Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 21, 1856, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 21, 1856 Page 6
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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our London Currvspondt-uce. Losuok. August iW, 1859. ft* FatMonable Ltmhm Brfira?A Young Joker in t\t Ji^ol f jmiiy ? tun not tone 'u/oy- J in Myh Quarter j? CAerto Kean? Barney WtUuiim and hi* Better UtiJ ? Jim the Ouardi Dined a la Duke Humphrey ? IV M> dtrr. OipKeui ? Music and the Drama , tic., <Cc. The yueea ?u oir to tier highland retreat yesterday morning, and the Chevalier Wikod turned his back on the shores of Athlon noma weeks itcee, with his optics lan gmsa .agly flxed on but native laud. London ts therefore, ull of emptiness, and those of us who are left are like Kin? t'oopoo and hU wift in the bottomless pit, left to p? :?>o each oiber. The Chevalier is not the oaitr pe>ou who geta into *crai>es, for tt appear* that the Princes* Royal has (acoirdiag to the following anecdote) been in disgrace ol late. She is reported to be remarka'aia lor her wit, and her bun not/ are sai'l to be of Orst rste quality She is not the Ie?s remarkable, being a fe ma'e as w.' l ah a l'rincess, for hat' ng u will of her own, and Of a pretty determined character. Mr Brown, a modicat practitioner .a the vicinage of Windsor's Meads, 1s a frequ?ut visiter, a kiud of daily ourveyor of domestic ?tedtCiao at the Palace, and the l'riuces* often addressed tiiiu thim ? ? Good tuotstsg, Brown," omitting the '-Mr." This oame .o the cars ol ihe royal "Ma," who forbade its :ti i ent su-1 threats ned thai oil its being repeated she wo tldsfci M.is U'jelpn to bed. (>n Mr. Brown's nest visit, sud a the pretence of Victoria, the royal princess saluted b r ai usual, w th "Gx>d morning, Brown," and 4,G..jd c :?.!.? 3ro?a for 1 atu to be sent to bed, B;owu." The Que.; u kept her word. We are at a lo?e to conjecture how or in wbat way we Lo1-. ouofifcaro ofl^nded Mr. Charles Kean, (soon to be Sir Keae, a? the French style o ir baroaeU; and knights,) but nest Mju Jay tie threatens ui (trom the placarded walU of the mctropoUi), with an appearance as ??Rolla," and abort!/ a'tei wards will offer lis Bo'.ton," in Sliaks pere'i ''Midaumwer Night's Dream " for public approval. It it t-.otjltt jutt possible tL?t the Timet will move for aii Injunction to stay pruceeoiuga, for we are gutting auda ciously moral here just no* B?n.ey Williams and ha ' eira pi>a" have mvie a le gt r-ate hit, and alter piayii'K iw.-ive woek* right oil" Ine wheel, ?*. the A'iclphi, to ivoriiowicg hoine-i, ha/e beon re eogi? 'ed by lir. WebfWr, on terms perfectly d la Jenny find, for six months. The cin'ier to ibe Household Rrlgale ? '.h? 3,000 Crl Blteumtda men of the tiuar b- ? at tne du'rey tJardeas, war bait a ia.lure? tie n. o? t important hall' ? the aiuner aDdtbediiuk. But that they had a'l dined previous at barrack* ?o rmeute might b?ve been the resua. Jull.eu baviDg ti taed w unkind de cm, &np;>li>d one botti* of cbaaipast. ?that is eau fun--; ? to every three. The repo't '.j tha', tbe banouet *w not a;.-ie miant to ceieu i'-i Crimean glory, b'lt Cnm<an misman agement a ii 1 starvation. JulUen conducted the or ch<stra n b.e usual Manic attire, witn tbe addition of a f ather m his breast, plucked from the eagle that Is reputed to tavo carried bim, when a Chii., 'roja his mcuitaiu home to tne realms of bwmony lie must have realised a la-ge amount by ths charge of live shil lings a tea(?. The continued rains ol lata have been voty pre .jicial to the interest of the Surrey uardea? ami ott er p aiee of similar aim eements. A'l tbe op ratio star*, uafler the con!u-.to:-ihip of Cuu, area' tae !e?tivaU. wii ro citu-i Reeves, Uname fisrdH t arcii and Ma'tarae Clara S'ovello ire every wbere tn^inphaat Mr. Reeves t * ahout to play au en gafttiiTit with Mrs Sirni Heores, lor a moatb, at 'he K yai 6UBdartf, at tiie rate of one hundred pounus p sr Bikht Mr .'aai.'s 4nJer?on shortly leaves on for America ? wby, w ? aieata 1'isa to C KjdCture ^e p*y and b'.m well, yet with 'all be calls | >or old En^Uud a used ?p cou?tr>? ea>? be maiten a d barvest in tho L'nitol Mates, ? e : e he Ullu of locating till the enJ of tu chatter A Mr Charles Pil.oa op*ns the Lycj'im theatre <a s lew dayj, with a b?t J f provia claia, ?ciaowii. saving the ever welcome an J talented W - . Wooi.-u,-, new Mrs. A ired Me !on Her Lusb.uid, by lb - bye. ? oi.e of our uv>t aceonipli'bed C"tnpoeer? aad C0cdi.ei<<r< Mr. fitllon bnr>g.? with 'nm a provincial a t vertKtrict leputation. Mrs. DiIIob ia a dauguter of Mr Col (uent. tie prcpre tor of som ? dramaMO tea gardens in tbe l <tv P.'?J < hn is to be tie sttge maniKer ? n<>. very proii .ot or the o?*rd/: |>oar Madamo Vmuls n.tiu co iong IV>of Madam : .-ae |5 g^ne, rtgretie-1 by ai. ? ter ci. tractor* parucu'arly ? who woul-i tive the wp. ! to rreill all tbeir ill naturtd Ouxsiag*. Waal Uljat. w hat jrlc' wbat taste \h*r. KiUwc thy, aa actreei of talent is I hear, on the pe nt M ai ing for the L'nusJ Slal.s Shi ? ae aa a:qui-iuoo to your aage. I.osdob, Sept. 2, ISjC. I T Rji J *? '.he Tvrf?Syortiay Bet Agiirut Ike /pi I i . ' it. . ?i?! ? Clnmi rt <4u**nvf <>ude ? t j'-r. ; r r- r-'.t ?J|, l/r ji/inttn't Ou-naj'hfT?Uroy !'?*'? Put ?Tkt Tl.tutrtr, ?/<? T. a aa!j intelligence n i?: ? iul>*!:igeoce ? thV. being Iocj *t cia fcavo no intercd on your aid* of ti* Wa'ar. A >r pap. . iff filled w.ih the report! of iialfy-irly n. Ci ena it at ol '.at corupacirs p*ylbg 'JivUeaia tro-n U>t capita TT.b Kintcrn Couatioe line, whi -h has lr- >n a? .?* d.-bor.-M ftcw on, to wit) atd t tr - ? j ) L.ivj plundered it ? . the first ul ?ru tu: L?l ? i. i Try plight. !#<!?<? 1 A apotitg dog-,' b. ?t J." ? *b the m> the t>:r >n'naU) tiu en rt i t? '>?> * fcw donkey, fifteen yean olJ, f?r a run of i t1 ??!vo-i tbe I;>?w;cj mill tfa-n fjr the rum of {.V j A. la ? !i ?-b ur-.i fjr -i.luU, *e ca*'dnd tha purveyor of cn&tne provt n lor. V l2.aarb? eg b"n dme (* -ended) o often, our tt.a ??? J turned ibeir atUfcUon to Moubi Ar?rat. Fo r in* .u "a Uava lately perfor :ne I tbe feat w.th i. ti- ail A.bert -iniih, a.'l?r near two thousand mtimw areola of tbe Alpine K ag la Piccadilly, la oil, for a two moatt* uoiiiay, ailbi-r to Swita'srland or E ziroum Wc art a.l ?zog for a?w? from Hue >w. Shoal* rt algut ?erri are already thr-e, and the barbaric pomp will, no d>v.tx oa da/ *".ag to all beholder*. Lord ?ran rtlla goes ?a V.cto' ?'? repreatttafcre, ?ccoaip?o.ei wttii a bojt of ?up?n c . ed from tbe anttncracy, and all at lite ax pcuae r ! good e**y Mr John Bu!!. They- ten of I tide, witii h-r son and brotier, an la whole tri.3) o attendant*, aiinach. WcloUed, b?* arrlrod la towa rram N>uthaoi|Hoa. Sbe omej? p* r daludei wo nan ra<tr s* Irom tbe Ka^Iad ia Com ,>aoy , wbo bare tvroed h#r out ol boutaanl b loa*. an 1 geiwot-ly ?od?r?d lo a..?w bar io mu;b a year o it of Lur owa In crate What evjlly c*a ?be uxpect from a co'iatry wbieb doe* not act up to Ita pr<-aco.ngs We <loa't l:ka Amer. ? raa aiar?ry nor Bu?ala i a tbe I>?l I' l.n Pnocipailtm, aor Warier m '? >< ?rag ia but we l*kj a faacy to an In dta.) a.ng Ion? eo tnatt<r what our friendly raiatloqf mty ba e b tberto be> r.? and we aatae ap <o it Mtgat '<i r'gbt tbal ia, w\h tbe Ka?t India ','om?iny, "hum ?*/? ?ntler," Who ar? a') doubt wel! backed by tbe <'?vi-ram?ni We are r -w ltd <lp<rt tbe pp>.<a^y oublicaUoa of the leuor > of Pr .lob cwos * iicltapilil- aa.l blofrapber Jan m Boiwali T'-tee CaBClngbain telle Q4 that Bo?weil'4 o?r re ? ;? ' lent waa a rantao and te-njiUrt. a Mr. Wiltiatn ?T? taoo 7?m;>ie. afterward* a div n? ?o 1 rod or of it. Giuv aa Cornwall If the letter* are well edite i we aball lu - arai'- anUtMbal l ? port in t knowledge of tbe great If * < ffapber and bu rlv/n*. loe tf.o" of Huwlei-cb and Ix>rd Piw.?, with tbe able ar >tac<e of Mr Jobu l"a> ne Collier, ( x rlbaiupereu re'ebr if.) W.I1 shortly pre ant the literary world wi h a fon>; j -j'.arto nf M:< h??: I'ra|too'a po-nn, on i o( tb? m >?t coalribuU<Mt.? that have bean tnvle for raa- y year* to our knowledge o' tbe literature of tae ag" la m^ct Avon * imrortal bard lired and Honrlebel. Hie Pr oc'M'a tb atre (notwitbeun Jlng tint it wa* tbe fir*l af J-ept' meer. ? wac tolerably well tilled, (pa}vd or otbe'Wiaa,) ia> t eren eg. tbe aeaioa Of ibe flr-t p-torta< repr?entiuon <if ?? Ptrarro.'' Th? dla. ig-.? n ae of tba m \ i miH bu boe? ca-o f ly and the park felueel to paatomimi2 ?rti ? The " Se*e ? en scene M very abowy and af f ert.ee tbe ma.-x-. f tlo -puui. tbe daoeing y aaaal. and If pow.b e mOT tb inly rial and tba grouping* after the ?eat. approved, Afn<r <?a ladlan <tyla. Mr Qiarlel Kean aa '? Roila." looked like P.! rid by tin aide of Mr Rj ler who pla^ad *' P: ?a'ro ' the peronaincatloa o? a Hp*r. >b .Soiiah The other ebarao'.era were wall to tba bark graoad, where hoada ol animtU were latroluced in rC<*af We hare bad ettraor liaarv wet wcaUar of late, but king Phaob-ja thla aternooa. thank beareo app?tred la aarwadaal Yon WtU eraroely batleee It. but a?etnr the d lfralty of proenr-ng (owing to tbe vine diaea m on tba ronliaewt) good, an ) re^oma^l- priced wt ie? Chan * paaaaa portiealarly, wa bare Ukea. an I kiadly, to tb' tmblbatton of l/wgwortii'a aparUinj aod atill CUtwha It I* aow to ba found oa moat liaaer ublea at the woa ead Oai Parte CarrrapmiJrnce. Pa am, 9apt. 1, IMa tT'AfllrT la Frcmrr ? The HarrtM? thir<l*n nf the Mill lary Hftrm? 7 Ke I ??' Crnp? it Kr'raordinar / f'e ua e# >.'y (a :;-m' Paru?Th* PrrMmtial KWfim in Am* * t? The Mural D-ti/ni tm N*pUt~ InlrrtaHng Om ? tafwmi Wen Umu Sap Jim and Prime* Lvcitn M trmt-TKt (. nurt at UvtrrUt- AduiUraliM of MM, 4- 4k. The weathar la atracge aa l fitful, and baa bean an far U>e laat fbrtaigbt There to no doubt that tba north Of Fraarabaa asffarad very conatderable loaa In wheat and OUi?r grain* la roaaequaar.e of u>ie, mod tha dimralty of |Worur nf tbe required Bomber ol hand*. From the la Ibrmat >a eollrcted from tb* oongreea of agrtculturtata M4 aora Berchanta wb > b haa i*t baea h?, I at tivm, i ftpfteara that by dlTtdlag Fraace Into tbree parte one Ib-r.' thai a to aay, tbe aouthweet, the aooth, and tbe | |Malca af tba Rhone and Saone -may ba coaaidarad to bar a had a bad bar reel Another third, eomprteing tbe Ocntrr- Burgaady. tba Wramale, Barry, tbe mo iaUioa Of AarerfM aad the I.imooola -hare had an *t\rmnr dinar y good om. Tha remaining third, the waat-tbe Fight baak af tbe rx>tra, tha daparuaeet* of Parte, tba ?ort . aad Io--alac? hare had a harreat rather below tbe UTarage rrof la impen dent ly of tha wealhar. nalnra of tbe anil, rnltl ThU^>, Md ae fortb, thai ? ? aa OoaH Uwl M IM lua? tt the rtcolte, Uu> hug* miutary system of France wolgha heavy on the land. Uatemperel by the clouds knd dews and mist* which btael like ? curtain of ftuie the whole Uland of Great Britain, the aun of France blazon wiih almost Arabian flerconeas over the whole champagne part ?*f the country, ripening the com with such sadden oes<j that without hands to gather it the waste bocom6a exceMive and lamentable. While the agonised agricul tural la compelled to look on and wring his hands In sor row of heart; while weighed down with cru?hiog mort gages, which the fertile so.1 presents him with the mean i of modifying or liquidating altogether, he seos the towns echoing the footfalls of young, vigorous and stal wart armed men. who spend their lives In military pantomime while the food of millions rots on tho ground for lack of bands to cut and garner 11. It U, perhaps, well it shonld be so. Until men feel tho iron euter Into their souls ? until misery, famine aud its attendant, the plague? seise thpm as it were In their hearths an i homes, the lolly of perpetrating a sysitui which deducts from the productive labor 01 tho country its priiue^t pith *nd sinew, will Lever bo understood. The truth will burst upon them one day. aad the only istonUhmeut will then be that it should not bav? been perceived boloro. But as to clerical wit of England prognosticated, that until a hi/he?) fefcould be burnt, iho requisite procautiona against lire would never be taken by tho railroad oomp&nies, so uitil a wholesale calamity ha* falleu upon the countrios of the European continent. will each goon feeding and paying laborer* to sharpeu the sword rather than the sickle. Tha fears which wore at cue time entertained respoct uj tho vine, have, to a certain extent, proved ground less, though ULqueitionaby the di-ease to which it hu of late been subject ha? far from disappeared altogether. The last rain*, although prejudicial to the serials, have l>e? n benetic'al to the grape*, and hopca are oaerlshed that tbo vinta.-e will be both early and abundant. If we 3i?y junge from the following account in the A Uacien, there is tvery reason to expect that tao measure will bo full and overflow Inx ? Sproi-os of the vine and the extraordinary quantity of (trapes produced this year in Alsaoe, wo have b >en to 1 of a fecundity as rare ?.a carious. At Kehleuheim, t.eur Oolirar ? n a single gte.u of vin", making pari of a vine bower or trellis dt m-jtccU row^e grit, 090 grape3 were counted, having eaih on the average 120 grains, thin ?'*mg a total of *3 i CO gra.u?. It is . s '.mated that tms .?dem alone will pioducj more th?u sixty q-iaru ot win", attho. :h plac J iu a pcuifon unfavorable for vegetation, m i-mnch as it Is cubeddeU in the wall which supports the Mte ai hor. As may be imagined, with th? Court a! Biarrltx, and all tho wealthy or a'i toer?t:r! classes at Jheppo, Havre, Trouyille. Bairn Bauen, or Hamburg, an i clouds, dease and drear, overhanging the capital aud sadly inter f -ring by their capricious ojtpouringa With tha al freva concert* a;..: three trlcal entertainments which are wont i at Una seaton of the year to spread suuh a charm over tiie l-ij .an Held* of i'arla, ihere is not much gossip a!!. 'at worthy of beiug watied acro? the Atlantic, or likely to west the attention of your readers, now so occupied with ih.- Ftir. icr rr?-i<tenii,?l oonte^t. which Kuropo w itches w ith no Je , lnierer. than America. And here. 1 i ani ot help observing that '.ha manly tonu of the re narks contained ;n it.- i If.;< ?i_i> touching that itsteud Conference, whcie Mr. Buchanan condescen.lt ud to sit down with such infenor mm a Musou an 5 t^ou'r, and endorse j?rin ciplta titly bd wiring, &,i it.-ajs, to ths highwayman's i ode. has delighted every one." It is considered the voice of America leu -ly proclaim' i.g to Use civilized world Uie Ire* pulsations ot her noble heart, ac i eivicg the Uo to the many asporakts wli.ch tho u.traale *ppoiutmnnta ot Pn -aider t Fieice, at hom" and abroad, have so long <v "fed to be cast upen b< r. . Wilts the auction of Col. r rctnont, tin re will, it U hopei, be c-peclally along ta-e wnl to ite aliai.o ? which l;a< been thrown upon the An erican niinie ahroa t. aud that geuili uten ? gentlemen, rati- have digtifled in former ticjes their country iu every t=t:i!e ol Etiropc? will henceforth be her repre ser itativeg. tiod knows' there isanip'c room for improns t mett But to retu'B from this dl.<res.<ion, T was about to Kty that the only topic of a lomestic intorest now occupying the pi.bho mitd, is tlie present tto-. e ot th-> Mat at pu !y reelecting thj th.one of ^ape8, I cave h m lnf'.rmcd by aitht-rities ?n which I h vc res "o to d<\>end, that bef>rc> I'r ten I.uslru liura! d. terra ned on g>in* to Aix he went to l'lombierc* acd had a If eg con.,.*rtnc? with toe Einpe r*>r. "It Ijoj," ?a;d nil U iO.ty, fpeakiog in tnB?. I re; tore whi. b ob the no t ear.tic? occsrloag never <J -erts him, ">011 will not onh 1.0 ?uc,e?i, but to <t. aiage your cbars- tcr as' ca1 m Europe th*' all h 'p* of any I'.ture *uc;e ' wi'l be fwe;it avay entirely. I ? i*h yon will, bid I can do no more. Naolf" caa no nx re have a linn thrus upon 1. -r t>y for- <u b > onel 1 th a Fraave. witii imp>.u:t> frlrc" l.uciou reminded Na;w lr?>u t* ai tuck r-i agnation uader circawatancea ? ^ueb tranqi II mtm ? m t? the opu.iitai an I dicta of tier- haicotalw y.bi- tv>. r;- > of lna Her ty scon d' < t l,I g act it. w t ?e ro, y, ? aud all I got by it a rip: 'Lin>-i.t 111 > it ??.!? ? s ? ? 'ar , he p'i.e? exile and exccrauon "Euatug, now ;v?r, t'.rn, " K.ti.in., I'rince, ? . . th* me r j..* ? a>,d bril iia't throne in the wend.'' ;>?p s> 1 - itii.^d, h it an ? w<Kd? M^n Wee' .Voucher, uui*' ci? ? ar<? exai'ly ?.n.ilar. I have -?u. . <. d, and pTliaps my abortive etorts Inc. dent* I j lie'jv.i my r ic I ceind not . ... . 'vi a tho lit . ..'!?* . mv .? rti:o il -om; hot I do nut perce va me same eiomeut* ?g *>!??&)*? in your cau?e u ?t 1 W- ve.1 ?y-?h t iu discerning a ray own '' ' Vnui iiajetty, h??cver. sai . iko l'r:oce, '?a.i. thr. w to iT.pr.iini-nt in ruy pit?' In tie; eoursal propwe to toll^w 'tiod r?rfld, w\? the m.'w.-r; oaijr don't rmhrtll m with Kogiand. Be caref ti; 1 citu ?icy h lp jou,' he Uugti.n ? a'ded, ? if you win I'rnce I ucien MurU did cot th nk it r't;<s?*r} ?o wike ?r.y mte secrtt of this converse1: n on hi* sun s?qu til reiarn to Par aad t Kare iv.Ty rea-on to telle re that I r. .ate the con versa) ?n pr?ci? ;lr as tt ?-ci.rred It will le p. ret.vcd t.i.it th- young 1'rlnce M-irat, who niarrie.' theuoly da< gb'er o' i'r.j s Wijrjji, tii* isn tdant ol tkitr; r, It* <>*?at Iti:<a|/r.-io'a favorits . . iral tikes no pa*' in the io :rney 11 Aix lis B?ins. Tms jc*ji:g man is in the ? . . 1 r.ad of course coul i not do to w tho it romprotnicig ih'j I rai*ror It will be re colk-ctce that ;t was in relattoc to b;m ou th; occasion of a - marriage, when th-: monetary arrangemnnts were hewg arranc?d, and in ausaer to some caring o^serva tiors ol Prince fa|i a -o * that tb< Impaiial allowance was not rcfiiuett lor l h#? husband of h:? dai?;ator, that It waa said, " excel cnt Pruce thou*' the allowance to yo ur futur ? ace In law ia m<M)erat<>, tb?-rn ii a 'crown' over and above." The age 01 tbis ycith is abo-it two aad twenty la (lgr,rf t,c teleiabl) handsome and wel' grswn, bnt ? he. t any pretensi 'n< to tti ex'ra ird.nary any of fci.i gran It ire, the termer Kiagof the Tar a Dies Nor have I ever heard any thin* which would a?! ire to be I ve t m po-acasm of ?oirh ta' el as, sup p.?u,glilm to be His t ?* 4 1 |arty for * I 1 h ike present cl'ori is m?de ni'^h' oaabh Inm to ? er hu ? >ur .e -aTo > through the r?s ?a an nhoais ami h lira* 1 itivelv he s. t a soystre In search of a throve. Th* obesity of his rr 1 r the 'Mk -ully "t lo'omoi' veu ?r alt' r,li'c Ii hii*e ubwaijy tra me, a g'lfatt :n aut re as gr*ns in bulk? the ni.in drun b<e\ .-keeper I ." c iara- t- r and depart ::.-nt r,f his wil f re .1 ar o' r. tl.'i'o : i,. > to the >* ot bia dtainog pi j.lay ih'. pa-tot Ch .rl- a K award on w- "*n a?ro*ir) urd a laady )? r.- . Ltlemau n the uc 'rmoi that.uid", wh??e j, .?t 1. nee ta reputed to hts p< leiitHi.- mataer -f playing :J? *? with yotii* wile, noes not sotra t .e very b:st |>;rs rn for his r> , r~f nist.ve Ha ??t.e *? sr * t r: s'. . ' a' nn-r''?. ? li e <tjojiii.nl 01 ei .- 'ol Im'th, bbd.t .? .0 lhat de h:-'.i retreat a'l :n?->- li ? in- ot , an itmn p. hty T:.e day ta brokra up ly m . r. ' e\ '? ,? ... h<r on the water 1 r ??, a 1 a*" < ? d r. m'-r of per ?? r.s i? adailtr.. es- h day to ihe h- ? oice; st tl.s rr p< rtai tal ? ?--.d reerp r. ii.) p1.. twi -? a ?e*k? " at la. 00 Tl. "'aj * a' I ,J . r. : i> < Ii . )*.. -s?*-j- It. "or e, M l*? at the Ma) i f, and il ?? . u ' iha: _-1 at ?I - ? 1 la Kugen a an Is ar : or. In -? ?y Mir 'hsl I* -i ? et. Mar-fa! tc ? ? ;?< 1 a ; roal io. and tk? - ? -in ur < r - rai ha ! the aa~.. - ?;-r a th- ??".? ng vet- pre* et,t the M?*e a an-; V n- Turgor ?i-Tal Conrhjr 'aO-gi.nd. V! d Mar 1 nid M'-n -rerde. itk Bihera of te ? .a ?-? on !<" ? ... )ii .. ivf'-.i 'rot. iters l' "i' -n-ewa kept up tilt mp o'j! e-k la ti"; n ' T n-r Tv ? ?? ? l ? ? r.' r?t ? - I'lulut eight, ? r-l reman f d to t e MfS TV- I- -np-ror wa ts^d t * ire, ar . Ma lam' . arn.- . 1 * the I on 1 ol . ?i,? -elnii ' to dare * a ?? t 1 a w h rr. It \ as only the -th. r < ay thai ah ik- ma' .fit n. d-rg? . on the ieatli ?*? G. r- ra' de ! ?nr.' . In - ii -i -han ' '"i! t ine, we (tially roflen* tl- gr-el 1 widxurs en either alio of the .tVant ai d tba 1 ?r h r-' le*s t'-sn the ruan b. r. av.d. are seldom ibconsnleabla. The (Jorrectto^al Pol'ee bei g snmewhst rlti k han I. 1 a ft now, i* running a race aiaiust the milk dealers, for slulr ahotnits jle ad iiterat on. aod yr terday doomed ten ol them to three aad six mcatha' uiij -laoamen', with a flee of M) ftanna ea> h Onr MM < on r ur? . Auff. 24, ISM. '>mi Militmry Mar?*Mrrm? rf tM? Pri 'titn Army? rrf iU JbWi'rl, an J InctfHfitf if tit < -wra!#? ' ifatr r/ tk> ttifi Pira't ? Tkt -I E r*H*m ape w.' As Jfner? -f"#an/v MUtfUtU 1 0 Join 14 it ? /iHnflkrr .v. <m St/ih, rf<,, 4c. Hnct |b? return of lb* K inf from Topllt/ tdt U>? de parture of the Ftnpress of Ru-eia for ?. I'etersbtirf , his M* 'it; tM been ami r.Kf r. oi-elf oi b a series of m la rj parades ud reviews, wbl:b Wgas laM wee* ia the viciMjr of this capital, and ?;ll bo cootiaaed in rartont parts Of the Wlaffdom, till abo< t tb? middle of MyMMtt ?, After a review <?f tb* f.ua r<?, wbx b came off .n friifay, a grand Held aifunri ?? pern rmed by that wp rfe rli u, eadicf in a r?pr??entetna of a ptvebed battle, or, to spaa* ia leas arob'tn i* ito>t' *?", a sham L n ir tuaatel? the weather waa let?ntabie, aa It baa be' a nearly all tbla laminar. aaJ tb* troop* m ? hare aolWed a! moot aa mo< b from wet and x.H the All e? did la tbo Crimea. To morrow or a* it day, the K oj and tb? b-ir apparent ere to start far Potneraaia, to rorlew tbo flrat onryt i'urmb, and Ibea proooad to HeUaburg, ia Prussia, where the flrat cerpa la stationed Hsilsburc la famous la history for aa actios that took place there on tbo 10th June. HOT, between the Risetans and Prussian*, under Bmnigaec, and tbo )' reach a Oder Sou It, la which the lat ter wore woreted ; ud the ananlof ataaamrraa art to cow ?tat ia an exact lis 'aftoa of tbe operations of tbo two armies dnrlnt that affair There I* same talk ahoat the Kmperor of Rusale befog preaart hi this military spectacle, wbieb is to iHaatrate tae saclssrt com paakw ship ia arma batwaaa the two Powers, bat at the coroaatiea baa tM frt ?C |UI M TU ? ?l|<l?l|>( Hi ffee uuvurrM at HeU?ber| are la cotnmoocaoL the CU>. I do not tt? bow this la possible. Tha Prussian government la doing Ha utmost to pUM the army on an efficient tooting, and to auks up by con tmual drilling for the want ot experience la actual war tire, which la felt to be a aertoua drawback on the Taunted perfection <A their military ayatem. The troth lit that the Prussian army baa got too great detects? the soldiers are too young and the generals too old. Krcry Prussian is bound to serve In the regular army for a period not oiceeding three years ; after which he U dls missed to the reserve, or landuo\r (mllltla); and as tho service offers few inducement* for any oua to make It hu> profesaion who doea not belong to the privileged classes? the promotion being cxceudingly alow and the pay next to nothing ? the consequence is that there are scarcely any old aoldltrs in the army, and It is cem poaed almost entirely ol recruits, who, whatever mar be their pluck, have not the stamina requisite to go through the fatigues of a campaign, and would ti'l the houpita'a be.orc meeting with an enemy. As to officers, Prussia not being engaged in a greal war since 1815, promo Uos las ever since gone en bj seniority thoralejof which are only infringed in favor o( pripoea f I the blood ruyal and of other German dynasties, with the exception of whom no officer, howevei distinguished lor talent and ability , Las any e banco ol attaiaiig a high command b? fere Lav .eg t>ars?d ihe three score ami ten ahotie.l to laau. General V* rangel on wh Jin the King ha? just conferred th') baum ol a Ft* Id has boeu uuusuaJly lucky fcav mg been placed at the heal ol au army at Iho juvenile uge or sixty four; but then he entered the servija in hw twelfth year, and gniued his lirst sters on the field of battle during the 1'ronch war. He Is the oalv Prussian mnernl bow I viug who hag ever commanded in t!ie field excepting (Jenrral B >rlu, who was comman Jer in chief of tLe HoUn in troops at the eiege of Frederics, where ho w as ben<n all to pitces by the Hane?? watch, how, ver does not prevent him rr< m enjoy >ng ihe reputation ol be ing the best Prussian General, according to the proverb '7-aiWt Us a riiyltt, le borqut est rni." If it naould ever ixime to blows with any Kuropeau Power, it U not un likely Oat able commanders would spriug up in tin:?, but that m gbt not happen till the Prussian army had been J. Itl1 incapacity of its leaders. The intelligence ol the fray buwoen Prince Adalbert aid the Kill pirates ci cssioned quite an exciteroem hero, aLd is the subject of geneial cotnmtnt. Most people aio ol opii.ion ihat the Prince showed a degree of raobnem mere ntmkll n a jtO| middy than in a Lord High Admiral, and thtt hr ought to have minded his own business, acd not have meddled m what did not coucorn Jim . hi t they a- o none the less nettled at this lust chx* exjei.. cced by tho "infant Prussian navy,'' and are grieved at the loss ol life by which It is aitendo-1. Any Low, Prur.-ia CHELOt sit down quietly ui der tlifl affront; atil iu- no rcdrees can b2 expected Ircm the iSul an ol M ncco, whose authority U not recognize I by the Rill gentry, tte oniy way to satisfy her wounded dignity is to a'satk tbe pirateb la their Mronj, hold, anfi lake jxvscs J1"" 01 country, as the French did of Algl. a I bavo b. en given to uwierstanc that government is strongly in clintd to undertake such an 1 xp.Vltion which, ia fict. h;ia been conumplattd for icn.e years j.aot ? ever ince the r?.plu:e ot a l'rut>&hiu mci cbuatman and tin? murder of J her crew by ihesfl cort-aire but the cillicultyls how to set ubi ut It. Of cource the Pru.-,sian army i) quite uumii rou!< etct-gb for au enterprise of this kind, and ovens fcii (le d'.vihlnc ot it would probably be sullicleni to over come any h .lstacce that might be offered by the Moors; but an sitny eartot be conveyed scch a distance without a lleet of nun ol wur and trau^portI^, aud in tb.s respect * e are not so well provided, lvutsla hufi never been a oavat or colcni;:irg Pcwer. Nearly two hundred years apo tbe tireat Bet tor, Fief < rick Wlllism of Brandenburg, attempted to !ay the toui lUiion of a nurine and to make a .-ettKmrnt ? n the coaot o' Guinea, but the*'? plants were total ly lc glided by h:s succcssorti, who turned their weoIo ttienllon to military armament^, and at tho acces sion ut tie pretent k.ng, Pruatia had, I believe, not so much a- a (uatoat to Ceiecd her shores n^auii-t a hostl n attack. The events of 1R48 anl '4C, when ttie Prussian , pt rts were blockaded by a iLiall D'inlth sqoadron, showed the Eteestity of pottir g an ecd to this state of thir.gi' and since thct t navy has been gradually forming, though ow ing to financial ditfi'-ultieg iis proftre?* has been le>3 I aj-ld than was hop d and expcafnl. It ccn ststs nt th u moment of the foity focr (fun frigates .hetls (purchased from the Knjilisli) and (.etion (a I>a ni-b prixej, the former of which is now en a crui'o to ibe coa.m>l Hotith America, and the latter U raid not to be fes worthy tbe steam coi vettes Amazon >ud l autzick, of twelve, and liarharosss, if ten gui s, ami tho Mercury t. ai.sp:rt ot six. wiih forty lour gunboats, of one, two sco ihrte frrng each, w Uo-ie sphere 01 action ii c^r.tinod ?' ' 'he lie 1a:. 'Jlii s no ncere than four men of war, Duuii'.lnf forty guns in ail, would be avatlaalc for an A'ncc^ expuim-.u, a lone bsrdly sufllcieEt to b. oil a Uri-r, Hot. 1 i-f pirates if the la'.tir should t?; ?* It in th'.ir l.'-a<'.-. to atu. k the invaders, and q;; t? inadequate 10 cover the !ar diig i<t a '.(sly t>f troops The only ?ay U- n.<et tb'> d< Otlet cy wi uld be to lorn> au alliance with a ref jiectaMe ttarit iie l"ower who would supjily the naval ?' cr. w tie tf 1 military put o: the i x(%.'ii<>i. would be tiiicishi-l i-y Piussia. There 's hardlv a dowbt hot t'aat hng'ano w< u!d re:>dii> apree to scch a prc;KM?l. having 1 iariic tl^et unemployed and aix.oti* to r?ftp a few ot the IkUiel* tLat were Olinbted by the prematt.re termtuntun oi the Ilusit ti w n: but 11 la the question hour ib'sdesscnt * ' an Anglo l-i ,:.-sian amaBKEt cu tbe Atri ; coa??. ie 'he vi< ioity of A , < r %, would be reli.-' ed by ??our ni'ig raaimt it-i ailj ." aid wi i tbti I.'.uis Naj ??. **ould uot i pose k is v<to to sin h a pr"<eedlng. Cou- iderations ?d '1 !? tisfo, tats i rol>t')iy uot been w t ... it i-.'lu < r ce 1 r tled< cl. ton of the I't ',-slan go\ erasiecl; at any rale, 1 is simeo po>!:ively that the king, msUitd of apply irg to M tlanc, as be wot. in have f on?> if to ru t a< eoiilirg 10 hi? own ine' ratiorr, and, ai u erroneously c ?tt(l by st tte of ihe l^tne'ea pajvrs, I a< mttde up bis tniEd ti cia.m ihe a'<"?L.nce rf Prance. Oouiat Ht'rfeld, the Pi iaa A mbasandor at Par In. baa received mtruc ? < 1 ? U> km n t tbe Kmptror on this subject, at d. if the lepiy ?f ou'd fei 'averable. cur sire whtcb ha* wiioeased nuBj .? irst'te r rents. MJ see t rsnro ut,.! l| ?lite ?( the 1 ecol lections ot .less and Belie AMtanee. united in a " filibuster It g ' expedition agtlnst Mircceo. Of rr-.:se ibis country wou'd expict to have a share of the ?t?" s; a slice of tertliorv ii Alri^-a would be a tnoe out'Ct tir h< r rurploa pnp>i atlon. ar.d Ie?tiis Nspolroc would tsse no r'?ie'abls objection to gratify her wishes, as he coi ! t aiwsj ? lake it b*ek sya n wb( never he thought fit. It 1* rt riOte<Moo.t!<at Ku*sia ba.< i.llered herco opcrauoo, but this iculd not b^ thought of lor a moaent, a-i the apjjear sne- o. a huisian fit el so noar tiihra tar would be too much for tne i atience of John B ill, sorely tried as it baa been by tbe events of tbe last few months A si aoCalou* ait'iir, In which anoitcr near connexion cf loyalty Is Implicated, bas made almc-st as much noise a* the en apade ol Pnnce A?'?lbert bee des being far n.- re disgraceful to the t.arlies in tt. Ib jre is a certain I race Killitm of Me?klenbu>g. nephew to the Klsjr and ) linger bro her cf tbe t:racd fluke of kn-ckU-nborg hwerln, who baa made bimseli notorious here for tone* )-ars pust by his gallant adventures and by a dissipated cv.isse ol life in general. Ihoigh nt ly poai-istwl ot the s. nder poi tion of a younger son, eked out by the far | fre>iji mumtioent allowance of * uiaior ia the Prussian llorae t.uaril*, his extravagnnee was unbounded, and be is known to have lott large sum* st pUy, whic h were generslly pa'd by bis mother, tho Imwagcr (irand Itiieh ? ? whose favorite he Is and who I* repron ntf i by III laturid folk as not being insensible hurseif to the ! srrr.s of the gstning table He ?a^ n prontiti. > t in?m b r t>f the femr us jockey club, who-e doin^ii i alhided to " me time itnce, and was present at the kwik up that led evectnsliy to tJie death of President Von Hlsckledge r>f laie it *eerr,- ttat he hM been more than us-iaMy nol icgy I at esrd* and e,n tbe turf, for bv de? rees hi* debts aocu mulated to tte enormous *nm of 14u,000 tha'T* (Hco.. ), for vrbleh he bad given bil? and I O L"s >Ilr cie ditois grew c'smoroos, applying to bia moiber wis 1 sole ss, as, even II willing to assist h m, tbe | i-oment nf st.i h an amount was above hnr means; acd, to cut the mstter sboit, one day tbe 1'r.n e was tr.*e eg. and by the la.M accounti be had eros ed the R ,s 1 'a irootler, snd was beyond all persuit The King Is OEtirftcu* at the conduct of bis nephew? 'be more *n. as itsny of bis debts were eontrect'd on bt* word of honor, which be Las broken by b's sr.dden " sbsquatulation '? I hear his M?)?sty bas gtv?n orders to settle with tbe ft nce's creditors, anc pay bis de'.ts of benoe, as well as el' ?u.lt demands as can be legally proved a. aw s, him. ? ore ab?c< n<.mr, he sent in k i r^signstlon of H? com m sslob tn tho Pntssiaa army, to avoid being ce?bWed. tn 1 It Is sa'4 be will he seat to rusticate ia som - swail r err., on t< wn In th- interior of K - .a wfcere be will have n ty of i-lsure to sow bis wiid and no opportunity .'g:rg in ttiose eirerrea that ba7e bro>ufct .n this .'tjot??. T wo b s>r C tt! par. 1 .? ? ( hi' .-'??rene High ? S, I Je'.t, rai ts IB tbe t.nard t< ole I. ii 1 ai tbe - <nM 1 'lie, leaving debt." to ti e t 'ne of f.o.lOO lbs <ra. whu h nnfortimste creditor^ will hs^e to whistle for, is >?iyl t t like. y to nterlere a bel.a.: of tb-ie less Mi Icui deffculters. Mr. innlrr and Ike Amnk?n H?f?* lion. [Fr# Ihe Wrw tigium (P it ) JMratl 1 Tbe rral |.r opcM "g mt'liigetre tin hwlo'.il tbe^e ? airt out of Hip cead lock tbey had b<-en brot'^ht to bjr nfclHM f rtBbliiall'.u of MICtMl i?nJ rcoiffO .??I abort ? t((hte<!Dea*, lb* Dlltoi Bu!wpr truly, U Mr K <; Sutler, tbe celebrated / roericen traveller ail er ptom, to who/e r*rwtb and peraeverance. to t?l? face at it >? gr? at'?t diWculll" , hH *ul CofMMBt -we llMtt *r?w!edg* ot Ibe -"eotirce* and p^nliantiM of C' ntrtl *m<-rlca IB a ?'mllar degree ax to Fn moot in re ; *rt In H* i* W ?> -"?r the Mine atimp of fl?? aa the pOfalW mMMl Tor 'be Prc^denry advt n *??*<."%?, ?impl? Biin<'o.| and atralybtfnrward Ike MNMftea Maiami t* (dentil* d with be bf made th* ??tn?7 of hit lite. he baa traYerned Ihtm ,o trtrf diric !??, lBv**llf*t?1 their early and delineate' thiir w ?. um' u u? atd remains wi.li t'"> ardor ef an archmlo r rt and ?he acumen of a vlrttii" <j ant ha* ret f.irtlj ?l.tir mo'rra rtqulr' inert* aed <apabilit?<4 with a c'.?ai rem and forc<' that hare ir.u tai"o i?lf ronverte I th'm iatr a lever ft>f the r< moral of an >?t compHnated I *? it*' al d.lfrultki and tb? rpeain* u|i o' D'>w Held* lof the roaimer< il enteral** ?>f UM (N<1 W*rld and the Kew Bi:? for his n.i t?ry if the wb >1? ?i.talta of lit* n< <tb larolrrd qneM.oa. hla < .n*e<|>]fiit ? i?ar pmogttnt of tbe menu to it* |*riil?. aobiti .n, anl hta tacoeeenil *rr>pl yiwiit of Ikon* m?ao*, d<jrtvat>le from hi* p*iMMl infl'ieireeiidt^e moI'Imm hi* charac t#r l?#ptr "t. It ? l ard Indeed to lmi*ine h??r <ir<nt Brl t*m. dp" tally wtifc a ir? of ls>rd l'?lm< r*t.,n'a mt-o <* 'ni. la W.ira, oonld hurt nhvIH fro? tbo llajr I. Iand?, wboao reU-r.tioD would liavc ifatal t-tnm bllnf l?lo? k to an/ amirabl^ iinrl' r-tao^iDff with the t ait~l Htat?a Wlibont ?t*b <mdrr<<UndiD( th?- p?ac? of M?? two c< ontrtra would ) ??? tern liable to <ii*r>iptionat any mo irieol. tiroogb Uic temerity o? rapnee of any ?>!?)?- ial >t either Cower: and, If once an rtpi'wlon of that kin I to k pl?? e, who will pretP..d tn BMirl what miitht be ita '<? anil** T*i"Mr. B|ater'a*akUI and (trndeace are prltnarJy dna the avoldanf e of all auch rontlnceaoiea. Ix>d( l.e fore the imbroglio aetumed the periloaa aapect It w >re ia the early part of thta year, he had anr< eeded In rendar inR api?rent. to thoae it waa moat eaaealial to enlighten, that the ahnrart Minieal Joatlce of the whole caae wojld he foil* aatlafled. and the great dealderatnm of an ia 1* lendent route b'tween the Atlantic and the fartAe, for ?he aterrhandiae aad citliene of all nation*, be attain -d by atakini Hondnraa the baeta of the arrangement, and roarerilng to the repnblle Rnatan aad the other lataa la, whkh orlfinally belonged to It. and whieh rotamaad tbe poet oa U?e Atlantic aide m th* iateroceantc railway Ikrwfb taa Bond urn .territory Mr. S^uiir round Um right nuu to represent H^ndura#, ar.d tho right plaoa tor him when lounJ , and the issuo bai been an aiyuijiinvBt Which all paitie*> regard as equitable, and which prointsos to he w euduring for the Use to convo a* it u satisfactory at pr^aent. Ab an illustration of the old truth ai to the woi Id's i?00r?nce of those who most largely 'uliuence its allairs, It may be remarked that Mr. riquier's name has sever ap peared Id these negotiations, nor has be hloiself person aby ever figuied in tbera ostensibly Eschewing notorii ly, and equally web** tog tbe Indulgence of a predilec tion which sometimes supplies Ua place ? a lovt of dnesse and Intrigue ? he has contented himself with rendertrg the stores ol hi* knowledge aod observation available tor the formation of a sound judgtncot on the part of thoao capable of ruling events, and Uie end hua alike Justitlod his prescience and rewarded his Industry. Though for merly a diplr>maujt himsell, be has ignored the conven tioual tortuo-ity of that pro! ox.- ion . and his object being simply truth lor Its ojru take, be has gone about it with t-uti fulness, aid without circumlocution. Speed and sue ces k have attends bis efforts. Wit bin a poi lod more brie* U an Is recorded of any transac tion of equal magnl ? tude and complexity, the matter li*< been virtually brought to a close? th? two great countrlee that stood in ut) at uncle of mutual defiance ?ud resentment, have re punned ibo most friendly relations, although not just jet formally completed by the presence of a British Minister at Vi'a^hiEKton ? while a thli 'I country, hitherto almost un bu rd of, boa been evoked from obgiurity, and invested with a c< mmtrclal importance that can scarcely be ex a* gcratrd in ief?rence to tbe immeciate mercantile future

ot the globe. It should servo as a stimulant to our ad min i*l rain e reformers who dei ire that the woi k of the prej eit shonld not be dore by teen of tbe past, to know (bat fVjuire Is still in tbe early primo of life, after having gone thiough a prolonged mental and corporeal strain of T hose intensity b's voluminous writings, pregn.mt as i bey are with evldcnco of romantla vicissitude and labori ous ictaliec teal tu-l. sc. entitle and scholarly, give a most inadequate idea. In a;>p. arance he is short, spare and wiry, tho coDllguratioc or bis frame not at all suggestive of the s'BmiDa that mu?t have been requisite to sustain ifce prlyatlonH and bardtbipa of all fciodB attendant on bis < xploratiocs in tbe region ol the Red Men of the Missis fiippi deserts on the one hand, at d among tho itubris of iVie mystic greatness of the ancient Mexican- on the other. Neither decs bis countenance evince the sternness that might be expected in ore who baa *? continuously looked danger in tne face beyond the contlncs of civilisation. The expression of hu visage is mild and prepojeoaaing, full ol spirit and late lligence, derivable in a great degieo firm a light blye eye ? that primary characteristic of the Anglo-8axen race, In whose '? muili'est destiny," as the ai! dominating branch or the human family, ho is an im plicit believer; and as bo has had a very diversiilcd acquaintance w ilh the genus tu/mo in west parts of the iflrte, b's opinions on this head are, perhaps, entitled to bt regarded oa ?on.etbing more than the speculations of either a physiological or psychological curiosity monger. Settlement of the Sound Dues <i"eation. [Horn Ia Preeae, 1'ftris, ?ug. 23 ] The Poticd dues affair Is still pending. and the political t aim now re'gning In I uropc, l,?r lrom rt ndertng the so lution 01 lb in question less detiruble or lew opportune, make* It, ou the coulrary, rather more Leccesary. it is cring a timo or peace that the diiliou!tlMW^aro?lrt to complicate international crif 8 suoi.ld be seUU d^and ii will bo remembered that the most ser.ou* reproach Xh baa ben addrctsed to vhc United States .when :?rt spring. tbey pretended, in conformity with their trestles. to relieve themselves liom the Sound duts, wu prtci?e)y that of a?'dinp a difficulty the more to the ex tn rr.c peril in which Kurope tben found herself involved. \S bether thto consideration exerciied iLb Influence with t),?tr or not, the lulled t-taies have postponed their pjre ter t?ojj? fir another j ear . but next spring tbejuestlon will present itrcll between tbem and Itcnmark In Its *l.ok> eravity, end then t.o consideration of convenience or of icopportutiiiy ran any loiger be eppoeed to the vln li'u nicewary.' therefore, tbat tbl? question sbiuldat once be sctthd by diplomacy, if we would avoid its Ucing banded over to the deci ion of an armed force, and iU (ntarplicg. by the very luture of tt.c interests it em bract s all the maritime rations in its complications. The I tiiUd HaUE insist upon tbeir pretension# to Tree them telve from tbe obligation* of a treaty by whim Ihc-y re turned thi mselves bouud. only up to tbe period ol Itt ex piration. They cfler but a tcini<.rary indemnltlcalion Tor the m rvices rer der> d by Pennark to tbe natation In tbe b'cucd. l'-onmnrk, without accedlrt.' to their prin , hie, and stubbornly permit g In its an.iquated maxim*, would willingly accept tbe lmltmni '.catiou offered to It, either a? a caturul a lid pcunaumt revenue. or a-> a sum (A acquittance baaed on the abbolute recof uition of *U ! Here tbe roLtert be' ween tb^n is at an rod : but theques tioii biaris tfcib particular character, It at it ctnnot bo de i!r itlvely resolved in an itolat?d way. TV o rule a 1 opted for its regr.'aiicr must ntceai-aruy boconio a common ono for all uiarlliuK i atim*; for Be ne of ihcia can, either as vo the lorm cr to tbe tuattor, content to a treatment wbwb, kb r< pares tbe tra.t'e ii the Hmtir, would create amongst rival nation? a privlliged situation. IJtnco tbe great difficulty for tbe Intcrirt which tbe- 1 1 W<l v'Utes, iircon ,e ,.iecrc cl the very limit, a r.nwga ion oi tc? ai'tic, baveatitaUelnthisquefU.il is -? Irlfllng, mat if tbe uiicatlOB between them aud IKum?rk wvi . ruUiiced to be altcrtative, whether the mm cl' a quiuauce tor tbe i<.und (lilies fbcuio bo laid .u .i.o bi..i w a torn noran or absolute tudemsiticatinc, or in other woids, ? b- n? more cr Uts con- ide lublc m dollars or r.x dol ais, the solution would, doubtlessly, very t"?on f arrived a-- but t're basis wi.ic:i serve for the urratpewrLt between tbe I'mt.d ft.n.M anJ Jtonmaric, viilattLe tamo tlrie servo t > tx tha ? oi all the ( ibet r artttme power; as reyardB the n?'nerai loaeinni ttcntiou; end ber** lieft the dilliculty r * tue metier. W c bare ma le ktiown tbe projo-t Iftra <1 by Denmark r tbe total ea'HtaiisaUon o' ibe Honnd flul.en, and pro . H-d bv It to tie r< pn feotativee o: tbi "owers, wiio, in tbe ccn-steneeicnt of th- yfar. t -k part in tbe conre mcra at Dip?LbagCE. l'ctraark is, at the *ame line, , rnu'trg bctb in it i ipht to tiio bound autirH, and iu tho 1 r nriile* uixn which, for th.ee crctui ss. It lias basel ?i- but it ccr, itb> to re? i>,u t^iein exi ..angu 'or a p? Jtiary, Oxed, and immediate eompen <ati?.n It pre . uiM i?''be rum .1 tb.rt/ live mtllioiii of rix dollaiw, or e htircred and : ev?nty U>e nitili iOK of Uane.- t > D? ? iid by th ? rrarltici' power: , in exchange for tho duties ii H vleO on the rav'gatlon. In a table suntitd to tho protocol of May 9, 1S5?, by v, birh provltKUaby, tho coolirences of C?|>enbagen were clcmed, this autn I. dixlitd nnoogft the Powers ic irrt nled st the eonlertnees, at,e?)tdiE? to the rilative ,wtx rtance o! th. lr cavigati. n in tl.e Raltic, rave a atnail iracticn retferveU tor the Tower* n repreacoted. Den maik which retervea lor tuell tne right of lixing, by particular treatiee. the mode and tor hm of payuentof the i|<iota talllre to the nharc of each Tower, claims, at ?be name time, tbe tight t? appreciate the efllclal secnrl t .a by wbtch the pajment Is to be guaranteed. 1 let ides. It to kctwn tbat icveial i owers have fon.-'ent ed without refeive to these cowMtlcM, but their effor* bave been fro.trat.d by tbe opposiSM of Eli stand, fxs'sud has. In tbia affair, tbe large?i iatore t, for her ? t at e in the taviaat k n of the bd ia nearly 3C pi r cent of !U" whole; aud aecorciiHt to the tablo oi pruporuoned rej artittcn antexed to th. protocol ol May tf. ahe^ would b?ve to ccntr.bute, tn tbe cetrtnon .ndemniflcatton tbe e *oi moua atm tf U\1V?,'M rtxC ollars, or nearly alrty mtli;ots of frar(S. It Is ea?y to nnieraUnds that Sag ami beaitateit betbre tbia exorbirat4l cotitiibuuon. bbe r .1 not bowsver, reject te i.n nbfolute Bann(r tbe DWW ni'lect bot ?( mlnatsd n commtaslon oi examination to i .mire' Into tbe basis (I it. or to sufgeM a lew one liss i r erous to btr flnarcts. This ron nnmlon la now n see n and, up to ibis <iay, fcaa wit a* yet promu'gaied ol C: iailv ita dtctalon. It is acnert^d that it Is InKuded to p-( torn a new plan, which w vJd swbftltute for the pay rr r.t cf tLu Urtla cUimed by I . otna/k tho payment o? tbe i Hire contrlbutlcns, more or le?s rt strained or n o<jili( d, tn tb? ports ol derartare or of nrrtval, -i that tbe merchant fhp\ >n gotnf to or commf trim the Paltie. would no longer be obliged to Mtop ,, "he Hot nd, in order to tay tb. Ir lolM at the ( uatem r*?e cf Omul 6, but wotiM iay th> m into the bar dn of rl ? toMtik, or of the other ;<p?cia' agents of I ten mark, I i ti,rr at iht dfparturf* of thep* ^hirh lO'ili leara taa I paltMt tK.rts, or at the arrlvil of tbo?e whit h would ento^ bat sea ctttlPf from tbe otb-r hnr^pt an ounttiee. Tbe ? end duties and their tariff* would thu< be preserved, kit', the only a terai.cn would be i? the mode ol pay " Vp to this day, we mutt confess tbat, although this i rsular sjsttm baa been tor *?me time pfoj*?ed, we , dKKUkeitaaa rtous. IIosm v?r, tt biwrged in such ? wav sr.d Its sd option by the conimu?lon of (lamina li< n Vcmmated by Krgland ia aaeeited with eo much ornMtlice, that it Is worth while to tsamine more ?( dtlvely it, to its bear'cjs. Its Orat consequeeee, In our twt?n?nt. would bo to oser'hrow Use moet aolid I the inly real?ne of Ihe intentions ofKeui.nrk. riteed It calls la question tbe 'iseiulo?.aa wbii b may re i nit ftcm tbe maintenance of the found dotlet tocotn nvreeln gmerai, and tbe terviee* wbirb iv-nwark was ? pt?srd to render it. II It is already an ?4vant?f? to tra'.arlng people lo tl>i>en?o wilh stopping is U" c, ? n(*. and isl' >mg under tue cannons of I ten mark, then tie i sjmeni ef Ibe Hound tolls, far from being tbe pttee of e * ei vice rtrdtred, Is, cn tbe contrary, a danger the mote imposed cn the ear get ion air early ee dl^rnltln I ,b'/?e wstere To stop before the fortress of Kronen ' btrg. to be stationed In tbe stra ta during the acoom tdttb ng ot tbe iotmalltles preceding and ?pc0!nPk,,yi"* tl e ne( csiary vtrir.' slior.s for .he ?etiirtnont of the tolls sl'I tbe'r paj mi ut is an mcita?e tf ( barsea ? . rt" the ffrkt re?ut H tils n?w w* h<*'' rb< l*b?e eob(!V"".rTi :r. ir more *?bei?" rotwiderat ool U tljc kra'iU#? ?n?l the v?atnre of wb?i wa ha4 been denied tbe truth of it hut by tbe very fact of this ui w prcr?*!tten, ItsevWeoce beeomt* ttnquestaonabl*. Ibis MMem, wbK-h, cn the other aide.'wonld Invrlrs rrave qtirattoni of interratK nal sovtrelgnty, nation# be irs tot Mtriutcmes to ten, tn this way, foreign duties , atird or. ibrir own teriitorlea, wouM at the ame lime, t are an ( xl-tenee, all the other motive* in Ivor of the Volition of the Sound dues rad the afl raoehlgem ?nt o Mltsuige. It mairta i.' indeed, all ibe p ten ? ms . td ailtbe principles or> wh'ih lenir ?rk < M.iMtshee Ms ? ?(bt to tbe pre!?< rvst* n ot the to la; it re>- roir ? ?, < r, s* ^r it doe? riot '1. ny, tn sny way, t'"" t"-t e>ton ef f>en n nrli to ( wrotf", (? er ire s.oad a U rt P:nal sovrei*", , r, < ? n r? 1 n? i" let t y iul?rri?l:oi ?t laws, nor by tr? it i ? r f and treat ??. nor hi reason, it t* in fall a' cordance . ;'|i <be I'anlsb ? ? tt n o of rt - rg at ti e p, n- nreo I yni?h goverr n ? t t'"> lu t o a closed r ??, Hie i i.i a pnrtiou of its v vr it n tirrltory, Bnbmit.le?| tike <f .< adrtsao-- ?r.d f(rt-,tb< i -Iv ', tuts esrbisl* law ?. and nftilatiot-;' it rrolifl^s and trnn.'ixiri : onlr ili n ode and pnvteorit of tin- inli ite whu-h the Danl-h n.'-.reby, in it- full sovirt i-nty. lni)i(oaa op' u general l at ta attest; all other deuilp fmnin a> before It has ori/n been snld, b-.t it muat be still a' of(i*n re prait<iard Inrepsantly proved tintil the truth Is unleer raliy undrrytood and s((cptc l, tbat Iietitnark can re*t it% preteoskioe of maintain 'r ' OCDd dues, lo the pro ? ineeaf the general rr-olamattora aronaed again -t them, ? ?ily on tbe baalx of servMna rendered by it to th" general t a\ igation. In e*change Tor tbo?e tolls, whether tbey ran tmueto subsist or be abolifbr-t by meana al l om^enwtion or by sn tndeainlBcatioo paid mretor a I, the ?<ound daties are and will be, hrnceforth, but the price of tervieea r<*>dcred to the maritime Powers b) lienmark in aeili tst'ng prot'ctlrg arid aaaurlng tbe navisaUoa in those p> rilooa straits which separate tbe Baltic from the other a?aa. F.rery other basia given to the continuation nl I I nea. duties la a false one, contrary to the pel net >lea of iiternatlonal law, to reason, history, and tha Intersate snd dlamtv of the maritime Powere Up to the preaent time, tbe rtghle o? Nnmark, notwlihatandmg its renetre.1 pretsnsiona from one century to the othrr, have bad no other fouadaiK* tbaa (be revocable or Uasporary tree ties by which they have been conceded to H. Kor Uie future, those righu> will hare do other basis, and, mure over, It will be-well understood Unit they are maiutiined and subsist bat as payment or aet vices rendered, and as Indemnification of eipenws Incurred or to be Incurred In order to assure tbelr efficiency. We kha 1 incessantly call to mind tills starting point of the potation at present looked for, because the quobtion baa been hitherto badly put, and because it U at thia time generally ao little anc so badly understood, that it ia over and over again forgotten. It la only reoently that we have seen in a respectable paper? the Comtitutionnd. ?Uie following passage : ? " Denmark has no other right save that resulting f rom long possession and general con tent. It ia too late to corneal it at preaent. If, in the origin, the establishment of the Hound duties was but an abuse, this abuse has now taken foice of law, and enjoys all the benefits of pre- oription." Thia ia, in all respects, a very atrange doctrine. But without discussing thia new theory of international law, which, amongst sove reign nations, wculd derive right from abuse, it is still mere singularly oblivious of the principles and (acta which have inflncneed Uns question of the Sound duties, ao often agitated'durlng tbo last three hundred yea?iHaople are, then, unaware ot the long possession of Oy Denmark, and the general consent which has malflitnod it for three centuries, repciing on treaties of which we have given the list and substance, and thoso treaties never according to It that right of possession, but with an always cenditftional, temporary and revocable title. Are they. likewise, Ignorant of thu fact, tbat if proscrip tion ib a mode r.f acquiring rights in point of international as well as civil la* , it is under certain conditions which nobody is allowed to deny, and that above all things, a State cannot set up a prescription against its own titles, nor can any individual ag?lu*t himself? /' J it is lirecisely because the establishment of the Sound duties reposes, not only upon an abuse but upon a ti le. and that this title Is conditional and re vocable, that Denmark cannot "by itself change the cause and principle o' its possession" ? that the Sound duties remained conditional and revocable like the treaties which established them. It iH this point ol which every one, and obiefly Denmark, ought to be well convinced in Europe. Otherwise Den mark, reproducing ccntinually Its antiquated pretensioas and falie principles, will eternize this debate, which it is the interest of all Powers to put an end to before the United States, which are doeided to do it, sond in an armed force to aw-ert their right. Otherwise the Powers most kindly disposed towards Denmark will llnd them selves obliged next spring to choose between this kindly feeling and the lawB, general Interests and great principles, of which the United States present themselves as the most active and resolute champions. The Trouble between Spain and Mexico. [Krom tlie Paris Conatitutionnel, Aug 31.) Vcpuruny we gave notice or the rccall of Sr. de los Santos Alvarez, Minister Plenipotentiary or Spain near Mexico. Here U tbe text of the decree of Aug. 23, which pronounces this rccall: ? Approving tbe reason* which have b?n exposed tome by my first Secretary of State for Foreign A Hairs, with iho advice of the Council ol Minister*, I order Sr. Miguel de lus Santos A iv ire/ to crate his functions aa my Extraordinary Envoy and Minster Plenty ?t> ntiary near the Mexicau republic. Given In my Palace. Aug. 23. THE Qt'EKK. 'I Lis decree, published by the Gaceta of Madrid, of tbe 2'lh August, is countersigned by Ibe Minuter lor Foreign Aflalrs, M. 1'a^tor iMaa. <>ur correspondent did not make knows to us the mo tive* of tbiE revocation. We find them in an article or the JtHirnal r>J Madnd, the tenor of which, ir it* news were rontirmcd, would have a real gravity. The article Is conceived in these terms:? Amidst the standstill which the state of siege force* upon the expansion of the interior policy of the country, the exte rior nut-stlon, afltated for some time by the diirerences with Mexico, has just aw "keued Willi a new intoiest, at the very moment when a complete and aiuictble Boluliun was believ ed in. The government. In virtue of the ilecree published by the Gticrta of to day, dl.-avows and revokes its representative, Sr. Miguel Alvarez, doubtless, for having made concessions tnci mfuitible w ith national pride and the good right which is on the side of Spain in her redam-ition*. The mediation which Fiance, with a common accord of ? he pnrtles. was railed to exercise In this conflict, seem* to have become InflVacious, according to the report of the Impe rial charge d'aflaircs in Mexico. The quairel has. thus broken forth again with nil its former rnncor, find It would be possible tlist its tinal issue would be cl ruskd to an appeal to arms. T)>e A'/f-ea, or. its side, regard* tbe recall of Alvarez as a disavowal on the part of tbo government or hi* act* in Mexico. The C'oi^ri sslonal I>1 /I lenity In Wellington. [From tie london Tunes, Kept. 0.) The American ciusli is by no meauc over. The last nrwtfrcm the United Stales represents the struggle M Ktiil gemg rn. The House* of Corgreis have at;*?n met An olaimlbt B-rfJage from the 1'reaideut solemnly puU b< Tore tl cm the frightful but inevitable consequence* of the elk tipf collision, aides* something l* oone to relieve it ? the pay or the fid< ral army stopped, tbe contracts (or enlistment C< o'equently broken: tne disband meit or the '?lib} : the anpareealoii ->r the wtoi ? ordnance department: the .crreLaJs shut tp; all sea and land fortitlratlou* abio d< ud; tic cxi cause or n national frontier o" more than iitir tborsami miles in extent to the bUacks of predatory tirsge*, w bo vol retail tie for theclicck In which tho fed 's al lorc<* l ave hitherto kept them by rapine and murder, ?rd every sort ol srgression upou a tb'n undefcn led l.otdor population: tlio "striking of the national Hag m the battlement o' tho fort ret ses which defend tho maritin.e clues against for big n invasion; th? violation of tl e pthnc hi nor and good laith, ard tb-t dUcreait of the Critcri State* In tbeejesol tbe civilized world." Such, thy* tie PrtsiCiliL *' Jil l be Uie direct and Immediate I fleet! Of tbe reft *1 o' Corgrcss, Tor the first time In tbe t.:?tory of tic ^ vcrnmcnt, to g'atit supplies." The argument Is ? strong, an Irrcrlstlble one; hut, nniortu tiately, It cut? two wajs, and a> mlts of two dtrtclly oppo Hi" applications. Rurn being tbe cm sequence* ol stand :i < out, cls tiefc must give way. but which side ?* to give way.' That s tLe quest.on. Tbe President and the Se nate *sy, the House ol Representative* muM give way; tbe iii t ?e ol Be.preseataUvee says, the President and Senate muit give way. Ycu must relieve tbe Army Approprla 'ion hill fr< m the proviso rejecting Kan >u, says the -ooate; you mud accept tbe proviso appended to Uie Ar my Aprcj riatlon hill sajs the House of Representative*. That is the present position or affairs then, and nelthor Mdc has blitrrto given wsy. It the meanUme, iVesau or a Lotos are heard, and old Central Cass takes upon l :tn>4ir the moiam holy tCice ot the ancient hard, and t rigs tbe Oirge ot the Amerkao Union ; be gives It us bis deliberate optLion that the day* of the republic fcre numbered The republic, however, will probably let over the hitch this time by a forced eoncewioo made by one of the two opposing parties. Appearances Uvor the triumph of tbe House of Representatives, and the lores d acceptance of the Kansas proviso by the Senate. Ttc House of Representative*, with its addition of eleven vites gained on the republican side by tha absence ot numbers, who-m the r xtraewdioary summon" ha<! not re called to Washington, sUcits firm to the Kansa< proviso, but the ? nate shows signs of giving way, and Mr. Hun ter's motion to adiourn, which I* equivalent to a resolu te n net to accept the proviso, seem* to reqalre more couiage, or more rathness, lor its adoption tijui the Se in te joasessee. sbou'd this be the upehot of the precent crista, then the Ci ited Males will have surmounted this particular trial; but at the same Utito two moat important consequences w II follow lrom tho mode in which the crtale has be en ? ' imoiitiled, one aiieciit ? the balanceor partie.i In tlio t'locn. the other aliec.ULg the consU ution ot Uie Union. Tbo South and lbs North? the slaveowner and the oppo n? nt of slavery, whether as an abolition t*t or non ext .-n akai*'.? have hitheito rtoed on equal gTeund, and neither puty could claim the Union on tbeir *lde But *U"b a v.ttoiy as this will alter this balance, and Rlvsasup'e macy to tbe anti slavery party, which tne oppoxite side wi I bave much di0.< ulty in restating. Tbe one side will is. I Itself Ibe coiiqueror, the other tbe conquered, and si ti slavery rnihusium will Lain boldness aud strength wlile Ibe slaveowner, feebog himsell beaten, wi.l t ? net fot th Ci. bt tbe battle ol slavery with less < t Odftce He will reel his weakness, and In pt< portion as he leelf wcik be will lie sullen an i si ?ry; be will grow disaffected to the I nioo, and hi* thoughts will more and more recur, either Meictly or openly, to a scparaticn as the ultimate deTenoe lor sisvery and ^eeurlty lor proper!?. He seems at pre si tt to depend on the direct lavor o, the executive lor bis l? II mn. ts bee left to himsell anti slavery entln-issm is t'd strrrg for him, as the triumphant career ol the (re? S?at? psity in Kan. as at this moment, even witn tbe fede rsl lorces against them, sufllclenlly show*. When tbe It' use ol Representative* has once tkd up the hand- of the cxcetrtlve, In* position will be Indeed a poor one flo* will he one consequence, then, ct sue.n an upshot of the prei eat struggle- a change of tha balance ol parties in 'he I n ted lUlee. Another conseqoence will be a moli l alien cl the constitution of tlie I'nion. Tbe Senat ? luts ' n the present net asion placed itaeir in oppis t . < ? ti to Use llcue of Bern s?ntstiv?s cn Uie slavery MueaUoo, and at t< mptid to tnrow its shield over ttbe siaveowaer. What t ts which makes the Senate more favorable than the Uwtt I louse te slavery sad gtvss It then* Southsrn sym I il.ii l ,t eight be (tlllW nit to ray. Perhaps tbe reason m?> ke simply tbst the Penate I* s more ohgarchnl. sti.i therefore a rorrs ton ervstiTa beniy than the ether ll< ure. It ie .mst one st' p removed lrom the popular ? (lrsge, srd has a hairier which prot^ts II from tbe H.tely repress i tat ivt character. It Is a body there lot e, natura'iy more rcrslderate tj ^,?pprty kn'd more tawtn us ig, uu u,# i*ii V< r of t'lpture than tbe more r** tlarly ctrstiluled Hoi.se. It is less liable ti be c*r I'd away t jr rar'y spirit and enthusiasm Bat what e.et Nay he Uf iiski why tbe Senate has oppoaod ii r, | to the Ilc'i.f of R?|>rt'Sentali vet on the present ?,?i.i in, Ii thr aelste ojjoses that Mouse, aad is obliged 0 give via; the m?*l pfceasartly lose in power, aiatlef tbe Amerlcso khd the * afich M 'tssos to the popular nou^r will be aflected. "t e is ju>' i te of ike?e |>recedeats which determine snb t?,mi setion If a hoiiy gives wsr onoe. It matt on s ?Hilar cets'lm give way agsin, that will be excreted ' m It, it wi Ibe ic i.sirfercd ita proper snd conetltutional .e; tij jxiition to the House or Re present itlves will he 1 ri idsted tines bstltutk Lai, at least on all im pot rant i '-ieets. It iiiDH shft rd to ta V ol tbe constitution of thi United U beiomieg iro*e i opu'ar. and yet ruc.h a triumph as ? i n tl e pan of the Itouse of Representativon will lend ? Make it so; tt Will give the House of Representative ? ? if rt aw exclsplve peatliua as an expoifnt of the na r i,a1 wil'- n ore, In its atiltuile to the Preslden* ann Se ? te at it at re stion whw h our own House oi t ommons . ? te the Crown ar.d the House of Ix>rda. The Atnori i n I f litre wi I have to modify his accurate outline of i eAm>r.csn constitution, sad confess that time and o?ts, ibe fi owth of precedent, the formation of political v d< m srd undei stsiidiag, have altered its original and 'isri.ed pioportions. Buoh a crisis m tbe prseent I I e, then, however Ihr the time it may he got over, muit I " exp?et< d to leave traces behind It, We cannot hear tl < prophecy of a rnrtnre of tbe Unlets made in the very m i sle heuas of the I nlted State* without apprnheni?ton, ?or it mti?t takes great deal to make an Amerl-an pro rlstt anything eppoeed to Amerk an strength and glory. The fliflicalt* of keeping tbe conSietiag elements or which the republic is composed Is order is evidently becoming grrster every day, snd dsnger seems only to he ststed oil by means which make the feelewnl principle in the oe untry weaker, and so the danger oa the aext occaaloa of oolUsioa greater. A letter from Mualith, dated August 5*. ssy* The negotistkM opened sines the arrival of King Oho. I? (levari*, are actively proceeding, fmtepeadeatly of the three great rvwtrt talar sated la the setUemaal of tha succession to tho throne Of Greece, Auatrta. mcltH relative to our (Bavarian) royal family, takes a part la these negotiations. The object of the resent interview at Aoohaflenbcrg, of the Kings of Bavaria and CicisOQ. waa to come to an understanding relative to an Meatioal declaration to be addreesed to the courts of Great Britain, France and Rtuala, and in wfiloh would b? stated the views and Intention* of King Mho, with regard ta the adoption, after his death, of a Catholic Prinoe, aa heir te the throne of Greeoe. Prince Adalbert, or Bavaria, with bis briae, the Infanta Amalla, of Spain, U expected at Munich early in .September. The Bavarian govern meat will then make known, by a public declaration the In teutlona of that Prince, who la aiK>kon of for the throae at Greece, but baa raised objections against the obligation lit poped by the constitution en the sorereigns of thai kingdom to profesi the Greek religion. King Otho baa returned, In haste, homewards. Mortality In the Halted State*? Sanitary Com dltlon of tlu People. [From the London Tux.ee, Aug. 36.1 e e e ? ? ? ? The Americans were perbapa the moat ezpresa, IT net the moat efllcient, tn the . acknowledgment of the need and * the duty of sanitary rule. We all know what the aa tlonal complacency and expectation are in the U uitod Slates; ana we may conceive the effect of a auddea awakening to the Idea tliat the rapid decline of the gene ral health threatened to annihilate the future of their country. The first great stir took place about twenty - three years ago. The extraordinary mortality from ooa sumpiion, the difficulty of rearing children, the early de chne of their women, and the rarity oi old age among them first fixed their attention, and then appalled the imaginations of thoee who studied the facta. "Doctor," said an eminent clcrg) man to the family physician on* ' day, "look at that girl's tongue,'' pointing to his little daughter. "Ah, ye*," observed the doctor, "it U hka moot of the tongues I see." And he declared tut white tongues were to clean as 19 to I. Being further ques tioned, he showed that in that country unfavorable in fluences were concentrated In a remarkable manner, and mot by no adequate tense and prudcnce. It was true and everybody began to aee it about the same' tlmo, that the country waa raw, and subjoct to the defeots of climate caused by reaent settlement and clearance; that from tbe same newness, there were not the provisions of an old country for out door exercise and amusement; that the paucity of native'people "caused over- w >rk and over oxcilemcnt, and frequent intermarriage of blood rel ttiona, while immigration b rough t in the rices and maladies of a low clasp of lureigners; that imitation of supposed Europe an minners waa as pernicious to the health of the rich aa tbe beer boozing of the Germans and the whiskey drink ing of tho Irish were to that of tho working class; and thai, above all, tbe absence of the quietude of an orgeals state of society ? the perpetual fluctuations of a protracted critical social condition? were in an alarming degree un favorable to the goneral health of body and mind. It was discovered that in Europe it la nowhere a common thing for parents of large families to be lelt childless in midiiis age, nor for physicians to say that all parents must ex pect to lose so many children out of so many. It was 1 discovered that each generation waa frailer than tha last ; and citizens began to ask one another what would be the btate of things in two centuries henos. The results of tho alarm presently showed themselres. The temperance movement was on*; and no one eaa wonder at any amount of liquor law legislation who haa witnessed the amount of drinking which has become ha bitual amidst the. excitements of Americaa life. To ua II appears that enacting liquor laws, which must be either anomalous in a republic or impracticable, or both, is be ginning at the wrong end; and that it would anawer beat to work against tbe causes of the vicloua thirst; but atill, uobedy ? b > has seen tho particular social condition oaa wonder at tbe effort. A general convention to oonsider the public health was another result; and it occasioned plentllul denunciation of the unwholesome diet and hour*, the hurrv, the overwork and worldly anxiety of the citi zens of the fervent and busy new repnblio. Absurd drees among the fashionable, exposure in winter sleighing, and over heating in unventllated houses, and, In regard ta young men, the excess or tobacco chewing, then (aa wa < tear still) the prevalent practice? all these bad aae tbods, aid many more, were reprehended, and with some etlect. Since that time there hu been aa knowledge or deviae in medical practice, ae quackery or wild Imagination, which has not been eager ly grasped at in the United Statoa, as an escape from the threatened doom. Some of these which Imply praclioaa of Umjiersncc, cleanliness, bodily exorcise, mental re pose, and a repudiation of drugging have wrought so weB ?? really to improve the prospects of the community ; and a new hope i i now MM by a really eff- etive movement for tho improvement of drees, in a sanitary view. For thU curious siOjttt we have at present no apace. Wa ran only point out that tbo duty which In the United State s is so sorely needed and so clearly perooived la needed airong all c vilieeu jx-oples. and ought to bo un dertaken by the general conscience. Great advances have been made in England and Franco of late in sanitary precaution and supervision. The work would go on with Mineethicg like due activity and consistency if the medi cal piofteaion ol all countries would unite tfteir know ing! and experience in opposition to thoee chroaia aad depeimentai maladies and evil conditions which are per peiualiy more fatal, physically and morally, than the pest of }hc Uohrudcha or the slaughter In toe Crimea. The Harvests In Kuropr. (From the I-ondon Times, Sept 6 ] There seldom was a year when the prospects of tha harvest were either more varying or more Important than we now tiud them. Abon'. ten weeks ago the Indif fereiit yield of la*' yiar, th>- extraordinary c mMjmptioa of the war, tbe tact of large corn growing districts in the Past having b< en left untitled, and tfcS back war Juuua ef the spring, raised the prices of grain to u pit-h at least very discouraging to commercial enterprise Then came . everal week* of unusual heat, during wlich tbo crops ripened so fat-t that there arose a new ixtnic; hands could not be found, railway works were suspended te release labor for tbe fields, but tbe farmers would not bid high enough ; they trusted to a continuance (j tba line witafher , hi d much giain that might have been got In waa al.'uwed to remain on the field*. There waa then a -udden change of weather, which told severely oa the crops, whether standing or cut. The market n<e, and we were threatened with scarcity Wa l ave now hod a week of fine drying weather, and eaoh day w e read that the corn market is ' dull," or "droop log," or "heavy," as th> gratifying MM of plenty Is usually anlounred. Tbe clear sky now above our beada certainly seems to promise ample oppirtunity for aavtac all that If still urgarnered, and It will be the fault of tha farmer if his rickysrd la not at leaat a? well filled as In must former year*. Thus far there is no prospect eg prices receding to a point lojurtoua to agricultural Ma reel*, but there is little doubt of that plenty wblcb la aa oesrary for the interests of trade and the comfort of tha people at large. Such are the fluctuations to which wa have been ? i posed In the brief apace of tee weoka. TVs importat.ee of the question consist* lo the obvious advan tage ol what may be called a commercial revival jsst now. It would on all accounts be a gr<'?t thing for Ku rcpe If tbe mlnda of men could be diverted from pain ful topics, from tores ever ready to break oat aaew, and feelings ever threatened with col boon, Is the vulgar but moee useful rivalry of material enterprise Hailways, sv?mpackets, mines, manufactures, the osn H?i of traders, the currents e<f traffic, and eves tha streams of summer tourists, undoubtedly tend to unity and peace, and slowly but surely oonduce to the improve n,?nl tn mankind. one of their frst condition* is pl?nly, and I bat we may now reasonably expect for oue year more. from Ibe continent Ilia acconnte of the harvotlara atlll more favorable. An It waa earlier than la Ibta coun try, H hu not mflercd to the same extent by tfca puti ' l.asie ol weather tbrea weeks ago. A well known cor respondent writing Irom Magdeburg on tba iOtfci ult , and iKordlng Iim observation* oa a journey from l.oglaad, dewribea tbe harveat a* every where much abort lha avcrxga, and, lor aone hundreds of mllaa, more abaa ( ui tko In lb la country A a Una occur* where the pro portion of Ullage la tr.ucn larger thaa with ua, Ibe retaH 'a all the more Important There la probably aa lainn oa? increase upon former ycara, aad of thai mrii arc I ngland will bare the tail a i vantage The great network of railways la rapidly pervading and penetralia g tbe a bole continent Kurope, and n>>t only tbe raal plan. a of tier many and France, but evaa tbe valleya ol Hwitserlaad, are now traversed by tbe locomotive. Tha edtit open prtcea la the tame aa we bare already eipa ' I need la thia country. But a bw year* aro tbe moat ali ai'li and moveable Ullage? wheal, rat beat-u, b.>r*ea, butter, tbicsa, and cygm? varied considerably lu pri.ia la datrkts t< t very wide aj*rt; and it wai u#ual for (aral Inato fx their residence in ttle net fhbor hood or that bccauae, It being thirty or forty mtlea from a market, tba Mcaasarted of Tile were ridiculously cheap Meat waa cheaper by two petca a pound; butter waa only half tbe price (fica were to be bad la lacradible abua damr, and poultry at Ubtiloua pricoa, becaaaa the enly menn.M of conveying tboae arttclna to the dutau market were slow, coiUy, and precarioua. All that la now peat. In fogland, at leak, leaving Wales aad the II gtiiands out of the quoabon, tbe mirke* iab<<omh<g almmt uniform, and no one dialrlct la at moch lit* advantage compared with tha rait. Railway* aie doing tha nmt lor the < ontiaent, aad prtoeg are ?on Mqucntij oiun twice what tbey were a rew years eg". Itla ro, at kaat, inaUarticKe j, (be belter quality, tor the Inglbth will have ;'IM beet of everything, aad appear ?? the rival! of tbe native coti?umer. thaa y??i tiy }#ar V.nrope become* one raft market, aad wa rr cover firm those (Treat fluctuation! tha'. bat tha other day wtre of frequent occurrence. there are many tliinga to be ccnaidering la comparing tbe Mat of production la coontrlea and populatieaa aa <ll0er?nt aa there enumerated la tbe liter of our orrea |ocd<nt, and perhaps acme of those may eaeap* ibe ad tice of tbe moet vigl aat railway traveller Wbera labor la cheap It la commonly thought to be co much the lee* valuable; if agricultural impie mv.'d? are umple, they may be a o much the laaa i ai able M heavy wort, and light carta are nftea a aeceaatty ol bad m?'s. If there are no traee or hedge rows to obstrort the rays Pf sun barb >r birds and iprfcta, r n tbe other hand the HMrbM of proper <y, bid llic mltulenes* of tbe petcbsa davoted to the dif (< rt ?l ctOf e, r.t cent a m >re eflect'ial check to proStabl* cultivation Tbrocfrbo'i; a gveat part of Germtap. In decl, tin re are large domain*, and 'armi ol corr?-?p<md Irg proper tioi g, But we are rlow lo believe that even la tha tki p'a.na of coatral 1'irops, or the f><rtlla bsoks of tl:c I Ibe, sgrtcnltnre la under any considerable s i van tete ompartd wi.b tbia country. At all event*, wa rlusld like lo rr* thn comparlwin inrtitrrtl by th<?e who have bad the advantage of a raatdi'aoa, with ample mean* of MbraaMn va loirhledly a large pioportir? cf lh? Continent ii cultivated lo a way Ibat would not anawer la thia co ir.try, aud thai t? fi'i id ruin both reaaant and proprietor in Hi ' i-rnl. tin vrthrlcaa, la >ucb a year aa thi.i the reault It an abon dart I arvrat, not oniy of grain, but of potato*-., beetroot, and many cropt little known here; and, by all ac ;ouate, we are promixcd an abunrance which will tall even ow fbtuie yeari. Thi?, too. I* plenty after peace. It cornea at a time when labor, money and enterprlae are happily released Irom tbe unproductive employmtnta of war. ft t not unreaaonable to bope that audi a pros|?ct, and tha nr dertakicga which Will invite Hie ro operation of'difleread Htatea, will aerre to heal aorea, leeffboa aaiaful memortea, aad evrn to #of|en aad bumanl7* the daapoUaau now m foimirfabte to the iranqiiimty of r-irdpa Tbe aria a t peace way not alwayt be tucceaefbl for thia purpoea, b?H there la, at leaat, leaa rtak in them thaa Ut the oaal a? war. Tha I/mdoa War aay* ?At the very er aia of oar opa rabona in tba Crime*, private letter* from fimrer* com plained that tha Brit lab reern'ta aeat oat war# aMra boya, wRhaut muscle, Of mufcaod, or ttaalpitaa.