Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1856 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

% THE NEW YORK HERALD. ' '" t \ * WHOLE NO. 7400. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1836. PRICE TWO CENTS. STATE OF THE UNION. iy MESSAGE OF THE PRESIDENT. Interesting Debate in the Senate and < House on the Message. Abstracts of the AnmiulRcporti of the Secre taries of the Navy and War uod Postmaster General. The Cond tion of the Indians in tha United <tates OUR national DOMAIN. Abstract of the General Land Office Report. THE PENSIONERS OF TOE COUffT&Y. THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Fsixow CmzKM o* tbx Sen at* AND ilOCME OF RSI'KKllS.MATIVKS:? The constitution requires th?t tho President shall, from time to lime, not only rocointreud to tie consideration of ' Congress suoh measures as ho may j'Ulge ne^eeeary and expedient, but also that he ahail jlw inlormtiion to ttiera of the stale of the Union. To so th!i fully involves oipo sllton of all matters In the actual condition of the aountry ?domestic or foreign?whlci oasouiiaily coocorn the ?o aeral welfare. Whlio porforraio^; Ms codsmutton*} duly !B ttiia respect, the President dots not spe?k tnoreiy to axpresa personal convictions, but a* the ex outive minis ter of (he government, enabled by bid position, and rilled vpoo by his official obligations, to <>oaa *i.n *u impartial ?ye the interests of the whole, aad of evrry part of the United States. Of the condition of the (iomestio iotere.?U ol the UuiOd, Mi agriculture, mines, manufactures, a* vignttoa, and commerce, it is necessary only to tsy that the internal prosperity of the country, its ooaun ioj? aud sua 1/ ad raneement in wealth and population and ia private at mllu public well bolng. attest thi wudorn >f o-r Insti tutions, and the predominant spirit or iulaiiicema and patriotism, which, notwithstanding ooatsloual irrerfu:art Mm of opinion or action resulting from p tputar treelom, tea distinguished and characterized the pxple of Aua tfee. In the brtei interval botwooolhe frntinttioa or the lait amd the commencement of the present hcssi.io ol Gju frets, the public mind has been oooupld with the c*re of MleMlog, lor another coustl'.utinnal te'm, the Pre#! dMt and Vice President ol the United Kates The determination or the peraont, who are of right, or contingently, to preside over the administration of the tprerameiu, is, under our system, commuted to the a?lii and the people. We appeal to mem, by their voice jranouueed in the forms of law, to call whom oercr tliey eriU to the high post of Chief Magistrate .And thus It is that as the Peoator* represent the re apective SU'.es ol the Unioa, and the numbers of the House of ?? U>0 e?rer?l constituencies of ?MhSlate, so the President ropialoau w. ? fmiatioo of the Lai ted spates. Their elsctioa or him is the explicit and solemn act of the sole sovere.gn authority It la tapaaafWa to aalaapprcbeBd tU? ?rc*l prta.j1pl.ja, Wbich, by tnelr recent political aotioa, the people of tie V'lM Bute*, bar* sanctioned and announced. Amf have asserted tbe c.n? nu.ional equality of tut Ud all oi 'he f'tates of the UatiMi as ft.ic/i tnry here af ama4 the oooatttatioaal equality of each anl all of th>> otUaeaa of thu [Tailed rttaiM ?? cirlxns, whatever their religion. ?heterar their birth or their reiidaaoo; ta?y Joavs MaicULHed the InrloIaolUty of tb* c;a't||uti<>aal rlgMaot tba ciOT.-rao'. se ;Ujch n the Oulrn; and tbo/ have proclaim.*! their deroted aarl unatirabie Mtacj snaat to tbe t'lloo and t > ths coastt-uiioa. a* obj ?u o 'nteraat superor to all subject* ?' locm or ?ert'oca! coa troveray, aa tbe saHguird or tbe right* ot all, as the aatni aad tie rarcnce of the liberty, peacc aad grcaUiaM m He republic. la uoieg tbie. ll oy hare, at tbe tame time, emphati cally cor.utmi.td tbe Idea ot O'gstlnog la these I'l.Ued Htaus aiere naograpblcsl p*rtio-; of marthalliug ia hoe die array towards each otbvr u e '..Moreal parta of the country. North or dOJth, Ka?t or *7oet ,Schea.<'s ol this nalore. rraagui with tacaloalable mis cblct aad which tbe ooneldersi.' sense of tbe people iim rejected, run id have bad coununaoce la do part of tbe country, bad they not been dujulted ay sti?(?ailoaa pi aosiMc la app araaoe suing i \>n ?a nclted state of the pabllc minf*. Induced by causae temporary la their character, anl It la to be hopol traauent la their lallj CD VS. * l erfcct liberty of aaaoclatloti lor po'.ittoal ot'Jei'a, and the widest re 'pe of dtacnaalon. are tbe rtoetveJ aod or dinary oood.iioo* of government la oar oouatry Otr lattlluUona. frarcel la tbe spirit of confidence in ths la teliigeace and integrity o! the people, do nit torbtlcitl .aeoa, either tadindually or associate. turner, to atu-c, by wrung. speech, or asy otht r moth>.i? ebort of phyel cal forco, the cor stitutlen and the o<ry existence 01 tbe Union. Under Ibe ebelter or this gi"*t liberty, ami pro tented by the lawa aad usagei of thu loveratneat they *? aall, aiacciatl' ru harr beta tor wed in eoote or to* dtatea ef .indmdcala who, pretending to so:k oaiy to pre sent the spread of the institution of elarery In 10 the prearat or future luctnat* Htat-rt ot the Uaioo, are really laflxmtd w u? deaira to change the domertlc Lutitat.ons ol rxUtlaf R<au>e T / acoona plleb their objec'a, tber dedioate tnan?- rat to tbiotioui taek of d<|>recltita( tbe fOTernaeat or?aauitioa w.1,011 auada la tberr way, and of raianmatiQ/f. with lo-turrl ./niaate li>*arttY?, not only tbe oitix-.-ne of pi'ttcilar Mtatea, ?ilb ?b?M lawa tb?y Had rant, wot ml) itne-a or thalr lailcw otu/' M tbri.Uf- n t ihe cooutry who do not .participate with torn ia their mmuIk ui*m the ctututa uoc, fraared aad adopted by our fathrre, aad it aiming for tba prleiteiea It has urcured and the bl>mtD(? It bee conferred the etr?dy aupport asd graie'ul r>* v?aoeo< their ealltfrea. fb -y eeek ?n o"i<ct wSnh turf wall lew ?itb?a '??mlet'oaary or.i?. Tb-y are perfaot'r awara that tba obanfe la the raiativa roa1it<oa of tne wbite ?Ml black raoiela the elarooloinf matea. wb ch tbey would pri mote, la beyoad th*lr lawful auttor'ty; "that to them It la a Ibtttga itbieot.that tt cannot be elljeud by aay peaceful taetroia?atalit? ot tbeire; tbat for taea aad the Htatee of wbtch U??y ar<t citiaeat, tne oaiy pua to tta aoreaipilehment if Uiroefh birnlag o ttae aad ra raged flaid* aad aleaghtarad popa ationa. aad ail there ta St tarrlblw ta rrvretgn, cow pi rated wtta clrll and eer ?war: aad Uat t*a Urat etep ia tbe attempt ia u>e for i dlarvptiea of a coaatry ?ahra<'iag ia ita broad bo |?? a Aafree of liberty aad an amonnt of la<l|ytdital aad jpab^lr proepertty to which tb?ra le no parallxt in bwtory, and aohetltnttag la tta ptaoa hostile gorerBtneata. driraa at oBor and laarMabir lata muinal dvTaatatlos aad Ira tractdal carnage, traaelaraslog the now p^ioelal aad fell Cltaua brotberboo4 lato a vaat permanent caap of ?rac4 n.en Ilka the rlTal moetrrluea of Karope aad AAa Well kaowlag that each aad ench oaiy. are the Baane and conee inenoaa of tbetr plane aad purpose, tbey eanxaror to prepare tbe p<v?pia or the L'sited nataa #br dTll war by doing ey?rytbla* In tb?tr power to de priyo the cnetttatlon add th? laws of moral aithirttr, ?r d to aadrrmlae the rah-to or tba (Teton by appear ta paetion aad erctlotial prrjudwe, by ta loiuinaung lu people with reciprocal hatrr.1, and by aducatlnf tb?m to etand f*c<- to faoa aa ea?Mtea, rather thaa abonider to 'flRHlllft Ml . It la by the a?r*t>cy ot ttmb nawarraotable laterleranoi, foreign atd domeetlc. that the minds of m?ny otn-'wl?? ?and eUlaene, btre l??n si In ?m?d into tbe paw >oate eoadamaatlna of the dowieettr. laiUtatioiit of tbe f* minora tttatee. aa at leagtb to |iaee laacielhly to alaotl a^'taHy Kelaaaie hoetitity toward their fallow mtlxent of thoe-t lea, aa<1 thus flnally to fhll lato temporary fellowship with thr arnatd so l aotire taemles of thi eoaebtntlna Ardently attach-J to lliKtf la toe ahttract tbey do li slop to ronrlier p'setlnal'y hew the objects they would attain csr haaeoompitebe l, aor to re.fl'Ot tbat. area If the evil were aa treat as they dean tt, tney hare no remady to apply, asd that it can be only aggravated by the!r etolenrw an I una?n-itit ttloaal actlaa. A qoeatloa, w atch la one of tba noal otnioalt ol all tbe problens of eoctal laatrulloa, puilUcal aoononiy anl atateamanshlp, they treat with nnroavoning intem.>-,raai)4 Of thnngbt aad language K?ti?mee oa<?t extremes Via lent attack from the Nor'Ji fladi itsinayitabieonneeqaen'ie ia the growth of a spirit or angry dodaa^e at the -tmth Thaa In the profrasa of events wa had reached tbat caa anmmatior, whicb tba rotoe of tba people h? aow si potatedly rebuked, of tbe attempt of a p?rtna or thi Stotaa, by a srcttoaal or gar.Nation and morem^ei, to nsttrp tlic oontrol of the governm>nt of tba (foiled *iatee I oonfldently haltered that the grast b<*ly ot thwe who ?ncoaat^erately took tbla fatal step, are sincerely attached to the eoaetitutioa and the Union. They tronld, apoa da llberaUoa, shrink with unsllectod bnror trnm any non acious ant of disamoa or ciril war. Bat they hare entered tato a path which leads aowher", unleaa It be to dvtl war aad dlena'oa, aed which baa no other possible outlet. They hare proceeded thus lar la tnet direction In ctoaa queaoe of the successive stages of their progress hav lag oonslstert of a sarlea of eacondary iseaea, each of which prof eased to he confined within constitutional aad peace hii limits, hat whlnh atiemptod indirectly what flew m ?a were willlag ta do directly, taat la. to act aggreesirely atfainvt the conatitatloaal rights of nearly oaa ball of the thirty oar ftatea. In the loag sariee ftf acta or indirect argreeatoa. tba first was tbe strenuona asritatton, by cititena ol the North ?ra Hiatea, la fmagreeeaml om of H, of the ciiggtloi 0( ptegro aoaaac'pauak l? tba leukhera duiai. The second step in thla path of evil consisted of sots of the people ol tbe Northern Stales, ud la several laetau oes or their governments, alm*d to facilitate the erospe ol persons held to service id the Southern States, ami t? prevent tteir extradition when reclaimed according to law, ud In virlus ot express provisions of the coustltu lion. To promote thla ohj'-ct, legislative enactments and other bmdi were Adopted to take away or defeat rights which thti constitution solomnly guaranteed. In order to nullify tbe I ben existing aet or Congroea oono><rnlog the extradition of fugitives fro m ? err loo lava were enacted In many Htatea forbidding their officers, under the severest peua!tles, u> participate In the execution of any act of Congress whatever la tbii way lhat a) stem of harmonious co-operation betwoou the authorities o( the I'nitcd States and of tbe several Slater, for the maintenance < I their oommon Institutions, which existed In tbe early years of the rooablic, was de stroyed; conflict* ol jurisdiction came to be frequent; aa<t Cong rent. found iteeli compelled, for the support of tha restitution. and tbe vinciostl^n of its power, to autht rise tbe eptolntmeni ol new olllcers charged with inn exicutlon of Its ants, as If tbey ana tbe officers o( toe State* were tbe ministers, respectively, of foreign gov ernments In ? state ot mutual boeillity, rather t.i.m fol low Magistrates of a common country. poacololi) suo neilrg under tbe protect on of one w?ii constituted I l ion. Thus hers awo agprtstioa was followed by ro action: and the attacks upon the oonptiMUca at thla point did but serve to raise up new barriers for IU de fence and security. Tbe tnlrd stage of this unhappy pactional controversy was In connection with lt? organisation or territorial go ' eromtntr. snd tbe admisslc n ol' new States luto tbe I nton. Wnen U was proposed to admit tbe State of Ma ne, by teparatlon of leiritory from tbat of tfaicaohu ?till, and tbe State of Mltsoun, formed of a portion or the territory ceded by Franca to th? Unitod -tales, reprosen litlves In Congress objected to tbe airoiaaioe of she Ivter, ULittS with corditlODx sul ed to particular views ol pn?< 110 policy, The impostlon of Bitch a conditlou was success. Ii l'> resisted. But, at tho ram- periot, the quostloa -usa presented o! iniporing restriction* upon tbe rosldae if tt o territory ceded bv France That question was, for tbe time, disposed of by the adoption or a g-tographlial 1*1:0 of limitation. In tbU connection it should not be forgotten that Franco, ot her own acco.rt, resolved, tor considerations of the most far rifthied sagacity, to cedo I.ontMtaa to tha i'ol et Stiles. au1 that arc eat Ion was accepted oy tre Haiud States, tbe latltr expressly engaged tbat " the Inhabitants ol the reded territory shall be Incorporated in thi Culoa ol the Coiled Mates, and admitted >ia soon ai po.- stole, accord in to the principles of the federal constitution, to tbe snjoymcct of all th? rieht?, advantages and ia<a<ini fits 01 I'ltixens ol tbe Unlte.J Stetoi; and lo tbo meantime they shall he maintainor* and p oteotid in tbo fro enjoy cent of their liberty, property. aud tbe religion which t'lty proiess "?tbat is to aay, while It remains la a terri torial enrdtt'on. Its inhabitant* are mvnwioed and pro tected in the tree enjoyment of their liberty aud pro perty, with a r<ght thi n to pan into tbo condition of States on a footing of per'ect equality with the orlgitutl jiatea. Tbe enactment, which established the restrictive geograj blrni line, was acquiesced in rather than ap proved by tho States of tbe Union It stMjd on the statute b?ok, however, for s number of years; and the people of tbe respective States acquiesced In tbo re-enaoimoni of the principle a* applied to the Stale of Texas; and it was proposed 10 acquiesce In lis furthsr application lo the ter rttory acquired hr tbe Ualtod States from Mexioo. Bat this propjsltion was soccesslully resisted by tbs repre sentatives from tha Northern States, who, regardless of tbe itatute Hie, Insisted upon applying restriction to the new territory generally, whether lying north or south of it, thereby repealing It aa a legislative compromise, and, on tbe part o( the North, persli veutlf violating the compact iroompait thore wai. Thereupon this enactment ceased to have binding vir tue in any sense, whether as respects tbe North or tbe 8outh; snd so In etrect it was treated on tbe occasion of tbe admission of the Stato ol Caltforu'a. and tbe organisa tion ol the Territories of New Mexico. Utah and Washing ton. Su ~h waa the stale of tkls question whon tbe time ar rived for the organisation of tbe Territories of Kanaas and Nebraska. In the progress ol constltutioaal laqaivy and reilectlon.lt bad now at length coma to bv seen slearly tbat Oongress does not p-waess constitutional po?. r to Impose restitctlunt of this character upon any proton! or luture State ot the Cb<ob. In a long seriei of decisions, o.o tbe lulieit arsum- Dt, and alter the m ml deliberate con alteration, the Supreme Court iioiu* ?u??~ " * finally determined |hi?^'* . . . a?a tie question .,|rt - r-"nt, in ever/fo-m uador whl:h ?? Artie, whether as atfoctiag public ?r imvaM rights? In qnesllone of tho public ductal a, ot reli gion, of navigation, and of aervitr.de The several Statee of the l/nija are, by force of the constitntu*, coequal in domeatlo legislative power. Con gress assaot ehaoga a law of domeatla raUiu.n In tna Ktate ol Malaa; no more oan U In tbe 3tate of Missouri. Aay atatttte wh.oh proposes to do this Ii a mere uuitlty; It takes away no right, U coolers none. If It remain* oa the statute book unrepealed, it rsmalos there oo.y as a monument of error, aad a besoon ol warning to tl i ljgiala tor aad the stateaaan. To ro^al It will ho <mly is 'eu-. >ce imperfection from tho statutes, witsout aUjeting, either la tha sense of permtaswn or of prohibition, tho action of tbo States or of their clUsras still, when tbe nominal restnctloo of thli nature, al ready a dead letter in lsw, wns in terms repealed by toe laat Ooi grrss, in a clause of the aot organizing tbs Torrl torlss of Nansss aud Nebraika, that rop*nl waa made the oc Gaston ot a wide spr?ad and dangerous aritatlon. It waa alleged that tbo original ntMctment hslng a con pact of perpetual moral obligattoa, Its repeal constitute! an odious breach or faith An set of Ooog'eas, while It remain^ unrepoalod. more especially If It be constitutionally valid .n the Juigm.-nt of iboae public functionary who ? duty It ta to pro nounce on tbat point la nndouhtetly btnJIaf on tne con srtenon of each goal cltlsen <>r the repuhllo But in what seeeo can It be asserted tbat the enac-.ment in qaoetl jn was invested with perpetuity and entl Jed to tho roapsct of a solemn oosipact* Between who* waa tbe compact? No distinct contending powers of tbe government, no re|?rale sections o M Colon, t-eating as such, entered Into treaty stipulations on tbe subject. It was a mors slants m an art ol(\jngre-?.and like ai ) 'tbcrconlrovertad mtiior of leghlation, retel. od IU dual shape and waa passed D> e? mpromtse ef iho c?nilicl'og opiniirs or sen .lmrnts of the members of (ongreaa. Bui II It bad mot a! antbo- ty over men'e connctencoa. to whom did this authority it tact'- Not to those or tbe North, who hai repeatedly re fused to coniirm it by extension, and wbi had saa oujly striven to establish other and Incompatible regulations upon tha snbjeot And If, aa it thus appoars, tho ruptmod compact bad no obligatory lores as to tb > S >rth of course it eoul'l not have bad acyna to Ihe s,)Oih, for a<l Snob oompacta must bo mniual and of reciprocal obligation II has not nnrrequoatly happened thai lawgivers, with undue tstlmatiimof tbe vslueorthelsw thoyglre or In ite view ol impartlcx to It peculiar strenKth, make it |<erpet usl in term", but they nunot tons bind the caaKt' Ooe, the judgm< Lt. and Ihe will of those who may succeed tbim, lnveatod with similar reHpooaiblllU<?, and clothsd atltb equal authority. Mire raaetoi investigatioa may prore tbe law to be unaooud In priaciylo Kspsrieow may sbow It lo be tmperluct >n WNH and lo^raotloabla la eaeeutloa. And then both reason aad rlfM eoaoUM not merely to Justify, l>ut to ri<i'iiro iu rep?si. tbe constitution, lupreoM as It s over all the depart- I meets ot the government, legislative, excouttve and judicial, la opes lo aatenomest ly its ve.y terms, anil congress or the Htatea may, lo tbeir diarretion, propose ar,mc'merit to it, aoiemn oompact though II in truth Is between the eaver* iga states ot tbs Uoion. In tbe pre sent install o. s political enactment, which bad ouawed lo have leiai power or antnortty of aay kind, was repra'^d. He poaU'oo aasu-Tied f. >t t^ngroas had uo mo ral rigid te enact sucb repeal, was rtranse eno-.igb, and stagularly ao in view of the fsot thn tbe argnmeat came from those who openly reiuaed obedienoe lo existing laws o< tbe ilea I, hiv ing the tame popster desiKnatioa ind %u? Itty as coaipro mite acta, aay, mora, who natqalvucally dlaratarded aad oondrnaasd tbe aaoet |io>ttlve aal obligatory laiuae tions of the toastituuoa itss.f. and sought, by every means within tteir reach, ta deprive a porttou of tbeir Isllow citla< aa of tbe eqsal eajoy atont of thoee rights aa 1 prtvllsges goaranteed alike to all by the fundamental oompact ol our Cotoa. ' This mgument against the repeal ol the atatnts line In question, wss sccnm|?sied bv mother ot congenial cha raoter, aad equally sub the former oestllsM at founla lion in reaaon and trotn. It was I ap .ied that tne insa surd originated la tha ooaooption or exiea ting lbs limits O' slavs labor beyond those pr< vicusly asslgasd to It, aad tbat such waa its natural as asll ss intended eflsc.; aad theee beselesa assumpttoos wsro male In the Northorn statee the ground ol unceaains aeaault upon ooostll j U >nal right The repeal In l*:m* of a statute which waa already ot spiels, aad also aali for oaoonst.intiooalitf, oould bava no laDueaca lo obelrucl or lo promois Ihe propsgatlou of oo?t:ieimg views ei poll ileal or soc*al insUiutiou ?fhea ihe art organizing the erruor esot Kansas and Nsiraa ka was passed, the Inherent ethct upun that portion or the pubis: domain thus opened lo legal aettiemeai. was to aomit settlors rrom a:i tbs fltatsa ot tha I'aioe auks, each with lite ooavlcUons of pnblic policy and private interest, there to round In tbeir diecretioa, euajett lo ruch llmltatloos aa thn constitution aad a is if i oagreee might prcacribe, tiew stales, her* alter to be admitted into tb? Union It waa a free field, open alike hi all, whether the statute Mo ef aaeuasrvl restric tion we<-? reftealed or not .hat ? epeal did But open lo ireo competition of the diverse opt nlonsaad domestic laatltulions a dell, whlob, WlMtl sucb repeal, would have been cloned againai the-n it found that field of competition already opeaed, la fact and la law. All the repeal did waa to relieve IBs statute booh of aa Lbiecuoaable enactment, nasoaatltntlonai hi eiiect, aad injurious la terms to a large portioa of tne la It Ibe fact, that la all the unsettled regions of tho Called Mates. If emigration be len free lo aot in thle res pect lor tieeir, without legal pr mlhttlons on either side, slave labor will spoeUnsou^ly go everywhere, in pret? renoe lo tree labors Is il the tact, thai the peculiar do mestic tastltntlona of the soulnern HUlee poa??ss rmo tlvely so much of vigor, that, whersooever an nvenoe Is freoly open to all tho world, they will penstrale to the exclusion of thoaa of the Northern Stales? Is It tbe fact, lhat the lormer enjoy, compared with tbe laaer, aurh Irresistibly superior vitaUy. ladepemlenl of climate, soil, and all other accidents' . .rcumatauoee, as to be ante to prodooe tbe suppoaed result, in spite of the assume I mo ral and nataral obstacles to lis accomplishment, an I of the more numerous population of Ibe Northern states? Tbs argnmeat of iboss who advocate the eoaetmeal of new laws of restriction, aad roods ob tho repeal of old ones, IB edsot avers thai their particular views of gov err men! bars no set extending or sol/ sustaining power of their own, aad will go bo snore ualeas lorosl by aot if I*?grans ABd if Uongresa do hot pause for a moment In the policy of etorn oosreirm, It H venture to try the experiment of losvlo* m?u to iooge 'or themselves what institutions will t?*t suit thom; i. it bs aot stralBed up to perpetual ltzv<iatlve exertion on this poi-it, If C n?;'fvs frxttd Um lo ??( la ihe xnf i^im ol it ia at once charged with aiming to entenl slave labor Into all toes new Territories of the United Slates. Ofoourse tbssei ImpataUoos un the intentions of Coa grea* In tbti remooi, conceived as they were lu preju dice, and disseminated in paision, an utterly destitute of any Justification la the nature of things, and contrary to ail the fundamental doctrines and principle* of olvll liberty and sell government. While, therefore, in general, the people of the North ern Mates have never, at any time, arrogated for tao federal favMMBsat the power to interfere diroctly erith the domestic condition of persoca In the Southern Slaves, but on tbe contrary have disavowed all snob intentions, and bave shrunk from consptonona affiliation with those few who pursue tnelr fanatical objeela avowedly thro >ga tbe contemplated means of revolutionary change of tha government, ana with acceptance of tbe necessary c?n eequencer?a civil and servile war?yet many cutting ha\? suffered them&elvea to be drairn Into one evaaes cent political issue ol agitation after another, appertaining to tbe tame ret of opinions, and which subsided as rapidly aa thnv aro?? when it name to be seea, aa It unlfo.-nsly did, tnat they were incompatible with tbe compacts ol tbe oonultuiiou and the existence of toj Union. Thus when the acti of some of th t .states to nullify the existing extradition law imposed upon Congress tbe duty ot passing a new one if e count:* was lovlted by aglta-or* to enter Into parly organization for Us repeal; but that at nation spee dily ceased by reason or tbe tmprnctioabiiuy ot tu oo jtct. So when the statute restriction upon toe lDstttu- I tlonx ot new Stales, by a geograpbloal line, bad been re pealed, tbe country was urged to demand ii? restoration, and that project, alio, died almost with Its birth. Torn lot lowed the cry of alarm from tha North against im puled Southern encroachments, which cry sprang in r<*luy from tuo spirit ot revolutionary atia^it on tbe do oiesilc institutions of the South, and, after a troubled ex totenco ot a few months, has been rebuked by the voice 01 a patriotic people. Ofliie last agitation, one lamentable foaturo was, that it vw carried on ot tho immediate expense of the pcacj and happiness ol tbe people of the Territory oi Katisat. Thai was made tbe batileiio'd, not so much o' opposing factions or interests wttblu ilsolt, as of the conflicting pan s ons of tbe whole peipie of the United States Revolu tionary disorder in Kansas had Its origin in projects of Intervention, deliberately arranged by certain members of that Congress which enacted tbe law tor th* organiza tion of the Territory. And when propagandist coloniza tioo of Kansas hi?u thus been uuderialfen in one r,e:tion of tbe Union, for the syitemttls promotion of lit peculiar views ol policy, there ensued, at a mavte* ot oourse, n cucnttr action with opposite views, in other sections of the Union. In consequence of these and other incident!, many acta ol disorder, it is undeniable, have been perpetrated in Kansas, to the occtslonal Interruption, rather toan the Format ent suspension, of regular government. Aggres sive an.i men rep-enenslble inoureiirns Into tho Territory wero undertaken, both in tbe Nortb and the Houth, and er lured it on it? northern border by the iray ol' lows, at well as ou the eastern by way of Missouri; and there bat existed wliiin it a state of Insurrection against the con stituted authorities. not without counteaance from incon siderate p; irons in each oi the great sections of Che Union. Bui the difliiuitlea In that Territory have bean extravagantly exaggerated for purposes ot political agitation elsewhere. Toe number and gravity cf the act* of violence have been magnified partly by state ments enllrel/ untrue, and partly by reiterated accounts ot tho suaie rumors or facts. Chug tbo rerritory aa* been seemingly Olied with extreme violence, when the whole amoncT of snch aols baa not been greater than what occasionally passes before us in single cities to the regret ol a 1 good citizens, hut without being regarded aa of general or permanent poiltloal cocsequence. Imputed Irregularities in tbe elections had In Kan sas, (ike occasional irregularities of the same descrip tion In the Stales, were beyond th* sphere of action of tbe Executive. But incidents of aotual vio lence or of organized obstruction of law, perilna olously renewed Irom time to time, have been mat as they occurred, by rach mums a* were available and as the circumstanoes required: and nothing of this cbaiacter now remains to a fleet the general peace ot the Union. Tbe attempt of a part ot the Inhabitants of lh* Territory to erem a revolutionary government, though eeduonsly encouraged and supplied with peoutiaryaid Irom active agtnts of dkorder In sotse o' the jutes, has completely faued. Bodies ot armed men. foreign to tbe Territory, have been orevented from entering or com F!lcd -- ?*?? I, rrt$,*.\iarj i l-??g*dn* of | rapine, under oovir o! tha existing puli^oal distort'ancot, have been arrested or dispersed. And *var f well dl? posed person is now enabled once morr to Jevate himself In peace to tbe purl nils of prosperous industry, for th* proi-ecntltnof which be undertook to participate lath* settlement of the Territory. It allords me uamlngled gatlaf action thus to anno one* tbe peaceful cue Jtttuc of thing* In Kausaa. espiuUll/ ooa, sldsrlag the means to whioh It wa? ^jcestary to have ra coon* for the attainment of tbe end, *?e aBV ploymcnt of a part of the military force of law states. Tbe withdrawal of that iorce from it* proper doty of defending the couctrr aga'nst foreign foes or th* savages or tLc ?? Mlb r, to employ .t for the snppreasioa of ilotnrtuc iuorrerfloo. Is, when tbo exigency occurs, s matter c! tbe mos <amest **Hertiida, do lb W occasion ot imperative nerersi'y it has been done with tbe best re salts, and my satisfaction in the attainment of such rc suits by such meats is greatly enhanoed by tbe ronslde rat'oi: that, through the wiidorn and energy of tbe pro sent Executive of Kansas, aad the prudence, firm new and vigilance of ibe military officers on rtutv there, trail qutility has bet a restored without oae drop of blood hav ing been shed in its accomplishment by tbe for:oe of the United Stale*. The reltorelkw of comparative tranquillity in that Ter ritory furnishes tbe mfunis of observing calm I/, and ap preciating at their Just valua, tbe events which bave oc curred there, and the dtacuseions of which the govern ment of the 't erritory ha*.been the subject. We perceive tbat controversy concerning tts future do mestic ta*motions wa* inevitable?tbat no human pru dence. no form of U- lsiation, no wisdom on the part ot Corgrews, could have prevented th.s. It is idle to auppuae that tbe partiialar provisions of their organic law were the causaof agitation. Those pro visions were b?t the ooeasion or the pretext of an agita tion, which was inherent In the natnre ot things. Coo (trees legislated upon the subject in such terms as were most eonaoiaot with the principle of popular sovereignty which underlie* cur government It could not have leg (slated otherwise without doug violence to another great principle of our tnstltr.lioD*. tbe Imprescriptible right of equality ot the several States. Wo perceive also that sectional interests and party passions fcsv? been tbe great Impediment to tbe sectary operation of the orgsnlo pr'nr.iploa adopted, and the chief i ause of the succchsIvs d'slurbnncee In Kausaa. Th* as sumption that, because in the organisation of the Torrlto rlf* o' Nebraska sod Ksnnas, Congress abstsin?d from imposing restraints upon them to which certain other Territories had been aubjsot, tboreforr dlsord'rs occurred io the latter Territory, li emphatically contradicted by tbe 'act tbat none bave ocrsrred in tbe former. Tbo** d'scrder* were not the roLsequoncf, In Kansas, of tbs irsedem of self government ooareded to that Territory by Coegrea*. but o ihe uajost laiarf^raac* en tbe part of p tsons cot iBbsbitant* of tbe Terrif-ry. foch loterfer ease, wb< r. it has sshibtted itself, by an*s of Insur. roctionary ohaiacte r. or of obstrcotie > to procaeses ot Uw, has been repelled or suppn *Hed by all tbe means wblcb th? cons' tin ion and the laws pj^co in tbe hand of tbe Kxecutlve. In those parts of the United Males where, by ream of the lollssio <t state si the public mind, raise rumors and misreprcsentutoni have the greatest currency, It has beta aasnaied that it was tha daty ot the exec tKvo not only to snppscas tasurrecttonary movcm nt* la Kansas, bnt also to **? to th* regularity of It -ai et ..as it needs liMJe argnment to show that the President has ao tneb power All govemmeet in tbe United btales rest* i 'bstantlaUy epon t)op':iar eleetmn. To* troe?i in ot ? ieetions ia liable to he impaired by tbe Intrusion of aa lawlsl vetsa, or ibeexolustoa of Iswfsl ones, by Impro per lala*ac*a, by Violence or by fraud. Bat tbe people ot the Unit'd States are themselves tho all tcmcieal tnardlans ot their owa rights aad to suppaee that they will not rimec y,ta due reason, any soct inr dnnt > of civil trtedom .1 to anppcee them to have ceased to be oapa ble ol sslf government. The Pr<'?ldest of the Inliol ? tab s has not pewer to raierj/oss In elections, to see to th?lr tieeilom, tr nanvats their vote* or to pass opoa their lagae.ty In tbe Territories any more tbac in tbe Males If be bad *tnh power tbe gofernmsa. might oe repubUcaa in form, bnt n would be a r.ooarchy in fsot aud it le ba>l undertake* to axercij* It in tbe eate of Kansas be wonltl have been justly BOtJeet to the charge of usurpation and of vlolatloa of the dearest rights of thn people oi tbs United Mates In wise laws, equally with Irregularities at elect on, are, la perloi* of great excitement, tho ocoasion il met dests of eves Uio Ireeat sad best political irati'utloaa. Bnt all exp?r,esc* f?emoB?trales that la * oountrr I'k* ours, where the rl^ht ol self coastllntioa ex sts in tbe c<>n;pletcet h rm, the a>t? nipt to remedy itnwi>e I eg'-"la Don by resort to revolution, la totally out ot place* Inas a.ncli as esistlag legal Instltatlors aiTrrd nor* prompt and elitceclc ? * no'ana for the re<lr?se of wroag. I ooaflsently trust that now when the rescofnl coa dlttcn ol Ksntas s'.ford* oppn?tnnlty "Or calm r? lection ssd wiso legislatiun, either the l.egia'ativ* Assembly of the Terrlt< rj, or 0>Dgrt??. will tee that no act sha i re n a.n on its statute, book vlolstlva of the provlstons of the coastl'iiiloa. rr subversive ot the great objects for whieh that wit ordalseii sndmtablished, and will take all other Lo eesary tteps to assure to I's inhabitants the esjiy meet, wiHiotit obstruction or abrI tgmsnt, ef all the c<m stlivtional rights, privilege* and Immunities of cii'rens of tbe United Ittatee, sa contemplated by the organ Hi law of the Tenitory Foil info msllon 'n le'st on to recent svento In this Terrltorr will be fruad In tbe due uraente romTtunlnatod herewith from tbe Pi pertinents of s ate and War I refer you to tbe report of the (leeretsry of the Tr?a sury lor part.cular iniormatlon coooerrlng theilnan^al condition of tbe goveramrnt, aad the varans bran< tee of the public tervice connected with the Treasury Depart meat Pnriag the last Oral year the receipt* from custosa* were, for tbe first time, mors than sixty four mtl'ioa dollars, and from all souro**, seventy three lalt'ton bib* hundred and eighteen thousand erne huqdred and forty one dollar*; which, with the balance on hand up t? tbe Jstoluly. lMft, mad* th# tota' -e'oeveej of the j ear to amount to n nesy tw> million etglt h*n 'dred snd fifty thousand one hundred and eevnteea dollars. Tbe ripead'tnrar. inalud'.pg th es mil ion doilsrs hj?xscotlcD of the trestr *nth MfTtSO, aad *t eindlng r< mi paid on arccunt of the public debt, I amounted to sixty millions one hundred sad ssv >nty I wo ' thouesaa foar hundred aad one dollar*; and mcl-. 'ing the latter, to sevetfy two m illon sloe hnedred and forff. , eight thoussrd sevra hundred snd ubiety iw* dollar tn* I payment on Uii* account bavirg ?? ttied I' twelv* mil I,on revea hundred a id aeveatj six Utr>i.aar1 three hua dred aad n.nety dotisrs. | fm the 4th e f Marth, 1t)88, the an- .ot of the pabhf | dtht ws* ''.ty r'ni- m ion cne htiSHlrtd an < t-r?otf n,ne , Uo isa J tUi-: a.uO/eu ana Nrci 4c Tberg was ft subsequent Increase ol two million seven hundred end titty thousand dollars (or the debt ot feus? tuakiiK a total ol seventy on* mi moo eight nundred and ee veuty utaa thousand tine hundred and thirty seven dollar* Of this sum ol turty ttve million live hundred and twoatvlive thou* an u three hundred and nineteen do'lars, including premium, ta* been dl-nnarged reducing the debt to thirty million seven hundred and thirty seven thousand one hundred and twenty nine dollars: all of which might 1 b? paid within a year witht nt ?moarra--tog toe public servt?e. but betag nut jet due, aad only redeetnaole at the option of the holder, cannot be pre^ od to payment by U e government. On examiring the expenditure* of the last five years, It will be se?n that the average, deducting payment* ot ac court ol the public debt and ten million* paid by trea.f

to Meii?.n, ha? bt en but about fortv eight million dollars. It it believed that, under an economical administration of the gtverncifint, the averago aioeadtiurs lor -he ensuing Ovo years will i.ot exceed that sum, unless extraordinary ocoaoioi tor Ita increase should occur. The act* granting bouuty lands will toon have been executed, while the ux tei Mou ot our frontier settlements will cause a oontinued dea.and tor lands and augment"! receipts, probably, fro-a tnauource. These cooitderauona will juitify a reduction of tho revenue from oustoms. so a? not ro exceed forty eight or llfiy million d>ll*rs. I thiuk the exig> ncy for sucn ? eduction is impera ive, and again urge It upon the oon eliierati.iu ot Congrea*. Itio amount of redaction, as well aa the manner of ef feciisg It, are questions ?l preal and general interent; It being essential to Industrial enterprise and the public prosperity, aa well as tne dictate of obvious justice, that the hurt eu of taxation be made to reat as equally as pos sible tipoa all oiaseoe, and all sections and interests ol the country. 1 have heretofore recommended to your consideration the revision ol the revtuue laws, prepared under tne di rection ol the Secretary of the Treasury, and also legisla tion upon soiue tpecial quations aHocUng tne business of ibat dtpurtment, more especially the enactment of a law to pualiro tl e attraction of olllciai oooks or papers from tbfc flies cr the government, and requiring all such boo.o and papers and all olher public property to be turned over by the outgolcg officor to hla suoccssor; of a law requiring disbursing officers to depo site all public money in the vaults ol the treasury or in other legal deporltonea, where the tamo are uonventent Iy accessible; aid a law to extend existing penal provi sion n to all person i who miy become posseeseJ of publio money, by deposit or otherwise, and who shall refuse or ncc'-ct, oil due demand, to pay tbo same into the treasu ry 1 invite your attention anew toeach or the*e objects. Tua army during the past year has been so constant!/ (tfcplcyad against Hostile Indian* in various quarters that it cau bcarotly be *aid, wi b propriety of tengu-tge, to bavo been a peace establishment Its duties have been rat-.ilacio.'i'y performed. and wo have reason to expect, ss a result of the year's operations, greater se curity to lie frontier inhabitants than has boon hither to erjoj ad. Extensive combinations among the hostile Indians ol the Territories of Washing ton and Oregon at one time threatened tne devastation ?f the newt/ fenced settlement ot that rnnote portion ot the country. From recent information, we are oermltud to hope that (he energetic and .-.ucxmiuI operations oon dcoud there will prevent sush combinations ic future, and .secure to thc-e Tern orin an opportunity to make stcacj programs in the developement of their agricultural and mineral resource. Legislation has been recommended by me on previous oocsslose to oare delects in the existing organization and to increase the cillctenoy ol the army, and lurtaer obser vation bus hot served to confirm me in the views tben tipressed, and to enforce on my mind the couviotion that such measures are not only proper but nocessary. 1 have, in addltioa, to invite tne attenil >n of Congress to a change of polioy in the distribution of troops, and to the QtccMity or provldiog a more rapid increase of the ml DtWJ krmameil For details of these and othor subjeots relating to the aivy, I refer to tbe report Of tbe dctrei*. ry or War. The condition or lb* navy Is not merely (atiiractory, but exhibits the moet gratify log evidenoes or Increased vigor. As It Is comparatively small, ills more Impor tant that It should be as complete as pose'ble In all the el ements of strength; that It shou'd be st&oieat in the character or lie offioers, la the zeal and discipline of Its moo, In tbe reliability of its ordnasoe, and In the oapaucity of lie ships. In all theae various qualities Um navy baa made (real progress within the last few years. The execution tp" tl? |ew of (Xsgrssi Of F>.brus-y M, USb, "to promote tb? " baa keen attended by tho mast sdvantagtoua resttftt TWe tow lor projaotlng diacipiine ui .ocg ire men 1< found eohvealent aad salutary the system of granting an honorable discharge to Calthful reatrec on the esptraMon of the period of their eattst meat and permlUlag them to ra-enlisl after a Uave ol at tenee ofanw lawatha.withootoeaaistiohafihj'. * ZgMr UcosActol t* reb^lr BdCfted vyiccntly desOned to Incorporate into the ser vU<e fe large numbrr of oar country seen hitherto eo dim cult to i>rocf-e. Several htuidred Amerteaa boys are now ov i "r-tv J ears' crnlao la oar natumal Tessais and wui return welllratned seamew la the ordnance department there is a drriled aad gratifying indtcatton of pmgreas rrcdiuMe to It and to the country The suggestions of the Hecrotary or the Nbtt ta regard to mrther improve most in that branch of the aerrice I commend to yoar favorable acton. The new frlgalet ordered by Coagreas are now afloat, acd two of them m active service rhey are sapertor aiodels or naval architecture, and, with th?tr formidable battery, odd largely to public strength aad seourtty. I cocur in tlid views rxpreseed by the tteeretaryof the Pepa'tment in favor of a eUll further Increase of our naval force. The report of the Secretary or tbe I sterlor presents tarts and v'.ews in reistioa to internal aflairs over which ihe su|erv's'oa of hla department extends, of much In terest sad Importance The aggregate sales of the pub'*c lan la, daring the last flfral ytar, amount to nine mt'ltoa two hundred aad twen ty fcven thcuranl eight bendred and aeveuty eight as-ea; fbr wblc'i has been received eight millions eight hun dred ami twetty one thousand tour hundrel sad fourteen dollars. Iftribg tbe same period there have been located with military rcrtp and laed warrants, aad fbr other juruoois, tbtrty million oee bondred tho issa<* two hun dred aid thirty a tea, Ihua making a total aggregate of thirty niae nllUons three hue- red and twenty eight ihwt sani one hundred ana eight eerea. On the 30ih of 8"p t< mber last furveys had been made of sliteea mi iiooa cght hundred and seventy three thousand als hundred and njiaty nine acres, a large proportion of which la ready tor market. Tbe suggestions in tbla report in regard to Iba compll ration and prrgroatlve expaaamn of the business of Ihe different hnraaux ol the department to the pension system, to tbe colocixatioa of Indian tribes, and the re commendation* la re ation to various improvemont* la tbe Dwtrictol Columbia, are especially commended to your consideration. Tbe report ot tbe Poetm?sW General pre*?n's fully tbe condition of tbat department of the Kovornment Its ex rtrnciliurce for the last Steal jear, were tea million four buidud and seven thousand eight hundred an<l sixty e gbt dollars; and Its grties receipt# soren million Six hra dre<l and twenty thousacd eight hundred ant one doilan: vakmg an exci-u of (xpeuJ iure over receipts of two million seven I nndred and eighty e*vea Uiouaand and fhrty six dollars Tbe ^ehclency of thl deoartm'out Is thua ssvfD huaJred and forty lour U oosacid do'la-s sreat er tbaa for tbe year ending inn< 36, IM.1, Of tbla doSd.-a cy, three hundred and tblny thoueaBt dollars Is to'?e attrlbated Is the addltloial oompcasatton allowed poet masters by tbe act of Ooagrees of Jane 21 UM. tae mail facilltlee In every patrt ot the country have been very much Increased o that pnrlod, and the large ad tltion ot rallroa<: service, amooat sg to sevea thousatd atae hna dredaad eight miloa haa added largely to the coat of transportatton. fbe laoonsitlerable augmentation of the 'boome of the Poet Ofilce (V|?rtment under the rcdvetd ratee of postage, and its Ircr. ann?; expeudltnree, must, for the preeeut. make It depeni'ent to some extent up-m the treaaury for support. The rgoonmeiina'.loBsortbe I'ostmastcro^a^ral, In relation to Uie abolition of the iranklr; "privilege, aad ble views on the eetabttfhment of mail stearasi.lt Poe*, deserve tbe ronstee'ation of Congrres 1 also ca I tbe rpeclal atten'Jcn ot Ccagraae to tbe statement of the 1 oeimaster t.eeeral respecting the surre ??? pnl-' "?? the 'rBr.sportat w? ot mails in the Panama Raliroad Oempaay. sad commend to th?<r early aad favorable cnaailera Ilea the suggestions rf that offiner la relation to new con tracts fbr mall transportation upon tbat mate, aad also upon the Tehua<ttepec aad Ntcaragna routes. The Called Mate* continue ia too sajoy ment of arnica ble relaiioas whh all foreign powers. Wb<n my last actual meaaage was 1-ansmltle-l ? Tor gress, iwosehVrts of ooelrovnray, one relating to tbe enlistment ol aofctlere la this wintry fbr forttgn service, see the other to Ortrai America, threatened to disturb Bind uadervtanolag between the I elted -*tet?> and treat rltale. Of the prcgrtwe and term iBf'oo of the f.'rmec rqurstlon you were la'Ormed at tlie time: acd thl other is now ta the war of satisfactory a^ ustmen' The ch)00t of the cntiTtatioa hetweea th? rnltat States and Ureal Britain ef ihe tflut of April, 1M0 was to ie mire, for the behtfl* of all aailncs, the neutrality and the cemn.oa use of any transit way. or lateroorankt com una. cation, across 'be IsUimns ot I'aaama which m ght be opened wtthm the limns of rtsatral America Tbe p??ton alon sLberqt'ettly aaee. ted by Oreet 9rmt". to domlntcn Of control over territories, in or near two of the rentee, thoer ef Vloaragua a.id Rondnraa, ware deemed by tbe t 'ai led taint's, not metely ?noompat'hle with tbe main obfect of the treaty, but opposed even to ita evpreaa stl pit la'tons f?ecasionnr ?nntrov ?r*y on this point hae been remorei I by an additions! treaty, whli h onr minister at l.oadoo ha? coaci'tutd, and which will be Immediately submitted to ih< Henate tor ita oon?1o?-ration Should the propoao l ripplementnl arraorem'>,it he eonearred In by all the partieetobe sleeted by It, the obleea* cnntamplated by the original ooneoatlon W'tl have been rally attained, Tfce treaty between the (Jailed Stales aad (treat Rrl aln. or Ihe 6th of. I tine, 1IM which went leto s (festive oyeTation tn l*Mt. pat aa eait to canaee of irritation be tween 'be two ror>ntrte? b* ?<*-ur,ng to the I nUe 1 ?t?i. ? the rt|ht of fishery on the r >wt ot the British Nerth Ame rican protiBcea, with advantages einel to those oaieyed by r Ittsb siibifcte ffcaldee the s rnal b?n "its of this trna? ,? tn a Isrge daaa of onr ei*irens engaged In a pnnralt ctn necicd to no taconatderahle degree wl'h our na |n?al prosperity and iirencth, It baa had a favorable effect upon other Interests ia tho provision It made tor rsilpro m' free.trm or trade between the l otted statea aad iim Br il?h pror'ncea In America The export* of dnwesttc art'oies to those proeipcss do rirg the last year amooated to more than twenty two mlli^oe of dollar-, cvceedlng those of the oreoodl- g year be Marly seven mllliona of dolhi s and the Imports thfe'Vom, doting the same period, amouatel to more tbap twenty one emt"m??an Increaes of s.r ?tdion* t f on those of the -Tri-rloTis yese V Imp*"" ? en ?? ill ? ' rs--'i er n- - - merce is fos'aly e.t-ihntahls to Ins above mestl.,ae<l trraty. ProT<?'eti was made ta tbe flr*t article of that treaty, for s roTrm'?e<re- to derlcea'e the nwttiths of rivers to irtX'4 T|i-t ?f flshery oq (ht cowl of |kf United Ptatee ud the Bntl*h Provlncoa ?h not to exterd. ThW oommunon baa been employed a part ol two | seasons, but aritbout m :ofe progres* to accomplishing tbi , obtt.t.l tor wbtuu it waa inoliiuuwl, ta couseq ienco 01 a so- , nous uiflerence of opinion between the Commiasiouera, ?ot on'y M to the precise point where the rivers tonal , ?ale, but in many instance* a* to what cou*Utuf?< ? river. These dime iltiea, however, may be overcome by \ resort to the umpirage provided For by tbo irukty. The efforts perseverlugly pruaaouled hoc I e com m< ncemtnt ot ?> administration to relievo o r ra In to tbe Ukluo from tbe cxaction ot touhd 1 iea t>> I' tutnark, have not yet been aliooded with ?uccens. other govira b.pi'? I av? alan (ought toobiatn a like relief to tholr coji- I mi rc< una Don mark a m thus Induced to propose an ar [ rai/gcmt nl to all tUo European posers inu?re*lal in the aubjict; and tbe manner In whlib her profKtHitluo wai re- | celveo, warranting ber to believe that * a ulaltory *r I rasg eait ot with in*i> oouid tuob be cooo.ude'l, she made a i aii-t.bg appeal U ti.w government 'or toaip>ra?y aoipon- | sion or ueiimto action oa us part In consideration 11 the embai rursiut nt which might result to "ber European no . {EotistiotJ* by an immeilate atjuutmect ol the question with tbe Umed State*, lain rtqueet has been acceded to, ] upon the eonultun that the sums c.ollectnd after tie loth orji.be last, and until me 10lb of June next, from ?ee?el? and cargoes btlongi g to our merchant*, are tobeoon ?td> red as > aid under prolcm and mbjeci to fnture ad jutlnvnt Tnere w riaron ti> believe tnat an arrango nit Ll betweer llonmar'.; and the maritime power* ot Eu rope on the subject will be a'*>n concludes, and that tha pencil.* negotiation with the lotted Htate* may men be returned ard terminated In a aatiafactory manner. Witli Sptlu no new dllDciities hsve arisen, n?' ha* murh progress been made in tbe adjustment 01 pending OCf H. . _ fiegottatiOE* entered Into for the purpose ot ro'lerlng otir commercial Intercourse with the Isiaul or Cuba of H< ine or 11* in-rdecs, and providing for the more speed; hf uemciit of local di*?utes growing out or that Inter course, I ave r >t J ct bo? atUu led with any results. iSoob alter tbe commencetM tit1 'I the liw war in hurope, this government submitted 10 the conmdara'.ion ot all ma rltirnt bat,on* two principles Tor me security or noutral commerce one that the neutral dag should covei enemies, goods, except attlolf? conti ?5and ot war; and the outer, tfcat beufal property on board met chant vessels of b*'dlg< tents she i;ld be exempt trom condemnation with the exception ol contraband articles. I hi so were not pre sented us mw rules c| ;n?crnallon ?1 law, having been gen noiail) claimed by ctulrals, though not *lwa< s almiltel bj belligerents One ol tnc part.es to t war?Russia- a* well a? leveral neutral power*, promptly accwdod to these pro?oi<itl"ii>: and the two other principal bel grants, Great BriUi n aud Kranre, having con?ei te?> to observe tfcem lor tbo pr?ent occaMnn a favorable opportanlty e. tait-i) to oe pr^'ieLted foi obtaining a g< ucral recogni tion of tbem b 'i in Kurope and Amoric*. Hut tlreat bn Jin and France In common with most of tbe States 0' 1 erope. while torboarmg '.o reject, did not aOHmativoly an ujion the ove.-.u. .st or the United *utes. While 'be qutwtlOB wa* In thu< oitiO... the represent* tlvti of Rurua, F.ance, Oreat lJriUlu, Austria, Pru*sl?, >,,ralr ;a an^ Turfcej, a.ttembied at Parts, took into ctnal ueraUob the subject of maritime rigbw, and pat torth a diciaration ccn altiisg the two principle* wbi h tbw gov ernment bad ^ubniitlod.ni arlr two years Oerure,U> the con sloeration el'tutri ume powers, and ad ling thereto the follow!nj? propositions: ?'Prlvalatring :s sni remain* abciioheU scd '? Bli>ckade?, ta order to be binding, muni be eCectlvo, thai is to say, maintained by ? force, Rufticintit really, to prevent access to tbe coast pi the enemy.'' ?nd to the declara tion ttui cotrponed of four points, two of which bad already been proposed by the l'n*ed States, this government has ber>n tiivltod to aoende oy all toe powtrs rvorisebUd at I'arls, except Great Britain and Turkey, lo tbe last oi the two addltioual proportion*? that in relation to blockades? Uw? c*n cerlanly be no oo jectloi). 11 I* w?ro1y the dettnltion of what ahaU own ititute the tllertuai investment or a blockaded place, a oelli.li.lon lor which this government ha* always e intend ed, claiming indemnity for tosi>oa where a practical viola lion ol the ruie thus do lined has boon injurious to our com merce An to tbe remaining article of tbe declaration or the conference ol Car s, ' that privateering Is and remains abo'itbed"?1 oertnlnlv cannot ascribe to tbe powers represented ta the oonltrenoe of Pari* any but liberal and pliliaaumtplc views lu tne attempt to chinge the un questionable rule ol mar^me law In P''" vateenng TWr proporlUon was doubUees ia^ taodtd to imp y approval #f ? Drivate properly upon ine ocean, altbougn it m gbt belong to tbe citizens of a b?-lllgoreit dtate, kbould be exempted from capture, and bad that proposi tion been ?o irameo as to give lull cllecl to the prtaciple, tt wot id hav* received my ready assent on behalf of the I'ntted states But th? measure I proposed la Inadrquate to that purpose. It )a ?? m urn m asuwi, private prop- i Irt) up** t*? mm wwold bo wuhdrawa Crom?ae n?da ? phmder, net left exposed, mean while, to aeetaer aeac, which could ?te n ?d with increensd effnotltreae*-- TIM igrree ivs napamty o'freataaval powr* would be there I v scameatra. while the Oeleeslve abiittf ol otn*rs would fee retluccd rhoogb the turToader oTthemta-wof prcsccaMng b??lU.tMe by employing prtrateer* as peo pnMd bv the rcifttreooeof Prnrm. la mutual In ? >rm?, yet, in p?a< tlcal eflect, t wonld be the r?llDqut?!im?nt of a rtfkt U Itttl' value to uae claas e? States, bat of eesent'al imporujee to a?ot-or au<! a far larger clan. It ought aot to have been anttmpated that a measure, ao taadequau to tbe aooomplwhwiest of tbe proposed abject, aud so un inual In is oi^ration, woo Id reoelve tbe a*mat of all mertume poweis. I rlvale property would be still left lo toe deprf oatloas of the pabfio armed cruiaers. I have txpreaaed a reailineas, on the part or Utls go ?erturmt, to anotde to all the principles contained In the ?UOarat r? of the Coofareaceof I'arls, pwvi led U>u re at tog to tbe abandonment of prlvat?eria? can be so amoad eo ax to efcrt tbe ofejtct for which, aa la preaumtd. It wa* lnten<1ad, ibt immnoity of pruale property oa the ocr-n frtm boati ? c*ttuie. To effect ih^ objeet. tt Is nro ftetd tttade o the deeK-atloo ' tba: pr.e*f riQg Is ?id re n an * abo labed,' the following amendment: "Aad that the ontkit ursperty of *ubjeets aud etiuen* of a oetil ??rent on lb- b'gkseas shali be esemrt f.?m secure by tfce nut'tr ?rn ed v ? el* of the other belligerent eirept It be eoniMband.'* Ibis amendment ht* been pteeeated not emit to i hr power* ahleh ba.e Mked ou' as?nt to the de< .ara ItMi bi *> o'lkh pru atrerlng but to al! other maritime States 1 Via fir It ba* not I een rejeeied by any. and Is lav ?.-ably ea tertal: ed by all eh.th b?ve male any oommun<ratl'?n ta Tr$r\ fral of lie frverrments. regarding with favor tbe nro ooettlon Ol lite t nke.1 Mate*, tare deUyed uetinlte acttoa upon It onlj for tie purpose of eor.snltlnK with other*, partlea lo tbe eoi-'ere&re of t art* I h*re the ??tlsf?r'ion of uta'lng. however, thst the Junjeror m Kumia has entirely and eipfl etti? approved of that modilkjat cs, atd will eo operate In en Ileavourlrg ??> ol Uln tie as^-nt gl other powei*. ?nd lh?t a* I sunmee* Ota similar piiri?rthkve Wn reeatveJ lu rwiau >n b> the i!l?p< <dlion uf ti e P it peror of tbe rroiH h. Ihe i nt a?i >;?? ?? ? ?in1..m?r.t > "eei si ?> v? ns to rliei i?h 'he hope that n prinei) Je *o bnnm-ie In li? ell tra-t-r, HI d e*|tial In liaopei?Ui<e, ?o eteetnl il I ith" pr<?nerilr 1 ?(r< Si i h'I-os ?n t s?i etmwe rut 10 t'ie ???uume, - .1 till* rnl'ihtrneil pel iod of tbe world, will command tlie atiprit bkU 't olall n nrltmie powers, and thus be ineorporab-slInto the rod*of iLtertiational law ,. Mv views ca the sul'.ect are more fully *et forth In the revly of he Secretary of elai'. a ooi?v of whlnb l- herewnh traua nutted t" he com mot.va. ions on the ?uniee- made to !hls ,'.o ternitient e?pscin y lo the ot rem.inlcetl.? of ^rwe. Tie tosrmnieniol Un t till. 1 haa at all Uieee re nn> ? ?h frtei.d'y Interest the oUier Mate* of Amerl. a, fi.rmerlv. ilke'htseotintry Kueop?an eolonwts, and now iwle ?.ol,.let t mem sera of the great femllyof tiatloos. But the uueetileU eondttton of w me of them Utatracted by Brfrtaeat revolutlora and ihu? ?Bea&sble of regular and Arm Internal Mlvif'talratioii h .a tended to eml.*er??> oeea.ieoai.V o-ir pob ? ^i, , ? .? i. - r?a#on ? f wrong* ?t - *' > our e Uena am at thetr ii.ttiOa aac wh'eh tl.ey are aktwb. ^;lrw~ I nfot ui.ale'.y * IS Sgamet U?e ReauolHs tf Meileo, with whM-h it Is t ur stxctal desl/s tr malntona g >od uod'twto.d Ira u at *to h r<.*i i iaiats are mo?i numerou* and sl'b-?'<0 t Ta?l1H ? g-* -r- Ms stien'lon, lhe? bare n<H as v^ re i ?v? 1 the ret aklet atwn wbo-h thta cmertitsml bad a right to etneet * lule eei ar?'l?n for paet inmrtee haa )>eea witbhe^. rUters ta<e I eee adde.1 1 be polittoal e.*J.uon of that eotm trt hoae\er baabeea siteh as to demand forbearance oa the Bar' of lie I ?lte?! bistas I ?haJ continue my ejhrutooro t ur? foe t! e wroaga of our ettlf ?lie that redrves wbleh H tadla , et.aab e to tbe contbiued friendly assoelauon of the two rc PVl^Ts 11 lllir condition" of aTaira la jriflarastia la Ujr <*rl? i art of the r-eseai ?ear. read.red It importan 'hat thla ?-<* eiiment shoaM l?tt .lti.'oit.allo lelat^'a* w:th_thst Mate. Ibototii-ffaee. n. rea? 'be Tetl mn" . t^peet'ag Hortb and I'o'tta Amerva ea which a vaei amotmt of p-npert? was teans?<>? ed ard to w h.ch our rtll/ena iesorte.1 In greet nnjsbera In u*. ii.? r, i? e? n the Atlantic end ractfls ft*a? of the I ntted -U.0-* llo I inteatton of N^h re ,uirad thet the ertating ? ae* la ib.st Male ibonld be iegar^ed as a reepeamibte g#r erbo.wi t aid fsmltdateewae a?-eordlngly rwrcieed. Bill be tmiH ted t.ere only a abort time. Hona thareafer the pollu I ral kfla'raof bleatagoe uaderwewt nnfatnraKle ehaage^ awl tbe eoverammHHV^P^^9^l I have re!>ia?d to tecelte e ther cnie?t?r ? if the moat a. too* nature sr.' needing between ihe I t.litd eti?us and tbe republic ot JT?w lit* tads Tbe gw I Iiravem ?r thatrrpnbiie undertook, a T?r aloee to ii*i?e? tot. - as> '''lilt ? on trretgn veaaels In ber porta, bttt the p'trp >?e ? i* rc'iaW t v thia vi remmaaS. ashing contrary to eslet^ng TtT^r ?tl ibMMa with tbe tlaMed etefsa, aad to rigbta confer ?ed by cbi rte- n|x<n the I'aaam . Kailroad < ompanv and was a.eaidii t't r*-bi>eni?lied si that itme, li being aJmitled that m.> aei? ? nbsed'o be etempi frwn tonnage duty In the free rt.r<* af T wnl and Aaplnsrall. Hot Ihe p-irp.ee has rt<" re ? utlj revltat oa the paet of Bear 'traoada, by the eneeta?? t of a 'aw toanb eet reaaele Tiattlng h^ poets lo tbe tmn ee gati of w*ty ceats aer ??a atvl al'ie> i?h the lew tisa nta been ?et >n foeoa. yet tbe rlsht to enwree M la still assert p,!, an-1 ieai al ai.y ime be acted oa by the government of **1 iic'f item of few Grenada ba* slim eeared a law, dur tee tbe lest ??str wbeh lestea a tat of more than three <tollar? ail a' err roea-l of mall ms'ier iraneported aceoae the la'hnnia_ 1 he sum t una required I o be paid o? the maila ot the I, ntted Hate* wna dbe nearly two mUHtmsof dollars annua:!}. In *> .litit.r. to the Isrge stiin payshle by contract to the Tanamt liaiiioad > ompany If 'he only objert'on to this eta.-tlrrj were the e vrVitttiev of lie iimount ttoonldnot besnbmlited to bs tbe 1 nited eta'ts. ... . 1 he Impc ttl'-n ot tt howeree wouV obvkmsly coelrarene our treatt a uh hew O aned-i. -id .n'r'nse Uie eoetrs l ?* , thslrepabht s ith ihe I snsm* '< ? ompaiiy. The law ' hovhIii.c f r Ibis tax waa by II* "? U tatre eobet on the ! Tir?l of s?iitem|.?T last but the n*af antbortties <m the lathmu* i iiare b?en In^neod lo en?i'end Its etwution am' to await farther ititruetlona on the *iii.jeet from the go' republie I iim not yet adrieed of the de ?rmln^l..n oMh o I gevert nient It a meastire so M,r?<^lnary tn itt Omr*etei\ and to t (ear I j eontrarv to treaty stipulations. ?nd th. r-onrart I 11. ill* of tie I* i i*in* '< all road rompey. e^^d_moSiy_of America" rtt rone, should he peealstee ta. It Will hw tbe dnty ' of the I - -? ' -ealat I'a rT^.,iilrm. .Ls r*' -? n "t - " * ? ' rr jwffr wr+t tft itt >wiw vivt that the local authoring cannot bi relied on to maintafa th* public peart* of f'tununa and there * ja?t Kro'ind fer aepi"" hvntr.on thai a portion of U>c* lohabi an't are rufiwitig further ouiragea, without adejua ?? me&aurea for th?* aeeuritf and|W% lertion of uarM>na or proptrt/ having i?#eii t^aem. eittar h# the Stale of Panama, ur bj ihe general go v<*r anient ol JNev Gi aottLi. Under the guar*atl-n of treaty. citizen* of the CJntt/id State < have by theoutlavrt icvnl alliiona of dollar*, oonatru ted a railroed ?cro?a th?* l-tlim n, aud It haa i.e.-ome tn? main route be'ween our * tlaunc and i'HCltlc poaaaartoaa, over ?U?fe mulliiuaiaol our riti/eti* aad a van amount of property an eousiamly I'Oi jiij lo the nscuri.y i>n<J protection of all whMh ami the ccutiuuaure of the public advantage* lavolved, it la hnpoealbJe icr Qit government of (be 1'aited BuUja to b? ia dirr rent ] have deemed the dancer of tie rarnrrerce ol >ecenee af lawleta vk'm.ic in tb'mn.tr'er ?<? inim neut an to mal?? itiog uuty to a par! ot our naval ton e in the n?rU>ra <M N i.&uia unil Akii'DHuti. In order to protect the peraatia'aui pt<? l?rt) of tfce citizen* ol the Cnl'ed stati ?, ia tbo*? porta. ?4 to li aure to tbetn ?afe j as-age icnm the /atbm'is. And It would in my judgment. be uawlte to wiUidr** lb? naval force now in those poiw. until, by ihe apontaaeotu actloa ?f tbe republic of New i<rau?la, cr otherwiae, aocaa wtequaM arrangement shall have hi eu made tor the protection aud an nuitv t.ta line of inter oceanic et aimunlcatiOD ao mmo- *at at 'hl? time rot to Un- Celled a T? 0'> y bu' to all other MM time Ma'ex botbrt Europe aitd America Meanwhile, aagottat'oo* have been Instituted by means of A *pedai < i ntonation, to obta.a iiciu Sew i >ranac a full tadaai bity fur injuries aualained by our oitlzena oa the lathmua, Mad aatrnfactoiy t-ecuiuy for the gen ial ii-twa-a of the tfaitod State* In addressing to you try last snnn.il me^aege. the ooraataa *e< ro? lo me no appropriate one U einresa my eongra:ulatuaM iu view of the peace, greatiu-Ks. and felicity which the Uoaed Ptatea row poaeem ?nd i njov. 'lo point you t* tke ntale mt the varloua ilepaituieuta ol the torerucseut. and of all the jtrea trsncben of'.he Pub'ii- aervlce c|t11 a; d milltai-y, la orderto apeak of the InteMiffence and the mte(jitt? which per Ttideh the whole would be indi a> hut imnerfectfy the atf nitriatrative cooditlnr of th" com try and he betmiical eile'-ta of that on the geterul welfare. Nor wou'd ii aaBee to n?f thai the nation i* acluaiij tt peace at home *ad abeoad, that iu ta du>trial int?ri>la ai e pri H|ieniLiK 'lial tlie lanraaof r.* mart i era ? bite tin c\nry aea; an I tin |i gu?1i rf lie bukbandoiHa la mxi-ching sieat i]y onward to the blood'.eai conqumt of <ka cootlnent ; ti nt fitlea and r ipnlom Staten are aprinfint ?p, ai if by euriutnlnient 'rom the lionon of our wa? ?ta wilda, and tlia'. the i<tnrat;eoiia eaerK.V of our people ia oialunt; of Ihehe I n 1 Mia'.ea ti>e great repubdc ol the world. Ihesi- ru ulte ivenot be. n ataloai with mt paaa Inf lbrr.u/|h trlats and pi-rlli, by experience of which, aad thua only tat on? cud harder. Into manhood Our foretathara were trailed to the *l?iom which conceived, aid Aa coutaae which acbb-vra independence, by the circaaa aianceR which aurrt iiiided tb.'in, and uey w?' a thua iaad? rapitb.'e of ihe ereatioo 01 ih? republic Tt devolve I oa ih- oe?t ftneiatinn to 'onaol diile the work af the revolution to da verthr rountrv ent'i(>;> fn m t>e ii tluer cen oroonMlelinirtraaa atUntic partia iitie* < r antlpatlin a *hicb attv-f? I uiour cooatad ard tevolu?lor,arv hlatory aod lo organl/e the practical "t>? ratienof theconHtltuiion il and legal matitutionao' the I nioa. 1 o in. of th t> gem rauou, ic.imr? 'he uot leaa noble ta?k o# mamtalnlng a> d i xUtndh.g the power of the 1'nited OlalM. We bine at length, renefit I that itaKC of th" nationalenrear, in w hich Ihe dancer> to be "ocoiintereil and the evertiaaa to be made, are tie tocldentH. no nf wealtneaa but tt ttn n^th In our foraign relatiooa ?e haie to ?ttem?er cur power to the. iehs bappy oondition of otDer repubUia ta America, aud to p ane onrkelvea In the calnnrai *.id oaa fciou* difitrtj of right by the side of the greatest ant weaHh leat of Ihe empires of hnr >pe. In our domeetle re'atloaa w? have to giiar<l agalnxt Hie ?hock of the ditc >nteii'< the aadht tiona. 'he lutareHti and 'be exuberant and therefore, aaaaa tlmcK irregulnr un|iul?ea of opinion, or of action, which ara the naliira' product of the preaeut poiitl'ial elevation, the aaf rell?rce and'l,e reaCeKa spirit ol enterprise of tbe pBigla at the Tntted Plate* I Hhall prepare to aurrender the exeeutiTe truat to my meeeaMT and retire to private Jlfe wrh Kectimenta of proiound gruiHada to tl e geod Prov'deijO ?lilih, during the period of my ad rata' latration, haa vouehaafed to carnj the country through naaav tllfllcuiuea, domefiic aud foreiKO. and to enable me lo oaalaaa plate the spectacle of aaicab e and reapeetlul rel.it.ana to la een our* and all ?ther government*. and th? ealaSiiahaaaaA of cot atitutioi>al order ar.d INumU Kv tbroiiiihout the ITaieo. kramkLim riK r*. Wisbi.ngtos, Dec. 2, l?6d. TEE RED HEN OF AMERICA. IbduI acp?rt of the Commlviioner of Affalri* DsrAM*>rr or rir* 1 ttuco*. ? Onim or India* Axtair>, Not. S-, IBM. f Sin?I have the honor to aubm!t for your ooaaidt tte usual annual report Irom thl* offloe, ud tor details or the operations of tbe service and tie i or the Indian tribe < refer you to the various KWD^aSf tnc reports ud other papers. The Improvement In the condition of the New Tart Indisi.i, though credos:, la very perceptible. Tbe I botiaings, crops and stock, snd the subatant.nl i ramur dtaf the bomm ?r mtxy of ths ooaMM,1 dagaa, '? aacaroraa, and the Tonawnnda, CoMaraagu* ami Alleghany tiaaeca*, evidence ia tbma a uniform Mtm? meat. Tbe rellrace or tbo Allegheny BeaeoM opca Mi Umber aad lumber has not made U necessary for tbesn t* turn their ettentioa wholly te agriculture, aad wblle (Ms isroaroe hss fura'shed them temporary aid, the Hash** and lumber trads in which they are engaged may be re garded as a hindrance to Ox Ir permanent improvement. Churches and rcltylous InUaaneee aad school* are wag snstalbetl amoni these Indians, and ail seem to bo im prceeod with a deelre to educate their cailUres TW State of New York and tbe American Board Of cmunue to make liberal appropriations for among them. The Thorn u Asy'um on the Catl reservation Is completed, and Is now rapidly Siting *Mb orphan and destitute child:en. The Indians on thin t*at reserratlon hare had tbe klnl oilloes as 1 aid of the So ciety of Friends, and ths patronage of the depurtaaaal hss a leu been eiunded to tliem. Tbe Ottowaa and Chipp,-w *<> >nl the Oilppewas off raw aad 8weo creek and B. ok river, al! witbu tae f ? Michigan, continue gred iany to loorease ui numb a? well e? to advance in lb.' ?rt or peace: an I under I liberal provisions ot tbe treaUee of 1*66, br every lairily is to receive a bomemaed from Me public domain, aad the frteadly feelings Ml tested toward Item by tbe p*>ple of Ma* State, preeent indication* weald aeem to JeeUfy tbe hops that they will atialn a macb higher elate of ctmlsiftsa, aad pooocis more oT the ootnforM ot life than tbey hava heretofore done Tbey are beginning In local* oa tbo lands assigned them, aad apparently highly s;>prom*t* the separate homer to which they are entitled The Cblppaaes of I at tSap.rwr who Inhabit nasrsa tlot.a in the northern peninsula of Mtrbicaa, the nurtbara part ul WtMagaia, anil tba> portion of Minnoaoia b?tw**a tbe W. Loub river asd the Krtttah line, bare bee* fbr il*hed with a liberal supply of farming Implement*, car penter*'tool*, household furniture and cooking uteash*; aad every Indian having a boose and ratidia* la It, ha* been supplloo with a it'?rd oookmg amve and toe aeatf cooking oUMlis. a tat>ie. bureau, cbaira, bod*load, leak ing gie*e aad many ssUl it articlee for hou*?hold aoa. Tbe eOect of thl* policy Is qurte parcep lole aad salt.tan . aad has atlm?ia en mm to ereot atMi preyl** lor erettisg itw ho*??* at Bad rlenr, aad aotsral other plaice O-rtlti'-atee ?eve he?a uiied to aU tbo kail breeds, who. by Uir provlslcej Ot ths reoee: treaty, are rititled to laa-'.wblih. If prraeuled >< Ui? I UMt I will serve I" ?-cure to earh of tbem the <uantuy to 1 they are rttttIM aad which toey may designate ttaaa any of tts peb'lr u?a*ein uototoerwtee apt rovriate*. In aitdinoo to thoie amoex lbs lad,act* ot Mio'ugaa pro per ? hoots srs now iratt.u.n?d at L'Aaae. rtU river, la IVutte aad <<raad Cottage all aamag toe On, pewaa tf lake Meptrior. The tiuarted area of country rmhrawd with la DM Michigan Agency readers It impaeeible for tbe agaal to derote m tnnch time te tbo In liana under hie cWg* as to abeolstelr neree?ary There la amp* bmiaets tor two a*> ne, and wlUi two ftsitb:<al MS Ut aid taem. In I t era table tbe Iborai prrrltloae >( toe rooei' I irurh for tb'tr good ma* l>* aooo<aptMb.*i. Tbey aoa prepared to take advice end receive malrnottoo. The jurbdieuoa oi the Nortbera eup*rinv-s?y baa boaa rxteadad over tbe ladlaoe of Mtsaee ea, theUnetda, bsik brv te and Mer owionee tribes m W tec one In, atUI reaaaSa irr aitbta its iimita ? Ibe roodltioo of tbe OOeMsa of W aoonsin bos rhsaaat but little ? lore last year, aad no eveot of iia.xiHaeao baa Hum, n -ipl ihf B' "lor al one of tike cbMk fey a iHrttr of the tnb" This event has pra ?art>l in or b escttemenL aad haa oaosed appreb malssa at ?rrlevie dlsturbanoes. The mn> dor was committed water the tnfluenee of istosieatlag U<|uor f'ndrr the eperatloe? O' tbe treaty of February 1*. IMC, between the Mnrkbrtdge aad Mnaaee Indian* and tbo go vernment It a to be eiaei-ted tbat the Utockbrldg* *? rcltWa, which for a aember of rears put have beta a ?onre> of trouble aad vsralloe will eoen be tereUaaaa*. An anaagemoot has been seed* by whMh a trad or leaf no tbe weet tad of the HenowKWMo rreervaUen haa bomi selected for a nermeeeet home for tbe *^o>ikbrl?goB aad Kuaeeee He-re of theoe ladiaaa have already rommesce-1 to build tamissivoa booaee el th<dr aoar location, and men*area nave bees taken to ?esaaro tbe final r?moT*t of ell ef tbem ae aooa ae thl* caa bo prudently en.i ..".nerly et.ectad It H to be aopel that any fscltone oppneittea wbieb mat laantfrt iteelf a www* a few of three In liana mav meet with no eooonragewal, rlther in W'xmnsln or elsewhere. Tbe sirsaslty at gfeg ce?e ead tbe mtereete of tbe In I'aas reqalre that tbey ebon id remove from tbalr prsssat losatloa at atookbrtdga without de'ay. The edvenoemeat of tbo Meaomoaoee le onnetaat aad ttoady Altheriih ob?ta> lea bavo been thmwe la tbo amy of tbeee ladiaaa, aad the vtoiout and eneurapolaaa have eadeavored to thwart a.I the elTorte made for Imprevemert, aad tbe greeping averkie of white mea, la eeektag to obtain their p nperty it i of jnatioe aad right, bee ree ler?d ihem eemewhatra aad sasaey; yet, aotwiibstaadinK all tbia, their ptneraaa ta very iraUfylng, aad tbe mesne already atuiiisd leave so doubt hut the Meaomoaae ladiaaa. la a wary few years, will oompleteiy aad perfectly adopt habtta a Indnatry ani dviltxalfcm. ladma labeiera btve b?aa es rlnalvely employed lo do tbe work of tbo tribe, lb* agent, fhrmer. miller, teenher aad owe biarknssaa are tbe cmy white lateoaa looatod at tbe ageaoy eed eat aed on tb* renervation AH th* work la the AeMa. S* ae m the shop, la done by Isdlaa heads. A awm ber of the youag Heoomooesa have benome esport car penter*. providing not only the gnnoral narpeoter sbap Iaa4 ' with hsnds, but tbo diTereat haa la barn earp among tbem, who are emntiag boueee iw tbe varto? fa mtllee, to ffeellltate which tae rounoii baa repeated tbag a a*t of carpenter tool* be furnished an ee*h bwad la the Souther* part of Mlnaeenta Territory tbe Wlaaa bafoee have assigned to tbem. ardor the treaty of ftsb rnary, MM, a* esaeiient traat *r mad f>?r * oerssaant bom*: and laudable rflbrta ere *ow being made t* mm reel th- victoue hah le of tbeee IndMkue. V rvewate* tm yoremeats feav* "?eeo med* for them at their Mar local'?e WbM labor bar b*rea*fOro heen mea ly relied oa. bat hereafter It la expet :e?g tbhl the iodHw tlctnse'.', t* wU bt aofi J tag