Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 17, 1857, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 17, 1857 Page 1
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TII ' .1 * WHOLE NO. 7564. AMMONAL RIOM EUROPE AND ASIA. j Our London, Paris and Berlin Correspondence. Interesting Accounts of the War in China. THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT. Opening Scenes and the Bleetion of Speaker. FASHIONS FOE SAT, So, So, to On London Cornipondoneo. Loroon, Mn/ 1,1M7. Agwirf MM * Ao Marriage qf ike Prinem Baf <*? * flmfan at QloueeMer?Tki /tew Sneaker of As fhsisinni frrrrnir cf the Sation? English FdOnuUr<Ma?The Bajmk tf Sarawak?Layard on Lori PatmerttonU fbreign Policy?The Northern BJU?The Lecture fljptan in Mnjmi The Art Treature'i Exhibition at The Queea la eon valeroeot, bat not yet able to proeced to Ac aea aide. Her Majesty lives at preaent In alrlot prlntj, receiving no visiters not membera of the royal family. The Infant prtnoeaa la said to be a fine, healthy 1 have beard a rumor whispered about which would not he saloulated to Increase her Majesty's comfbrts. It la well known about the royal olrole that the young Prince at Prussia, daring his long stay in this oouniry, waa allowed all the familiar privileged awarded affianced young gentlemen hi a lean elevated sphere, and that the graces at the young Prince's person and manners had a real, an eaaflntll influence on tho mind of the Prtnoeaa RoyaL la fee brief, and so avoid unmeaning circumlocutions, it waa admitted that these youthful scions of royalty loved each other as other people love who Intend to wed. Vkhin the last day or two unpleasant "etorios have been MhBfei about to the effect that the projected marrlago is ki^ke set aside for the sake of public convenience. For rdtaows of apolitical nature the Prince of Prussia is not to Wfed the Prtnoeaa Royal ?f England. I give you this as I gat it, without guarantying that it is wholly true; but flMl 1 ?aa pledge myself to, that there Is some fire causing tfiMamnkn There is a "hitch" aomewhere, and I am ?aTy touch Inclined to believe that It Is connected with the "tiller." Lord Palmereton?never a favorite atbfeart?waa aspeated to hid np, on this ocsaatoo, for a few smiles from royalty; but Aoaiuataiirifia alter oases, and so the recent dissolution of Krliainent and the evident determination of tho people to Mek well to these matters of finance, alters his lordship's beral intent Tho ministry will not he likely to gratify the wishes of the money-seeking huckster on the throno of Prussia. Palmereton may look coldly on while King OMoqnot abstracts some thousands of pounds from tbo Swiss, but bis own safety demands that he should resist lav inrnaria nrmn John RulPa nunui fmm Pruiwiin Annifiitv. ftoto matter to kept aa secret as possible, but little by little Brings will creep out. Dm Duchess ef Gloucester died on Thursday morning, at toe advanced age of 81. This good old tody was very much respected. Mbe was very unostentatious In her mode ?f lire, and tor some years might hare been considered to hare withdrawn from public tire. Basing no children, the toHe tor a time becomes extinct, but will doubt'ess be revived by-and-by, and be oooTerred upon eoe or the BCtona 11 her Majesty. A pension of ?11,000 rails to the geod of fee country by the deoease or her Royal Tlighnesa. This will help us to meet coming expenses. Parliament met yesterday and elected Mr. Evelyn Denims, member for North Nottinghamshire, to tho poet of %eaker of the Home ef Oommona. This was the very asm aliassa ef a topmbu ea reoerd. The Prewrier Asm totto man tor the graom of his person, and as It to begtaatag to be pretty well known that the Speaker only requires to be a good llsteoer, a hat d so me man, of UlgalAad (portly!) preeence, and pattent withal, and as the HBSirratlvea?although In possesion of very tor the bee man tor the office to offer as a candidate?aaw that there waa no chance for them on the flrst day tf the opening of Parliament, the election waa allowed to pam eg Wit a unusual dullness. Mr. Dentoon Is fifty seven years of age, and celebrated for nothing whatever. Ho It S man of common ability, who, although many years a member of Parliament, Dover made for himself a name In ar eut of the House However, tho grace of hto person captivated oar graceful Pre nicr and there he ills the tlrsk Ommnner of England. Parliament will be occupied tor another week swearing to members and gctng thr nigh routine matters. On tho tlh the address to thr Queen will be moved and then tho wwrk begin*. There are but few speculations current In o Nlral circles as to the coarse Mlnteter* will lake. Lord John Kos- ell's movements excite a* much or more curios! tf as thoas of the Premier?many auppndng that hit tnrdshlp's tactics wilt he lnlml<-al to the government Ptom tnd tone of feeling observable at public meetings in the conntry It Is easy to see hm something sill have to to* done, ant that quickly. There Is a talk of oompclttng tole government to give a distinct pledge to bring forward acme comprehensive measure of reform This I do not think WlU he given, but If Minister* wish to bold their places tho more readily they anticipate such a preesure the better It Will be for tii' m Yon will have received an account of Iho proceedings afnr lames llrooke tlie Raiah of Harawak III* Excel tote? ban got into % bit of a rati** and ha" got oat f It by annihilating hi* Chinese opponent*. The Rgjah to not recognized by (be Brtl ?b government Be hold* Hamwak by aomo auch Inure a* General Walker prtprxca to hold Nicaragua. Filibuster Walker tod fltlhovtrr Brooke are gentlemen much alike. I have beard that Btr Jam-e had pereecnted theee poor devila till Mey were driven to dr?prration and revolt, but I hope thto B aotUoe. for If auch he the Car* the Rajah of Harawak We a fearful amount of reapoo*tbllUy upon hia ihuulUern. Tbe "leading journal of Bur-ope" la alway* eloquent when eakatong aiaogtitera or maxearree It la quite refrexhlng to obeerve tbe manner In which the fkaaet apraka of and glarloa in tbeee IIUlo epivodea. "Amid the maundering ?f hamanitartanHm," aaya till* benevolent journal, "and (be fotqiery of prufeeakmal generalehlp, It In roawiurlng to meet with a man who recalto the old daye of BrlUsb on Krnrtee and peraonal herotam " Wow, anppoae lord Palmeraton had not dleaolved Parlament In conaequenre of a rupture with China?"up pane the THawe had not been determined to go "the whole tatal" (pardon the piracy) Tor the Premier, and juetlfy 01 only bin arte but all their ooncurreol onn?eqoenne?, aa you Imagine that the Wwn would have eierv.iaed ita "maundering bumanilarlani*m," and then barn elevated Mr Jamen Brooke"' deed* of annihilation?hi* "manuring" revival of "the old Hay* of Rrltlnh enterprise." at the e* ponaa of the 'fbppery of prof?loan! genera la hi/"' It la realty too ab?urd The neat time the 7\mm give* n* an allele on tlbn*tertog I confeoa I (hall look with much nnitety to aee how thl* very tent journal will veoInre lo apeak of profes? local generalabtp The rejecied of Ayieabury, Br. iarard, a man of great ability, who made himaelf heard In the late Parliament till, natntoter* were fain to attem|it to atop bia mouth with an Official pill, which be had the h? neaty to reject to ualng the mean* left htm to let the world kn<rw hia thought* upon one Ckm of Palmer?ton'* foreign policy. In the current mon of the Vuor-frWy ftrrvw you will Hod a very able arn ete on the Pmlaa war. It la ffom the pen of Mr l.ayard, gad will repay you for the time eapeudod in a peruaal. We ehall ronn have anme of Obbdcn'a raantfe*?ne< nut: and bovld Mr Bright recover hto health?he to now at Turin? be wld Join him Mlall, the repreveatative of the noncon bwnaiata In the late Parliament, U now driven back In hia gwgpkper and the oolumna of the ATtmnm/nrmUiwhile Mr W J. fin, late M. P. for Oldham, atitl na* hia column to the IFaeHy IH*patr\, and bla transparent trmnp of "Pob onto" for a dt*gol<a, in wblrh to worry hi* quondam friend" All will And the mean* In make theia*elvea a*w*e open he letter ef hta Broetlency, Mr. rtollae, to I/wd Harm Am, aenTeyiefl a turn ?.f money ud Iwrnty on* rllrer m* Male tor Kip h*rr boatmen who ao ralUnlly reaeued the e?ew M Ihe Nonhrrn Hello, ha* piat been puhlithed In onr Mprrr H UMlW a "oraceflil letter," ami ?oe.b, Indeed, II m. The promy" and eery liberal manner In whtoh the Called Stair* ((iwmmml thoo rewnitimd the me rite of ?to?e yallaet fellow* It warmly apoken of hero. Mr. W if Rnewll. the norma pondent. harinf Warn i rod ffom a airlnaa lllnnan, ll announced to jive three tart wee on liar Crimean war, In tondnn There nao fea ce aauM nad what they will be eery Into meting, and a only ra*m< *l? ? Hi a Price of admlseion la llaed M each a eery hfcb rale thai ftw, compare leety, will ha jtoahlnd to Helen to thlt h/entod ireatleman'a deerrlptlone. the ad am etna to the three bvtnree li two guinea*, or for a Phfta adaihedon flflean elm/log*. Them are the higheet fetoet en ienord for a similar, or lnde?*l,nny other bind * Wnrtalnmrnl Wn hare a faehloo fa England whlrb ^Qototea (he BKiremeot* of ai onr yr?%l people If a ***..* a lady (the conrae Is the eame) Vhlak* hfmaetr l**'1 " entertain the public, he doe* not a nominee him ""l "to the servant to lha hi* ?Uc|S>T*, ngaga the rn?to, and bring hlmeelf torward. Thle woahA At tn/m 2? .V_.i* "toalna an Introduction to one or r*ber of a ? . ."v*. I"*". resident In thla (front metropol.' ? who 1 * \T ?r?dal bmdneaa to alien 1 to all three n, Wale' l,on'" "hare of the apoile Into JtotSTl mT*L ra~ <* *"?. Stanley, (now In the p8l.s * amne k? - m*n and the ladr quarrelled, and dnrlnj,* antWmT m Li?**""T. Ptoaranlly attendant upon the trait* ?2 tlT- '^ '<* employing the eon rmm% tM of g? between nae laal be 000 Id pnff the E NE~ f * . ?* artists white modesty (brbade the ur/iife p fling herself Thus we have ro many months to till when we s? k a littij gratification, and thus, tna-mneh s? Mr. IViltert Beete hw guaranteed Mr. KuRsell a large sum, and bought him in ' ' fact, for a certain tlm*, It become* necc ?arv that l<m should he provided against, und to secure this the public murt dtp deep. The Art Treasure's exhibition at Manchester will ho opened on Tuesday next. Much fear was felt that (u con sequence of thn death of the Duchess of liloucestrr, His ( Royal Highness I hi nee Ahert would not attend the inau juration This f.ar wot groundless, for I hear that the Prince has derided to be pre; ent The Art Treasures at Manchester will exceed In inte-est the exhibition of 'Ml, that Is toEngli'hmen ?<pe< tally. U Is a collodion of everything that fs raro, everything that Is beautiful to bo found in the land of weulrh Th'1 collection of paintings is such as was never brought together before in this country, and probably never will be aeain. Of late j ears Ihe possessors of pictures, claiming public internet, have shown a praisewortliy desire to grntlfv ihe wishes of the public, and have acted anything hut a sein-h part. When appealed to on bebalf of the exhibition of Art Treasures at Manchester the response was simultaneous and comulete. from Her Majesty the Queen to the private country gentleman who to ind himself accidentally theowrerof one object of historical interest. Admiring the spiiit of these Manchester men as I do, I cannot help wishing that the Ait Treasures were in London for tbosako of public convenience. I be monthly magazines for May do not call foe any particular notice In the book world Miss Salina Bunbury has stolen a march upon seme of our bookmakers by publishing "Russia after the War," a work in two volumes. This is rather sharp practice, but will be found paying praetioe nevertheless, as the fashionable world will like to see a little of Russia after the "bating" she got, and fashionable people read Miss Seltna Banbury's productions. The book is written m a pleasant atyle, and is, In fact, a superior tiling of its kind. . The regular season of Ihe Crystal Pa'aoe commences to day, with a grand concert by the artists from the Royal Italian Opera?Mr. (iye's company. Of the e I will apeak on a future occasion. They are pleasant things to look forward to, there dosen concerts; but after an the Crystal l'alace ta not adapted for vocal music?the reasons will be obvious to you. The number of season tickets sold, I am told, is very great this year. Gerito appears for the first time this season, at the Rjyal Italian Opera to-morrow. Mr. Roberts has not yet obtained as engagement in London. ? Messrs. Howe and Cushlns are astounding the natives at Liverpool One of their men drive* forty horses tn hand. < Tom Thumb announces bis "farewell levees." I The theatre* were all closed by order of the Lord Cham ( berlain, on Thursday, in consequents of the death of the Duchess of Gloucester. KUqnette will require that they be 1 close* also on the funeral day. I The debris of Oovent Garden theatre was old by auetkm this week, and ie to bo cleared off Immediately In order to commence its re-* reel ion. The design for the new building la not yrt decided upon, but I believe that there will i be, as proposed by the Duke of Bedford some weeks since, a flower garden In a sort of Oystal Paiaoe building, erect ed at the back of the new theatre, and extetding to opposite the Oovent Garden market Our Purls Correspondence. Pans, April 80, 1857. Arrival in Pari* <J fa Grand Duke Constantino?Row in fa Imperial Menage?The Onmtat 4e Oastigliene Receive* her Walking Papers? Opinion* in Paris Regarding Mr. Buchanan's Policy on fa China Question?Prospects qf fa Campaign in fa Chinese Seas Accident to fa Nets Archbishop ef Paris, <flc., ?fc. We have weather that would ao no discredit to the climate or Russia, whose Graad Duke makes his entree Into Paris this day, by the Boulevards, at 6 o'clock P. M. Bis visit to the French Court will be of a fortnight's duration, and beginning from to morrow there are to be a series offltes, reviews, balls and spectacles In hi' honor. His mornings, It Is presumed, will be emi 'oyed m visitI lug the principal monuments, Ac. On the 10th he goes to Fontalnbleau with the Court, and remains till the 18th. He will then return to Paris and take hia departure on the 16th, after which be Is to proceed to Bourdeaux. Re la, your readers are aware, brother or the Emperor of Russia. and was bom Bcntember 31- 1827. His education Is Mid to have been mo?i carefully attandod to by bis father, and that be has displayed great Intelligence In the naval profession, through all the several grades of which bo has passed. In the Eastern war be was the chief of the war party In Russia, and distinguished hi oat elf by the energy with wblch he supported all measures of resistance to the allies. Charged especially with the defence of the coasts of the Keltic, he. with untiring aotivity, provided for all eventualities, and for nearly two years slept on beard bis vessel. Even after the capture of Hebastopoi be waa not discouraged, and advised a renewal ef the hvM of Wit Bucb Is the man who this day enters the French capital the heartily welcomed guest of his former enemy, the French Emperor. It Is distinctly understood that his Imperial Highness has no Intention <f crossing lbs channel and makiDg a similar visit to IbU other potentate, the Queen of England, who, likewise, vh ltlcly his formjdaable enemy. Indeed, it got into the French papers that the English ambassador and his lady would take the opportunity of his arrival of visiting their native oountry, and y< sttrday a formal contradiction from the British Embassy was sent to the journals. 8U11, it Is very cloar, from the tone of diplomatic circles, that the peace of Paris lias resulted In giving England the "outside edge" in regard to Russia, while France has Immensely advanced In her favor and good will. His Imperial rtlgbnem' entry to day Is looked forward to quite as s nations) Jilt, and spite of a kern, bi?wti>g east wind and a temperature alrmwisrwrtan, all the world I see Is a foot and en muni o the Boulevards. A small domortic Incident In the Emperor's family has marked the auspicious advent of the young sailor duke. The Em pre; a Eugenie has insisted on the departure of Madame do Otstigllone. Of oourse, there are a variety of stories as to tho m/xiiu nperarfti of this iUmmrmnxt, the greater part of which are probably of lliu simple Imagination school. But so well had her Majesty beou kc|d In the dark oil the amount of Inlluence exercised over ber liege lard by the beautiful Italian, that it was only the notorious conspiracy again'I his life, and which ao nearly succeeded, on the occasion of bis visiting ber, tbai the Empress became aware of the whole state of the case. Her M Qeety then did as even Juno condescended to do before her, and made the pa Lac* of ber Jove so warm with ibe noise of her wrongs, that Napoleon was compellsd to imitate the omnipotence ef my tbokigy. and dismiss his Inamorata. It Is publicly an Dounct'ti that ibe Count and Countess do Castlglmoc have departed for Italy. That there was much weeping and walling and gnashing of teeth in other quarters than (he Tullerles there cannot be a doubt, but beautiful as was the syren, the Emperor bad ao mind to become s second Mark Anthony end loss the world be has hitherto grasiwxl with so strenuoui a hand for a woman. It Is said that the Spanish blood waa up Is the Empress, and that she delved either f be or Otetlcltonc hould cro?s the frontier. Napoleon declined the alternative which would have oclobratod the (fraud Duke's visit by a domestic fracas, and signed (ho order rcqub ed of htm. But, alas I beds of roses were never made by violence?the leaves must fall placidly snc kindly together, tf their softtess at d fragrance Is to be a pespetual cbarm; oooe rudely umjiuiru uiu fiu ir?iu mic |?irui irw, uiunu ft(Q apt to be mingled with llitiu, aud then the repose u ha ardour If Gaetlglkiue due* not turn up again, I fear there will be other IWlr Richmond* in the Held, new thai the emtio hu oner capitulated. The policy of Mr. Buchanan on the China question, by reflecting etate?men in rarie, though opposed to the wiebes of lYaece, la novo thole** approved of, an 1 U thought to (tire an earned of thai Independence of character whtoh la to nark the new lYesident's conduct. Here the etpedlUon to the Hast Is almoet uniei really commanded. though mme wry mouth* are made at llio length of tli" voyage and the prahab'e not eaHhlnea* of enrh a campaign. There are some, too. who ralae the cry o< fbaanndra, and gay that a war or thle character cannot bo waged without teaching It* eecrete to the enemy, and that already It may be peers Ived that the (T?in> *e are le?* Innocent ol the art uf murder than in 1M2 Wh'-n their education <haJ have been cnmjdctrd by the halt lee, it la raid, which will be ahortly fir ght, H may hapiien that a nation of three hundred million inhabitant* may with to evercia* aome Influence on the de*tl*le* of Europe, and It la not Impovilble that our irandeotw may have cauae to regret our stirring up thi* human ant hill, eblcb baa kept iteelf Isolated during twenty centuries "We did not gain much by eeking the Ttueetana at Moscow the Austrian* at Vicuna and the Pruatiana at Berlin." The campaign, a* nsual.no the part of the Kngltvb, begins insiupictoiisly. The Tranalt once more found lnca|ial>le, I* obliged In severe dtrtreee to put In st Oorunns, and thua detain the rein fbrcement* fo ani lousy waited Tor. lettrm from the CW etitta, Wr Michael Seymour'* flag ahlp, which I have aeon, apeak In dearondtng term* of the ft.tore a* regards the neceaeltle* of a campaign In the warm unhealthy weather, while now thai no much might have been done, all action neceana * I* at a xtaud utill for want of force* The French declare they pcrcetee In the dilatory conduct of lord Elgin now atlll in Part*, and the appointment of fleneral Aehhurnham to the command of the forces, addl ttonal fr*ttire* of the absurd feudal eystem of choosing the chief men from the aristocracy which was found to entail ?ucn eyrey iou* failure In the t>lmea The Kmperor an 1 Km proa* bar* within the la*t Tow day* been teen oftener In pibbc toy other than ha* lately occurred The truth 1?, that the atale of public eeciirlUe* It andrpreeeed, the public mini an keenly all re to eeery kind of rumor which eeema proocient of danger, an I the health of hi* Majeety erery now and tlayn *o precarooa? a* Indeed II la eald to be at thla particular moment?thai all who are latereetei la the eoneervaMon of thing* a* they are, are antleu* that no Court ecandal ahall oocur to Increaeo the Imbroglio They are lo go to Onmptegne an the 1Mb of May for a week, with the King of Ha ear la. (bunt de Tear, late aabaeeador of Anetria lo the Court of Turin, la here. The new Archhlehop of Parle waa unfortunately rape!red la hie carriage the other day, an I though be etoaped wth no other Injury Ulan a 'light *hoc<t to bta nerr**, tbe prophet* of erll are already beginning to predict that tbe ealaetmpbe laemlnon* of a death "with out a bedchamber," like that of hla two Imme Hale pre leee?acr*. ft l? calculated that no fewer thaa 1,100 mem hereof the clergy ki*a*t the paetnral ring of (he Arch hbbop at Notre Peine, on the day of hla lanmilaUon It appear* Lord Klgtn'* *tay In Pari* la prolonged by the dtelreee of hla wife, wboM tear* an1 lamentation* at her Kwg't propneed depailurd pre perfectly overwhelming i W Y O # SUNDAY MORNTN Oar Berlin Co?r**pon<teiir?. Bkhum, April 26,1667. IMfrnf nf the Ministry *n At. Htanlution Hoarding tki Press?Probable Retirement of .If. Bo<l< Uhuring?R? taxation uf the Censorship over Xewspapers?Discussion on the ilnprrtont'wr or Trades Tax?Climate of Prussia, etc. Tho Priirf inn House of Thrill hae surpa-mod tho expects ioua both of its friiuds and itn enemies, aud shows a iluck ami a *|unt of independence which uo oue wouhi iav? l<M>k ><! for in royal nominees. I Informed you noma weeks tlbce that ttio financial schemoa proposed by gov-ruaicni did act meet with general approbation iu that iMiemhly?<tint the -alt tax especially wax regarded with i very unfavorable eye by the iioble lords, who are mostly great landed proprietor*, aud felly aware of the privations it would entail on tho rural population of the snuntry?and that tho onmmiftoo appointed to report on it tiad been alnuMt unanimous in alvi?iug its rejection. It was ov'-dent, indei d, that it woukl ho no oa-y vialter for ministers to carry their point In the upper homo; but wutlderiug of what material* that body is jouipoted, and What means had been employed during tho Faster holidays to shake their resolution, even the most tanguine did not vent iro to ho\?o for more than ibat the measure would be thrown oat by a mall majority. The excitement was intense, U?orelore, when it became kuown on Thursday evening ibat, after seven hours debate, the ministerial propo iiions hart been negatived by an overwhelming and unprecedented majority, no fewer than nJbety-flvo members having voted against it, and only twenty one in its favor. In ract, hardly a single speaker rose to defend it, except Lbe ministers themselves, whe, one after the other, made king and tedious orations te prove that government could not possibly do without more money, and nvoked the patriotism of the House to grant tt them. Ihe House was Inexorable. Ministers were reminded that in ten years the expenditure had nearly doubled, having Increased from sixty four million lhalers in 1847 to one hundred and twmty millions in 18M; that during this period on Income tax, additional In (lee on meat, ttoor, ho., and other burdens, had been Imposed, and they were told plainly that Instead of Inventing new taxes they should rednoo the exponses, disband a portion of their army ef employ**, and introduce. a system of strict economy, to avert tho tlnancial ca lastropbe which would be inevitable If their present course of lavish and reckless extravagance was persisted in. In short, the Fruvian House of lords spoke oat with an energy which no one had given them credit for, and which some assemblies of older date and greater reputation might take an example by ana the result waUlut the miniature were rooted horse, foot and dragoon*, experiencing a Tate somewhat similar to that of Acto-on, who woe worried by hie own dogs. This defeat planes Baron Mautenffel and bis colleagues In an awkward predicament. Aa to their reelgnlng en masse that would not be In accordance with Prussian ideas of constitutional government, which are of rather a peculiar nature; hut it Is thought that one of their number will be offered un as a nacroflce to the offended gods. This J.m\h would ?t course he M. do Hodelahwtng, the Minister of finance, whose schemes for raising the w ind have failed so signally?the house tax having been thrown out In the see-on it chamber and the salt duty in the first Though belonging to an old noble fhmily, he is naid to be utipopu lar with the arUtociatlc i>aity, whose opposition to bis measures Is attributed by some persons, who profeea to see further Into a millstone than others, to a con-pi ."any for gftttoff rid of him and replacing him by Baron feefft Ptbach. one of the ultra lory loaders, a-tabled by the King's pirate secretary, M. do Niobuhr. an UnderSecretary of Stato. it would be ungracious, however, to ascribe conduct, which has gained the House of Lords a Inst claim to the gratitude of the whole country, to utiuermnd motives, though, unfortunately for human nature, they are by no means unlikely to exi-t. The arbtoeracy, though clinging, with dogged tenacity to their obsolete privileges, have an old grudge agaiusl the b'trsaucrafte, as was shown in the Iliuckeldey affair, and during tho prosent sessions they have more than once made common MM with the liberals m resitting its encroachment*. In the debau on the prr ss, of which I gave you an axouul in my la-1, many o' them spoke and voted for tho rosolulions brought in by tl Mnlhln. It will he recollected that after the first of tLe'e renvd'Uinnx had been negatived uu amendment of aitmilar teuor wu- offurvU by M. Wugupor, who. togeiher with fittlurh, niay be considered as ihe head of the extteine light in the cVonnd ChamI sr. sea passed by a gloriom uwj"ilt> uf ooe Tin. next u*l. e Jis goVw.tuncrt whipi*-,, m -oiuuwdud in hrlngirg ?rme of their lulh.ui t.r.i up to tho scratch, aid the rssolutlr.n ierciiirlvd at Uiu second r.-wiius try 131 V'ts to 1n4; br-t Wngsr.es.u- Ihirg 'inutile 1, moved an >ther amendment to the off. et that sufficient e.u1ei.ee having been Intel befbre fbe b"U?e resfwu ting tho ? lutrory luftuence or gOTertimesit fiincttonarl.n with the pre**, the n.mplnint- embodied |n tie resolutions of M Malht* were reci'gmriHl as well lonndsd, and minister* re pitied m pre (.are, without de'a.v, an act ro.- r< Term g sr-rti ca'as l.i the courts of Justice. This amendment wa? agreed to sittWHtt a tivdsu, anJ tiie lurks really oesert e some credit fur supporting It, seeitg it is 'h. it fs run'o minuter, M. tie Wrst|>ha'ia, who is * iiltj of the practice' wblfll it b direct! d arainst Whether f"*t nment will -omply with llielr rerp i ttn-n I- sot tlmr .pie-ti.-ii, I presume It will be in U" miMy M uu ?' ; " !? i? I-r?i "-IJI lu.u m www in uiu ctantfT and ?! ? 'tijr It have rendered lh<- myrmidon* of a. the-ity ranre ntuMou > In th-ur proceedings Thesci-.rw of have becu auddealy put a rtoji to, Uie jiu'o* appear* to breathe more freely, nod r< murk.* are tnndc with Impunity la Ibo liberal organs that would Infallably liavo subjected their authors to a prosecution -cue U no rice. Kveo A'ori' Oairte, the type of th<? Berlin Sj-yjvsbiirgir. which tad arduously eschewed domestic aff.ilrs for ute la-t twelve nu-utile or .-o, ami devoted Its energies eiclu-dvely to China, Japan, "the anthropophipl, and tea who-e head< do grow hence in their ahouldcr*'' suddenly woke up the other day, like a plant refrtv hod Rom hta slumber . and aelciilrlied our weak mind* by a loader of wonderful bold iiena on M Mathls' roaolutlon* and M. Wegener'* amend menu. The dlacttaelon on the third of the llnanclnl mearurea contemplated by government begun on Friday, and will be con inued this week. It relatca to aa extension of the gevrrUtUnrr, or tax upon trade*, so at to fall m <ro taper lull) on railway eomjnnle*, Joint stock bank* uud their shareholder*. If It ahoeld pa*.* mtnl-P-rs will got about WJC.OUO lhalers, in-toad of tho fhur ml Won* tbeg had calculated upon; ami raising Ibo *al*rie* of public functionalist will therefore be out of ibo quontkm,inch a mm being tarelv ufltcleat to oovar the expen *a involved by the new organisation of the army. It I* by no moan* eertatn, however, that even this la?t of M de HodeL-h wing'a unlueky bantling* will caiape tho fate of It* prude cesrori- the chamber* seem to have got into quite a d en rrro*a habit of opprwitian and after what baa happened should not tie at all surprised If lhay were In make (atiuLi rata of I he mlnbtertal hm'get Not that a reorganlxution of the army Hi ttvaght unnsrw*?**y; on the contrary, all mlbtaty men and every ane who u not accoatomed to look upon the Pruvlan syatem an perfe t and superior to all im|iruvemente,ouncnr In regarding athoroogh reform a* of rNal Importance to the safety and tho very extrtence uf the Ftate At pse?ent the Prussian auMtary la. In reality, a mere mlitia, w'tbout the etperlenee, the babtt*, or tho instinct* of a regular army It takea a year to lick a It meravlan or Feat Prussian boor into chape, aud to uiak < Irro understand the difference betwean bla right band an I hi* left; and before he la p-operly drilled he la dl*mi**cd to bla paternal ca-e* to forget all be haa learned during hi < brtel career of millUry servitude I have no doubt that the Wruat lane are ae brave an most other troupe? pen unal courage in not peculiar to any not on In particular; but wbul can be expected of roMler* of two year* a tending? mere recruit-, In fact?if opposed to tho train**! nation* of Prance, Auavia, or Rntslaf The weather, after h-ln# beautifully mild and eprlng like for a few lay*, ban changed all at onne, aud turned ae cold and bleak aa in the dspth nf nutter. People traix about wripped In fun and eWmks. and cotda, cough*, see throats, rhrnmnnr lever*. Ac , *r- the ,wder of ti, <)n the whole, the climate here ta very tolerable con-uP r Ing that Berlin i? situated in 6i deg sa mla. no*to Imltu le The winter* are mild and th? aomm*r* never npprwvlvely hot, hot tt I* aim**-! a* changeable m ia Aoieri a. and the aud den variations of temperature are very trying to the coaaututloo. TBI WAR IB CHIBA. Knglantl'a Pre|>aiatl*Mia for * (Jratnrf Demonstration?MoveMcnta In Her Ng)raty't lloek* arrta, at lb* Capr, anrl In ladla?Kapalcao'i Polliy tn tli? Kaat?The lamdon and Carta Pre*a In the Ureal Strnggle? Presideiit B?rhanan'l Pnxtllori Reviewed. Our Blee from Enrol* and Asia, benight k* the steam hip Aala, contain the following detail*, in Mention ?o the news which appeared In the Hansen yesterday morning, of the greet war now pi"grr-wii.g In the Kant ?. On .Stlurday, Ik* 2Mb ultimo, two comianlen (if the Royal Rappers ami Minora arrived at Wooiwtrb from t haiham, and emhitiked on Ixiaril the Melon*. tran*|*ir. verscl, which loft the harbor for hor destination at I P M t'pwards of fO ammunition w.?g' n?, laden with war tnroa from the Tower, arrlreC at Woolwich Arsenal on the dfith nil., for shipment on board transport vonneh lying off ihn arsenal pier The HelM-le. fitting as a ha pi Lai ihip for CTiina, wa* taken out of dock at Ivvi.npurt on Thuradajr, April 21. and plaeeo in ?be floating biwln. The hired transport Agamemnon wrnt down to Woolwich "n May 1, to commence ?h pping war storm for China. It lr onderrteod to be the Intention of lb* authorities at the War office In I/wulno to de*patch a dlelthm of the Field Kqulpnii n? Corp* of the Royal I' gtneer* to China, la order than hey may act with the Koj al Engineer fe<o? now on their way thither. The Adrcr tore and AaalsUnco, Imn ateam Iroopahtpa. fitting oot at Port#month dockyard for the cooveyaooa or i r(-o|* and rtnren to Oilna, will not be ready to embark I (hem for a week or so A? the** eesss la are , hll'lren of i he unw parentage as the Tram-It, It la pnwethle her fa'e I mar atimulan the 'pow ers that be," to make U?cm wnrthr ( of the pennant The Volcano, three gun steam reoael, I Maefer Comn ander Hockley, la anoergolta eil-ne|e* re | iwlr at fVrtemooih for the China ? atlon, where she will ito I the doty of a (foaling smiihery Tor the re,air of the steam i era' maehlnary on mat station The forepart of her la almost all mw, She M being recauiked prerhma to her IIK B iG, MAY 17, 1&57. bring reroppnnd, and rr.&> bo expected In bo not of dock In about 11 work ?r ten days. Hbe hw boon brig rigged, which U fcn?i<tered lo answer better for a long voyage, ax ?ne can oeri, but a small amount of ooai or otber tuel for stenming. Tim Uuxlxii Timet of April 20 contains Die 'allowing ? Tin; fi eight hip Margaret K izabeth, laden wllh war uteres fir China, is shipping ammunition off Woolwich Arsenal; nod the Kglintniiu, having embarked a number of 24-pounder hdwurerV and pivot guns, with a quantity of reserve stores, bun railed for Creonhithe, whence sho Is to take hi r dep rturu lor (long Kong. The 2<i Harallon Royal Military Train, nndor the com maud ol Major Robertson, embarked yesterday on board the fieighnhip Hh nvie fbi-tle, from Woolwich pier, and railed at 4 P. M. lor Hong Kong The battalion consisted of Major Rohert"on, Captain Hark, Captain Inglefiold, IJontenan- Blakn Fnsign Bodkin, Adjotuit Thompson, Pay n ii.-ti r Jameu, Surgeon M'Ar hur, ono quartermaster, 2 2 uou commissioned officers and men. The gut'hoat I.even was again brought up to Woolwich yesterday for repairs from Greenhltho, ehitliwr she had proceeded a second time to 1ms adjusted ft r China. U wat found eeccusaiy to liavo bor after sfyrnpoet strengthcued, hlit ts ordered to roll again to day. Her Majesty s screw steam storerbip Helper, freighted with rlures lor China, was removed from Woolwich basin yesterday , and I, ordered to sail U> day for Ureonbilhe. IB r M josty s . hip Transit, having the Udth Bogiraent oi. hoatd lor China, has put in at Crrunna in " deep dlstrtta." Commodore Shepherd, superintendent of Woolwich dockyard, accompanied by admiral Kdeo, yesterday In tpccted the gunboat Slaney, and ordered her to proooed to Ihe airesal lor hip her ammunition and strain down to fiieenhithe to he adjusted, and sail wttn all despeloh for

Iho westward to Joto the squadron under orders for Chine The guuboet Laven, having had the damiges to her sc-ew propclltr re|iaired, returned to GreenhlUie to be swung, and is o>dsrsu to join lite eq 'adr?a with all powtibleaoeed. The fr< tghuhip Violet, which arrived at Woolwich pier the letter end of March, sailed thenoe yesterday for Ch ua, laden with about H00 ions of war stores. Mr J. W. Rawnsley and Mr Brabscombe, of the military store department, and i-onv' officers of the medical corps, took paatege in the YioJet lor sorvtce In Cntr.a. The First I.nrd of tho Admiralty (Sir Charles Wood), Fir Baldwin Walker (Surveyor of the Navy). Lieutenant i nlnti n I Croons nirttftAS t\t i/lmlse itv ffhr^a hn Mr a ? pected to make a visit Ui die gunboat slips at Hi lar this day. It 1* supposed that a larger gunboat flotilla in about to be fitted out for China. The freight* hip Admiral left Woolwich pier on Saturday, at 2 P. M., hiving on hoard tbo 23d company of Royal Engine irs and a cargJ of naval and military stores for China. The Prince** ITiarlotte, aal'ing three-decker, 104, was comtn Mowed on Saturday ?t Port*mouth by 'apt. George St. Vincent King, C. R , Atde de-Oamp to the Queen, for service an a barrack abio for the China station. The follow leg la the latest lis- of the diplomatic staff appointed to ao>mpany Ix?rd Elgin In bia mission to China: ?Hon. F Bruce, Secretary; Mr. D. Cameron, First Attach*; Mr. lawrence Ollphant, Prlva'e Secretary; Mr. Lock, Atiar.hu; Mr. Eltzroy, Attadhu; Mr. Morrison. Attack f. The Pa> la Vayt publishes another communication rrom lendon bar log reference to tho Chinese ?? pod It ion. Tbo writer say a: It re< ma that 'be strength of the oipedltien will be Htm frr m lft,coo troop* to 20,000, and that measure-, will te taken to maintain the regiments at their full strength. Should the Chlueee rufn*e to conclude au arrangement, It is not thought that the war could terminate In a single campaign. It la said that the English have the Intention of commencing wph the capture of the island of Formosa, separated from the main land by the straits of the same name. This island belongs to the province of FouKtui, which adjoin* that of Kouang Jnung. the capital of which Is Canton. The island of Formosa Is 268 KagBsh miles long end 100 miles la hreadlh; It is rich, fertile, and verv healthy; Us principal town is Thatouan. The Island, which 1- pari boned by 12 000 Chinese, would form an admlreblA h| ot fur the establishment or hospitals, depots, Ike , and it would admit of being easily fortified. The Court of Pekln aiinches great Importance to tho possession of Formosa, which, during the second half of the 17th century, was the to ne of a violent struggle; It was Anally annexed to the Chinese empire in 1088 by the great conqueror Khang Hi. TDK MOVKMKNT lit INDIA, CHINA AND AT TilK CAPg *" 0? 0O0D HOPS. The following Is an oxtract frotn a letter from Singapore, dated the 28tl of March The Chinese here and iu the Straits generally are In a disaffected state, snd, should there be any rumor of mtafmtuiie to us In China, it may lead to unpleasant consequences in the meantime, thougb there can be no doubt of Ibe ultimate result The punishment of the Chinese In Borneo must have an excellent street on other per'latinos. The only pity Is that the Englsih did not do It Instead of the Malnjs. Sir W. Qoate's going to Bornoo muA produce the best results A despatch from Alexandria, datod April 1", aay< Consul General Bruce will accompany lord Elgin t? '"tuna. Matrsr General Ashbnroham L.. let! Malta fui Alexandria. H<* ir in excellent health. Advice* from tbe Cape of Geo I n >pe to the 55?h of February Mate that her Majesty." auwuvr li.phiiyer. with the rcrew gunb mte ItangLly, F'oreticr, l'lover and Opug* ?, bed v. led ft# China on the 23d. The account* from China elate that an In port a at leaden among the rebel* at Nankin had goo* ov?.r u> the imp* rlaltte. 6HAMIAL APVANCl OF apPOIA TO THR CAMI'lAN?URB MAliCIl TOWARbli CIIINA ANO INDIA. ffVont til" lotldon l*OM, April 30 | We I,a? e mated that ftom Orenburg flv? principal roada rad ale, o>*inmumealing with vartuu* pvt.-of the Kniwian empire. Jlirre la, flrrt, the road b> the trabk to Hurler, 1i>lluwlng the ?-.>ur?e of tlie I'ral rr?r, and forming tho r? mn.uDtcatiim with the Caspian. TTiia wm formerly a nu.itaiy line, but tt if now an ordinary po?t load. Thor l?, vrrondly, the rowd by Fluxuiuk to Htiuura, the nnarea point of the VoL a. Thirdly, tb" roau by Rwgulma t Kazan, forming tho high road to Moscow and M Ceterabuig. Fourthly, the road by L'fa, tlie cival government fewn, to Perm and the North. Fifthly, that by Or*k and Tn.lir.k, cnnimonlcatlng with Wberla. Ttier? i< al?n a pod road southward, for aixty or seventy vends, to tho aalt nuui aoJ Iti-Ukaia /arbila, wblr.li the Russian* Brat leaned of the Khlrgizjand then, like honorable tenant* oa ihey are, refoeeti lo reetore to the lord* of the fee ovorholoipg lib dno Tartar tenacity, a* ta their wool. Two and twenty yeare ago, and for a considerable time anteccdi nt'y, a* old traveller* in Ruuiia may remember, the boundary of the empire ran northward from Orik to Wor v hueutabk. and ihtuce eaetward by Trotu* lo Swerenogolowsk, but ataoo ibat lime a line of fort* ha* been built, carrying It in direct line from tho former tn the latter place. 11ii'remainder of tho boundary down to tho Cm plan, nominally remain' anThoforn, following the oourm of die river I'ral to it* mouth. Hut bcyoti I till* huetua Russians have for eome time pa?t claim.* protectorate?and ? c all know what a Koaaian proteclorato means?first m fat aa the river hiaha. ami now aa f*r aa tho Uat Art desert. winch aepuraie* U>n CMpum from the Aral tea iaeiwaru of thai rea they follow the line of the Sir Uaria; tho eaatcm limit including the Kfrghix of the noddle and the greater horde*, or. aa tiny call them, the Siberian Kirahn, and extvodiog to tlie Chinese Irontier. The tract Included in the g ivern ureal of Ibenburg alone measure* alwwjt four hundred toller from north in south, and six hundred mile* from carl lo weeL Our reader* may form an idea of it* extent when we Mate that It i* about one and a half time* a* large *r Fiance, and in uearly the >ane latilu le, though the cllrratc i? far from being so favorable The population la divided into ill*Uiuna of about thirty thouaand tenia each In each divielon H an Administrative Oruncll, for mod of the hereditary anltan.two chief*, elected every two year*, and two Russian member*, named by the governor of the prov ince. In the course of the aummer of last year the poluio of ori" of the dlrtrton* wm murdered, and a reva lull< u tbrrahned. Ru*aiau troop* were immediately eent to quell the dleturbanee. The culprit" were ca ight, eent lo Orenburg, tried and executed. A double m>htarv n># don now preterm the frontier of Ruaate Proper from dla tut bance or mrprier, aa well aa the road to the Qtaptan. Oue line i f remark* la ftationed at about twenty live venta from the rjver ; another further In the loteriar A'ong tb.- wcatern abore of the Aral la one of the road* to Khiva, butatneethe Ruaalane took poaaecalon of the rea they have not had ooceatoo to make much uae of It Ttirre am, also, eevrral route* in an eastern and armlh raster n direction ftom the (A*plan Nea to Khiva, and lb* Rawiaae took mut b pain* for rota* lime to Attract caravan* to their 'or*, Novo Alexandrowtk* at the li*aJ of tbe tforlvot fiuIf, by digging * *11* aloog the march. It wm '.blended that the goods ahould be ihnnoe Iran*ported by water to Aetrekan. But m no caravan* came, aod II wm u.lllcull to maintain a force of three hundred men at a plat where water wae both bad and ecaroe. and where *11 supplies had to he brought acroaa the ?ea, that tvrvtttoa tar been given op. ?nd a new fort, Novo I'etrowakl, bulU at ibe xtreinity of the promtintiwy of Katagan tia dlalkL.ce ftom AMnakan I* lee* Iban half that of the old fori Tbe object of It le rather to maintain a poet Uon an iheeeel meat of the fS*ptan than for way direct purpose la relation lo the interior Another fort formerly cabled at Rraenorodeb, afen on the earl ihore ut tho Una Plan, nearly opivuUe to Hakn. Tbe tien of Aral may now In perfect truth be called a Rowan lake. Two ?tearner* command the coaH. The large lelaade in the centre have been formally uken poa*e*. ioc of anc named after the Oxar. Two principal eta Hon* h*ve been formed?one at the bead of the gulf, at he north ewe l corner of the aea, and one at a distance of ?ixtj ver.te from the mouth of the Mr Paris river, be*Wee f>*?*rk poel? at other point* fort Aralak wm eon?tr>ic|ed fur one H.tmeand men and nevenleen g in*. Ft aland* on an elevatb n of about two hundred feel above the river, noil I* vnrremrided en three ?td*? by water. It I* the ?*"! mdc of the dbtrtct lnque?tioo, however, that ha* been n roiled In the meet effectual manner by a *erl"* of fortt aiung all the rwtnclpal hnee of oommnnicatloa leading towaid* (antral Rata. The-e are two principal route* from tbe government of urrnnurg u warde ihe eoutheaet-one to the Ken <w arai. ac<i ih# rr# 10 Khiva or 10 Itnkhara; the other parallel at a dl Ian -e of one hundred aid flftjr or two hndnd mllea to the ea (ward, leading to Taehkred Kokand and Ibenoe to Karbgar and Ya'kand, la the Chinese territory. The Bret of three router lead* from Orenburg to Furt Aralrk. a dktabre of about one tboueand rnrrtr. or rl* hundred and reienty ml lee, or a march of nit w?ek? for an armel form There tr abo a branch route fro n Orrk, meeting the former at the gV rt of Ka-ahutaeb, four buD?lred and twenty eight rente eoutbeaet of Orenburg The routo It rtr< i.fthi n d by two forte (Karabntork and I'rabark) which divide the d lata nee into tnree nearly equal portion' Fiom the latter fort there ki a route in n north eaetern direction to Fort Orenburg, on the K >kand route From Port Aratrk the router to Khlra and Hokhara eeparatee- the dlitohon to the let Irr flaw being about equal to that from ibtk to Fort Aratrk. that to the former about one fourth leee. At Port Arabk there i* the Admiralty of the Aral fleet, and from tbenee the Ruaelane have navigated the fir I tarla to a die lance of three hundred milre, meaeured |n i direct line, or four hundred by the river from the vea. Along the river are built Ore forte. Hie more eagiara route rtartn from Trahyk, but there [ERA] irp hrarrh rmili a frntn ill tha nnrtu hot jiron (lrxk And I ( ! HweremgnlowsY, a'l meeting at a pot tit nearly half way finro Trnitzk to V'ort PeroHVhl What I* im^io last ta thai I It In impossible for any caravan or traveller fronr Central i Aria to approach Orenburg without pacing two, at least, i of (be Rimrtan f?>rtr. In the gnat ux|* Ul'ion undertaken against Khiva in the t winter of I8S3-40, lhr-'? fourths of the in? n sere lot. For t the failure r f thin expo iltion PorolUkl waa removed from ( hla po?t, though tulerqatltljl restored. No stmt ar hos ? tile movement has rltx o been attempted. Ilul In IH.M a I mt-iion war xent bv the Kuvflaua to Khiva. It *w luiuud- t edw a r llttarv parade, to remove any lmpios ion of I weakness that their former failure had left. t A change, I tit rod' red during the lad summer (186A) hy t Pewf'rkl into the Military Academy of Orenburg, dearryea f mcnttcn. French anil Herman, which used to l>o taught ait tn other similar ettah moments throughout tho umpire, were fliacontinued, and Pertlan. A-al)ic and Tartar ar1 now taught iu their \ri.i-,e. This m segg?y>tive, and should be pondered upon by Wcsturn statesnu-u aad politicians. j NAFOLKON'B POLICY IN 011INA? 111S AID TO KNOLAND CONt>KMMiL>. t A despatch from Paris of April '27 says :?The French t ftAvcriiment haH decided. II la said. In the he*t miartA?r.i rm r taking morn active part in the CnlneNn war than wa^ till very lately laleoded. Order* have been given to get ready Tor Immellate embarkation a email expeditionary force of 1.000 men, with everything requisite lor Held or garrison tervice. The GoulU de Wane* condemns the csoteiupUted attack ' on fihiua In these terms :? The Oral origin of this war la the conquest made by Eag land of Important posltionv IB lb# Celestial Kmplro during the dispute produced by the refusal of the Emperor to at lew his subjects to b? poisoned by tbo opium sold by the merchants of British India. To preserve there positions and extend ibam, In ardor to fkvor the rale of British merchandise, is the object of tho prefect war. We do not deny that tbo Interest of our jielgb bort calls fbr (bis war; but are Justice and right on their sldef Tho love of conquest Indulged In by monarebs has, and wtth reason, been severely condemed. It has been asserted that the ambition of potentates has proved a source of evil lo humanity; that unjust aggressions, Invasions ol territory, have tntroduoed into society contempt of right and of morality?have perpetuated war and juetlded revolutions. Ail this is true; but in this cam kings arc not sinning against humanity?tbo guilt lies with meroherrs; It Is not the pride of domination that renews deads of bar harism, but the avidity of speculation. Tbo political results of this war will doubtless ba very great for our neighbors, who will acquire fresh markets in this important centre of consumption. Nevertheless, 0110 cannot wage war without touching its secrets to the enemy; It has been already remarked that the Chinese are less innocent of the art of murder than In 1842. When their education tball have been completed by tho battles which will shortly be fought, it may happen that a nation of 300 million ol inhabitants may wish to exercise some Influence on the destinies of Kurope,and it is not Imposslilo that our grandsons may have cause to regret our stirring up this human anthill, which has kept itself isolated during twenty centuries. Wc did not gain much by seeking the Rustiane in Moscow, the Austrituis in Vienna, and the Prussian* In Berlin. What can Europeans gain by seeking tho Chinese in Cantos and Pekin t This question merits some reflection. canton citt, its fobth, rortlation and pikatks 1 ?WHAT KM#LAND WOULD GAIN BY ITS DK8THUUTTON?OriTM BATING DBFBNDBD. , The Boy *1 Geographical Society of England met In I,oodon on the 27th of April, the President, Sir R. MvncunoN, in the chair. Plr J. F. Datw road a lengthy paper on Canton and Its firte. All our troubles, since the late war, had been at Canton, which, however, had escaped chastisement. It was, In his opinion the bert policy toward* the Oantvnese, and justice and humanity towards the popula Jon of the northeast ooost cf the Canton river, thai if a lesson In to be ministered to the Chinese at all, It should be tn the right quarter, Canton, the source of all our grievance*. If we were to leave Canton to itself, aa wr bad done before. the other provinces, which were really unoffending, would with Justice complain of our not addressing our selves to those who had offended us?the Cantonese being really the source of all the Insolences practised towards tbe British people. Moreover, there was nothing to loss In the capturo and occujwtion of Canton, iloog Kong i being capable of supplying us with all we require from the natives. The whole distance from Canton to 1 Hong Kong was about 77 nautical miles; Wham now war about ten mile* below the provincial city, which was a 1 great drawback titae trade. The prtnolj*! defence* on 1 lire Canton river were the Bogue rorta, which, In apjwarauce, were very formidable, though In reality they had been three times taken hy the British. A little higher on tbo lea of the river waa a long battery, on Tiger bland, and no other defence occurred until tho first Bar battery waa reached, aUo on the lea bank, erected In 1M1. The principal defences towards Canton were at the polat nailed the Barrier, where there were about six bat teiles, and wheie the two divided channels of the river unite; and this position would be impregnable were It not lor the absurd plan upon which the defencee were built. The remaining defence on actually reaching Canton were 1 ?first, the French Folly fort, formerly on tho east of the city, butwhkh bad been blown up and deuroyed by Sr M. wyttOw, next, the Red Fort, and another nailed tho ttiah Trrtn Fork Hearer taOutfcm,(a tho same passage, In the Macon Fort and the Bird's Heat battery, a Mills higher on the left bank. Kir II. Seymour on temporally leaving tberouth poniUcn hod wisely occupied Cow Fort, and had placed bis ships within signal distances of each other all down the defensible portion of the river, so as to avail himself of their cooperation In case of need. Considerable difficulty waa occasioned by the numerous creeks and Inlets eitstlDg along the river, from whence iho Chinese pirates, of whom there wore a ooosl derahie number, might scud out lire raf a with Impunity. Thetpecioa of vevrels most wanted, according to the last accounts, were pi in bents to follow these men to their rstrrata, ard destroy their means of carrying on base practice*. Almost every Chloeie afloat near Canton was a pirate, and perhaps one of the most beneficial result* of destroying ('anion would be the riddirp the river of these plrau* The excuse for fhise men arming their vessels is that if self defence against | irate*. Both the internal and i eternal troubles or China serm-sl in have rons|>lred to I favor the prngrer* of our own colony, Hong King, wht-.b 1 row contains <0,(00 Chinese inhabitant*, having ocea rtoually 1(0 European ship* in the harbor, which wat one of the tin- "t In the world leaving flung Kong, at a distance of 241 miles was Amoy, the harbor of which, and the arprcachea to it, were conducive to trade, the chief objection to the port being the small trading capital poaveseed by the native merchants. Then came Kin Ichou, King po, the Is'and of Oiusan and Kbanghal, (which in ixhimiles from (Anton,) ami two thirds nnl) ef the whole ill* lance along the oimt to I'eltie. Hhaug hai as a place of trade had far exceeded all expectation, hav Irg outstripped Canton, notwithstanding the trouble* thai had en*ue<1 there In consequence of its having been taken by a |?rly ef rebel* some years ago. The imaltioo there of the Brlthh was very different from that at (anion, havIpg obtained far more than our treaty right*. In fact, the British subject* liml httu allowed to forufy the place, and In hla (*lr J. Davis') opinion, the boat way of showing the Chinese that II wax not their territory, but their trade, that we wanted, would br to reduce lb we fori! dcations al the earliest pourible opportunity Nctt In order ramo Nankin, which affbrded the grcateet facility for trading With reyard In the k> eal rsT>< I lion which distract* the Chinese Empire, be aald there could be no doubt that the existing insurrection in China wa* the reeuM of our own war with that country. T te number of robber* and criminal wmo rtallone were eery greet, the army never harm* reoorered fr< rn lie want of sweene In "the barbarian h mines*"?m tbey caN lliu late war. The onodtttoo of Um Chinese en a military people had but little, If anything, Improved during the laet 21 year*. The OunuiAJi moved a rote of thank* to Sir F Pavla fbe hie Interesting paper, and Invited dteruaakon upon II Mr. Ciu*f?>?ii eald, though be had never been in China i he had lived foe a considerable per Ind amongst tho Chlneee people Tbey knew that China waa a very pepntoue noon try, hot there bad been eome mistaken a bo it the etleot of lie pepula'lon It waa not, aa waa supposed, the moil densely populated country In the world?out so meh ao, indeed, aatlrrat Britain and Ireland With regard to the emigration from China. It waa causod mainly by the pro. Ie< ten afforded to Chinese emigrant* by Ute European government*, and especially by our own government, w hlr.b had encou -aged them to Mtlle. They were num po?ed of men In the prime oflifo?not a boy nor an oi l man wae to be seen among them. Chinese women never emigrated. and, aa it sis not good for man to be alone, It was supposed that this absence of Uelr own country women waa a great cause of the turbulence and III onn drct of the men. Every Chinese exp*cte to re ( torn home at some time or o-her, although the ( masirity never did so Ther were in tlie Eastern , Islands an exceedingly Indu-drurua and well doing pro pie. and be had nevrr eipertenced the slightest lor/si , vsnlrnce from Ihrlr mlsc'>vdiicb?In fa>i, he hat recetv- , ed assistance from them In rassM of eni<-rgeucy It hail , i. r said the f"|, r?e#* wcr? conspiring against u* wherever they were found, In our possession or otherwise; but this J be believed to be entirely without foundation, lie U>en proreedrd to refer at some length to the Import and aiport trade of China Re said there waa one great arts- a of Import into ihlna?narrv Iy, nplum.hhool which much bad , been sai l Iml ?r rwmwtrrrrf If imi far lew injurious than . art Hi ItisiK rUKrr Hri/Uk nr Chtnrtr Mo had good ad thorite fur Ihte eUtement?that of tttr Benjamin Brodle. HI* wor<l* Were to the effect that npit** tmtkrt (A* e*n?"u tyftfm aed broody nr itlmMt tpiri/t Irrlln/r il rwrmHmgh); tXfrm* it oWj?r<i'i"l? innnrimu*?tkf rdSrr u wry n>n?i h<4h%rrrf, no iluuM hnhU In nhuee. /ad a* hrdirmt npium mnrr rarrly abiunl (Aon anient ijnoii Three millkma of the rerenne of tndta wo* dertred (Vom opium, owing to the great *tupldlty of the flitneee; fhr tf they war* a people of *en?* they would endearor to regulate *rd eottrol that whtoh th?y cannot (top. It wan not nor hurlere* to pot a 'top to that which I he thine** themrelvea would not *?t their fkre geinrt. In ronehielon, h* Raid the only point npoa which bo ventured to differ with hi* friend Mr F Hart* wae a* lo the mode of carrying on the operation* la Chlng, bo eenied to think that the captnre and occupation of IMtiton won Id be all euffletent II had not been sufficient before II wa* 1,200 mile* itl*tant from ibe *eat of the Chlneee gorerntneni, awl be (Mr. Crawford) thought that the mwd effectual way lo bring the ChiMae gorernment to lt? leneoa would be to cot off the communlraUo?, by mean* of the car ale, with the capital. Mr Ptmrr wlehed to know whether lh? nme ?ort of piracy thai *>t*t*d In the Ouitnn waler* eit*le<l on the other portion* ol the Chlneee ten*, and If no It would hare a moat Important bearing upon the proptwad extended trade. Mr f. Ptrw aald the piracy which prerailed wa* eery mttch the rerult of the phytloaI cooetrurtion of that part of the roaat, which had a number of *mall Inland* aodereehe * ?citenelre Oehing abocreated tboee maritime habile eoee- a eontlal to the proreeelon of a pirate. Thi* piracy did not, now er, eaten far along the coaet, and be th ought that the o poeaeeetcn of the gunboat* to be takm out weuld afford an opportunity to oer aittborHiee of disarming erery armed ? beat they fame In contact with With refereaoe to Mr j Ckawford'e tuggeaUon that the captara and eacapnMta of ^ LD._ PRICE TWO CENTS. /anion ermld not have (he deetred elTnct, he mart remind hat gentleman that on the turner oenatdon alluded to, the ino levied open ''antoo did not In reality p?i?leh|Uwi 'Unto ie?e, aa It war paid by the government He thought that four troop* wore gnrrtroncd there and they were put to "no* of lli# other inconveniences cnpCir#, it would died U?e (ib,cut dssired In raferanoa l<> ih? opium trado ># iftlt# agreed wiih Mr. < 'rawford as to lb# physical effect if opnrn Smc# th? wnr lb* Oi neee had firtoal r %' ?ninned ib# prohibition of it# use, and '< fin pobhely used iml traded In It mould he ?i art of intrusion on our part o interfere with that wbieh was nam Ur n id aud per mill# t n open day We hvl no more business to interfere with be nee of opium In China th-n the Chinese bad to interfere ?ltb our ex*?um|Si?u ?<f spirits, wliicb )? Tar more beo? ul In tte consequence#. t mCLIfllOl'H vntw OF AFFA1KH nt CHINA?NO an MlSAlONAJlUB AND LF.HI OFll'M HJt'lP I KM). The iitmurtl meeting of the Chinese Evangelization Soduly of Kngland ?m held In Ixmdou on til# JUtli of April, jord Calthorpe in the cbuir. Tbo Ciiaihmxn, in ojienlng the proceedings, congratulated he meeting upon the success Unit had attended the rqiera Ion# of the society; but tie regretted that the goxpel had reeived a great hindrance from what wax taking place ir> tuna. What a #ad and melancholy thing |i wax to know hat war?terrible war?had broken out in that country, ind wa# spreading desolation in all directions I Treachery if every kind had been shown, and klndiios# seemed to I hi pilte forgotten. Hie recent insurrection at Sarawak, where, It Acenwd,Sir Jaraea Rrooke hail exhibited much kirdnes# to the natives, wa# a most sad circiiinelanoe; and from all ho could ascertain, It appeared clear itiat the animosity of the Chinese was aroused against Ntr James Brooke because of the stringent regulations ho had adopted to prevent the smuggling of opiugg?a subject which wan the vhamo of England. Ho regarded England a# Dot only Ih* Instrument of Increasing toe growth of that deleterious and obnoxious drug; but as the encourager of smuggling with China, where 11 ruined the health and destroyed the liven of a large number of tho people. Ho contended that England should express ft strong opinion on the subject, sud he thought tbftt then, In all probability the East India Company would not cultivate toe poppy In neb largo quantities aa at the present lime. (Hoar, hoar.) The cultivation of opium, and the Introduction of It into China, was a great hindrance to the missionary enterprise, rnr when the Scriptures wrre oO'erod to any intelligent Chinese they said, " It la very well for you to bring m a purer religion than we pofwers, but where Is your cooeUlency when yon Introduce a drug which la destructive to many thousands of our fellow creatures!" lie (the chair man) thought the Chinese had every reason to make the sharge againat the English who encouraged the ubominabla practice, which bo most emphatically declared ought to be tt ouoe abolished. (Hear.) A pressure should be put upon ihe East India Company, who should be prevented from sntoursglng the cultivation ef the drug, which they at present did In every possible way Eni land was much to blame In the matter, for If tho exerted herself In the proper way, she could easily prevent the Introduction of tho lestructlve and faacinttlng drug. He trusted before they met again peace would be proclaimed, and steps taken to tbolit n the pr* sent most abominable practice. (Choera ) The 8t*Tu*rAHY read the report, which contain**) the following statements:?The seventh year of the labors of i ho board has, through the goodness of God, Just been brought to a close. It baa been an eventful year to China, and to the myriads Inhabiting that vast empire. Tho civil war has been prosecuted with alternations ofsuocess and defeat. The Insurgents have, according to current reports, lost Hnng itu tsu?n, 'heir leader, and Tang, the Eastern King. But notwithstanding these severe louses, they have not only maintained their ground, but have actual 1* oonquerod ? large portion of the country, and have established a regular form of government, the teat of which Is st Nanking, one Important feature In this movement la the fast, arrtoonfldenlly stated by Mr. Meadows and others, that the Bible la one of the textbooks for civil service examinations: so that all persons In authority under the insurgent chief must know a considerable part of the Holy Scriptures. The province# encircling Nanking are apparently completely wrested from the hands of the Imperialists. Tha Emperor has lost some ef his most able generals, the troops are dispirited, snd the people are In the greatest distress. Such Internal troubles are suffletent in them selves to cause even a strong and vigorous government anxiety; but, In addition to them, the Imperial power has recently come Into collision with the Western nations. Kor omo time past the difficulties of lutorcourse with China, have, from various causes, been gradually Increasing, and the lerrib e bombardment of Ctnion U the climax Most deeply daw tlie bawd deplore thla bloodshed; end whatever may be tb? ultimate l-t?ue, war moat be regarded en a fnarfbl scourge. At prenrol It haa put a rtnp to all mtaFtenary etlarta to the neighborhood of Chntoo; but the board nope* Ibat peace mav be restored, since the British for element hat scot out a plenipotentiary for the purpaae of arranging matter* and putting thlag* on a better baala. Tbe 1 hvnese Emperor, alao.lt U reported, deatrca peace Thua U will probably aappen that a more eateuaivn In'nr eourve will thenceforth take plaoe with other towue and cities la China. As wltb lndlvtduala, to it may be with nation*, that the darkest clouds often precede the light, and that hereafter ilcher blwringa may dasoeud oo China by the freer proclamation of tbe gospel among Uial extrwordlnary and intrraettng people. The board would oarneatly Impress on the CbilaUan Uiurch the neoeenty for vigilance ond activity, aa It haolrobg reason for believing that l'operj la patting forth greater eKrlt o bring China under Hw deudtea of the Triple Orowd The Intarrupttne of oar IVIendly nelMloDa at Cam? ha* aft-cied the other free parte, from which nadkfhutury aoonunls have be.'II recently received, although at ffiogpo an attempt ha? been made by seme CfcaMnaee to eeatroy the English hut pro *Ideutlaily It wan tleoovered and frustrated In consequence of tat* attempt mo-1 of the merchants and famJII m of seme of the missions/In* have gone to Shanghai Or. I'arker, ho saver, trill remains a his post, and In ao dotng the board trut Is he may be preserved, tad that he may be enabkd to testily is the Chinese that the (hid in whom he puts confidence can beep him safely from all perils, hi lice the last report, considerable progress has been made In tbe eOort to put down ibe illegal traffic In nptum. Aa a distinct a ir.tetv. comprising many able and wellknown persons, baa been for on d for iliat purp?*<r, and a rr (Siop made In the House of Lnrds on the sublet, the bonrffeopse that Ibis blot on lie character of so ne M tbe lliillih merchant* in China may be wiped out, and the :eprcech which haa ?o frequently been out on 'be m avion ary taken away. The trattlc h?a of )a*e made such rapid strides that during the last year !, 1/0* cheats, of 133 lbs. ea< b, were taken to China, aod tt Is computed that at least eight million Chinese use the upturn pipe, aid that In oonseipience a vast amouul of misery Is talhoted and deaths mullipl rd id ilial land, id* report ronou'ieu a* ioiiow* : A* the western nations have long desired morn eg *n<ivn Intr course with China, and an Lord ' inoui'dn promt* >4 the deputation which waited no tna lordship that he would not forget the ?uggiwtlona made in favor of rnluuon*, Urn hoard anUci|MU? that any do* treaty will oonlaln advantage* on brhalf i f mts"Vnarjr enterprise. Who hi auch be h < raae, It rtiny be doubtful whether the church will be able to avail IterII of Ute privilege Men of faith, ailed with love to aoule, will be required for the work May the l/ord id the harvea rata* up ?u< h laborer* to go and gather In the harvest. General Ann arum addreeaed the meeting on the pre rent slat* of China and the mlastonery prenpnr.te In that country, lie powtted out the rioastrooa cnbssquenow of smoking o|dum, and contended thai It wae the duty of ki gland lu adept every pnentble mean* to diminish the MnlnM and Ihr inlsislurtuin of It Into < Jon* The Re*. W Wanna, of the Diorch Mleel unary 'tortnty, lately rrturoed from (hlaa, also depleted the erlli or opium, having, be said, bad many opponuaiUrw of wttnrvalog Ibe effects in all preelhle waye. He thought tho Bi mlrr of opiuni smokera el reeded *,000,000, including men, womm and children, of all agee and onndHloaa In society. It wae impaeelble to eiaggorale the evile of Ibe prarliee. The traffic wan e national am. bene nee lb* * last India Company obtained a revenue of ?*,000,000 from p, and liiu tagIieh government were tndiflbrent, and oared little what dlrmeter* resulted from theIr earetaeaoeee and d'glect- A new ooovention between Kngland and China wae epoken of, and he augcrated that a elauee eboalrl lie iiieerled ki atop the opiu m smuggling Into Chum. (CboOfl.) A Urret War In the Kaaf Commennd Knglletl Pr< paratNnia !*?K too Mown. (From the I/mono T men, April 'M.) The Dew* whk-.b we p i?h-h In another piece ahowa bow fully J i tilled the governm? nt and people of Fog land have *>e<-n in piomptly supporting their offlcera In China. Certainly , our l("op?, our frigate*, ami our gunboat* have not heeo ueara'rbed aa hour Ion -??, We are evidently en satrd tn a mementow* conflict, which It will require the 0 not I rigor, courage. ??<1 drcMon to bring to a cloan. The iltpl .malic ?abirs of I Aril Hgin must ho dela>ml until 1 ho derner lark of the mutter) and nasal chiefs haa boon rffrctvally completed. There i* an end for a Um of mix ulcer ar.'l n? foliation The whole disposable fbrce of tho homo and Indian gosernmeuta moat ha devoted to Ibo rbasiberoent and coercion of Iha barbarian men which teem* I" ha rblng up against na la tTorf region abort M haa aot (bo. Wa loarn lb a iha Burn ivaaa oa hoard lb# Brl Irh iwnur Quean, eadrr ho Portuguese flag, ha to boon murdered by tho (hlaewa pa?oooaiTo and crow, and tho ?tea mar with lla cargo ear nod off. Tho outrages at flong Kong bees boon rone wo. I, tad Iba goTarnmool coali actors otorrboioaa, with Hour I r tho troops and float, burnt down by tnoamllarlao Furher intnr < anna from ihla quarter wa bavo nnna, but N m probable that tha Admiral still malnlalna tha aamo poetitoo, a siting fbr rotarorramanta, aad that In iba meantM* Mia Chinese, oat only of (fcuton, but perhaps throughout fes implre, era noaeeesed with tha notion that wa are powerla* aad oa the point of being destroyed But iha strangest intelHgeuro * to fhllow The (hlaaaa roadrOn has spread through the Archipelago **>a?a Ma* ilnoe King a (Are, our great emporium la Ibo* MS threatened with ruin by an maurrecttoe of toe bordns of Chinese which Inhabit * Nam we bear Wat Harawak, the natUemeu* of *Ar Rrnoke in Rumen, hta boo# dastreyed. "ha 17th of febmary tho Chinese rose and manaanred mserai Fompeane ftr James Rrr"1*?/"'J. JT? - ? swimming across a rroog. But *"V fhll a" such * conjuncture, rwc' hi m-o If atLlio bend i?T a band of Malays and tjah', lao Agtotngraeau whofn ba eems toba*r cfloc.u.ily .ubjected. ***** ?hu h onPQftuiH' T ifrlrHl, w IMf MbMfA y Z.^ 00? """" WnA4 ?? bar. durlw the two moolha which bare at no# raised who can leVT II la ooliient that tba Chinese who hare poured out of tbrlr own country near all tba aottlw r,r W of tb.ee reghwa, who are lo ha fbund in multitudes n Plageporo, Borneo. Onang, and Malacca, who may be umbered hv tana of thousand a In our Au-lnaiiai colonise, ira he this lima thoroughly aroused into a war of ester, lunation a gal ml na. IVdaon, Are, and tba knifa are prearc. I fbr oa by thousands of barbarian fa natter, and any ay we may learn tha destruction of our mo?| fl nulahtng h Cements with Iha slaughter nf or wry man. woman, nd child of European bl ind Mow deep baa boon the plot, irw lerrlble the danger, we may now peroelTe K m ftcn snrprtatng to And how complete to the com muri leal ton mnng harharone mora, and how strong iha comnum in Unci which governs them In thto case the fttct W strongr earmpllflnd. I? ptscea renvoi. (Vwm each mh- r, there i end'ally the sense spirit of hatred and ton saaae

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