Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1857 Page 2
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_2 AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Oar F&rii and Berlin Correspondence, Oh, Our Paui* Comt|nndt?rr. Pabis, April 2S, 1)467. Proftntd Rtform oj th* Financial SytUm of France?Grand Patmbrokiog SrKrmt?JustaUahen of tkc Pint Archbuhop of Part??Rrvotu ternary Indication* Arrnal of tk* Grand Dak* Conotanfmc?Mcmemrr.U of tAt Conrt for th* Stat on?The Lav AgainU PundoTitltt - TV z.mperor uutrtt to tuetort a Landed AriHccrocy lo Pronet.' The present apparent insufficiency of the precious metals for the requirement of trade and manufactures has induced a hL J. Nobel to publish a brochure, under the title of La Banque, in which he advocates a sweeping reform of the present financial system. Be proposes, to nee his own words, "to dethrone specie and suppress credit," by bringing all valuable property into easy circulation, and suggests a property bank. This bank, the capital of which is cot to be restricted within any particular limit, is to transform1 all the valuable property of France into money, by lending upon pledges having a real and undoubted value. These pledges may consist of landed property, or goods, or any kind of moveables. All them pledgee the bank is to value at their mini' mum, and only lend to the amount of two third of such m in mum; the loans to be for periods no, exceeding one year, but to be renewable so long at the p'edgc retains Its former value, the bank to pa] in nou of 1,000f., lOOf. and lOfretaining one p? cent for reserve fond; in case the loans be not re imtuieed at the stated,period, or renewed, tbe plcdgi to be sold, the net anrplua, it any, derived from ttu sale, to be paid to the owner, who. in the contrary caw. u Donna 10 meee up ue acnciency. in iocs tbe sobeaw is grand national pawnbroker shop. Tbe installation of Cardinal Marlot, aa successor to our m???5ered Archbishop, will take place the day after tit-momnr, fSaturday, tbe U5th inst.,) at Notre Dame, the honorary canons, the euros of tbe diocew, the chaplains of the different establishments, and other members of the clergy, are to assemble at the cathedral at half-pest one o'cloak. In honor of the ceremony of taking possession, tbe bells of all tbe churches of Paris will ring out the evening bofore, as wrtl as on the day of installation. On Son* day lafct the eath was administered to his Eminence at the Tuifctiia With the usual formalities, and an unexpected scene took place. The Emperor, In whose presence the ceremony had been performed, suddenly, as by an impromptu motion, flung himself ou bis knees before the Cardinal, beseeching the privilege of Ms'flijetbfnedictba. This hiving been given, the Cardinal was conducted to the apartments of the EatpfM nod of the Prinse Imperial, that he might perform the same oersoiony. The Pallium will be 'eceWbl 'bybiis Eminence la the chapel of the Nooeiatutw, eh Saturday, from the hands of Monsignor Saoconl. Hew full of lie odor of sanctity and of perce all this reads, and what a state of calm and tranquillity aught Co be augured of tbe repose of the Emperor, whoae head is thus occupied. aim i i iear appearances in inis as in so many other sub)01*17 ttl<ng* are deceitful. The tone of the public mind ia by no Beans satisfactory, and the recently discovered scheme, for?to use Uie conventional language?ridding Franco of her despot, has more than ever stirred ibe "lees" of society. Ail men, indeed in circles very far removed from "the lees,'' are busily discussing the results that would probably have followed tne success of mich an enterprise, from which an easy acoession ia n>ade to conjecture as to what would happen were N apoleon removed under any circumstances whatever. As for the " lei a," they have long settled that question, by proclaiming that France will rise at her next revolution, and demand her rights with a cry of Mood that ihall ring throughout its length and breadth; and in Pari* especially, the doctrines of Pcuaboe have taken nuJi strong root-bold, and the interest of hatred towards the Proprietary is so intense .that no one doubts the species of saturnalia that would lollow. It is a melancholy truth, that N spoil on, with ad his efforts, his unwearied diligence, his undoubted self negation, has not caused his gove mmem to be respected. He has stopped the prc^s and lean a nothing; but that is s fearful groundwork, if be but only know it, which Jf not guarded again*',, will one day unites re him-elf, his throne, his infant heir, bt* beautiful Kntpreng, and his troop of needy speculator*, with an overthrow too terrible to think ol. IV Kern, the .Swiss Plenipotentiary. has left for i'crnc, alter having been received at tne rnileries, and the conferences ate again delayed. the Grand l?ukr ConsUnune is at Marseilles. He left Nice on the l;?ta instant, in the It uauan steam trigate Olaff. eecoited by the screw liner Wiborg, M-ariag the flag of Bear .WmLral Behrens, tne steam frigate Polk* 11 ar.d the sauuig Irigate Castor, f tie N svetu wa? sent out to meet nitri, and at a quarter to three the battery of the Crosse rour tired a salute of 101 gnus- Soon after all the slops in the roads were dresatd with flags sod had their yards manned. and on he Olaff pae-tog them in succession -die am- linden with 1-md Mid he*rty cheers, wine the Ui?d wb< taken np by each ship. When ?>fl the fust port the Olnff hoisted tne French flag and faulted it. (ienaral Todtlelxn and Count <le KiaMtlilT, the Ruaaian smbeKntidor to the court ot the TuileiHit. went ? !! to the III ill to salute the l)nke. On Undlng, the )onni Prlnoe reviewed the troops. A grand review, also, of 6<i,000,mcn in preparing for bun in the Cbarop do Mar" on uta reaching ParisPrince N*{>ol''ori visit'4 yesterd*y the exhibition of ttie works of Paul I)eiaro< he at the Ecole Jes Ueaux Arte Ou leaving. tno Prince left Keif, to the fun-, in latror of the d-. trruwd artist i, for whon toe exhibition takes place. The hmj-cror. it is said. intends visiting Plorabiers again after the *e:i*-wi, and Madame do (Wipm-ne has si ready secured a residence within ft?j kw of Ibe court The En press will goto Piantr. where, after a time, the Emperor will join her. The following tab e will be interesting, as showing the jjroirnwaire in-icsee of th* iKipulation of Pans fnitii the thirteenth century to the present day ? IV-irI f'opulo/v S l'sera. J' jrulm/um. libel iifi.sot i:ai 600,000 If.'si 306.000 l"O0 MT,1M li lli 606.000 1M7 *.73,7fW 176J. 670,000 1666 1,174,110 Hence it appear* that the population was doubled in the space ot 202 years, intervening between 1653 and I76A. while the same rfte t has been prodared in the r-uise of the last 50 yean, from 1807 to the pressnt time. Public <il<eu.?aion is still much occupied on the subject of toe proposed law for putting down the a*munptif*i of laJ?e titles, and It is easy to see that if pav-rd it will not carry with it the sanction of tha people g- nasally. la fart, all cla ee*. except tho?e dependent on tne ocurt speak with contempt about it The legitimism say they require no Intermeddling about their titles: .hat in all the disturbances to stfu Pans has heen ex posed, the registration has never been ioteffrrr?d with, and what was good in fee tin e ot l/Ou.? the Fourteenth Ji equally unimpea hsi-ie now. Their gem slogies are sacred seriates, not to 1* violated by the hand of Napoleon nor in* loyiioMoii*. it* middle el protect thai in tli* present arnrigeoient ef the land all tttUv- ate a fame. ar<J the m?n t of the population rrt ?in?1 that to llfit nfruiah men from one .mother by <ti-4lnotiTc li> rejitiarv honor*, into strike at the eery foundation of ctn! liberty. Bat foral! tht*, the government, it m evident, ha* aet ita heart tip m havtoK ? titled amtocracy ami. mute t/vi mult, Napoieoa will have oae. Hi* or if an- are rrery wh'^ seeming that the d?eline of the French la traceable 1<. the f.rraent Wan- mi?n in of landed property, bj whirh it i* divided and rab-divtded in ?kd a run ner that it* heritage becomes uaelena for all the purimaea of maintaining a giowing imputation a id thai i aught not to he peteevered in. Under color ol charging tbl? agricultural dinaion of pr? ty, the an irny br (banged ae to leavemota f<>> landed rnatepracy ant thaa the (Ltrllng nitfect o .h'apoleno le aororci Imbed. Mr onn pinion In, tbat his W^Jarty hid bent take t? d n time, aad not urge the people be ride* t-xi ar. Wnrma will sometimes turn ag a. and the u a?*?^ ma) vet take vena'-aooe tor toe j ri rat ion o< heir i nt-iMl right*. The prestige la mvorof rana ha* r<>mpieteiy jiaeaed away. ?i d uoUi % tbat oai) now i* (i >ne ?ill eter rerive an arlsto y so a < to make it, wbai It foftrwrlT fM. and 1 UtI Ini Kn?land a imlwark between the people *?d the throne. Oar Btrllntairr'pmidtnrt., April Jit 1MT. 7M fir.mnnl P*nj*fU of Covrmment - D*bmtf m tht H?rcmtl CKamUr m ;ht /Vree?IV Cmmmtk+m Pnmnn- of Minttirrt am Mr. H'mwmrr i Motion tm P, ',WR f.trmrn? Rwmmrd Withdrawal of Ih* Call Tar. dr.. dr. TV Ch*mbm haee jn* n>et a^ain , after the ra WM?. and la the crmrae <>f thin ??k the Upper UawK mj V tipaoted to decide upon the Qaanctal projects which hare c?u?d nch excitement through Mt the kingdoM, and whiofc, after a aevere struggla, were partially carried by government la the lever breach of the Legislature. Btroag bopca are HU1 axpiond that the odlona salt tax trill be lliitfwn out in the "I . rda;" but I can percaire that people are But quite so sanguine on this head as they were before the holidays. The committee appointed by the House to ex"trine the project has. Indeed, de dared against it, and that almost unanimously, only one member out of thirteen (an officeholder, by the way) having to ted in its favor; this, however, as I mentioned in a former communication, is by no means decisive o( the ultimate fate of the motion; the oommittee merely give their opinion, and the House is at libei ty to actgupon it or not as they think proper. During the recess influences have been brought to bear on the noble legislators which It most be dlffi. cult for them to resist, unless they aie possessed of ' much greater firmness andrlodependence of charac tcr than their antecedents would load one to anticipate. There will undoubtedly be a strong opposition; a great deal of eloquence will be wasted, and it will cost ministers some trouble to carry their point; but I can hardly believe that an assembly that prides It self especially upon its loyalty and devotion to the crown will plock up courage sufficient to rqject a measure which the King and his advisers have aet tnetr heart* upon, ana without wntcn tney aeciare it will be impossible to keep tbe machinery of government in working order. It ia urged, indeed, that , this is not a question in which political principle* t are involved, but a mere affair of finance, on which 1 even tbe tttaancbeat royalist may be allowed to enr terrain views differing from those of government r without any imputation on his "patriotism;" and of r coui>e If this were not the ease, the idea of any mls material proposal being negatived in the npper ? house, would be perfectly Utopian. As matters atand ' at present, however, the defeat of ministers in a , question wlikh they have advocated so strenuously, and which it required the exertion of all their authority to pass through tbe second chamber, would not only derange their financial schemes, but be justly considered as a political event of no alight importance. Who knows whether it might not even give rise to a "ministerial crisis?" Baron Muntcuffel might threaten to resign, or some other direful catastrophe ensue, more terrible than the approaching comet that is to put an end to this vile world on the 13th June. Buch reflections are not likely to be without their due weight on so conservative a body as tbe Prussian House of Lords. In the Second Chamber there has been very intertsting debates on a vary interesting topio--thc press; and whatever may be their practical effect, they heve at least given the liberal party, and even some members of the extreme right, an opportunity of exposing the petty manoeuvres and mean equivocation resorted to by the government to stifle the expression of public opinion in this ?ountry. Previous to the revolution of 1?48 the political press, not only in Prussia, but ou tbe whJe continent of Europe, with the exception of Prance, Holland and Belgium, were subject U> the censorship?a useful and ingenious institution that owes its origin to bis Holiness Tope Alexander VI., the father of the virtuous La" cretia Horgjh, who, being rather addicted to poison, ing his flock in the body, was anxious to prevent horitical authors fiom poisoning their minds. The duty of the censor was to examine the proofb of any book or newspaper issued fiom the press, to erase such passages as be thought contrary to religion, morality, or to the political interests of his employers, and to affix his imprimatur to the rest, if indeed be did not think fit to veto the publication altogether. In Prneeia, under the late King, the censorship wis remarkably strict, particulate in regard to politics, the newspapers only being allowed to publish official reports, and to translate or copy such articles from foroism journals as were approved of by the censor. Afior the accession of hi i present Majesty a little more latitude waa accorded to them: some of the papers actually began to give leading artioies; books of more than twenty printed sheets were exempted from the censorship, and a tribunal was established toahich publications could be submitted that had been rejected by the cecor on grounds deemed inauihekat by the authors or editors. At that time it was quite the fashion to appear liberal, to talk of the march of intellect and the progress of enlightened ideas; even the Prussian burmucratf* had caught the infection, and government not then having the fear of revolution before its eyes, many tilings weie winked at that would not be tolerated now. The events '48 swept away the censorship and every thing appertaining to it; for eight months the Prussian press was free as air, ami newspapers of all sorts sprang up like mushrooms, who-e unrestrained violence of ton" and lanmiaae contrasted strangely with the guarded circumspection imposed upon them under the old system. This liberty, or license as it is called now, received a first check through the counter revolution of November, 1?4S: Mveiai ot the journals most obnoxious to government were suppressed, aul in lhi'.t a law " for regulating the press" was octroyed, which was followed two yews liter by one still more stringent. Every daily or wrek'.y paper had to deposit a certain sum as securiiy for its good IwiLarinr, and for the tines it m'ght lie sentenced to. Not only the Prussian, but even foreign journals were subjected to a *tainp duty, offences of the press were removed from the cognixanoe of the jury to that of a Htar Chamber?a high court of justice appoiutod by government; and finally a copy of every paper was required to bo produced at the police office previous to being dLsai>>uted, thus indirectly reviving the censorship which had beeu abolished "forever" by the constitution. One would have thought such regulations roffi lent to attain the object proposed by government; and, in fact, the preen has been as tame ever since as any reasonable person would desire, confining itself almost exrlulively to the disr umions of foreign p ilitics, and evincing the mon. cautions reserve in its allusions to domestic afftirs; but not ratwlifd with this forced modcrsti <u, whi b -till admit- o| at least a ambiance of oppxitim, ministers have proceeded to raiuzie it hU1 moreedectually by arbit.ary interpreUUona o: their own laws, and by administrative enactments ol a character vexatious and anenrd. According to the leti trr of the law. for instance, no one ia allowed to edit , a newspaper, to establish a printing office, or even i" ep a l?>dweller'sahop, without a "coocc ring or license, and government is authorised to withhold aurh licenses from persons who are what the Herman* call UtcJtnlUn. This terra has always twen applied ia legal phraseology to person.* of bad repute, and means literally " one upon whom n proach has been cast, ia contradistinction to w*/?*rAWi'a, IrreproachaMe. Now, notil quite lately, no one was r >n?idcred tmchoUrn who h:id ; not be-n convicted of some criminal offence and suffered nunisnment In ' omequence; but all at once a new interpretation of the word has been discovered by the Miiiist r ol tha Interior, pursuant to which I jot only tlw editors of journal* prosecuted for , uffbnces against the press laws, but even the printers ' of works or p'-riodicals displaying a factious opjto-il i linn Ln crrivi-rrmptit. or utoo.K/iitinW ouiliions hiMtilp to the exiHtiog inatitotlooe or the country, are In closed under the denomination of brtckoltm, and may be deprived of their hu?ini*a accordingly. Thia ia a apeei i.en of the meaaores employed to circum*. ill* even tie narro* circle in which the pie* la roodemneri to move. Add to thia the frequent wisure of uewepipeni by the police, the exouituon of oh noxioua editor a from place* wnere they have not ac quired the right of cttize*nhip, the cautlon'.nr*. and eo 'orth, and it will he aeon nndar what difficulties the azprteeion of Independent opinion* moat labor In a auntn where the law* me alrained to auit the ooo*ariier.ce of gnrenunent, and whare the untorturinie authors and printer" only cape the public proaecutor to 'all into the dutci.e* of the police. It waa again rt eu:b alniaea that M. Mathia, the leader of ttial'beril onaeiaatlve party, brought in hia motion which haa formed the rahject of delate in the Second < bam her for the l**t few day*. He wa* willtti"', hr m'.d. to aobmit to legal enactment* Hgaiimt the puaa, Ou ; it wa* oontrary to re aeon and jnatice to render these enactmente etUl more atiin , P4*:ut 17 I' IWI lUkripiriiikiUiP ?I1'? NKMIIM Y CU, croacbtwnts of tlie 1 x?.cutivc. Hoch a Hoc of a"t!on only around the dangers It w is intended to ohvfnid, by producing a feeling of bitter, though subdndri res' n'nieui, thatMKimrer later would liad tod, anurous coetquctcer. Tup old raoaorehip wai power >;*a to amat'be caUstrijibe of'I*, and if Europe should again be coo ?u.m <1 by 1 he role aide thmCd of revolntlon, tbe yoke sf the police would be llung off With do less fe< Utty than that of the cursor. As a proof of tbe state ot aubjaction to which the pr"*s bed been red'.otd, he mentioned that not a single paper, with the e*cer'ion of the government organs, had ventured to discuss a motion so deep'? involving its interests. Ministers might argue, indeed, that this only showed the newspaper vriVrs were satisfied with their present condition, and had no coin plaint to make; but tbev knew very well that tbe silence of the press was enforced br motives of a vai v different nature. Ibwidos M. Mathis, several member*, both of the right and left, made telling and ektqnent r[?he? among the reid M. dilm, the head the Jan\tr or aristocratic party, sad at ocaa Km YOBK. HERALD, tonal eoatri Niter to the Krtua-Zewnr, wb dechmi that if Mitten wen * iibfrtv to rite tiM enn vh? ae betehaUm whoee views dMaa agree with thur own, he should Ma the rwk ?f thai ucpljbig that epithet to him fttjraitbg against th NftpokeBk im France. The fhet is. that th ultra-eotwereaiive org mm have had ae much te suffa froa the police as the ultra-liberal ones, paiticolarl daring the late war, when the former were prow oated for their attacks upon France, and the latt? for their attacks upon Boatfa; inked, the phik Bosnians were worse off in this respect than tbil as MJU ? i VUvU gVVVIUUiCUl MUiUlO nUsiud in Midi matter* than the Buulu, and an article derogatory to Napoleon IIL was sure to b followed by a complaint from bis ambassador, an provoke an outpouring of the vials of wrath upo the bead of the offending journal. The Mini*tar ? the Interior and hie colleagues made bat a feeble d< fence; argument is not their fort, nor is it necessai to be ss long as they hare a phalanx of blind adb< rente at their command. They had always kef within the limits prescribed by law, they said: be people were never satisfied. The state of tl press could not be bo bad as was represented, as no withstanding the alleged oppression exercise against it, tue circulation of nearly all the princ pal journals had increased daring the last few yaar if this be the case it is certainly not in consequent of the measures taken relative to the press, bat i spite of them, and is to be attributed more espi cia)ly to the Oriental crisis, whish made every on eager for news, and to the subsequent Immense di veloytement of industrial speculation, of which th jwp? r? uavtt witrii w ououu uiwr iP|wri on the mouey market, a theme of muoh greater ii tareat now-frdays to a vast number of readem tha any political dtog nisteiona whatever. The fltet of the Bering of resolutions offered fa M. Mathla vai negatired yesterday, by 153 vott against 102; and immediately after an amend met passed by M. Wegener, ex editor of the Krtuz Zt tunf, and expressing nearly the same thing in more round-about manner, was carried by a maji l ity of one (12G to 125.) It refers to the coacc fiions, or licenses for printing and publishing, whic govermoent is enjoined not to refuse or withdra without the verdict of a court of justice. I am ft trcin being sanguine as to tho effect of this vot. perhaps ministers may ignore the injunction alt gethcr, as they have done on similar occasions, or may bo reversed by another amendment. But it an important and cheering fact that pubiio opinloi though silenced in the press, can still speak out i the chambers; the Prussian representatives urn n< under lock and koy, like Louis Napoleon's Corf I-egWatif; their debates ate public, and this pu! liclty forms a check upon the proceedings of go' eminent that at least suffices to prevent Prussi from being engnlphed in the abyss of despotist that has swallowed up the liberties of her briliiai and mercurial neighbor. It is stated Ihis morning that the salt tax will t withdrawn, the opposition in the First Chamb* having been toond Insuperable, and that an ii creased duty on tobacco will be substituted in ii stead. This tumor is probably unfounded, but I a assured again that the "Lorils" continue stsnn ;l and that the ministerial prqject is sure to be rvjec ed. JVcus vtrront. The folio wing statement of the circulation of tt leading Prussian newspapers may be of interest t you in view of these dissuasions on the preas:?1852. 185t Berlin Voeisrho Zeitung (organ of tba bwtrporitie) 11,000 13,4< Cologne Caz'ctte (organ of the hourpolitic) 10,200 12,5! Beihn National Zeitung (liberal, but on gned terms with the police) .... 6.000 C.7I Kreuz Zeitung (tory) 4.800 0,51 Silicon Cazctic (*cmi liberal) 4,C>00 fi.S1 Magdeburg Gazette (liberal) 4,080 5,0! Zeil (ministerial) 4,200 6,71 Volki Zeitung (democratic) 6,375 8,11 Kladdoradatech (tumorous) 202250 2o,6i Only the Sptntrtehe Zeitung (servile, with an a fectation of liberalism) had diminished from t*,0(J to 6,600 copies. Financial Mpn-nlallun In Ktunin and (hr Unit rd Malm?The liNitana Canal and (lie Hall way of flit* Czar. [From the Londou Times, Aprl! 20.] Strange to say?for it really is a fact, and a re markable feet?that most eminently credulous pet nonage, the BritL-h capitalist, does not come forwan to son his sovereigns broadcast over the boundlea dominions of Ku<sia. He does not calculate bus many of those precious articles it will take to Torn a continuous liae from St. Petersburg to Hafts, or t< spread in the form of goldleaf over the Btc 'pet oi t rim Tartary. He dm'rests an empire the dom *ti policy of wrnch is seclusion, and its foreign policj aggression?which plans its internal common aUou tor external operations, and makes mercantile vain a secondary to strategic importance, ilia suspicion are not ailaycd whea he heare that the very mat* rials of tne proposed lmes are to be smnitglcd 1 duty free, like an ambassador's luggage. He recoil from a region where it is all state and na public where trade is tariffed up to the throat, and opinio! is alw?ys on the march to Siberia. Foolish bird a : be is, he fears to venture his bill down the taroa which invites him; for though, no donbt, there is ; bone to he extracted, there are teeth als r to be rc , passed. In fact, our old gentlemen and our ot< ladies, and the motley group thu always turns n| in a list of snaiehclcers to buoble banks and Did diesex railways, are just now in no honor for th' bait, notwithstanding the clerical decoy duel described in our city intelligence, who, is alway ordering ?20,000 worth of Russian sen; from Brussels or Amsterdam. The sphere o enterprise is so distant and so vast; th lines are so long and so straggling; the condition so utterly precarious, the contingencies so Deyoui all calculation, the domestic influence so at solnte, the livalty of all kinds no possible, and, i profitable, so certain, that, strange to say, nobody i trying to steal a march on the Stock Lxchange am get his cent per cent by an empirical exercise of hi private judgment, ringlinh-uen, indeed, dearly lov to win monev against tremendous odds. They llki ^.-.... llo lr,!1.?r. or,. U1VILBiiiuv vjuinvrnvajy ?*??a owiwaavw BUI vt .'Uis np\, cu'atiuns with wonderful gusto. It in it proud ina j went indeed, in the most sanctified of lives, when t man can at out to hi* confidential friend, an< through him to lite whole town, that he hat go : jUO,000 by an investment which he alone had Ui j sagacity or the courage to try. What Iiih | 1 m?n to ?io alter that hut to dia in the odor o affluence? Yet, with this short cut to wealtl ! open to us, notwithstanding its risky and utra uoaicai character, nobody comes forward, at lea* j not openly. Ten years hence we may possibly hea that the worthy I'rrbendsry Have.ill. whose will ha ' just been proved, doubled his foitune by Kusaiai tailways; nut at present the establishment, tne fa cuitira, the half pay liat, and dowagera keep aloof and the Emperor of llusaia will have to reiiwit hi 1 l.tMik. to alter nis terms, to give up his enterprise, o . to make his subject* construct ilu ir own railways. Not, then, for the sake of further warning, fo none appear* to l-e necessary, but rather to justif; ourselves for the part we nave taken, we will tod i snort story of a much more promuiiog t cheme. In i much more improving region, and one mn.h uon within the reach or ilriti*n knowledge ant surveillance. Ten years ago there was tbi flourishing State of Indiana, which every j body could know as much about as hi phased. It is medio**, however, to extol it position, its resource*, its everything; for. as tlx sequel shows, they were ail considerably too good and are the very cause of the whole t'nurbiel wi have to teiL Ten years ago. then, this very promi sing young State had made immense improvements 1 and still found gieat room lur improvement; and what with past, present and fntn?e Improvements l both owed and wanted a great deal more morei than its government coo d just then lay it? hand upon. In fact, it bad got into that stags of difficulty which we have been lately told in the Bankruptcy Court is certain to occur in the ee nud or thirc , >r*r of ibc lOuDieHi unuei taxing*. it owed aomi \ millions sterling, and, having paid no interest or it* debt tor nix yeara, ll wm on the eve of repudia j t.oii, JukV mm iu natural ree?ui<ea were sbcwinj themselves to brighter color* thun ever. ho, aft) j )um? negotiation, a compromise wa? made beiwect ' the Hlaip and it* creditor*, a good many of whon i were at New York, hot many more we rear, in thn i country, wntch strikes ua ae about the moet spleodh 1 conception that ever entered into the head of tlnan ! clal detai^Wr. We are not rarphiied to find a com I mitee ot the unfortun i e dupe* sa>ingot the ana j cuanfal performer* that "they *ruove ibc rock o financial rcaource, and tbe living water* g i*h?< I fortb; tbey touched the rock of public credit, and f *pr?r-g upon ita feet' Indeed, after a carefnl ex uoiination of the whole scheme, wnflakc,the hf?rty o suggesting to the Lmperor of Hua*ia to *end a to Indianapolis, ana neenre. on any term* what etrr, the service* of the gentleman who made thi arrangement: tor weareqnlte certain if aoyhodyr*i cor*r all Itucein with a re*icnlationof railways ?t th< | expense oftbe HnUeh.French, I'atch.andeveryUiinj I except H'teeian pubic, it i* tbe partie* in question I Our own immediate poxpoee, however, in referrlni o it la juat to show our own countrymert bow utter ly nnable tbey mn*t l>* to estimate the prospects o any new arid distant enterprise, and now entire!] i thrv Trust U> at the mere* of ffuvcrnm.-nua virU mhuentea, commercial hang ::a,ai.d acuitlc jtd of at hind* beyoftd their con?roL The lolloarfbt, then, wit? the compromise mai( by tbe Suie of Indiana with its wiariel, h it atil hopefhl, aradrtorn of all nation*:?Among vartoni imprnwernrntA in pmgrc^ or Intended the mo? advanced and the moat promining waa a canal l*o not at ait, llritiali reader, at tha idea of ai unbundled canal In the veai ln|f|, or aipposi that there muet alio have been a grna? of greei epectaclea ofie-eil with It to prepare the eye* or th< creditor* for an inepectiod ol the liargain, Th< <tnal waa alwolatel) naeenaary to the ilevdopcmeir of Indiana. It wae fW by the river Waba?b. am tan right through the Plate, of rearer avoiding ai much ** poem hie other htatea, and joined the Ohli and Lake Krte. Tbe financier*. broker* and engl aawe maiLcd out an extcasie haaia that the una SUNDAY, MAY 10, 1857. ? moat aceemodale, and whw traffic H nuet far i * Ibe pMtot amaopollo* b was tbe high- ] 4 way of tbe State, end what pot that beyond pjeef i * waa that eomeeowe of ielewled r?U way were all I * directed to points on tl* Wabash and Erie ca?al. I e and thus promised to fulfil the pleasing relation of i t branch** to trunk, fuedete to main channel, chli- \ y ana vo pwwi, w? wu??v.w WO VUO ywamao wv 1 s- imagine them. It was true Oat the State of Ohio i t had a rival canal, and that the State of Illinois had ( i- a rind and all but parallel railway forthcoming, < i bat what WWW ther to Indiana ? Unfortunately, t t- the State had not even money enough to flniih the f j oanal, so by way of killing two birds with one i e stone the State got its creditors to finish the canal, ] d at a cost of $800,000, and then take the profits >< n in payment of half the debt. They caaght at thd , << if proposal so eagerly that, half doubting their look, l y they got a aeoond act to cllneh the bargain, and pre- < y tent the State from meddling with the canal till t ?- they had paid themselves out of its profit*, which 1 it all of the most competent authorities in the State i it said must ha enormous. 1

ie Ilave our pteacient readers followed the dodge? c t- Not a soul of them, we will venture to say. liow i d in the world are they to enter into the mystery of ( i- an American or a Russian financial scheme till ' 1 s. they have actuslly put their finger or their foot 1 ie into it? Why,the Wabash and Erie canal was,of 1 a course, prodigiously prosperous by contributing to 1 s- the construction of the railways that were to ruin it 1 te It was the scaffold of the building,?the contra (tors' I a- tramway and plant, to be cleared off and sold for. I io waste iron as soon as the real work was finished. As 1 is fast as the canal was poshed on the railways on both ! l- sides were pushed on too,snd the canal sujppHedthem j n and tbe population flowing into the Hta$) with rails I and materials of all kinds. But as each railway was y finished it commenced a moat undutlfhl competition, 1 is and beat the old canal, or rather the old he w off tbe < it line. Tbe creditors opened their eyes like puppies i ?- the second or third year after the bargain, ana at 1 % tneir eutrauy iae niuus niwuimcu iivm icmau/ cu- * o- teting the field against them. But railways, of j a- course, it must have, as the neighboring States were < h making them fast; so It passed an act allowing 1 w the construction of railways by private enterprise, ir and the work went on apaoe. For a time,then, < the canal had a suicidal prosperity, which, of < 0- course, came to au end when the railways in this 1 it and the neighboring States were ail made, it now 1 is can only just keep itself going, if it can do so mnch. a, The rents and tolls are swallowed up in the ex- ' n penses; they have been reduced to 20 per ceat, or less i >t of what they were, but, as all the profitable traffic )h is carried off to the railways, and the greater part 1 b- of the heavy tr affic too, the canal is a baoxrupt con- 1 r- ceru. It has answered a temporary purpose, and is I is now good for nothing. The shareho'ders are ooming 1 tri again to the legislature of Indiana?no longer, of I it course, as indignant creditors?they have lost that ' position?but as outwitted and ruined mortgagees, re aud ask for a dole from the State Treasury. Our rr readers know, of course, how likely they are to get a- it. But, can anybody say they are a bit more at the ta mercy of the Legislature of Indiana, or that they a have proved themselves a bit more simple and erel, dolour than sny ordinary Englishmen throwing hie t- mcney into Russian railways? We can only say that even now we wonld rather invest in Indiana re than lu Russian railway shares, for there U always :o some hope in the justice of a free and prosperous people, but none whatever in either the power or the desire to pay of a corrupt bureancrcy.', 10 The ttholnnle F.xlle of Italians to Month America. X) [Naples (April 15) cone*p?ndouc? of Londou Timoa.] The government, it would appear, still cherishes its intention of transporting many of those in prison to the Argentine Republic, and has put in cominis2 hi oil two fifty-gun vessels, the Parthenope and the vo Regius. Negotiations were to be concluded to day ro by General firacco for chartering ten o: the best x> and most solid merchant vessels of the Neapolitan f. marine. Four of those vessels belong to Sorrento, iq the remainder to Prccida, united with two of Sioily. The negotiations hare been going on since last Thursday. The expedition for the Argentine Republic is to be wholly completed by the luth of April. 1- The two armed vessels are to act as a convoy. The expenditure which the Neapolitan aoveruinent will make for this expedition, including the armament of the frigates, exceeds 300,000 ducats. In the arsenal three hundred and eighty-two men are working 1 night and day iu getting these vessels ready. Tbe political pruoneis in the bagm of the two portions of the kingdom who have accepted the 1 offer to leave the country da not exceed, I am told, l '23; but there area number of soldiers, amounting ' to upwaida of 300, who have lately been turned out < of the army on suspicion, and Bent to the Inlands, < who will be uent oil. It in the intention, nay some 1 of my informant*, to send 2,000 person*. There is no reason why it should not send 10,000 off, having the power to do so, and no conscience to control that power; but, voluntarily, few of the political prisoners will leave. M. Falcon, the CouqsuI for the Argentine republic, is daily in communication with General Bracco and Signor Carafa. It is this treaty which has been put forward as the basis of negotiations between our government and the Two Biol- I lies. Should it receive the slightest countenance from our government It will cover it deservedly with shame. The treaty is nothing more than : a a aet for transput liug all who may have > been condemned or simply shut ap as obstacles to the tree course o( the present system of government. It substitutes perpetual exile for imErisonment. It is a punishmeot unknowi to the tw. It moreover acts, not only against those who : have been tried and condemned (waatever the nature I of that trial may have been), bnt against iteUnuli | ! politict, men who have been laid hold of without any i reason being assigned, and without being subjected I to any trial. Supposing that no for e be used, and i that many voluntarily leave the country to avoid a . harder late, no political amelioration will be effected I j by it, but the contrary. Arbitrary power will be 1 yet stronger, betansc it will have less to dread, and In a short time excroaccnces as frightful as those of which tho Argentine treaty will have relieved I it will be formed again. It is mortifying to think it i even possible that by sending back her legation ) England oan leud her countenance io a measure which would lie cruri an<1 unjust in prinoiple and ' J perfectly ineffective tor good. e Lord f*nlmerstnn'a foreign follcy?I?or?l \*- j l pier's t'erilrai American Instructions. f [Kroin the I ondon Herald, April M J , In the recent intelligence fiom the United States our renders may hare seen a paragraph relating to , t a certain demand for indemnification which our < r minister bad intended to make, but which, upon | g second thoughts, I<ord Napier bud determined to a withhold, morn especially aa the French Minister, j who had received analagous instniti jns from his ' own government, had failed in his application to s Fiertdent Pierce, and had not thought proper to < i r renew his demands upon the gnv< ramout of Mr. i Buchanan. The demands were for courpeiusti'm [ I r to the French and English mibjecti who had i j f suffered in the bombardment of Grcytown on the i % 13th of July, 1Ho4, many of whom have hern ! i ft j beggared that gross outrage, and all of whom. It < e wan belie ted, enjoyed the protection of the British 1 flag. We are at a loss to understand the supinenesft b ofLord Napier In this matter, except upon the aup j pohiUuo that hie instructions restricted him to the b gentlest form of remonatraaje- that, in ahort. the < 1 government by whom he ta accredlied have neither b the honesty nor the courage to insist upon reparation , of a wrong by a pon-erfui gofternaeut like that of b the lotted States. r With the rirmmstaroes connected with the Greyi, town aflair, and with the peculiar relation tn which , the British government stands to that of Mo*quBo, , our readers are doubtless familiar; but a? tho eutirr t question must be aoon bruogh'. before; the uotice of ? Parliament, we may an well glanoe at ita leading fear tnrea. The British connection with Mosquito, identi* f cat with the Mosquito Protectorate, aaeumed the form 1 in which we have been accustomed to regard it b to war de the cloae of the last century. Rnglind had i bv degree* established a footing on the shore* of the r Carrloean Sea. She had acquired from Spain the t "useful domain" or that territory since known at 1 r British Hondnras, and it was r-nositerad highly ad i l vleable to cnlUvate amicable relation* with the wild I triU* who inhabited the adjoining region, in order \ ? to anticipate any other P ?wr eii night desire to i I do so, anJ to place itself in duagr< < able proximity | i. to lUllfc In this policy we have Sen entirely so." I i cesaful. Il?c it-i King baa b >n ouc falthfal j r j ally, and we have undertaken to protect hia border f i against all intruders. We have kept our faith for a I 1 time, at least. British subjects who received grants i t ' of tnnd from the Mosquito government have been - I protected on two or three different occasions against j f attempts at dispossession on the part of the neight boring republic of Honduras. Towards the close J r of 184i a very determined atempt w.n made by tbe | a state of Niraragsa to encroach upon the north hank i of the Kan Juan, and to orrnny the town at tho | ? month of fhst. river, In view of the nrcjecied comma- ] t nlcottnn bets een the two ix?*ns. lsird PsImeMton > thm Por.'icrn Miniver: wh?'did he do? Why 1 j , early in 1>-4^ be ?>rd? red * chin of war to Han Juan I i do Niiarauua; extruded tho.NVaragnan authorities i f 1 ri tt; reinstated the Mosquitoa; hoisted lbs i r Tlritish flag; charged tlie name of the place to j I I Urrjtown: and fixed the southern outlet of the 8*n I Ju*n as tho Mo*quito boundary Uieu-efoith. Tnew facta ehow that Ureyio-vn wiw not only nominally, i i but really, under British priteettoa; as snch it ban i 1 i;ontiurcd to the piwnt hour, except that onler the i t Dallas-Clarendon treaty it la erected into a frao port, t In the year lft.11 a oompany atyled the " A me. | . rioan Acoeanory Transit Company" erected an enta- I 1 Nishment on a spot call, d Punta Arenas, over i I against iireytown, under leanr from the authorities i I of tlat place. Tare yearn snlwrqnantiy thin com i ? pany, finding It Inoonvenlmt to par the harbor i ? duea levied by the mnnloipality of flreytown. refused t to pay them, on the pretence that they dM not hold , I from the Mosquito antborltioe, hot rrrni the Nica* raauana. The Marshal of (lreyt)?rn directed the < ) eeuure of the property of the company: the com r pany appealed to Washington, and on the lAtb of , 1 lUrcb, 1903. the lTait-jd H talcs doip, Cjraao op t MMd for Um Ami Cms before Gnytwi, to oai mrttct the * ? laiart the lawful auftht- suM idea of the place, who hod teted in atrtet oon- the toRnitp with low oad jaattee. and who were do? mvered bftho British tisf. Another ym sod poa tune "Mih" elapsed, during which opportunity log tore created by certain alleged affronts offb'ed to run he American representative to despatch the Cyaue the i second time, end this tune on a different mission, thii apiaiu IiolliDga demanded a heavy pecuniary in- Um if unification For the looses sustained by the Trau- per it Company. It was refused. The town was per- the ectly defence lean; but Captain lioilings had his in- tak amotions, and would not stay bis hand. On the trw L3th of July, 1864, Greytown was bom bare the iofi American and sailors were landed, Csl *rried fire and sword into every part oj lhC the place, ehd thus - completed the work ,'.fro; tf destruction. The lorn sustained by the fi J nhabi'atito?a mixed population, ooosisting of not French, English, and Germans?waa iamenae. and w 1 u eome inatoncss irreparable.. It was hoped and tra MUeved that Commander HoOfegs had exceeded his at i Jf ' ?oooimdcnt adopted his tin kcts, and the Pnafddent. tn his subsequent Message, pis manly justified Me coodeet three^eS dm Mve elapsed nipc* ,thw occurrence of that gross out- jei age and grosser violation of the British flag. It will PC mrdly be credited that AO deir-nd for aath'actiou or? us yet been qiade by British government. A no anguid remsnstranee was, indeed, offered by Lord Uw clarendon shortly after ths event, which was met by tra At- Mercy in a very prompt manner, but no satis- 1 Bn tout reason, because our government well knew "? it , for i me rica wm prepared to fight rather than to give j 001 We have recently received a circular from M. De ' for fcuruelBauvert, who represents himself as the Su< lelagate of the French population at Oreytown, cie ind wno has already given to the world two or col hire brockvrtt upon'this scandalous affair. M. De ty Barroel-Bauvert has so far succeeded in enforcing the netice of the claims of those bo represents that M. l>c ie Sortiges, the Frensh envoy at Washington, has seen instructed to demand compensation from the American government. It appears urn M. Sortiges' 1 iemand, made to the Pierce administration, "mis- 001 jarried." Why it has not heen renewed we are I111 mote at a lose to account for than for the silence of urn Lord Napier upon the same subject. . ha It would seem tht the foreign policy of my Lord Palmeiston is founded upon the converse of the del idage, "Parctre tubjictis, tt pebfUart ruptrbot." ' He can be very sensitive indeed about tee honor of th the British flag in the Canton river, but he can suffer the same flag to be spurned and insulted on the river San Joan, and thousands of poor people whotrusted a" to its protection to be murdered or rifled and keg- ?'' tared. He can be valiant with the feeble Chinese, fe! Lot he pockets affionts to any amount rrom the heo- J toring and ioud-voioed, but brave and resolute Tan- 00 kees 7 Is such a minister fitted to protect the honor cu of England abroad and tLe interests of Englishmen? If so, we desire to see a proof of his fitnsws than is ?u afforded by his pitiful submission to the outrage on th British subjects and the violation of the British flag, committed three years since at Grey town, and still unredressed and unatoned for. & The Case of the West Indies?Slavery aud dl Sugar. ?u [From the FdinburKh Courunt, April 17.] T) The historian of the "Spanish Conquest in Bi America " observes that the royal palaces of Madrid be and Toledo may be truly described as having been of built out of the first fruits of the trade in negro ce slaves. " Every ducat," Bays Mr. Helps," expended ki 00 those stately alcazars may be said to have been pe gained at the cost of ten human lives." Each early so license to import negroes into Cuba as articles of ye merchandise vested a monopoly of the new oom- co mcn? 111 UW IWMIIIBW UUIUOl , uuu NIC picunuum ? gladly paid for tbe lucrative privilege enriched the foi royal treasury with tbe Fonda for wilding htbita- on tiona worthy the monarchy of Hpain and the Indies, a < Nearly three centuries and a hall have passed array tin since, in 1517, the first ot those licenses, autho- coi rising the imnortation of Four thousand negroes in trj eight years, was granted to De Bresa, the master oia ot the king s household; the glory of the Spanish de monarchy lies ernmbed in the dust; the slave Hi trade, after revelling through many a dark 3car ho unholy Freedom, has been at last disowned, de- ha nounced, and proscribed by eveiy civilized nation ao ipon earth; well founded hopes might be cherished l>U mat the abomination was in sure train for extinc- Th lion. When suddenly a new, but not less atrocious, ou monopoly arises out of the origiu&l cradle; the in) diame in which Spain trafficked in her strengtn she qi> sufirrs in her weakness, and Great Britain looks on tk apathetically at a consummation which at once turns coi to nought her toils and sacrifices through many ph years, taints her late legislation with bad faith, and th< threatens her colonies with ruin. ev No one can doubt teat when in l*4G Lord John sti Kussell's newly formol administration succeeded in mi inducing Parliament to eqializc the duties on slave ha and free grown sugar, the success was due to a belief bs that the slave trade was already virtually extinct, ; th and sure to become literally so within a very few j be years, and that deprived of this source of supply M slave labor would be unable to compete with tree. . ha The prescience of Sir Itoliert Peel detected the pro- : wl liable fallacy of these expectations, and although the , w< govermneat measure was plausibly represented as an the crowning step to his own fiscal reforms, that 1 to eminent statesman re few d to acquiesce in abolish- de lng a distinction which the general intare&t* of mo- Mi rality and the special eflorts of Great Britain might wi well except from the common rules of free trade. 1 In Uow amply that prescience has been justified by the , a 1 result ha* long been painfully manifest in the pros- lfi trate condition of the British West Indies. But a J do farther blow wm reserved for them which the clear- til e?t foresight could scarcely hare imagined. What- 1 G( ever event might attend the rnvnp* tiii m between 1 Hi Free and slave labor, i.e doubt could be entertained j iC| that fair play wools at least be secured for the for- 1 ta mer; tha; existing treaties would be enforced in Mi good faith; and that the trade in stares could ne^er W be permitted to revive. No one oould dream that Mi this country. after first hazarding the prosperitv ol its Gt colonies In the hoirane desire for emancipation, and th next exposing them to the rivalry of localities where to! no such ohango had taken place, would then suffer be the latter to re establish a traffic which obviates to every difficulty alleged to warrant tbo equality, and w< which it heldlu Its own hands ample power to pre- taJ vent. No one rould dream that the abolition of ha slavery and of diflbreaUal duties in the Iiriti <h do- wl miuious would ju-tt result in nrcoring to Cuba the no monopoly of a revived slave Inula. lia Vet such ha? literally been the case. The die- thi tiacted state of domestic politics in Spain may part- in| Iv excuMi a certain want of control over nrsirovcrn- an mcnt in her West Indian depen Jency; the uncertain wt tenure of their office may nave exposed her lieu- ho teuanta to more thari or din ity temput-on. We to only know that between wen km - < and corruption pit Ibis detestable trallc. ho lately on tin- verge or ex- an tinctinn, has saiung into freah life. At (list it wa? far prosecuted with more or le.-w diwfpiiae; but the eoi Chilians, growing bolder with impunity, now vei rrrry it on nlmrx.t an openly as if it were a lawful hoi railing unencumbered by any reetriction. Daring hi the last twelve meuths it la believed that no fewer j jl I than 20,000 negroes have been landed in Cubwby , thi American va-ncia. Wc need not repeat the often- drt told and horrible story ol the suffering! eudnred by ! thi these miserable creatures. Izii it suffiee to say that { 1 the agonies of the sea voyage ere not lese harrowing ' at now than of old. The labor in the sugar plantations i cnl is enforced with a'l the reckless rigo'thit might I 1 be eiprrted under the projpect of an nnfalling snp- for ply. No day of rest, we are told, is allowed die tin Cuban slave; no Sunday sbines a holiday for him. wil Moral or religious instruction ho has none, and thi aiound him the ordinary decenciee of civilization pit ate nuknown. In rhort, there is too much reason to fro believe that the facilities now afforded to th? traf- nu Be, coupled with the fact that it ia, ncrcrthleeea, bet illegal, are now developing consvpiencoe in Cuba mn which ope might rather assign to somo savage race ab< In a oarburoua era than to the nineteenth century, anr and to a people calling themselves Christiana an, Thus much for t ho demands of hnmanity. The ma- yei krial interests of the British colonies, which the ro- ha< lent policy of the mother country gives irresistible tb< claims npon her consideration, are also deeply im at> plicated in the question. It Is manifostlv m nnfiir lie u It is hopeless that they, with a Limited snp?>ly of ck free laborers, should be expected to compete success- eoi fi.Ilv witli n neiffhimrtnir nroviile I with an nn- tn railing influx of slave*. Nor can we feel soy sur W prise at learning that mi-h a etate of thing* h at <?o last rousing them to energetic reelamaVon*. la Ja- be* male*. Drmerara, Trinidad and other*, fniliiential alt meeting* have been In Id, and renoluti ins adopted, pic pi oteetmg strongly against the continuance of tho He wioug, and demanding the redress which common at* justice and obligation* of trratiea entitle them ta ex- an< I* ol at the ImndN of the home government. Much hei demands can only bo disregarded at the hazard of the Incurring the noitod affection of the British Went tw< !ndh? tin There la another grieving, arising out of an al- wa leged abore of the ( hinese Passenger* Act, of which ear ibe colnni*1-< rornplain, and which appear* at least lov to reqoi.e no little watchfulness on toe part of the in I itiithoritica couaeroed. We refer to the importation Ho Into Cuba of great number* of Chinese laborer* in pie Hnliah vrBsela. The utmost oarr m ntce?**ry to nnl pievent this ayateniatie emigration from degenera- Go ling into a real slave trade Hate accounts from No China have exposed mme of the artifl en by which wei the human cargo* are obtained, and have alao ahown roo some instance* cf a successful revolt agaiuat tha ma iuipoaition, attended by a frightful revenge npon am lie ship*' crew*, la their passage theae unhappy aifl neat ore* fare little or not at ail bMMr than tha eta negroes, and their treatment In the pUntatlona ta fall lien much the name, ft I* suggested t Ml an me elm- Bai file nimndment* might ne mode in the Passengers aln Act which would have the effect of preventing this hai fro** pen rmioa of it* design. Cai Now, let It not be supposed that wa Ml speaking fl? )f thinga Id which tha people of thia country h*va wa 10 direct intareet or responsibility. Wa Bod It del dated in a recent city article of the Timn that the ' > rarplus profit of tho fast year's soger crop in Cut* nci . I t ' I * I noted to xfejOOO.oabBterllM:; that thla greet rei had give* e peweefal imftaUato apecniatloae tm. tare trade; aad that the (doe of aUvee had ibled ainea 1664, potiruhstaattog the Urge it*Utinna of HhiBdfli. " luiiia aiidlliiii an<l aatk*. sre similar to thorn of the negroes." Taming r to oar last trade and navigation retarna, we find t the quantity of unrefined sugar br night into i country from Cuba roee from 7,815 cwt. in the t two months of 1855, to 25,053 ewt. in the um icd of 185C, and iii(b to 30,316 cwt. in that ef present year. It Is plain, therefore, that we are ing our share of the profits of the Cuban slave Jp If, aa we paeeume cannot be doubted, that imous traffic: pmwdfe sugar te bo grown m ba at a cbeaper rate than in oar Wool ties, this country is deriving advantage p the consequent reduction of prioe? reduction, it should bo remembered, wnicb in ; oouflned to Cuben produce, bat affects also that Mir own colonies. Unless, therefore, this slave de is a matter entirely beyond control, exoepi (he cost of interrupting the established policy of i country, or incurring unoeHed for hazards, it is la ihst England is now open to the reproach of iniving at it, and nndoing the labors of many Ui, ail for the sake of a small Jsavingfper pound sugar. But no cost of the kind Is required in In to put. the traffic efleotually down. There is occasion to restore the old differential duties; a* is no danger of war, no demand for any exordinary exertions. The manner in which the isilian slave trade was suppressed affords a prelent for the present ease. It is ouly necessary British cruisers in sufficient force to watch tire ists of Cuba, and the fleet of gun boats bequeathby the late war, offers far more than is required accomplishing this in the most effectual maaner. ah is the simple course at once cequia'te and sufflnt to fulfil the demands imposed by justice to our onuas, by the dictates of humaldty, and by fidelity our own professions. imestlc^Troubie tn Mlgti I.lfte tn EngbuuU mm onnng VTim. IWUIiNM. sheriffs' court. London, April 23?Baring v? Gordon} erim. ? Damage?, ?3,000.?This was a writ of inky to assess the damages in an action brought in b of the superior courts against the defendant for ring had criminal conversation with the plains "b wife. Judgment ead been suffered to go by faul-, and the defendant did not now appear. Mr. Bovill. Q.O., and Mr. Unthank appeared far e plaintiff. Mr. Unthank said the declaration aet forth that b defendant had debauched the plaintiffs wife, d the damages were estimated at ?3.000. The itntift waa William Frederick Baring, and thedeadant George romline Gordon. Mr. Bovil then opened the case. He said it waa e of a very painful class?painful under any cirrostance*; but he wan glad to be able to inform e jury that they would bo spared from the most dressing part of such an Inquirty, the proof of e fact alleged in the declaration, that the defendt had had criminal conversation with the plaintiff's ife, for it was admitted by the defendant?indeed, was beyond denial?and the only question the ry would have to determine was the amount of images the plaintiff should recover under the oirmstanoee whkh would be placed before them. ie plaintiff in the action was a son of Mr. Henry uring, a brother of Lord Ashburton, and in Novsmr, 1846. be was married to a lady, then just about age, whose conduct was the subject of these prordingB. She was the danghter of Sir Richard Joans; Aie had fortune anl position, combined with rsonal attractions, a refined intelligence. and great coinplislimeuts. They resided in Paris for several an after their marriage, and on returning to this on try they lived at Guildford, from which plaeo by went in 1852 to reside at Eaton Hall, near Retro, in Nottinghamshire. They had two children? e a boy, now about eleven yean of age; the other (iri, about eight. After they had settled in Notighamsbira they mixed in the best society of the onty, and visited and received visits from the geor in the vicinity of their residence, and assorted with many persons of rank sad station. The lendant resiled at a short distance from Eaton ill, and was a person of some means and position, Iding the commission of a captain in the Notting. mature militia, or Sherwood foresters. An [joaintance sprung up between him and the untitt They frequently visiied each o.her. ley became meet intimate friends, went i together to enjoy the sports ot shoot X snd hunting, Ac., and visits were freently exchanged between Mrs. Baring and Mrs. irdon. That was in 1862, and such state ot things otlnued down to March iu toe present year. The lintiff acd his wife had always lived upon terms of e happiest endearment, und in the esjoyment of ery comtort and luxury which affluence and ition could give, until the unhappy discovery waa ide, which has led to these proceedings, which id dentin wed a life of happiness to Mr. Baring, A sent to ruin and disgrace a woman upon whom e least suspicion bad never fallen, ami reduced r child red to be perhaps worse than orphans. In arch the plaintiff found that Captnin Gordon, who ji priiiiwu ho muco menu snip ror mm, nod, libit enjoying bin hospitality, reduced his fe. On the 11 tli mi that month Gaptam Gordon d Mrs. Baring left Nottinghamshire and came Loudon together, under circumstances of the epeet distress, not only to the plaintiff, bnt to rn. Gordon, who was at that time in a condition licb rendered the matter a great deal more painful, the greatest agony of mind Mr*. Gordon treat to ludr, named Huntsman, a friend of both her and rs. 1 Soring, and with that lady ahe came to Loon. Mr Huntsman, who traa a friend of the piainf, followed tiiem, and he aud hla wife ana Mrs. irdon traced the defendant tc tlio Great V/>stern otel, where he wat biking breakfast with Mr*. Bare when they arrived. Mrs. Baring rose from the b!e. and when Mr. ITuntauian went in he found rs Gordon in a fainting condition on her knee*, hen be was appealed to he refused to leave rs. Baring, ana aach was the Hhock to Mrs. irdon that it well-nigh proved fatal, ahe being nn rinse npon coutinoirent. That adultery had ken place had beeu admitted there conld have en no answer to that. Mrs. Baring was nent her mother, Lady Jenkins, and the jury mid have to assess the damages which Capri Gordon should pay for the great wrong he d done in defraying a life of happiness iftcli the plaiulllT had been blessed with, lie could t conceive or suggest one single circumstance paltive of Captain Cordon's conduct. Received into b plaintiffs house as a t>osom friend, accompany ? I he plainti!! in shorting excursions to Scotland d other plat es. be had abused the friendship with drh he had been regarded, violated the generous spitali'y which it had beeu the plaintiffs pleainre afford Iiim: he hs<l brought disgrace npon the lintifl and Ids family - broken up a happy life, d had rent this unhappy lady to a position of iauy and disgrace- No amount of damages oould mpen ate a plaintiff in rmch a case an this the rJict of the jury was sought, as they would base rmirad, with a view tj ulterior proceedings, a: d I cfh vt-d that had not the d smogs been set at ,000, the jury would readily have awarded mora in that amount. Captain Gordon had four cbilm, and he repeated that he could not see anyng whatever to palliate his conduct. The certificate of the marriage, which took place Paris, vu then pat In, and also a settlement exited on the marriage of ?8,000. tienry Huntsman examined?I reside at \Teat Retd Hall, Nottinghamshire, and hare done > h*im ie; 1 wan living there when the plaintiff and hia > took MMMBaf Katnn Hall as their residonoe; it wan in the autumn of lH5l: Elton Hall la ?he dntilTs present residence, ana In about two mil** m mine, after their arrival myself and Mrs. fluatn m vtaited them, and the Intimacy wan rontlaned tween on and Mra. Baring uatil thin distressing itter wan known; Mr. Baring, I nhould think, la out five or ?lx and thirty year* of age. Mm. Rar<ng newbat younger; they have two children, a now d daughter?one eleven and the other ab nit eight am of age; they lived in good atyle, and of coureo d horee<, carriages ane ncrvontn requisite foe rtr entahltahmcnt; Captain and Mra. Cordon lived nut nlnt or ten milen trniu Retford; the two fatall, Paring* and Curdnna, were on term* of tho west Intimacy within a few months of Mr. Baring ming there. Captain Cordon in about thirty four tre of egr. They have four children living, hat ve had more. They lived in good society. C to tain rdon wan a linnting man, and associated with the it society of the county. Mr. Baring an I his wtfh rajs lived very happily together; it seorned bin asursto gratify her in any wish she might express, wan extremely nttcative to her. He eras enoe lent for ail weeks when he went to Atnerioa; 1 once he went to Marseilles to me?-t his sifter oa r way from India. I went to see hira off hy i steamer for America. These were the only i> occasions on which he wan ab-umt for any ie. On the 1 > tb of March a communication s made to n>u. Mrs, Cordon and Mra Huntsman ne to London by the express train, and I rol red them l>v a later train at H o'clock- At four the morninir l found theai at the Croat Nort.iern til. Them had not been the least possible suainn of Mrs. Baring before that time. From lori*. I rn. l? of a norter. I learted that Cap tan rdou and Mra. Daring bad nose from the Great rth.m RVtway to the rtreat Weati rn Hotel. We at there, , .1 basin* fo*nd Chiton Morion's n. Mrs. (. >rdo* was inhered In by a waiter. I named oulaide with Mrs. Huntsman. and after ae little time 1 went in, when I saw Mrs BarW In* by 'he breakfast table. Captain Gordon wm ndlng with hi a wife on her knees before him in a ntiPK state. Tbe scene was most psfifnl. Mr*, ring r. ?e from the table when I went In. 1 de rd Mrs. Gordon to retire, as the exritanM,t mi<rbt re l-cen dangerous to one In her conditio* ptain Gordon asked me to let him have ? minutes alone with bis wife, Mrs R?ri?? Iked not of the room. At Mr* ilrd I consented to her husband's about twenty minutes I w?nt In, as/751 r *Ha on her knew U wm a ?os diatroms,