Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 1, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 1, 1857 Page 2
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mirewiL rtM central unia, ?nm.-_-i.-_ . _ .-.-.-j-sirun OwBu Jmd <1*1 Bur C?M-re*pnn<ltnc?. has Jcab nai Sen, Nor 3, 1867. JV War Between Costa K\ca and Nunraffua ? C la ? ?"W|f cf President Mora ? Honduras Likely to Tak' Part vit* Nicaragua? Election of Martmei as President cf A'kwt^jiki /'sq^ Mission to Costa Rica, (fr , rfr aggression* of Oosta Ricans on the river San Juan del Norte for the past six months bare art last broken out in open hostility. On the 12th or 13th of Oct the Oosta Rican officer in < om tnand of the lake and river, summoned the fort of Sal Carlos la surrender, a copy of which jpou will receive en Closed, alto its answer, being a decree accepting the war. All due pre]>arations are being made for an advance into Costa Rica Mora Lv b<w?me so unpopular that many living in Costa Rica onlv wait for an invasion from Nicaragua to aid Uicm in effecting his overthrow In the evi ct of Costa Rica not wishing to accept of Inter vention, the tld party of MarOEan, in Honduras, will un doubled!) join Nicaragua In the war, and if done in time, Oosta Rica will wme off second best. Tie city of Jeon in one day rai-ed 1,000 volunteers? j a number unprecedented lor that department It i? re- ' ported that Nicantfua can hen J 3,000 men to invade Oosta j Rica. has been elects) Incident of Nicaragua The dew Oongrma and installation tak ?? place on the Kth m-t. Cur Commissioner, Wm. C. .lones, Hsq , will l>e present on tbi oc; isiou, ami also at the opening of the new Con grcn He is well pirated with In.- reception and inter i ourse at Managua. In relation to the robbery o' Mr. ."'une* in Co-la ltica, ami ihe complete unravelling ot the ir.y stflry on b is arrival here, the singular circamstances ?f w hub wore mentioned in nty last, nothing lias been done. Tin officer 1ms not been removed, and only one witness baa been cxami: i*d in ttie matter. The steamer Salt Carina, Captain Canty, sailed up th? take on the lhth Oct., leaving copies of "his letter to Col. Cuaresma at Hivaa ami Cranada; also some prisoners takcu on Ihe river. We arc told be cannot return to the river w ithout first reducing the fort , and a? all the wood stations on the lake are guarded, his po.-iliou U not to be on vied It lh said by those well po-tod in government secrets that tin wai ,mst dei iarea will be speedily brought to an ! end. A commissioner goo.- up on th< Columbus U> tv>-ta Rica to conciliate the matter, on tlio condition of (Ml Kica withdrawing Irom the territory of Nicaragua, and I vying tlie expenses already incurred. Our San Juan (lei Norte Correspondence* Uhitkd Statbs Suit" Saratoga, \ j Saw Juan pk: Nortc, Nov. 16, lNW. / The Peclarati'>n </ War against CvsUi Kica ? .Vain? . AViw, dx. In default of any interesting topics 1 forward .vou a de- i duration of war by Nicaragua, translated frc m the Crcmi ca de Costa Ktca [The declaration was published in tho Hicraui of yester 1 day.) At the end of the declaration the Oosta Rica government has appended two notes, ouo of which is of some iinpor i lance, as it iudicute^ for the first time, I believe, the boundary actually claimed by that Slat a. The-e notes are as follows ? 1 Votes by Editor ?This is false, Costa Rica claims ; nothing more than Hi limits, which are the rivers of S.i poa anu Klor, and the bonk of the river San Juan, which I i- in its territory. 'I Nicaragua says she a-cepts a war which has not yot been declared, and which Costa Rica has not yet thought ot. On Sunday last the tow n wa- thrown into a stale of ex citement by the gamesome frolics of the crew of the mail steamer Thames. Sundry black eyos and noses were of course the consequence It i-. said that the Susquehanna w ii! relieve the Saratoga, but where she is no one knows It is a matter of specu t?on, bow evei , whether we will ever be relieved, siuce ext ectation ha- already been too often disappointed. Theio is nothing known here about the threatened inva sion of the filibusters Our Aaplnwall Corrt-apoiidence. Akiivwail, Nor. lw, I8i7. 7Ar AVa if/va Trav ri ( Route ? Mwi'mmti tf IPf.- r an-J j4 ? H'fta! mfi l'owng Ai drrttm My ' ? President N ra ami W ht r? Kq?rt<f Capture of 9mn (Mn(|iCmIi Jfuaru ? Col. Kinney, dr. ,dr The Northern Light reached her* on the 16th trM , with upwards of 1,000 paste tiger*. among whom we noticed Mi If R C VelMer, who w*> accompanied by J B. Alien, con iu law to Commodore Vanderbilt. On the Isth mus here we thought Webster hai been vntirely twal lowed ui m the hungry Trans-it n. telstrom wblcb haj been g<itig cm myourcit) fot the la-t two uioutUd ? but U? EM ? I * sudden in the Vanderbilt Company , gtr tfccli to And' ? .-on'.- fUIi n?ent, which km pabiirfced M Die Anr and Hkkai n, viz Thut Vanderbilt did not know Webster, and would bave nothing to do with him. 1 am informed (liat Webster and Allvu are m route lor O-w Rxa and Nicaragua, on the Transit adairs, and 1 should net at all wonder If Webster doe* not a- easily sue i?ed in ending U>e {lending difficulties between (Vita Rica and Kicarap** ?-? he combined the rapid orerthrow of Walker. Webster's appear* , ? in NCk resjsfUble conijMti.v a.- lit. Vatidet bill's sun iii-law puts at onoe the quietus u|*>n tb ft Under* which have been circulated about h:m Iietfere ft'Oi Outs Ric i ?l-o agree In as-ert ing tbut IMM ft; or a V confluence hi Webster i? still un hounded an'! tli it hi.- ^ j.|-es: uuos in Costa Rica was anx.oui<:> looleifttor War tan bM de< l.ired Ii) Nicaragua against Coats Hica, which fully deuxkutroto* iU< uugrateful -pint pre* aleut iu Ni iragun Afti r Co-la Rica making such aacriBceii, and ?ecurn g the national 4jr of Nic.trug ia ? for no one doubts lull that (i -ta Rica ->\t i Nicaragua fruSD the Qiibuster ? aiid liH'd!) b dore b r govcrtiiui :n ue-tablished, upon the ofopmii ", Sic ?r?t ua declare- war agsiaet her i true trie. d We have just beard from ft n Juan de Hr>rt' that Canty ha i iptured lort Sm Ckrluv, the N caraguin'i. lioilmg oa tin flr.-i assault made by Custa K all troops 'Il.e a. p it sail Q>urier Uas- becomc defunct. Ool'.nel K'mey arrived a few<iaj* ?> j;- ? from s ?n Juan del Norte He complain.- bitterly t|M?l the iL<ain>>ua at tack. wbich have fro n t.uie to time appeared in the cows l?'!i'iemi of the New Y(fk IKinmr fioui Iftu Juan del Norte (ill* Canty arrived at Ori ytown on tin 27th ult and left for ?'o-ia iUca. Tli'' Wabftsh and the TlritiMi man of war llruri*?i<k are ir. i '>rt Tin Haratoga is at t.reytowti, and the Fulton arrived ut 1 del Torre fettwdi) . Who Planned the < apt a re of the Transit llonto In thr Kan .limnl to mr r.MTOK or thk nbw tori hkrald. IMkaha, Nor. l?, 1Kb: 1 And a m-. apprehension of fart* are public appertain mi to the cij.t art of the lake and rtrer ilwiri, w tli the I r t - , on tie river Han Juan de Nicaragua by the Costa V a- troop* in Pecember last year, nnd having badeirlr f-.-titiect r. w th that able'movemeot, aod i. uirne.4 to %l! coni. rucd, a few words ffom my pec may be ofin tere?i Ir tl ie mrtith of Augui-t laat > "ar tny ?erri< :?< were ? ririi) t > Mr W. R (' Wel>-<ter. to aid httn ta come ?iluar > deo.gmt be rmtemplated in (>ntral America. s<ii, alterwarda Mr Silvester M spencer wa* en*ag?wl by Mr Web?ter to accnmparj - and |??erve in ?u.*h ca pn'itj n* i irt ui?-lati< en rn ^lit ir.dt?ate, he ha\ ing beea a ir at' o? on. >?' the r ? er t>oat? Ir> <a?e the de-iga re Suite ! ' hi t? fully we were to be paid ?.?r ouraerve e* by Mr Wi ?iet?^ be. m tbe meantime dtsebargiup all our re qumiil expeii-en This *a? our ?oi tract We sa;le'1 for Owta Rh a from New York or. the Mh of Ortober, iWi#, our equipment bawng been prov ided tor I V Mr V\ ctwter (T my war to C?-ta R i? from Panama 1 wa? pro-trated with the Isthmus fever, and wa? in ooa #?. unai ie to taae a ctnmaLd in the cijh- lit .in 1 *rl.irh so sig-ally de^royeii tbe ambition* plan* if Wm r an i secured the ratmnaHt* of Ni aragua Mr f? M h|ietK i f ba<l n<? more to <lo wttii forming the combina t "i. t r tin i i|4ure of the Imat* and ateamera on the Ban .luan r ,er than I liad Ite|ieaiedly on o>ir voyage to < -(? Hi' a we soli* u-*t tnformatioB Irotn Mr Webster of I b i.'er, 1 1"1 military d< ???>?. and our onlv aa?wer wa?, ? GrrUias'ii voo will recHvi your order? on arrival at ' Msj. .' , . i, KM W W MAY, l*ti First I .untenant and Bft Ca|>taia ISA Pie*t?triit Mm?'. It?ix|iirt to the Mrmhen of the t ?w4a It !? nn Cmigreu. Tt w ,at? trom Uie frotiwa de O ata Itiea J (M Tti ?.'?day. Ui IMh of fkiatwr, l,-? Mcellency H> nor Mora tapt* t< i.ew r? suj presftvnt ot the RepatiMC, fare a banquet to tl . Sat.mal t -"igre** wlii'bwa- at ftendod by all ttie author t- a- ?eM t,y rartou* ('? ita ' Ri< an? ar d distiBffWIsbed fun- guer* ne mgli Bo i l|s*ii?e ha. been apart' I. yet eitlier from a Want of prefer arnni the part of tt- psrsoa entraeted with the pr< iwrrtss: <1 the baa>|uet ?f t.|se fnan the s ar. ty i f inU .ligetHaet vaiit , tbetaiile ??.- iiadly served. Nevert 'ie i?a, there prara.l"! tl* ruoat i .rdial saastaction atm-i c ib< guests lie I ?<? Uency tlic lYeaideDl.oftMmg 1/ iiiiikI tbe lerrdiie p- t jni ii oi the republa; at tin- tim? vwi ui ntoiith- .mjh? ?b?i ??r> triumphs and ?> -a-iter* were tie only n,pM>* S|- i . ti ot and comparing that |>er ...t witlittif pr, . , pro |? - 1 of happtneas, M|MM ? '"aft in memory -<f i>,u Hie v rturie* of f>MU Rica aad OeuUal Am rua o< er ii?. i 1 ? ar.d likewise to the honor of the illustrioue ?tame* lbs t inai for the upright course which be Mir*u<-a 111 i: SI I.. .,i IJ- MfteM of tM pinMtcal Sllbuater* M ltii,< - emit ti. aeral. in behalf nf th" I nite.i ttUMs. r- p'? ua- t ii.- utter |H>rtion of the toaat effer?d br his I J till Ir. -eirot. fsifce a- follows ? ' I thank yon ' ? tin boie > wb < Ii vou haveshoan my country an'i ?ft*o w <t eip'i .||,1 winb that tlie j?eai eiul imdertakmg- o: ? . I . r .?> always be attended with as much ft'iece" h I i- ?-? mi"! the .enril war again t the ftl, busters atid tin ri< i tieratione of ttie Natiottai o .tigress of the present year " Tt.. i '.r*?ite Vice Presider.t -poke as foIloWft ? " The K )?it> < of i<*taR>a in |m- >1 through a l??renl of ? i. iml a* ind alb ? eo many trials pressntS to the world a f .nn r< <pieadenl w tb gtorj Her name and that nf ? >? I'- at ?- hare reminded thro>igbot)t Rtflfe Rls tie' i* v Ut' Presides! bar- *it|> ? ti ?- in fesoMtioM t?ofBe I I ?#?i. t ri ifaatare ? * and c^m imtnat. d that aalntarv | lam en.ent which re? iited in our leiiveranr* therefore f ! t,r ' * ?<???' In behalf of hm F.*?eilejcy the It. - t. rit | it, - liepiiblie- may his aame l.eiransm tre.t from gene ' ??? .ri t , . rn ration ?*r\ Mir as a liearon light of saf?ty to I 4 " <?i i "y ;r -eason- -if .| Dciilty ' /V hM?.'!Sbit Kiaitttr tut Inter t ?'poke m follows ? " The triumph! gamed orer the of our country ami independeow. vigilant foresight uil well combined plant of h>? vicellenc* the President of this republic, who wan also aided bv the support of the honorable representatives 10I our nwet eicelleflt Congress The latter has buted it) a very tOlcaciuua manner to give popularity to U,e pre.<.l> nt's undertaking since the general alliauceo the neighboring States, which was celebrated In the hall or, L Mh of September, ISi* A. thi. u .now the anniversary of that event, now. in the midst ol pcacc ami public contentment. I offer a t?a.t m behalf o I' i,ri.-i?'i it\ ofC..*1a Blca ..11.1 of other Central American re 'a- well as of all oth.'r civili?ed u.tlon. o H ' "our iiltiftriouB bishop, lK>n Anselmo U'orente , * I.,,-! ii. behalf of the triumph* of the republ l?\ ? . "S^"" latiiik' himself upon the fact that Hie eMhvai-Ucal auU?. r >t > ileruy in K**mTal ha I bot-u abk to contrit ut? to I,!- ,onsiimnt?ti>>n * th. v i.tories Th, a? urance that the Church would never ccasc to co o^rate will, tl,.> (invcriiiii. nl in mninU'iuiiglhi* laws, rel glon an liber tv o.thr republic, well as the sacred principle of equally appropri ate ami all contributed to the good humor and convi via ' l\t ^ hnailv 'pni^ S' Uie ,Ut ?e of hi* I^ollency the 1 resilient "should crown the monument. whtch,by a decree o ftfieWth instant , wa-> ordered to be erected in "arP plaza ol .lie capital, to commemorate the l or^nta K.?? K.v ?-*>"' San Juan The project was received with applause, and it was proposed that it should be accomplished at jirivuto expense, a;; a mark of public ^fn the midst of its enthusiasm upon this subject the as seuibh interrupted by th" President, w^sa rel,,rn his thanks, assured them that alt houph he appreciated in their true value the feelings vvhi.n thoy had manitcsuvd towards him, nevertheless he would never consent that ihe protect ..hould he carried into . fleet and that besides the determination which he had formed ol never exposing hi ri puiation to the inconstancy ol popular 'avor. he en tertained no other ambition, nor did he cheruh any ?'"'r sentiment in his heart, than the desire to merit the affec tionate p-membrance of the Costa Kicans . on acci unl o. the benefit which he might procure for them. We arc in a position to state that all the persuasion that mav l,e u-e.J on the , art of ttiose who ori)?,na ^ his scheme will prove unavailing to change the UUi rinloa tir.ti of the President, as he will never consent to its exe ' li"" a year since lie was honored with the title of Cap tain* General, which he refused; and his subsequent ai c- ?ptance of It was dictated solely by hli reiucunce to tri it with disregard the enthusiasm of the patriotic a ^. .h wl.rch conferred the till, nj-on him. It -s useless p, u,uoy huu will, titles h.,.1 hot.ors-a man to whom thev ire of no avail? since tho praiseworthy ambition of the President oil lj" seeks for it~. lt a course by which he will be able to accomplish the plans which he has con ccived for the general good and advancement Cmta Rlrai. Opinion* on the Position at??I Con durt of Slinragun. (Translated for the Sew York Hcrtthi from the Chronica of Costa Kica , of Nov. 4. J ora NATIONALITY. in the flftv -sixth and fifty seventh numbers of our journal we expressed the conviction that tt ii utterly im itfvxiMe for Central America to exist politically unless the m vera! Stales of which she I* composed shall He united lotether as one national body. We give it also, at the Ram. time, a- our conviction , that the only form of govern in. rit suited to our character, and adapted t?> th- l*culiar i.wdKiou of our several republics, is that of a coufedera tiou or federal union, freely entered Into, and forme 1 upon a plain Mid simple basis. We shall now prereed l'ally the plan ^rovK?=e*i We ????ust'ier it. however, nece^ary, as ? point, that the ipiestion of MaU- boune.ary ami territoru lii.i'ts I >. tweeii t ? >-t t Ki< i and Nicarag-i.t? a jpie.-l. 'U ol Lreatdifllcultv auti which is already under db cuss ion i ought first to be ,, ttled The settlement of Uiu m^^ I ought to precede every other arra^ement. snd it ought ... he arranged between the ?f UU I Nicaragua themselves, in accordance w nil the j.i ueral ? and national interests of all the states of central America The boundaries a Inch Costa Kica claims for herself,an to which for a long time past .-ho has laid claim, are bonn i daries marked out by nature herself, and given M> Co?U i Ki. a. so that her light is supported by actual possw-ion a* w ell as by right and justice. The bank o! thi f;*ir ; s-an Juan extends through the territory of t^stA Kiea. | manv rivers, which are I. ranches of the ?wn Juan ??>? She territory of U,ta Kica; and therefore we won Id ask bv wliat right or reason can Nicaragua preten I t .v ?.irfvtl us ol our territ.'iv by ni.rking out is she does for Wrself a line of two or three tliouaand miles, extending right into th< heart of our country r Is not such an act eontrai v to all common sense? >ach unmexMire l ainb Hon. such an immoderate and un)ust desire to extend her < ov.iO.sta Km if she were a foreign nation and an enemy? - >t not an idea of universal dominion on the part of Nicaragua which ought to create alarm in the other Kates of Central America? . . With respect to the line on the si le of Liberia Virai cua claims, a wild and desert mounUlncms regiou is interred bv the act of God between the two Nicaragua .i separated by this desert region from the ii u.ns ol the department or Liberia. Mu is pU ? 1 at a ci-tanc. nt manv lenpues from the people and settlements of that deportment She never would Im- able p. exWn.l h,r "oven mind so far. even if she were in ac^diUou of being able to Poist of bein? a settled and well established BlButUt-venl,f Nicaragua should give up and recofnisc the boundary which we . iaim as belonging to us. she woull lull be left ever. In ,-n-ssi.... of many square leagues ot letti.e te'rritorv , of a large ixtenl of M-acoast, and of a number ol seaports on the .^ittc ocean * oi- ^ on he Lake .if \i. snm.ia While site enjoys such a rich inheritance, M, ?ut'ei I'.r to that of her neighbor. Costa Kica Ju^tioe as rjjr^Vhe,. v of f-tabli-l. ng a .,s-t u.n be tween th. several Mates of a greut nation requires tbat she l>ouM leave toCoeU Una her natural hmils and b?'Uu- ; ' "Ib'r weTan a!*."1 a'lc'ge. on our part, another and more effective r pht Nicaragua and her pemile, reduced M b? wen to the eouditiou of slaves, _ct..^ed like Wild t?e?'-ts lr-.m th.-ir lairs? wittout a ??Jntiy . * , ...... -.V.f, ...I IV Walker .111.1 N?ub* be , e.iiice.l p. slavery, and even wld as stave ? N" arag i n tin- . ?I1..I1 lo-t all |s.aer and tight ".ei the lerri , lory she now claims. a? a Just punishment u;?>n her for ' b'Vh.letshe wan in this conditio,! Co?u lb ra came to her ! ass li- tan. >- O-U Kica recovered the river Sau Juan aod ?hr Creat lakr fr-.m the | -session of the tililiusters Co-la Ri. a accomplished, by her b?v* ' and her<?C .!ee.l?, the gloriou- victory by which; " ^ii.fh An era- has been raved -a victory which we shall nev^rlirein roro mtiog Th<? mngnitu le of the dautfer from which that vietoiy has saved the couutry no one to has pos,ed, dare hence forth to tal. bo mdane* anl limits ? J-- it uo'. enough < I.r IT. have been a d.sgra.e in the eyes of all the wnrtTt is she not satisfied with having endanfere<l the veri existence of Central An.eric .a. a free peo|4t . As a | cmiummatton of all. d.c, she seek now to accomplish the j rum oi lost* Kica r The reasotmm wefcave addrreU ire, In fact. beyond all refutation. lint Id u Irnru IJIIII altogether, an. i let u? past to the ? otisidar <tk? "I the i?r?* ? ui pUte ofed'aws and oi the general welfare of tin- ' ' Dtr?l Atneriran nation. Wt wil! now ili-.'u** tbif subject, not ai< CoaLa K.'-aiw Out a- Central Anrrtuto*. The IcibinuH of Nicaragua li?i betvw ttw t*i (ml eceatir . the Atlanti'- and the Pififlp The general interests of ui:;ver>al commerce throughout tbe whole world de mand and rrqwn a free p>ns;ige acrotu* tbi- isthmus. Now. in order to karmoa se an<l combine a free transit m r the i-tbmus with the ?ec?l*J mid Integrity of the MWilMMnrf Central Amcrea.ib* transit route re ijuir'-? to be garri?oaad by a raepectable iotm, tbe oava i ability of tlx- San Juan requires to be taulataiaed by pro par cbaasnga, ami other rape twee al?o must be under gone. for wb h Ik* paaMtiget and f reigbt arros? tbe Transit route will have to pay crrtiia moderate charges. Now neNticr Staff agua BorOaetaBlca alooe ooaH mala tain in proper order ?ticb a i-reatan 1 itnportantTran.nt route, nor (Mid either of tlivm rive a mill lent gnarank-e of pecui iij lo the Other flUUeo of fWilrtl America. If . ther one of theia tfcouhl singly and sione be thwed w lb the uii and rief< m e of the nmle. But Place all the charges and e*pet.*es ought to !><? In common, inas much u- tiK' rmlc aii'i dngnr to Central America la a om nn? n-k. noih ?,g woi,:*: hi more Just and equitable than that the pratts and advantages a< cralag from tli?* navlga tun and r* ?i' . mm tbe i?tAmua. should al?o be shared ami enjoyed 01 < i>m irion. Our government therefore, on the i>lrea(th of her ac know le.jged < Ireely offered all tlie advant.v" of the Tran-ii route t? tl.e world a' large For tfct* purpose it has entered >.|x >:? netfot .aletn* with tbe t'alonei of Wa-hingtou. with whom it i? in |" ifect good undersUud ing on the subject. We sav tin' in pp te of tbe contra ll< lory ? Memento mi lalpebiaxtp scattered ou tbi* subject, orig natitig from Nicaragua The fur tree* fan Cftrliw I* -ituatfi in the territory of Nl cwragua, but inasmuch an It w the key to tbe navigation of (be river Nw Juan it o igM to be p la ed u tbe keeping of Costa RMB.feot any becaase ??he ho lib- and mainurn all tbe other military jm?i< on Mo line of the rir' r.but because ^he alone W fit and enjiahle to w w?r to C' niral America for the m* ur.ty <<t tbe < ounlry I'nder nuch ? ir cum-turic<e tbe i? <>ple "f Nicaragua .n^tit not to he rv peioed that He. the Owta fUoana, phonld oeenpy thu fnr Mill the name <<f the wlK>i?' nation "f Central Ainertea, and le t only for tbe general l>en< tit. hut also for Urn be ni fit ati'l ?'l\aiitiig< oi Nh ?rngu? beraelf. m. the ?th?r hnt.d, Wraragna, for h"r plmre. wit( re re ve an mflmtely larger pr>>flt tlmn C-?ta Kwa. l?nr?iiMf tbe immediate transit over the trlbm i'i will be directly through her terr>t<>ry. and hecatioe -be w.ll b" able u> maintain her |tfrt'>iw on th? luie of the route with freat er fat iity than we fball be abb- to m* ntalti oar* Tl.epe reaeon* are ??> obriooaly correct, an I the nece?g|. ly that tie-"- measure.- ahould be taken which wo have lakwi. to guarantee the hafety aad aecurity of the other sin i ? <>l Central Amertea. i# pitch an Impe rative and tn diapewahle n*eeiKy;ai? W le no nooeeiary lor thi? pur l??." in order U> put an end to the obstacle* which stand In the w?y oi tbe regenernt "ti and unity of the whole of Cm lr*l America, that we har-lly doubt but thai the peepleof Nir ri li w Ixee theJUPtee and under*t?nd the neee?i ij o' ttie |4*?iiioti Kriubtlew. thereftirf . thev will be read) itla?tio make some cOMreSMoiM f>>r the general welfare of <? ? rnromoii country. etcNilng hencoforth I- tu the* bren i th'>-? f .ui pawie? an<l thrne faUe I run i k~ whir h b ive Wwght Noih upon tbemftlv* And uprm all of im ?ur,h grea' nn"fortun"? ItaiiPlaU-i from la Chronica of Or*ta Hiea, of Vrv 7] A< "<rditig i" letters from Nicaragua ol the 31 ?t oi l*?t ?ictober ? - perceive with lurprkN tlwt a very warlike rpir t i? boruiM with niu< h fury in that ountry. And * II it be he ie viwt w whom thli spirit i? burning* It neither more nor less than atpt nut (j??ii? Hie* our neighlxirp atteapt to make it app?ar that their hostility Is not directed av iirii-t tbi* repubh<\ but only against it -? go \i rnment T?"r kciim th? government oi tinta Bica of ?' t r.g tmalvisi 'fly. and of being a dnturi>?r o( the pe?' a ot i <'iitrai America, be?ause itha* sought w aoeur# the mil.t i r \ line of th< r ver Juan, a d has 'aken po? se*#k>n of the fort oi ??at> I'arlos N >w the 1 1? that the Oovi mo' Ot the fort lust mentioned bad received Oftler* not to softer any i<am. r. whatevi r to i>a-< the fort The tnoaeqacure ?< order (rf we had s?Vmltted t it) would have bm thai trar garrVoa M Chrtillo Vlero lu?!.? r up the river, mu?? have died of hunger. Tbi government of Ooata Rica, which Siejtragua accuses of acting III advNedly . i<- the MM gov rnn ut to which Siearagua owes her politlral avistenee All the aim and object of f>?U Rica in the steps -he ha* i?k?n w th re sj?ect to tl* nvtr tJan Juan, hag ^uaply beeu to se.;ura order and maintain the safety and security of navigation on that atrram In the crowd of decrees, proclamations and other arti cle*, which vie with each other as lo which of them can contain the greatest number of falsehoods, we discover a ?are specimen written in the city of Grauada by a certain fellow bearing tho name of Enscbius Tigerva, published ui the fifteenth number of the Cettfro American Journal Tli is fellow, in bis character of a Costa Kican oitiaen, en deavors, by a sort of manifesto, to stir up the poople of Nicaragua, and to czcite enmity among them against the government of Costa Rica. This article writer is well known liere for his criminal conduct, on account of which he watt obliged to run away, in order to escape the just {?kiiiiftlimeut he would have met with from the hands of the law. He is also known tor his flnbustering propensi lies, and for the disgraceful assistance which he rendered to Unit bandit William Walker. Our Panama Correspondence. Umww Statu* Ship Omcatur, \ Panama, Nov. 18, 1867. j Our Pacific Xaval Stations? Debilitating Effects of a three l'eart' Term of Service in Tropical Latitude* ? Walker's filibuster!? Important Notice f nnn the Panama Railroad Company t'n Regard to Fbreign Currency ? W. Carey Jones' Mission ? 1 he Transit Right ? Tht Honduras Inter Oceanic Railway? Cause of Mr. Gliddon's Death , etc. The United States sloop-of war John Adams, Captain H. K. Hoff, sailed from this port on the 4th ins taut for the United Stales, via Cape Horn, intending during the voy age to touch at St. Helena. This vessel has been in com mission three years, and her officers wore strongly in topes of being relieved at this place and allowed to re turn home across the Isthmus. The Decatur is tlie only vessel of war left in Panama hay. Her officers and crew are in tolerable health, though seme are manifestly beginning to yield to the debilitating influences ofthis prostraliug climate. The sick list, in tend of indicating some lour or five per cent of the whole number ot' persons on board ? us was the case for two or liree moliths after our joining this vessel ? is now dibble that nnmbcr, ns we aro now near completing our eigbth month in this climate. There is still a small party or filibusters ? some of the last mutilated relics of the Walker foray ? on board the Iiecatur, no provision having yet been made for their re turn to the United States. Of the number, two have sought and obtained employment in Panama, the decree w tiich somd time since existed herein regard ("filibus ters being no longer in force. ( oloncl Totten, chict of the civil engineering dppart meit of the Panama Railroad Coinpuuv, hits issued a notice tlnit after the 2"Jd in-taut this company will receive foreign currency otilv at the value at which it passes in the United States. The business men are decidedly opposed to this measure, and the step will certuinlx prov e anything but judicious at this pe riod of Ouaucial difficulty , and especially as, of the whole amount ot money on the Isthmus, but a' small portion is I'uited Stales currency. It appears the company has been induced to take this Kt< p on account of their "having on hand here a much larger amount of foreign currency than the) can pay out to their em ploy eh, and tiie surplu* being pent to New York, they must sustain a considerable loss in consequence of its di preciated value there The steamer Columbus arrived here a few days siuce from a \ o) age, iti which she touched at the principal Ctu tral American ports. The cholera has almost ceased in tiuatemaia and son Salvador. Will. am Caivy Jones wan still in Nicaragua, having visited the principal places in that State. At the period of the steamer's leaving San .luan del Sur, Mr. Jones was ou the eve of making a trip down the San Juan river, in orner to communicate with the United states ship Sara toga, lying at Greytown. The object of the visit was nn known < Hi being told that he w ould find the river block aded, he remarked that he deemed the flag which he car ried would carry him safely through all the obstacles w hich be might meet. Mr. Jonet' mission remains involved in as much myste ry as ever, though it is generally believed that its most imi>ortHnt object is in reference to the navigation of the San Juan rit er. War has already broken out between Nicaragua and Cb.-ta Rica. Fort San Carlos, situated at tho emergence of the Sau Juan river frotn lake Nicaragua, was. at the date of the Columbus wiling, blockaded by a party of Costa Ricacs General Martinez, one of the provisional chicls of Nicaragua, was railing his countrymrn to arms. Hence Nicaragua and t'osta Hlca are. yon w ill perceive, again nt loggerheads. Those who ha\e survived the Walker foray have now an opportunity of j crowning themselves w ith chaplets from the batt' t u | Sun Salvador is said to lie endeavoring to efTeet i re -n eiliati >n between these hostile Slates, deeming it a more prud< ntidl measure that the Central American S' j should husband their blood to be shed iu the e\ ' there beity; at ether lllibii-ter invasion The noted W. R. C. Webster came down by the North j ern l ight, and is on his way to Co- u Rica, on a mission, it I is !-aid, in behalf of Vanderbilt, to contrai l for the navi gat on of the San Juan river. i The surveys of the Honduras Inter-Oceanic railway aro , proceeding rapidly. They have now been completed from the Atlantic to what is styled the Summit, the highest pe;til on the route. Tin* elevation is said not to exceed the highest point ot tiie fan ima rtailroud. j Lieutenant Jeflsrs, United states navy, n now superin ; i tetid.i.g the surveys of this contemplated road since the . I return of Geo. R. (?liddon, Ksq., wh<> from indispusitiVi I left Ms po-t and came passenger in the Columbus to this i place, intending to return to his home in 1'hiladelphia by I 1 the present mail Menmer. On arriving at l'anama ho j l.ilionng under much mental depression, and died on i i the l?th twit. . his death resulting from a large quantity i Ot laudanum, which he ii^pidiciously took to procure sleep. It is not thought that he intended to commit suicide. <?>l Kinney, of r.reytown notoriety, Is stopping at As pinwall. Whether ho has any new schcmo of adventure j afloat is unknow n. The temperature ranges here from 7# to H!> degrees. An occasional violent shower reminds us that we bavo not escaped from the rainy season. Our Yulparalao Correspondence. Vaipauaiho, Oct. Ifi, 1847. State if the Comnttf ? 7*e Calrinei ? Minuter Bigler. dr. , dx Although I have little or nothing to write you, I cannot l>ut keep up my custom of bi monthly correspondence with ycu. What we thought wa# going to be a revolution here ha* turned out to be a mere tempest in a tenant. Chile lias redeemed herself, and has OOBTOd of the rather trying ordeal ahe lias pmc through; hor I'rixidont has li-tcncd to ren-nn and the exigences of the time*, and the demand* of the loud mouthed political parties that surround tho capital and even tliw rity, and has amounted. or rather xucci eded in m iking four of the most distinguished Citi zens of Chile accept Cabinet appoint men) * Kverythlng tirnmivtk well now for our littlo republic, and the projects proposed since the meeting of Hie extraordinary session of Congress have given renewed rouiidence to the several parties that wire really detracting the country, with their demon is upon the President, :iud their sacaciom comment ? upon hi* conduct. A loan of seven millions has tieen asked for, and will doubtless be granted, and with It nun h nt .'nod t'>r the country will be done. 1.x (.ori rnor liigler. of (*lif"rnla, our new Minister in Can It mo, was receive? by the 1'resident last week o>n siderable display was made on the occasion The Minuter was carried tn the (wlace in a coach and four, with out rider- sent for him by the lTc?ldcnt. and every mark of respw t wus sb> wn our new envoy. Governor Higler will. 11 I tnlstak* tint, take ucrp root among the Mans. not w thxtandmg th" intensely bitter prejudice they now ham against li in. Chile coii'i ler.? him as the antler of every insult that ever ws< ottered to a Chilian in Calltwiiia, and it will take no sm*l! effort* to overcome that Idea, tj?t ?iLic it is done his rise will be rapid. Our VMiltw i (VirrTipondi nff. QrttAi> Holivah, Venezuela. <)ct 'J4. J857. The Ifrw fold Mitvinf t'f* J'rt ? 7?'ir ntft fteeni H'.nlth ? Knglimd'l fhmUfyl Claiwu tn TVis ? r\Mr?t fen (SuM Mmrrt ? I'rt4e>~tifx tn American Citi*em W 'anted, rfc. , , rf? . From a copy of the Hkraiji I see that this ia becoming a place of miiiip interest at home, on account of the Urge gold mines lately discovered near here. These are ?*id to tie the mines from which the Inras got the greater part of tbeir gold, and whose whereabonts the <<paniard* were so animus to ascertain. If all the tales told about thorn he true, then they surpass any mines ever yet discovered, from this plate it ia about e.ght daf s Journey lijr land, t'lit from Fwrtt de [as Tablas, atw.ut eighty miles bek?w here, on the Orinoco, and at the mcuth ?f the Carom, M is only about four days Journey The gold of these mines ia un<touhWvll) purer than the California gold The only way that the natives have for getting it, Is by iH-ataig two. rocks ciiit* mng gold to gether? getting that which falls out with fa< ility, and then throwing the roek* away? thus losing ,1 great (ieal. It is very often found in large lump* I was told by a gentleman worthy of belief that he Imd seen and weigh ed a lump ot twenty pounds K> you see this bills fair for surpassing California and Australia If some stout, hearty men, knowing some thing about mining, were to come here. I have tin doubt but that they would make their fortune in one year's time ? The only drawbacks are the sickliness of the place and the rainy season, which set* in about the 1st of May and ends alxuit the M of October? it being iui|>oa*<ble u> mine during this time Hi. 're are some doubts a? to the ownership of these mines Although Veneruela an to this time lm- |KM4es<n>n ot tiiem. Fngland also claims them. Hie vessel in which I send this ts on the point of sailing, and I must ? lose wsaier tiiau I would wish, lint hy the next opportunity I shall write again. Kor the sake of heaven, and your unfortunate country men living here say something In the Hmui.nto persuade our government to send a man of war to tMs (*>rt In my next I -hall give yon a long list of m-ults and injurios done to American citlxena here. Sn|?r? me Conrt? Ipes-lal Term. B< lore lion Judgn Dtier, IMIOKTANT OKCIftlOft ON A POINT Or PltACTfCg. Nov 30 ?K' net Zachriurmrt 7 W. AW/ ey ? Application to examine pluintilf as a witness on his own behalf on two days notice on the ground that he Is about to leave the city. Motion denied, on the ground that by the amended Code It is necessarv to give ten days notice of the tune and place of the examination of a (wrty who desires to he sworn on his own behalf, and thst the Onurt has nn |?iwcr to abridge the time; and this is so, notwithstanding the fact that such notice had been given ten days previous U> the trial of the cause that the plaintiff would he so examined and had actually been examined under It upon a trial heretofore, before Judge i*loeaou and a Jury, where they tailed to agnc THE MORMON REBELLION. Will the Latter Day Saints Fight 1? Will they ?igrate to Bonoraf? fiketoh of Heber Kimball, another of their Leaden, Ae., ftc. TO TBR BDITOH OF TflK IIKKAI.D. Baltimork, Nov. go, 1867. I see it staled that the government has reason U> bo liove that Brigham Young intend* to evacuate Utah m the spring, and emigrate with the Saints to Soaora The reasons for thia opinion arc not given; but as it does not appear that the administration are in possession of any now information, not yet given to the public, it u fair to presume that tho above is merely an inference drawn from facts already before the world. There have been a multitude of rumors afloat of late concerning the probable intentions of the Mormon*, and their designs in rebelling aguia-tt the United States. One report is that IJrigham is preparing to pull up stakes and conduct a new pilgrimage to Vancouver or some other

place iu the British Possession}; another locates him stil) further north, away up in Russian America, and it is not impossible that tome sagacious genius may yet enlighten us with the discovery of some new island or continent in the "open Polar Sea," some Arctic Australia, as the ulti mate destination and dual seat of the " Latter Day church." Now all these reports are the merest and the wildest conjecture, unsustained by a particle ot evidence, or even by the probabilities of the case. This last Sonora sup position is of the same piece, only it has the merit of being at leasl somewhat more plausible u|s>n it? face. The only motive for making any comment-- upon the subject lit all. is that it Appears to have received a sort of semi-official endorsement. There is an unpleasant fact, which our government haa to take cognizance of, aud that is that it lias a formidable and ugly insurrection on its hands. It has a pressing aud paramount duty to perform, and that U to gather up all its energies to quell this rebellion at once aud forever by a prompt and crushing blow. And if the giving currency aud credence to the idle tales about a general retreat of the Mormons, In anticipation of the vengeance of the govern ment, lb any indication oradisiKjsitiOii on the part of the ad ministration to relax its efforts into a passively expectant inactivity, or into such feeble aud inadequate measures as mutt only result in a desultory, spasmodic and chronic system of warfare, I lor oue must eut* r my protest against the fatal delusion. Any one who understands the temper of these extraor dinary fanatics, and who has attentively watched their career, must be of tho opinion that nothing can be further from the intentions of the Mormons, thuu to abandon their present settlement, in the valley of the Great Salt lake. Should the whole coutiucul be searched, from Hudson's Bav to Patagonia, no s|K)t co ild l>o found every way so suitable for their purpose*, or which would com mend itself to their choice by a combination of so many peculiar advantages, as their present location. Every one the least acquainted with the peculiarities of the " Latter Day Saints." knows that their leadiug charac teristic is the selt instituted comjiarison between them selves at d the Israelites of old. They are the " chosen people of God"? the rest of the world are " Gentiles." Joe Smith is their Moses, who led tbrm forth outot the land ot Egypt Brigham Young their Joshua who conducted them to the promised land. They, too, had their wander ings iu '-the desert,'' their sufferings and privations, which, if not of forty years duration, are at least as se vore aud trving a/ those recorded of the children of Israel, and, liketheirs, visited upon them by the Almighty as a punishment for their sins. Their organization? civil, j military(and ecclesiastical ? is copied almost bodily from the Morale record. They have their "tabernacles," their ! ? ark," their "captains of fifties," and "captains of hundreds." Even their polygamy they confidently de lend, as perfectly consistent with the character of tho " choscn seed of Abraham. " ? And they have at last found their Canaan. Their promised land They have found it, too, " a laige laud and a goodly; a laud tlowing with milk and honey." Miracles have not been want ing to convince them that the Great llasin is thvlr final seat. You will retneml>er that the first season of their arrival they were threatened with famiue by countless myriads of horned crickets? "grasshoppers in numerable"? which bid fair to devour tvery blade of grass and consume tlicir growiug crops, when lo! the Lord (as they allege) sent to their rescue flights of gulls, beautiful birds of white pi image, which devoured these destructive wnrms, and then departed. The fact, at what<\ ri iy bethought ol the miracle, is sulll < eutly attested. ? ,? . i, In the physical geography of the 1 1. twi <-n their present location and the Palestine the 1 i-l. are too ?triking not to have made a deep im pri'ssion upon their minds. Who can fail to see in the Great Salt I ake the counterpart of the IH*:kd Sea of the plains; in I-ake Utah tho Sea of Galilee, and in the river that connects the two the We-tern Jordan* Only reverse the points of the compass, and the resemblance is per feet. . But this is not all. Tho topographical features of the Ttrritorv. in a military point of view, and the advantages prf ented to Its inhabitants for maintaining a stubborn and obstinate defence ajtainst un invasion, are, as is well known, absolutely uu-urpassed Nature has thrown around this valley an almost impregnable barrier of mountains. Col. Kane, who accompanied the Mormons on their last pilgnmsge, said on his return, In a lecture before lie Historical Society of Pennsylvania, speaking of the lake valley aud its approaches; ? "The road, after leav ilig the Origou trace. becomes frightfully difficult and rugged. For the last twenty five miles it winds through the narrow bottom a deep can- ii. whose scenery Is of terrific and gloomv grandeur. It is a defile that I trust no Mormon Martiu Hoferof this Western Tyrol will he called to consecrate to iibeity With blood." This description up plies to the celebrated timer at ion cannn, the only pass through the impenetrable W ali-atch range for hundreds of mile*. The strikinc remark above quoted may. even ero tln?. have been rendered prophetic, in a Mormon sense Such is the character and such are the ca liabilities of the country, which, it is supposed, the Mormons are about to abandon without striking a blow in its drtencc ? to encounter tho dangers, privations and hardships of a new pilgrimage, (hardly less uninviting than warfare itself.) for a settlement in new regions which |?.i-es*cone ot those at) vantages ? endeared to them by mine of these religious associations. The fact is, that all theve various reports about ovacua t ion of t tah bytthe .saints, are Jloundod upon the same hypothesis, viz.. the apparant absurdity of an insignlgid cant and contemptible set of fanatic* attempting to set at defiance the whole power Of the United Slates. I < t us see. The latest and most reliable reports call mate the available military force at the command of Itrighnm Young, at from to an, 000. Thc?- are Mor inoi ? some of ihetu natives ?>f America, and disciplined by the rough experience which they have passed through in Ohio Missouri and Illinois, and in their trving and teii ?'tis pilgrimage across the plains ; seme of them survivors <.f tne ?? Mormon battalion,' which serveiijtn the Mexican war The larger proportion, however, are foreign emi grants. recruited by mlaolonarlee Iront among the hardy and vigorous natives of Northern Kurope, Scandinavia and Britain. All thene have been inured lo tho exposure of a fron tier life, and as hunters or shepherds among the bears and wolves of Die Koeky Mountains, have been trained Into that sharpness of sense that rigor of nerve, that contempt of danger and sturdy self reliance, which, when united to in j tense patriotism or religious fatiatici-io. have ever render ed a race of mountaineers inviuelble. The experience of the Austrians in" Switzerland? of the Russians in Circa* I Ma. and of the British in AffgbanisUtn, may . perha|?, e?. able us to form some idea of the task which lies before us, i In the att< mpt to subjugate such a people as the Mormons, among the rugged mountain fastnesses of t'tah. Wbeu it is added that the qoaliUas al>ove alluded to, which the Saitits possess in common with other mountain otrs, are in their case concentrated and directed by a per feet and well consolidated military organisation that in at t.cipntion of the struggle which is now impending they have been for years accustoming themselves to the discl phre of the camp and of the field, that they have within themselves abundant l ej<?urcee for the mnnufacture and supply i f the mntrrifl of war; that they have, too, among their people inventive genius which has already added several new engines of destruction to the list of the im plr merits of war. It will perhaps be seen that the idea of abstained defence by the Mormons of this Territory ngamst the power of tb< government, la not so alwurd aa it I? sometimes **uppeee4. Tliere s< one other element which must not ho left out of Uie calculation. The absurd myths of Mormooism have a peculiar fascination to the romantic Indian The whole tytem. ti f.v t , n loundcd ii(?>n the n' t v ery ot igi nal theotv that the North American Indians are the <le seeodanU "I the ten lost tribis of Israel The policy of the Mormons towards the savages haa from the first l>?cn not very conciliatory, but fraternal and proselytizing. Their doi trlnes have been preached am aig these wander ing lrlt>es with a degree of success which might excite the env) and astonishment <>f a Jesuit. It is oa*y to under stand the sei ret All the superstitious romance ot the In ? ban is aroused, and his pride flattered, when the wonder fill story of his forefathers in Judea Is recounted to turn. and for the first time he heart revealed to hira hn illu* trious and hlstorleal pediitree And the Jea om mis^hsia rios of Mormonism know th*t they are touching the strongest chord In the red maa's tiature when Ihey aptilv , Hie Bible prophecies of the final restoration of the lost' 1 raelltii" to the home of their father*. l? the restoration of the Indians of this continent to the fair bunting grounds fron> which th? v have been driven bv the pale faced ticn till-. Thore whom preaching could not convert. have boen brought over mr more tangible proof* of friendship liver sinci- * Territorial government was established In I'tah, Krigliam Yonng h?<< held In connection with the (kivrnorahlp, the ofli< < of Huperlntendeiit of Indian Affair*. II now turns out t tint he ha* ma'le use of the federal ap pmpriatloti* of which he him had the disbursement t?y virtue of hw ap)>olntm<'iit, for the ptirpoKc of subsidizing the In llan tribe* to his own purpoee*, and inflaming their hostility against the t'nlted State*. In the war. therefore, which the Mormon* have under, taken til Wage against the government, they will hare nearly Ml the warlike and powerful Indian tribe* west nf the Hnckv Mountain)* an their falthfnl and efficient allle*. The D timber ot these tatter, who will probably take the war trail, In v?riou*iy cetimated lit from in,0?H> to Z5,<)00 warrior* And, lastly, the whole of these element* nf opposition are devwtcd t<> the service, and rontrolled by the genln* of n single fhrcwd, enefpetle, able and Mnhltiou* man Rnghani Young I* the master spirit of tin- storm. lie know* that Ms own movement# will be made with all the force and celerity <>f a dc*|?>ti*m, while he doulitln** cal culatc* that all the operation* of his eie-mles will b'' r.ha rm terired by ihat want of prom plncm and etBoency which are proverbial to repnbllw. fiich being the programme laid out before our govern ment , its first duty la to take ?ome action adequate to meet the emergency. The difficulties In Its way are formidable, but not dtacnurafflng Thus far, in their treatment nf the Mormon, problem . our governmmit has blundered at every step nf ?ts progre?* No one ki?ows better than the pre sent administraii'm hiw miserably H has blundered In Hit* prneent " l't*h eipedHMm." Henceforth, however, Ms way I* clear. Tliere are no constitutional Impediments, no conscien tious aCruple*, |oc?mtend w ith now. Itrigham Young and hi* whole tribe ate avowed an ) confirmed traltora Nei ther the declared Intention nor the overt act Ik wanting to conaiinitnate Uic crime lit tbc tusk which lie* buforo It the admioi trn' w II be neeon<* .1 unanim'.fwly i*n<! en 1 thuaiastically I all parties an all sections. Nobody j likes the M?ri...>tu. ; nobody sy nipathises with Utem ; | nobody justifies them. Thu Niuth hales them, as 1 Ibc wirst and inoet mischievous of abolitionists, and everybody knows that tbo very nursery 01 modern pro^lavery bonVr ruffianism was the anti Mwmon | ir.obs, which expelled the N\uits from Missouri wi??ftre and sword for tampering with the slaves. Tha North, and ' the religious : cut im out of the enure community, hates and abominates the m for Oieir |>ol>t;auiy, the deouncialion of j which by the republicans was u main feature ot' their litis- ! burg platform ot 1N6P. Tho coincidence, ton, of the Mormon re bollion with the I financial crisis, is a fortunate circumstance, which the ad iniuistration cannot well help availing itself of. Twenty- j live, fifty, s hundred thousand volunteers, if necessary, could be enlisted in a few weeks throughout the country, ' aud Die national debt which would be incurred for the ex- | penditures necessary to meet the vigorous prosecution of the war, would in this instance, at least, and at this junc ture, be a "national boneht." Instead of seeing the administration giving credence to | these idle tales of the dreamer- and quidnuncs, and laying the flattering unction to their souls that Brighatn is going 1 to relieve litem of all further anxiety by quiotly evacua ting Utah in s<1\auceof any movement on iheii part; we want now to see some evidences of dtoisiun, we wait for the long expected announcement of formidable prepara tions to strike the one prompt, signal aud exemplary blow that is needed. A call on the Slates for volunteers, until Congress can create new regiments, an immediate con eventration (.1 teams and supplier for an early spring march across the plains, a Jacksonian proclamation from the ' President ? something like this the eountry is looking for. A day wasteu now in idle debate and indecision may cost multitudes of lives and millions of treasure in the sequel. ELDER HYDE ON THE MORMON QUESTION. TO THK KD1TOK OI TIJK HEBAM). '%e importance of the subject must be my apology for ntruding on your time and si>ace. Before it can be justly determined as to what should be he correct policy to pursue in the Mormon question, It s necessary to distinctly understand what is the real posi t|pn of affkirs at the seat of rebellion at Utah; and also What are the objects to be accomplished in the premises. First, what is tbo situation of affairs? Utah is surround ed by mountains that the Mormons have thoroughly ex plored, and is approached, 011 tho East, only by narrow and winding gorges, with which they and the Indians are alone familiar. They can muster an active aud available force of certainly 8,000 men, well armed and disciplined. They arc in collusion with most and in oll'ousive and de fensive alliance with many of the adjacent Indian tribes. They are tolerably furnished with the munitions of war, and resources for their manufacture from winch they can arm their allies. They are sternly infatuated and tirmly believe thoy are contending for their homes, their relicion and their Hod. They coulldently anticipate an ultimue and foreordained triumph, depending on nothing but pur sistt-nce. Theircountry Is separated by a thousand milesof hills aud sani plains from either frontier, and these deserts and mountains traversable only during a lew months of the year, and then not by large companies, because of the scarcity of grass and fuel; while 10 divide up the fcrcus would only subject them to constant harassment and skirmishings with detached parties of Indians and Mor mons, who would burn the gra^s, cut ott the provision*, stampede the cattle, divert their attention and delay Iheir march. The forces already in the Territory can be destroyed by one-half of their number. e\ en if many do not die with frost aud hardship, surroundeu as they will be by snow from tlvc. to fifteen tcet deep in their winter encampment, and molested by Indian and Mormon enemies, who know the mountains and travel on mjow shoes. Kven though i tbey effect an entrance into the settled valleys, the bravest ; soldiers,. jaded from a long and fatiguing intrch, can olfer I but small resistance to Ave times their number fresh from llieir homes and confident ot victory. They can be ! crushed to deAth from the mountain ridges, or mown into pieces in the narrow kauyons, where a hundred men I could oppose fin army; for the Mormon s would anticipate : a Thermopylae for themselves, and a hundred would be ! willing to enact the leonidas. And if they were to be ; able to quell this rebellion, under the present condition of { I tAh affairs, the real difficulties of the Mormon question I would be evaded, aud not met. So long as the Mor I tnon system remains au established, localized, isolated in i Btitution, so long will Brigliam have successors, and each i will be as troublesome as himself. Their legislature will ] still he Mormon, for the Mormou people will elect no j otber; their laws will be Mormon, for they will en ict no other; aud their polygamy will still be legal, for there is no law existing that reaches it In Utah. Congress cannot, and the Mormons will not, prohibit it ; and 111 order to defend their polygamy uguinst the sentiment of the country, they will again resist official interference, and again rebel against official appointments 8uch, tie. ?!. is the position of adaus. What are the objects of the go vernment 1 Not to affect thi ir religion ? certainly nut to injure their ihtsoii- or in\ ade their rights. It should be the suppression of polygamy and the maintenance of the authority of the United Mates iu the protection of iu offi cers and the enforcing of its laws, and to tins cud to pri marily crush and quell the present rebellion How to attain these objects is the great quotum Poly gam v i.s the root of the present difficult} , and to radically settle this, and effectually prevent future difficulties, polygamy will have to be met. Any less far reaching polit y will only 1>e partial, and a few year* would scarcely pas* tie fore there would be another rebellion. Congress cannot legislate lor the Territories, but it cuu repeal the org m;c. ai t and then legislate for squatters on public lands It can annex the Territory to the ivljuiumg States, whose laws do prohibit poh gnrny. The Mormon legislature and Brig'iatn have a show of authority now tutix icut to impose 011 many or most of the residents in the Terntov. Kcpcal the organic act and thus deprive tbeso retxff of a legally held i*>*er, which they exercise In opposition to the confederacy. As a legislature they have rejected th" officials ap pointed by 1'resident Buchanan, resisted his forres, and dunounced the government and the people who appointed it. let the people discard them, and lake from their hands the weapons with w hich they fight The political organization ot the people constitutes their power, nnd In ducts their rebellion, and no jiohcy can effectually reme dy their rebellion but a deprivation of their power, and that can only be the rejieal of the act organizing them Utah is lar more accessible Irom the Western and Southern frontiers than from the Fas tern, a" not only pos. sesmng fewer geographical (ifUcuitie*, hut the southern road being open nine mouths of the year, instead of (He or six, as on the Ka?tern side. Troops of volun'eers might be called for In California ai l Oregon, and they rout I force a passage by the May of next year. Indeed, the true military policy would advise that the Mormons should not be Invaded from the Kast st all. but that a line of strong pasts should be formed on the Kastern border, while the attacking column* should descend on the North. West and South. As to the number of toen necessary, it is obvious that the object of the government is rather to induce Mihmtssion than to inflict punishment; :ind while the Mormons would resist a contemptible force, they wo'ild be Intimidated by a powerful arm} I ct the government offers reward for the apprehension of Hrifibain Young, dead or sllve. and ihe arre-t of his confederates, Htber, Ohsse, Kimball; his counsellor and coadjutor I'sniel II. Wells; his military adviser and Meuteiiatit (ieneral of the Mormon forc?*. John Taylor, whose harangue have so Inflsrtied the |>eop|e, Orson Ilyde. the man who, next to PrlgbsB, possesses in<*t Influence with the Mor nions. sud who would almost as ably lead the people should Brigliam he arrested, and Wiiluitu Hickman. % f?r?? mhis and notorious murderer, and who Is cMMwiitr of the infsmous |tatnt< band The npprchen' ion of the^e men would destroy the nucleus of the rebellion, ami the people would submit. When tln> army of occupation t.ikrf po*ye*>ion of the vallrya, martial taw will Mire to be enforced , and In ordw t? prevent ihr emigration of the ton to fifteen thousand who will be ready and willing l<? go tothe assist ance of their fellow htlimni next yr?r. martial law should be |ir<>? laimcd at nor- and bo trade In esterd all over the In ( nan Territory. T?allow the Mormon Territo rial organixat.on to remaiu. t* for the Mormon legislature to control the country. To repeal that organization will n?<c*Mt?te another, and an the occupation must he mill tary the law must !?? martial. But w hile resolved to vindicate federal authority and to enforce federal law, the country ihtwM be des.roun ot *e curing their suhmiaaioD without bloodshed ; and there fore, term* of submission mmt tie decided and proposed, i and one term should bo the suppression of polygamy, w h ch Is the roo' and ba?i* of the w hole difficulty. If the ( Morn>on |*il\ gamlstg. rather than submit, desire to leave the t'nited State-, aa they most certainly will, It would j Itemed lately quell the rebellion and remove the only diffi- I culty, to allow them to do ao, and Sonora or j aoww of the island* In the Southern ae.i would In that ca-se I become their destination and home- They applied to ller | Britannic Majesty a government for permission to aettle Vancouver's Island, but were refused | know that the ra?t m%|orily?>f the |M-ople would be frichl^ned at the thought of encountering the frosts and storms of Russian America, and the Pacific coaat and l*a< ific islands have long formed pari of their project* and their pray era The policy I suggest. then, la in fl\e term* ? 1. RepeaJ the I tali organic art V I'rolaim martial law over the whole Indian territo ry around and m I'tah. 3. 0?ll for volunteer* In California and Oregon, and let them marrh with aa many regular* aa ran be nnfstered aa so> n as the road open*, and let the troop* from the oaat i ?tahli*h military p>*ta on the eaattwn frontier. 4 offer a reward for Uie appr* lirosioo of Brigham Young and hta principal oonfederatea. ft. If the Mormon rebellious polygamiata ? only al>oul one thousand in number? desire to peaceably leave the 1 nited States territory rather Hum auhmit to I'tutad St%tes lawa. permit them to do a*. This scheme la reapet tfully submitted to the conaidera tlon of the nation by one who. while he desirea to aeo the : majesty of the federal authority duly vioJtcated, alao earnestly hope* that It may be ao done. If poaaible, aa to j ? I are the country the horrora of a bloody civil war, and the Mormon people tlio fearful and mail aacrlttr* of life attemlant 'on their Infatuated folly. JOHN HYUK, Jl SKETCH OF HFRFK C. KIMBALL, ONR OF i thT: morMon I'Hfxidkncy. !n the Mormon church tho aupreme guiding and eon troling authority la verted in three persona, conatltuting the First Presidency. The preaent Presidency ia vosted in Rrigham Young, Heher C. Kimball and Daniel H. Well*. Recently wa gave a biographical aketch of Itrigham. and to day wo preaent our readers with a similar aketrti ' of bia find counsellor and chief adviaer, Heher C. R mhalli a |>eraonage of no amall Importance at the preaent tno ment. We repeat that we draw our Information from Mormon authorities, which, thoupii It m.iy in aome de gree be rather favorable, exhibit* the leadera of the move ment aa tliey are viewed by their own people, and thia la aomething at the preaent time Hrber fliase Kimball, like Rrigbtm. hall* from Ver mont. lie waa born In the town of Sheldon. Frankland county, of that State, on the 14th of .lune, isni? Jn* thlr teen day* after the birth of the Prophet. In IMl.with hla father and other memhera of hia family . he moved to Went Rtoomfleld, Ontario county, In this State Hia father waa by trade a blacksmith, btit did considerable at farm ing After (weeing aornu yearn at school, liebcr, at tUc age of 14, vm Initiated into (he mysteries of Ibe workshop and field. Ha father having lost his property during the war, Horber at (he age of 19, was cant upo? the world U shift for bisweif After experiencing coo?ider?We cold ness from as unfeeling world he concluded to loam tho business of a potter with an older brothor. While on gaged in this craft be moved to Mendon, in Mouroecounty , became partner with his brother and soon afterwards be came the entire "boss" of the establishment. Ueber has not forgotten the days when he moulded the clay to "Tea sels of honor or dishonor," according to its properties, la his public discourses be frequently alludes to his expericn?e? aud earnestly impresses upon tbe Mormous the virtu* >f obedience, and forgets not to mention that a stubborn Spirit, like knotty clay, has got to go through the iniM again till perfectly pliable and ready lor the mould of the master mind. Hebor bad a religious education ? bis paronts wore t'churcli going people." He attended the Baptist meeting* at Mcndon, and in course of time became connected with that body, lie bad only been baptise*! u lew w eek? whea he heard home Mormon elders preach in tbe bouse of Phi neas II. Young, a brollier of the prophet, and believed their testimony . Heber is whole souled iu everything bo engages in. He bad not beard enough at home, and be lieving that more was to be loarned, he, with a few others, went 128 iuil*-? to somewhere iu Peunsylvania, where he spent a week attending the meetings ol' the Saints. He was converted; in April, IBs:, be was baptized into the new lailh and soon aiter wards was ordained an elder la September following, he went to Kirtlaud, Ohio, to inaico the acquaintance of the prophet, Joseph Smith. Ob this visit, Briglrnm aud his brother Joseph accompanied Heber, from which, and fiom some stray remarks in their public discuurtes about boyhood, in which roferonce ir made to each oilier, it would appear that Rrigham aud lieber Were intimate fiom their eailieet days. In the fall of 1833 Ueber moved his family to Kirtland. In the following epifny he joined the volunteers for Mis souri was one ol "'/.ion's Camp" who passed through the trials ol that expedition to Ihe satisfaction of the pro phet. He returned to Kirtlaud iu July, aud resumed tho buMness ol the pottery. In February, 1835, he was or lhlHir< an a]*wt;e. ami tbe following month was appointed to a mission in the States. In bis travels he got as far as Maine, and returned to Kirtland iu time to take part in tho dedication ol the tempio, in IHtJtt Km ly hi the summer of 1037, Joseph Smith appoint*! the first mission to Kngland, tor the presidency of which, llebei was "att apait by the laying on of bauds." The missionaries met iu this city, whence they sailed on board the ship Gurriek, on the ist or July, and in Dineteea days 1 1 oui their departure from this port they landed in UhMML During the voyage, the missionaries sought op|iortunitios ot speaking of their principles, aud the Sunday before they left the vessel the cap tain gave them the privilege of preaching. In a small woik which was published at Xuuvoo, after Hebor's return, he states that a child belonging to one ot tn? p*< sengcrs wa? given up for death by the doctor, but be se Cretly laid bunds on it, aud "in the name of Jesus Christ, rebuked the disease which preyed upon its system." Iu two or three dnys alter it was ruumng about, perfectly well, anu the pa/ents acknowledged that it was hcalod by the |Miwer of tbe Almighty. liebci had not a cent when be arrived in England as the President of the most important mission of the Morinuu church, and it does not appear from auy record that Ins companions were financially in any better condition. He says that be put his tru. t iu Ood aud hoped for success, but lor some days bad the experience of wandering in the streets oi JJvorpcof poor anu penniless. In a tewda>s, Heber some others, went to Preston, in Lancashire, where one of the missionaries bad a brother, a miuister. It happened to be au election day ? all wa;-. bustle and coufn.-ion. 1 he first thing that attracted Ueber 's atten tion ou entering the towu was a banner witn the inscrip tion "Truth will pre* ail." It was an omen of success. Krutn that day it has been bis priuci|ial text, and the cir cumstance is not uulrequently alluded to by him iu bis discourse*. Three days after his arrival in I'reston Heber waa holding forth from the pulpit ol the elder's brother, and the flock were believing in the first principles ot Mormno ism. A short experience led their pious friend, however, to close the chapel doois agaiust them. For his peace ami comiurt Le had opened tneui too hastily ? lie began to lose bis lambs. Having no pnblic piace to prea h in, llebcr and the missionaries sought private houses for holding forth, and had abundant opportunities. Baptisms soon were frequent In the journal to which we havo alreauy reh rreo, Ueber relates a terrible experience with devih>, which, in theoo days of spiritual manifestations, is worth quoting lie says: ? "One Seturdav evening 1 was appointed by the brethren to baptise a number the next morning in the river Kibble, whii.h runs through that place (Preston. 1 Liy ibis tune the adversary of souls began to rage, aud he fell a determination to destroy us helore we tuily established the kingdom in that land, aud the next morning 1 wit uesseu such a scene of .-atonic power and influcuco as I shall never forget while memory la-ts "About da) break, brother Kussoll. (who was appoint ed to preacli in th-- Market pla;e that day,) who slept in the secou-i etoiy ol the hou-u In which we wore euler tained, cume up to the room wh re Cider Uy -to and my self were sleeping, and called upon us to rise and pray for bint, for be wa.- boallh led with evil spirits that he could not live long unit ss he should obtain relief. We inmediately arose and laid hands u|>ou him, and prayed that tho Lord would have mercy on his errand and rebuke the devil. While thus engaged I was struck w ith great force by some invisible power Hnd fell senseless on the floor as It Iliad been sbol Tbe Urst thing that I recollected was lha. I was supported oy brothers Hyde and Kusselt who were beseeching the throne of grace on my behalf. Thuy then laid me on the bed, but tny agony was so great that it could not endure, aud I was obliged to itel out an l fall on ui> knees aud lie^m to pray. I then sat on tbe bed, and could distinct It see thoevii spirits, who loomed and gnashed their teeth upon us. We gazed up >u them aliout an hour and a half, and I shall never forget the horror ami malig nity depicted on tha countenances ot these foul spirits, mid any attempt to |>aint the scene which then presented Ib-elf, or i>ortrsy the malice and enmity depicted on their countenances would be vain." He her says that he |>er*pired exceedingly, and his finite- were as wet as if he bad been Liken out of the river. None who believe the narrative will question the eflects. However, to spite of that terrible morning's ei perience, he wa- preaching and baptising during the dty. and had quite a harvest. He remained in Kngland till April, 18.1k, when he re embarked on the tiamrk for this port f luring his slay in Kngland he was a succes ful pro|>agaiidist and bapiixer He got back to Kirtland, Mopped there s month or two, an.t set out for Missouri, srnvirg in time to get his share of the troubles. He was in the company of the apostle Patten, who was shot In Missouri by a mob, but seemed to tie close by, as he soon got to him. through considerable risk and attended to him till he expired He was fortunate iu escaping prison at a t me so many of the leading Mormons had that kind at ex]s rirm e m Missouri ; nevertheless, he had quite a large ?here of other trials. Il< was prcsi'tit at laying the foundation of the temple Id Jackson county , Missouri, which was arcomplishtd during the niKht, aud received a second mission to Kngland. I 'in iii, the se viitd mission he, with two other a|*i?ti'M. in trodaced Momionem into the city of Ijotidoii. Hioy bad tnort fn ting than feasting iu that task. They were lost In the VMUiess of the grest metropolis. He returned to N'auvrsi. Illinois, iu 1M1. From that time to the assasii nation of Joseph Smith, bis labors in the winter were In building up Nautoo, and in the summer be w.ts nut preaching in thr Mates He went We-i with hi? family at the expulsion from Mauvon in IMts. and was one of tbe 14." pmu? ers who led the wsy for l ull In 1H47, when Itrigliatn was su timed President of the t'harch, in the place ol .Jorepb Smith. Heber was ch?scn his tlrst conn selk>r. At tue organization of Jie Provisional State of I<eseret, he was elected I jcutenant Governor and also (hiel Ju'Uce After the State had merged into the Terri tory <>t Utah. In IU0, he became President of tbe t 'oan - cil ol ibe Lt gisialive Assembly. Ill n movement such a* Mormonlsm? (till Is it* infancy ? prominent men generally owe their position* to c rtai'n diMiiigultliing qualities! on*. Hcber's Arm. unwavering Odelit) to thpcsuap and to hi? rapwiaf in authority, has undoubtedly fcvored bis rise to tlio proml lost roun 1 m the ladder m the Mormon hierarchy IIp hpv pr faitered Iti tinea ol trotibl*. ami wan e\er ready to risk hi* lifp far hi* Mff. From hw discourses wp learn that, for month* together, he with one or two others of the very faithful, a oulj aui li arp trusted in ati hour of peril, might liavp bm touii'i by ti ght 10 or around the dwelling of Joaeph Hmilh wiUi masket, rpvolver,fully equipped and ready to defend the prophet's lifp in case ? -ulilrn attack, which frequently wa ?? autii iwUil. both in Missouri and in Illlnota. . tore RrighanT* elevation to the hiftho^t authority be baa been to linn equally am devoted, to wbk h may be addqf a Strong aflbct. oo .? printing from a lon? and intimate per HHI acquaintance. Two mpn were probably never more attache i to each other than Rrlgluun ami Heber. The former, by virtue of presidency, lake* thp lead In every thing, nut in m tlitiifr before the public la there any evl dWW that a difference of sentiment ever Plistpd bptween them. Heber must sustain Briabum, and Itrlgham al wan sustain* Heber, ao that In toe absence of Hrigliam. Hcbrr'a word goes at the mme vahie A xtrikinii ana rather amusing fthwtratioa of their union of sentiment was given to Uip public by,** the Mormon* rail them, "the run ajway Judge*" It t* related by tnem that on one occasion Itnuham had. In their presence, made free w ith the i lmra< ter of a deer used officer of the United Mali a, and assigned to him a destination in the world of spirits w lierp ftie temperature is. by orthtxloi dtvinee, said to be somewhat dUTeretit from that experienced in Nawr York daring the past fpw c.ajra. Vot bping a be haver tn Brigham's revelations one of the Judge? proba bly manifested symptoms of doubting, whereupon Heber, for tliat or something else, laid hta hand upon his shoulder, and very courteously added?" %es, .ludge. ami you'll know it, too, for you'll *pp him when you get there I" Whether Itrighnm ever said ao. or Heber ever affirmed as related. Is of little consequence n^w, as probably both have rtner things to think about, and the Judge, it la to lie hoped, has pot over his fright The circumstance, however ?aa relat.-d l>y the Judges, i^iwi a bad illnstratlon ot the nnion of the Mormon chiefs. In perusing Mormon repords. whpnee we have gathered thes? item? In the his tory of OMiiaallor Heber, wp have bepn ?trnc.k with the Chang r m hi* language Twenty years ?a? " Brother Heber" was well known In thia ctty ; he had not then ha I his difficulties with the " tientiles,'' and waa esteemed the most mild and most unassuming of men. Ho w*? no preacher; but hts mild, pertmaive manner gave him nn intluence which cast orators, and Mormon "great guna" hito the shade His recent dlaeourae* on the military eg. pedltion to I tah. and bi* view* of the course of the genera government toward hi* people, ahow such a change that nl* most intimate friends nan scarcely credit that it Is tho samp Hel?er If |iersccutlnn? have not changed the man, other t Iff il? lam to have probably contributeil greatly In that direction. Twenty yesrs ago be was poor and travel ling " without purse and scrip;" to day he i? the head of a large family In one of hta regent dMMMTsea hp fl*p* the number of person* sustained by him at threescore. Whetlipr this dpi ire Include* the " help" at<out his farm and mills, or whether It Is the modest number of the si*. tar* Kiinball and the little " rp*|*in*ibllltl<>*,'* Is not stated <>np thing I* at least < prtaln- Ihbef ha- no disposi tion to be d MM lied, and whatever hp has *a Id about de fending hi* home In the mountain*, which May have bttt confirmed by the * men of Itrighnm. ia bnMeved by thoan who know him and Hip present movement, to lie no brag gadocio, *o Tar us goodwill and- mighty effort rnav bo ahlA to assist In Its accomplishment, llehpr Is greatly liked by very good faints ordinary or backsliding ones fear his lash, aud a|>osUtp>? hate him worse ihau they do Drigham.