.NEYV YORK HERALD. JAXEH UOKDOH BSI1ETT, KUTCB aND rBOPKlKTOB. ? "PICS N. W COKNKR OP NASStCT AND FCLTOMST8. TERMS, tuh ... li-t. <inct I'flt. Dift' HEX I LP 2 -ml- pi-r n.py $7 Ptf annum. THE Vi'SEKJL I IIEli .1 /.D, ?< ? , y S 'tur.J y, ? tnla p?r lo.'il. or tit pit ?' ? urn; the E 'thium, ?t per innum, 'o (j>.. ... Q, mU HriUiitt, <>r (6 u> a?y pari m' (A < 'inttiu-nl, K.I* lo intrude fHmltii/f. T?lam? XXI No. 474 xm>KHE.\TS THIS EVEBt; U. ACtOEMY OF HUIIC. Kuuilueuth at. ? Italia* Opeba? I, Kn. ijc i u Noki MTBJ O'B (JAKDEN, Hnnkiwm- Him^ OrEKA? Mas* mllio, OK THE 1)0 KB UlMI. t.r fOKTlil. KRY TUKATRK, Bow.rv--Dn?P, Oil tui Dismal Damc'iho? Uifiimn Jli BURTON'S NEW TUKATRK. IJroa.lwar. opposite Bond W itch Wire ? Twice Kiuutu? A. Kulasd run a.m Out kb. WAIJ.ACK 8 TJJEAIRK, Broadway? MiUiV?Losdo* iWniJcl, CBAMRKRS STRKKT TUKATRK, flitte Burtons)? Tr? Faoeurs Lawhim? Kiari Niuut-Uell hmuKu or Hosiom. BAB.Vm fl AMERICA* MirSBl'M, droiiaw?y ? AfUtr ?Mn-BuHA>cE DfiBu l)ir>ic.-Ltii?~A K iss is tub 1?ak*. BTilrj. lutein? Joh.1 Jumu. BBOaDWAY VARIETUR, 472 BrofcJway-FAIXT IISAM Meveu Wo* ( Aia Lady? The IaviaciBuu. ?BO. i 'HBlrtTY A WOOD'S MINSTRELS, Hi Broadway? ?nouriAJi PtmroKAA>cu- Watro. BC?'Kl.KY'S SFRPV \I)KBS, MS Broadway -Ethiopia* ?BBOTkElSV? Mae it anna. KM PI K K HILL, 596 Broalway -\'b?ro Me .onus, Dances Smo Bccbstricitiks bt cut Hew York, Tuesday, September 30, 1N36. Alalia for K a rope. NBW YORK HERALD? EDITION FOR IHtOPi. 'feeCunard steamship Asia, Capt. lxjit, will leave this part to-morrow morning, at half post u.uo o'oiock, for Liverpool. The European mailt will cloee la this city at eight ?'atoak the Hnuio (printed in English and French) wtH be pabNahed at six o clock in the morning. Single copies, ? wrapper*, sixpence ?abacrtptions and advertisement* for any edition of the ?aw York Ukkau. will be received at the (o How tag pta oea m Europe ? Loboi ? Am fc European Express Co . 61 RingWllliam St. Pasix ? do. do. s l lac? de la Bourse. Irrwoot? do. do. 9 Chapel street. Iiwool ? John Hunter, 12 Exchange street, East. Tbo contents of the European edition of the Hrald WlM embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at tfn oClce during -the previous week, and to the hour of jHHoat on. Iht \twi, By the arrival of the yteamship Baltic, at tbis port, we have four days later advices from Europe. Their contents are unimportant. The affair* of Naples continue to occupy the attent'on of the English and French press, bat nothing seems to be decided as to the coarse which the other govern ments will take in regard to tbem. The question will no doubt remain in a'^yance until the reassem bling of the Paris Congress, which will shortly meet for the organization of the govemmet t of the Principalities. In Spain matters remain for the present in a quiescent state. The O'Donnell adminis tration is, however, in a shaky condition, the Ca binet being divided on the question of the consti tution of the Senate. It is proposed th it this body shall be composed of an unlimited number of mem ber* appointed for life by the crown. This was th' system of 1*45, but it is not likely that the Spanish people will 6ubmit to its revival. Gonz i(f z Uiavo is spoken or as the tew Minister t > Washington- Louis Napoleon and his Empress lat- ly paid a flying tisit to St. Sebastian, and wt?re enth isiavically re ceived by the population. Prince AdalbtlV Wtl U fl bride are on a visit to their Majesties ,u Biarritz. The Czar's manifesto on the ocea?i u of his c >rona Lion accords an amnesty to the political olTonlers of 1826 aud 1831. and relieves all the Jews of the Eai pire trim the special burdens of the rpcrnifment by which they were still oppres ed. The Diet of Den mark is convoked for an extra session on the 4th. to receive communications from the gover im> nt on the subject of the -ound dues. R :--ia bat opened negotiations with the Porte for perm i-? ion t > send tea ve?i-els of war from the Baltic through the Bos phoroa, for the coasting sen ice of the Bl i k Sea. A ?e v ie -hock of an eartbqmke had been experi enced at >cbemacka, In the Cane t?u. In another column will be found aoue additional detail* regarding the lota of th* Ocean Home. Tbf co.toa market j^tenliy ?u quite Arm, with Bale* of at leaet 1,000 biles, do ing at 12 for mil dling uplands, 12 c. for Mobile do . ac i llje. for New Or lean- do. The Baltic's news had a fitsilb effect on breadstuff's. Salea w>-re mora freely ai id and closed' at on a<lvar e of loc a 20c. per barrel, and in some cases aa n.u h as 25c. was paid abjve the lowest point last Betarday. Wheat was alo better and ch> ice white Tenne-^e, Ke??ta:ky and Canadian sold ?s high as II 70 per baahaL Co. a was better, with salaa of sju> J mixed .4 a r.ic. Pork was in moderate requ-st, for moss at <2* i 12,. Sa" frara were acive and firm, with aalea of about 1,300 hhde. it fnll prices. Coffee was not active, but quite steady. Th? < Hef sales consist .1 if prime Liguayra at 12<*. a 12 ?? Freights wee taken to a fair extent (or Liverpool at 9c. a 9|e. for gr.in in balk anl bwgs, and 2s. for flour. TLe expi Ji-i' n or Me?sm. SHklind and Upwn fr >m MaMle, by the Vigilance Coxmttea of that city, for M>litng in< endiary publi uti ma, is ^till fresh in the pub'.i mind. 0.^,c. nnta f the affair have hitherto ben very n e ig re Mr. Slrk hlnnd, It niw appears. ?ade a fta'eaerit, fur prlvito circ-datna aoon after Lis arrival at the Nort ti. We gift it >n another column. According to bis a c urn he sold two copies of Douglam' " My Bondage a' d My Free flora," and one copy of the " An'iarajdw of Fre* dun.' the three to gentlemen who f >raied a part if the Vigilance Committee. Th?re !s aim t a panic in Bro >k .,-a, In ???? quern e of an in reaae of yellow feer caees within a few days past. Exaggerated reports hive l> en circu lated as to the !>rogre** of t ba di~f.ase, and a large number of reaidenta ha\e removed from the viciol'y of the district where tbefe^r piev?.l?. We have, however, in the offU iaTWfort" pre -? nted to the Hoard of Health. tLe fa~t* in tlie caw. From the Health Off.eer's state nent it appear* thr%even case- occurred between Saturday and Monday morning, of which number four p.-tved fatal. All these ctfea of fever are beliewed to have aeen con tracted by oootact with vessels that bad pfWtNrfy been placed in Quar mtine, but wbi h have impru dently been p?rmitted to c me np and dia harge their cargoes of rogar and hide'. Then have been aeveril new cases of fever at F rt Hamil'm, arid one at Bellevue Hospital The last mentioned case was that of a shipwright, recently fi >m Xew Raven, where Ue had l>een employe*! upon a vesael from eeaie iBtrted jrort In the Went Ind es. Hi far a<> we raa leirn there is not the slightest ground for alarm, provided the aotb' rftfoi of New York anl Pro ik'yn pay proper attention to the <v urantme legti'atJor*. President Pierce lesvee Washington this morning ?n his vis t to New Hampshire. He will arrive la this city from Philadelphia between ten and eleven ? >')ock to night A construction and a freight traia on tlie Micln gnu Southern Railroad < nioe in collision ? Sat >r dny. n-ar the New Albany anl Baka'cnming. Eight Ilium ? and a pas-#ngcr ft m New York, name unknown, were killed, and tven-y laborers wee wounded by the di?a-t-r. Hit reported from Waabti1 ton thai the admla ls? ration will shortly make a <1 -r id I upon New i.rn na<!a for ftall and ample satta^tctkNi fur the ont WKee eommittod upon the Amer ans at Panama durng riot, and thai o :r n , . it >'fice"? hive be^n *uji H?ed tj exarelw greater v^lianee fir the pro teetira f our dti*ena In that quai tt r We hive new* fhtn Kaasa. to the 2 th last tat. The Temtorv was sf??rwha? trao |Oil. t.cn. Line #*?vh i Vh asJmV'7 VP tbT W* '^v border was clotted against the free ?*? '?*** mu gu g and returning. l'be eleetiou tau? p!a ??? on the lit of October. Messrs. Simeon and Warren L'Und, proprietors of the Metropolitan Hotel, Broadway, were arresieit last Sa'nrdH a 'emron, hy Deuuty <honflTr , on the affidavit of W. E. Culver, Esq,, banker, of Louisville. Ky. Th? affidavit chtrges ttte ac imed ' parties with having purchased of Mr Culver 1 15, OM worth of bonds, And pajicg for them >n Valley Buk money only two dayB beiore the ba*Hi filled. The warrant on which the Messrs. Lelaad o.ive been a - rested was issued, on Saturday aftc noon, by Judge Bcsworth, of the Superior Court. M ?. * ulver is the bunea* partmrof H.n. Junes Gathrie, Secretary of th Tre.mry. Tlie Vicar General ar d Admi ilstrator of the Dio cese of Son Salvator, adlre- es a circular t > his curates, in which, at'te' de laring William Walker the enemy of the Catholic Church, for which he in tend* to substitute Pro'e-t inii-rn, he calls upon the priests to be wutcbful against the entmy, and to prepate a vigorous resistance. There was a i-trange cate in law de -ided by the Surrogate, A. W. Bradford, yesterdiy. Henry Eigle, at his decease, willed to his son William certain pro perty, providing said son, who had been aw iy and not beard from for five or six yea's, was then livimr. Seven year* have elapsed since William Eigle w is heard of; the law considers him dead. William, be f >re going away, bequeathed all his property to a brother. This brother now claims the bequest made to William by the lather. If Willi im wts alive at the time his father made the will, of course his heir or brother has a legal claim to the property be queathed. but not if he was dead. The law consid ers the absentee deid at the end of seven year*; but does it hold him to be alive till the end of that .ime? The Surrogate decided that the lav assumes him <o be living until the last day of the seven ye irs has elapsed, and that it requ:res positive evidence to es tablish his death before thit tim-. Ia his decision the Surrogate reviewed the law t p >n the point, from Justinian down to our own courts, and developed K-nie interesting tacts on so critical and technical a point. The Canal Commissioners are about to issue pro posals for a le an of a million and a quarter of dollars. Bids will be re:eived till the 18th prox. The Committee of Repairs and Supplies of the Board of Aldermen met yesterday, to continue the .^investigation into the alleged jobbing opera ions of the Superintendent of Repairs to Public Buildings Owing, however, to the tudden illness of Mr. Sselah and Mr. Irving, the committee adjourned till Wed nesday next without doing any business. | Nolllfirptloii tit Old Virginia? JCaptoln Scott and Governor Wise on llottm. Treason, .Vlg , gera, Democracy and Disunion. We spread, full length, before our readers, this morning, a special report of the extraordinary ; speecb<s of Captain Scott and Henry A. Wise, at a late democratic meeting in the city of Rich mond. Virginia, got up for the special benefit of John Minor Cotts, and to silence forever his late audacious declaration, ttiit the South will not break up the Union should Fremont be elected to the Presidency by the voice of the American people. Captain Scott is the happy man who. in 1852, caught all the old outstanding democratic aspi rants for the White House? a full baker's dozen? upon a letter which was too strong for niggers to -uit the stomachs of the Northern democracy: and the result was the nomination of Franklin Pierce, who had been overlooked by Captain Scott, 2r<l y?Uq Y>a*. therefore, available. One - ood turn deserving another, when the time came Captain Scott was appointed by Mr. Pier*** j ! our Consul at Rio Janeiro, and this will ac < i unt for the milk in the cocoanuf. as far as the Consul from Rio extols to the skies the ad ministration which gave him that office. Henry A. Wise is the democratic Governor of Virginia ar d his praet nee and participation in the proceed ings of the meeting in question arc suggestive o a deliberate democratic conspiracy to stir up a <1< uiociaiic mob for the forcible expulsion of John Minor Iiott* from the State. Captuin Scott Ofkita the care. His eulogium upon poor Fierce. It's defease o' 'he democratic party. anl of the Southern rnocracj. on the slavery question, uuj go for whatth y are worth. 11" nuuu object wax to nbow up Mr. Botta a* a traitor, guilty of the greatest po-sible offence of treason, and as having "cast him-rlf lo<>-e upon the world, unfit to associate with honorable m ta," n that atrocious declaration (feat Fremont's elec tion will tiot drive the Souti^M States to dis union and civil war. Captain Sentt clinches the nail of his argumr nt against Mr. Hot to by quoting largely from .Mr. Fillmore's Albany sp ec h, to show that the South cannot, will not, an<l should not submit to Fremont '? election. Thus Southern mifl iters and Northern traitor j sire mutually em plijfd to hoist* r up eaeb other. Yet, while f'aptain Kco't accepts and approves Mr. Fill more's secession Ideas, he rejects the m in him stl. as utterly unworthy of Southern support, Anothrr peculiarity in t'aptain Scott's specch. is his certainty of Btt hanan's electloo and hi.-1 ft ars of hi" deft at. He lias no doubt of a great tftmo ratic triumph; but he is utill very much fright'-md at the popularity of Fremont. H thinks that Buchanan will win \ij an overwh lrn ins majority, and yet h<> Is at raid that Fremont v ill be elected. This election of Fremont is the crowning catastrophe of this curious nullification specch. ? bicb the orator assur' ? us. as confident ly us Mr. Toombs or Mr. Fillmore, ' will and ought to be the end of the I'nion." j?. Thus much f<ir Captain Scott. If we dismii* him rather abruptly, it i? Is cau-e Governor Wise demand < ur attention. It is his *pe?ch thai wa.? the gr< at ft ?:ure and the glory of thi-d mocratlc ?eating, call d for the purpose of expelling Mr. llott? fi--m the Commonwealth. And what says Governor Wise ? Be is aware of the danger ? he sees the handv. i iting on the wall against the cor rupt and rotten democracy, and he sits up 1 1:-- of lights, revolvlag in his mind the measured to he taken in erder to break up the Union. should Fr monthe < l>ctfd. He pleads that this is uo time for trifling: that " d monism " is abroad, and that ' the qui stion fearfully arise*, what shall ^edor'" Then he turn3 t? hlsatggava- always niggeir?it is nigger*, first and last, with Gov ??tnar Wise and the prie ? of niggers. He tells u? ;l at all along the northern 1*ird<T of Virginia a thousand dollar nigger is worth no more than a thousand <1 liar- set afloat o < a chip on the Ohio river. And y<t. the r m dy wh'eh proposes for the <s cur'Hv of Hi e tiigfers should F'- 'rnont he elected. Is a <1 ^solution ni tire 1'niwi and civil war sai be i? preparing for that contingency I What blind infatuation! what reckh -<?? insanity i? this! Can this man b so thickbealsi and rtaplil as not to s,ve that one of the very first re sults of disunion would he th ? quick Bell ing < at of ail the nigg-'M in Vtiginia. riot f< r a thorn and dollars a head, but for what tin j would fetch, and the inevi table conver -ion of the State into a free a e? Still he dwells upon thl? ultima im of disunion, and t? H? ns tha* if Fr> mont r oiecb>d by th? American people, Virginia will revolt, inaugu rate ? civil war. ami ?mroi ber ni?gera worth on ? n art t#' m '"V* 4#<i<J^ilw|ftk?fKi( tw L", wuil u food for gunpowder? to be shot at Mid slaughter ed like sheep, in the field of war. Gov. Wise ad mit* that disunion will nvolve the "fearful issues of civil war, blood and death;" aud yet he studies all day, and sits up late of nights, plot ting this crime of disunion, and this general slaughter of his uiggers a ho are to fight their master's bat'les. All thiB, however, is extraneous matter; for Botts was the object, and Botts is the prominent figure of the Governor's speech, the Governor's threats, denunciations and wrath. Be tells Botts that he has - raised the black fiagin our midst"? that he is guilty of "treason," "false to his trust, his honor aud his home," and warns him that Richmond "has a Mayor, a Commonwealth's at torney, a grand jury; and that he had better look to the slavery code of the State, and note the lines and punishments it provides for speaking or writing anything impairing the value of slaves" ? niggers, always niggers. We had supposed that Kansas ?as alone blest with a nigger code established in violation of the constitution; but, if there be anything in these threats of Gov. Wist- 1 against Mr. Botts. Virginia, whose early republi can fathers were the founders of the constitution, may boast the same distinction as Kansas ? a des potic code of nigger driving nullification, wholly at war with the supreme law of the land, and therefore disloyal, false to the Union, null aud void. What says the eonstitution. the supreme law of all the States and Territories? We quote from it : ? " The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.'' A dead letter throughout the South Again, " Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of re ligion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof ; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances." These interdicts are ap plied to Congress ; but in the case of Houston vs. Moore. (5 Wheaton 1, 12.) the Supreme Court has decided that '? in cases of concurrent authority, where the laws of the States and the Union are in direct and manifest collision on the same subject, those of the Union, being the supreme law of the land, are of paramount au thority." The whole of these democratic proceedings in Virginia, then, against Mr. Botts, including the speech of Gov. Wise, and the State slavery code to which he refers, are nothing more nor less than a nullification of the constitution and of the rights it confers upon the people in all parts of the I'nion, of free speech, a free press, and that other right of the people, -peaceably to assem ble" for the discussion of public affaire. What tafety, then, is there with a party which thus shamelessly nullities the constitution in fifteen State h of the Union, by a system of despotic tcr ) orism more intolerable than that of Russia? ?What safety with Mr. Buchanan, who is but the tool of these Southern nulli tiers? ? or with Mr. Fillmore, who unblushingly counsels the treason of secession should Fremont be elected? There i no safety, no security, no reliance upon eithor the one or the other. Thty both stand upon the l.ullitier's platform of a red republican revolu tion against the people, should the people decide ugainfct them. Our safily and security arc with Fremont. I fiov. Wise say s * he Is nothing, and less than no ! tiling;" but as the champion of the constitution and the Union against all such hotheaded nigger driving nullifies a' d secessionists as Gov. Wise, and such tools of the uulliGers as Buchanan and Fillmore, we say that Fremont is everything. I,et us t-lic t him. and restore the South to the constitution and the Union, and bring back all those democratic Southern null ifiers and diaunioa lats and their Northern tools and mercenaries to their senses. Our readers may expi-ct soon to l.ear again from Mr. Botts. He knows his rights, and he holds his ground. Let them touch him, if they dare. A Sol T1FEHN Orator Goi.vo I.VTO W ALL STOUT. ? Tbe Buchanan organs of tLis city iniorm u? that a committee of merchants, of this city, in favor of the Cincinnati platform, hap invited ex Governor Floyd, of Virginia, who Is now sojourn ing at the St. Nicholas Hotel, to make a speech upoo tbe pre* nt Rwldiotii] controversy, from tbe ?i( jis of the Merchant*' Exchange, on the af t( i noon of Thursday next. This is a very excel lent movement, and wc approve of it highly. Gove rnor Floyd is a fair average Southern states* rrian. of tbe old Virginia blood. We gave a very ^'00*1 .Southern speech which be made the other ?lay at Lynchburg, Virginia, wb'Te Keitt ex ploded. We have no doubt that Governor Floyd will be received with tbe greatest courtesy, ami h< ard with the name attention that was paid to Mr. Speaker Banks. Let them all eater tbe cou tro\my. and give u? all the bearings of lb"'|ues tin:, of the (feet that the election of Mr. Bii i l^ana j would have upon Southern institutions nd Southern property, psrt eularly the pricc of f i(.gers. the enhancement of which Was so stoutly insisted upon in tbe orations of Governor Wise. We alro desire to know the exact mode that is to bo adopted, in tbe event of Fremont's election. l?y Old Virginia and tbe Southern State*, to rob tbe tr? aeury previous to going out of the futon. About three-fourth# of the public moaey of tbe United States is safe in Wall Mrcct, and we desire to know whe ther General Brooks, of South Carolina, and tbe other fire-esters, will comc down here to take die sub-treasury, or will be satii<fi< d with what they find at the capital. Wc want full particu lars on this point. Another point: Lieutenant Governor Raymond, of this State, has been boil ing over with oratory. He proposed a contro v r*y with Senator Brooks. l?t Lieut. Governor i, aymond was too much for Senator Brooks, and he d' dined. Would it not tie a good ides for tb's committee of merchants to invite Governor Raymond to an-w<r Governor Floyd on th? step* of the Exchange? This would save tbe preciou* life of Governor Raymond, whose clorpi >nce. if p up much longer, will certainly Mng on the cholera or yellow fever. Governor Raymond is not much of an editor a poor stick in journal ism at tbe best and *t is only fair to give him a chance as a public speak* r. Now is the time fo bring out oar icreat men. before they explode under tbe pressure of their own element*. Important DrcistoJf ON NiootR LtsrnTtK* a \f> RmjhTS.- We sr e. from s report in some of the nm -paper*. that Judge Whiting, of the Su preme Court, has decided that a negro has not only the right to travel in railway csrs and om nibuses with white people, but that be may also lie a candidate for the Presidency of the United Flutes. This is the true, genuine black rcpubli an^m: and should Judge Whiting be nominstod lor the Mayorslty. he would receive the united vote of tbe downright black republicans of tlie iX* A ^ , V ?* * } ?i ??'??> m (ili'd Foreign Opinions of Cite United State*.
We see, from the journals of England, France and Germany, that the people of Europe are giving a good deal of attention to the affairs of , tliie country, and entering more into the spirit of American progress than heretofore. But we do not see that this is done in a spirit of admiration or even sympathy. No American can read the English, French, or German papers without having his pride wounded and his feelings hurt by the manner in which men and things in the United States are handled. Nor is this confined to the press. The beet of Europeans have begun to think and write disparagingly of us. M. de Tocqueville, than whom no man living better ap preciates the institutions of the United States, or wishes better to democracy, writes to a friend in this country that the respect and kindly feeling once inspired hy the American republic among the French have now well nigh disappeared. These things are the more worthy of reflection as the claims of the United States to the respect ful consideration of the rest of the world were never so great as they now are. Thirty-five years ago was a period at which, according to the present census of the United States, this was a country well entitled to the admiration of the world, for i;s men were then men indeed, and its leader true heroes. Yet this was the period of which Sidney Smith wrote, when he denied that the United States had ever done anything for letters, or for art, or for science, or for industry. Now, on the other hand, the claims of this country to eminence in each and all of these departments of human progress, are indisputable and considerable. Nearly one-third of the leading literature of the day will soon be American. American artists are figuring worthily at home and abroad. American industry is competing succeesfully with that of England in several of the largest markets of the world. American science, as judged l<y the Dudley Observatory, the work of Agassiz, the Coast Survey, the several exploring expeditions, and the studies of such men as Henry, Bache, Pearce, Guyot, Alexander. Mitcheli, Hail and Fremont, can compare with the matured fruits of science in England. France or Germany. To whichever side we look, we find the same proofs of progress and eminence. How, then, comes it that, while the leading minds of Europe admired and respected us. when we had so little to show for ourselves, they turn from us in aver sion and occasionally in contempt, now that really we can present substantial grounds for respectful consideration? The reason is simply that the world yet judges nations by their political leaders, and that we are judged of by our politicians. They are, heaven knows, an insignificant enough portion of this community ; but in Europe, it is the fashion to consider politicians a superior race of beings, who typify national excellencies. Our politi cians. therefore, are viewed as the highest ex pression of the American mind, the ripest fruit of American culture, the best samples of American growth. And seeing them disorderly, violent, reckless, unprincipled, and degraded, the Euro peans naturally conclude that the whole nation must be marked by those same defects in a still higher degree. Our neigbljors across the water will come to a knowledge of their mictak>- quite as soon as it i? of any consequence that they should. But is it not of some consequence to ua that we should in quire whether the palpable inferiority of our poli ticians. aa aelnss. to every other class In the community, is or is not a necessary consequence of democratic institutions? Th^ fact stares us in the face. In the days of Clay. Webster. Calhoun, and their compeers, the statesmen of Am'-riea were such as any nation might have been proud of. At an earlier date, round Jefferson and Ma dison were grouped a l>and of statesman who hare rarely been excelled in history for judg ment. wisdom or character. Now, we can hardly point to a single politician of whom one can bear to speak with anything like patience. Thiy are all -with a few rare exceptions? unprincipled, reckless, brutal, corrupt, and many of them im bccile and ignorant besides. Why need this bo? Are there no decent men in the country tochoo* for political office? Can we not in some way bring about a revolution to sweep away th"?* loath-ome politicians who are disgracing the American name, and destroying the character of the United States abroad? PHU-OSornr Oi-t ??k Tkmit.h. ? Oar amiable cotemporurica of the Tribune should never, by any cbante. low; their good temper. A philoso pher if a poor stick at best if he cannot govern his temper; and a politician in of little account unless he can not only govern his temper but also smooth I ho ruffled tempers of the hungry crew about bim. The Tribune widely think* that there is no nec<ssitr for mixing up the Presidential election with the municipal one. We are of th ?ame way of thinking* We have put forward and supported John C. Fremont as the best repre sentative. in the general government, of the ad ministrative wisdom of the people of the United States. We have defended him against a seri?"sof tirutol personalities unparalleled in the history of politic*. Our extemporary of the Trihm concurs with us in support of the same Presidential can didate and in reprolmting the brutal personal at tacks of his calumniators and enemies. Why not make this mode a general principle of political conduct ? In the municipal election, and probably in the State election also, it seems that we may differ, nod most likely will differ, with our philosophers of the Tribune; but in order to give the same tone of high moral character to these contests that we have endeavored to give to the Presi dential contest, we shall lend our support or in terpose our opposition to candidates in the one as we have done in the other. We shall avoid and fromn upon personalities and miserable private affulrs. judging ol the public capacity and fltne?<? of ( andidates without favor or affection. A great many sensible persons in this city who originally opposed Fernando Wood for Mayor are now in bis favor, believing, as they do. that good government is more attainable by renewing his tenure of office than by discarding him. with all his experience, and taking up another anil an untried man. for no other reason than that Mr. Wood has personal foes and rivals in his own camp, as well as in tbf camp* of his opponents. The Tri'mne is perfectly welcome to oppose or to support any one it pleases for the office of Mnyor: but we think we have a right to express our opinion on the propriety of its course and on its consist' ncy of temper and t?nc in sup fi<>rt:ng one candidate in one way. and opposing another candidate in another way. With regard to our acts or profeafons in the sup |ort of Ol. Fremont for the Presidency, we shall never go far out of our way to have them verified by the approbation of the Tnimne. We will do our duty without regard to cliques. We can ?mile I'.uwllj- at, ftftl iitfvlwe, wb'/.Ug: it comes in the garb of philosophy or in that of brutality. We have supported, aud will continue to support, Colonel Fremont for the Presi dency, on the highest principles of statesman ship and the most approved sentiments of policy; | and if any of our cotemporaries in the same camp begin to show their old instincts and old follies aud old brutalities, we shall first quietly counsel them like friends, aud if they prove re fractory, we shall next kick them out of our way like "border ruffians," who ought not to be treat ed otherwise in a dignified coutroversy. Colonel Fremont, by a combination of various causes and influences which we understand per fectly well, is now something ahead ol his two competitors, and will, in all probability ? if his triends conduct themselves with dignity and pro priety ? be elected President of the United States. If he should be so elected President of the United States, and should organize and cou duct his administration on the great conservative principles of the constitution and enlightened statesmanship, we shall support that administra tion, and go for his rc-electiou to the Presidency in 1SG0. If, however, he should fail in realizing the hopes formed of him in that respect, we shall oppose him as warmly, as strongly and as deter minedly as we have ever opposed the imbecile administration of Pierce. That's all. The Pacific Difficulty. It appears from our information from Panama and the Isthmus that if a second bloody riot has not already taken place there, it may be expected at any day. It seems that parties are divided on grounds of color; that the whites outnumber and consequently outvote the blacks; and that the latter, like the border ruffians of Kansas, appeal from the ballot box to the machete and the re volver. On the 15th instant there would have been a riot and much bloodshed but for the United States marines who pulled to the water line, and lay there in their boats, ready to inter fere in case of disturbance. We have no positive account of any subsequent riot; but at the time the steamer left Navy Bay, a rumor was current that blood had begun to flow at Panama. Our information, which is derived from several trust worthy source, leads us to conclude that no re liance whatever can be placed either in the will or in the power of the government of Panama, or of New Granada. Many of the officers of go vernment live and discharge their functions in a state of abject terror of the negroes, who pre always ready with the threat that they will mur der any one who opposes them. Others are only too well disposed to abet their nefarious designs against the people of the United States. And if all the officers of government possessed the will J and the courage to keep the peace, they would still lack the physical force that alone can impose it upon the populace of Panama. We are satisfied, therefore, that tbe lives and property of our fellow countrymen who cross the Isthmus four times a mouth, arc in the most im minent peril: and we believe that unless mea sures are taken to inaugurate a new order of things at Panama, the trade of the world will re ceive a notable check, and the interests of the whole Pacific be seriously injured. Our government, after the occurrences of April, stationed vessels at either end of the rail way to overawe the negro mob. At the time (here was reason to believe that this precaution would have sufficed. We are now convinced that it will not. We have every reason to believe that a settled purpose exists among the half tireeds and negTocs of Panama to inflict Fomc se vere injury on our people in revenge for sup )tos(d wrongs, and also to plunder the specie ex prefs on the first convenient opportunity. There is no ground for hoping that the deed will be at tempted in an awkward or foolish or helpless manner. On the contrary, it is likely that it will !*> performed with cunning and executed with bloodthirsty daring. The train will not be at tacked under the guns of the frigates. But a few rails may be torn up at some twentj^miles from sea. and in the confusion created by the sudden -toppage of the train, the specie car may be robbed, and an Indiscriminate massacre at least commenced. In such a case, our vesm;ls of war would be utterly useless; they would not know of the mischief until it was past remedy, aud we "hould have no other consolation than a sterile vengeance. Under the circumstancca we revert to our ori ginal sentiment - which concurs in some re?p>ctN with Mr. Corwine'a report ? that the Isthmus should for the present bo occupied by United .States troop* in the Interest of the commerce of the world. When we last made thin suggestion it aroused quite a clamor among various organs of opinion iu Europe: it was viewed as a step toward the annexation of New Granada to the United State*. Reflection will probably convince the English that we have no such foolish aim u? this; that we only seek to in-ure the safety of our people and our property, as well as theirs; and that national usage, no let* than paramount necessity. justifies the measure. There ou^ht to lie some m,.n in England who know enough of America to be sure that the annexation of New Granada has not a decent advocate in this coun try. But whether foreigners like it or not. it M>ems that it will have to be done. We cannot I go on. risking five hundred valuable live* and a million aod a half of treasure every week, either to satisfy the dignity of the im?<ecile Spaniard and ruffian negroes of Panama, or to defer to the jealous alatm of Europe. We have abundant precedent for the step. England has never Imi tated to garrison any territory in the East when the rulers thereof appeared incapable of preserv ing peace: she has more than once fofced her troops upon her neigh bois to help them to rule their territory: at the present moment she garri son* Grrrce jointly with France. France garri sons Home. and hsui garrisoned parts of Northern Africa, in the interest of the commerca of the Me diterranean. Austria has garrisoned Lombardy for forty years, and only recently ceased to gar rison the Principalities. It is pretended that in some of these case* a sort of invitation parsed be tween the Power invaded and the invader, bat this can delude no one, and in many cases M has been wholly dispensed with. We see no reason why the United States should not garrison Panama. Aspinwall and the line of road; and we see rmuiy r< a?on* why. If th?- pre caution is neglected, we may hereafter rue the neglect. Pi avsti.va.ma St itr. for Fkkwoyt.- We have received information from the most reliable and undoubted authority that satisfies ns that the 1 m.i nl State ticket, in opposition to th<> demo cracy. will lie triumphantly elected on the 1 itb of the next month. The opposition party in Pennsylvania united some two yen r* ago. under the Mini" of Know Nothing and mvept the Stat<> against the democracy by an unprecedented ma jnrity. Hitire that time there ha* ln?pn another .rX.'?T, ftU 41 U?v y'swfuk Vl tk?' fV'J are now planted en the t?rand platform of oppo sition to Buchanan and the democracy, and ulti mately in favor of Fremont and the revolution in politics. The Buchanan parti zans in Pennsylva nia are endeavoring to encourage their follower* by calculations based upon the old issues, but they have neglected to take into accouut the great religious element which is opposed to them. They have omitted to notice that the united religious press of Philadelphia, as well as New York, is almost unanimously opposed to them, and that in consequence the rotten democracy will be defeated in Pennsylvania as they have been in Maine. This religious element has not appeared in politics in this country during the last quarter of a century, but it has lately been awakened in the fullest force, by the atrocious policy of the Pierce administration in relation to Kansas, and there is the strongest reason to be lieve that it will sweep Pennsylvania, in opposi tion to the Buchanan party, both on the 14th of October and the 4th of November, inaugurating one of the greatest political revolutions ever known in the history of our country. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. The President's northern Tour. Washington, Sept. 29, I860'. President Pierco and rurally leave In the morning trala1 for New Hampshire ? the Present's Mounted Guard, and the Deld, stair and company officers ol the district tui Utla, acting as an eecort to the depot. A regiment or Maryland volunteers will receive him at the IUltimoro depot. Bii/miOM, Sept. 20, 1866. The President will arrive in this city from Washington, by the early morning train to-morrow. He will be re ceived by the military and escorted to theGUmore House, where he will take breakfast, and rrom thence he will be escorted (o the cars which leave tor Philadelphia. Phila r>RLrniA, Sept. 29, 1856. President Pierce will leave Baltimore by the 11 o'clock train to morrow morning. A committee or citizens of Philadelphia will meet him at Wilmington, and escort him here, and then wait upon him to the train which leaves for New York at live o'clock. Bo.ton, Sept 29, 1866. large delegations from this and the adjoining cities will visit Concord on Thursday next to join In the welcome to President l'lerce. From Washington. THE OUTRAGES AT PANAMA? NAVAL COURTS MAR TIAL ? THE COURT Or CLAIMS, ETC. Washington, Sept, 29, 1856. It Is said the administration will make a demand on New Granada fer speedy and ample atonement for the wrongs inflicted on our countrymen by officers and people oT the State of Panama, and, me in while, our naval force* will exercise more vigilance than heretofore for the pro tection or our citizens or the Isthmus. Courts Martial will be ordered to try certain officers of brig Batnfcrldge, upon charges or Immorality and con duct detrimental to the naval service, on tbe arrival ol the Savannah from tbe Brazil station, which is dally ex pected at New York, there being on board or the latter vessel several material witnesses or government. Sir Henry Holland, physician to the Queen or England, had a private Interview with the President to day , having been Introduced by Secretary Mercy. Geo. A. Gordon has been appointed United States At torney for Georgia, vice G. 8. Owens, resigned. Bishop Pole Is stopping at Willard's. Lieut. Dunham, Tenth Intantry, has resigned. Joseph 3. Wilson, Esq., it Acting Commissioner of General Land office, vice Hen dricks. absent. The United states Court or Claims meet again at the Capitol on tbe 1 !'tb of October. Secretary Itobbin la much improved In health. He ex pects to rtlurn to Washington by the last or October. From Albany. A NEW CANAL LOAN ? ILICTION OP CITT CHAM BEKLAIN. Ai ..AST, Sept. 30, 1856 An advertisement for s canal loan of 81,2*0,000 will be out on Wednesday next. Proposals for six p?r cent of the stock are to be received until October 18th. The loan is reimbursable unUl 1874. Robert Thompson, Esq., wax elected Chamberlain of this city this evening, In place ot C. W. Bender. Affairs In Kansas. Chicaoo, Sept. 2% 1866. We are In receipt or prlvsfe advices from Kansas to the 20th Inst. The Territory was tolerably quiet. The bor der remained closed againtt the Tree State men going or returning. General Lane arrjved at Nebraska City on the 18th. Colonel Harvey, with a Chicago company, had captured the tanious lone star flat; ol the South Cars Ill lacs It was recti ved here on Saturday evening. Fremont Meeting at Batavta. B?tavia, Sept. 29, 1859. Over fifteen thousand Fremonters met here In council to-day. The town is full of people. We have U*4 speak ing In the Park, and In three large halls. The rain ha* poured down in torrents all day, but no rain can exUa guish the Arc for Fremont. wtlom HallriMit OtiMtrr. MJ?E PBKSOlkM KILI.CD AMD TWKKTT VOCNDKD. Toin>o, Ohto, Kept. 20, ISM. A collision occurred on the Michigan Southern ltallroad OB Saturday afternoon, between a conatruotlon Uit a freight train. near the New Albany and Malum croaalcg. Eight laborer! wire trilled and twenty wonnded. A paasenger from New York wai killed, bat bis name is unknown. ? The New York State Fair. Watmtow*, Sept. 29, IBM. The entrlee at the Huts Fair tc iay were mush larger than those of laa< year. The display of horses, cattle, abeep and swine ta of the most superb description. The dieplar of enginea and machinery of all klnda la rery One. Three printing and lithograph presses are la opera > lion. The dairy and domeetto department la excellent. Rbetklni Murder of a Strrrotjrprr. Ariffaw, N. T., Sept. 29, ISM. A man named James H. Beadle, atereotyper In the em ploy of Messrs. Miller, Orton k Mulligan, of this city, was fraud mtirder?d at sis o'clock this morning. Ho was . killed last night by blows on the head from a stone by I person* uaknowa, and then robbed or 136 00. A coro I ner's Inquest la now lareatigating the matter. Ths Steamer Khtrssnesr. I'ortla*i>, Sept. 29, ISM. The Meaner Khers<?reee sailed yesterday morning for IJTerpool, Tia Halifax and St .I.ihn, Newfoundland, with thirty t aoengtra for Urerpool, fifteen for (latitat, and nine for Newfosndland. She had a fall cargo. New Larks on the r.rfe Canal Brought Into Vtanu, Sept. 29, ISM. The aewiocka foe 14, 89. 40 and 41. ou the Krio canal, will ho brought Into use (>ct. 3. Navigation between Frankfort and It. JohnsTiils will be suspended about thirty-atx hours. C. (iAKDIMKR, Canal Collector. IMautrr to Use Steamer Caledonia. Woman, Sept. 20, ISM. The ateamer Caledonia, from Portland for N? w York, strurk on llorreshoe shoal, Nantaoket. on Saturday morniPg. ?be got off after discharging part of her earflo, ad waa taken into Rdgartown Marketa. miLADKLrsu stoci *o*w>. Pirn ami rut*, Sept. 20, ISM. Works steady. Penney Irama 6' a, M?< ; Reading Rail road, 41 ; long Island fUilroad, IS Ji, Morns Canal. I3\ . Pennsylvania Railroad, 49. Brrr*ti?, Sept. 29, ISM. Flour firmer, with good d?raard; salea 2,800 barrels at Iff >5 a SO 40 for good to choice Wlaconele, Ohio and Ml blgan. M 60 a SB 04 for extra do. aad Iadlana. Wheat aliaawd . aal?a 16.000 basheia at $1 20 fir Chisago sprlrg; 81 36 for Milwankle cl?b, and II 44 for whits Mich'rsp. tVra held at Mc , without sales ()ala, Me. Canal freights? 19c. for corn, and 22Xe. for wheat. Osws?w>, Sept. 2<i, 1*SSJ| Wt?at In artire demand, markrt better and sales of TP, 000 bushels, at Si M Tor white Canadian . II 4] a 91 46 lor red ohlo lo arrire, aa<1 on the spot, 91 42 for red Illinois afloat 91 ST for Chicago aprinp, to arrire. Oora in moderate demand: salea of 10.000 bnahels at Mn , whtch la an aorance. Freights to N>w York? 13X<5. for wheat and He for corn lake Imp.irts? 70,759 bnshela wheat and 7,000 buahels corn Canal export*? 2, 8M barrels Hour, ST, 347 buahels wheat and 17,000 bnebels corn. Chicago, Sept 29? ff P. M. Wheat? Transscilons small but priiee Arm shipments to Buffalo, 62.? 00 brefceli. corn, unsettled . salea of 2,00# huabela at lie. No shipments. * Miss F*?NWPB reads at the Tabernacle thla evening, a slated by IWworth'a Hand The programme laelodas lont l-nu ol tf IlMi Uuaiuitt. 1