Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1856 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7(14. MOUNTING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1856. PRICE TWO CENTS. SPEAKERBAMt- I* PHILADELPHIA. ?GREAT SPEltH IN INDEPENDENCE SQUARE. He Fl?gtll?lti tli< Drmt,! rnilc tiunclc* t?n<I|ilrlr? of 18I4?V6, tiid i:<nlrn>l? (lie Polity of Mr. JU In tt?f* reiict- to Mimr)', wltktt'Uul Pit. limhuiwoi. The Ostend Ma rift, to 1'nfavorably Compared with a lluslnr's Aeiion. He 8t:gmati*es Qntt-?bura Wise as the Ruiiiaa Governor cf Ylrgitua, oud bis Assaults on Col. Fremont a& Atrocious and Beastly. titomnwnds the 'bollilon of (bo Franking Privilfjrf, and !be Subalitoflon of n Dally Allowance for Postage. Proclamation cf Col. Fremont a? the Next President of tho United States, <Stc., Sc., <3bc. The fin? K. P. Rank*, tucker of the United Stato* Homf or Rf-prficDtutlv^K, ajii ?'***df&u iinoMcjtf; tse1"!! blsge ol t^ocltlzcnn of ro.iaaclpbta, on Wo;idny aOornon, In In. , pendente square. lue ?baadelpbla merchants hid, In imitation of tfceir New York brethren, requested Mr. Baiks to addrcfH thi m tu relation to tho political to plot of tbe day. Tlie fallowing correspondence parted between the partle*: ? To thk ffo.,. N P. Hank?, Sept. IT, ISM. r!u~,The, undemyned. merchants and cM/ens of JtH , t,6K e?v" to ?? yon the hl?h Opinion thev enter! a .ii of your tirni, judicious an .1 impartial couse as ^Mkeroftbellou*eofrtepre*enlatlvea. 1 .^1!? 'lH? tilmt exorexmon of your views on the irreiit <iuesiioL>ol the day won) lie listened to with niueli Interest In nruCltv* a would b? of eminent art vantage*. " "" lerxigned be*, therefore for th?m?elve'- and their c '"?J**- th*1 you will do them the favor to ?<idre*s Ihem at an em ly day. (Signed by a long Hat ot names, j Gb.mi ew.n-? I have the honor to acknowledge tiiu event of your letter of the 27th nil . inviting me to deliver an addr<? i imoo p<:i.4lng political questions In lh" city of Philadelphia "Ot of .r..,l,!l- nature win prevent an Imme djale compliance with vour request hut it will Kive me PMU sure to accept your invitation at an early dav in the com ng d.7roramvLtfouit^T??Ilf,'^ar 6,h 'D" ' ?VS?J?taX u?y u?r myaeu. i am. >ouih, dc., very trulv, N. I?. BANKS, Jk. * The ireetlng wis organized at 4 o'clock P. H by tbe ?PPOintoaeat of llr. Jobs B. Myers at chairman. Mr. Mvkp.j then Intro laced Mr. Bvjkp, viiowu' rg etlrwl with great appiture He cat* fellow-Citizen* ? It is a pleasure to tno to be pormittod ?P*:i a word to you to day, in this place, on ths Im P??d!ng political questions of the Presidential canvas. Tbare are many aonsioe-atlons connected with your c:ty ud the distinguished men who bare in past times bc.'n Its Oman ems, Iti strength and Its pride, which naturally attach strongly to the alloc tlin* of one of the people trim the commonwealth of Masfacbusetta (Cheers ) We re measber tow closely they sere a??oclatcd with our own people lb the day of tho Revolution. We remember how *"**'7 *"? IdettiOed Hancock and hu supporters is Mascacliuieta with Robert Morris, the flnanclil agent of days of the revolution, and hit supporters in the g lo rlots State of Pennsylvania. (AppJaoee.) I remember, Use, that'll gas the city of Phil* elphla, and especially IU maaulacuring and mercantile clawes, that pare to th9 o*gan ration of the government nn<*er he federal eonstli j. t on tfci &f at Speaker of the H>uce of Representatives of the lilted States, and when 1 Done Krodcrick A Miblen berg, the merchant and tne manufacturer, I name one whoae dignity, high attainments, and high sense of honor ? bave been a model tor every one of tbe lllaatrloun men of tba tlino Immediately succeeding him to follow, and which hare been an exaatpie l ?r every man that suc ceeded him In the high position In wUlch he was placed by U>e ra tiers or tbe |over?m< nt. I regret it say, fellow eilin-ns, that there are at the present time eiomonti ot opinion, e'ements of frwllng, elements af tradition, which go a Utile way ti separate a porUun of the p?op!e of this count- y from another portion of the same people, j would tbat they were all un u*d as they ware In tba days of the B? voluti n. Tbnufh we seek now as th?y sought thm, the be?t government for the people of the tnlted States, and tho ?ost perfect, stable and endming nelon of the States, I woe Id tti st tbsre were a littfu less or differences, a little p*s?!oo, and a lltUe mora of reason and of retpe ?? tor those elements which constttuts tbe paollc opinion of the day , aad which guide and direct us in the great work that ws have to perform. We are here In a sacred place. We have tbe memories of the great men of the peat to as. We have tho guidance or that bright lisht which is spt-Uigiog up everywhere. All over tho world, wherever dvlliraMon ts making progress among men and is ameliorating their condition, uoth as to their gorercnisot aad social relations, there the light of the father* ot the America government Is still a beaming light, acd is still dlrvctlng ths people. It is so also to.' ns. The great men of the pant are no more. Klghly years l>eve rolled over our beads alnea the day of the declarallon of American Independence ot Great Britain. The me a who signed tbe great laetrumont which gave vitality to tbe liberty and independence of the govern asent are all paased away. Of tbe men who apppndci their slgaaturea to the conautnuon not im is left to ns. Mot oce Is left of those berosa (now started j by whom was defended, In tbe cot fllct of arms, tho doctrines of tbe Darlaratloa of Independence, and tbe doctrines subae> queailv embodied In tbe constltatlra. Those, too, have all paaeed away. Pilgrim aad patriot, soldier aad itatas* maa, all are gone. Over the graves of the departed tbe i eyprrse waves, aad tbe bol>ow wiads wbtstls thalr shrill rrqnlem Bnt tbe spirit which animated them aUil Uves. Tbe l.gbt which illumined tbe days made immortal by their sacrifices Mill shines upon us; aad we tr*st la God tbat tt may be with us forever ( Applause. } I think I may ssy, without injustice, tbat tba differences ol op't'en which exist among us at the pre sent day, aad on which mainly the rreai deat.a. caataaa ol this year Is to ta.a, bare bsen wantonly aad naedleasly thrust upon tbe American peo ple at th.* t me I caa potat you to a Uma? only two years distact? to tbe close of 1*M or U) the begtnaiag of 1864? whea that initio* which now* ns had ao exists nr.*. when aiv> ,,u this ooskfednracy of 8?taa, la ibe ftr .li aad la the North, la the Enst and la tbe West tbrre wa? iheolittaly ao ditferonee of opinion and no dit semr-or. of artloa on the part of the peo?e of tbe Celled Staw s cn the single qacaUcn which at thli time eon* ?nlrti rrsry section or the confederacy. Thou there a as e a tire peace. It had boen obtained, as wo were to! 1, t?y follosring out tho prluciples which animated the Iramem e( the govemir.ent. and which constitute I the precede nu for our aotkn from tho day of the adoptloa of the con. i tutlon? and even autcnor thereto ? ip to 1IM, when the act of peace was consummated. But now It Is ?n changed Now there Is to peaco In tls Taited States tm the political qneett<m? of the day. There Is a constltu- ' ton la a portion of the confcdera-y. It lias bang, It fia I vl'allty m one half or tbe enrederaty; In ths other ha ( tt ha . no vitality aad ao eiistaaee No man caa go Into tbe Scnthera Rates aad advoc a to the election of tb* man, tbat dtstlagnlsbsj citizen of a Northern State wh > la nominated for tbe Presidency, and of him who la horno on tba ticket tor the oUice of Vloe Fioii lent? on tha' ticket, let me aa| to you. which will receive th* oiertora votts ol slxtoea States of tbe Caloa, If not o| mora. ( Ap plaaee.) No atan, 1 nay. caa go there and advocate th ? ciectlon of thoee men ? bo, within six weeka of tba ttm - When I am speaking to yon, will be racofalxed as th - President aad Vice President elect or tho IJnltod (Hates (Applause.) Ke maa caa go Into that portion o Uie Amerkwn Union and advonate their election or Me doctrines ol their party? those doctrines which fad lores In tba snrly bivtory of th<* government, and from which tbe gorarnment ae ter departed nntll tbe year 1461. No maa can go there, although protected by tba **gt? of the oooatitu tk a. and advooaaa tbe aupport of tba ticket ap praaaatod with stich chances of saocsai, and embo^yijg to fairly tbeopttlon of the pr?seat day, aad alao ttn opinion or tho pnat. There Is, rellow citlzeas, ao constitution*! right ax istiag la a portion of the confederacy which ha* given to aa toe ri*M of free speech that ws onto; la the other por tioa of it. and which Wo extesid to every citizen of the Celt*! Pis lee Prom whatever port he comes, whatever tick ! be aovocat?o, whatevir pcMey or opinion bo sup ports. werte<wnis? ?h< rlg'it of av?ry m^n to exor^lss i (he power of tbonght and to give utters ooa to tbat ' which ha may thiek, beeaoea lhat rl?ht is en bc'led In the d'cirioe of the mnotltmton of the I n d Hates. Bit theri are flfV <- stites r! ' th>? fnioi a hero thl* right I* dn?i?J? where no m?o 1 dares rrr*u? this c iurso or niter hh opin oBI ncoserv ' ? e'J , if he : A *iii'i.;?er A; * e vB whore Cit ^enfi ot 1>K r e >"'* U*4P*'-4. Ail . aU*n?ai>'' III WflliBB'Dh til*', u >i> i,v |? ., ji lt j, i. e c'it*:.' - *i Into support Indweliy ot nirb'ii tie* i aril ot ru. i ; > y, they am oharg.d wUu trrstmt nrn'-ibr ?-t?i.e1 w'*fc imi!- r !orni ol Uv ( . ' 01 furct*, froi- ti- lU vrtilc: *i?ve litem birth v ?: nhv' ot ^ < ? ought t, ii U'Ct tbem m oitlnoaa Nov.* why I* ihl*'' l t yru frl'ow clt'.xeus, way u U? 1; r. o e MX till. .^?U that tu U?i J?*r lMt, \ht uitu Lor ut lot* govrrinu " t'S t'nltod states di itcled us pc<> in "??'?' >< uttun "t every preoe leut thut f i.,,., , iallus' od tn tht s?*en?r Hve yearn of lie ox die cevertiuv-ul It's because these meu, in vk at'ci; of the p?it .pies of tb' r- nsvtutiou aui of tli lirei cf i ziin i t' 'ho n-Vi'rwuct t ..ou^ht to e? al'itsn au :roj rule irr !crnicii:ct not jet a-qoiri.-d id<1 wbicn may o> ver in scqulred. lliey t o'.,1 i to tfattbluh an iro i i.iebv which tbo people '4 tWe g**em?iwit bbould be, on territorial qve?iio an, ant :e<< and trovci, au<i limiten at U ret-incl?* itiwnj* a?.d IV> vrr. Tbe Bifit obdorva tiou 1 bart: to dj 'k? ot this po"cy tj? : tbat it couLtorreaeo a:i the union anil all the s rcfcouw, arc is a negation if all ti e iro< ely tl at^iii>o .. ?< n tr*L?miue1 t> ua up to ihi.i day by tbe fraxiera cfttii government. Juu i?? ate re it tor u slnirte irotr?i * that 1 tray ih^w to yo.i how 4 i lib; rntely th. political ??? ?? : 'f the A.uciican pwvl*. Id ?;?? j -ar? ;SM "f-'tt bnv?s, 'M ?p iky of tbe . >,. brMika bill, nepr'.ca frrtn IT 1 prius. i;>ie< upuolJ by tho frnaurs el thll g'.ver?;niint tua b; the sla-twuien wbi have atin. ni'-lertJ >t up to tbU Whilo wo were yet it r ii-L .-nles, tfcf r ??> ft Urge portion of the we?t 1 1 u territory of the Com c< t ? having a iltvulod owuerhbip. It waa clu.rr,ed tn porv by it ^ i- b!te?,audiu pirtby tlia ge ncraltcvccniitit. Toai terr'tors irw divided by thonvtr o? lo. Before iho aioption ->r ti e coDdituliou, and wiille acting iii the Ougrenaol the f uledcratioo, tueframors of It ii government ur>dor ihe eiU of JeU'oreon, decla.e l by Iho crrlinarct of m7 lUt tbe territory lying north vect of the O!. io should bo turc?er coD^i cratad to I roe Tht re was then, thoy ibnugiit. lo slavery; Out at ?uy rate ibty proc eed, and liiteudfd to, and did de ? are, that tberc ib'.'ald 1 o lo ilavery In U19 territ >rv borthwett ol the Uhio. But 'tiai < not a'l. Conntt. te l wltl- the tor ltr.i y ? ?t cf V.rgirla aud uortu ortiis St rtu or ^fcimylvsu't "thriu * is* teirrltory south of t?>c Ualo, ard in 17P0? ILr'rO years ufler tbe ordirance of lTt>7? U10 Ci'BiiresH ol the Confederation, under tan U-a-t of ifcu taiee nn?D, in e<italillxbliig a government for the "erritotv touth of the OLio, d-'clarod that no act of Corgrecs should be puBred r-airlcting or abolishing the institution of slavery In thai Territory. Her?, then, yon nave two Territorta' prerndcntu, each go \eii,ed oy tl.e oplni ub aad Vlercti 0 onn:tui wito U self. In olt tht-y abolished slavery and e/taDli Hed frse dora. In 11 " oth^r tber allowed ;Uc ularery, which ox ted, to n main, declareJ thai no law should bo rancid o?j the fart of Cou6f*? auoiisou-g or rcatricting Hiavery in tba' Territory. us go still funhirouh) d.e hifitory ot th? t? untry. In ''it'8 a gove'tiuieni wfcs c-latill'.bed lor tin- T' rr'tory <;f M^a'aeippi in wai'h tbo tucie t'oetriDi c r.bortlod In. the gtn ^rnoif u; of tlie Tcrrl t 1 y scuth ot the Ohio, w?ii en bod' i, with one addition aid that w^, ?!.at the slave trade tn the Territory of Mitt iff ippi ehouid bo pr^biuiied from fiat <lay, although ?be conMitution ol the I'rltetl states bad forbidden Con grtiis tu prohibit tht sic a tiade botjre the year 1806. This la a conp'OeraiioT nirh wl'l have a bearing on tbe irrtat question pres- D'f d to va lor oar d.^teimina'ion at ?beprcarnt day tVel!. the. Ihrre torritorial naestioos absorbed and dl-i'o-.<Ml ui ftli the territory exist ng or In nc.teissl.?n of 'ho g v?rumen' it t?ie unto of the adoption of Ue coBftituti'iu But In lfwti an< w era dawned. Wj ibiB acquired l-oubltua f,.iin -ran 'oby ptrehw.e-.iOt for ibe purpose of exteaj.&f Slavery. Not at all Nor was it for tte purpoie ot ?trengiheicng alavery It was arqutrcd lor the purpoau ci enabling the people of tbo I'bitcd stun to cobfoi the miu?try ot" tee Western country wtlcb bought an outlet ibmugh tbe m-juth or the Mii-alssippl, then beldHtit co. trolled by Spain. Tbo Spa nish governn.eM bad deni'dtbo rlgbt 0! ingress aod rgress to or IronUh- VT?st rn valley, tow taa grauary ot Ibe world. TL. y refuses t?> a'low our ootumero? to pars bet#?n that valley suit tbo gulf of Mexlna. Nata tallV enough the jicopie 01 the We.dert; StaUs and tQe ixopie of the EaaUrn states, the people or Uw m'tl ile Mstea and the people o( the So Mb wnh uno voice and with one determlnatioD, rushed to tt. ? moatb of tha MisaUsippi to mtime t>y arns and by ant ol war the right of tranait bttwem the Western oouttry acd tbe Gulf of Mexico However, before the imj*!ii liog war bad an existence, N'sj oleon, who saw with a clear eve the future tbxt was theu before the Uulted Water., tad proptsod to the Ame rican Comnjiarionsr in Frunre io tracsfer or Mil the lor ritory of I/>unUt>a to tbo goveri.ment of tbe Uuttud Mates. He did so, partly b .-cause oi the favor which he bore to the Ametman people, and partly because he know that against tht traritlmc power of Great BrlUiu be couid Dot expect to niainiain the Territory of LouUiana aad to 1 reserve it to 1L0 OBipirv cf f.-ti-'t. In 1812 Ooti|rtl!'* admitted the Terrlto.j of Ix>tiisU?ua, up to wbat la now the southern border of Arkan??\ a" a with the slaveiy tbat existed, and without quettion That etiJe I the Brat step com ( ct< 4 w+th the l.our:'iua Pcrr'to y. In !8i0 tbe Bppie ot I^nuslaca Territory made an ther pr>po?ltlou. e whole Territory acquir' 1' from France wa<< sia/e ter riiory np to the parallel of W degrns. They had land cuo? gh? more than a nnliinn square Billei'? to par? sat.? <ieu tl-e eilgira. aud thinf, whether lie ass a ?axon or a Norinsn. it.ey bad stavu |n-ti"ittoca m far ax tseir Ter r iriy extended, covcti?g more than a million square mile*, extendtfc u4> to tLt line ? f ibe Bnti-h aad rtmsiau I'OifnulODS Wti*. it iddid iLv Sv)nihcrn pfOM witil fbty tad all ibis Territory, with s'arery tsst.tuuoas. they bad tbe aui.* <?' i>>ni?i-?na adraltied In 181ii an oue of tbe Max s oi ibe Urioa Wbat in*-re did Uiey war.t' v.i body qtrst'o-;. d or dinird Ue ex'atenre ol slavery. The whole co. Dfy bad ag'ee 1 to Ue arqnlsiM?a of tte Tr 1 ritory The whole cnintry bad afreed to Lie a'ici dSiii) ot l.ouls'ana \Sbat ncre did they wuit* 1 will teli you. The ' lhe^n mc wanted not only slave frt'tory. but tbrv bs 1 aa 1 ir* o: governtneut and tbey wanted stales ar?i te^ators, and rep eaentativesaa I elec toral voles, by which they oen'J 1 iwtr >1 tba govoram'ct of tbe t nited Hates It wna #ltb tCal objeU In view that tbev came lo tbe A merles* Oongren* aul asaed that lbs Territory of sbould be aim 1 ted isto tbe Union aa a slave State, wltl her elec aral Totes, ber reprwnta tivea In ibe Hoaae ant her U* nators in the Senate of tho Uni ti<d 9Ute?. Bat tb# tmerioan people said "No,"astheyba-l a r'ght to sav. Ibsy were tot bound, and diii not hold themaelvcM bound, to admit * State whenever any porlioa of the t*opl6 in '.bo Ter "arlea ol tlie t'nlte 1 MtU nclght ask to rone In. They clslmcd a right to ref aae admluion and they tod re" arc tl. The? said thit neb-as Mi?so irt raroe with a r< t. titot'on abolisbtng or prohibiting tbe in stitution oreis^eiy. they would not admit her into the I ulon as a S'ale. The q<i?st!on at that tl* ? was In rnia Hon to tte abolition of slavery in the Territory wiuchsow constitute* ibe .-*tate or Missouri. It was caineJtbeu md j| m riiimed bow ? ind li f*?f dUfVMfd lo *a mil that th<ie Is a reasouable degree of in tbo dsim made tben and nnw-thM ahera tha peon.o cf a Territory bnve authority to form a Stale and to frame a Slate constltut'on, they should be allowed to sett ie this nueatloa Ibr themselves, aad tbst If thoy were UmllN into tbe lulon. tbey should be admitted wltb slavery or without it, as they should think prop r. But the peip'e of the Htate? have tt e right to d-iormlne whether they tball be artml'ted and wben they shall be admt t?d sod 1 .at was tbe right claluel by tbe peo ple' tf th" Ame'icau at?lc3 at that poriod. The loiter of JifTcrsou la wbich be alia led to Uie -mtro *em cona^U'i whb the Missouri qu-.itton, bs olte^citeO ?s liavirg a bearing oa the wrrtioiial quc?U in ? eistlef %? the present time; But It has no bearing whab ver. Tba expression of Jell -r.on Pi the latter to wh ih I have al Ini'ed only reft t lo the qnesti .t. wh*ther l at'dl sUonld amend tbe constitution p-esentec by IS* Territory or m &t c of MliNiiri- H rfifcrtww, At &U K rial auction wViich arose immediately after, at thn time of tbe admlraeni of Mtsaou-I, and rshlcbli tba only anoatlon wltb wblnb we bave to da at present. I*t mi rsr then. In a word, that the "tate of Mlsjmir! was ad tr ttVd by tbe cots^rt of tb? Nortb In yart, as by tbe con sent ot tbe Sontb aliogeiber It wai. a Souths- * propo s'tton. It was claimed as a&r-u'tierr v.rtory. It gave to ibe Soetb Mtaators and representitlses, an4 ?iocMtU vote*, and a power to ouutrol tbo g?vernrnen?. of the Ajw ? lean I ulon. which wax tbe powsr they wanted at that time. H^avc to the South all Ikeaa ihinai; bj' tt gava to tbe Nor lb ateAber advanlaae, tot of invportaaco al bat I'mo. bavicg 00 referenr^ to. and re etlect 00, tbe hl?t< rr ol ?be tn r lo 1 wh?n wia State of M'?"oori was ad mi-ted b< t whieb ts of irjjicrtAn-e In as at this t mo? to all tt e Cr <?? t ' 'be s ' ? 'b as wel m to the Nortb? vo sll 1 lassee >.I 'be po-v 0 ot the Am?rican confederacy XI > sour I waa admUJ into tho t'eiooontba cendlUon at freedom *>1 ?i?e-< forever to th? Terrli ^.e.? ?! Kan tsa and N?bre?n? s? h><h a? the 4Wb parallel Now, la ire seperstloa of tV ? t< rritoi ; tr m Missouri, thj ?Uies ir<rof 1 V?c fbllrs^ i the cuiwple of the s lata* men of ?:ao, 1T87, m<t and H I. Tbe> con-ller- 1 that terrlto r>si it tlen aa a q>'< ln"i lo bo defrmlo-l hy Hsi If. They r ? ? to the Son'i what tb" somn elumtJ as it* right, ar ' aVo seeur I tl Cue North tfcit -. H?-:tair? whirf sat..' ibe NorOi in relation to IU rigi.t*. Ho jru come do* ;i to the arqu.t tioo el Texas. Tna 't*rt T.tory of T"*v< was ac^nire\i in 1SI4, nnier the lt?i if Mr. folk It was dl?p?" 1 J 01 .i csacttf tie s*tne way hy tbe ?i"t??nie? ol iW day. Tbey aJm!tf*<l Texas as ? ttatfl- th?y peoMVtel the rxhtetcc of slarery boyed ft certain Hue; an< tbai srtarlty gtvta h us n tbe TerrV U?ry o( lexss U beyond tlie power ot l*?nrr<wa as tt ovglit to be r 1 aWevrrt be] rn t t1 e po ?-r 01 I on r>es? >? t'-e Terittiiles Of NebtS' <a sb.i sf Kirsas, wo -,h arr ? portion ot t>e I/oilftaaa TsrrlU y. It orgtt 10 be :???? aWered as beynd th ) power of Ccngr ss. b?*o?uso tee corilii n wl >ch gave to 1 ee ti ti a portion ofiUeTorrl 1*1 y of Texaa ws? a i *rtr! the treaty between tbe ptopla I of Ibfta ?m,-s ano tbe republic of r?xas. and arb'eh t ".e CocgrcM of th? I'nUe' Ptatce ba? no power to ebac ? ? nt to after Now, In ll?, eractiy Ihe^fBW clrcu-?ta. ? occurred again. In rea;<cct H another Territory TerrlKiry of Orog?,u wa? organ wnh .i wanibitioB ?> s'avery. It was roi'ldered as a q -l -n ?t lU-ii a ore, having reference alore to t ?? Ter iory, and It ? u sot tied aa a distinct and ln^epenuont frilt 'rlal quest, ytt, having no rtOicrre to territorial tnaltera to come a^er that, or which bad g' ot befora ti, exempt so far aa It was sn example, la tbe year 1350 iho t-rri'ory of Osi!'??r nia, extentlng ten leagues ip and dosrn th * I acMli waa disposed of by tbo sutesmen or that day In oxv'ly lb* rams way "nisi question was Vsn det -rm'ned on <a own merits Tbo statesmen of l??o admitted Oaltforata Into tb* I nlon sa a free Stale, ihiia givla* to tbe free Siatea that preponderance o' power, as ag.dnel tbe slave Htatsa which thoy ret?ln to this day It was given to jt by tbe South, mainly as a Southern pro?wsition, having no referenoe to any ether territorial queet'ou. U ch.ingt 1 tbe balance of power from one aldo. where It ba I re mained for seventy Ave years, lo the other aide, whore It his aow exlatcd atx ye*ira. Hera, then, you have In brief the territorial hist try. II follows op ibe exampl a eel ns hy tbe framer* of gov ertment? by tb* grewl ra"b who penned ,vrd iiRitrd, an I defended tn the caMnet atid In tbn I1?M, tb* d< ot in?? of lh* Deoiaralion of ladepecdettc \ wbirh Is n >w stt I wtb tout as oontalrtng mere "glittering g.irerai Ues," ai l having n? T?*li1y or polltloa' lil*. Tbe ftair f.n of tbs rover nmrnt set ns tb* goo< examft* of dotng oue at a lime, and by following that good old Saxon rnle^-ibat fi.* of all sensible man-they tnanagaJ thai crwytua-i that I lit-y did accomplish ww wall done, aod do* cnal leugt * me t?dtt.i<*?iou ot ibe world. (-^pUute.) Juai I to* i?l tl:< ?ub> ci for a moment. Of tho 0:1107 gr *i tLat tn tarrarstd Ibe Am?rtotu peepie at ttt timet! tbe i'-rniBiiou ui t?ie constl'u: ^e, how nut <y of item were let'. uri'eurmlrnl? U< I act, 1 hey d'Hermio&t cu elLcr qttttlioe* than lht.Se mat wt?? vittl tu lite Unii' tor w huU Ih -y wero c el ltd upoa to act. Huy ret- am |fc. t iv?ij ant, aiiil tha tarn ot every age vklok fcuweedea term In the glonou* history (vtLicb tltey itf w?h toeti about opening; of the great > hIpb o; tbi tn? man t'r.ion, should take tbe reipon i biiltjet, utuci: e* toil at ago. ?lJ Oeoi le lor themftelv* t'm question's tent hLoi'lJ ar. -e id u?it nge. Wny, no#, In tbe matter o! ti e tu quit ltiouor territory , winch haaltntsa c?ma 10 be the g'tn' quottloo? tbat qu?etiou, in tbo elucMa ilm. ol whicu we I ave riretcbe'i our dialer from tbe At lantic 10 ilie Cscifle? thai tiai <lvcn u* all ihe territj. y wei of tlie Aii- ? even 1a regard to ibis quasi ton, to v.tirli wi i,i.w 1 Lie; tbo acquisition and po-taeauon oi bi iar l..e largc-at aod penult* tbo best part 01 the Norm An uric a u cociotM. ihvy L'.aJe do allusion to the ooneti lotion ol tbe l uted .State* . Tn?y lei't it for tha men wbo Were to eoino alter ibtni. So in regard to tbe |u?b.I n <f tbe currency. You remember tba content, wh-ther tbe cttmticy of t-ia eouotry sbdult be of papsr monoy or if ba>d money. The t'r<.nier* of tbo coaatiluiion le t bat qucitiou to be ilettrieiocu by tbe people wbu coma iter ih< m. to in 1 to tbo ma tier* of oommeroa, Lrt a ihO'-.viU'i other question* that have Blnca ag.tnt-d us, hlo hon .Kpf i- ouvulec us? they wore lolt to us by tho framtr* ol tlie government for us to determine: and it v ?K only by holditig tbe government of Uie Dnitud fcjtutes at><! t! e ccnatHutloii to tbe question* ttuU were ri te' at tbat l ine, ih?t tiiey mnd? the Union? the Union a a it v ? the > iui ioiu Union ns it ba* been? the Union a* we tiua it will be, through '*m1 au^hi* grace, foravor and fcv t (Cheers ) Now, ?tut are we toid by the quatk* or this day-, tbe < tupir.cs of politic* in lb&6/ We are t?ld tbat we must a rule of action tbat shall control all tiiiiu i.ereitiu.: ? an irou rule, Utat ?iiall govern not oq y Nebraska at.u H bKr?8. but tbe Cauailas, and Uuba, aad the tSutuvwch Xciu.-C.-i, aiiu tbo lelauUs tbat arc dc&ornlnawoa '? cur H-iaDiiR" lu tbo foutbirn sens? wo aro to milts a rule tbat * !il cclWc! tbe Aiuuricao people hereafter In re tare to tbe government of all tbe territorial which we oovt bat e or rut. t acquire. If our fathor* bait pars-jed a poiicy of lb at lit it, the institution, which is uow tt model 01 got* mmoLt ? Uv moat jH- >ct t jrm of government tbe world bat. ever s?et ? would never, and touia never, have bic r.n exiitonoe. Had ibty followed tbe rale of tbe podt'ral quarks atd tiuuiriun of the year IbiO or 1305, tbey wut.ld bavo eflvcud no union 01 tbe 3 tale j to present to us, and the cout.ecratiou and maiDtcLanoe of which la the blgbcot bey aod tbo Ulgbeot glory tutlr descendants, AibcrUati c-nv rin?u auU of the Amerloan people. (Ap plause.) We tbtu sny, not only that tba rule is wrong, but ibai li t coLctqient.L* ol tba assertion of that role w< wir.t.g Ar d v bat art bt> coLscquenoeh V Why , Utny have buti obliged to np. *1 ib.. prohibition of the institution of fltvirj 111 ll.t- teiritor> n>r.h and weat ol the Stale of ttirt>ouri, ruDDirg irrm tbe line of us deg. 30 mitt. Nurta M?rd to tbr u rihtrbiM'S-t hoiita of tbe American terrl teres lie; have rcp?al<M tbe prohlbitioo which tba nutetn-.m of tbe South fastened on Ibis territory lorever, aud tor which they received an equivalent, for whifb tbey have to day Aerators lrom Arkansas, from MT?tOL.n ind ti cm Flf-ruls? for which they have to day tbe reprt'S* iitativc* aud tbe electoral vote* of tb<*a Mate*; in bnd It col been for the compromiso of 18 J), otter a slave ^ute wcuid have been admitted into tbe Uiioij fiom tLat day to tbi]. They have repealed tb.f- prohibition Tbe Uootii has rectived all tbe aitvactertit it uneciej to derive from it; the N >rtb b&s rtcetvrd knblrg Thirty tire yaars have passed ovei tur beads - lace ibat compromise wait mado. and ni advtntage bu* b?ct> received by the North. Now It is repesleu, atd wlat 1* tbe reasen given tout for its re peal? I'id ai>y body a-k for it? Di<l the South aak for it? No d'hu ankt d lor M. Wat tocro a population la the Torrttorie'! ot Kidcm si.rt Nthraaka that demandod a goverument? \> by, there ?i' uo w^ite man there. There were no pco pJe tbi re rove the rod men, and wo had made soloran tuaten with tbeui tha: tuoy should not be disturbed. There war, thcrelore, no reason of that kind for tbe ro peal <>l th? prohib tlon ol What, then, vas therea n u tcr lb- tepeal? W lij , tlicy raid that they proposed to make a rule winch ; i:ou!d hereafter govern the United States ou all T. rr. tor H.I questions, so as to remove tae atb^ict tfctc voc Ireia the ball, cf Coiigre**, and from too canvshscf ot the people. Fellow-clttians. we have to say to tLt n>. tin', tba: Ihii f t* an i.*nrios8iallity. No man ? uo statcrmac? 1.0 n uc w Uo ever lived or wbo ever Will live can tn' tow tbe 'nn .frul quta'iont ol this government aro to be d- b thirtj live years hoace, or tlfty ><ar? benct. No mao can do it. It u a moral? a B>1 ii licj o??ibtl?>. The bill is ari abcurdity tn term*. coD'nirenes tbe i*^n>plc3 ft the tarred mea wte taavw c a/"'.- imrn iml ice ?| i> tt wb*eh fo'iudcit and gavttout tbe 1>?M g-ntrl.treut t.^ut tbe world has ever s?*.n (Ap p'AUSe ) lb r? lLari tLat, it is uot only a mural loipat slbt.'ity U day, but it coutiavcuen the doctrine of too uemoiTatM, party froot lae day ol its orgihtsatiou undo the ?'k|jofeiiluo of ryrty i ue of its great leaders up to tu time ol Cats and i;. . Linan, who have demoraiis d it -trer.g'h slid weif!)' d U .'i* n with their fkl*e doctr1u9 to pcrdlt en, 10 oetttrnclion, and to death. What Is th titkl Cedi u.0 of tlrmoorau as glrou to ns by J fl'.Tt.m and >!a4iit<it/. aod Moritoe, and all the great leadorp o the ia?t? U o men wiio acted for there selves, c > tie nn-B ol the previ '.t dny. who act for oiher men Tbelr n a> .1) w??, ?bat ilia wvrld wai< governed teo sriei lite le** Ilie gov?<rumeiit iBterfttvrt the bsMer for th got err.mi-tit and lyr to. a(.ve:n*<li_ una l> b> a Jlulim whir . hnt- a gqo* <i?al of trvh iu it What h the maxim of at, the 4?n:( orate le- * <>18 of tbo prmeat dry? lluii lit wot*d'l? rot governed ? .iough? 'bai hototiy li tkerc nu D atura o< fonrt u.?tt enu ugh ?or the prc*:nt day, bu I tbat w? let '.it lot^t s quthtosit which h?ve b>llU3g with (he preteni, f"r ihe purpoee of lotrodue.lng inikt ruit tl at tmn or pilrciple? as they say? that will emtrrrl atd wufcb dtwii tbo tt-neraliras for twenty tlve or Ufty y> ara to c< jio. Tt erefore, I lay this contra vexes tbe great d?cln"e of tbo democratl; (>arty au I or the dtmtcratic loaders of th? p>?t : that Ibe world Is govirted too much. Bet let ms look at another sicgle di.Ti-rsnce tn their policy, and tl er I pass from it's subject. It U sal J that it la the ngtt ot the frople of the Terrnortes to govern themselves ani to establish n;ch inaiiiutioaa ae ihoy plcswo. Well, If it wai> the rigl.i of Utu j to;ile ot Nebraska and Kan., a , 1? g.tlatlcmdid uot center tbaJ right upontham. I stand here to day lo ray? a&d 1 kt.ow tbat n this oanvaaa of five or aix meka penolag Uieio will be menenotigb to examine the truth ot what I ray and to expose tis falsity, It It bo 'aire? 1 stand here to-Jay to say thai on the qoesMon ol slavery there la no power at all given to tho peop'a el KaDfriarr to thep*?ple of Nebraska. And I do sj w, U tbe keen rtcoilocUcn, and trdee.1 with the very re I < tiuon ol the r. r r ? I s >a tbe bill, which they sought t.? tire as a netenro for their action, that ii was not th^ir !n. tt tti^n e tlitr to e?ta>li-li or to prohibit slavery in tho Territories, but to l??vo ibe people tree, perfectly fri 0, to govern tbemsfires, In regard to tbu matter, according to Ihtlr own judtttinnt. Ibat Is what thi>y ray. Tbat I* what ColoiU CktDtou railed *'tbe slump spsccti injertcd It. to tho body of tho bill;'' but It It** to egls'ative lorce nod no virtue. Tho question of slavery in l'ie Territory of Kansas trust b? irosiod under tbe cortlitclion abJ tbe law* of CvWfren, they say. Mow, th? ? deny that either Concrosn or people of" a Territory or the I<eg: '.sture of a Territory l?avo the power to | rob. bit or abolish or limit tbo InaUtuUoo of slavery it iu y Tl rr.tor j . Theae Soothrrn men deny that rgk'. CucgSMts fcaa never affirmed It. Mr Deng las, Mr. Caa* note a: those aren who go befora tiio toun-ry seek u-g the Favar ol tte Ho. tb. have ever atllTr vl that either Congress, tbe people or tho legislature bad tbe power to luetrlct or a>>?li>b the Instltnii^n of alavery .a th* Terriio r.ea What does Mr. IVuglaaaa) T That It la ajodicM question, la atswt r lo th? Inqntiy of Mr. Tntvbull, in the ^eB?W of the l r, tod sutes Mr Douglsa Mid ha wonld pro Bounce nc op.r.irr ? that It was a Judicial q^ofttoa whether tba g slsture bad Hie authority to at*>ll*h slavery in tne TerrHery cr cot. And under tho Knnsa* Nebraska bill, it Is ajudicl^ question. Heretofora tho 'tncst<on at *:*? very ha* been a popular question. You so treated it tn 1TM), wb -n Pennsylvania was the Omt .-tat* on tba North American continent wbo, by legk latlve at tlon abolished thi'or slavery. She did so even before Ma* ftrl-uftlu rcrctylvasla wm the pntneer of (Ycadoa. (Apple t>se ) II wan featrd aa a popular quoa t'ot when it was aboliahcd in the Muaonrt Territory over sn txian?e of lard K-eaauriug more than hair a m.itlon of rqcare wlea It ?as 'trtemised by tbe repreeentativea of the people In the Omigrna* of tbo United Wat?. It wai a j>op t ar question. ?0 tt waa when ilaserv wss prohibit ed In Oregon. s< it was waon it wa* prohitilted in Call fottia Thus, ft 1 in tho day when It a a* ab"H*bo.| la Petwy '.vatila, In 1*7$, no t? the hour whnn Oaliforu^i bo c -me a Ireo St le, Ibe Instit'it on of alamry waa a qiestlfti aiwaya tu bo lormlned by tho psop'.e atd by tho p-fthr vote. Now tbey te 1 it* that It te a Judicial qu'it'ot? tbat il la no lunger to be trcsbd aa a popular qnotlt e? that it la to ba rt fbrred lo the Juckial power. And what la that power T It la Jcc at I erorr ,<te, who bar glvettdertsmna tbat wnold ev?n dirieo tte far e of Jettv->ys. It It .In ig? I ooomput, wbo lias crclatcd th?t a ffuaal to obey laws mora In tuttutn aad bk ; ti.aa iho codo ot Drico-more inhu I I ni 1 M>/f lli'.ta soy ? oie of human Icglstailon that ihe wn?Ul l'*?"ev?e rt't-t eode of law*, the oon?llt>i Hrrai'ly o| weir h no Iran of thirty mlliio-* of p-opla da dares, er Is will rg to dtrlaie, who says that a rofiual ?o obey tLese la?* Is trts ca ivga.Drt Ih* failed .-'ta >a 4 Antriea and the Ametlean peo/e. Tbi* man j lode termltt tbt: queatio* oi slavery or no rlavery n tha Tee rtlory ofK%ii?a?. It baa ? eaael to be a popular qcrrti ? Itr tbe fnt ' . , r r l'?tory, and t .iiftal quest iett_?och a quiwtloa a? the people ot ta* I'alted State* crver Int- uded U> make n. Well. aow. If yen allow tbe questka ef aiaverf tn Kaosa* ta le a ja diilal qut'ttior, y >1 will pave tha way for the atro.l t* tttnoloiber )-i0ietal qr,t; iioas. Let t>? look at tne f*ol? Hire la a r ?t t ?? rte I of the p? pie of w? Awtl W hr rg t^atr alavri tito tba Ptato of Pennaylvanla, or New Y rk, or M ?*cbis?e:t?. npun whsvt they ara i'leawd ia rail a tt arait Ibrwgh ibeso Hiate*. Tte/ *ay thai tha cen?t'ti:Viou givee litem the right t' hrieg lb' f slaves ttre. Tb*y <"o uot propiao lo refer lh-i q'i?s ti?n ta Congr sg, nor to the ,>eople ol Ihe State-*, nor to tho Atnercan people; but ihey make ft " iu d;cl?l qntstion'' 01 il, ?n?l It is to be decided by Indaaa a;>p?iMcd by Ihesawepowtr that ftnpolated Judge 1^ e mpte, ?nd tbat sllll holda him in hi* pl.tce aui main lalna hi* doctrine* by the powwroftha army ol ibe United Sim- s There i *notli?r queat on tbat wii. lie e '1 1 " lal qiiestien" in lis nsl'ire. and which will b? forced upon us, and that !*:-lh?t tho foulharn people hav* tbe right 10 chooei wl at Tt rntorle* ther will hereafter make slave milorles? tbat tLay settle ibem? tiat ibey, by judicial l*w, declare (lavrry to be a leital ingtltntlon there, nnder ti< cfDStttutl"n lorf ver. o- un'il *iavory be abol.thed I , ,1 r ' epl? of lite Territory, act ug uader tbo fluiireme U.tirt of the I d tod ^tate*. or the udlelal tr*huna a of the rfrimy itself (which can ret r ha/nir). lh^ la * t sp ' rr Terrdory Itcy rheo^r ir. g,-., fm a ??? ?r m htrs thty I ft*e ti e t' w.r (- 'd 1 < f ' lo' r. 1 c, -St O'l ') !? 'tein ? ' Sll'otl' ?1 r 1 ?< I I S with ai othf r ? 1 nit' 1 " v - wy Tvff tor/ tLai c co.e? u? u<*. - *?>o M-<r 1 Hud'cill dacls'-ts tu *t be admitted as a Slate whene'dr it chooMK? tilt; iisvu '~u a. veer X> so Barn Mrt destroy tbe tcruu t.. is of ireedom tnreugbo-it tho eauie conltreiocy, u. all lit leti|tb and brtaadtV (Applauh ?.) h< w thinit. a departure iroin over} a^fclative act aad Irum the cix oicvtry statesman #?i haa uietlnsuiah tf ibe UtH) ot Iho cciiM ^ Vy bu> *iMi or his opiul jn*. li ha.- rot been no held before U has not been no pro pwtd be "tp, and we t-ugt that the peopM of 1'cuisy Ira ni*- always trie to the institution ol Iroeueta ? never will >Bg to lnW rft-re with Southern Siatoa or With Southern r i^tIiVh either at rega'os their local, their traditional, their l>olillt-l Oi tbtir social relations, but louviiiff kHtl poriioj of the cotfeOet aliou U> govern itself and to take eve of Itself ; ami beyond tba , always true to Ibe prtocl plee of free lorn ? we trust. 1 amy, U?ttbU fXiiiiraou wealth of Penwaylvaol.. wni to day araert brr oisseui and negative to 4tU? new occtrlne, and t-nligbtec and glor'.iy Uiu world again, as lier gn at spirits dio in '70, seventy Lvo or eighty yearn ago (An>lause ) So much, geutleinen, in retard to itie blttoiy of the in titer. l<el me aay obi w ord a* to lie p? iu-y and opinion* wbieb we deiend, and wiiiou we af-k hbaii gill1 remain as tlie doct rlso of ih<^ American States, aa it bag up to thin time always retnaitrd. lit*, that the gov- rnnx i t ot tUli> country ia in the Araoriean S'ana. that the tonatiiuilon oi tills country covera the /%m> rttan rfiauu only, that a Tt.Tttory and lis government and its Institutions are dependent oa ?bc wbl o! tbo people of tbe States, toat adop log a* 1 do, tbe language of iianicl Webster, '.he couatiiuttoa of ibe Umteo Slates doee not even extend to the Terrlturia* of int I'ntied states; tot at all; U haa io bo exteni?d ami carried lot ward by an act of 0?r,;rees, PBBaed under tny tbe ut i.8tlti.tion of the United Ststee. Not only haa the

govetbnwBtot the country gore directly on in ttiii* prln cple up to the year 1M4, t>0( in many perrltorial prec<? oettb lb* Coogrets of thi UtilUi States haa pawed onftct meets directly in cotiG>ct vfllh the constitution of th* Cni led rtatea unok. at Uio Territory of Louisiana aoqiared in ,IM by a treaty. That treaty sacured to the people of I/ii i las* a.o exclusive privilege and monopoly ot the' li (i with >m?>. oi urmi which tbe ^onsUtuUon am1 u legislation of the county gave to no other Si site anl to hi' ether Territory. Yet you kn iw perfoctly well tbat the ctCbtitction of the United SULen lor bios tbe State of Pe-in eyWania or tbe dtate oi New York having any privilege or favor In tbe trade with France, Kngland, or any olhar foreign Statu beyend that which attamhea and is given to tverj utersute. Tbia act of 18W, thereforo, wad la reLfl ct wub t'jo detinue, lenitive and dlrort language of thu ni t ?tituuon lu>elf. Yet It waa loue, and done on the n iLclple that tho Terrllorioa were to be governed by tbe Muic*, utder the constitution, and that the provisions of tfce ernttitotion Ibcmsei7e8 do not extend to me iVrr to nea until they were made to extend by act ot Con ? gtena. The tame thing occurred in tho Toiri tor) or MiMUt-lppl. to wbi>.h I have referred. The coortlidtton ot the Uni^l States forbade CjugroM to prohibit the slave trade before 1808; yet w aen Oougres* i limited a government for the T?rri.ory of Mia^Ualppi in i7?6. the very flrM thing it dtl waa to prohibit ito alave trade in that Territery forever thereufter? ten ye us b< !or? tlx constitution allowed Oorgrcsj 1 1 act uiion It In any way whatever* Why was it; It v.'a^ becaitAU tbe constitution did r oi apply to the T'irrU.ries. Ard so tt waa belt d?w> <r> the pn- ct . We may glvo t?i tbe prop ;tory a i mu.-h powe* aa wo will? and lan '.vi?r of rel jig then any power ? I am gut vlier msu to eLtruat to our brothers la the <"?] 'i proper pewer; but this po ver now claimed is uot their rigb', and U a power whlob ir ikhtbc the continuance anl )?rpetulty of lb s Kovernmeni rake, for example, the Mormons 'n tbo lerrHoty ol' i uh If po^u'iar sovereignty 13 deolareU ike law, then ibey would Lave no connection with tbe kovertffisnt cf the I'mtod States. As It la, they have no t}n?paifey with the peo|>le of the United staUs, social, mo ral or pM'i*a>. Tbi-y are, in truth, our enemlt*. Under this doctrine of populur sovereign :y they may fUml there, a di?tlnct SU'e, eneuiiee to our people, having no sjmpatby with us. They may stand there forever. Tbe I nitrd States has co power to oomptl ihem to come into the Union, or to drive ibeto out of the Territory, if the uictrme of popular rovtrelgniy be correct and true. Hot tt has no foundation in right, no precedent In history , and its intrcduotioa at this time haa been the prolific mo Uer of ail the wrongs that we see broadcast over tbe laBd. So far then ftom the doctrine of popular save leunty being cor i eel in has bocn departed I rein In practice. The men of Pennsylvania, of Now York, ol Kew l.uglard, have gone Into tho Territory of Kanrsa, and btcauae they did so tto Sooth cimplain ot ua lor ha v leg started this question. But, had not thj people of the Nor hern and middle States gnao to Kansa there would have been no people there <>f tbe Ave tall hens of men wbo were In the Ove Westc.-n States? nil Dcif. Indiana, t?hio, Micblsnn anl Wisconsin? In ISO, one nJUtcn, cr one tolilt part of ibe wLolu. were bi?ru ui New raj and ac<' the miiiulo Stales, flad inoee Waton i.< t Htl n.en to Kar-us and Nebraska, tbere would hrtn 10 people there to have formed a government, at l bo one to afn?ini>t?r It; and, let me my w>, there would tare been nohody to srrert In tbe Temtory the g'eet d'ctriofs of nniverssl liberty, or to e?tabli?li tboi^ ImU title us most d?ar io our people. have we a?e? tbctc? We havo sren that there haa be?n an iovaaicn of ibnt Territory by people from 'be ^?Me of Mlatcrri, not o*ce, or twice, or three or fnu? limes bH there tavc bee it five lnvasloon ol' armed rata, aotog Iheie Willi blrcdy Intent, to burn and kill, mc ioa:ui and destroy everybouj lu that e iuotry wbo wa.. li willing io seesii ibal alave'y abould be tne lesiltuii^n is ibsl nctlon of the country. That It what we have ir?r tMio dimes thsi levwlcnn of ermed men from U.tsetnl ard Irrtn th? ^outh^esteru j.ortien ot this o "i t.oeiacj lave iTeattdly got?e In tbcro to cortrol U.o ei'ct'.uns, awl to designate tbe men wlirm lh?} *rtthe<l io r. nrceent ibe Torriiary cr Kansas Io the Congress of tbe 1.1 tted Stoles T Wby, wnen Mr. Wnufleld ww el. oted an r.rletale te Omtgres* there were 6,000 rot* cant to that election. The ev idmce glv-n beforj th^ o< Invtsugai.en rent out by Uie Uiu. c of RepreseuUllv-'a ?id pntenttd to you, shows oosclattvely. on the oatbs of -octbcin men a? well as ol Northern men. ibal o. those 6 COO votes, less thsn 1,400 were cast by I'M voters la tee Territory oi Kansas. Nearly i POO ol the votei eiv?B were rtauduleit snd Illegal votes, tirown in cither tltrectly or indlreotly, through ttc invs .on ot ihe men of the !-onU?we?tern Mates, hav'sir no in :tvld?a? or po.l'ical lights there whatever, an l or the 1 400 votes. It I* sdmltied oo ths oail* or Southern snt Noriuern mta In ibe Territory of 'iansas. more thsn 7?i were Jt ee Mate votee a?d, If left to tbeoselvoe, thoy would have tlvtB that territory the iBWltuttons of freedom wh cU the K.aUemi n of 1*20 bad, as they thocRht, secured It.rover 10 Hat Territory. Bers, thett. we have, as thej proline ti)'^h*r ol all ?be evlla now exlstirg lr the c?>Bied?fery, tbla repeal and vlelalion of the act of IIM. This assertioc U ibe <also dectrit e of popular sovere.^nty ?Ibis In v a? Ion t f iLo ptop'e ol tho foalhwestorn States ltu? the rerrito-y, and ibis ravaging of civil war, where brother stri><* against tho life o/hrolber, and man agalust the Lfo of uU fflAB*I?uviBr*' In tho crowd? Yru pbculd have appra!e-l I J.e Court of the United States, ir thsr? was any viola it, 'tt of law; what you have s>aki hi Nsw Vork has be?B rt'ul^ Babsh? If tbere wee ery violation T theconitita Hon or of the law, it waa a vloltitin by South' rB men. They broko tu the line against tht.r ?oleirn piedgev ibe/ b.oke It up sgainet the pledgo of the Souti aod ot ibe North, and tbe very leetant tbU was done against the liniiiatiou and restrictions of their own statute, they east Into a Territory wbor" there wae naught Hut pest*, but quiet. bu? Itbe'ty, but iBdep- ad^nee, tne torch or t!?e Incendiary and the reddened rtee! of the- murderer an 1 or the assassin, (i^esfatiot: ) Everywhere in the Territory ? I Ksaiss there la this ou'.tsr^ssnd tbn wroite, whl-b btvc tbr <wb oe tbe ABSrlcaa ->eopl? for the nrst time la eur htstorv the red torch of >loody clvj war. Now. fieB.we are asked what is the rex- y "r ii.n ;i, v tie^i Lobody<an deny. W a hav ? pmnounced the remod v. It Istbstibt comput and so'.amn cover tat ot Itltt, msue 1 v reutbvin stsieemen. shaJL iniome iormer oiurr be n a<l? tood to the American States and to the gmer'oaa I- ? Tie i?rever. ( 5reet applause t We ask, no ?o will suhBiit to to leee. wettilincl tsvale 3egaw? r'.ebie, loeal ir traditloual. nor rai'.e any qoeeUoa not iD'oired Ib tbe fueetlott ef KsBaaa In IM pr? scat pgMWf t auovcrsy t bell tissue that tbe r!t/a?e ot l ena?y)ra ms shall not Bitsund"Ti*w.ii my vte? abejK Jbi ?"J'4* 1 raj. we detrasd that tbo ?0ve?aBt ^ri?2i*bs hem t trod lii setne fctBi or We do boi care bow It ? t > te dt Be, whether H he done by CSMutlve^txiB or 11 .jence? whether .1 he oone by tlie po ple ei the T'.rr - nee, or la whatever manner n? Ibrm it may be d me, re rare tro*; we dctMUid teat it shall be do?e. Th y ia 1 i ? shoiltieaisU-, thry tall us aat' s^rery fa .atxi ?v -ry i .n le the I uMed .^islee who te set J^lermln.-d t? bjM ? iisas a tlave MM Bwf 0?ttO? CI as aa ettemy to lbs tat. r.tion; sad yet thie is tb- ? h?sd mi iroq; e( our ti?B<mt ''-this h a!' that tbe i-oregaat ef ieMrrs, tw M#dle?w, and Monioe, and Ci.'.ho tu, an I Is ton, an,_ . i Ik, aad Van Buier. asl Taylor. ?'wm! he made gwo<, mm briag to the ccontry thai peaee wl irti haa he^B broki o by the Ib trod art to? et this reied i.aest.<* i on the part e? tre rank* asd emptn* of MM 1 r 0M?M?n aMI he MM. W? decUtre i*i?t It -hall he do?*; sud by the gra^e ef Oo<l. we HI |>W| ii.u dcrlaratioa good. o>n+% sr, .a . titneBs, l mtfbt leere this qrsetion wit) j ,tt^hg further on j o?r I me than 1 hsve slreadf tfette. CM of ' Co on ") But II yen bear wW> M > ?Wgi ; will go a little lurtfcer In the eltcUayeo of th' p<. n y \ ii.e h .will result rrom tbe r -n ti-i , t' ?? r - o-t ? HML and th j brtoelag har k of that peaoe whie.i et tte l tn ibe cowatry la lW?, upei tbe ina.rurstion ol '-'??ral w. t*>?et)g i? the forerBmeBt ol this own.ry ts d t?cMI itNT.ioft Mr Uie ma nteiutBOe and pr-.n-.i-sa . :n of .1 e IMttMCOW Ol sHrsry. ?0 long wa ra. I ?v l ?0 i ? ace. it cart never be a pf i*eM f 1?"1S - i. menu, or agitBhon, aad ?e tee ehT- tbrv sr. .* - Mne-bonh' Ts r.g ropst "r tb ' p ry. wb?B po 'tice ie coaBeed i . ; .r ,i. ' g >> - ?be r, batch li everywhere Idirr" to Its .oaBdatioB^a^* the otorgi s'e ?ve?yw*w? po^flf .*gv*J w -rdeaol pt-yere fbr tbe mtoreUee of pwee te th ? , ,, ? n. liberty to tbe Territories of Kans-iS s*i4 Nebras'f a, where it waa fen hv thejacred cowps i .o. rtv.ife-n .is M "tir (t.r?r?i>!rs. !/*.. a< > IV , | i . rresa' Caa yol alSeBoe tbe r?e ss SOT tbe ?b< ?ts sn I Ml ? tuwt are scatier-Ml ' ^oadrast eB tbe wHig- ol ilfhtBlBg atJ or th. w^?s Vt steam wherever there Is IB tell ? v. i .1 ' man.llng, ss t w-re ritb one v.H)e ?IO SwtEm it tbe eovoMfti of lh20. and tbe re ^<ab i-h nent ol the peace of lb- country an It exist eil tn 1*?0 no , BMMMal *Seo. look at iic m- n ib your own ?Hate m.B who rarely er never rreineet the pulls, or g rea vote la tbe cleetioBs of tho country, aud to-m <rroe week *ou will see fliteen or lw<*ty ihonsand or the-e men at ihe roll*, it may he fbr the first nine, dem\nd!os what I ?tewatid? tb" restoration of the eeveiant o' 1W0. stul the ,, t>irn ol that peaco throughout tbe country, wsl-h has I brr n disturbed stid broken by the ^naekn and emplrtoe of I ivig dev. t.. i ' ' 1 ? r ."nr. I will tied the -bating B an ami the meeVs n o, tho working t.ia CV|? naiit and tho poaoo of ?*j'i our coon try h*a boon dcp-ited. Tiit laboring mil Uss hoard it Mid ttito year for the ftiM tiirio that irto lab* ia a rurne to tbe govurc a. tut? iLm free labor ia apt retsbei by the parties that control the government of thia scontry, and lhat oo far as the icilut-nce oi slavery e concerned and so tar as it extends, ire* irbor shall l?ei uiid'Tiained Bad undersap p?d, until it fcba'l fall it to tl ? vortex of rati, where berro alresdy pwni the j>r mcipi- .< of denocraey, an exempli Hod in iht> acministratu ti of ttiia yea.*. The laboring men ar<> with us. Who ia tt&re thai can stand against tola rain'potent combination o< in/luecoe cow mirtmali-d in i lie |mj tuchl ureua ior th? ursttime in tie iiutor j of ibia oct-niry? I* it the quark democrtioy of lt$6t (Voice*? "No, na.") Never ? never Ttiey ? ill be swept away an thcvgb the j were mytbe tiiat had no edit *lee. here r < Tbo ti^ctiun of October 14 and tbo election M the kb lay ol November will gwoep tl;-m avrny and have il.m In nafeaaed deaoiwlun? baaed hh the vulgar air.? <AppL',-WP) Thereto another policy, aenaiimen, wn.oh will mmit I'Om tMs. The Uistltitium ef this country and tbe t.trrngtk of ting country arc to be determlued aa?t direct ed, in the r??cj of us loie'.jii altairs, to the ag^andlae m tut ol the Son tb c r li section of Uie conioderacy, Thetrioe it ooat war, or whatever it shall cost. It fas l>.-fn do c'arefi by the C.mforence oi Xlektara rcpreaent.~>? our government abroad, a*. amble's by the order of tbe^ pro sent aumlnUtr?tioi , mat, as it r?ucern? Cuba, or . * it t'-noerat any islands In tbe feoutberu seas, if they bo do ceseary for tbe maintenance of thin confederacy, the power of tbe government should, wnuibor rig at or wrccg, be used to at Izo and to maintain these jiosj-oeatona, if tbe governments owning tbero io sell them at such a pr>ce as we think proper. 1 have here a document, known aa tbe report of tbe Ostmd Conference, and I want* to show you the opinions and declarations of that Con ference. a* embodying tbe policy proposed to tho Ameri i vr people in regard to oar foreign affairs. In refer enco to Cuba, and to the refusal of tho government of Spain to toll us that iolat-d, it says>? .After wo shall have offered Spain a price for Cuba far be yond its present value ? That is, fxuig Ita value for oursolveft. ? It will b<* then time lo consider the que. tlon, "Does Cuba, In Ibe p?.t .-??!. slon of Spain, ?erlou?ly etnbitigrr our Internal peace aud the exiKleure of our cherished Union " should this qtias 'Iob be anaweied in tbe alll.mative, tbeu, by everv law, human Er dlvtf \ we ahall be juaiiflea in wrc.-Ung it from .Spain, tr we avr tbe | ower to do so. That La Uie policy recommended by Ur. Buchanan at tbe Conference in Ostend a; the policy for tho United Mates government and people to pursue, and whiih policy was darkly shadowed out in the Cincinnati plat form in tile Convention which nominated Mr. Buchanan, I ask you, men, ahetber if w? elevate to tbe l'reai dcncy a man reprenectimc tl Us policy and recommending it as tbe policy of tbe United S'-.toe, in our ailairs and dealings witn fortiga nations, how can we ivert war? how can we avert tbe detecration ol the American name? hew can we avert the greatest contumely and Mhaaie tbat ever Iklicn on vho name of a free, ealightenel at: 1 Intelligent people , la the history of manWiuoi' I will go a step further. In rpcakmg of Mr. Buchanan, I make no imputation on bia personal character; I am ready lo acknuwle^go him as a ilaUngnisbed cttizoa of the United Stuies, possessed of mauy of tho qualities which dialingujib a ,le men; I deny him nothing of thoj* good quaiiilts; 1 caly ?i?h tba: be had added to tboje uoci qiMiitits a wtl! wb;cb would have enabled him to ai^t for biinuelf cgnietl-nes. If he had mere of i'enn ?y!vanU.. end tan ol M's-ourl and the Southorn Mtatea, be wiual L-e an abler aa vreli as a better man. I speak bo word ?' disparagcmei t of bun. There li nothing which jcu can Lay in bis favor whl-,h I am not also reniy to hay. aith tbe oxccption I nave shown. 1 will not imitate the example oi' tbo i u III an Governor of Vircl ma In bis atrocious and b easily asLanlts on one of tbe cundirtaUs, sustained by tbe largest portion of the m teiiigf ut and free pcopk of this country. Will you allow mr, however, for a single moment to compare Mr. Bu chanan Willi a distiEgui: bed statesman ol the South, a Southern man as it regards the policy of tbo country? I lueat Thomas Jefferson, a democrat, one whose doc trines ic day are as much dcmocrstlj dortrlaos as tlisy were in 1781? Ibo same as it regards our Internal pcaoe. (he name as regards oar relations with foreign nations? You i ever heard from Jcflerpon or any msu or his school ot pol'tics, the declaration p-oolaimoi in a C inference of fcir aurs rcprc?entlnj the American people, that if we want a Territory, and if the nwton o unmg it do not Mil It we would be jut till .d m wicstir g it from thai nation by wnaU'vtr r we can briLg to bear njion tl. SVU/ toe example ol the burglar who bioke into the Kioro but would sot tsike the goods beoaoan tkay were mark vt so htgtl, fhows niBm'ely more of ttaternuuuhlp, as well as luoro ot honor, ttian the dociitno ot tbe tMimd C ?nf jruuoe. You never beard any d? c'-vra.iou of Ul>i kind prooeeding fto&i tbo iijis of Jcllerton or ai^y mu who assooutea or kffl.iatMl witb him la pollbca. Tbore U the same contrast Ntwc?n Jar. Jtll'trson sud Mr. Uncban in in regard to va\ery. 1 wart to ca'ljour attintlon fre a moment t'? ibe j.oixy ti Ur. Buob au?r ia It regards the alave ques tirc? n?.tas to what bo tb rk? t ow, but m to what he il)o.i?Lt a littlo ie af>? fur rihi r men have cliaoged li eir views cn this qurai n, rod coehequootiy Mr. ut i-nat.LB bar cUi: ?i tn tlowb. I want .o c*'1 ri ue atusa lioo l what he tuot'gbt a littlo while s fo. Here It Is In a biograj by ol him. o? Ills jm lr.toei . pobUsl.ed at d area kited L; iiw fiiei ia. I ptrrbwd ilBr tbe sak" of l.k^ig out Uiv leaf (A Vwr ? A bad bargain.) I ankod iue bcokacllsr how mat<y copies of It he had loftl, au i he raid tfcstbfsi'X-s tbe one J boi.nht he had so'd oo'y on other I iietctu him how many he bad aoli of iho eamlidate i .dlci.ii ('. and dcnoiitef-o as the mail who is n<*v< r to be elect -d, and barb p to iri.-noa and not being wiihtii the ;<aic o< lb> ic ;?t ltd on, and bo sal'l they bad sutd forty or i liy thousand copies, ha could rot tell which It w t.> li-re te tbo paragraph, from the 873< pag? of tho J.tfti ol Mr. Buchanan. It alindta to the time when '.he tin u i aiitut'onal i'?s nta k*xwn aa the W 1 1 mot Proviso wai oirtHiecre aa tho none of contention in the United ft?t<r, tie >ays The rorM'tuiionnl d? pi icmey opponed Ibis doetrlne of the W lucot I'lovv-o the Huutliern n.en opoowd K. A i*r ol the?i not all oi iii' m Tee onstltntton-vl de mr-eiary ojtpored thi i doctrine Mr Bocbacan beio^ i mi ut; tie llist to raiet his volet In opposition lo it. H ? vrrjwi s> a ba^is or a. tliem'nl ttai tbe oomfrom!*e li jo of ifZi ? U), (iisM.url itBc? abaold be cxteuded to tbx I'aclfc C'ctan that was his rorcptomUe? a lt".Q drawn "cm fcaet in West? from the Mis?i?Fippi river to -bo 1V:I i'<: frcan. Now, I aa sure, 't will rot ha doing wrong ti Mr. i'.. ! anau to (U>mpcre bia p'aa lor the saUleaoent of t^at r,ie?tlrn wiiL tbo plan for tbe tettiemout of tbo samo qiitsttoe oOercd by a h ad r # SunU.err. statesman, whose ? ??otrtnes yt.u to <'ay WfBlee aa akin to, and equally ? ?cred ibe inrMttutlon Itwh? I mean Mr. Jefforsod. Mr. Jcffrrrcn, la 1784, pr^po^od a sattlemrot of ^e rbrery qnet'.icn, ? b ch waa ILcn .strodncod into Con greti a/a h uc of e<*< lent ton. Mr. .laileraoi a settle n,< tit ass by a 1 ne net running Uvt and W<> t as Mr. Ibvl m in, hut rtti emg North and .l4onth; and w hat do you tMnk i. at Hue won, :<ron-<iMd by Mr. Jcffgr Mt in l'H4 for tbo *<nttU muni or tbd alarery qiioatitiu f It asa aJLoly ai 1 inlilime proposltloa, which does lad bit? boc r to leremoa. m tba apo 'le of democracy, and la eaocgb of itaelf tc i?Ufy eicry man la ihaklrg off the tfasi frorr, inn J>e' wli" b he may hire hroo. ht npon 'ilmself by routiuEitiaUiio wi ll tbe panr aasnBilng to be Uie dsmoeraiic paity ol :lx preaeut day. Mr. Jederaon pn?powd a line r?e "? daa | ting east torn ih? Mla<H? ppl > lv r, nnld H an ilJ rearh ano ibe i Hi. > paaalrg tbroogh the ml', lie .>1 Uie K is??ha river, Is ihe Mat<< of Vtrf .la. tout helwnen llieao two iioea, innnlna Jtorth jnd Poirh, lbert:ah< ildben Tenteen ?'ta ? a ereat'-d, and that slti r be year 1??J, In ibe' ? si\etkt -en Hut tea s>U? be ere aird between the*e i?o ; the ;nactu*w n of ?lavrry should bi I r??i ahollah' d. an 1 that tan itorv shoaM be ouoaecrated tofiaixom. Ihnlwasthe poiley of Mr eBrraon n l"*t to make ?evr nlern now 3t*tea ana to drcWe that a?*teer, yoara aferhet were mads, srarj inch if !hatterri'-.r| aboaMbee?n aeers'ert to Ireedotn and fastened saalasttbiwy. And how. do yon iHnk. wa? tba' uiaaosttloa reclied? It rair.e Intot'onfrraa eirana'iDg froas a Koutivrn o.irmlt'ee? n<i? from a WoruiTn fotrmlit^e. not fr-im ii doti)?b fa^e ei' not i'r.?m a Ifk ? pi'tle e> n>ir ales, not Ir-'m a . >?nmi'iee ab'Ch, bo' ling vrivl '? ?:.?* ,n U.e Matt of Penrailva-ibi in<l In 'be fre<' Htatra, waa * ir* o set: out :h> ae hijjh privileges far :he bene'.tor the ""?n I t: | aonih.1 n ^tatea. No. il ame ty< -n a Mtrthern c(.ii<>< e, fumm?u of Mr ?' -U* rson. an 1 Mr. t*haseof M >ry IssmI. Tlmt c n nut ? e rrwaswawa to 'ha tVmgrraa of IM (enMMtaa 'he app oj.rla * n ard ereTOooof I base sevr-j te. n K'a's?? eartfj oaly ?*t alate .*J?i e? la lao I'nioa? w!i; b ab*?.t b.- ??re* er ei^rarerated KhMluB That w ui ^'r. J*-f ?e: >a'apohey. fi< w *sa it I r*itt ,r tte Tmigreas of 'be eoat'etferatintt* I artll t?*n yen i n* The Rew E. g' nd s'a>?s \ili-gfn*lt. Ve-A V?ka?l pew Jersey .n'?d fnVH. I'entt <Tl*aeij* eoied !o? It? aa ah* a'waya he* voted ft?r lib.# *jr. ihe v'lale ?f KorCi t'..roUna waa d \ ide L The M**^a of Pelawarn and (l.'ifii'a weM 'ahaent O* ik' ihMet'i ftatra D>*'n cfnit, oati>?f the .-. n'r la ev i>f ihe t ' I* n, i.?i!t thfee ? n thcr; M?,<>a- nowt'i Cart'ln% Mary'anS * ' >'trf t "Tirtt't l? h? n *4|tl led v?'e)? < 'ed ag last t'Us t t . ". n kl WWatswi ? wl*nre al.-.frj ?hou) 1 bs l>r "*? ? i r* l .i.'e.' aa an tna'i tit' ? 1 ti*ialrt 1 nice totes t.< aw -n i* ii Hw It r. ~ 'tl' rd ?S'. en x -tea. vnd i'aded hac ?aao vlrfc .is : id Mrrth ?ato"t awerp divl *1 sms !i? Kow I a*k v , % ? . ii it iy b ciulir' ng fWirstivea Wm*j I'.a 1 ! 'a 'b..l Mr. li I ct .. tu aa<t Mr iedeim.1. ??r" tills lasnooretx aa*l pro'?'-a* i g be i-aine principle*. iai?>a at ha srissar .an ae ' n>> < f M<*. .t. tej o, runnu g tfoi.h nut ^o. tb, inf g < tut t < Ira*- ?>m t<*>ty thtag lathe ??>' t ol ?eier'?"ii gtatsa, sad tln-a I . '?>k httbaoamTtf?nt*a? line, of :*fr. ttu hao-a. running r u?i a *d Weal aiid'ai\i*g back ?? alav* rj what ba.l ?e. n hkh r'a, a d ha *.v ?' irer c->?ter, at#U t.*fr? eclcnt. li touS^ad 'P<> srat, aaShabevew Jeansano 1j<* w laetaaltwea. j?n.r. u's !. re free l. ? sud ittM' nun i ?n ?* t* uie aud elatery. I'ru wut n * ujw n?' to nut c. Hu 'n^nnn i courjf w '.be en.?s ? ano?b' * f'<"tt5 ern man ot la'^r tlmaa, I s It- 1 ?' i ..? 's ' riagt-voer !? .? i.? ha'f een?*r/ ?og??h"r. so .gal wl?ii tl e Maaffem* nrs^o bis sge "ad *iu'i n? to ?t'p ( i t e T.^'ic ar.d''p ?*' of tiieh m* e as Jef>.*^?iw, m, I w.">)>tB?tW, laTisdtsus. #? ran fa'slf" ibew, a lha? dire. ?ci f.'ow *.'ii na, the.-e "as a ynuig man b-rn In the ? ti ie oC< eor?!a, ?n* e 1'tc > e<' In 'be F:a'e oi l*?*itb Par. din ?. it waa tn r*?*ttie"d mv 'ills tbNagh 'toe av> in*>a to pub arcr In be s a'u ef ff t ih < a- o; na. He wai b.ou;j'. up ? - >-e pre of arms. Be ?er ed In tke arm v Of 'he I'nltrd (ia'sa. al'ih la, in iieeir, lo i's >?rg(anii *tioj nod in i'i ntgnMMe slid I',>lnk"i, a .-0'i'h?*rti iMtltu: oi> Thai wss 'ha eare* r ol <h.< jouns ma . tK f* . lowing i ne r ???'* f f *' ersoa '*>ih s su??t bi traee the l r.e . -nfV r to "ioaa i ha n' in .it u aa .'<*r*.|?a# aatiat.iM o ? ib? fat lire t'Sck of Uie I'rcr Ridway, lsrf\ bia yiy f Wma, and aai e .d'he i.aek mii"?i d.o oonii- it ,. *i e fa-it ? ooesa ? e nsek aver whteh will lia^oafoa , c u > !c ol I' ' It iltsa the trad* fnf 'iva or at" or "O h r! rd ml'Hona of peei| ta Wbli b w> 1 op^n up aid le ?*? ?? ?I ? uneiiei re?oi?eea of n ir own e. n'.nent an I mia' 1 '?* ( g.?? onr prodn a lo etchaaae foe tVlr nro. octa tlila *. on g n.'tri an! -red lato tbe 'ines1!' n 4 the amnloNi >n ofOi'l iorr'a He lias l.een p'onenneed by V-. J'n* van n hi ie-ll M ..mry of I isis, to ha*e a >et??r Title to lb" IiO'hm of h*-'iog eonqaarsd sn ' woo that terrMn thia any <?b *r ,i?iijg ui(.n. i \ppiauri ) J in r l* a'd, npw th>' <e l< a an .dni e p n- bo rie?.denry, rtat b- was * <a bo JU jterer nor tl ? co.mier*ir cf '"altPaaia, i.nt T e?a nt>0 reenileet h l vrtr oau *'nlt >tt, wl>o gare 'Jk'ne werbl tb'.se lH uf steal nag f altan la al? ? doma I 'he h<wo,* ??l 'hat ureal *e?i?t in Bi'idein eiflit viilon ai J pr'igr"'* 1 ko .w t ei y wr i that it c.n? aeellotts ?r lbs aoautry WMII ? iv i \lt nri'en bc IKiUiralb.n Waawswfl ladei.vl to V' . Jsti* rson sad that K leemmad te haveh^n aeopr of ?cm*' (!. I Mietil .ln*v?' np b? aotao other people in somauUM'* rai t ? ' 1 i ' . W.'re that other rteeiamllort w* mail Una* ... wall m<der<?vit lknd >rom tq the World. Thti -on line* t. whleb waa dinor-fere'l bf IVI tntbua, doe* nr bear 111, i> h ui * . 'be b*t>*r of'ita diw oreff * A given. In . f trr gn r.wii lo one sV, sn gitetpriaing Mrtcatty, rann* tn thia r i 'i trf Rrg a^er ? "himbtlg, s',d bad in frtii 't *'"9 Hi f t1"' " "''H Wr? \.*i% iliM* M m * A nut UM a conattti'tiou? the af art tie people, of the t-eemnn and flrea Laborers of the Ten !H"J of Calnarnia? prottibdod u,- n Ulnar' of slavery, because 'he people understood very *rll that tt slaves csmt in there .4*ouM be the eni and death kn-il ot free labor: therefore tiny probtVlted slainy. Col t ramont, a* Sci ator at California. an conqueror ot CuMUruia, as a Souioi ru aiMt, *i.(i lied i -mael!' juied in tte ''rani eg atui cm utrui- loo of thkt coustitatiori. uad had helped to impart to it Qjat vitality of trieduu* which tin s given to California all &?t it lias now, b< te thin cferel start <? tie Congress of the li mlte-1 Katies iu.'l u*l*<i fir adiiiiakii n. It waa denied him and tue n i ople vf t aiit'oim*. A lid v II)" 1 he ->oath 1-sk.ed that the luie of M', digrers 30 mi iiutea should l>? rma from the Krat to th* West, MorsectUMC Calitora a in U?e tirry centre, and that the lower isart ot uat tth d. grera of territory should br f.ven ?o tiavi -y again. ICv en tiie letdtle civilisation of Mexieu Lu?d e Mtrlhuteu to givo .'o t'lililurdla the IretJoai borne Into the i onelttuUon by tJeL h rettoul and lil? associate* but ?h.-? ob-i .n l m i!id h' meet timer lie not James iiuehanau. (ictwaiinHwr-aotua rej icseniativ?? but as u Volunteer agataat tho fn t (Jt.-iu ot California; and i have gooi authority fi r *a)iof that hi. i:?llu ence wh? U'^d to run the i'ne of 30 deg-^r.-* So usaOti'* totha Fin lie so us ie Hive the southern part ol California- to alavwy. Had Oie lliie been run with that Inteution every man uader tliut al? very would, one day or othe % h.ue e.-wabnahad it# pov urd ahtd?- good iu cUim lo iliat Territory. Here, then.) 1*1 havelVae two lostanoM- Jeuiris i.'a line giving all to freedom, and lindhaiian's givut? halt and the betur bad'. u> Slavery. Here J* o tare Fremont, In IH60. c%uo*orint? Oall tori.Ia, conquering it, and establishing a gc ^rnrnent tli;re with u cot stittitlGt prohibiting alavery, bening the cilart at freedom to the Congreaeof the United ftatea, and ask: ng ad mission And there, again, vou h?.ve James Ilueiuiuau who sa^s? not an h teuiiiw, noi ai a representative, Mt as a voiua - th illneofM deg *i min should by at tend, d to ?he Pacific. gMtig half of Caliloi nia l?rk to alt eon - Which will you cli.w, as4 who is the democrat: 1 s it Jef ferron or Bu&auaa t which vriii you eh*-o?e and who la the /.etnoentt t Is it Fremont or is tt Buchanan. _ (V*4c?r " rren.onL'') 1c-* do wail to answer Fremont. 1 he- coumry too will an*wer ' l r. mot it." a-id ^ h a vole? a? never before his been prouomot 'd for ? candidate on thin cmtmeut. UenUetxivt, I will udt t# cspaso longer on i our licie. I have ht%ted to yen what i c^nct *tve to be ?u ong facta in this caae 1'understiu.i perfo< tly wA'l thai the BUtemeniH Whieh I have made will be iuve?tig?tu? t. t challenge Investigation I have placed t^oio you lei 'tart If we succeed, the eoiralry will be restore .? to, and wi| go on prospering and to prosper. If our cppouen'emicoeod. the black pall of human slavery willl be Jtrtended over t er ritory where It does net now exist, and where evun it haa been prohibited by the good men of the Southern atatea. rennsyivania needs, more than any otter rtuie, peaoa. Look at her history. Site was ihe Hrst to make reeouad wlih enthusiasm the truths of the lleclaratloo of Ir ieperdenee; she was the second State to adopt tie constituti on: she was tho ilrst state to open up the mineral wealth of the continent? that wealth of which w? have even now but a faltii concep tion? and which will, at no distant day aupply and conmi the whole mineral market. Tt waa on the OaunsUXa, ia yoar coumy of Luncaattr, that Fulton made his tin t experiment ia ?tesm navigation. Pennsylvania Initiated the great enter B rises of canalization, in opening oanala, wh /to trill enable to people to develooe their resources? meclianljal. iiKi untrial, agricultural and' mineral. She was the pioneer o the railway, hbe has expeiuied in railroad* KW.iJUO.IMO, th .t she miRht throw broadcast over the continent and the wo. < her coal and Iron, bhe seeks peace. The Soutk givee ! - no peace. We all want noace. 'think what can be ?Ue' ,? <1 in a tour years' peace. Will you rcmemberihat the Ame' a colonies first asserted their Isdependenoe of ()>eat BrMata li^ establishlig a 1'tat office Department before the Deoia ? i>a of ludepeuaence was made- Kratiklin tae great man of 1 ,u Hjlvsnla was as waahlsniht made Postmaster *ir2?tal ? ?< all cliisses of our people In the NorJi deinaud postal r- ?? m Hut the United States government has no time to atten ? c Congress can never attend te postal retorm, or any ~iaK ?. >r busii.ets, v hile si sslon after session coatin tea to be a >s it in discussions giowlog oatof shivery iigiuttioa but o n , - > we had peace ? what would we do on th? sulyeot of postal form 1 I will tell you, in a breath. (Vv the Postm i<!er Oe. ra ?? report of last ytar, it appears that the transmission <>i mall matter costs the government ?t, 000 tXIO aiinuall/ Fo* It was estimated by the officers of the government in IM* that the tranimlasion of free matter through the mall? h it la. of packages and documents, and papers franked? would cost the government $3,000 000 for the year That aopoans from the report of a speech made|by Dr. Old* the * 'bairn-in of the I'oat tiffiee Committee In the House of Representatives iu 1K>4 Now, If you abolish the franking privilege and re.; t <r> the government to pay Ita own postage, you will t*k.-'o > the malls tXMiO.OOO of free matter. Look at the city ot iV'u-U muton. There are inree eoniinutees at work there? ib" lie publican Committee Uio American Committee and ihe Deo o eratic Committee. The Republican Committee sends liiro.igfe the malls i his year 4,U0t'.t?) speeches. The Democratic Com mittee tends probably as much and the American Commit eo nearly as much Suppose you oali it Iti.OOO.tXW documento In all. sent this year at uie expense of the goveri uw. Now If instead of Ui!a privilege, you giro to rt . U Kenatoracd each representative three, tour, or fiv e doBa"* a day as an allowance for"V<i?b?g<" ? aud live dollars Is cert* !>? ei-'jiigh for escL man? you only put the gorernmunt of L'pited t-tafs to the expense of 91BJOO a year, and ther '? save to the govenment ol the United Statee n.OOO.tklO in hM tran?m .?lon of frai ked matter. Isxk at another llcin iho cist of prlailn^ books? a eorrupfanil useless expenditure la this year moie than $1 M) iOt>. Take away the i'raukiog prt vilege, aa I propose and cut down the com of look printicK fl I W).0UU and you thus save to the Treasury of the Unite* t-t ales every year $4.000-, 000. With ibis sum )OU can afford to give ocean postage at not more than a penoy or a penny tod a half, and postage to s.ery inland town, wheri ver tliere la a* society or community ol fr ?? men. eo cheap that the poo* rot, man can aJlord It. tilve us then four yearx of oetce. ten tho .-soutii have *11 that belongs U> them ; deny to t.i?nk every thuu; that does not Ve'or g to tbera. Meet, msa to office who wilt tlnok ior themselves, who ?re truly democratic iu spirit, and you will have time to attend to th ?e lai. rovemeota necessaty to <J( ve!ope the ma'?':l*t wtalth of the w hole conti nent, and to five the American people all the privilege* tksA they can desire for themselves and lor the children that shall come *fUr them. I am for Cotor.el Frem-ait, as the repr '-etitittlve ot the r-rinc.ples th.< t i i.avc deetared t^son tans not entitled to spcaW fur him. but I 'rtut tiw yoot UoathMsuo win lead yon to recognize Ids eislms. and give your uuMter ng support to tlie young Ktg'e of the MeunUis v whom I aotr proclaim a? the next Presl.leBt of the United Ht> tes. As Mr Barks c,onc!ude>l his speech three rht Were glvea for him and thiee mere for Co'oncl Fremont. Police Intelligence. CAPTinUC Of AN ALl.KUCV FOPUE H. A fcw weckn ago a lMl'-r ?u r' solved by tha Thief a t rolleo In thW city from Mr. Hi>?tjr?oa, Chief tfupartutaa rievt of tbe l or 'Ion polk**, wberela II km tinted that * G?t had rimed Frederick Curl Ullrich, who ru Uaph rated In *omj forgcriei upon tlia Dank. U England, bU e ?caprd to tbt* country <? boird (ho ahlp Ti<*>a-J< roga. ?ub koiu of the counterfeit plate* n his pwf??ii'in. r ar dent Bowper waa enirorad ?ttu U f taak of arreebaf >bt r. an when the vtaaelarTlTed. A du-criptloo af tha 'vf Hive via forwarJixl from Rn.iaat , n t with thia dona K<nt In hta band Bo?v?r pro??ot1ad V> tbe FraigraaO 1( |Tt at Uie O ?la Ger.'ea, asrt awaited tta a*rlr%i ot it, a ilciniiMDica. officer White was tagagad by Mr tj>ay*a to aid btm in. the arrerl. Aa wica at the ra tal arrival tha acci'tad ?n '.in me 'lately idea tifled a* in a itraon. tha aflloers vara In aaamh of. Tbijr <l:d r t Jet in It prudent, howerrr, to arr^t htra naoa the epoi, no . -oy lr? ?l htai to a hoarding hour* ta Allen street, and "in tb?a<-e t? ike fonrtb at?ry of aa old baiMii>g la Centre etreet Hi? ftag*me. It was fouwt, bad taker up j "Taaorut qoaftci^aul ara? b j>ilf em gag** 'n follower Ma old oor ipaAk i forpag geaa. ?no bank note p \t?*. Tbe r.rtUara Wfcra aware of Aa manner In ?blr\ lirlck apont ha Utoe, aid to ordor ta prevent tiia MuiahU g a uounwrtcrtt baak n >-c plate cf Ika Kcckvi>le Bark, of Rockv'.lle, Oonaai.ticat, tlu-y irln<-<1 to arreat aim, and ihia prrelado tbe potstb' '.tf of ma Hooding tbe community with the Kpurtoun atuff TV la nw 1 Uecud ytatorday morning, aa Pliri<-k waa <? gaged In engraving .be oonntarfeit ptaie. with a gnautne '"two" <ulhe above i>enk before bra foraoopy. On helrfqnoa ttaaai, ill* pr *< n> r staled that bo wan merely a .raving ai^clmoM with a view of gati ng eiapkiyniaat m t Ida cxcuie waa aot a good one, so Mr. Clinch wm liked af o tboTirmba lor examination Tha nrtanoee, waila a rativoof Berlin, ?? enivuad in the Br>ti?h Oerc_ " U BaMMk tmt ?ii tainc^ Ma dtaeharga on tt>? t'.aoi ef tharra ment. !? a r.vrj ptMW ttal ho tU not ha nni back to Knglai.d. bat will tike a trip t iHlg |laa ioat'-ad. Tbo roucuek ; as tbe RarhTlUa I la ?la a )iaa in ut < is although It 'j*j not yet reorivpd Ua Jt.iaHta4 tawfc. City la tell Igtence. F n ii Baoit'Win? H:twecD oae aa<i jmo o claaL. yetstavday aooralag, a fl*a waa dhtcotar ? la tha laaa. tad a ?broidery tloaa Na 311 Itroadway, Bear f -anklta ?tr. et, f<vmp\ad bp Miller & Grant. * VA*a tNr doara w*/a brck- a open tha body ot the Qra w: . Moun i baralat H iho < winter de*'. . uanl ^y thr r.a?hi*r tno ,?b.ieh taaat Tj" liamer ??re very ^uoo i it u?ulai<ed appiratiaaat a tveam of watoe. Tl > lamaga to tha ?tool will be principally by aa^ka an ' water Th ea It aa laanrane# na the ?t?eb, aa fhUowa- v?iv>n bl"lMa < n- ar.y, 15,010; Merchants', i'artlr. "f,00#; Itrk. <100C; Uaa of Hartfttrd. MH l|?Tlli^ Ka?t "1 ?<Ki National 1 1 000 ikaalMaa.. *1 MO. Broe'twae, *3,0<>0, and L(Q| to Ian I. fi5?v V< Ui, #31,000 The baok baae-neai a oonupta4 hr Baarjr 1 inier ar J IhaiilTi hla furniture *aa ?mif t i aOMa ? ' at by wait# ; laa jrad mr >500. ta tLa Ham : aa laari*. . ancr C ? trpaay We^oad alary, oocujwet by 1 K la all / mrrehaat Ian or no danag*. iae ira I tar 41 "00, la ? the Partflo Jnaararee Company. The Bra w?i flh?t ro^pftd by Patrick Dot!#, oae sf Utompaw a wattirt^ vhrwaauBblt way home, when, aaeitg amok* kaaar , ('o* the dare bo gave the The art* n c( Ur ? ira tt nader Inveatiga'ion by t^ Fire Marrhai. who w s 'a?ly at the ?|ore, and ma; a aa etam a."tl>a af f k ? np<a?a. Ttie hT'itta* i* (anM by \'t John W at. There a V t little latnaf* dc-.a to tha b ii' Uag A r-'wra .-hrrnrii?T> 03* tin ? ?!: nnt 9tr.*iui ir R. jm^ .a ? r %y eri: aw . a?ven o r'iok, t^p i ?a rahif atrfnl at ^?1r ilaak, 'r m Rl^hmoni, Vk dor a? t! e nigbt, aa the - v.?r? har oai|n i'ti ot IV ha'wl* dtaoarerpd a raaa, raraftaily <K?aa ap, la ?hwfc WM a a?n. be n fr'i aaff anOM tar tha a Ml of a'r. Ba broke tha .Id, wha\ a waa r-.Tered thai be wa* a fugitive a'a*% and tha ataataar waa ainedtataly ?iat frr* nee daafe MM *arhar4<d at.Saady Hrok, and tba near ;.tttit mi hovd oaa of Ifea Rhhaate pttftfta bonad tb> ^e. r*rf R?a> m **? A?aa o aa.? Tk?B r^itoh taraa Mie .1 yertard ay a faTor af thaFagUra. u*a wtokala to a parr. The ? .ore stood u muoaca KafBah, 13?? hW 1 ; 7 . AmarVfcia, PI? I14-?1T?. Aima'r/iT? >* Mwtaa at. Pro vnatrau.? A Wake I match Wtli -je piayad baiweai tkt ahnvn j arttca at Ik*. a k, Kaar .artsy, today. me Mtuagni Tranalt i ami any < ^,4 avrsaioa cornr? ttrwtAi Reiora Baa Jndga B v. worth. ? Vt. ^ ? rv?e liar O* Lm aaay. V:t> aad . ?"d ' lh>Tt, S. kh' i im "f tAa Ar ,-^m rw tVaafl Tpory, rg. rwaeiiue K. f*rrinm.? anlM wara c anaeaoeA agxlaat Mr. tlarrtena, (or^ (n the aataa af (be A, craaory Traaalt t'omaany. aad H;o other la "tiia '.'an ot tha atnokhotdara,) to recover a larga ansoiil "I a>ovoy. ct whfh Mr. Garrtaoa a atkagad ta haTada4v>'<. ed tbe company dartag the pertod 'f ha awatyart F Md'ia. In tha ?nif rommw<Vhy tha utajia ,3 kr. 1 vr'aon waa brld to batt '? f,'?>D'<A. h? ?>.o marred ta tbe aatc* ir the t ?a tUvhi I it. tletam of M<yt.o at ^ f, < J t.-t* pr >p< rt| t Vr (Tarr'*OP. Dt lL <u<l ? a fcr lw ?*n> ailtfi-ti ;i TVi? qiMaU^.a I j b** tfr*" >4 *1 i*ia i-? ? ? toTW^e a< ' c i thaai't na V ? ?? ? ? ? (f the < I t > ' t ??' r*