Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 17, 1857, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 17, 1857 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BHNNKTT, KDITOK AN1> PBIWH1ICTOR. orvio* K. W. COHNKK OK Kt'lTO* ANl> KAS3AI' 8T-*. 1HN/IS. on. A ?? itdmtnrr THK IA1LI HKKAI l>, Xrn r.ifprr ropf, $7 ;?r nxnu-N r>ir wriiK L > HthAin, rr+ry Sifurilay n t ?ir r?i i/? fwo !>? t^prr .inrutn rV Ki rnprnt I frftfim. f?r itna'imfo goy fWty b'rnK /fctf.itK, <" V ?o iin.v jwf o; fA< (Njnrinonf. ho?A " THK tAMlfr HlHALl). ? try Wedntmiay, a1 J our c<*hU per COpJ, *** J*' MHHW#" I ul 1" (XjHK KSPQX DENC E. containing im jtori'itif VI /??/??, ??*y (ftntrlet of tht iwrhl, if uma trifl fu jfV ro/'* jwtiJfm 9^ Orn KnR? iux CORKRITNlHCKTs auk I'm TliTUHiT KK?iU.?TH'To SfcAL ALL AM? PaOKAGK* h? HT l'?. AC/ NOTICE taken of anony it utu* corretjtundenc*. Wr do not return tho+* rrjrrtnl. JOB VKlNTllW executed irith neatnee*, ch*apne*$ and dr.* patch. Volume xxn. Wo. 3*9 AM C BKMFST8 THffl KVRNINU BROADWAY T1IKATRX Hi ,..Miway-K<iB*TRiA*. Zoo lo Cicu. &h !? llir>'or>BAMAnc K?t? rt a ink* kit. NIBMVG OARDKN. broadway-TaB Foob I<otbm? I.B Asrujj^? Oksih Monstkb BOWRIT THRATRR. Bowery? R?trB*TBlAB A?n UtmkaS *io ? >m ? Jocko, ok tub Hkaziliah ArK. BL'BTON'8 THKATRR. Broadway, opposite Bond street? Cocb i<ok tub Hbaktaoha -Yoc'Bt Amothbb? I'bikoukb. WAIJ.AOK'8 THKATRK, Broadway ? Tbk l'OOR IK Nkw York I.Al'H A KKKNR'8 THKATRK. Bro*dway-TH? 8ia or lor. on a Mothik'i Pbatbk. ACADRMY OF Ml'fllC, Fourteenth atreH ? +4r?m>Obato KIO? Thh CBBAIIOK. BABNt'M'3 AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway -After noon A 11ubbaki> at Sight? Hbkcult*, Kiwg or Clubs? Frruing, Tub ltu u 01 N?.w VOBB? FOVMMCD OK KaCT. WOOD'S BUlDINOg. .">61 and 56S Broadway ? Oborcb CHBtfTT A Wood'* Mik?tui:i>? Wuro. MKCI1 AJflC'S H AI.I., 4?C Broadway? Brtant'.s Minstrels ? t'riiioriA* SoMGa ? Dow* m Alabama. NATIONAL CIRCUS, M Bo? rry? Bocbbtbiaw, Ovk-tastic Acrobatic Fiats, Ac. _____ Nrw York, Thunday, December 17, 1057. fhi- !V>wt. I Neither the North Star, due at this port, nor the Canada, due at Halifax, with new? from Europe, had been heard of up to a late hour last night. The former left Southampton on the 2d, and the latter hailed from Liverpool on the Sth instant. A bill has been prepared, and will be presented in the- Senate to-day, authorizing the iaeue of treasury notes for the relief of the government. We are not apprised of the exact amount which it is proposed to issue, but it will probably be 20,000,000 of dollars. N> ithrr are we informed as to the amount of in terest which the notes will hear. Gov. Walker yesterday sent to the President his resignation of the Governorship of Kansas, accom panied by a written defence or explanation of his conduct while in office. This document wiU be made public in a day or two. The Kansas question was discussed in both houses of Congress yesterday. In the Senate Mr. Green of Missouri, defended the President's position on the sul?ject in a set speech. Mr. Douglas replied He contended that the Lecompton constitution j was not be regarded as an administration measure, and that any one was at liberty to vote for or against it without sundering his party ties. He was in favor of ignoring both the 1-ecompton and ^ipeka constitutions, and taking a ! lie* departure on this troublesome question. In the ' House. Mr. Cox. a democratic member from Ohio I supported generally the views of Mr. Douglas. He 1 w*> replied to by Mr. Hughes, of Indiana, who de } predated the agitation of the subject in the House ' a* premature and dangerous to the harmony of the democratic party. The Senate Standing Committees 1 were announced, when the republicans complained ' bitterly of the unfairness with which they had been treated, and entered a protest against the action of the majority. Mr. Pugh, democrat, of Ohio, admit ted the justness of the complaint, but, neverthclejfl. voted lor the committees. A joint resolution was proj>osed that when Congress adjourns on the 23d inst., it adjourn to the 4th of January. A meeting of the Council of Sachems was held yesterday afternoon, at which it was determined that the use of Tammany Hall should not be given to the administration democrats who wish to hold a meet- ' iug to-night to sustain the IVesldent in the courae he ,u" ukeD 0,1 toe Kansas and other public questions. I^tmaster Fowler, Surveyor Hart and Supervisor Purdy were among the portion who declined to give tlie use of the hall for this purpose. The meeting, th'-efcr. win U- held In the Park instead. This is a *??; o .- ou> movement, and shows tlit re are me t"'r *"' ''flutnces at work among the fedeiml officc ."1" ? . ? this city. It will, bowevei. add to the in ' ?r t1, meeting to be he'd t^ni^ht. V.. h i . received the snnnal report or Lientciiast < corn.: S? on the condition and want- of the sr-ui It is brief and to the point, a. H i ommuuica tion from s soldier should t<e. He refer- to lie ji feasant Indian *ars, the harrasning duty thereby tm p?-s d ii|s)ti the army, the inadequate ffirco employ ?-d. and recommends an increase of the anny by the addition ?f on< regiment of horse and three regi ii.' rite of f<s,t: also the eulistment of men for particu Ijr corji- of the service . as tending to promote mili Ur) eft iriency A revision of the army regulations and the infantry tactics in use are also recommend ? <1. and suggestions n wiling the physical comfort '' m"r*' elevation of the troops are made. 1 M '?> shortening the terms of com rneM :al . reditM . beginning to Is- acknowledged in Hi; pan. ?l the country. The Boston Advtrtun nay* a meeting of importera. wholesale dealers and jobbers of milhnery, fancy goods, Ac., was held at the rotunda of the store ol Messrs Allen. Caae .V 1-iU.Mk. in that Ity on T ues< lay last, to consider tti? |>ropriety of shortening credits, and to confer o|k r. the general inter ts of the trade. Most of the dealers pn?nt .xpre^d them-elve* favorable to ,rt< nin* '? r"> ?>' ' redit to f.sir months wher ever practical!- as. for example, in the owning of I nen ?< , vm.oU. The propriety of forming an associa tion whkh should pledge its members to the allow aiice of only four months' credit was discusm-d. but a- many traders said they could not consistently sign mii h an obligation the proposition was abandoned. The departure of the steamship Philadelphia, for Hsraiia and New Orlean.-, is (wstponed until Friday next. i w c | .,l?li.?h elsewhere the official canvass of the I /? cent municipal election. Parties having differences I -?* tie with reference to the number of rotes cast < ' tb. n -|M ctiv? candidate can now have an op i "ity ?.f . i, arm# their doubts and adjusting liaian. . - n T?" I ? - .i L- for building the new arsenal were ' " H.v by the Commissioners appointed t.. -i',sn"t."dth. ere ? of the pro,H,sed edifice. A list ..f th? i ?iv?n eU where. The .wards - not Is- made nt.iallthe ,?ret,e, nf the bidders ,v;^n examined. Tl, ,..t of the arw nal is l-.iiitid tof 100,000. J,it I* erected at the corner Seventh avenue and Thirty fifth street The Poh.e (,.?,??1er, yesterday ?p, minted c erks f* r tlrr police courts held at the T-mls-. Jef I- 1-0,1 Ma*.t, Kssex Market and at Yorkville T'e.r l ames are given in another column. The I *id of Aid* rmen, whi< h formerly ap|H>inted the*. ' " ' "l]; '* >? undersf ssj. content the power of ti e ( i >m mi*e ioner* to appoint. T' n ? rs of Kuiigratioa met ye -terd?v a d transacted a large quantity of rontine 1 i.< 1 vacation to tins ,K,rt up to the 16th in-t. was an incr, a*. ?f 42,7*s as comiwred with List ;'ar 1 ' r,"M? have #43.7.'?l 13 in the Iff 4*nrjr. '' ! ' " held their usual monthly 'v'"'ri,r ^ f give a re|>or1 of their ' h wtr* unoxoally Interesting, and ! *r " """?"?'"Mtun relative to tln-sliJ ,tll, Finance < 'onunisoion < v in another ? . h.inn. '"the K rd f Aldermen | eTW?n , . |p|r)(T % "v ...p. . f'* nfi: Wig ? v W| ( ( ( ; , t< r ftaWd that the Aldermen fleeted for two yean intended to take their seats in the new Board after the 1ft ot January, and maintain their rightnto them if necetMary. The Board of Supervisors last evening adopted a piemnble and renolutimu highly complimentary of Surrogate Bradford, and donating to him the fe<v? accuiing fiuui the famous Parish will case, amount ing U? if:t .000. an a mark of their appreciation of the >erj tatlsfactory manner in which he has performed the duties of his office. The Board also authorized an additional clerk for the Recorder, at a salary of f] (HH> per annum, and the appointment of eighteen attendant* of the Court of General flexions, at $800 a year each. In the Board of Councilmen last evening the re port of the Special Committee recommending the establishment and liberal endowment of a Woman's Hospital in New York for the treatment of diseases incidental to females, was presented last evening and referred to the Committee of the Whole. Several reports of committees, pertaining to routine matters, were adopted. The subject of removing the steam lH>ut landings was referred to the Committ?e of the Whole. Messrs. Blankman tmd Ashmead, the counsel as signed to defend Cancemi, charged with the murder of policeman Anderson, have succeeded in obtain ing a writ of error and a stay of proceedings. The cane will go to the Court of Appeals next month. There was considerable business transacted in the (ieneral Sessions yesterday. James McCoy was con | victed of grand larceny, in stealing a watch and i chain and other jewelry, worth $180, on the 23d of October, from Mortimer Rogers, who was followed from New York to Brooklyn by the prisoner and robbed as he was ascending the steps of his resi dence. lie was sent to the State prison for three years and six months. Wm. Nugent and James Moran, jointly indicted with Thomas (ientil, (who escaped,) for burglary, in breaking Into the premises of Thomas Dark , comer of Amity and Greene streets, on the night of the 3d November, and stealing $100 in money, pleaded guilty, and were remanded till Saturday for sentence. * Robert Mathews (colored) was convicted of a felonious ussault upon Wm. Mar shall, by stabbing him with a dirk in a house in West Broadway. The Recorder, in passing sentence, said that Mathews was a notorious character, was well known to the authorities, was frequently arretted for dangerous assaults, but for some cause or other always escaped punishment, and it was almost miraculous that he was not on his trial for murder, adding, that had Mr. Marshall died from the effects of the wounds the prisoner would have l>een sen tenced to death. His Honor imposed the severest sentence the law allowed, namely, nine years and six months in the State prison. Peter Siaco and Jolm Jackson (eolorcd), who were accused of steal ing a quantity of indigo from Sackett, Belcher & Co.. were acquitted. The Recorder observed that the rules of evidence did not warrant their con vie* tion. but they were known to the police, and had committed depredations upon our citizens for a length of time, aud he advised them to leave the city immediately. Bernard Carr was convicted of stealing a cloak and Masonic regalia, worth $00, from Eliiis Coombs, on the day of the Worth monu ment procession, and was seut to the State prison for three years and six months. John Maroney was arraigned, charged with the murder of H. P. Hamil ton, in Canal street, by .-hooting him, and pleaded not guilty. His trial was set down for next Tues day. In the Kings County Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday morning was commenced the trial of James Gallagher, upon a charge of murder. The prisoner was jointly indicted with Patrick Kelly for the murder of Hngh Kelly on the morning of the 30th of August last. Gallagher and a party qf friends were In the saloon No. 12 Fulton street on fhe morn ing in question, and Kelly and a party of his friends were then- also. After some time the Kelly party * tut oirt uud were followed by the Gallagher party. When on the sidewalk a disturbance took j place, in which Kelly was stabbed in the abdomen I and Owen Mc Kinney wu stabbed in the aide by Gallagher. Gallagher vw arrested and taken to the where Kelly was conveycd, wounded. Kelly was taken to the City Hospital, when* he lingered until the 3d of September, when he died. Gallagher wa? indicted for the murder, and Patrick Kelly as an accessory. The evidence wu concluded last evening, and the case was submitted to the jury at nine o'clock, who, at twenty minutes to twelve, returned a verdict of guilty of murder against Galla gher. but recommended him to nx rcy. Gallagher received the verdict with stoic indifference, and watt proo.ptly removed by the officers- He will probably be scatenced to-day. The receipt* of beef cattle during the put week amounted to 2,682 head, an increase of 383 bead on the receipts of the week previous. The stock offered for sale was mostly of ordinary quality, and, with a light demand, prices declined about a quarter of a ? * nt )>er |>ound, the rates ranging from 7Jc. to 10c., while in some instances 10}c. was paid for the bent description. Cows and calves were in limited re quest at t'i'i a (65. The average price of veal calves was about 5jc., though extra quality brought r,J. a 7c. Tb* re is no change to notice in sheep and lambs. The receipts of hogs continue to be large; but the number offend for sale was only 3,706, against 7,269 the week previous. Prices ranged f rom 4c. to 64c.. about the rates previously quoted, with a tendency towards an advance. Tbe mIss of cotton yesterday embraced about 400 bale*. In lots, chteBy to spinners, with some small lou for ex pr>rt. based upon midline uplands at 10)fc , and good middling u> middling fair at 10??e a 10 '{c. Tbt- decr?ai?' In tbe receipts at all tbe ports, since tbe 1st of September last, amounts to about 34ft .0(0 hales, tbe Inert a^<> in n ports to Great Br. tain amounts to 64,000. *nd tb- exports to France for the ?am?' period, ?oni|>ared with last year, amount to about 36.000 bales, and to otber port' 14.000 makiug a total increase of exports this year ovqr last of about 16,000 bales Hour continued hearv. with mo derate sales, while the market closed at ab>>>it 6c. per barrel decliae on oommon and medium grade*. Wh'st was trrepular, without important eb&ngc in t rices, while the sal?n embraced about 30.C00 bushels, at pri given in another column Corn was dull, and prices * itbout material change. New of all kinds ranged from 6tic to 04c., and Western mixed sold at 70c. INtrk ??< steady, with salsa of new and old inspected in"s? at < 116 7& a $16. Sugars werr steady and in fair demand, a ith ?>?!??* of 900 bhds. fuba ai.i Porto Rico, 300 do mo lado and fi.000 be** Pism. at raun given ?lHewhere. Cof fee was sU ady . with sales of 600 bag-? Rio U ? the trade. I and 3,000 do by auctioa, at rates given in another place. Thr tea sale wmt off very well. Tbe company was good, ] and tin- catalogue sold through, fully sustaining previous j quotations Hie engagements in freights wer>> moderate, bat tbe late advance to llritisb |?rts wan sustained The Merotoai ? Tlie Dnlgna of their Pro phrl Whtl Should the (toeertinaent Da I Wc arc entirely of the opinon that the ol>j??ct of the present resistance of the Mormons to the I'nited Stales troops is to hold them at hay till the return of spring, and that then th" Saints will organize therawlv :i>< ? n mo, ' -i camp, and take up their r.",?fiii.>itb, nfterth ti iiioti of the ancient Israelites, for tL I o|y |j4ii| sin - gled out for their permanent ?ti<l /.elusive o? cupation. Wt regret to bonr, boattc-r, that the government at Washington. iil?< I'n.i oh, arc resolwd that this p<cnliur p. )<i ' ?ijali not escape fr<im th< country. We had at first supposed ifio.n (!,? \ rih r.. exploring < xpedition of the Prophet l.w-t son Mr) that his land of prom. ??*??? aWBCwhuro in th<' Hritish dominion* nortli of On i n: hut we have since 1r( satisfit>d that tlii aft** said northern tour of Fat'ier BHghnut na- hut a feint, and that his real destination is t!ii So <? accessible and more inviting Ceinti ' of v'i i<v ill Mevo Hut lind the Prop)"'1 r< -?l ed itpofl :in l?i n"liiiJii for i_v ihli t'i ? It i p i? i otn (Hint 'a (crritorkp. it is \ >I* tic. within:* ui<>ntti oi taohisiiii.i l * I! 1mm ii ?!? p?ne a complete revolution upon the subject, from the information which he will have received touch ing the hostUe prejudices of the British goveru inent. Settled, however, that the Mormons wi:l have no other alternative than the absolute evacua tion of Utah in the spring, they have no avail able outlet but one, and that lie* southward into the province of Sonora. For a general movement in thin direction? men, women and children, live stock and baggage they have already secured the necessary resting placet* from the Great Salt Lake down to the tribu taries of the Gila river. They have their little colonies at. every oasis of the desert waste of six or seven liuudrcd miles they will have to traverse to the Gila, and they are thoroughly posted concerning every intervening point which will afford water, fuel, or a night's grazing for their horeee and cattle. Thus, southward into Sonora, the whole Mormon tribe may pass, with but a trifling loss from the pri vations of the journey, while their movement in a body over the horrible deserts and moun tains, westward, northward or eastward, would possibly result iu the lose of more than h*lf their numbers from hunger, thirst and ex haustion. Stern necessity points their way to Sonora. and the beautiful climate and wonderful mine ral resources of that region invite them ol. It is, moreover, a sparsely populated region, wasted from the frequent raids of the Aptches, and consequently open to the Mormons, and subject to their occupation without even a show of resistance. A moving natiou, as it were, and a nation, too, of ?per haps the most industrious, indefatiga ble, enterprising, hardy and fanatical people on the face of the earth, comprehending a body of ten thousand fighting Anglo-Saxon men, inured to hardships of nil kitds, may not only laugh to scorn the pronuncicmirnto* of Mexico, but may prosecute their line of march, at their plea sure. to the Mexican capital, and hold it and the whole republic against all the resources which she can muster. The Mormons regard themselves as God's chosen people of the nineteenth century, and, really, their origin, persecutions and wonderful increase in numbers, in spite of the severest im pediments. are things without a parallel, except in the miraculous history of the Jews. They look upon Brigham Young as a second Moses, upon Brother Kimball as a second Aaron, and upon their luxurious system of polygamy as the restoration of the beuutiful family institution of good old Jacob and David and Solomon. As perfectly fanatical upon these points as ev*r were the Turks in their fnith in the Koran, tho Mormons will march down upon the Gulf of California as jubilant as did the children of Israel across the Red Sea: and should the Mexi cans resist them, the poor greasers will be lite rally exterminated, as were the heathen nations who opposed the march of the camp of Irael. We know that between the intense Catholicity of the Mexicans, clergy and laity, (especially of the clergy, with whom celibacj is the crowning virtue,) and the teligiou* system of Brigham Young, which allows to priests and people any number of wives, upon the shortest notice, there can be no compromise ; and hcnce we fear that the Mexicans are a doomed people with the in vasion of the Mormons. In her present shat tered and helpless condition we v?*rily believe that live thousand disciplined Anglo-Saxons, of such -tern stuff an theae Mormou men are made of, could overrun and overturn th ? whole of Mexico. What resistance, then, can the Mcxicnn government make again>t the intrusion of a hundred thousand Mormons in a mas*. includ ing ten thousund soldiers, combining the physi cal qualities of the Roundhead and the fanati ?cifsm of the Turk! With these views, we think that the ijcdt thing which Gen. Comonfort can do is to take time by the forelock, send a special messenger to Brigham Young with a treaty of perpetual peace, comprehending the cesnion to the Salt Lake Prophet of the province of Sooora. with a condition binding the Mormons to the protection of the adjoining provinces against the Indians aud the California filibusters. Otherwise, after halting a while iu Sonora, Brigham, flie Prophet, will lie very apt to re ceive a revelation ordering him to pack up and move on to the occupation of the 'Hulls of the Montezumas." Next, with regard to th<' policy of our own government. We think it i* not the policy of extermination ; but that the adminis tration should encourage the Mormons to eva cuate the country in a l?ody, and assist. rather than hinder them in their departure. To dis perse them and disorganize them, would be to destroy thousands of their helpless women and children. W<- understand, however, that in view of the early annexation of another slice of Mexico to the Union, the fear is entertaln"d that wc -hould annex the Mormons (should they be permitted to settle in Sonora), and that we should, therefore, have all our late troubles with ! thttn to go over again. But we think there is no fear of that: for the Mormons, once safely | ov< r in Sonora. will act rather as our pioneers to the City of Mexico, than as an impediment to ! our ?? manifest destiny." We hope the adminis tration will remember the Israelites and not re peat the policy of 1'haraob; but let them go. T^i Mkktino ts thk. Punt To-Nioirr.? There ' is to Is- a momentous party gathering in the j Park to-night, upon the important issue of en i dorsing the administration upon the Kansas ' question: and from all that we can hear, there will l.e a boisterous time of it among the i mas '-s Gov. Walker and Senator Iiouglas are not without some partisans in the < amp. and the Same detections among the party leaders which operated to the defeat of Mayor Wood may possibly operate to-night, as they did last night, to the prijudice of the federal adminis tration. It Is very droll to see these disorgan ize^ of the Old Wigwam, although only eight in nambtr, strong enough to read President liuelianan out of the cL ireb. But we have not ns l?egun to see the curious and puzzling ?1? v? 1' pements that are destined to follow this Wulkti and Douglas roup J'rUit on the K-insas squabble. Perhaps the salvation of the country rnaj depend upon 'lie proceedin^nof this night's ? jMiW-not in the I'ifli fiiii in Tammany Hall. '< lor It nppf?rs that halt :? dozen s.icln m- got

to. "flu r la?t flight and r<Tii?il the n?e Ol > tint '?tiilding to the dern". rt.' - Who knows . Let ? t a nan Is' aWnt hem lr? po ?. Thk DriJ".?iAr>: mom Utah at Wamunotoii. - There I* at Washington ? g-ntl'-man named i?? 1 1 i .-e1 who Is delegate liom th?' Terrlt >ry of ( tab. and nn inthnate friend and conrtsdior of Rrigham Young? 'he ret* 1 * ! ?? h t , ?t ?e1?ed the United - 1 1? t ? ?? troop, *t<i!#n l'> I ttili d Males hor es, and leirnt lie I nil' J - tat'* iiains. Till- Mr. el. we .?.? ? l?l |>r ? i t"' a di.-ciXi'l silefi.-i o*t the ?(ill'; c1 ?! the movement)* in Utah, and declines to unbosom himself to any one. We should rather think he would. It atrikoa up that if the law officers of the governmeut were a? alert as they ought to be, they should already have gratified Mr. Bernhiael'? discre tion by placing him under arreat as a couspiru tor of Brigham Young's and a spy. To let aucli a man go at large when the Mormona are mur dering our people, and perhaps starving our troops to death, seems odd enough. True View of the Centnd Anwrlcm Move ment?The Moral It Involve*. Our advices from Washington to-day show that there is a curious imbroglio there in re gard to Central American affairs, and that the return of Walker to Nicaragua has not only checkmated the schemes of half a dozen diplo matists, but has set them all by the ears. Such a result is a very natural consequence where difl'erent schemes are being pursued with vigor, and some one of the parties suddenly makes s break and gets a start of the whole quarry. The administration, contemplating the whole Central American question from a national stand point, was steadily taking its measures in view of the coming future, and preparing to remove such obstacles as the Olnyton-Bulwer treaty, and sundry others that stood in the path of our progress; Lord Napier and Sir Wm. Gore Ouscley were striving to prevent this; the Count de Sartiges was work ing to give France a hand in the establishing of a balance of power on this continent ; the Costa Kican Ministers were endeavoring to secure their new line of boundary on the San Juan ; Senor Yrisarri was laboring to sccurc the position of Nicaragua by a treaty with our government ; and Walker and llenniugsen were looked upon merely as biuve fellows who had been utterly defeated, and upon whom a little personal sympathy might therefore be safely expended. It is these conflicting positions that are leading to such wide and varied comment on the part of the journals, and to the suspicions that are mutually entertained of each other by the varied interests. In their ire at Walker for getting the start of them, they pour upon his head all kinds of accusations of bad faith and deceit, and enlarge particularly upon the ab sence of all moral right in his proceedings. All this is mere fudge. Without entering upon the evident right of Castillon to invite him to un dertake his first, or Martinez his second expedi tion to Nicaragua ? just as Gandara invited him, and Pesqucira invited Crabbe to Sonora, the Cubans Lopez to Cuba, and Carvajal the Texas filibusters to Tamaulipas, which may be de fended on high moral ground*, and all of which expeditions would have been pronounced morally right had they succeeded ? we take a more enlarged view of the whole subject, and look upon it as an indication of a great move Ihent on the part of the people of this conti nent. entirely similar in character to many that murk the periods of European history, and others that are now going on in the Old World. Walker is simply a forerunner in the march ot races that ia going on here, and this march involves all the moral right that exists in the present march of France in Northern Africa, England in India, and Rustia in Central and Northern Asia. It stands upon precisely the same ground with the advent of the Normans, and Wore thetn of the Saxons, into England; of the Romans into Gaul and Spain; and of all the millions of men that have descended from the high plateau of Asia, and extended themselves throughout the East. Between the Asiatic and the modern Europe 11 and American march of races there is one great dificrence. The latter are currying with them the iighUof a Mperior civilization. aud a more perfect political, social aud industrial drrtkipeaml. Ku^had is sub stituting a civilized for a burbaron- inle iu In dia; Franc U restoring Northern AtYic.i to th< domain of civilization; Ku<*ia i.J Riving to Northern Aria an organization fui -nperior to the former nomadic habits of its population, and we in America are carrying moral and rautn .al well being to the disintegrating ?omuiunities and decaying races of Spanish America. This is the greater movement, before which all minor moral rights disappear. Who in England talk* of the moral rights of the Se poys? What Frenchman defends the moral rights of the Kabyles? Where in Europe arc the defenders of the moral rights of the Tar tars' Not that we would compare the hetero geneous races of Central America to cithur Se poys, Kabyles or Tartars. They are above them in many things; and in nothing do they "how this superiority more than in the fact that they invite the advent among them of the race that is exhibiting such wonderful progress in this country. This is the movement that throbs in the mind of th^ people, and which nothing can root out or destroy. We have almost found our western limit. The shores of the Pacific aud the great central desert of North America already Ixjund our developement westward, and it must turn southward, where decaying nations and races invite our coming. Small philoso phers may harp upon moral rights here, as they do in Europe, but it will produce no more effect upon the march of races in America, Europe. Africa or Asia than whistling has upop the wind. Srsmmtan or rim Bam or Franc*. ? It ecems that after all the flourishes we have read iu the French papers atiout the recovery in the financial world, and the ability of the bank to reduce the rate of discount, the Bank of France has been for some time in a state of suspen sion. They have paid gold in small quantities: just as our lianks did during their suspension, when merchants wanted gold for duties, or the j holder of a few hundred dollars in notes wished the specie for them. But when a man went to J the Bank of France for any large amount of specif, be has been told that he could not l?e ac commodated that day. 1 lie fact has been kept j a secret, of course. The policy of the government and Bank of France In relation to finance has been for years in diametrical antagonism to the laws of trade, j Whenever a pinch comes in snch countries as the United States or England, the financial in stitutions of the dsy take in sail, contract, and protect themselves in the best way they can;, the course pursued in l*r nci has been precisely the reverse. Whenever a panic or ibarra s tnent aro?e, the bank has received orders to i counters t it by unntual exUnsiors, end ex pansions of credit. The expedient his answer ed thus far The bank lies, wbuflever hard 'lllfs came, hoogbt specie at a lors. ana lent flreely to nil who wanted; thin piHng inflation npfii inflation, and protracting I the duv i * r< k<?niii|i tt a f-arfnl oo-t. Uti mt lit i -jm i i>i <>' tlu *h f*s to Vfeleb j ill bank has Is en dvi< en : Slid ttie d?-< i i?ase in ! i lie rate of invi< tia nin^e irick hi bM1* ii Wt lr.-. . at . !'" ? I :? .i? .? tl .ih tfr l.'lg ' lish are by this time satisfied that their old tlieory about the revulsion ? that it was a Wall street affair got up by a few bears with the aid of the 1Ikrai.ii ? is not precisely adequate to ac count for the financial events of 4he year. We hope they appreciate the value of the journals, published in and out of this country, which ho perseveringly thrust this theory under their notice. If the Herald cannot only convulse the entire trade of the country, but overthrow the commerce of the entire commercial world, and cause the banks of England, France and the United States to forfeit their charters and their standing, it must be a wonderful institution. The First Sin ok the Thikty-Fikth Con orehh. ? The Congress which organized at Wash ington a few days ago has not commenced it* tension with any very violent demonstration of its purity, sagacity or economy. The master spirit and originator of all the disgraceful schemes of the former lobby ? Mr. Matteson, of Oneida ? who was driven from the House for his corrupt practices, has taken his seat quietly and peace ably among the virtuous statesmen who have come fresh from the people to regulate the af fairs of the nation. Another member of the lobby, Mr. A. S. S. Simonton, who is connected with a corrupt and obscure journal in tfois city, who was kicked out of Washington by the last Congress, has also taken his seat among the elect of the third house, and commenced his movements afresh. The first step of Congress and the lobby combined was to give out the printing job, which has become worse than ever. It is the most unblushing piece of corruption ever perpetrated by any body of men calling themselves a Congress and representatives of an intelligent constituency. According to all accounts the outside pres sure upon Congress for the printing job was greater this year than over before. Whole regi ments of starving editors from the North and the South, and the East and the West, and from all points of the compass, came down upon Washington, and hovered over the House of Representatives like vultures over a dead bullulo, lighting with each other for a grab at the corrupt carcass; for the printing job has grown to be of magnificent dimensions, and the pickings are better than ever. Not less than two millions of dollars will be spent upon printing and binding by the present Congress. The struggle has been so warm between the hungry applicants that the work will be somewhat extended ? perhaps to the amount of half a million more. And for what is all this money paid ? We have already given in the columns of this journal some speci mens of the folly, the gross mismanagement and criminal extravagance which characterize this branch of the public service. We find the most miserable trash, in the shape of public documents, accounts of exploring expeditions, Ac., Ac., put into type by the House printer. We find some member of Congress moving for the printing of an immense edition of a docu ment which may be valuable for record, but which is utterly useless for general circulation; and all for no aim or purpose except to put money in the pockets of the printer and the lobby. For several years the Capitol has been lumbered with this 5tufT, while hundreds of thousands of public documents have found their way to the grocers or bakers of the city to be uned for wrapping paper. A more impudent, wicked and attrocious piece of corruption than this same printing job was never perpetrated by any legislative bodf in the world. The Post Office Department sutlers from It. The mails arc overloaded with public documents which nobody reads, and which lie dead in the sub offices ; and the chief cause of the deficit iu the rect ipts of the department, compared with the expense*. may l?c found in the cost of carrying thou -and- of |K>undt> of this trash over thinly -ettled parts nt the country, where the officca j are few and the travel expensive. * Tt?e printing job is the purent spring and source from which flic lobby draw- its supplies, and if enabled to tlonri-li in such exuberance. . I- ? ?_?ni it kHh' all the extravagant jol*> which are lobbied through Congress. We do nut now allude to thvJv unhappt indi viduals ? tho-e pur. ami innocent country print ers who have been .-o unfortunate as to have obtained the work from the hands of the pre sent Congress We regard Messrs. Steed man and Banks as baltes in the woods; and we have no doubt that they are innocent, pure, pious, holy, harmless, honest, upright, gene rous. liberal, and. in fact, fit to enter into the kingdom of heaven without fur ther exami nation. They are as white as the little lamlrn that hare just come from the washing, being seven times cleansed. It is for the*e innocent babes, who. by their election as printers to the House of Represent at ires have been thrown into the jaws of a remorseless lobby that we plead. IIow shall they terminate their career at Washington without being thrown into the pit of corruption? How shall they re?ist the seductions that surround them? ? how close their ears to the song of the syrens of the lob by? It is in order to save these innocents from the gulf which is yawning to swallow them up that we beg, entreat and pray Congres* to raise a committee to thoroughly investigate the whole subject of the public printing, and es peciall) to consider and report upon the pro priety of abolishing the present system alto gether. and creating a bureau in one of the departments which shall have exclusive control of the public printing, as the other bureau-* manage the altair* of the government in other departments. ! Thk Nkws from Mexico. ? We publish in an other column some Interesting details of the news from Mexico, the points of which were re ceived lately by telegraph from New Orleans. On the 1st instant (Jen. Comonfort entered npon the discharge of his duticw as President elect under the new constitution, for the term of four years from that date, and delivered his ftrst ad dress to Congress as Constitutional President. This document Is stated to be somewhat con servative, but with liberal tendencies He inti mates the necessity of some changes in the con stitution. and looks to the church property as a source of revenue. Mr. Moran. the i>ditor of the lUiTtnm K/traonNnary, a paper published in English In the city of Mexico, was still in pri son. under a charge of having published an ar ticle reflecting upon the Governor of one of the {?Mates, H Is said thet the publication was made mime tirn" Is'fore the enactment of the prennt law regulnthig the press, under which In ha.-* In en imprisoned. Much a course on the part of t!i? government of President Comonfort tovurds th< press, subjects it to strong siifpl '(11"- relative tiolh to Its nets and Its intentions. No hoie* t gov-'inment is injured by publicity <>' it- ac's, or by V nek* that do not tell the truth. soon e . yiveicmvnt fw* th" I pith it i- time foi it to fall, it ta to lw 1) p'd that further particulars in regard to Mr. Mo iau'B case may relieve President Comoufort from the suspicion* its present aspect carta upoft him. - Mk. Senator Dowolau and His Kahsas Go* nci?KKATK8.-Every day we are beooming more and more satisfied that the late rebellion of Mr. Douglas against the Kansas policy of Mr. Buchanan is the result of ft foregone conclusion. It was doubtless ft sore mortification to Mr. Douglas, aft?r all that he had done and hazarded for th? South upon the Kansas-Nebraska bill, te be su perceded at Cincinnati as the champion of the South by Mr. Buchanan, and becausc of the fact that, having a pair of hands perfectly clean or' nny contact with this Kansas-Nebraska job, 4,Oid Buck" was more available in the North .tuun Mr. DouglaB. That was a cruel piece of Southern ingratitude, to be sure; and we can hardly wonder at it that Mr. Douglas should have made up his mind from that day to give his Southern fire-eating friends a Roland for an Oliver on the very first opportunity. We can now perceive that from that day to this Mr. Douglas has been anything but an en thusiastic supporter of Mr. Buchanan ? that he has been gradually preparing himself for a bolt, and that he has seized upon the Kansas Le compton Convention as a perfect Godsend. Some of our simple-minded democratic readers have doubtless been surprised to learn that the other day Mr. Douglas had a free and full Kan has consultation with the republican leaders at Washington, and that the results were satisfac tory to all sides. But we were admonished of this some six weeks ago in the flattering com pliments interchanged between Mr. Seward and Mr. Douglas at a railroad meeting at Chicago. The game, we think, is transparent. Mr. Douglas having failed with the Southern fire eaters, has resolved to try the Northern dirt eaters for the Presidency. As for W. H. Se ward, if lie can successfully use Mr. Douglas in the work of shelving Colonel Fremont and 4x-Speakcr Banks, our man Seward will be satis fied with the services of "the Little Giant," and will have no further use for him. except as a camp follower. But neither politician nor ma gician can tell the upshot of this Douglas and Walker meeting, while the solution of "squat ter sovereignty'" remains undetermined in Kan sas. The 21st instant is the day appointed for the vote upon the Lecompton constitution. It is possible that the election may be broken up by a mob? possible that the mob may be dis persed by the United States dragoone; and it is probable that there may be, at the same time, a popular vote taken on the Topeka constitution, and that both the Lecompton and the Topeka constitution may be sent in the same mail bag to Washington, as having been ratified by the people of Kansas. The administration can wait, but the result may prove that Mr. Douglas has gone ofT at half cock. After Christmas we shall know which way the cat is jumping. The Removal ok John M'Keon.? We pub i lished the other day an account of a conferenoe between certain New York gentlemen and the President, concerning the case of John M'Kcon. It seems that these gentlemen went up to the White House to remonstrate, in a friendly way, aguinst M'Keon's removal, and that Mr. Horace F. Clark was the spokesman of the committee. But they very soon discovered that in " Old Buck'' they had met with th?' wrong customer hat he was thoroughly posted up in the case, and had made up his mind that a high federal officer, in going out of his way to play a leading part in the opposition camp for the overthrow of the democratic party in this city, had ceased to become a proper object of sympathy for a democratic administration. This was aomething after the fashion of Old Hickory; and let the more quiet, but equally zealous official confede rate of Mr. M'Kt-t.n i? the late election, look to it well, or tb<*ir beads may be tlr >pped in the Mutt- basket. They mast submit to the doctrine Mist we ean't all b<> captwus, or go by the board. That's nil. THE LATEST NEWS. Noo?An1r?l of the Canada. Halifax, Dec. 10 ? 11 P. M There are no nu?tia of thi> ateatiuihip < 'an.iila, from liver |mm>1 Mh lD?l. Tin' weather M clear anil i aim Departure of the America. Borrow, Pec 10, 1967. The Cunard ateamahip America aailed at noon, with linjr-?'iflit paaaengera for Liverpool, and 21 for Halifax, and about II 034,400 In apeoe 4 onrtltlon of Um Prertdturf Itanlu. PaoriMxrc, Dec The following la a Htatcmrnt of the condition of thr ban In of tin* city on tb? 14th uiat. ? Circulation..., 91 ,HW,4W |irj>i?il* i.OM.Mi |/wn? m,lM,4M hf*cie 4J0.4VI I'nltrrt State* Snprtmf Court. W*?m?roTn*, I>ec 1*. 1857. Nop. 4 and 9 ? Argument* for plaintifl* In thr lint cam* concluded No 10 ? (i+rrg* law, representing the Mall Slcamahlp Campuny, v*. Otarle* al., owner* of the ahip Ocean Oneen. The appeal waa distanced for want of jurladk tion, there being no final decree in the caae. No. 13 ?The rector, warden* and vestrymen of Chrtat'a church, llitladelphla, In trwt for the Hospital, v*. The county of I'bilailelphia. Oauae submitted on the reoord and printed argument No IK ? Jamea R Jonea, et al., ra. Catherine Mr Ma* tera. by her next friend, Manuel Ybarbo Argument for plaintiff* commenced The Ifrwfnnndtind Telegraph Mae. RancmtJi, N. B., Dec. le, 1*67. The land llae of the New ftxindland telegraph ha* been inierrupted atnoe Monday, tbe?Ui m*t , and la atlll out of order, in consequence of a recent Hood In one or two rlverw, where the poata and wirea were iwept off, and a a yet no mean* have been d<-vi*cd to *tretch a new wirn arro** the swollen *treamr Arrangement* however am in progre** to prevent a recurrence of the present trouble. Tke Weather at Um Rait. Amkm, Dec. 19, 1967. The weather la mild, and mucb ?now la falling. Br Jom*,N. B., Pec. 19,1*67. The weather i? mild, and anow I* falling. Mo?craa>i. Can., Dm. in, 1967. It I* tnowing hard here thl* morning I'mm.Am, Me., Pec. IB, 1997. Snow i* falling fait here Uii* morning. Ktmm a*p K**>r, N. H., Dec. 19, 1967. It ia Knowing here to day. BVnrheta. nut. A DPI, mi A ?TO? I BO AKI>. I'Mii AnaicniA, Dee. Ifl, 1H57. Block* dull Pennsylvania Uvea, sr>, Pennsylvania Hail road. .m % ? Uridine Railroad, 'JO It , Morrla Canal, 47, Ion* Inland Railroad, CmcAOO, Dec |?| ? A P. M Flour dull. Whrit firm nt 66c. Cbrn steady (fata dull. Receipt* to day ? 1 300 bbl* flour, 5,500 hu-ibefa Wheat, 1,500 hu hel* corn. Tnr Cohation IVwieoamt.? Joaeph Haydn a rvand ora toro. 'Tbe Creation," whtch wa* announced for thl* even Ing, at the Academy of Music, tinder the direction of tb? Harmonic Society , with a grand orcheetra, chorna of tw?? hundred, and the aoloa aung by Pnrmm, Mm?. IV la Orange. Ml** Milner and Mr I 'erring, l* po -| n d to *?. tvrday eveiing. owing to U,. continued llhima of forma*. Ktatorio pe fmmatice waa?vri given here whlah p'o-' m* icii ?w i illicit Act Wi 1.