Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 6, 1856, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 6, 1856 Page 2
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Mi Ta?? Cimtt? 8am astowo, Tom, Oct. 1,1866. trr.ilt Overload March of the Second Regiment of Vmted Stat** Cavalry- The Ride /rm Jefftr wn Barrack* to San Antonio. Ttxao?Scene* by Ike Way?Indian* -Prairit Dog Town*, River*, fbrt*, Citui, and VUlant*. In the Lope that the Aroma of the Mocha and My*on fro? within, may diffuse iUelf through ay letterh, thereby imparting a fragrance, and investing tbea with a chara they might not otherwise poa mm, I voutui e, seated on a candle box, by the light ml an cnxnuRM candle, and that a tallow one in the Back of a broken bottle, to give a "hort bat true account of an overland trip to Texas. The 2d Regiment of Cavalry, the pride of every tone American, and the regiment which, it has been predicted, will one day become the brightest gem of tfco United state* Army, left Jefferson barracks to begin a long and toilsome march, on the 27th of Ma*., 1855. The day was beautifully bright?one of these soul expanding days on which all nature stems to rejoice -which our friends, at parting, kindly hoped wnuld be the harbinger of our future With spirita somewhat depressed we bade a long farewell to a place endeared to us by many pi?sing associations, and commenced our pilgrimage. The order of the march was as follows:?First, the Ser geant Major, with a pioneer party, consisting of ten men, one from each company; then the car riages, fire in number, containing the ladies of the regiment. Following the carriages came the regi ment in column of twos, headed by the Colonel, Benior Major and staff?the companies alternating as follows :?The company in front one day, taking its place in rear the next; after the regiment came the wugon train, thirty in number, and in rear ?f all the guard. A few moments before starting, ?dc of the soldiers who was to have accompanied as was thrown from his horse, and killed upon the qpct. He had prepared for this journey with all the bright hopefulness of youth, little dreaming that he would so soon be summoned to " that bourne whence no traveller returns." What different preparations would he not have made could he hare foretold this melancholy fate! Truly " in the midst of life we are in death." Our hist camping ground was in a stubble held, ten miles from the barracks, which we roachcd at o o'clock P. M. Here was presented a scene which beggars all-description. Never shall I target the sensations of that evening. From the moment the order to dismount was given, all was hurry and confusion. Men, horses, mules, dogs, mess chest.-, tents, boxes, trunks, mattresses and ftying pans, were all mingled pell mell together, as if they never again could be brought to their res pective places. Presently, "stable call" was heard, and order once more reigned supreme, doubly appre ciated after the taste we had of Bedlam. Sol <fiere arc rapid architects, and before sundown ?or tent* were pitched. Then might be heard the sounds oi innumerable "axts." Logs were chopped, and large, cheerful fires built in front of each tent, crackling with a charp and lively sound, as if they loved to burn, bupper was then prepared, and eaten with a relish none can imagine who have not expe rienced the appetite induced by marching. The sa vory odars of tofl'ce, bacon and corn bread were dif fused throughout"the < amp. and were far more ap preciated by all, even by our most delicate and fas tidious ladies, than would hare been all the vaunted perfumes of Araby. At half past * "taps" were heard; after which, all separated, to -eek "tired na ture s sweet restorer, balmy sleep." This is my hrst glimpse of a life in :amp. l have a long jour ney in prospect?a journey which cannot be ac complished in less than three months?p-rhaos not then. There has ever been to me a peculi lr sadues i m making any serious change in hl'e. It seems a though that knell like word "farewell" imrows up more painful emotions for me thin lor mo*', other*. 2?th?We were aroused this inorumg half au hour before day bieak by "reveille." Then the quiet o ni |ht yielded to the busile of day. Breakfast was to be prepatcd and eaUn, beds to be rolled up wagons packed, borsch ra idled and tents struck *- .%.? ' - - v.ia panning to and fro each anxiou* about his company, and uneasy til) assured that all his men, horses and mules were safe, and in re*d;ne?> for an early inarch holders Unfering each other upon their luck iu plundering the neighboring farmyards dur ng the night, mothers fxettiog and ootapU.uing of the e.\ p<wure of their ' hildrtn, and -*y\ jnt- giumbliug at nothavmg sufficient time to rash an! pa k faeir dishes. experienc* of the bicht *a< an) thing but B(aecr*t>lc. Sleeping on tM pcro u 1 i.- tar from ing ?gne?uk under the mo t favorable circuin ?tfcnn? jntd, gpiocr* and auck vat letiei are to be expected, of cour*; bat I bid not anticipated many other disturbance*, -nch a* the coughing and ?ncriing of hor*ee with diatnnpt-r, tiie braying o' mule*, the profanity of the aoldicry, the je*ti and littering U lie caaip women, whko were, J m jure Cn.lurfrcm fopwliic. Our adju'aot, Lft G., am dJv Wttwi dcic* the ntglt hj a luge God tyidnr er tarcntela. which, In thia lat.tudc, U extrc r.ely po>ono!.4 He Mblfd inlenH-ly, the wniud in iiamed ^ery ?ucb. and be ia now ?o ill roin ili el ffeata at to M con jelled to rem tin behind. At eight ?'clock " the general" rounded. the tent? wi re ?tn.i k, and we reavmed iur m ucfi, the pro<x;Baion in >fing in the &.m' wider a* yeefc rd >y. i"he <Uy waa equ illy fine. and being Fundfty. we :aet uiow?< ?I e. tuit ry people, apparently winding thtir way to rhr: < a. ; >ey ?'j/ed aftt* u* With -aondcrln;? and iaqumo^ l!oki?nwn.woaeu and 'hildjen e?; d? utly lit- iMt d bv ?L.e rl.tt# rine and be*i tifu' uir foirri o our plftMa c?\i.'c*de-HH,d wel. i'- y in ght ?e; | .r it \ru n tn tL ft V'*t atlrriug a '.it 1V? catir* regit cnt, composed f an uaoau Uly fiae Iwkicg body of B-en all vreli matted and in new ?' d t? mpkt' '.aifo'tu, *.'? i *>u* ( i^i.ifwd ftod to tial 1 ? k.n : CoiuDel a their uta 1, w in a ?pe,cU ie ?ftlrul*ted to in-sue t-e m ? t PUuaic. rftrn? i* but little doubt tbn vim n? of aodo ng ^Irstn ? ?rd waving bmuMra *111 mi:f<lAwiti thctr ori-?w? to day, and i B?neh fear the c' qiHn e oi tL* bun >?e pat tor will tr lout opon hia 'i?.i*er?. A high MI] wKin hid them frop <w,r riew, ?.ik! :i < we lr??t "*?irL' of tbun taaimedaa if we had -ortied r? another link in the < hatn which I ?nd ?* L>> our fto itea. W. ma'ched n ftiil?a, and ??iic nupe.1 at three P.M.: b?'J oar tent ?> pit rH, and - MvparuL It fai now ctter ,,tfttf?'? " ?ny <t>? wbo mm beta uider th?* din: w i<j of wing hi? irene beet at a writir g de*k em lei'it/ Ibat it ia far from CJTfuit nble. <-pen.U)y a ter ? fhtlgBlng nmcti. i uiijr agreeirx with bim. I will clftse ft the OiMl/ftr 31.?L'p to thi? date w. hue ha<i no incident* w r'l y of r? <nirk. asUtinfr da If mar bet ?f frtun iilUen tf trenty talk fk we? ber bat been hrigh*. and fttMttul, but there n >? tvery ia <ti< atkm o! an irpmacbir r rtona. The n,< n are ba?y diirflog trrBche? arouTid then VatlUd makiRK' '??*.* ner^?-ary preparation for ma. Thi? morning a bi gkr of i ronii'any, w?? tkr wn front bU horwe into a d*ep diteh. He ?rswW4 <??t w.t!? hia Jothc ? torn and all be-lal.Mt d wi'.h mod. nw? Btiag a mint 1 > 4terow appe*ran<e A- he u> l>> r>o nt^iuwi a !??? <ri'e among h<"'-oiarad'^ iii? nuaiiap ' xarioaed ew.?i dorable Birth. A good nut a red farmer, ne<ir who*e h<>nee the caiaet'ophe oeeumd. *am> to h?n r*>a m , and tio doaht gavu him fr^wi hl? well filled lards what amply ?."?naok'd him, :u he re>'i?ei the rum wand th?-p??t<:ie ?</w?oV, "t3'fnt. Mimbod leen aiiha to-day over a wtj billy emi itry. Novemter 1.- Xotbiug wvthy 'if not." hii < oceru ?4 mn e the HeU We n?*e now. -?f br ;rt t aad <-heeritig ?naebine. "d? k and me' m-iholy dant, the -add?"* of tii* year " It hi" mine 1 l?jaaaltly daring t ,e la*t twftitf fjnr hot ra. The rind* are almo?' i?pi?e.ihle. and ?u rreigb th i'th" wag ?n tr?ln wa* i.r >Me to ke<-p ap with na The quirt r marfer. IA .1.. ha* gore lack lo the hipc "f Kettiny it IB thi* eveateg. We bare marched twaot/mde? to-day. a d ar< r.ow airtn r?ed in ft w.exfa which ia ? peife t nuidh'ie i iii. toil* were made, aa u?a', on the t-rotird. w th nothing to or'est Mieit fr tn the mod and wet ->ut gntta pt-icha hlmlret^ ik lalo robe*. Haine nnfortunat w not even b >?inir tah im the nre?antion to |nwMl thriiMt |?e< with the*1 \l r??dy tn/rii,d?o' ipld*?, Bairita. , nif lie ?ieen hi'iin -1 ftr m?<hoe ?wtwi'en oar Manket*. a pi^iaant pr??p?"t ?l,en we recall the fate of oar ^-itant. wM, by tl." wiy i?|oin'd na t-dav p?r'i^*!y re e<?V' r"H. rw. ia the moet diaigrenhf.- igct apwiti we biivf Mf; ?hei?i n -?.t i? ? swampy th-it iV dmm! "afjiiafltes ep ? * <? V< i r i- T! ? de cor.tiu,-. anil t?- ?agpi tra u ie ? ftlil be! ;? i c r.iio ?"qtien- ? ef wni"! ?e wJi iidih n in owpali Jay t?n ti e 5lfc we t< natl ?wsr mat-h. r. ' t rn '.i wete ?n ?wi'i h fti-ie a? made hit Ultlit | '>4|Tf>, ?r v ro t weight mileH. on tb? ' th. 7th and *fh we f ?. ?r>r ! ?: . n mile* a 11/. flew weath' wnlie? '?~Thla ntofn : g wr rr *? . a;> , <f, i,. tt'"y N g t*i?ey? a bO'd. rapid ?: < ? n ? 'M) yard* m wMtk, lather v be tm<M. swelled prob?bl> by the receat nuns. We *11 ?.??'xwed f?afaly, 'bough not wuhiu. much trjunie, a long delay and many i*p prehension* on the pirt of our Indies for tbeir safety. One of the carriage* and -everaj wagons btenw entangled. I and it was with the g realesi difficulty, and oaJy by diul of unceasing efforts on the part of offlkers and I men, that they were extricated and safely roused. Tbe landing on tbe west aide being higher up the stream than tbe entrance on tbe opposite aide, c im pelled us to move against the current, which, with tbe roughness of tbe bottom, rendered the crossing almost iapjwiihle. Once safely landed we con tinued our march and passed through Havnesvilie. a miserable, dilapidated looking pUce, containing not more than ten or twelve houses. Many of ua mailed letters from here, much doubting If they would reach tbeir destination. Curiosity tempted me to enter a hou*?, the door of which was iyar Here I witnessed quite an affecting scene?a young and interesting woman watching the sick bed of her only child. He waa a lovely boy, of seven summers; tbe little che rub, in the midst of his sufferings, endeavored to console his mother. He looked as if he would socn be released from all hia trials; the angel of death sremed even then to be havering over bun, only de ferring a nearer approach in mercy to the afflicted parent. She would have been a study for a Phidias; she was the most perfect picture of hopeless misery imaginable. In one corner of the sick room sat an aged man, his thin locks were hosted with the snows of many winters, and he already outlived hia three score years and ten. Life appeared a burthen to him. I left the group, moralizing upon tbe singu lar dispensations of Providence, and wondered why should that lovely boy be taken in his early child hood, anu tor what wise purpose is the old man, who has long since exhausted tbe pleasures of life, still linger on the earth. fMI | Nov. 10. To-day we crossed the Gasconade. This nvcr is navigable, though not so wide as the Big Piney. It was at the crossing of this stream on the Pacific railroad that a frightful ac cident occurred a few days aince. Twenty-nine persons from st. Lotus were hurried into eternity, and the lives of all in the cars endangered. We fortunately landed without much difficulty. The coontry in tliis vicinity is truly beautiful. One spot particularly arrested my attention. Jt wad an bumble cottage at the foot oi a high hill?all its arrangements indicated the taste of its inmates. On the window were some broken flower pots, containing no rare exotica, bat sweeter far, the fragrant violet and the mountain daisy, which Burns has invested with a beauty that mil never fade. The air was redolent with perfume. Two fresh, healthy looking children were feed ing chickens at the door. In an adjoining yard was a mule of a beautiful dun oobr marked with a large black cross on the h^k H the same place I saw a pony of a peculiar forma tion; it reminded me of Lady Hester Stanhope s, and as described by Lamartine. 1 could not avoid contrasting the scene and tranquil life led in that lovely cottage with ours. There, on the house, gar den, flowers, fields, wools and everything the eye conid rest upon lor miles around, was an 1111 disturb ed repote. a holy calm?aaacred influence seemed to pervade the place. With us, how different? From eaily dawn till the " deep dark thinking hour of midnight,'' may be beard the rude jest and impious oath. We have had a fatiguing march,and are now encamped within five miles of the Gasconade. To morrow we will pass through Springfield. Nov. 14?During tbe last four days we have marched upwards of 6t? miles. This morning we passed through Springfield, a plaoe which bids fair to become oi some importance. Tbe population is estimated at about one thousand. R contains some very good bnildings and several excollent stores. Here we filled our "canteens" with " native wine," made from wild grape, wbioh is very abundant in this ceighlornood. It it very good, iigat, and has a tine bounuet. It is used to a great extent through out tbe Missouri. There are a few wealthy indivi duals in Springfield, and I was told bv a citizen of | the place it was astonishing to see tie display of tinery amoug the ladies. He related quite an I amusing anecdote of two ladies of that t iwn. who constantly endeavored to "oatdress" each other. I This region of country is u rolling prarie, and is covered with different varieties of the cacti. I an' told that the leaves and fruit of this plant an very generally nsed throughout Mi-souri and Texas, tw purify mi ddy wuter. Tbcy grow in great abun dance and beauty Lere. We march..d ten miles to day, and encamj-ed mile from town. In the after noon our camp was visited by at*vy of school girls; the pioifg-ion was beaded by their tutor, who ap pealed a good, easy nr.n, to have but little authori ty over tliem. it was refreshing to see their enjoy They examine! every tent minutely, and holed attic ladie? who were dining at the time with countenances txpressive of the d:e, est corn mlset ration, nudging and whispering to one a no iber. ?? How they must bate it." One of tbe group, a bright eud hoyden, wai greatly fascinated by the 'iniform. snd m split bave !ft-en enlisted with l?nt utle trouble. It was with g.t*t rcluoiancc sbe fol lu?eci b?r companions. On tbe i:>th Be man be.1 ten miles, with the cx<eption of twa desertions: no incidents. ( n tie ltith we remained it the same encamp RffffefWiVijy we5fy"GTvtint life" ind UaTpifc cipJeK r ITlh ?Hained la-t night ii;c< ?v,ntly. "fcidav hat ???vcry windy. and extremely c0<d. We pb-od '?T " bi'd ol wheal, tbe bright green of whicti waa strangely biautifnl, surrounded as it was by de caying grase an<1 leafless trees. The cojntry well watered, and linely timbered; we nude past a num ber o? farm houses this morning. of whi n the ser vants uok advantage ti provide themselves wim chickens. Utter and egg*. M one b'-usc quite a ludicrous scene occurred : a servant boy of one of our Captain i inquired for iggs. There were several children at the d or. and time women. His ones tion was disregarded. With coarnendable nen^ver | unce be uked a tain, and, as I* fore, in vain. In | frwfta of a reply, wiuUi leaftfuabl? enough ex . ^un Ijoked with and ?fIS W the WAtoin; tbe women exchanged zjnncts ^th each other. looked at tje boys and fin ?fiy ran. ' far from being dicouraged, Pat s'ill sto d his l**! ?i? o'il man uj.penrei, of whom te ptrrb><(d fg;;s Ibe females hid n>.t az^>n ore sent tbtmscIves at the door b..t *cre Sai^SSi n iu on upper * imiuw rhi* is 0 fair sample or the t; ,er wiiiit oi ulintmebt we must t\p ct ?>* we appioach tbt fn uiiir. ( aptaiu T. in am ?t to-d.iv. 1hl' /?mpa?v. Ix R. ret imed >o -ip.mg^elo in f ? j e of sppr? betiding the do->cr. ep--r tfCUKi i i 'num. Mil <Uy, 1Mb ?A hard frr??* I ist & ghf, so cold t'at eight blanketr. *tr? ir-u,Tci??t to keep m* wain, the mi ii. ug l.n i ?c ! beautiful; retmiiocd ?n eamp all 'iny lor tlx laudable furao-e of " .lean ing t] m ccay tb u?li ;l U. It Iuh irra r.id I ' tier- in M Ifundi v lu xb. nrtvj." whirl* the ibo?t ?rep'cal would i. lit ve roultl In- hne witneaaed it e willing, c.K. ami pit-' iki' g il i c ?vday. Mi icUy.i th. 1 .x <!:?>< bd -a ig-pa-~?dtl n. ih Vx. Veir.on, a ii.nn iiiiie village, oce-focrth me f.?? of-j> upfli ;d- tLe on y brink l?Udiag it cau bciit nt fin* th* < mitt Ilo'.i*c 1 * < nt wish j t'rlftirl to trxll *Bif l>i.t-?- A t.ll. pru'iut-iookirig w.mnn iictcJ aa jo-t master. m_ my lette r m i.tit i|<n ?v?mp. lit eMlniawri. in a very ele vated kiy. "tietkoa >on Waat a -tamp"" Re ply lag 1" ?h" offusDB'i.c, ahe throat on t>w*rd? a.'. rentier,ice in tbr s me dnict t %r 1 ioi e? *? Hive Xhit ere <1 and drip your .itten !n thj' ?re box." We ? <rpl!ed ?nd,oii lov. atifatlaa, die ceweied It 'obe (be fetter-ui s. C< Ion-1 It. procured ome velknt t?u id br re. made from ? aalt ri-iiaga," whi.b he ger er*>n?ly ihanri wtb me. U. I. ?ery ?kk beir.g unable to ride bin bone, I* to k the hmhnlance !.. d?} ? nifc.rl *1 taelvo mila*. < in the 21?t we panaod ilirr.iyli Jollification Inn, rortaining ibrat twenty fiaa< b( co- and a flour out 11. The day bright and inx*n?eh cold; rroiwnd shoal Crtel. Br.ng almoel "v'riafd with exceoolve '<ld. I Hopped at a farmer'* t> warm nij-elf. Heir I w* n nuiran apinning otr t/n. EXf*a??iai (by way of piopi buin. her) aom? adaiirat on ef l.ir aaill. ahe replied, with a he;iif nanx -jj le.' Hi-ek' n i aia't no new (Oiiaalty t? u?." I aftenrarda aa* her aon. a ho|>elui xoath nf twelre, runnia* a racw wrtth a pet rahWt which le t^ld a.'' be bad lound * in our w\U.' M..bed ? iebttn mike. U4.?lateawly cold, fini-ed Bnfalo creek, aakl !e> 1* fifteen mden i.-ruf. Si* a *ale of beaiitifni liid'na pfiiiea. I'a ^ed through V> c ho. Ui< oounty ?;.t ?t Newton IJeot T:. rttorn. i to-day witn two il?-Altera. To-daj left MlawNri and entered tb? Cictek'" wruntry. Saw a few a- att'-rvd hoo-e^ and ?v?iaJ Indian*. * V t?h.? Mtatog and eery cold. Fo .ml great diffl Id building our tlrev ?'itb. -A gl< r <a? aioinx g. Th?- eooa'ry wiid aad hrenttfak b?wa mimler of mni kNHP a?d a great im<i} n. ii-era Me baking Inl.m*. M..rct?e<l tlfteen rnt!?"t ai.d enearnvd in a f**i:t'l,il wood. Thr r*j.id .<?1 \ umgb ami bihy tb" tiivt few mil- a: t ie re t of iii< wuv f u^and mowtlv pran ie, fiwelay we hare ?e-fi ?>bo|!y ib theClietoki^ country, but luxe ?e?n n!y li e b aft < inbred and p??>re?t -|ie?imeiix of the ' lien b^e?. In tb -.?)<> t.ortb'a?ter i part of the < Iw-mke*! eenntry, xb< Indian* have iny tadiflbrwM hoi tea. ?ul?t*i?te nly ao mu b l*ud and r?i<* anc ? grain and ponlt ,i aa ma> l?<: aat&f .nt to meet tbeir rart'frrm yeir t? >ear. ins Aord.tbey are bxit lit " In wdvun-' of the wll t !n-li i r hi-, however, ?a the frontier of tbr Cwmk" na I "i Farther KWtb their conetry'? tri'i^ lb' :klv nettM and the 1 , | .flf etxrtlira'ion bx^'iM' rmr? apparent. In i thi faxtlo* of cewwtry Ij?>' a!la?'?d to jr+ to i>? i>n r <? ft ?* hxmI e>'^xi ?' IrtHrx i" nlan>.'ti ins, rrllMt f?em? ht.d e> eiv hlop upj^rtatTiing to tt ei i'. ?? . egnnnrd'y. > b!- ? ^oppor e two ea ? r?*.?nt ?ern'i.arh" . to w<.bb < er Ini.iu ;hlid, . bavfVKtoaafd tuf'ogfi prim-ej- ?'-b?m!<, i.4 i* -I fof li.ie- of f' n i iii"- fr?< ?r hirge. ii,,.. tic', irk- . < oq <>f deli' and *?? mhH ?? ?t r. ? ??inei - rti.. <?' italti' r ly .?? ?? 1 OUtiy , . f (> nta?a ? '? ?4<-.? a" ?? ?<i> ?' le i ? ? ??v i: law > <? ? heed e> ? aft fi tlves for tbf d ftrent d:strieta, shvllar tooor gwierul government, have * territory e<yial in bea sy m l 'crttlity to any of the Suttn, ?arf have alre.mt ?<n>men<ed agitating the qaesl'oii of tdu^ioii int" the Union. They puhlkh two or more I'-ip*- ?<. is their own beautiful tongue; but, atrai'ge to x?y the children of the present day are, many of them urabie to speak their original kguipttp Thu I* owing to their school, aud the t*ct of many o: them being sent to diataut dtates before their iu dian habit* become firmly established The pecu liar tiaits charactrrtatic to the Indian are teat dis appearing from this tnbe. Thecun'.ry aet aside tor them by government is altogether at their own disposal, and none can pass through except by their concent. This, however, is a privilege never refised; whites cannot acquire property within their limits except by marriage, in which oase the person marrying is gTanted a certain portion of land in any part of the nation not already assigned, with the proviso that he will improve the same. 26tb? Mild and bright; the roads excruciatingly roufth and hilly. Saw a dozen demi-nude Indian*; bought a pair of chickens from an old squaw, and saw the whole squad in pursuit of them; marohed fourteen miles. 27th?This morning we passed through Tahle quab, the capital of the Indian Territory. The lo tation la beantifnl; bat the place does not contain more than thirty houses. Of these ten or twelve are brick, two stories high, and some of them doable. About a mile and a half from the village are the seminaries, which are very fine biddings. The students appeared on the lawn aa we passed, nod their air of refinement and intelligence would leflect credit upon any institution. John Ross, the chief of the nation, resides a short distance iron the luminaries. He calls his country seat Park Hill, the grounds of which are laid ont with very great taste. He has been married twice, and has several children. His present wife is aa Eastern lady, a Quakeress, highly accomplished, and very much beloved among the nation. The chief is a man of ordinary intellect and pleasing manners; in ap pearance very prrpomcaing; the daughters accom plished, pretty ana interesting,; bat extremely re served. I am told that, with all their cultivation and program in refinement, the Cberokees have not yet divested themselves of th.-ir native ta citurnity. There is no such thing as frankness among them, and they have great difficulty in sus taining the most commonplace conversation. I have seen two of the Cherokee newspapers?one, the Rottbmd. is edited by the young ladies of the semi nary, and contains as much pleasant reading mat ter, both poetry and prose, as the majority of our own Journals. Many of the teachera in those semi naries are from tne Eastern States, and are well qualified for what they have undertaken. Their mar riage and ftmaral ceremonies are similar to oars. In fact, it is almost inoredible how few traces of their barbaric origin remain. The country In this vicini ty is very btaotifa). Some spots appear like the r -alization of tairy scenes. We marched seventeen miles to-day,and encamped in an immense and ap parently IjMM praiiie; the weather delightful. On the 28th we marched twelve miles, and en camped within view of Fort Oibson. The roads were extremely rough and hilly. At a distance the fort appears like a Bmall village, and presents a very fine appearance?but on a nearer approach, it does no*, show to such advantage. Government at one time intended building quite a handsome post here; for this purpo-c an appropriation was made, and quite a fine building commenced on a site commanding a magnificent view of the surrounding country. For want of sufficient funds this building has never been completed, and the quarters now occupied by the troops are chiefly log and frame. The fort has been established a long time; it was formerly a dragcon station, but is now occapied by the infantry. The bouses, without being pretty, or having at y of the modern convenient, are pro nounced very comfortable frontier quarters. We were fortunate in finding here a very fine sutler's store, from which we replenished our mess chests, the variety was very great and everything excellent, but the exorbitant charge? were almost incredible. SMk ?Still in camp. This morning several of us visited the fort. We called on Col. M.. the com manding ofliccr, by whom we were very cordially re ceived. I congratulated Mrs. M-on having such a pleasant station- She gave me. in a very amusing marmer. some serious objec tions to residing there during the summer month-. It seems the qaarter-< at the poet are infested with vermin, and to such an extent that it is imjs)?sible to banish them, or with the grcatert care to keep the beds free from lsigs. She tolel me when she first came to the post she felt some delicacy in alluding to bo] burs to eau polite and suffered i.i secret. Her scruples \ armhed. howevi r, when she f ?und that the very walls ami ceiling? were lir.td with these ho; rid things, and that it was a common subje t <,t torn plaint awn# her neighbors. 1 had the pleasure of meeting Capt. I., here. Hegavetre a very entertaining account of the ( heroktca. He has made himself very familiar with their manner* and customs, and spoke in terms of high praise of the Chief of the nation, John l;< i-k. He spent two or three days with him at I'arl. 11 11, and was oeiighti d with his entertainment and the agreeable and courteous m?"EC? of hwt and hostees. He told me triu<>wa?< Indebted for mi in? art of writing, to fhe perreverence and ingenuity of one of their own ra^, J<4in Guest. This ra%n, thinking the mptiiority of the whites was merely owing to their lltcn.ry advartages, applied himself cleanly to stody. For"an entire year he remained in the strictest seclusion. Luring t hat time be invented an alphabet < ompev-ed e>f eighty-two letters, and th? result wa* the art of printing their eiwn langua ;r. As a nation, the Chere?kre* possess all the vices and i<it few of the virtues of the whites, liat their rapid progress in literature and iu refiocmeut is rea'1 r surprising. Ou Sunday, the 2d of December, we struck <? r tents snd bade adieu to Fort Gibson; we ma ch? d through a canebr.tke.ot which the officers took ad vantage to provide them elves with pipestem* T J mile*-anO a halt fiem the ft rt it the Ai!;unaa.e Owing to the quicksands,it was c'lvufcrwi prudent for the ladies to rn*s by feny-tbt foment forded it, Ore cf the private^ who rode quire an unman ageable h6rS4 cre?sscd with great difficulty. At ere time both he rse and rider appc red In quiio a precariors suuati n. A camp w< man, who>eem< <i u< i.,lt great lateieit in his tt.angles, < ried w.', "Fr ith an \ou'ie g>M -fa drap too much." Daring the cenfuMon of tl moment, one of the deserters, whom Ueutei ant I . i nnd ct Springfield, managed to,es< ojf a Keoiid and is now a de?eiter. a' large. On toe 5th v e res. I < f| me? acadian. Alter cr ? >? big. wc car hid bix mile ami tncuuii>e<l in a bean* ti;n! hrr- ? caw imnmetstle cinder* of bnrht ace r let nd piut white her ies ar d ?*'ine teto'inl v*,'!d H'wrr*, nhieb I could not kr.it resrrrt *? Inm "to Mi'sh arid dk nnacen" in the>c frontier lo?ett,?. Ou tfcc nth we mar< hen twtnty mile* over very rcnuL ar.d btlJy the cm> try banutifuL We ju^td by a large logbouw, urn unfed by an im rt.cr.-c porch, on wbh were. i itleaat thirty Indiana, m u.ru and ct!lu?n. in evenrfcgree of filth and rakedm??. It wan a -'.npular picture: theic wee jyt a pleataM Ihee i.mr?ug the freep; two old aquawK wtre nnokini; and kulttiitjc: tbc other* were looaftug is alt** Mlenea<, in the t . ?-? leafheMe attitude* iatoginahle: one of the gii > horrid 1"? k ng creatnie, brought a little ei'iih look in? Icy tome I attcn ;jte?l U> cates* the < hi'd. ho'. n?if onoeiatand.rig mv fatfthroe,he darteJ ftnm me with a jell, which tat aid to me nere like h war whoop UmB any humm aoud 1 bnvc jet heard. On the 7tli ?o marrht* twenty mi>? withct feeing ?ny trave.lera, or )Wk in# Jny houaea?the day bright and warm. On the Mb we marched seventeen railee, nod i n eamj ed in a mod?(be roi^ awful. hnnday. !?th ? Oaet Autre we arc arnongat ?eUle merit*. I wa* delighted With the Hint irlLmp?e I had thia mf?ri)lng of a comtorUM" lookiag larm h>>u>?\ The day ne* inten ely ccld and the large l?g flr* vw ao "inviting that I eonld not ft Mat tiering. Tt proved to l? e tavern. The lio?tep* wa? not a <iii ?xld::. and waa waging a war of worda with her airv. Wiahing to (ret tlx be nef.t of her tir?, 1 endeavored to conciliate her. Whether or not rite understood my motivea, I cennoi pay. I waa painfully coo Ktoue, lK-wr*cr.th?t ?he irp >h< dm) every advance, .tr.d that I wan com jailed to leave aiinoat j* cold a< a I?n I entei cd. On the 10th wc ?,rrbcd wventecn mile*?fln?* road*, end epiite a pit t*y aettk meat. We ? 'icamped i.c?r a iBMn houac, in uhich lived ae old olorcd wcroan. with a family of atne children. 1 took a c?i at fancy to a bright eyed little one. She wa* a I e antral J'tle f nature, al>o?it ci^ht jeer* old; abe and two hi-teif belmosed to a Choctaw; the mother ai d other children t-> hia brother. TTte little th.ng ? aid ?he was "afraid of the ( hothiir. and wonid t.i < i r Hke birr!," and )>effpcd me to "huy her." Onthellth we rt-jcheJ Fort WeebSte. Thia U an . rtilleiy poal, eod la e lox |v *pot. It ia h*wti ttfi>Jl\ ?miatcd. end preacnt* a tine ?ppe<iren<*e on ettinlng. Tin; reB^m^'it reeehed .? eordml welcome ful the lIHwi of tw> jKiat. Major H. the eom irm di? g bf ing .iwum of oar appmech, had bis Hvhl battery fornxd on ? plain, al?m1 a quarter of a utile from trie jw t. and ?a the cavalry regiment ptMcd !??> eave a very hand^ >me Halote. All were -irmk wtth th" fine appearance of the two moat (ia<-hing eorpa of the army, and thia reception Mimed to rekindle the martial ardor of all riic?<tt. Thia poit ia fer anperior to Kwt (.lli-oii 'n cfry reaped. The Mirronnding eeur.try ia tsqutatMy l-?a<.tllnl, tb?? rji:?'U'r? ai? vcrv pretty aid veiy resifeitabie. and fiirni?hed With hofniitli taatl^ ti at wftcn in tliea one Ij-c* tl olrre of a-ieif o> the frontier. On tin 'th nit un cd at W^chUl.aod m?i h it my ar:rr i* 1 er.nlf, ati<!,, I met My old fscnl j I! , n?w atet>? i ?d ?' batnr. Throe*. Wi'hrdm ??e a?-'K if ru?t' v ii idtif lMlRi?<tete? of my ear!) d-y ?. ? d nn? ti?e biir thi.? wttimc eH/ at K'.rt ' Wt a i ,? v ?re%t. I i?I*j lu??l tie j I'M ? i. ? ? t'"(r l ?r' t>n-a itifhl Ut ? .tt#? jor B . s?id to be the most bsaotifal !idj to tbe American *rn>y. On the 13tlt, we left this lovely spot with great reluct tune, marched twenty miles. pa-twog thrwub a ceauiiiul country, tbe soil of whii-n in highly pr>v duetive and is well timbered. We saw immense number* of prairie hens. The day beautitn . We reached Ked river on the 14th. It is very ap propriately dtimed; the waters are a rnmidy red; where we or s*ed it was narrow and like the Ar k'uisas; baa quicksands. On the opposite nank rises an immeiiie a id almost inweessiofe hill. The teamsters luuud great difficulty in getting their wa gon train up. \t the summit of thi* hill ia Preston, , :in old established place, and one of the oldest Ame rican towns iu Texas. It was ouce juite flourishing, and was for a time a Quartermaster a depot, for fur nishing supplies to ihe difiereat posts on that por tion or the frontier. Owing to the uncertainty of navigation, arising i r> m continued droughts ana the shifting of the bed of the river, the depot has been broken op, since which time the place has dimi nished very much in importance. It is now little wore than a nest of cut throats and robbers, strange to say, they hate a drinking saloon in this place, very handsomely famished, and where the choicest wines and brandied fruits may be pur

chased at a very moderate price. We are now iu Texas, bat have still a long inarch before us ere we reach our destination. ICth.? Last night a quarrel occurred between two *oldiera, and terminated by one being stabbed to the heart. He died witn an oath upon his lips, and was hurried to bis dread account with all his imperfeu lions on his head. He was buried ia the woods, a short distance from where tbe aflray took place. No kindred or loving soul was present at this sad funeral. He was left "un knelled, uncoffined, and alone." The murderer ia in irons. To-day we marched through the Cross Timbers. This is an im mense belt of woods, extending from the Arkansas to the llrazos, 400 miles across the country; on each side are immense prairies; saw plenty of deer and a wolf; water very scarce. On tbe 1 (4th we inarched fourteen miles; had great difficulty in finding water, and oould not get sufficient for the command. We passed Victoria Peak, a ridge from which a fine view of the country may be obtained; encamped on a vast prairie; our letters forwarded to this camp from Fort Belknap. This was our first news from home sinoe leaving the States. Onr delight at witnessing the mail bag may be imagined; words would be inadequate to describe it. I had bnt just finished the perusal of my last letter from home, when we were visited by the moat se vere norther that has been experienced for ?nany years in Texas. It blew up on the evening of the 22<L The preceding day was warm and clear, which made us doubly sensible of the change. It came np very suddenly, and was unusually violent. Several tents which had been pitched facing tbe north were blown down, and it was with the greatest difficulty they eould be raised again. We all suffered intensely from cold and dust. The following day, as the storm continued with equal violence, we remained in camp, and many, in self-defence, remained in bed all day, al most petrifying even there. It makes me shiver, even at this late date, to recall our sufferings on that memorable day. The thecmometor was five degrees below zero, and ice from six to eight inches thick. On the 24tb we resumed our inarch; still intensely cold; men and animals suffered very much; water scarce and very bad; hardly sufficient for cook in? purposes. On tbe 25th(Christmas) we remained in eamp: still terribly oold, but less windy. On the 26th we marched twenty-two miles over very rough road?. 1 was sick and tnought it would be my death, buWit is astonishing how much poor humanity can endure and still live on. We encamped late in the evening at the foot of a khigh blufl; water most tantalyzingly scarce; men and horses extreme ly limited in quantity; Captain W. providentially brought enough from tbe last encampment for the ladies: as I was an invalid he kindly gave me a can teemull, which 1 prized as so much nectar. Captaiu O. managed, when he first reached tbe encampment, to secure a email bocketfull; by tbe negligence of his servant it wus placed outside his tent, of which negligence a horse took advantage to appropriate it. O, ye who lapsed in beds of down know >iot a want but what jour-elves create! how little can you imagine tbe hardships and exposures of we devoted servants or the United States! 2'Jth?The cold still continues; we marched twen ty miles and encamped within half a mile of Fort b? lkr.ap; we remained three days at this encamp ment. The K it m a miserable looking place; tli (|i.aiteis bfcilt of logs and clay. with thatched root" and ground floors; it is an intantnr posl, and h . been established five or six years; Major I*, is now iu c* mmand. We lost one of our corporals and a P'\ute ;it ih... j.;.te: they were buried at the fori: a ( atholic i>ne?t performed the last melancholy rites, and they weie buried with appropriate milit.i y honors. ?? Life's fitful fever ended, they sleoi> well.'* The h?*j/ital at this place is not worthy ol the mure; it ia s? badly constructed that it is nece* -ary to pitch a tent witniu to exclude rain and damp; half a mile fiom the fort are two very line springs ot clt ai cold water. On il;r M-cut.d day or January we left Fcit Belknap; we croaaed the Halt Fork, tr nmn streum of the Brazos, which flown will, n a quitter of a mile of the fort, aid oMet a march of tourteen millc* ^encamped on tbe Clear Fork. Yeeteiday onr command divided. Colonel H. left in lomtnand of four companies for the Ckor Fork of the Hrazo?, f(-r the purpo?e <>f e Uhlith.ng a erabjl pMt in ?V Ml tht Indian rt-e vat n. nDd now known ax Camp Cooper; the rema r: ing ?Lx companies eacorted the colonel to the river, where they f?in>ed into line and te ndered their UK retp?ctato ihe fin>t detachment from the regiment by u pretentati - they paf?i by ; this in our first division, and it in extremely doubtful If we w.ll ever be united again ai a regiment on frontier sctvice. We bod another norther to-day. leM severe, Lowevt r, than its predecessors; I atop)**: at a boose the only one wit Mi; twenty miles of Belknap, when I raw an intercatinjr and beautiful woman, with a large family of children, all of whom were pretty ar.ii nil.el) drr?*ed; >-hc Interested me greatly, and -ct mtd stiangcly out ot place in such a wilderness ; she told tue that she had lived here but a ahori time, hit that during that time her father had been, murdered liy Indiana; our beef contractu** were {detected l.y IJolonel I. purchwtng nurp|i.? roru c I the soldier*. In consequence of which he tea diimimed them ; they base mused ? great annoy ance throug hot t tiding advautapn of every oppor UJDity on the r<>ad,to buy up produce, which titty oft<r?ards sold us at g eatly im ieased prkos; 1 have s?n to-day for the first time, mc/qmte wood it mades In nut.iul tires anil emits an almott incralt ble heat; the tma are tmall, standing at auch liter vain thai the aj pittance they j re-tut is very simi lr/ to that ot an iimei;? ptach orchard. It in n \ety durable wood, and is considered the vary tx t I'ueJ. Jan. 3.?We retrained in- amp to d ?y?a lovely spot, t tar aa tl o eye cotil;l rtnt'i m oned'rrc t,on, CVtends a ut pmirie: on the opposite **le i.mis line of high Huffs. We found -eural old Indian ran ps in tlna neighbor'ioo;. Xiiai?rou? trtiWacil h-.ire tiuoks maybe seen in e,. ry direc tion, proving that they have been heto in lai e numU-rs ; game is very abundant In this laMlty, and out bi.uter* ktcp tis will supplied. ao that we have not s? yet had occaaion to regret the departuic ot onr l?ei'eoutnrtors : pecan trees are \ery nu merous beie. but the wild turkeys have l'ft kit few outs Jor tie : mezooite and iotton-wi?od prow here Inxnriantly. also mezquite grass, which furai-lies tine pasturage for animals; 1 am told the iodiaas are m the habit of feeding their lavoilte horr?s wiih cettoi. wood bark during the winter. Jan. 4.? The day being dark and the clouds threats ecing rain, we did not leave the camp aa earlyun usual. We, nowever, made a good day's march of fifteen ttilN s ove- an apparently boundless prahie and en ran.) i il late in the evening ; we have paswd several Indian lodgi s today, and mw the remains of ae^ r.?l large ftps; we met a large Mexican train en too i *? Pott Belknap, with Motes for the troops of that p -i; were fortunate in finding plenty of g??od water and lice timber; saw several herds of deer and a num bit of wilu turkeys ; tbe meat of this Hfrd i? dell rioof?s little coeiatr, bat mach sweeter than the city fowl. Jan 5 ?In oar route today we saw a number of piarie dog house*; this interesting little specimen <>t the canir.e race ia Indigenous to most of onr Wei-tein prairies; they usnaDy ooiieet in great num ben?their towns, or warrens, extending over a large ?urface in every direction; they pa^* the cold m- ntlis in a torpid state, hut make their appeajauoe to larre numbers st tbe first appearand* of warm weather: it is <ald thatrattlesnake*prey npon them; we starlit d a numler of deer and antelopes this morning; tbe dey !<ea>itiful; two Indiana neaped its, gi tig to Itelknap for the pnrpoae of trsomg bides, oi which they had a Urte quantity. Jan Making in early start thl? morning, we msrehed tmnty mile* and etic.-irnped on a beantifnl prshle; we pnw>ed the 'J'wln Mountain*, two p^sks of the same height, standing in the mld<t of a prair.e, On the 7th and #th we averaned thirty?i* miles. On the th we had unite a se i re norther; inarch ed eighteen miles and ^ne.imped on I>an Hayon, a benntlfi'l tavlne, on one side of which ia a creek, with water as clear aa crys'al; on the opposite aide ripes a high hill, from which yon can see miles in every direction; turkeys ionnd here in in^st nam lets, hnt tit (' rtncately they hart disp'ieed of all the |eiar?; ee left tl? Aestin an J riiart< t. hill road ihts m#T? I'lg, and to? k a r.ew on" leading to Fr?rt Ma;<oti; me da exr < i datieglv nngh. 10th ? lnUt?f i> ' "i'i; pa d -anta tnna's mound, p#railed fia* an IimIixii of that name; this p<Ma towrs a'/re ell the cn'round.ug eminence*.i?nd is a c?ifif#lenot's l?n<'ii'i>rl * lit miles aro' nd, the conn try *?ry I idy Mndroad* er ^b; we ttarcfcori twen ty ib tr IWa and iJP|?ed In *n e*'|ti'-itelv heanti (til grO'o; c " qni i ? of a kwr, ialn last night did t.ot mtlt ?s'It . start n* the iei ts were struck at 9 o'clock, and although it wiiiffl! drutliDg we pushed forward; crossed the Colorado, where we found good timber; we powad aeveral proves of poHt > ak liml er on the ridges; thK how ? ver, is for the mott puit short and scrubby; march ud bat ten miles; lour.d plenty of clams, of ?hloh we made soup; we saw five ir six yery large herds of deer, and also a dog town; I have been told thai in pawing tiirough their villages during the summer the clatter of their barking is so inretuant that it requires but lit'le effort of fancy to imagine oneself Mirrouiic'ed by the l>usy bam of a large city. On the 13th we crossed the San Saba, a stream of beautilul clear water, containing great quantities of tihh; it teems to be a favorite resort of the turkeys; wt taw an immense Dumber; also a quantity of wild ireese aiid ducks; Col. J. shot a very large turkey immediately behind his tent. On Monday, the 14th, we reached Port Mason, after a morning's march of fourteen miles; we were visited by a slight snow storm, but having reached onr journey's end, at least for a time, we can defy the elements: our march on the whole has been a pleasant one; since the '27th of November we have I made a tour of upwards of a thousand miles; notwithstanding all the exi>osares incident to I ,-ucn a trip during the winter mouths, we have lost but few men by death and have 1 hud no sickness of consequen :e; everyone j hearing the necessary hardships without a murmur. The boms, I am sorry to say, we have not been equally fortunate with, having lost a great number by dim rent diseases, and have been compelled to abandon many. The lemaining ones look badly, but with a little care and rest will no doubt soon recruit. We encamped in a beautiful valley imme diately below Fort Mason, which is situated on a high hill, each and all of ub rejoicing to have reach ed our destination. Ban Antonio, Texas, Jan. 29,1856. Fort Mason is most beautifully located. It is built on a high hill, commanding a fine view of the surrounding country to the distanoe of at least thirty miles. The garrison is now in rather a dila pidated condition. The houses are built of steue, one story high, surrounded by porches, and though very much out of repair, might with trifling ex pense be made very comfortable quarters. It was, unfcitonately for us, intended for a two-company poet. We have now six companies hen, iu conse quence of whiohtbe troops will be compelled to pass the winter in camp. Five of our officers having brought their families: each will be limited to a single room and a kitchen, which is all the room the post affords. Our noble Colonel, although en titled by tank to four rooms and a kitchen, gene rously relinquished all bat one, limiting his family to a single apartment, in order that every lady in his regiment should be nnder shelter. The country in this vicinity is romantically beautiful, and is im proving rapidly. From tne fort finely cultivated rams can be seen, where two years s'noe were nothing but prairie and forest. There is an at uv danoe of timber and flne spring water. We hive, also, a weekly mail, and (he neighboring farmers keep us well supplied in butter, milk, eggs and poultry. It is generally acknowledged to be the most desirable post in Texas. Game is very abun dant; the command keep ns constantly supplied with fresh venison and wild turkeys. The time is evidently near at hand when this post will be en tirely abandoned by the military, and the troops re moved to a more distant station. Up to this date little has occurred to vary the continued monotony of a camp life. The ceveral companies being located more in reference to protection from northers th%n any military system, were employed principally in looking after their own comforts ana the wants of their animals. As spring advances drills will com mence, and a new life be infused into oar now qaiet camp. Preparations most be made for a removal to seme more distant place, as it is supposed so large a command cannot, and will not, be required here. At all events, whatever happens, there will be ample business to keep all employed, and make time pass round quickly and happily, occupation being, after all, the secret of happiness. Taking advantage of this quiet, I have been in duced to visit Han Antonio, which is but 115 miles from Fort Mason. On my way here I passed tbiough Fredericksburg, a German settlement, situ ated on a tributary of the Percbinalcs; the inhabi tants, with the exception of one family, are entirely Geiman, and all seem to be industrious, hard woiking people. Will grapes flourish luxuriantly on the Perchinales.of a very large size and fine flavor, from which quantities of wine are made an nually in Fredericksburg. Lsger beer is used by these seed people to a great extent. Three days after leaving Fort Mason I hailed with delight this i harming city, wnich I reached in time to bathe in the limpid waters oft he beau if ul San Antonio before dinner. This stream fljws through the centre of the town: it is lifty feet aide and very deep,poasess ng the peculiarity of never rising or tailing, as other streams do. San Antonio c intains some very tire gareltus, all watered by artificial urinating iUhiS, U-ading trora the San Antonio uud San Pedro rivets. In one garden pomegranates bami nss. figs, almonds, orangeu and lemons aie culti vated with great success. 1 never betore saw ex re we. wealth, and the most object poverty so strik nglv contrasted as in this city. Iu every (lire.*tiou ate handsome residences, famished magnifhently, with flourishing gardens adjoining, in which the ? hoi< ot trtitf and flowers are cultivated, surround ed by miserable Mexican hovels, in which the in mates live in filth and idleness. The population is estimated at from R.000 to 10,000, cliielty Americans and (icrmans? although seme of almost everv nation may be mm daily In the streets. There ate but few educated Spaniards in the city, probably not mote than half a dnzrn families of the upper class. It has become c<iinplot>ly Americanized within the last few jeers, th'-Mtxiums who remain being or 'be most tapwM GkftincttV. There arem&r.yob jccU d ii.teitkt about San Antonio; the Alamo in ?inatelv connected witJi th- history of Tex ts would in tfeelf afford a theme worthy <>f the poet a? d hi? toafen. For i detallad u< count >,f this celebrated WMh| 1 ii! * refer }ou o U*e hi?torv of the State, it wa< in tho >r.ce of the Alamo that Colt ri! bavk ML A few years ago it was quite dilu,,id:.tcd. It has since be?n impaired, and is now used for store boose* ?M tUe Quartemaster's depaitmrat. A few m.ies from the t<>wn are the Spanish missions. 'The Conception" la thiee miles trom town, "San Jose," ?.ix. Both are now In ruins, but Miflicient'trnoaa still remain t?> show that they were on~e magukfloent itiucture*. That of San Jose, the prettied, Is built of h soft lime stone, which is very abundant here.. This stone is extremely porous, and admits ol a slight polish: when hewn and exposed t>? the air it brcem< s hard and dnrable. I'he front of the build ing is eo? trncti I oi this, and is benoMfal rated with fine CUftng. It la still n good preserva tion, but the back pail of the edifice was built wi'h roi.gh n a*.niy.und ilMV in nun*. Over the main (ntianee arc Have figures the size of life, still quite perfect? our Saviimr aLd two apestfle* -irround-il by a wreath of chetubims, most beantiialh carved.I The front was {tainted romt what in the manner of I Dominated libles. The building is tinmen**. <<(ii]'jing a lnrpe space. It la sltuiited J in the centre of a square, a round whi< li ate bouses connected with each other, no doubt once the residence s e>t the re'alners. The cost mnat I have been enormous. The whole place Is now entire- 1 | il> M rted: with the exception of tw ? old Mexicans, no living creature was to be seen, tine side window is strikingly beautiful, it is most eWhorutelv | wrought in lion, on the top i* acros*of iron; on | tbe afferent turrets I saw innumerable beautiful | wires, and the brilliant flowers of the showy ca tua ? seeming to show that even their ephemeral beiuty was les/transitory,than the might? -t work- of man. It ta melsneholy to look upon this movement <>; el creatnesa. Ifo m->re atrilUng prool ioald 1* . xhibitedoftbe utter ineigniflcanee of human power; nothing cor'd more plainly show how truly "powers depart pos-< *Mons vanish and opinion" change." AETTRTMJIEim RENEWED KTERT DAT. WAlt UK V JKW KI.HV, .w /tAI.trOR*LA ntAMONDF, KyUAI. ?? RRTIXJARrT * / to lb* r?al. Mid ? praa* ?ruhia tt>?- rraefe nf all <?.?!,t?' rtl>?, S3 to $JU riPM. *. ?o MP. ??mm*. 16 to $311 rmaana, hikU, Imiki, Ac Call ti?1 "?* L. A J.JACOB*, ?7 Broad-ray. / Vi*r<MTIOR AHn.OOLX) CH AI!?*-TR-tl\ OtAER, \V M MM*' rh?i?laln?. w?rriu>tad not ?o chant* nr ib* fr.oo?> rrtnrnrii. Prion W 10?* Wei bp mail i? anr part i f air C Uit<Hl Maira. ruipU"4. L A J. .'AOOBk, ?T Rn*u?w*y. niAM??HT>?-mi. *rahr W RMntrrmu.r ir fi.' m> 4 I ha* "* ?l* crrntlniiatlj' maanfamnrtr.ir wvl hava < o band a larca rlr? k ,.f diamond jwweJry ?f lh# >?'??< <iyl*a * larp>- aaaorlamt of .iiamondi. <m band I?U1b? 4<m* ?* tba trad?- 1 iamon4? boitahtf or '?*? 1 HRRMANRA OO .1 c 1 Bmnirv ?ti??t JRWM.RY VRRT LOW -THK *1 IW'RIBKR T? KRM, mn all of jawelfy **?>I?aal" and rMttl, al M->?*lcan<l ntWplna ?2 SO tat J) OOaarb. M.V eamao, eoral a?d i?i*ih ?*" ?? ftt 00 io fir. 00 a ptara oi r" ?MM?. ror.l and Maa.tt krar, T,i, fT '? lo MR 00 Htrb Hold *#?*?. o?,. twa, Ihroa aad fonr .uoi | . tl AO 'o tlfi "0 parh. P!*ln ?fd lhaMid foM rtn*a . ?l mi w }4 m <?? h. I',,,,, ro'd wMdtnn halt* fc ?Mn #< (W ?a'-h, I jKili f ?old rba???alnr -haina and pta* MOO to ft* 00 i po'd rkatna lr> Wtof34 no *??l rhiaB" mmttm m limt'firrn'a fob rbalna and (H*r<1 rbalna f 10 W u> $46 M 13 iOio* , 00 * ?>t. *2 Mtails hi* *.!! *: no ??$*?) i?i paJ'h. MS no *? M ? ?" . $2 tfl 'O $; . arh. Il .VI to ?i; I?1 each >4 00 V> >r .V) a pair. .HJRiairii |i ?" j. f: no ??-k. lirlrt fi ftiioj. iM*a"h pri ? and p*n? !? k.1 <?!-?? ? P! "a'-h. *!?? ? )?er tal?l? aponua. rt??ar't, an-' t?? ?poi-.? ??<! ?Urar napbtn n???. *<> d aanlata. f^rti?nv' > ? t???'p r?, . i .rma i.'au'l rr<?'n? and farfta, ao.d p?n* and V>('V" t, ?V^k lM. ?WD. I'. mXRW, "?irpV#trr nf ?? rVa. and ?V #^1# HfM r? * Ro. 11 Wall ?tro?*, >>ruad f-w^r w.r ?'?>, iir rjoM i >n<ao If'wak and o?h,r atuda Dtiinioird plaa ai*i rinfa.. i ? rarriDK* andpiixi. b> i; o'd PT ft rtapa ?t<?^ .. 0o!d guard ** *'T? ""t ?B"1 0?M ?i ***-1'* :Jn'd e" fla*a?ai thXAM** HD15E8, QUUUjlOM,JW. 4 UOOD OPPORTUNITY POK PERSONS WIH i\ horses kept ui the country lorOwwuiT-Thesotx having rcopiv, ground tioor cellar stables. c ui avoini a nuD 'xr of bur?HK in a proper imu.tier For pvtMvi (|?jj r of Mr. T*l!in*dge, 1Kuium street. CARRIAGE WANTED ?ANT ONK HAVING A artkle, well tr*mined which baa bc?a but btiie aw| ?bu Is willing to selflt cheap, will Had a cash container (trfs^iuff L. ? Co., box 4,1182 TcMtoiUoe. (CARRIAGE POR 8ALB.-IT 18 VERY? HAJfDi ) entirely uew, made by Ibe bent otty maker. aad sold very reasonable. To b? aaeo at the a tab la of E. ?JW Fourth street. CI ARBIAGKS FOR SALE? ONE 8E<X>ND HANDCK ) oue second band bretl, two ro'kawa's, thre? U>| f,irs one Concord huggy an J three open waeaos; also* >gbi Imggiea and harness. Apply to J0H2* C. IIa: Brood way. For sale, at a bargain, as thr owner no uae whatever for him?A handsome fast U sstlag fix yews oM, warninted perfect in every particular", c? in three mlrutes without tralnlnir. A ho, a hunitssn wagon and light bameai if required. Addresa Henry, otliee. POR 8AI.E?A PAIR OF SPIJCNDID BLACK HO the only reason for selling it tltat ana of (hem rum every chance he gcta Price low. Far further part Inquire at 48 Marion street, of Win. 8. Retort* or af Decurf, Uij Spring street FOR 8AT.E-TWO BOAD TOP WAGONS, IN feet order. Will be sold cheap for cash. Can be a the private stable in Ho>t street, between Livlngitc Bchcrmerhorn atreeta, Brooklyn. For sale?a pair of pine jet black no 16 hand hwh, 7 and h years okl. sound aiW kind particular* call at room No. 1, 110 Broadway. POR SALE-A very fine family hors handa high, sound and kind, 8 yean old, jet black particular* call at room No. 1, 110 Broadway. FOB 8AI.E?A very PINE CART HORSE; jbt BI W ; hands bish, 8 years old, sound and kind; priet > or par -colors call at room No. 1,110 Broadway. IfOR SALE-A SPLENDID PAIR OF BLOOD 1 carrli ge horses with black manes and tnila, 16handi and without blemish; kind and gejile in every respect; carriage and harne's complete. The owner !s going to K< Inquire at 37 Great Jonea street, in wooden stabM, cart i hop above. FOB 8AIJ5?A FIRST CLASS COACH, HOR-iCT harness, which has not been in use long. Wl.l b? cheap, on acoount of the owner going to remove South ?iiiiru at 70 Nassau street. Fob hale-a light wagon, m\de by ad nearly new, enamelled leather top. shitting seat, 1 or four persons. Apply at private stable, 16 Eaat T? seventh street, before 10 A. M. or alter 3 P. M. For sale?a pair op handsome bob tail. horses, U hands 1 Inch high Vermont raised ana gan stock. 6 and 7 years old, haudsom>: drivers. Wan round and kind in harness. Price $450 To be teen be Fifth and Sixth avenues, at the capenter's siaop in Twenty fourth sL FOR SALE?A BAY PONY AND WAGOIT; < three leather tap wagons, suitable for physician* a no top pleasure wagon, all nearly new. Apply to H. I 18- ana 164 Crosby street. TJVAST HORSE FOR BALE-TO CLOSE AN B8T J 16). bands high, sound and kind In every respect, trot in 5:40 to harness. It. J. CLARK, 86 Maiden to HORRE8.-THK subscriber HAYING A WILL tered form at South Orange, N. J., with eommo aiablea and paddocks, constructed expressly for the pur Is prepared to take gentlemen'* horses to keep for the w Address Henry Fennar, bo nth Orange, N. J,, or box Post office, N. T. HORSES FOR BALE.?ONE BAY HORSE, 16 HA high, flue figure, suitable for down town carmen o heavy work, and one Mark horse. 16 hands high, ? nitab an antaaa, groct r, dorior, \r. I'.nth snnud and kind. 1 moderate. Apply at 2b Caiherine street. Horses por sale.-a pair op obayhor sixteen hands high, nine and ten rears old, the pro of a gentleman going to Europe; also, a febe'land pony, be teen at Dtsbrow's Riding Academy, for two days. HORBE por SALE.?A SORREL ROAN MORSE, AE 15 hands high, 7 years old, and kind in a>I harness, be told low, ?a the owner has no use for hint. Can to any day u.rter II o'clock. Inquire oi" J. C. hull A SO> Olilt street mO EXPRES8 COMPANIES AND others.? A sale, three young bay horses, in first rat" condition, og 10 hand* high, and trood n harness or sad lie. the o parting with them for wiwit of use, having several ot would trade fur a good light carriage. Can be seen at Stuken row, or by .etu r to W. M., care of C. R. Bailey 9 Chambers street. A LI. ACOIDRMTB caused BT BCRNTNO FT.OID entirely prcvixled if you aee the patent lo:a rv livid Utup. Cannot break. bur?t or eiptoile !hem. and e? llll wbea lighted. H AirXHLBBT A MOTT, ttaini/aetn tit Fulton tlreel, Mew York. AN EXCELLENT ROl'THKBN DTRECTOEY?CONT Ints ib. edrireM of nearly e vory h uilxieea man In keati Tfrrit-wrr, deorgla. North Carolina. ,-kiutb (Carolina. Flo A !?!>?. ma, Mlaalaetppt, Loul?iana. Trial aad Arkannaa Uxilc* In relation to <-hurrbe? blub ?cb. ole, wcount 01 lai property, population. commercial proepertty, Ac.; wtl -cnt, p.?Uge free, upon the recelrt of li Addreea f Willi AKKK, Wilmington, N. f. C1VATTE A OBOKNE.?NKW PARIS COTFFTJ1 I I. Iirperatricc L'HoPcuie, I.* Muscovite, La Pnrle Blrare. L'< hla1 lake. L'Oljmplu. I.a Delia Oonn.i, La liatlc I-k (irri.iue. 64 White IliM. near Hrn.*lw?\. I ENAMKLI.KD COTTA?lC FrRWTURE.-F.leq firm rlu?i mills. II ylaNB, w'th marble tOfi*. for $06. ?u>'? an low a* %.'5 and waeracleU, at the man'tfetfivy, Hrnedwav. helow Bleecker *tn-et. Good* ca.afoily pack* Knout of ibo clly. Heat, biat.-cohkns patkbt qratr dam: put lii any graui *are* S.'l per cant la ml; ga'na 40 cent beat In the room Rxi>en*e trifling Ca'l aad eea operation, at L. A J. JACOMT, ?/7 Bread we v. Kansas lands-borton. ani oct.. mm.?? trustee* f'T the pn. ?b?-i- o' rrovernment .and* li lerrltorr of Kar*a? are now ready to receive ?cl.? rtptk la lr???, to be applied lo Uie pur.haec rf -be Deu?ware ? I iane iru?t land a, to l>e -old November 17th. and ibereo and to the { tirrhane of otter laud* In aaid 'territory. App the Traaaurcr, Joarph Lyman, at No l *Fln;?r Mraet, Rot A NOB A LAWRENCE, J WM. Di m.IT PICKMAN.jTraM? _____ ROBERT ti STORMS. > M^^harhir fronts can be fcrmsurd toord la ibw or adjacent clue*, from tie t. _? ug* Ma Work*, at the . ?. ??? . e f-t ? etery two week*. App LAMCMiKK A CO . at H?un^ui <? lluoa..D, or to V | Ckaunct y A Co.. 10 Old alip. New Tark. KOOriMO, ROOFIMO, ROOFtMO-RF.PAIRED A mini w.ih a patent mei*iV. coating, cne coat he in* e. lo t?e ^ordinary paint, and warrant*!. All order* aca' 121 HM TwenW aeventh atrect, will be aUended to. QTOVRB, f-TOVES. *T0VE*.-W. A FT. VAN NoTRS. Canal street, near Vaurk (now No. 414). We bat large ***<irunet>l of tb' la c?t paUc u^ff grnli ? anj feud ki chen rar ?e?, iiimntrr i aii*en and for ?a'e. on ? M>n*? le t< i in* OmlH, rau(ea ai.d ?inic? Hn> <1 and reoau Wov?? put up ardplpe tutuaiiad tor aame. Ho?p ?tone] *? m :i ii tu. ti.? >. .ii aikt. SI I> R|OK THKRV W M R. I'niMt'K A CO. M I P ?. rlptlte ;Maiu|iM (jmtia. at I OWLc.R .*4WKLI<H' llioedway. V'UrLLR MONT 7.1 N'- CHiMPANT, f t>r ??LCIOM ? ? O I ? ? c r Tbefilieerlbeet. A rent* nf Una ' imptif, are preparnj etippiy it alcr* ?itb uu ir Tart" i* t.: o-'ueu oa liberal Mr * hit* Piix, Bore brUMMrt l? color iMmnm We ltd I?a4. Spkah'i . /1 c nap NiiLf t. r ?i>eaUiin4t rewela . ? it /.i h . < f extra ?!?? asJ U.k'kneea, for maa tfac'itry put poet* k.K.ri ir fiic. of rarom d?arr1p*ior? I nrinrV Biaale (or the rooftnf of lire* and Inrce h'tlld under th? ?! !? < n. ? h* . .tterlecced Par.? r>i'fera, . 1 Ml ! -?0 I ??" moffl a mrrf, ^ K i. 48 Mr?4 WW Now Verb' IHl'lUNiUWI, AVTFOLOOT.?rnOFK-SOB WII T"K CRT I t rated ??trolieer, yw Rror mo i^eet. m k- only ner> ?t*:e In IHI enrrec>lr <be pa?t, pr ??ejii aM f it'ire erenO me fee? Ladle* AO centa; gentlemen, $1. I line of M "l?'"d AHN ASTROLOOIRT TB t T La .A)' I B tire tin u?a. d dollar* reward la ntlerod to any parr wh'i ean (urpaae b?r in |lrlti( i nrrect ??>? m<nM to |? ?recent aad (mure erenle. pan - ularly ab?ert tr-aim. loan law Muta Ac Rbe alnngitei lucky numbem >r-?urpa? aav peraon that ha* erer ri* -ej oar cl'r rhe ^ Man aiakl great cure* All perorma ok*a/? aftlkCed with i-.ir? unpU. liirrr eoMplalni, acrnfula, rb'-nmat.MB nr anr 'Hber inrerl <kna, woa'd d i well 'a call ard *ee thia ?? n tertul a nainrnl (Iftrd lady, and inn wrl are ruawr .IKWIMn 14 B.? Maban-e CLIFf'TOB le ao humhnj t?*i ami aatt> | <aa. Beaetaooa Bo. M Oroberd Mreol, MM Hwataa nl faetn. A^*woM>m momtTamu thf^kirhrat WM palmlai. can be cotaalted nn nil e> Third avenue, trntw^a F.ifb'eentb and Xlf?e-*entt ittree Fe? gneeala. Tbe (Ipey hue nn hare I a eeeret ? b'-b wit e?a> un? mdy or fnOetnan <n win or obtain Uh- aT?c Ion* of I nypoalie ttm. Cbnrga artra. CLA1BVOTAMCF -MRB. K?TT*OIIR, lit -FRf> *t|*ev, a few di<n wee- of Hmad way, (be meat *.?e?w* ill medical ardb'telm** clalrvorant la Amcrlea All d? ?oaee <!*? ?* an 1 cur^d. If ewrable. nnerring a-trVie . bu?tn??a. *i'*em fnrnda. Ac . aad aaUafa^tioo la a>. caaea no caar?e me4a. (ILATRTOTANfU.?MB' IIATB1. OF NO I'd OR ti ; Itreet N. T . b< tfce beet ???emff and -peokirr med"*l ?_ huelec^ eburmrant in tie t'ancl sate* L?>lle< nfflic*' m n arrh de*fneaa cotunimptmn >'?*per>?ia, h?irt Jiaea luer aad kidney coinp A ? , rhe..n?atl?n ner?nn?n**e. c?ncf>r? Ac, ?l?. ?nhinc Mra llajea Cjr>? mad* dai'r. N..-in -emaMtr it.? mlerl unle** ??UnfcctiTy eutminattmi* are, ten Kle irw-tty admlnl*ter?d IP TBF SOt'l of MAN 1MMORT A I. f>0 SIM HT9 co* I i * a . Ma will pleaaeea1loaMt*<SRABRINf?,.?alMMMMlaj lift orand e?reet a lew dor*a ?c Vif Krrwtwaj V \ MADVM TfARBIS.-tht* MTIITfRTOT'S LAUT IS W4M4r lo all i " h> r i r. i.riion* are ao trvjo. Sb? ? ?ell all the n en'? of life, *?-*n the rerr tfcnnrhf* ' " W. ?? ?-'erentcentb *tre<?, n?ac Stvlb ?\fnn? llonra, in A ? i )? M 1 jwlie* 2T. cent, gen' r,- . . , . -?,<? ? inipsrt a werrt that will lanae ?p*i .l> marrlafea Cfcn ? hn lima nt fe Homu. I< HI RK 1KT1RO DF OrTKPI.^, TTITR nnrflf r? a tpr -wiS S . ay wt.h to pea. the fKSof ??\ >Z?Z, fm tzxjz.k?' ?T ,> .yriiWma'lv wlRtrr thmwrm wbK ^Ih. .tw-1,1 J f"5*-**'*'' mean- to hie Mwer ??? re> ill', . ?* ?<r*^ble aapte<lie Tb. ZL-1. ^ ir' f*? ?l'*iMr? o' -he et m. -- ? * phTMMaa. bowiti r*Md*ln U>* So i? . . J?? T* " t",*,wea? eflbe h- b of'? re . i*. trepu?i refNie*. BAWON aLv?iiTm,i,a