Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 29, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 29, 1857 Page 2
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Ow Bolivian CoinqpmdUn**. L* Tab, Bou vi ? , ttept IS, 1M7 Pirn r I.tc of La PM?illimoM*. th* Oiant of (Ae Ante* ? Aw-nf*vm (/tKf Oity -Curio$ity repa-rding Sfrempm? I'alw ? Papuiarify if Mr. Dana, the American Jfmuter? A'-ts-Jwrx* in Bolivia. <tc , ifr A giganur pillar built at the top of the Utll denotes that the dwtanoe to the fit}' w eiactly three miles. From this post ? v?e w of the extraordinary valley tf opon to the eve of the tr.st eller who will Invariably find that the very t?e?st he rides. as if sensible of the majesty of the toeue before it, ccraes to a .stand still nor this pillar and gazes ?n silent wonder upon the strange city Aui.wg tin- most important attractions to be met with uinm cumiug iu ?new of 1 a 1*8* is a splendid ^nll ring recently erect ed at a coat of $-00,000, but which is fan going to ru n, owing to the fact that the government, thinking it unsafe to allow the congregation of largo bodies of people, prohibit any ?mu>rmi'Hl< being given there. n. Tlie plaza, cMmldtrwl the prettiest iu South America, with ?Ui magnificent and costly founUiu. the hail flubbed cathe dral, upon which two gem rations of Indians have labored; the |talace of the President , rearing itself far above the other building-- . and the numerous churches un ! convent -, all for* attractions of no small interest to tho traveller, as ho news the whole :rom his lofty position. The city ap pears regularly built, and the wliiti.-wa.shed walls of the houses contrast* well with the clear red of tine tiled root*. The an.stot ratic |?irlioii of the place eatt easily bedislm gmsh*d from that occupied by the Indian population by tho site an.: apparent cleanliness ol the habitations. The city ia encircled by small patches ot cultivated land, and the varied hues of vegetation in its different stages tends to uirroa*e the beauty of the scene. But let the eye be turned aloft from all this. and it v I encounter high dismal looking precipices, which i-eem to form natural walls to the city. Far, however, above even tlu-*e high mountain, rearing their cold barren hea '.s towards the sky, are others, so gloomy and unencourtgmg in appearance that one turns with pleasure from their unpromising ?-pect in search of an object more pleating to the sight. Nor need he look in vain for this, for a little to the right of the city rises in majestic grandeur the fkmed Illinmni, " The (iisnt of Hie Andes," and one 1 1 the highest and grandest mountains ill the won.) It H a s-glit not to be seen every day. and when ?oo-o seen will never be forgotten. Hitherto every at i nipt made to ascend the monster lias fu i led: and the uativos assert that i: a bird attempt to ascend, it falls to Hi. giouni' detd, ere it succeeds in attaining half the lie elit of the mount*, n This, however, may bo an <-x.i{ geratioii; for, since the ascent of Chlmboraza by Me*ar? Blenchley and K>*uey it does not seem lobe ,i matter attended with any great difficulty to reach the t?i <>f lugh mountains. Afti r a descent of about three miles you enter the c, y, which, :i! place of being built on a level, as us appeti auce from above would indicate, you find built upon numerous ti l: and snnii- of the streets extremely ^ teep, being as c! tt. n!tto descend as to ascend. One w :il als > be de C 'i. e.' \u the houses, for opon a nearer view of them all their l?-.,nty lades away, and in pluee ol tad in? what ip j?- ire-l to b'- -plelidid e litlre. from above, you tind no. th.ng but tiUli and dilapidation; the street, are, however, w i.ie and well paved, and flag way- are placed on either side The spjicarance of a for. igner in the street creates no little interest, and the stantg and mquvitive glances thrown at lr.ni a? he pa--es rvlong is extremely annoying. His arrival create> no little speculation among tin go^sippers , who cannot rest until they have discovered the object and the }ttrticulars of hi" visit Tlie principal street of Ia 1'az is continually filled with such characters who. Tot want of better employ ment, occun list ' time in speculating M|x>n other people's business ? }>artK'ularl> if he i - n foreigner. The disguised polh-.' at" no le^s attntu e to your atlsn -. they follow you ujkhi . su iirst ei.iran(c to the cd.v, uud dog you from bou > ' hoitsi -n the most aaaoying manner Should you iieCle- 1 t-> present yourself before the Intendente tmmodi ?uly tii?>n yoni sriival, a uhole horde ol the** till lay wr, -tche a. ai! your lodgings, and force you to tceoinjiati.v them ?' the palace, where the Intendente, after repr :nand:ng | ou lor your ue^lect, eouimeuees a sunes of th. n> >?t impertinent question'-- tt t?> yonr private affairs, ?soys are then set lo work todi-cover if you are interested 1 1 :-'!:tic.i! matters thee - i " oountrr in South Am< r ? i where foreigners ir" uinre <. liked than in Bolivia ami a person ba? only to - o-' ? t. -nenr t'.r hatred of the male poi>ulstMin. To j th ?, IrJPWfVi r tie re >.re tinnornbh* exceptioos; and I ;nu -I say t!i..i ! Ljvc -i and . xp< i .-ce<-,! nets of ho-' iMUi'.y 1. re not -urpassed by any I have received el.~e where At ?gete-ral thing, ueverth- a great deal ?f : their h> me feiling i-- iii-incere There are but a ' !':??? ? I In: e _-.i re.-i:ti'B?- lit hi:, one i?;> If of whom me ' ?M.i ci| Birn AIBimtr the tori ?rs le r' then -:otone 'onturhres p-tt.-doi i highly e-leemed *<?' T Hi i -tcr.tlie If. n Mr. ... .ii. i -ti.-iii. Mt-.su. hot hw coimtrymen as have ? > ? her- ' ? -,..'ie him a tiane" and repuuvtion fully '? l tl to tii.t iieeniov ii in In own Sl>ie. Many ot our agents ? i'i>- i'ot-i .i |miii. ,iUrly isir Mii -ler in Ijma, might j or. - t>y clow ? tie course pursued by Mr Dans, and [ they would Im- we to flu! li*?:, complaints registered ' th th at the I<c|urtmentaf st.ae It is to be re gr.-tted that llr iuna has sent in his re-'gnatlon. i ? Pes is about MO nules from the coast and has a of tonie M,0U), although many assert that it ex'seds "5.000 It ban fu e chuiche*. six con vents and l*ii or three nunneries Th" stores are very numerous .md ol 1 fashmm-tl. and are continually well stocked with fiirmMgn gooils The market is supplied from the de partfaWt ol the Vungan? one ol the moat fertile cotiulr-i-s In th- w?rld? but unfortunately but little kiK wii to it As this is the district I nni abort fit ? ... I'm: to, I w:ll have occasion to *|ieak o! ii i n mv r? turn. Tito Indian? take trom throe t?' i ? ? ? tinnn ? k?n ? th iht-.r produce, a* tb? road , ,..i ,.. ?>: t: ?? v?..r-t ii Rol'via, nevertheless, the market v n .imp!. *. an 1 considering the state to wh>b tii?* ? ? -utj? ry :ut 'men nilWMt by the rxvaget ? <>iiUi '.<~i by lie- ..?* levci or }? tt'. thug. art- re mark ihly rheati A ? t V a < ??.iiue<.i i- tujfc ;?# i- pofwdii al wit to U?e ' v , . tbe<it\ ? ???/, ierc.l at preM?t very I. ? :! <-.??- y t ??. ? liK''.- forward to the return of tin* i . i ? ict *--?! nri?r"w m< t>?. which will, no doubt, r < ti> 4 only i-Of I tie i^m rniiu nt lt?elf mov*. but w;lh -t tfce entra army of thi' republic, an<l ttl sadden ? t,-; ; nv r,.<cth'i. .ti<i |k : mi.- iuto a place like th.a 4 in i ?' but i'? ?) it?- a stir t.i Pj/ ?-:i ? * * in. :.ite very t v?t and refrethlng for ?. mn" ? : of the ye-?r -'nigmrr i- the rasuy *aaaon. be' ?i! ir. I' eh varied" Tin-- fur iti?tance. t? called the I . . . tii'i < ti.i- ii mure hail. rain. ?no* . tl.mder hi I i.?h*ning here time my arrival than I bare i v" tot "ltie >???,. But I have, at the aame t ire - i'!i i inn > i .i- ind unclouded an atmoaphere here ?? 'In ? where Thunder stornn are (Ye n ??? th- year: we bad one alnce ! ?r i .. < i t ? i i ? i',Nirii>i?eeit anything *o terribly sub I rue 1 i i .? fit ' . Umnt lightning en. ,n toil Illlnianl, and ?tint iV<hI IIm' i hi v illey hell iw , while awfill al< of . i >.| w-r in r-i i)i! -i titly . upon the very htmae top*. die ? i rig tie - i-. j .tid driving linr into the very beurtof ?-tt< ? 'ih-iJ experience occurrence* so .arfdlly lit i **tie ii - u ' *-ry < ib?r republic on (tie roa<t, nothing l? h- ? of hut rev i ?; ill m itv. At present til* whole i :*y is i tai.nt,, a- tic ? itv ..I i ir ?>???. w-th ta ? i a . :..rt, ha. (alien into the baud* of Uii' revolution ? !? a ho ja-oti -timed in tuat city, on the Mh m?t., ,u:v..r i.i ;?? fur I iiiarer An alt- mpt wa? ma.li' hen on the 'Oth t > r. Jul ??]<?' the vit) . but the rexolutemieta finding that t'e were t'O few reined upon Ururo to join a force ex p?!?l hourly froUi tin-re to atta<k la i'.ix In several ?tie r part* of the republic f-r>nunriami'n/'m L ne taken p ?< and it I* e*nrc??>?l thnt the downfall of f.eii Cordova ? 'l -oonoreur Himi'vi-r fordo va la a brave fellow and haa ? lh lum ?ome four thousand good aoldlers; and ,t i* more t'uu probable tlia* ere tbl.? be ii in mart U with them ?iji- "i iiruro mid 1a I'll Tb un?e?tl?>?1 ?tatr of t)i? r?mntry has prevented roc isvu.( tin- Wf.fc tor the new gi.ld ti liln. for pv* fee-,, .tie telu>. 1 ii. I I tie owner* of xinmala ?re afraid t I '? it Ib -rii I.r. Ihe m4 llowe\er, I eipect to be able |u lei*? I.unng tl?e erisumg week lu Pax. ftoi.ivu, 24, 1?57 (**. ? r i/ 0 Trrnatrr, : ?? /a /'? -/fcr a Smith 4 a??riV?a K f. m mi k' Utter R'fuf in '*? !i rtf f%e Amrrv in /'nn^ijrf'i tjf t*? H' m lu v 1a Vi" it >4 lh' /'arfv?- /WwW ,*af? ifth* f 'mrr'ry <#e 4~ *?,i,i'##e i' .? <4 <W' tn on the *th iwtant by the - aiy i . U? tor J.?e Mar ia Lanarex. thia City hi- . settled ? .1 ? "f If I' ??? *eitero**t and a'thoufh ni ejiei de-no Iratesi wa ma le a?? u-l th- auiU>rity <4 t ? ye I ?r tor* the >? x t.ug ITaa.dent. it wa*. ..., : H .... ..J f . ?e< tbat p 'die ifana ran rather la ?? r ?? ? >' . th- l*'b however. alar g* le.n ? p. t, paiU im l! low.-roeler t**em i'. i a ?r? ?i k>|?ii .i Hm>. iv *n<1<i>??'ir?^d|be|et4llror ?it r ?> . 1'ie.r > a Ir .<rlhe in>?)ii s?ary leaner. a?i t ? Iitlti t? dr. ??rtltel*** Ik* inlkariles aiade an Mtim|rtto n<t I.- .too ..? id ie-t.ir' paMsr iran^tiUit; TUe revotitai V t k as pe* up* ihe f.|ul*. lumko Wouid induce U.e ? ? . .. m? e titirrs ? o ifc.-u, i.ia>karge-l *?u lr> . -a 'r* a the alreets tberetiy eL inigxn., ??.*? ,y m-r .? . ? r? 'n The autboru .es bnnerer tit* it* ?? -t a.. . . . I | t the challenge . hut MM at l Mifti v^? ) .|a( ?? ; t-trnog pM4et? at ea< b cot uer ,4 ta? Wf ?a?l I ?a.< ?thli.au lb>Bw< iraB up tr aud Inn.! j ki| ut |m i> The ra n after bavtiig made -< ratal more uaaur t -eafal aMeaiplt to <viw out the milmwy frmn lb- mmn na ret t>. their r* apes t re h mea and I be rity ramp*?t aw. <wuparai ve ?ju.eu.de Iwyligtit imi I ha to 'owing rn'ma# ei^itvd M inaiha <4 blood about I be Mreet i>ut no attempt >w mail In renew Uie etfitanient the night prer-oaa Howevar nettie <1ay adtaie ed the *ho|ai were re < t*ed linsiitew f Itaprndesl and the M'eeta HI led rapidly With penpie lowaida Ui? alterno>.ti the report <4 Iresfm. '???? irb? u?? t<> tbi pi .ti, and ob (M l 14 1 here I Ivnnd tue pinoa ? th? j rent -1 npr<?r |i it?si>. tibiae hroe prav ? a# aeveral ladaentnl ? ttiM-w- a nit d tipa ik* Tfe?.?ito rejteeaent hi him tk* - ? \ Iif I'l < n ei I. It?? r IV i sriu. In Mia If 1 Hi *1 I'.'M ? o| war- di isle 1 > ante 1 lite . v. ramanl Tto? I n Im-t Mil li.ii'i.sr* niitl.er ' agreed to *arreo4ar. but the fortie r per* a. * I ia naming a aiwraeeve of hi* own a 1?Ijhi, 10 a bub the et .t?r? -<*i and the qn?< ? s aae aieaN H fit to l? * ae when lb? -t ? H larnt 11 Hit- pi a be- ame an gre* o ??ie fntfi, leate ? at; |?| 1 he left III an u|*.n tie r, and ttTOTd tiV aeverni n ak?l* W?. * ' dig -M M ? ? at fori mateiy wabmii 1 . ?itie'-:gh a ? >i|>tt ta in* were w< 1 n.'e<l p h' the ' ? * to it * merit - al til ml (iff I t aitUvitok Mriln'it) ea t in jwrtitn |?afa?.?d l y thg j government officials were immediately invested with the B>wer* i mnmi to mil the government of MM cKy. ieold of he mis then mourned on horseback and left the 1 town, but returned during the night and took asylum in the I nited States legation where they still remain, no dcxiht well Rat tufted with the kind treatment and good An uer.- of Mr Dana Is the meantime the three hundred troops be laaging to the government were deprived Of their arms and accoutrements, nnd disbanded. A national guard w as then enrolled aud provided with arms, drawn up in the plan, and, headed by a coupte of trumpeter*, lianidt'd the cKy, proclaiming the reeeut success and the names of ih* prmmi elevated to oBtce. Strong patrolling parties walked the streets during the night, and a strong reserve was stationed in the plaza These precautious kept the city in order during the night, aud prevented the robbery, pillage and sackiug which usually follow a pro ninu uwu, iUii in South America On the following day General lVrcz. having defeated the government troops near Curoeoro. unci taken possession of that city, entered ' 1 a 1"?* w<th ahoot four hundred men, and assumed the I title <>r "Oommandef-ln chief of the forces of tl?f? North." I On the ttd the now authorities is?iied their "acta," or pr< iiimalion. setting forth the objects of the movement, the good ilint would result from the downfall of Cordova , and the elevation to the presidential chair of Dr. Linarez. like document carried with it great tore? by having at tached to it the signatures ot a great number of the most ' respectable and influential inhabitants of La I'az. The : first three or four article* are devoted to scandalizing I the si of (iencrNl Cordovu. and wind up by dcclar i ing him unfit to remain at the head of the govern | mett. The tilth article an attack upon thn roini< Isrs, and the s.xth aowuses them of having tampered | with the press. It then declares Dr. Linureg 1 To visional President of the nation; allows the liberty of the press (that same day they suppressed the publica tion of a paper kuown to be favorable to the government); aboHehc* military tribunals for the trial of civilians; the pain of death or transportation for |>olitical offences; agrees to give tools to destitute mechanics, and winds up by giving a vote of thanks lo the people for having sustained the movement The treason committed by the second in command of the castle of Oruro, in hai..ling the same over to the Iinarcs party, placed the government in a most awkward position; lor the castle contained the ouly arsenal iu the country, aud the amount of arms and ammunition in possession of the go vernment force* stationed in Ohuquixaca was entirely insufficient to commence a cam|*igo Among the articles of war which fell into the ban '* of the revolution lets by tiieir possession of the fort . were thirty pieces of artillery . three thou -Mid stand <>1 arm*, one thousand regimental suits, Complete ; thrn> tons of powder and one of lead. Nevertheless, (icncral Cordova, having heard of what had occurred, immediately appl ed to Congress for extraordi nary powers . and, having obtained the same, set out upon Ornro with two thousand men . but Ih ? 1-inirez party, an ticipnting tl.'s move abandoned Oruro aud commence i a march upon Cochahumb*. alter having dismantled tud stripped the fortress When Gurdova arrived near Oruro, he was mad" aware of tin- flight of the part* and Ui<- destruction ot the fori But, nevertheless, be continued his march an w r i ? <? J at the City OB, I believe th Ulst in-tant W'i tie he still remains there, has tuk.ii up his mar< h u|>oii ? Ins fit \ . or has followed lanarez. it is uard u> say all c?,mmnuiealkm on the Oruro road it cut off by ordet <4 U>th |>art.i s. It is. however, presumed that he is on ht xvay here to restore blr. authority once more. Tins latter mitv lie very liiftlcult for him to accomplish, a a very strong iorce i? lieing raised here which will pr.uiahl.v .-?mount to U, 000 men, about twn-thirda of which aam:>er w ill, however, be in waut of arms The move made i>y 1 4^art s. ill retiring upon Cochabamba, is coitfid* < ?? I a v ? ry clev cr oue, as by it lie w ill be able to augmeiit In* foi e? and bnnj' their main struggle into the very h<- irt of the i e public. All tie iisturhancc, and the consiliu m un n'.ed -.tat" of the Wintry, together with the iim|?^|Im>>I . ol pr ur in? nuiinuls . La.- ULWillmglv obliged me to abnn <>u all in tention* of proceeding to the new gout licll?ili, se.u< >n It might lie possible, even now. to nuke a trip there and back belon the rainy season seta in, but the chance bring cutoff from returning by the iising of the large and uumeroas rivers and b. ingtbi rebylcftl# .unrein an un-o habited ci ? ntrv , li>nis too co< rsgm : ??* .-n X there was Mother difficulty in view 1 will, therefore, take atrip iu prefer, nee through the r< public and retnrn h 're early in the coming yeai tojoiaonear l we other* and prooeod to examine into the \ slue o> Uie reported i * !i dig* w. Our Coast Defaiires ? The Weak Points of Nrw York. TO THK KDltAK OF THK IKKil !>. I Ikive but a brief reply to make to liu* communication of yvur correspondent U," on the oi.bjoct ot iUe coast defeLi e; ol N-w York 1 acknowledge thai he hat fairly quoted me acain^t tnyself; lint 1 would explain m> ire aiimg to Ih- th - ? ITiat whilst charged with the fortification of the sea count ot the Ihit'-d Hates majioi < ls in fni; and perfect dcictico ai an\ one |>0'tit of th" *ame. still, even at the period ot 1!?6I the fortifications then e*t?tiag placed our I i.in.-t. from Ma me to Ix>ti;-iana. in a te-tter condition of de fen. ? than ilia: ol any other in the world. But that was the comparative condition? for absolutely, it could not bti claimed theu. more than t can be claimed now. that any jpoiui on ihe coast was or Is fully and perfectly defended. If there is such a jsmit. those charged with the mam tenance of the national de? nr. can exhibit it an i solve 1 all doubts in the mutter That N< w York is notii,:: . and perfectly defended ha? i been aeWt^ wledcd i>y B in my <xmv?r*niK?nN with ' bim and he d? < u< t deny tliat trotig w irks are required only to He plnred at Nindy Ho<>k it the uite i>f old >ort ToinpV ns, on 8taten I-'. nd . and at Wilkin's I'o nt. un l^iii; Island Si.imd but thnt Cotiev t-lund and t.rav?HM-od l!ay. a well o.s the heights of Bro*?kl>n riu-ild be supplied with defensive works, at least in tune of war Now. H' I is entirely in agreement w III me ami others w ho thinu with me in the matter, so far and the di?cu--K>n is re duced to the simple quc-i.on. Out-lit the lnt|>orLani |mri i mil.- of Coney Inland and lirtrwuil Kay ? any more than those m> Sun'y liook. W ilk Ilia' POUM, and at" Kort Touip kina ? to have been left orv>n to attack during forty year*. ;? (h riod which embrace iImi Up.-cd timetrom tli ? na tgn ration of what u> termed "the third sy-irtnof drfrao,'' to thr pri-M-nt? And ought tb" cotL-tru turn of defence- at CotHJV l-iHttd and l>rav< -end li y ?lill to depend upon tb* pontine* ncy ot a war/ "H." I am suie. w in V with roe that hu ?* hello mm licrf, and that ? t>? wn'iiiwr, the ^i-nral and tue -tAte-in.in. reinenibci ur th.e ntaxim. will iwov Or arm nst error. ieaviLg n< 1 1 1 , if po*-ible, to chance. by which .t may tic committed at. 1 p<rh.i|w reman .rreuu Tabu Why not. then, in t.nie of peaco at <*.ce tiukr t?jr M the defy**** of New York tli" ;-rca t c.,m tnercial centre of America or at lea-t demand Uiat it should be done, lea\ >ng to Cor.gre&a the r?--pi>n-ib:l tjr in tbe jircmisc* A frw strong but not oo-tly redojht ttntchlai Irotvi Coucy I-Und around tiraveeead Hiy to Fort Hani.itoo, would effectually prevent the lund.n* of a dash ng expedition from Halit.nx, at the tirst outbr<>ak of war. and tbtn pre? rv? U?o naval arsenal and the cllv of ' Brooklyn from deatructlou . and the niftn>|?ilui i tec If from treat k?s By meana of fleld work* thrown up between these redouble and 011 the h< Igbla ol Brooklyn, a good de lenieeoiild be made, by "ftO.UtH) militia, amount an in \admg army even it in number* and It* tremendous nr wameDU were equal to thoaa which deetroyed the Bus aian fleet of the Black Hea and crumbled the city of Se ba-to|ml aiid It* northern defences into the dust Who i? there that will nay that s..ch tii invading army, ami even a mi per lor one may not aome day. late or early e< ni' again*! Si * York'' And ?ki u there. unoti|it thi?eta authority. that will dare to say thai auch a eon tihgeni y however remote, a lion Id not be provided im* n-t and thai apeedil)* h belaud and France moved their gigantic force* agiln*t Seha?topoI with facility upon two lino* <<t steamer naviga- | t, on? the respective distancee of which were 3.<*J0 and 1 ,7<<0 mile* The hue that one or both of these puw< rs , could follow with invading force* agaui-t the I'mteil .-tates would n?4 ejeeed 1.W0 mile* IIh' I'mlMl MIIm. fMR Ike nature of thine* de'velo|?ed ! in the'r hi-tory , will never l?e thoroughly prepared for ! wo' K\ery fort beat ion Construrt-d an<i every ship of wsii IjtUlt aiid* Ui tbe defence. With the complete defence i.t the fi n r<mrt wi may hold back tb" raioet powerful ! armament* and if the war should run into three yeara of duiltiiin we could build and fit out fleet* that would drive the armiwnei.t- b.. * t.. tin own port*, for wa should have tbe men. mean* and material at command Pot the defence ot the . oakt is ur from be>ng complete; and at the rste o; progre-* eih hilnl for the laot forty year*, it w ill take a quarter o( a ? entury to make it com | i'l"* What i* to prevent at thai time, if war eii*ted, the entrance o| a na\ai armament into New Y?rk Bay. leaving 'JW,000 tm n for tbe conquest of the rity.and to ?tr(ke a bmw at the I'mted Mates which Would be felt Oi m Maun to Texas Tim force turna the left flank of y<sir bristling forla at tbe Narrow*, and landing at (iravm end Ha> . ? up" s Hr-kUo and New York *urreoder?. I.ntreti'bed "n the he ghl* of Br'*>k]vn. in ca?y communi cation with the fleet, and a??ured of their *upphe? not ? nly Imminence, but Irom tbe country itsell. where ig the forte A ho ishj m?n. rallied by "atnam.' "rail *ii " or ?? lightning." and ten t.uie? timltjplied, that i>mbl ( - tx ?t back mt<i the sea the fnrmidkblr invader** To ptuvHie again-t so great a ? alamity . It la fweblv (tropoaed to in .lit a fort at Handy llook, the trace of which haa not vc< I t'U'K rstand. been made on the ground, and which, ? i I hi 1>Maa tnfr Mitt ? II pr< bably lake three de ?..r? ?. t-< mpletr and which, when completed, could not ? r : rth< |iaaeagr with facility and safety.of at< amer* of W. i ,0'< ti *li-t?>rta draw rig eighteen feet or water through ill la?t ? bannel," right up to (>ravwend Hay . whilst Ho cr- at fl-et of the enemy conld ride in aafety at anchor ?? . ?? tun*? >he summer month*, and bold fall aud b< ' * ? e ntntticatiOB With the for< eg on shore. Th? t re<pi>re? more than an<4Tapa|ier dlarnaaj/.n. ;t* in "iriaice (inserve* the aerioua consideration of the II ? llig iicer and the Board of Knuneera. wbo. being t fu |JT ?? imawxit to ila elabr>raliiai. winild aatiafy the conn t > r?i( -?r I .rig to the public, their view* upon it. .hive |? rformed a humble i?rt In drawing public at I. i.t i, to the matter, and after this writing I shall caaao to write upon the subject . fearriig that, whatever ? hum your c< rt*?| oiident T" bad before, he might feaihiv If I r?*iiai'ied w. write hare aome rraaoa for (aylag tlial I hare the I ?<'?**?* and f?-ariag . aapeeiaiv . thai t<e at 14-aat. would think what< ver I dt4 write woidd tall 1 tte ootinently ? still Wn ?m an insenaible nmrerac ? I now make my bow to my friend B ? thank him for Uie i otnp ra? rita paid me and pardr? him the little spice of sae<aMii lie iinlulge* in at my eafiellye I oan aflord 4 And I let alao to aay that * ou have dooe iuatice to that ? nt.eri ai bv mtrodueing him U> yoar reader* aa one of U.r nio*t disiiiigaisbed o(h? era of Uie Onrji* of Rngtncer*. I ? *i. W >tify w. that and truly aid that I bvliere he bag 1 n?4 ic* eoprrtor in any *ai rMw C. Ngw Y<?a Herat . ? trt 'H. 1U? F.HtaaarinHTO A ki a ?*?*.- TW BaU'aTlllc (Ark ) fi'ifo+i' U0 a long ai. 4 interesting article with raferem e to #ie | re? ot and lutura I'T'^perte of Arkanaa*, ? ?m r*'i ' ng witti the following fiaragrapb ?"The tide of emi g -ation baa befm to flow >a Numliera of wagon* hmnl for aome p a- e u, Arttii a- <>r Tega*. paa* through town a?< ry day and a great many ar? stofi(?ng m the ? tuntrf adio'Ot l?> Itetesville in every direction let II em b. cow?e aonoa nt'd with and proj?>rlr conaider the c a ns of th a part ? * Arkansas and they will know where t?i atop ? The -am- pat?r *ay? that corn la ael'i|i| Ml bat?a villa at Utrtlf ceMa per imahel TEI ZIAOAEA H XVOLAID. Grand Ball air Um OBotn mt tk* CnUed States frigate RIania at Plyo?U>. IF rein the Plymouth tad fie vunport Journal, Not. 5.1 Thi# eagerly anticipated event came off on the night of tbe 29th nit. at it* Royal Hotel, Plymouth, uiid was the finest aflair of the kind, regarding it a* u private assembly, that wc have aeen in Plymouth for many yearn past. The ball waa given by Captain Hi.dwn, Commander Pen nock, and the wardroom (fficera of the United States Bteam frigate Niagara, to maik their esteem of tbe kindness and hospitality which have been accorded to them since the Niagara bus been lying in this port; and as a fraternal demonstration of a sense of that kindness on the part of Brother Jonathan, nothing could have been more liberal on the part of the American Union? nothing more gratifying to those who had the honorpnd the pleasure of being present. The ball and simper partook of the nature of a national fete? a frieMly shake of the hand by the United State* with the mother country? for it is well understood thnt the hospitalities were not personal on tbe part of the officers, but national, and, therefore, the more calculated to cement that good friendly feeling which at prt*eut exists, and which we heartily pray may long continue to exist between the two people. We shall presently advert more in detail to the embellishments of the room, but the motto which adorned and beaatified the head of the noble ball room was one which excited the most pleasurable emotions in the breasts of the visiters, and its good taste is calculated to suggest the most beneficent ;c clings. The decorations were remarkable for their great good turte, elegant? we might say gorgeous? and appropriate character, and showed that neither trouble nor expense was considered in their prepa ration. The entrance to the staircase was through a passage of crimson cloth , the sides and roof being festooned with evergreens, the green and the crim son contrasting very finely witn each other. The staircase was also profusely decorated with ever greens. Round the sides of the windows were fes tooned the "Jacks" of England aud America in harmonious combination, while in the window itself was suspended n tastefully executed transparency, in which were combined the arms ot tbe three towns ? Plymouth, Devonport uiid Stonchouse. On the window heat were arranged a number of choice plants. On enter ing the ballroom tbe first thing that attracted the attention of the company was the gorgeous character of the decorations at the ton. On a cor nice extending acroas the room, above the orchestra. written the ^notation from Scripture? "I>et tlu re be peace between thee and me, and between thy pCODW and my people, for we are brethren." Below tuis was another arch, from which extended thirty-one gas burners, on the glass globes of which we re * i itteu the names of the thirty-one States coni po-tegthe American Union. Underneath these again were several large and beautiful stars, composed of sword- and bayonets, and these were surrounded by large ga- jets, on the glnlies of which were painted 4C,the thistle and the shamrock, the national emblems of England, Scotland and Ireland. The siito <?; the room were richly festooned with the flags of the tarious nations? those on the right hand side, immediately over the fireplace, conveying a graceful and oelii ate allusion to the approaching union be tween i'l ince Frederick William and the Prince** B yal. The flag of Prussia and the white Knglish ensign were festooned in harmonious and grace ful combination, and, both being white, they suggested ideas of a bridal character. The conceit v ? - ? very happy one, and attracted great atteution. ? ?n each side of the centre fire-places were ranged circular pyramids composed of nflcs, bayonets, and cut lasses, the first having roses and flowers stuck in their muzzles, and the top of each being crowned by large bouquets of flowers. The bottom or entrance of tbe room was decorated with corresponding taste. On the right hand side were festooned the tlag.< of Knghiud. Prance and Egypt; on the left those of America. Sardinia and Turkey. Above these were draped two boats' unions ? American and Knglish ? fixed upon crossed boarding pikes, and which were j tied in the centres by the pennants of the two conn tries. In the centre over the door was a large scroll, 1 comjK-sed of forty-two bayonets, and over each of ! the other doors and at the side* of the whole were similar devices, oompooed of pistols, banners and eversrroens festooning gracefully the whole. From the ceiling over tbe centre chandelier tbe jMmnanta of the various nations whose Hags were u;ied in the decorations were gracefully suspended, tbe other ends being attached to the sides ! of the room, presenting tbe appearance of a ! varioiifly colored circular t*>nt. Four large square I e?r sections had been marked on the floor of the , room. In the two which occupied tbe top and Isit torn were painted tbe arms of England and America, the place ol honor being by courtesy given to the j former: while in the side compartments were painted 1 th*- device* which ornament the navy buttons of the two nation*. The large pa>-?ag" next to the Imll pom ai,d the t?-a room were also decorated to corres pond, tbe wLole beir.g made available to tbe acoom* 1 t ? f I ? I ? ??mpi?l!> I be t ol rhe W h< ?' wa? very splendid, and when the rooms were ihrong- . ?d wiUTthe c.?y uiid brilliant company tbe scene wn? Mieh ms is m '<!< m witness, d. We net ft not omit t?? state 'bat the decoration* I u ( i?> < 'I nml ?aperintcuw-o <y i.icub wven* K nn< n. M??1t of the Niagara. a*?>ted by Mr. El drid(^, tkr Fnim of thot ?h:i>. to wh^se ta-te and ii|mnit thnr wm alike oree't^ble.; that Mr. J. M. R. I . it*, tie talent# >1 artkt of the tl eatre. executed ibe paintings on tl?e Mr. (Vmdy, of l>evon | Mil t aittlieged 'I1*- K1'* and that Mr. .1. flyei.of I in. i ?twt.i-uti?i? <"> ly >? ?:rj? ?f out the u'-tn.ction?oi tbe two fi:?t geati'incn, ao tar as re ga'd* t!f ? peTaii*1' department. At the tire when ibe company t^ga a to arrive t'?| t. Hudson. h:.?1 < ll rtflnr'Ml th? Niagara, Mood M.e tc p <>f the r*niHl ftairease and received each and i :! ? f tb' i v ?? tcrt with s irr? ? fiil re -.ignition. I The ?<r>i!?Dy tefa? to arrive euny. and by ten ' o'c**.k th< r<? id w?? well fileo. Thi? i? ntbtr an early boor lor *?*? mbliea to k* *o weil packed m Plynv otb.but the n?j any ha I evidently ? ??me pre I .irnl to i ?\e a nt^ht ot it. And cartainly ? more bnl! ..nt a?t*iubly ha? rarely W-en brought togtHber. Allth.it was tail aid heanlilul *H thei* : aid this hrr*'Ull h? tutj.dfvhk b the fa't IWoniaaacan b<x??t to a \erj larp dtgn* . am) whi h 'hey may well lie proud. *a? ?uatatned by tbt numerous and gallant ?m? of Mai*, ol >* th -erM? '??, th" elegance ol wlioee italMie more that) ?'Ver *> "tn? <1 in nliarly fitting to add a grace ?i"l charm to tlie whole scene. ABM n fit the nobility that were present w. re tb"1 Karl and CwiOtM* of M>rlev fx?rd Boringiha, Mi? Contun. Lord V?li?t- it the Honorable Mi-s M.od< n.?!d. I-.?dy (icorgiana Romiily and Mr. ft) m illy . Sir MiMejf l>'p<" ai?I lady Major tbbetftoa Md lady Adela li.Mt~.ti, Nr P?irrin?rt<m Reynold', the furl Admiral, nir .'airier llauwav Phliaridjre. the fiatr MkBK* I'hlBll'dke. t ipt. Nod dall and the i.fMcer* ol her M??je?'y - 'hip Anainem n<>n the Admiral ftauafintenoiwit , and ail the bead* of department.' ?. the Mayor <>t Plviumith (Mr. K. K. Hulteel) . wHb bis pld cktk of office; Mr. Wat** . Mayor of lie vonport : Mr. T. W. Km in lita <'tticial drew* a* Vke ( '.>ninil of the AOMfkaa State*. with a ? couple of valued order* adorning hi*hrea?<: Admiral Kiiigcombe. who-e active aervtcca were denoted by j the medal* and rla?p? with which his per?>n wasdia : tin gobbed; Mr. White. M. P.. and a number of other I notabilities. The whole army and navy, m there ; r< 'presented . seemed to have tieen in the war*, for ! there were few of the officers wh??e txv?*t? weren<* adorned with one or more ?inn* of tl?eir past eipe rienre in the more active tetvlce of the* < <niritry. The following are the "(Beers of the United Htate? frigate Niagara, all of wbom were preaent, excepting i th<*?- engaged on dnty:? W. I? Hudson, ('apt. A. Pennoek, Com. J. H. North. Lieut. J. T'idd, Lieut. J. (iuest, I.ieut. W. T>. Whitmg. Lieut. E. Y. McCaulay, Lkut. B. Kennon. Lieut. J. C. Palmar, Burgeos. J. C. Eldridge. Purser. J. C. Rich. ( apt. Marin* ?. W. S. Boyd. LL Marines. A. M Lynah, P. A. Surg. H W. M. Waahtnfton, A. So rerun. W. EEverett, f h f Eng. J. Karen, lat As't Hbg. The following in a list of thk oancm: 1. Quadrille, I -i Sonnambnia: 2. Wnlta. Ernella; 1. I.aneers; 4. Polka, Marguerite; A. Quadrille. Ij? Traviata; 6. (Wop, Argyl< ; 7. l-ai?eers; g. Walt*. ? JH??ler; 9. Quadrille, l,u< ia di l/atnmermoor; III. I'olka. fteoteh; 11. Hcottim lie and piain walta**. Ecg?bie and Rosa. at rrRa 1?. Quadrille. Prince Albert; 13. Polka. My Mary \ tm : 14. Walti , t arnival; IS. Lancem; II. (Mm, nobimian; 17 I'olka. Soldiere; IN. Waltx. la Tra i viata: l'?. Quadrille. Transatlantic; 20. r,:ilop. E* cursioO; 21. Polka Flirtation; and by |mrtn.ular i leouexi anothei galop was a4iled. Tho l?and in toe or< he-tr? wa* led 1 v Mr. Henrr 1 Reed, himJ *.?* mui b larger than nsual. Hiey played ?hi ongboat the night with great Mil it and their p<M ???mid navf been HO alniciire, for the I, all lasted till half pa-t five o'clfN k in the morning. Below, near the supper room, the ex "llent band of the Niaet) fourth regiment d?cour.-^d ?wect musir diiing tlw time that the company were down stairs Jfotbiaft oould have l?een more liberal tlu#n the ! puppliea. which were e levant and rtrhnrht; the aop ptt room was beautifully laid out. and there was an abundance of eatables, and an unliaHcd anpply of champagne and other wines, and what, >'oot Mooted mn< h to the pleasnn-s of au< h a feast that there was an abundance of waiter*, amount wh? m wi re m iny frem the ship. In other nsnna were mmntied during the night ices and cooling beverages, laelnding nnuif ol those whoae names are familiar and |a-< uliai as coming from the American shore*. Tbe American ofBi ers were uniformly moat kmd a ad att votive to T. A. Shock. l?t A? Eng M. K? Hogg. 2d A* big J, W. M'?ire. do A 'ireen, 3d Ar? t Eng. J McEiuiell, do.

0. P. Kuta, do. T. It. Ely. do. J. W. Hudson. raptaCIV E. W,ll?rd. I'unwr'a t'l'k. J. M Httnd*. Mast ? Mate, (i. H. V<x>rhe?a, do. S. R, Hudson, do. H. Inxon. Boatawain. J. Webber, (lunner. If. P. Ijeslie, Car|ieoter. W. B. Kugett, Hailmaker. their ffUMti, and contributed by that attention, ap- I parent everywhere, to make the arteitainnMit paw off without alio/. In our necessarily hurried notice we iaaj omit the mention of some things that it would be gratifying to us to notice more at length , but we may repeat that . a* ? successful demonstration of our friendly relations, nothing could have been more complete or more sa- I twfactory. It is a matter of impossibility to publish the names ' of all who were at the entertainment, home four or five hundred cards were sent out, and as in some cases whole fnmilics were invited with single curds, j at least, judging from the crowded state of the ball and supper rooms, six hundred persons were pre sent. Banquet by the O IB err* of II. M. Ship Im pregnable, at Plymouth, to tut Officer* of the Mimn > a. |Krum the I'lymonth and IV>vonport Journal, Nov. 5.) A farewell banquet was given oil Saturday. 31st of October, to Captain Hudson and the officers of the United States frigate Niagara, by ('apt. Houston Stewart, C.B., and the officers of tne flagship Im pregnable, as a mark of respect for the courtesy and gentlemanly bearing which have been exhibited by the former during their stay at this port, and as an interchange of good fellowship l>etween the gallant representatives of the naval scrvice of the two na tions. In order to show due honor to the guests and I to give more than ordinary interest to the occasion, i the fine old ship was gaily decorated . The starboard accommodation ladder was covered with flags and ! the rail with laurels, while over the entrance port a ' device was erected of the British crown, underneath i which was the word "Welcome," both being lighted i up with variegated lamps. Immediately within tne entrance |>ort the main hatchway was screened by the American flag, in front of which was emblazoned the name of the President, "Buchanan," surroutled by laurels, together with a star, lighted up with variegated lamps. The passage and the ladders leading to the upi>er and quarter uecks were profuse ly ornamented with the British and American flags, while a somewhat primitive but tastesful chandelier, constructed by some ingenious hand, with the aid of two or three hoops and some colored paper, a couplc of dozen of Palmer's comjwHite candles being in the sockets of as many bayonets, served to light the lad der to the main" deck. Over the fore part of the poop and the whole of the quarter deck an awning was spread of white ensigns, alternating with the stars and stripes of the American flag, the sides, from thejkwningto the bulwarks, being composed of the standards of other nations, hung in graceful fes toons. In the centre i>oop staunchion was a most tasteful group of three boat ensigns: an Engligh one of the white squadron, with an Americau oil each side: while ou the top of the poop rail was a neatly carved crown and cushion. Rows of variegated lamps hung from the mils, and the effect of the whole was exceedingly pleasing. As soon as it was dark all the variegated lamps within and without the ship were lighted, while two lanterns illuminated each of the ports on the starboard side, producing a very pretty effect, and making the ship a very beautiful object as seen from the shore. A guard of honor of the royal marines light in fantry and the shin's band were stationed on the poop, while Com. Palmer and the other officers of the ship assembled on the quarterdeck, except ('apt. Stewart, who was at the entry port to receive tne guests. Vice Admiral Sir Barrington Reynolds, K. C. B., arrived on board at ? o'clock, and was received with the customary honors due his rank. In a few minutes after the Port Admiral's arrival, ('apt. Hud son and the officers of the Niagara came on )s>ard, and were conducted to the quarter deck by Capt. Stewart , where tile whole of the officers uncovered, the marines saluted, and the band played a few bars of " Hail Columbia," while a number of the ship's crew, who were stationed in the waist and on tne fore yard with blue lights, at once showed in full relief the blue and gold uniform of the officers, slightly varied by the scarlet coats of the royal ma rines. Among the visiters from the Niagara, were Capt. Hudson, Com. Pennock.Lieuts.Guest, Whiting. Macnuley. Boyd (marines,) Drs. Lynah and Wasliing ton, and Purser Kldridge; from the Agamemnon were Master Commander Noddall, Mr. Hilliard, Lieut. Gra ham, R. M., I)r. Kerr and Mr. Rolstonc. The wlinle party accompanied Capt. Stewart from the quarterdeck to the elegantly furnished chief cabin, i Very shortly afterwards the band played " The Roast I Beef of Old England," when Capt. Stewart took his j seat in the centre on one side, ltaving Capt. Hudson 1 on his right, and Sir Barrington Reynold* on his left, j while Commander Palmer faced him, with the Com- | inander of the Niagara on his right, and the Second Lieut, of the Niagara on his left. During dinner the excellent hand of the ship < played, in a most creditable style, various pieces of music. After the removal of the cloth. ("apt. Stewart, in proposing the health of her Majesty , said it wa* a source of much gratification to him in having to pro|m*e her Majesty's health on this occasion, when there were preseut gchtlcinen who, though talonging t?i another nation, weie yet of the "unie race, possessing the name AngloSaxon Mood, and -tanking the mime language. He wh? sun- tin-!* woulu lie fonnil a* nntch respect and admiration f.>r the Queen among them , an among those who were her subjects. (Hear, hear, and cheers.) The toast was drank upstanding and with cheer-. Baud ? 'God hsv?" U?e (Juwll. " Captain Ktkwaht roue to propo-e the health of the President of the United States. That individual j held a high p<Miti<>u among the potentates of the j world; called on to preside over the dent inies ?>| a , mighty nation, lie wns freely elected hy the people, and wnen placed at the he id of the nation lie ?tep- i P? d from the ranks of tbe people. (Cheers). The wannest interest in the prosperity of America was, ai.d must ever be felt by the jieople of Ktisrhtid, and i tbot.gh divitled by the great Atlanta ocean and dW- i tani :UHjO miles, ft was determine*) that ?p;ice oliuuM be bridged over, and in the attempt to carry out ! tl.at line of closer connection both nations ha<l cor dially joined there effort*. I great aim and ohjeet of both countries were in many re*|iects the same; each striving for the promotion of the Interests of peace, of Commer'-e, and of ariencc. of civilization .'nd the extension of the Chri-tiau religion. (Hear, j hear, and cheer*). The Kiii(li*h jieojtle con Id not fail to remember that the Ann ricans wvre the direct des. enoants of Kngland.and that they were there fore really bicthtrn. Then- was Minn-thing beaut i fully touching to the feeliim- of tin' K'lgli-li )Mople when they considered thai the yomigc?i children in America wen first tuni'lit to ?|M>uk iu :l< Mil langtiage as their OWti. \? brethren they must be for ever, and the anion bet Wee u Kog land and America. In peaceful relation to# ich otbei it was devoutly to be honed would never be broken by ary circumstances which the promts of Time's iron hand might bring about. VVhatc.ei m iv be??id tii the << ntnir\ Kngland ha- no Iealoiisyo \ Fill that mighty continent- we know that it will lie tilled with noble hearted men and angelic women - railway the pathless prairie -level the prinurval fo rc?t *- bridge the waawith -teamer* ami proclaim tlie Christian leligion to the idea on oarth'a remotest bounds- spread, increase and pros|>er Kn eland will rejoice. 1 our iTcattw ? .. vonr indo-try. your civiliz ing lsiwer. will lie reflected Itack nnnn us. K.nglind ran have no jeakwisy of Xmerica. Much of mir story, amul-t much that is hurailiatin<r. painful and wrong much. 1 say. of our story will stir the hearts of future freemen. and gladden the inindsof tlK philanthropist . ] tin legist and the snge. Even now the world view* with iniu ration that gallant band who on India's bun.. tik' plain ate >t? innnnc the torrent of rebellion. An.< i mi wreps for the widow and tlie orphan: A me nea m?*irn? for tho* who have fall< n in such a c?u-e? Vomarhir irlh their of arm No srut< h<-on o >r lh?ir titer. rbrir grave* <;tmarknl. their hmhiiwcdI A comrade -a kindly tear Hot Itr taic mn.st her lscr?| rrown sliail wr?all>- of syptew twine \ii?l frateful |>iace ilieni ever gre.-it ? Si memort '? HoH alir tie Hi t c? ntleern. uer prond<'?t tith to the admiration of posterity, that by which we ho|a to lie mint glo ri<si<ly di?tingiil*hcd among the nations who have run th< it r oni through time, ia that America sprung fn ?u n? and tlierefore, hci grratm her virtu b- r -'ot v are a satisfy, ttoti. a ? > u-olation, and an ? U \at?n tor hp. May she l?e ?.r. at m i i-irf-'and untile lain l.rn.1 iB Iter rhampwaif n.i|?r fad destined n her day In t?e Mighty a? Hoax- . more nobly free " Fl ? imi ant ..ptain concluded \s he had tx lore ? at 'leiwiri biethren In blood and in ' ,n,| Hiey tuust be handed down *s ?u< h through <11 the < milig acea of tlie world. ? 'ig Iroin fcaaland. and Iberefor fp,,, ly 1 ?en ?? pr.-i i. . iul i niUd h I'iuii* i Itheer- Hand ".i.J.i. rubls ' Captain Htrw iit In pro|w-ing tlx t<>at of the Army and Navy of the roiled stu,.. ^?,d he was certain it would le received hjr his hiotber offlcors in the Nnfrlidi M-rvi<* with ple??'ire and charai teriattr ws mith After referring to the professional en ellence of lh< An.ernaii foic?< lie s;,l(j that lie had great pleasure m s?s tng an Anierl<an ship of war here, on such a fri? ndJ> nn??ion us that which had bnaight them, and be w ?dd very happy to sf>eak to Hum by the ele<tric telegraph, but he hoped they would' n. ver *j>eak to each other with cannon I alia. (I heera and Viughter.) He hoja?d and t#lieved. however, that the two nations knew and understood that tlieir m pamte and combined in t< icsfs lay in 'heir union being drawn cloner together than evei it had yet l<een. "The Army and Na*y of tlie United 8tate? Dane? ' A iJfe 'in 'be flrean Wars" aad the "White Oickade The loa?l wa- drunk with cheer*. Capt. Hi mo* in acknowledging, on t?eh?!f of the American Naty, the compliment which had jnat. la-en paid to th#t aervice, aald he had not the clo (joence of ( aptaln Stewart, tsit he thanke<l tbcin \?iy heartily lor the kind nainner in which the toast had been proponed and received He ipiite agreed with what the gallant captain had aald r?^pect ing America and Kngnotd. ano he hoped that peace tout v?1'/ wwW niwajrs continue for he folly believed that war would prove a aad mtofor tune to both. They were the only two Battens in existence whirh were perfectly independent of each other, and yet owned a common origin. It waa true the Old country sometime* did not approve of the ntej?H of the New, and remonstrated waimly.and if Americ a went filibustering England would apeak up very shandy. (Cheer* and laughter.) Looking, how ever, to the unity of interest** of the two countries, ho i hoped the time would como when they would go forth together shoulder to shoulder. Tie liked Mr. Buchanan, the President, aud oh for the Queen of England, he hud never heard a word said of her but what wax in her praise. Bhe was, Captain Stewart ! had mid, a good mother, and in every itf-pect a no- , ble example to the women of England and every I other country. He held her to l>e the bert and dear- ' est. sovereign in the world , and if she could be per vaded to go over and visit the United States, he be lieved they wonld pay more attention to her, show : more respect, and more real attachment to her per- ; son than any nation in the world? almost more tnan the. English people themselves. (Cheers and laughter.) <'apt. Hudson then observed in a jocular style that America intended to do away with aill diplomacy, and carry out her policy with other nations in a more straightforward manner. He believed Mr. Buchanan i would muke a very excellentTresident of the re pub- ! lie, and he was satisfied he bad a very favorable feel- : ing towards this country. (Cheers). Lieut. Boy?, of the United States marines, ac- 1 knowlcdged the toast on the part of the American i army, expatiating on the gallant deeds which it had performed when called into active service, and con cluding by offering the following sentiment: ? "May the God of Battles, the protector of women and the helpless child, so direct the gallant band who are now serving their Queen aid country so ! nobly in the East, and enable them to inflict that just vengeance upon the barbarians wl io'i they so richly deserve, that fhty may hereafter never at- ' tempt to war against 'he" Christian or ma.'Ba-re help- ] less women and children." Lieut. Boyd took his seat amidst tremet dous cheering. Sir Bakkington Rkynoi.im next proposed the health of Capt. Hudson, and hoped he should meet him when he re turned hen next year. Band ? "Hail to tho Chief.'' Cant. HiDson returned thanks, and proposed the health of Sir Ban ington Reynolds. B?ml ? "Fine Old l-.npli.-b ?.ontleinan." Sir Bakujkmton Reynolds briefly responded. Captain Stewart then, with some complimentary remarks and good-humored jokes on their conquests among the ladies, gave " Commander Pennock and the officers of the Niagara." Blind ? "A Welhheet nn<1 a Flowing Commander Pen nock acknowledged the compli ment, with a gallant recognition of the charms of the fair sex with whom they had made acquaintance in this port, and concluded by giving the health of Captain Stewart. Babd ? "Jlc.ii is of Oak.'' Captain Stkwakt returned thanks, and expressed his happiness in having made the acquaintance of the officers of the Niagara, whom he hoped to meet when they again came to this port. Commander Pai.mek said he wished to express his appreciation of the courtesy which had been exhibit ed by the officeis of the Niagara, aud to add his hope that he might meet them all again. Captain Stewakt next proposed the toast of Mas j ter Commandei Noddall and the officers of the Aga memnon, which was drunk with loud cheers, to which I Commander Neddall responded in a neat ?|>eech. He concluded by pioposing the health of Ijady Reynolds | ? (Band?" Heie s a Health to all good "ljasnes") i which was duly houored aud acknowledged by Sir j Harrington Reynolds. Commander Pekkock projxx-ed the health of Mrs. J Stewart( ? (Band ? "My l?ve she's but a laixsie j vet,")? which was duly acknowledged by her gallant ; husband. who then gave " a Prosperous Voyage to i the Niagara," which concluded the ton. ts for#h) | niplit. the baud playing " Home Sweet Home," and i " Should auld acquaintance be forgot." The gallant party then adjourned to the wardroom | for the enjoyment of the Virginian weed, and I jeut. , Guest, of the Niagara, made an able speit'h in ac . knowledgnient of the courtesies and friendly atten tion which the American officers had received from | their professional brethren in the Er.glish service. ! Vice-Admiral Sir Barrington Reynolds left the ship at a quarter before eleven, and as he went over the side w as saluted by the discharge of a volley of rockets. Captain Hudson and the officers of the Niagara on leaving, gave three hearty cheers, which were as heartily returned from the deck of the Hag ship. W?W Potent* l?U<il. Th- foll.iwirg if the I;, t of patent i- m?h1 from the I'nit cii States l'ati tit Office, for lb' wcik ending Nov. 24, 18.">7 , t ar It l>earing that data:? John Alli-on, ot partxh of St Martin, La., improvement id maebtnea tor covering -ugsr cum. Nuliaa Alherton. of Philadelphia, Pa. , Tor Improvement lu ?ltdo valves (or rteiiin engine*. John M. Uatcheldcr, of <uml>ridgc, Maaa and l.uther I. Smith, of Sew York, N. V., improvement in the prc|* I retail of engravtttl mclal plate* lor print. ng. IlVlialMi H. Bartol.of Philadelphia, l'a., improvement | in acrcwlag tttkn m van di paw. O. I . itnrton nnd A. K. Robert.*, of Albany, X. Y., Im i |>r?vem< lit in hay anil nuinure lork* Uwta W. iu <- h"-, < t v-on, V. Y., improved churn M in ML ad fiou f X?? York, N. Y. , improved ore i .-ejaiau-r. Stephen 1'. lirrx , . ; .jo-ton, Mat* , improvement in pianoforte*. JoTft Bryan, of Qtvingtoo, Kjr., application of hot wnii r o journal- oi rcllng null*. Pali ntej iu hnglui.il Septem ber *. 1P67. o. I t'aMle, of fjiper Alton, III., Improved aritbmome er, for a<ld. tig B t irprntcr. ot Rrattlehoroitgh, VI. , and I N M. r riaui. of Ka i l'ouliu. j . \ t . unprov .incut ui couplings lor m< '?*!<>. .ns. Ac. John II t.rucl!. ol Ne% York, N Y. , improvement n metallic root.ng tor ? 'int. rranc.in vault Snnmel t ..It, ol II irtford, < <?tm. . impto* t-tir ul in uivr.y cbaaihorcd r"tatiug bteecl. llmfW. Kltaha K tollm-, ot tambndp*, V '- improved ma rbitie for cutting i-hinglrt froni tbt i-oli Uwrf W Cooke, of :-pr ngtleld . V J Improved -poke oiaihne .lamer Crarv, of Kittaning, l'a.. improved -hingic ;->n chine. J* me* ? Cummmg-, of Col.nilm- M impro.om -i.t in plough . JoaopliJC nay, ot Jersey CMy.V J, > .prov. mctit in niriuiv n.r ainppinu and starting ferry boat* .Inn b Utile oi W> m| lilootnllrld, }f. Y improved ma cbine for I Mrs '?*?. Hi" kton II Kvan* mid IdiwigllMtirli of PM'iidelphl.i, l'a im !???>% ? tni'iii in -kalef. Klla* T Ford, ol kwlut, N. Y . imp. ov mrnt >n h-ir vc-ter mke lacob Can*, ?f Trevorton. J'a . aa? igoor i.. I iNMMli md George Mowton . of game place, NB|?rt>vemu>' o ma. bin. ?? for dialing coal. Oliver* <.re?-ri of |t?hlin. In<' , mprovemcnt in tbe iu<'.>'uriuf mnlMlf ?e? .| d ' i lla .l?>rp|i t.ray. of Kaytr> rid. Maw, .imp**'* e^' lev <I1inf In alraMk i.t f'>r ?litrlntif k< I'bilip M. tiiitullarb. of Belleville 111 . inprovemcnt la Villi. --muel P. Il< irtrelmau of N< w(?>rt Iterra* ka. Ky., im proxetnmt in mi ih>Mi .?) Heating horaer, rona river* Th' tra* H'll.of Ualthatn Mi'?., unproved arithniome let At th?>ny K. IMrhinr , of StW York N Y , improve m< i.t in t oilera for hraiiag lonldnyv Kriibeo iai.i ofi<t . ri'. N Y tOi^rov. mi nt In attaching < pa uili *l>?fla ioc-okI l?.at? John l> Jcnkma. oi .la*k? nt >ile 111 , .m proved waabing , ?larhitie Ink id Rabawelltr, of V lmiugton. N C . improvetneLt in ventllatir; rockini: rluiira. Jo- h'i? Rrrhmn hod John Wat- rman of f>ranfejiort. S. Y . imiwoMment n l>ciin harve-tera. Joel lee. of (<ate?barg, III., tinpr vement In eang plovshn. Jaw Mctornick, of New Vrrk. N Y.. and tjeorgo tigli im. ot (Yiiton Kali*. If. Y- . improved painter"* *tt ipteg D-tn.m<ni John W Mor< too if Bruno wm k, 0 , t?| irvement in corn ?bel|cra. Robert Kom? And Fr> denek Feter*, of New York, X Y iBiprov# d | ?*< i'. in Mini quartr.uit Jereiniali II. rhillip*.ot C?4ebr?w4t, Ob e Improvement j ill ?tiel\ iiig for cm tag .ind rtoring < lici se Ji>?epb B I'ayMU, I'ftovingtoo. Ky , mprove.l arrange, men! in ^a?h l>nlaii< e. W in I'ratl of Baltimore, Mil improvcmrat la tai'ety lamp Waahburn Race, of facet Fall' N Y mprovcmettt in pomp i?< kmr llenri. h Retrnann o( llartford, O. mach oe (or making aegar lighter* Jnln B. Reod, of T"?<aloo?a Ati . improi r?t prnjcctitc for Brenrtria. 4. W. Kiggf. of I'lmntleid.N. J., improvement in trn?..M. Wllham K. Roiierta.of tirange, ronn iapriiMltnt m ( i.??or- -liarpenar, Waa Behne.det tad A Ilolman ot New Tripoli, Pa., iai prnvement :n Coffee readier. .lame* P S n t*i, of B' int nghum V. Y . improved ma chine for nvlt ptj "g ai IBbem. Aarwi Sm:tb'^' if MMfeMi t'enn , arrangement df(i hn'lera nnd their cnnn"ct m tor locimmttve engine* ft W >? )? *jiii Augiiatn. Itarnea, of ?outhiofton, Uonn.. nDTOleawat in candle ? r ? firm ft*.. ; i. sunnier- , of lialcigb Va., Improremeot la ra|. tiv ttntj. AI ??IF Toslm:.. of niirott'i Mil la, Md.,impro\emeat Hi ra!hevt hrakea. i t vr*r(i, of M .ratboo If. Y., Improvrmeat In aced MaNni t .led B V'ifidci ol Not th liwlaburg, 0 , improvement a -ee?i plant' ra. i?.hn C Banian. of Ne* llavrn, (bnn., nwignor lo fhlm ?elt and Aaron W Rcw kwood.of Boaton. Maa* . Improve ment in atmm pampMa engine* liejitrr fl < hamherlain. of Weal Rubin, Ma* , m vtgnor to lilm^ell and John Borrow veale, of Boaloa, Maa*., Improvefni nt in mpor hnmmg lamp* Tbomaa A bwrrfale, of Km hmond, Ind., ?"iignor lo him aelf and George Taylor, of same pla< o, inipro\ed waahing mar bine Imvid Fliiot.ot Pembroke N H a?atgtv>r to himaelf ? ml l?aae Wlnte, ol Merrmni k eoootjr, N H . mfroved o -lalilng^ii.o hirie Jot'ian 1, Moti, of M>.tt llavro, N Y . and Will'im Tabele, ot New York, N Y. a^-ignor* to the J. I? Motf Ir 'in Work*, of Mott Htvcff, N Y.. improvement m rotary chain. John Hecker and Wdllafp Itotine, of Hew York, N Y, aaatgnora to John llecker. aforeaald, taarhme fur retilBg Ihe floor, mi*mg th> matertnia and knMdlng ilongh Obadlah Huh of f>imt?rldge, MM ? aa-ignr>r ??> I'eter Omper, of New York, improvement In preparing glim MocV Iff George P. Peed, of Wall ham, Mas*., improve ni*m a watcbra iUVciUcd Aj?ril Mi ^6T. Omr Jmmtfm Owrwnowiww. Kim<mtos, Jamaica, Sept. SO, 18ST. I&land Scener y ? Jamaica Under the Free f alpr Sytem ? The Planter $ Again Thriving? Tempo rary Cause i to Which they Ow* their Prosperity ? Dilapidated Appearance of Kingston Trade Between Jamaica and the United State*? Vexa tious Regulation to which American Vessel* are Subjected ? Extent*** Ordination of Nigger Mm uteri by lite Bishop of Kingston ? Intense Ihsguet qf the IVhtte Chokers ? New Definition of the Odor of Sanctity. I have just returned frdm a trip through the inte rior of this island, and now, with the incurable propensity of an old newspaper hand, sit down to give the Hkkald the result of my observations. I have never seen a finer country, for its Hiit, and yet I have seen many which are usually con sidered among the finest in the world in point of fertility and natural beauty. This is emphatically a jnountain land. A piece of paper crumpled in the hand and thrown on a table, gives the best possible idea of itu configuration. The Blue Mountains raverse it from cast to west, throughout its entire length of 1(>0 miles, rising at the east end in peaks of 9,000 feet high, where the wildest and boldest features of mountain scenery are clothed with win ning soft lies*, by the exuberance of the foliage and flowers which spring from a prolific soil. A fresh and delicious temperature prevails throughout the year in these elevated regions; the fevers which frequently attack strangers in the lowlands are here unknown, and the white inhabitants have the fair and roey complexion of Europeans. This is the scene of cof fee cultivation, and the groves of coffee trees, with their leaves of vivid and shining green, their milky blossoms and crimson berries, their hedges of log wood and dog roses, form no trilling ingredients of the pleasure which a traveller from the cold North existences in this beautiful southern land. 1 need not tell you how the island has suffered eco nomically by the abolition of slavery in 1838. Its exports of coffee have dwindled from twenty million pounds (which was the result of the most prosperous year under slavery) to ten million; (the export for the year ending September 1, 1857, according to offi cial* statistics.) and its exports of sugar and runt have suffered diminution in about the same ra tio. At tho present time, although fully one-third of the sugar estates are either lying abandoned, with their "works" rotting to the ground, or else are di vided into small patches owned and cultivated by the free negroes as "provision grounds," (i. e., plan tain and yam fields,) agriculture may be said to enjoy a prosperity unknown here for "years. The planters are nourishing for tli* tni ?? under the influ ence of high prices and ly leficiai effects of the late reduction of the sugar duty in Amerkw; they are extending the area of cultivation on their e-tatcs, while capitalists a-lvsnce money freely for the purpose id buying iu and re-establishing aban doned estates: in' short, for a slow place liko Jamaica. quite a strong breeze of speculation has sprung up. which I am afraid Mill finally watt such of the planters as are still solvent into the same condition as their brethren. 1 observe that the Colonial Slandurd- ihv organ of the planting in terest ? is beginning to discourage the speculators by presaging a speedy glut of the markets and the return of prosperity among the Louisiana planters. In this, however, it is only carrying out the views of its (nitrons. Mho are naturally anxious to keep com petition out of the field: but there is more truth than it could wi-h in its prognostications. A great indncement to speculation exists in tho Ion jtrices for which fertile l.jids. which have for merly been cultivated as sugar estates, may now bo purchased from their impoverished ow neir. ? Kingston is a most dilapidated old place. Its streets are unpaved aud uniighted. and, at the present season, are mere water courses deeply fur rowed by the ruins iu some places, and filled up in others with drift stones and gravel brought down in the torrents which sweep through them whenever it lains. four-fifths of the dwelling houses are tailing down foi want of repair, and one-half of the ware houses and stores are " to let," without the remotest chance of being ever again tenanted. There is reitl '-r business nor amusement. The theatre had not been opened for two or three years by any regular actors, and there is no society, because visiting involves tlie use of carriages, which very few people can afford to keep or even hire when fliey an' kept by other people. Walking about sui h streets a.- 1 have described is a work of difficul ty iu tlte day time. t>csides being dangerous in so warm a climate; and at night it is quite imnra< tica hlc for females. Consequently nine o'clock is tba lied time of ino-t of the Kingston people. Most of the import trade of the island is done with the United States. and it mtti to be chiefly in the hands of natives, (generally Jews,) and not as former ly Knglish merchants. There is no American house in Kingston except Hut chins ,V Co., who are agents tor our t'alifornia steamers, which usually stop here to coal. At prewnt there are only two American veaaeb in port? one itoor little schooner, the mauler of vfcAoh ht?* liecn obliged to xubmit to the expense of mrven oil hi* hatches, murine protenta and other legal low, iu order to obtain the freight money due on hia cargo, which, it in pretended. i.* dniuaKed, bcuiune a few barrel* Imp pen to be stained. Ktaina of tha kind in queatton are contra< ted on the dock in New Yi ik.aiid would not deteriorate fr?m the value of tin- commodity anywhere but here. Ma?tera of vea eel* hound to Kington flight to be cautioua, there fM><, how they receipt for good* which have nay ?tn n- on the package. Property is condemned here, i" Id at auction, Is night in ou an established njwtont winch I u hi confident if not the mo*t honorable in the world. Nobody suffers, of ooarwe, except oar >.adei wrUi r~ and sni pointers, who are |ierha|M bet ter fibie to afford a little low* than the poor people here; l>ut whether they are willing to do *o or not i? a mutter for their own consideration. A new Governor. Mr. Charles Darling, recently arrived here. Congestive fever* are prevalent in King-ton at thin time, but no yellow fever. There ia no m wh at preaent beyond w hat 1 have given above, oi any intereet to your reader*. Stu b of the reader* of the Hkhai.d a* an? fortn nate enough to l?e of the Rpiaco|xtl fold, may be into rested to know that this branch of the chureti militant 1* in a won* than ordinarily militant *tate, through ti e predilection of the lii-hop of Kintrnton for dar kies. lie hax ordiiiued a number of them to the gn at di-inist of the white laity and fnuat of tho clergy. The former, by their organ, the Cvlomrt Slantiurti warn hi- lot d?)tip that t be old law entabliafa ing the Knglish church in this inland, and pr>\ idtng for its maintenance, may lie repealed by the Colony, and aae rf the clergy, beadeo by one of the arch deacons, have prepared a petit ition on the credit of their bishop to I* preM iUed to the Arrhhiabop of Canterbury. The < otnplaiiit^ in, not that the hinlion ordain* n? irroe-, hut ihtsoiis* unqualified by life and attainment* for the MTice of prieate- but the real cause of complaiut i* t he color and swell of the new minister*. The Hisbop of Kingston, (the Hon. and Reverend T>r. Reginald t'ourtenay.) j? anffragen to l?r. Hpencer, Hishop of .lamaica. who is old and infirm and Uvea ia England. Arwjr Intelligent^. Order* have t>een iseoed from the headquarters of tha army, to All up with recruit* , to their maiimum strength, regiment* now serving in the department* of Texas, Now Mexico and the Part fie, comprising the Second c-nvalry , First and Third artillery. First. Third Seventh ami F-^hih infantry These recruit* ar* to be drafted from the fol lowing recruiting de|*Hs, aa follows ?govt Cbiaahaa, New York harbor. 000 men. Newport barracks, genlock) . mxi ni"B. Carlisle barracks, Pennsylvania. i.%0 m-n. and will embark for their respective alattons on ibe Mth inst aa<t 6th proximo TTii'i will he commanded by Oaptaiaa I'rtnCc and I'otter. First and Seventh infantry . I.ientenanta l^e, Whipple Mid Craig, of the Secottd cavalry. Third nn4 Vigbth .nhuitry. Assistant Surgeon K (I. Abbott, Medical department, will accompany the command rhe ne. r?*ary wants and crnilorts of the several de i.k tmi'iiti aie ctrlctl) ctyotned on the officer* la command by the Ceneral In rhtef It ?|>p<-ar* that tbia a the 'argent as well aa the moat re ?|k rtahle body of men which has been recruited for soma lime bar 1 owing no doubt to the reeeat depression In all kinds nt husine i. and a 'urge number of raapeetaMa young men still eortinue to make ? imitation* at the ao verat r. ndexvoua to io n the armg but owing to the *aart r< (illation.. Ibe rrcrn it nc ( tt' -era have to nbaerve. they are compelled to r. (i>?e (lady Ixitween iwo and threa hnr.<lre<l such application* Tb ? tif)m i|.j| rendf *vo ie in tha City I* at t!6 Cedar stre?4 ( ii;u> t'pde^rsf i. ??ranmand. whose kind and geo tirniunli treatment to thoae aceking in, urination, calla forth H>xny eiu ??m um Ttii' k> a trailer* of the Fir t Rogtmeot of artillaw, r* cently rsl*blhh?d at Fori l?slias. FwtMa, ar- ordJfc.1 to proceed to, and take |?>-I at Fort Moultrie, i harl.?dof,, KMith Carolina, Colonel John Kwmg. commanding, vtn* I Mae, iteeeoaed. The katate over Oenerwl Worth'* Remain*. N?w Yoaa, Nov. 37, 1U1. J?a*a 0 Hawsarr, Rmi ?? Tour refmrter baa mads a slight mtetake la giving Uia twrtlcular* of the late proceaston at Km funeral of Major funeral Worth lie *ay*. from some rau*e or another, the Seventy flrat Regtmsnt did not Are three round* over the hody aa la uaually the custom Thii I beg imwt r* a|?e< ilnlly to rontradsrt, aa the Seventy flrst Regiment dkt life three round* over lb* deceased, but the ta*t rnuad oid not gordf altogether, on account of anmo of the ly rtaniter* giving the arord "tire" In admace of the com mandant ol the regiment By eiwitradiciing snch rspork In vour next **ue yon wrtll much oblige a ooasUnt reader flf the l|(Hai |i ami a true friend to the M VKM Y-HRST KHIIMF.NT V T. i. M. The Aradrmy of fttanle Weetlng. to .tta gmroR op th* nanat.n s*n-an*v Moamtta. Yotl win e. .1 , r a vnr hy stating ihnt the aae M my name a* ? -i . the tN pt'Mli nt* of the meeting held la t evenu t si t'ie Am-t, mr of >t ?li , by the friends rf Mr Farrat. ? \??id,e ? Win <n;t a?l kima ledge and with out Um Il'ghteit authority f y gVTITNW.