Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 25, 1857, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 25, 1857 Page 1
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TIT * WHOLE NO. 7572. THE POLICE CAMPAIGN. ?'?*e Manlrlpal DwKertcra and ttkclr Proiprcf* -Thf Muiii jr (liKsiliiu- Itiv lducouiiier uf the Old t htel and lite l>e|?uty?Appof n tmcn t.'itc. The proeefrff.ngB of both Um> parties claiming evocative coofcol ia renpeot to the city police force on Saturday exhibited qntlo significantly ftbor.- tamper, M well as the confidence they respectively have in the premise*. After a third purtpout m<nt Uw>. Albany Regency arrived at their conclusion in respect to Oaptain Hurrigon aud ui i uioii in contempt before the*n?t the Fifth ward statlou house. The question wm mooted whether to dismiss tha.c men tor disobedience; tnK. inasmuch ue such u seutenco must have the elgnilieat'OB of au order disbanding the entire three, it was ucectsarily found expedient to take some ethrr course. Lieut. (baptaiu) Kerrigan was suspended for thirty daf-,e-jd the two poltoemeir, (Lieut) David Files and Henry Fvass^ were suspended for ten days each, noWee of which svne nerved on tfcem in the following form:? Orrica <r ras eraHui flrntRiNTKNrRST ok Pouck, l Krv York, May 23, 1857. / In the matter of cnmplalot against Ueut. IVmiel llorri gau. police?**., of the Firth Metropolitan precinct:? saasiun. That yocvro suspended from par and duty for thirty days from'date. dJBORt'.E TFitWIU.KIKK, Cork. Utnn or tiih COMHts?ias*i!.? ok Pours,) ULrivn.innlli.mn. Id Vtiimth f ?? ....... ' 3 to Lieut.'IUnikl Horwiuxn, t"olicem?u, of Fifth precinct:? Sir?I hereby certify the foregoing to be a correct transcript of an. order aud judgment mule by the Hoard of Com miMjloBTe of the MoiropotiUu I'olicc district or the State of New York, on the 23J day of May, 1S67, in the matter of souipw.iit against you, tnado by ln*i>ecu>r Car]>enter, on the tbth day of May, 1867 GEO. W. EMBKEE, Chief Clerk. Nsw You, May 23, 1867. The dismissal -Of these men would have Incurred the presentation of the question whether the Commissioners had any power to appoint their successors. This tboy bare not attempt1 d to test by any act or commission as jet, nor their'predicament in respect to their own rlcketty law. No captcin has been attempted to be put in the place ef Oarpeutereince his promotion, and, indeed, the Hoard would seem to act significantly iu this respect, as being well aware of the extent to which they are cut down by the resolution of the Supervisors, based upon the following section of tho Dew police bill:? The said police force shall consist of a general superintendent of police, aud two deputy superintendents of police, five surgeons of police, aud so many inspectors or captains of police, not to rxrnod forty, so many sergeants of police, not to exceed one hundred and fifty, and so many potice patrolmen as may be determined upon by the Hoard f Su|iervi*<)rH of the County of N't* York. as the resolution of the supervisors alined At a limitation of the polise force under the Board to Are patrolmen, U could not rationally be construed to give power for the appointment of I'oity capl.uusaod ouebunored and fifty sergeants to control these five men. The clause, In not definitely fixing, as in the case of tho superintendent, deputies and the surgeons, tho exact number, most be understood to give the power so to define such number to the Supervi sore, as in the case of tho patrolmen. It Is not giren by the bill to any other control. The action of tho Commissioners, therefore, hen the significance of a formal acceptance of the resolutions of the Supervisors in tho following respects ? Tticy have not iasuod a commission for a single officer thus far, save those of the Superintendent and his deputies, which ate specittcallr assumed to be created in the b II. Yel If tbey claim possession and control of tho present police force, there Is a vacancy in the Fifth ward station, and the officers in control Uieie reuudiate their authority. The appointment of J. H. Van Tassel, detailed as a special officer under Mr. Tallmadge, an encouraging, efficient pattern of an ufilc.fr, Is their first draft upon the " quota of the city and county of New Yo> k." Two others of that " quot a" are prerumcd (upon authority of Uommuwlouer Bowen and Superintendent Tallmadge) to be billeted in supervision of ltr. Uray, tho ponderous warden of the Tombs The fire men at Quarantine are special men, on pecial duty, nnder a special provision of Uie bill. Thus they seem to feline their pmit.on an limited to tho following inventory:? Five comraiwionere. tI*. :? The Treasurer, at a salary of S3,000 Tour other members at >8 per diem during their actual sitiings, say if they make out their time with their present diligence, sitting every day, t-i,600 each 10,000 General Nnpcrtntendent H,000 ' rputy Superintendent Carpenter, New York 2,000 Vepoly Superintendent Folk, Brooklyn 2,000 tire snrgiunn 7,600 Five patrolmen at >800 per annum each 4,000 Tu'al official *alaries provided $111,600 No <*her efficer is created in the bill, without very pro p"ly giving an absolute veto on such appointment to the ?"P?rvlKor? and municipal authorities callfd upon to pro *idd for such expense. Had the bill In all ruspeoll been so pen- derate of the constitutional riglr of the citizeiu of the " Metrnpo'itan PiMrtct," and provided for this yoking of the f. ur counties it comprises, beingjn other respects submitted for the ratification of the parties concerned, there would ti en be some approach to Justice and the prime principles of the constitution in its form. The salaries must, with the exception of the five patrolmen, b? met from the proposed police fund, to he annexed proportionately upon the entire Metropolitan district. The ex lense, therefore, of this hl.v-k republican Incubus, thanks to the Supervisors, will not, fur official salaries, m nnt to much more loan a penny poll tax in tho pre cine , unul the whole concern is tcouted off the statulo book. rim victims or tub albany in mi ant. Indeed, the worst bearing of this dale of things must he n ilie mbauided men whvrn the Commissioner* tiavo be tra>rd IdIu throwing ap their place* a* tbe officer* of the m mrlpal department. On Saturday tho Mayor took ae tlon wlili lho City Judge upon ho preservation of tho ctly iruil an I Un' diM-tpllun of his c\n ulive ?l(l?i, liy tummurl 1, rflrniUatng, la Ihn nmn mm nor aa<l upon similar -hargr* ** Id #lo ca*ee of tla'peuter. Squires *0(1 Usui, ttriao. the following officers and moil If addem-C. l>avl?, Lieutenant 10th patrol district, for conduct untv cominti an officer, and inaubordlnaticfti. St. | heo John*, sergeant of lat patrol district, (Broadway rquad) or In* ubordioatioo. Theodore U. Storey, pni..eman. 5th patrol dielrtct, for i(. hordlaalion. The " Insubordination " of rourse, rontistod in repmll auug the authority now m control and i*r*so*m<ju ot the . ( armcu The i, t of raputr , a given in the Hiutm ht week, ha? not yet h<*en fully reached in tho number of defection*. Vet, the lt?t to day will comprise.? (aptain Speight. Twenty Unit war 1 Iktitaln Nopkine, Third (la fr.i U n ISIkes, Fifteenth do. (I?r otlirr (A|Uin?the Twelfth ward?make* bn return* to both the old regime and the new. Tbeae, with the dUanaec'l captain*, Cart* nter and Nqiilrea, make mx in all, potnf ihe twenty two In the department Tlioxo officers bare -tern beeet by their Mark republican friend*, and nryed on by lb-* Commi- (.mem, w 'ui put Uieir . laim* in tome , ..tarn . m I for the g ?>l o( the men or tbelr aafe ronduct tbr |lh ll.e |o. ut -torn, but merely upon the jr. i?d fl at'l ey ehmiM lake tht?-t< | n ai l of the ' . am* ' - the prrt.-an aim of 'to A I any propaganda Now, in rkwiS" the atUunof (lie Sopervlaorw, and lie eiTori a? conceded by the proceeding* of the new Hoard lias tar. where have the Cnmmtu >n r* either pla * or ?alarr to tire Ihe rero'tod . :' ,or? Ata.unug that the eld icma ?alorer* bare no ralij authority to discharge! thrm. where * Uie ai.tlio it* of the new r.immliolen In re tola cr reocgntpe ih"m? Pcy may Ur* iheir rank on the new trbaiile ef the ml uil?r' f' i ?, hut according to J e new laav , at I under the five rm-n resolution of the errbora, Die new Hoard *w out daro in :? a ingln eo?mi*M?n. aor can ft acliter- the dmt ahadnw ti a claim for their pay a rlew of thai reeolntlon and of the followlog pnrtloo ef Ihe 24th eeetlon, Ihe prtna1|ial r.lauae In toe bill ?"Bo' aoeh appor (onmcnt aliall not be legal or binding apra 'be rowpc.tiro li ar. * of Supervisor* bore mentioned, If the apportionment of Ut made to earh eootiay afur"**ld .?*/! mroof (V run uAhA iViif be ncoort fo aiawtortw p lie .<m ..rUloww, an I the police ferre used and errpl > I *,il.:nr vh *0 1 "liber of the aid eounllew, aowr ling ,f" " 'u " fl* /*?!*/?/ Suprr man " TIW HOVgr Ql'BPTION. ra thlt romwctiin i: *eema a* It the heal rhanew for the *.?*, ?i to their pay, wa* deridedlj* on the ! 1e of the m i aieiputtty and tixs aid organisation. me money wmrn a- (now apprn|*Ut*d f.rr IM7, in appropriated upon the Win af INdtoe ewwenena .'or the city of Now York alone and at'.he lime artan votid, had of onarae aoooatempla U?n af a eopartnernhlp .0 eommlMf.'nera aad official *ioea er?a ed, and to bo oompoun.tnd with, in a jolnl eoneem of fnnr "aitfJea of '-he HU'e. The new Omnium a>. uets, b'?ldr> their tun.W&.1 dmabi.ily with Ui? d.ipnr ai-om, w?.: have to Owali'ill U10 fa. t that no apprnprta toon ran be undertaker .'or lljair honeflt until (domher? the neat aoaeeament af <M'e CMi the other hand, a pay ateniaiil h< mn 'e to lite m? a of tli? department n??t eek, and pnore.Hlm** will b- Tifnr.,it?ljr ontorrl upon tor deter nunlur thai tif fln?. 0 ?rw"i*?r . aa provM >d for ? the tart appropriation*? n a tnr.nt- .tr*i b??l? of Uia po,kae nrranimi'on. elial! t"? "..tirnue to bo 1* I. A naaiki. on** Tt? irixmKVT. E* *'?pt?tn l4ni?/ (tor pen tot. of Uv FTfUi Ward?the (nmoilentonera' newfr ap|w. ntod f? l? nr.tondeak? made hla anticipated formal (!?n< d oc Mr M t-ell for *e??,*el"n and enrryner of the o". aud apf '.rtonanoea litoO'lefnr |'(Mlg, af New York, on Salnr lay after. r" t,|o intareta^ ?M cl.nra. t . i-f .act > 1< I irth.-r , r atrd ,ho wrauaea. v .tA? w, ,i, Hall pro I Jr. ?"I'l*irt of Thurlow If I an I ft .' dX 'l^.rrh'^l J"" H""'- "r " ""! ftn*. ra- r. ? 1 . a tooeed In >n hla ar, i.t..iV I by what al a In a to. Ith noiitel* J 1"*" I ,h" r' , ? ' hd s;xrr, eeer, ih. n agreed that other I part of Uta chief, to ft^airy E^NE The Deputy then offered o-rtain papers and explalnei their contents as *? official demand Tor books, ptpers, re corde, telegraphs mil other '.xnice properties belooging t the command nud charge -a-tib which Mr. Matsell had heei entrusted as the head of Thn detriment. The new ottice cii?d "well known provision* of the Kevleed StaUtes in re latton to the compulsion of outgoing officers to deliver u] to their legally appointed Buecefsors. Mr. Matsell indicated, in reply, th*r the Revisnd Statute bad no knowledge, specifically, af the oitice of " Depot; Superintendent of t'olire;" that Mr. Carpenter doujjlles made bis demand under the late police Mil paved hy th State legislature. That hill, m its fourteenth section, pro vldra that tho demand for proper outfit and all other ac comnaodalionH shall ho made of the Common Council, an' not of tho Chief of Police. Such application had aooor dirgly been made hy the OinuusMoner-t, and ho (Mr. M had nothing to do with the matter?neither had Mr. Car penter, as lar as the letter of the new law weDt. Mr. M. |x>tntod to the I5tti section of tho now law. "A! telegraphic apparatus, public police property, books, re cords and accoutrements, nor in tho possession of the po lice departments of Brooklyn and New York, are hercb given for Ihr use (at the proper places within tho counllo of Kings ami Brooklyn, and not to bo removed from tht county whorein now used) of the Board of Police horei authorize I, but tho ownership ol tho same and the us thereof ac aforesaid, shall bo according to the ordinance which tho Common Councils of the cities in which the sal pro -arty is situated, have enacted or may hererfter enact, and paid, You iU-c vo in the first place thit by this gee tlon, gome doubt as to what disposal would be modo b Iaw of the appurtenances of the New York office, whic is not included in tbc parenthetical ;ualirtcation, and g would seem by tho law intended to bo transferred alU gelher over to the other side of the East river. The claue also pro ided who. glinnld really have their dUpoeal, i saying that It "shall ho accord'ng to the ordinances whic the Common Council of the cities iu which the said propel ty is situated, have enacted or shall hereafter enact." Mr. Matsell also quoted the law sho sing where It ha abolished the ottice of Chio' of Police, so that tho Comraii gionerg' Deputy could not well present himself as a "su< censor" In that ennne-tion. Finally Mr. Matsell stated that be had not for aome tiir back had the official possession of the appurtenances i the department. The office was by law a portion of tt Mayor's office. He (Mr. M.) had contemplated, for sotr time back, big leaving the office and theotty. He hi made that clear to the Commissioners when he refused i accept either the office of Superintendent or Deputy Supe intended. He had, accordingly, previous to the takir effect of the present law, surrendered officially all the a| purtenanc.ee of the department to the Mayor, in whot possession they sow were. The parties hereupon agreed to drop the " official," at conversed privately for some time T* (as nnnsokomlaH now thai ikia fnentnU will hsrHlv > pressed, but that It will ha regarded m the completion the application made to the Common Council under tt a it, and the new Board will next confront the organ!z, tlon of an independent department. The advertiseme of the Board 1h already issued in this connection, an Indeed, in thin view the highest satisfaction is expresst by the Commissioners. Mr President Draper enter* up< hi* element in dealing with the manipulations of broke age and real estate speculations. On the matter of pr riding twenty two statiou houses for this city, with i their furniture and accoutrements, there should be boo fat pickings and Dice arrangements of s perfectiy legi mule nature, of course. Twenty two statiou houses w take quite a large "volunteer" force to keep though, b Kldee the thrco super ntendents sod the five patrolmen. APPOINTMENTS. Tho following appointments were msdeby the Mayor: Tenth Ward.?William H. McOonkle to be Second Lie tenant of the .Second ^district, rice Thad. C. Davis, dl missed. First Ward .Tames Daltnn policeman, rice Johns. Fifth Ward.?11. W. Hadford, vice Story, removed. Seventh Ward.?Francis Duffy, vioe Johnson, resigns It was stated in one of the papers that th plain Leona would "go over" to the new Commissioners. CapU Leonard was offered the places of Superintendent ai of Deputy Superintendent by the| Board, but declined, he would not consent to bring his men into the harrassi position in which the entire department has been pise | by tho more settle.h and ill-Judged course adopted I - others. The Common Council this evening will act upon the r organization of the police force, upon the precedent of ' like action of the city Oouncil In June, 1849. Tlif Police Difficulty In Brooklyn. TDK RMi WAKD IN RBVOI.T?THE POLICE OAM.' OUT, BIT NO ONE ROUND TO ARRBST?THE BUND, WW. CKl.KBRATKIN, AND TUB I N UERBTANDI BKTWEBN TUB CI11KF AND TUB MAT OB IN HBO A THERETO. There wan an exciting time at the Ninth ward itatl tonne, Bedford, on Saturday evening, and which (I rise to many abeurd rumors by the Ume It became lino In the more populous portions of the city. It appeant t Capt. Joel Miller, of this ward, received order! fr Deputy Superintendent Folk, on Saturday, directing I to marshal his men on Tuesday next, fbr the purpoo accompanying the Sunday schools, whose anniversi c. deli ration will tako place on that day. It has alwi heretofore been customary to detail a portion of the fo of each dirtrlet for this purpose. The Mayor consul with the Chief of Police In regard to the matter, and tl officer sent the orders over the signature of " IVspi SujvTlntend.nl." Capt. Miller informed his men their purport, when he was told that If be celTed bis orders from the rteputy Superintendent wh< they did not recognise as having control over them such, they should pay no attention to him and should i consider that he had auy coutrol over them. The force this ward consists of eleven men, all told, and with t exception of the captain all are favorable to Mayor Powi and opposed to the " Deputy Superintendent." Hen they refuse to obey orders which emanate from hi They expressed their sen'lmeots with somewhat more foi than discretion snd Capt Ml ler, being alone and posrcrloi did as little ax possible to exile their feelings stilt furtbi In the tie untune, po'treman Adam Hand came In, and t coming awaic of the nature of affairs, ventured the i mailt that the captain ought to be obeyed by the mr This was taken up by policeman rhomas MeCnire wl steed hy several others, pounced u|>on lUuft a as-silted him severely. By the advice of anotl officer not engaged In thv affray, Hauft mado I way outride, and laid his complaint before t Chief of Polios. Capt. Miller also left, and call upon the Deputy Huporlntendent Kolk, to whom he relat In effect the < Irciimstancrs abnvo detailed. The Ch started ,(f to the First district station house and order oct all the force olf duty. and directed them to proceed the seviiie ol'the revolt with all iwweihle despatch. It w ub-cpiently deemed j'riulnnt l?> detain them at a distal from the atiti on house so that If reoulred thev mul l promptly on htod. The Chief then celled upon ??> FOwell, and tiny together went lo the ptippoeed yrono dbtui banco Thi-y fnund but ooe miliary man there, Ikl eOMTI fcwIf, W nirpn*rd, gone on po*t. < if irui the Flrrt din rl<i iron worn not rrqi Ired, and they march back again ?ubout having had an opportunity to d tlnguirh tbetnrnlvra. In addition to other threat* ma again! Captain Miller, m ho informed lb* Chief, wu tt the men threatened I) briny up the occu|Mnta of I "(tardea" and d-ivn Innovator* like hlmeoif out of t rtation houre, and keep them out The "ftarden" la neighborhood occupied almo?t egrlaelvely by Irish fkci tie*. It nan formerly Mr. Parmcntier'n garden. Hen the name Thore men who are charged with Ulla defiance antborlty, tell another and nomewhat diflhrent etory abr Ihe aame ifair. Th I) ->ay Itial t'ajH. Miller hae play falre to tbtr?that he gave the Mayor aeau ranee* that would tUn.l by him in appmtttna to the new law, and tt they hail agreed with him, and presumed that all we a'ike In aetd'tnent on the matter at iaeue. Taking i vantage of their txnretwlon* to regard to the law, and t <.ftlcer? under It, Le reported the unbalance of thi rrmnrkr to the Chief of lW? or Deputy Superlntendei nd on Saturday, when making out hi* retnrna, direct them to the Chief ofP"|ioe, aa f?ep*ty Superintendent, th giving hi* adhertnn to th r new law When he name the etati> ii In mi.- u itli Ihe order, they accueed him of tht thing*, a hie,h be duuled. they offered to prove It, a word*, consequently, ran high. A* to Adam Hanft, tb ay that the quarrel between him and Thorny* McOuli certainly irw In cotireijuence of a dlepiHo between thei elvee, rod which had no reference to the dlepitewl the captain. Tbe-n, in enbrtaree, are the Matemont* of both partlr and lateo all logelkt-r. it ilnre not ap|<ear to he unr.k agrr afat* after all The fhri la thai Opt Miller owe* hl? apprrti m>Lt on aur.b to Ihe republican* of the Offlimm flouoel bautif been rimed over the democratic caucu* can' u?w nv nv inrriUTT nnrn ignvm rpnn wiin pn^fur.in and hla mundnesa rj democrat aomewhat doubled I the' untrrrlfled ' Thi? may he a key to aH the troub The Mayor and Chief af Police have come lo an nndt tam'tig In regard lo the Sunday mbnol celebration. P former a III order out tho-e member* of the Pollen Itrpv ment who acknowledge hhr, ae their howl, while the Oil will order out tbo?e who obey him a? Iteputy lluparinle denl Ifcu* Ihet expect to < loretiil" affair* to m In aotiafhrlary to both |artl??, and at the aame time proti the rhIMrrn?of which many tbournn a will be out Tocedajr?from m<il?'?t*tlnr acvt annoyance It la certa! ly reaaonahle to expect that thia will be aonompllrhnd. (apian Power*, ot the Fourth dletrtrt palice, refuaed entertain the order* of tne Deputy Sujierlntendent, wbl directed hi n lo marahal h a me? on Tueaday lie aaya I will obey the or.tera of the Mayor. The Chief thefhop presented a duplicate copy of bla ordrra to Aaatatant 0* tain Wright, af the name dtatrlat, with Inatrnntlona to cot wiand the men <>t the Flerenth ward on that day. Tl may fire rl*e 10 aome trouble, ahould tlapta Power* attempt to urohtbtt hla "aaaletant," or "ar grant'' aa he la new termed, from acting ander theee ( orwna The oth.-r captaina aland an heemnforr >tat*d tire for the new law and four for the Mat or?and w doubt (ear act In acowrdanee The mea genrraltjBiorp atttt ae the? poralhly can nader the ctroumelaauee. The IHmotlnnt lew and the Union t'luh. (Hi Friday arming 'act, tha young Mro'e Drmor.ral Union (lob of this city held an extremely animated at interesting meeting al Ibetr Had la Broome atreot. After the uaoaJ routine of regular bu?ir?e*a, the eomm tee appointed at fie U*t regular ateutlng nf tha Clnh dtafl a rertea of retolulnoe e^ireaaiag the aentimania the Cltib respecting theobnoxloi:* bill* paved by fie We York legislature at their late seaelon, an too need ther *clvoa ready to report, and Mr Rn*?, their obairma read the following preamble and raaol'itioaa, el*:? Wbereae, ihe t,e*lelature of the Ntate of New York did ihetr laleaeaeton, paea eertaln anaet nenta inradlng the rlgh of onraelrea and of our fellow ettlaene raaldaut In the eltr New fork and fhrya adJacrDl countlea. and did thereby Ira WTO MORNING EDITION?M J iwnd all just powers allotted to the mid legislature by the constitution it our commonwealth; and whereas, they have n by such measure*. reduced a wp.ll regulated system or local government to the confusion of virtual anarchy. threatening ui B uueproperty and Uvea of those whom aa law givers th-y were t swoin to protect; and whereas, an occasion ao fraught with i- peril pot only to all our beat Interest*, bnt even to our civic i) freedom, demands the prompt attention of every citizen, irrespective of party condition or degree? 1, Therefore be it resolved, That we, the members of the Youug Men's Democratic 1'nion t'lub of the city of New York, y do hereby in the name and presence of the community where8 of we form a part, most solemnl y ami earnestly protest against e this series of bold and d irlit r usurpations . 2. And hence, resolved That In the so-called Metropolitan Police bill, passed at Albany April 14, 1867. we recognise a direct atiark upon ou'municipal liberties, and, sinse that vio? lence which assails oi e free community is violence to all, an assault upon the funtmnarentnl principle of State and nation tl ) sovereignty, as acknowledged by all our American oonstitu>. linns. And, ,1, Resolved, That In the Excise bill and Port Wardens bill .. we discover not nnly the spirit but the very phraseology of a ' decayed oppression s eight tobc resuscitated here, ami that we should repel them both with burning Indignation did not their e absurd language and provisions, alike blundering and illegal. y preclude auy other feeling lhau emotions of derision and conl4 tempt. , 4. And resolved, That In their cognate acts we can dlstin' gulsh only the rapacity of the wolf, tempered wtth the low n cunning and timldl y of the wsasel, without sne ray of the e adroitness or the wit of either?in line, mere lessons lu public ia roguery made. easy. 4 6. And, furthermore, Resolved, That while, in all the acta >, erumerated, is disclosed a bit'er and insidious reactionary plot against representative Institutions?a lurfctnf desire to * trample upon or ignore the tlrat aitom of our national system, y viz?that there shall be no legislation without representation? h and an effort to unaul,tbe clear Intent of oar State constitution. 10 carefully framed, wl'ti a view to decentralize power?other . slsmiins features stand forth In bobl relief, to wit:?I. A do* nlnloflbe social ccmpact. 2 A distrust of the people S. 10 Mil iary neenaee; and 4 (1* ueral corruption by the oiler of po n aiiinn and reward* 10 iraitar*. h 6, Therefore. finally. Keaolved, That we, the aon* of thta r. mlfchty commune of New Turk, which i* the 'epitome regnl" of the Kmpire commonwealth?the day tur of American proI gres* and civil ireedom?being of the people and with the peo pie claiming all our original guaranteed right* ' under a oon lititutinn which define* and fortifiea our united greatneae a* a 0- State"?do herebv pledge all that we are and hare, together. at d aa Indie dual*, to the defence of thoae inalienable rights, 10 in the Brat, in ibe aeoond, and, if need* be. In the laat reaort; nf and thua before uod and our oountry. In either case we are ,' wll'ing to abide. 18 The above led to a general and animated discussion, in 18 which Messrs. Carr, Harrison, Ullage, Grain, Gone, Bene, diet and Rose look part. to r- The Citizen Volunteers. >8 DIACLAIMKH Or Tlljt OOMM ANDBH-lt>-CHlKF. P- HsADticABTaiai Nrw Y out Cmzn V o unmans, \ ? May 28,1867. i The eommander In-chief of the late oaradeof the New >4 Yoik Citizen Volunteer* having seen published notices of meetings purporting to be held by the Oral and second dl,8 visions of that organization, for the purpose of offering the ?f support of that body in a military capacity in the contest 10 now pending between the municipal and Slate authorities, *' takes occasion to say ? , Qt That the New Tork Citizen Volunteeia were an organ! "> ration naving nooinor oojeci loan to comoine inn inuepeuh1 dent military oompaniM of the city Into one compact and di-cipllned cor w for Instruction and parade. r* That no authority having been conferred upon the Commander in chief and stall, and the Generals of division and 1,1 their staflk, but in connection with the parade of the 23d of >? April laat, their authority and krm of office were limited h to that parade and ite lncidenta That all Decenary orders under the authority conferred ?- upon him will bo Issued as heretofore by the Commanderin-Chief from headquarters, through the regular channels of communication recognlred in military boa lee. That the meetings purporting to have been bold under the auspices cf the Generals of the first and second divi u- elons of this body were held without any orders, consort, is- or colluaion emaaeting from headquarter*. That there is no right or authority in any of the officers or membere of this organization to call assemblies thereof for political purposes, or to commit this body to any course d. of political action whatsoever. rd That all potttioal proceedings on the part of the members tin of the New|Yo?k Citizen Volunteers, as such, are foreign to ad the character and purposes of the orgai Izatloo, and of nc as further force than as the eipression of the Individual opto ng ions ef those persons taking pari in such proceedings. By ed order of HENRY WILRON, Commander in-Chief. >y Wl. H. riHBKOw, Adjutant General. Coroners' Inquests. Scicipk mr Tsjilno Ajoocvic.?Ooroner Hills was called upon to bold an inquest yesterday, at N& 144 Elm street, upon the body of a woman named Margaret Berry, wbc KD cammiued suicide by taking a dose of arsenic. The de^ ceased, It appeared, lived with Mr. Edward Henry, at the RU above mentioned house, as a seamstress. She was very intemperate in her habits, and drank to such excess a* tc l0B be unable to provide for herself. She left the otnploy ivo meet of Mr. Henry about two weeks ago, and went U work with Mrs Margaret Pool, a resident of the sam> "rn bouse, where she continued the same riotous course o hat life. She sold all ber clothes to buy drink, and beiu om ashamed of her miserable condition she determined t commit suicide. She purchased a quantity of arsenic >tm and, tnforrntng Mrs. Pool that she Intended self destine ot tion, swallowed the earn*. After partaking of the poi?o 1,. she told Mrs. Pool that she had a paper about her perso wbiob would giro ber reasons for committing suicide I'pon searching lbs clothing of deceased after death th rco following document was found in ber poHseasioa, whlci tad we print certofim, as follows . to Tiixa m*t mst mm mr aonr imn death. * The reslon of me comiting this rash act In taklog mj ity own life. I was living wttb gudge Ckuford in Oonecticut 0f and left the week befor CrfsmaH, and cam to live or bord In edward henry, he and bis wlf mad me tak drink, and inert all mv moncv. Thev also robed me of all mv clothes Hn and turned me out of dors, and I went to work, and the u record time they e mined me agan, ltkewts breaking my 30t carlcter. I bavo no friend* hear *n I lay my death ai of therdor. MAMARR NBO A BERRY." l,o The jury Id Una race rendered a verdict of" Death b; ell suicide by taking arsenic " Deceased waa -H years ol ,ce ape, and ?as a native of Scotland m Kiixaii ht Faiu.vu Faon tiik Roar op a IIor*k ?Ooronci 10 Perry held an inqaeat at No 181 Walker street, unon the P(] body of a woman named Margaret Brennan, who was kill>? ed by falling from the -oof of her residence while she was in re the act of drying clothe*. The Jury in rendering a verdid J0" t?ok occasion to censure the agent or proprietor of the n,[ house for not putting up a railing en the roof of the house ,nr or adopting some means for the safety of his tenants, whe hi, were obliged to repair thsro for the purpose of drying h? their clothe*. Deceased waa a native of Ireland and war ?,l 4* y cars of af-o. ed Jt<miKMii.i r Pomowm.?An Inquest waa al o hold by ^ Coroner Perry upon tbo body of a man named (l?org? to McCaffrey, residing at 119 Sullivan street, who died from ra* tlie effects of an over dose of laudanum administered tc '?* bim by bia wife in a mistake for other medicine. The be or deceased was afflicted with paralyts, brought on by 0f working In a white lead factory, when ho received the ,U fatal draught whteh threw him into a deep stupor from >0 which he nevtr recovered Verdict In eexwdanco with ,.j the above facts. Deceased waa XT years of age and was i?. a native of Ireland. de yaial BcWM Acnmnrr.?Coroner Conncry held an In quest at the New York lloapital upon the body of a boy ho named Edward Polls, who died from the effects of severe i a burns accidentally received by a quantity of hay taking Are in the stable No. 04 Jamee street, while be was lying sleep In the sstne oo the evening of the Intb Inst Ver of dirt, "AneidMital death." Deceased was 1? years of age, ,ut and was a native of Ireland. he Pollrc Intelligence. >*' ( h.ihi or G **.*!> I iktit iiiAnm a thcmwr?Rod 2* man A. Brurb, of Ne. 40V Rrcnlway, waa brought before he Justice Brennan.at the Eaaei Market Police Oourt, on |,|f charge of having etoten a quantity of carpeting from John 0?Rr1*n, ear|wt dealer, of 807 Grand street fhe complamant allegea that he rold the goode to the defemtam on credit, and that the latter bad the carpet conveyed awav to four place ankoo en aooo after It had been ilellrnred at . fata office in Broadway, and haa refuaed alnoe then either to pyr the bill or make a restitution of the property. Jue,/ ttoe Brennan held the^cuted for aaamination. m tb ffaval lntelll|fence. m The call that t ncle Bam iaaucd a abort time at ace foe an lnereaae uf men to atrengthen our forcna In the C line ae ta t- baa met with the moat aangutne aucteaa TheBro>klyn barrack* la overflowing with recruits, ao much ao, that o( ei, late the quartern for marines In the Navy Tard have been Inadequate to bold the nnml>?r of military aaptranla flock J* tng to thla arm of the national aerrioe. Taaterday a he detachment of recruit* left fbr Waahlngton, under the onm rt maud of Bergnant Phelpa, where they will he Initiated In |,r the mnrfua uperan.fi of handling a muaket, preparttory to going on board the rteamer Mississippi, at New York, aod , sloop-o war Gcrmantown, at Norfolk, which veesela are expected to go in commission In a few week* "n The ateam frigate Wabash, flag thlp of the borne squad n ron, waa at Rt Bartholomew's on the 5th tout. Her dent! . nation la Aaplnwall, at which place rhc haa probably . arrived ere tela. The steamer Busqtiehannah waa at Trlnala hJ on Ibe Mh April laat Jsbo would priweed In a few daya 'm great trams-At *11110. aubmartna cabin. P o iu Tn r?JR*rHir Fnae.?The Toronto Gtoh* nnder,m eland* that "for ibn lant fnw night*, after tho r.ionn of the >r regula* bu*1ne*a of Ihn line, tho Montreal Telegraph OomII pany, In conjunction with the American Telegraph com? parte* through th* Ptatra of Ohio, Mi- hi tan and Illlnol*, III nave been working direct from Chicago to Quebec, rta u nttffhlo, Toronto and Montreal, a dtatanee by the telegraphic route of aorae 1J100 or 1,400 ml et. The object ef thte lengthy communication le to neutiileh the oorrent Inn gttude, by aolar enervation*, of the different place*, lient. Arhe of Quebec, conducted the obeerratlon* at Uhl Jc cago. The operator* there nay that the Unee worked id beantlfblly on flne nighte, and the etgnal* went through * Ine antaneouaJy an though the di-dam e waa 14 Inaiead of 1,400 mllea the k>nge?t atrctrh of the great *ubmariue cable between England and America will he about 1,900 lo milet; a.) that If the difficult!** of laying down the cable of ran be *ii?rew*fu1ly overcome, there ap,>eara to ba, aa far aa human reaaon can foreeee, no difficulty aa to the workw Ing of It. The opinion of the operator* in Toronto, who n watrbed the rignala Onm Ciili ago to Quebec, waa, that If n? the rlb-tanee ha-' been twice aa great the electric fluid would hare bounded oxer It a* quickly?4. a literally In ? "1? than no time,' a* th* aigntl* leaving Quebec at 10tf pf P. M , wunM rencti Uiicago about 9U P. M ?Chicago time a. being about one hum Mower than Queber " RK B ONDAY, MAY 25, 1857. Heeling of the Superintendents of Insane Asylums. Association of Modieal Sup?nntead?nta of Amari. T / A.X. - Y M Jl^l ./?UA can iiuiubuuuuBiiur iae insane?uonaiuon ui mo ; Public Institutions at Blaekwell's Island, Btoomingdale, Ac,?The Causes of Idiocy -Schools for Idiotic Children?Manner of Teaching Idiots, Ac., Ac., Ac. On Thursday, In accordance with previous Invitations,

the members of tho association visited Sanford Hall, at Flushing, the msst successful, if not the oldest, private institution for the insane in this country. They were cordially received and generously entertained by tho proprietors and physicians of the establishment They found the institution in the same elegant condition, and under the same excellent system of management which, in so mark ed a degree characterized it on the occasions of their previous visits, In 1818 and in 1852. Fioin Ranford Hall the Association procoodod to visit the Institution for the Insane on Blackwell's Island. They were conducted through It by Messrs. Pincknoy an 4 Tiemann, the gentlemen compoaing the Committee of tho Board of Ten Coventors, and by Dr. Ranney, the faithful and persevering physician conducting it. After inspect ipg the house they were entertained by a bountiful repast. The members of the sssocUiion were particularly graifiod in observing the very marked improvement which has taken place in the condition and management of this grest establishment since their last previous visit in loo"i. ftdu tne enure revolution wmcn it Dos undergone since 1848. Then it *u a disgrace to every internet which it affected; now it is a credit to the city, a bleating to the unfortunate, and a promoter of science. Mar the enterprtatng and human* spirit which now characterise* its management ever continue. On Friday the association mot at 8 o'clock for business. a Dr. D. B. Run, of London, appeared before the association and exhibited drawings of tbe plans of ventilation carried out in tbe bouses of Parliament, in St. George's Hall, Liverpool, and in tho Queen's yacht, accompanying their exhibition with highly instructive explanations and remarks upon tho general subject. Dr. Gray read an elaborate paper upon homicidal ins an Ity, In which, beside an essay upon the general subject, he narrated the history of forty homicides, all of whom had come, to some extent, under his personal observation. The subject treated in this paper was regarded as one of pre em nent importance, both in a scientific and humane point of view, and to the safety and welfare of the community at large. Its discussion wae a ntinued till the as sociatlon was compelled to adjourn for the fullilment of an engagement to visit the New York Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, and the Bloomingdale Asylum for the Insane. Oa their way to those institution i the gentlemen of tho Association made a hasty Inspection cf the astor Ijbrary and of Trinity Chapel, much to the gratification of tbe distant meaiers, who were deeply Impressed by those monuments of the wealth, liberality and intelligence of New York. Arriving at the I leaf and Dumb Ins Itutlon at Fairwood, thev were verv courteously receive ! bv the President and the vice I*rincipal, and conducted over the elegant end commodious sew buildings of the establishment. Alter Inspecting the apartments, and the efficient means of ventilation adopted, and witnessing a drill of the male pupils In the open air, executed with simultaneous exactness at the feel of the sound of a drum, the faces or the pupils often being turned from the instrument, the gentlemen of the association were invited to ths chapel, where they were 1 favored with highly Interesting exhibitions of the proficiency made by six young puptle admitted In October ' last, entirely Ignorant of the sign language. Their writing 1 was fair and legible, and Ibey not snly spelled easy words ' correctly, bat displayed a correct knowledge of the proper use of tbe articles, the formation of the plurals of nouns, Ax., which was truly surprising. Six of the older and more advanced puptla were then called upon, whose exercises in extemporaneous composition, in the definition of abstract principles?each using his own language, Ac ? were roost gratifying. One of the young gentlemen gave a very effective jmntamlmic recitation of Holmo's ballad of "The Oyiterman." The association next prooeeded to visit the Bloomingdale i Asylum, where they wero politely waited upon by the Asylum Committee or the Board of Governors of the Now York Hoepltal and by the resident officers of the Instf.u' tlon. This establishment was opened tn 1MI, and is now ' one of the oldest listitulions for the insane in this country. , Its authorities have of late been quite awako to that spirit of advancement which so signally characteri7.es the Quid of benevolent enterprise In which It labors. Many and unit portant Improvements have been made slnoe the aasooia ? lion last met In New York. Its grounds are scarcely sur f passed In beauty, and the site la elevated and healthy, and K W(jre aotnc needed Improvements made la the healing and 0 ventilation of tlio several edlOcee occupied by patients, it i, would be one of Ute mist comfortable and ale*ant oatab v UtbmenU of the kind In Uba n*bole ooantry. b should be n .added that tbe coed .do., af tb? bouse In isspest |e alsanlln news, discipline and attention to pan ants appeared to be i. oomplete and In the hl|heat degree creditable. a After visiting tbe RtooiuiogdaJe Asylum, tbe association 1 went to Ilarlem to visit Jamos W. Richards' sebool for tralnlnf idiotic children, eblcb la situated in ldlst street, Fifth avenue. ' The location of the school on the upper end or lien. baitan ialand Is very agreeable. The grounde befbre It I are appropriately laid out. The building is a neat etruo I tore, four stories high, having verandahs wllhcluaed'blloda i on two stories, running entirely round the house. In these i the children can play aafolv in almost any weather. On ' entering the room where the children were, a person who l had expected to find ranting, lighting idiots, wotld be very much surprised to see a company of little urchins playing together peacefully, quietly and seemingly aflecunnately. r It did not seem postiblc that one little girl, of good form, dark Southern complexion and Qcry eyes, who went up to the And vl-ltor and stood by the side of, yet slightly back of his chair, looking at him kindly, quietly, ' interestedly and curiously, as all little girls do, could be an Idiot. Yet such she was. She , has been In the institution eight mcnihs. At homo she was so mischievous and troublesome that nothing ' could be done with her , she could not bo taught i any thing whatever, nor could she bo managed at all ; she , wasQIthy in her habits, and, although neat It eleven years i of age, she had never spoken a wori distinctly. Now ! she is rlsnnly, orderly, obedient, apparently quite Intellh l gent ; Is able to read to some extent , speaks so as to bo readily iindcrsUxsl. shaking to the little girl, she an. swered tbe questions with ease and Intelligence. A large, thick built girl, with tlio base of her head ' prominently developed, sal by tbe window, playing with i aim nursing u nine gin. mere ma not *e?m to ue mucti , the matter wtlh ber . but her Idiocy bu been no narked a* to threaten ber with insanity. Mr. Richard* said if rlie had been continued under the treatment *be *?< re ' crivlng at home that would hare been lie Inevitable i result She ha* been In the institution nine moot In i At home ?ba waa turbulent, pa**lonate, aud p? rfeclly un i controllable; It wa? impossible to understand anything I she raid f be now manifest* ktndnem an I gent etioft in tier intercourse, aud play* with the ether children. Part of the day abe l* drilled In the household dutiea, which ?be ;?r form* a ilh great credit; she Is also loaning to read and cypher. What abe aay* can be ea?llr understood. She la l I, year* old. A boy aceomptnled Mr Richard* to and from Rlonmlng. To a question In regard tobim the following anewer waa glren ?"lie la a pepll, and ba* boon hare Ix trxnthe. When be came he waa really a parlor baby, waa paMiooat* and ungenerous; be eould apeak only one or two word* dlatinetly; even bl* mother bad to * >eak to blm In pantomime, Ac Now be (re<|nently pause* around to *n with me, no one luppoaing anything I* the matter with him, excepting when be apeak* It I* noticed that bia utterance i* very Indietmrt We bare been able to arou*e hi* ambition to inch an extent that there *eema to be every reason to believe that ho will overcome moet If not i all the difficulties that bava Imneded hut prngre'*, to that be will at laat be able to enter upon aome useful occu|? Uon la life " The remaining children war* evidently Imperfect In both | their met tal and pby?lcnl organisation'*. Hiere waa one dark featured, black eyed little girl, with a half abstracted, , half Indifferent air, who kept walking about the flour with oat paving much attention to anything She ha* been under Mr. Richard*' treatment two year* When he first rwrnnw nernnewaeaa inert m a p ant. *he *?euied to have no control whatever of her bodily function*. The fond had not only to he chewed and pat lutn her mouth, hut It wm noreeeary to me that the nwa'lowed It. She evinced no deaire* ? waote, either mental or phyelcal I Phe eeemed to have no will or power, and her great dlfll cilty appear* to he a want of a healthy action of the necre tlve funrttone. Fhe In eleven yearn old. Site baa been no pecuh.tr that If itarled a walking rhe w tuld never atop of her own accord,orlf net down In n chair, never r1?o of hrr own will. Her hahttn have been cnrrocied and ber phyrtcal etrength gradually improved. There wat a plrarart looking, eandy haired, wbtte aproned little boy, who eeemed to he propelled hy a reelitleee activity, a< he w*? alwaya In motion. Thla la the atory in regard lo him ?" We look him two yearn ago, he M now el* ycara oM, he war then an helpieaa an an Infant, could do oothing whatever for hlmeelf, not even mova about, be wan no thing but akin and bone*. Now you tee him, cleanly, regular and activn." Mr Richard* oonaldert that moet of the children under hi* rare will become active, healthy, and al leant know how to take care of lhem*elvee, tome even may be ah la to auppert themnelvea, on* of the moat notice tble thing* among ?be pupil* w** their affection fbr their teacher*, who combine the character* of nurae, teacher and parent utantfCTtoi* or idiot*. The Orel atlemrt at the mental education nf idiot* wan made In 1*ol, when a wild boy, found la the forenta of aoutbern France, waa taken to Part* and put aadercul lure, In an attempt to *uppurt the materialistic viewa of the time llnel aald he waa an Idiot, and that no amount of Itatructlon would avail He waa placed In the blind asylum nnder Itard. The renult JuaUled Uii* aaiertien The flret ?cbooi for idiot* waa eetahllnhed at Rloetre in 1*2*, where an attempt waa made principally lo leach them Knhllfl nf r lean Iiram ant /-.I? -* - ?~ I eetabliahrd at I* 9alpetrt*re, which In 1M9 waa re ar I arranged ml enlarged, ami again In 1SI2 II rv rendered , ?or? wplHl. with arrangement* for call?thenlee and gymnastic* Annul ihc fame lime the ritaliDguleh'>d ea tahllehment at (iiiggfnbnrr, In Switzerland, ?a? <>t?ened Hlnre then Conrtly opened a ncbnnl at Hlg gate London, with twenty Are chlMren, which la now increeerd lo atMeit wo Mlorjr I* hut an arrant of derelopcmcnt. t'i*)n the remgnltlon of thla fact depend* the eoilce treatment for Uteae onfortnnatee They are divided into three claatee ? find?Three In whlrh there la not a anfTlrient amount of hraln, aefn the Altera, who formerly created eo much in , tereat In thla rl y. Thoaa who knew them in their natlae home In Nicaragua had certain knowledge that they were I Idinta, brother and atater, whoaa father wa? a rery Info I rtor ami, a qtiaiier negro and Utree quarter India??their [ERA mother one eighth negro ami seven eighth* Indian. They bad the smallest head*, perhape, ever ?e^n. rhese wero the pure idiot* of hi|*irr.tieim. Second I;? rhoeo of low phyilcal nfinltiiUeWi wliem bead* are not small or Ul shaped. end id tble clue may be euumeralrtt the hydrocephalic nod the lik>'. These havo many deScleneiea. aod among them the departure from the standard of natural hea- h imtuwtbln, Their au.iuul heat Is several degree* lent, than Un: normal staniai d Thirdly?Those where this situation la a functional disorgvni7utl<m at in chorea, (treat earn In requisite to tint treatment of these, I cat insanity occur, to which they aro peculiarly liable. The treatment of the idiot In ouly the atlmulatiuu of do* Riant faculties; sensation and perception as evinced In out Ing and sleeping are all they posses" They have no facta, no want*, no aspirations Each case ha* it* peculiarities which require Individual treatment, which at flrat la vocal and gymnastic. Cleanllnenn is i?*|*>iially attended t), hut It le found that their feelrte organisation will not permit bathing more than once a week in winter, and twice In Bummer. Air. exercise, a uutritlnua diet, well cooled meat nnco a day, and a largo amount of sleep?ton or twelve hours a day?in absolutely require t to repair tho exhaustion of miud and body. Tlie attempt* to convey directinstruction have been conflmd principally to giving lessons upon objecta which address themselves Imme dlately to the senses. In all the exercises Tor training the semen, tome real knowledge of the qua'lties of the object* must of course be gained, but the conveyance of know ledge In thoso exercises is secondary to the Improvement of the sensen themselves. The untutored Id 1st gives so little atientius to the appearance of things that often he does oat oven distinguish bright colore, unless ins attention la directed to thorn. Largo pieces of bright colored pnsteboard or paper are placed before him, and he ia required to distinguish between red and black, and blue and green, ant) the like. At the name time, the,names of the colors are given, and he la required to learn ?nd to re|>eut (hum. In this, of courte, tho disposition to Imitation most be relied upon, because the scholar does not understand tho words.\ If bis teacher, pointing to tho black board says, "say black board," he will try to repeat "say black.board,'' and If ha is allowed to do so a number of times when tho object la presented, he will learn to think (hat "say blickboard" la the name of the black board. Mr. Richards was obliged to make a boy of thirteen years or age repeat three consecutive word a all hundred and forty limes bo fore be could be sura he w? uld do It correctly. Tho aamo process baa to be gone through with In order to teach them other qualities of objects. Particular attention ia paid to physical training, not only (tor the purpose of invigorating the hea th and developing the muscles, but aa a mesne of tiling the attention and subjecting the muscular and nervous syatema to tho con trol of the will. For this purpose they are subjected to several hours' exercise each day In walking, running, placing tho hands and feet in different positions, the use of the dumb bells, Ac. This is done, when practicable, In classes, so aa to stimulate a rivalry. The training in the gymnasium and elsewhere having induced to some eiteut a habit of attention, this babit Is still further cultivated in the Kcboo! room. The pupils are taught to string buttons upon a thread; to distinguish varieties of form, by blocks of different sba|ies made to lit corresponding cavities in a board. They are next exercised In art! dilation and in singing. It Is often two or three years before they can be taught to articulate a tingle word dHtlnnlv They are taught to road by the word method, so successfully intriduced Into this country by I>r. tiallaudet; next, drawirg and writing upon the blackboard are introduced, and tbeeyeandbandare practiced by working patterns with crewel upon perforated paoer: epeliing and grammar are taught by exercises upon the blackboard; geography, by outline map* and oral instruction ;arlthmotic, in a majority or rare* the moel ditUcull of all. by careful and jiatient exercises, by objects and by the blackboard. Very few [idlota can count ten. In a clan ?f about twenty pupils, under Dr. Wilbur, only three could oount three when received. (iluttony is a very general fault of Idiots, but under proper training and discipline the behavior of nineteen twentieths of the Idiots at table is vastly superior to that of most children at boarding schools. riJBLIC AND FRIVATX DtSTITUTIOHS FOB TIACHINO IDIOTS. The movement for establishing institutions for idiots is of very recent date. The movement In this country was cotemporaneous with a similar one In Kngland On the 13th of January, 1S-W, lion. P. P. Backus, of Itechoster, New York, at that time a member of Ibe Senate of this Stale, moved a reference of that portion of the State con rub referring to idiots to the Committee on Medical Societies, of which ho was chairman, and on the 16th of the same month read a report on the suhject, prepared with great care, and embodying the results of inquiries made the previous autumn, ii glng the necessity of an iostitu lion for Idiots in the State of New York, aud narrating the I success of similar Institutions in Europe. But no decided action was taken upon it On the iBd of January, 1H44, Hon. Horatio Bylnglou offered a resolution in the Maabuchubelta House of BsffW tentative* for the appointment of a committee to invest! Igate ine conumon oi nuuia in vuav maw inn resolution pawed i>othhon*e* For the purpose of tenting the en pa city of tdiola tor Instruction, however, an experimental school wa* established at South Boston, under l?r Howu'r .personal supervision. Thl* resulted In toe e?tah|t*hment In 11*1. at the "Ms**achu*eti* Dafeool for idiotic and fuebU minded youth," at South Boston, Of which I>r. Howe ban a general MMMi In July, 1M8, I>r. H B. Wilbur, of Harre, Mam., who bad for eereral yearsflaken a deep Interest id the condition ifMMh opened a private Inrtlt MM Tor their Intra* Hon, which, both urder hi* administration and that of hi* successor, I?r (Jeorge Brown, haa met with the moat gr.1 tifyiug iucces*. Tbo fcbool contain* about twenty Ave pupil*. The legislature of Vew York, though before any other In taking cognizance of the nubjectof Idiocy, was morn lardy In itn action than that of Ma- ai huretta, and it w.ut not till 1861 that an experimental school wan established at Albany, and lir. Wilbur, who had already had three years' ex|ierience n the instruction of lmbecllea at Bar re, was elected it* preeident. In 1864, the corner atone of tho State Asylum for titiot*, wa* aid at By recti**, and in August, 1866, the achool at Albany, alrea<ty permanently established, wa* removed to the new location It- ? i i it n i* most desirable, an I IU arrangement* m<>-t ailmirthle. It la one of the mnet successful it hoots In tin* country, and I* attended by 126 pupil*. Rhode Island made an appeopria?|oo In 18.M, fnr the purpose of educating part of her Idiotic population in Ma.s>achnsett* ichool*. A private school wa* established In Philadelphia, 1* tin., In Fob 18?, by Jame* B Richard*, which. In the rour-<e nf a year and a half, became a Slate Institution. It rsm tains about 26 pupil* Ohio, last winter, made an appropriation if t'20,000 for tho ti'irimne of o|ienliig a State in*tltiiiloa in Columbia. I>r J. it. Patterson I* tt tho head of It. Connecticut ha* made a great eiTb't to establish an Idiotic school, and I* 'till making a great effort to do i, but no appropriation har yet been made by the Stale legislature for the purpose Kentucky has moved in the mallear, but, a* yet, hi let established *ueh an tn?tltntlcn Tliese, with I?r Welwrda'* honl, at Harlem, Mtaprlso all the institution* of Una cla**, either puhlly or private, In America. r*tw?ar of intonr. tf parent* and perrpie generally underab i*l the caor-e* that produce Idiocy there would be fewer of th-rsc poor unfortunate* cast o no the world I'hystek gtsi* have examined the physical mn Id on of the progenitor* of Idiots, and weight tor mtan - ill*I? tori cause* of the very vice or detect in the organisation which causae Idiocy. Several strik e* trutba rssm to be the result of the?e Inquiries. One of the most Important Is, that eight lentb? of the idiot* are born of a wretched slock, of families which went to have degrDerated to the lowed d?g e?j of bodily and mental condition; whose bhsei I* watery; ahoar humor* are vitiated, and whune ncruful-ius u n drncj ahnwa It elf In 61opt lone, MTM. and Ciltaneoua an i glandular dbe^en. Thin enortMn* of body In the Will of InU mperasre, nf enreaaea of ttrwu kinda, committed, for the mo i part. In ipn-.raorr of their dreadful couae-pjeBcer Tbey iff I'ln. horvoun, pury. uiil fore eyed , they bare fait rheum, kl-g'f evil and kindred altll< iraai . Uivy can not digerl ? ell, laonot alrcp well, and ih 7 die young Their mental and moral roiidttioB in an low an their bodily one. But o> 4W raeea of congenital ldl???? whit h were et amined In Mnnaarhvprilr, mme Information * ?< o>da;t I re* peeling the pr.gp-intora of ,W?M Now, In all th??e..>J rarer, rave 01,ly four. It ?u found thai on<- or the other, or boih. ed the Immediaie progenitor* of Ihe nnfort'irato uflercr had la ?Otoe way Widely de|?arted from Ule norrrt >1 Ctrle llton ol health, Biol vo'!?t"d Hot natural i**? That ie In ray . nae or the other, or IxmIi of Ihoin, had heeQ vet V utiheallby or aorofliloua; or hereditarily p-e.|i?|?ei | 10 aflrtliotr of lite hraltr. caoplng Opnai 1'Oial Inwardly; or bait Intermarried with blood relniTeen; or had been mt*mpe rail-, or had heeo juilty of ?eu* lal eioew-tw whlflt mpair the rooriltution The Hi lotto child la Ji?r| av much the re nit of rotne organic vice or weahnevr In the t mat lotion of the parent ae the aour and crabbed apple if the n>cw vary product of a wild and hail atnek A report mane to the B note of Wa??achtiact?a, by a Board of Crwmlanionrre appnlnted In 1*41, to inroatigaie into the condition ofIdlota in that State, and to nonatrfer the propriety of entabiiahiiig an wylum or ac.bool for them, contain! the following ? In mine lamillea which are degraded by Irtrnkenneaa and , e. thai n it a dgpyea nf imhin r\ Irn rmr* mmi ilei rat ?, which dl< "rarca tnmnitiijr. I' la not wonderful that feeble Hided clt'ldrm am horn in Mtefc team** or being born, that manv nf tl.em himm* Mtntln *'<?? < f thm r!a?a domaatica am am?w lime, taken hy th ac in hatter rtr inni??iiOM an I ihey m?te thrlr employer* leal 'he ronreotif nre* nf anfT-rlng Ignorance and vice In 'he MMiumkr farm am eaaea rwirilfd ?>..re ??rr?Pii Wn?en. who ? ' ( "In girl* In llhera'el v 'aught them hahl a nf naif ahn?e, In order <hat 'h?? might riltaurt themaclver and go in inlntly I Thta haa happened ""I ot the almalintieea aa well u In them. and an h little gtrla have hcrnme Idiotic ! There am. immig thnee i-nnmwninl In ?hla report a.>rne who nnl I'm* a*" arm mnaMered ynnnf gentl-men and lad'm. hM> a ho now am moping Malta, Ml >V> ?f Ibe lutaewi kind; Inn' In all mar in. In all moral retire. to all rtiame tdiota who ha*n bn1 una 'bought, m? wlah, on* paaalnn. and that I*, the fur ther Indulgence nf 'ha hahlt which baa l<Ntard Ilia ailver cord even In their early youth; which haa aim vdr ai-ht, and aa It nam, dlaaolrad the hhrotia pari* of their hodtea. utterly rtingnlahed t>etr mlnda. For ona rlrilm whch It laada down to tha depth nf Idtnry Ihara am aroma and hundreds whom It makna limnefWed. larauld. Irmanluta, and InelDrloat fur any hl*h pnrpoae nf !> In nn laaa than ten naaea which am hem ran >rd-M tha Idiocy or the children waa manlfratly attributable ?.i ihta aln of tha parent. Hnw. If araaaa which wnuld ha an carefully mn naalcd la brought out In thaaa tan eaana. in hnw many on .re iwi'l V hare haen at wort tmgoUewd and unauapected Hnw much hndlly dlaeaaa and waaknaaa. how much mantal ohlbjnlty and Imherllltf. hnw much nf iingoarrnahln luat. am Ihr nui iipun ihe children of ihta feneration hy tha rlcaa nf their raihara and moth era of the foregoing ona The tma menl of ahtldranat home for Minor, hy 0r1 n* them medlclna and othnrwlao generally ranuita In vary aartoua contoque near. IMTUHTMANC*. l*rob?bly Uia piaiitual una nf alcoholic drlnltt loaa a great deal to hrip* famlltoa into that low awl fW-bla tlon of body allodad to aa a prolific oauaa of idiocy. Out of three hundred and fifty bum idiot*, the condition of I,D. PRICE TWO CENTS. wWo progcnitora km ascertained, ninety nln* were the children ol'drunkard*. The general appearance of theeo Mint* in rfn.Hikuhly like Uia of their pareubi when they ?eie in lhnr lung drunken debauchee. Th? elfccl of habitual ueo of alcohol, even In mMerat* quantltlne, aeeriM to bo to lymphatU* the whole bo lily or/tiu/jiilon ( that ia, to (iiiTiinWh Iho ororuirtlon nl the flhrouu narf of tna h-wtu? that nhich f\rea enduring -strength, and Id make tho lymphatic or the watery parUelea to abound in all tho Uhhuph The children or peraotus ho ly m >ltatUed are apt to be of the scrofulous* character above deanr ihesl - and their cbllilren are very apt to be feeble in body and weak In mind. liiiotH, liiole and aimpMon* are common among the progeny of tech portion*, either in the ttrstur aeoond genera urn. The nee of nlcohMIn drink* or other Rtimulnr.ts by pa rentes, begets at. ape tie for them in the o!f prlcg. IPTaKM AKHI AliK OP KKI.ATIVKM. By giving this an ono of the remote causes of idiocy ( M i- not meant Hint even In a majority of coxes the offspring of marriage bet warn coutiln*, or oih--r near reltUoos, vtit bo Idiotic. The cash are very numerous where nothing extrttordiuary Is obacrvabte In the immediate offspring 01 noli union". On the other hand, there are ho many cotton where bllmltiew, dcaftae**, luranlty, idiocy, or Homo peculiar bodily or mental deficiency, or n manteist tendency And liability to them, is neon in hui h oM'xprlug that one i s forced to believe they cannot bo fortuitoiiH. It depend : very much upon the to -tilth, s-dur.-iUon and similarity o. db position or temporament of tho partic Out of 360 ( it-en In wldch ih? parentage was a> curtained, iovenuseiv were known to bo the children of inrontH nearly retate-6 by blood. Thin would Rhow tnat more than oue twentieth or the idiots examined are off prhig of this man tape of lelutiont. It Is probable lliat blindtie?s, dfafno*K, imbecility,and other intlrmtslea, are more likely to be tho lot or the children of imrcntu related by blood tlian of o'bers. lh? atattMic* of the Misventeen htmllne, (hi* hnttiiiif mhicii hi itia lilnrwl pfilttiid?k .nto?m<ippi<?<l (Win a l?arf"t tale. Mot t of the parent* were Intemperate or er.rofulmw, HODie were both the otiu aod the other: or course there were other caiwce to increase chance* of infirm <>tV^>rUiir bori'kn that of llio intermarriage. There were Imrn unto llieni ninety-fivo children, of whom fori/ four wero Idiotic, twelve otiiere rcrofulooH and puay, one was deaf, Bit one w?v a dwnrf. In *ome co?ca, all the children were either idiotic or very ?crof 'lous and pony. In ooe family of eight children, live were Idiotic The rollowiig i? the number of Idiot* in the (trend State*. Recording to the een?us report of i860 :? IVhUtt. fru Colored. .Katie* Maine 676 J ? New Hampnhtre 360 1 ? Vermont 997 i ? Mwar.htiKettf) 181 6 ? R lode If land 110 4 ? Connecticut 283 4 ? New York 1,014 21 ? New Jersey 404 13 ? Penney I vaiile 1,432 36 Df la ware 74 14 4 Maryland 276 43 6ft DlMrlctof Columbia.... 10 8 ? Virginia 891 90 20L North Caroline 616 26 12L ?onth Carolina 240 6 94 Georgia 616 1 lift Klorlda 23 ? 8 Alabama 343 ? 133 Mwclealppl 134 2 84 r/>nleiana 106 6 62 Texan 93?11 Arkanaaa 103 2 10 Tenneeaee 766 6 86 Kentucky 796 20 91 Mtwourl 326 ? 34 UUnola 341 2 ? Indiana 926 18 ? Ohio 1,344 17 ? Michigan If 4 8 ? Wlfconain 92 2 ? Iowa 94 ? ? California 7 ? ? Minnesota 1 ? ? New Mexloo 44 ? ? Oregon 4 ? ? Utah 1 ? _ Total 14,257 318 1,182 Tho number of Idiot* In the United Stale* ia coxetdered, by |erroaa who have maile Ktailetical r.voareh ou thmvubJeet, He tuuoh greater than the recult above given, for pa rent* who have an Idiot child do not like, and frequently absolutely refute to apeciry the lacl to the ceneuH taker*. m The aeaoclation having returned to their Reunion room. Dr. WxLKra. on betiall of a committee previously appotMmt for the purpoee, aubmlttrd a re* tlution thanking vartoua iarii.il frum whom tbev had reeet 'ed courteeiev. Alter attending (o rotne nualnetui matter*, the wwvU Ucu, on motion of l>r. N? uiu*, adjourn*!, to meet in th?> city of Quclwc.C. K..,f,n tho fecoiid Tuonday in June, 1&M, at 10 o'clock A. M. Our Albany Correspondence. I Aiha.ht, May 30, 1MT. ' Ft'-U' C mmiuitmn? ftvi Apfivatiimi for lArrm?Mayor J ally Dtfkulliei?Albany Brulfr, Opr.raLvmi (Amtewwd, I #* Two members of the Hoard of R*else Commiavtonors for Albany city and county, mrt yeaterday, pursuant to public notice, mid entered upon tiieir duties under tlie Into net of tho i agi?lature. Air. IV von, tho city < ommkwlooer, did not attend. Two of Ihcm are liberal men, and wl!l uno lie Ir licet dtarretlon In yrautiag license*. The third la a rabid, ultra, uncornpromiiing Maine lawltc, a prohibitionist of the real Naal Dow rchoul, and goes tbo whole k ig for |iroblbilion or nothing. How Judge Rubicon should haro OOBMBted lo bin appointment la rather a mystery, an tier | Judge |h believed to be a man coualiiterit ani dc i be rati In all thlng-i, and a rt 'let ndberent lo all Uwi until overruled | by leyaldeclt una. 'Ib>' two country Ootnmirtiooers opened their proceeding* with due formality, one of them appointed the other aa chairman ai l accretaiy to keep a tecurd of the day'a jw'K needing*. Tin y th' ti announced that they were pre|atred and ready to receive propora't from all person* In Albany ri'y and county who desired !ic>n?e* under 'he new law for retailing ' strong and IntoiiCatlng drinks." Four person* applied who rwM* in tltnclty. alt In the town of t'oeyntana, three In the town of Waicrvlelt, and one In the town of Kern seiner vllle, making a total of only four* j teen lu the city and county There would probably have 1 been more application* hut for the dtffloulty, o<|* ei*iiy to i the city, of obtaining the no<-e--<ary twenty freehold signatures. None <if the proprietors of the gn at drinking ..1 1'. ...... . II.II r. l.....n II , 11....... II.. I U..hl.. I'illar, Commercial Hotel, or *c, -co any oji r, regarded tho meeting of the Commlneion're, ony made any applli at on fur a Herone. Throwar-- made by the Maine Uwllee Lb at Uio Com iti irrli >11 crs murl ant up to tho letter of the low in every pkTttmtlar foetu a, an they will l>? M feepoorlble b.f.?'? a Oraud Jury. One or Uirm baa already Intimated hl-t dntermtuatton to r-'njn mtolkh in ir th? rink of an lurenUgatluo of audi a nature Ihe peltry num of tbreo Jol.ar* a day la no In du< emrtit in he mode the rhotririfttkn ft r the haitledorea of both the N'-al I'wltea and lb? tlipior free trader* Al though the rlty of Albany in uot rvgardod la the light of liu hnetion (rvrept during the ? * i n of the l-egnaiatur#), ace f* rba|? le?? liquor In I'on.uiawl bore frooi April k> I n ratr r Iban In any < titer place of Itn rlna la Ibe < nuulry , rt'Il thorn I* ? nwh opp?ltion lo the lab- law an any other people manifcat, and they are an mueb oop-wad to the prevent oae an they a ere to the ir.fa-noia ac-arch and aeirurc '? v< UN"! by the Court of Ap*??in. iinr Mayoralty mate rn reman in Uulu quo, *o far an a legal ilUrrlliilcatioa between the 1*0 A day or inro mncetb? r< w nolo ? cffW-ern were aworn ic "thee in pr-wtaoce of th.rr. b.-'h Neither Perry nor (J vk> ab'ieh iDOet with the Common Uranr I an in? K? ir icr uniformly proatdee al the uut-tinga Mr Prrry bau drmande<l bin aalary of a thorn and dn'iara Tor hi* ta*t year'n eervicea, when in troth h" ban done nothing, ror b. n rerogn led by ibe Conn ? Ounail or Ibe people. Two etectioon wlth-lr havecr-tr'ed itttre he ptetrnia he wan rerted, OMtrluatvely 'bowed that h>> I* In a min >.-tty of neraral h' l i.mln In lb. rliy rh? Cham' rlum n funm to pay the aleg-d *it.*ry IVrry bat applied f>r a couiputenry man d-,mi *. The r ty a tho. it . ? are pre,**, mg to defend w?? Cb.r i erlain n.e matter will g> into curt, wbero e de < oh-ii timet bo matte w lo Perry'* rip lit to the -.alary Th< n ih?- i|u?oinn will he nnally w-ttlet who la the rifbtfur Mat or of the ity '-f Albany , but It tr more than probebla that ,.tn?her election will laae pla a lo April o?al befu.-e a final adjudl. al n t? arrived et TbeAlbuay Brulfe 0. ui|?uv have oonifiien.'ed opera tioti. TL< y arr n- w boring the bw| A tb? river ie ordev to afertaiU the quality of the lo>-ndatlon. Coffeee da r?a arc to be nui-lructed, en a- to enab'e lite workmen b? recur* a lolid bar a upon wtb-h u> o?u truct the ptera. They eie to be built io tho tnorl iub*.'eiiti?l meaner, rwgar lleee ol exp rwe, ?o an to wlthetAii.l any amount ot pr?-?? 'ire from I'on In and l.-o People are wondering why the com puny >Va d eommenca the work before Itidgw Nelson |iven a declaim) bill a? the director* of the e?ni pan* ara ..hrawd mon, thare ta do roaoon to b? licta they wmild nndirtatn tt union* thoy know what I hoy worn about Our ClntlHiiall rorrN|MHMtfnr?. fYnwgan, May JO, 1M7. Tkr AgruuUnral f'rrojmet* out W*L The WMUr ia -till dkmaliy oold fur tha ?w>i fr hare had daring a work hoary, daobmg raw, and the wind* haeo boon chilly. U t? i mo >bat tha con waa all plaLtod and coming up greon In it* thrifty Mfc- Hot a raoi oalonl of ground Intended for corn la yid uaplaKd, an* the greater proportion of corn put m tho ground n r ating, ?n that replanting mtiil bo gonarali and tha wncatof It Ml tho rold rainn barn boa ton do m and chiliad tha ground tenant) an cttrnt that It nooda breaking np again, and thie la n opora'lnn there |? not time to perform. The farmer* rathorofnro with r**l raaaoo, dWomiregad about their /Hon The I'V * ?*ry *hnrt ^ ?'' * ?" 1.1 *ii> ?1.1 ^verity of ?h?* winter ha# WMd the almo?l ail aita.irl?-n o(|fr*ln and IWrter fcr the flMdlt* of *? In, k <* ?' . hone*. h<*? and .hoep are nearly nntrar #liT ?nf#fi>(; IB many plnre* of Utea* uimtU have aatoally 4VTMI to death and In other* *r?M nn-nber* *re throwB upon the markrt ft>r ?ale, berau'B lond cmnt b. n,rtB?l,?l thorn In Kmturky the nnmher of mule* ,.()< rt',1 for ?*le m anetampled. For week* the funnyi have hoped nod prayed "hr warm rain* and annahlne to b?,nf tip t1" area* to reed th#ir florfc* hut vbu* fkr in ram The irra*? of th# meadow* though Atort, look* trail, Mil the wheal ha- a healthful aolor, highly proral*tng, ihotgh It ta deMaat ,n ?ntre. Apple*. peaehe*, grape and fruit of all kind- ? hor far * & W* ar<> fcareahout haop in your aaanrauee* that the country la '?*nfta_pert><'U? afe," but people have an ugly way of ondverninf with e lire cm |ravity about lh? probabibMa of a famine. t