Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 4, 1856, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 4, 1856 Page 1
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THE NEW TOHK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 7401. THE FINANCES OF THE COHNTRY. ANNUAL REPOR T or TH* SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY, ON THE State of the Finances, for the Year Ending Jnne 30, 1836. TRU9VRY Dbpaktmut, Oeo. 1, 1866. Hi* ? In obedience to tbo act entitles "An act to asta>? lub the Trewury Hep*rta?ent," approved May 10, 1800 th? following report la submitted:? The balance in the treasury on the 1st of July, 1866, was ....$18,081,076 0< Tbn actual receipt* af the first quarter of tbeflsoal y?a 18&0, viz : th?. quarter ending September 80, 1865, were, as stated ia my former report.? From custom, $17,085,238 2H Krom 2,365,726 *7 Misoeliaaeoas 831,495 08 Tola! $19 774,4*0 13 Tto esnr.ntcd receipts for ibe remaining three quarters were aa roi ??s: ? From customs $12 000,000 00 From'snJt 6,?44,274 13 Miscellaneo-.-.s 600,000 00 Tola: $18,144,274 13 Making itiu actual receipts lor the first quart' e am) the estimated rtcilpts for tb? remaining three quarters .$87,018,734 28 And balance in the treasury July 1, 1866,. 18,081,076 01 Giving 'bo estimated sum fortbe servtcn of said year 86,860,710 27 The actual expenditures ot tbe Urst uuatior ot said year, vlx ? the quarter ending 8eplom>er 80, 1856, ware . v fo!:ow?:_ Clvi, m.Te 'aoeous, and fort^gn inter course $5,117,860 26 interior 1.799,642 10 War 6 142,111 H8 Navy 4,282,202 57 Reoemptinn tt public debt, Interest and premium 252,200 71 Total 16.5(4,116 10 Tbe est.m?ted expenditures tor the remaining three quarters seruu tollowi:? ivil, miscAiUncona, and foreign lnter 'joor e $18 661,974 86 Defliciency .a Postoffloe 2,660,368 00 Interior, peunons, and Indiana :}&;?>_,0S3 92 War 8,773,523 31 Navy 10,951,030 78 Interest on public debt 2,290,800 00 Redemption of debt 7,760,000 00 Total 64,632,450 81 Making the aotuai and estimated exoendltures $71,226, 848 01. and leaving an eitlmate<< balance in the treasury on the 3( th June, 1866, of $l6.623,8e3 80. Tbe actual rooetpls Into tbe treasury for the fiscal year ending 3Ct'n ol Jus, 1866, were, fur the? lat quarter.?From customs $17,0$6,238 '.48 Krom lands 3,365,726 47 Miscellaneous and Incidental. 883,406 09 Total $10,774,460 13 'id quarter.?From customs $13,424,0^8 67 From lands 3,273,868 ?? Miscellaneous and Incidental. 106,840 33 Total $16,803,746 'U 3d quarter ? Frem customs $16,787,114 Ot From lands 1,460,073 01 Miscellaneous aad incidental. 160,113 '20 $18 347 300 26 4th Quarter?From customs $16 776,472 64 f'?? lands 1,887,978 10 Miscellaneous aad taotdeulal. 288,183 6i 18,002,634 16 Making $71,918,141 46 Balaaoe m Um> treasnrv lat July, 1666.... 18 081,076 Ol Total mm for tb? aerv oa ot the fiscal year ending noth June, lit60 02,860,117 47 Tbe raeetut'. from customs wire $64.022.8?3 $0 The r? cepts Irom lands were 8 917,641 9.: Mlsoellaneoua and Incidental 077.6a:. 0) Total 73,018,141 46 iBThe actual etpendiutrsa of the year were as foliowi ? 1st quarter $16,604,116 10 M quarter 16,680,880 81 >d qoarter 16,903.074 .M 4th quarter 22 780,711 2<l Tola! 72,048,702 02 The rcpeadlti res were divided as follows ? ?Civil, foreign Intercourse and mlacella neoos $25,274,880 00 Interior, pensions and Indians 3,8T2,826 6t "War 16.048.lt6 89 Navy 14,077,047 II Redemption of public debt, interest aad premium 12,776,300 38 Total $72,918,702 0: Balance in me treasury 1st July, 1856, aa appeara in dotal], per statement No. 1...$10,001,326 46 In my last report tbe estimated receipts Into tbe tr*a aury for tbe Sacal year ending tbe 30th of June, 1867, were as follows:? From customs $64,000,000 00 'From lands 7,000,0(0 0<) Miscellaneous 600,000 00 71,600,(KO 00 To tbla add the estimated balance la the Utaaur? July 1, 1866 16.623,963 36 ToUI 997,123,863 86 Tbla gtve 987,123,863 :16 tor tbe aerrkse or Ua ilscal year cudirg ih? 30th of Jaaa, 1867. Tbe eatlmated expoadUurta lor aald jraar war* an fol IS laJaooe of former appropriations to ba ex p?ndtd durtaf tba year 916,600,699 09 Permanent ud Indefinite appropriations to be expended during tba year 7,609,910 14 Appropriations asked for...... 45,114,763 46 Toll) AO,461,865 &8 Mak ng tbe estimated expenattnree 969.451,366 68 lean 11,0(0,000 not expected to be called for during Um year, ?id leaving an estimated balaoce in tba treaaury, on tbe let of July, 1167, of 989,6<2,4)7 "H. "itttout aay aati ma t- lor lUo recaption o' the public debt, Tbe actaal receipt* into tbe troaaurt, for lha let quar taT oi aald yaar, via: tbe quarter ending tba 80tb Sepieta bar, lbt/6, tare bcon aa followa ? From customs 920.677,740 40 From laade 892,.".40 HO Miscellancot.H 866,810 67 TaUI .. 921,999,431 39 Maklag tbe actaal receipts lor Me flrat aad tbe receipts for lha rtmaialaf three quarter* aa now eatlmated Hseond quarter 917.M4.7W 47 Tblrd nearer 16,902,639 87 lounh quartar l?,901,119 97 IB HI 972,999,319 97 Aad. with tbe actn.il balance in tbe treasury on tbe lit of July, 1866, of 919,901.896 46 Mstlsg the sua of 992,866,996 02 far tbe service of tba flscal year 1967. Ike sstual expenditure* tor tbe flrn quarter of tbe Oecal year 1967?tK.: the quarter endlag the 30th of Hep temtvr, lH5f ?being 919,676,113 41 The eat mated expenditures for tbe remain in* three qusrtcrs of the year are aet dove ai lollowi:? In the second quarter 18,000,COO 00 la the tbl^d quieter 17,168,178 76 In lb? fourth quarter 16,688,121 21 Making the scroti expenditure* for tbe flrat quarter, ant the rati mated expenditures lor tbe reaealalng threr quart-re 70,611,411 21 Which lea tee aa eitlmated ba ance id tbe treaaury on tbe lOlh of June, 1857, of. .912,146,222 81 For tbe amat receipt* aad <>*p?n lltnrea of the Orel quarter of the year, Tlx.: tbe quarter ending tbe SOth a' September, 1999, aee sutrmrni Ne. 9. Tbe artuai expenditures of tbe flrat quarter exhibit tbe ?um of 9902,C9?t 63 expeaded la the redempttea of tbe public debt, and la payment of Interest aad |>remlnm A like amount la laeludsd la tbe eetlmatea for tbe sxpendl tnre of each of the remainirg three quarters. Tbe receipts into the treaeury, lor tbe flscal year eadlng the SOth of June, 1869, are estimated aa follow* ? From customs 916.000,000 00 Krea laada 6,000.000 o0 Mtscellaaaoaa , 966.119 97 Totai 972,966,310 57 To which add tbe rati stated balance In la the treasury 30th Juae, 1867 22,949,222 81 Making tbe na of 996,300,6.(3 99 tor the service of the fleoal year 1993. The expenditures are setlmated a? followa Balance m fnnaer appropriation*, to be ex perded this year 19,389,464 60 Permanent aad Indefinite appropr'atloaa... 7,499,610 14 Appropriations aated for 48,469 *48 02 Total 71,804,823 78 leea tbe amount that My not be expeaded during tbe year, estimated at 90,000,000 00 Weuld I rare aa eettmated balance la the treasury on l be 80th or June, 1868, of.,,, 48,999,710 62 Tbe public debt, on tbe 4tb of March, 1998, animated to the sum of 969,119,937 27, aad waa subssruentiy increase I to liquidate the debt Of Texas, by the sum oi *9,760.000; which gives the psblle debt at. 971.979.03'? 27. II baa since been reduced, up to tbe 16th dsy of November, t*?6, the nate ol tbe Register"! last Hfo1% to th nth of 980,963,90^ 64. Pee s?atem?nt No 8. in n??king this redactms, tbe ?nm of fio,9>' . tRT 68 b?w been p?id tor tbe ptiacipa thereof, and 94.<W,8Vi ??1 tor proaiiuai oi j -<r'.iou of it rcdjc jjj b* fore maturity, savin* Use tun of >14 son.441 39 by par Inji inadvauce iuo leaving the puoiic debt on tbe 16th day ol November, 1866, $30,863,9<W 64, ? p,r .tatemant No 3, parts 1 and $ h Jn andiiicu tc. me public debt, m above stated. there is cue under treaties with vsrlost* Indian tribe., payable on time, tbe eum of $11,0*8,$01 84, aa per statement No. 4 ot Utin report. Thin debt as it becomes payable, oousti tntea an item of anuual expenditure, and is etlltniited for by tbe Interior I>*p4r intent It la au locldant srowlo* out of the emu *ion of tbe Indian poeserfso/v Utla to tbe publio lands, and la a charge on tbe annual tales. Ilea ides tuts cebt, tbe United Slates ltavo in veated mcney u stock* lor sever*] or tho triios, tottw amount ?I $fa 6tl,024 (8, and hold the principal ?<'tho Umithsontsn fund, amounting to $416,109, und< r the act of the 7?b Juiy. lhat, in stocks lor that inatltuuon, aa p ,r statement No 6 Tbe United Stolen baric* made theaj Invchtmeiita for tbe Inc lana ana ot tbo rfuiunuouUn run t sutiaiiy provide lor tbe payment ol tbe interest, whirl Inteieft U or Is i<ot received on the stocks. Tho %rrear ?f""' interest apprar, in the table*, to vtae amount 2L.- ?S'. L 0,1 " ^tooka beid for the iadiaus, nut 4487.131 93 on tbo stooka or tbe SmltlwoMaq rand Statement No bglveatbe b?ltnr.ci of appropr#oi?, of trust or special <un.lt on tbe books or the treasury ?t laa close ot tfce Uscsl year li&O Statement No. 7 giros the atetks bclucgii g to the United Suite* w lh? Ois-aal nw.nip, tlj??ai)eak<i and Delaware, Uhbsapuale auii Ojjo ?cd LrmmviUe tod i'urtiinil canals. The fH iuiU ii receipts for tbe 0--cel year 1866, with the *cH?al rsceipta or tbo first qua'ter, and tbe baUnce in the trtasury on the 1st o? July, 1806. were $80,850 7to *7 and tbe actual receipts with tbosamn adlUon, $03 8Si> 117 17, wiin an eiccss over the eatlmates of $5,v9J 40r'v:o Ibe cnajom*, actnal and eatlaiatej, "were $jy W-JJ8 S8. and tbe receipts $64,u2,J.863 60. The land*, actual auo (--iimaiod, were $8 0>>0 000 anl the receipts tH.'.U7,fl44 93. Mt-cellancon?, actual and eattmatod, wor* $33;. tf>j on atd the receipts $977,888 C3. ' * w?Tree V-.,n-w? ?Jrr1?di,ijr;s /?r the a,c?' w ???, were 91, and tho a^tuil exnendttu r**a mates8'*"2 'j2' bl "S Jl,7al'9*6 A'? In excess o! the eaii .hi! rJ" b? an *'*?>nation or statement No. 1. that be sum of $U,, ,6.:,00 38 was expen?ed during the Mar' u loUsr*<,t. rrotuium and re^ewi.UJa ot the public debt, making the expenditure upon all other ob/ects, $80,242,401 64; ihe ei-, mated exp^duare m? liilernt. premium sna redemption of the public debt, being $10.301,ClM 71, and the payments $#.475 39)67 mere tnau the eetimatj, making iha expeaditnroa upja other object*, lees than estimated v In making estimates to be submitted to Cooirrcm 'or the atouai expeuotturea, tbey pIMent themsel.os'in three cjftMes. In1 the Orst class are tbe balances of unexpended aporo priaKoos eX|)"Ct< d to be called for during tha yjar In the teoood class are the expendu treR uuder ex'stli:* siacdioK mdede.to appropriations This includes tbe ra ?TP.:on ??" IDtfre,,t orUl# public uebt, the cxpenaoa ol" other ttemjf * pUb C reT?uue> 110(1 ?ome pons.00s aad In the third are all moneya necessary to comply with s??nf.hlle^'S* '?*?. '"cludlag tbo exponsoi ol Con ?rt?s, tbe nece??ary pablle printing, and moneys due under treaty atlpalationa, the payment of the civil list foreign ministers, conaul., and commercial a<enls, "be I * 0 ?'m3r Md Indiaa intercourse, the turvey 01 tho public lands, tne expenses or tne Unltod State# courts, maintaining lights in established ileht t^ouscs, with a rarloty ol other objocta, prorldod for by The several exeoutlve departments prepare eitimilea 2,r..ti.e.br^Ch" ? the ?Br"c# 'ospssuvel? com mittec to their charge, with reference u> expenlitures rl^n?J d. tT 'XUUn4 U'?' M ,n clM* 3 "hich th-y cannot discharge out ot extating or standing approprla tions. In addition, the tIeorcUrtea eatlrn ?te for such appro priatlons, as in their Judgment are re^purej (or tbeir re 8piC.iTe u'Partmen??- Thla't lasa embr acea tbe estlmatoe printed and aent to Congress at the c<>mm?noemeut of earh seesloo; hut each Secretary sen.l?. aurinrf the s<m sion. such additional ertimates aa in bis judgment the exigency o. the servioa under his charge require* Tlere art Hhtr appropriations which ths decretarr of the Treasury has to ronsider In his report on ibe finance* Tb.se are appropriations by Congress tn audition to the ex.stiog and standing appropriations, and tn addition to the appropriations lor compliance wltn treaties and to pay dtmands arising under existing laws, and the addl tional appropriations estimated for by tbs respectlru de partments, and It elude all appropriations ror punUc and prlTftte diini, object* or Internal improvement not es titrated for. and all miscellaneous ^prZl.iloM ori ginatingwHhOoniress daring the session, altaouzh no Bfeciiij lum Is Btt doirn in tbe cvtlnaMi l^e reeeipis I rum cos torn* fluctuate, with tbe lanreaae or dlmtnctloii or the Import* ol duty p*yi?i foods and he receipts rrooi public lands, with lnorea?M or sUm .n Ithed sales, whi st tbe expenditures, to a very considl .> 7?*U,nt" "Pon the action of Congress and treasury* *Pf'y,n? r<*> ??<> settlement cf, ciaimi at tne pie legtslsllro power la responsible ror all watterul cxtravsgant and imneoemary expondltures, suthi.ixsd by ataadmg appropriations and required to complr with exiting laws, as well aa for all siuJi as mty. from time totime beautfaon. sd; necaua* wttb that power rutt the right to lop of! all such watte anl extr*?agaoce, by a repeal or mooiOcatlon ol the laws, or b* a reftits' to grant any such ap(,ropalatlona. The exoc'itlre piwer li responsible for a correct construction of eti.tine Itwt and an honert appuca'lon ot the lundt placed by Con' frea* at its di*|iosal, in the execution of the lawt, and 'or the ob.iect* for which L *PPfn"**lo?'? w made. Tbe Executive baa the right, to recommend tbe repeal or mo 110c At loo ol law*, for tbe purpose ol lopplnc off all waste, extravagant or unnecessary expenciturea. and to reeommendaU such as puoiic inteiaat tr.sy call for, within ths limits or the constitution; but ihe legislature I* not boand by the re commendations, nor to await executive roromaindallon " 10 ? modiOcatlon of laws, or ai to approprla' t.on* and baa the right, by new enactment, to enforce the proper conatructlcn of the law.-, and their economic^ sdminlftralioo It . not acceeea^y to inquiry wb?h^ power has the right to omit appropriatloos, o?CMiwirj 10 pay the cbargei accruing under cxtitini lawt. but it ik in anl ft* t. U wuald bt betu*- to rctxml or modify the law, .0 a* to make the e< WJUu?,7?Torm P****** new*, rather than hazard tbe Injustice and dis creditor (ailing to pay charge., accrued and l?uto2 onuar exist.eg hws. Kconomv |* m |,giK!al,re well a* aa administrative virtue, which it 1* mar to commend and prascrlhe rules for but which it I* dtlllCTtit to observe, with an overiiowiac treaanry and a strong outside pressure The legialative and eircutive branubee shenld act la harminy, and work to the name end. It the legislvtve branca tall*, watts suit. The esscutivebrsnch 1* without the lull preventive power; but if the executive branch rails, the legislature I can reetraln and correct li*abuses The lirst men la the right dtrrction I* ao to mvllfy the revenae law^i" no more mooejr shall be coiiected from tbe people than Is required for an e. onomical adramiatrstioa of the govern. msnt, in lulfllment 01 all iU obligattons and dnties ester ?*i Md I The setood Is the toaest and faith ui J?'11?* the 30th of Hepteoib?r, 18$ii, have her.n $il.9?o, UI 38, being $-',16o,'.>71 S$ more than the or responding quarter of tbe preceding year The same r*"*V,h*' ?Pfr*ud ?? increaae the revenue from oa* ? .h- i ?**r may be expected to laMjsscn in the same way tbe rsoeipt* orthe tuoo<.)lin( three qnariera, hat probably not to the same ex ^ * ^Pto Irom customs ba*, therefore, been advanced to $M Olki oco Jr".! rTlptf fr?? taad" for ^ ?"mr Oftt qutrier >1 44i mT^sT'' l^L7' U b**B *>? ???"?* $1 44a,$4t 4$ less than the receipt* of the cor res pending jsarler, of tne preceding year fne large ''?rt" ,w wilbdrawn from market for raiirr>*d*. uu ?er acts or the last sesaioe. and tne lands wm h will be entered, ?der tbe land warrsmt*. ImusI ^ ^Tng E ' y r*?uln?e? to reduce tbe rscsipU (rem Uo1* "?? oorreaponumg three quar ^. hJrbe'eTfeduT^1^ 'oeuood to $1,000,000 The re. otpia Oom miscellaneous sources have been put at $Jt?,31Q $7, a* per ret i mat* Tbe ad\anne la the estimate of riceipta from cuatoma. I? made, wltu lb* kaowlcdge of the Urge duly partag import*. already I* warehouie, and under the etpecta tloa tbat the demand for prerlatoaa abroal. at remunerating pricea, will not be equal to tbat ol laat year ; alio, of the p-eMure In tho Kurepeaa money market, and too groat demand for onr notion and lobaeco, wt h the abnadanr* of moa< r la tnt* conntry, increeaod fey the payment of the Texa* debt aad the tiallfbrala war bonda aim the fttllart tfthn * I(i*r crop "f Ml atana. > 1 la favor of increased augar importation, aad at an artraooed prtre The ability of tie people of the Called ate* to pnrchaaa and pay, n?l only for oroeaaarlea but for tuporllaltieo. ?ay bo relied opca ror the not xumptloa of duty pay n* merrnanc M ?" an extent MMM M Tret lh? ?et>oi?te i expenditure*. aad allow the oont.aied redemption of the public debt as fa?t aa the bolder* or tbe Mock fthall be wtlllag to areopt tbe principal and tatoreat w th a raaaoa able premium tHalomenu from Noa I to 17 an.I from B No 1 to B No. t, are a conttm latloa of tooee which ac^oaiita-ited my laal report oa tbe flaaa> ?a, with tbe additloa, <rhere ne Of aary, of tbe correaponMng Item* beloagtag to tbe fla cat i ear l*5g, and are again aubmitted Matemtbt No 11 girea, rer tbe flecal year en l og 30th Jeae, 1IM, tbe d"me*tle and foretga merohaaitae ex portrit at *. aad oar Import*, for the ?m? time, at 9T11 ?S9,!'4I, ataking th* export* $l?,.11t.0M la e\ne?* of the import* The coatiaued tacreaae of our po ptilation. aad of Inn port* aad export*, with that of oar egrlcaltura), maanfactartag aad mloing wealth, aad our (bclllt.aa for internal and etteraal commerce aa exhibited by the combine.i table* of thta report. en?oiir*f? me. aaaia, to recommend a modtflcatloa of tie tart" of 18-18, and a reduction of the release from cuatoma. It >a aaanmrd aa a (hot beyott l aueelloo, that a tarfl oa import* la a tax. ard that the tai la paid by tbe ronanm-r of tbe import*, aad tbat it I* uad?*iab!e tbat ao lax abould be Impoaad er coati aoe<iv>ot repaired lor aa ecoaomlcal admlalitratloa ol the government, allowing for tbe fulfilment of all It* dotlea, pm-eat aad proa pee tire; and that th* coHaotloa of a greater revenue la a wrong agalnet the people who pay the tat, aad impart* to the agaata who administer the go v eromeni a tendency to andae piwer, waate aad eitra ?agance. Many bellexe tbat the *8,000,308 or $r.000,000 eanoai ly expended oat of the natioaai treaanry, for oarrytag the mai l aad for print ag booh*. Ac., haa been caue?3 by a rednndaat and oter.lowing t:?a*ary and that ?n* enmecau**haa operated l? inorraae oar etpeadlt r??, upon <>th?r ab.iecta, aad iip*a aoae eo* ra led <br, by th* prrraat or future eilgaaoy of the go* -remeat nor by the cr the rials* prorlded tor *?h:lrt but few. if aay. bcUtyc there il taj "xro ty far IPtVv.'.ag 10 a#roa*e our expenditure*, wtih the continued tncreaae of oar re venue. The tables o( import* and export*, (or the lMt ten year*, exhibit a constant and continued, although not an annual Increase, ot our imports and our exports, and consequently, of our revenue from custom* we shoald consider the sane causes that have operated to produoe ibis Increase for the paat years, will operate to continue it in future yean, and place still larger sums in the na tional treasury. The productions or our planting and provision States, as well ai our mining and manufactu ring Stales, continue and will continue to increase, with tbe increased and increating foreign and domestic dewnd, commerce beinft the exchange of the productions ol one country or nstion, lor the produc ts ue ot another, whether made muweotly, by sale and purchase tor money or Jlnctly by birtcr the conclusion is Irresistible, that both our domestic and foreign com ruerce have grni raliv beea o. equivalents and proti.ubl to all parties, and as they have increased so they will ucaer the s?me circumsiauces, c jutlnue to Increase and jusufy a modification ot the taiifl'anda roduatlon of the revenue lrom customs. In the modification I have hers tollre suggested tbe propriety ot iucreaauig our rreo list by auditing the raw materia: used in our manufactures to free entry anu thereby giving to the capital tad lab>>r o? our peop e equsl competition w.th the napital and labor ofihOEO countries which have, tor the bemlU of tnoir manufactures, admitted the >aw material without duty, and have rtcomrunuded the name articles to be adnniu-d tree that are admit."d 'ree by Great Britain. This would reduco the revenue between ST.0(0,000 and $9,000,000. I have also suggoitel that tome articles ot general consumption, such as call, shoald be added to the tree list, and '.he tar ill oti i.oroe (Hhtr imports should be reduced some $7-, (00,000 or $8,000,000. This, upon tbo imp>rts of last year, would reduce the revenue to about (50 000,000 trom customs, which, with the receipts from tho public lands, is deemed el) sufficient f#r tbo neoesiary require ments of the government; the avenge expandlturoj of the last live years, excluding the public debt tnd tin $10,000,000 paid under tbe treaty with Mexico, hav ng but little exceeded #18,000,000. 1' in future years there should be increased iemauds on the government, tbe re venue trom cuctoous may be oxpocted to Increase so us to meet tbem, without the imposition of acrtltlocal da tics; hut it no., the propriety o; taxation wi'i .hon be tor the consideration of the eououitiicd authorities. Instead ol a modi&aatlon of tbe Uriii uud the reiuotloa of tbe rovenuo from customs miay puisoas nuggest that we should r< pesl al>ftarill*. and ottabit h the patnniree t>aJe with forc'gu nations that exWts bitweeu Ihe sluiea of the Union, particularly those wbri do>m tho revenue r ow ra.sed from imports unjustly levied and extrava gantly and wasteful!? expended. They urge that the only remedy applicable to existing evils is tUe experi ment of lieu trade with foreigu nations, and direct taxa tion on our people. I have considered that foroign at twos are not prepared tor the same true trade we or joy with each other, and that we cannot cave reciprocal free trade without theircooiunt; anl that until they a^reo to admit our productions Iroe, It wou d not be expedieut to admit theirs free, and allow them to tax our labor Wbee we do not tax theirs in return. I hsve cousiderod th?t free trade, If expedient, should be approaohed gradually, and /art paMi wuh the advaooo to that end by foreign bStidBfi, and that the modlflcatlou and reduction of tne revenue, as proposed, would be a movement in the right direction, which might be followed when experience and the condition of our commerce with other nations should justify tt, and have contemplated tbo limn when the pro ductions of each dtate, in exchange for the productions of the others, would constitute an abundau. supply for most of our wants, at choaper rates than other na t.ocr coul 1 v'iord trem. ami make a resort to other mode* of raising revenue ? queition of ne cetsity; but that for many years to come our oationai t-rasury would be supphel from a tariff on imrorts. and that In tbe modification and redaction, now called for, we should make it as equal and Just as pos sible to our own people, sad taae away the difctlml i alien now existing against us, principally arl'lng out cf the legislation of other countries, la contravention ol the industry ol our people. The question of <be tariff, and the propriety and mode of rejection, hare been the subject of remark in my for mer reports on the lioances. Further reflection has ter ved to conlirm me in tho views then taken, aid to which >he attention of Congress Is again called, In iddl tlon to what is here said, and to what may i>o said, lu i esponse to the resolutions ot the Bous* of Representa tives. of tho 12th of August, I860, calling fir information of facts and suggestions upon points connected with the fcubjcct. At tbe instance of tbe Committee of Ways and Means, the Houce, on tho l.th ol August, 1H&8, passed resolutions lrom A No. 1 to A No. Its, Inclusive, and A No. 17 on the motion of a member. They accompany lb is report, and call for Information and sug gestuxu as speciOeu in the resolutions. lb* first resolution call* tor a statement of tbe Barm ing, planting, and sugar crop* of the United State i, for 1940 and I860, aa given by the census of tlmse years, with sn estimate of tbe crops of 18*5, la tabular form. t-'taUBssota No*. 39, 40 aid 41, ol this report giro the icfornation called for. lbe second resolution call* f?r a statement, of tbe ana btr ol acre* devoudtotbe vsrlou* crops, in 1SI0 ami 1M0, with aa estimate ot the Same for 1815, adding there to such column* and flgurea aa may be necessary to ox blblt tbe increase and decree** In the mimbtr oi ao*es cultivated in tbe principal crop* la 1866. aau the la creared anil <*ecrfS.-?d product MT acre, with addulooa! columns, Miovnng the per ceotage oi increase and do cresae In s< res. product per acre, act aggregate pro dnct ot oacb crop trge?ner wttli such suggestion ter tic enlargement of tie market al home and abroad, as tho ^c(rrtary ol the Treasury mn. (item expedient. Statement? No* 42 and 43 g.vo tho information called .or in this resolution, as furnished bv the census Of 1S6Q, there being no data In tuat ot 1840, and none upon which |0 make an e-tlmale tor 1"S6. IM M data from which to furn.sh me oiner specified leta ls. The suggos I toes reauestod. for tbe enlargement ot the asarkou, at home atd abroad, will bo found in a suboequoat part of thie report. Tbe third r'tolutlou call for Information on the wool growing late rest of the I nited statee. statement So. 44 given tb? woollen manafacturee m ihe I a;tea 4uttee, m rhoen by tbe cenaua oi 1140 and that or I860, with an ea i ntu (or 185.i, upon the kb? ratio oi Iccreagg ami iiMutit No. 46 exhibit* the Import ul export of wool, (or tarh year, from 1840 to 3oib of Jane, 1848; aleo tho annual import and export of woollu manufacture* for tie fame period, with aa eet.mato of he valaa of tee wool to tbe manufactured good* Imported, la order to exhibit the quantity of wool required ror aanual oon eumption. and the portion procured In tbe country. Statement No 41 given a recapitulation of th? fornjo ng tehee on wool, with the allotment, ;*r ..aptM, or ttie va rious exhibit* therein contained, for tho yaam imo, I860 end 1815 an 1 atatnment No. 47 exhlbita the nun ber ?>r pound* m wool produced ant Ita value. the nom ber oi pounda oi domeatio wool eiportad and Ita value, and th'i borne MMtMMtfMj the MMW of pouode of wool Imported and Ita value tbe number or poand* of fore.ga wool re exported and ita vaine, and tbe home coaaumptfan, with tbe valae thereof, tbe value of Im ported woolen mannlacluree and of thoae re exported, and the home coo*um;it:on, together VM tbe total nurnbtr of pound* ot domeell- an1 imported wool coo ? ? . i, ami tho total value of doMM an l mport.?1 wookn I'.anu'ai tur?H eoaanmed, la the Cnltad Stat<ie, for the jeara 184C, 1860, and 18.r>6. rb>' fourth reeolutlon ealla tor a ttatemeat and eetl mete of tfie capital employed la manufaotartag wool In 1841. 1842, 1848, and 1848. deetgnating the numner of adia proo .o'm bro?(!rlotha at aaid datea, with auoh eo?geatl#aa In regard to tbe revaaue lawa, aa the Xecretary may deem expedient Ibr tbe permiseat eatabltahment of the wool roan ifar'uring laioreat In the United Statee ttatemeat No. 44 given the manularturee of wool, according to the ciaeaa of 1840, and that of 1850, abowiag the rata <* Increase be twe*n tboae perloda. with aa eitlmata at the aame ritlo ror 1856 hot Ibr irimbi'r of evtabr?hmrnt? la 1*40 ttio ceaaua or that year doea aot fire There are ao dau la the department, from which the other specified detail* can b? lurn.ebed -aggoaUoaa oi-oa tbe aubiaot of tlila reeoiut.cn, wilt be foaad la aa other part of thu report The filth revolution caila for Information oa the preaent condition of tbe rottoa maaufacturlng mtereit. aad for eu^geet.oae how to promote the manufacture of the daer fabrice ta tbe United .-tataa, aad ealarge tho mar ket for cotton at boaae and abroad. SiataaMt No. <8 givea the emm at or cotton manufacturee, ea derived Irom the ceaaua of 1840, aad tbat of 1860, with the eetl mate lor 1866, at tbe tame ratio of lecreeae aad etata meat no. 40 ilvee the aaanal export of Uallad Stataa manulart ired cottoae. from 1840 t ? the 30th of Joae, inftfi, and tbe export of cotton from the United Hiatce, duiicg tbe aame period; aad atatemeau Noa. 60 and 61 five an allotmaat, prr <apila, of tbe lafot matloo rontaiaod la Noa. 48 aad 40, for tbe yrara into, I860 aad I <66. Taeao tablea give the oon dltion ol the cotton manufbrtnring intereat, aad ol tbe rottaa growing interest, from 1840 to 1866. Tbe eugfea tlene cal'e 1 for a >11 be (band la another part oT thla repnt. The ilxtb rreolntlon oalia ror taformatloa on the Ire* it annfaoii roe or the Ua'ted Ha tea. alao tha maaafaoturaa *1 ateei ard Iron and atcel. Matemeata Noa. .">2, 83 aad 64, exhibit the mannfarturea of theae artirlea, aa takea from toe ceaane of 1840 aad that of 1860, with aa esti mate (or 1*66. at the aame ratio of tncreaaa, aad atate merit No 66 the expor. and Import of Iroa and iteel ami maatifai turea of iron -ad eteel. from 1840 to fiath of .'une, 186f. aad * . ^>r of Iron aad eteel aad mane fantnrea of tro.i el; alao atatementa Noa. 58 aad 67 rrcaptt'iiatiag tu. 'ablea, with tbe |f oapi/a a the etbibita tbereinoo 'nd atatementa Noa. 68 60 gtvea the prloea of iro. . -el at tae prtaeipai port foraaerUe ol yeara, wbico, , mlilned, give tbe noa dltton of tbe iron aad eteel Intereet In tbe United Htatee. Ibe ai-vanth rewoiatina calla for iniormattoa aa to art clea not prodarod In the I nited .-Hatea, with reference t the rnlaixrment of the free net Matement Ne. 60 give' a Hat of artirlea Imported into, and not grown or pra dorr4 ta aulficteat quani tlea la. the I ailed Statee Moat, If aot all, other artlclea Imported are aleo partially pro ditted or meonrartured la the United statee The raaoln tloa aleo ral'a ror Information on the leather, and maan farturee or leather. In tbe United Statee Tbe oonaoa Of 1880 doea not farniab any Inforaaatioa on tha manufac ture' of leather. Statement No. 61 glvee the export aad Import o( 'eather, aad tbe aaaau fact urea thereof, Proa 1840 tn :.otb .Tuae, 1868; and atatemeet Ne. glvee a re ?apttu'ation ol tbe preceding ataiemeat, with tho allot meet, per (apitm, of tba varKwa evhiblla therein ooniala. ed, for the jeara 1840, i860 and 1865 Ptataaneat So 6.1 U'voa tbe annoal tmporiatloa of bldea aad aklaa Into tha Uaited Ptatea rrom 18 W to 80th June I860, anl atatemenl No 64 glvee a reca,mutation of atatameat No. 83 and the varloaa *xai*>lt? ther?la nonta.aad. for 1M0, I860 aa I 18*^ The reaal- iien alao ralla for nforaiatloo aa ta tbe maaufectare of glaee, por retain and atone war* in the Uoltel Ptatea "tatementa Noa. 66 66, ft7 aad 68 give tbe aaaoai tmpoetatioaa or thoee artwlea, fVo?t 1M0 to the 36tb Jane. 166' an l tae allotmeat, p*- rap ?. at 4h* boaee ro.ianmpi. ia 'w 1*: > 1*60 ard 1JI6 T%e Ce V a of 1 tae. at, ? ' ?< ranJar. rea It auo ut .t .ar taitrsMiaa * .a g- *u nod manofarture of hemp ud flax in the Unted Statee. Siauumnu No*. 89, 70, 71. VI and 7U give the importa tions of hemp and flax, and the manufacture* of htmp aod flax, from 184b to Both of Job#, 1858, and the alloionout, per capita, of the home consumption for 1840,1860 aud 1166 The census of I860 does not giro these manufac ture*. It alio calls for information as to the coat, load and oopper interest of the United State* Statement* N'oa. 74,15, 76, 77, 78 and 79 giro the Importations or the same frt.m 1840 to 3(thof June, I860, and the allotment, per (apxia, of the home consumption for 1S40, I860 and 1865 Tie census oi 1860 dots not give these manufactures. It also call* for the growth and manufacture of silk tn the United Statee Statements N'oa 80 and 81 give the information according tn the census of 1840 and tha of 1860, and the iiuiwrtatioos of tilk and manufacture* or silk, frcm 1840 to 20th June, }8M. and the allotment, pc* cajiita, oi the home consuir ption of foreign silk and ma ntifsctures of silk, for 1840, 1850, aad 1865. The censui of 1860 does not give these manufacture*. Tb? eighth resolution calls for tnlormaticn as to the

shippltg interest of tbe United States, with a statement oi tbe torn age employed in tbo foreign, lake, coasting acd river trace, umi tho railway and carriage tonnage. Statements No* 12 sod 13 give the tonnage of th? Uulvod States lor each y ar, fr?r> IT SO to 30th June, I860, and estlbii tie tali aod tu am rcglntarea tosnsgo engagol in tho foreign itmXi , and the enrolled and licensed sail and steam tonnsg* engaged in tae coasting, Itke and river trade, and tLc Staled where the same is registered or e? rol'ert, and to which it beiorgs, for tho flacal year 186ft ; an J tbe statement No. Sit give* the n'imoer of railroads, with tho 'engitiof the read, capital .Invested, earning* and proiits. with tte number of persons and ton* of freight curried alibin the year Tbe ninth resolution callr for information as to the ag gngate amount of loderal State, city, ourty, railroad, canal sr d other corporate delitt held In Eur .?pc on the 3Uh ot Juno lP.'ifi, speully'.ng tho same separately, as far a* tbe tame oec be ascertained. Statement No 63 give* an estimate the'oof frotn tea beat data, wUhln the know lldjtr or the department. t? tenth resolution cell* for a statement of geld aad sllvor co ned at tbo United States mtnt and branches, Irom 1718 to lit .'i.ly, 1166. This information is given In rtateu'Cut No. 8 ot this it>i>ort. It also calls tor a state mem o! tbe entire cnat or coinage since the eeta'oUahmunt of tn? mist, including buildings, machinery, &o. (his I: formatl< n is ; iven In ve'e'oent No 84 of this report, showing the 104' ol ground hai.dlngs, machinery and repairs, separately from that of coining. It also oalls tor an estimate ol the amount of uoiJ and stiver now remain ing In U? United States. Th.s lolormation lag./en in No 86 ot taij report. 1bo eleventh resolution calls for a statement of the ox port an>1 imoortot gold sod sliver from 179Ctothe 1st July, IPO, with such eufgeations to prevent and restrain tteeTport thereof an tbe .-secre ary may deem relevant to tbe otteKlebwent ol a sound, stable and healthy bard mooej currency, and to retire the small denominations ot bank hills at last as gold and silver can be obtained and substituted, this Information, from 18*20 to the lat of July, 1(50, la given In statement No. 10 ol this report. No account of the expert and import having been kepi at the custom home until 18*20, the department ha* no means of giving It prior to that year. The twelfth resolution calls for suggestion* as to tbe ireihod of st;mu,itt>nj and increasing tbe eiport ot agr: cultural and o her productions ot the United State*, <ritn h vlev of preventing tbe export ot the preclont metal.-, stocks and boudi, by requiring and making it the iutereat ol foreign nations to uke our surplus agricu toral and other productions, Instead of making it tueir Iutereat to take our gold aod silver, to purchase wheat, cotton, to hacro, &c , from other nations. Kema ks upon the tug gtMl'Ds called for In the eleventh aod twelfth resolutions will be found In a subsequent part of this report The thirteenth resolution call* for a report or the frauds and undervaluations in customs, tin ler the act* pas sod the SCth of August, 1843. and SCth July, 1849, designating tho number ot ctscs and tbe amount ot frauds and under v si nations which occurred under Uie respective aots . and the fourteenth resolution calls Tor a report, as near as practicable, ol the amount and proportions or Imports made by America* born citizens, oo their own account. and theamonnt imported by citizens of foreigu birth, aliens and citizens of other countries. Tho regulations of tbe department did cot require ar counts aad returns, from which tie Information called for in the thirteenth and fourteenth resolutions could l>e given. Circulars mm ?ent to some of the principal custom houses for the re qr .red information, but all did not appear on their backs, and It was found to Involve too much labor to g've what did, ana tbe disposable torce In the custom bouses coold not bavo furnlahed It in time to be laid bo 'ore Coa| rest, at the present session Certain Infor mation was tben ctllel for I ) Mftbl* the department to make a reliable estimate, which will be found In state ments No*. 86 axd 87. The Cfiet nth resolution oalls for a report or the ad van tsgre and dlrad vantages .?* (peciCc *nd ad talarm du tie*. It> releretii ? to tbe Intercut of tbe country, aad Um frauds of, ard umler valuations incident to, the two classes or syttems of dt.flee ; and tbe sixteenth oalls for a report ?fM *he Advantages aad disadvantages of the tone valuation system, la tho collection of customs, a* adopted and practued 1 >y tiie Hrttish goveramont, with reference to It* Incorporation Into the revenue law* of the United States. Remarks upon the subject matter of the fifteenth and sixteenth resolution*, will bo loud la tbo after part of this report. The seventeenth reeoln'ion passed by the House of Re presentative* at the ram* tune, call* for a report, undor ?I*c1flc beads, of tbe amount (it appropriations aul ex pern)iinres of every kind loeurred bv the gevsrrmeat annually, since the 3Cth ot June, l*2i, In the canstric H >n, repair, rent ?m l preservation or custom bouses; the cost, expense and maintenance o revenue cotter* and other vessels engaged permMMtiy and l?puiMB| in tbo revenue servlc*, and the amount or all other expenditr.ro* incurred In. or resuming Ire m the oollecUon of the customs, or dun** on Import*, since the above date. 7 he tnlormatton called for la glvaa In statement No. 88 of this report, with tbo Itrma reparate on tba Atlantic aad PactOc ooaat. The itattattcal lrformatioa called tor in the flrat and ?e cond resolution*,taken In connactian with the Information gl ten la tbe tUliatlca of tfcia report, platxa before Ore |re?a tbe wbo'e information, with o the reach of t<l?? partmrat, open tbe agricultural, plaatlag and maaufao tatiDg latereata of tbe I mteo Siaw*, aa tbay e\uted in 1840 ail 1840 and tba haala for aa catttnate aa to I<m prcrent condition thereof, aufflctently act urate, for nay practical purpoee Tbe a.atliiioa upon the production and importation of wool, and manuiact reaof wool, have been prepared w.tb care, la ?rd?r to place U>e qoeatlona Ooanei tad with the prrductu n ai.<l importation of wool anil manufaoturea <>( wool, involved In tbe proitoaltloa, to aJmlt wool aa a raw material free ot duty, njlly and fairly before Ooagreaa It will be Keen ibat In 1840, ancnrdmi to UrnOOBiaa of that year, we manufactured woollen tooda |o the valunof $20 080,999, nod that In addition we imported manufac ture* m wool to the vaiuo Of $$682,788: mi k tag Wf M> oeniptkm of tha niiauiart'ire* of wool $i9,<140.784, and the cooaoinption of SI 71 1*4-100 fir inch parson ttu-a la tbe 1'nlted Htate*. Tbe flta?u? ot 1810 daea not givi tho Lumber of fart or lea d? -,-oto<; to, nor tbaciplUl e-n.ilojral la, tbe manu'urinre of w ;l. Tbe cooaua of 1*80 eliowa there wera 1,4*9 futorim Ic tbe United sutea. with 28,118 of i*[ ital devoted to tba aanii'io'nre of wool, with tto pertlcu'ar ftg$aa in ?nh rfictoriua wera Kltualad alao that tbe man ifaclnree of wool amount*! to $43, Ml Mfc ami V* Imp rtel iwi'i'm luraa gfgNNl to tba valaa of $10,0*6,f.78, -nak'iiir 0BT r.M.nmptlaa manufacture* of wool 800 t8l,130, and th? oaaumpUog of $3 59 H 'or each perren la tbe lolled State*. II wa o*U n ata tbe increaaeo value 'if our woollen man a tmr i urea, ?tare 1880 at the ratio of tha Increaee between imo ami 1810, II glvee our maaolactnrea of wool at 8*^.400,780, 'or tha ytar 1888; and wa Ccd tbe va.ua of our Imimtatioae or maaufacturea of wool, for tha year 1H88 883.287 384, making our conanmpiiou 979,704.110, aad 82 94 18 l<Kl aa tbe conanmpt.oa oi racb per eon, than la tbe United Mate*. Tbeee tabtea alao abow, at the period* of 1810. 1*80 aad 1888, the value Of tba wool produced tn tbe I nited Htatev, and ai?o tbe value el wool imported mm the Cntiad Halaa, at tba ?ame per oda, lean the ei|>orta of wool. They amoabow thava aaef the wool, la the im ported manulact area of wool, at each of tbnee period*, eetimatlii( tbe value of tbn wool, at oae third of tbe valaa of the import*, aad eibil.lt tba valae of lh? wo>l ooa *?med by rurh j< r on, in 1840 at 71 M 100 rente, aad in 18. 0, 78 18 100 ceata. and la ltt*. at 98 19 100 t enia. aad tbat we coaeumed. In 1844 83,704,098 mora than we pro dw?4, ar.il n 1*60, ,7 317,771, and la 1858. $0.678690. There are no data, from wkleili to exhibit, tie number of (M$8VM8, a'.r tbe amount ol (apital, employed in the ma ?uladnre of wool, la 18..8, nor tbe oharacter <d the good a n an'actrrod; hoi 14 la repreeented that eS_8W fa'torie* hereteirre ? t. gated in tbe mao'i'artnre >f broadclotha aad the flner wooien ftbnea. have beeaforcod ?IKmoo tbat ?><?*-r'pt ' n of mannfarture, and ylold oar Biarketa ibr tbnee artk lea, to tbe toratfn manafaotu rer, Tbean tahlea ah* w that la 18*6, wo ronaumed $83,387,884 of tha maaiifarlnroi of wool, BM>ra tbaa we maaafbeturtd, aad that we ooaaanMd $$,6T8,000 ol won! more tbaa wa me produced, otimatief tbe wool in the rnuii'i' tarad arttHa, at one .r. i-i or the valaa. Now wa import 81.WO,t at wool lor o?ir manuiat- urara, who pay a doty of 30 per cent upon It; aad wa import 882,? 187 384, of the man'faf uiree "f wool on wh i b W? pay dlffirtat rateaof daty, via 30 percent on part, 38 per irnt on (a t, and M l>?r feet o.i part; WhlM With wool tree ot duty In othvr manafac urine oouatrlaa, the dirty o|crataa a dlacrtminaiMm again*! the labor atd oarltai of onr owa ptopla. Tbta la pecn'iarly the caan, aato the ooeraer fabrloa, which wa admit a leaa duty, tbaa we a poan upon wool. Tha nlimate of tba Tatted ftawa la aueb, that maaafhetarva of wool are need Water aad turn me-, In eonae or tha (<tate?, aad il tha winter moatha In all. and the flner lalirtea are uaed la all It II aa atttt-lf for r lothlng aad other naaa, tbat our climate aad oar bafciia do sot permit na to dMpeaae with, aad wbtob our people ? an and ? ant artara or thamOOMMkil ouriai.n laaa are arraafed io aa noi to dlacrimtaate anaiaat them, aad la favor at other maaa factoring aa ttcaa. Whea we Brat Impoeed a lax on loreigd wool, Great Ri itam aad other i iaauf*e4arlag aatloca taxed it alao, and ae high aa we taxed II Wa dlaerimlaated la tha tat upoa tbe roxnw'ecturee of wool, Impoetag a higher lav apon tha Oner fabrtea whereupon (Ireal Hrltaln aad other maaa facturing aattoea repealed their tax on wool, aad aecui nd to their n.aaufactnrara the advantage of obtaining the raw material, free ef daly. Tbla alvantage avar ua thev tMlnue to enjof aa Iobk aa our tat it rantmural The raaaona why tbay admit wool Iree are to lie fonnd In the lacl that they maaaRaatnre more than they produce, ami It la neoeaaary they aboald he able to aell cheap, la order to eater advaatageonely tha marketa of the world, aad It aiay be alao to aeevre tha aMrkel of tbe Catted 1 utea, to the auppreaalon of maau actur ng la tbia rountrr We alao mannfaetnre 1 more wool than we produce, aad eoaaame mora ataaafantaraa cf wool tbaa we manufacture, and coaita ta oar tat oa wool. Tba doty oa wool waa impoeed to promote Ita pmfaithm la tba 1 ai'ed J'alea, as..! waa evpnet.vi |o enhance 'be Ctaa 1' hat i.i 'i tf io ?t ?> t '?,r wh'''*i 'I waa e a i<a a? i o wt ?.a f although tbe prlws have bwn fair, Ihojr hare not boon fuch aa to make wool growing aa prodlaDls a parault at mauy otbar* In the country. In ibe trial of ten yoais under tie tarltfof 1846, there U no greater production of wool. In proportion to the population, tban there was pror to tbat lime It la laid we do not produce the In terior priced wool*, coating twenty cents per pound, or less: nor tbe higher priced wool*, coating arty oeuta or more to tbe pound. and tbat It la tbe lower and higher priced wools, tbat we Import, tor our manulacturea, and tbat tbe duty baa no effect, and doea not enhance the price uf the woe) tbat wo produco In 001 sequence of which, we are undersold in oar own market*, tn ooth tbe tlner and courier t'sbrlca, and tbat the repaal of tbe tanll on ow aid tbe blgber priced woola would not aileot the price of < ibe wcol wo produce, and would enable our manufactu r?rs to nte more of our wool, by Judicious mixture with foreign wool, and g1vt them a fairer competition tor the home market, ido Inuuce tht manufacture of the lloer tabi c* In this country There would be difficulty to tba execution ol aucb a ta?tff because it would oe the tnt"reet of tht importer to put the toretgn value of hia wool above the fitly or below the twenty cents to out am free entry. It i? belk v*d these causes would reudor tho HI uncer tain and unpopular, a1 d mate free trade in wool more de al tabic ai a mure btuetic.u) to tbe wool grower aa well at the msntilacttirer in t,reot Britain the tax on tne fo rt tgn wool, when It was s? much aa sixpence a pound, did cot 11)banco tbe price to ibe Kngllsti wool grower, al though it ba-l been imposed and cootionea, an well to en courage tho growth of eool at home at f >r revenue The English pi ices current and statistic* abow tbat the price ot * coi ratigr >1 b.gh?r the very tlrat year after the duly ws* repealed tban It bad for yeara before, and haa continued to range bigho> ever nltcs. It is oontld?nUy bt-lltved su^h would be thecaaeinthlicountry.lt tne dutj on the importation of wool watt repealed, thereby givlnc cur n asvlactori-rs woo! on tbe same lor ms the lortign majiuUcturers obtain theirs, Tlx : by porchaso la , tbe open market* of t'ue world, aud that they would ^>e erccuraged to incrca?e and extend their bcruioas. In order to t rjoy the benefit of the home market for their goods the roDHt quenca of which wonid be a constant ird irtater homo demwd, at higher and bolter prioen. The ratio at wh ch our population U increasing will render necrr*?ry a comluued Increase In Ibe m&oufoc tu'cs of wool required for consumption Tho tmnoruuoe of a home snpply of this uieful ?nd (ndlspensab'O article of c!o king call* for the most careful Investigate, a of tie enrol* o? cur law*, asda prompt remedy t>? thole repeal wherever ttey shall oe fount1 prejudicial to aconat'int , ana chfip supply troir. tbe capital and labor of our own people In 1790, but little manufacturing was done la tho oous t*y, as a Clttinct hualne?a. Nearly all tbat was dore wm Id pritate famlile*, for domestic use. Mow. manufac taring 1* a separate pursuit, and immense capital la eon plojt* in its various branch** In I MO, th" value of our DiSDi:! *r.tnr*B was returned tn the census of that year al *4?3,tf8,915, and In I860, they were returned la the c< nsus ol Ibat year, at >1 06I.5W.8W. Tho ratio of In crease makes on* mannfactun s hi $1391,031,29:.. it ibts result, we recognise toe la?l that we have became a great manufacturing |>eople, and iho t?ble.i acoompauy lug this rejM>rt prove, we are likewise a great agn cultural and commercial peoolo An impulse, tn a^ior (<srce with tho nat'otal santlrarBt. was gleen to manu t*< lurinr, bj the t-npjattion cf du'lee on Import* In our first revenue laas, and the impulse was tnoreuod trom time to lime, by the Imposition of addttioaal duties At first we manufactured tbe oarser and more bulky articles required by our population; gra dually we have extended our operatlous. to a j'sst va riety ef article*, and to some repairing rau-h skill In the execution, anl now our manufacturers are in possession ot tbe home market In a great variety of arllclef. In 1790. plantt r* raided no cHton for ex- I portallon; now It is the great crop of our planting State*, ar.d they furnish it a* a raw msiorial to tbe nmnu'autu ring SUMs, an well as to foreign nations, and now we manufacture tbe coarser cotton goods for the consumption of eor tntireoopulatton. and export near $7,tot.000 an nually to foreign countries. Our manu'aciure of couon in 1841 was >18 310,4*3, in 1860 >6I,8?9,1>1, and the same ratio ol Inerraae in 1866 would give >T0,95?,712. Ibe htatory of the rise snd prcgrets of our manufsfl tures, as given lu tbe tablet of this report. together with tbst of the gtowth of cotton and other prod act too*. Is bug gesilve ot all that Is requ>red U> extend our notion manu factures to that of the finer fabrics. and to tho enlarge mrnt of tbe homo and foreign market lor our cotton aad cottons, snd, Indeed, for all branches ot ow manulac luring and agrtcaltural prodaottona. All -w the incident al prottclion of a rcvunue tariff, and place oar msnufac Itrn and productions upon tbe same benetlcial tooting that lore-gn manu?bcttirerj snd producers enjoy In onr own anil fnrtlgn countries, by taking nU the daUew we now tmoose on Ibe raw material, and give them fair and toual ccmpHI'lon Tcr the home aad (bretgn market* and we may tafely lrave all tbe rest to the (III aaft tnior ptite ot our people. Jron snd sUel being artlolet ?f general use In all our (Ustee snd Territories, and nsceesary tn tho prossca'too of til icdnttrlsl pursuits, tbe annual ooasuaptlaa and Me acBual home prcdnctioo and Import become a asiter ol ?ollcttud* wtth msny and of Intereet Wall. II appears from i tbe cenors of IB40 Ibat we produced asd nsaaufaoturod Iron aad steel Ibat year to the amount of >29,909,182 and that we Imforud Iron and steel, and the manulac lures of tree snd ?t*el, to the atneuo* of >7,<*88,739, an l 11ported iron and rteel, and the manclacmres or troo and steel, to the amount ol >|.I04.46A, leaving for cor ? stir pis n >31 I 8.446; and from the census of I8&0 thu we prodcccd and manafhetured Iron and steel thai year lo the sncrrt of >80,485,863, and that ws Imported iron and aleel. and tbe mane factor-n of Iron and steel, to tbe amount of >17.524,459, aid tinarted Iron and ilcei snd *be matiUcturet of iron and steel, to tbe a meant of >1 911,020 leaving tor tbe eoosnmpiten ot tbe jear, >78.?W.792 The same ratio of tacreaae, la tbe prcoiirtlon and msnufartore of Iron and steel, from 1850 'to 186> tbat Is lot.nd t/> exist between lbs years.lMO and 1880, givea the production ar.d man<i!orturos of troo snd steel, tor l>66, at $:8,40?,58? To tbts acd >21 W6. 274, for the amount of I he imports ol Iron aad steel, aad manulactares of Iron etil steel, hr til year 1856, first dtdarttng ths export of tboes arttcleo, and there ts Iron aad sleel, and the ironnfSrinres of iron and steel, lo tbe smount of >!* 6*8 .140 <or the c<>n?'imi>Uon of the rear. Tte ertlstate of >78,4t6 6M. loe the y?*r 1>66, Is no doubt, tome ten or fiflcoo mlllloni leas than the production . A comiwrtson of tbe population of 1840, with Ibe prodac lion and man ifaeiure, Import, export and consumption of Iron aad steel, and menu nctnres of Iron and sto*l aad the like c mpa risen of tbe population of 1860, wtth the pro loo tlon and manufacture, itnpsit export an 1 oonsumpt'a* of Ibcte articles. In 1860, rxlenled by estimate, for the production sno manufacture la 1H6.'., an-1 by ihe im port ard export and fimiunt left tor cnns'implion of ibat year, pace tht tuhjoot fblrly haiiwe us la ooaaection wlthiur past end futurii suppi|?? an>t ftituro wanti Tbe tahie or price* at Boeloo, Now York, Philadelphia and I tali more, for tbe last seventeen )ear?, t?irnl?bee tbe fluclraliens In the pricis of bsr Iron anJ a orllerlos for tbe value of tbe otLer draeiiptons, and proves toat this Indispensable article, like all oitrrs, ob<y* the aws of -'rmoad and nuppiy In adectlng tba proCts of tbe pr? di trr sn<t manufacturer, oper 'leg favorably or unfavor ably upon tbe an>t<ani prepared for general use. We hart la ibe 1 ni'ed ftatee more Iron ore an ! more real w'lh tbe watt! Ouxrs tn convenient c mnectloa and of cfeeaper aeeess, tban all Ihe other drillsed nations o' Ibe worll, and have tbe neceesnry capiat, skill and la"?or lo produce all the .roe and ?leel and nianafariaree ef irt.n and steel, rvqutred far onr consu-nptlon. or that may be repaired tor uur consumption, far csn'.arlen to eo me, and also to enable us to supply Ihs markets of othi r countries tn fair compettuon with tbe Iron aad steel of other nations Thane table* sbcw that oar product oo of Iron and sleel. and manatac luren of iron and sleel, was greater in proportion to popu la tic n tn '.MO tban It was tn 1840. and Ibat It was greater nf'.*f5 then It was in 1">0 gtvlrg us the r gbt to o*? me that, itr.nerced hv tbe seme ca ? " will t>e greater "n 1??0 ttss It nsw is, and tn lime srlll be srfTletent for oar own consumption, on<i then glvs as a surplaa for export. Hut is king into conslde-at'on our preeent population and at t.mu'ated eapt a1 wllh the amount of oapiUI aanually drawn fro* other rountrlee In U>? course of emigration, and the great. <?1 of carriage lo tbe Interior of our ce ? try with the tale improvements m ise m^les of prodoc In n sad buiIk lure of iron aad ateel, It would not be rub lo eiprrl a full tupp'y lor our own oneanaptlon b* tweea Uil* end Ibe returna of lb* oenetw nf 1KT0 Tb* tax opr. a Iron aad atari and Iho manufacture* thereof, Wranae of their renerai nee In all aartioa* aad m all iadn*ti?l pnrantie. baa hffn oona'dered aa oiotiabe aad rkir a la* aa It waa porrlble la lot pt-ae area the country coaeeqiienlly M material change baa H*eaccntemi> ale l or reommended but If continue J at pr> tent rale*, It la aot aunpoaed the rame Monnt of r*y*aoc will oat-van* to be derlred rrcm It, ?r? MMM lb* o*? ol lm, u bo doubt It will, bo extended to many nU.er pcrpmta, rail becfeaumed lo ainrb feater qianti tk?. la commercial Internum roe with other nation*, baaed upon tqnlva ent ear barren, aa it mart al*%ra ba, tf prnit ai'o aad coatmnone, we may will look forward to the timn, wbar we afcall produoo, witbla our own limta, all artele* that are ?a*?tlal to natioaa' dofeace, aad tbe na? asd (ft'wl of nnr own propie and of th<>e? tbera It aoaa mere a?re*raiy to the <trfea<-e of the country, aad the > M and comfort of Ibe pmple, of which waurt better ware of producing la tha coont'y, tbaa Iron aad ateal, an.I l?* irannfartrrea of Iron and Meet Yet the prodac tk>o *ihouii not bo ttimuiated by noe-pai and nrjnat uiotlen, nor tbe period >?( aa abnndaat tap p jr I mat our mlnea and lactorlee, ratar lad by 'mpoinic '*( tint?a Tbo home prodmloa, 01 Iron aad man a fart urea of ?rno aad I (tool la on ibe ir< re*,e Tbo tablte prove the productlra and manafar lu e of thra* arttcka have Increaaad with onr lnor?naed population, and thai wo import loaa, la proportion to our pcpolailoa aad c oner mpt Ion. f an formerly t-taif meat Na to (ivee tbe article* not ?rown or pro dnred la Ibe Vailed state*, a* oa'led ftor latbe reanHHtoa* Tb?y are aot all raw malarial naed for manfactunng pflr. poem. T%* making ?nch of Ibem fVee aa are ao naed won id not aceomplirb ibe object aimed at la the pro poaed reduction ol tb? reraar.e by that modo Tbere are ttreral aiilrlt* pautally prodnned In tbla eoxiatry, bnt not ia aulTlrleat quantity to rnpplr tha rfetaand, which trltbt b* admitted to free entry without prejadto* to aay homo iLtarrat. aad ? motif them are woof, allk, hldaa, to. maieaaeata Nor At. 62. M and #4 (Ira all the tnfonaatioa nrna ibe imbject of hide*, nklna atd leather, and tha taaunfarturea of leather, within the oontrol of tha de part meal. Tbe demand and rnppty ol hldaa, ak na aad h ether, and maaniactnrre of leather, are matter* of (raat ai.d crowing Inlerrat to tko country statemevta No* nf<. ??, ?7 and ?? ffTa the annnal Itnportatlna of (laae, parrrlala aad aioae war* for the laat aeraatoaa yrart. The renana rat"me ol 1M0 |ire no aorooa* aa to tno prrx'urttoa and maatiiartara of U??we artioiaa ia lb* t'ntttd Watea, In onnae^nenf# of whlrh tbe dopartvient la not able lo furmab tha additional 'nfnrmatloa -alM far la reUrttoa to them It i* kaowa. bowrrar, that the** art'rtra are man?(bctt?rort la ibe coontry (laea aad atone aa-etoarert eon?WfraMe amonat?aa<i tbe maaafao ?i?, p ? ; ''rp 'atwtf'a rfienrtr.l, ao a< wee aid m ?** to ^ ? ?i-a ftm. >ier< T ??? ?aa? *? nt p. a:i< t .It: tal'ii > 1, Maim ik?:raaea Airfe, msj be sxpetited to b? amour the iMt tbst will folly map p:y Ibe homo dwmaud. "tatement Not eo aad 70 l0 g^'og the growth and mauufaelure of hemp *ud Hex nut United Stales, and the importations ot ti imp snd flax a till tbe nisnufaclci ca of hemp and (tax. sli <w tbe home d<r msnd and bosie supply end tag lorcgn ottpo'f and prove that tha noma supply ui oot ade quate to the wants of toe country. Statement* Nos 71. 72 and 7;) give tbe Importation of thee arwolae for 1846 and 1860, with an eettinats for 1R66. rv?-i ot n?u ? of 1860, doe* oot five tbe bome prolnotion of coal, lead and copper, and tbs department li without tbe neans o' giving tbe residue of tbe Information called tor. yet 'I Is known tbat the country dontatns coal, lead and copper, more than adequate to supply all tho wants of toe country. and tbat tbo bome supply la on tbe iocrea*?. Statements No* 80 and 81 give tbe growth and manulau ture ui silk in tbo Catted Hiatss Tbe departmani baa no? tbe means of giving ibe number of establishments en gaged in (be manufacture of silk, nor lb" character of tha articles manufactured; yet it is known there are name reus establishment*, engsged in tbe manufacture of Hi*, on moderate scale uxn tu?t tewing silk, ribbons and va rious articles are mancfactur?d. Tbe statement also ex blbits tho importations of silk, and tbe manurocturea of silk for tbe ia?t sevent'in years The extended and ta eteased consumption of tb>< manuraotures of silk, todnoee large and Increasing Importations, whllnt tbe gresrth el silk, when cornered with tbe population, is on tha decline, snl tbe home manufacture on the to crease. Tbe tax on ftire'ga manutaoturos of Silk frosa tbe general and extended use thereof, is considered ex pedient, and si just and equal, as can be imposed on tor imfortatiors. snd p-ciiilarly proper, taken in conneottos with cur commerce with the countries, from whioh ws ob'ain oi:r principal supplies. The almtssion of raw stifc. ?ree of duly, would injure no Uome Interest, and mtghL in time ro Increase our manufacture of tbi ar'lcle, as to reduce foreign importations The manufacture of glass, porcelain, si one ware, the mining of soal tad productions of Itsd slM ooppor, SM the manuiao uro ol silk, may be expected to be irorcasel and extended, so as to lake pos sesion of tbe bo?e markot in leei* nolo lt,?a u hee taken toe prodacti >u sod MHfeMBI* (I c <tuu. to gam tbeir pri-scnt prosperous possession of tbe homo market. It will bo seen by reference to statement Wo. IV, ex hibiting tbe United .State* tonnage, engaged in the furet^n and c< a?tiDg trade, from ITS'* to tb.i ^0th of June, 18fi6 tliat the tonnage on tbe SMl o'.! at 115?. is J40.31?, Use thsurbowi. by the statement for tnoSOihoT .luoe. 1846. This bait arisen in part from a stricter examination of tbe returns of former years, and a correction, by striking out vessels formerly soid wlti.out tbe Uat 1*4 States, or lc?t b; marine and other casualties. This statement exhibits the satl and st?sm tonnage: separataty sc'i ?hows tiiere bas been a regular progressive increase, witbonr increasing peculation and commerce, although retarded at times by tbe accidents of war, tha rssaaMioe of trace snd commercial difficulties. It also exhibits the rettstered toes&gi-. which is alone authorized to ss|ti? id ?b?- foretjn trsde. n? patately, from the carolled sat ? censedj tonnsge, which Is only authorized to engage klt our enacting trade, with partial exceptions, en tbe no>iu ern lskes, and ot vessels n tbe oosstlng trade, author' <?*? to touch at Cuba ; nod statement No. 18 exhibits >t?e. btattssnl ports in wbtch the sail *?d etoara ton nig. a regiriered, or enrolled aod licensed, and coosequeutir tst'f re It ,i owned Tbs we o' i team trnoage In the oosunar<o between tbe t'nited States and other American a*, tiers, srd Great Itrlta'n, traces, and otber com mereisl uai'ci.s may. and it is ibougbt by some wilt. c< Dsiderably, reduce the sail tonnage need in commeriMi, s>jd tbat cheaper capital ,n (>reat Aritatn will give to lt> a ration an advantage over the L'cltod Htnles In stsam Ma csge, at d tbe carrying tntde ot our own and ether oeoa trks, aod they auribate the reduction of oar tonnage t* i bat cause. Th?s may t>e so, to some extent, but no ex: *? tinned red notion of our commercial tonnage is apprebeui - ed; cor is It apprehendeo there ts any jeat ress >n to eu^ pese our eeterprleing ahipbttlldera snd merchants will surrender the navigatiou of ibe seas to Oreat B ttai i, auu place that nat'nn in pcsaeation or tao carrying buMnees ag tbe world: yet tha ruhiect Is ore of internal, end calls Mr a cared.! examination of our tonnage law*, and tbe to n-oval of a!l impediments to sn equal and fair compa ction ter onr foreign trade and the trade of ether nations When our navigation laws were llrst enacted (a 1780. Ibe registered tonnage of the ('sited Mates was secure* egstest tbe p.-meeting navigation lawn of otber aations, by rosntervailing or protecting provisions 8a4t pro via lot * were, from time to time, extended, a* as to eonntervall tbe probib.tory enactments, of the oess merrlal naitona wtih whiny we had intercourse. Tbeea commercial restricttoaa bave gradually yielded to tha more liberal principles of tree trade, in the traasportattsa of freight ano pas. eager*, until la that buslnsas, ws have free trade with a most all tbo nations of the earth, ?a% starred, by tbe rbsrge of Itgbt money to our vessels, where we charge nsne. Tbe removal of restrict leas, to our ctrr.mere ai Interooure with other natloas. ts tao carrying hostess*, ha.< not been prej ad total to oar IkfSgs crmtterclali star'ne Tbe bnrdea of light money, ta which onr trsaa^e, In tb? ports of (treat Britain aad sthsr comrix rdsl nations, it ent-ioct, should he restored by ?tttral sgrermect or ronn'errsll'Og leglslatisa oa sar rrt, snd the t^cnarr <luiy now charged on our vnsssis, the ports or France snd some otber cosntrlss, aai m tlelr vessels, la our ports, should, by llks mutual sgree ment, bs taken cfi and port charges equalized. The .rastlng tr?1e of tbe In tied H'Atee bss, from ths beginning, been strictly reserved lor vessels, built wlthto lbs Usltcd Htstes and owned by oltlxsas of ths VaNaC Mates, to the excieeioa of lorelga built and fbrstga-owasS vessels Toe American tonnage engaged Is fbregn trade and In tbe c lasting trade, bas been Amsrteas built, aa* and ha<. had the ahaciule prouftion of a?r laws, and tha llceassd toasage absolute protection. In the carrying trade ca Sttr coant, and lr our own waters. Tbe protecttoa g'ren to onr forei^a conmercial and to onr ooast.ogoon Brerclal martne, bss stccrsd a large aad cmclaat bedy sf fh'.ltnl rflicers in I st'lurs. at a'.: times ready lor the de force of onr cities and coast, for repelling sgsissasa oa our commerce, and lor manulng our ship* or war la tbe protection given to T*ir shipping interest, roe tbe pur pose or having, at,a'i times, the power to repel foreign sg grtsslob and protect oar coast aad tradj, there appea'O io hate been b it Itttle dilsim or aentim<nt. from tbeserV est MM to the prcstnt, wb'irt the yearly incraase or our tocssge provti tbe wisdom or onr laws in this particular. We bave so data to asrertain tbe ananal nnmbsr of paraaaa or <be annual tons of trslgbt carried, la our coasungtrado nor tbe value thsreor. Kacb persoa must make his owa re 11 meu- of tbe teaaage employed, aed the average num ber of trips the vessels caa make, combined wtth tha facts that capita! coastantly tends to that br.slnsas, aad tbe gtowib of our earollod snd lioeassd toss age keegs pace with our Increaa.cg topuialtoa aad wealth To ea lilbit, in connection with iho tonnage employe I In oar or sating trade, tbe passengers and fretgbt transported sa rsiuosds, 'be department has bs ! prepared atatemsot No 81, ac< <>?pan)tegtbls report, of moot of thd railroado In the revcral Mtaies and Territories, showing tbe capital invsstrd, the Icngtb of road complnted la sach of them, tbe sasual number of possengrrs and tons of freight car ried and otber 'nteresttsg statistics of said roads Tha smr>ant or coasting tonus** and the annual sumbsr af lose or freight transported in our railreads, wfh aa esu mate of that carried by other modes ot transfer. ?xhtsn tbe magnitude of the moaas rsqutrsd for our iatoraat trade A relerenoe to tbs tab e of prof ucttoa, taken from the census of IMO, wi!l show that onr agrlcnltural and menu fsrtoripg proluotlca ta tbat year amo-inted to SI. MM 15g, 60?; sni a raTsrence to the like table of production, take a firm tbe censns of 18M, srtil show the agrtcnltersl aad maauffenturtfg prodsctioa, for that j sar, to have Hsea S2.OH.Hvo.6 tt?, and Ihe ratio of iscrtase A Ub? rath) of tncMsse tor tbs llee snosteiing roars, gltrss Wt st tbs value for tbe year 1864 Oppose tl.000,000. CCO to be crnsnmerf a* tho plsree of pro>|iietioo, and there Is left M3,i<124 of production, ss tbe basts of ear lore jn aad Irteraal trade, anil the soarre from wtitah wo drrtve pr< fltabts employ meat for our registered aad licensed toe nags aad our railroads. Tsk* fifteen per ceat of Ibis for our foreign trade, which a about eqoai ? onr exports, aad Ikere a istt tl.3d2.0co S3S for oar to te t sal trade, constituting tbe commercial i gasasat that hiads nstogetkeras one natloa sad one people. There ? ao tax or tarff upsa tbe tranaportal.r>o sf ths srtirlsa, of which our isternal trade consists, fr?m see ptacs ta another, within say of tbe Matce aad Temtortss, aor u|on the articles tbessselrss; the cost sf Iransportstisa t? lbs oaly burden oo tbe free interchange over aad above tbe coat of the article, aad tbe prodt of tbs produeer or ?talrr Tbe ? fTret of the reciprocal fraa trade le tfeovi by H* trrol No TO ef nmr rfliwim wnb the Brtltah HerUa atarrlmn proriacea. hator* and alao* tk* roe-prmnp treaty, wbtch went tato effert la MW la Ittfl, Um h por'f m Am#I an produce to tho?? |<rorian*e ummM to ?:,4f4,c*7. and ?mr Import* from them to $7, Md.Tld: wh'lat, la UM, the exporta of Am?r1-ma pmdooe ta mt4 pronr<-ra iBMintM to ?2'j,:i4,?9T. aad oar laiporta fraaa vhrai to Tbe comb'ned table* *n itnpaay l?f th!a report, *?%lb4b or.r population aad etemeata of grmtmmt ta 1790, Montf after the a.top?iP? at the rmatitntto* aad the orfaataattoa of the tarerim'nl on.far it, aMkinr a*. ta maay reeperia, " MM Mh rh*T alao eih bit*arprae*a? population, with all the e-mmulated wealth of atxty-ats yrara. iti all tbe r'emrnt* f*r larreaatng wealth aad |reatae*e, fbr year* to come We bare mated aa Wlalai aad a aaUaa nader wiaa aad eqaal laws, jaaUy aad ta pertii'ly a>'ialaM*red, aad hair* boeo a ronat'tn lira and law abid'a* people, with bat nrwMtaaal matr ?ad ladiridaal excejtiooa Why may we ao4 hop t?e b'et ory of the part tube reallrad la oar fatnra prt iwttf fader Ji?t# aa I national ooaathattoaa we fear* bad tree tradr with each othar, the produett of owe Man ?opp yt?f lb* want* of another, aad etlamtatiac Um la doawy. > an rpr'ae tad pro*ferity of all Delia are aa*) fVw atfireeitnaa, for tbe inrraaM of oar interaal aad to. re*fa trad* I ader a roartotlan that w* war* ootleollac nitrter the exMIng tariff more r*r*aa* thaa a [-ft ercr.orntcal admieatrattoa of th? goreraeeal, aad a w?e ??d pradeat mitiay lor the Hit a re made aeoeaaary Of railed tor. end, elen, under ihe roanrttoa that aa orerflowla* treaaory wonld tadaee waatatal aad extrara tram expendIturae, a moditratioa of the tariff n* 1*?d. i ad a rrdarlkm of the rereaae front i iwiii?, waa <nirt*ei?1 ta my am report ea Ik* laaaee*. aad r?wrl i* hot* my aabwqnent report*, aad It now ^io r*prat*d. with, If pneetbl*, a ftrtaer r on r let to* at ite nereaelty aad pm P"?ty. aad fbr the na* reaaoaa aad other* that oo*M M named. The ?iiffe*ted reduction of th* r*r**oe, waa, by aa entarymewt of Ub* tree Nat, a* *a t* admit ?"?" *rtio'aa of ??**?* npttoa aad the raw aiatariaia aaad by oar ataaa 'actnrcra, to 1r*e entry, aod leaeening th* daty aa other impon*. It waa thoajhl that th* daUee flrwa rawona*, cos Id well he rada?> d to aoma fnrty-*t?ht or dfty tat', hoa* af dell* re, had leave aa ampte atnh f*r all th? want* aad rev'Temen-e of th* for*rn?*trt, i*n idler th* redemption of th* p*bin* d*hl a* it ???iM Hmm ?*? It med I" h?e that fool pr.tw.r re^mr*d the rt? >. letrlai need ?a o?r maanlbrtarea to ha exempt fr. n and oar taen-farfrer* fl*ed ot *? e^-M -tr? e ??? ,? el Ort at Hrt"?a ?? ' wmr ?*?*'*?? . ? ?<? .-i t*i* W* <? f*" * f % ?.f ?w ? Y%* ri'V' T \ ' - fc ft I 0 lu *ti? ll.'t U}| ? *