Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 9, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 9, 1857 Page 2
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2 INTKRKST1NG FROM BRAZIL. 1*' Ifw Brazilian Tariff?Ormand for Labor ? Hrodirm of Inltmal ImprorfmonU? Brazilian Expedition up Ilia Paraguay, die. OCK PAKA COHUB-PONDBKCf. m Paiu, (Brazil), judo 30 1867. f>att rf .Vrfo AnUmw?Btligtcw (YrrmtmisjSti-amrrs on Oif Anatm?J'ttpit and to*n of l ara? I'akU in Pot ?Cvmmtrtt A Pertviwrtt HvKaf on Slavery?Intrrett ing (iff'Tiiphval DitcoMry?KxtitUUm of a llrcuiliant Mrs,mmmm /W/ K.JJ^r* of 10.000 fOfl Rpu Avmm n VAn/i] 8tramrr?Ttu Amerxcam Murdered on the Amazon Tbe departure of the brig iAuretta for New York afl'ordi at apportunlty of Reading all that has tra?spired of InU rest at this plane during the last fire weeks. We have Just gone through the celebration of the feaat of dantc Antonio, whloe has lasted for several days, and to a great estenl retarded, If not put a stop to all bustnem; the town is consequently unusually dull. Paring the fancvm the great oatbedral of Saalo Antonio has been brilliantly Uluminated Inside and out, and the private bouses have not been lacking In their religious zeal of a like na ture The feast of St John the Baptist has also recently taken plaoe, and the season may be said to have been about equally divided between religious ceremonies and business Itanclng, featting and music have been the ruling passion for some weeks. Stnoe the establishment of two steamship companies in Brazil, there Is scarcely any limit to the commercial progress of (he oounlry. We have two lines regularly ouching here, one, the Brazllan Steamship Company, have two Koglitb built steamers, the Tapajis and dan Salvador, which brtng us news from Rio Ja.iero and the ports to the southward every few weeks, and keep ui posted in relation to things In he outside world. Tbe other company Is kbown here as tbe Com mina do Amasonas, the stock of which la principally bold, 1 believe, In Englanlandln ltlo There are also Kogllth built boats, and the assocta tion en.ioys exclusive privileges from tbe government The names of these steamers are the Rio Negro. Capt ? i?al . the Oameta, Lt. Flguetredo ; the 8olem<i??, Lt. Pa rabybuna dos Rsts ; and one other whoae name I have not at hand. These boats ply on the river Amazon, atd receive a constantly tncreaitng support In the way of pat sengers and freight. The population of Para Is slowly but stesdily Increasing Various government improvement* are going forward, aucb af quays, wharves ani public buildings ; but those matters. Unugb constantly operated upon by laborers, will be several years in process of construct on ; the lethargic movements of these intertropical people is actually catch lng, and your correspondent, if he resides here much longer, will doubtless become Initiated Into their snail paced movements and pais bis time at luxuriously as any of them, swinging In his hammock and looking out upon the srest estuary upon which i'ara is slluat.d. The harbor ol this port Is one of the be it on the Brazilian coast, and only exceeded by that o' Rto Janeiro. It Is formed by a long narrow island (one of a group), which stretches along the main land and affordi an ample and secure shelter from the sea. Veisels are loaded by lighters, though the water Is of sufficient depth to admit them of any size to Me at the wharves. About this time hides, India rubber and the other exports of the region are rather scarce, and a high market Is anticipated There are do# In the harbor quite a little Heel c vessels, which 1 can plainly count from my win dow These are the English brlf Isab. 1, Cspl Hoott; tbe Brazilian ship Recife; the American brigs Adelpbl and M Shepsrd. and the brig Mmtiuiosnl eb > Belem, both Por tugueae. lhe above are discharged. The following ves sela are loading for foreign ports:?The English bark El leslrei; Portuguese bark Ulirlera; English tcboonsr Shark; American brig IsturetU; rpanl'h schooner Claudlna; and English brig Freeman We have also here the Brazilian i war steamer Tbet's and the steamers Tapajos and Sole moes. belonging to the Ann/ m Uimpauy. You will see by the steamers above me Atoned, that Brazil is an exoepUon to the general rule which sank* tbe American descendants of the la in races as dectdent and esbeustel the government within the past few years has been wide awake to tbe advantages of steam naviga lion, and though our own countrymen save not yet bad a hand in the construction of loeir vessels and machinery, the silly jealously and fear tber have always had of us 1s fast disappearing before the advaacs of our oommeretal power Rinre 18.'>4 the country nas been at peace, and ao man could be more popu'ar than the Emperor is among the more Intelligent classes The trade ol this port Is really important and ts fast Increasing It extends in sll directions? up the Amazon to an aim let endless distance, and down Iks South American coast It ts in particularly intimate re ations with Menus, Baleo, and Ms anhao, coast wise, and I need not mention the forels n commerce that centres here. Tbe place has above 14,000 inhabitants,Is agreeably and bealthi'y situated, asd bids fair to be In future times to tbe great Amazon what New Orleans ts to the Mississippi A gocd deal of ex< dement has recently existed here In relat on to tbe expected comet, and so tearful were the anticipations that public prayers wers offered up in tbe cnurrors to avert me uireaieueo aaoger tao leading journal (Dinrio do Oram Para) c tine out dally with solemn ] dissertations in learned Portuguese on tbe sub ect, bat tne day predicted by tbe German astronomer came and parsed without any oometlc mature-tall one, and a general jubilee wai the reault of tbe rovirstm of public tecilnf. Tbe well In own house of I'erera k Uoelbo bare dissolved co parlnerahlp, and tbe business will beocefortb be oon tinued by J. A. Coelbo A abort time stnoe tbe Arcbblsbop of Brags (Don Jose de Arevedo e Mount) published bu semi annual manifesto, or ad lrmo to tbo?e within bis ctreuit or jurisdict'oa, ("A { dot at nauofamaJot dsoouiit" <,") In wblofe. after loacblng upon toe numerous tins and Iran*sraasloas of tbe people, be takes bold of tbe slare trade and bandlea tbe conductors of that traffic with the gloves off lis reprebaes tbe trade and those engaged in It, and speaks of It ss an ' infam >u* commerce which has for lis ends tbe acquisition of wealth for one part* . and toe doom of hopeless servitude foe tbe otoer It I* tbe moreolieus, be continues, "that these enterprises of suffering and death are ooodneted under the auspices of di-naturali/.ed I'jrtu gxese, who. tbemaelees without humanity, de not best ate to eorruot the most ll'uslrlous and bi berto blameless amoo? tbelr fellow eltl/ens with lbs raise auiseiucdre hope of thus acquiring soddenly tbe wealth wblcl they might gain with leas ssc-IOce of conscience in tbs leglll ate branch's of commerce." This K rather strong laograre from an archbishop whose ptopieare nearly all slave holders, and wbote personal pr? perty Is doublle? tbe result of tbelr connection vrltb tbe slave trade; but It gi-ee to show that freedom of speech ! and (bought Is not entirely crushed out Id the - hurck In Portugal tbe steamer Han Salvador, Id I' mte R'belro, arrived ber. s few davs since, from the southern coast, with a! vices from Hlo Bahta Psrnambcoo, Our a. Piaaby, sod Marstiban up to 'be 121b of June, and from Buenos Ay re* to lb- Mb, from Montevideo to tbe lllh, au ; Rio Grande do ,-ul, Ui tbs 21st of May Tbe oews t? published in tbe ?h sri <U> Qcmmrr- M of this place, eblcb I Lave trans 1st ed There I* so ship new* from the southward Tb< death of tbeBlibopof tbe Oriental republic!* an nounced to a Buenos Ay?ee paper, bis lo?* was deeply sod generally deplored Tbe steamer Ma'acanat arrived at It. ada on tbe 20tb of April from an exploring expedition to tbe Ooyuba She was received wherever tbe toocbol with extraordinary demonstrations of joy by the Inhabl lanta His Excellency, tbe Bishop of Cuyuba, held public religious service* to gtte thanks for tbe prosperity which bad accrr ed m those oountrles since tbe oelebraUm of tbs pea is of April, lftM Aocordlng to letters from I'arsguty, Ike nev Hlalloos be twevn itrax!) and that ountry war* proceo-llng with bap py results is Porto Alegro had been dlocovered a new and beautifal grasing country . never before penetrated by civilised per one It tics on the borders of tbe t'raguay, abounding lo w -sis and grasses, and I* well watered and fertile It was disc "rered by lb* two missionaries Jesuino Stlra Nanes and lau-iso ta-ga# Immense depositee of sa </**? were een, which could not bf IrilMof for wast of reme!* Home pmall b ml* had b?ca offer*- ! 390 ret* per arroba to 'r<*b; lb ibe t.-rthern produce* Tbe eathcg day* of tbe *team*hip rmpur hi l hero cheered by *r . emmaa! decree tn the Wib and 2Kb of each ro-Dtl from >*?;?, aad lo tbe 1Kb ud JOtb when northward bouad Tbe Om? Mt antH of Rio .'*alerio, contain* an nc count of the eirraitoa ef toe of tbe cot of tbe Brar'IWn **r >uiarr Kerife, oa tbe 39 h of May, la tbai barbae, fbr Ibe MMMiotiioti ?f tbe boot*wale. The aeateoce wee roe Br men by tbe Popreme Military Council, and atecutad <m boat d tbe ibln where the deed wan committed and lo mi) eight of Um lent A letter from Porto A terra aaaouacea lereral oaeea of tbe typtoue freer ?blcb bed terminated fatally I Heft) Ibiarte ftlrn, ooe * the director* of tbe Raab of Braati, and for many yean a lead er member of tbe Oon atitoeai Aeeembly, died la Kin Jaaerto on tbe ITlb of Mty, la tbe llaepttal of Pedro II He wan eae of tbe rramen ot Ibe cooebteUoD Tbe /torir.of Peraambotto,Ma that a robbery had heaa oemmt led on board tbe Brat Ilea a a re (team tb l p c.naaabana, af tea mllltooe of rata, beoagtng to tbe govern md;. oa tbe laet voyage of tbe eteamer to that pot ; .eufnaot Brlto, tbe commander of tbe eteamer, aad la whore < bar ye the traanure waa left, wan eunpnetrd of bar tor tome more knowledge of Ite wbereab' utrthui be wm w1ltta? to adm't. The queattoe ha* been aet at rrnt by tbe arrant of the thief, fan old offend*r from London.) In Rio Oraade da Norte, with all the money i.rent erritemaat baa been ibe conaeqoeaoe bare, a* Lieut Brito waa gene rally known aad r*wpeeted, A Senor Ha*eire aad Madaae Pevsaui arrived bare la tbe ftaa Halrador f*om tlie eoatbward, end Intend tinny a err lee of dramatic aad other repreeentetloo* Bot theee. ae wall a* all other public amn*em*ata. are of rare octer reerr There le little here to arouae the people from tbe MWaal laertaeee which hu become necon-l netnre The laoretta le ibe *<aly reaeel #o? loallor Hera for the l otted yieiee, though we nra dally ei pectin* other arrtrala An attempt bar bean made here by oar comml to Induce tbe local authorities la take eoiae ntep* toward Inrontl rat in* ibe horrible mnmacre of nine American cttirew oa the upper Amine left year Tbey ware puroued aal murdered by government troopa, without prorocatloi, and no notice be* ht'herto been taken of It by tbe Brarillaa oraeameoi. or that of tbe I riled Htatee rati I tbe latter ?? - -? > ? >h*? le Utile likelihood that I earthing will be effected bf toward! harlngiietl'* done 1* the prmw? The 14m of nine men?poll hunter! In Ihe reel and enetpl?red regione of lh ? oontlnenl?being hal M " Illh-Irtrrp 1 et lilt! VII the e*cuee o'ftred u palliation of the lih'inu outrage K? wepeper Atronnti. [front lb* Uierpnol Mercury 1 Hi" ft iAfmno June 2, 1117. ?t?e rnnii po ni In which the new tariff differ! front the i . -I r, Ml Into force on thr etpiruion of the treaty with li'ii .irltain, on the lllh Voremher 1**4, are? I 11 important rndootlnM upon arttriot of food and hp n re?r material* In rtamtfy In# nbont *0 nrMcIa* at flted dutlee that h< t?y erf aaloree rate* of HO to 30 per nont T), rinnnne for the redoctkm* upon article* of rood and ?*pon raw material! art enough J SIdod the falling off of lie imior1. oT slave la1)#.- there ha< bet o a gradually increasing scarcity of tbe necessaries if life Tbe free labor that haa arrived, chiely from Pert gal. haa by do mean* been adequate to ihe wa.ita of the country . for. beyond the increased quantity of iand that haa latterly been under cultivation, there haa been a great deal of labor required in niaklcg the rail and carriage roads in progress all over the empire. Thia haa hindered the culttva ion of beans. Indian oorn and maiidioca (rassara), .he staple articles of food of '! e Bia/'lian population So conapicuoua is ibis acarcl'y that the Em|>eror'a speech at iho opi'Ling of the present session contains a paragrajh Itid.cau ,e of still further reduc tion hffir.ff arw>r. in thn .lnlies en alii leutarv articles, i The duty on raw ma'ertals ba? be?n lowered to promote I the manipulation of tb< m Here, aud thua indirectly aid the lDgreas of artlbani aud laborer*, ?o much wanted by Die i ouDtry In a sho-t lime, whtn the abroad* are com i pleted.tbe Kuroptan emigrant will, on laud In* on the fer . tile aoll of Brazil, be able tu a few hour* to attain an ele valiou of 1 000 to 'J,000 foel above the level of the lea, 1 where In ether of the two rich and immense province* of i St. Paul or the Mine* be will flm a climate equal to thai or the routh of I ranee, where there is none of the dearneu of provision* which now prevails on the sea border. FOOD. Ntu ? Krcrs. (lid?Heat Flour, barrel 2,400 3,000 Oodflak, 2 lbs 1,500 2,601 Potatoes 150 >00 Marcarooi, Ac , arr 000 1,200 Jerked beef 400 500 Salt beef 480 760 Salt pork 640 1,400 Bacon fico 1,200 Pearl barley 460 930 Tea, lb 460 60i Bran, arr 160 500 Pea*, tried 160 060 Butter, lb 120 130 Chee?e ISO 180 Sea biscuits, common, arr 180 400 Fine 406 1.100 Salt, litbon, alqe 60 180 Iivet pool, lb 10 ?0 about Beans, per alqe 240 900 Bean*, per arr 80 ? about Wheat, alqe 100 4M Wheat, arr 60 ? Indian corn, arr 80 SO p c. c. ad ral. on value HAW MA' EH: A 1,6. Steel, arr 200 1.000 Iran, bar 100 312 red 100 400 plate 100 5O0 hoop 100 480 White lead. 100 1 200 l inseed ell 10 f4 Turpentine 10 ^6 Rosin, 2 lb 160 080 Whalebone, arr 2 600 3,760 Sulpbnr 80 4*0 Litharge 180 TS0 Beeswax, lb 200 210 Pota?h, arr 60 C40 Purified 80 260 Saltetre 260 1.260 Refined 320 1.260 Indigo, lb r>oo eoo Sheathing copper 100 120 Tin, bar, arr 750 1,920 Ro<l 7 to 3.2?, Zinc, bar 76? *00 Sheet >? 750 1 920 Lead, sheet 750 750 Bar 750 750 Shot,21b 4 600 1,600 MAsrracTVBE*. Flannel*, per *q v 180 252 Bane...., 210 226 Velveteen* 300 450 Printed shawls 120 150 Handkerchiefs 100 120 Turkey red handkerchief* 100 2o4 Bobbinet 240 265 Crape 420 480 Colored cottons? rialn 100 120 Twilled 120 136 Salampore* 90 111 Lasting* 480 680 Soap, lli 30 SO llh*. bras* 240 *0 Iron 180 *40 Chain cabl**, to X In , 2 lb 3,800 4.S,*) Above % in 3,000 3.800 fair skins, lb- 200 250 Man I'a rope, arr 1.500 1.876 Cairo rope 900 1,126 Sail twine lb 87 X 120 Packing ditto 37 * 76 Velvet, iq. V 2,'200 8 640 Cotton drawara, dos 2,800 4.840 Superfine do 4,800 4.820 Cotton i tugieta 3,000 8 000 Fine white checked muslins,tq . 260 167' Satleeoa 180 lit i Tsllow candles, aw. 1,800 2,890 Iron nails, to 1X inch 1,600 2,400 to 2 Inch l.COO 1,200 to 8* Utah itfiO 1,800 above 5H inch 900 760 Deals, 1 Inch, per tq palm 6 0 1H 'neb 10 2 inch 18 12 2.H inch 20 IS 3 inch 30 ' 11 8M Inch 60 21 Ine per sq palm for every S 90 3 per ? in Copper nails, lb 180 120 While blankets per arr 7 600 ? Ors* 4d oarb 6H0 1,060 Soar let blanket*, per arr O.ftoo ? Or 8a 4d each 876 1 369 Cloths, saved Utta,?] v 464 436 Midi urn 900 870 1 ne 1,600 1,200 Superfine 1.500 2,404 Sewed selvsge. Increase 30 p. ct None Scarlet 20 p. ct 4> p ci Flushings, sq. v 390 5?>4 Scarlet 3<<0 too Itnen drills, ordinary 270 2X5 Medium 270 3?0 Fine 270 ttt HCTiDBIEH. | Playthings, lb 124 30 p ct ?1 ?*l | Clgn, two wheeled 160 Beeswax. lb 200 210 j Printed muslins, iq. t 1*0 30 p at All Tgl Ouvw and sailcloth, lb 120 SHOO i ! !0lh damask, ?q. 1,200 1 600 Wool 6f0 026 sponges lb. ?>00 .100 Snull ...<i .. i.00 1 200 Cotton tbr> ad .100 300 P'tat Tenia, iq t 106 100 Woollen etulfa, ordinary. 4*0 MO Medium... 7?o 610 Fine 1.200 1,004 Knperflne 1 ?.*0 1 640 < aaalneis, wool and ration .61 ,i>o *l.<OHOI.IC I.IQ <">? *. Brandy, French, Canada. Tan 700 V ng tsh 100 '>00 I Bin Sin 300 Wine, rbsrry 600 1**) 1 I.tebon 24" 240 1 Port 600 600 I The following article* are admitted Tree?Chrome, rln dern. manuscrlptr. (told and ellenr con,-, spectmeo* of iiumtimatolofy. plate* Tor engraving, old typa, broken glare. [T analated Tor the New Yoaa llsaxm f'om E Senaanarlo de Aanncioo. March 22. | The move age of President l/tpe7, delivered to CitBgi am oc the 14th met., Ihua alludes to the navigation of the laregoey river, opened to Brazil aa far aa lis provtnoe of Matte (.raano by the treaty of the nth of April ? la virtus t,f the stipulation* of the treaty of frleolab'P, commerce and nangatlos, the R'axiiaa war steamer Maraoaaa. tbe merchant steamer Ri Coraa, the ntloi boat Ieverger, the achoonera Ifamantlca, Ultras and Pndro l.f and also the Paraguayan ar.taoouer Republic* del Paraguay, pilot boat The :f to Iwoember, nrbonner Rotarlo and the ?n all rraft Feltcldnd^ were palling up the river wilh foreign mereiitr ;ipr? lor mrwr 01 aid '|unr<j'i? ??B the Sid Marc I Senor Anirtl, Kilraordtnary Knroy as Mintater Plenipotentiary of Brazil, bad not jet arrteel la AanaeloB, where be waa eipectrd ib Ute Meaner l ata (MM Tbe |oecrnment of Rratll aod tbal o( the Aryent'ne Con federation reneieed com in un loan on that the Coagraaa of Parifoe. had appmeed the traatlae of rrlendahlp. Melfa boa aad commerce i included Between tbeee two Riatee kipobtip ii' i' - or ruxen thoom- 4 nam TORI A L CLAIH-tbb bt'RDRR "f aMKKICARB OB THB ABATOR BIVRB. | Klo Janeiro (Jane 14) Onrreepoadoaoe of Maacheatrr <t tardlaa The dtoputr betwten France and Brazil, now ac lour fading relatiee la the boundary of French Uutaaa, le or 1 rupyine much aMentiop .met now Reartag on tbto pntat, I iba loll jwiaf 'pination baa recently been put to tbe forern : meal a tbe chamber* ?"Ib it true, or ant trae, tbal two ' r'rnrh reaaeto of war are at the Rto Amviay, aad there dlaembarklag their Iroopaf' 1 am not aware that anr reply ha been g< rem It appean tbal th?dlaputr hi beeel on the topograph ma i pnelnea of tho Rio Vapor, or Orapor, which to referred In la eoaa old treaUee made la the time of tbe colony PnrtugB' ? oertaia territory to France, the imitbera bonadary of which wa tl.a rleer Yapoc The old name appear* In be nlwoet rorfoiien: but the ir ariaee cbitiiy from tbe fact that the near bae D'llBeroul (llTrrfnj br?nrhe? The rrMOD tO'erprWI IH? treaty u r,D? hran-b the Rranlltaor ?n*ber Who will decide* (.a thing I* clear, th?l lbe?renrbn? jfrt M that of bar nr * French free port on the Ae*a?mn, ill" which, I believe, thie branca rail* It It the old atory. " lb# thin end of the wedge " Wouldn't our Taokee friend* fiery In ?ooh ? nhaare? I recently read In the Afee Vrfer Vxnmtner, a horrible atory preceded by ?*'r? ne dt*l? oho.it the murder of t n mber of Inngbnilre American tonri.u at the rlecr A no* aoo. by a party of Brazilian noldler* The HVimiwr ooght to ham added that It waa the " Inoflenolm'' feMtemeo who Ornt fired npon the aotdlery. | eannol nor I* It nar*macy 10, go into the detail* of tht* aad renonntre Peeing *ooh a atalemcnt. however, In a Maorbeatev paper, I cannot rp frain from pointing out it* tnjunilon M M Nooalhior and Pro*not, ef Parte, bar* obtained a patent in I Afland, Iter the following Macular made of pro nerving r or pant:?TV y flrnt *tap niijibo npertumn, tnoh a* the mouth, noatrila. Kr , with modeller* waa, then plane the rorpan In n anllable attitude, an I apread oner the *ktn a layer of metal It i aalt, by preference pulmrlieri nitrate of liver, whloh la apry eaally applied. The aalt paoetratea Into the porea of the akin. and wbeo a ruffltoient quantity of II boa MM applied to the body by mean* of n bruah, the body In pat Into a mnaol ofaulphate of copper and a gal rantr currant being eeubh ibed, the whole ?nrfa?e be oomee oorered with a depend of popper, thut producing a metallic mummy S'EW YORK 11ERALD, SI Our San PranrWra CorruponiUBfi. 9am Fkamoho, July 4,18(7. r. Drrueratic Xomir.atwn for Governor?Okmeet of ex Snator Weilf ?Candidaltthtp of Xu<nnt of the Heroin -Split* the Democratic Rankt?lactict of the RepMicaru?Complete Wreck if the Know nothing I'aerty?The Slavery feature in the <> egcn Oonttilution?Orail by the Mtrxcan ( '< mment to an American?effairs of .Id a mi 1 J Co ?Theatric alt in California, d- .etc. V..lBltkaUM^iii th? o,,niliti.nl uxpptlnm thai lhA ni.ml. nation of ex Senator We;lor for the (tovernorship is a getvied fact, Uiat awa.U only the aaa?mblin| or the Slate l>emocratlc Convention for lie lull realixadon, still in the light of put experience of the action of auch bodies In Callforc a, tbe expressed convictions of his friends may prore premature and ill founded. The battle of the campaign was in a great measure JecldeJ during the past fortnight at the primary elections held in the various counties of the State, and the returns, If reliable, are such u to assure Weller's success It has become the rule in California, owing to the weakness of tbe opposition, to cause the democratic nominations to be the certain precursor of elections before the people. Consequently the contest amor, the rival candidates in the democratic ranks was waged at the lime of selecting delegates to the convent on which Is to assemble on the 14.b Instant. The prei -nee of Mr. Brodorick here, who It Is said returned front the Fast dtssal.stled with the manner the admtnistra don had dispensed its patronage, end resolved to obtain an expression of opinion frcm the people in his favor, gave peculiar nolnt and seriousness to the proceedings attend d? the pr'mary elections Then Weller takes the tie.3 in favor of the administration, (though no one had usailed It), and the most objectionable means adopted to puroe htm on the party ar.d forestall the action of the convention. 80 far was this course pursued, and by papers whit a have heretofore opposed tbe demoeratlo party, that many good men profess themselves perfectly dtsgusteJ, and will hesitate before voting for a candidate force ! holent volens on the people by a few newspapers who gained reputations only by aiding the enemies of the deerc eracy. The pross injustice, It is conceived and keen ly felt, that has been done by tbe exclusive nature of the federil appointments in this State, was also an clement wh ch wu kci t in view but not debated by voters, all was serenity and quiet until their character wu diicover M. and it must he acknowledged the intelligence had the offect of rarrowing the ba'Ls and 'oarenmg tbe ardor of the present administration's supporters on the Pac.Bc I'ul.ke nearly every other State in the Union, the orl mary election'system In its operation is made to determine beforehand w bo are ti receive nominations when tbe convention assembles. Eacn aspirant has bis ticket, 'and those on It r.re bound by an Implied, and in many oases an expressed, obligation to support a particular per son Sach was the case m the recent elections here, and we en In courcqnence Weller, MCorkle and Nugent ticketc. The champions of each aspirant worked as vigorously and wub a* much earnestness aa the lmporance of toe remit demanded. The eieciiin of delegates furuisboe a singular example of the power of party machinery and party fealty It seems, from the well understood fast that the nomtree of the ronventl n U certain to be elected, by the people, provided all goes well, Mr. We.ler is to be our next Governor. The votes of about one fourth of the party were brought out in his support. and in moet counties the friends or his opponent. Mr. McCo kle, were defeated by the ba est majorities It is especied of course that Weller wl 1 receive the fall vote of the party in the event of b's nomination, but there are tbo?e who place uuboi.ided faith in the power and pollute ssgacity possessed by Senator Brodenck, an 1 cannot believe any other than his choice, (on this ncsaslon Mc Oor.le) can be put forward by the convention Those who know Broderick, the leader of the opposition to Wei ler, are aa'isfled that the loud xtio ;U of victory now re oualtng fsi an- near among the chivalry, or as they prefer to be considered, administration democrats, par ex -v..*, iray soon be turned into the lamentation and m .rtitlcstion of disappointment. Political conventions are rathe uncertain things, and under the influence of a master genius in political management, as Brodnrick has p-oved himself to be, they can be moulded and directed to purposes very different from what their reputed stripe would indicate. The friends of Weller, heated by unexpected advantages at the primary elections, ( 'aim full two thirds of the delegates returned, to be pVdged tirmly in snpport of the gallant Colonel, but this pretension is flsti* and emphatically Controverted by the Brodenck jourials They, though acknowledging the t'gns to be in fttvor of Weller, yet by no means exhibit any wast of confidence ai to .he proepeols of their own especial favorite. Mr Mc'Jorkle. Then Nugent, who<balso in the fleld with a number of delegates elected in bis Interest, It Is announce*' tn the Herald, will go Into the convent", on with a sufficiency ef votes to give him the nomination. Bis friends, it is stated, have never felt to sang- ne of his sue* ess as at the present moment. The temper and predictions of the convention have yet to be determined, and o nsldertng all the circumstances, even In the fkee of the returns, the most hopeful adherent of Weller cannot direst himself of doubt when he recollects the influence of Broderick and the derotion of his friends. In tnts city Wellsr Is without strength The pr.mary elections which took place n week since did not n sending a single delegate to fbvor his nomination. On the contrary, in thuae wards where his avowed rrlenls 1 we-e candidates, they were left in very decided minorities | The contes. to this city win between tbe friends or Nurent an J MrCorkle Tbe voting was carried on with much energy and Interna, yet nothing oocarred to disturb quiet daring the day It passed over without a single Incident to mar the general peace that prevailed. Kighteen dele tales were elected who favor McCorkle and ten for Nugent feller none In other parts uf the State, the result was diflt-rebl. Though McCorkle bad hosts of friends who laboured assiduously, it seemed tbe strength of Weller was so great this tbe former bad to succumb. I: the Broderick section of the party abides by tbe decis'on of the Convention and vo'ee for Its nominee Mr. Weller tr urn >h is certain, and not alone will he have tbe honor of enjoy ing the flrvt otllce in the Slate, but he will a so hare the gratification of adm metering a telling rebuke to the northern wing of the lemocrscy, and exalt sail higher tbe already inflated pride of the Cbtvalry-Owtn section It Is strsnge, indeed, to wtlorea tbe position of the pSIU ciane at tbe pr.-eont m >ment. Weller, claiming to be repre-eciattve cf the administration and ready to do baule In its tervlis. Is barked bv the influence of ell the federal officeholder* and Us-tor Oeln Brolerlck stand* la tbt furl ruk oT Northern demounts, their acknoeledred tab Irr, tad a Urn of indomitable energy nod inexha istth e resources 1b political warfare He neither endorsee the | administration nor ippotee It. avcauae nothing exist* to bring enrb an Wsue into toe contest Weiter'a friend* im pu'r* to Rroderlnk feelings of antagonism to President H ii baoan, but tbe Nestor baa over hit own signature, do tied iliai be war hostile to the administration He la a dMBOCrat, but averse U> sec'ng the parly absorbed In Noutfcern projecto and used for tbo benefit of Mouther n office seekers, and thereby ignoring Northern projects and rllghUog Nor.been men But the moil sin guiar 'nature In the feud la, that before the Cincinnati Convent! >t had met. and wbro delegates were to be chirveo to rcprtfcnt California, tbe sasne who are now aucb devoted Bicbaaan men, weie unt.-.ng tn tbelr laoori to effect tbo re nomination of Mr Pierce, aa4 oppoood Ibe reaolutlona wbicn instructed tbe deb-galeo to rote for Buchanan. Rrodertck and bia friends however, carried It through deap.te Ue efforta of federal ofltcora who bong around tbe < unaasttoD Intent en defeating the pro|*sm. n fav >r*i , m tbe prtoent chief magist-ate'a nomination Promise* of ottco wrre liberally uaed, and membora were informed that eererel aew ports of entry were to bo created la California tn reward aattabiy the persona who would be in strvnxn'al in tending on a fierce delegation to Cincinnati. Times bare changed since then, however, and tbe courao of tae oew administrati s has had tbe effect of caoolng tbe d<mocrm<y of California to spin into factioos at'ugfltng la furious confuiloe Tbe war of ike " bards mod ?sorts" tn New York baa had a close parallel In tbe fierce contest growing out of tbe divided " unterrifird" tn California The slavery question waa and now la more or less <nix*d op In the quarrel, though nut dtr?ctl) allowed to nnme Into the dispute The feed haa run tbrongb several yaara, and It wm thought all d'fferetcca bad beea obliterated, and emit] restored be tween the New Yo?k or Northern section end tbe chivalry or BouUiem division by tbe elevation of Mesnra. It rods tick tad Swta, tba rival lenders, te the rolled States Se nate fl,ei rafter It waa bnpad tne hatchet was to be buried, and w tn 't all rormar disaenetona forgouea I nbapn'ly lor the harmony of the pany, the Inauguration of Mr Buchanan sad bis subsequent dispensation of federal pa tronage waa tbe signal for the breaking out of bonilltlaa ev?-n with more than ancient r*nw i.wtn acknowledged be wns indebted for bis election to the ooole eenvtoe end favor of Broderitk, and in his letter to tbe people of California, plain y stating this fact, be avowed his determination of avoiding for tba future taking any part tn the distribution of office Jndgv, then, of the chagrin of Brodertck In aeetng tbe ap pointee* of tbe new administration all, with a few atoep noes the parties'ar frtenda of 0wtn, and bia owa nacom promising enemies finding unmlatakebis proof of hrnkea pledges and, mating under the sense of wrong Inflicted by tbe treatment received at Washington, he led there and returned tn California, resolved to let bia cenatuuenta pass upon tbe whole mailer, Tba grant est men ?In tbe MMNtlMMB tbe achievement o' a Img sought .ad warmly contested object, to reaching a gnai. the rest.1! >f un-wifong t >11 and perseverance-may grow giddy ami' the tumuli of a Piompb, and parti ju larly * hen the victory la, by deceit, robbed of ita ad van lagee, they may f*li Into error and mdiaoretton. Bo II has probably iwen with Broderloft, and, moat likely, indignant at the treachery of Gwtn. be bae spoken harshly of tbe Prentdent, and lea to other* tbe pleasure of visiting tbe Write Houae during the ibort lustrum the present occupant Is In pan?eavion The rreull of Brodertck"! oauerimetd at present does not seem to have been favorable to bi n, but as mentioned previously, the statements of bis opponents are te lie Mian with many grairs ot allowance They have end ear ore-1 to create the opinion that an levue had been raised between hints*rand the President, and tbe aveertloa reiterated notenhstar, ling hit denial da It stands now It woald appear a majority fif the delegates el#c,?et * 'I In favor of Writer, and of aourse opposed to tlc-Jorkle, Brnderiok'a candidate But when the Convention meets, and tbe three candidate* muster tbeir friends, aud tbe probnhillty of new r?itt,t>iD?tnn? hmn* 'nrrrr.1 nm between Bro'orck and Owto to lake up n new man mnat tared, a dlfereat rtory map bare to be relate I Manr believe that at the leant eapTted moment ItroJerlek will Mlnoeb hie enamlrr bp rarr ln|f the Convention with bin. Hie wlDf of the party la, without doubt, the bom name rota but the Heller men bar# all tee elneweofaar Id their heodr, whletb adde to tbetr power Id an Inoaleu labte decree Mo appoint ox-ate ware made in the Cue Urn Bourn hp (tot ?'arh ne'"t>, our new Oolle< tor, d'irtn. tbe ptm r??e of the elertioor, and thuifh he went into nlltre no the Irt ineteel, It l? role to eay the patrona(e t hie dlepnaal Will remain no Het<irbe<l unti after the ad .Inurnment of the Mate Ooiventlou It will be ueed, o' rouree, to promote the lotoreetn rf Wellar. Tbe repuhlioana hare alerted delegate* to their Stale Con rentinn which eeeete on tbe *th I oat ant?etc dapa before the demorraep aearmble Though they lea re out o' their ealeulattone tbe probability of aureate at the preaent tlraa, pet the badera dealre to [.moerve the or*nniratlon, hoptn( thai in lftM they naa carry the State Biwidoe, It It not eon flderad wlihnut tba ronge of pomlbtlilp that two demo. rNDAT, AUGUST 9, 185T. crmtlc candidate* fo? the Goveroo.vh'fi will be la the Oeld. la which case, Uxetber with the probau 'Jty of an American or people's oa'ty nominee, the r-p iblwane would occupy a riBjiectable pontine and eland a fair chance or suefee li 1* dittlcult to imagine partlee will be so nitmeroui but the hostility to welter te of such Inteboe f rce that every mean* will be taken to lessen hi* proepecU of electl >n. Under these circumstances the repnblicsn*. though professing themselves to be srlthout contldence. yet from the posbion of parties they will use,

It Is to be presumed, the fullest discrimination and their tiest jndf menl In the selec Inn of can- Idates The America!] |ar.y continues to show i-tfrns or vitality, and In some couot.es will probably n ate nimiuatinns for local offlcea. Iiolated rflort* are essayed to effect an organization of the shattered fraemrnts of Krow Nothingtsm by oonsirac'lng a new platform; but ae far as any practical result Is con ctrned,thev have proved fn lie. It was resolved to declare eligible all citizens?native and naturalized?to item berthlp, who approve the p lnMplee of the party; and an other amendmeut provided for the abolition of algna and passwords and all the wicked humbuggery that chaiacterlzed their lodges and meetings some time since One is surprised In observing the rapidity with which the Know Nothing party has lallen to piece*, ana me m<?er*uie position 11 use uoou re duced to within a very short ?pa"e of lime Two years ago, rot alone in California hat In many other States, their pi'wcripllve doctrines predominated and were recognize 1 favorably Here, at this p'eseat moment, the party Is without organization, and Is deserted by every one whose came could have given It weight. It is a complete wreck, and i's fragments penitently seek admission Into the demo cratk party, or elte swell the republican ranks. Tots result has been brought about as much by the intolerant and aotl republican doctrines of Know Noihingtsm. as by he atari ling corruptions or lis leading apoat ee Thb mass of people who were inveigled into the profession of such spurb us AaeMtanlsm as obtained in the party, dls covered very soon hew men of corrupt principles abuse authority, and to what oppressive excesses fanaticism will carry its victims. They pre terred and bad more faith In good men, un tinctured with ntrrow prejudices, to be elevated to power; for they kcew if they could not hope for reward that they would not suffer wrong. The Know Nothing party has thus passed away, but its existence has not been entirely jniuoiamlvc of good The spasmodic d^rts now on fool to give It vitality are without avail, and only estab1 sh the tmpotrncy of Its remains. The hlgheit aim in view ef those engaged In th< t?nfc Is to secure a fe w local rftlcts. and it may be Btated here that the per* <ns elected within the pa?t few watks to the democratic county conventions were chosen in a msjartty of Instances wtib more regard to their views on the choice ot Sheriffs, Treasurers and Ju'igee than as 10 their favorites for the office of 60 veruor In this aspect of affairs political It ts yet In doubt as to the chances of Wellor, and a combination is apokon of that will secure the nomination to Nugent, and wh would more U an any other draw to himself the aid of both branches or the democratic family. The ippr inching gubernatorial election is the only subject of discussion, an 1 this will affo-d a reason for the amount of iptce devoted to the matter in ibis communication. The Vigilance <)ommiUee question will be, by tacit consent, left out during the can vase. Peace and quiet are neceiiary at the Aral establishment if s Slate for Its prosperity, and the distractions of Internal quarrels is a certain means of retarding an Increase of our population The most bitter feelings are arsoclaU-d with the era of the Committee, an 1 no sincere well wisher of the country would desire to see the subject enter ir.10 'he conteit about commeuctug This, among other reasons, will serve to kepp the matter from before the people Moat all have bad their minds fully made up on the justice or wroDge perpetrated by the Committee, and It would be productive of no benefit to either party, but on ihe contrary Injurious to the repose of tho State, tc bring Its me> its oerore the people for judgment. The people of Oregon are about forming a constitution previous lo their applying for admission Into the Union as a State In the choice of delegates to the convention for that purpose, It appear* their views on the slavery question will be an imuortant consideration. Gen. Lane, the newly elected delegate, ts unr erstood to be in favor or the eataMtsbment of slavery, ind several of the O'egon journa s warmly advocate It* Introduction. Tho settlers are princltally from the Southwestern States, and, with crude cottons on the matter, probably believe with the Introduction of in o un tartly servitude th?y would be la a fair way rf soon bee mlng possessed or several hundred nrgrccs It Is strange why the people of the Atlantic States should have allowed this Important matter to escape thcil sttectlon While mangling about Kansas and its ti stitaticns, here la Oregon, s Territory far North of It about having the peeullar'polliical feature firmly e tab lisbed on Its sell. Slavery, there ts little doubt, will bo established It. Oregon. 1'arker B. French* who established a republican paper In tbla city, which lived but a short time, (less than a week,) ts again In the field. Yesterday he oommonced an 1.^. wf WWasdAa m* rVi.vU. tln.?.n Ham York, lo rroover $60,000, which be claim* is lue him on iiock sperulmon*. French alleges that Morgan employed him to dispose of N tea rag u an Ti ansit Company ttoclc, and en a *a eof >600,000 of the(haras effected through French's i Instrumentality, a profit of HIO,000 wu realized. Aocord : log to agreement Parker H. French atys he should have I had one fourth, or $16,000, of tbtaanm; but Morgan It aeemt , paid bltn only $'',000 at hi* 'hare. The aala It la alleged j waa made at the Board of Broker*, In New York city, In January, 1*66. bv Jicob I.llUe, and other*. M. M. Noah, of this city, aon of the late Major Noah, of New York, haa obtained a contract from Oomoufort'a govern nt, to coin Mexican money In I.ower California, for fire year* Mr Noah la connected with the prees or San Franciico, and enjoy* the reputation of belag a ready and brilliant writer. He I* alao Interested In the Ooaochoa Kmlf ration Society, which alma to colonize Sonora The protracted liltgatlca connected with the affaire of the defunct Arm or A dame A Co la drawing to a oeolui Ion?at leaat all that gave internal to toe prooeedlng* baa dlaappt ared. Palmer. Cook & Co , who held oeer $100,060 of the aaaeu on depoait, hate become the owner* of the same under a late dectalon of our Supreme C mrt, to aatlafy their c alma, amounting to $5?ii 000 In oertiHoatea of depor.t, drafta, and billa of exchange, held by them agalnat Adam* A-Co It will be teen, therefore, that the funta, from which creditor* expected a dirtdend, are a wallowed ap, and nothlx a remalna now worth flght ng about At the time of the (Allure of A lam* \ Oa , their depoallor* ni needed eleven thousand la number, aoatterod orer thla State and IheKaat, holding demand* or the average of$J0# I ruler an order or the Court a referee waa appointed to rteelae proof oT deitaada agalaat the Arm, and la tbi* way over one million and a half of dollar* waa pre arnted la varleoa kind* of evidence* of Indt bledneaa. It waa ooa6deet!y expected that the available aa eta would he distributed among the credit we when the refbree'a report waa given In, an l In fart the Onurt ordered auch to be done, which war prevented by toe attaching creditor* of the hnuar when it failed, and by a lawyer nased tan Icy. who claimed aomo exboroitoot fee for aervfoea alleged to have been rendered by bim to the rotate. Before thla time there waa a vast deal of legal prooerdiaga concerning the amount of money that oame lam the banc* of the first rrcrlver aad a verdict of ajurv tenhrri that ho tamed over to hi* aurceoMor about $100,000 Ira* than to leoelved A day or two agoa referee appointee for the ptwpone flnda that the civil ault instituted agalnat the flrat receiver tor the deficiency <over $100,000) alleged to be In hi* eoovnla cannot be maintained, and that he la entitled to judgment In hit favor. Palmer, Cook A Co. were during Ihlt time aolrctod to hold the as*est*, which they lecured by mortgage on a large and valuable quantity of real eatate of tbeire in tbte city. Meanwhile they obtained p^asemlon of $6A0 0(0 or the debt* due by Adam* k Co., and whioh had been a 'proved by tbe referee-debt*, of course, on titled to a dividend, If ever one waa to be declared. Tbey then refused to pay back he $100,000 deposited In their bank, on tbe ground of holding a good offset, and when an at'empt was made to forecloee the mortgage and sell the property, an appeal was taken to tbe Supreme Court, who held that aa Palmer, Cook A Co were tbe legal and aole on err* of >660.600 of the debt* due by Adam* A Co., they were entitled to receive a dlvldr nd, and it would therefore be an Idle taak for them to pay the amount to the receiver, and then get tbe same amount back again Out ef the mam suit Instituted by alah C. Wood* agalaat his partner*, Adam* and Haskell, m n.solve ihoir partnership. and wind op the affairs of Adams A Co , haa grown a multiplicity of suits, and an endleaa train of irgal prooeedloga. which hoa al?ne been effectual In mystifying tbe condition of their aflhirs. putting largo fees in tbe porkota of law;ore, without benefitting the creditors la thentigbi est d? gree A considerable there of the estate haa beea eaten ap la th'a manner, aad with the $100,000 lo Palmer, Cook A Co , a small mo Ileum remains, which will alao so in something like the same way. When Adams A Oo. became Insolreat a small number nt ibetr creditor* at tar bed whose claims were large eaongh to warrant the eutlay of monay In seeking lo reoover them In the courts These parties subsequently Intervened, and hare resisted any distribution nf tbe assets amnnf the other credit wa until they wire firm satisfied Their case ha* been ar gued before tbe fupreme Court, and a decision la expected sett week In fhvor of the pr'orty of thalr debts, accord tag t?> the attachment law If thla occur* the oat vestige of be assets of Adams A Oo , now lo tbe beoda nf tbe re celver, will be losnfftcleat to pay their nlal mt The great bnik of tbe creditors, ten thouaand at leaat, nave been forced by their necessities to diapooe of certificate* of depoed at a rolaoui taerlfloe, or had tbey parried Uift contrary monn thejr would bar* loot all, at too many onfortunaie depoaltor* will now bar* to oomplft n of. The ooalroveray relating to tblt Tailor* wm not mallard to Ita projer arena, but waa brought into tba newtpaper* and Ibrra ounrnd with lb* utmovt ar.rlmo njr. Thr action* of lb* dlflerent pertnnt oonneeied with the anil wrrr oanrawed. aad lb* ?or?t aaoth ea attributed to tbrm If ib* artirlea pebltthrd anal nod any object, or wrr* intended Tor aay merltnrtoo* porpoee, tbejr only a rooted thr lr* of am erer* by the Tailor*, aad created ranj aad injorlont Imprewlnne la the public mind at to thr mate of thr proceeding* la progrew I'ontonal male volcuee only prompted the attack* again*! Individual* aad wfall* tbe moat aweepln? charges at fraud and wroog doing were launched, they war* at invariably unenttaleed bv a nil nation of proof Tbe fault* if oar art of man ooanected with tbe littgaltos were covered np or remained unnoticed, to pot in bolder relief tbe alleged improprleUe* of nam ber of gentlemen who*e relation* were not amloable witb Ike writer* One paper In tbl* dtp male itaeir not irtoue In followtng not tbla renrrhenalble poller?alike repognenl to fair deel'ng aad tbe hoaorabl* prr (eeeton of * j iiiraatlat It It ever two year* tteoe Adamr To faded, and porta iBf a roarer moderate I p deecribed for moat of tbe time named, the paper referred 4to cannot point out a tingle brnrltt conferred on the creditor*. or a miliary point retard to mprore Ihetr intoreeta To It, however, tbeee ame creditor* are perhep* Indebted for tbe failure of ell rflorta made to bare an eqnltahl* dtrtrinutloa made among tbrm, for it certainty did nrd Improve the temper of per rotm rotated la the llllf allnn to have evety art ef Uielr* miareprrt) nted aad tbeir character* inoeaeantly vlllined The interert of tbe creditor* we* abated rulhieatly to rib tervr tbe endt of private malice. California i* no lontrr the Tbetplan Kl Dorado The d'nrjia langtiiahea two of oor old ettahllahed theatrea? Uir Mrtrni nlltan ud Amerlran ? or* o;?n in tut* el'y, and beatdae ih<wf, a tmali nutaMahment, formerly mlM the I nlon, la rot dnrted on plan aomethlng akin te Mil ihell'a Id) mpte, that etleled aereral yeari ago In Ne* York The >hree theatre* in ^cramento arc rlnaed, and, wllh the er wptton of the hone# at Wnaeerrille, aad a company treralllag with Mr and lira Stark, nothing la doing in the interior. Al the Metropolitan, In thla city, M at faoela playlrg She l? a palwrtaklng atd ercnedlngly meritorl one artreae t'naaanmlng and modeat, her Merlin* aad truly genuine talent* are upprerla'yd and ahe la now dally growing In popnlar faror. < omlng here entirely unheralded, ahe haa baoome a great fhrorlte, and thla flirt e|* aka rolumea for har talent* a* an artlal. H*r priori pal eireileeoe oonalat* In pomeealng a etncnlarly me Indlona voioe, a pore enunciation, combined with a | race fa! figure ud a piaai tag countenance, without reaafc Ing, ba( nearly ay preaching, the standard or bcaaty. Her support Is not worthy the establishment, and the cones quenoe It, al bough nnneual In San Francisco, some four new pieces have been produoed during a fortnight, the attendance bet not been equal to the astrltn of Miss Ince. On Monday ever log last one ol our engine compaelei, (Knickerbocker Ne 6,) took a beneOt which realized 91,100 above expenses. This reeult was In part owing to the ex, erllons of tbr Individual members of the ompauy, and not entirely to the theatrical talent and attractions. Mrs. Julia I>esn Havnc's speculation at the American has sue cceded or better than thai at the Metropolitan. The slock company Is equally ineffectual, bai the boxes, If not the tressi ry, have made a little better show. Itcan he Imagined the prorsble chancer of sue jess she has when she promises ! to pay salaries of from 9200 lo 980 per week for first clan stock actors. McDonougb, who la In her company, came here a? a star, but, though succeeding something better than other* who preoeded him, yet all hla engagements are far from Haltering Hs played, for the drat few woeks alter h s arrival, to good, and on soveral occasions to crowded houses, and a portion of tho press bestowed on hla efforts unmeasured praise. But McDonough's hlitrlI oolc displays lack refinement, and the stamp of genius ti not to be dis overed Id his acting. lie made his tppearance here as some kind of a jrrotiyi of Edwin Forrest, and it would seem the lattfr's sty le or performance is what McDonougb a me to emulate at the height of perfec It: n. Bo mar n considerable parade about Forres aocordng to him the privilege of playtDg "Jack Cade," but the 1 same permission had been gi ten on prcvloui occasions, ! ard produced by other ac'ors who vitited us. Without rtrubl McDonougb Is a good actor, and even now, a young | man, promises well. He needs a little smoothing down, and with experience and proper study the defects now j visible In bis personations will be remedied. ! We are sadly in want of good stock actors and actresses. I The stage has aelther a taul retie nor a singing woman, | < while walking ladles are wholly unknown. & <5ouple of good genteel comedian*, who are able to maintain themselves as gentlemen, could succeed In California, whilst a pretty lace allied with some native talent and grace, and a modicum of votoe, would make her fortune. California has been overrun with heavy actors ant actresses, and now needs something light and vivacious We havo an exoellent French company, who perform hut once a week (Sunday evenings;! but the finish they exhibit atones for the solitariness of their efforts, as they alternate the drama I and the comedy. In the former l'ltron Is the queen; In the latter, Ballsgmy, wb* to a graceful abandon unites a cbarmtng voice. Tho Metropolitan, which they usually occupy, Is crowded In every part, both by French and Americans, for It Is a fact?and what explains the large attendance of the latter?that the polite Ian' gunge of France Is spoken by a very considerable propor I tlon of persons In this city whose vernacular la the English. Mr. and M-a. Conway arrived by the last steamer. They are well known in New York and were long const' dere-d favorite* there. It Is not understood that they have formed any engagement yet, but probably await the terj mtnatlon of the present season at the Metropolitan and American. We are without information as to the result or the proposition to Mr. Forrest to visit California. He may rey on a brilliant and successfol sojourn in the event I of his coming here. Miss Estelle Potter and Mr. Ryer are playing to moderate bouses In Weavervllle and ahasta. Mr.'and Mrs. Stark, since their return from Australia, ! have performed at Nevada and Pownieville. Miss Pro vost and C. Kemble Mason are In the city doing nothing I The latter played for the benedt or Knickerbocker Kaglne Company, a few evenings since, and was well re oeived There Is a repvrt here that the slstera Gougenhelm have abandoned the stage and ; turned devotees. It Is said they have joined the Catholic church in Sydney, and renounced me mimic world ror me ?eif denying observances of a religious life. The Uougcn heims are Hebrews of English birth. The San Francisco Mlnrtrela are in the Interior. They have had a successful run for several years, but of late Ihey appear to bare declined In popular favor. Tnetr performances are not near as well attended as they were. This falling off is partly attributable to the sameness of their entertainments and consequent satiety to the pnbllo taste, or a depreciation in the character sod quality of their efforts. During their laittour In the interior the people were for some cause so Incensed against them that the Minstrels were obliged to (ly for their lives from soveral towns, to escape the angry feelings of the minors, who considered themselves deceived. The large circus of lae A Dennett Is doing a very prosperous business In the country. TDe company Is a very excellent one, and well organized. Tbey performed In ibis city for ten days, about a month since, and their huge tent was tilled each evei Ing to repletion. The Turf. CKNTKITILLB COt HHl, L. I.?TBOTTINO. On Tuesday, July *28, a (rotting match for $1 000, mile beats, best three In Ave, In harness, cams off over the Centrsvtlle Course, between blaok gelding lanoet and brown gelding Brown Dick, which was won by Laacet In moat bsautlfol style and In eioellent time. Hrstrn Dick woo the first beat la 2 30, Lancet having broken np on the lower tnra. The three subsequent heats were trotted wllhest a aktp by either horse, Lanoet winning each heat With the meet apparent ease. All whs Wltnewed the race I feel satisfied that ha had a great deal to spare; that he was ; never forced In any part of the race; and that he Is the | fastest bene In the land all who witnessed the race ' seemed willing to oonoode. His owner offers to match ( him against any trotting horse in Uie world, mils heats, 1 best three In five, under the saddle, in harness or to ra gen, fbr five or ten ihoumad dollan. This offer wee made 1 to the owner of Flora Temple, after the race with Brown i Dick, but declined. We think the owner of lancet will j have te wait a kag time before be finds a customer on i the above terms. I The betting on the race was la favor of lancet, sot with standing all kinds of stories had been circulated ror a . week prevloos to the rase, that be was out of condition i from s cold, and that^ be would not be well enough to , make a tolerable race on Una occasion These rumors i were encouraged by the backers or Lancet, and even up to a few momenta before the word was given they were talking of paying forfeit Tbey played thstr parte pretty well, nut could not make Brown Dick the favorite with all their labor*?a good man; of the persoos present being about at well posted on the boree's condition and speed as those who held the watch on his movements at midnight Two lo one were oilered?then ten to four, and soon, until on the third beat we heard oae Individual etler one thousand dollars to seventy five that lancet would win. That lancet was in charge of a veterinary aur geon some time before the rare there can be no doubt, but tha' he could have been In better condition than when b'ought to the sxire on this occasion will not be believed by three who saw the race Brown Dick was als i in fioe trim for tbe contest, anf, although beaten, never made a . I euer rare In bts life; be sa'isfled his backers, not with standing their loseen. Hero follows a deacription of the trolling ? Pirti lhai ? After several soortngs, lanoet htlog brought up onrh time on a canter to make tbo betting lively In favor of Dirk, (he horses came un nicely and got the word, nrown I 'irk took tbe lead on the turn, and went to tbe quarter pole a length or more ahead of lanoet, in thirty seven and a halr seconds. Do ng down the bactstretcb larcet west up sod lapped leek, when the driver of tbe latter horse commenced using bis whip very freely, the cracks belsg distinctly beard In tbe judges' stand Both horses were going very fast, lancet gettitg closer until at i ma han mi if poie?una i 10 ?n ? nean inowtn id Irani. Ibfy went no the lower Urn in tbta war, but in n moment afterward* lancet broke up hadly, end lHck left him, nnd makikg Ibe beet of blew*? home. won the heel by half* d< /fn length*, In 2 30. Mri tnghltn. the driver of lancet, oct *ed Pflfer, Ibe driver of Brown (tick, with baring canoed lancet'a 'reeking up by Hour,thing bta whip tn bin face; at the fame time aaylog that be would take the lead In tbe obeequent beau at thi wort, and keep t ut of Pffer'e way Mel tughlln kept bin word pretty raltbfollv /fMif ?The horeee bad a yood itart. I.iacet took tbe lead on tbe turn and went to Ibe inarter pole la thirty eight aaaoada, and wan a rng J> clear at tbe half mile pole, la 1 14. He trotted eleadliy on tinder a ft meg pall, wta nine tbe beat by two or tbree lenrtbe. la t ?>?. Thirl U'lit ? Tbie waa a counterpart of tbe prevloun beat. Ttwetoqoarter pole thirty revea and a half necoade, to the hair ml e pole 1 14. aid of tbe beat J t?X t\nrlk H"it ?Brown mob name np fanter tain time than 1 befara aad bept lapped oa lancet around the tnm and to the jiiarler pole, in thirty femn nod a half teooode On tbe backetrMeh he trotted feeler etlll. nod wan oa lancet'* wheal at tbe bair mile pole In 1 3 lancet brgan to fhake bim eff on Ibe lower torn, aad gradually dropping bim op tba bomeetretch, reaebed Ute etand la 1 tt\, which latbeqoteknat fourth heat la harneae ever trotted Tbe following la n kummary ? Trmmar.Jrly 20 ?Trotting match 11,000, mile beale, beet three la lira, la baroeee R Mrlaoehlta named bib. g lancet 2 1 1 1 11 I fur named br g Brown Plob 1 2 t 3 Time, 2 kO-'i 2 ?t<?a 27*. StTritPkT, Aug 1 ?Match far IA0 mile beat*, beet three la Ave, to wag one W Peahody named g m 2 1 2 1 1 Jamea Conway nnmed b m lady Smith . 12 12 2 Tlate, 2AT?2 SO?2 4IH?? 2 M. union cockii, l. i?moTTiwa. OaTneeday Jnly 20, and immediately after the rane batwaaa laaoet aad Brown Pfok, match tech place be tweea Uncle Bam and Hnonet Peter, which terminated la n manner ibnt re fleet* dteiredttably on all ocacerned oa tba part of Uncle fbua The alfklr waa made op for htm to win M til unrnii, tnn UJ iutoiki m anier muinrfi hoadred la At*? were nftrnl oa bla winning The word "go" In tbo flret beat wee glrea, who* Hiatal Peter ?? broken op, wbtrh prt l'rl? Mam the beat. Ob ibo arroad boat, Hoooat Peter took Ibo land *1 Iho (tori, and withoat eren a skip, woo i bo boat by two or ibroo length*, BB<) (110 of ihejndge* wished to bars him dlatanret ihon, bo bo oold. for taking Ihotrack toooooo Oil* vurtlhor loo much for iho ntho?a, Bad they woo Id ant agraa to dloUBr* Hoooot I tier ret?they woo Id laho aaotbor rbanoB. Ob tho third hoal, It bring bow dark, both horwoa ran nrar half a mllo. Unroot I'oior coming home on a ir"t a lenfh aboad of I nolo Mam Time 2 32' Hnarat Poior wan ihon dla tanned for running, and Cnnio Mam awarded tho raa* Now, Cade Ram won tbo drat brat IB 3 lb, and to make people bolloro thai bo trotted fairly la tho loot heat will rt quire more sophistry than homo eharpe genera I It por k o? Wo nndorotand, boworrr, that a Ibw of the hotter olaot of bettor* oo tho turf, Intend baring tho aboro race left to arbitration and the atako* hold anbi tot to such dent ulna Mntnotintg ?f thin kind ongbt to be done, or olao the trotting tracks will bo left entirely In tbo hand* of the baa otitt, wbo bare of late loo frequently controlled them HATCH tlTWIW 1BI.LH OF PORTLAND AND HARRY WALTON. A trotting match fbr 13,000, mile boats, beat throa la ra, canto off oa Wednesday, July M, between Rolle of Portland, to wng?o, and llarry Walton, ^formerly .lack I Potter,) In harnern Harry Walton won tho Drat boat handily la 3:3* X; *>?* la aoorlng fbr Iho aoeond boat be Mt bin quarter ao badly that ho waa distanced by the (telle on the neat round Time, 3 3R The fbllowlag la a anmtnary ? WnowitAT, July 20 ? Match 12,000, mite heatn, boat j three In Are It PA for named h. m (telle of Portland 2 I D. Walton named b. g Harry Walton 1 d'j. 1 Time, J37 X?> 38. ? ? AFFAIRS IN KAHSAS. Position of tilt Pro-Slavery Party-SpwcS mf a Border Human. I Correspondence of tbe 81. Louia Democrat.) Lbayimwortu City, July 21, IHAT I wu summoned to oourt m a witness yesterday, and v heard a rpeech teade In the Court Honae by Peter T. Able, which, regarding a* Important, 1 hare concluded to giro you the main pointa of the remarkable atU.r. Mr. Able, * 1 after thanking the people for calling upon him, aaid that he bad frequently beard it charged that the pro tlarery men In Kansas had aold oat tr the tree State men. Thia wan false, and he wl ibed to atate the poaitlon of tbe proslavery men of Kanaaa, ao that their frienda in Miaaourt . might aee Into their plana and policy, rhey had not aben doned the idea of making Kanaaa a alave Slate by a jug full On the contrary, they were greatly encouraged, and * be took thla occaiion to aay to pro slavery men mat the nrninAP-fta nf th? narlw In k'nneua urora hriirhfar nnH mnro hopeful than they bad ever been. It seemed that there *ai a (real deal or misunderstanding In Miasouil in regard to the party In Kansas, and he would give a history of the paity and tut policy; for he knew ah about it. In the flrst place, he iftld, they organized the party under the came ol the pro slavery party, and it worked well, because it brought all men who wore la favor of the South into one solid, compact body. Am time paaied on a great many pnrtous came into the Territory I from the Northern States who were not pro slavery men In their feelings, but who were against the free State men In Uelr redttunoo to tne la it of the Kansas Legislature. They found out that thle claai of Northern men would not I act with the free Slate men in reeigianne to th.< laws, nor would they att * lib tho pi o slavery men because they were not In favor of slavery. In order to get ihti clan , of Northern men to act with them, the pro slavery party agreed, alter consultation,to change the naice ef the party ' from pro slavery to the law and order party. Thisohange ol names had a happy eQ'ect, because it brought a good ' many men into the party that tney could not , have gotten into their ranks In any other way After a while a still larger number ol people from the Northern S'ates came In. and polity dictated another . move. He had written a ca J for delegates from all the counties In the Territory to ateemble In Lecomp ton last winter, and they did meet and deliberate upon ihe future action of tho party. A great many men had moved Into the Torrltory from (he No thern Slates . who had voted for Mr. Buchanan and who were opposed both to the black republican and pro slavery parties, and | It was the polloy of the pro slavery men to propitiate this class of men It was admitted in their deliberations thai the name of law and order party did not have a national reputation, and that tho name of the party must be I changed. It was admitted that the whig party was dead, and its name would not answer the pui |?o?e vhey ha* la 1 view. It was deemed unwise to assume the name of Americans or Kcow Nothings, for that parly nad been able to take bat one trluk In the Presidential game, and must soon die out After viewing the whole ground, it was agreed that the party should change Its name from the law and 1 order party to that of the national democracy. The democrats had just elected the Pi. allien'. and would have a majority In Congress, and If the pro slavery party In Kansas should assume the name of national democracy. It weuld bring them Into favor with the administration and with Gongrtas, and at the same time secure to ilielr party the services of tho free State democrats from the Northern States. Time bat proved that this wat a good move and great adran'ages would result 10 the party from It This was the history of the pro slavery party In Kansas, and under all its names It had remaineo sound on the goose, and the charge that the ore slavery men In Kansas had sold out to the tree Hollers was Infamously false. He was glad to Inform the proslavery men or Platte that the prospects of the party were bright, and that If we el l do oar duty In toe future as well as we have done In the past, success was oertaiu la regard to Governor Walker be said he did no endorse evtryining ne wi run, nui ogi pre^irou in una grounds against him yet Walker was a good manager and a keen man, and be thought be undent >od bioi He believed when Walker held his secret council! with the President and bis cabinet tbat ihey were chalklog out a policy for Kansas. The people should remember, ra'd he, that a majority of the cabinet were 8ojtbe?n men, and be believed tbat Walker's trip to the Northern States atVr bis oonsultations with the President and all bis talk North about Kansas becoming a free State bad a dcslun in IV The object was to get himself endorsed by the Northern press and the tree State papers In Kansas, and after be bad succeeded in this be could pnt down the free state men In Kansas by the strong arm of the government, and poinl to hit endorsement by the Northern press and the free State press In Kansas for bis jut ideation. He believed In Walker, tbougb be would not endorse blm fully, and believed tbat he could be managed very easily. In regard to the nomination of exGovernor Ransom for Congress in Kansas, be regarded this the best piece of policy they bad yet done. It was a capital move, lie wou'd get tbc democrats from lbs Northern States to a man Ransom was sennd oa the goose, as sound as General Calhoun, sad bs must not bs suspected by the pro slavery niea Mr. Buobanao sad bis admin 1st ration were to oome down to tbe work right and not pig? false. His sincerity and thai of his Cabinet was to be tested, end he should and would be made to de right or they would blow him and his ad mi a Mrs tlon Into ten thousand pieces. They should do right, or the national lemocratlc party should be broken op, for Kansas was deiermlned to have her >ight. He expressed himself sanguine about tbe soundness of Mr. Buchanan, and knew he had to do right or be blown up. Tbe na'loaal democracy bad sleeted a large majority to the constitutional convention, and a pro a avery ooneti tutton would be made, and be believed tbat It would be submitted to a vote of all tbe people that were in the Territory on a certain day, of whlcn due notion would be given to tbe people of Missouri When tbat was does tbe poople must protect tbelr slave property, and get np tbe seme feeling tliey once bad up, and that election would be carried as easily as they had carried say of tbe other lections. Tbe free Slate met In Kansas were resting sailer tbe beller that ibey had a large majority In the Tem lory, which was n fact, but luey were not on their guard; the men of the Northern -bates were not on tbelr guard either, but tbe pro slavery men were He enjoined It upon them to keep this matter still and not blab It about, but lay low and keep dark, and wrrk for tbe great stake Properly managed suocess was cer aln He katw more about Kansas and the pro slavery party than any one else. He had spent a large sum of bit own money, and raised n greet deal from others, all for the cause In Kansas, and professed to know all about It. He had organized more of tbelr lodges and taken more people Into tbem than any other man, and be knew what was going on. [Correspondence of tbe Cladaaati Resette.) I.*w muses K tunas, July tf>, 1H67. Tbe su prosit ton expressed In a letter to your paper a few days tlnce, thsl the secret of Walker's movement was to get the troops In the Held In readiness to set la opposition to tbe success of our August election. Is being cooflrmed by tbe Governor bimseir. wbo. In conversation with d'Bbrent gentlemen, has already admitted lbs (hot. Yesterday. l?r ?locutn, formerly of Clare mot t, N H. and now ot Southern Kansae Mr H BoyDton, formerly or Maine, now af lVer Creek, in this Territory, and Ave m other gentlemen visited Walaer in oamp, ant had a long convrrsatlon with him upon piHtlcal affairs Mr Boynt'in has furnished me the following ancount of that Interview, which la confirmed by Dr. rilocum sad others. Roth parties, during the conversation, made an error In supposing that the Topeka constitution recognised " the property In Slaves " now in the Territory, which Is not tbr fad Mr Boynton, while In conversation with Gov. Walker, In camp, asked him if be considered the people, In voting for the re aooptlon of the To.eka < institution, as assuming s position antagonistic to the I ntted -bales government, to which Gov Walker replied as follows ? "That eledlnn Is ruber s wicked and Iniquitous fbroe, or s reality It Is rebellious and insurrectionary, setting an n government sgslsd toe Territorial government, as snob niy duty and oatn of office require in# In pot a slot to It: I must and will do It I went to Topeka when tbat l^gtsta tore was In session, sad requested them not to mar* laws. They crnrlnded sit to, except to takr Ibe census nod ml mortal w Congress I have so objection to atiner 01 taeae proceedings; 1 admit the rigbt of petition " Mr Bo> sTon?"But. sir, I regard the anion of the people ih * <11111 1 ml aon prrvr-ullur i" *ute% wm^uw^nrw m to aohataaoe tnafclaf a petition that Kaaaa* be admitted M a State " Tn phtcli (!or. Walker replied ? ' Nothing of the kind, air. They are merely making agl tattoa fbr political purpneee, to forward their nefartooa arbemee and rem the democratic party. M<*t of the Northern paper* bar* committed thermal re* In my farer In the very lotelligeat ct.y of New York, hot ' oe paper Kie frfl-viw) rem tine In fhror of the Topeka m iremewt. ere haa been aa Im nenae falling off of yoor repoblieaa party, air. Thla Iawrenoa movement la aa 'noraatlea of government, oadertaken for the pnrpnee of kllllnt me politically, and elerUoa a black republican Preaidem in IMO. It la done by a faction In fawrence, who obey tbeabolt tloalata and abollon aoetetiee at the North; tech matt aa Ihooe that manage and aopport the Trihmmr the groai Conn lain head of the adseblef They oaa hare no hope of be ma atmltted wlta the Topeka oonatltuUon It la Impot alble." Our or ma Turn !?tat* May?But, air. many of n* think that wa bare a well Ibaadel hope of being admitted under ll, ee we e*pert to poll an orerwbelmlna marorliy of tba aettlera la It* Tarer. t>or laatllottoa* are not treasonable; we merely ex preen our ?entimente through the ballot boa; wa make a > nolltaion with the law* of the I'alted State*; wo intend to.role In,October uDder I ailed SUlee law, whtab we abonld not do if we aimed to prerloualy auperaede Ik (5or. W*t.*an?Ton hare no hope wbaterer. air, la that rnnvtrtatloo Tbt* Congreae la nppoeed to ron; you ahoald wait aad rote on the noaatitotloa about to be framed: your people of lawreaoe hare tried three tlmea to provoke me to hrina the troop* here; llrrt they refused lo hold a delafa?c election la June, took po<wee*lon of lha polli, and proreoted the citizen* rrom roll of, and now hare rafuaed to aroepi the charter from tba national leglatntn-e. but bar# framed a city govern men I tbetnaelret? aa act or rebellion again*! the gnrrrnment and lawa which meet be enpnreeeed Totr people, under pretence of removing deed horae* end eat* from the atreet, bare taken the poetttoe of rebel* again*! the government of the Catted State*, aad artnally compelled me to come here with the troopa. Tha Sheriff ha* made the aaaeaement without a rlybt to do Kaaa Stat* Ma* ?But, air, we hold that peopln attonlff not be taxed wlthont repreaentlon; we hare not been rap reeented In the Territorial legislature, we regard tha payment of (hi* tax aa contributing money lo oaurpert to pro Tide fetter* for onr own llmba ta Jone, many of n* were not rretaiered, and oonaeqnently wouM art hare beea allowed ?o rote. | wa* not; no cenana waa taken in my neighborhood. , t . (Jniaa^nn Watk??, (after an Interral of *1l?nn*)?let me aet a *r**r sir Yoor Toneba oonatltuUon is an Im porltloa upon the people, mr' It coitalbm a proriiion yiereateeiny the property right la all ela?ep now In the Territory I tut II la done noTertly. Why not openly arow II* r?n?T,p *,ii_Th*i c latum preraa that we are nm robber*; Umt we an dlapnaed lo retard the property fight In the few rlatrea now hern, hot which will he mmored hy their maatere tmfbra ? tmcomee a free State ft cannot he doee corertly If, aa yon inert, the fare of Uia iMtrument how* It Roxernor W now wen need the petition of chant pton of the Conatltntlonnl Onweentlon. declared It to ha tho hope object and nine oT the ebolmonteti that than ahonld fhrnt a rery nitre pro eiaeery eoMtltntlon la order thai the national democcePP party nay ha drleen into nppont rltlon, end then elect a hlech repuhllraa lYenldent la IMo; "hot their enpcotetlown will probably he die appelated * He made the cherye naheard of hefhre, that the free Stala men at preeionn eleetione hare reled hy proxy?one man ihrowinf ? or M mfee, ant throughout a three hrmre ronrewation, ahowed hlanelf a wary polttictan rather than the ?*at' eneaa He a Inn relterate.1 hit former peonetaa [ -that the ballot box ehouM he rammed to the pennla In 1 October; la thia he la to doubt ataoer*. I