Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 3, 1857, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 3, 1857 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAIII OOEDOR IKNIIIfT, DITCH AND mOPBTNTOm. >mi n. w. ootra or namau and teuton m. Tilwi i XXII IB*. 33 AXI HOCSNTB THIS BVKKlNtl. MQllWAT THKATKK. Broadway? UKItK MOaSTaa? Li fin CiiMum -Kim. tulo't OABDKN. Broadway?Banana a -Tier? Rors hM-Tn rotacairr. _____ tOTUT numi Bowery?11 vacua aci or Noraa Bin tmrr BOSTON'S BBW THHATHH, Broadway, ooroalU Boad al. ?Ota Win?Jon* douo? Duality. ViLUOI'l THBATRB, Broadway -Cuiuo-Chuii Bovaoa kaUBA tUWVI TUiTU, tU Broadway-M aar'a Butbiit- Little ToiDutm BAAMFlfS AMERICAN MCS1DB. Broadway- After eeew?daoawoa*' Teimar*?Taa Plbao art Naitrooaa. Bvoalac? Uotik, ? Biruoor and Uailiut. BO. OnBIRTT A WOOD'S *1NSTHKJS 444 Broad wayiBMOriAA PraroaaAROi?Niw Idi Caui. OCILET* BRUtPEXfl. H9 Bi pad way? Bthiowah bmnaaaaxcar? u'cimi Sons 1 a. IBUUAMUX' HALL, 472 Hroa<lway -Nieao Mblodim Ao., bt Miaihi or to> Oaicutal Chphiv's Mirst.ikl*. CB1NIBF. ROOMS, ,\L0 Broadway?Setk.n 111-a Mix'to* ? TBB til eat LaBEB A.1B MlTKHS. aw York, ruesrfaay. Kekraary 3, 1837. Mailt for Europe. thb hew vobi herald?bdition fob httbofb. Hm Oinwrd mil) steamship Persia, Gapiaia Judktas wB leave this pert to morrow. at one o'clock, for Liverpool. Vm Eoropean malls will eloae '.n tbls city at half-put otovra o'clock tn the morning Vie Knroi<ean eOtiton c( the HrruiD, printed tn Pre*oh and English, will be published at ten o'clock in the morn Wf ihrgie copies, In wrapper* sixpence. SohiC'lpiiers and advertisement for any edition of thr Haw Y.ikm Hkkild wUI be reoeivod ut the following ptaos* tn Europe ? Lrwr>on? Am ft ':'ure?v~*n v-rpres* Co . 61 Rtny Wlliam rt Pas* ? Po. do. 0 i'taoo de la 3onr?o Wvae.i-eoi?i\> do 9 Cbapol atro- t Ltvksko. i.?lottu Fiunter, 12 Escharge atreet. East buvkk?aiu ft iiro?' an k.*pr? sn Co , 2i Kuo Oorncillo The aentecta of the European edition of 'ho Haiui.o wtB cow sine the oowa recc ved by mail ar.d telegraph *' Hie otfloe dor -j the previous week, and op la tbo hour af publication, Tl*e Vwi. The m} sterious and horrible murder of Dr. Harvey Bui tie l fill continues to be the general and mo?t interesting topic of conversation. The testi rnonj elli ited on the Coroner's inquest yesterday has developed farts which serve to throw more light upon the details of the tragedy. Tapers have been loi nd in the se.retary of Mr. Eckel which it is claimed belong to the decea. ed. The parries orginally arrested still remain in custody, ntid the house y? t remains in charge of the police. Tor a full acsonnt of the Coroner's investigation, together with other interesting details, we would refer our reader* to another page. Tne election for Chief KntriDeer of the Fire Department. which for some time past has created a go d deul of excitement among the fin men oi our city will take place this evening, at the different engine houses. Theie are three candidates for the fiiee, viz :? Alfred C?r?oo Chief F.ogineer. Henry H Howard Asslsnni Engineer H-- <ri Walker.. Vol (on K.oglre Comoany \o. 21. The returns of the different companies will b? iOivassed at the Stuyveaant Institute on Wednea day evening, and the result announced. In the United States Senate yesterday a resolution was adopted tailing an the Secretary of War to communicate copies of all correspondence not heretofore furniehed relative to the California " Vigilance Committee " of 1*56. Also, a resolution calling for information as to the results of the trial of | camels in the military service. A resolution to app< int a committee to ascertain and report a mode of examining the votes for President and Vice-Presi' oent, and to notify them of tbeir election, was adopted, and a committee appointed to confer with a like committee from the House. The Indian Appropriation bill, with amendments involving over a n, 11 ion of dollars, was then packed. The House of Repiesentative* passed a bill legalizing entries ander the graduation act of 1* 4, made prior to its pscssge, in cases where rettlement was made in a -UV A :*. . ? iMWJial \ ? gl ' U ailU. A ri'FUiuiHiu uivnAlutru IJJ uuw.rni f the Investigating Committee. directing the Sergeant at-Arms to bring Jame* W. Himonton before the committee t? answer questions put to hiui. was adopted. The bill remodelling the revenue system wa* discerned and postponed te Monday next. The appropiiation of 1150,000 for the purchase of a Warn revenue cutter, with the Senate a amendment striking out the provision " that it rbull be 4<tioned in the harbor of New York, and used for relieving hipwrccked persons," was passed, and awaits The act on of the President. A resolution from the Committee on the Judiciary for the impeachment f Judge Watrous, of the District of Texas, was Introduced, Oar special despatch from Washington this morning contain# much interesting news reUtiretothe movements of the politicians, sayings and doings at the capital. Ac., Ac. Nothing of Impor'ance transpired in our State legislator? yesterday. We refer oar readers to thtelegraphic news for a report of their proceeding* A full account of the doings of the democratic caucus at Albany last evening, for the selection of a candidate for United Htates Senator, la given elsewbeie. Koch excitement existed among the delegates. After a letter from Mayor Wood, requesting his friend" tc withdraw his name, was read, Daniel E. - 'klea received a majority of the rotes. The 1. : rd of Aldermen met las' evening, hut no 1h?mo< sa of importance was transacted. A com mil iuimvu ww re mm irvui ioc \ A'uuwi iu v w i por. I ' : '1 answer u, a iea? ;,.t .. i i ** ? i m-l Thur- j day requiring him to rtmpiy with a reflation of Iter mber 16,1",16.askingh'.aofficial opinion "asto the duti.*, expetid.L.rex, Ac.. of the C.>mmw<i .nrrof the Central Park. The Counsel -tat. * that h? I - >.<? n - rk.hi.' more tha*. i- -.n .? ? ? that tVrr are more important d"t>w attached to hisofli.e than answering qoe-t *1- for the Comm n Council,hea It of d?pa tmeata At. In the Hoard of Counrilmen la?t erasing a preatn trie and reaolution declaring the bill at present fore the I/eglslature at Alhany for the appointment ol I'o ice CoaiBiimionrti forthta city, nn-jonatitotion ai. main* the representative* from the city to oae all honorable menm to protect tha rlghte of their eotixtituenta. and to oppoae all attemnl* to diafran chixe the people of thia eity, waa introdared aad ordered to be printed. A petition from M**ar*. bperry A Co., relative to the erection af a tower on the lUttery, with the view of determining the cor rert time liy o beer-ration. wo referred. The remainder of the aeanion waa taken up with |>etHiona. re|N>rta of oommitteea, Ac. At the meeting yeatarday of the Board of Kaper aiaora, the City Chamberlain made ai* annnaJ re port, by which it appear* that the amaaat of money* controlled by the Sapreme and Connty Courta. in hia handa. w?* a* follow* - Honda and mortgage*. 7MA77 :t4?; New York Life fttanraaeo and Traat Company. $M,f>77 13; United HUtea Truat Compa ny, 130.716 04: United Htate* Trial Company (tern parary depoait), 124.036 10; earwwui aecurltiea, 112 700; Hhoe and Ixalher Hank. f.14,1.1.1 11?Total, 1,001,1.10 11 Sawaial hill* preaeated t > the Hu peiaiaora few aexaa-^i were referred Bee. I>r. Haw^* ^Jeered a highly interesting lac tare liafor* a rerj a ee^t assemblage of ladle* and gentlemen laat evening at Hope Chapel, on the "Kthnolecy of Amen a.'' "wing to the pre wan rr cpon oeir . olumn* of the re xat horrible murder l*?e, oe are compelled to omit our report Wm. E. T&wnpww, one of the reporter* of tha I 15 ? 7 1 "" ? Court* r and Enquires, who so eudJeruy absconded with money belonging to other people, has been o\ ertaken in England, and compelled to refund a portion of the stolen funds. The manner in wnch be was cornered will be found in a letter lrom Messrs. Fallon, Harvey A Fallon, in our paper to-day. The United States storeshis Supply, Commander Porter, arrived at the Southwest Pass, below New Orleans, on the 30th u)t., from Smyrna, with fortyone camels on board, all of which were broapht over diiia.n. ??J u -o^J i?A?loV mwuub ujiu' ujijt auu 1u ggvu ucww. i The United States mail steamship Empire City ftom New Yoik and Havana, reached New Orluaua in safety on the 30th alt. On her passage, however, she -encountered terrible gales, during which she lost her wheelhonses, and experienced other damage. The gale lasted for over forty hours-and it taxed the utmost strength of the ship, and ability of her commander to bring her safely through it. Dates from Mexico to the 14 tb ult. state that the insurrection at San Luis Potosi had been quelled; that vhe insurgents bud tied, and most of their leaders were killed. Fro <' Florida we learn that General Harney had made a requisition for three additional companies of troops within thirty days. The Indians were said to be concentrated near New Smyrna, nnd plans had been made to surround them. The February term ot the Genera'Sessions cornmen ed jesterday, the Recorder presiding. Tee Grand and Petit Jury panels were called, but there not being a quorum, they were discharged till this morning. Samuel D. Faimer, who pleaded guilty to forgery in tbe third degree last term, in forging checks to the amount of $4,000. was sentenced to the State prison for two years. The connections of 'he accused are highly respectable, and Judge Russell observed that, an examination of the papers convinced him that the prisoner had beeD made a tool by others. A tire occnred at No. 44 Maiden lane last nigh', about !> o'clock, o copied on the tirst floor by George S. Mawson, oealer in furs, the upper part of the buildmar occunied bv other parties. The firemen succeeded in preventing the fire from extending boyoud the oDeia which it originated. An occonnt of the fire will be found elsewhere. It will be seen in our paper to-day, that the vitriol thrower is again at his infamous practices. A girl bad her fnr cape aid t ilk dress completely rained on Sunday evening, and we will no donbt bear of other eases if lhc perpetrator be not speedily arrested. Tbe cotton market was a tive yesterday, and undtr the influence of intelligence from the South regarding a decrease in the receipts the market advanced lc. a 4C- per pound, with sales of about 7,0( 0 bales bated chiefly upon middling uplands at l.ljc., ar d New Orleans at 13ic. Flour was in a little better demand for common grades of State and Western, while the higher and extra grades were in limited request. There was more inqniry for wheat, with sales of fair to choice white Southern at $1 75 a $1 SO; inferior do. at $1 05. Torn was in fair dtmand at 60c. a 72c. for Western mixed lrom store. Pork was firmer, with sales of new mess at 121 50 a $21 75 and $21 *7$, and old mes? at $20 25 a $2<) 50. Sugars were uuiet, but liini. In another column will be found tbe pr'c-esof Messrs. Stuart's refined sugars. Coffee wus in moderate request without change in pri es. In another place will be found the stock on tbe lit UI r turuui y, WIUI U aumuutcu uu o?79n*t9 ina^n VI Rio, aod IOC,357 packages of all kinds, incuding 2,175 RagK and *,500 mats of Java. Freights irere inactive, and engagements limited, at about Soterday's quotation*. Mr. flue Italian at WMhlngton?Slpn of a ( ootl Ailniliilstration. Our information of Mr. Buchanan's movements at \\ ashington is of the most interesting character. It appears that his presence has aleady bail llio most happy eff?>ct in calming down he belligerent propensities of the wrangling cliques and spoilsmen of the hopeful democracy. They hare discovered that they and the broken democracy owe more to Mr. Bnchanau lor ibeir narrow recap* in his election thau he owes o them?they hare found out that the President elect intends to be the master of hi? position, and the bead of his administration; and we presume they have made the additional discovery that he will dispense with the underground establishment of a Kitchen Cabinet. Conspicuous among the latter-day saints of the donocratic church who have made th'ir way to Wa?l ingtoa through the snow, to nay their respect* to thvir anointed chieftain, is Governor Wi-e i ' Virginia. Democrats who had never seen lh< Governor before have beeu surprisingly taken aback in his presence. They had supposed liirn t ' I" tfii ible giant, arnud cap-a pie. bearded like n and blustering like a bully. (in the contrary, he ha? appeared among tbein nther a thin, delicate ard weakly looking man. amiable, inoffensive. and g?ntle as a Methodist preacher niter n good revival; and instead of Istiling over with swords, guns, bayonet*, niggers, secession, disuniou and civil war. beautifully dissolving in the milk and hooey of brotherly lore. .vuch have lieen the good influences of the mere contact ol the warlike Governor with the pacific President elect. The Heta-j A. Wise of some two years ago. with Lis low. nu an. vulgar and ungentlemrnly abuse from the stump : nay. more, the Governor Wise of !a?t ?nmm< r. with his fire-eatiug. disunion bravado, froth, fuss nod fury about his niggers and the price ol nigfleis. is not the same' Governor Wise that has visited Mr liticlianan at Wheatland and at Washington. No. He ha* re pen tod. he has been baptized in the true faith yea. washed. and has Is emit u new man : for. upon a mere contingent interest in the spoils, he has pledged himself to Mr. Huchanan and the I'niott. utterly regardless ol the price of niggers. Tlti- is a gr< at and good example of the benig i influence of the new dispensation already. It is significant of much good accomplished and of Utbr things to come. We bail this sign a- u mighty c\id< ncc in support of our faith in Mr. Buchanan's l.ancaster declaration again?t all sectional factious and parties. No schemers of disunion, no sectional plotters of di*cord. no Qr> eating secessionists Dor fanatical abolitionists will !* countenanced by him. He will take the straight and well defined high a ay of the Union Ika . L. III s a ni'u ujc iiiiiuii . iii* win cnouw I11P uwii Cabinet, <1 . line iuid pursue hi^ awn administrative policy, so as not only to reconstruct the democratic party upon a broader basis in hia support, but ao as to reduce the opposition forcea to the narrowest poaaible margin of mere aectional grounds of hostility. Thia masterly programme will, of course, comprehend a aeries of measure? foreign and domeatic. of an eminently national and conservative character, with a due regard, meantime, to our legitimate commercial and political prosperity and progress. According to our advices, Mr. Iiu< hanan will make no definite designation of his Cabinet until be aliall hare submitted his researches and conclusion" at Washington to the refining crucible at Wheatland. In the meantime, it seems, from the conversations, inquiries, remarks, compliments, hints, suggestions, opinions. Ac., of the President elect at Washington, that some pretty shrewd guemes may Is. made, at least In respect to the more prominent members of his nrnistry. Wc are not impatient: for wc await the official raw YORK HERALD, TUES proclamation of the new Cabinet without par- k tiality, anxiety or fear. n The formation of the Cabinet, however, and the ? settlement of the law for the division of the spoils t among the brethren will constitute only a part 3 of the unmedia'c responsibilities of Mr. Bncha- t nan. The more important principles, foreign and domestic, which are to form the general policy of his administration, must he fixed upaB at the outset, and clearly laid down in kin inaugural ' address. Inasmuch, too, as this course will com- ' maud the confidence of the country and the 4 respect of the world, we have no doubt, 0 that Mr. Buchanan will adopt it t? the ftillest practicable extent. We are entirely inclined to believe that bis inaugural will be a calm, deliberate. bum jidt. ted free exposition of the purposes of his administration, foreign and domestic, and that they will place the party supporting the administration upon a broadens loftier, stronger and more enduring Union and constitutional platform than that which any such party has occupied since the time of Monroe. The quiet retirement of the shades of Wheatland will 1 e the proper place, therefore, for this careful setment of the metes and boundaries of this new dispensation. Our intelligent readers are well aware that all the old party issnes and party lines upon banks, e?b-trea?uries. tariffs, public lands and internal improvements, have become " obsolete ideas''? that, in fact, at this day the controlling lines of party demarcation are sectional lines, and that niggers, niggers, North and Booth, are the paramount question with a demoralized and discordant democracy and a divided opposition. We all hiiu>v izittt auiiu uiu cuiuumuu ui ui?eta uuuiimjiiug materials, Mr. IJ ichanan has been elected? we all know. too. that by the'ycar of grace 1860 there must be a complete reconstruction of parties. Nor is this all: We know that what this reconstruction ami new division of parties is to be will be determined to a great extent by the acts and measures, as weighed with the pledges ml promises of this incoming administration. In this view, the fatal crimes, follies and blunders of poor Pierce stand out life bnoys and beacons to the President elect, pointing him out the shoals and breakers. Mr. Buchanan will accordingly fall back from poor Pierces road to ruin, tack ship, and, steering by the chart and compass of the Union and the constitution, he may contemplate the future with a clear conscience, though alter him should come the Deluge. Tun Cukvaueb Wikose os His Travels.? We see it stated in some of the smaller city journals that Chevalier WikofT was the writer of the letter sent l>y Madame de W'ilhorst to the editor c of this paper. Whether or not this is the fact is a matter ol little consequence to the public. Tlic ^ letter was well written?it was entirely appro- 81 priate to the occasion?it came with admirable * grace from the young and charming prima donn t, and had a deep and abiding effect on the public mind. We rather eu?pect. however, that the Chevalier Wikoff in those latter days has much heavier irons in the fire than pretty prima dunnr. tenors, opera managers or other elegant articles of the same description. We under stand that he has been during the past few weeks in Philadelphia engaged in settling his private affairs in relation to the fortune left him by his father. When the Chevalier at his majority came into his inheritance it amounted to abeut one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, the greater part of which he spent in seeing and mixing with the highest society, in all parts ot Europe, from Lands End to Moscow, from Stoekolm to Constantinople. The remnants of this fortune don't amount to much, but the Chevalier has enlarged his resources by bringing his literary talents into the market A fair specimen of the Cuevalier's talent in this way has recently been given to us I. uu a ? iu ms jvuvt'iiiuiui ? ituviiJK i/nitcujavi'i. The Chevalier is now. we understand. in Waahiugton. taking his final leave of Marcy preparatory to another visit to France and Russia, wnere the Chevaliers services may Iks of the greatest importance in bringing altout the uew alliance between the Kmperorti During the autumn of 1r%6 Wikoft visited Russia. lie a its traced fro ji thence to Berlin, from which city he suddenly disappeared through the door of the Russian F.inbaasy. He was missing during three weeks, and was believed to have gone to St. Petersburg and to have had a private interview with Ncsaelrode. He returned to Paris and placed hims " in communication with the French goveruinen . Soon after this the first intimations of peace were beard from Prince Napoleon and other stock jobbers about the Tuilcri'W. They then saw the necessity of making peace, because France had gained all the glory that could )>c acquired iu the Crimean campaign, and it was neces?a v to check British ambition in the sain" quarter. They all then commenced spoc.i lating in stocks. under the full belief that pea tu near at hand, a* the remit proved. T' > Cbcaalicr Wikotl baa already proved his agen' in bringing aliout the rnimir cordial* betwe> i Palmcrstoo and the Kmperor of the French; a id since his quarrel with Palmrrston he woo'd probably be very willing to see a still closer alliance between France and Russia. Therefore, as soon as he ha* finished b.s liusin at Washington, and taken an affectionate far well of Marcy. we expect to hear that he is o* for the Continent to commence his operation* o a large scale, and that he will befom a great while, furnish ns with another volunv of ' The Adventures of a Roving Diplomatist," wh oh will I* still more interesting, graphic, pi-juan t and readable than the first. Piin.AnKi.rntA Btit.i, Frown Ur.?Some t'rne ago certain rash speculators gave the Philalelphian* a line of screw steamers to ply between the 1&t natned fresh water seaport and Liverpool. After running the line for a few months, it was ascertained that the rhiladtlphian* were altogether too provincial in their Mean to auppori such a luxury as a line of oceaa steamer*, and two of the ships were transferred to New York, leaving only two for Philadelphia. One of these, the City of Manchester. has just arrived below Philadelphia, but on account of the ice in the Delaware she could not reach the city. She therefore turned about and made the best of her w ay to this port. It seems as If the very elements combined in favor of New York, and the severity of tho weather, which so materially interferes with inland and city retail trade, absolutely drives to our harbor foreign commerce intended for other citios. The Philadclphians may as well give it up. They cannot support a line of ocean steamers . and when one is sent to them, by way of letting them down easily, she cannot reach ber dock, because the merchants hare not public spirit enough to keep the channel open. New York is the place for foreign eomm'Tce the only place in the United l ^tatc* Philadelphia tau send us the COftl tg \ ' X ' iDAY, FEBRUARY 3. 18* eep tbe steam op, and amuse itself with its aanufoctures and its Opera Douse without any ingers. Boston can have its Lowell lectures, its ea parties and its little scandals; while upon lanKoiian Tulnn/1 ta fvanuantiul PAmntAVAA ftf bo Western world. The Mulder In Bond BCreot. The public will find elsewhere the latest deveopementa in regard to this horrible affair. It is inpoeible even to hazard a coqjecture, where irror might be bo cruel and unjust; but the more >ne sees of the evidence, the clearer does it ap>ear that the victim was not assassinated by oomnon professional robbers. A thousand indicaions point to quarters far higher. Ilut we must lot invade the province of the Coroner and his ury. It is not correct, as certain of our cotemporaies seem to desire to do, to instance this murder is an evidence of the looseness with which jusace is administered and the police authority enorced in the city. There is no reason to believe hat a million of policemen, trained to the perfection of efficiency, would have saved Dr. Burlell's life. Nor in all probability would that

ife have been saved had the murderer possessed i far stronger conviction in the justice of our lav :ourts than their recent, practice permits any one o entertain. So lar as the evidence already adluced enables one to judge, the prospect of deection was calmly and deliberately viewed by be murderer. There is no trace of precipitation mywhere. The victim wa? strangled, till death DMied; to make matters sure, a dirk was stock n his throat; to make matters more sure, the itab was repeated fourteen times, till the x>dy and even the room and the floor were all bedabbled with blood. Then ill evidence of the crime was effaced, rrue, the knife or dirk was not made away with )r destroyed; bnt this wi' the only mistake comnitted. In all other respects, the crime stands is one of the most perfectly planned and successully executed outrages on record?as one of hose outrages which no prudential foresight, and io official guardianship could possibly prevent. It may indeed serve as the text, or rather nhe illustration to a sermon on the moral er of New York society. For, making every alowancc lor the numbers of moral and pious amilies in this city, both rich and poor, from ?ifth avenue to avenue A, it is doubtful whether iny place in the world contains as many house* ebere such crimes as this murder could be planted, and executed, as this metropolis of ours. Vhether any other city contains an equal num >er of women, in what is called society, witn a ertain kind of manner?, and a sor? of education, ut utterly devoid of principle and virtue. Vhetber any otlier city, large or email, iB ruled ocially by a more wretched and vile clique?in he shape of society?and more u=- d to worship rhatever is contemptible and loa isome. It is hard to say what influence this general ?erniciottsnesB of atmosphere may have on individual cases; but we can quite understand that he material out of which murderers are made nust be more plentiful in a community there principle is loose and scant han in one where it is strict ind universal. We do not find, on studying his,ory. that religion has always engendered a reipect for the moral law; on the contrary, in many nstances it would appear as though crime and JhrNtianity went apace. But wo do find that, in onimunitics whose general moral tone has been ligli, a remarkable diminution in crimes of bruality has taken place. And it would not seem mreasonablc to infer, according to the same rule, hat in communities who's- moral tone is low. 'ucb crimes will abound. We have every reason to be'Icvc that no small portion of the responsibility for the decay of viruc in New York rests upon our clergy. W iave nerhaii l.uecr nun lvr of clergy thana"? >th'T city ol the same size: but when wo come ?o nquiro how these gentlemen occupy tbemsel' ?, vc find that over a half find life bard enoigh A) got along with over their soft coal fire, while ho remainder devote to letters and other pursuits the time which In-longs to the people. With he exception of their theological merits, we vc it a los? to know uny benefit which these gentry ire to the city. We never find that they ar<* igbting with vice where it is really dangerous. iV'c never hear of them in Water street or Church treet. We never hear of a clergyman getting nto any trouble in the discharge of his duties. iVbat we do hoar of them i? that they have been >res< ntid with so many dollars a* a New Year's (ift by their flock: that they have gone to Europe or bronchitis: that they have had their port ., lone by Elliot: that the ccchymo'is on the lar;, oc ol their left foot is letter, aud consequently bat they may be expected to preach in about hree weeks: that tbey demolished the Pope of iMliLou ic? (ho Ji viiifa In ft ivcnntv mlnii^ a ennon last Sabbath?during all which hypocrisy md folly, our youth are looming to ch- it and to if. to rob And to kill. Govkrnmvnt Pout Omen AnvKimstMi.? tft?.r the most rigid scrutiny ami the close*' antae*. the Nkw York Hkram? hn? ignin been selected as the organ ot he Poet Office Department to publish tb? isb- of letters remaining in the Poet Office of tl> i :ity. The Hf.rai.d has been again selecteu a< laving the foryr*t cirnUatim in the city of JVew IV*. iccordiny to the Act of Omgrtet in nich com mt'de ind provided. Two years ago. after a close canvass. in which be An, Time* ami 7rdoine all became patties, we Tceivid the Poet Office advertising, having prov :d that onr daily circulation in city and conn Lry far exceeded that of any other journal, since that time certain journal- in the lntei>-<t if party hacks, and other journals aiming to rival nn, industriously disseminated the report lint the circulation of the IIkhai.o had diminished. in conaequence of its political course during ihe late presidential contest. Actiug upon thi< raise impression, the proprietor of the New York A.<? <1nmaiul< .1 Irnm the Post Office DcPWt ment a new scrutiny, which was had. The result shown that during the last two years the Heraij) has largely increased Its daily circulation in the city and country, while the circulation of tne Sun has become greatly diminished. The folly of the proprietor of the Sun in demanding the last canvass Is apparent. The scrutiny only proved that he was going down while we were going up. He was the sole instigator of the proceeding and the sole competitor of the llKKii.n. The daily Time* and Tnlnme having fallen off in their daily circulation during the past two years, did not dare to enter into the competition for the ad rertising of the list of letters The decision of the Post Office Department, undar the art of Congress, enables us to publish In official shape the fact that the Ns w York Ukrai.0 has, within the past two years, largdj >7. increased its circulation in and out of the city, while the Sun and other daily journals have Buffered from a corresponding decrease daring the Hue space of time. Our highest circulation at one time during the period mentioned amounted to seventy-nine thousand (79,000) impressions in one day; the general average of our circulation is sixty thousand (60,000) copies per day; our city circulation alone, below Fifty-first street,-and not including Brooklyn, Jersey City, Newark, or any of the surrounding cities, amounts to lorty thousand (40,000) impressions each day. TBK LATEST NEWS. Y PRINTING AND MAGNETIC TEkFGRAPNI, Interesting from Washington. mhiflkts ov uk. buchanan?the tkoublks of the politicians?thk cabinet?doin#9 in conoric8s?appointments bt the president, etc. Washington, Fob. 2, 1867. Mr. Buchanan has now been la torn about a week, and is, ot course, the man of the time. movementa bare been watnbed by the polltlotana and oor;wpondenU with the utmost Interest. They are, however, not oqual to the occasion. Mr. Buchanan hat not been a politician all bis life for nothing. He Is not a whole Bourbon, for a Boorbou Dover learns nor forgets anything. Mr. Barbae an ucvor forgets, hut bo keeps posted in the movements and twlstlngs of the politicians rrorn day to day. Got. Wise, of Ytrgjila, b? been on band. Shoals of Virginia politicians are here: Kdltors, to seek an interest la the new organ; ex membora of Congress and editors la pursuit of foreign mixtions?to France, Naples, St. Petersburg, or Tlmbnctoo. All sorts of storlos are told or Wise; that be protests against Hunter; assails Walker, Ocbb, Bright, 81'dell and Forney?vows eternal war ir either Is taken Into the Cabinet. There Is a good deal of bosh In nil Una. Wise is not such an ass as sotno would have world believe. It is oontldered curious that Mr. Baohanaa did not dine with Senator Diuglas to-day. Tbo feet pi oduoed a sensation. I have talked with politicians from all sections; those who have seen Mr. Baehaaaa, and those who have not yet called npoa him. One set Is about as well poeted as the other. Some think Oass h*s still a chance for the 8tste Depart meat. I tell you be Is too old; he wont do. But Dn-llng the man for Premier la, I guess. Old Buck's greatest trouble. It la a dllticult job. The other plaoes can be easily filled from the Immense amount of timber In the country. The State Department is the seal of the Cabinet. Marcy, Pickens, Hunter, Cobb, Case, and others, arc mentioned for the place. Cobb's friends want him there, but I am under the Impression that they will fall. I have no doubt, however, of Cobb's going Into the Cabinet, but not as Premier. There Is a good deal eald of Forney's cbances. He is spoken offer Postmaster General. There .s too macb opposition to btm; I do not bellevo he will get the plaoe. The opposition eqpaes from the South. Forney, however, will be taken care of. There Is a great straggle from the Weet. The West, you know, han atroag claims upon Buchanan, la liana and Illinois loomed op splendidly last Nivember tor Old Back. The moet promtneat man from that section la Bright, of Indiana. If there are any ngna In election returns, snow storms, and cold snaps, Brtght's chance is decidedly rood. Eat If he should be rc elected to the 8enate, another wilt take the place assigned to him in the Cabinet. According to pre Tb I Wkll/f I WBVIM, U1BUV/ ??WUW3, Ull|UI ted Toucey are the blfbetl on the Cabinet list. It la said that Mr. Buchanan will leave lor home to-morrow, without deciding on a single member or his Cabinet. Amid the quiet ot Wheatland be Intends, Mac am Rumor says, to sift the wheat ont of the chad be will carry away from Was&lagton. No subordinate position each ae collectors or postmasters, will be touched for the present, and 1 shall be surprised If any one ol them leave cilice before their term eiptres. Rod bold and Fowler, of your Custom Bouse and Poet omoe, are therefore probably safe for anotbor year. It Is now pretty generally thought here that Mr. Bu chanan Intends to be the President of the United States for the next four years. The Indian Appropriation bill was passed by the Senate to day. with amendments Involving over a million dollars, meet of which will he conevrred In by the House. Meters. Blgler, Bonjsmin and Foot wero appointed n committee to net with n similar committor of the Boose, In ascertaining and reporting n mode Tor examining the vo tee for President and Vice President, and notify log tbo persons elected. This 1s all ta the usual form. The Secretary of War ccmmunteated to the Senate today, the correspondence and report In the case of General Scott, oovering nearly two reams of paper. It was treated sa a confidential document and referred to the Military Committee with. >ot printing. President Pierce determined mat no poron < f the report should be seen until examined by the Scale, as he bad some doubts about tbe propriety vh vjuiniuui\iiiu| a furui'u ui iuc payors tvutnugu m the report. A call waa made a pan tho Secretary o( War for a report ebowleg the habits and chataetertodos or the camel, the nutai-ar imported by the Untied jaaa, and the probable eueo' is of the eipcrlmetl Inall upoa the etD.o oii.acr for copies of corretpoadesbe between army cfl.crre and the Ban Frat-lsoo Vigi nnce Com mtttee. The Oregon and Minnesota bills ware received from tbe Iloote and appropriately referred, and the I .an 4 Graduation bill waa dieeneeed till the senate adjourned. Mr. Fuller 'a mammontli Collection Dlatrtct bill wna tai en up in the Hooee, and an eiiort made to pat It through ctder tbe operation of tho previous question. 1 lila waa about to eoooeed, whew Mr. Joaea of Tenneaeee, always on the qui vi?, oalted for the reading of the bill. Utder tbe rule* any member hae the right to domand Uat a bill ba road. To read tbia bUI of fonr hundred ptgoa, with a aubetllnte and amandmeati of as many mora, would haro ooonptod a wetk. Hare wae a mum, and tbe frlende of tho bill, after e protracted tight, retreat ed, and tbe bill waa again postponed A bill providing for two Judletal dutrlol* in Tozaawaa reported, ana paused tbe Hons# by a largn majority. Tho bUI for tbe Impeachment of .lodge Watrona, of Tesaa, wee also reported, bnt Ilea over to bo printed Mr. I'elicn's etoam revenci cotter bill for New York, which paaied the Hoiim I Ml mm Ion. having b?cn tmeaded by the Senate, waa called op lo day by Mr. Peltoa, ud pui?d M amended With the I'reeidcot'i eigeeture It beoomee a law. The Inreett -eting Committee expect to report by the middle of next week. A r (eolation wee paeeed today at tbe re<,aeet of the Committee, direottnf the Sergeant at Arm to carry Mr. Himontoo again before tbe Committee Reverdy Johnaoa, bin oonneei. aowadrtiee him to teetlfy. He, however, refneee (lor. Wiee waa In the lobby to day, eurroanded by frlende. Tbe rreetdmt ernt to the Senate to day the nominatlona to tbe following oiiioere, to Oil the raoaactee now exiettag In tbe navy, vlx. ? Command era Bailey, Parrtanoe. Lynch and Morrta to be oaptaiaa J tenia Ternoek, Kmmoae, Mlddleton, Hunter, Scot I, MrDotige<l Melntoeh to be eommandere. Iw Create Llvtngrtoa, Wm K. Klt/bngh, Treret Ab Kmt n p naeaii. c. II. Cnabman. O. f Maatoa. Wm.H Cbeever, H A. Adam*. Jr , B. B. Taylor, W. H. Ward j. W. Pennington, H M fiarland, .leave Taylor, Jr., .In*. O. Maxwell, Henry F.rben, Jr., aad rranela K. skepperd now maltera In the line of promotion, to be nontenant*. gneetiooe touoblng the execution or tbo new afllolany law are now pending before the Attorney lUneral, and It la anticipated that la tan daya the Fxemtnlng Board wll be la aaaaion. Meaara. Hunter and Maaon bad a protracted Interview with Mr. Korbaaaa to day. Home alxty or aarenty other* ware In waiting The Committee on Foreign Affair* In tb* Houne will rtporl tb* Franch apoliatlon bill, bnt ita frlanda will not attempt IU ooaaideration, owing to the praaaor* of other bnalaeoa, aad r*r want c i time for IU dae consideration The Committee on Wectnne hava formally decided to report a reeolntlon declaring recant tb* aaat bald by Mr WbltOel'i, of Kaaaaa, bnt making no recommendation re latlr* to Mr Header. ( Twin MrtlfO' B'lrinona. Feb. S, 1M7. New Orleaaa paper* of Monday laat are received. Tbey roaUIn date* from Brnaoa to the 14th ln-t. The laaarreetloa at Baa Lola Potaal had been quelled The Inanrgenta had fled, aad aevernl of Iholr leader* war* abot. Plnrdrrer Henleneed. Pmi aontmia, Fab. t, II5T. Went, ornvicted of lb* mnrder of bta wife, wna eon lanced tbla aaoralrg to be exeented. rw?T? -ymmna conorms. I nw? num. Senate. I WaHBinotOK, Feb. 3, 1867. H tun uuiobu tkulabci ooaiDTn On motion of Mr. Wklur, a revolution wia adopted re-^J que*ling the Secretary of War tooommunloate copies ef.alH correspondence not heretofore furnished relative to tb<H prooeedlnge of the "Vlgiieroe OommlUoo" or 18M. H cahbui m nin kiutaky smmcn. H (in motion of Mr. Planes, a revolution waa adopte fH calling on the Secretary of War for all the Informal Ion lnH bin poaaeMkn showing the results of the trials of thnH camels In the military serrtoe. H On motion of Mr. an asm, the Senate proceeded to th?H consideration of the bill to establish a dapartsnmt ofH aw uu yrnuniw uio uuuca ui m? auiiwra ana UOmp'H troltorb of the Trcanury The subject was postponed after a brief debate. vots fob l'ksbidbnt.and v1cs frkudbnt. On motion or Mr Biglkb, a r? solution wa? alopted lor^| the appointment of a committee to aaoertain and report modu 01 examining iho von * (or President and Vlco Pre-^B sldent, and of notifying tbe persona elected of their ^B election H Messrs. Btglcr, Benjamin and Foot were appointed oir ^B the part or the Benau, and tbe House having oonourredl^B In the reeolntlon, la represented by Messrs Jones of Ten~^B leasee. Washburn o( Maine, Fuller ol Pennsylvania, Leiq^B ter and Booook. INDIAN .M'PROl'UiAIIOJf HILL. 1 ^B The Senate resumed the consideration or tbe Indian Ap- H proprlatlon bill, and passed it with many amendments: ^B amtngitum the followingSecuring to tbe lew Vorlt H Indians who emigrated to Kansas, under the treaty of H Buffalo Creek, the quantity 01 land to which ihey were ^B entitled, to Include in their Improvements: the residue or the tract to oonstltnte part ot th? public domain. He pa- H istlng the oftlcc ?f (; vernor* ol Torrllorles from 'bat ol H Superintendent of Indian Allaire. Adjourned. flossae of Rsprewntattvcb I Washington, Feb. 2, 1867, H the graduation act op 1864. H Tbe House passed the bill legalizing entries under tbe H graduation act of 1864, made prter to lta passage In oaees H where a settlement wis made In good faith. H TBI INV1ST1GAT1NG COSMITrXB. H Mr. Krlssy, by tbe nnsntmous direction of the Inveetl- H gating Committee, reported a resolution requiring the H Sergeant at-Arma to bring before tbe committee James H W. Slmonten, to answer on tbe summons of the Speaker H neb questions as may be propounded to him. H Tbe reeolutlon was passed under the operation of the H previous question. H coLLScnon Dumuem. The Home took up tbe bill eetebllehing tbe collection districts of the United States, designating tbe ports ol entry and delivery and codifying and remodelling tbe re- H venue ayucm generally. The friends of the measure desired Its Immediate passage, the subject having been before Congress for seve ral years. Others exclaimed tnat they bad not rend It and henoe were unwilling to act now on a measure of such vast Importance. . Mr. Bavin, (K. N.) ot N. Y., washed bis bands of It, saying taat it changed tbe prlnolplea of the common, law and was a bad but. lis reading being demanded, objections were raised that the Clerk would thus be occupied for twelve hours, as the bill contained three bun J rod and Dfty pages. Ineffectual eUoris were made to dispense wltn the reading, to adjourn, postpone, kc. The Clerk having read one page, Mr. WasHHCKN, (rep ) of Illinois, offered e compromise that the rurther rcadlDg of the bill be dispensed with thst the vote be then taken en laying the bill on the table, and if this Is negatived, the consideration of the bill be postponed till Monday next. The result was the postponement to that day. man ksvsjucs nrraa. Mr. PsiToif, of N. Y., from tbe Committee on Commerce, reported back the hill authorising the President to pro core a soluble steam revenue cutler, and appropriating $150,010 for that purpose The Bouse concurred In tne Senate' amendment*, striatal out tbe ordinal provisions, "It sball be siauonec In New York and used for tbe purpose of rescuing ship wrtckrd persons." Tbe Dill now awaits tbe action of tbe President. Mr. Bi hphrbt Mabhhaii, of Ky., from tbe Committee on Judiciary, reported a bill dividing Texas Into two judicial diatrtcti. Mr. I arc hex, of Vs.. said tbe present Judge, Wstrous, who Is much complained of, Is by tbe bill continued In offlre. Where does be bvef Mr. Marshall replied, in tbe Eastern District. Tbe btll passed. Mr. Baxhoch, Irom tbe Committee on Judiciary, re Jorted a resolution, "That Jobn B. Wa.rous, District udge ler tbe Ptsirirt of Texas, be impeached of high crimes and misdemeanors;" pending which tbe House adjourned. Democratic Caucus at Albany. EXCITEMENT AMON6 THE DELEGATES?IffM PBOM BENATOM DOFGLAB AND MATOB WOOD?SELECTION OP MB. 8ICKLK8 a - THE DEMOCRATIC CANDIDATE, ETC , ETC. Alrany, Feb. 2, 1867. Much excitement hna existed here ell day In anticipation of tbe democratic adj >urnod oaoens to nlgbt. A targe lobby from New York, principally In fmvor of Fernando Wood, was on band. Tbe caucus met at seven o'ciook, when Mr. John J. Rxiuv moved to prooeed to a tit* outvote or a candidate for Senator Mr. Kjvxiin said before tbo q isetlon was put be wanted ttntlonally or otherwlae, In oouating the ballot*, ud therefore moved to anballtule lomt one eloe Tor Mr. Arthur Wood*. lhla earned tome laughter and excitement. The matter waa loet. Mr. Jinn J. Rbliy aeked If Mr. Evert, whoee vote hat been east for Mr. Blcklee, had qualified aa a member ot the 1 egtelature f Mr. Jouie J. Raiuv aald he bad not. Mr. Miaou denounced the deelre of hli oolleagnea to bar out Mr. Evert' rote as mean and contemptible. He waa qualified by the democratic oonetltuency who elected hint. The Cuiiaiua read a letter rrom Mr. Even, asking that hie vote might again be ceat by the Coa'rmaa for Mr. Hcklea. Mr. Jom J. Rxillt doubted irthe letter waa wrlitea by Mr. Evera at all. There were persona lobbying who were capable of wrttlag tie letter tbemeelvee, and palmlag It off oa the Oonventioo aa genalne. He beiteved it bad been written la the cloak room. Mr. said that Mr. Kvcra told bin to-day tbal ha did sot doalra to to to. Mr. F.vere' vote vh admitted. The flrat ballot rooaltod u follows ? Sickles IS Parker > Wood IS O'Oener I Clinton S Notion 1 A second vote woo bad without a choice. Mr Jo*an withdraw the aaasoa of Judge Cilatoa aad Judge Parker. On the third rote Mr. Diwbick voted for St ok lee. Mr. Kmnsebjoetod to the rote being received, oa the ground that Dlmmlek waa a Know Nothing aad had ao baetaee* ui the democratic cancoa. Mr. Ma ana oalled Mr. El veils to ordar. Mr. Ejmuh doalred Mr. Mabaa not to allow hla feelinn to run away with bta braiaa. He bad InforasaUon front a Know NoUHag direct. After tbia the ballot proceedod?Plot lea receiving K> volte, Wood IS, aad Nelooa 0. Mr. Fran, a Wood maa, roan and dlacloaod bin I a teaUoa hereafter to vote tor Mr. Hick lea. Ho bad Blood by Mr. Wotd Itag oaougb, aad argnod that tha aoaiiaatloa belonged of right 10 New Toek. Mr. Jon* J. Raiuv wanted to know If. oader tba constitution, they oo n Id vote to morrow for Mr. Sick lea. Mr. Pk Kin* rose and said that It waa proper tor him to make an explanation, now that thla qnaettoa bad artean. Ho cited the caae of Jndge Trambnll, of IUtnole, who wna elected while la tbo leg a latum of that Plate an Halted mates Senator. A provision agatnat thla cocree existed la tba niiaol* constitution, bnt tbo Henate bad admitted Mr. TrnmbnU, on tbo ground thai inch provision waa f powerless fa order that his opinion might not stand alone, he begged to read the following daapatcb, jnat re citved from Senator Honglas ? W >smn?Ton, Feb. 2, 18?7. Hon. H. E Struts* The denote decided. In effect, in Trnmbuit'e case, tbal It la not competent for Malta to add to or subtract rrom tbe quallOcaiion of a Senator, as provided la the coasti tntloa of tbe I aite<i States. 8. A. D016L4S. U. few.. . as a. ... ..I A ka lit Pea rl A laflan which, perhap*. he rtaould here pmeented before ? I In*. J a? 8. Surraa? D?A*|l"m -I cm uawllllnf ihat my name iboald be need tn oreele the leeet want of harmontrtUon to the I *fie ietl ve rearua of the dewoereUc pert/, end therefore eek my frtende eot to continue their ballots for me, but to brteg the oeaoue toe eoecleeloe by theiobetitation or eome other name Probably it would be beet, ta order to allay any feella* of aenmooy that mlgbt be eafeader ed, to Introduce oeme new name let me euffeet to my meada the aamee of Judfe Neleoa aad eiOorerurr 1 touch, aa men la all reepecte uneaoeptlonabie Truly, yoara, MWNANno WODD. Mr. Rmkoroan. of New York, declared that he bad heretofore roted for f\ Wood, but would no* rote for Mr Ptcklee. an a youny. talented aad able man. la eytry way worthy of the honor of a nomination Tbo nett rote etood -Slcilee 94; Neiooe. lb; w? i Tweed, 8 About Ore of tboee voting Ptr Nelson were Wood men t Alter etrlTlaf la rata to fet Mr. Pleklee or Mr. Wadeworlb to eprak, tko caoeua ad journed. Prom Florida. CBARuaama, Feb 1.1M7. We here received Floilda detee to tbe 30th lamarr. flearral Harary bad mate a rciulittica for tbr?* addt