Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 18, 1857, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 18, 1857 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 1778. MORNING EDITION-FRIDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1857. PRICE TWO CENTS. AFFAIRS OF KANSAS. _ru-LXrt.J-.-_^- - -_n.n_WL ? GOV. WALKER'S LETTER OF RESIGNATION. Meeting of tbe Kanga* Legisla ture. MESSAGE OF ACTING GOVERNOR STANTON. PRO-SLJkVERT STATE COOTEMTIO*. nominations for Governor and Lieut. Governor, Ac., Ac., Ac. O.OV. WALKER'S LETTER OF RESIGNATION. FV; following is the letter of Hon. Robert J. Walker ro syjU4: :h? office of Govtrnor of Kansas : ? Washington Citt, Dcc. 15, 18S7. Uov. I/kwm Ca-h, Secretary of State ; ? Slit ? i . usign tne office of Governor of the Territory of Karon.'. I bave been moat reluctantly forced to this con elusion, after anxious and careful consideration of my any to my country, to the people of Kaunas, to tho Presi dent of the United States, and to myRelf. The grounds assumed by the President in his lato mes sage to Congress, and in recent instructions in connection with the events new transpiring hero and in Kansas, ad monish me that as Governor of that Territory it will no longer be in my power to preserve the pcacc or promote the public welfare. At the earnest solicitation of the President, after re peated refusals, the last being in writing, I dually accept ed this office upon his letter showing the dangers and ifilfl cultii-8 of tho Kansas question, and the necessity of my undertaking the task of its adjustment. Under these cir cumstances, notwithstanding tho great sacrihces to me, personal, political and pecuniary , I felt that 1 could no more refuse such a call from iny country, through her Chief Magistrate, than a soldier in battle who ia ordered to tho command of a forlorn hope. I accepted, however, on the express condition that I should advocate tho submission of tho constitution to a ?ote of the people for ratification or rejection. Thos? views wero clearly understood by tho President and all bis Cabinet. They wero distinctly set forth in my letter on my acceptance of this office, of the '26tli of March last, anl reiterated in my inaugural address of tha 27th of May Inst, as follows. ? "Indeed I cannot doubt that tho Con vention, alter having framed a State constitution, will submit it for ratilieation or rejection by a majority of tho then actual Una Jid< resident settlers of Kansas." With theso views, well known to tho President and tho tlabinet, and approve 1 by ttiem, I accepted tho apinunt nvent of Governor of Kansas. My instructions from the President, through the .Secretary of State, under date of the With of March last, sustain the regular legislature of the Territory in assembling a Convention to form a con stitution, and they express 'the opinion of tho President that -'when such a constitution shall he submitted to the people r>! thi Territory , they must be protected in the ex ercise of their right of voting lor or against that instru ment. and the fair expression of the popular will must not be interrupted by fraud or violence. 1 repeat, then, as my clear conviction that unless the Convention submit the constitution to the vote of all the actual resident settlers ?f Kansas, and the election be fairly and justly conducted, the constitution will be, and ought to be rejected by Congre-s." Thw inaugural most distinctly asserted that It was not a question of slavery merely, *liicti I believed to be of hltlo practical importance then in its application to Kansas, but of the entire constitution which should he submitted to tho people for ratification or rejection, fhese were my words on that subject in my inaugural: ? "It is not merely shall slavery exist in or disappear trom Kansas, but shall the great principles of self government and State sovereignly be maintained or subverted " In th.it inaugural I proceel runner to say, id* p?< jiTo ?? WO , by a MfcMMMl v.Ae, Mill tUc ratification of tlio constitution." I designate ttiis "B great constitutional right." and add " that tlio OtnWMl 13 the NnwL and not the master of the people." In my otllcinl deti'atch lo ycrn of the ?M June viut , a copy of that luaugorat ad dress ?M transmitted to you for tho further information of the President and his Cabin i t No exiption was ever t Jt*-n to any portiou of that address, 011 iLe contrary , 11 ??? distinctly admitted by the i*resnlent in bin message, wit'i co amendable frank ue-s, that my instructions in lav.ir of a ?ubmisaion of tho constitution to a vote of the peaplc, wore "general and uni|ualiD<'d. " iiy U) it inau gural mid a lubtoquent address 1 w*s pledged to the peo ple of Kansas to oppose, by all lawful means, tho adoption of any constitution v?hi> h was not fairly and fully submit te<) to their vole for ratification or rejection. These p!e<lges I cannot recall or viotat" without personal dis honor and tlie abandonment of funlanvnLal principles; and, therefore, tt is imj>o-<-ihle tor m? to support what is called the Ircompton constitution. because it w not sub mitted to a vote of the |<eoplc for ratification or rejecton. i have ever uniformly maintained the principle tha' sovereignty is vested e?< ! naively in the people of eirh S?atr, and that it performs its first at-d highc-t f?in< ti.-ti m forming a State government and Stato constitution This highest act of sovereignty . in my judgment, can only be performed by the people themselves, and cannot be delegated to conveniens or >>ther inter me !iate bodies. Indeed, the whole doctrine of tho sovereignty of con ?eat oua, as distinct from that of the people . of conven tional or delegated sovereignty as contra distinguished from Mate or popular sovereignty , ha.; ever been discard c.1 by me, and was never heard of to my knowledge during the great canvass of 18M Indeed . this is the great pritn iple of Mate so\ ereignty maintained tiy the Virginia buJ Kentucky resolutions sf l7'.?H -*W, uistalned by tho people in the great political revolution of lKOO, and embraced In that amendment to tho fed eral constitution, adopted under the auspices of Mr Jeflrrsoo. declaring that the powers not delegated to the I'mted states by the constitution nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the State* respectively. or to the people Tlie reservation to "the Stales" 4 as -ep arate Stale* n exercising the powers granted by their Wat* cot>aUt?ti"ns, tnd the reservation to ? the peop.e" la to the people of tho aeveral State*, admitted or In ch?*te. exercising their *overe>gn right of f ram tig or amending tlielr State coiiMltution. Tin* vie* was set lorth .n my printed address delivered at Katch< t. M -?<! aippi. tn January . Ih.13, agair t the nulliflcat on. whl:h s|? ?, h rec? Ivrd the 1 ompl.meiilary sanction of the great aiid good Madison, the principal founder of our con-tltn tkia. as sliown br ill* letter of the Hon Cbsrlea J Inger soil, of Philadelphia, as published In the (7'ohr, at W ish Ihgt 1 n l*Jfl Ity Ibis clause of Federal constitutional sovereignty of the people each state Is clearly re served, and especially their own exclusive right *0 form in Its entirely tbeir own State constitution I shall not enter fully into the argument of' thia question at this late period, hut will mereiy state that this Is the position I have ever occupied, and my reasons for enter taining th's opinion are clearly and distinctly set firth In a printed pamphlet, published over my signatur ? on the lath of June, law, and then extensively circulate 1, from which I q lote as follows ? Voder jur confederate system, sovereignty is that high ?at political power which at it* pleasure creates govern ments.and delegates authority to them Sovereignty grants powers, but not sovereign powera ? otherwise it might extinguish Itself by inakuir the creature of Its will the equal or superior of its creator Sovereignty mak- a eon" millions, and through th m . -tablube- governments It delegates certain power", d!-tri>?utiog the exercise of the granted power among the legislative, executive and CfK ial department* The constitution Is nut sovereign, can-* It la created by sovereignty The government ii la not aovcrelgn, for the same reason, much lens any department of that government llav Ing defined "sovereignty" we mQW not ,.onr(,lin(j the Cwer with ita aourceor its exercise Tliat Is, sovereignty one th ng. and where It reaules er bo* it is to be exer ciaed is another. Under the ?ya?em of Kurn|man despot lams sovereignty was claimed to reside In kings and em Errors, under the ?acrelign>us Idea or the "divine right of tags." and the blasphemous doctrine was, that sove reigns In legitimate succc ion. although -tained with crimes and blackened with infamy, were clothed by the deity with absolute power lo rule tiieir subjects, who" held nothing but th* prl\ lleces granted by the , rnwn Su-h were tbo #>surd and Impious dogmas'to which the people of Furope, with few exceptions, have been oompelle.l t>> mibmit by the bayonet, supported by the mere potent an thonty or ignorance and superstition. I'nder this theory, the people were mere ciphers, and crowned heads sub ileltie*. the sole reprcentat ve- on earth of the governing power of the Almlgbtv Oor J 'tfirw I* Just tha reverse, making th* people the ooh ?"orce e< sovereign power But what people- With us soverci ntv rests eacluslvely with the people of each Stat' Hy t! ^ revolution, each Colons acting for Itself a ric sepirated from tireat Rrtain. and Kanrtioned the T>. . larsieui of Indepcndenre. Karb colony having thus bncoinr a ?*?le, and ea^.h adopt ?ng for Itself Ita sej>arate Slate government, acted for Heelf alone imder Jlie old continental tVaigreas. K>?h ftate acted for lt?eif*alo?c in aeceedfng to the article* 01 ronfederatlon In 1778, and each State acted for Itself alone in framing and ratifying each for itself the constitution of the I'nited State*. Sovereignty then with us rest* eg. duaively with the people of each State Tlie constitution of tlie 1 nited States is not sovereign, for It was created by Stole* each exerciv ing for Itaelf that highei* po IHiral power railed sovereignty. Kor the same reason , *ie government of the I'nite.k States Is not sovereign , nor does it exercise any sovereign jiowers, It exercises only "delegated powers," oa declared by the constitution, and those lw.wers only which are granted by that inatru rnent. Delegated power* are not sovereign powers, but are powers granted by sovereignly. Sovereignty being this highest political power, cannot bo delegated. It is Indivisible It Is a unit, incapable of par tftions Hence th* great error of supp ling that sovereignty Is divided fcetWWB Ihe States and the 1 nited States. The constitution of Ihe I'nited States Is the " supreme law," and obligatory as such; bul a lnw is not sovereignty, but an act of aovereignty. All laws imply law makers, and in this ease those who framed and ratitlcd this " supreme law " were those sovereigh ties called the States, each acting exclusively for Itself, uncontrolled hy any sister Stale except bv th* moral force | of it* iu?ucoc? ana example. Tho guvcruuKW ol lbc United States poet ea si eg, at) we have shown, no sovereign ty , but only delegated powers, to them alono it mum look for the exercise of constitutional authority in the Territo ries as well as the Stales, for there is not a single power granted by the constitution to thin government in a Terri tory which is not granted in a State, except the power to admit new States into the Union, which, as shown by tho Madison papers, tho (tamers of the constitution, as flrst demonstrated iu my Texas letter, refused to limit our then existing Territories. Iu tho Territories then, as well as the States, Congress possesses no sovereignty , and can exercise only the powers delegated by the constitution; and all the power* not tlius granted ure dormant or re served powers, belonging in common territory to all tho States as co-equal, joint tenant** thorn, 0 that highest, political power called popular sovereignty. I It will be perceived that this doctrine that "sovereignty makes constitutions," that "sovereignty rests exclusively with tb- people of each State," that "sovereignty cannot be delegated," that "it Is inalienable, indivisible." "a ! unit incapable of partition," are doctrines ever regarded by me us fundamental principles of public liberty, and of the federal constitution. It will be seen that these views which 1 havo entertained wero not framed to suit any emergency m Kansas, hut were my lifelong principles, and were published over my ownsignaturetwelve months l?t lore my departure to that Territory, and when I never thought of going to Kansas. These right-* I have over re garded as lully secured to the people of "all the Territo ries," in adopting their State OOWtitBtlW by the Kansas and Nebraska bill. Such is the conduction given to that act by Congress in passing tho Minnesota bill, so justly applauded by tho President. Such is the eonstruetion of ' Uis Kansas act by its distin guished author ? not only in Ida lute most able argument, but in Addresses modo and published by him lung antece dent to that date, showing 'bat this sovereign power of tho peoplo, in acting;u|K>n a State constitution, is not ooallned to tne question of slavery, but, includes all other subjects embraced in such an instrument Indeed, I believe the Kansas and Nebraska bill would have violated tho right ? 01 sovereignty reserved to the peoplo of each State by the federal institution, if it, bad deprived them, or Congress should now deprive them, of the right of voting for or against th"ir State constitution. Tho President, in hia message, thinks that the rights securcd by this biill to tho people, in acting upon their Stato constitution, aro ?un tied ti> tho slavery question; but I think, as shown in my address, before quoted, that "so- reignty is the i er that makes constitutions ant governments," and tliut n t only the slavery clause in a State constitution, but ail others, must he submitted. 1 he 1'rosioent thiuks that sovereignty can be delegated, at least in part ! think that sovereignty cannot be dele gated, at all. the President believes that sovereignty is divfc ihle between conventions and people, to be exer cised by the former on all subjects but slavery, and by the latter only on that question; whereas, I think that sovereignty is inalienable, indivisible, a unit, incapable of partition . and that tt cannot be delegated iu whole or in part. It will not. be denied that sovereignty is tho only power that can mako a suae constitution, and that it rests exclusively with the people; and if it is inalienable and can not be delegated, as I have shown, then it can only bo exercised by tho people themselves under our govern ment. We know no sovereigns but the people. Conven tions are composed of delegates. They are mere agents or trustees, exercising not a sovereign but a delegated IHjwer. and the people are the principals. The power delegated to such conventions can properly only extern! to framing the constitution, hut its ratification or rejection ciin only be performed by the power whose sovereignty alone rents ? namely, the people themselves. We must not confound sovereign with delegated powers. The provisional authority of I he Convention i< > frame a con stitution, and submit it to the people, Is delegated |>ower: but sovereignty al> ne, which rests exclusively with the people, can ratify and put in force that coiutitutioii, and this is the true doctrine of popular sovereignty , and I know of no such thing, uor does the federal constitution recog nize it as delegated or conventional sovereignty. The President, in a very lucid puosage of his able message, gives unanswerable reasons why the people and not con ventions should decide the question of slavery in framing , a Slate constitution. H" say a very truly, that from the ne cessary division of the inchoate State into districts, ? nit : jority of the delegates may think one way and the people another, and that the delegates. as was thecapo in Kansas, may violate the ir pledges, or fail to execute the will of the people. And why does cot this reasoning apply with equal force to all other questions embodied in the State < onstitution, and why should the question of sluvery alone override and extinguish the doctrino of po polar sovereignty and th ' right oi Bclf government? Must : fortunately this l* no sectional question, for it belongs alike to the States admitted or inchoate of the South as of I the North. Tt is not h question of slavery but of St iles rislits, of State and popular sovereignty, and my objee tions to thr l-ocompton constitution are equally strong whether Kun-a* under it," provision* should be nia<lo a free or slave state. My objections are based upon the vi??lj\t mu of the right of self government and (>o|mlar so vereignly, and ol' forcing any constitution upon the l>?oplc i-gaiust their will, whether it recognized free itoBi or slavery. Indeed, the tlrst question which tho i?'OT>le ought to decide in forming a gov eri.mi.nt tor an mchoate State is, whether they will change or not from a Territorial tea State government? V ?. as no "uojwho with me denies federal or Territo rial sovereignty, will contend that a Territorial l egislature is fcOver"ign or reproee nts sovereignty, or that such legis lature, a aere creation ol Congress, can transfer sove reignty which It does not possess to a Territorial Conven tion. this cli icge from n forTiturial to a Male governmeu can only be nuuie by jiowjr whero sovereignly rest* with the |ieople. Vet .-tale government Is forced upon the pe< pic of Kansas by the l-ecomptoii constitution, and not aga.ntt it. Hut beside* the change from a Territorial to a Mate government, which the people alouo hare a right to n.akc, in framing a state constitution there are manv ether momentous questions Included in that m-trumcnt. It involve* all the powers of State government. Where it the bill of rtfliL-? the Magna CharU of the liberties of a free people? the legislative, executive and judicial func tloLs. the taxing power, tho elective franchise, the groa*. question of education, the sacred relation of husband and i* >!e, parent and child, guardian and ward, and all the rights affecting life, liberty and property* Tliere Is also tho qui'Stiou of State debta, of banks and (taper money, and * he thr i they shill be |iern>ilted or prohibited. As all free governments, as stated by Mr. JcfTerson, depend upon "the CM.#cnt of tho governed," how can it bo kuown wl.? tber the people would assent to the constitu tion unle-s it b? submitted to their vote for ratification or rejection? Rut if acquiescence can be presumed In any cu e, surely it cannot be in that of Kansas, where so many of the delegate* Violated Iheir pledge lo submit tho o institution Itself to a vote of the people, where the delegate ' who dgtied tlie con Million represented scarce ly one u ntil of the people, and where nearly one half of tlie comities of the Territory were disfranchised, and that by no fault of theirs, and.did not and could not glvo a slngh- vote at the election of delegates to the Co'iven lioD I have heretofore discussed tlie subject inalnly on the qucst.on that conventions cot sovereign, and cannot r "titfully make a State constitntlw w ithout its submission to a vote ot the people for ratification or rejection. Vet surely even tlio-ewlio differ with me on thl- point, must i om ede, cially under the K?nxar Nebraska bill, It ts only such Conventions can be called sovcrelngn as have been truly elected by the people, and represent their w. II. tin reference, however, to my address of the 10th of S ptemlter last, on the day qualification question, act)y <?! which was immediately tran?mill?"l t" you for the iii'oru.at.. n of Uie Pre ident and Cabinet. It Is evident that the I<eentnpt"n Convention ww not such a body. Thai Convention ha l vita!? not technical ? dcfccts, In the very substance of its organization un ler the Territorial law. wh. eh could otily.be cared, in my judgment, as set forth in my Inaitguraljarul other addrcs es, bv submiss ou of the ? istitntion for the ratification of the peo ple. On reference to the Territorial law under which the Convention was assembled, thirty four regularly organized counties were named as election districts for delegates to the Convention. In each and all of these counties it was reiju r'-d by law that a c<Mi-ua be taken and the voters ri g.st< red. and when ihi- was com pleted the delegates to the Convention should he appor Honed accordingly In nineteen of these counties thero w as no census, and therefore there could Ue no such ap poiLtmeut Uiere of delegates upon such census. And in flft< en of ihei-e counties tltere was no registry of voters. These fifteen counties, including many of the oldest or Sanxed counties in the Territory, were entirely tsfranchWd , and did not give, (by no fault of their own,) Cenld not give a solitary vote for the delegates to the Convention. This r< ult was super induced hr the fact that the Territorial legislature ap pointed all the i heriffa and probate Judges in all these counties, to whom wm assigned the duly by law of mak ing this census and registry. These officers were political partizans, dissenting from the views and opinions of the people ol these counties . as was proved by the election in October last These officers, from want of funds as they alleged, neglected or refused to take any rensus or make any registry in these count tea, and therefore they were entirely disfranchised and could not and did nol give a single vole at the election for delegates ( to Ihe Constitutional Convention And here 1 wish to call attention to a distinction which will appear In my in 1 augural address. In reference to those counties where the voters wcv fairly registered and did not vote, tn such counties wk?l Mil ..n.t free np|>ortiinity wm given to re glster and vote, and they did not choesi to cxer else such a privilege, the question is very different from those counties whero there was no census or registry, and no vote was given, or could beglvet, however anxious the people might bo to participle in the election of delegates lo the Convention. Nor could It be said thes. counties acquiesced, for wherever they endea vored, bj a il sga^l eensns or ren?try of their own, to su|>j>ly this (Whet occasioned by previous neglect of the Territorial officers, the delegates thus clf?eti were rejected by tho Convention. I repeat, that in nineteen eonnMe^ nut of thirty foi?, there was no rensus. In fifteen counties out of thirty four there wi? no registry, and not a solitary vole was or could be given for delegates to the Convent in n any or these counties. Surely, then, It cannot be said that such a Convention, chosen by scarcely more than one tenth of the present voters of Kan s*s, represented the people of that Territory, and could rightly impose a constitution upon them without their consent. The?e nineteen count lea. In which there was no censua, constituted a majority of the conn ties of the Territory, and these fifteen counties, tn which there was no registry, gave a much larger vote at the October .atactica, even with the six months qualification, thsn the w hole vote given to the t<cc<impton constitution on the 17th of November last. If. then, sovereignty can lie delegated . and the Convention , as such . are sovereign , which I deny, surely it must be only in such cases aa when such conventions are chosen by the people, which we have seen was nol the ca?e as regants the lale Leccmpton Com ?ntion It was for this and other reasons thai In my inai gnral and other addresses I Insisted thst Ihe constitution should be submitted to the people by the Cenventioii. as the only means of curing this vital defect In lis organization. It was, therefore, among other rea ssn?. Hint when, as you know, the organisation called the " Tope k a State governtr f*it" waa made, and ss a rvnse qui nce, an inevitable civil war and . on II let must have en ? uedj thcec result* wire jircycntcU by u>y aenurmg (ml the abolitionists, as baa been erroneously stated, for mv address was not to them, but to tho people of Kansas,) them that in my judgment the constitution would be sub mitted fairly and freely for ratification or rejection by their vote, and that II this v.as not dono I would unito with thriii, (the people) as I now do, in lawful opposition to auch procedure. Thn power and responsibility being devolved exclusive ly upon me by the President of uhing the federal army in Kansas to suppress insurrection, thn alternative wu dis tinctly presented to me by questions propounded at TVj pek* , of arreting the revolution by tho slaughter of the peopie, or of preventing It, together with that civil war whkh must have extended throughout tho Union, by a so lemn assurance tlien given, that the right of the itnople to frame their own government so far as my power extend ed should be maintained. But for this assurance, it in a Conceded fact that the Topek* State government, then assembled in legislative session, would bave been put into iininedialc actual operation, and that a t&nguiuary colli sion with the federal arm) and civil war must have en sued. extending it is feared throughout the L'nion. Indeed, the whole idea of an inaugural address origina ted in the alarming intelligence which had reached Wash ington city of perilous and incipient rebellion in Kansas. This in*urrertion was rendered still more formidable on my reaching tho rerritory by tho near approach of the assembling of the revolutionary Htate I,er?l?lfttnr'>, and tho very numerous macs conventions by vyhioh it was ' sustained , In truth, I had to choose betw een arresting that insurrection, at whatever coat of American blood, by the federal army, or to pre vent the terrible catastrophe us I ilid, by my pledges to the people of the exertion o all my power to obtain a fair election and tho submission of the constitution to the vote of the neoplo for ratitkatiou or rejection. -My inaugural and other addresses were, therefore, really In the nature of proclamations, so ofl< i issued by presidents and governors, with a view tu pro vent, as they did in this rase, civil war and Insurrection. Now, by my oath of ofllco 1 was sworn tosup|>ort the constitution of the United Stales, which I have shown, In my ju.tgment, required the submission of the constitution to the vote of the people. 1 was sworn, also, to take care that the Kunsas and Nebraska bill should bo faithfully executed, which bill, in my judgtient, as heretofore stated, required that the constitution should be submitted to the vote of tho people, ami I was therefore only performing a solemn duty when, as (Gov ernor of the Territory, to whose people my first obliga tion" were duo, I endeavored to secure them these re sult*. Tlio idea entertained by some, that I should see the federal constitution and the Kansas Nebraska bill othcrtlirownand disregarded, and that, playing the part of a mute in a pantomime of ruin, 1 should acquiesce by my silence in such a result, especially where such acquies cence involved, as an immediate consequence, a disas trous and tanguinary civil war, seems to mo most pre postorous. Not u drop of blood has been shed by the federal troops in (Kansas during my administration; but insurrection and civil war, extending, 1 fear, throughout the country, were alone prevented by the course pursued by me on those occasions; and tho whole people abandon tog revolutionary violence, wero Induced by me to go lor tho first time into a general and peaceful election. These important results consti tute a suiticieut consolation for all the uujust as saults made upon me on this .subject. I do not under stand that these assaults have ever received the slightest countenance from the President, (hi the contrary, his mcBtui:e clcarly indicates an approval of my course up to the present most unlortunate dith reuce about the so r tiled liecompton constitution. Iintsmucb, however, as this dillereuce is upon a vital question, involving practical results mid new instructions, It is certainly much more rcspectlul to the 1'resideiit, on my jwrt, to resign tho office of Governor, and give him an onportuuity of tilling it, as is his right under the constitution, with one who concurs with him in his present opinions, rather than go to Kansas and force him to remove me by disobedience to bis instructions. This Litter course, hi my judgment, would be incompatible with a proper respect for tho chief magistrate of the Union, inconsistent Willi the rules of moral rectitude or propriety, and could bo adopted with no other view than to force the President to remove me from ofllco. Such a course, it is alleged, would preseut mo to the pub lic as a political martyr iu the defense of the great priuci pie of self government; but to go to Kansas with any such purpose, or with a certain knowledge that such a result must follow, would be alike uujust and improper. My only alternative, then, is Unit of a respectful resignation, in the hope that Kansas and our beloved country inay bo shielded from that civil war with which I fear both are threatened by any attempt to force the so called Leceinp ton constitution u|*in the people of Kansas. I state it as a fact based on a long and intimate association with tho people of Kansas, that an overwhelming majority of that people aro opposed to that instrument, and my letters state that but one out of twenty of the press of Kansas sus tain it. Some .oppose it because so many counties woro disfranchised and unrepresented in th" Convention; some who arc opposed to paper money, becauso it au thorises a bank of enormous capital for Kansas, nearly unlimited in its issues and In the denomination of its notes trom one dollar up and down; some because of what they consider a Know Nothing clause, by requiring that t tie Governor shall have been twenty years a rit.zsn of the United States; .-owe because the elective franchise is no: free, as they cannot vot<> against the constitution tint only on the a ingle issue whether any more slaves may be im ported, and then only u|?on that issue by voting for tit ccnsUtuUon to which the) are opposed, ? and they regar this as bnt a mockery of the elective franchise and a pe rilous sporting with the sacred rights of the neoplt; souM oppose it because the coiistitiit:oii distinctly recognize < and adopts the Oxford fraud Iti apportioning legis lative members for Johnson county apon the friu dulent and fictitious returns to falsely called from that pre.-iuct, winch recognition of thn fraud in the constitution is abhorrent to the moral sense of the people. Others oppose it because, although In other cases the presidi nU of conventions have been authorised to issue writs of election to the regular Terri tonal or ."tatc officers, With the u-unl Judges ana with th established precinct-, and on the a liudiuition of the ro turn* ? in this cane unprecedented, and vice regal powers ?ro Riven to the president Of the convs ntlon to make tho precincts, the judge*, and t<> decisis' Dually uiion the re turn*. From the grant of theso unusual ana rnnrmmn pomn. Bint from cither reason* connected with the re turn* of Oxford ami MoOn, an overwhelm lag majority of Kansas have no faith in the validity of those return;, ami then-fore will not vote. Indeed <tisgul*e It a* wc tiny to nutllvn under the Uwm of the prevent excitement, the fact* will demonstrate thai any attempt* by Oougre* lo force this constitution upon the pcjple of Kitisa* will he un effort to aubatltltc the will of a email minority for that of au overwhelming majority, of the people of KauaM. ? that it wtU not Kttlt thv Kmi us quostion or looallM tho issue? that It will. I fear, he attended hy civil war, ex lending |?rlia|>fi throughout the I'nmn. thus bringing tins question bark upain upon Congress and before the poople In lit rnosst daops-rou* and alarming aspect. The l'r< si dent taken a differs nt view of the iubjnct in his mc-aatfe, and from the event* occurring in Kansas a well an hrrc, It is evident that the question is passing from theories uiU< practice, and that as Governor of Kansas 1 should be com pelled to carry uut uew instructions differing on a vital queelistn from tlisiMi received at the date of my appoint ment. f-ucb instructions I could not execute consistently with my views of the federal constitution an t of the Kaii km ami Nebraska hill, or with my pledges to the people of Kansas. t'nder there circumstance* no alternative is left but to resign tie1 office of Governor of the Territory of Kansas. No ono can more deeply regret than myself tbia necessity. but It arises from no change of opinion on my part. On the con trary 1 should mo-t cheerfully have returned to Kansas to carry out my original instructions, and thus preserve j care in the Territory . ami unally settle the Kansas ques tlcn by redeeming my plodfea to the people. It is not my intention at thl* tiaie to discus* the pe< tiliar circum stances and uncxpoi ted events whirl, have modified the opinions of the 1'rrMrtent upon a point so vita! a* the suln.iisaion of the con.-titutx n fur ratification or re jectlvn by the vote of the people?- much less do I desire any controversy with the President sin this subject. Yet. however widely my views may dif fcr from those entertained by him on this q-isMtlon? view* which I have helil all m> life aiis) which, a* involving fundamental principle of public liberty and of the con ?ntiitloi,, are nnchangrahle? yet. as regard* all tho<* grssl mi ?snrep which. 1 trust, will constants) the polis'y sif his administration in other respects, it will give me pleasure, as a private cttiaen, ts> ylelsi my e?>rdlal Kiipj?>rt. I have ?aid that the slavery sjut'ttsm as a practical is?ue had db-appearsd frsim Kans-a- long before my arrival Uiere. and the question of self government had been sub* stitulesl ia Its place tm some future occasisrti 1 shall di? pl pate the delusion which has prevailesl upon this subject, nbd show that after three yea:* experiment, when I ar rived In Kansas, there was less than three hundred ?lavM there and the number constantly diminishing? that, a* proved by the ofllcta! records of (''ingress. published and authenticated l<y thoee distinguishes! Southern statermeii, John C. Calhoun and Jefferson rttvis, the winter climate even of Fiw-tcrn Kansas It colder than that of Wew 1 jigland, and fliat the pro slavery tcr rltorial convention of Kansas Mftstittdafot with the pro (la very Territorial legislature on the 4th sif January l*.s?, nearly Ave months before my arrival ihere. dirt abandon the slaverv istuic because, as set forth by s me of their number, tlic tiro slavery party w?s in a small and ad mltted minority, and the cooperation of the free Stat, democrats wa* ln\ ited a* the only hope of success. not to make Kansas a slave Plate which was conceded to be impossible, but to make it a conservative demo eristic frrs- Male Even as late a* the 8d of July 1*67, whsun the fiemocrutic Territorial Convention assembled at Lecsimptrn In conseqnence of the laws of tbe climate, and the well known will of the people, none contended that slavery csnil.l be established there; nor was it until my Southern opponent* Interfered in the af fairs of Kiuisas, and by denunciation, menace and other wise, aided at a critical period if several fe feral office. Alers of Kansas, including tbe Purveyor General, and e President rt the Convention, ? iiii his immense patronage, embracing many hundred employi ?, intervened, and. as I believe, Without the know ledge or approbation of tbe President of the 1' tilted Ptnti's, produced the extraordinary paper called the Is-conpton Constitution. Yet thi* act of intrrventivb by the federal officers to defeat the will of tbe people ss ems to he sustained by my opponents, whll?t my intervention, a? it is called, in (Mlmoi to my duty ?'id i ath of office to rupps>rt th? federal constitution and to t.skes nre that our or^anl". law should In- fairly execute 1 by endeavoring to secure to the people of Kansas their rights unsler that aot. i* denounced an I calumniated. It Is still mere remarkable that|lhe hypothetical remarks trade by mc a* regards climate in Its connsction with its indue a< e i'|xin tho que*th>n of slavery in Kansas , aftec that lane had been abati'looed there, which views wers' for consolidating the uni<*i between the conservative, the free State and prsi slaver v deinocrats, so as to prevent the confl-cation of the small number of slaves then held in Kansas, have been de nounced by many dtstiBglislMd Southern Senatssrs who. when the K.sn as and Nebraska bill was pending tat grins, ami when such remarks from them if ever, might afftrt southern emigration, were then loudest in pro claiming that becaase of |t? climate Kansas could never btcotnc a slave Stale, Indeed, it etcm that all persons in and out of Kansas, whether in publio or in private life, may publish what opinion* they

please in regard to these iiuesUoiia except the Governor of that Territory, who ha* no little power and no patron age. Ami now be pleaded to express to tho President ray deep regret as regards our uufnrtnmite di.Terenco of . opinion in relation to tho Leoompton count itutiou, and to my to him that ax infallibility does not belong to man, however exalted in intellect, parity of intention or posi tion, y?t if he hat* committed any error t ia this reaped, may they bo overruled by a superintending Providence for the perpetuity of our ITuion and the advancement, tho honor and iutervot of our beloved county, hi now diM?<>l v nit; my official connection with your de partment, 1 beg leave to tender you my thanlts lor your constant courtesy aud kindness. Mo.it respectfully, your ob'dt serv't, H. J. WAlJiKK. MEETINvi OP THE LEGISLATURE. {?torn tho St. Inuts itepublican, IHic. 14.] The train from Jcil'erson City last night brought down a v< ry large numher of passengers from the upper part of this State and Kansas. Many of tbom arrive>l at Jotlorsou on the Morula, froiu St. Joseph. The legislature nut ^)n the 7th, but there was no quo rum present, and there wad an adjournment to tho next day. On Tuesday Miero were eleven members present in the Council, and twenty one iu the House. Tho Council or^an ized by clecUU ? t' W. Habcock, President, J. K. tinoilwin Secretary, G. .i. ttelton, Assistant Secretary, I>. H. Weir. Engrossing Clerk, aud divers other officers. In tho House. W. Deltzler. wm elected President, O. F. Currier, Ohio Clerk, and a full : ut ot otti""r?i We hear from tho Territory that, tkero was intense ex cltemeut am''Ug ;;) classes of people, aud it is li trdly pro bablo tliat tho party opposed to tiie I<ncomptoa Conven tion will will prrwft ;in elootion U> he bejfi on tho "I t at all. .Fhn Kmc, with three or four hundrod of his myrmi dons and followers, were encamped near Ix'cempUui, os tetisibly to keep the oeac? . hut r?.il! e to overawe, an it seema to us, the members of the I opr-Uni. . . dad -?? cure such action an they desire with rerereuct to the Lp rompton confutation. Many threats of i dcu rmination to drive tien. Calhoun, and all the numbers who were con < erned with him in the formation and submission wl' tho constitution, out of the Territory , and even to take their lives, have been made, hut no outbreak or this kinu had been attempted. News of the dismissal of Mr Secretary Stanton, and of the appointment of tieueral Itonver iu his stead, had not readied Kansas, but the impression of our informant is that it wHl bring things to an issue in the Territory at once. Perhaps when they ilnd tliat the President has adopted his course, and will employ all the means at his command to sustain the legally constituted authorities and enactments, they may hesitate about bringing matters to a bloody termination, as they declare they will do, "regard- j less of consequences." ACTING GOV. STANTON'S MESSAGE. I JtCOMPTO.V, l'CC. H, 1K.W. Kkuow (Vn/K.vH ok thk Corxni. a.vk Hoisk ok Kwhiwen to"tbo"abMnee of the tlovornor, who, by leave of the Prenldeut, bus Ron.- for a short timo to Washing ton, on important public business, and win ? thus ritrily clothed by the organic act witli all the lowers and duties of tbt> chief executive office of the Territory, And myself compelled by a souse of duty to call you together, m order that you may adopt prompt legislative measures to avert the calamities which imminently threaten the public peace. From the representation* ef a majority or Uur own bodies, ?? well as from other information of an authentic character, I have reason to know that events have produced a profound agitation of the public m.nd an J that a sense of wrong and injustice, whether well or ill founded, and an apprehension or greater evtl lo arise therefrom, have aroused the peoplo of the Terri tory to a condition or dangerous excitement. Trie pro caedingsof the late Constitutional Convention aro tho im mediate cause or this trouble and alarm. The law passed at the lant season of the I-egi lativo As sembly, providing for the organization of a Convention to frame a constitution for the government or Kansas as one or the States or tho Union, was adopted at a period when, unfortunately, the people of the Territory were di vided by a bitter hostility resulting from tho previous state of commotion and ci\ .1 war. In consequence or this embittered reeling, and tho mutual distrust naturally thereby eticeudered, one or the iiarlies, couhtitutin^ a large majority or the people, refrained almost entirely from any |?artlripet ion In the proceeding* instituted under the law aforesaid. Tho census therein provided fcr was inn>erfei tly obtained from an unwilling people tn nine teen counties ol the Territory: while in the remaining counties, iK .ng alw nineteen in number, from various cau. es no attempt was male to comply with the law. in some instances people and officers were alike averse to the preceding, in others, the officers neglected or ro I t'uceU to act and in some there w#? but a small i*>pu la ticiu, and no efficient organization enabling the peoplo to Becnro a representation in the Convention. Lnder uie operation of all these CAttsei combined . a cenaUB hiit w.w Obtained of only nine thousand two hundred and fifty one legal voters, confined w> precisely one lialf the counties Of tlio Territory, though these undoubtedly contained much the larger part of the population. , M tho election which followed, in pursuance of the law, only two thousand two hundred persons -being less than one fourth of the registered voters? portldpated in? any manner In the choice or deleg*U>8, either by voting lor those elected or for other |? rsons. The average aggre vote in favor of the successful caudnlato wa i about ^It thus apfn ars'that In the electk* of the l.Mh of June I last for delegates to the Convention, the great mats of the ; people refrain"! from voting, and left the whole I'?***1 ! ?ng. with all its Important cou*quenc??, to the active ml^ 1 ncntv, under whose auspices the law had been eno t d and aiso executed , so t,r as that could be done by the executive ..flicer.- without the concurrence of a majority I 01 1'^'t '"he 'refusal of the majority to go into tho election for dclegutes was unfortunate b now too apparent to b ' ocriR-d It has produr.sd all the evils and danger* of the present critical henr l? has enabled a body ol men, not actually rfpre-eutltiK thejoplniona of the people, though retularly and legitimately clothed with their authority, to prepare for them a form of government and to withhold the gn ater part ef Its most im|*>riaiit provisions from the test of tiopular judgment and wuiction. It has created the present profound excitement, oonsoqm nt upon i the ap p-ehenston that Congress may admit the Slate under this coi.si tutHin. and tl,?t tho pie of Kan**s m forced to submit to the operation of a fundamental law In the adopUOU of which they have had UO actual partlol ' ' It is not my tmrtxwe, nor 1- II uece ? <ary, to Inquire how far either of the parties nit ? which the people are unhap pily divided upon the proceedings in question was Justi fiable in the course pursued. The only impirtant 'lu,'4""n which seems now to concern the people, or their repre sentatives, is, a* tn the legal and political effect or the facts as stated?whether they door do not imjioso upon the whole people an obligation to atxeot the work of the Convention, and to acquiesce in It" plan of adopt ILK the constitution and sending it up to Congress for the adu.is M,,n of K&DMb* M u SUiU4 into the \ inou? If a Convention, orjnuuaed M Una wM,c&n be cons t dered as embodying in itself the sovereignty of the p*o pie. the difficulty IS undobtedly in upcrable, and th omission of the majority to vote List June la paet all pr. s. nt remedy Hut, in my judgment, such * position ? ?n not be tuoce-slully maintained The fundamental prim . pic of popular >eir government, and ??*[??< tally of that ? r. publi. nn form" wl.e h th esttutlon of the 1 n ted ?t*t< BuaranU es t> every member of Uie conredera' v , excludes the possibility of the delegation or tra??efero. their ?orereimt>. by the |-- ple.t.. any ant Wity irtat ever In it very nature, that sovereiznt) whirh ere< U government- and endows tbem With their l.v.t.n.al- p- w ert, < an b< . ^m?ed only by th? | pie Uiem-e ve- -. It Is tncatiable of alienation, aod Is a m "paraMv inherent in tlXdy of the p. ,ple as are per al l lentHy and in dependent will in each individual. The people canr.ot dive.t them^elv,* of it . any mr<re than an indtv idual eon dire?t him-elf of hi- own moral r, I M I m r 0m I tj W. M .n. '.v t-e ?' surdity of the J?>ssible sub.'? ti..n << the -..ver.-'gn , to i it delegated afetil I or ir Ibr sovereignty be artually d. le Kated or transferred . t m*v evidently be iwed enslave the soverelan people themselve? If the Omvent'on i ?ul-i enact a constitution, and put It In force of its own autb ri tv It could readilv adopt and perpetuate the ax>st tyranni eai provisions for If the eonslltminn, as in thts ease, may be made permanent until 19W, It might equally be made perpetual anil unalterable. . r?_. , In its essential character, when about to frame a Stat* eovrrnniert, the soverrlpnty of the people of a Territory is idenncal with that of the people ol a Mate It mu>t ne cesssrily l-e e.,ually a- plenary an I mdeKndeot iHher ? ?e the new Mate would not *tan<l upon sn equality with the old ones Tlie perfect quality of all the inettbers or the confe leraey is the very basis of the federal eonMltii t??r It is true that a Territory clMHH bW* * the Cnion without the consent of CongreM Hut this nls cretien on the part of Congress does not Imply the power to dictate institutions to the peoplo (4 the territory. ?r In ?nv way P> restrain, or limit, or force their ?orerelgnty in thi e\ercise of its high function of rramlng it* own ."tite government. Tho only rlghtrnl power which Oongrew fia? ? the premises, lif to determine when the n<-w c<>m mnnitr is suflkiently matun) to assume sn independent government, and to recognise the IdcnUy of tho people In th. r new form of a HUte That clause of the constitution guaranteeing U>] the states a "republican form of government ' implies the obb nts n lo protect the people tn their sovereignly, and to prevent ita alienation, If that were possible, as a deper ture from the true republican form Congress, therefore, has no rightful power to accept a State government wh oh I, a- nol received the sanction of the people who are to live under it The attempt to exercise such a power would bo a plain violation of the constitution It would !*? none le?? a nsc.rpation because the people might after war da re gion their violated sovereignty. The la' lances in which Congress ha? reeozniaed and ra eelved new Mates witltout the actual submission of their constitutions to the vote of the people . are^ not necesearuy in conflict with the principles now asserted Poiibt esa ir the people of a Territory slioul I q'Hetly acquiesce In the adoption of a constitution passed lor them, they might thus c ve very satisfactory evidence of their approbation But no instat.ee can lie found on record of a """'titutKio aj^ cepted by Confrees againrt the will of a majority of the people, expressed in any distinct manner whatever ^ It is not intended herein to assume that the penffle of "" It* t,e siibniitted. In a c . rUin form . on the Jl-t instant 1? ia sn n u tent for the occasion which now CjmveM" My, and Tor the purpo-e of tills communion lion, tl it there Is wide spread ('issattsfactlnn, threat entni: to disturb the tranquility "f the |**qde If there be anv n?*ns otprevenfing the d.seord and posiilblerloleneo ? li e h lire so seriously ipprehended as Itie result of the time nameo, under tlo> authority of the (on-tuution >1 < on vent on. It Is the solemn duty of the^ l/'gisature to ascer , , ? ^ loj ? the .n. asiiH ni"' ? "i i' ' 'ft ia ' ' What appropriate and efficient measure can baabqHM, in the exciting emergency ii a qse-.tlon not ^'^''it diffl iuliy. have |>r?>po?ed m repeal tUv act ^ legislature, under which Uih Convention assemb'cl anil performed its functions, Hut in. nnmc:i n* tn.it law hag been partially executed, it it* doubtful whether an act of repeal would havo the effect intended It is certain that If the Constitution were to he really submitted to the pen pie, and they should istify it by their vote, a legislative rejK-al, between Uie Mates of the submission and of the election, would ujt a fleet the validity of the no verelgu act of ratification. The true purpose which, in my judgment, ought to con trol yovii legislation on the present occasion, and that whi:h is, perhaps, the most pertinent and practicable within your power, is to provide for tho regular and leglti mate exorcisc of the sovereignty of tho people on th >so points 10 which the Convention has attempted to trammel or restrain it; iu other words, to piovlde for a direct vote, under your own authority, upon ll*e adoption of the con stitution which Is to bo partially submitted on tho 21st isst., under the authority of the Constitutional Convention I have already expressed the grave doubts I entertain as to tho j >r,wer of the Ixjgislatnro ui any manner to inter fere With the proceedings of the Convention ; but ther ? can bo no question as to your authority to provide, by a uituble law, for ;i fair expression of the will of tho peo jile upon the vital question of approving the constitution. 'lh;.t highest not id sovereignty , tho acirof delegating ap propriate powers in the best form of words and with the j-roj-.iT limitations, to a Statu orgaiuieatton, so deeply in volve-! the dearest right'i and itili-re.-.H of the |ieoplo, that tho very safety of our vvholo system of self government demands in all cities, but especially where any doubt or iLr <ati -faction prevail , an unequivocal ratill. alien of tho Ci'llbtitldion III be adopted. 1'erh.ips n ipajorily of the people may accept 1\?C ins'-ru meut i.o\v bcfoie them, in one or the other ot ,lio forms in which it is pr< euted by th : l". indention, lu Hint case there coil I. 1 bo no ground for complaint; for I doubt uot | (lie tMOMOpIl Will Cl fully :i . i<\- 1 .o in tho will of tho m/?iorlty, fairly uncertain cd. On tho other hand, if tho p<vf io should decide against the constitution in both terms, it would nut be iK>ssib|elor Congress, without a vio lafiou ot ill ]?q?iUr rights, to admit Kansas into the Union under it. The way would be then fairly open for the pas tug! of any other appropriate measure, by virtue of which tin people, relieved from all former embarrass moots, eould elect their delegates to a convention, and es tablish their owu institutions in their own way, in a. cord iitice with the provisions of the organic act and tho funda mental principles ot self government. It is dillicuit to see what objection could be raised to such a law, jiasFed at the prevent ttme, and to bo executed cotcmjiornnor.usly with the vote upon the constitution, as provided by the Convention. That body itself had its ex istenco from the authority of tho Iz-gislutivn Assembly. This constitutes its whole title to regularity and legitimacy ; for no valid claim cun be based upon any supposed recognition by the people, inasmuch as the great majority of them refrained from all participation iu the election. If that Convention, thus deriv ing its authority solely from tho legislative en actment which Cllled It into existence, ran send up to Congress a constitution for the Stale of Kausas with out actually submitting it to tho people, the name I .eg is hi tore may. with equal regularity and legality, provide for an mde|>elident vote of the Iieople u|>oii the actual ratifi cation of the instrument which Is sought to ho imposed upon litem. It is not to l>o supposed that Congress will disregard the voice of tho pcoplo. legally expressed in tho manner proposed, whether its docMion shall bo l'oror against the constitution lu pursuance of these views, I recommend the pasxago of a law directing an election to be held, cither under ex isting regulations, or iu pursuanco of other suitable pro visions to be eipmsutl in the aeU, m which tho people shall lie authorized t.> vote fnr the constitution iu either of the forms presented by the Convention, and alHO against that constitution in both form*. An auy law attempting to control the ottlcers of the Convention and tho e acting under them would be of more than doubtful validity, ami might bo wholly (lu regarded by them, it would be pru dent to provide for a separate proceeding under different officers, but it might be of great convenience U> tho poo pie, and some eflicieucy for the objects in view, to Isild this election at the same time, and at the same places provided lor In the proclamation of tho President of tho Lie Con vent. on. in order that tho result may bo cominu imaled to CongreM, at tho earliest practicable mo ment. as the sovereign will of the people of Kansas. It would seem to mo that tills single act will be .sufficient to meet this whole emergency and to dispel the excite ment which low threatens the peace of tho Territory. If it be adopted, substantially iu the form proposed, with out any embarrassing adjuncts calculated to arouse pre judice and to produce discord, the earnest directness ami unity of the act, looking alouc to the one great and right ful end of ascertaining the true will of the people and se curing ils ascendancy , cannot fail to cotumeud it to the approbation of all patiiotic hearts in the Territory ami throughout the Union. 1 lie laws now prevailing in this Territory provide for the pi oper punishment of illegal and fraudulent voting; but there is no provision which will r?a? lithe ca-<e of frau dulent returns. The case of the late "xford precinct, in Johnson county, was an enormity so great that it has no where been detended or Juatiilied. Yet the evilcmse que nee* ol it are seen m the lac.t that ev -u the late Cou ventlon has been so far imposed upou that m its appor tionment for the itate Legislature under the constitution, it fuu> assigned to Jt.hn^oii county four representatives, which must necessarily be based on the notoriously false returns from that county. In order to meet the ap prehen-ioii'. naturally grow ing out "f the-e . jrcumstance.i, I recommend the odopijou of a provision making it felouy. with suitable paniahnient. for any judge or clerk of elec lion knowingly to place on the poll books the names of person* not a< tualiy present and voting, or o her wise cor ruptly to make false returns, either of the election held by order of the Convention, or of any other election to bo held in this Territory. leaunotclose this communication without expressing my deep regret that the absence of the tioveruor, in tlm srsve ciuvigene.) , will deprive you of the bcuctU of h>< wise and patriotic conn?e|. Hi - great ex|s rienco in pub lie. mlam. bu profound knowledge of the causes and ef fects ol (a.'IitH al action, would have been of infinite ser vice to the Territory in this dangerous cr.sis. Cpoa all ?(M ?l wle-r. Ik- hi . Ml ? n-d | eople. otfl i . . or otherwise, upon the ali'airs of the territory , be has unt formly proclaimed his ileu^tninalion to exert all blsoffk.al power Hod all bis personal tnfluenc" to secure to the pe<> pie of Kansas the right lo decide, fully and independently, upon the adoption of their e?n institulitions. Although my authority as Act.ng Governor, is wholly ludepeudent of his, and cannot commit him in any way fir my acts, I cnnccive Uiat in taking the res|siusiblo step of calling yim | together nnd making the rec immendations now sntNnlt ted, 1 am hut following to its logical conclusion his whole policy, in all of which I have herntnforo cordially con citrtd. That your Inltor i may bn directed to the .itu nni'-nt of only good en**, tlmt n benign l*f?vidence may preside ?Iter four deliberation* Mid give you wmdom nu l mu<]' ration. uo<l forbearance. Much ius thail be appropriate ami efficient t* allay the excitement and dispel the dan*;*? wlii< U rurrouiid thn diet* ?< led community, 1m th" earie-nt hope and prayer with which I commit to you the grave Uiteretft upvu which yvu are c*l'?d t-> act. ___ __ HUOJ. r. tVAiffOS. PROC.RB8H OF THIS I>EMO('RATIC A VTI 8I.AVKRY CONSPIRACY IN THE NORTH WEST AUAINMT TUB ADMINISTRATION. [From the Columbo* (Ohio) Statesman ? Douglaii orpin.] 711* rXTfcRRlFlKI) PRMOCKATIC l'RKKA Of OHIO. Tin' Weatem demvcnitk' lepers which r ?-n irt the usur pation of hi- Majeaty . King Cfclhoun, and hi* *<palid par [lament orcr the people. have been ?tigmalued by the paper* on tbr |WMkm I i.?t at Washington city , a* axliiiK the black republicans. It tu?y be seeu how tunny demo crntlc paper* of Ohio *tai:d up for popular sovereignty aud r?To-e u> leave thr pUtform ado|it?d at Cincinnati . by thn li?t below. We publish tt for two o? three r< MM One b, that they dr*nrre honorable mention. wh'> can neither lie threaten* <1 nor cajoled Ir.to surrendering t!ie principled and the true interest* of the democratic. party. Another In. that the representatives of UM In dnnirro** may learn, brvond all peradrenture, the <>cii#tnent* of the d>?mo crary of the Stale. We do it ai*o to giro the Washington paj'erp plenty of mater. ? I to blare aw*y at; for " Ob, My ' stars !' " w? do enjoy their lndicrou? rage and sen^el.** pother. Wc print the Ust a. o, tn order that when th:* content b< oter, and the nrn ient prim ipl*?of our party and popular sovereignty hare Iwn vindicated and su? lained, an thev will be, It may appear ii|>on the record, who stood undaunted in the cTM, and contended nn reaeinglr for the grent democratic d?,:tna, " l.et the people rule ' It may he that w? have overi<?>k<?l many of our democratic nchange* "I Ohio, lor we had not at Orpt thought of pntilir hk.cthc lilt; In that >a.-e *t shall gladly ni ik< the addition* at a future pcr.od ? The {locking inline). The tlolme* County Karm?r. The MrOfnnelavllle Knqtilrer. The Il?n< <? k Courier. The Adam* County Iiemoerat. The Jackson Ctounty Kxprees. The fiuern?ey Jefftrgonian. The Bellair Fra. The M i Id Shiell and Banner. The Noble t ounty I democrat. Tlie Mount Vernon Banner. The Monroe Spirit of I)emocracy. Tho Newark Advocate. The N; p< lecn North Wevt, The Fremont Messenger. The I'nblc Democrat. The flermotit Sun. like Marlon Mirror. The Celina Standard. The 1'orumimUi spirit of ?hB Tme*. The MMn Sentinel. Tlie New Lisbon I 'at not. The Ashland Cnion The Wayoe Tismly Democrat. The Mount tillead Mewoeiger. The I*laware Staiwlard. The Seneca Adverti-cr. Tlie Columbu* WnlMti (tJerman.) Tlie Cincinnati Volk*freund, (tiwrman ) TTie Sandueky I>emoerat. The Perry?btirg Detnorraf. TTie Warren Count? I 'e moor at. Tlie Butler Omufy f' tuwrat. Tbe C?nfleld Sentinel The McArthur Pwnotut Tlie New Philadelphia I>emocrBt. The RttMnrafh (Jurette Tlie Snmmlt Couatir l^moamt. The Marietta Hepuhltcan The Iron Valley Kxprew. The Sandn?ky M rror. The Allen County Pemocrat. Tlie I'rlmna lvnioerat. the Piqna Fti'iulree The Brown County IVmocrat. Tie National Democrat, Madison county The Springfield Kgpn?itor. Tbe Toledo Commercial. The ?>hio Statesman This list doe* not tnehide th?*e which ?re "waiting for the facta." The fact that the great principle of the Ne braska act and the Ctac unati platftmn? popular sovtrvlgu ty ? w i i contrav ened by the I>>compton tionveniion *M enough for us , and It was enough fur nine hundred and ninety nine out of ovcry thousand democratic voters .n our State. SENATOR DOCOLAS' (JKK \T fti'NSCII. (From the Detroit (Mich. ) Free l*rc?>? 1 We undertake to declare that. no isMition of tne speech of Senator Douglas, which we. spread before our readers in our last issue, can be succe.sfully a -sailed. It it) not ? inly a complete and thorough and incontrovertible expo sition of the doctrine of |?.pular sovereignty, as annuucui tcd by the Kanaas organic a. t, but re woven the founda tion upon which th? I .ecompton Convention tiun beeu made to reii, and brings that structure in ruins to the (round. The democratic party must continue to stand upon the doctrine of popular son p igmy . as interpreted hv Senator Douglas, or it. ton, will fall in ruins to the ground. It hart cost much to establish that doctrine. The democracy of (he North iHtve made tremendous sacrifices to wipe ou the Congressional restriction which prohibited the peopl of Kansas from forming aud regulating all their dorneeti institutions in I heir own way. They c>uinot and will no I now abandon It. They cannot and will not permit rti nig nitlcauec and scope to unabridged They will maintain it, or. if thry do not, they will commit suicide. We heiieve wo can speak for Michigan if wo cannot for the North Trent. Hero in Michigan wo only need the pre servation ot' the doctrine of jiopular sovereignty intact, and we will sweep black republicanism from tho face of the laud at tho next cutout. And there is really but ou sentiment here rcg.irdlig tho posture of aifairs. The unanimity in thw ci'.y is wonderful, and ous udv it ea from the Interior assuro us that the city I* an index of tho whoio Stat*'. If we run rely >u>oii our democratic cotenaporar rles, the democracy of the entire Northwest are impelled by nno impulse. Then look ut Kansas' Kvery newspaper in the Terri tory , save one, protest.-; against tho admission under tho Lecompton fraud, and these papers asseverate that Mm> t?nths of tne people protest against it. The/ protest u/'iiinsi tho violation of tho iloctrlno of popular sover eignty In llieir cm. Ibo doctrine must not bo violated in their cuao, and in no other case. 1 1 rom ihe Detroit Free Press.] PEMOCRATU' MASS MKETINO AT TIIE CITY HALL I.tST NHIUT l' ASM At IK OP KKSOLUTIQN8 UK APElllMINt* Tin: OBMAT MDIOCIUTK) POOTIUW OK ro rULAB SOVKHRIUNTY, HaKHWM TO TUB 8FKKCH OK HKNATOK DOI OLAH, EXPRESSING COW?I ? DKNCK IN PRESIDENT IK CIIANA.V, AND KKC'OMilEND INO A STATU CONVENTION. l'ursuani to a call, a meeting of the democracy convened at the City Hall last evening, for tli" purpose of i o alllrra Ing the great doctrine of popular sovereignty, and taking steps towards a Stale convention of the democracy, to bo held at an ? arly day, tor the purpose of a thorough orgam /atiou of the party. The City Hall was filled at an early hour, and the meeting was organized by the appointment of Alderman Dyson Chairman, and F. J. Allison aa Sec retary. Mr. CiURiJtM W. Cn ,\m moved that tho Chair appoint a committee o live to draft resolution ; (WMtTI of the setn>e of the meeting and report accordingly. The I 'hair appointed the following gentlemen snch com mittee ?Messrs. Charles W. Ch.ipei. J. I^igau Chipaoiu), (?eorge V. N. I othrop, S. How Klwood and l'homas McKn tec. ?Th<> committee retired, and after a short absence retim ed and reported , by tin r chairman, Mr <?hapel, tho fol lowing resolutions, which were rcao by the clerk ? Kcsdved, That the democracy of tho city of Detroit will m no wise depart from, hut will resolutely and im movably udhere to. tho doctrine of popular uoveroignty enunciated by tho K auras Nebraska act. Resolved. That the true intent and meaning of that bill was to leave the people of Kansas and Nehru- k a p< rfectly free to form and regulate ihclr domestic institutions in their own way, subject only to tho constitution of tho United States. Resolved, That the domestic institutions of apolitical coiumuuity about to enter tho Union as a State embraco not only the question of slavery, hut tho e\ecuti /e, le gislative and judicial departments of the government, tho linan;e. taxation and education of the people, and all other tilings relating to their local government Resolved, That the xpee? h of Step'aan A. I>ouglaH, deli vered in the Senate of the United States on th J i/th day of liccember mst. .is a clear, C/oncliisiTe and iinaesaliablo exposition of tho doctrine of jiopular sovereignty aa enun ciated by the Kansas Nebraska act, and that tho democra cy of the city of Detroit tender to Steuben A. Douglas tlirir thanks for the promptness with which ho ha? pro nounced this ex|iositioii. Raaolved, Ttiat we have unabated confidence in the in tegrity of .lames Buchanan , that we approve and admiro every act of hit administration thus far save his interpre tation, In Ins late rue-sage, of tl.n |>optilar sovereignty clause of the Kansas Nebraska ai t aud that we have no Otfctr expectation than that the future MMfM of Ml ad ministration will he such as all goo<l democrats can ap plaud and none condemn. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting it is desi rable that a State convention ot the <I??Kk nv.y of this Statu bo held at au early day, to take measures for the more thorough organi'/ iliou of the democratic party, and that, to that end, the President of this meeting is re<|o#t?t ed to appoint a committee of ten persons, who shall have authority to call such convention at a suitable time an t place. Specehes followed by Messrs O. V. V. I othrop, C ifBO lius o'Klynn, Charles W ihapel, Dijah HawUy, H. \ Morrow a. smith lingir. and otbera. Iho meeting Bell until a Ian hour, which rendered it Impossible us t report the s[>eecbes in timo for this morning '< issue. The previous question being finally dennnded, and th > demand being snstainml by a divisnn of the boose, th>) chair put th<! motion on the adoption of tho resolutions. Tho resolutK ns were adopted ny a dc* .aivo vote. The lue'ting then adjourne I. BT\TK CONVENTION OF TIIE PRO SLAVERY PARTY. A Convention of pro slavery men assembled at I^comp ton ? n the 6th of December, says a correspondent of tho St. I<iuis /'? ni"- rat. The ubje? t of the Conv entxm is to no minate s i.ovi rnor, laeutenant Governor and tneut jers of tie staU' i a gtalature. IVefiaratkMis for putting a Plat- govermrent in motion are going rapidly forward, (lalhoua, in the exercise of pciwer dcleR,.trd to him by theCon titutional (\.n .entvon, has already commenced tiie appointment of i-ounty cooi miat loners, with whom rest the power of choosing judges of election. In the event of the estab'.ishuoml of a Stato government, two United States' Senator ind a member of t Oligrea* are to be elected 111 consldcritiou of the ate*) he has inanUested in tho furtheranco of pro-slavery In tercsta, Calhovn will probably receive a United State* senalorshlp. It is al-o rumored that Secret ary Stanton '.s likely to bo a randi'lale for the same office It ;a probable th?t Judgo Kmore will aepiro to the position of Governor or member of (ongt ess TELEMlPHIO. rno lavkkt nomination-* ron statb orr?cKiu? TtiK noHOKn RtrrriANS ohoaviziw; for tub clko Tiuk cirroxiTio.N to tiik i.kcomitom con"*titu TIOM. i*r. I<ocm, Doc. 17, 1857. Tim N'/iuitiit tin tuM Kuipm <lale-i of tbe 10th unit. Th? I^p -lattir** I *<l dune nothing towards carrying oat th? recommendation* ,n Secretary Sunu.tr* ui<dm|?. Tho election returns of K :< kipoo bad been doclared fraudulent by a committee of Investigation , and the republican mout her* admitted to th' ir ?'???< in (he House. The I lemoi ralic Coav' ntfnn at I?oompton com.nafd John Ca'lioun for Governor by acclamat. >n,,but tie d? chord i<i accept, and Fr ink Mam hall waa nominated in bw plead. W U. MattLc.vs for ljeuienaut Governor, and Mr. Cacr for OnBfre**. Instrict AWiroey We# declined a nomination for Otofruss. General Iknver had not ar rived In tbe Territory. Kansas letter* to th? />? w**-r%t sny that an attempt * being made in tbe border counties of Mb>?ouf I to form companies of voter* to control the election on lbs list ln?t. At a main convention held H I/?compton on the Ttb lniit. resolution* were paa?ed undorilng tbe proceedings of the Delegate Convention held at lawrence en tbo 3d in*t. , and pledging thenwelv**, Individually and collectively, to oppose to the utmost tbe constitution adopted at !<ecomp U ii, and re*i*t every attempt made to put tbe government in operation under the tame. Political Intelligence. Pn*nrrAt No* trnmrmnrvn.? A eonventM of the de mocracy ot ? ?wen county , Indiana, was held at th" Court hiii-i' it that county on the KHh ultimo, when the fol inwmtf resolution wus unanimously adopted on motion of Ju'tge hTnnlllin Ki sotted. That w Unapprove of the democracy tfc * county or Stat" Mtrftflii| in any manner whatever with the mnnsgement of affair* in Kansas, and are in r* tor of tbe people of th*t Territory eettlitig their own verej 'juee tior* in 'heir own way, subject to no iictat"<n nod control by non resident* ;md outsider*? a strict s'lbcrence lo the pr vll? ges of the Kansas and Nebr*?k? bill. Hmv A. Wi*sa?n> turn Piuaipa.*! v.- The Fredericks burg ( Va * firurio think' that Governor W?-e ha* ruined bw chance* for the FlwsMency by hi* r event over isac.a ot me**at;o*. It says: "If be write* IW message* m Governor ??f one Slate in ,'.7, a* President of thirty four Mates tn "AO, he woMM unquestionably write one hundred an<l thirty mi me??*K<-? The possibility of much nnpa ralleled prolixity will forever prealade bun from Um Presi dency. How M Aim* V B?tss. ? This rentleman. say* the He la Ware ftnir Nrftrfrr, of the llth mutant, is making preparation* lo proceed to ? ashtegtoa At an early day lo take hi- MM m? 'be I'n ted suf- Senate Me enter> ?in* no Mea of reelfatng. nor lia* be been adviW to that f(Te? l n* ha* l>een err<?i??"u?ly reported The Preeident'1 m. ??**>? nn <*? h.* warm approval. tbatportKin in relaUoo to kumii aflhlr* in particular Tmt .^ornt avt> Or>t. Or* ?The Vew Orlean* 0>t?enf thu* ?peBk? of the new Speaker of the ftou*e of Repreeen tive* ? <V>I (?r, of ,*iuth Carolina, I* spoken of fbr fiwak er, but that gentleman u *md to be *ti|<|tori<->l by ftecre tar y Cohbt |?rticular frien I* .and i* fegafiMI m a tender to?Ml Southern man We would sooner . ten to one, have an out *nd out freeiAiier. lifce [lai k*. than a trimming, makeshift politician from o>ir own portion of the confede racy. In the one ra*e w<' know wlut we have to ei^mt. In the other, we are at aeaalt tho time wtthout chart, cum pa** or rntfder. Mrsn-tPit KiJUTto** IX \Uss*n?T -v-ptv ? Klectlcn* Tor municipal i mcer? occur in sevsn clti'i in th.> ronimon wealth to day, vi* ? Bueton. Koxbury . Oiarleetown , l.ynn, Worii Jter. Newburyport. and I^weil In mo-t of tjbe?? cities the canvas* hv be?-n marked by anunu?uAl interest. au4 Uicrc will probnbiy be a large wig tbro vn.