Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 24, 1856, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 24, 1856 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMB9 QOK.DOB ?BNNBW, ?#>lTOH AND PmOPBlETOm. ?rne* ? w. our*** or mashav a*d fclto* btb. v?t?M *xi n?. atn fcMUSKMRNTs THIS cVl&MINa 4C4W11 OK MW8IC, KoartMaW st? IrtUA* Cr?si? K IWMIW& KTWXJf <lA*f?EN, Broxl*ij-Ti?it Rorm F??l? lim -roNfco, *OWK*Y TRR&TR*, Bowery.?TEE D?c* or D?aim? *?? Vim* ?y ?Jaw.i?ht. AURTpN'H M*w THKATRg. Hrmuiwrnr. onpw.M Bond ?tml -dnnini, Ok. tub Heiu* or T?*kO*-to riRMTS *?d OUAEIHtNII. WAlJ.AOK'g TRRATRK, BrEOdWBy.? "l-OOI* a*? R?n on Skrru Hi DM. LURa KBRWE's TUB at RE, 6J4 BroKlwiy?YO??g ?>? lim-wxm Bewahe. OR ambers street TURaTRE, (late BmrtoE1!).??at? ? P??L iBESKAEE'l Wl??. ? ARVVM'S ARIRI'-AN MUSBPSf, Hro*dwaj.-ATter mt-foa HHkt hvenm^ i 'a<ilu. RROaRWAY VAR1KTI1IB, 473 Bro*dw*y.--Biuc* By*d tr?t" or a Mtvex. ?t O CHRISTY * WOOD'S MINRTRRLR 444 Broftd w*j?Urn oriAE PKKroitiiAnoBE?Tm Old t'u?. 0VCK ' K\ s KKRSRAPERS, SfcT> Eronlway.?EfHiO"lAS ?fcrwiaj*? Bohemia* Oihu ratlSE^E HAI.l, A? Br??<hr?T.?WoMDEirui. Trices, tE. ?> Doaara*a Dome >m Aliemoon dm New York, Monday, November 34, ISM. Tfcke Sl?w? ?fee*here we give ft communication from Mr. Caraebns Vanderbilt, in relation to ft st^ent?nJ mUe by Major Heiw a few days ^c*. In th* ?(?lament the Major said that Mr. Vanderb.lt had to d hmi in hi-, office that General Goicouna was his went Ac. Thia. Mr. Vanderbilt affirma, was a great itetake on tbe part of M^jor Heirn, ftnd that be MO misunderstood him, aa General Goicouria waa m, his a*ent nor that of the Nicaragua Company We also give tbe manifesto of General Goiconria, m reply to Major Hews and General Walker,on Nicara rrwn affaire. . , Tb?^ anticipated duel betwcn Gen. Goicouria and Mr. Edmund Randolph was the town talk yester day bat it seems probable that it will not take ?kee this morning, as announced, owing to the publicity given to it, and alao from the last that Mr. Randolph ift an invalid, and unable even to walk without assistance, fcbould he fight, his friends w ke compelled to carry him to the ground, and bold k.m up during tbe combat. Tt is, therefore more thw, probable that the light will be postponed "? a .ore convenient mion. The polio* made no ef ort to arrert the parties, and Gea. Goicouria waa m the torn*.? of the St. Nicholas Hotel at a late hour ton night, while Mr. Randolph still remains at the Wa*hincton Houae, No. 1 Broadway. The i-eaiob for the steamer Le Lyonnais, which wa* run into by the ahip Adriatic, has thus far proved aneocceeafnl. Captain War<3. of the -hp Joton Willi), at Boston on Saturday, from Calcutti, MPorts bavirg spoken, November 20, in UtHude 40 20 N., longitude 6i>, steamship Manon, from New York. in search of the missing steamer. Caot. Feeler, of tbe Marian, reported that be had met with no success thus far. The Ranrver GosttU contradicts the news loat America intemds to demand tbe abolition of tbe cc the Elbe, which Hanover receives at Sude. On Saturday the Surrogate gave a decision in th; Mtter of tbe estate of John McComt. deceased, which as usual, waa characterized by research an<l eminent legal ability. The testator, in his wiU. di rectal his executors to pay nis widow an annuity of flye hundred dollars per annum and to set ap*rt and ia*e?t a sufficient amount of his property to make Mid oa\menu They did so. by investing ten thou sand dollars. Tbe lesxluary legatees con.-id-r.-il that tbe taxea upon the investment should be paid .ut of the annuity, and carried tbe aae before the Surrogate for biadeci-ion. The Surrogate pre*nv ed all 'be points of law upon the subje*. and de cided *.hM the taxes should not be deducted irom th, annuity. and that tbe annuity paid could not be lc? than five hundred dollar*. The decision will be fennd in another column. Inquee's on unknown persons found drowned are ?f almost ?toily occurrence, a* may be seen by our leooris of tbe business done at the Coroner s office. Whether any eioe to the identity of these persons is eve. arrive! ? we bftve no means of a^ertaimng. There ia reason. however, to suppose that in ue Majority of c*?s tbe bodies are bor.ed wlthoit tou.2 ? cogntaed. and tbeir families and friends re ?.i^orever in ignorance of the casualty that ha tbCO* Mr Abraham I.Whipple, a note broker, doinc fcMiMfs in William street, waa s.restodou .Saturday ev mug on the complaint of Mr. George C. Burst, who prefened a charge of ?ahe pretences and em fceislemcnt againal him. The amount digged as emo-zz!ed ia about 17'K). The particular- will be found atd'.r tbe police head. A Mr-. Duffy and her daughter, re-idtng in Eleventh avoone. were su?<eatelby a tire which t,xik place in tbeir appartment on Saturday eveo ?g ?blle they were aaieep iD bsd, and wbi> b was not discovered in time to wve their livea. Advices fr m Rio de Janeiro to October ?, *** that -be aarketa at that port were dull. Coffee cou tmi.'d to < ome in fretly. and was immediately en g.t*ed for Ku opean account. No news <>f any interest?cAbiag hav.ng occurred save a al-ght aaapenskm of good feeling between th* French Mm mt?r and tbe government, arising out of a point oi etiouette at the Conrt ot SU flood. of whi' b the Rrazi^iin Minister complained. Tbe nutter was, however, amicably adjusted. Ia onr columns this morning will be f jund a mito her ot extract* irora late foreigft journals of a varieJ ?cd interesting character. The President of tbe Georgia Central Railroad b? written a letter to the i/md -n T?w"?. denying the ridiculous dories promulgate*! by Mr. Arrowtmith, ?nd put>ii?l>ed in that journal, relative to diHiing in the -<uth. He sa j?that be was in savannah on the 2?-th o/ Ai gust, and knows that na such occurrences took place, as related by that gentleman. The sales of < at ton at New Otleana on Friday r*aebed * 000 bales, with a slight decline in the valtM ?f Inferior qualities. Tbe sHes of tb? week aitonnt ?,i to 01 /op hales. Tbe .,naatity received so far at that port th" "**?n h* 26,000 ^ th. same time last year. The sales of coff~ tor tbe w<ek amonBtefl to J?/?00 bags, and t#ie reee?pt? to 22,')00. The tooek on bawl was 7?,000 baga. Judae i.ante, ftrmerly editor of the Crrtrr.tt, died at New Ot leans on the 15th ihst. The ann-xed table sbowa terof?eratore of tbe atr.osnbtie during the past week , tbe range of the barometer, the variatier a of the w.nd current*, and the rate of the weather at three periods during P. M.:? Oaring the past week the w?a tber ha* been >-lear and pi?Asaat. I ist evening, however, a storm set ia. whi b promisee to be of some contlmiano*. Very little rain bis r?Pe so far this fall, and spring* in r:iai y ot th? rural d tricta have been extremely low. Tie <??. n mark'* w*s activenn Saturday, with a-ki 9f a i. iti'^sj Jbe market clo*irg fim I The private advtoea received by Ike Niagai a were Mnsidered qmite as satistajtory and as ???n*bte as the telegraphic reoorta. The floor market tu easier for cokbod (Tiudcfl, white cxtrd brabO ? were mn?hanged, aad sales moderate. Wheat ?u li toer, and quie *.Ave, white Western and Can.vlian sold at SI <J5 a f 1 7o red wiater Western at II 52 a II 5? a II 57; spring do., $1 3o a $116, and Kil wauhie at II 40 a II i'i. Cora was scareeAnd prices timer; Weuero mixed watt Mid at Tim aad from stare held at 3?c.; Southern yeilow soli uf 74c. a 75c. A cargo of new North Carolina white corn, the first oi the reason, a litOe out of order, was soid, as re potted by the purchaser, at 61c. Pork was in mo derate demand at fl7 75. Sugars were steatiy, with t-ales of aboot tiOC hbds., at pries which are given elsewhere. Coffee wis quiet. Freights were less active, and rather easier to English porta. The Approaching Session of Congress. T%<' second session of this, the Thirty-fourth Cofipr? ?8. opens next Monday, the first of Decem ber. It promises to be. if not a very important, at least un interesting setrion. It will be sore to give a foreshadowing of the policy of the admi nistration * hich i? to come into power on the fourth of M.irch next. The republican party, which bad a majority in the last House of Repre sentatives. will, on account of its defeat in tt?e lYesidenfial contest, appear in the character of the opposition rather than in that of the domi nant party. The democrats, on the contrary. although still in the minority, will in fact as sume the direction of legi&lation, and will be, to a large extent, responsible therefor. The twenty tive or thirty Southern Know Nothing members of the House will, as they have hitherto done on all important questions, side with the adminis tration party, and so give it a small majority. The acts of the next session will therefore be, to all intents and purposes, those of the democratic par'y. notwithstanding the fact that the repub licans have the Speakership and organization of the committees in their own hands. \V e published some ten days ago a communi cation from our Washington correspondent, set ting forth the important questions that are to come before the next session. It is not necessary now to recapitulate them all. The principal of them are the settlement of the Kansas question, th; tariff, and the several Pacific Railroad schemes. We thiuk it quite problematical, however, whether all or any of these measures will be dis posed of duritg the approaching session. The republicans had .not the pluck, energy or Con gressional ex{* rience. during the eight months of the long session, to effcct any practical legisla I tion for the relief of the oppress:*! citizens of Kar-aa. It is Lot likely that, now, d- pressed by their defeat before the country, and with some three or fo >r additions to the ranks of their ad versaries. th y will, within the short space of three months -to which the session is restricted be able to pass any such measure. The demo crats and the Southern Know Nothings will b-j. of couise. opposed to any legislation on the sub ject : the latter, bocause it would be adverse to the sentiments of slavery propagandising the for mer. because it wuuld be a tacit if not an open condemnation of the policy of the Pierce admi nistration. And poor Pierce looks piteou*ly for tt" consolation oi not having his acts conJemned by the country. As for the tariff'question, a voluminous bill on the subject was prepared at the last se*?ion by Mr. Campbell of Ohio, tt" republicau chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means in the 1 House, but we think it rather unlikely that he will have tli>' chance of pl.jming himself on it- passa? ; not., perhaps, that th" majority of tb" Ho.i*; have any obj-wtion to the provisions of the bill /<T*r. but that they would deprive the r< publicans ot the privilege of boasting that in tb" Congress id which they wr? in tbe asc nden:y they had achieved a single national measure or had -oared any higher in the walks of legisla.ion than the donation of several millions of acres of the public domain to railroad and stockjobbing corporations, schemers and lobby agents. There fore it is that we deem it quite improbable that Mr. Campbell's tariff bill will have a chance of being passed; and as thit gentleman's seat in tbe next Congress will be contested by a demo crat. who will probably oust him, we regard bis measure as shelved, per stcvla seculori. m. The third great question to come up in tho text session is the Pacific Railroad scheme. It will overshadow all other measures of legislation. Judging from the tremendous exertions made? and all but sacee^sfully?to shove it through in its jejuni and uncon. id'red condition, at thr closing scenes of thy ia*-t session, we should not V* at all mrpi iaed to see that monstrous plan of peculation emicN-d into a law within tbe next three month*. From thirty to fifty tbou?nd ? ? ? ! 1. i.d :,i >r>- :h' .?> isopenly auno'iooej ' ii til- loboy as the r* tv*rd for a vote in i*? favor; and we are sorry to say that *<j do not place a r i(l;> if ntly high estimate on t'.e bene ty au.l public virtue ol on- rep ?ntitiv - to >?"),? ve th'-y --ill be proof again.-- ti. int! j enres. It will be, therefore, rather a mat! -r of surprise tbau otherwise. if the bill, in some form not pass dm inir the approaching sr>??ion. If it be defeated at all. or if it lie even staved off for a tin??\ ~o as to l"t its provisions be pmp-vly considered and matured, it will only be, we opine. through the firrnne^, hone?ty and pirlia rner.tary knowledge of such men as Letcner of Virginia and Jooes of Tennessee, who arc worth fo tb" country many mdllons a year in saving the treasury f rom spoliation and fraud. Outside of these tbr?e subjects?or. perhaps through tb'm?the Illation of tbe next session will prot-ably be shaped with a view to fu'ure political operations. The republicans will en deavor so to shape th*ir coone as to allow Mr. Pierce to caiTy out bi? ultra pro-slav-ry view*, ?hat they nony thus obtain more capital at tb? North. The democrats will try to avo'd playing 'bus into the band* of their adversaries and wiil iaib* r 'ry to moderate and smooth down thj ?K'Mur'? which th? President would like to have carried tl.rounh. so that we kickily ne"d not e* - pect any more hi?h handed measures in favor of -lavery propa^an?li?m. Tbe democratic party in ' ongress will omleavor to shape Its conduct in t ucb a *ny as to be able to exercise a coutrol over Mr. Euchanan in the selection of his Cabinet, and In the srneral course of policy to be adopted by his administration. We may expect to If am of a grand ?yst?m of Intrlnnin* w;th a M( tt to tf effect*. Coogrei *i:i probably I. -objected during tbe next three months to th ? , irf!- ejica of thr> e or four cliques of the d-mo c vie rarfy. Two of the;u will befrom the South tl r>. ultra-seeeHrn Prookj-and-Keitt ""cUon. and the hectoring, blu; terlng, spoils-seeking *c- ! t on under tbe badersbip o" (J iattlehm Wi*>. ( Ti e oiber two will he from the North--the one i striving fo sheer off" from ultra measures in r?fn. T?k.e to Kim* and ?lavery extension. ?nd fh" other -like the Virginia oprtfoo -knowing noth'ng ar.d car'ng for nothing but spoil*. And so w?? i tUt'lae will ?? a cott.'d-jaU? tt a muddle in Congress, and that parlies will be in a st?w all round. Tbe I'rewd' 'nt > Message, which will be Bent in to totb houbee next Monday, will be a very curious document. In it poor IMerce will undoubtedly strive to make it appear that the election of Mr. Buchanan is tantamount to an approval by the country of all the measures of the existing ad ministration. We advise him not to lay that flattering miction to hi* soul. It was by the disavowal and disapproval of his ultra pro s-lavcry and ridiculous measures in respect to Kansas that Mr. Buchanan's friends were able to operate successfully on the minds of the men of the central States?particularly Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois. If it bad not been for such disavowals, skilfully made, the probabilities are that Mr. Buchanan would not bave got the electoral votes of any one of those States. As it was, he got them, in tbe language of Job, " by the skin of his teeth." As to the foreign policy of the Pierce adminis tration, it is scoffed and laughed at on all sides. The approaching session will, therefore, from every point of view, be scrutinized with much interest and anxiety. Neither a bill for tbe re lief of Kan-as nor for a modification of the ta riff. nor for the construction of tbe Pacific Rail road. may be passed. Bat whether or not, we will have systematized efforts, on the one side, to shape and fashion in some way the policy of Mr. Buchanan's administration, and on the other to mould events so as to make them useful in the Presidential canvass of l?t>0. Besides this, all the lobby members and the corrupt members of Congress will be busy in getting up and promot ing all sort? of spoliation measures and schemes to possess themselves of the money and lands of tbe people. And so the session will be an excit ing one, though it may not be either profitable or creditable to the nation. Never mind, we are used to that now, and can regard it with Chris tian forbearance. Tiik Ckntrai. Amkiucan War in Nkw York.? At tbe last accounts from Nicaragua Walker gained several victories over bis enemies, tud tbe war in Central America was supposed to be pretty near its end?that is. if wars in Central America ever do have any end Daring the tem porary suspension of hostilities in Nicaragua tbe war has broken out in New York, commencing with a furious newspaper battle betwen Messr*. Heiss, Goicouria and Edmund Randolph, with a few outsiders firing small arms, just to keep up the excitement. From letter writing to duelling seems a natural transition, and a hostile meeting between Goiconria and Randolph is on the tapis. Another hero anxious for renown and pistol practice at ten paces, sends us the following plea sant little note :? TO THB KD1TOR OF THB UKKALO. Naw Yoiik, Nov. 12, 1868 Tbe gentleman that wrote the article ligMd *? I.o Mim&o" id Otis morning's mace ia a liar nd a coward, and dare Dot acknowledge bie name. Louis a. lattihf.r, Dent. FtratRitlej, N. A.. Baltimore, Md. V B ?W I be '.n ;.tw York at sny time to refute iacb be*. Of course " Lo Mismo" will come out and re spoud to this gentle invitation, and then there will be another duel; so the war may last until all the parties on both sides have eaten each oth r up. This small business, however, is disgusting; ai d we would propose to all the disputants to | arrange a day for a grand row, engage a splendid steamboat- one oi those they are quarrelling about and go up the North river for a grand set-to all around, and thus do up all tbe business at once, in the wholesale way. Apmpon of Central America?We publish two more bulletins In this morning's pap'r: one from G' neral Goicouria in reply to Major Hi ess, and one from Commodore Vanderbilt Commodore V. is brief, and pimply denies that General Goi couria wu? his at" ? t: but the General's 1-tter ;s a sharp one, and a very extraordinary document. It will be seen that General Walker first made a coirract in which he agreed to embrace Cuba n his plan of operations, but that he afterward* concluded lo form a splendid Southern confede racy in opposition to the North, he having a very poor opinion of psalm singing Yankees"- mean ing. w ?uppos?>, the inhabitants of the country a little this side of Mason and Dixon's line. After a few more publications such as have apjf-are 1 in our columns during the last few days, the public will be somewhat enlightened on Nicaragua af fairs. DirTin lties w ith Ntw Granada. Our Wash ington correspondent informs us that the plan or coor* of action to be pursued in reference to tbe claim of our government on the republic of New Granada, arising out of the massacre of United States citiz-ns at I'anamii in April l??t. wll be agreed upon this week. TLe Hon. Isa. ? E. Morr**, of I?uisiana, who is to be sent to Bogota as Knvoy Extiaonlinary. to negotiate a settlement of the pending difficulties, is now at Washington await ing his commission and instruction*, which ue will probably receive in a few days. It seefhs that tbe settlement to be effected w. h New Gr nada i? not conlioed exclusively to this matter of tbe I'anama outrage. It also embrace tbe matter of postal arrangements between the two republics. As tbe regulation of this ques tion will have more or less oonnection with the railroad across the Isthmus, a good d^al of im portance attaches to it. The New Granadian gov rnm^nt proposes to settle both matters in the one convention ; but this proportion doa* not meet the approbation of the administration at Washington. Tbe idea there is, that as tbe two (jiu-ctiens have no eoBMetion with one ano ther. thev should be kept totally distinct. We spree with our corM'spon-fent in thinl.ing tbat tbe administration is correct in this view. We trust no more time will be icinec -warily wasted in procuting a settlement of those questions. Tiik IIroobi.yn Fkrrik*.?- We have not as yet beafd whether any legal steps have b"en taken to try the question of the commutation right with lb' director! of tbe Union Kerry Company. We go in lor practical remedies for practical grievance*. If th" law fs with the resides of Brooklyn, why do thoy not. avail themselves of its provisions? Tbe silence of tbe F?jrry Company ?bows that tbey do not feel tfcemsel^s very strong on this point. The continue inaction of tlio ilrookljn people will only go to prove that the grievance of which they have boon complain ing > n?. grievance at ail. otherwise they would revolt to the measure wo have indicated. We i )i te that tlo m?ro menac- of a suit would Im mediately tiring the company to terms. Is there no Trooklyn Cur'Ius rsndy to throw himself into the gap to defend the rights of bis fellow citi jots? If tkey wait for th" action of our Corpo ration. we fear that they will sacrifice any qaan ti'y of their hard earned cents. The matter was j referred tr? a committee of the Common Council for report, but a* yet no action bas b"?n taken 1 ?ip?n it. The Brooklynites ma?t do their own j aftSi&t t /!'</( I*t it '( Citl t'vriffra. I/trlDtM ami Ucfww Col. Benton and Mr. tillmore HImbu. The loafers of society are generally said to live by their wit*, but the term is an inappropri ate one, seeing how small an amount of intellec tual capacity is required to support men in

idleness. A moderate share of impudence ap pears to us the only quality needed in Mfcih cai-es. There is. for instance, a class of persons who make out a very good living by the exercise of this gift alone, aud who fatten upon the fruitn of other men's labors, without having either the honesty or the gratitude to acknowledge the sources whence they borrow their means. We allude to the large body of itinerant lecturers who periodically lay our cities and towns under contribution, giving but little in return fbr tl^ harvests which they make. During the summer these persons lie by in the enjoyment of inglorious ease, ihcir whole amount of exertion consisting in the preparation of the two or three lectures which are to form their stock in trade for the remainder of the year. These precious productions are compiled from elementary scientific treatises, the reviews of new publica tions in the periodicals, or the reports of lccturea before foreign societies?ail of which furnish the ready groundwork of a pretentious but superficial superstructure. In vain we look for an original idea or a little novelty in the language of these compila tions. Both ideas and forms of expression are plundered by wholesale; the only thing which the lecturer thinkB it necessary to contribute being an occasional local or ad capUindum allu sion by way of lubrication to the crude and ill digested mass which he crams down the throats of his gaping audiences. These literary Swiss have a nervous horror of anything like extended publicity. They like well the pulf preliminary or the puff after the fact, and for these they are always prepared to pay handsomely; but let an enterprising journal, accustomed to hold this mir ror up to charlatan i.-m, attempt to report one of their lectures in full, and they will make piteous appeale against what by others would be con I sidered a compliment. They pretend that the | publication of their lectures renders them sUle and unprofitable in other places; and where they find that they cannot control the action of the press they nsort to the expedient of reading them in so hurried and indistinct a manner that, neither reporters nor audience can make any thing out of them. Now, it is obvious from all this that the system of written lectures is a bad one, and holds out a temptation to adventurers to impose upon the i^ Loracce and credulity of uninformed people. fn the first place, a lecturer must be but imperfectly acquainted with his subject when he doubts his ability to impart to it variety and novelty in re petition. In the next, his repugnance to have it reproduced in the press is tolerably clear evi dence that he dreads a too critical examination ot its merits. How is it that an extempore poli tical speaker will address any number of audieu ceson the same topics, and that too in the face of the published reports of previous speeches, without wearying his hearers, or having occasion to claim silence on the part of the newspapers ? It is that the idea* and language that he makes use of are his own, that bis mind is fresh and vigorous, and that for these reasons he does not ear hie being able to give fresh variety and at traction to his subject as often as he may be called upon to repeat it A properly trained lec turn, capable of conveying instruction to hiij hearers, thou Id be above, and not below, the stand ard of our stump speakers. Unfortunately it but ?oo frequently happens that be is beneath them in a'l the most ordinary requirements of his art SuCb are obviously tbe reasons why lectures have Income a drug in this country, and why those who have taken to their delivery as a pro t'-ssion have fallen into disrepute. Almost all our public lecturers, with some few brilliant ex ceptions. are not only incompetent to their duties, but have adopted expedients to cover their In competency which prove that they are con scious of the fact. It is with surprise that we I find a man of high position and talents, like ' olon'-'1 Benton, falling into the mistakes of these people, and lending the sanction of his examp'e to their practices. We see it stated that he is about to deliver a lecture in Boston and other cities of the Northeast, ?? 00 the state of the Union, its condition and danger/' and that he has taken the necessary legal steps to sc3ure .1 copyright in it. The object of this lecture, as claimed in its title, is " to avert the danger by showing tbe reality of it'-apatriotic and highly lawllLIc purpose, and in every way consistent with Colooel Benton's character and antecedents. If he were a professional lecturer, however the that be has taken to limit tbe uaefulnc of his political warning? wouM tempt us to ask if he proposed to himself to moke a livelihood out of the dangers by which we are menaced: but being a politic.il magnate, we mast content ourselves with inquir ing if he is '>nly going to save the Union for tb? exclusive few who have a quarter to spare. The principle, to cay tbe least of it, is not a demo^ cratic one. Whilst on this subject, we must not omit a parsing allusion to tbe lecture lately delivered in this city by Mr. Gilmore Simms. Its object was professedly to bolster up the much injured cbi \aliy of South Carolina, and to palliate some of their recent exploits. Nothing can show more markedly tbe different temperament and feelings which actuate the North than tbe manner in wbleb Mr. Slmms' Quixotical undertaking was re- ' " ived. To his f!rat lecture about one hundred potions were aUra, fed t,y c'U'iosUy; ttithoU},, but little sympathy was manifesto! in the view* of the speaker, nothing could hare b*v?n fairer tt an the manner in which ho was treated both by his audience and the city press. The second le, tore w.is not delivered, for the simple reason th only thirteen pe rsons con Id b^ mustered to listo , to it How different would be the conduct of a South Carolina audience, if any ??o Wor? to g? down there and lecture npon the intellectual pre eminence of Massachusetts and the wrongs of Charles Sumner ! We recommend th#,. lenon <0 the consideration of our South Carolina frien.n It will convince thom. we hope, that there in mon to be gained by treating their aiwiUnb. with temper and equanimity than by insensate anneaU to brute force. F*C?xo Down - Tbe Richmond E?Turrr sinco tbe late visit of Gov. Wise to Wheatland is backing down ; and wo should not wond"r if th tpolls d< moeracy of Richmond were to consent to give up the cxpectcd Increase fn the prlco of nir Mrs. for the sake of the spoils. The dejection of tho Virginia faction under Gov. WiV, from tho JefT. Davis disunion democracy of tho South will make a sail hole in the secemionist pro-' gremme; and the leanings of Gov. Whe> or^,, am.unt to an invitation to Mr Buchanan to go aieit?, cifgtrs or no Differs, .0 the Vlrgh'a brethren get their share of the spoils. Thus the Union is secure under " the cobeuire power of the public plunder." Bobedil Wise j>as sheathed Davis, Rhett and company must do without him. He takes his chances for the niggers and goes for the spoilsi An Honbot CoNKKfwioN at Last?Gkn. Cass ox thk Stand.?We publish in another part of this paper, a very suggestive article from the Detroit Frte Frt*?, (the confidential home organ of Gen. Cass,) on "tbe cause of the large Fre mont majorities in the North.'' As Gen. Cass has been made to feel the whole dead weight of there "Fremont majorities," the "cause," as con fessed by his home organ, will hardly be disput ed by Mr. Pierce's organ at Washington, now that the election is over, and that the practical issues of the day will have to be looked at square ly and faii^^u the face. This homf organ of Gen. Cass charges these "heavy Fremont majorities in the North"' "solely to the mal-adminifetration of affairs in Kansas." It confesses substantially that while the Northern democracy thought themselves voting for a great principle in the Kansas-Nebraska bill, they were the dupes of an unprincipled Southern conspiracy. It tells its Southern fellow democrats that "the first election in Kansas was carried by an irrup tion of Miesourians," tbat "the Legislature thus chosen went on to legalize slavery and to enact a code of laws fitly characterized by Gen. Cass, in the Senate of the Unjted States, as disgraceful to the civilization of the age;" that "this legis lation was followed by scenes in Kansas which have furnished tbe black republicans with just tbe sort of capital they wanted;" that "a nation al administration (poor Pierce) for months sat still, and permitted these scenes to transpire," and tbat (mark this) " bad the Southern demo cratic press, and had Southern democratic states men, condemned the Missouri irruption in lan guage not to be misunderstood, and bad they de nounced the attempts then and since made to in troduce slavery into Kansas by force and fraud, the Fremont majorities would have been very much less in the Northern States." This is excellent as far as it goes; but had General Cass and other democratic leaders in Congress contrived to Becure the admission of Kansas into the Union under the Topeka Consti tution as a free State, the Fremont majorities in the North would have entirely disappeared, and General Cass would have secured a certain re election to the United States Senate. We are gratified, however, to learn, as from the mouth of General Caes himself, that he' wants no assur ance with respect to Mr. Buchanan s Kansas poli cy," that " he will preserve order and crush out ruffianism?Southern ruffianism and Northern ruffianism'"?and that " he will secure to the bona fide inhabitants of the Territory their unquestion able rights under the organic law." This is also what we expect; and should this be done in good iaith, we feel entirely satisfied that the destiny of Kansas will be her admission into the Union as a free State, and that this solution will do much to crush out the present formidable Northern anti Atchison organization, and much to restore the democratic party to a solid and respectable foot ing in the North, which it cannot otherwise re cover. In this we cannot be mistakeu. Indictments with a Venoeance.?Wc per ceive that the Grand Jury, under the direction of the Recorder, has proceeded to indict fifty or six ty Inspectors of Election for delaying their re turns beyond the limit of time allowed by law, and twenty or thirty policemen have also been indicted lor alleged dereliction of duty in failing to make arrests on election day. Of coursc we have no means of knowing the evidence upon which the Grand Inquest has made its presentment in these cases, but it really ap pears to us that these indictments are only poli tical indictments, caused by the reaction of bitter political reeling, which, burning and fuming be fore the election, now seeks vengeance upon something or other after it. According to the best of our information, the question between the Grand Jury and the Inspec tors of Election is a dispute as to the construc tion of the law. which has arisen before, and that the Inspectors claim that their construction is the correct one ; so that the indictment Is merely one for construing the law differently from the Grand Inquest The indictments against the policemen are still more aljsurd. The policeman is an execu tive officer, acting under orders of a superior power. When be is directed by his superior officer to make an arrest, and neglects or re fuses to obey the order, be may be punished by the source whence he derives his power? cadi ie red. suspended, or deprived of pay. When a policeman is on duty, the law allows him 10 use bis own judgment as to what it is right for bun to do. jr be abstains from making arrests, uinler those circumstances he may be guilty ol an error of judgment; but it cannot be construed on its face as a crime by any Grand Jury in the world. Tims tlie Grand Jury, under th<> direction of the ttocoriler. has travelled beyond the limit* of its power in these indictments of the Inspectors for a misconstruction of the law of which they may be guilty, instead of a criminal act of which they are not guilty. With regard to the policemen, the Grand Jury has no power over them more than over any private citizen. With policemen, as such, the Grand Inquest has nothing to do. When a policeman has been guilty of a breach of duty, his tribunal is the Iloard of Commissioners of Po lice, which commission was established for khe purpose. Waittxo ior the Isai'oi'Rau?It is the cut tom with the Ohio democracy to m^et in State convention, and nominate their candidates for State officers, on the Mh day of January; but on the next occasion the day will most probably be put off till after the inauguration. There are two democratic factions in (>hlo. as in New ^ ork, and the difficulty is a fusion until they know upon what they are to fuse. They are. therefore, dis cussing the expediency of awaiting the inaugural and the Cabinet of Mr. Buchanan, and wc seri ously recommend them to wait; for that one fac tion or the other will he compelled to surrender or declare war, wc regard as certain as that Mr. Ihichanan Is elect'?d. It won't do to trust to the filibustering claptrep of the Cincinnati platform, nor to the Ostend manifesto. They have served their purpose, and the democracy must now wait to see where Mr. Buchanan will bring them up. The inaugural may be cloudy; but the Cabinet will pretty clearly show which way the wind is blowing. Mr. Tierce's inaugural was magnifi cent it wonki have floated a ship of the line? but his Cabinet reduced him to a piratical craft, which was foundered with the launching. The Ohio democracy are welcome to the inaugural. We await the Cabinet, " Act* "P^ak louder than FQlfe'' Bustle Among the PouMoum.?There is a great bustle just now among all the cliqaes and committees of the democracy. There is a great bustle about the election of the Genera) Com mittee for the ensuing year, which comtaittoo it to be chosen next week. Then; is a great bustle in the Tammany Society, which venerable body admitted thirty new members the other sight. All this bustle about the Geueral Committee and the Tammany Society has direct reference to the division of the spoils of the incoming administra tion. The Tummany Society and the General Committee are the regular organs of the de mocracy of the city, and under these circum stances claim to have something to May as to the distribution of the faf. tilings;, but there is still another outside clique of spoils-seeking politicians, headed by certain jereons who claim influence with the powers at Washington, and desire to regulate matters their own way. This is a very important matter ; and accordingly they have been actively engaged in organizing their forces in a certain roooi at the New York Hotel. This organization is headed by Daniel E. Sickles, a member of Congress elect; Isaac V. Fowler, the Postmaster; Robert J.Walk er, the defunct Secretary of the Treasury, with the head and tail of the Libby party. Thoy de sire to control the New York appointments, take the appointment of Collector, Surveyor, and so on, to prev-.nt Mr. Buchanan from falling into the came difficulties which ruined poor Pierce. If we are not very much mistaken, they are weav ing a web for Mr. Buchanan which will entangle bim in troubles equally a? disastrous as those by which poor Pierce was broken down. New that we are in the spot, we shall explain all these mat ters, and endeavor to fuse all the hard shells, soft shells, and Kochelles. into one harmonious mass, so that the new administration may not be pros trated by the same influences which destroyed poor Pierce. Mr. Buchanan is worth saving from the trap which caught poor, pitiful, insignificant Pierce. A Sample ok tub Lot.?A few days ago, we gave some rough sketches of the new Aldermen and Councilmen, by which attention they should have felt flattered; but it appears that in one in stance the feeling was, "ou the contrary, quite the reverse." One of the dignitaries was mortal ly offended, and writes us an indignant note, which we give below, without altering a single comma:? * Novsmbsk 21st '6? Fir having noticed an art bio in your Issue of loe 'iuth init. in which 70a Lavo seen St to reflect on one oi too Council men aa a dealer m old bootlegs, I take the liberty of answering the article m question, bleivmg as 1 do that It is Inlet dtd for me, whatever the Ocupaticu of your In form em la or nay have been I know not, therefore 1 caa make bo comments upon It but this much ] will ray tbat any bulraess however bumble If aa honest one detracts nothing In my estimation from the character or honesty of the man, in conclusion sir?I do not doubt but what your Informants Mat of honour, may at ton* time or other bavs been mad acquainted with tho toe of some gentle mans boot, the legs of which may have boea In my pos session. beltivmg la your love of falrp'ay and knowing yonr willingness to do Justico when required 1 ask that yon will giro this a place in your oolumns, ] remain yours one of the Councilman returned MICHEAL SMITH, per Job* Lmast Hester at cor Mulbery It will be seen tbat Mr. Smith has crude talent as a letter writer, and we advise him to put him self under the tuition of Mr. Stephen H. Branch, whose talents in this line arc too well known to need commendation at our hands. Mr. Branch, too, could give the new Councilman some lessons in practical statesmanship which would elevate the tone of that honorable body. Mr. Smith has an easy flow of wit and humor which will make him shine in debate, and we hope to hoar him il luminate the Council cbamlier with bis bun nwtit. As to his calling, we said nothing in disparage ment of It; we pimply made the statement that one of the Councilman was a dealer in old boot legs; Mr. Smith comes forward to acknowledge and defend bis vocation in a manner that does equal honor to hi* bead and heart All the deal ers in old boot legs ought to be proud of Smith, and give him a banquet a li reabody. The city ought to be proud of Smith. Everybody ought to be proud of Smith. vnt Smith ! THE LATEST A K W S. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Affairs In Washington. the difficulties with ghanada?hew subjects TO 1JC S1TTLED?THE PANAMA MASSACKB AJTD POSTAL AUAXOUOMTS. WAransaros, Nov. 33, IBM. I understand there are two subjects to bn arranged between tbe governments of New ??ranailt and lbs I'nltsd mates. The principal one la that of tbo Panama massaere. In referenco to it, tbe United states win require that not only foil Indemnity and repa ratios be made for tbat outrage, bet that, aiae, satisfac tory provision be made to protect our citizens residing 00 or passing through the Utbmus from insult and injury u? future. Tbe secoad and less important matter for settle* ment is a postal treaty between the two governments; bnt as this treaty wtll have more or lees bearing a poo tbe Interests of tbe Panama Railroad, N is sM witboat Its ?bare of importance. Tbe New Uraaa<'.laa government deslras lo have both subjects embraced w.tbin the one convention. Oar government, however, objects to that proposition. Its Idea Is, that as the Panama massacre was as accidental or extraordinary occurrence, its set tlement sbonld be kept distinct trom every otoer ni:> ter. Is this view of tbo matter our government is on doflbtedly correct. Fatal Shooting Affair Between Brothers LaxssKTMtxa, N. J., Nov. U, 1HM A colored boy, named Elijah Johnson about 12 year* old. was ? hot bore yssterday l.y his brother, while out running, asd dtsd la a few boars. Tbe brother declare* It was accidental, but a white boy wbo witneiwed the af ft*r, boy who fired tbe shot del'berately. aim aad Bred at his brother in a It of anger. *?W? by the BonUers Mall. BALtiMoaa, Nov. 33, IBM. New Or lease papers of Hoe Jay last are received. They otntala returns of the elecUos la Louisiana, mostly of> flelal, which sbow a majority of 1,ill for Buchanan. Judge larui, of New Orleans, formerly etitir of tho otmimt, died suddenly on tbe 1Mb last 1*>s Richmond mmjwtrrr declares tbe rumor that Gover nor Wise is about to call aa axtra session of tbe Virgin* Leglslsture to be without foundation Tbe President of lbs (Jeorgle Central Railroad has ad dressed a letter la tbe london Asms, denying tbe truth of tbe rid lesions duelling story sent to Lfaa'. paper by a Mr. >rrowsmltb. The President says tbst be was In Savan nah on ibe 2Stb of August last, and knows tbat there is not one word of truth is tbs statement 1*he Knotvllle at Savannah. 8a\ a.vvaji. Nor. 33, IMS. Tbe steamer Knosvllle has arrived here alter a |? ?<uro <f fifty seven houra, l>otn Now y0rk. Mar hats. Cotton?Sales to-day *,c<o'hj?It "tfeeKit'of si.too bale*. Tbe receipts are now ic o?o balm .1,^1 ^ same dare last year. (ofr.*?-Sale* 0f bass, st lC),o. a 10\o.; receipts of tne week, Si 000 bars stock on baad, 78,MO bags. . ... 0>wik?o, Nov. 21?7 p u Wheal without material change an<l a limited * --? ' ? dolsg ; rales 7,?fK, barrels wnlte (iaimn^t if ST CVrn in good demand and scarce; sale* u,oS<) h nshels* ?Be. on the rpot. and ?0c to arrive. Rye firm sal~ ^ fOO bushels at 71c Rat ley quiet, (anal (Veirbta dali ru ur tec 10 New York. las, imporisto ^T lltHr' rels llsnr: 16,200 bushels wheat. Caasl exports?t "30 bat re Is Hour; 11,7C0 bussels whrat it 200 bnxaels roea ?,1C0 I'Otbf Is rys; I,2B7 bushels barle'y * full WWS00 MlMof*,|hrr''f",*r ***** WO?' * si: Floor derLrml "a'?? SAO h"s'it^Bt ?T*' for evtla *ats M>C K .?J,tf{ ii In til/t t'lUo _L"vuble eitra Cacao's?