Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 8, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 8, 1856 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

Oar Washington Correspondence. WiSHtJKiTO*, AUgUSt 27, 1856. Th, CoihmiUet on JPnfNtiiy ? /"> wentc Uxjirndtlure of I'ut He Money ? AVnaior Wxlttm s Position ? Prvjated Bu chanan ih-tjan in -Veiv fork ? Lluyt Su-wulle ? BUcdxng for (Mt t Ciiuntry, <tc., ?fc. Mr Nichols. of Ohio, made an effort this morning to r? port from the Committee on Public l'rinttcg, in answer vo the following rcsolut.on, which was adopted last Feb ruary ? h. ?? vt- l That the Committee on Printing nra instructed to r< |>< 'i o tl <* Hnuim ill'' amount expended for | Tinting, bind in: engrav ng for each of the varum* departments of the got. ma i 'luring the aai four tiscal years. vi ala tb.it ^aiil mmiaMe inquire him and report, by bill oih? i w .>e as 11 ill.- expediency of establishing a gov ?ri nt pr uuug olU> e, undtr the charge ol the lieparimeut of tin ' terior. Object. on having been ma le by some members to any general legislation during the extra session, the report of Mr. Nichols was act received but <u it embraces some In Wresting item.* of public expenditure. I gi ve your readers (he subbtauce of the rep rt. The following letter from lb* Superintendent <>i Public Printing, in reply t) a call Ironj the committee, g:v?* the figures as n -arty as they rm. n now be arrived at, as to the cost oi the public print tog ? Ornct or Tut rERixrrsni>r or Pchlic Prihtinc. ) Washington, Aug. 9, lhW. S Hon M H Nichols, rhainnan ui Committee ou Printing, H< nee ..I Kef 1 1 aeutatives ?In reply to Jour inquiries respect u>? Uie ntnoaiit expended tor printing, btndinyg and et g rav ine for each of the various departments of the government, during the l i it four tit oal veai ^ I have to suite that the ini'or nui ol sough' can ti< it be furnished 1" full trnm the re cord* of this i fliee for reasi u* which will be given ;n the pro gress ot this siiiiomeflfc Ge 'he J ih March, 1862, '.he cmitrart system for executing ibe puhhc vrinii s w:?? abolished, by the passag- i >f ' An act !?> pruv uie tor em eutmg .lie public printing. Ilk. ' Under this a l this >>tl i-e was erab'i<hed and uumedi ite, y made irrnuae ments for the execution of sues of the urimios of Ct> ngre js 0 - 1 session. S'2d i as had not been i nnunenced by the ?.!. ,1 ? icuir. At th s pern ii the books of -his wlice were opened, . hen for t'ougre ^iiiiihI printing only, as thert were exislin jontracts for tne prating t r the executive dep.ijrtuients, whicli were not relinquished ? ' 'he contractors and which d.o not expire until ibe : t th J in VJ. The petnun? act of 1-52 gave this office no eoiitiol ?L i i over (be binding ami engravhi.' for ?ay b>anch ol In- goverr merit . but mic'i nntborii \ as It now p is ?cx-es wuh rex /CI to tboe mat ers '(inferred by the Civil ai d l> plum., i m i. 1 1 , roved Ma. ctiU. 1.^3, and ajmnt resolu tion u| proved .'anu.iry IC, 1856. With ill* explanation I will i -or ? .1 to give vou the in' r mai irn you reiiutre. so :ar i- the - .bject matter is odieia.ly l?hiwn ti ? this ? 1'HIMIM.. ?Tl roll Tilt SKNAtn A>t> HOL'SB or KEl'gE-EX T.ir.l'SS. 1st ues? . n. 32d t'on_-ress? as was : rfelted by contractors? Printing "63 Paper 72.S17 Total *113,479 3d Se*- on. t-i! t.'i iiki s?? including "th ? ? nsos ? Printing 9M.93& Paper .... 11? i:?t Total let S? *?ion, i3d t ougrew? -jjq tsJS ftM'ting--. ... ltP.ITt P?Per 7.7... 112 61K hn?ra\ utg* IJS.-512 Bind tic To'al 3d <Umi?n. !?d Congreaa? ,ia; ^ j? jjj Pap'r VjO.MM Kiiffrauug* Binding Tola FrlBtiu^ f?.r Executive department. for ls&- ,M .7.7.7.'. uvea raper **15 9:8 Ttu> ti'i t for t xecuuve depanaieniii for 1(455? n Printing 31,7" Paper Total , $I.4!?.5tB ?ticlwlv.' of Vo*: 1 aioebepnrtment printing executed un ^l?Kd?w0 44? TO of P.?- OlBce !^er ^mH?Kt"nl;rr"v?r.Xur .????& ^ ^ third fwigreM . not v.- eompleied. :tnd th... . tha . ^h4!j mill hm rot aiitertblv .nrre*i^ i. The worK y**i uaam^uc-u rintT* **? 'fre report* of le^rnl e*pedUioiu la huatUj lorin vcluniinoue and Li Urrfe jy^g ^ yE V g,ipfr:tiU"udent. ,*<?. ik^owlnf " w!" J?rc^Utll,by Ut? Sf ' the JSZn^l Globe and AppcoiLfortW... *?72* 75 ? do. MM... *?? gj; do. lbti... 17*632 17 Toto; $SK.n? #? Oil lie Vub ert Yf e?iablishmg . government printing ?Ac Ifce con relive report tha* u woatd b *??{??'> . emww . ut. a* 'ncre?'.n_ argely the coet of the p . > printtr s acl creatng a swarm of new oflitiaU to plunder lfclPeoiverM mu?'ng new?{*P?r .peculator, vS&xr* h? ?!?V.e<i.d n rail1 ug thirteen thousand do. tr?. w ^rtax.C. tiwa'O* a fun 1 of $l0o,000, ne.ee.a-y (rr the establishment of a Buchanan paper in <ew York lbta lund. It appear*. U*? n?t yet wn accounted for. aith tugl. a large port.oi of 5? mon.y .?< received by the -o .lector ov, r ?.v week- Mtoe One genii' man of M?h tc who gave to ike fund ? * thor.cai: i douat., for which hewa?u>hav> *t<? k in ibe i-ouceru to that a?i".nt. na" lltaril #o Ji.t| ,m C the money >ft bm. and !? now in Wa?hin?>.n g? o lot: tuformauor . en bi? way t> New ^ork. In tbu *.*te mrt i t^etp i? not a word of eiagg'Tat on. (Da?m '-h a? ?our corr??pot'!ent haa >ecn the Mobile victim wJ** .Lc.n by h.m the name -f the pariy on p^per Ihti- n t lUriDuelji ttaie way w tb li.? ctptent i name ta not gtver a- it tt P?^?'',,e :''?* tark argvment to atiow that nil l? ' zbt ai d wWch ho will tod it ti h i Intereet to prove, if oo-ount?re 1 by the tejnr' 'i r ?ttv 1 at- perfectly -at.- '..???I that im.Tien?>? w a dip* havo been made by I > t ?Hed prom^??*t po.iu ,ac< on U.e (lira of col ectmg money for nSe" \or*LJtt?u?|iv d er Five m*rnber* of < ongree" aaaure me tfiat they cobrcrtbrd and V*i* down their mon"y more t??an a M u, .inrr and frim that day to the preaenl the;, h^ve bear '. no more rt the .ntended orgai. Bmce tht* air of ihe Atabammn #m prMentc .. I hire ?nde mq lnee in q'?rt?ra well p??c1 ':p m the m ve meit/ m t>?, J?_. , w i tij? gjln^fl p*?r?i ? tb*' .'.V "??it.* of mr.ney'fcn*e been severed tinker ptet a --p. Tb * notice me" > ti" the eiTect to pit tue coatri Anting demotrtry on th?'.r ruird. while it wiU acquaint tho?e ?b? ha% I- g ven tl.eir money ft>r a Sew \ork B ichanan that pat ence. on their pnrt, U rery neceaawy ew.r.? r r Mb linbed in lt? eolumne, r*ll? '?r below ,he 0{ Mr Hhiliingtoo Inform* m<i that he dl?pot"<-i, " /? front three hundred to torce hundred Md Orty, nnl Mr. Adoan ?<-n. bookseller, oppoatte the P^totfee.ba- de ?Htndx for two hundred and fifty, and fre^nty three Zondr?d coptea Beeidee iheee two mtuueet there nre from a hundred to a hundred and ftfty ?old by boyi M Ike hotels. WartBJroro^. Pept. 4, 1*M. atu*at\<?i rf Dn*rH*' w ^ Aar? **r*rtmmt ,0m"f * lA. ffom Jpftm tmu <f Sw+ira* at St. ?.n?i>v k m "f ?" '*< i"**"' M*I1 )?3 OM/er MIT Wt S^mrrx?OJm SpmtkKnfl Btpmot iutm Sf , 4c The iDiHilt m not 10 h.aae iw tho noo ?p;*amnc? ?fWTcea^^f ?*r?9l ltr.mmgn. The commander of *e received inatr net loot, over ?* months riBM. U> "Wit St IomlBfC" ? m xh ?"m* of Uie eeettl* under bin command " bit It would - em Mat tbeee ?oeuppwed n cesaary order* from the Nary De aa-taent hate not been carnad oat. (.^mpim-ta (rfa *!? I v kind bar# been reoetred from u?? Meditermnnao wber. ^??? Of our tnm> Of w?r hara b?n l?r*?d up, a! parta of p.eafura. for four m nth. at a time. ^Id.ra ?>aki?g taeir apj^araw* aa m the c ??e of A. Z>oM ^o, wkere cMt r^nired. A lew !????? >'Dce a Commodore deta-.hed fr>m hi* ammai d a ?tetmer. which wet wed o?!y in ^rry abo i< Item ptor to flace hie wtfa and memttare of L* fa -* .y Oar naval c mn.an.-er. have, in the mala, .troeg ohjec tione to rhow tbcma*; ?? at !>??*? where they eia ha.e M"faa,'* and an h comtUatlton. a* p!?we them a*" giver to their order, from t>e department a; * aabmfwwt M Imm ^foie one of ??? proarr.bad pot* and conae mWtP-'- 9 ^ IB'JPt # tl tl ?*??* ???'*''' * < f An exatr.trte of perfect is 1 Vrenre v laetru ti m? . ?Ot,. . ?hi?- n the re? ent cruiee 04 the ln lepeadea. e H'-f eon- mac'ter went wb? re he p.eaaad, <1 id aa he pleave-t and 'arietnrned with) it egecuurg a Mii'tary <>r ,er iu ?u? ,n??n- .t?p? Tt.r la *? 1 1 Tt. M the fee-e t nam feer i*. to a matetlal eatent, the principle upon which "*Wh* e'apol 'bi'^tjeel of tbe navy it m wall to ** Mon thnt the Nary I-eparimeot ?'"I" f >r o-ir rt-not^a n tj??- M?'t teiran< a? the "*l whrh W coa? ?< e.l bf th. m farciebed w.th tl-e actual oo?t of a ton ot a.tl < % ?t th. t me It l? rewetwd oo baard of rtaa fc.r. It tihow to a remarkabl- evteu' tbe ecmomy of o?r govern neet The Ir^Twwt of the coal u noted a-, front .ev?nd..aa^ aad flfty <'?nt. to eigh* dollar. p?r ton Freg. lap, > eati,.' .ay t? cabraHar. eight doiUr. p-r t->n "m?** aame .nd Worace. two dollar; per -on. " lo.nl raatlt the cmt per too of tba ooai at etgM^n M tar. ?d thi., too. In fare ,* the fac' that a bettor onal can he had it r,ibr?nar for tour >JoKaM Aaotber tnrtanea of er.onomy 1? a-eeenU~1 lotne^nip a?e tit of *otea and paiAagea trotn tfta d <p?rtm.'nt? W> our mat tonal ???? la >t?? Ht? n?. by Way of the MrditeT t Bran whwh e<a* <?? goveenm-nt ye-vrly iarge .tiMki. Tl.ee. bO.ee, *C , ?ee?a^l irf being ?enl by direct coo vevaa. <? when the aame m he eMatied. are parpr*^ly Skipped on board of ???? 'oeorite?biiai, where e.orl.tiant freifiitnge te demand, d, which ve? | inay 1>? boon 1 lof Cadi7 Here theee boie? and park'^r^ are dteoh.^ge I and tored away to awa t re abtv^nent and further eg. ae The eanie operation f aloioet itivartah'y gore ?egb With twenty MM twfor. rea-.hin/ the r tlnal linaUon One bo* alon# o! < "n*re?- or.ai i.t* ?hipped in thia attf tent manner V. O'.r .a?ra> n at K ? ?to coat the fovernment oae hundred and thirty three dollar, and nd' centa before it wa? received 1. not railed for. or >a ibia waate ot rnwey ie(iuma?/?<l ? perfectly ftur hy party rule and coetont ? OMtnary. rw ?i>e aut taet M??. Rnm * K" ' *?, w,,# rJ-7.rK.iTm ot HilUkomaik, N. H , died at her re? S ai ?'adTa-~d .(a of 1M year. 11 month* and *?*??*' , oa.lv. of Ffllerica. Mawe where .he Har hwiband wa. drafted fhr L?a?m* anon eAar and while eacamped oader (Jeaeeal K. walked 9m foot tmm pome* tfcro* t*# mmp, emrrymg km ?upplf of ?toUilng. m+ rtiiiMi b?r fccult m ?Ad IIm ?M of l^r llmbt UU a Otir Can ad I km Correspondence. Tokoxto Aug. 22, 1850 | The Gr>at Railway War in t>/*r Can ida ? J'rotpact <f a Chan, rry Suu ? TV (f>? uriftf tbrce?? Appeal to the /Sfcj/iuA Stockholder* ? Mm*ments of the Pinancirrt? Will bruuh fhndj Buy the Southern Railway Liner? Uoui the Government Influence G<e* ? A Chapter on PUituai Ecvnoniij? Protection ti. Free Tr ide?Klectivneerinj Ihctics? Government Policy Condemned ? Public and Private Amutemenu ? Tht Wheal ami Oat Croft ? Mar ket* ? Cricket Match. I c great railway campaign of Up er Canada la now being prosecuted with m re than ordinary rigor and im placubi tv, and t la generally surmised must aeek a final termination in the Court of ( banc cry. Isaac Bu chanan, the would be Railway King, has obUined a van tage ground, from which his opponents will tlndit a mat ter of great dUlieulty to expel him. He has, to use the language of tbe noble art, "drawn tirst blood and first knock down." The means whereby be has attained this lead me to assume that all stratagems are lair In war. 1 suppose Mr. liuchanan believes himself quite justiaod Id the course he has pursued. He has addressed a letter to the English shareholders of the <>reat Western, de fending bis proceedings, and ca ling up. ihem to join with him m exultation over his antn l ' t'. i victory. Over whom, thick j e '-?rather a formidable list of assailants ("in his mind's eye," howevei i -c ? 1st, a gr> at nam ber of the shareholders o the Great Western; 2dly Mr. Brydges, the Managing Director ol tue lireit Western: 3d, the Hon. E. I'orcing; 4th, the .V* Vork Central and the Michigan Central Railroad Companies; 5tU, Mr. Ztm merniui and his colleague; 6th, the (Irani Trunk Rail road Company ; and "th, the Canadian government au l its auxiliaries ? all leagued, banded together lor the pur pose of ruining the Great Weittrn, and all, collectively, individually dtieuted in tbo.r priject by Isaac Buchanan A l'roinetheus unbound, or a Hercules at hi3 severe la bora, are the only aimllea which wuuld pro|>eriy repre suit the magn.ti: 'le ol th 5 embot uncut of superhuman geniua, cuteneas and daring. Mr. liuchanan s charges ?- most Mr. Rrydgos are said to be cntirt ly w :ti > ot pr. ol. aud have in with an nd i{ nant denial. This letter of Mr. Buchanan ?a has been ea tructed 1 1 Vr- Mcl-eod, of AmhersUburg, an.l Mr. Hoi. Ch ef iiic:neer of the F. .stern sect, on, who have gone borne in tbe jmcket ol yesUrday, to lay the matter be lore the Ktgiitii ttockholdera. I w ill now go :Lto a slight review of the several posi tions of the belligerent forces : ? The stock books of the St. TliomMani^mherStbur^iae tad been open for <otnc time w tho.it the anouat l?a v:u^ been subscribed which *?.?> necessa ry Cor tho organiza tion of the company. Mr. Zimmerman offered to sub str be gome ?'.150.100 of ftock, lor himself and friends, if the books were at once closed. ITiU was a/ rood t j by the provisional uirectors, acd ten days after Mr. Zimnor man banded to tbe Trta-.urer a certificate ofdepon for tie tiret instalment of the ?^0,000 re<[Uired to be paid down ; but it was in his own bank, ia place of the Back of Upper Canada, as re<|uir?d by the tutute, and thus giveg Mr. Buchanan his iirst hold, a.- he con ten la that the sabtcr ption is therefore null and void. Mr. Wallace's nan..' (the well known rngiacer) was found put lown in the Amberstburp subscription book lorXSOO.COO but undor mott suspicious circtmktan^es, it being evi lent that the book had b< en tampered with and the subscription alter I ed. Mr Buchanan had put himself in communication I with that gentleman and had his stock handed over to I b m sud (.aid ?60,000 deposit Mr Zimmerman's friends I allege that Mr Wal ace oj initially tubscribod lor ?300 I but that .'UbotijUenti} his subscription was altero I, b* Mr! Bt.chai.au'-' connivance, to ?500,000, and ' also tbat Mr. B> channn had no right ta u-e the ?50,o00 deposit ss he Cil, it beiu,' tireii Western money, an.., a nsequi-ctly. wricn Mr. Z.mnierman and Mr Bu' char ,n. appeared at the mret.ng of the ?bar> holders with tbur friends to organize U* c. mpauy, &c , the provi sicca) i' tree or ^ r elected Mr. Rucuanan and hu f lends and declared Mr. Zimmerman and his mends duly elect! ed. Mr Bn< l.anan's friends or^'arw/rfd by them-elves and elected ateparute #oard of o motors. Mr Bjchautn having al/o htm 1 that Mr Zimmerman s a^raemont for tbe cuniri 1 of tbe J^t. Thottas ..nd ?uepro*lou Bridge line was i.ot legally closed, stepped in, overbid Mr Zimmer n.an. paid down ?.,0.000. had several Tri nds placfd on tb?- board of directors, and managed to |et turn tell in >tai i d as pr.-s tt. put there is omething more to be ctii?i?'e.-t?. ab.mt Mr, Buchanan's project, viz the pro bah :.ty of the Kuglish ttuckho.-iorH a^rueing tu purchi e tb< Southern line. W ro ( mi arrv ed tere this morning from New York oi a (ti.g.a hie deaiatch.wto.il >wm il?i bills fo^ ?'0,100 diaan by the Great Western upon the Liadon hiard, tan been refused, tlie-e Mils were discounted to I ay deposit on the southern hce. The Londoa board di.i apprcved of tbe fiannlton board's proceedings. The at", ve wa? the p??.t.,n of the parties aire rp?n war aas di Cared, regarding tbe ? onig... :?! the St Thomas ant Aoili r.-'tbur< line Mr. /mmtrmac and tia friends admit iiat Mr Buchanea has o&it.neu tue control of the extern mim of the line, 'tare determined ??? contest the other inch by Inch War to tb?f kn:r<\ u their rallying mord. and Mr. Z m n > rnaa is ?>cc not ea-ily t'oUej the :nt!u> ace oi the ?'o\. iLnutt is eLoit'-d up- u bland", and he ahouU bete I'ated in h.? a, pial tu chancery, be has the res jurce Ictt h m of cbia.mnc a i.?? charter rhe R jen :?r tisce ral has thro en ow a tint to this effect, and tt is I kelV ???at a.l the infiuence of t to govtrnmum will be cult u-'i en Mr <'.n>mtrmac s behalf. Tliei rrj 't' ?e who undertook the cr?sa<le i/ainst Adam Mnitb and bis foUowjrt. a^aert.ag that tbe do.' ti .li s of ti.e n*? derc ichool or it.csi economy are I a?t.i up-m false and MTOMttia prtmUjs thM the snuen . ?j?tem o> pri tec n was Hi - a' >n -if hutn?n wis dcm. atd tl.at It is the lour den duty ot a State to d^t :r H..C' ii. * hat i t iLJivi; ta^:tal cboul ' tii?, lu wh ?t ?? r< i t. 1 1, the nl try a?u -uterprne ct a c "intjr* nV/cJ.! be. o.vaud - .? ,.,i ? ..i. laas or ** V"T n u" Jo. how tar the, ' ? ,tf Jr",c p'trmive spirit i Upper . kLd a?cr. .rg tuetr ?-ort com.: g* not to want of clergy at. imbecility <; purjo-o, but t<> the w-i.t of pr?. tecticg dutKs which should ix-lade the cheap, r an Ira pen, r manufai tures ol the (. nitel Mates mei.t can be | i.ilty cf a greater error than <t.T. f at tempt rg to eKtablisn a new manufuc'.ure, or er.u u'Mte a lh. :ng ot,.' by the system of protetticg duties the trani-faturer does not gam the dltrerence m tie price between the foreign production slid 1. s owu msti'ifacture. because the n?*t o t ro<;e(tion is greater to L m th in to those ag unst ?born he s ccmfx-tmg tbe pureba?er alto los?s in the tn trior ty of the arti' le sup; lied, becaute forced aoaanf*'' tur<?, prf.Ucted by moi.opoly, are net only dear but b-d, as nrnst b< tr.e <xp<->ifuce of etery merchant v. tu lb ?ai.u.seiu-ers ? ! a co-ntry ?Pould dem tn l ef a gov< r%B><iil slouid be tb? same re>fi?r. a' tuat ma<> t> v tit t ft. U pe<|le of CVbert, ?:* n u t a I, Aeeeg the usee of thoee g"nilem r *: ed tl.em>el*es a? at i- late* or the ?- v o' I '?i?t<t:re OraMUion. stands pn>Maeat than sf jaaes Ban, the editor of the LmJ*r . be. ;i e< r :ii < n ? n Mr M - M jr r.ch nn en- tint met tattof icis ck| (Nllra), Mr r*t n and Mr . I gg^n j uiituterlal i. are naad)4aMs for the distrlrt o; ,-augeen 1 jete is one feature n. the MfMNM ? bi ih t?< speak w?lt for the.r nobility or purp mo or i,l wtril. \ / turt tbe sani" mean, palfy reiereoe.- to ?iTar. ? cuKtesaid stre?gl?s, at mti la Fimmli ? {Mf, tn- made of mriee here. P? an?e Mr iU tiy n.aile at. ..nfort nale puecbaic for . \ . r. r- . 1 1 n the ua' meu' of e r, , e , D t r, A. iberefo re says ti e lr, t.? is unaor'hjr of beirg ecvrl l<eeae-e a M'j may to -n ? Hues, tiro gh any of the tuaercar iuMUM It*, aec?r nag to the rsform or* r*r. of Uf per < arai. tbe elector* a-e to roevder him unworthy of tl ' : ? i. ? "????? very ??> ,, rt ... tbe spirit W at bro'isht ip Krem< at s shirts aol brm. h*< as a \ > i,a ? bi n I would sooaar trnat a/Ml ia the I and* ol tbe lowe?t oat>a?t of soei-ly ibao n tiio-e ?f a ?r t) wbo tnuacutlcs sach teatiioetts and a>is ui>on fbem. The issue nf tbe 'fnebfc meet'ns glees rreat pleasure t'> the oppr,Benta I ? MVeri ? ; i *?. : ?(.. .-<??. t,(; ..u , mmiiise Tbe real of jowriTTe-nl qu^tioa. the 'iran i Tr? i k and the Noitn - bore Mil spo-'ae to have b *??n tb? cb el cau?*. ou which tbetr dt? Mofa'-t oa SK grounded It most be rather gall rg f-r the V n ?try to flj| ?v?o in tatbolia Cana ls their p> > y t b?t">r!y cwidimoe I Tr< pr< ?.rrse of the ?e*rii, or wtea By. b?- attrvt^l g? reral :itte.-i n, arid it hts he? ?,<? ?r lent u,at ?. m meaos meet be resorted to nr tbe lr*- will be very great r< me iiav soegff t' .1 tbe i ? n r up of no* v tVi> ft>r a Mai'. ii or two altog'ther- me on? reti?.te, . aertter Atr Og ibe n' mber ?' those wbo >?em i totak" the tr.*''T 1" hat fx.rj.N t1r<t Pn<, it .if fcbt.et M " ?ter 'if Ajrie .if.re ?boba*oteet pi res of i4?, f ard ? S r-'-'t* ?tuelv, for tt ethr i e-t ??ij? on the history ?f the p-ofr"?s, the orl. n na tori ar,'* bablts and the cause ol the rislts of the we*\ l He., an fly mtifge and sueh othir na?r??a hsvm\P raragis ft m limo to time oa the wheat erop in i^na ia . disrnses ae the wbeal nrop? e b?eo s .'i 1> I to, aad oa tbe best mijira nf en<tieg or g iar ling ?g? a t tb' m tt is not pr. l ab- that the farmers of ' atada win t.r> ?;.t to refer to any of these ewe' ? for ia 1 fortnate n a,tlir.j^h some gr.dd mny arlae out of the p.*i "t A e< tt.r. ts on o practical m n wooM be m >r? okely to be oi rtai aervloe than th"oretic?i effisions an1 rlsionary ?pe. >i|*i|ons ? 'tir < ity iiomi.MKn bare i laced themselve*in rather an unp rasan* ttreiocameiit by relualng t? grants li?oai>to ? i roro?.|o Th ?>?? * . a fie*- | r. n,--> l? ' < i, f<mn?n f. as and the de?scendaat? of a Judge. 1 he worthy airtslian Msror of To rotito ar d th? s?niab > lady Mayoress bavs a weekly bind p*r'o-u,ai, ? at ibe r i > ?ie ro-r. wl i o Mini > o ir i a - -son ? arid lieaeen y rose acier that I hey can admit all romers lo It-ten and b* ell fled: hat a el rm? m?l be eond.mned And why? Be reuse poor Oiks like to go tbere srd g?f a little am i <? mmt, and break the monotony of the g-.a shop or bar ro> m W ? have he?n fbee.red throughout the week with oopl o?s showers of rain, which were much needed WTf e r,at crop tn the vieinity of Toronto is being gather t(t n. r.nd from ait report* tbe yield is smoii and not e^cal to that of 'aat |ear which was barely sufficient to stipplyjae warts of grower* thetneelera. i'atat iM are also r^rted m turn out but noorly tte-e being bit a sa all err p. of rfminuiiTS sue. Apple* and plu<n< will be sr.aree, many orchards n?t bearing m<fre than half their os'ial quantity Wheat ?last week the market closed at fht a its Id , arte- a decline In two days of Is ?d per bushel flnce then however Here has been s better deiaand, and prl< et have gradually adrsnee.i to 7s. 14 per bushel fbr go?d samples The caara of tbM improvement In tbe rTJ 1 d'Tl,B,Bf ? Knglan 1, Is to be attributed lo the large purehaaes made for m ile in New Kngland and (swegf, These few days pmit additional buoyancy has j een p*. yen to the market by the dee r e of purchasers lo ' ' ""fdaae oargoea. Thare Dm beea a go*j deal el compe tltlon. The market closed yesterday at 8s. 94. a 7?. Tor prime. Oats heln (irmly at 'it. td. i*r bushel, wholesale, and 2* *.'d retail. Parley is 'n active demand at 6a. a 5 . M. bushel; 6s was refused for one parcel of 2,000 bushe or future delivery. The issue of the cricket match mentioned in n last haa be?u as 1 anticipated The Ka?t gained the vie y in one innings, having a majority of la. The *lcura?ua Transit Company. A KBPLY TJ MB. OAKKISON'S STATLMKNT TO T1IB PUBLIC. No. 6 Bow uno Gkkkn, N?w York, Sept. a, 1868. I would not Intrude myself before the public, nor con descend to reply to ex-Mayor Garrison'scard, published in the Bi iuui this morning, but for the fact that my name is prominently attached to the complaint of the Transit Company; the charges In which he so flatly and unblush ingly denies, list the impression may obtain that 1 have wilfully and falsely sworn to a complaint of great magni tude, or have permitted myself to be made a tool of, to aid others to gratify personal malice, 1 do not feel at liberty to permit Mr. Garrison's card to go unrcplied to. He i. ?ert? tl:at the cha-ge that ho wo* removed from the agency is lalse. If he had waited a little while, his ad vices trom San Francisco would have enlightened him ou i bat point. He also states that repeated oilers and over lures were made to ludicehim to accept the reappoint ment us agent in Saja Francisco, alt of wbich he refused. In answer to that 1 will make a simple stateu. ut of facts. ? in the 14?b day of March last the company received cf.cial advic< s ot the action if the Rivas Walker givern mint, feeing their property and declaring tho charter annulled. i On the 20th of the name month I left for San Francisco, as f pedal apcut of the company. Up to that time 1 hid never been in a position to have- access t? the books and tapers ot the company. I bail 'or a 'ong time previous heard doubts expressed about the tl iclity of Mr. Garrison to tl e ci mjiatij 's interest*, but 1 bad no data upon which 1 could fix a nag'e charge ol fraud. 1 arrived In .N?n Francisco in April, thirteen days after the second period of Mr. Garrison'* agency had expired. 1 lound him acting in that capacity; and when I presented to hitu the letter from Mr. Vanderbllt, President of tho com pat y, t> nderlDg a cjutiauance ot tho at ncy on con dition tbat neither Mr. Garrison nor any ot his umily or house shculo have anything to do witn any other st^am t-h ps running in a hue between N< w York and Stn Fran cifc;-, he fr ely and without any reservation accepted the o(!i r and seemed to feel? and .je axpres ed hiuiselt? very grateful lor a continuance of the conldenae which Mr. V*nueibiit placed in hint when ho tirst took the agency o.' the company in Sau Frai cisco. I was rep;:itedly cautioned ? y my friends in that citv net to place too much reliance upou Mr. Harrison's pro ksHiois. jet I was induced to believe thut he would not while agent of the company do anything to prevent tbtm from recovering possession of their property ami returning operations andllsftSan Francisco with t-ie lulled poSkiblc assurances trom him tnat ho was and would remam faithful to tli.ir interests. Ou my arrival in New York, there being a vacancy in tho direction of tt e comi>ai>y, I wis placed in the board, and was requested by the Protident to tnake certain in vesications of the books and p:ipers of the company for the purpose if enllghlenng him about certain matters wbicn had little <r no connection with any of the opera lions ol tbe S?n Francisco agency. During said investi gation 1 discovered some very queer a counts and vouch ers from that agency. As I proceeded in my labors, the conviction that gross frauds hau been perpetrated was irretistlbly forced upon me. 1 appealed to the Secretary, Mr. l.es, and ttked why it waj that sucb transactions, to unsatisfactorily explained, were permitted to pass through tbe books of tbe company Ills reply was. -'I protested and remon-trated time after time, but Charles Morgan, the President, and C. K. Garrison, had it all their own way; what could I dor" C'ur eyrs having been thus opened, the Investigation was panned in that direction, and resulted in our ob talcing irom 8a u Fraoclsco affidavits and vouchers from i mtribai.ts of the highest standing in that city, whih rails fled i^ that what wad before mere surmise was in tail true. JAMh> M. CRO.SS. The New Maritime Law. A DPITION'AL COSJUCSFONISNCC ON THE SUBJECT. [I jtlravl Iroin a dtspkU'.ti of bm Kxcellency Coual Waiovr ?kl lo GiiitU de >'artiK<s. May, 1866.] The Plenipotentiaries assembled in tbe Congress of P* r is have come to an agreement on tbe terms o a declare tion iaU'tdeU to settle the priti-lplea of maritime law in ro much a-- it concerus cuitrala during war. Here with 1 have tbe honor U> transmit to y?u a cop; of that act, which lully meets the tendencies of our f-piih, and at ot-ce put" an er.d to tbp u-olens oalamit os w'.ncb a cus Inn i qtully reprobated by reason* and by humanity eu i c&itr.cd to those which fatally result from a state of wur. "Ibe Cor ft si have not overlooked the fact that their wo/k, in order thai it may prove complete, mu*t sectue tin- UHSl ot u.l the maiuimc Powers, sin;e such govern n ? BU otily ss FhaU have accodi d to the arrangement i an be mutually bound by it. On this tc.ore, we alU b peculiar value to the ooiicurrettce ef Ule Called ttstti. that Will net itcr iit, we coutMenty trust, to hold o:l from a conc< it of act. en abu-h deSbaa a new an J oastu t.a! pwaril in Mm liwil r-iatiotis. j The unertnination of the t'ottress at Pari* d-Unes the ? bj'i! which It Is intended to attain. The clashing cou atructfcM given to the rights of neutrals lis e, up to tli ?? last war, proved a ?ource of deplo,-a*>le eouiliuU, wb:l-t pmslterkg lnlllcted on the con trnerre aud navigation of dob be! jgert-i t .-.atcs an in ury so much the more gre \ if j?, tt it K've io>'tn fo? the in? I calamitous exoet-?' I I ;e Count are tre evtiits which, for our part, we a 'c Lapp} In sliivit-g to rep> I aod We fee onviaoed th?t 'he cosi i irtsce the I'n :>??! Mates will not b<- within : ua qui.-iicn evry way worthy of the ph.iatithro;> t ?!? rit of t i: .* Amet can people; a que? ,oa ml ii at oa ?, aLd in a fci*h di ;.rec, coaw rnt the develop* tucul u< . e cut it j of ct tamerrial tran'acti< n*. The I leulpoteat ariei t to the C ? gre*s have, at jou nsayi( e:n ^rote .1 Ko Si, boun<l th; linoltrea, . 4 (tie Lan.c if tbt i? rnpective govern meat i. to enter, fur the future, into arracf emeiit oa the a,i>licetioa or msn t me lew ji tirae of war, witkou slip .'it.tg for a ?UW ob-trvatce of the four polavree Ived ^ythedocU at lb< concumace whxb we r<> i it at ti.e bands o| tY ? govrrnmt ?ts wfcich were Bi>t repr-.-rt*! in the Pari' CV r.len tec?, < an. com rqueutty, apkI> to th >- ? principle/ c.c?j ls;u (J0*" 10 K4l<1 declarative. aoi which are lu divisible. Lie.. ucs ot Fkjjccr tbv. t'*m AitK r.n maxcy Tr> mk NunBA liic??TM?>r or Stat* 1 Wa>bi>i.t>>x. .Ij!/ 14, IS '1. j <*i? ? Thr diplomatic rfprrsentativvj of sr?ral d i Fur?piu? P' wi'tj. which were parnr- title I it? Pa*. 1 1 Lierrnce. have very recently pr*><iite<i to UiU gurern n . Lt -'tt.e di r.)aratl"ii relative t? iieutral n^ht a l<?pti>i at that ' I'tilerrtce and, on hfhalf of t r g'ivf rom'i.t a-lii d ihe adbetlou ol tho I'slted to It It l< pre i uifci d that toe same course bax been ailopted by the o f^^eratfl iomtrt towsrte other i v nil. Toe I'utiel i-tates hare learned, with ttneer^r'grrt. mi', In oae r>r two lusts!)""*, tne fntir pnpi?Ufcns, w .c.'i s'l ;l.e coadi t us arti'.xcd, l are been j-r< uitrtl* , ant tr.i# goreraMnnt re&ttt tut to Irk una Ivls'.dl/, acceptaJ w.thoai reatite ti' n or M al'fcaiiin. It i* well kaowa that the Cu tc^ about two ye*-? a lace ojircd B?g?iiat?otis with marit me tutors f .r the geteral a H | tt< nef the r?ondat?i third prap^sttMas <-?># ta'.ned in U.e Parts declaration, an 1 Its' Uit I >urtfi li but the at.nniK stun of a prinriple of IMeraetional a? unvft?a'l| ifOftai*?ii Ti.rcvHiJitlOU< w!., !. %-t to ?.;c im y the rtif j tatce of the ptopi- t.on- of lit Pa.t? Ooa t? r?'t ce VtlL a? ? Beeeftary <*onsefi'iet.re. d< feat th? ce (.>4 atiove of the I'utted Mates toe the a ;.<ptioa of th? f>> -*i ?! &BC ttird tf the s rtas wiih ? "<ry ''"trer which ha auher? J, <>t may d't'rn.iBe to to"the4e rlaratl' B " In the Cr?t pia^e, all the |..ur p. >i?. itioa ?net be taker or no: e at.d >nd, they m ist be tak?r rotoBiy Irc.TiSib J, but w th the rurrei<der of ae in jxHteti attr'vute ol >'-ver< r< ty? u at o- oegot ating With ar.' Batt<.n oa the tahjrvt o' rei'ira) rights. ueie"? r* r'tiatioBS (Vhrare ail ti.* prrr>-?it ?n> r<uiuine<l u tho Par'a ? (!m lai AiK' usi.oa migtit w. ii h -siU' ? hi fire mak.ng fich a ewreaoi r. .??< ni# (4 ti e l ower* wlm h ar<- pert e? hi that ".Wiara tite." ard many wl,.ch are invited to oeacur in it, ?r.' uB^er ?o'< mn trewty ?Mfsltce* ? th tbe Coito?i .Stat-' sn 1 it ts t<rreurf)<d u<-y are with other tai.ius. In wht-h the ':#bt in re*ort to privateers is not only r?r ?at/ ? t t. it tbe maeBer M etnployir.g thtmwref ilate I witu gr-a raftieu'arity How the profwxl new engagwmer.t r.in he reoeaellrrt witb the fa.tl.fel ob-erv*uer of ax'etins treaty st pu aoone oa Uie euhject > u, .<t U; o^-,iy p;i cetv?4 I I I all not IB this rfeet^trh. remark upon the i no patlbiltty of tl.' ?e ohiiiratlern. n<- ?ba I I row exhibit tbe Tie ws wh i h tbm g'>-?erBin> lit eBieri?in? "f tbe fatal coo r.quirrei Itxely lo re?'i t from if r r ?w doctrine n iw at i. n pud to ' e li (rcduoed into the nan' me code to nuft ? it n.i ri isl t aliooe, sud <-?p?-i ta ly lo th -se whlr.h a'0 no r.ur 't nvd, or any aot ( boom lo bt.rdeB tbemi>< !vee, witti I* rf. navat Mtabifabiiieais. The riibt ol a c 3itri?rc'al Plate, when unhappily in vhed !n war, to eaploy IM m?r sti'ue marine r-ir de l<n<e atiil airgreflni). l.as herdoore proved to be an ee? i r.t al a d la check eg tt.e dole i,at<ea of a lielllgeroet j,..,.,,, i ff ? psrwerfut y ty the surrender of tha' a teen' e? ted r.gt.t, one Iff ? ir.ai- of d?fttce M I art "I wtth ftr a Ike turret, d>-r ouly ie form by a <b<isi ti^^sl |"j"or . but In tftect the mnuai surrender |?ti*<-*~ tlewri-Tir est ns mort comp!? tely at the mercy or tr ? tri,agrr White tiie torm?r lone? tb?? latter gains >>/ tbe mut al ?urr? r.der. sui tt>?s ir?ed> re of the .e* I ir."'h trure (omi-ieteiy gu?n up to a few great P.>wer? whKh hive the wans and )^*e ition to maintain ta'ge Bavin Th .* (ovrmaiott will m-re folly deveiope t s vi?'W? a4 t'- the 'pe'ation of th - flr?t prinol|-!e af the Pit* fee la reii n ? *h*t in reUhou to Ihj A*mn coiiir oct of tbe right to i-?u" letl"rs <it m%r<|Ue? in tie rej ly to thewe Powers which have imlted in coacir r< tit e In thet ' de?ler*ion " The me^ure, unless It glvee a fi.il sppi stion to the prir' !p> nj .? wii eh || it ba-ej, ani is Bis^e to with^-aw pfiva'e propeity aoon the or"an firm ?? !/???<? by psb armed vr?.eis. a* w, II an by prl vatrer*. Will b# eteteUlbgiy iBJ'Whms t? th<t ootn ?err,? Of ell Bailors wbM do net ntcnpy the first rank a it >.ig Bav'sl Power*. I air dire' ted by the Tre?|<lffit to Instruct yon lo pre sir.t ii- * teneral vi?w of the suhje. t to the governm 'nt to nbloh j oti are accredited In the hope that It may b? iLdc cd to bes'tate in arced ng to a proposition which l< here r nccei red to be Ira'ifht with In urloos conseqo- e* . to all hut those Power' wbi< b a!r..ady have, or ar< wli lirg to tarnish themselves with. i*iwerfil naviee I am sir. your t. bed tent ser- ar.t, W. L MAI'.CT. J J. friMtt*, Fiiq , A' . Bri txilt. Tho same to ihe Ministers <i| the t n'ted Ktales at Jfa etee. Madrid. Woc.khoim, Oopeahagc-B, l.isbom, M^tioo, Ni<ar?gna, Hoghte. Ceraoeas. Rio do Janeiro, Rucnoa ytyrrs, Haatiago de Cbile, Ijma, guile, la Pa* aad Hawaii. Ccrwr Martiai. tw Niw Ont rane.? Th*1 mUUary tribunal late'y eonvobod Tor the purpose of trytag the rhargrs preferred against Captain fnoeph Mooeey. by Major ( avaeatigh. aasembled la: t evening at T o clook, at the Mnntaipal Hall, (teaeral Paifrey preetded over the court and Major Pupuy acted ae Judge Advocate t'p to a late hour only three wlUies?ee had i>*?n e' lmleed, lo wit Maior Gavanaogb. Colonel Port tail aad Adjutaat guinea, their tswiimony belnjr rather pneiUva against the jiriatwer.? OrUtm XMta, d?y W. Interesting from ConU Rica. MESSAGE OF FKKUDKNT Jl'AN K. MOKA TO THE KKFKKSKNTAT1VUM OF COSTA 1UCA. Houosahls KanukiMTATn ??? The spectacle which, at the close of 1866, Coalt Kic? presented In her juveuilo growth fia a gratilying one. Concord and friendship with our Bister republics and foreign countries; order, pence and prosperity in the Interior ; guarantees for all, our population doubled, instruction geue-alized, wiso laws established, commerce augmented, agriculture from day to day improving, cities aggraadiied, public roads constructed, the State revenue* increasing, and in every thing our i>cople advancing with a regular and him step lit the path of prtsperity. The iudustrious spirit of the Costs Ricans, their love or order, their respect lor property, and the constant har mony existing between the nauon and government, were producing these happy Irults, when external events, ap

parently disastrous to Ceutr&l America, porhap* propl tlous to it according to the mystei ions plans of 1'rovldence, occurred to interrupt this peaceful and happy progress. You are all familiar with the scandalous events in Nlaa ragua, by which all Central American patriots have been ar juted to s vigilant solicitude. In spite of our constant principle of neutrality, the grave circumstances and im mment dangers which nave been threatening us since tne clote of last year decided public opinion to pronounce it self, to wage war iu-a net a band of adventurers, who. rapidly Increasing in number and strength, in the miUsi of our states, are every where spreading alarm, and to res cue Nicaragua euslavid by them, and protect the exist ence and repose of our beloved country agtinst these fe lonious attari.H Well aware of the dangers which surrounded us, In con currence with the governments ol Cuatemala, San Sal vauor and Honduras, and supportel by a unanimous na tiocal teelicg, I convoked you, on the *^5th Ke >ruarv la.it to nialte j ou acquainted with <>ur situation, in presence of those adventurers, who, cariegly provoking ?n, subju gated a neighboring State. Sharing my own convictions, you ves ed me with ample powei s to make war against ifccrn. At mj call our valiant aud brtve youth hasteuiv to enlist thernse ves under the tational banner. I'h u all was enthufianui, rejoicings and patriotism. It was the tlrettime that, in CeLtral America, a war, not condemn" 1 by rtaKon and humanity, was undertaken. Thu- our de cifcion was highly applauded both at homo and abroad The cntmj , kitg since resclved upon issailtng us. blinded by haughtiness and the unaccountable icirn with woich he rigarded us, invaded our territory there the Or-ti blood was spilt, and in Santa It >p:i our arms won tho tlrsi laurels in tho disastrous defeat and llight of the tllibu^Ur*. Provoked, invaded and triurnpbint, >t ?ra neither honorable nor possible lor us to wait fur auxiliaries or allies. Ws con lnued oar victorious march, and, (ii the 9th of April, we were mast rs of the porta o Sun ,Tmu del Sur aud Ia Virgen, and of tho Importan city of Hivas A m? ntb after oar leaving this capital, tie kty of the transit between the Pacific and Atlaun was in our hands, and the highway of Qiibastor ir-m was broken up. On the 1 1th ol April, Walker, wu i his army, attacked ue in Kivas, Vict try ? atflratgtv*r> to lum by an accident ? was reconquered by our form . s-olJicis with iui iDComparaolo courage, an I Walker w.i lorced to lly. at tne dawn of the 12th, with the relies o his cis landed army. The cecestiiy ol taking care of our wounded, and > wailing the r> tnforcements we had sent for, in order t ?< to abandon the Intero:eatiio Trans't liue. obliged me retard our victorious march, remaining iu Kivastill the en o April, when the cholera morbus, sudd.-uiy appearlugi the r.<uks ol the CoetaKieaDS, spread deatii and desolatl >u amongst them. Ol the allied forces we li.id no news. !' would have been rash for us either to advance or to stij in that iulected city, destitute of all resources and just ??? the comtneuccmt ut of the sickening season of rains. \\"? w ere, therefore, obliged to retreat, postponing the end o the campaign, but leaving our terrified enemies duU cliaHi?ed, and at a great distance trom ours, their bar in nan haujhtinees humbled, the Nioaragutyw encourage 1 and grateful, aud our national honor solo. During tins untoward retreat we had to lament painful Iwfs.llliislnoiis victims whom 11, e cholera morbus car rted oil aiiiidtllhe ruggoj mountain jiaUis, where all kiud of help ? ere wanting. Grave accusations have boon tot up by our adversaries but we are enabled to meet them all in a triumphant w.iy. II experience, foresight and military knowledge w.-ro ran in an ai my fi<-?b!y recruitcd and never broken to the hard ?hips and dllllculta.t of war-only to be M^UrTrl i,r longed atnnm gUB and bloody battle delds-'ourage eo durance, abnegation and valor attained amongjt our Ir ioj ? . f'Jf. , herol*m- Where were to be found our emi ? , ' In wh? warlike enterprise* could our counlrj men bave studied the science ?ud ae T v WrUl m"re cou d be demanded frcm e*v temporized chief* and soldiers than the generous m<t I 1 le.0.?,|h,Vr traCf,,I'J1,,-v- V'e,f their do? V, ??! "d their exi?teac?' I, myself, who al way* i?.k pait in their >c Ik r.ngg and their joys, tbeir privih jd KfJi'tk <cthu4,a!'|a' fecl P^ud ?n speaking of that arm* beftwe the cat or al representation. That army of liu baci nun at a artisans, that army of peaceful anl honor ab.o land owners, bag conquered. in this holy war agai us the uturpers ol Central Amenta imperishable Inure U I i-as given an example and a l.wson to our friend and to our enemies, acd but for this unaoi Inoesly applauded example, but for these repeat, f triumphs. not a single phot would have been llred ;n de fence of our tnvad. J Central American right- Nlnarag' j woulu rot be inarms, aa it Is to da v. air.inst in op ?r nf {,?i.lr? f^rt ^ wLich scemel to be trreconciUh would not be seen fraternally embracing each ottur Tl. m.htary force s o tbo Mate* would sun linger in tu- r Wu would have to drpior tiupr! iLiio en! L. Uv,Bfc' ln * cowardly an > tn the l""nrn or our r*m !:<n. All of Lu.t, ? Kr ' T",!; l* ,,,<J n?"umM # ?,? the ? it puiatiota have pre-, ntcd. The cholera morbui in, eg .i iLe litKg n;.d o>^r the country. JY-ndo > u I V"1" r, 'l ?>??*: la'tns. hii:i-it and even wno'o " , ?' everyw here reigned def ,Ut;- ? ??, ' a'h. and ou every hand we,- heard erl-, I I v Dr'act. tc id':" **Vl,r ??tie <??... liM'ny i g "* wu'?4 u'-' ,.i. : Vy worthy f llfifriji, Vice ?'re?idcnl J>on Fralrte , , : M" L M * 0 -x' ?'"? Tiolen. .01., ? ? t'"1 nj ermnteli 1, a l. rn . ???? . .. , V'"" :,t- rw,-'r '-rwlvo. mo,". *cuGy of a better dt>:ix?r. *nu?r ? -?er u?. : ,:7?c ,1,1V*. eaui.. . by a, nr,i.?f,.rii1[]?, hrrt nt to war. and -t.il in to tin- ala rpidemi. i4.:;r,g away Although w. h . 'ia.V i !! ? i'' fcb*rrM;"n* "! ? '? * eitn-i.M who oon<pi . ugwirt tie h eal order and trati.j' i.atj of the n i.ubn ?Mj?,Ur?*V'U?K -? W In Oft tl it.. IV, ulrre v{.;. t;U sn. d us from the hori, ,?ol ?U? uiag and the ivilt of anatrhy 1 * All tt.rg. rras-umc rriiually a rrateful a^noct confi denre is ?*.ntn renviag thi comm..,ctal moveuiint to becomitg general, our Ueids aie a^aln c .vcre with 1 DP p.tblMi'M, which promise a rich harve.,i <e Dusbaciltr.an and the artl?an return lo their lab.ir a i**l speculations. With la th and persereraiMje. witr umn aid intiu try, little u wai tiug, if we exc pt tn rrej arable iBiIivtdual lo *e? which tho cholera m ?rbu> lias tbdictcd on u:', to enable our country to pre^< nt Hi rami- rrau ful and j io? |^,ou* ?p?:la:lg which it exhibit. I at iii?* Cltpt* of 1M56. Our ra.iant soldwrs will soon bo p*H their entire ar rears The revenue*, wlitb were all but pan!;/-! ?r? n d#|Jd lo tlow in. W t L tfieir iM we ?ha!l f.jJilJ il > coli(Atir>DH (OLtrMJ^'l 4o coti?<v|i]?ri]to of the w?r totol the epidemic, nnd defraj the most urgent exi.-ij,. iLh'nn'u"!,'7' V'.',h probity aud patrkr.;. spiiit all thugs will resume the beneflrrnt mar. b w were following, and ev. n the hon/on of Central A mere--, seems to clear up, owing t<> the ro?olu> and indepsu i oi j.?1 M b,r l,,# ln?, *"ve,nment of Nicaraau. U,r n.?7f".. "U of our brethren and allies agair.t la A Iteslp cM>?>rtir.f b< ? 'ar < J . e M a ,f rr.o and nan faticu has besa a?elsded m n ? ? .>>? >n rssa ( *ti Rica aiir Xcw (?ratia>.a which will f irever put an end t. the vexed ejurmem whlth was ptndlng b? tw.-en the tw, republics, and lay the gio? i Tors la.- ting alhauoe whic'i | may be 'e, tile in hapjiy an t great reams not only both pertpio* but 'irr V,l the .vpauS-h Am?ri,-.an st?t5? <".r relate-,:* with th.- e.th.-r < -i.tral Am r , ar, - ? ll<-? an l>eeie n.:i g i, ..r ? an 1 m-ire intiniite, a? IkH ositt to be b tween a heel peoe.le Tne jolicy of l^olatton an indeelMon i? no Icnger v> be tolerated am >ng-<t u< <?,. th# existeLce of e ne Mate depends that ot all the o h we mu?t mutually te.ke an Interest in and share our g>ii at d bad fo- tune. th? ble,w ?ht h ?>n* - --a ! will r--%-,|j a'! " ;,.t n would he a cruel erre?r, Inu t on | crim ellsnnicn certain death te> our weak nstiooalitles a family (act tr.u>t unite us all, and lnt,e?duce harm.ioy lei * liitcvtr eoftCfrftf juit aod ui'^fa) rclitirvni; a c*)q gms of pteMpotetttartes ought to repre?ent, nm a ?1"' l'fot<ct 11)0 Hcrcte ot our dismembered nstiona'H , It Is ceoer<-ary thst no mean e/evti-rr no malcveth eit 1 ' ' ' ' r- ' 1 'I I ?>? :Ve i - S'-e-k our p.in ie ular p < 111 the irl-fe, tune of ethers, we must convince emrselio. thst oh ivion of aid psrtion for all errors are iodisp- wa Ne ther goveenmeata nor fieople. jielding to nmera ble Jr a ? ><!!?/ prejudices and snt*g-.ni?m, or persoati hatred and ambition, must deeeive themselves on that seotial truth that only on goexl faith, mutual justice and liberty, and the regrreiating union of the Central Ame, l*i people e;epeivi tn<lr peilitiejal existerce and th future "f the rare which, to day, with Just ttlos, t* in po'eeesioo of the crlvlbged terrlteiry extending fremi Mexico to New < ranada. Friendly relations utite us w?tl> all European ant AB e,tean ccuntr le-s ; an I If it i? c ,tam th.it t*.,- res. - r,t event* in > i.-ae ngnn. |m -rf dlou?ly perverteel. have tnd',1 " I the res|?itahle ( ?h net of WasttBfton to make MNne r?c'emaiteri?, it will better InfeirnMW the faots WfeMb M**?rased Its alarms tn re gard to u? ? "to tte ree tttcre of our s< w Ikcelvet) hy r?i -? inteermati' n. but usir g its right, the government oi ti, rmtrd -tales etee m it , i?ivfBient to ree*^nt/e the Intra Hive, tsntastie-al and Impossible government eetabltshe?.| hy e,ime- tn uranada We. using likewise onr right d > protest sgmnst sue h recognition, Involving a grave danger lor lie (etitrsl Americans, snd holding e, nt a stimulus aid guarantee to All bust, if Both the i?st events m V e.? gi.a snd those which prodded them have turned tn fcsle-s, to the preiflt of our pnacipl<? and reclamatiooe I he r \ n i II "8 (if ail goexl men are with us. It i ameng-t bor.'es ?f piave? and Caribs thst a people* hae ebat ot Coeta hlca would he retot I the sympathies th~? deserve In defending, with the blood of their sons, th ,r rights, their i care, their homes and their ||l>. rti snd the life eif au allied jieople lyrannuexl over by a band of adventurers. lion i, able representative#, dir?*t all your thonrhis lo the grave cirenmsianecs In which o,?u Hw-? and the whole of Central America are Involved It Is a rew epoch wbi< !i davtis e>n us an im mer e revoltit n which h%i her;n fr until now the blood and thi forces of Central A?eric* have b'>e,i wasted it, fratri, ,dai wsrs. f. rl.le ,?Hy tei.rt an 1 de Tsslntion, to Isy It war of r'renert|i?n ,ni )n,lop< ? , ence has bei-un. The roa. tion has c.immenen.1 and mav t-reome fert e. noble and inspiring In the pre.enee ef connlnes a hundred times meire advanced, we are no longer allowed to be evoepti ns tn th# universal move mert The geographical poll ion of Central America b, rgs It In continual contact with other nations and in particular * Ith the moat active, enterprising and da, ins the wo,ld ban ever known. Cnnta Rica, which is Ivtn* between two oceans, between the two Isthmuses Ui" moet Important fbr the general orimmeme, with a' rich aaJ extended territory, cannot and must not hve isolated from that Impetuonn current which to amalgamating and transforming all around her the nowenul and youthful clvlltnal on of North America, with Its anntmiiatisg and abeorblng tendencies, has alrsndy begun th* fearful struggle with an at trusted colonial elviliaaUon. la which 1 W M4 gountrtes ar* tituibnrfcf . | If the spirit of enterprise In one, thai of annexation la I others. and that of rapine In many, Involves for all of us an immint nt danger, who can be ignorant that th? moe terrible peril constats In our disunion, ia our miseries, in the abundant sources ot our natural riches, in 'ho want of mean* of communication, of population and of political and social progress In our precarious nationalities^ KatiouH who do not progress must succumb, individual ly, mankind is doomed to death, but, the human race, aided by liberty, advances to universal harmony and civilization. Nations who want to live must advauce luth faith, perseverance and intelligence. If they retro grade m the path marked out for them, they will be wor thy of their doom, however severe it may be. IM us not be frightened by the truth, let us avow it, and lot us break with all the vanities and prejudices of the past When the spirit of the century brings on the peaceful fusion of societies, when the boundaries which formerly separated nations disap)>ear morally before the lotliieuoe of civilization; when tiiuo and distance diminish under the pressure of steam ; when human thought, no longer eatn-tled with travorsiug tho air like lightning, peniirutes the depths of the sea; when the idioms, cus terns, laws, arts, tcierces and products of all nations are exebauged aid distributed through every imaginable channel, or concent; ated and exhibited iu a single tempi" as the living proi.il' ol universal harmony? how can we regard as compatible with all those wonders of progros* the existence ol countries destitute of science, bare of ail these blessings of progress, excluded (rem participation iu this immense grandeur, happiness and confraternity .' No, let us cot blind ourselves; let us give up our sterile Idiot} ncrasy, our ephemeral titles and pomp: let us, as fur a.- the character ol our people permits, share the gen eral progress ; le^-us constitute, on a solid basis, our so ciety ; let us strengthen our unity, order and liberty. I.ct us unito lor the purpose of rendering tyranny ami lUento impossible? uni m is f< rceand indeixji dence. I?t us esta^iith peace, justice and progress In the interior; thus we eliiWI acquire fympaihy and respectability an ongst the great nations wlio to-day look down upon us witli ?c*n And pity. If pal'iotlsm, 'aith, liberty, the noble ambition of knowledge and lame have p-o i:crd illustrious peoples bercea and martyrs, isolation dtpmemberircnt, sellb-h interests and mean egotiim liav. produced barbari.-m, slavery and death When people and governments close their eyes befirc i he rays ol tbe Sjuth, when, turning in a vicious circle they stick to rotten doctrines; when they do not stru<i{)e to emancipate tbetuielves Irom antiquated aud unwir runtable traditions, when they do not uudersUud tie change* ctftcted by the marveilou.-. work'n? ofcentur e-., when tbey do not join the generations winch progress aud and actively contribute to the immortal work of man Kind, the torrent of civilization carries then away like ?itraw; a Wronger, more lortunate and intelligent people put on their necks an opji obrious y oko. at d tbe victor i ar.ses their oiimis to be expUted by ignominy, slavery si <i blood. therefore let us not be deceived; aud let u* join all our phytlcai and n oral forces to save tbe Central Am.'Wi nationality aud family from the dis istrou* shipwreck which is ihreatening them i/-t us confide In Divine Pro vtdence, but never lorget the precept; " Aid your. ?.elf and (it d will aid jou " It rnay socn be necessary to make fresh socr' floes by augmettirg the force which is watching our western frontier*. Perhaps the moment Is not di-naat wheu i will be indif-j ers.nle lor us to join our well tried troops to the si my of our stiles, wno are at present Hunting for ibe ci innion weal, li this should he so, I hope and trust i hat my voice w ill ho heard by all good Co<ta Ki aos !b< n. tw. new and always, 1 shall not yield to any one the most i n viable of all glone", that of devoting myself as a citizen or as first tnuei.-tratc, in pcace as In war, to mv country. . hedding my blood, if it should prove niT'sss ry, in nelence ol its laws. Its honor and its independence JUAN R, MJiU. &4Sf Jo.' B HE CofM Rica, Aug. 3, 1850. The Iilah Exiles and the European Prun. LLTTLlt PHOM JOHN M1TCUKL. Knoxvillk, Tx.ix., aug 20, ISM My Phar Miu.hkr ? I send you an extract of a letter which I ha?o receivtd. from John Martin; you can print it, If you think it worth while to troublethe public with anything more upou a subject so personal To me i< lees# qmie ri^ht to let the world know wimt extreme care and diligence the Hr.tisb government condescends to exerctee, for the purpose of blacking three political enemies, rhat the Kmpcror !/>ii's Napoleon should leu 1 his press ceasortlilp to serve ihclr pur|s>se Is notnini surprising; yet It is both surp-ising an<i humMiating t> And a man ol spirit and ambition, 11< * I "mile de Cerardin, waiting tor the permission ol "tbe allies " until they shall decide whether it will suit them to give pub'lcity to a letter in simple vindication of private personal character That the censon-hip at i'arts was guided in this matter by thetxigenui'S of Britisb policy is certain. And it is a mere allair of bus nei-s and i/vxd jirn ij no; for if the Pratt* or I)y I art were to print wbat Is ollennve to I.ord 'a'.tner aton. wby the nmx and Clot* might open their coluuin* to Victor Hugot'r Ledru Roilm Here is Ma> tin's account of tbe matter to me Before leaving I'art*. T made an eltort to remedy the circct produced In 1 runaa by Hit* iiueoiitralleted calumnies of ibe Bngliah papers. I wrote a lette r in Preneh, In ?hleii I *t?ie.| ! m me if il.'' Ciu it ot out case. and protested against Uie rt^rj;. ol tlio hiilifh Minuter? nayini.' Uiat you three 'ineiitiintf McMaati*. jourae.lf aid inyn Ui would g willy he ja?l*r?-'l upon that qmat . n of honor by tlic I'rencii, *? you bad cause 1 >oui selves lo be judged by the Americans I think my le' . r w i* quite unc hjectioonble In spirit and manner, ami caiouluu l t.? make French read eta consider the case before accenting > Knullah statement O I >oUerty signed it? O'Brien h.h in tircece ? 1 earrual it to Ike utlice of iei Prwr< ? hieh li i* Uie la t!i ?t circulation of the I'reii h papers. Ou the third day, after Interview* wiib '?o . I wa? to il that M a (iii ardln declined to print It. An application at the ullin-ot D>'"'> v ? I'', r disheartening i *tippo*e Uie French tn-. ei mi ? nl (ltd i nt choose to let the paper* do, in I ? i!f o! ?urh wietihea Htibe Irish, wii.it mUih iJli tid she Enjliah. Bi ! John Mai tin's dl not etiU here Ho w rot 10 t!.e Dublin i'lfrmtn .< Jo urnal a nt le. the lubatacee i ? ?h tk he |lrei me, a* follows. ? 1 bit t < J < fired, prev ii u-ly to my re appearan -e in society In Ireland In I'Mivi.fe ibai piniiie n.'uiiW i;?i n?' iv? uif unA-r i in ?a| prehension of nn rwsl sent tiienta upoi . mo ver\ ? ? in - ,v stii i * Ai i' tberefoie, I /j;ed l?nva u> ?aj that I Ml m il ki.eiv that 1 I,, d i ways had ii- good a ri. lit live in 1 1 Plaad a*an>b<4y Wert Mint I owed no minn *leilgm?nta ?.nil ).;.r i * 'mean t.|i tlie lit i ?b governnitn' ? bo?i; tirage again*! :aw and jurtlce lad transported me and ah' an per nn-m t. now admitted me to my country. hat f ir ?bit con <etti"l the cotidu t nl my romradi-* mil nuseir. uh'ili tie lint -li Minister aSt|nl a* RutfUig blm in wieet foe t^n ? am tie*t> it en i'iile ti f'tn II ? "a* ? patrkit and a* n mm ?>. hew, 1 had nn litrln r .iitibtilon it an Ui lie ranbeil with Meiiar*. Mi M .i n?. W. agber ami Mttekel." l'nl?ekily I kepi n-i e , .> i.f my Inter, but tlial waKtlie nulxbince cl It. I coiintej ?ure of It* | ubltc.ali n in tbe rrm? urn. Incccrat |?tnot aud martjr ' Il wai not p-jJ)!iyhe<1 In the ft man Mr Martin bad known tbe Frtnn*n\ Ji uir,al ot ly in 1U old cbarai ter of a national an I O'Cno ntlliU re|.? al | a[? r lie did I ot know that it baa tine. b?cn bought and (*ld lor by the British government ? rclt d. I a.-tert ibl? a? a matter of Ikct lie did not tnmr that when Sn Itli li Brlen. In biF Brut pibll t ipotch alter kin raptlTlty, empba'.ic*lly nudirttej u? in tb? very name word* almoat, the >rrmCT'i Jovr-wjl. while it profea'cd lo rrj ru.t that Melbourne ipeecb fiom Uie Aimtraliat. i? pcra, rareiully cut out (if it that |*>iii< n tn which he >ih1 ? pr< tally railed tbe alii nlion ol the re[mi ter<, betauee the piii iic? lion of that portion would b? dUpleiu:ng ti itn prrK >ii mtntrrb mid ? * ncra. fo Mr MarilD i onoted rure of the publieation of h - letter lo (be Fumum. Shortly afterwardD, arrlviog 1 1 Imblln und Onolnc it bail ti d Ixen prime 1, be wr >te a pruate letter to U.e ciiittr, asking If lie bad received mcb a letter. I hare never vet l r #dil?. cot a line of an?wer But H is barrfly dimb'.fiil ttuat tiray did reee.ve my letter froiii I'.ire ainMhat be < hons?-a to treat my prota nt ?uh an extlngumUer, ?o tar as be can. V by di <?? tiol Warltn come orer here, ihen, wbrre we (irtiit what wi> pirate f V< u tee bow of what a coop; ira y we bare the hntor to be Dm l hjecto. Yet one CHMl ta) that th < Brl'i-h gorrmmttt uaea lierrin more care lL\n is nnedfui. |S?r in ti e whole matter *?f thilr *l< a'tr p ? w til ?? from Otl t ? larl, tbe ot:e jaity or the other mu?t abeolutelf be c>in \ k ted and bratided be'ore tbe clvUzeil wnrM a* ni-??l le lonii ut ? tm.itai.' ? tkry or we The trial if only pr i < ttdlt u. and it DjU"t be ri nfcaeed that lo p int </f m? ? biticy ihey bare ha advantage of us They r?n pact ;i r ii; ti.ey nn boy up the jirera wltb recri l ^rrvi.'o mcney . ilin rau ?tt la motion evtn ilia Fr< ncn cenror ?Mf?, thfa-ijh their baloved ally. Vit. we aio bare r- a ron to th?tik Cod that there Mono free nmntrr in tbe World. Your lalthful ft in d, JOHN Ml TJHKI. Hl.vrirr.AR SCICII'K OK A Yotnw M AH IK ClUCAOO. ? Atewitaja *ko, ra)a the Chiraao 7\mn of the t3 1 tMl, afdorg <> rman namail I'ntllp f^yadic(er rum mitted auiclde bv swallowiag an ouDr.a of laudanum lie was about rtoeteeo ot twenty year* of age, and It l? *a'd tei rived a liberal education in Germany He wan however, an tifliM, or " free thinker." believing nether in ti lure reward or punlahment, aniinarrely In % future stale rf any k'nd. He lired aolely for the pre??at, %i I vlitt be (oi.iiil liimaeli lie- et ou a'l tide* by cradilj-*, and had aot the mean < ot |.ajrm?nl ho COBltoerel of tb' ? borV?t way in get rt<t of them tine day be inqiiirrd nl a fellow clerk what poi?on would qnt.'ke-it kill arm rhecl'rk atswered, "Tak" an ouu-'eof prm-lc a i " leyndrr.Ver immediately took out a memoraniltim lnKik and jxcril and wr He it down It appear* ib?t be afVir ward* ror.rlf.ded lr alter the dnee After awallowing tb* lauiitti m. Ley M'.e? ker Wrote the following l?ttor l-> one ?f hi* fellow cl' rkr in the Recordir'* rflli e. To he oho vlt.ced of ble i ra*lne?i< II la only iTeerar? to read this mot-t in gu ar pmdOrtKB of MB brain ? OiToPntrn K- Von "nl*. i f all my fi-iend* de??ree to I e. rit* the ?-t sri-eili c? * .h a man ? k?i !.r?fer? Intake a Mi #e of In ? . 'ut awito lielnit dftlewtorwl. tlreei Itieti I t Tii \ eredHor* atnl teil tkent that I will pinliably ni.tam a r* ?'< rvtd rent hi leaven wiilmni their reeelpta I die la eteal lent ilt?l>'alHofl reureltlng fba> yow ar? not prr^en' a* ro'i r igl.t tli* ii irerlve lew?ina. tir# ei all in? a |uaint.inee Tell I | I >?i he, in ?owe e?t"nt.l? aoeompllee of my death ie ?, nee I < r'MRk, (to tm Htr If jim tore nomimaf' wi t striking, "no mads a ileep Hapreaaloti imon my heart flre? t kiln I eartilv, beeaiiae h# i? a ?.^hI fellow in >i .umle i.f a yi ntig Utaa?whn ia reaai.nahTe anough lo enjov ll'e n? morli S< ( oseihle I, I' i. haVO file.l the K.ime; tint it* will *. t de l' ticer I atop Only one iMtif awtb?tor? ay last hour ~tiwt I eatiaot die a* aweatly ae Ixiril Byroti Permit me to eonferr, otto, that yaw have bean the de?re??af my aei|iMlaV seeea and *o railed friend* Perhaps Uil? ronle??lon of a frinii! merli.g to eternity, will gratify you. I'ht * iav te main* into en* pit hot elth the Tire npwnril l-?r??eii (Mi l>i ih appi '??' he* I feel alread) hi* lee mil haul nl it mi throat, and his damn lin nth fl.m* over my liale fore l? ad 'lo Oie hy Ian I u nm i? rery aweel Irllili * t.. nil per m.iiS who srr tired of llf- that u> die |? *weet t'nnanUte aa e m h ?* pi Ml le the Indies In my kou?e, J .| ?? u |th tlieelear r-t eon- lOUMte**, tti l In a hue . lined kllRHir Hi ilevh winv ftit-m a famott* final rhatjWr lo aay novel (rnman i>fAiei Hi. I'll'' * food I \e ' T no lii i ?< iia more, and thru mt Miai ri li e Will Ml Iki'*? * !?? the ?kt??. I'll 1 1. 11'. A Wowas'11 Rionrs Marriage ? At Wr?fcest?r, .?ti Ike kith of Augmt. Mr N. W Towno, of W in eater, ? piarrieil lo Mir* Sarah C. Mot rill, of Manchester, S. H by I'.i v. T W. Eiir?iti*oo. A* a part of the aorvidW ih< p ile wlpg protest *i< read ? W ' ere**. He lav* of all I hrimlan eonntnea, relating U? manage *n (bunded, to a grrater or le** eitent, np.in )irln .;iple?of Hvu?tiee and faeqnaiHy we (l*?l in duty honn l to en irr "i r protest *ealnat the aame. ahlle arktwiwledgin* onr n,< (ti*l stvilon and th# **' redne?s of the relaUon which we iha* if htt*hand and wife w r I arttrnlarl* pnaest sgaln*t the law* whlnti glre l? th* knst *? d the absolute enn'rnl of his wife * pertnn? I he railre gn*rdlan*hl|i of their children? "it e . Ielii*lve nwnerahlp and u*e of her personal pronerty afl?t r?.| estate, nnlea* perarmallv seltle-l npon her or placed In (he ) snds of truatees? I I ? ?| wdn'e rlsht to the pmdnet of her Indnstry. In ri i.ehMrtoo. arsirut the nhole law of Inequality between then**". * ' i lalnilng that the wife ahonld he mlatrea* nf her awn pirarm and property, and have an eqnal abare In Ut* n.'.ti i.l 1 1 her children. wtiiie we rerereara law, wa heartiir l i eaaina f?- W. . 1 ?MAM 0. NQSJUUb ^ ?P * Oar Albany Correspondence. Albasy, Sept. fl, 1858 Bridge Across the Hudson ? III Location not Pennant* Board of OirtcUir* with the Vievi of a Chang*? The lumbia Street Bridge Acrou the Basin Likely to be T Down and Another Erected A tune. The great question as to the location of lb* brl< across the Hudson river at thii point is not yet, m a people imagine, permanently settled. The law auth ized the commissioners ta locato the bridge, which U have done. The organization of tho company Is to perfected on the 20th in?t., when the director* are to chosen and the officers selected. It la welt known t the citizens of Albany manifested no interest bo&wt commissioners as to the location, being under the i pretsion that the railroad interests were to be subserv nolens voleru It now turns out that the location of the bridge i made contrary to tho wisnes of several leading railrf men in this city. Tbej say It Is too far down town; tl it will necew-ari'y compel the company to purchase immense amount ol property now used lor comcaert purioses, in the limn of the city, and also krlve the lu her ami other trade below tne bridge on the oppo-t - do ? f the river It is stated that the Hoard ot Direct) will be chosen with a vie v of petitioning the Legislate 0 gran i tb> m power topbange the location to some oth point titber at 8peocer or Lumber streets, some hut mile ?ln>ve the prt'Hcm location. Tbe railroad tracks both tides of the river, as now graled, axe on a perfc level. The old dilapidated bridge across the basin at Columl street, *hich if < stremely hazardous to pal>s with load uams. aiid lor avowing 11 to remain in such a dangero ? onditlou, Indict on n*8 nave been frequently presented i he grana jury, is likely to be removed. It stands at t lowa point A project In on foot to ot>Uun permWsU 1 dm the l<eflsl?ture t? erect a ucw bridge, two or thr b'ock* above. There are only some bait a dozen wa houses below the present uridge, ? title ttio- length of t! pier above Is nearly three fourths of a mil*, all oocupii by business n>?n wnose ai tides in being trumfered 0 twe<n the pi- r and the city, pass over tha Columbia stre bridge It I? more tha? probable. that should the ra road bridge be locates at either o' the prints above me tioned. the Tier tonrauy would enter into an a mcfemtul with the tsriige Com; any, to consolidate an construct a single bridge trom the main wbtrf to tl pier, which *ib accomodate all parties at a saving ol oi ttirn the ex pint- e ol bulldlrg a separate bridge by tl Pier fpunany. It U understood that the delay in ri b> ilolng the Columbia street bridge i* mainly occasion* by tlie-c considerations. At any rate, the business ( the pier t< Mainly req'dr' s the removal ot that brldj some two or thiee blocks above its present location. Our Charleston Corri-sjKMirienee. CHAULBJfTO.N, Aug. 7, 1868. Visit to a Urdrl Plantati' n ? How Poor S/rils are made Hi ? /'?< (<< Manure ? Field l/rainxng ? A I'eep into the f\ir J'arJ? Driver Jer ry ? Southern llosjritality, Je., <?c. Among the pleasant excursions which I have enjoy* this sea on, in the. vicinity of thia hiepi table Souther city, ??f one I was privileged to make to < 'Iran to, a pl<* tatioi or (arm situate in the parish of it. James, Go o Creek, about thirteen or fourteen miles Irom Cbarl&rto not far from the State road leading to Columbia, and abo< t "juidiet ?nt from the Northeastern Railroad on tbe east, an South Carolina Railroad on the welt. If any planter I the lower country of South Carolina is entitled to appr ciatlon for energy, skill and good management, it is tt proprietor of thia beautiful place, wi h romantic nam< but many agreeable and substantial realitlea. The soil of Otranto was originally very peer and ui productive, being of a light. Bandy character, but It n sooner rejoiced in the ownership cf its present thrift and liberal master, than it became a source of coi (iderable pro tit, yielding abundantly the full corn I the ear, and vegetable fleece of the South, beside an airple store of vegetables, frui; and melons, i well for market ax for the hospitable board. By tt uieol guuro *:?! other manures he his improved to iand to such a high state of furtility, that It will now pr< duce ISO pounds of lung cotton to tne .. ., ?. which, at 4 rtnisa pound, will yield WO au acre. Tno crop now wat ing in rich luxuriance and golden blos6<m-< on Uie place ? ell warrant* me iu this calculation. Never have I seei in any corresponding season of the year, more promisln fields ot cotton or a more forward growth of that vegeb ble i-tapie ; it n far ahead of anything I have seen in ib neighborhood I di<i not ace the corn, but a friend < mine, who rode through it. pronounced it tirst rata. I ?! not know what average the proprietor plauts to the hiuc but It strike* me thai be is un adv ocate of moderat planting and i nly cultivate* so muct land as he ca thoroughly manure, and no more. If planters in the -'?.utli g-nerally would adipt this syi test, tt f > woulo nud their uc outit in it and would 04 only nis.e bnur cfO|m but be relieved of the necesct ol going sn quest td richer lands, o ten at the cost of e> tie Ironi horn", aid the sundot lug of old ties and aasoru tioas. Sitne p'acters indulge the Idea that they mu plant a ceiiait nunbor ol >craa to the hand, whethe manured or no , nil bence frequently the coinplaiut < unproductive 'ana*, tiad crops, and '.iiprop titious set irns rescuing otn a m c unge of locality or even In e> istiintu ti when the remedy i at hand. TliasCjasy < judicious ayvti in o in inuring Un I hit k.jan too we devt loj i d. and p*- sati?ii?ittirily estab iihcd, to need ai gt n < nt or Illustration tn tin* enligtiWnei era. Dne acr< iropeily ne nut o, *ii prod ace live Jbl i comjiaretlvolj uri' ? l.eti such is the voice ol <*X|ierionce, it is only sut (II' in* that prat tn e should not bo inure generally coc foin ed to it. The owner of Otranto ta.? not only exhibited g res Jin L ti iLt sin', i icrty in the use anil application ot var ous n scores, Hut ha* al*o yai I diligent attention to th dian n|i' of his l*u<> ? a matter too oflen neglected ev > by planter* who a-pire to high reputation IMectiv ?'ruinage not only lea'.* to injury of crops from eicosslr mine ti:e but fri q ently sup, r induces jo health inesa c totality. 1 w?? much pi' a*ed with the neatness and precisio ? lb which tbi' ?! )t< lies at Otranto were lait off, and thei 1 I'wpUte acafiUtlOB, by level and inclination, to ik drainage ot the t>eld? relieving Hit m entirely ol Abtart ti in and stagnant water The fields that I saw wer ciea' of grass and the hoeing and haul>ug were well e> ernleil. lulty on tic up to realizing the mot culture ? the Ma Islands. Yo ing planters, adjacent to, or in tb victalty ot Otranto, woeid 4* well to visit so well m nagiil a plantaiion. and harn thence a tew valuable le? seas set to tie derived from books. They wool fee there not only a thorough system of agriculture, In a practical display of all the pi inclple* of good farmln and rural ? i mn tny An ng the no aiiiMttes of otrsnto, 1 muat not oaait tb driver. Jerry He known a IIMe of everything, and . riady to mpart Info ma'lon to all who seek it. lie show gr>at devotion to hts buslne**, having the control of tb plantation *nd the management of iw atrairs, In the a*> ?i nee of his master In addition to his knowledge i planting, le understand* thoroughly the art of ramuc poultry, and ia exceedingly skilml in detecting the cam it i:i> i ase among their, and in appiy In ( ein jicioo* remi d?s. I taw no l< s* than voo young dock* on the pla<;< the greater pormm tt tin m well fledged, and almo lead) trrther|iit. also loo young turkey* and a la>g Hi sntnv el g'vi'r^c ? a rhoUe breed? all in a tbrtvin i or dition. Driver J* rry la also bead of the nurnery, ao >a* under tie espri ial care a number of little <larkt?< ? to Hi m to pay him the re*peet dne to a patriarch ? -hsracter tnd MM ? Idch he well sustains. My site ntlon was ?ext attracted by a superb Hock < goats, rrtr tiding me o* tba to which Solomon likened th tresis* ot his hnue ? ' thy hair l* a* a flock of goals. th> appeartrow Monnt ? .tW ad *? Among them were saver cf a si I* i lor and ran desrrl -tioo A cons nierabie sun her o* lacks and ee ha* beea lately a ided, I am toh to tl e st in *1 wranh ?' tit ran to An i ng i ther thirds. I wa* pleased with the genen a iff a< at r? sr d a*|s ct of the segroee. They looked hai py and cheerfn'. and, when I observed to the driv? mat 1 ecu |ht to be ail* w^l bta baenft. daily, for hi* h< nesiy and good mamigement, be replied? ' -Oh, sir, I baa mere it,* n 1 want ' The g? nerous propriMor of 'Hrantn, a* t ou may we ?m?g ine. keep* a bi antlftil table, well supplied wit every vtand aad luxury, to gratify the appetlto, an truly llluftrativr ot Carolina lioepitality He is nevi | better pleased thnn when vlstted by "troop* of frieada. ! ehn otteii embrsi ? the 11 'Ilirluaity of ht? hehdomadi I villi* from the ntt.? , to gather around him piruke ef b ( goo I i hetr atd ? t.joy the feast of reason aid the ilow I ?oul " A Cmiom Law Heir.? M. Godard, th? we km ?n sen natit. < n Uonda* brought itu ai-tioh belorc tl ci- I tilbtinai ft|inir"t itie m 'nioina'ltj of I'aris, to obta t?>n.it,t ot the ai'iri of I.etKlf . which it had con?r?".t> to pay lum lor ?> balc? n a sent on the day of the t'jnp rot's fete, the 1Mb "t Aegimt, IHVt, bat which It hat *u src|ii?iitly witnv d to riduce to l.OOOf , on the pretext th fc' hsd not fulfill d the condition* imputed on him. The ccnctiiins were, he raid, that on account of ihe Ka?tei ? nr he should carry up tour females, dieaaed to personl Irirrr tn(l*nd. turkey and Germany the flrat tbre? whh h |? wets were then allied in war against Riimis, ai the last ot which wa* considered likely tn Join them, h; tlie Wind was so tempestuous that he (eared that to p so ir*nv people in the -ar would endanger lieir lire V liilst he wa* rinsloerii.g what to do, ? rdes* c?tn.< t>o le government thill oi account of the donbtrol at ude of the ftermnn power* (irrmany should not hai he honor of being |?irar>tiat?d In the car. Hii* div i !<ii Mm W' glii MkStMi hut still ih? high wii 'cnc'cied It I'sigriou* to ake i;p the three allien, 'set. sft< r much cegitstioti, (Jodasd took os himself lesve sslde Terkiy . and be efceted his aace-it with Kn lardsrd I tan e alone This constituted the breach le r/nciitlotis of which the city of l'arl? rom lalned h U Cedard maintained thst It wss tinreaso?ai,le er It bind him down io the vert letter ot an engagement, ? Is i f k not only of h ? own 'ire, but of those of ?ihnr p. ftf, snd ha prcdiic?o certiflcatrs from ?etentifl<? gnnt n en and others to show that on the day In question t wind was so high a* to render a balloon a*e*nt with many people dargeroos The city of l'atls contend (Ht Godarci was c.'esrly bound to fulfil the conditions hsd accept* d, ard that beside*, the wind w%* not high ss he slleged The tribunal said that under the ci cutmtaneee (iodard had done all that c.ou d he expects bet that, a* he had not fulfilled the exact condition he h. accepted be must stinmit to a reduction ot hla de-nan It therefore condemned the municipality to pay him 1,5 fraaca and lbs coats.- (/align tni'i Meuenyr. VruntnATr. Mi rpw* iw Nkw Hav*k^ Tbn was a great escltement In the vlctnl y of Fair str?iet tt s-lerroon. In co??e?jttence of the report of a murils wb ch soon proved to he too true The vwtlan wa* T*c More! on, a cooper, at No II Fair street, wnioh was t place of business The murderer's name is ftaphen W'tsfhrd, as he says. Re hails from New York. He w lodged In gaol A revolver was the weapon need. T? halls entered Gordon's head, and otia pterfio4 bis *ho> der. His recovery Is not eape?te4. There Is a myste about the matter, so the attank waa deliberate and wis out provocation Hotsford made no resists ice wbaa i tested, neither does any owe know aaythlsg about ti U0* of MM aMack.-^sw Bmm #. 1