Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 7, 1856, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 7, 1856 Page 8
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NEW YORK HERALD, j JiMCS OOHOOR IRHMKVT, KSITOB AND P*OPR i TO*. a ma k. ?. iouow or mass u and vclton ars. nut us r,?h THE DaIL Y HE* ?U),2 wi ? > >r iipy, >7 p*r annum. r?? HXKKLi HiK.lZ.D t ,rt Sw.rJaH ol?i,.wMF<r MV>9 or 9H pri nHhum : ihr ?arti , ? tlUum, ft per iuwh, (a a ???'?< <V O. nu i*< Ouut. or ?.'? to amy ptut ?/ lAe ConliiwU, tn iaa /.?(? fvunwie rOLVNTARr COkkEUfi NDENCK. wp** Mf iww*, ?^u-ir<x4 y ruin u?y </ -4/ tor of the wo- Ml ? v w*ni u ill be VbrrmJty jxnd for. W"im i omigj CoKHVruaMii'i abb Pearic ( Liki* Kbovbvtku r. Saaj. all :.btt?kj uu i'Aca a4? Sunt us MO NUTIC ? kJtm of aionymoHt conimunUutintu. We do Mi 'eft*'* th*v r ,r> tr<i. JOB PMSTlNU KX rutnl uith Halt? in, cheaper** atul (Us ''ADVERnBXMEX fS r. ntf* ertry day. **??? XXI Ho. 5470 AMU8KMKNT8 THIS EVENING. IBLO'S GARDEN. Hroaiiwa} ? oiuui Omba? 1'sdinb. BOWERY THEATRB, how-ry ? Dhbd, OB III DiBUL Bwamt? Mar a bo ba. W**< )N H SEW THE \ TRB, ^rqntway, opposite Bond <. Ta*U SCHOLAK? CuABIIY '? Lo(t fut WSiTKS AJID TUB ??awns. WAIXA'"K'8 THEATRE, Broadway? Lc>do* As.suha.mcb ? Till i'babeuon. ?HaMBKRS ?TRKET THEATRB. flaie Burton s)? Hoks? ?ue Robi>-o?? rate Dctcusax. ?ARNTM'* AMERICAN Mrs?u* Bn*1w*v? Afternoon And BreuiBg? ?.?>-. Tom Tuvme, a .no Dramatic Novelties ?OiDWAT vXriETIM. 47J Broadway? Tbi Ihvik ?xblm-Thb lBI?? Bkoo* bakbu. ?KO rnRISTT * WOOD 8 MINSTRELS, 44' Broadway ItauuriAJi tuii/kaA?'L<-Wnro ?DCKLEY S aBRENADERS, M48 Broadway -Btbiotiaji ?(?BTKKXJJ*? 1U. Moon-HINK. mPIRK HALL, 61* ;*roa :way ? Hhiio Mblodh, Da.iibs MM BcCBSTIilCIT.SS BT TBS I'AMriELU!. .JVtW.Ypr*, Tuesday, October 7, 1836. }lalla Hot Rurope. *imw T?HC SMALD? EDITION FOB 1TK0F1. fhe Cunard mail steamship Canada, Captain Lang, will IMI Boston oh Wednesday, at noon, (Ur Liverpool. %? European mails will close in this oily ?? half past IM o'clock Uu< a/ttrno#B^ "He (prtwied n vkif liih and French) will be pabhrhed at ten o'clock la .the morning. Single oepies, to wrapper*. sixpeco. . . *ba -riptvaM aad'ad-fertfremenU for any edition ot the Siw Tobk Hbalo will be' received .at the for. owing pMces hi Europe:? Imrw.n ? Am & European Expreaa Co, 81 King William it. fai do. do. 8 Plaoe de la Bourse, twainoi^- do. da. 0 Chapel street. Istbu-ool ? Jo On Hunter, 13 Excbanje street, East. coateota of the European edition of the ?? em brace the news recciyed by mail and telegraph at Ma oAoe daring the prer.oiw week, and ta the hour of pohhuiilion. The Mews* By an arrival at Quebec we have news from En *>pe to the 24th alt ? four days later than previous advices. The political intelligence is devoid of interest The difficulty witn Naples seems to be the only exciting topic, in relation to which there were many rumors afloat. It is stated that if Naples does not at once accede to the concessions demanded. England and France will withdraw their representatives. The negotiation* with reference to the Danish Sound dues were pro graming favorably, and it was thought a definitive settle went of the question would be arrived at in a tow dftjs. A despatch from Constantinople, report tog the diffi ulties respecting the Isle ot Serpents ai Still pending, and a statement of a difficulty be tween Austria and England had beeq used to de press the funds in London. Ihe latent quotations tor Consols are 'J3| a 93{ for money. Cotton clone i ftrm on the 24th inst., at pri:es somewhat higher than those reported on the 20th. Breadstofls had toft He." declined. The republican primary elections were held last Bight, between the boars of 8 and !) o'clock. As a general thing everything passed off quietly. The City Convention elect is understood to be uncom mitted for Mayor, and it is said will not nominat" f the Know Nothings pnt forward an unobjectionable audi date for that office. Wm. F. Havemeyer i? tolled of for that office in the event of a bad nomi nation by the Americana. The Know Nothing City Conventions also met last night. Their deliberations malted a* follows:? F?r Mayor.... Isaac 0. Barker. M Csy Jtdie,.,,, Juts B Wuiie. ?? AiaafcuuM ' .ovtrt.nr Bj?) E. Piackney M Oorporn oo Cntwsel tools N. Mover. Elections for town officers took place in Connecti cut yesterday. The contest between the republi cans and democrats railed out a large vote, but neither party appear to have gained any materi ii advantage. It is annonn "d that President Pierre will remain m N w Hampshire until Thursday next. It is ex* parted that he will return to Washington In tbe new steam frigate Wabash, now at Portsmouth, sh< having t*en taken there with that view. Our correspondent in Matamoros, Mexico, far ?isbe? a ??atement of the political influences which produced tbe late revolution in tbe northern portion of that conntry. and chronicles the progress of the Vidaurri movement against President Comonfort, in a series of letters dated tbe 2oth and 27th of August and 6th of September. It appears that Oeoenl Vidaurri demanded the removal of Comonfort from the p>?ition of President Substitute, on the groand that he had violated the plan of Ajntla, in endea voring to render all tbe States entirely subservient to central rale. Vidanrri also demanded the inauga ration of Joan Alvarez as President pro (rmport. until the new restitution , then under discussion should be formally naased by Congress and promul gated. Comonfort denying these posit. ons, Vidanrri openly denied his authority, and says be is prepar ed, aa Commander in-Chief of the army of the North, to resist his orden by force if necessarv. He has managed in the meantime to chastise the Camanrhas in Nnevo I .eon and Coahnila without aid from the general government. Colonel Martin Zayas, of the National Hoards of Tamanlipas, aided Vidanrri. by his example, in the rebellion, whilst Ge neral Garza had arrived at Tampico from Mexico City, in order. If possible, to extinguish both of them . and secure Comonfort * prestige It was said that Vidanrri would be aided by filihtifltors.from the United States, and this report had prejudiced many pewple against bim. Great excitement existed in Monterey owing to this new complication of af flaii*. Vidanrri had addressed tbe people in a grandiloquent proclamation. Five thousand ex cited men were under eras there, and it was con sidered that a desolating civil war was at hand la anfortnnate Mexico, shonld Comonfort attempt to execnte any of his late decrees against Vidanrri. The latter had, at latest date, taken possession of Haltillo. Mail communication between Matamoro>, Neti vo Uon and Coahnila, had >>een stopped by offi cial order. There was mm h sickness at Matamoros and trade was dnO. The crops were very good. General Canales had lsft for C'amargo. Tbe Comon fort officials were about to negotiate a 1'ian of #00,000 with some merchants in Ttapi^a A 1 vic*s from Brasos to the 27th nit., however, state *? Hdaurri had been defeated in an attempt npon ?s Pofoei, and also in an attack npon Mier. -e Havana dates to the 3d instant. There ws of importance. The health of the od. ng accident occurred yesterday mom ast nine o'clock, by which three . It appears that the steamboat a trip with the Glencove, in rrom New York to Albany, nreeent unknown, burst her verstraw. The engineer near the chest th at a says that they were them were killed, bat it is an utter impossibility for * ny of then to recover. An order for tbe arrest of Mr. J m?-s Dowe.saidto be w member of the Executive Committee of tbe Sen Francisco Vigilance Comnitte*, wee issued yes terday et the instance of Charles P. Duane, by Judge Whiting, of tbe Suprrma Court. Dunne's affidavit, whi h we publish elsewhe'e, b an interest ing narrative of his experience while in the hands of the Vigilance Committee and hi* subsequent adven tures. He estimate* his losses by his In voluntary expatriation at a high figure, and prays that Dowe, who is a gentleman <>f wealth, be held to answer in the sum of one hundred thousand dollars. The Board of Supervisors held t>>e firnt meeting of their October session last evening, and received communications from the Comptroller and Receiver of Taxes respecting the assessment rolls, which will be found nnder the proper head. An unusual amount of business wae disposed of in the Board of Aldermen last evening. A communi cation was received from tbe Mayor, nominating Mr. R. Bustced as Corporate an Counsel for the unex pired term of the late Ix>renzo B. Shepard, and was adopted by a vote of 13 to 6. The semi-annual report of ihe Chief of Police, detailing the amount of crime in this city t or the last six months, was pre sented in tabular form, without note or comment. An abstract will be found in the report of the pro ceedings of the Board. A proposition was made to divide the government of New York into two muni cipalities, and was referred, but the committee is not yet appointed. Nothing was done in the Board of Connci'men last evening, there being no quorum. At tbe opening of the Court of General Sessions yesterday, the District Attorney passed a feeling eulogy upon the character of t he lalT Lorenzo B. Shepard, which was followed by i-ome appropriate remarks from Judge Capron, at the conclusion of which tbe Court adjourned. The sales of cotton yesterday embraced about 600 a 800 bales, the market closing quite still, with an upward tendency in prices. Middling uplands were firm at 12.Jc. The stock continued light, and the chief demand was on speculation. We saw a tele graph despatch from a highly respectable firm in Mobile to a house in this city, dated October 4, which quoted middling cotton at 12jc. and freights to Havre at lie. It also stated that a severe frost had occur red in Alabama on the 1st inst. Floor was dull at Saturday 's prices. Wheat was easier. Red Western and Southern sold at 11 40 a tl 48, and white do. at II 56 a (1 62, and Canadian white at $1 60 a tl 63. Corn so d at 66c. a C6Jc.. part delivered. There was more inquiry for pork, with sales of mess at $1!) 87 a $20. Sugars were more steady, with sales of 600 a *00 bfcds. Cuba muscovado. Sales of 2,250 bags Rio coffee were made, with 100 do. Bahia, all at steady prices. Freights to English ports were in good demand. To Liverpool grain was freely taken at lOd. in begs and balk, and some oats in bulk >t 9je. To London grain was taken at 11c. a Ilk.. and flour at The Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana October j Elerllons? Make Way for Kremont. This day week. on Tuesday, the fourteenth in.-tant, we are to have, in Pennf<ylvania. Ohio and Indiana, those preliminary battles against the demoralized democracy, which are destined to culminate in a regular Waterloo defeat to Mr. Buchanan on the great day of November. There is. in other word*, an ominous rolling of popular thunder along the whole Western horizon, which indicate* in these October elections in Pennsylva nia, Ohio and Indiana, a heavier Fremont tornado than that which has recently swept over the taekm frontier democratic State of \f&in?. In Ohio. such is the overwhelming strength of the Fremont movement that the Pierce-Buchanan democracy are merely keeping up a show of re sistance for the sake of appearances ? In Indiana it ie much the fame thing. Id both States the result in October will go Jar ahead of the tre mendous revolution of the same elections in 1840, against the corrupt and condemned dynasty of Van Buren. As tar as this administration of poor Pierce has exceeded that of Van Buren in its debasing corruptions, in its imbecilities and disgraceful wickedness, so far will the popular re action of the October elections of lftuC transcend the popular anti-Van Buren uprisings of 1840. Grand and glorious as we arc assured will I*' these October result* In Ohio and Indiana, we shall not be surprised in the least degree if the good old State of Pennsylvania shall leave the frightened democracy, on the night of the 14 th of October, in a minority as hopeless as in either of the young giants of the West We are aware that the doomed democracy have made Pennsyl vania the MalttkofT of the siege- that all the available Buchanan orators, East, West, North and South, w cessionists. disunionisU. officehold ers and offlceseeking spoiLnnen, have been thrown into Pennsylvania, and are working night and day at their defences. W e know that heavy asMBMOte have been made upon the poor clerks of the de partments at Washington, of the Custom nouses and Poet Offices of New York. Boston. Philadel phia and elsewhere, for ammunition aud supplies of subsiste&ce: we are apprised that the most in famous schemes of ballot stuffing may be expect ed from Forney & Co.. and that something of the bloody terrorism of Kansas has been threatened a here hired democratic ruffians can be brought to bear against the rights of the people; but we have no fears of the result? none at all. We believe that the Pennsylvania people are np and wide awake? that these corrupt demo cratic missionaries and mercenaries, and all their works, all their schemes, all their tricks and de vices, all their attempts at deception, at ballot stuffing, bullying and perjury, will lie borne down with something of the resistless power of that late terrible tempest at Last Island in the Gulf of Mexico. We understand that the Penn sylv ania democracy are thoroughly organized in every comity, every township, ci'y and village, and that they can almost tell to a fraction the bmn fidr vote which they will cast in October: but if this be so. their alarm is much more significant than if it were only a vague suspicion of danger arid defeat. They have counted their forces, they find they are in a minority, and hence their desperate effort# to raise false issues, to create dis tractions in the ? ,'posite camps, and to raise re cruits by liribery and corruption. All these desperate exjiedient* to snstain a sinking cause will avail nothing. When the masses of the people are roused -when they move m mam to the polls, as in the late Iowa. Vermont and Maine elections- no mere party organization or partisan trick* can withstand them. A *pon taneous uprising of the American people is as ir resistible as the ocean when raised Into fiction by an equinoctial storm. In ordinary times our popular elections are too frequently decided l?y the devices of ennning politicians: tint when the people in reality take the field, politicians and th< ir petty machinery are swept off like stubble liefore a consuming fire. We are in the mid?t of n crisis of this d< cription now. The people are thoroughly roused, and they will "peak for them selves in October and November. All the elements of a wholesome popular revo lution are compressed Into this Fremont move nt- nt. A weak and wicked administration ?a debae'd nnd reckles? party- the revolting at ' tempt-- of this administration ;tn^ this party 19 force slavery upon Kansas by ballot stuffing an?l a military despot inn the infamous democratic doctrine of tlie public robbery of our neighbors1 territories when we want them ? the rampant treason of those democratic buccaneers, as devel oped in their brutalities at Washington, and iu their threats of secession, disunion aud civil war, have done their work, and the people have risen in judgment against them. The moral sense of the people has been alarmed? the religious in stincts of the whole community of this Union have been outraged ? the patriotic convictions of independent men have been awakened, and the result is this simultaneous, spontaneous and overwhelming revolution for Fremont, the Union, the Constitution, white men's rights, an4 the dis persion of the unclean birds who have fattened upon the Treasury while they have brought the country into disgrace. A week after these October eleotions in Penn sylvania. Ohio and Indiana we may expect to see the Fremont movement boldly breaking ground in the South. It wanted but a single bold and prominent Southern man to strike this monster of Southern disunion, in order to fell him to the ground. Mr. Eotts has proved himself that man. He has given the blow ? he has floored the blus tering monster, and the coast is clear in the South for a larger exercise of the constitutional rights of free speech and freedom of opinion. Persecu tion creates heroes and revolutions. It has made a hero of Mr. BottP, as the champion of popular rights in Virginia against that local democratic terrorism of lynch law and disunion; and the people will yet reward him when this Fremont revolution shall have secured the people's rights. These Northern October elections will enlarge ? the area of white men's liberty in the South, aud a fortnight afterwards we may expect to see a Fremont electoral ticket and Fremont public meetings peaceably organized and rapidly strengthening in every Southern State. Let these reflections strengthen the hands of the Fremont men of Pennsylvania, Ohio and In diana. and their October elections will settle the question for November. A Soi th Carolina Ncm ifikr Aoaivst Two I MASSACHUSETTS AbOUTIOXISTS- r.VTERKSTINO Rk- I ?<>rt.? We publish to-day an interesting report. I from the pen of Riohard Yeadon, Eaq., of the I Charleston CWir, of a late sermon by Rev. I Theodore Park. r. and a late familiar discussion I between Mr. Yeadon on the one side, and Dr. I Parker and \\ m. Lloyd Garrison on the other. I on the abstract question of niggers and nigger I -lavery, and to the careful perusal of this report I we invite cur intelligent readers. I Garrison. Parker and the abolitionists of that I school are out of this fight, and South Caro- I Kna nullification has become but a soriy scare- I <*** 'he Buchanan and Forney democracy. I Thi? ?port, therefore, of Mr. Yeadon, is not to be I conM<kr? <1 a~ an electioneering document. either I for ab.4Iti<.r or nullilkrs. It must betaken I a- a tbt< ? c 1! physiological, geographical and I vion of niggers and nigger I * Hfertnce to Kansas or to I Go%. rn<i r M . the price of niggers. It is I an ouWMe Cgfct of i Sooth Carolina I two H?nhMett> abolitionists. It be- 1 gins with a d. -cription of Dr. Parker and an I action s< rniou from that learned divine on J nigged, and clo^s with o nullification lecture | on the military ttrength of the South. J <-'bo shins and gizzard feet" inclusive. The I sermon and discussion abound in Scriptural I quotations, philosophy, chop logic and carious I facte in the natural history of the nigger, I with some passing allusions to Irish market wo^ I m? n and men of letters. Mr. Hour's mission to I Charleston and a threatened coat of tar and | feathers. On his part. Mr. Yeadon shows how I the South Carolina niggers get fat on rice, ma. I laria and stmshine. which are certain death to I the white man. while Garrison pokes him in the I ribs in reference to the Southern penal laws I against teaching nigjrers to read and write. Mr. I ^ ' a<J?n touches upon the sat age niggers of Africa I as compar> d with Carolina niggers, and Dr. Par- I ktr pleads the statute of limitation. In the conn* I of the debate. it will be seen that the Charleston I nullifler. Mr. Yeadon. comes to a rather good I opinion of the Boston abolitionist, Mr. Garrison, I though he has a different opinion of Seward and' I some others of that set of philosopher* on nig- I gers. To the end of the controversy we are us- I sortd that Di. Parker, at whose house this debute I occurred. Shaved himself not like a Carolina I nigger, or any other nigger, but altogether like a I gentleman and a scholar. I We chcerfully publish Mr. Yeadon > report of | this uigger debate for what it is worth. It will | be seen that nothing was made of the matter by I either aid?? that both parties left off prcciwly I where they began, with the profound conviction I on each side that the other was all wrong. And I there we are compelled to leave them; for it fe> I about an even tow up between the Sooth Carolina I nullifler and the Massachusetts abolitionist? be- I 4 ween the Charleston secessionist, if slavery is not I extended, and the Ikmton disonionist if slavery is I not abolished. Neither of them enter into the I Fremont prolamine, and yet there is no damage I done to give them both a hearing. V South Ca- I lolina nullifies and Massachusetts abolitionist* de- I ?ire to wash their dirty m'gger linen before all I 'I- world. ].t th?m do so. It is altogether a mat- I ter of taste. ( ?n thr abstract question of niggers. I 'he Carolinian has evidently the weight of the I argument ; but on the ?uhject of disunion he -tid- I denly diminishes to the small standard of Buliy i and Gov. W i?e. Kinal ly. then* ia loach I ntrrest and something of instruct ? wport <?: Mr V eadoo, thoogh we must confe* I that it amounts to little more than a heavy warfi- I f dirty nigger linen by a Carolina nullifler and two Ma-s?. 'uisetta abolitionists over the fame tub. In Danoer or Lt NA.T. Maxtor MacMa- r? the Hi tor of the hrttmnn* Jotnn"l, a rtewspHjier that is supposed to be the organ or Arr hbi-h ?p Hughes . is perfectly frantic ?>n the subject of Colonel Fremont's religion. Master Mac Masters I desires that Colonel Fremont should come out snd deny the ridiculous and stupid stories which have been circulated concerning his religious be lief. Master MacMasters had better go to his confessional confess his sins get absolution and then hang himself to the next tree. Colonel Fre mont is not going to answer him or any such blocklxad* to ?ave their neek? from a self-adjust ed halter. We invoke the charity of Archbishop ((?i I? f r hi- pupil, arid hope wni tearh him U t-er. otherwise the poor man will be a (It can didate I. r th" lunatic asylum. > Kansas K' M Ttow were appointed to come off ye*t?Hay. The free ?ta?e settler* having U . n | retry thoroughly cleared our by border

r uflUns and I nited Stages dragoons, we prpsnme that tier. Whitfield has lieen triumphantly e|e<?t ed to Congress, with another bogus Legist,,,.,, to b?(l( Lim. The Late Fatal Dckl at Charleston. ? It is impossible to read the account of the late duel at Charleston, in which a most gifted man, Mr. Ti ber, the editor of the Charleston Mercury, was shot dead by his antagonist, without feeling satis tied that society ? by which we mean political so ciety?is in such a state in the South that every body appears to be demented. A thirst for blood, violence and disturbance seems to prevail in every mind over the sober dictates of reason. The whole correspondence between the parties in this unfortunate affair ? as indeed every other correspondence, and almost every expression of opinion ? breathes a violent, recklesB, blood and murder tone. There is talk of gentlemen with out a gentle thought or expression; there is men tion of honor, but seemingly only as an excuse for brutality. The whole complexion of the busi ness, and the color of the written documents re veal an abnormal, spasmodic, revolutionary state of feeling; just such a feeling, in short, as might have reigned among the old seigniors of France when the revolution threatened their downfall, or the older Roman lieutenants and governors when the Gauls and the Franks began to clamor for freedom. It all seems to foreshadow a pass ing away of power. Not otherwise should be viewed the assault of Mr. Brooks on Senator Sumner. Those who, in the North, have called Brooks all the hard names they could think of, and depicted him as the ruffian type of the slaveholder, have not only done him injustice by false state ments of fact, but have weakened the cause they desired to strengthen, by putting out of sight a most instructive and significant spectacle, name ly, that of a gentleman like Mr. Brooks, so per verted from his original nature, and convulsed by the premonitory throes of the revolution ary fever, that he could without scruple, as without remorse, act like a Five Point ruffian and emulate a drunken assassin. We soy the spectacle is instructive and sig nificant. At the time the scene was fresh in men's memory, a paragraph from one of Mr. Brooks' old speeches went the round of the papers. It was to the effect that violence was the resort of ruffians, that the civilized man used no other weapon than reason. People in quired how his practice could be reconciled with his principles, and wondered why he had spoken like a hypocrite, when he intended to act like a brawler. But they were misled by the superfi cial appearance of matters. Brooks was no hypocrite when he denounced violence. That was, no doubt, the sober sentiment of his real heart and mind. But. mark you, as the time a; ? proached when power was to pass away from the party and the clique to which Mr. Brooks be longed, his feelings underwent a gradual convul sion; what was order became disorder; what logic became passion; what sense became folly; in fact, the whole man, in the anticipated agony of the moment, lc-t his balance, violated his own precepts, and illustrated the operations to which the human intellect is liable under severe trials. The case of Mr. Taber, with its attendant cir cumstances, is only another illustration of the same thing. There is another point of view in which we de sire to remark upon this latter case. Mr. Taber. as the editor of a leading paper at Charleston, felt bound to admit into his paper disparaging comm< ntn upon the qualifications of a candidate for office, for which the brother of the candidate challenged and shot him. We are very sorry that Mr. Taber should, by hi* conduct, have en dorsed -rich a violation of the liberty of th ? pre-*. Ther?* are societies, as at the South, where private individuals are expected to bold them (elves answerable for their language and their opinions with the pistol in the field: but evcu there the responsibility Ls bounded by the pale ot private society. No Southern gentleman !-? boun I to fight the man who rusails him in his pub) capacity, in a public manner and for a public cause. For instance, no one expects Henry A. Wise to challenge John M. Cotts though the lat ter has flayed th'.' Governor mercilessly. Th" same rule should protect the press. Mr. Taber was not in any degree bound to fight Mr. M&grath. and in doing so we think he committed a fatal error. He fhould have replied: ? '"No, sir, I will not fight you. because if 1 admitted my responsi bility in the field for the course of my paper, any villain might neutralize my effort* and silence me with a challenge.'' The point in the North and West ban been conclusively and properly set tled by the course pursued in the like case by McMichael of Philadelphia, and Prentice of Louis ville. We notice that Mr. Tabcr's course affords one of our Wall street cotemporarie* a them for wholesome and edifying comment; we are glad to see denunciation* of violence come from such a quarter, for they possess, in some respect, a self-accusatory character, and may be viewed as a sort of conjittor on the part of the editor. Lotatiov or rny. Po^t OrrfE.- We learn that the President has nor yet decided i|K>r. th<' !<x .1 tion for the new PoH Office in this city. There has bees lately a great deal of outside pressure upon the President by tho?e interested in the site of the Brick Church, and by sp?culators in real estate in several other parts of the city. The Brick Church property is central enough, as far as that goes, but the site is not large enough to meet the postal requirements of this great and growing city. Besides, this ?peculation has been in the hands of several Congressmen, who are to have large per cntag'-s on the profit*- say fifty or seventy-five thousand dollars? provided they can wheedle poor Pierce into the selection of this site as the place for the new Po?t Office. The Hear profit by the speculation will lie nearly three hundred thousand dollars, and a large slice is to be given to these spoilsmen !f they succeed in deluding the President into wleetlng the Brick Church property. Poor Pierce has lately had no poace of his life. |f? has been constantly besieg^ by the^e leeche?. They have sat down before him as If he were a fortified city, and encompn*?d him about oti every side. They have followed him closely ever since he If ft Washington, and have pursued him down to Concord, N"W Hampshire, a id intend to dog bis steps all through New Eng land. Poor Pierce I Truly, his sorrows are greater than he ran bear. He pity him. We regret that even now in his latfer days--in the evening of his fame - he can find no rent. For three years he has been under the influence of the spoilsmen of Washington, but we bad sop posed that when lie left that den of corruption for the granite hills, green fields and crystal breams of his native State, (which he loves so dearly.) that he might lie allowed n few week* of repose? a gentle interval, wherein ho could -it quietly down and review bis j?ast life, *in eerely repenting of hi? sins and lamenting the , e rrors into which he hud lieen led by the good ness of his heart, But it Is not to lw so. He is tr; pursvd, tv W fvr 9P? of the last fat bite which he will have to dispense. Poor Pierce ! Who wookl exchange places with thee, and go through thy fortunes and misfor tunes ? thy sudden rise and precipitate fall. Who would rise like thee, a " bright exhalation in the evening," and like thee and Lucifer, '? fall never again to hope.'' As to the matter of the New York Post Office, we advise Mr. Pierce to decide on the present location, and buy additional land to erect a building which shall be a credit to the city and the federal government. This will be satisfac tory to the great majority of our people. The City Know Nothings and Republicans. ? Both these factions have been holding their pre liminary ward meetings for the purpose of or ganizing the conventions which are to nominate their candidates for the several municipal offices. The Know Nothings in almost all their ward meetings have adopted strong and eloquently worded resolutions in favor of proscribing all the candidates who do not agree with them ? putting down all the Roman Catholics, kicking all the Irish out of the country, and making all the Germane hewers of wood and drawers of water forever. The Know Nothings con tinue to denounce in the most violent man ner the Pope, the Jesuits, Archbishop Hughes, and all the other powers of the Catholic churcb< The republican faction, on the other hand, affect great liberality to foreigners, and al low any one to believe in any religion that he like? .id are bitterly hostile to the proscription or persecution of any class of citizens, native or foreign. Yet we learn that the management of these opposite political factions are thrown into the hands of the same old political brokers, who intend to put up their principles for barter and pale, in order to improve the chances of some can didates for local offices, and thus secure the spoils. The truth is that the leaders of both these factions are great humbugs. They will violate the sentiments and sell out the principles sup ported by the rank and file at the primary meet ings, without the slightest hesitation. We shall see between now and election day some strange bargains between these opposite organizations with utterly hostile principles. The Position, Personal and Political, of John C. Fremont. ? We consider that no candi date for the Presidency since the establishment of our government has ever occupied a more re markable position than John C. Fremont at the present time. The fortitude and self-command which he has evinced during the canvass are almost unexampled in the history of our great men. Many ? whom the nation delights to honor ?Clay, Jackson, G* n. Scott ? under less severe pressure than Col. Fremont has had to sustain, gave way, ?nd gave the people practical evi dence that they could not command themselves. Yet how small their provocation compared to Fremont's! Assuredly no man wasever so much abused in this country as this man. He has been called a liar, a perjurer, a traitor, a defaulter, a dihbonest runaway, a brawler, a coward, a blun derer; he has been attacked in bis faith, in his morals, in his character, in his past history, in his present circumstances; even his parents have been dug out of their grave to insult and villify him through them. Under this unexampled torrent of provocation. Col. Fremont has not once lost his self command. Not a line has he answered to the slanderers; no -ign have had they that he knew of their exist once; till crea'ures like the Brookses and the McKirton have gone crazy with rage at not even getting kicked, and foamed idiotically into letters which Fn.mont reads with a smile. Such a quality is precisely the requisite for a President It Is the rarest, the most valuable, and at the same time the most essential of all qualities. Poijttcs and Financiering.? The Rothschilds, the grt atcst financiers in Europe, have an Ameri can agency in Wall street, the agent of which Is Anguste Belmont, the American Minister at the Hague. The ostensible business of this concern is tanking, but its real vocation at the present time seems to be politics. Belmont, the head of the concern, Mas appointed Charge to the Hague partly for pecuniary obligations incurred in the campaign, and partly through the influence of Mr. Buchanan, his warm personal friend. Bel mont is now in Europe, but directs the move ments of the Wall street agency, which, It seems, i? now engaged in converting the Germans from their allegiance to the Pathfinder by the distri bution of documents in German favorable to the election of Mr. Buchanan, and opposing the im pending triumph of Mr. Fremont. Among other circumstances in the campaign of 1832. we know that large sums were distributed to some of the papers, before the Baltimore Convention which nominated Mr. Pierce, to support Mr. Buchanan Fotne two or three journals were killed off by these dose? of Belmont's, and we perceive that several of the foreign pap** in this city have prol>ably been under the same gentle treatment. Their sudden changes of opinion and transmuta tion of principles can be accounted for in no other way. and jfrove that they have l^en under this same influence of Rothschild and Buchanan. All this will not avail anything, however. The popular feeling of the country is arrayed against Mr. Buchanan, and nil the politicians, financiers and bankers in the world can do him no good. Tin: French Parr r> SiAKC? or a Prwident. ? Our French cotempornry. the New York organ of the Emperor of the French, is faithfully illus trating the national character by his gyrations in search of a President. Some weeks since, our French friend could see no fault In Col. Fremont; shortly afterwards it discovered the perfect man in Fillmore, and came out strongly for him; finally, it has settled on Buchanan, and proclaims him to be the candidate of its choice. By the time it hear? of the result In Pennsylvania we have no douht but It will return to Its parly love, Col. Fremont: and if the election were post poned a month or two. it would doubtless go the round of the candidates again. Po true it Is that a Frenehmnn is a Frenchman all the world over! Ho easily explained are the chops and changes which have led the French to set up a dozen go vernments within sixty years, and pull them all down just ns they were beginning to work ! Cm R<*m?? Ma*?v/s.k s Oosnnrr ?The late '-wij-rtarv/ of the opera, after hi? retirement from the Academy of Ma sic, Cads a temporary rafoge at the City Assembly Rooms, la Broadway. which be inaugurated by a gr?ad concert la?t evenlrg. The attendance *m very gcod, but net ?nch ae the very excellent programme da serxf d. We bad the whole Academy troupe? |* Grange, Miss Adelaide I'billlps. ?Hgeoll, Am?d:o_ tbeentlreorr.hes tra and chorus of Ibe Academy, in the gems ol "frova tore," and a alca selection of other popular music. Tbe hall waa found well suited 'or acoustic purposes, and lha was very fine. Th<> artists were all la good vatca end the concert was a veritable succesti. Tbe scoond flMtrt J?tfl lato M Wltowdajr. THE LATEST NEWS# BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. FOUR DAYS LATER ROM EUROPE. The Difficulty with Naples Coming to a Head. PROCRESS OP THE SOIHD DUES QUESTION* Cotton Firm*? BreadRtof!i Declining. Consols, 93 3-4 R 93 7-8. Ac., Ac., Ac. Qckhkc, October 6, 1866. The Canadian Screw Steamers Company's steamship 1 , from IJverpool Wednesday afternoon, Sept. 24, arrived bere to day She bring* four days later news tban was brought by tbe Africa at New York. The Cunard steamer Niagara arrived at Liverpool on tbe 21st of (September. Tbe British news u quite a blank, u?d political intelli gence from France Is equH'ly scarce. In tb? French market tuo prices of eerea.u bad again become somewhat firmer, out tbe rise was not con sidered as likely to last. The International Philanthropic Congress at Brussels cloeed on tbe 20th Tbe great Free Trade Congress was In session in tbe same city. The new Spanish constitution has been published. II ia a re-issue o( the constitution of 1845, with sixteen ex planatory articles. lladrid correspondence in the Paris Journal da DtbaU, says that the Queen and 0 Donnell were so much at va riance that O'Donnell bad tendered bis resignation, which, however, lor the present the Queen declined to accept. The reports respecting a hostile French demonstration against Naples, were acquiring more consistency. The Journal in Drbait, as also the Paris correspon dents of tbe London papers, state that U Naples doee not at once decldo to the conc*s?lons demanded, fbor line of battle ships two frigates and t? o csrveUes, already de< tailed for the purpose, wil rendezvous at Ajacdo, and, thence proceeding to Naples, will take on board the Freccb and English embassies. The Sardinian government has demanded explanation* and Indemnity fiom Tuscany tor the recent expulsion from Florence of a party of student visiters. Copenhagen a? vices state that the negotiations on the Sound dues question were progressing favorably; that a result wonld be arrived at la a few days, and that ? special conference, to Ox the amount of indemnity, would be beld at Copenhagen in November. A London paper publishes a despatch from Constanti nople stating that difficulties still exist respecting the Isle of Serpents, and that the Eogiish and Frcnch fleets will consequently remain In the Kast. This statement, al though not new, depressed the English funds, and the de pression was ssststed by a statement that Austria had arrested several men c isct atged at Malta from the British Legion, against which Great Britain had protested, de manding their Immediate release. A further uneasy feel ing was bocommg prevalent under tbe belief that Eng land was acting without tbe hearty concurreace of France in the Naples afl'alrs. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Ijvkktool, Sept. 24, I860. CoefoIs closed y?aterday at a M. To-day the telegraph report* tbe closing prices at 93 \ a 93 y% for money, and M3J, Tor account. Tbe new* from New York by tbe steamship Niagara, which an Wed at this port on Um 21st last., imparted greater firmness and Increased activity to oar oottoa market. . Tbe salts for the past two days fool up 23,000 bales, of which speculators took 10,000 and exporters l.oco bales. The market closed last evening very Urm, but prices were aot quotably higher than at the departure of tbe iteamer Africa on tbe SOth lust. We quote New Orleans middling at 0^, and Mobil* middling at 0*{. Tbe Manchester markets are steady at about former prices. Our breadttuQi markets continue to droop, and we re duce our quotations on wheat two or three peaoo per bushel of 70 lbs. Red wheat (low), 9s. 3d.; white wheat (old), Sa 9d a to. 9d ; new, 10s. a lOi. 3d. Flour continues steady and without quotable change since the tailing of tbe Africa. Philadelphia and Balti more flour, 20s. a 3!s. td ; Ohio, 31s. a 38s. India: corn Is Inactive, and previous prices art barely sustained; mixed, 31s. 0d a 32r ; whit* oorn, 32m. a 33s. Provisions are without material change; prices nssrly nominal. Beef Is less firm, and late prloee for pork are difficult to obtain. Baron Is steady, bard la dull at 70s. THE LATEST. Two O'CLOC*, P. M. Corrow.? Tbe market Is Armor, aad some parties have put up the pricca to day 1 lOd. Bri adstufls very dsll and bo transactions to report Town Elections In Caaaeeticut. Hakitobd, Conn., Oct. 6, ISM. The editor of tbe Timet (Buchanan) Informs as that be has returns from thirty one towns in this State which voted for town o (Users to day . Tbe Buchanan men have carried twenty three of these, and the Preaaonters eight. As compared with laat year's rsturns, tbe democrats havs made a nst gain of eight towns. Naw IWvmr, Oct. 0, 1868. Town elections have beea held to-day In about half o( the Etate. The selectmen chosen are inspectors of elec tions sa well as general town officers. But lew rtturaa have yet been received. The rsaulta are aa follows:? East llaven (disputed); Watorbury, Buchanan aad Fillmore, 83 majority; Madison aad Msrtdea, each Fremont by 100 majority; North Braaford, Nau ftatuck and Oullford, all Irsmoot, tbe latter by 100 majority; Hampdsn and Walilagford, democratic by reduotd majorities ; Middle ton, demo ratlc by 130 majority ; Cheshire, reported democraUc ; Now london, Fremont, by 200 majority. These returaa indicate aa increased oppoelUoe vote over last ysar. BaiiKisrowr, Oct. 8, 18M. Is tbe dty election here to day tbe luaion ticket, Pill more, and democrats, elect id their Mayor by 88 majority, and the Council by an average majority of about 80. The republicans elected their City Clerk by a ma jority of 78. We have returns from forty a ins towns. V re moot car rlee|wenty -tight, and tbe democrats twsnty ons. The gains are equal.y divided between the two parties. Naw Lcntoe, <)ct. 8, 18M. At our electloo for town officers to day the republlotte ticket was sleeted by a majority of from 148 to 300 over the democratic ticket. Pierce's majority la 1882 was 332. Norwich, Groton, Moetvllle, Waterford aad Chat Lyme have all gone republican. Spirfh of Speaker Ban ha In Philadelphia. PatLADairma, Oct 8, 1860. Speaker Banks addressed a very large assemblage in Independence square this afternoon, on the Invltattoe of many of the merchants of this city. Bs reviewed the various questions which enter into this Prealdeatlal oaa vaaa, and attributed the hostility betweea tbe two sso tloes of the couatry matnly to the quaoks aad empirtca of tbe democratic party In 1180. Re contrsatad the p recant itata of aflalrs with that which existed from the time of the establishment of the constitution dowa to 1880. He alluded to the ffcet that la fifteen S'tatee of the Caloa no Northern man would be permitted to addreas the people n lavor of the republican candidate, aad that evea a citi zen of Virginia (Mr. Botta) was menaced with ladiot went for treason becauee lie dared to express his optnkma frankly; and, reforrlog to Gov Wise's opprobrious allusion to Col. Fremont, ho spoke of him aa the ruffiaa Governor of Virginia, aad deecrlbed his assaults oa tbe character of Fremont a* atrocious aad beastly, lis discussed tbe Kansas Nebraska question, and declared teat tbe only remedy for tbe evil was to re Impart, la some form or other, strength and force to the Missouri oompromise. Be contrasted the proposition of Then. Jeffereon (to draw a line running north and south bstwsen the Mlaaia slppi and the Kanawha river, la Virginia, aad tbua form sevraleen free States,) with that supported by Mr. Bu chanan in 1880, to extend the Missouri line to the PactBo, snd thus give tbe beat portion ol California up to slavery. He also denounced the Ostead manifesto, but would say nothing derogatory to Mr. Ruobaaaa, except ttmt be had no will of bis owa, and that If be thought more of reaasylvaata aad lesa of Missouri aad the Southern States, be would be a better aad an abler maa. Re showed how Mr. Ruchaaaa later fsred te frustrate Colonel Fremont's plans, sad make California a slave Mate. Mr 9anks, la tbe course of hie tpeenb, suggested the propriety of aboliehtag the flreakiag prtyi!^', aad of fiT^I tern* three, tour at i?o detian a