adopted, U the conclusion that a. i tliclriral discharges were of an oceillRtory character. ?? e adw tion of this hv ixi tli' ho enabled m - to explain a the t he comena, and led me to collect under one po.n o View various groups of results which before seeme-l g be in accordant will, no law, or were apparently mex ''"lfweHdot t the bvpoUiests of one flviiJ. which has bee:; abu nd ant 1 v eho w n leads to the same result In the way ... mathematical deduction as that of two, we may supijo-. electi lcity to consist o. a tiuld, the quantify o? jhtt, si clitlv increased on the inner side ot a coated jar, , w hi. it w shubtly diminished on the outer coating. In the m of the discharge, the redundant electricity of toe inside is rapidly precipitated through the conductor ou to t^e; from this it again r^un^. ^ ji>,? ac it u*pre a wave in tnc op|?oiiiL direct; <n to the inside, and again a third in the fl"tdi rri tH n a lourth in the opposite, and so on, each suocis give wave becoming less intense until the who.c lyre mic effect is exi>ended in the resit tance of the conuuctoi A elear conception of this mode oi a:Uon enables us to Indicate d j-vn, the direction ef maguetisin which w. . rrsult ina l.ven needle whet, the eir^umstinces ar ? known, and also enables us to so modify the condit ot? that a desired olrection of magnetiim, in any ca?e, ma.. b<We ?rerl^o enabled to indicate the action or each oscii 1st rn seta *ately and to prove at least the existence .1 fou? or file the last of which may give the direction to [h< magnetism or the needle. To understand tb.s let us surnose that in the discharge ot a Leyden far there are four waves, of which the tirst i< Lroat?bt in amount and cacb ices in aucceanou. To giv< Lrecislon to our ideas, let us sup,??c that with . giver ii/ed ur and a given intensity ot discharge, the first wavt fn h a ve a n i a e n e ti x In g power ot +100, the second of ?60. he third o" +-20, ?nd the fourth of -5; and let us further tuoroee that the needle which we place in thespir.i., wb eh in this c??e is competed of a series ol hi lr ?P"** Las -i magnetic capacity of 1(0 units. Now, il m evident that it there were but one wave, and that the flr.t, th? tee die wculd be magnetized with the full power of thai ^velnimely' by the force indicated by WO; but ir t o dit.baige con.Hs of two waves, viz ?one ol +W *tl Uie other of ?to, then the second wave will neutra * a (portion ot the first, anltle resultant magnetism ol the ?? iIik Htd the fourth to din?iiiish it But it is probable ttat the ri tlex wave will soon become too feeble in Inter nty to o'. ercrme the coercive or retentive power of th. burdened Heel K, however, in this caae ' all li e wave* ectivc. the resultunl magnetism will b> 6. or the difference between the sum or the plus and minus wa\es If we now Increase the amount of the charg. until it b<een.?r three tinnsas great, and ii we ?uppo'-e tlic waxes to increase .u the same projiortlon ibe mag let alrg capacity ot the needle remaining at loo, thenth ?m.gne'^g joier of the four waves will be represents 4-;i0o? i5r+^o? 16. ihe nrst wave will magnetize the needle to aaturattoo vi/ K(' the ?<ccnd will neutralize the cfln t ot tin wave and impart -60, the third wave will neutraliz ibis and leave +10; the ft urth wave will again neutra i re this 10. and leave -5, as the final conditio, ef the neetMe. or in other words, the resulting trsgnetu'm be ?6. 11 now we a^-ain increase th. tower of the charge until it amounts w- seven told, th. n ?CT ftlrtg power ot the several waves will be teprc celled as toilows; +iot> ? i!5<)+140 ? ,:5. In this <a-e tbe Out three waves will produce smipii* t ism ol 4-40. which the latt wa\e will reduce to +'< I av lit +6 as the resulting m? By increasing t ;? ,n ou t ol the el urge, .ad thus exalting the magn M./mt power of ?a. b si.ictsti\e wave, the lourUi wive will be come tie dtmlnant one and the resuItiDg magnetism, will ' fT?M*sanie're!Iult irsy b<' produced by renderirr tl spirals mi re complex thus, by .ncreaMUg the nun."' snlrrs until tl e seioi.d wave exceeds the masnet t. i ra pae.ty of the reedle, we shall then have a change in th. m* ate i ism aid if the number of spina is still further In cm teed, the .l-.rd wave ma7 be io exalted as to impress the ne.dle wt'b 0>e dne to its d ireciwn. In this way each su?ce?dtrg wave may be made the d< tr iratt one, and ea^b change in the direction or the mstntUsm ot the neefle. the number or sptres betni. eetsiantly intr.Mcd, while the t barge remains o tb< tare Itteif.ty. Will .sdi.stean auiitioial wave. The '?"e in.'ieatK ns will be obtained .f we gruKially increase iLe int?nilty el the charge, the spirals rematnug the res or. hai get can alao be exh'bited by using nee dies of less ai d less dimensions, or in other words, u smail. r and i mailer nagnettc . apw>ty. 1o cshlhlt the ti'.ct of the several by a sicgie <!ir.har|e It is only necessary to introdu.. into the ilrcuit a number ol msgnetirug spirals. ?a>.f ?uecrisive . nc ol which is c< m posed of a less number ol ? tut it? each ol these being rtt'lilsbed with a needle ol the ? in e size. Wit n the discharge is made, tl the sptres ar? of .he t reper number, we shall have a series ol alterna lions in .he direction or the matnetiBm or the needle, or if we ittroduce into ihe same circuit a i Bomb-r of ?P1"1*; each ol the same number of spires, and iurnish escb wu.) ni edit a ot sizes grad iai y diminishing, we shall ha%e in this esse also a series cf alterna ioo*. These inferences were fully veilfied by repeated experiment* II, in the line ot a conductor transmitting i. di 'Charge ot fiee elecUK-lly from a machine, a series ol ? ?adoaud ma| nelixlrg spirals eachibaiged awe II. Srthe same s'ge, teveral os.iHat.ona were detected; the secondary w aree, n this ease, however api?are<l to oe B.ucb less intense than the primary. It wttl hence ap war that wtcn. ver the electrical en?tl brln?n ? restored alter it h?s bern disturbed hy Ue aclit n ef some m eb?,. .l or ebsm-al lorce. tl lends to return to ^ ?late of normal ?.|ultlbilum of tnll.'im diffusion by a UJtesof ??",; ?< ns. Ihi. would tnd . ale Inertia, and ? actual transler or a sub.unie Irom one porfo,, " space to snot her. In the explanation o! ibe phene mena of rlcetrtcity, and of I ght and beat . Ibe ? mpleet ce rceptlon which we can entertain is that ? all pervading ethertal medium or matter, the atoms of whic h are in a state oT great tenuity and seir ?'epcllanv ><ei lor as this is rnnally diffused throughout sjsice an J * at rest no pbet omena are eibtbited. lot when tt t* ac.i.mulated in one portion of a|?ace and dt mints bed ,n aiother. ele.trical attraction and rep'''"'^ are the tonseeiuences, and in the discharge of *'* *' ' ? there Is an actual transfer of this ?thertal "M*ter ftom ope tmrt ot pace to another, and the equilibrium t* "ben *estore.l by a sen., ol cKelr- analegous to U?e cesaatK?n of motion in air of any other elastic ffud. BmMm this transfer the eiheral medium through scue we may con. elve ol a disturbance on all -ides of a co^ i^r pro^^ wavs lashl in. and this n.ay give rise to the d> nntnjo lei An i n ptooueed by filctlonal electricity, of which 1 have be! ^'"electro dynamic Induction in a parallel wire b> * rnsehsrje of ore, nary electricity through a lOM^ tur lakes place at a s.trpr.sing diiUnca A single i par* of eleeuir tt sent through a long wlr' may be proved to disturb the. l.ctrlc enaibbrtum or a pare ot several cu??c m.les in ? M-srity In one exi?*riment needles vstC msgn' ti/*d at the distance of three hundred yar. - .r< rn the wire through which the . iscbarge of a single park *V?B?mic m^oct on ts aiso produced at a remarkable <ii? tame between two metallte dues r vo ctrdea w-re made of wood and rover, d with tin toil, each of about tl rre feet In d ameter. when < ne or ihtse waa ?ti?t>ended rr.m ibe prime conductor or a ma itlne, and the other nla^d nineteen feet b. low, with two wooden (l^rs h two i laster cell i g* between them an Inductive ?p?r waa perceived between the knuckle or the lower or. tl the tne ment a erer* was <lr?wu ffoni the upper one. He vttuT ini rftcm this experiment what effeet au el< ? u leal do change in ibe heavt must produce In dlatnrb r the electricity ol Uie sir and the sur'ace ol the ear The electricity or hundreds ol square miles of surrnoc is I iigtl' T at l?a?l. slirl.lly divtnrbel by er.-r-, . t ? lash otPfhtr'ug which lakes puce between clonl and rlettd or h< tvreen the cloud sr l the esrlh I have In 1 1 'Vinos put.lMMUMM tb*t the prlret|?i disturbance c>rih? ilectrlc telegraph is due to thia Indue live actional a distance. .... Tc si' dy tiie Indnctive >ffrct o' a discharge or lightning ? ladi"'aire a copper wire s as soldered to the mctailit roe.1 ot the h. me i it habited In 1'rlnre'on Tne wire (???* ed down the wall of the house on the outside, entered my study thtough a hole in Ihe top or the window sash, down a'' rig the casing oT the window and then cut again nnder the lawer sash, and terminated below the mrrace of .be wnter it a deep well near by. To In rrcese the contact with the wsler. sn iron s)Hke was at tarbed to the end of Ihe wire. The middle? of th? por tion ot the wire within Ibe house was cnl In two and a irsgr.. t'siig Ip.ial inserted Ir the opening. AlTrr this arrsr trment bad been comp eted I wait d with con-l det able Impellent for the oecnrrenee of a thunder storm ?nd the first look place ear'j in lha night and, tbonth the tborfer was dl-tanl I found In the morn ug the needle strongly msgnetltcd. as if by an as.-endirg (Mirient A ?en.a of trsgt spiral* were aler wards In'reKluce d Inlo Ihe opening of a wmdu.-ting w re and dorr gibe occurrence of an Intern* explosion three slterst'c ns ot the iHf^lion ol n ?pt; li-tn w-re cb servnl ptov rg . r0. Itsuely tl at t'.e .n.turbance pro dttred by tbe , . giyesrieet ? 'D<'ar"ve a'tmn of an dischargo lu com J * s,'r" s 01 oscillations rietj ol < "HHng this general Men imt of an extended ac tion of which occupied a cons i derail id po* the ? niy Insure i'or bn.iwlur i>l" years it may lie )u sght tit that 1 should give niy opinion ol tbo p-.ctril ?ring ol the results upon protection nllorde t by th ? Jghtning rod 1 roni what ! have slated it may be readily i iifcr r: | tha' during the parage ol an explosive el.?ctriO!il <ii- ,tr< ? tbri.igh a mttulho tod any given point "I on its KUiCaco is charged lor an ins ant n th u ?u<?ea ion ol plus and minus waves, ami that qutntly it terda to give oil a spark, the intensity or wan will be in proporilon'. oi the explosion with which the discharge falls upon 'til led. That lightning rods are struck explosively H pro . ? by the iiu't that tbe poiutK are frequently melted tiio i "i it ap|*urs that the lnlenaliy of the discharge w much rc duced when received upon a point. 1 haw bten in u building on two occasion* when th.. lightning descended the rod, and in both coses ttie tim of the discharge ?as prolonged ai d attend-d wi.ti a hiss lngtouid. I think it probable that a largo n imber ..r pointed lightning rods in a city tends c jtaidcrably to tnoliiiy tl.e seventy oi the discharge. 1 had lately an oppcrtunity of observing the efiect or the lightning on the rod or the principal tower of the .~miu Ionian building. During' one ol tho moat sovjr. aorms we have had this summer, and wnile tboro wa a short relation in the deluge of rain which fell, la tended to the lop or the I ter, above which the lightning 'od r Mended about ten loot. The exhibition was gr.m 1 in the extreme. The lightning appeared to be pla>ing m every direction, alrnott withm reach; the top of the ro was constantly tipped with a br.ght star, aud at ever\ Rsh it gave ell a bi.-slng noise. I'rof. Hake made seme remarks on bis theory with re i nrd to ele rlricity. I'rof ili-Trm i h moved that a time be appointed lr Iro.ttsor liar.' to be beard on the Hubiegt. < arried. Die following papers were then read In their order :? on the atomic weight ol lithium, by J. W. Malikt, ol Alabama. en the forms of the atones of the simple substances oi chcn.i-try, as indicated by tneir atom c weights, by -it. I'llKS Alkx.ooer. < n the modification of Nuremberg's apparatus by about lour or live minute?, by Sam ikk.min t'xiTii, on . : 'orescent e from br:ck masonry, by K. B. Hi vr. The next paper in order wa< S0MK *XI KBIMSMS ON "WM'.M. U'RKiTIOS" ? t'V VROKK. s<>'( J" IIS FBOCKLKS'SY, TK1H1TY COI I E K, llAKtKOKn, IT. home yiars ago, I met wuti a brief allu- ton loth- oxi-i' etcocl an '-lissay on Sirgle Vision," published by Or. Woei' house, in the ??Philosophical Magazine. ' ' p, th's treatise, it in ins, the author endeavors to prove, tror:i certain experiments and phyno.ov ical consideration's, th ..t one eye is wholly occupied wiih vi?ion, while the other is nearly or entirely passive. My attention wu arrest. 1 by ibis inference, and, as the stray, with its detailed ex perimtcts, w.s not accessible, I was led to make somo in-, et-tigaluhs upon this point ar.d at others kin Ire I to it. These investigations and the conclusions to which Hi lt ad are the aubiect of the present paper It is well known that if, while looking at a remote object with both eyts epen, we Interpose a eteon' at a short'disUnce Irom at, the latter will appear double; the image formed by the rifibt eye being seen towards the left hand, and that formed by the left towards the right hand; the proximi.y of the Imagis depending upon the magnitude or the inter posed body and its diitance from the eyes As we can net, at the same time, range both the aeparate images ol the nearest object with the remote one ? and yet as a mat ter or fact we do in some way range objecta thus situated when bt th eyes are open? it follows that a solution of this point toucl.ea on the one in question. In order to ascertain in what minner I was enabled to range objocu at difleri nt distances by double vision I insti.utod th following personal experiments. How far the results obtained are to be regarded a* general will appear jn the subsequent (ages: ? Of the Iian,)< rf a J'cinl iwar the Eyex lotih an Ubj'H mere vr lett tomole.?lt with both eyei open 1 bring l>e fore me, beyond the limit ol distinct vision, a small point like that of a pencil, and endeavor to range it with some object mere or less remote, as Ike figure on a w ?il or tho ball ef a spire, 1 find that two images ol the point at once appear, but that the image seen by the right eye is mime d ately and involuntarily aelected as that w hick ranges with the remote object This is proved by the tact that if the lelt eye is cloecd the range is still preserved; but if the ngnt eye i? closeo and th? left rtmains open, th" range Is destroyed, tne point being seen to the right ol tbe distant civet. Moreover, if, reversing the expe'i menl, I lirst bring the point and otvet in a line with tnc r'ght eye aUne the left closed, it is fouud tLat tbey continue in a range when both eyes are o(.en; but that if the range is lirst taken with the left eye only, and the objects are then vi?wed with both ryes, the range cca-es to, the pout bwLg s? en to the lelt ol the remote ob;jct Ttc?c chntges in visual direction are more marked wh-a the joint is brought within the limit of distinct vision sn i tie tccond object la a few fett distant, l/pon uking tw > or more joints, losuad or one, and ranging them wi'h some obirct at a dii-iance, the tame results occur as in tb? loimer case. The optical etvet, however, is more striking tl an wbtn one point ta used, and the posror or tho right cj < to control the range la very \ ident. Sn ;e an mtlnite ntn-bir ol material points, placed one behind tho other so as to Iran ii , may be r-garud as forming a straight line it night b< rratonably lulcrred that a straight line wouli pr? fi n' the sane phenomena in rospcct to v.sual direction as a |?lnt or any number of po'nls. Experiment shows tbir ui!< rt n< e to be correct, for up .n ranging a line, as tbu edge of a rule, with a second object, both eyes b ing oi>en m' lar ge, upen rlorlng tho lett eye is still maintained but is lost when the tight eye aloue is closed, tbe edg ? m the last tase tut being st< n in the dirtvlion of it i icoKt' but HMNff. If also, as before, the rangn is ?tt& taken wtih the right ?yo, it .* preserved wben both ey? [ sre open; but if wuh the left, it lj apparently loat wh "i | viewed with both eyes. haiigt i/ a Surfer. ?If similar experlnents to tho<e t st detailed are made with a surface of small extent, the sire pretailirg power of the right eye to control the vi ual direction is -til! manifested, buti^ most atrikingly ex h.b ted when several sorfa. es are made to ranre with a lixed objeet. Thus, If a number of bright object* a-c taken, as the fames or several candle", the ruling tiow.-y of the right eye i.- finely tevealod by Urst ranging the Uames in a lin? with both eyes, and then beholding them with each eye alone. hanyt t.f a S<lvl ? Py th- union or oamerous mat-rUl ?urfac?s, t>|Ual each to each, and baring their centre* iu the fame straight line, -ol d cyliiders and pr.sma may b? formed ; and the same law of vl-ual direcUon that' be I lorgs to these surfaces belongs aNo to the sol-la tbat they compose; for If a small straight rod is suited iu the direction of its length with a iecon.1 object, in the varitus ways have been mentioned, the range Is the 'an e when it is visaed in -ucce stoii by the right eye and by both ryrs, but dillcrt nt w"?eu the lelt is us. d in -lead of the right. /.caj* ef an '/j.r.ino ?U a ring la taken, or a card with an opening in It, and the card is so held that I look through the opening at some distant objeet, both eyes oorg open, the two imag-a ol tbe opening formed by the eye? arc readi y prrceivtd; but It is only through that which belongs to iho right eye that ihe object N seen, for 1 ' the left is cio?*i the obj?-t is Kill visible through the opening but ir the ilyhtis closed and the 'alt la open, It I- no longer Men th tough the oiillce. ir the range at first Is taken wuti the light eye there Is no shirting of tho visible direction of the object wben both eyes are employed In virion the lelt eommg to the aid of-the right; but when the range at the out -et la taken with tbe lift eye, and the right I then ojmed, ILe influence el tho left eye upon the i ang.j m viry feeble, and seem almost destroyed by tbe pow -r Of the right. If, ini to d .of one perforated card two or three aro < mp.oyed at the tame IllM, the objec t being viewed iLrttgh the cat da pU< ttd one behind the other, ite itfluence of (be light eye is rendered more evident for when the object is lint een thro igh tbescvera open iigs with both eyei r<|>?n, ujica closing the right not only does the ebjtet btcrmc invisible, but some of the open it?* also. For Instance, I may see through tho op..i?ing el tl e nut card the unbroken face or tbe second? the orl Bre in the latter being out ol sight. J at fff <] a TV I* ? A tube may be r'garded as eon |s^seJ of a somber of mtUrial rlnga. It might, there f o.e be eiprr.tcd to preeent tn? same visual pbenomsna as erifiei s and Tit ga . and such ia round to be tbe case tipc n k> king it roi gh a tube at a dlrtant object, in the dtr leurt ways that have b<?n mentioned By directing special attention lo the lelt eye It may b? made to control the rat ge itstead or the rtgut, and object! ean be seen by it >n the raa.e cireetion as when viewed by both ey<? ? bet this control cease* with Ihe particular effort ol the will tl at ralla the eye to dhebarge an unusual duty, on tbe fiber hatd, In the normal condition of vision, when rbje ? Is are viewed wrthent any special exertion ol tbe will, I find m the experiments detailed, that on accoont ol habit or otherwise, 1 invariably neglect the I maze loitred by the left eye and take thai belonging to e right, anu thai the visual direction of points, linen, sur faces and sol) Is, near to the observer, is always deter mined by tbe right cyn. Put a question arises. Is this domirant power of ' m rl?ht eye a peculiarity ? I tbe individual, like Daltonism or Is It genetally true- In reply, t would state tbat i bave been areu;<tt med, for a length or time, to promote -( o.e ol the preceding egperlmenta to different in tivldu air. and tbe resulta have a nioat invariably shown that when both eyes are op? n, Ihe right deu rmines tbe vlsuai direction of near obiccts Out ol aj> many as seventy or eighty <s?es, tot more than three or four exceptions- rr.. n this ti le fave been delected Ir. on* ,,f thm,,, excel n us Ihe right eje waa weaker the left, and tbe latter <tl? chsrged the Inactions of tbe former In tbeaforeaaii ex per i meets, atd vice versa. Another e>ce[*tion occurs in the csrecf a civil engineer, who Is accustomed to sight obj.cls with both eye* open, by glancing suddenly rr .ia one to the otlirr in this instance, tho observer when m ging a near object with a distant one. with hotti eves opt n licda Ihe 'inage of tbe former to be situat. d i?f way between ita two ptsttlons, a< with ea< h eye s? i rately. In view of Ihrse racts, I am inclined to believe that in ist p?r?otis, wh<n they gas* u|onatiear object with both ?y?a open, tabitually neglect tho image f. rme l by the lift eye, ar.d employ ol the right to ilx theva itl dirctie r? in laet, tbat we are right eyed Moreover that cases ?i metimes occur where the left eye is use ) for tins I urpese, at d In such exceptional Instances the observers nayle tun ed ell eyed. A boy shoots maihl** ?itt b.ih ei? c | ? i . aed a sports r. an net i nlrcpiei.iiy brings <ti mi his r' n>e in Ihe satne manner: but I ai t-elirr l f ?t in botfc instances the aim is Iruty taiteti as If one cvu ? as ib. t; and that flther tie tight eye or tlio left g\Jm the iao*e, wblle tbe ether Is pa??lVP. If I i III C il at the rifibt eje, under He rirciirstan-ea rrer i'.ned. poiserses a snporlorlty over Ihe other the IK. t would be in strict sccordatico with w me other phyrlotoei lal pben? m< n*. Weareail aware of ths pre t miner wMch the right band kas over the led. either from Iiabti or otherwise. H< w mne.6 m< re rea<lv and quick it it in ail itr mt t?? ns, b? mp tbe firt.t to advance wliet ev?r the hard Is reefed. Po marked Is thi? characterfsti- that we a-tlvityor resnipulalton, dexterity Kf t,t handedness eonstitwlsn the law. lef. hsnJ.-dness tne exeeftion T be same (set is obser v ed in respect to tbe list. In tbe game or football, r..r Instanee, the right frmt ralurally c<tnrs f.rst into play, and m dec dedly more ?elite II BO the o Irr. The su per lot it v of one organ of vim n over the otter would tot therefore constitute an an tnaly, net her wot Id it be surprising il the same phe t" n.< non should he four d to e?(nt in respect to one or mere of Ihe ether sense*. While maUrg t< tne effth* preceding experiments, H eernrred to me that Ihere might possibly exist sticii a sjir tsttj h< w. ?n ibe ties and tbe hands that the right I * eel ads in tii'rn with Ihe right ej e, and the lelt hand wilb tbg left eje, to tbat a left liandod person would be lound left eved, a id a right banded, right eyed. Id ore to solve this point 1 ' ?J recourse to ono who was a skil blacksmith. ? DO wbo u*ed his Mi hani exoluaWoly witloing llii' hammer; but If titU oaM it also h?pp?D' M ia tbo-e of I igiit I umled persons, that Hie right f took precedent s of tb- Ie!t, and the snpr>oa?<l unison action did not r\; t Him far tho visual direction o tif-ar with a distant object has only be"n <-oTant'1#>r?>Kt ; 1 U. irf point n av b? tximmod further. both iu ret tto* It 1*0 r' mflti ot{|ci:U ru i to tin ixtint ol rat whin we lock tiiougii ft" opening. IT# ^itrf!?ce of b nuli'iablt) extent, an a board a fooil w;d? or more, placed at a raederat distance from tM observer, for staai e r.xtv c sevi uty feet, and this surfa '? is projeo upon tho wall of a bui din< a', noma riUtiince botnai tint! that the space on the building which the baird o oesls is b( I, us iu lb<> case ol a u.-ar object limited by right tj e, but ft detenu ned as Ibllowt:? A lino dru fri m ti e rigid eye to the rifibt baud elge of the board i continued to the wail, tlxes, in t!i? normal Hate of vial tL i* right hunil limit ol ibe concoaled portion of tho w and a line drawn from tho loft eye to the band edge of the board, aud orodaoed to tbe w determines also the left baud limit of the hidden -urft for, having tin t projected the board upoi tie * with both eyas, 1 fluo tb-it upon cli -in),' tho right eye, viewing the hoaid with tbeleU, tho right band edgo ab to the i igbt, v. Mia tbe left nand edge U unchanged in fcition; aud that wben tho right eye 1h open aud the closed, tin; lefi baud edge shifts to the lclt, but- tho ot tdgf keep* its flr-t place. When, therefore, both c; are open, (he right coutrol tho visual direction of right tdge of tbe boa 'd. and the lult the loft edge. 1 fact i- Hill 'urther proved by tlr^t viewing the object w each < j e and then with both. The horizontal visual gie, therefore, under which tho surface 1 eon, wl both eyes ars open, is less tban that iimitr whioh it is held with oue ej e, by tbe amount of the ai gl3 foraioi drawing iine> from each eye to one of tbe vertical ed? A different rule appears to obtain, in respect to tbe hi zontal extent of vi?w that occurs, when we ^aze thro' a large opening. as a win low, upon the landscape bef uh. By experimenting in tbe way already mentionc Had the limit of vision to be thus determined : n I drawn lrmn the right eye to tn<- left hand fide of the w dow, nud produced onward, gives the position of the band boundary Of the landscape , aiul another line drn trom tlie left oye to the right band side of the wlni determines the right band boundary oif vision Hy c< paring these results v. Uh tboso immediaialy precedinj appears that when a i md.scupe ii observed either thro an opening, or partially obscured by iohii iuterven object, botn eyes are en ployed in I>xing4be limits of sun, but in a ililerent wiy, yet iu such a n' inner th: greater extent is seen with two eyes than whh oue; in tlrbt case by increaning the visual an;:le of the la tcape, aid in the socond by rciluciog tLe visible at of ihc obscuring object to a minimum. Urn followto a paper ON T1IK WATKHS OF ST. I.AWKXNC E AND OTT \7T.l HlVKKK. TH. I>T1CKH^ H. XT, 01 TUB I .KOLOC1CAI Sl'HTS'i OP CASA1 The river St. I?wreuce consisU of a s-'rieg of gi lakes, separated by shut channels, and the oonseque is that ibe water, puriQed by subsidence In those ba? Is, tinlike most otbot great rivers, at all Uuk.- transpai and nearly free from tuspcadod matter. Tho sami true of the waters of tbe Ottawa; but thi* latter rl' fkwinglortbe most i>art through forests and draii va*t marshes, holds iu solution a large proportion of ganlc natter, giving it an amber tint, which contri etrongiy with the clear blt.lsb greeu oolnr of the St. L rence. Th" waters of tho latter are principally derl 1 1 oDi a pah i ozire nglon, while those of the < >Uawa I lor the most part from an area covered by crystal ayolc rocks. Tbe waters of these two rivers wero taken for anal; ,iu?t above their juncture, and towards the ead of win before the melting of the snows. The St. l/twrence < tains, in 10.000 parts, 1 678 parts of solid matter, which 1.638 parts are fixed at a red heat. This ren crnsirts of carbonate of lime and magne;ia, portion! chloride and culphatcs, and carbonates of alkalies, si portions of alumina, Iron, manganese and phosph acid and a large amount of silver? equal to 0.37 parts The Ottawa water yields for 10,000 parts 0.697 part solid matter, of which 0.&34 parts are fixed. Tha iaj aienls are tbe same as those of the St. Uw renco, bnt proportion of carbonatcs of lime Is smaller, and tha si much greater, equal to 0.8(0 parts. The chlorine sulphuric acid, nearly sufficient in the case of tbe lAwrence to saturate tbe alkalies, arc feoni In a anu proportion in the Ottawa water, where a lurge porttoi tbe aikahea appear to combined with an org) acid, and are ( onverted into carbonates by ignition, proportion of potaah to tbe soda ia the lattor case la v large, as might be expected from the aecooapoittioi felspntbic rocks which have provided the soluble n ters of the Ottawa water, in which we mips the lai amount or &oda salts of chlorine and sulphuric acid wl ckaiai terlxe the b't. lawrence. The la-ge amounl silica which ? which is probably always present potable waters ? has bithciti been overlcoked by chemuts except -atnte Claire Devlile, but a! of great )>oriance In a chemical point of view, indicating I iluriig tbe slow decomposition ol mineral silica'?t< us the inlluence of carbonic and organic acids the siiioi MtftM m asrluble lorm. which may .ilt?rw:?rJ.i pUy important part in the slIiciBcation ol rocks anl foiml-i tbe sediments of lakes and seas, and helps greatly to plain the fertilizing action of Irrigation upou culUvi lands. The aecfion then adjourned. SCB-PECTION OF MSTEOHOLOOT. The flrtt pupcr read hore w*? O* Till TTPUOOX or O. T '28, 1854, AT HI K IV. Mt W C Willi A KKBTOI Of ITS' IUBOMKTBIC ''KM 's'' >? o/ . TU?K .-f.-U.-NW. r> *>??> H.... ???.; VN.r?D * JU*,, .OMMANMM. IMTin IT.VW* f ltTBVi.NO MI lommau'I'er uXerH etatci that out '.It bl? own e*| e0^T -a heater in Mr KcdAeld', theory of he cuts r.'t that thin theory had eoab eJ hHD > norma into wklsn bo would not have been wiUln r rb'B involved. on Sepumbcr !W, MM, -V. lu the Chlra -fa. in latitude 24 degree* Z nut' a North longitude 119 degrees 17 minutM lE Ttir w. atler waa ibreatenlog. the ablp f tending to K^Sr-?r.~ and violent -. and.q-all wind in<Teanug in frequency and for o. U? ?y? , .^W'Uh.,' 1 a?* a. jclnne 1,. r'Tii.Trr"^ ? 1-. - Wind M Hoi.f x-. K-4. w? hadHtyph V'l 1 1 i lii .rul I' "I I- furini"! 1 y iho erater of aii' ? r. ;:!? U - ,r. ,.v. y, p?<??gj '>??? ? '? >'\ 'Ji'-'^ii b?*iA V - ^ ?h-,"r-d V""- 1 ' The'cven.hg b. forct'io hurricane the "'}r' J**'* " Cai-UU. Rodger. ?- then in the I nite n*?t ? P , miie*. and in colt man l ol the I nited . lauM . Klj - i iii.'n. Mr. S. unborn'* va h ;! ' J^j rt^f , , ,1 bv ar *' ? ' ' ll '? ' 1 ? ? lh%n baionietcr Ic tl .. r>i ... ?a iti"?n by n.or than f. r and careful ..UerTatious. r,'p ,t?ar<l'?5! J om, luiu.umaa'.h.M^'N "f the galea S;rr; m\i w* tbut the path tl Ifci I? ? M , f Illrc W 1 1 Vort rini ami that it bad then naarlj completed rocorratifin. Commander Rodger. further ??> V ' had a ga'e on Nov. !?. ?>*?. g JLgSw 1 " w**raniin'nHl V'?3W?ZSd 5EU ?eall?'i "il> -' ' ' ' 'mntudnl p^pcMraaiHl running hi ev^ry ^ - ^ ' ??.J ?el in e?eiypart and utrt* M ,h^ ?n bl V"i"f M'TIfrewe we% <i| oo ibe ?U' a ?f phoo*. Ij OmU I few wit w? wt*? j * niDC|Q,M WA wm M m... however. ' ? ''"'C v Hr" wbv w. hM lni-r-?e oil ?1 at nn?e. In ? frwh ?i"?| Si ? ,"%?< Si- ?? ? ?* "?"?'* "1 eurtSri? w?a aanafled by ti e nr.-ntrnanj Ing eJ J^heC?:.ftb..,,T 1 The ?blp bere mrnU)?i d ty Oommaoder Ro.lger? Jl large aad ?-??uocta, wblch bad ,yphocp. oo the date a Vve .nenMo.veJl, mlai.1V NJ 1 1 ??? -jo K It i-nmm'nceil at K N F. . 7~\ N E , mi increaaed ?o? Urn a : burr tow. ?tM4M| em A!..,.- ' J'. M 'I""?*' w"b.^3 Bieter itKxl ?? Iowa* _ At . 'fr-i,tfii? u| ,t,g the wn.l i *m- out at N W in a m<#t frujt if ?? .. ,,,ru' >i ! ' ,n. to ?"?t a. >1 ""?ituwe l I tacapa of Um aMp f i " "i fi'iiti'leriag in a?cribod ? captain to her Mug then upon the port tacT 0MM (ifr K.if. m did well -n aToi nng racb a teinpii*. IfW ? . n,nie.,rrm?ntoi th" gale, wfc* I ni, .?<*? d falling rap . l?, th'; .^"n ftoml p?t hi* fMP o? the tlarboaril ack and ?t.>w1 o . n J , , nr. p-lh Of the r)e:one. ho would then r *m , ,. ,',,ri ,, Mm. - "? ?"?' ? *<l I ha?e been given to naTigator*. I TlifB followed anotrer paper by Mr ******* I .? ? M, |M. T.lR.NUHl 'OKI'. I A tf tral rotation connltutea the eaaeatial i ? ? thefe ieniarkah'e v n.eut, In j ?atria tbe iBlerwr am the m. e exterior portwoeo 11 ' : ,ri*l i,'i. .D<'iM movement in ??ym. tr'e, whirl! M?.lually de? g while be courae of the aail i rlor portKr i.r.l- I o ly, 111 ' I |? ?.? arrlal tone* Ibjl ' * , ! ? Vn.--. K in" v emcnt ?r cpira. ty .1 tbe b .j. ,<>r :,r . V ,h.i t i.i. i "i . ... , ro. mivI E7 tU- gri a. a e.,t .ml . ? a.. v '? 'r- ' "iv ' n- hy a " , rapi.' mo* ?' ? ' ?' 1 V|' ' , 1 , , , ? -if l ie "it '. ott v< M;. - ? ' i t evod,. Mmiio, i- ' ?'??! " " "(1 , ?.. ... , , down war i >u the w .1 . irinnter :n w! ? '? ?.? <v -r i" ' aro tnnm vr.iv Tl:* ?* f?i r.* :ly ai.l iocllB I rtcf-ratl 'tim . i th? wlnr g - ? ? , ,ri, i-- ???-?? ??"' ' a i'y K'l'' ''''? 'o il II ' ? ? ' l' i? I T ' ??'-"I ' m""t ' M ii, wl .h 1 have .ienve.1 rronta loon rue of o vatlor and Inquiry. fn* TILLOW m?RIt. The rr*t paper wa? ov in M?,r a. ?? o " IN. ??N* aiM " 1W';' 'T ' ' ' X""1T? r .Ota. ? lt., p..,.,. i..r, -i '"'-'7 r: ?:? pern ...... o. tl N .i.*>' '??^'VrVuT . iSlmw r.p..??