Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 2, 1857, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 2, 1857 Page 4
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I.J W YORK HERALD. JAUKtt UOUOON BENNETT, bditob and rRurRirros orf ' !> w CO KM KB OK NAS8AI' AND PCLTON 8T*. T"f A t* IcfMIMV 1MI i All r H rhlA l.ft, ftm r*ntiT*rr mji%, IT prr tmmvm T'?-/ b i PK I T Wtl i 41 D, 11/ *ij" crn/. |?r nmnwm ihf $vmp*nm " iiftom $4 prr rnimni l> SHi }wi i* l> ttti4 ii? iwn. t>f (J U' mv fa< I t# !>.< (f.ut'ic'J, U4A fHiV ' 7/;/ liiXILT HFKdLP. <rt>y WM'u.+iay. at/our -fitfjijvr ?+~ ,wm \0I ! Ar4fc"l lllMSKXPONDKAl JE. iutu;niiw inpnrinii , i~i!fl/rnr a*y ft rim pf'lhr tr?W4, if U"~T tri'l >?? rt t j? ?</ ?w B Fobbiub Oohhi an'nuiamai I'ab Tl. IUI IT UB4CIk>TKP TO SbaL tu I.BTTEBJ ABD PACKAGES h??n r* V f> A r;rr roln <w aaotiymoui n>rr?pondrttY W7 <to nof P I MINTING nrnntol trM nnilitM, ekfafMM aiht itr4 I ' __ /t VthTlSKMKXTS rrnnrtd erery day: <vlr?twm*r'> in ^?..f i. a/ Wbbklt Hbbau>, Pamilt Qbbaxo, and in fte ( a.i *r>rTi:a and iuni<?n Jhtatcnt. V< Inmr XXH No. 30* AMt'SKMKNTS THIS KVRNINfl. BROADWAY THF.ATRK. dway? Ditbbtimbbekt riM Patot? li Cataju-o IrOao MIBIC8 UARDKN. Broadway? Pokoo tub Irtbluubh* ArB? TB?n?IC?OB?? PaBTOHIMBOB BoRKaA BOWKRY THRATRK, Bowrr>? Viboj!?ic?-^Jacii Rwrr r?BD? WAriwBiiro Hot* BFRTON'fl TfTRATRR, Broadway, oppinlle Road ?tr?>?H? J AJIVT PstM. OB WlTBBtl ABU D AVO ITU- Tlf IBto IT Oft. WAIJ.ACK'H THKATRK. Broadw*jr? T?* IlCTUttLt Uci baud? Cam Am tmmmtrr I.AVRA KRKNRSTHKATRK. Broadway? Mt Sou Dul5A ?Tub Vuttuu? Lituiq Too Kait. ACADEMY OF Ml'iilC, Fourteenth Btreet? Italian OraBA n?iiABii, liAHMHp AMERICAN Ml'SKUM. Rroadway-After noon vK*ui o? tub Wood K**?u>g, Rota or Pbhhitb WOOD'H BriLDINOS. Ml and 663 Broadway ?Uborg* rBiRiKTT A ffwui> Minxtbbl*? RruuiriA* rnurouMtm iiM? J'KTBB PBrrBS PirBB I'OPOB, Ac. OI.TMrlC, 086 Broadway? Pbewdbucam'S Mwjtbbls? Bem.*:??i*?. Pobo?, Statub Lot km, Ac. MRCT1 ANIOR' HALL. 47S Broadway? Bbtabtj Mibhbeu ? KTMioriAB Ktv? ,?iki< itib?? <}ou>b* Kibgbom Ac. New York, Monday, November 9, IS 37. MILS FOR EIBOPE. Thf New York Herold? Edition (tor Europe. The Cunard steamship Kurepa, Capt Leitch, will leave IVMov on W??.Un?<lit}\ at nooii. for ]jver|>oot. The Eurvpewi mails will close in this city at noon to morrow , l<> (.'o by railroad, and ai half past two o'clock to m?.rrow /uu rcooc, to go b,v steamboat. The F.'jrt'vean viitit?n of the Hkrau>, print.*d in Fr?*neh aci KiijrlUih. will he ptihlwhf-,1 at ten o'clock in the in.?rn inp i-inele copies, in wrappers, si* cent* Hnh^ riplion.^ and aivert:si,m',nts fi>r any edition of the Nrw Y\ikk HkraU' w >11 he ree< : v?>d at the following pUcep in F.urot* ? iMtj-on .... .^nisor 1 ->w , son Ar ? V?. , 4T J .nd^rato hill Am K:jrrpwir:hxpref*(.lo.,61 Kmc Hillnatn. t. I'ABta. Am h "r"j?'Hn K*pr?"a?<<" R Place tie Ih Boiirve. Jjtbbmvi Abj -Kun-penn Kxpreaa Oi>. , B atreet. K Hu?il, 10 Kvthango street, Komi lI?vitB,. . .Am Kur?j?Wi ('.? . '.'I Rue Ho. Tlie cmiI^M* of tli- i:?ropeau edition of the IIkk .i i. will ror.ibitu- tli-> new* received by mail an <1 telegraph <i! the ofl'ce durln# the pr: vions wi ek, and up to the hour of publication TUr \i tv i. The >-tt-amer Indian. now fully due at Quebec with Euivptau newe to the 21st ult., had not made her ap pearance ut River du Loujs- up to six o'clock yester day afternoon We publish thin morning copious details of new* frorr Mexico down to tin- 21st ult. The intelligence is the moil iinportaut th.it wv have received l'rosu that republic for a Ions time. The demand of Co nionfort upon Congress for extraordinary power, the extensive land schemes in Sonora, Durango aud Tehuantepec, the revolutic nary movements on thf rontien>. and the general diae>rgani7.ation and dis ruption of the republic ? socially, politically and financially? are fully set forth. The steamship Philadelphia . which left Havana on the 29th ult, arrived at New Orleans on Saturday last, bringing M50 .000 in specie. The bark Clara, which sailed also from Havana, brought >33,000 in gold to New Orleans. After the 1st of January next all vcuvU bringing cargoes to and taking away mo Lw?ew from Cuba must pay duties on tonnage. The Marquis de Losados, acting British Consul General. Lad be<n attacked with yellow fen r, but wa> re covering. The French war steamer Tonnerre had ponr tc sea. The bark Zephyr, of Baltimore, had |*cn I >n>ugbt into Havana as a flave prize. The Norwegian hark Marie had landed one hundred and wventy-nvne coolies. The stock of sugar at Havana and Mstanzas w?c 240,000 boxes on the 25th ult. I ?on M Agula r. late Deputy Collector of Havana, died suddenly on the 10th ult. The steamship Star of the Wot, with the California mails and treasure, not in sight when the Philadelphia left Havana. lly the arrival of the lmrk Azor, at New Bedford, wr have news from Fayal to the 1st ult. Capt. Oli ver. erne of the p?>wnger* in the \*or, think > there will be a scarcity of provisions, owing principally t-> the -even* gale which liad visit"d the Islands, pros trating the com and damaging the crops. On the land of Mr I>abney , the American Consul, r?Ter one hundred large- pine trees were torn up by the roots. The Azor brought ninety -two pa-sengers. Of this number eighty -eight are Portuguese, many of whom tut ftt for California, and other- w ill enrage in the w haling * n ice, Ac. Bin- also brought dearly 1.000 letters, and I, <'.00 barrels of oil on freight. By tlie arrival of the achoonerShannojj at thi?port y? ?t?rday, we havr recrhred files of Numsbu, X. P., paper* t(> the 21st ult. They contain no news of in terest Tlie New York Underwriters' m bootier Ori ental. Capt. Hoyt, arrive! at Nar??u on the lTth ult. i Tlie Hrhai.u of the 26th ult. published the fact that the subject of the cause* which led to the loss I ef the sWam^iip Central America wae Wing inves ! tigated before a competent committee in this city. The fallowing is a complete ll.t of the name* of the gentle men who compose that tribunal: ? C' nun odor* M C. Perry, Chairman < sptain Erra Nye. Captain Charles H Marshall Mr F. R Uthrop. Mr Je?hn P. Jo??. Mr Alfred fietoo. Mr. A. A. Low. < sptain Alex V Frwr Secretary Mr J 11 Uptna Recording Secretary. The anr.ixisl table shows the temperature of t)* stm-ispherr in thi-< city during the past week, tl" rsfvg* fit tbr hamtneter , the variation nf wind enrrent*. and the state of tbe weather, at three d?ring eafh dsy, viz : at P A M , and .1 and f. t> cU? k P. M a? ana. .<*ajr? TVnuI) wHb I ebt r*ln, "" day ?"d nfcht. h.nitit ? Hats all elay aad iiIkM V unlay - Mart. ? g, overcast with light sae?w, afti rn<? i. (in ? ttg 1 .jts rs a Ttoaiey sat ">M all day rain etarmt mpht w.vi. at) -HaiaaM li^li w:;jd all daf , rain all Ui< truing , n>ueMtaf ? Tkilit wot nv?re??e all day aiot sretimc 1 i?> OS4 a?4 eivtrrasi ail 4a} e\< tung t.k>u<ly ?-ae^iaj - Rati) The liamilw r.f Mart! >nd, being satisfied that the arrse m me-nt* <4 vis May is ef lilDMr for the pre fer* at < nf the jsa<< and U?e protect inn of t u ?i dw ing liW fleetkie Weomn in that<<tytr> nflB ctflK.i aay emergency has withdrawn hislt<> la , las'. ?i e ailing oat the irVta <>1 the State ' Our ? r ? ;>? !< ' at fir Jg? t - w?, Ttarba4..e. erri tin,, ra tbe 'Tib of Stpttober, myx: ? letters fro:u th< Rtcrctiry of Wtr (T?nl Paniuurv) are reported to hr.vt- Jrffii r*cH\ed by the Governor, cweying her Maesty's expression of thanks for the loyalty ard itefttinn of ber Wc*t lixVm subject*. The troop* hire have received no order* to embark fi>r India, as thi forct* landed there alieady, and llwae on the w?j tliit1>**r, are believed to be mure tliau sufficient to quell the KaM India mutiny, restore order and maintain F.iiti-h pnwer. Tbe Mund i? very healthy; emjw look *ell, and the weather is very favorable for planters. The Market for American produce is nearly exhausted. Cornmeal sella at $6 04 per bbl., and flour at $7 50 a >10 50. Lumber, provi sions and breadstuff* are in good demand, at high prices. In our maritime columns we give a list of veoaeh which have been wholly or partially lost, or which have been damaged in their hulls. Ac., that have hoen reported during the month of October. The li?t comprises 18 steamers, 44 ships, 30 harks, 27 brigs and 70 schooners, miking a total of 189 ve.v *els. the estimated loss on which is $2,246,600. This in a very large sum for the month of October, which l# pcr? rally conceded to l>e a fortunate period of the year for those "who go d^wn to the sea in ships and do business nn the gn at waters." The value of foreign goods imported at the port of Doeton during the week ending the 30th ult. amounted to $869,283, showing an increase, as com pared with the corresponding week in 1856, of $310,721. The imports for the quarter ending Sept. 30, 18o7.wcre $13, 0G2, 939, against $10, 55u,241 during tbe corresponding period the year previous. The sales of cotton on Saturday, made in lota, reached 1 about too bales, based chiefly on Upland middlings, at about l'.'Sc., and middling New Orleans at 13c. A small ot of strict kuoU middliug Texas was reported at lS>?c. The stock, however, wan light, and prices somewhat it ! regular. Further shipments continued to he made to Uverpool at 6-32d. freight. Flour opened tinner, with on advance of 5c. a 10c. , and in some cases 16c. per bar n I, Die rise being chiefly on State and VTesteru bran-is, with n good demand for export Tbe market, however, closed 1?- buoyant and heavy at the improvement M heat was in good demand for expert, and sales oi Western were freely made for export, Hii<l at better prlcrp. Chicago spring ranged from $1 a $1 04: Indiana rod void at $1 10. Tennessee white at $1 60, an i red do. at $1 SO. Corn waf firmer. w:th more doing, closing at Tic. for western mixed, aud some was reported at 75c... while alKiut two cargoes out of order sold at 72c. Fork was more active, with sales of mess at t'M 26. Sugars continued firm, with moderate Bales at full prices. Coffee was steady and quiet. Freights were stiff at previous quotations. To 1 j verpool, 30.000 a 40,000 bushels gram were taken in bulk and ship'? bags at "J'id.a&d., with flour at 2s. Od.and cheese at 27s. To 1 radon, oil cuke wh* taken at 30s. per ton, and flour at 2s. 9d. Havre ? Cotton aud bone were at J*c. Rice and pot ashes at $9. and pearl do. $8. < The Piiwnl Flnanrlal R?-vuI?lon and thr Im pending Political Revolution. In illustration of the political workings of this financial revulsion, we spread before our readers thin morning a chapter of interest ing and very significant extracts from the politi cal newspaper press of the country. It will be remarked, however, that these extracts are chiefly from the old line whig preu*. and that they strongly foreshadow the miraculous resur rection of the old whig party and the old whig iwues ? bank and tariff? upon which was fought the tremendous, protracted and decisive war between Gen. Jaekson and Henry Clay. But the most suggestive of all these new^ paper commentaries upon the political ten dencies of the times is that from the National Era. the central organ at Washington of the n)>olition wing of the republican camp. The Era is evidently alarmed at the prevailing signs of the times. It has observed the univer sal decline in the nigger agitation and the cor responding losses to the great Northern repub lican party during the present year, and is struggling desperately to keep up a hue and cry. no longer available, against the "slave oligarchy." The public mind, the thoughts, inquiries, fears and expectations of the masses of the people of all sections are now involved in the general discussion of the ways and means of relief from the financial and com mercial evils of the day. and within the next six months we may expect to witness the prac tical comm< neement of a reconstruction of our national parties upon this or that federal policy in reference to the bank*, the currency, the tariff and the bankrupt question. Alumina that the Kansas imbroglio will l?e formally and finally di-jw?sed of to the satisfac tion of the country before the adjournment of the next session of Congress, in the admission of Kansas n* a free State, according to the law of popular sovereignty, the 1m t pwtical Hsue of the nigger agitation will then !>?? settled and set aside. In the interval we anticipate a des l* i at- effort from the Southern ultras to over turn the administration, dissolve the Union, and set the world in a Maze dt fire ; but the mani fest d'-stioy of the disputed territory and the justice of the policy of Mr. liuchanan are so cb-ar that we |. ?r neither the destruction of the administration. nor the dissolution of the Union, nor a universal conflacration. from the honest and lawful ad minion into the Union of Ka.i*u< as a free State. The Kansas is^je, then. b*lng thus sat tsfac torily deposed of and set aside, the new and j practical b ?ue* In regard to the financial and commercial duties of the government will come into the foreground in bold relief. In this view of the ftfOitieitl horizon, our readers will have j remarked the wise caution and deliberation , which have iharaeteri/.'-d, thus far, the move ments of the Cabinet in referenee to the preser vation of the solvency of th* federal treasury, and the restoration of harmony and prosperity in our commercial and financial affairs. Aud it i? well that the administration should act upon these subject* carefully and cautiously; for the reconst ruction of parties for I860, and there, suits of the election for the successor to Mr. Buchanan. will depend very materially upon th?> financial and commercial policy which hie 1 administration may pursue. It is probable that the I*resident, in his mes sage U? Congress, adhering to the g.**i old maxim that "caution is the parent of safely," will limit his financial and commercial rccom mendationsjp connection with the crisis to the uwe^nry rJWrvhments In the puhlie expendi tures required to bring the actual expense* of the trea?ury within the margin of its estimated receipts. Including, perhaps, some in cidental tariff recommendations of a revenue character. But should the President deem It most judicious to confine his suggestions to the two houses, in TWember. within thiscontraetcd circle, the debates of Congress will speedily de m lop* a m rlev of new financial and commercial proposition of a far more comprehensive cha racter than those solely directed to the solven cy of the tr entity. Thu?. before the end oi the approschir ,? lonj? se^lon, we shall most likely, Is tw. . n two pr- tty w. II dHltied ^trti-s In Congre*. have Ui< question of a pi o?eCtTvt tariff. th? ' iink qif*tlon, the question of a mo dlflr mM-ii . fthe Treasury system int.. some thing like a positive Inwik regulation. and the question of a general Bankrupt 1?? in full bla-t Aid, 'hi in full blant. tl ?? j?.?| .u w]' ?ather volume arid n/ b tw . n tw c" i af f .ii ti' - in Con^s-s- n r4<l throughout tl" country, until 1H>0; for, conaidfring thf inate rial- of the present Cuofrew aud the chaaeeii lor ilit- n?\\i, we cau hardly ?xptct the Congress ?>iorit*] remedy's for this deep seated revulsion to be pertected before the next President iu I campaign. Sueh are the political tendencies of this financial break-down of 1857. Whether the result will be a political revulsion, sweep ing the country like a tornado, an in 1840, or a steady adhesion of .the people to the policy of Mr. Buchanan's administration, will depend upon that policy iteelf. Hencr the wisdom of caution and deliberation. The finan cial and commercial disorders of twenty years' accumulation are not to be remedied in a day, nor m a year. But for all this, the people will expect much of the government, and the gov ernment has the power and can command the w ?)> and means for aiTording much of positive and permanent relief to all the business embar rassment* of the couutry. It was the policy of Martin Van Buren to separate and isolate the interests of the government from the interests ui the people, under the heavy shiuploster pres Mire of lt>37. Let Mr. Buchanan beware of fol j lowing too closcly his example, and let him j take a new departure, financially and commer cially. and the prestige of his administration may be crowned with victory in 1860. Other wise the campaign of 1860 may be another car nival lik?- that of 1X40. Such are the ^igns? of the times. The New. from Mexk*-D|*r?cted Condition or that Rfpabllf. Wi devote a large portion of our -pac e lo-dav Jo the important news from Mexico, which will t,"e found in the letters of our correspondent.- and our translations, published in another column It will be teen that the 'results we prognosti cnti d some months sinc<> as sure to follow such a constitution as Mexico adopted, are fast de veloping themselves. The first question that the single Chamber of the Mexican Congress has to discus* is the creation of a dictatorship, aud though it had already been a month in session, it had done nothing but demonstrate that the present government, nor any of the factions, haa a working majority in that body, and bringing up the names of other aspirants for the supreme power. It is evident, also, that the members are possessed with a very red republican spirit, and that there is a strong disposition among them to imitate the old French revolutionary Assembly, and endeavor to govern the deliberations of the '?ody by the resolutions adopted in secret by faction. That dictatorial power will be conferred upon some one is most probable, but upon whom is very doubtful. What game Comonfort is play ing is uncertain, but he has lost ground in the popuhir mind, and it is said that the army is not friendly to him. as its pay and rations have not been regular under his rule. It will be seen that he has adopted several very impor tant measures, which will not fail to place him tinder the suspicion of speculation. He has made a contract, to which several Americans are said to be parties, for the survey and plot ting of all the public lands in the States of So nora and Sinaloa. and the Territories of Lower California and Tehuantepec. by which the con tractors are to receive one-third of the lands to l* surveyed, amounting probably to many mil lions of acres, for their labor and expenses; and in his message he announces that he is about making a similar contract in regard to the pub lic lands in the States of Chihuahua, Durango. Tamaulipas and Tabasco. It is also said that he has made another contract with certain American bankers to raise a loan on a lottery scheme. While this contest for power and plunder is going on in the capital of the republic, the country itself is a prey to the most frightful disorders. In Yucatan the Indians are fa^t driving out the whites and mixed races; in the South a war is raping between the IMntos. un der Alvarez, who gives a nominal heed only to the government, and th?>so native races who wish to throw it off altogether. In Chihuahua. Sonora. Durango. and even further south, the civilized inhabitants are rapidly retiring before the incursions of the savage Apaches and other tribes. The central government, engaged in the venal contests that surround it, cmii do no thing to prevent or mend this slate of thing*, and its name is only used by one or other of the local parties In their petty struggles for the spoils as may suit their interests. It is these partita that invite and will continue to invite our filibusters, as will fx- seen by the letter of our correspondent at Marat Ian. which shows that Crabbe s foray from California * as reallx iuvit<d and contracted for by 1'esqueira. who exicutrd him. 1 here is one point in the news which demands the prompt attention of our own government. The enterprise of our ports on the raciftc is already causing a trade with the Western c?a-?t of Mexico to spring up. and the Custom lionse and military officers of those region- find abundant opportunities and pretence* to s< i* . the vesst b and confiscate them aud their car goes. in order to supply their empty tr<a.*urie*. Thi* is the old jtitme that was so loug practiced upon our commerce with the (*ulf ports or that republic, and which fiually led to the war with it. If the government at W:tshington d;?es not take Rome ste|>* to prevent this constant repeti tion o( outrages upon American citizens, it may be inured the filibusters will. The time is pro pitious for a grand filibuster foray upon Mexico, either trorn California or from the Atlantic and Gulf States, and there is au abundance of un employed men ready for the start. An oppor tunily and a bad'* of some reputation are all that is wanted. He advise the government to look ?ell to the state of our affairs on the west toast of^lexico. Han* Nona 0\u?acujn. aad Srocu Srwo\s. MtHfcD.? We have caused inquiries to be made St the office Of the Rank Superintendent at Al bany a? to tlK amount of circulating notes re cently cancelled in that d.partnv nl and of stock# surrcLdert d. The reply of that official K that from the first of September to (he 1 Ith of October inclusive, the day on which th- bank < suspended specie payment, the amount of notes of State banks returned aid cancclled was |.r>.SZl,108. The stocks surrendered in exchange for these bank notes amounted to $3, dSfi 9.", 7 and the bonds and mortgages to *73/, 261? the total amount of securities thus surreud-r<'d being # l.rw.m We suppose thafthe apparent dis r repnney tietween the amount of notes cancel d i?id th? amount of securities surrendered may >risr from the fact that the stocks are not c*l fiilat.d af th'ir nominal value at which they w re d< poslud? but at th'dr market value n( he time of surrender. Since the susp nslon of peck' payments Hi re has been very little de ind for the surrender ntf sec irities. probably .j< t over one or two hutidrul thousand dollars. The Klrrtlon To-Morro* ? The cltt'on which comes off to-morrow pr* &tnt? none of the striking features of some of our late electoral content ?. It will !*? dimply a selection of certain individual" to fill certain State offices, with purely clerical functions; of h fe* Judge* aud a Justice of the Court of Appcal?; of a new Assembly and a mw State Senate. It is not obvious that the public is deeply concerned,* one way or the other, in the contest for the State offices; nor has much excitement been created by the struggle be tween the several candidate? for judicial honors, except for the Court of Appeals. With regard to Ibis branch of the contest, with this fiuiple ex ception the public mind is in a stale of calm re pose. not to hay absolute indifference: no one candidate possessing sufficiently paramount claims, or evincing so decided a superiority to his rivals a* to awaken any very violent sym pathy in his behalf, and the interests at stake beirf in them- wives not worth much distress of mind. The contest for the State Legislature is of rather more consequence. Of late years the Legislature- has exercised powers very nearly approaching to absolute sovereignty; one only needs to recall the deed1- of the Legislature of l*-?i year to realize the power of that body for j mischief. Thi? winter, especially, the finan cial condition of the State is likely to afford opportunities for a vast amount of legislation which nuty be highly beneficial or Incalculably

injurious, according to the character, ability and Integrity of its franiers. It in \v be in th? power i* the State Legislature to help us out of our po=""nt financial embarrassments aud to preclude ttoe prospect of their recurrence; it certainly will be iu the power of that body to do infinite rr.iK-Ucf by aggravating the pending troubles, gnd protracting the struggle In which l< ade is now writhing. It cannot therefore be said that any one has a right to feel indifference as to ihe composition of the Legislature. The last time we elected State officers aud legislators the issue on which the rival candi dates met the country was Kansas free or Kan haw slave. Practically, the advocates of Kansas slave won the victory; though defeated in this and other States. Mr. Buchanan was elected President; and itjnight have been rationally expected that, having fought the battle out fair ly, and having won it. his friends would have claimed the spoils of victory and would have firmly established slavery in Kansas. Instead of this, the fairest, most honorable and above board policy has heen pursued by the dominant party 'toward Kansas; with so striking a result that Kansas is now as firmly secured to freedom as New York, and et en Senator Douglas de nounces further efforts to introduce slavery into the Territory, and Robert J. Walker, by pro clamation, certifies ihe triumph of the free State party. This being the state of affairs, the issue^ of Kansas free and Kansas slave has been set tled. and can no longer enter into any electoral content. There Is no longer any issue for the opponents aud advocates of slavery to fight about. Especially in this State, where the slavery question has always been one of re mote interest, has it now completely died out, and seeks a decent burial at some good man's hands. There therefore remains no issue for us to fight the November battle upon but our own State issues. Wc muA apply the test of State | principles and questions of State policy to the candidates w*bo solicit our votes; and upon these, and these alone can the selection of can didates be rationally bawd. Happily these are few and clear. Without difcussing the rival merits of any of the candi dates. or advancing any arguments in favor of this or that party or ticket, we may say em phatically that, whoever are the right in-u to choose, the republicans are not the right meu. They have been fully tried, and their incapacity to legislate for the State ha* been abundautly proved. Last year, when they controlled the Legislature, they disgraced the statute book with a series of act* which contain the germ of the ruin of all democratic institutions, and a restoration of the old colonial system of govern ment by Commissioners - sent from alar to eat up the people's sul<stance." Some of these acts have ucver been carried luto effect, so impracticable and outrageous were they found on examina tion. Others are being held over, and will doubtless be repealed this winter. The Police act. the most outrageous violation of the cardi nal principle of democratic govcrnm nt ever at tempted since the organization of the confede racy, bad happily secured the favor of the Judges of the Court of Appeals before 11 be came a law. and it lias beeuduly executed; with what happy effects the duily report* of robberies and murderr and the ludicrous imbecility of the Board of Commissioners are there to show. If these act? had been mere blunders, one could have forgiven them. Had they been mere par ty manu uvrcs for honest party purpo-es, one might hnve tried to pa*M th?*m over. But th'-y were low. knavish tricks to build up the repub lican party in this State with the money aud the patronag? of the city of New York - base. mean, dishonest, reprobate dodge* to get our money for hungry politicians: and no m.m who re fpccl* him- ir either in city or In country will vote for any member of the party which gave tli? m bii th There is no principle at all involved in this election that can compare in point of impor lance with the question of extravagance nr economy in our State finances. How the republicans have managed these, we showed the Other day in the comments we made on John Van Burcn's speech at Tammany Hall One humlrid and twenty -five per cent, we show ? d. have our Stale taxes increased during the j.H^t year. The State taxes this year are 125 per cent higher than they were last year; the incr? ase ing the work of the republicans and thfir profit. If there be any question involred in the contest to-morrow or anything like the Importance to the citiaen. the farmer and the mechanic- of this increase of one hundred and tweutv five p?-r cent in the taxes which we pay, we ure not aware of it. And we are natisfk-d lh< re is rone. In any times an increase of 125 p. r cent in the taxea In a single year, to sup port the most corrupt party ever formed In the country, would Is- an alarming feature; at the present time, when financial di-tress mrrounds ns all are retrenching, and many nrc in abso lute want, to more than double the sum the State takes from us. is positively outrageous. We hope therefore that while the people Be lt ct the best men among the candidates to be members of the Legislature, th. y will take care not to restore to power the party which has flarwn so Infamous a disregard of the principles of democratic go*#nracnt, aud which has ao little decency, so little financial skill, and so little jroblty as to incr? ase onr taxes in one year one UV\ypEn 4?D TWKNTT-rivit ria c*vT. P. V.- ? i_M> THE AOMLUMTK-ITHW. ? The Kttil k-ut l^uhLLIc bus at last boca rcduced to two technicalities or abstractions. Fir at, the power of Governor Walker in canvaaring the votoa for the Legislature to reject that barefaced Oxford oh indie of 1,G28 Haunt* which were not votes; and secondly, the power of the Kansas pro-slavery Constitutional Convention to ueud up their State constitution to Congress without referring it to a vote of the people. Upon the first proposition, the act of Governor Walker, whatever may be done with him, in beyond remedy. That Oxford fraud having been cast out, the free State party have the Territorial Legislature, and they will use it to establish their own policy ? we may rest assured of that. We dare say, too, that the administration will not have cither Walker or Stanton skinned alive for casting out that most outrageous Oxford trick of the secessionist border ruf fians. We believe, in short, that neither Walker nor Stanton will be recalled or superseded by the Cabinet council to-day. With regard to the last desperate trick of the fire-eaters, that of sending up to Congress a pro-slavery State constitution for Kansas, with out referring it to the people, wc are quite sure that, should the trick be tried, it will fail. We expect the trick to be tried, and we are confi dent that any such State constitution for Kan sas. coming before Congress for ratification, in advance of a ratification by the people of Kansas, will be sent back again to Kansas. That is all. Substantially, the Kansas question is settled. She is certain to come iuto the Union as a free State. That fact is fixed be yond all doubt by the lute Territorial elections, and neither the conduct of Governor Walker nor the trick of dodging the Kansas people with a pro-slavery constitution will help the cause of the fire eaters. They have lost the prize, and they must surrender it. No help for it now. Kansas, practically, is used up; for her destiny i? determined. Immense Influx ok Specie.? The amount of specie that has flowed into this city, New Or leans and St. Louis since the commencement of the financial panic, and that has remained in the country, is enormous, beyond all former precedent. We have had a list of the arrivals of specie within the mouth of October com piled from the files of the IIeralo, showing the aggregate amount to be within a fraction of seven and a half millions of dollars. Of that sum no less than $,r>, 106,901 were received in this city and entered into the specie resources of the hanks and the community. The follow ing table gives the figures in detail: ? Recsiit of Stuns ik N?w York, N?w OrijiaN's ax? Sr. LOl'lS FOR THK MOMTH OF (KTOnitR, 1857. W\wt tXifftfd fl.w conveyed. ! Where landed1, Amcunt. 917,000 20,000 136,329 41,080 346,000 SOO.OOO 883,000 1,107, 'MO 160,368 450,000 240,366 2,032,034 260.000 Ijverpool Southampton... Havana Vera Crut Liverpool Havana Liverpool Liverpool Havana Havana Vera Cmr. California and Havana Texan Atlantic Vanderbilt Black Warrior. . (Texas Europa Cabawba Baltic 1'erata. Granada i Philadelphia ... [New York... New York. . . New York. .. New Orleans. New York... New Ortaw. New York... New York. .. New York. .. New Orleans. New Orleans New York . . Tennessee. . Star of Went anil Northern Lifht Different con- 1 veyanceg |New Orleans. Plains and l'p 'Different con- ? I <er Country., i veyanees Loui? Havana 'Hark Clara |New Orleans Total 97,461,105 700.000 33,000 To thin Hum should be added certificates of de posit received by the Persia to the Amount of over a million of dollar**, which certificates are as good an, and in a more convenient form than speck* itself, because remittance* to England can be made by means of them. Out of these monthly cash receipts of seven and a half mil lions of dollars we have not actually sent out of the country more than a mere trille say two or three hundred thousand dollars? *o that the first of November sees it richer by at least seven millions of dollars in specie than we were on the first of Octol?er. This may seem extraordinary in view of the depression in trade, but the fact is nevertheless so. Though times are bard specie is plenty. Piti.ic Axvnkmknth ? Erracm ok thk Pa.vjc. ?Our city theatres have passed through a month of the severest financial pressure, and the closing of at least two houses was believed to Ik- a foregone conclusion. At the last Opera season the receipts on one or two nights touched very low figures, when the managers stopped proceedings. Burton's and the Broadway theatre have had attractions which, in flush times, would hnve packed those houses on every i night. Miss Cuthmun has played a surprisingly good engagement under the circumstances, and the ballet at the Broadway hns been well patro nised; but such is the expense attendant upon such attractions that they cannot be profitable to the manager. If we look at the other thea tres, we shall find Wallnck's and Laura Keene's almost empty during two weeks. The expenses were reduced as far as possible, and all the comedians put on serious short allowances of salary. The blow was the heavier, liecause the month of October is generally the best season for the theatres, and the managers rely upon a fall surplus to carry them over the dry time* in mid winter. They cannot, like the dry goods men, ??closront" their stock of actors, actresses, dresse?, scenery and properties "at a great re duction below the cost of importation," because those articles, however pretty they niay be. are not values in any sense of the term. The public here does not look upon the drama as an art to be cultivated and sustained: but the theatre Is made a lounging place to pa?s an idle hour, or to g< t in out o| the rain," as Jules Jauiu said when he went to the Franr;ais. When the public has a good deal of money it showers gold on the theatres. When the public I- obliged to wear its old clothes, the theatres get nothing. Within the pa?t wi-?>k. however, we are glad to ?ny that things look a little better. NiMo has put on n little more steam, and ha* very good audiences. The Tbalberg and Vieuxtcmps concert on Friday drew a crowded audience a hopeful sign for the Opera season, which be gins this evening. The business has also im proved a little at Laura Keene's and Wallack's, while everylswly has of course seen Miss Cusli man's Lndy Macbeth. The ballet at the Broad way clones with this week, and will doubtlem draw better than ever. At the Bowery and the other places of amusement on the east side of tht city we hear that the nightly attendance iuCTeases. The (Jerman theatres and the colored Native American Opera receive, com paratively, more patronage than any regular theatre. They are cheap amusements for the people, and patronized by the people. We hare in New York rather too many first cbiss theatre*, mi callrvl, awl the buslnem hue b?>n like everything else- somewhat ovrrdrme. j There will lie this evening no less than elevon theatres, of all grade*, open in this city from thi aristocratic Academy down to the <J tao | iTmic Bofc ,fhc K1"0"4 cxpcMcs of thoee I howee imua* five thousand dullara per night, at least ; *Qd u " P1*^ to see that, la thc? tines, boom of tvem must find the bal&uce on the wrong Ridf of th^ ?a*h book. The present week will btf quite an interesting one at the theatro#. The Indefatigable Oil man ? who has been, tfkft Mr. Micawber, " lay ! ing back for a spring'' ii in the field ?gala, like a giant refreshed, and opens the Academy with a grand flourish. AH the manager*, en couraged by the prospects of last week, pat forth their best programme, and hoping fo> the adoption of Mr. Charles Mathews' philoso phy, that it is cheaper to go to the theatre than It is to stay away. It is, certainly, better thaa lounging in the barrooms, gambliug hells and other disreputable places with which the city abounds. THE LATEST NEWS. Non-Arrival of lh? Indian. Vckbec, Not. 1, 1M7. The Canadian Screw Steamship Company's steamer la dian. with IJverpool and London advices of the 21st oil ? our days later? ia now fully due at this port, but hiwl oat boen heard of at Riviere du Loop? at six o'clock Uiu m ternooo, and will not theroforc arrive hero bot'oro u morrow (Monday) morning. IntanMIng from W*?Mnnton. 00V/ VAUCR AND THE ADMINISTRATION? THE riOf 8IDENT AND THE TITHI' ANTKFEO GRANT ? MIN19TM FORSYTH IN TROUBLE? INTERESTING DEVELOPS MKNT8 EXPECTED ? 8TRANUE TESTIMONY B?KOU TUE NAVAL COURTS ? MUTILATION OK KXCOIUM, BTC. WAMHijioruN, Nor". lj 1867. Got. talker, of Kansas, a few da y? ago, addressed)* letter to the President, asking for leave or ilwniw for a month. The President lias granted his request, and hi was to leave on the first of November for Washington. He will not be removed, neither will he resign. His name will be sent into the Senate, anil let theui reject him 4 they dare. The enemies of the administration will then have to show their hands. A rej>ort readied here to-daf that both Walker and Stanton had been forcibly expdlLxf from the Territory. Nothing lias been received by the administration to confirm the report, anil it is not gonorally believed. The President has not made, the declaration imputed to him by a New York paper, that he would not have any thing to do with the Tehuanttpec grant negotiated by La Sere and company. He has expressed regret that its cob ditions have not been as favorable as he anticipated. The terms would have been much better had Mr. Foriytb obeyed the instructions of our government to aid those gentlemen in procuring the grant. Mr. Forsyth threw every possible obstacle in their way with the Mexican authorities and the press. Mr. Benjamin has in his pos session the original draft of violent attacks upon the new grant published in Mexican journals, in the handwriting of Mr. Fearn, Secretary of legation. There are some rich developement# In reference to this matter which wtU shortly be made. On the trial of Captain Iatimcr, a short time since, Com mander Ritchie swore that he (Ritchie) was First lieuten ant on board the schooner Grampus, and Captain Hoilms officer of the deck when the boom of that vessel was car ried away while rounding to, off San Ijorenso. Yesterday Captain Uollins swore that Commander Ritchie was not the First Lieutenant of the Grampus at that time, thus im peaching the lalter's veracity. Captain Latimer now swears he was, and two members of the Court, Captain* Storer and St ring ham, repaired to tht- Vavy Pe|tnrtmeni Ml examine the log <# the Grampus, which, to their astonish ment. they found mutilated, und all that portion referring to this part of the cruise of the Grampus torn out and miss ing Who is responsible for this mntilaUottf The Unitm is yet silent upon the subject of Goveraat Walker's recent proceedings In Kansas. Tike Martial Lsw truest ton In Baltimore. WITHDRAWAL OF TUB GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION. Haltimori. Nov. 1, 1867. Governor Ligon has withdrawn hi.s proclamation calling out the mill itary. Negotiations have been going on ali day between a committee of citiiceu* representing the Mayor and the Governor ; and finally, thu evening th? fommittee Untied the announcement, jointly, that th-?y were authorized to state that the Governor, being satlsOod that the arrangements already made by the Mayor (or preserving the peace anil securing uninterrupted tier ise of the right of suffrage are sufficient, the military will not '><? made use of. This day has passed without ilia urbanee, though the xtreets in the vielnity of the Mayor's i ffice and llarnum's Hotel were crowded allthAalWn<?n Thousands were standing about awaitiug the result of the negotiations. W ASHiMSTrv* , Nov. 1, 1HS7. Another despatch from Richmoud confirms the report of a loan of three thou -and tntukebt by Governor Wise to Governor IJgon, of Maryland. Six boxes, containing forty each, passed through this city yesterday. About thirty taxes more arrived this morning, and remain at the depot. Attack on a Roman Catholic Chnrrh In Balti more. TUi.timiikk, Nov 1, 1867 Thu-- morning, before daylight, some rowdies ' threw bricks nt the ehttreh of the Immaculate Conception? Ro man OMhnllr? situated In the western extrem.ty of Uie city, and broke a window, and It Is said did some otbn* slight damage. The sexton lapped the bells, and lh? police pursued the gang, who fled, after Bring on the Has. Markets. N*w Oni-SAi*. Oct 31, 1867 Cotton Is unchanged Hales t"-day 0,6on bal'V. Re ceipla lu.otst Sugar, 6c. a 6'4c. . molasses, 2e ' ,t . rat-as pork 920 Rgeinnge oa Londca, Me. ; ditto ? New Yom, n per cent discount llaovinsvo*, Oct 31,1067. The again reports no aales of printing cloth snd none of cotton, and cxcept a few hundred pounds none ot wool. Brrraio, Oft. 31, 1857. Flour Is unchanged There Is a fair demand Sale* to day, I .tssi barrels at $4 #2 for superfine Wisconsin; 9* *7 a 96 for extra CanaiU. Indiana ami Ohio. 95 2.'* for cho.ca ritais. Wheat is steady with a good demand Hale* to day . PO.nro loishels, at ?<V for Chicago spring. ?2 ? jc . foe Muwankle club, 87.Sc for red winter Indiana; $110 for wli to do. , 91 14 for i hoi< e white Csnsda Corn is Ortn-r Sales to-day, 0,000 huahela at Mt. t*?ts Arm. Hales 37 .000 bushels al 34< a 99c Whiskey is steady. Haies 1,?>0 barrels at 20c Freight* are active.? Inc. tor whml to New York Imports in 24 hours up to noon to day ? V.000 barrels flour. U.t.otsi bushels wheat. .tO,nnu bushels ?ern and 20,000 l>n?heU oats Ki|?>rl? in same time? C6.000 bushels wheat and 9.000 bushels oats Onwatio, Oct. 31, IH67. Flour ts in better demand 'Hales to day 1 ,ino bbla , al 94 60 a 94 76 for common to evtra stale, closing Qrtnet Wbest is firmer. Salsa 100,000 btl<!wls OSMfu spring al B3o. Corn is betler Salw 3,000 b'i?hel?. at flCc Like I import* to-day ? 40 .000 bushels wheat, 21.000 do cur* and 7,600 do barley Canal exports I" dry ? 2.30U bbla. Sour, 8,000 bushels wheal and 4.000 do. rye. CMC son, Oet 31, 1867. Flour llrm Wheat sctire- sales at 5*< Corn Is dull '?at* Arm Shipments to Buffalo, 800 bbls flour, 100,090 bushels wheat and 17,000 do. com. Shipments to t)?w*|? ?No flour, 64.000 bushels wheat Rec<-Iptg?3,000 btota. Dour, 100,000 bushels wheat and 44.000 do euro. The Elertlen Retarns, With a view |o far dilate the collection of Uie return* of the elertioo in this ctty on Tuesday night, the following ? iirrenpondence has pas?>d We trust that the Inspectors of election will do their part as cheerfully as the polios towards enabling us to obtain the full result to morrow nigh! Nsw Y<ma, Oct. 29, 1W7 To F^A. Tai.i Mtts.s. Fisy . Scr'r or Poucs, I an His ? On election night our ine^xengers liave al ways-bad much difficulty In gaining admlsaion to the inspectors' rooms, and In order to facilitate the collectma of returns on Tuesday next, I beg to a?k, on behalf of the Associated Press .that you will, on ?ho day of election, give special instruction* to the policemen on duty at the cveral poling districts to admit our me isengers to u>r rooms nl the canvassers, with as little delay as pouiM* and under such ri gulations as ynu may think proper to order Respectfully, your obedient servant, 1*. H. I KAIU. Agent N. V. Associated Press. Owes or ths Imrrrr Hur t or Pou.n, t (*0 I rsskum KT , Nsw York . Oct. 28, 1867. 1 liK**HAI. oBOKK SO 4S Hiw? Tlie above emamnntcation from P H. Craig, agent of the New York Associated Pro* has been rweiv,>.| by Uie (oneral Sii|>eriniendi nl ami Ui do our part in carry inu out the al?i\e request, you will instrw t the em(-s Statiotied at the several ebn-llon polls In your pr '-Inct to Sflortl all (acility within their )?iwerinthe prets ||y onlw F A TAI J J4AI*>r . General S-ipeftotouiVMA. Ii.tivtm CAsrsirraa, lv|sity Hui>erint*iid.fit. Twvrv worm fwiwsui lhnr?i<n.? Ww>y of the rejaft Ik-ma of thfc district, diMsOwlle.l with ih? re nonnnaUoa uf H^sitlor I'pham. called an Independent S<-nAt<irM tin vnntton, wbmli met nt Alt>fc>n, on Wednnaflty, an4 n"?tst nSteil Hna. H?ra<si J HU'We, of l/<WHton Wo lr*icv\ thai fha defoi tionfrun Mr I |4iain lh an widespread as to rno-ler hM disnat almirt c ftaln Should be fatl <4 ? ths fepuW leans a III devTlvi d of their Jua^cr