Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 27, 1857, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 27, 1857 Page 4
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-v i()Rh .<V.u.\UI. * # a * ? #*.* ?** TO n* fwv<|9tw f ??#,?. or ??Hr.*u *n.M* *? 1 *H \ t **'*T JT,,T. TI*E Jl D t<+*U* JMT MPV-. fT f*11'?.' rilt ' KM'- 1 lf.K ALU. terry tciurdd /. * o? .?? f? r" ?H-;..+.T* ft yTf*?-? <* ?? t .? ?w"V '<? c 1-TlTvrV XTcOJIUKSPOVDEVCK, -.- >*? ?.f?? fcw*r --. /(MJ /r.-m 1IL V 'Jrtw <V'?A? ir.irkl?AJ mmLWUlot per,,!)* ,.<w. *?- Own l??aM? PflMKTWtiill *? I TAMim Al AY BKOOntTXB TO SEAL ALL LETtlikS AMI lAOE|T" ' ??T TS Hib P 'AINI'Wli cxo ulMi wtfA cb+ip>u*? and 4mwfi. iDT CR riHMkMKS TH rtritwd mtry day hiim mi. .st ajtcibmmays ran srakisa. ocitvit thiivkl, diimosy- Steed the plouob ?toseu wibow. H*liT IBIaTII, ftottery-Otbiili Tbk Golden r aemek. liirojrr saw thiatrb, uraunr onemm st. - Do hay and Son?A Mew Caeille. WAj^OI'8 rhutxt, DissArisy?Camiub -Goikg so iu kmu ubia & <urvs rSBATtl, SM Brosdw sy - f Ari r ask mot eh its? flsst american TUKATRK, Ohn-nbert r'reet?1hoits ? fcj?. ii arm 0?ow Fat - wiwm s i p gvti . OiDfclT OF MUSIC, Four*ent& st.? Italia* Otsiafcuxa.mla. BARMV Mi Ainum MU8B0M. 4/osdway?Alter pon-Mv Nkichsos's Wieb?Ihith Tbtob. Emainf-Tai Child or the Rio eset-Major Joef.6' Cocstsar. o obmisn aid wood's MIMsTBBlA U4 BrooASTEJ llOOnAE PamrOBJIARCES-iiasycekaps Ball. .TOO* LIT W muumi, HI BroUwEr-Bmsmx ? laeift?Hssoe to Dr. Kane. OH AM ICS' HALL, <71 Brosdomy?MmeO LOfUf. Se, st Bet .xt'* Hmnru. Sow York, VrlSsy, fsbniarjr 97, 1857. I lie .ir if, Wf have news from Kansas ot bloody work, brief particulars of wbich are given in a despatch under he telegraphi head. It appears that Gov. Geary revised to appoint a man named Sherrod to the office of sheriff, whereupon the latter grossly insulted the former. A public meeting waa subsequently held ho express opinions regarding the affair, at which a tight or/mcd, and dnring tho fray Sherrod killed ? man named Shepherd. The Governor's Secretary. Mr. Jones, then srot bberrod, killing him instantly. It is just possible that the matter has been greatly magnified, though for what object it is difficult to dteeover. The difficulty which has been brewing for some tune past between Messrs. Wright of Tennesee, and Bheratan, of Ohio, members of the House of Heprenentatires, reached a crisis yesterday. The facts are detailed under the telegraphic head. At one time it was thought a duel must certainly result from the affair, but at last accounts su:hacontin gency was likely to be avoided. The proceedings of Congress yesterday are important. The Senate passed a hill directing the Postmaster General and the President to make a eontrart for a liDe of telegraph between Washington and San Francisco. This, in eonnecdon with tbe wagon road, will do very well for some years, a* a substitute for a railroad to the Pacific. A bill wus taported from the Post Office Committee authorizing tbe establishment of lines of mail steamers between New York and Para, touching at the inter. mediate porta; also a line from Panama to Valpa?Wi. A bill wan likewise introduced providing for ? steam revenue cutter in the Pacitic. The Senate entered upon an elaborate discussion of the House Tariff bill, the se--iou continuing up to a late hour last night. The Howie yesterday very sensibly dropped all ether business, and passed the Miscellaneous, Army, Navy, Fortification and Ocean Mail Steamer appro piiation bill*. Tbc Senate's amendments to the In dlan Appropriation bill wete also acted on, and tbe proposition to invest tbe $h,000,0<)0 held in trust for the Indians in safe State stocks, was laid on the table by a majority of five. The case of Mr. Gilbert comtoff i p. tbe House adjourned on motion of Mr. Orr, of the Investigating Committee. The new treaty with Mexico, about which the Washington journals have been ao befogged, reached the aapital on Wednesday, and has already engaged the particular attention of tht government. Ad dltiona! information respecting the provisions of tbe treaty may 1-e found iu the letters of our correspondents at Mexico and our Washington despatches We give in another column more interesting rumor* and facts 1 dative to tbe Bond street tragedy, b has been reported that (Governor King has sent written directions to the District Attorney, Mr. Hal), requiring him to take the necessary legal mea sort - i or tar r?mnT?i 01 i'r. i onnery irom fits ortice as Coroner. The charges upon which the Governor ha* proceeded in this matter, have, it is said, been drawn up by Mr. Clinton, counsel of Mrs Cunning ban, and are based upon the course of conduct ha pursued in the investigation of the circumstances Mending the death of Dr. Harvey liurlell. The Coroocr ia. it appears, to be impeahed on the ground of incompetency and improper conduct; hut he ia determined to contest to tbe last the power and authority of the Governor, and for that purpose baa already engaged counsel. The case will probably come teforc the proper court In the course of three or four daya Eae where we publish additional beam from Cuba, A crtdtimoK/ier of twelve millions capital has been established. A careful study of the condition of augar crop by competent persons ha* led to the belief that the crop will not exceed, and | arbaps may not equal. the yield of last year. The tobacco piacta ia some portions of tbe island have sntf red greatly from drought. Sweet potatoes, plantain*, and in fact all kinds of vegetables, have been nearly destroyed by tbe severe cold of the season. Our correspondent s ates thit three or four oarcoes of negroes Lave been reren'ly Utided. A Peruvian bi 9 Lad al?o larded tiro bnndred and ninety fire ooliee, the remainder of nix hundred embarked in China baring peri?hed of dvrentery while oo the pane*ae? a terrible morality, truly. Ae xrrdlr.g to new* from St Domingo City, dated December 30. that republic waa on the ere of new and aerion* disturbances, in conaeqoence of the threatening poaition taken by ex-President (ieiierml Hat.tana in the district of Heibo. Amongat the com reunify of Xryfa. prorince of Asm, an armed in awrerlron bad brelban out, and menaced to aet Ae wbole counwy in coelafiatioll. The Uaerlm Ofiriai of ht Domingo, undo* date of December 30, pahliah ed a decree by whieh martial law is proclamed throughout the whole territory of the republic, and all crin.ea and delinquencies committed after the publication thai l^iuni-ted arr jrdiog to Uk military penal code. Tka |A??aM ' - ? mc i V. UUi x-urreoporfieat at gtren ill another c?lt>wn <v?nuin fall report of the pro etedioffft whi t-look place m that city In order to do honor to the n^nain* of the Into I >r. Kane. The affcir a a* rondnctod with erery dcaonotr itirw of reaped for the famr of the deceased. and we* par tieipaled la by.ell cUa*??, the Captain (feaerel tak iufi an nnwoal'y prominent part. The treojrrapfcical StfC-le'y B>*t la* evening, when appropriate ?Wopi? upon Dr. Kane were pre oanced by rraaident Kiu&. Dr. Hewkv, Dr. Fran/1* ?d o there. lite PoNtaueU* it Port Ht*a>y (Canada). aa ned fl?':td? rvon, hoe auiJenly left ?kat place, aup^-oned or the Culted Suttee. U* it bei'ored to be Ue l* .Iter t<> oo3?tder*U'* amonnt Otti er* are jo / '?.?< nf the fwa.'tiv*. J'' Next foort offnq.iUy a* Wt?M?gton i* now -i.'d the -W of limit. II. W Meade, the t ?, I >u' Ivit ri n borr?f be r pr"'j"?od tr m i I'he ?i?Wal of wltaeo-er. Tie If?d* liner I'aUr.jd wlii t lata ;onii T ?J t.i m,; j ei,L' ojfrfti ue 1-rwr-Ti j| f?on a'.d ) > P .( t!>''.?er rt'rlee>7 J it io-* IM I 4 . t ? . 1- , .U .t WW St?.l.7 - 4 . J 4.M} ? ^ | A hod i vt r w agaur $' *., r.r at least the ice rfuivaiiig ? so tender that ?hc s*?amer? wach leave for Albany ..pi>rehcnu no serious difficulty in reaching their dee'imt ion. I'M Hnund boats are all, we beli* ve. maV^g their regular trip*, laaded aiih freight. iar>re quantities of which baa accumulated during the close of navigation. In the Snpitme Court yesterday further pro cetdings in the Lemon sla.e oate were postponed, by conwnt of counFel on both sides, till the first Monday in May next. A very curious and exciting scene happened yesterday in the United States Commissioner'* Court, before which the case of the alleged frauds on the Northern llailroad of France is undergoing invest!I gatkm. In tha course of the proceedings the Consul General of France produced a paper, whioh was seized upon by Mr. Busteed, who refused to return it to its owner, although directed to do so by the Commissioner. The Commissioner thereupon adjourned the Conrt forthwith. A detailed account of the affair may he fonnd elsewhere. The investigation into the complaints against the Union Ferry Company was continued yesterday by the Committee on Ferries of the B >ard of Aldermen. Several prominent citizens gave additional details of mismanagement, and a former President of the South Ferry Company gave an interesting comparison between the former and present methods of conducting business. The farcical inquiry into the affairs of the filibusters was continued yesterday, hut nothing of importance was elicited. II e patience of all parties Interested appears to he nearly exhausted. Crtloa con' toned firm yrster lay, with sales of a real 3,K0 bales Flour tgila fell oil about 60. per barrel, ipeolally on common (fades, wttb ralber more doing at tbe decline. Wbeet was rather mere aclIre, with sales of common to good Soutnern white at SI 70 a tl 78 a $1 71, red do. at <1 87, and Ula oorl red at?! Mail 68. Qnrn eras In fair rrnnMi with mW of Western rn'ied. In I lore, it Tto. a 71>,c , and Soithern yellow at 7 2Xo a 78o. Pork opened IUi mncb aplrtt, and eotd at $28 80 a $24, and cloted heavy at the tnalde flgnre; amonf the alee were 200 bbla. clear pork at $25, 100 do. prime men at $22. Sahara were active and steady, with lalo ot abont 1,0C0 a 1.10C tahds , and including?two days? 4,3f0 boxes tn bond, for export, at ratee given tn ano.hcr ooinma. Cofl.e was qniet today, while prices were steady. Freights were heavy, and some 20,000 blabels corn, In bnlk, were taken for Liverpool at 4\d,j 4,000 a I,COO bbla. Hour at Is Ot. a ls.9d , and cotton at B 3$d. a 8 lOd. The New Administration?The Cabinet Made np at Isut. The Cabinet of Mr. Buchanan, it seems. is mad<> up at last, although we are not yet authoritatively informed of its definite classification. Accoiding to our Washington despatch of this morning, which comes from a reliable and well informed source. J. Glancy Jones, of Pennsylvania. is. and all the time has been, decided upon for the office of Postmaster Generai. The nev Cabinet will, therefore, be composed of the following individuals, and probably under the following arrangement:? Stale Depart on st Lewis Cssv, Michigan Treasury Department Howell Cobb. G?. Interior Depa tment Taoob Thomson, War Iiepartment lota B Floyd, Va Navy Depaitnent Aaron V. Brown, lean i Minsuier <4 rers J 'iiaacy I'eon Attorney oeoetal Iimc Toacey, Cwi This hue the look of a homogeneous Clinnet, and particularly souud and harmonious upon the great disturbing i-sne of slavery. S>i?h is th? happy coneeejuence of going to work in the right way. Between Pierce's method of choosing a Cabinet and that of his successor, there is as great a difference as between ducks known as rednecks and genuine cnnvas*-backs. Poor Pierce ooked to the party and to the various ultra factions and cliques of the party, and hese he attempted to work np into a specimen of Cabinet mosaic, upon the demagogue's idea that no administration can be held together except by the cohesive power of the public plunder/' The plan adopted by Mr. Buchanan *a?, flrst to setMe upon the principles and general policy of his administration, and then to shape bis Cabinet accordingly. Ho has commenced, too. exactly where poor Pierce should have commenced, upon the basis of the Union and conservative principles embodied in the compromise acts of lv.">0, and has given uthe strongest possible emltodiment of those principles in his Cabinet selections. General Cass has been objected to a? somewhat too old and infirm for the laborious duties which will devolve upon the Premier; and Mr. Cobb, it is generally agreed, from his more vigorous health, strength and elasticity. wa? the man for the Slate Department This, we are assured, was the oninion also of Mr. H.iohaniin- Imt. it u-.m i overruled by a party combinatiou again*! Mr. Cobb as Premier, which could not very well be disregarded by a Preside at disposed to cultivate to alrr.ort any run-on able extent the pea*# of th(> family. With General Ca?e, however, aa Secretaiy of State, instead of Mr. Cobb, the Southern ultra* have secured more than they bargained for: inasmuch a* their man and their plan wan Robert J. Walker, a wandering stockjobber, a flre-cater and a filibuster ' with all the modern Improvmeiits." Tbene appointments of Can* and Cobb, therefore. constitute a most important act ard a gTent victory over the filibusters and the secemion and abolition disunioniet* at the very out net. It appearn. notwithstanding all the various rumors of this man. that man au<l the otber. for Postmaster General, with which the cabinets of the Wwhinglon Cabin*t makers bare been garnished of late, that there net er has boon any difficulty whatever with Mr. Buchanan upon the subject, but that J. Glancy Jones has been his man from the beginning. All tho* other movements and flying rumors concerning this office, may doubtless be traced to the efforts of Colonel Forney's friends to crowd him into the Cabinet after his defeat for the Senate. Mr. Jones is a conservative of the school of Mr. Buchanan himself. was the particular champion of ' Old Duck" In Congress last spring, his especial working man at the Cincinnati Convention, and is the J rrpr< tentative of "Old Berks," the county which In tnc turning point of th<' last October election, led the wny. Such are the party claims of Mr Jonta; but, in addition to these, ire are awured that Ik is capable, faithful and industrious, and a talented and energetic man of business. We arc entirely pieparcd to believe that be will proTP a va?t improvement upon o*ir Postma-'er CispMl. The oth< r numbers of the new Cabinet are more generally known. In tlie aggregate they form a very decided ovpresalon of the conservative irnlon prioeiplca of Mr. Barbarian, and a very emphatic act of d-fiance and open war against all precision and dilution disorganiaers i rid agitators. North and South. No donbt, from tbc North and the South, the biffled d ?unioo cliqnea, within and without the party camp, will prtcctd at one* lo their woik of calumniation, i miffrpTi ?cntetion nnd rebellion; no doubt there ' sill 1k a vioi<n< *?r raged ?/.?in?t the new ad in lustration from the beginning to the end: but as Mr Buchanan ba? wl out on the rlgb' track, and as the innpsei .? th" p 'are also fir the l*nU.T ("^4hr eotit'l'l'i'f hr no'-blig to ?">?. ] KW Vi> IW HKKVuD, FRL I h* Snv Treaty with Xtikt-C-tmuirrelal Coneewtoii* Granted?The Power of the Almighty Oullur Invoked. Our letters from Mexico, published thin morniDg in another column, give the full particulars of the new treaty mode by Mr. Forsy'h with the Mexican government, by which it will be seen that the terms of the new arrangement differ fr/tm iKACd nirnn a fnrtnicht Qi'n/*i> frnm Wftuhinnt. ton, an] conform exactly to the version of our correspondent, published on the 17 th inst. The points of the treaty are:?1st. Reciprocity on the frontier; 2d. A reduction of twenty per oent in the duties on our products; 3d. A postal convention ; 4th. An appropriation of three millions of dollars to pay the claims of oar oitizens upon Mexico, which are to be examined by a commission; and lastly, an appropriation from the remaining twelve millions to pay the English conventional debt. Toe fifteen millions which President Comoni'ort desires to obtain by this treaty are. lo be In the form of a loan, which rhall be guaranteed by the United States. That the guarantee of the United States to a oan to the government of Mexico would enable .her to obta'n the money immediately, there can be no doubt. Our stocajoboers in Wall street would jump a* it like hungry trout at a Juue fly, aid this would enable the present government of Mexico to pass safely through the crisis that now attends it. President Comonfort, in his liberal reforms, is harassed on all sides by the power and intrigues of the clergy, and if he does not receive (l.\M.A A.i-AMAAMA AA.Li4A.AA Ml V. . C J - mmxu iai.oju'JJUB irMRMiUvt", Will UO lurCJU U) BUG* cunib a/ d give place to the insatiate greed or Santa Aoiua or the heartless ambition of the church. . In adopting the course be has taken he ha* evinced much good sense and a thorough appreciation of the difliculties which surround him. Had he imitated Santa Anna, and told another slice of Mexican territ jry, ho would irretrievably have met the fate that fell to Santa Anna. New taxes and contributions were ?u' of the qaes'ioa in the present exaau'tcd condition of the country, aDd the reveaif that might accrue from a reconstructed tariff must wait the flow growth of commerce. The church property, which has been abundantly foricited by the numeroue rebellions instigated and fostered by the clergy, he does not feel himself strong enough to seize. In hie dilemma, and in view of the dark fu ure ".hat looms up for Mexico, bis only resource was to apply to his rich neighbor, whose worst complaint is a fullness of the chest. Here was new ground for diplomacy. We have long been endeavoring to obtain from Mexico some excision of her prohibitive tanfr and postal laws, but without avail. She has strongly resisted all our endeavors at negotiation until now, when one of our prospectors has struck the new placer, and she is disposed to be liberal with ns if we will be liberal with her. She offers us what we want in return for what we can easily spore. The markets of her seven millions of inhabitants will be at once thrown open to our trade if we will open our purse strings or endorse her notes, now that she is diort on her bank account. The advantages which such an arrangement will give us in our intercourse with her are beyond calculation, whether taken in an industrial or a political point of view. But to Mexico they will accrue largely. Stability will be couferred upon her government, and it will bo encouraged to continue the course of liberal reform it has entered apon. The Towers of Europe, which are continually interfering in her domestic policy, will be more cautious and abstemious in their meddling, and when we have once acquired an interest in her prosperity and progress, England, France and Spain will chauge their tone towards her, and perhaps evince a desire to help her along too. We approve, therefore, of this new principle in American diplomacy, and recommend its immediate adoption. Let the new treaty be ratified and all its provisions sworn to upon the true faith of the almighty dollar. Civn. War Brokf. Orr at Last in Washington and Kansas.?We publish an account in the IIkrai n of this morning of a bloody fracas in Kansas, which occurred on or about tbo l!)lh inst., in which two lives were sacrificed. We also publish an account of a melee, less sanguinary indeed, as yet, but equally deplorable, which occurred yesterday in th4 House l>etween two honorable members of that body. Now, what is all this but civil war, on a small scale? And what does it portend but that, when individuals in high places set th< rjMUipic, HIV uiu*giuu WIU Spr'aU fcud ltl noculate the mm?? Civil wan in all agehave begun in this manner; first, by partial aud individual rencontres, and then by the hostile meeting of gradually greater number*. We should not say this of any private quarrels b?tween man and man; but there lie* at tb? bottom of these events one si me great ferment ing cause and principle. Pro and anti slavery principles, in both cases, lie at the root of the*lamentable scenes and contention*. These antagonistic ebinept* sbow tbcmstlves struggling for the mustery, Irreconcileablc in th?ir ha'e, aud ready to rush to the most bloody extremities. Thise individual skirmish's are like th? fight* which occur between the ad rank- po?ts and pickets of two great hostile artnies which yet remain unseen nnd at *om<- distance from each other. If the malignant causes anl senseless, wanton agitations which first called up this evil spirit in the l end, when a sm-ili party of violent men clamorously called for disunion or submission to them, Mb tot put down by a high hand and a firm purpose, to what shall we come? What will be the end of these beginnings? We confidently look to Mr. Iluchanan to save the I'nioa, as .!#< k?on, by hi* Iron steadfastness and fearlesa action, one- -aved It In nimilar dan get a. It is the ?ame party of nnllifiers, fire-tatets and disunionkt* who now endanger the Union by ultra and extravagant slavery extension projects. If thwarted in their schemes they are determined upon disunion, and we question muoh if their schemes are not pot mjiw ior no omer oqjeci woaievcr thaa to p*0motr rebellion and disunion. bj giving to them a color and a pretext. The people of thin country, in every Slate, are too much attached to the Union to give overt or conscious aid or countenance to these disturbers of the Jeff. Davis school. If they are speedily put down, they will become extinct as a pai ty: but if courted and feared?if a temporising policy is purtued towards them, they will tlonrith more than ever, and the country will never 1* free from slavery agitation tU' they gain their ends. Th<se lire-eaters are the rcil abolitionists the end of their work i? to ruin and destroy the flontb. We think Mr. llucftai an will know bow to manage matters. Already bis pruden* course gite? some hope and promise (1f bi? fHtnrg .vJioo. Down wi'h civil i tlv::* ,1 \Y AHTt 27, 185 Thi: Forti Tuibves in thk Jars.?Wheu Ali r> V _ A.. A A W- . 4' ? _ it. . - ?1 !., D4U1, 111)11'Pg Ibc ! /! yy 1U tilt' Oil d>. vterou-ily pouied boiling oil on thorn and boiled them ail, we are led to believe that the tirst who felt the contact of the boiling liquid, held hie peace like a very Spartan, and suffered martyrdom without uttering a groan. Our forty thieves do not possess equal fortitude; when Mr. Gilbert's can- came np on Wednesday, they howled and

squealed in concert, until the House in self-defence put them down. They were warned beforehand that defence of the accused would obviously be translated as complicity in the crime; but this did net deter heroes of the ealibre of Mr. Bennett, Mr. Stanton, Mr. Ritchie, Mr. Washburn, Mr. Colfax, Ac., from standing forth to protect Mr. Gilbert from the just sentence of the Committee. And they must take the consequences. So far as we are able to judge, Mr. Gilbert has been dealt with fairly and justly; the Committee have nothiug to reproach themselves with, so far as be is concerned: no denial of justice has been substantially charged upon them; it is therefore allowable to a?um ) that the gentlemen who thrust themselves forward in this conjuncture to screen him from the natural consequences of his conduct, had better reasons for doing so than the mere impulses of nrirntn fvIon<K)>i r* iiukv iiivuurui|i? Tbere may be persons among those we have named who are innocent, and whom it would be an injustice to condemn. Bat it must be admitted even by their friends that they have placed themselves in a most unfortunate position. Here is a man of the character and standing of Reverdy Johnson who testifies that he hears of an organization of thirty to forty members all pledged to each other to serve as banditti, and to give no gratuitous vote on a railroad or patent bill; and here on the other band are gentlemen, who, when an evidently corrupt member is called to account for his corruption, and threatened with the paniehment of the House, gratuitously step forward, undertake his defence, and promise to justify his acts. What is the natural inference ? What can it be save that the forty thieves, feeling their haunts menaced by the Committee, seek to defend even such outworks as the conduct of Mr. Gilbert ? We know that in this city when a notorious thief is apprehended, all the other thieves will strain heaven and earth to get on the jury in order to secure his acquittal; we hope that the members of the republican party who stood up to speak for Mr. Gilbert had a better and a higher motive. The session draws rapidly to a close, but very few working days are left, and we may be pretty sure that little or nothing will be done during the balance of the session. Mr. Johnson's shameful disclosure will remain a naked assertion, it from no other reasoo, from want of time to follow up the trail which events and the Committee have pointed out But one thing raeybeeiid confidently. It Congress were under the control of Mr. Matscll, and be were apprised that tairty or forty organized thieves existed in that body, we apprehend that even the short balance of thj actsion wonld mflice to bring one or two of them at least to shame and detection. And it m ty also be taken for granted that the first trail which he would deem it hie duty to follow up, would li the evidences of sympathy with the culprits already apprehended, aud the appearances of a desire to quench the inquiry which iflight be or which have been exhibited by members. Tiie French Rao Rkitbucans Making a Night of rr in Blessed New York.?Tue amiable and highly intelligent potiiots of the French nation who do this city the favor to make it the sewer into which their communist notions are poured, held their umal yearly meeting on Tuesday last, in fit commemoration of the monstrous blunder of February. 1848. It has been usual with these eminent statesmen and political economists to beguile their exile and testify their gratitude to the country which grants them a home by giving utterance, on these festive occasions, to mild wiihes for the comprehensive extermination ol the ruling classes in Europe, or for the invention of some such expeditious machine of death as a " steam guillotinethese being the formulas by which, io the opinion of M. Baron, Vogcli, Turfert and others, the existing social system of Europe Is to ikfi r\i ! ct fnina nml lu? rAtwInrpd wnrfhv of the ago and the French nation. They were not fai'hlcf* this February to their traditional practice. A speaker, who spoke an if ho bad the globe under hie feet, expressed h's intentiou not only of exterminating crowned head* throughout the world, but of blotting out of all language* the very name* of king and emperor; and the aja aker of the evening devoted no small portion of bis time to what looked very like a justification of the mad monk Verger for the assassins tion of the Archbishop of Pari*. Three sentiments were received, we are told, with vociferous ap plause by the aaremblcd guests. It la to be hoped that these patriots are better acquainted with the Frenchmen of whom tbey discoursed than they seem to be with the Americans whom tb<y introduced to their audience. OtbcrsAse, if .hey know as little of the Emperor as Mr. Langen Swartz knows of Mr. Bennett, whom he describes as having been a guest of the Emperor's and indebted to him for bis son's admission to the Polytechnic school, we fear their tacts cannot be more trustworthy than their theories. One thing is qnite certain. Such men are better here than in tbctr own conntry. We live here in a sort of Are-proof, bomb-proof country, where you may light bonfires, Are o(T squibs, a id play any incendiary prank, in the very mid?t of society, without doiog the least harm. All that is needed to demolish the worst inccndiarisa U a column of the Herai.d In the hand* of a akil ful reporter. Give them air, and they expire di rectly. 80 whenever tree eon In plotted, or noofenre brewed, we juet let in plenty of air and daylight on the plotter*, and they atralghtway become hannlee* an nicking dove*. If thaae amiable children of the Gaelic cock were atill in their native France, they would forever be contriving cooepiracica to overthrow the government and get up atroet fight*; the gov era- j ment, inetead of expoaing their abaardity, would be employing a legion of policemen to watch and guard them; and some day an outbreak would take place, and bead* would be broken, and perbapa a revolution would take place. Aa to object or aim, blew you. they have none in the world; if they carried their point, thry could no more than repeat the mine, rable fiaeco they made in 1R4#; If they were beaten, th?7 would have much to euff. r, and would involve many innocent pereon' in their trouble*; whether beaten or victorious they c juld not do any good to their country and could no* help doing it come bar in. It if there men who hare *0 far diwedited ?bc Wt. W* ?-*' ? tm ???? t feasible iren who )c*? her hare seeu rather with pleasure than with pain the strong solid government of a despot supersede the abortive efforts of the republicans; and have hall forgiven the Ein peror lor the errore ot bin ascent to power by the judgment with which he bam used it and the nerve with which he has kept it in his grasp. One such man as this is worth to a country a whole myriad of theatrical sooialihtB?whether you call him President, King, Minister, or Emperor. THE LATEST NEWS. BY PRINTING AND MAGNETIC TELE6AAPHS. IMPORTANT INTELLIGENCE, CIVIL WAR IN WASHINGTON AND KANSAS. iMTHBI FRACAS IR CONGRESS. ? BLOODY NEWS FROM KANS AS. THE COMPOSITION OF THE NEW CABINET. A TELEGRAPH LINE TO THE PACIFIC. Passage of the Appropriation Bills in the House. Interesting Debate en the Tariff In the Senate* ARRIVAL OF THE MEXICAN TREATY. Ac., Ac., Re. I From Halifax. KOK-iMIVil. n*TIII KIA>1111 TBI KITSAP. AITP. warp bound. Hsuvax, Feb 25?11:80 P. M. The steamship Niagara, caw Id her thirteen!! day oat, has net been signalled. The Europe, (low Boeton, hei juit arrived here en route far Liverpool. ihe eeather la olenr with a light breeze from the aorthweai. Bloody Srwi from Kaniaa. SMBIOUS DltPlCULVY mtwbkn GOV. OBABT AND JUDGE RHKRHOD? MB. SaBPPKBD AND JUD SBEBROD SHOT. Br I .or 18, Feb. 36,1867. The Jefferson City correspondent of the St. Louli Demo crmt tear a a from the peaeeag ere from Kansas to eight thai a eerloea difficulty had arlaea between Governor Geary and Judge Sterrod, growing out of the refusal of the former to appoint the latter Sherlfl, aa deatred by the Lag la la! era Bberrod had avowed hta Intention to kill the Governor, and meeting him shortly afterward In the street apt! in hie face. Geary did not reient this, but bla friends got up nn Indignation meeting on Thursday, the 19th, which Sheriff J once. Judge Sherrod and others at tempted to break op, when a oontllot ensued, la which Bberrod shot Mr. Bhopperd, one of Gov. Geary's friends, fber times, killing blm, and wounding two others. Mr. Jones, the Governor's secretary, thm shot Bberrod, the bell pesetag through his lead aad killing htm lnstaatly. Vary gieat ex si tame at existed at Leoomptoa, aad a general Bght wee anticipated that n'ght. Governor Geary's residence wee guarded by United Stales troops. # Mr. Bberrod or Bhenrard la tha man who was appointed by the C urt t All the veeaaoy ooeeetoaod by Aertff Jones' retlgnatlea, ana to whom Governor Geary refused to great a commission, on tha ground of his habit sal drunkenness. The Waatpert correspondent of the Bep*blicm say a that Bberrod did not spit in the Governor's feee, bet called him a liar, coward and leouadrel The remainder of the report la not yet corroborated, Mr Is it oonlradlsted. We looh lor letters 'rem Lseomptoa to-night. Pmensl Rencontre In the House of Representatives. TBI ORIGIN All moaiKfS OF THE IIFFICCLTT? MO DUEL IXPKCriD. WAMUMQTnM, Feb. 28, 1857. The ftina la tki Boot* M tif li Iki U?m of gguroui (peon Intone to Bight. Home confidently predict a doel, bat the better optnton retm* to be that there wIP be no figt t, ei eecb pwtf clatae the on no to be epoa the other. Whet ere the thote r A Ibv deyeataceMr Barrio, of IlUeoto, during e epeeota he Bate, toered aoet unmerotfally Ute memorable Kur eaa Committee, end raid the tabor of that committee ha t emcng other Ullage oeoeed the rejection of Preeideol Pteroe by the democratic perty. Mr. Wright, oi Teneee aee, la reepeeee te this, eatd, la aa under tone?"Thet'e a He I" A report of thte remark appearing la the ofletal paper the eext day, Mr. Siermao, ot onlo, called the attention efthe Bbnee to It, aad wtthed Mr. Wright to say what ha obeae retail re to that remark, aad whether he water waa aot correctly reported. Mr. Wright replied that ha aoant by n no diereepoot to the Hoaaa; he he lie red at the Ume, aad aow helleree the etatoaeat made by that geaileaaa nntrne. Mr Hheroaa njrtne* that he bad soppoaed H we* only necee<ary to oall the attention of the atomber, with whom bla relatione had heea ktodly, to Ike remark which had bcoa read, to oall forth In a bla a maaly retraettoe; bat la ihli ho fooad hlmeelf totally aMakea. Be hollered the reaark to he Um leageeg* of blaokgaardioa, tad need by oaottoaoat aad la tratealtoa. Mr. Wrlgbl aald ho eon Id aot of oearee bo tipoetod to beady esthete wttb the grnUemaa of Ohio oatU bo redered bimealf troa the tapotatloa eoet ipw MB. TMI VH lU 00 BOO 10 fly. Thto cloMd iim iIm Int. end op'ttiooo differed try Booh m to wb*i woo d N M resell of tho qaorral. Soon otter too boo(1o( of too Boom rtklo menlBg Mr. Wright poMod oror to too tool of Boo J. Morrison H err to of Morylowd, who otto boot Mr. Bobu, ood nod to Br. Hsrrto o ooto he woe hot Hog lobu hood. After too oooelootoo of hto inter r lew, ood M ho woo rising from hto orolood to look tog ohm bin, bio 070 noted open Mr Rhetflua, who Imnidloteiy throw 0 qoontlty of wofero tots Mr. Wright's fooe. The loiter Inotootty llrook ot Mr. Bhermoo. hot woe sought by Mr. Borrto ood pretmtod Iron foiiowtog op bio blows It to (Old toot Mr. Sbormoo tndotrorod to draw o woo poa, hot of who! klod Mr. Borrto oo?ld oot ray. Mr. ghirwoo nyo toot Mr. Wright's look woo oMoootog ood tMotUog ood tool aooood bin to throw too wsltoo. AO eooh porty contends too mno to upon tho other, too probe bUtty to wo oholl biro 00 dool. Boa J. Wet000 Webb, I understood, woo ooooollod by Mr. 80era00. Mr. Wrlgbt to of 0 dlmloottro oloo, ood Tory yootbfol to oppoereoce. Mr. flboroMa to toll ood won proporttooed. _____________ Tho loMoolof Ad oot wtotcoOtofi. TbK P1W Ciltm-I. OLAPCY JOWM rOOTIf AflTXIt 6EKMAL?TMI DALLAO-C'I.AUWDOP TUITf, ore. WANtimi ITU, flB 19, INT. Tba Oabiart la taa ararty all writ a*. J. Qlaaey Jaaaa la PaataMOtar Oaaaral, ul boa baaa fro* Ida Oral, aetaitkrtaagivg aM Ida aieimemaa aa tba aab>aot. Bit ?aa tha Tiry drat appelate**! aaMlai apaa by Mr da rdwu, a>4 long dafora aay of Ida atbara. Wdaa OM. rotary aaa dadtld at narrtadorg la bit aaplrotloaa for Ida laltag fttalao Ntaala, a atrnstil vu mida by b* rrvada la aaaara la din Ida PuafaUri uaaaral'a aHaa tea. all Ida lubarqaaal ooaflietlag laporta la rofrrotea la td>a iflloa. Bat Mr. Buobaaaa baa oarar aatanl lar a a?aia', h'a mag barlag baaa ftaag apna Jaara tag a Oadlaat tantnwtal ta id# traaaaodoaa aM daaaaeratla atnaty of Barda. wnd bar 7,*M aawmy. I or aay aag bla frtra da hartag txhtoaUg thrlr afforta, Iday nay aoa, pardapa, da nalgaag ta daar tta varal. No dot bt Ida PraaUaat alaol wlH tada aara af lor aay la bla aaa aay? dai I or aay aaoat da pafttaot Tdo vdale eaaalry to oa ua 701 Mi- ta aaearta'.a Ida rkwa of Mr. Moebaaaa aa Ida tiaUaa O-araadoa treaty. Wbat will Mr Oaaa oaf la Ida aaaalaat iagatry aaaoog politic! aa* bora. I baye bafora alalcd idol Mr. Durban* 1 and Mr. Ciaa are both rppoacd ta t?io la Ida Paitaa C ariaOco irra?y a* It at prartLl rtaada. Mr Ctaa op peard Ha eoaCranlioo by Ida Paaaia, aar did da lappou* lor a teonaat it voold ha ooaOmrg ; bat oa Ida oih r baa.i, da aaa iqaally oppaatd to lla rajaatiao ' Wbat," laqairog Mr. Oaar, " woald bt llta ra- j toN ol ua rr jaatlaa T A drenratloo or war aaa oaa cooraa abled mgdl ba adipfeg, bat of UiM oo one drtanrd A re-oprolag of Iba adolr aob J'oi aaa aaaider roaroa, bat tdo argua at d?l daao a* haiirtfd tad Ihmtfara aonlg da folly. Tdo aaly too'rr. idea. adtnti *?id d*r**aor*bir mioaad. aanll pa * ?.*)? aa Jit. d.n * nadtad- i I wbtob woaid bco utiy lead to oonitant cooitlct aid IrrtUHob bet ?e?o tte two oountrlea." Mr. CiM wm tutwliijeg to cut oil u) opportunity to amend tbe treaty tbos by rejecting It. HI* policy waa peace and good will wMjb all tbe na i<>na oi the ??ih ??ri h? mhU >?i ? ' tfce ibaracterlatlo ptiae or Kngland by >b nbceremoatoua rejecticn of treaty which ahe might, tf properly epj proeobed, be perfeotly willing to alter ao ea to meet the ! wlabca > f the a mm loan Senate. Soeb, we here ao doabt, ere the view* of llr. Becbanen. Be may be oppoeed to thn treaty aa tt ataada, but tta rattOoetlon, wlih certain moliUoaiioas w.U probably be one of the very flrat meaauroj ot bla almlnletratlon. He haa ae yet expressed no opinion on tba aubjeet, beoauae he la not yet laveated with the authority to apeak. Bat the late declarations by General Oaae la Ike Beaate, la eoaaceUoa wt h hla appointment aa Premier, are generally coaaldered aa ladtoatlag the drift e( thewlad. It M undentood that General Oaaa has, with the ooaaeat el Mr. Bncbanan, written to hla aoa MajoxCaae, note charge at Rome, to reolgn hla poet and return home Immediately. It la the intention ot General Gate to appoint Major Oaaa Aaalatant Secretary of State. Affair* at Waihlngtuo. spiual umfatch to tb* hirald. arrival op tbi nxw MEXICAN t01aty?tmb tble graph bill HuntD BV TliK PRESIDENT, ETC. Wamoihutob, Fob. 'id, 1367. The treaty negotiated by our Minister at Mexico arrived -bera yeeterday evening, nnd thla morning was submitted to onr government. The treaty le not perfect, but there la authority here to perfect it There are three or four parte to this treaty?commercial, postal, and the eatietaction of Amarloan clalma. Tboae who arc nuVborlacd tc I I peak, aay that there le no oeeelon or territory nnd ao prefsrenoe of Individual clalma again*! Mexico, lteeya nothing of Tebuentcpoo, or e( Sonore. or Lower Caltfarnln; hot the Bfteen millions whioh the Mexican govern mem u? desirous 01, toox to cession of territory ob thslr port, ud partial bore ore authorised to par foot that port of U>e treaty which U U (aid la imperfect, pro- i Met our government aooept the proposition. The Mexican government dealt-a Immediate action, and it la thought the treaty will be oommunlciUd to the Senate la a day or two. Mr. Maroy protested to be entirely Ignorant of the treaty previous to ita arrival. The President hat signed the Sabmarine Telegraph bill, and the parties are now making the arrangements and oompletlng the eoatraot with the government. Tne prooeeaiege of Congress to day nave beea Important end Interesting. T-e Senate, after the traniaotlen of themoralng business, took np the tsrlfl qaeatlon,. and ths debate oontlnued during tbe day, aod will eon* tinue moat of the night. Mr. Hnntor contended that the people demanded a redootlon of the duties on Imports, other else the epeolo oorroncy wonld bo looked np In public vaults, wbilsoank paper would flood tbe country aa n circulating medium, to bo followed by another do tructlve fluanolal crlali. Tbe debate In tbo Senate has been marked by great ability. The House, by some nnaooountablo InCuoace, nnaaimoosly agreed to take out of tbe Committee of tbo Whole nil tbo appropria Ion bilia as J put them epon tbolr paseage. Thin was evidently brought about by a fear that the trial of the partite aoouaol by the Corroption Com- ' mitteo might deieat all those bit s, If they should not hefirst dlspoaed of. If tbe resolution should bo adopted ordering these gentlemen to be tried at the bar of the Bonae, I understand that all (Our will rsetga at ones. The Secretary or War communUnted to Congress a mass of papers relative to tbe oatael, Us baolts, uses, csf abilities ud adaptation to our oountry. The President has appointee the following gentlemen visiters to attend the annual examination at West Point, Jus 1,1847:?Hen Samuel H. Biake, of Maine; Ooloae Bee), jr. Butler, of Marsacbuset s; Boo. Henry C. Dcmlag, of Oonnooucnt, General N. B. Klderkio, of Now York; General Conrad Bhmmer, of PunayivuM; ProIt at or Campbell Morfit, of Marylud; Colonel W. D. Kennedy, of Noith Carolina; Colossi John A. Strolher, f Georgia; tioorgo W. Hook, Eiq , of OBI j; Colonel 8. 8. Deruaey. ? Looka'ano; Dr. Edward 12. Bryna, of Mleeleatppl; Robert B Lladeay, Eiq , of Alaboaaa; Hot. J. Pbelps, o< Iiwo, Proloosor lunlei Rood, or Wlaoonsta; Major Win. H. Chair, of flortda. The city la roll of New York pMllloians. Mathew IUIa Bmtih u a candidate f >r United States C siriut Attorney tor the Southern dlalrlcl of Now York. 1hb qnnil dim'atcb. Ill AJTaOPEIATION BILLS?MR. SI MNIR IN THS 01> ATE?TBO TREATT WITH MEXICO. Waohjnoton, Feb. 39, 1197. Tbe Hooie took aim miry totion to day on all the remaining general appropriation bills upon III oileadar, la order to proceed uninterruptedly on tbe reports of the Corruption Committee, whicb come up to morrow. Notb tag whatever woo doee with them today. Mr. Sumner waa in hla acat in the donate abojt half aa hour la day, and waa warmly we'oomed by ble frtaads. The following la raid to bo a oorreel rera'.oa of t aa new Meitoaa treaty ? It conhmplatta a i an ot ?ti,<K0,C0e, of wbtck ?a,(C0,0CC aro to be applied to lbs paymaal of Amor loan olalma, wkicb aro to bo odjus'od by o joint oenuateetoo. Tbe reamlader of tbo loan la uarwtrtoted. Twenty per oeat or tae Mexloaa euatoaa receipts la to be appropriated for Its prepayment. Tbe treaty a loo contemplates a Joint postal arrangement ale Tebuaatepeo aa well aa the traaalt of taat root#. There la no stipule* tion tor the oeeaton ol any territory. NelUor Congress or the Proaidaat have authority to oootraet a loan. CHIRTT?VOf Ill'Il CO.fOAICIV aicoRB ?w. Mniu. Wabiiisoio*, Feb. 3?, HIT. tna inuiiA ranAtoMBir. Mr. Thrvaru, (rap ) of 111, aatd Im bU baaa raqaaatad la praaaal a aaaartal froaa Iwaatp terra hulM tad thirty an m? abera ot lha Qoaaa at Ra waaaatailra* of lha tiaaarmi Ataeaably tf ladtaM aUliif that II wtm laapoitaat w their rgbl* aa wall at la lha rtghta at thai Mala I bat lhara ah cm id ka a apeedy decuicn la lha eaaa af Mr. Fiioh, who elairoa ta baa a baaa ele .led la a tea* la lha Bacata. Ha raid the rtqarat tf tba petiuoaera ataaMd aa riaacaafa that ba Uaatad It ?a?:d rewire lha farorabla eoaaldaraUoa at lha Ooaialttaa aa Ik Jadtetary, aad It at lhay woald aiktu early report aa lie eabJeet Mr. Tooaaa, (dear ) at Oa , r<airbed Uai ht vai praparad la aaha a report near, aad proofread ta read N. I? eeta forth tha^tha eoaatuoo hare feuad thai aoaa at lha lapattaat aar.ara ot fact atlrgad by lha oonteal*ola, reailre lo iha mat ear la aktoh tha oiariioa at Mr Kitah ?aa held, aia dcaU<! by hlaa, aad baaaa It banaa aieaaaary ta take tha teottBoay at parte a 1 raaidlac Ua led at a, for tha hatiar aaaarlalhaaaat af iha dirpatah facta. Mr Tec nil clftnd a rraalaltaa that toaohta? tha aaaa of ceatceied tleeixm of Mr Fitah, who had mm retan?d aad adaaltied la a teal irooi lodlaaa the alulae aeeoa bar aad all prraaaa protaaUag agataat hi* atantina, ha araMed la taha inu*i? ? iw < ia?M>. Kutaaa and of ioJo ntwker tooobiaf all mettera Us?*ia ooetaimod, bourn toy Jedmtf Mo Diolr tot Ooort 0* lk? Called autot or ooy .lodge of Mo CoaraoM or Orcall Ooort of iko Koto of ladiooo. by Irak gieiog Ma doya' ecuro of Iko Hom ood flow af tech proaotdiogi la aoao Mbito gaaouo |rttio* ta ibo cltr of lodlaaopoia. Mr Tooai* roamihod ikat om of u>o moo* importaa* oooaktama loeoletd la Ik* oooaidtroiloo of Iko locality ad IBM elmtaa was, oMkor Iko poraoao who ocwd aa I""!'" ?o Iko caaaral aooombly waro Ircaily oottUoO to tkolr a?a*a or a.*, thla wo* Iko emtrorrriod potot. tod MM rommhtaa waro aaoMo Id report the tola to Iko Peaato wttooet dro* uktaf toaMaaaay. Mr Mn-ABT, (dea*) af ataUgaa, okjaotod io Iko proaool ooaotderaiioo of Mo wiklaa*. aa Imoly to giro Moo lo dokatoaac lo orMro wMk iko aMralog baataooa. Iko raaoloiioa ilea oroc eador iko raM, aad tbo royort waa oraoroo to ko prtaiod. , nt i kkavob rana miTun. Mr. raarr, ti Md , preooatod ibo oredaottala of Aatkoay Koaoody, oM lod Meooior from Marylaad for Ma yoara Iroai Iko Ilk of korch aool. rrmjr at iijumm m cttao. ill Mr. noroLoa. af 1U , lowodoood a Mil for Ma oroolioo af a tt?l Oflloo kwiidirg at CMro. Iiltoolo. aaooeuia row wren Mr. BtTAat, of Miok . morel, ui Iko Cimmlilao aa mm* ?N nrairpi irm or IN Bottoa, Oaroord NO Montr oal Hat'road Crtapaoy, u( tram tba nwiomli of tba lofialatora oI Ij?a aaktaf I rax la of lar.rfa Mr. Foot of f\ , on?od, ami tba GatnmHlao oa PnMto Ut h waa dtt<Jiargib rraa tbo pNNioao or tat oiiiiaM of Vat moat, itraytao for a oHMtiaoatloa of lb# haaat j iao4 law*, ami from tt?a aaooMrtal of tbo oil a oar or Kaoow for a BoawtMd aul rraia ur asrf n'TTB roa nra panne Mr P?w*ar, of M T., iron the Cm mitten ot Coolasareo. Mport'd a Mil aaU>orta'.ag (bo Pr'tHea* to proemo a rtoaaa rovcaao octtor to bo atibooot oa ibo'rarlflo looat. r*w octa* Man, rnta* aot too Mr of Pa , Iron ui? Cwi?tt?? oa Ik) P.mi < filer, t< period a bill la pronido for tbo ctrrrioo of the na la flow Man Yorb lo lara, Houh jtmarea. t'rnh aa ai iha latrrardla'a porta; and a bill lor earrrlnr tbo ma la from I'aaama to V a) par alto oa Ui? neat nnaei n> Ptrio Amtibia tatonate ioa with tba mail ronton nirtady atlabiirbrd or hortafior to bo aotabiitaeH to Mo* 'irlrara, Nrw Yorb and fWwnlo. ?? " ? i Tfnt oovaa at norror t.5i5,s?:,i?i;yrsssi m ???.i . ro rat r***npoo . ' *' ? ,M*i <b^Ni aa laa Paob