Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 14, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 14, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. i Aiaa ttuBoui iBiiavii ?KTOB AN) PBOPKICTOB. ?fries ?. v. uojjiib or kajbhac amb rtn.ro* m. KlMtl. tm ii^nuff, fHA' IM JL J' HERa IJ>. 1 -xim ??pv. W awtm, I'/iA <FEEX? . UEIi.l I.D, ? y Sci u. iiu, <U (S1* /*nto wr or *S !?" ?uu '.m, '/?? EutvftM tUtliun, J t uer annum, '? apart v/ U nit HrUa vi, ur lb M party/ tin CoidtntKt, U> '.ictxnie IX)*UUM VOLiSTtR I COKHESPVSDeSrE, w*nih? luiwf ?M U>1, ./?:/ qmjtrtrr e uarUl ?if iur<i un I '? 4tm mil / ;<?!?' < < ?. Jar ' OH Komiigj OKturoini.iin i?i Finn 1U1' SUil CTU TO M<L ALt. I^ITKkK a > li J*? ? Wtt SllST C" *? NVTtCE uUcmt oj anorymoui comm ru- ationa. We do me* return !/?? rr ,r, U<t. JOb PRiyTlMu exccutai u 'A c *1 <; i/iiA*,* <t,ui Ue+ ?K <? 1 W T1SEMEMT8 renetc**l ncery ilay. Vvlane JLU , , . . L . 45?? AMCBBMKNTg TO VOBB0W KVEB1NQ. A^ADEMV op SfCSIC, Foartciiith ?t. Itaija* Oimia Kuii?4 >)* 3roaJway? Tight R>? Faiia? Fas rt\ al j)a.->?a tnm?fOMOu. ?OVKSt rriEAl-SS. 3ow?fry-Lir* i* New Yoek? In 4 *u ut, i):. ? t ' asT or ruK :'o: ly <voi?* ?UBTON'9 N'-.W THEATRE, Broadway oppoaito Bond alfdt ! i? Vli i ? V itOlAau run AS CHAVV' K- STBKKT THEATRK. tUt ; Burton'a)? OraEW) -toillli NY .- IS*. 8AR.VI' J S 4Mi'RI<"AX Ml ?EU* Blroadw*f.*iftemooa ? BltibTM AHD Wl i'ii* or WoM E.I ? 1 K^SJJ r UTO R aTeninf ? Cj?Al0A- NJCUAl. I.isao*. BRovDWaY Y ABILITIES. 47.' l!r:udway ?The Sekiui'S Ka* ?L1 ? T OOOLXB . ?iWO. cnitWT t WOOl) M MINs'TRElJB, M Broadway? .? Vitir-wmscra? W*tro. BUfnU.KVS ^BBKXADEfU, SS5 3roadw y-Eidtonui ?iMOIlCUT? UiCBkTlA BouOIA. MtOADWAY ATllEN.E'JM, d?>i Broadway? Coxcaar ?y Till \l.LI,.iiA.IA>S. BROOKLYN \ir.-KI M, Brooklyn? Don i'.k-a* de Bazan ? ltTHIDFIi.MlJM- TllE ToOriX f?A York. Sunday, ."scpttmbtr 14, l*i6. lt? the Pnbllc. ?u??rt -ccutL r meat be fandoil into pub!!c.\tlo? ??"oa bcior? ama o'clock :n Use eron'.ug. Announce MM or deathr. or oUier eq'tftli/ ergon coiicea, arc, of MT? The Siwhi The Arabia, as if to make up for the discomfiture occasioned by her recent accident, his made an r.n ?aoally rapid return voyage, having left Liverpool on Thursday, the l'h ins*.., at 11:30 A. M., and arrived at Halifax at 4 A. M on the 13th ? thus making t'ae run in little more than ^4 days. Tdere ia but little importance in 'he news which she bring*. Its le id mg features are commented upon in our editorial Minimis. We also give i number of letters received by previous steamer* and some interesting extrwts. The jrabia left II*! . fax at half-put ten o'clock fjr Boston where she will probably ariive to-morrow. The report of the City Inspector for the week ending yesterday exhibits a further decrease in the mortality of tLe metropolis, the total number of deaths during the week being 476? less than the previous wt' kj in which there was a decline of 27. Vbolcia infantum? I ? appears to have slightly increaseJ, the report g.7."w 63 as the toial for the week, against 51 the week previous. This complaint is chiefly prevalent dur mg the summer months, anl is very fatal to chil dren. We soon shall have cooler and ie?e sultry wea ther. when the di.^aee may be reasonably expected to abate its virulence, as it usually does after the equinoxial changes have taken piace. Consump tion and other diseases of the lungs and throat show an improvement over the previous week, there being 13 deaths less. A nmrk'd ?c:liue is observable in dise\ses of the brain aEd nerve?, tnere being a decrease of eleven in that peculiar claaa of diseases. Diseases ?f the stoma -h and bjwels, though still very preva lent, are on the decline An improvement is aiso percent ile in -kin and eruptive fevers, which are W>?a fr*,in?n?. fine from yalloar to*cr hsd ?ccurr :d in tLe Seventh ward, bat the Ci'y In spector reports that t>-e victim was known to hive viiited Quarantine, BUtcu Inland. This is the only care th.it has oc.urred so far as tue report states, denn* the week. The following is a comparison of the so.taUty last w ek, compared with that of tb? week previous:? U'n. Wvm<* R ,i. Ci.-'a TVi?. Week ec<lta( Sept. 6 ...69 "1 194 16 ' ' Oft Weefc?B!nf ?? lft... ,M 9S a0.% IS3 474 The following were among the principal cause* of de?tb he par. week as eoapared w.th th*e of the week preceding WiJt ?Mi%o r IT - 1 endiy IH a >>i. .**.?. S'p.. U. Oen? .ci,vn 67 4 J C.cVera icU-Vtu 61 Cbolei& fTb 1 1 08avi!?:r>B8 . r?BaL>) 39 Zi BSurto a.. . . - JO 4 -) r?efel!*.'y i nr-tt,:.' 10 H teti*jr-n?.,<ic ct tfce i iwcls 12 SearWtfsvtr 17 11 Messle I 5 ?a m;i us (iataatite) 61 46 In audition to those emime.uted above, there were * curt* of congestion of the brain, 6 of remittent fever, 1C of dropsy of the bead, 1 by rupture of the liver, 3 hy morttflcrtion of the lungs, 5 by amallpix, 1 by sunstroke, ami l'j from violent causes. There were also 32 stif bot n and premature births. The ?ember of deaths a*nong children ender one yeir of ag* ^ surpi wing. amounting to lftft. Of the whole number of <V<jths 17* were natives of the Unite 1 State* the bal>n<-? being from various countries of Bur ope. principally Ireland and Oerminv. In the variona public in*ti*utI-'Os the :nort?lity was 47. TLe mortaiiy aeetps to have been greatest in the Seven teenth wari. in which it deaths occurred. This ward is large, and teems with population. The following table gives the number of deatha tot w?ek, ? ompar*d with the corresponding weeks m 1064 and MM:? W?a* 'M If -Sept. If )U4 SSI ?? 15, 1?4?.. Sv3 ?? Kept ?. MM SC5 M Sspt. 14, 1??? 4:? The following table give* the tlassW at ion of diseews. and the total number of d"*tha raised by eati) disease, (hiring the two weeks ending ? m/t. ?. jpr.ia. urns. Ae s 4 Hr?Ki tad *ar< *s M 7? *iwat-T -Uv* organ- a Heart sad bPio t *es??ut . 6 IJ l.oB/t. throat, fee hi n ?Hd k?? ... 4 I flam, Ac , aii'l rruptiTs ftv?rs 39 2 ? MMlt? rr and pr?iait:i?- u rUi? 'it Zi Hwats <i bow*." *?th?r v?',rt<DS Sli 19 < * Varertaio ?e?t uii r?aeTa< t?vsr> 40 40 1'akotst.. _ I'rtaarv orraM _ i Tatal. 601 4Ti The annexed table shows the temperature of the atmosphere 'luring th?> pant week, the range of the barometer, the variation* of the wind rnrren'e and the elate of the weather at three periods drtnng earh day, via: - at 9 A. M., and 3 and t o>4o k. P. M. Ana Mrm . Tom WM Thar jrrtd ". f m, is"? ' vt r w x * p. w f, W I I" K i > ' V :'il4 ? ? S3|tl ".ft e|;t?| " ,a.*K-i " I" SII .1 ,1 ' liil- ? ? II ? I" ' W ? > " _ ?j an ?? < . w w. :v? i a 1 7^ ' w Us f.lTO W ??; i 01# wnias. K Mor ? nea r all <Jajr ma "day ?Clear and *?lt-jr Mot day? A. * . rainy, P. II . c.-ar. Tu?? 4a; ? Clear all da> vr?iB.?<?av? f'lear all day. TT.nrsd. y ? Moody, with rala, A. M , a(t?r i a'.k-fc r 11 bard westerly winds. frl'lay? C.'?ar all day The Britisf. ?>?rk R#aolut?, whieh was <ie*er>i 1 < r -nptain ao*.' cre'W while on a voyage of discovery ' ih? \ ctle O'# so. baa arrived at th? Navy Vsrd s* ' , wbe ? sfe Is abo il t) nndergi repair' vernment, Cengreis having appropriated 140,000 for that purpose. The Resolute via discovered on the 10th of September, 1855, in latitude 67 degrees North, about twenty miles distant from Cape Mercy, by the whaling lark George Henry, of Mew London, Connec'icut. Captain Buddington, the enterprising commander of the George Henry, resolved to bring her to the United States, as a monument of the in trepidity and seamanship of Yankee whalers; and after a perilous voyage, succeeded in reaching New London in safety with his prize. The Resolute was built of teak wood, expressly for service in high northern latitudes, and is a model vessel in thu. re spect. When thoroughly repaired Bhe frill be sent to Liverpool under command of Commander Hart s-teiu, who has been appointed to that service by the govirnmou*. We have fllej from Kingston (Jamaica) to the 11th of August la?t. They contain little news. Severe earthquake shocks had been experienced in King-ton and the town of Falmouth, In Kingston the undulation.-* appeared to have been from north to ?omb. For d.tjs previous the weather was ex ceedingly hot. About three hours before the earth quake there wa.s a very cmart shower of rain. The Fulmmth Poet says: ? We regret to learn that the crops this year in Treliwny, will be much le-s than we ejected, in consequence of the severe drought which has been experienced. The Hon. S. J. Dallas his been called by the Governor to the Legislative Coun< 11 ot the island. The 11 n Isaac Jackson died on the 3d of August. Some of the journals de nourne the Spanish traffic in slaves !or Cuba. Two n.en, charged with being abolition agents, were arresicd at Cheraw, S. C., a lev days ago. They *tre examined by a Vigilance Committee, and ordered to l?e bent to the free 3tatoj. Two rniils, > elonging to the Norway Fiane Com pany. at Great Falls, N. II., were destroyed by lire je teiduy morning. T_e loss was about $100,000, which tails on in urance companies. Elee?htrc will b.- Ioulu full details of a frightful riot which occurred at Baltimore on Friday. Two men were in-tai tly killed and tw !ve mortally worn: Jed, besidi- many that were seriously wound ed. in application was made yeaterd iy (Satcday) before Judge Clerke, of the Supreme Court, for a re:eiver in the ca*e of the Nicaragua Tran-it Com pany, but the matte - was postponed to Saturday next. The foreign news per Cambria and Arabia caused hi ldo s of cot on \e-terd .-.y to manifest greater lirrn re-*; th?? soles were oondncJ to about 100 bales, without quotable clarge in pricss. Flour advanced a 10c. per barrel, and wheat from 2c. a 3c. per bushel; *he sales of wheat on the spot. and to ar rive, on I riaay and Saturday last, exceeded 200,010 bushels, taken chk-fly for export. Common to choke mw write Souhero, Western an ! Cana^iaa ?old fr? m II 65 a ?1 70 a $1 75, the lat'xjr figure for hoice Canadian, and red do. at $1 50, 33 a *1 6u. Corn was also 'lc. a 3c. higher, and was sold at 70c. u 72Jc. for sourd mixed. Pork sold a'. $10 87, check on the same day; while in the usual way it closed at #20. Sugars were active, aud purchases were made p retry freely by the trade, and by retiners, at fuh prices, Coffee wis firm, with fair transactions at full price*. Freights were steady, with engage ments of grain to Liverpool and London at 8d- a 8;?L, and flour at 2?. a 2s. 3d. I ht \>wh from K uropt? Tlie Entente Car. dlaJi? H< altli of L?oul* Itpolroii. Tli'? news brought by the Arabia is rather of speculative than pesitire intr*r>CBt. The London Star, one of the new penny dailies, and a p iper c ndoeied with some ability, publishes a state ment, to the effect that the relations of Gr>. it Britain and F raree have lately lo-t much of their cordiality in ion?<[U'Uce of the policy pursued i,v ti." latter in connection with -'pain. The dis pot-iti. u manifested by Great Eritulu to make heavy saoriir* s .o conciliate (he good will and :Her.d?bip of the l ni; d States, is looked upon af> erid'Sice of ti e probability of an estrange ment. if not of a poeiiive rupture, betw^n the allies. It will be recollected that this was the view which took of the sudden revolution which occurred in the tone of the Engli-h press und of English politicians, generally. toward* this con try after the settlement of the Crampton affair, at d ?ur London contemporary lay- some atroas on our oplni.iul in connection with c rtain re rent fac's d< nved from iti sp ?.?ial aoui*c> a ? t in formation in Paris. There is nothing mor | probable than that France should regard with jealousy any t> ndency to a clone union between ou ^.ovenuaent anil that of Great Britain; and .1 retraining causes of difficulty between ?hem l 'ing sinoe removed, by the s- ttlem at of the Ct ntral Ann rican question, its apprehension* on tl:i* p?,int have probably earned LmIi Nap I on toreoivoin anything but a patient spu : the reroooatrances which Lord Palinerston v .y have f"lt it his duty to urge in reference to f a'. >. TIk' critical position i r affairs in Naples, ami t!-" activ- effort" mule by the parti zaus o I Marat to precipitate a revolution tb - .r ul- > calculated to impair the relation ,i*. ./ b ? tweeti the English and French g< \ cm: i-'t In Naple*. as in -pain the <ld Nipoleun j> > yof family aggrandi.-s m* nt is a^abi IsgiunL. *, . telop^ itself, and it is evident from tbi which England it making to diaw cloaer hei ?<?? with this country, tLat she is alive to the d~ngcic which roust result to ber from another series of iljnaMic combination^ cot trolled oy so skilful a political intriguer as the French Emperor. The Sirr only give- utt?nnce to the sentiment whk it pf \ ails gen<T.dly in the English breast ou tbia point, and which was tecently so unmistakably ind.cated as to compel Lord Palm' rston to pocket bis pride, and make such oucessioos to this coon try as justice. and, indeed, self-int'-reat, dicuted. It is to the feeling of uneasiness caused by these anticipations that must be atlt'ii ited tLe downward inclination of the Enx'>i*h funds. The reTival of the reports regar<lin_ the serious character of the malady under which the Etn p?-ror is said to be suffering may ab-o ha . e a ?d snm thine to do w ith it, although in tbenewa?pec' which matters ar.- assuming we question whether his <1< ath would be look<d upon by the Engl'sb as -si L'P'ftt a calamity as they were disp-**d t > x ;?w it a sboi t t ime siace. Then is nothing fre-h from Spain. Tin- ex pected d<cre<s dMvtaf the Cortes and fixing ib" new elections lu*l not appeared. Considet ibl ? anxiety is man'f<,*U?d on the subject, as it i und'TsUxsl that Ixaia Napoleon has hail no small share in the concoction of the new mea sures which are to decide the fat" of that o m try. either by making ^ucb concessions to the ProgreFMslas as maj secure tb? ir odb siou 'o th new order of things, or. ,i? i-. more pn>l?bl ?. by building up a despotimi only Ifeteofcd to la-t nntil the ulterior project* of the Krnpei ,r h.?v?- i had time to be matured. ThK FfM.WORK 0/7H?:RtV(; T Fill rnnrr journals are glorifying exceseiviy >t< r >lw ir immense demonstration" at Union s j j . the ? *!rr nitbt. Bnt what doe a it MMnnt to' Who doe* not remember the fbaertl of Willis n Poole? \\a? M'- r *rer snclt .1 mighty fun On' [ofth? p? oplo in New Voak sine* the arrival o1 K ifsuth? Who lias fatcntlpii 'he ms ? m- ti i. ( ' !?' / n ;*i ! ' ' V ! -t,nn > l?* '?? Gicat TUnea In OM Virginia? Botta M the WlRSer WTtag Democracy. We have given to-day an elaborate speech f rom John Minor Botts, the Palimtrus of Virgi nia whigs, the bosom friend of Mr. Clay, and the bedfellow of Captain Tyler. This speech, al though somewhat lengthy, will be found exceed ingly interesting, and well deserves a careful pe rusal. Whatever may be the opinions entertain ed of Mr. Bottt; by those who have been political ly opposed to him. it cannot be gainsayed that he is a shrewd observer of the political field untl exceedingly well informed upon the topics of which he speaks. For twenty years Mr. Botts ha* been one of the most prominent politicians in a Slate where politics are studied as a science, and where every man expeete 4Mier to hold ( Bice or to say who shall administer the govern ment?the State o< Virginia, lie is one of the > xccutorsof Mr. (lay ? one of the last of that gnl 'ant band who made so splendid a tight in eighteen hundred and forty-lour, and who fell w ith tht Ir feet to the foe. Well, like a good many of his friends, Mr Botts turned up aruong the Know Nothings, an'1. ;8 considered one of their best men. 11) >vas a candidate for the Presidency before one of the nominating conventions, and has always filled a piominent place in the political history of the countiy. Mr. Botts now comes before us as th?* advocate of Mr. Fillmore, although his speech is more like an attack upon 'ho nigger driving de mocracy than a panegyric upon the Sage of Eri'1 county. Mr. Botts represents the conservative Union el< ment of the South and his rem irk- are worth attention. He is firmly convinced that the Missouri ccmpioinise should not have b'en disturbed, and that the administration ol' Mr. Fierce and Jeff. Davis is solely responsible' for rhe disturb d state of the country. Mr. BoU slatlK s away at I'icrce and Buchanan ia ihe aiost telling way. and ridicules the idea of disunion an a consequence of tb^ election 01' Col. Fremont? an event which he s'-.ms to consider a^ high ly probable, lie predicts that our venerable ? riend at Wheatland will not get, a Northern electoral vote, which is. ia tact. .1 p.cknowledg ment that there is no doult of Colonel Fremont <uco?s. II-1 analyzes th ; Cincinnati platform ai:d severely condemns Brooki for his assault ipon Sanu.or. lie say*. v y Ualy, that it N 11 > the in'.tntion of Mr. Fremont's supporter in terfere with sin*, fry when.' it exit-ts by law, and ?bat the ii.'t't t on e.t;d ti.--- luion wou! 1 bj ;i -efo in tv:e hands 01 one candidate as iu those ^ another. Altogether Mr. E :ts' Richmond speech, ul though intended to I>< lp Mr. Fillmore, will be a valuable electioneering document for Fremont. There are many weak backed people at t'ie Not lb ? aud particularly in Ne^v Jersey and Per.a pylvanin ? who ore frightened by tuis cry of die union, but who would Ik- gl.ul to vote for Fremont were this bugbear cut of the way. Mr. lictt", representing the -ame population of the .South, ha* laid this ghoet. He d-'daras many times that what ever may bo the result o: 'lie cou tes t, the i'nion will 1? in no sort of danger This is the salient point of the upoeoh. and it' shows a revolution in the sentiment oi' tint sec tion when an orator can ay t'aeau tb''ng* to a SoutLin audience, und be listem d to v* itii ?u sorbins : ! ; t i < ? n . II" com!- k to >. :!ie gr ? | outi age upon Senate* Sumner; and !n thi" we are confdent he will >:v mi -tain d by ?!.-? intel.i ?en ce of the South. Mr lioits has taken the p - ?i r ton on this question previously assumed by the Herild and otb r conservative journa'". it if a view found- d upon common and is al'te repugnant to extreme f?mat'.i'.?tu, whether coming from tLc North or the Sou h. Every wne mcu must know that the abolitionists of t!je North and the secessionists of th; South a-e in a very small minority: and tbis- i* very well un derstood everywhere. Th-' ni.v; driving d: n?cracy hope to gain vou by rai.ia^ th: c.y of disunion and calliug every m.in who will not vote for Yr. Buchanan a traitor; bat. a? 3ir. C? tt? suyp. th"y should hang tii ir h aus with shame. and usk to be relieved tn):n the re*ponsi blliti* c of power which they have sao-va th.ai <*-l?es incompetent to maintain. Tb? ?"? a*; cer tain great principles involved in : ? I'r ?? i i til l content v.lii h should never r lost Mght of ?"or a moment. The Fremont raen ha\ ? the ar n* all on their sid-\ and should not V li ghtened by the outcries of the nnetry, \vhi:h 1 like the Chine** goog<4 with wit !i r* war i - '>r th< O'ltral Flowery Kingdom ' '.p d to : ' * i "t: t tj e British fleet, Stand to y >iir guu* I'.a^Krtln I he Old ami Srw WorMit-)Io?f n?r lit* <>f tpprnilmnllnn Imimihi I'hrni,' Am'jn-4 the multitude of iailr<..d aclx-me* ?? ! iej ),Mv? n lately ?tarti-d to >-r i'V ;(:<? mv ui? i' i ? eularii-n. which l.a- b. . on.' a- ? mil < "d'ti? i < f tf money mark of the w rid. ?-rp iii e comparatively few w' i>\ based on ..if ly estimate*, or whkl u! rd ?;.y clear pi nfjK ct? of a ' t'lrn for tie; <? r " ti%! : iv<rtod < 'urious to Miy. in proportion..* rn- a- ? oi obtaining infom.i. 'on r aiilii: ' I ? n* 'v.-y and the grou.id to ? e ? r ? !ir. d t V? difll ul'y of arriving . * ; ? - ? i ? - ? V. .? a'iziiien! 1. W l avo -en '.hi' iu-'i .t<d '? . - il> rl- i. -t. nc - "n oi.! own li: ? end tli fact i- only lie nce? ' ? d for by tie ?. ral o'oul .if hc?' | iv and th< i n< ? <i i for th r?> ;?>?'? f'f fraud. With -eli' ne - r 'n-..'. - tude. rnd which enibtao' will in ti, ? p*; . .1" th? ir e>|< rations 'he Inter-*- t f - vial c oi tries, the rev? rn* i^ to be ol.t" rv ! Tii a: e .? tion of tins (Kjientif.e world generally l. c? :n'^ ui teresUd in tlntn. tlx y nceive a t!> . rough In vestigation and dlwn?S!?jr, and i'. i therefire. (iiflienit for fprulators to mi.iop -liz ? the tr ae t U in which many sn<i cuch \ jrion* in*' re*t? mu-i (hare. Thew- fact^ haxe b < n forcibly i in I rtt?cd up<?n us by the cor^iderat'oB of two treat raihoad ent^rpri- which have latterly, in ?pit ? of their apparent difficulty, r p n rap'dly in public fawn, and bid fa r to > ventually real iz? d. The first of theN> in imjiortape*- at 1? a*t a? r< iard? tbis COM ":wt '- 'fi IIohdnriM Int -r ? )eean'c Hallway. Tie pr-rmi- a-y -arvey o ?'.i'- lit;e wax maile in tie 1 "-'X by Lieut .11 I S N iH.d .i i n > - .i ? n t'f.e u* iitUmeu. who dr-w up a highly !i.vi#rable pport of it* capabilities. It* fact* w . ' Mi* ?' tie ntiy cnUrm <1 liy Captaai Kit/,, .-v. I N ' an ? fl - al report to i/Ord Chu udon dated Mcy 13. Both docnmeoUi Miow that in the general oalubrity and ah'tndant resource* of tli?? c^nntfy thron rh which it run*, aid the sare i d ( ppneiou- harbor .v! ch it pove^^ei at M tJi ' Sir m ti' *. thb line combines all the pri

i ?] and f ntiol r?'?Httinit ? (. in a t-pia'a and 1 rmaijent iiitosrof.eariio conimn'iY i: <ei. A cliar jUrwasot fii' d lor it !? m tl. riim?*nt of I rln ras. wh hwa? ra tied bj the L gi-ta?iro ; ? ' 'I ' 1 ! ij. A j : ? 1 v. Tl ? eon- j 'Wilci? 1$ rnt> ttf th# M,,"t tib.es' thai tat ifit j lv.. ? - ? - ? 4 fwl laivc.'tu ' pany are to eiyoy the road for a period of seventy years from its opening, at the end of which time the works are to be purchased by the State at a fair valuation, or the charter must be continued to the company in perpetuity. The charter of the Pa nama line, it should be observed, is only for forty nine years, at the end of which period the road must revert to the public of New Granada; but at the expiration of twenty years the government may take it on payment of $5,000,000, or at the end of twenty years on payment of $2,000,000, or less than one-third of the cost. The charter of the proposed Tehuantepec line is for twenty years, when it must devolve to the government ? a bonus of $(<00,000 to be paid to the latter by the com pany on the delivery of the charter. It is encum bered with other conditions controlling its opera tions and burdening its traffic. Thus, it will be seen that a& regards the extent and duration of its privileges, the Honduras line possesses niu^b greater advantages thun the other Isthmus Politically speaking, it is also much uio?dki?>rubIy situated. The whole line and both ports are under the sole jurisdiction of on- state, which has surrounded the concession with guarantees which place it beyond the dan ger of seizure or interruption. By the recent treaty with England the line will be placed un der the joint protection of this country and the three leading European Powers: and thus circum stanced, there is no political contingency that can be thought of which can affect its prosperity. Of its facilities of construction we have satisfac tory evidence in the report of the American Commission, and in those of Captain Fitzroy. It. N.. and Mr. Kelley, an American gentleman, who has had a survey of the isthmus made at his own expense, with the object of constructing a shin canal. Without going minutely into the details of these reports, it is sufficient for us to state that, notwithstanding the great elevation of the summit level, (2.400 feet.) the aggregate rise and fall will not be as great as those of the Bos ton and Albany, the New York Central, the New York and Erie, and many others of our o vn linos. There are no intermediate summits. Th ? road ascends gradually through the valley of on>' liver and descends through that of another, and presents none of the. difficulties which are in separable from routes crowing a district of country transversely to the wat?r courses. In addition to this, the longest incline, and consc quently the lightest grades is on the Atlantic side, from which direction the heaviest freight may l>e expected to come. But to reduce the question to positive figures, we may state that the Panama railway ha^ grades of fifty-three feet on the Atlantic declivity, and sixty on th" Pacific. Tku maximum grades on the proposed Teliuant' pec road are sixty-four feet, not to sp?.ak of tunnelling. Those on the proposed Honduras line will not exceed fifty-five feet. We take the?e data from Captain Fitzroy 's report, a* being least likely to incur the charge of partiality. For lb " pecuniary prospects of the line we : re. fortunately. not compelled to have recours ? to conjectural estimates. The returns of th?* Panama road will afford a fair basis of calcula tion for the returns that may be expected froiu ?he Honduras route. From the report of the former, it appears that two semi-annual divi dtcds of six per cept were paid to the Panama shareholders out of the earnings of the road far 1855, l"avi??g a surplus of three per cent addi tional in the treasury of the company. Up to January 1. l?5fi, the road had paid thirty and a half per cent on its subscribed capital. Thes* earnings were made on a travel nearly equally divided with the route via Nicarauua. Amongst the other advantages which the Hon duras 11m will have over its Isthmus rival* a:-' tho^ of the greater durability of the works and a more convenient and abundant supply of fuel. Owing to the quantity of wood employed in tlx con Iructlon of the Panama line, and the moistu of tli climate, the outlay for repair! is necessarily very great. This will not be the ca?e with the HodorM road, the temperature >? )in^ so much dryer: and besides this, all the requisite material-, a." well a? native labor, are to be found on tb j spot. The fuel which ii used on th ! i'anann lin ? is carried from distant pori*\ but in the case of tlie Honduras road there will not be this difficulty, a- His to be found in alrtindance near F ot**\ a Gulf. Whethy, therefor'', wo take the privilege granted under the charter, of which we bare only t pectfied the leading one. the facilities of c jnstruc* tion and fuel, or the financial prospectsof thclin \ it is undeniable that no railroad enterprise fcaa ever pr w nted itself under m ire promising aus pice* Favorably situated as it will be for com munication with North and South America. Europe. China. India. Australia and the islands of the Pacific, it Is one that will speedi ly concentrate upon it the attention of -apitaiists, both here and alrood, and employ profitably some portion of the immense sums which are being frittered away on bogus specula tions ottering no real prosp<ct of return. Of th" vast eomtn* rrial benefits which it wtl ultimately confer upon our continent it is unnecessary to speak. They will be apparent to every one who cboosos to give a moment's consideration to the subject Of a similar character, in its prospective intli - ence on the destinies of the other hemisphere, but involving a greater expenditure and covering a larger extent of space in its construction, is the project known as the Euphrates Valley route to ludia. Of the immense variety of whemes elabo rated within the last quarter of a century for the purpose of shortening the communication be tween Great Britain and its Indian possesions it is curious that although none are older, noue have continued to maintain so strong a hold of lb* favor of scientific men as this. Whilst nil the others, from Pare s project of a Calais, Constan tinople and Calcutta railway in IMS, down to Mr. R. M. Stephenson's crude scheme* of a more recent date, have been exploded, as Mng mor ? or lei* impracticable, this route has been air vin revived with a fair pro?pect of being ultiru it;-ly ? xecuted. The country through which it is pro posed to carry this line was, t>y command of William IV., examined and surveyed ibout twenty years ago. with the view to the introduction of improved m"an. of transit, by Major General Ch^sney; and ubseqti' nt scientific investigations under Captain lynch. C. B., and Commander t'atnplM-ll. both of the Indian Navy, have corroborated the favorable r< port made by that officer. The consent of the Porte having been recently obtained to the exe cution of tb< ; ? iJ, a - . mpa > l>n? ?????? formed ?? carry it oi''. ' Is on * ; "pot* ' < jiflvnt to 1 xecnte the Ii- *t af< C >n. .>'? >11 gl y ni'lt** railroad m " fn?i* I* !?? tl> :> M ? ? rranesn. to .1: t. r f'u Me on the Kupb l? w which point the of "l < s i? p rmsnenfly op-?o Cor f >4 ".*!:? r/i ,iid He boM?vf?'? eOiw'rr ,T . j 1 i.tdMtlltei., tit .-V li.-uu ?i MMt i .luN. Uaik /V ' ? steam route being thus established between the Mediterranean Sea and the Persian Gulf, the shortest and most rapid means of communication between the capitals and emporia of the West and East would be open at once for political and commercial purposes. The future sections of the line will be gradually carried down the val ley of the Euphrates, from the right bank, oppo site Ja'ber Castle, to Phumsah, the ancient Thap sacus. Crossing into Mesopotamia, at this suit able place, the railway will be carried along by Anah nnd Hit to the environs of Bagdad, and thence by Babylon and Hillah to the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris, at Kurnah, where there is sullieient depth of water for the largest steamers, or to Bussorah, thirty-seven miles nearer the head of the Persian Gulf, where an extensive trade is already carried on, and where there is ample accommodation for square rigged vessels. In fact, the trade of Tur key in Europe, Asia Minor. Mesopotamia, and all along the proposed line to its terminus at the head of the gulf, is of the greatest importance, and only requires a ready means of transit for its developement. The succ? ss of the English and Austrian steam companies on the line l>c tween Constantinople. Smyrna and the coast of Syria and Egypt, is the best proof that the re sources of these countries merely require an out let. In addition to this, we may mention that U'0.000 pilgrims pass yearly along the route of the Euphrates or Tigris, to \ is-i t Bagdad and the other holy cities. Of the benefits to the com merce of Europe and of the world generally, that will result from the opening up of this route, some id 'a may be formed from a comparison of the imports and the exj?orts of the ancient trad) with these countries, and the more modern sta tistics of BritinL commerce with the East during and subsequent to the existence of the Levant Company. These are the considerations which recom mend it most to our favor, although amongst the other claims urged for it are the mo:e expedi tious route wh'ch it will give Great Britain to its Indian possessions, and the beneficial influ ence which it will exercise on the good govern ment and developement of the Ottoman empire. From the facts which we have laid before our readers in regard to these two great enterprises, it will be seer, that jxtri jutstu in both hemispheres there are two 4re.1t movements of approximation in progress, by which it is sought to draw closer their relations acd interests. Whatever Scrip tural interpretation may be given by fanatics to this tendency to union on the part of the na tions of the earth, the optimist and the philan thropist cannot but ry'oice at it as a step gained towards their favorite Utopias. Looking upon it in a more sober and material light, we believe that it is destined to exercise a powerful influence on the future welfare and progress of the United States. All the new routes opened up to European commerce iu India China and Africa are only so many fresh channels secured to Ameri can enterprise and energy. There can be no stronger bonds of amity between nations, or surer guarantee against the recurrencc of war. Foreign Esumatks or American Manners? EVIDENCE ON WHICH WE AKL JlDCiED. ? Iu another column will l>c found two curious articles, from the Corrtio Mrreanti! of Brazil- au?l l.t Xurd of Brussels. based upon the advertisements of the New York Hkkajj). In the interest which the great social and political movements at work in this country naturally excite abroad, it is not to be wondered at that foreigners should frequently commit mistakes in their appreciation of their true character and object*. If those who are resident amongst u? cannot, alter the lapse of years. always <.uccetd in identifying themselves with our ideas, it is not to be expected that writers at a distance should be able to form a fifir estimate of American society from such im perfect evidence* as they have itefore them. We have seen how few foreign tourists have pene trated below the surface of thing* in their analysis of our social and political life. How less likely is it. then, that writers mho formed their "peculations on the ephemera of our jour nals should approach nearer to a sound judg ment? The articles to which we refer scarcely fall within the list those which are entitled to a serious criticism. They do n.)t the less contribute to confirm the misapprehensions which prevail abroad as to our ideas and habits. The writers do not reflect that it would be just oa fair for us to uraw from the advertisements of the London Toner, or of the Continental jour nals. conclusions prejudicial to the general morality of English. French or German society, as for them to deduce from the advertisements of our nemspapeis views unfavorable to that of Ame rica. The leading journals of all countries re semble each other in the character of their ad- i vertisement*. The more popular and widespread their influence, ihe more iliversifled. original and amusing *e latter are. The opportunities af forded by such convenient vehicles of communi cation are of course frequently abused, and the frivolous and idle do not scruple to avail them selves liberally of them. To take the wpmlr* of such persons as evidence of anything beyoud the fact that there are in our midst the usual propor tion of tritlers and fools which is to be found in every large ootnmuuity. is too absurd a mode of judging of things to excitc any other feeling than that of amusement That a limitation is not im posed on advertisements of this character. Is to be accounted for less by the cupidity of newspa per proprietors than by their unwillingness to curtail a positive convenience to the public. How many facts of vital importance to individuals, which would find no ?>tber means of transmis sion. are daily communicated through this me dium ! We have knomn numberless instance* of property restored, of lost children recovered, of wring meml?ers of a family brought hack to their duties, and of undeserved suffering relieved, through its means. Fur such benefits the adver tising system, which has found its greatest deve lopeinent here and In England, may well lie ex cused for the occasional abuses to which it gives rise. Orr with Thetr Hkahs. ? We are sorry U> learn that several Custom House democrats who took skies among the democratic wire-pnllers on Thursday, in behalf of Mayor Wood for Mayor. w< re discharged on Friday. Quick work. For ney's finger in the pie. The Turf. Ro'Krr. Bso? * P 'tc a*t> Ijii.v Mmpow ? Thwa br ?'.:?? meet to t *' r H>- <"r it to cJBtei J <jT ? p'.r -? ?B'l Mai>? a t <??'? 1 m tr<n w.II lie s : i ? i i . ?i. I woftl ? ft Tb f ire t ? I'bt m har n< ? ?, m " fc'? * ? .11 1 t I J>iW < ''I it ?'< li l'?l i oph ib??4 * />???:* w it cms w ..'.or> r'?t. wl t ti ? ,? f ? ? ? ? ? ' ? MNi Jt>' THE LATEST NEWS* BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. MuiichnMtUl Politic#? Death of lion. J, L Dlmmock. Boston, Sept. IS, lata. The Hon. Suniyel n. Wullcy, the whig candidate for Governor last year, has written a letter reviewing politi cal affairs, and declaring (or Fremont and Dayton. The Hon. John L. Ptmmock, a well known citixen, died yesterday at his residence in Watertown. Fillmore Mai* Meeting. Cincinnati, Sept. 12, 1856. There was a very large Fillmore mass meeting here this evening. A largo torch light procession is now pa rading. From Washington. Wamuimuton, Sept. 13, 1856. Senator Clayton publishes a letter in the JnlelligMcer, declaring that it ia his Intention to express no preference and take no part In the Providential contest. Burning of the MUlu of the Norway Plain Company* Guat Kali*, N. H., Sept. 13, 1866. Mills Nos. 1 and 2 of the Norway I'lain Company, at Rochester, N. H., were doct> oycJ by tire this morning. Lobs about $100,000. Insured. The ?lil|> Mi'imiticook. BtMro.N, Sept. 13, 1856. The sbipSebastlcook, which sailed from Shields lor New York, is telegraphed b?lew, with jury, Tore maiu ami mlzentopniasts gone. Sho has anchored in Nantaskot Heads. Arre*t of Abolition Agent*. Haitimork, Sept. 13, 1S66. James CaMwell and John Malone had been arrested at Cheruw, S. C., charged with belnj? abolition agenu. They were usen before tne Vigilance Committee and sent to the free Slates. New Organs papers of Sunday last are to hand. Markets. FIIIL ADK I.l'lII A STOCK BOARD. Hiii' AiiKi.riiiA, Sept. 13, 1866. Slocks steady. Pennsylvania 6's. 83; Healing Rail road, 43 X; l.orK Island Railroad, 13 jj ; Morris Canal, 14% ; Pennsylvania Railroad, 47. Vtw Okiians, Sept. 12. 1866. Cotton? Sales, 1,800 bales: niirket uni banned. Pales for the week, 9,21 0 bales Stock, 21,000 bale*. Cofloe? Pnlep at 10>,c. a lOJ^c. Sales for the week, 3,000 bags. Stock, t>y,lu0 bags. fcterllDg exchange, 9,1, per cent mo no um. The Bark Resolute at the Navy Yard. Tue Iiritish bark Resolute, with whoso history our readers aio already familiar, arrived at the Navy Yard yesterday, where she is to bo repaired and fitted up un der the direction of Lieut. Hartstein. It will be rcmem bored tl.at a reioi jtloc was adopted at the extra session of Cor gresi, appropriating forty thousand dollars towards purchasing and putting her In a proper condition before presenting her to the British government. Of this amount thirty three thousand are to bo paid to tbc owners, captain acd crew of the whaling bark (ieorge Henry, of New I onuon, Coon., by which, It wlllbercmcmbersd, shewas discovered on the lOtli of 8ept,. 1865, in latitude 67 north, and atout twenty Biles from rape Mercy. The Resolute is at present lying in dock, and the work ol overhauling her commenced ye>terday. As it Is the intention to present her to the British govern noat with everything that was found on board at tbot>meofhor discovery, an Inventory of her ^argo, furniture, and alf her appointments, will be taken previous to their removal, for the purposes of repairing, cleaning and repainting. Tbc men employed on ber were engaged, yesterday, in removing the powder, rockets and other ammunition from the bold. With this exception everything on board rema.ns as it was at the time of the discovery of the bark. There was tfce captain's library, and conspicuous arcing tbc work.: It contained was a lino edition of "All son's History of Europe." The greater part of the oollec tion consisted, however, of scientific books. Here, In another place, was an old haud organ, with which the Arctic voyagers whiled away some of the ted.ous hours of the long and dreary poiar nifbts, but it was in a rather dilapidated condition, and, like the vesael, stood much la need of repair. OiU boots, with legging* made of tho warm est kind ot lur, and solee of corks, were ly .or in what had evidently once been Intended tor the wardrobe, but which was. now a storehouse for the oi l clothes that had been cant otl by the crew before (hey abandored the vessel. The curiosity seekers had hardly loft a baton that they had col appropriated. (*f pistes, dishos, cups, saucers, knives, forks, spoon*, and other indlspenslble articles of that character, there wore enougn to supply a good sized Uore. In hot, there was nothing wanting which was Lcosary for the nse and comfort of the officers and crew. The vessel h? rsilf is a m -del of massive strength, snd admirably i.lted to cope with the perils cod dangers ol the ..rctic sea*. The expeue of rtpuring her, exclu sive ol the thirty -three thousand dollars purcbasemoney I*>d for ber by our government, will be from ten to i fteen thouranl dollars. I: Is expected th.it >he will be read;, for tea In about four week*, when Lieutenant Hart stela, who has already b*?n appointed to tne command, w.U take her to Cu gland. The other ifUcers have not yet been appointed. It baa been suggested that it woali be well for -it government to send instructions U> some one of our war vessels on the European station, to be prepared to re ceived her on bur arrival at Loodoa, or whatever other English port ahe may stop at; and It Is thought that the steam frigate Herri mac. which sailed a few days ainco for Southampton, would bo the most suitable vessel for the purpose. Something of the kind ought to be done, and we think the suggestion is at leant worthy of ossl deration. Religious Intelligence. Several of the churches of this city, which bi\ e been closed for the list month or two for repairs, were opened last sabbath, and discourse* preached by the pastors. Among them we notice the return ol Rev. Drs. A Ism*, Campbell, I*arker, and Burchard, and Rev. Meatrs. Wood, Hovey, and I ucaa. The Seventh church is not yel com pleted; the other absent pastors are expected to be at their posts to day. The Alien street church has been considerably Improved. Rev. Cyras Hamlin. D.D., Missionary of the American Board at Constantinople, will preach in the Mercer street church (Rev. I<r. Prentiss i, this morning. IDs bop Totter will administer the rile of confirmation In the Memorial church, corner of Hammond street and Waverley place, this evening. Ibe Rev. Dr. Mn"tnenamy'? services, conrtu ted on the Apostolical plan of dating with error, and attended by Komanists of varans secu snd I "rotes tan ts of vartoaa Christian dem mmatioo*. nre now held In the new Ml'Stoo cbnrcb, Twentieth street, between First and Second ave nues, on Sabbath evenings, at IX o'clock. The Fifteenth street I'resbj tcrlae cbn.-jb, between Third avenue and Irving place, will be optin to day. Preaching by Rev. Samuel I). Alexander. ibe Fiftieth street rresbyterlan ohurcb, H?v. (>. S. Plumley, pastor, will resume their *orvl<*>M to day, on tne grounns ol Hamuel Fleet. Esq . corner of i'.lgbUi avenue and Fifty lourth strict. I'reai bing by the pastor. appointments or the rmoTK-TAjr* episcopal. runnop. To day, evening, at the Memorial church, In this city. Moiilsy, ai Mott llaven. Tutsdsy. forenoon, at I ewithoro'. Wcdses<lay, at ft. Mary 's church, North Castls; afler noon at HI. Stephen's. ORMHATION. , Rev. William R Capron, who Is under appointment ot the A. R. C. F. M . as a mtsstoaary to Madura, In t*outh ern India, was ordained to the work ol the mliistry is Cxbrtdge, Mass., on Wednesdsy, Sept. 3. INVITATION*. Tbe Rev. Ceoge T. Hopkins has accepted a call to Trial* ly < l.ur h, Freeport, Armstrong county, I"a. Mr. Kdwln M Wneelock has recently been Invited to. settle over the Unitarian society In Iwver, N. H. Mr. 'ieorge Bradford haa rooeived an invitation to be come the pastor of tne Unitarian society In Watsrtowu, Mass. Rev. l outs Kellogg, of ojwego. has aocepted a call lo the Presbyterian church in Tr> mansburg, N, V. Rev Wm. Hall has swepteda call to the School church In Mt. Pleasant, Hy. Rev. Cyrus Dickinson, of Wheeling, V? , has bv<eo called lo tne Westminster (O. 8.) church, ftaiimore. Rev. IT. E. P. Kogers. of Philadelphia, has been cal'nb to tlie North Dutch church In Albany. INSTALLATION. The inslallstion of Rev. C. V. DeNorrotndio over tha f ni'srlan Church and Society, in Falrhaven, took Mm| >a Wednesdsy svening, September 10. Rev. S. II- Tolmsn w?? ordained snd installed at Wil mington, Mass, on the 14th ult. Sermon hy 1'rofessor Phelps. Rev. Thas ?'rnne was ordained and Installed p*st?r of the ??. H. church In * cw \ crnot, N. J,, on ti.e ltth nil. -ermon by Dr. Murray RKftflWATIOJfS. iloj e;. i!. y Terry has resigned the rrrtorahlp or hi -i eh1 r !i, MU>ouri, and accepted a call t* . he I hrrge rl "*t ' a: i , < ? ? n h, M IxjiiIs. m't A I ?? |. ' , h*-< r^slfi'e-l p. ,.4f ?V ef P' ? ' - .1 A as. MVlll IU>lt?a lUV JH