Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 21, 1857, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 21, 1857 Page 2
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AFFAJB8 EN WASHINGTON. Our Wuhlnglon Corrrapondrnrr. Vuiinwrai, I>ec. 14, 1867. J %r (la\ Si-asm in W.ish-.ngUm?Tufl Hunting Imt -i juing. J 'Ming and Flatting? IKc I'tiitiral in J'nu p#t~-ll,wpitalitt*? of thf Hrxtish Kmbasty, <?c. ?Tb?t gay h?mou !" This ii a hackneyed, a somewhat snobbish phrase. perhaps, bul peculiar to this latitude, and Tory e*pro*?ive By the "gay season" in Washing |i* ig meant that |H>rUoa of the year when the Solou-s aud Lycurpusea of the nation assemble and meet together in notsy conclave, to save a country which never was and never can I* lost, to plug up leaks in the- treasury with : ?ery small spiles, and pull out very big bungs at one and the wwmtime; to rack their own brains and be muddle those of the people by the enactment of new laws ; or, in other word*, to throw as many mazy involvement* ax possible around old ones; and to gut up a pretty big muss generally about their own and the Presidential election. The g?y HiMtfon is the season when every lady calls on | every other lady ? or, to adopt the |>hra*i?ology of this region ? when every nice person calls nu every other nice peraon, sedulously striving to be as general in the pay lueulol v liitp as propriety and circumstances will allow, to the end that she may not 'by any possibility, be omitted in the general distribution of reception and party invitations; lor, be it known to you. that a Washington lady of fashion I would no more "miss a party" than a pious Mussulman would tail to prostrate himself towards Mecca at the cry of the muezzin. The gay season is peculiarly the season when tuft hunters and toad catcra ? professional as well as amateur ? stalk lnddly forth al noon day aud ply their virtuou.- calling, when small beer gentility apreaila its wide skirts ?id tlutlen* its garish ribbons [r is the tteai-ou for terrapins, oysters . canvass bails, and a plenty ot 'eui It la emphatically the season tor Kiddltng, feasting, mumming, danring, masking everywhere; but in Washington, when the whole machin ery of giyety? includisg the lancers ? ti in full motion, with cogs and driving wheels in order, they do say it ts about the liveliest place of lis a:;? and size on this side of Jordan The gay seaain, then, will scon be ujion us, and it prom ises to l>e abundant and cropful in its yield of pleasures Vaint pretmwiitory symptoms of its approach already be gio to manifest themselves, in the shape of little uside paru^r- ? triai trijn, an it wore; small select gatherings Within certain diaruied circle*, just to ke< p the liandiu: limited lea fights, small converxinwi, (the Imh word, 1 believe, for talking matches.) soiled mn?i< ah- and liltie Slippers for logrolling purposes The regular f-arty giving season will not fairly open until after New Years Hie Cabinet it composed of wealthy men, from whom much in the way of entertaining will be expected; aud they will not disappoint th? pleasure-seekers. or 1 am no prophet. There are, besides, some half milionaire Congressmen, as well as permanent residents, who under stand both the ?ai?rir Jane and the taiuir firrr ? and ttie foreign representatives are generally '? well to do,'' aud invariably hospitable In an e-pecial manner may I name J/ord Napier, tO whom an 1 his lady the language of Mr. tsparklw may be hifipily applied ? that " there's no be gad nousen.se about them." They have already had Heveral small gatherings, and they ar* always spoken of as modest, well behaved gentle folk. My lord has bul little, if any, of the cockney yaw yaw End brageadocio too common with hia fellow islanders, and her ladyship wins all hearts by the affability and sweetness of her manners. They have made s good im pression thus far. and are daily gaining upon the metro politans. They live m a square, brick, gloomy, duu tirown house, and a geuuine Yankee would stand m so foar of losing credit with acollege of guessers if he should pronounce it al Aral fight a lying in hospital, an institution for the blind, or a county jail; but as comfort, elegan-.e and hospitality reign within, we may not hypercnticue the color or the style of architecture, but can well afford to overlook any trifling defects in these matters This letter, which was only intended as an entering wedge, may get too long If 1 don't hold up So, with the hope of some pleasant tattle hercalier, I am yours. Wahhinhto*. Hoc. 14. 1S57. Sir (Xrrr Outers Mxuicm-lhe President f irm in his Hx hlity to the Cuiytcn hulurr Treaty? Sel.fi, h View* of Gr-ai jjn.'aii in her South Ammran Policy ? Thf t'otlm and Sugar qf Tucatan? Prize* worth Htm^lingfor. General inquiry w made her t as to the true motives and purpose of Sir W. Gore Ouselev's visit and sojourn In the metropolis If a Minister to Central America, why should he take a house and prepare for a waiter ? r? i dence at Washington* No seMlble F.uropcan would think Of venturing into that inhospitable climate after the "idea Of March," if he could poaaibly get there l*fore. But What will take Sir Oore Ottseley to Central America? What Caa he hope to accomplish, if there? Is there any govern ment in that direction inter<*U>d in aud having the right |o npc*i on the question* involwd in the controversy be tween Great Britaia ?d the UniU'd Stutee. whose opinions arc worth c<**ult.nF Certainly not. Sir Gore Onsoley rM1 the Hntisii w?Ulemrnt of the Buy Nianln, the Mosquito coast , and confer with hia ha' I naked tr. Uio kuig of the Mosquitoes; but how will all tins facili tate matters towards an adjustment of the long pending nud vexatious question* at issue l>etw.M-n hngland and the i cued Mate- Mark it, Sir Gore Ouneley - is not to the Htates of Central Aro?rica. but indirec tly to our own go vernment When the tact* aro aaccrtained.it will be found ?be a niwter stroke of lord Paimerston to cicumvent our roverr.meiit.iuid accomplish by address or -hone) togg linf that which diplomacy ami blunter have both so signally failed to do Presuming upon a ? long acquaint a nee with Mr Buchanan," and marriage with H ? Vmr- caii lady. " my lord Falmerston Ii?,ut>tle>i? thought Sir William Gore Oussley the tor thf place Anticipating that the F re- idea wnind recommend an abrogation of the Clayton Bu wor ^iouEr?es?Se. and a, .he cherish* J purpose of Xdmereton is Vo reum ttint instrument intact ? f^r there bv ?e rwtnuns the ? ? man feet dartiny" of the American ' ,*_tbe wily nvmster determines to send among us a c?nueinan who. by marriage relations, long, familiar and Intimate acquaintance with the prenent he*. ?' "lf * vernroent and other aliuring pecuhanti'- . wrml ! b. able to aocowiplieh that which he (Pllmerstoo) with a! I his windotn and sagacity, had utterly failed "?? * ill the trick ?"tST'lUrfw l^thV-andinp the "frendly sp-nC' of hi, measage in treaUM ot this vexed. question, is fixed in U. > leld su iuU ? f ?he ground heretofore taken He desires to throw the sidy Cla? ion B^lwer treat) ErtS winded commence negtiatl ? < + ^ ,t ran not do th ?, mv tjord Palmer- l-n wlU h ? to yield, i so rtUetnentU effected The I'realdeat will be wpi*>rt ?d b, the whole country in maintaining th * staud he EnFm MK^ur to England, an I r? <?erted in hll , w ,1..- ' 1 ? > ? Sw o? V.'le a, a ridlc.u.u'w ^. in bindlng rijir , TTlM ll m W ""I n frr i .ry in the fi-ntrai Ann 'i.ao po'tion oi our continent hut w hen Great r i'at .4?o. ?he t-eU> a. b n ling ?<??.; '' "l, CMt- '? -Ute- u th.. pwt cular. l-av ?.g her ?,??>. to coUmi?' , <? eupy and a , - add.t te'^ry Ci, thing l?w?o.e? W sii|>reniely ridiculous U nn rit l ' . ak.f *-,n th*1 1^'* puriv?-' "f Knpf an*} wi*h r^e%rd si. X now and e,ten I her d ,ma n an I mfl-.sr ' in ilefinit 'iy w hat hat rhr not dou? ever sm -? the < layt m Bulwrr fconveutmn ' at her Hay Islands c.luny . set up wrtli alT*he pi'inp a- 1 form ?d ceremony of a regu |ar goverrmenl U?k a: her Bel,*- .Hinnenl- howsfce luJ through uMcrupul. ? ag-?u. itis-nvbly ftti-ii :ed th<-ir dutniu.on sud icflueooe Now . .n this c m Df Uou, allow Uie V> *ay thai the que?tion .g BriMh mflu nn-<> u uliow n* Itself in a new form and a new direction Ififurrnat on ha* been received here which l?v?ve? ltU!~ nr ^ ZhuLtTrglMl is egertmg her i..(l ience with the ^TUr Y'i'-"?lau Tlie U4t- .. ^ _ ,,.k ? D?w dev astating thst fair peninsula, it is nib ged ^ . mainly kept up by British ag,nvs r? o,. K,- The -avai-e who have be-n and still ^r?aymg wa^ ?y rarn^eand contl.gra.ion the ra.r~t p?'t,.m of Uiat p? i?nla .??W? ?Wg4 .rr_.a W(ti, Hritmh mvs.Hs, charged with Hritisn kali aii^ pow.ter, furnish' d hy DT?'*iL?. Uie sole purpose ..r maisarr-iiii the defenceless wLt^inhTbtanUor that -Ute Th- eh?r?e, ,t will be ^meJb^rd was made agaitut the Brtiah gorernm-nt ? X ?mn..-.?n ??? Vurawn to the . n.tad suu*iu 1H4S The fact now cannot he 'l*n'* l f"r pndence i* at hand tn ?ii[H">rtof th<' derlara lliwt ihm discrc'i table in this day of enlighteneJ CVbTri? be the nbject.it Br la 0 in this merciless wsrfare* himpl) the wall,<*| nm The c*ter,.mn of her Behte seU.ernrnt JJ*L ?n,,rp of Yur atan would be the con*.immatl?ii of boie Tbe of Yucatan would hJ? Grew imtain the tr> ?t important acquis tion she the surface of tbe globe. It would >if? her untcinde-i commercial advantage. un*,,rpV*'^ fn?,rJt?-easions a naval depot without an equal on t!,?wJ-rn eminent and ftnaMr. ... of the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean s*?a. It would I orally enable her W connect the Mellon tJuir ?s rhe ha, airily <lew the M-dKerranean^fVa^ ttito flat Napoleon nailed an Kjiglnh lake It wo jdgj \ . ? very e-T the ..land of Cuba and then, l? ^ ?';'' ^ the Clui rmMi of the Senate ./nnmittm- on loreign Relations in lass, '? s?be would liave Ixith the lock and key Of Die Gulf at Mexico and the mouth of the Mississippi Yucatan, aparl f'om the a-i vantage* which it? pcwse..ion sr?wld eive ?*reat BriU a. tn a o"inm' rcial jsnnt of view. Would enable her to " pe Is'-gely with the cotton anrJ , ti nr*- (fr?wmg lnter?wU of th? fuiU-d -?ta.es Th-re is not <w> the ?!irfare of the I V I m' -e productive soil ?.?Uial clrtBe and delightful p are o( abio'e than ou the ? wnn.-Mjla of Yucatan Sum- part, of It are. it is true, (wrrensad wnprwluctive wrth a hot, dry. gly atmo. , libnre hut the vast proportion of th. p. nmsula Is lb? B'hI i Ku-Itiful rr*.ntry , w?h a soil un.orp.< ?d for pf?dur I at; 1 a'.<?ioding in the tno-t luxur ?,t sr.wtb of ilm ? , very 5l- -es of tropical pU*U and Ifi.w In a |e*??r now hefora me from a ?<'<?> '??'' has ptwMiTfiy M country . * ' f* Ide state n i'm iU ?? ' fugar and r.Mion b.Hh grow to perf?r ;,4Tyuc^u. .hV7or?er 1 have -en ?^t> four feM a 3L MM mm* ? - ' ' , U|V br.^kiug out I>f the Judlan wars th" >*ute proJ i< ' Jl tin own sugar, snd ha.1 m ...h to egport to other parta uf the republic but tfc. Ill l a:.- ravag'-d the '?'K?'..' ? " , and destroyed many , nay most of Uie a^r artat? , an Ih^T n* from tun grow* aim -st sr ? y. . f a L " fcouer thaa 1 hav? -v< r w n Ui< Ifsibxl * ' nlwavs scsr ? and 1 ? ?t. . a* not en ?Ji is rultvstcdiur II.' wsnts of the Male fur wanl of laborers? the great ( frant of tbe count 'v Hi.Ui rotvm an) corn will gr<w two cfope a ysar I fVicar may be mad" all the ysr round, bug perhe|* I in proHt. T^i* ' .imste Y ,-atan is the m'Ht ^lubrloot | that < an well be imagm.-d The thei m>'m><? r scarcely atcwds a varta.i<? of ten d?rr"e? throughout tbe yar |n former times, when Ihmnshed lu fiillnes* and vigor tin ant ioe racee whowe vaat and mysterneie ruins riae up Is mmIIIM Uioaauids all over that msgmn< ?*it p-n nsnla, She KooalaUon wh' filled Uie** wonderful citi-w - now la rain and deeolabon ?roost have exceeded aim ist as a |p PM ibg preeeni rac\ >A la Wkni harbariaus who grovel amid thp desolation of former grandeur. If the country th-u supported hundreds of cities an I (<>1701, each one vastly greater than the largest oi tha present lialf dczen cities, why could it not do so again. under proper go\ el umeUt and cultivation? lh*Mle? the production ot cotton, sugar, corn, he., Yucatan niL-os and export* rice, coffee, tobacco, hemp, tapper, hides, tallow, indigo, mahogany, cedar, sarsa|?a nlia logwood, fustic, brazilleto, !tc. , fee Most of tknso, a recent Hritith gazeteer says aro pr jducod aud exported from the Belize, amounting to over ?600,000 iu value pur annum. Her im;>orts arc about the same. Immediately on the advent of Sir W. tJoreOuselev. came the l/oudon Timn with au article professing to shadow forth the nature of Sir Gore's mission. In tho course of the article occurs this remarkablo paragraph' ? "The complaint that England still retains some rights on this coast in evidently frivolous England has nothing but the little sottlcineiits which date back so many years, and which she has bound herself not to extend.'* The Belize, of course, is one of the ?? little settlements " no carefully alluded to. Where, how and when did she "bind horsulf not to extend " these possessions? By the Clayton Bulwer treaty? ir so, what becoaifR of the Ruatan Island colony ? ? of the n on dura* claim ? ? of tho Mosquito coast? The cool assurance of the Timet, in thus announcing the mis sion of Sir t!ore Onseley, u quiu> characteristic of that great exponent of English policy. While upon the subject, l.?u* see what is the Belize settlement, and whether it ^accurately dettaed upon our maps. Is it tb? ter ritory embraced between the Kio Hondo aid river Belize, or Wallis river, according to and as defined by the treaty of 17S3? Or is it even the oxtousion of that territory to the river Sibun, as agreed to by the treaty between Spain and England of 1780 ? Neither The little British settlement railed Belize is an undefined extent of country running far down into Guatemala, and north northwest into Yucatan. E i mil a few compariati vely small and unimportant factories and depots it has grown into an actual dominion, over shadowing the entire adjacent territory, and disseminating a baneful influence over countless thousands of deluded people. It already embraces much of tho most desirable and productive lands on the peninsula of Yucatan The manner in which this species cf silent, but by no moans bloodlm, conquest it carried ou. is well oxp>alued by the Ommissioner sent to this government by Yucatan pending the war of races which distracted thai country iu 184S, and is cow laying waste the finest parts of that unfortu nate State. He says, in his letter to Mr. Buchanan, then the distinguished head ?t" the Dejiartmont of State Iu the outset she [England] only obtained permis sion to establish a species of factory, but no* It [the Belize] is a vast depository sf contraband, which annihilates Yucatan, and invades the States of Tabaico, CklipH and Guatemala. l>ay by day these men are penetrating to the very heart of the peninsula, an 1 ob taining in the fnterior the amplest, the most extensive, and. withal, tho moKt fraudulent relations." Are tho?eof no importance or interest "to the Kngllsh people*" Is it "frivolous" to regard such "little settlements," produc tive "only of mahogany, rattlesnakes and yellow fever," as the Time* graphically asserts. of no value '>r impor tance to Great Britain? The 7Vm'J may fei<pi to think so, aiiaSir Uore Ouseley rony attempt to impress mi Movent rr. nt with such a conviction, bin Mr Buchanan and Hone rs! Cass have studied the geography of tropica': America to better purpose Wo predict, again . that Sir Gore OjMicy's mission will bo a failure. We predict that the effort of Great Britain to place Yucatan under tbe "pr.?t ;ctlon" (that's the English phrase f< r annexation) of that grasping government will be wstctied and thwurtc 1, unless, |>erchance, tbe Yucatacos, driven to desperation by the horrors of savage warfare and political despotism among themselves, should, failing to get relief from our own government, throw themselves into the outstretched arms of the British nation. The condition of that isolated portion of our continent was never more iinnuneut than at this moment. In the lan IMfl of President l'olk, the position of Yucatan, "from its vicinity to Cuba, to the Capes of Florida, to New Or leans, und, indeed, to our whole Southwestern coast, It would be dangerous to our peace and security should it be> ome a colony o:' any European nation." and should never be permitted by our people. Yucatan can remain as she is. but never can become a dependency of any European Power. To this policy the whole people of the i'lited States are pledged, and "no act of the adiumistra tion could be more approved and applauded than any step towards the prevention of England consummating so great an outrage Bui enough for the present. Wahikxgtox, Doc. 17, 1157. 7V Xr? Hall Compared with the Old ? The J'iiri!vm of Judtj e I>ju<jla)? General Henningscn and the Adminit tra'iim ? The Home Hindi ng, rfc. The most prominent topic of conversation here is the removal of the House of Representatives to the new hall. They have ct.rta.nly taken possession of it before the building was id a state of preparation to receive them Ami why this hurry to pet there? Why should the mem' ber.?. officer? and visiters travel through unfinished cor ridors and passages, up boardeil and unUnishod stairs, crowding among workmen and hindering their operations* lAdfes cannot (Ms up to the galleries without sweeping along with their rich droeaes the mortar and dirt which n?c<wju ily accompanies the labor ci masons and carpen ter'. Love of novelty socms to be a oontrollin#-a<'iUf' ment even with legislators. What bad taste to occupy the new hall M this stage of the work on that wing of the budding ' I went into the old hall which had just been deserted after 1 had sees the House organize in the new one, and I never was so improved before with the simple grandeur of the former. My mind wit irresistibly seised by the con tract. I said to my friend, lathis Is displayed the character of our people. In all ages people hsve impressed their drill zation on their public monument* and buildings. In no thing is the taste of a people or of an age sa much dis played an in tic*e. The old hall is simple, grand and clasaical. like llie minds of the fathers of the republic, and like the people in the days vrh-ti the Capitol was built, lint w< have become arlllcia) iti<l showy, and follow after glitter and pretence, and such is the character of the new hall. As to the acoustics, ventilation, the style of architecture and uUi?r matters connected with the Capitol, 1 purpose writffig to morrow Neither the architect in charge nor the military director of the work seems in have a very high opinion of the va lue of the prete The gallery appropriated to reporters and correspondents is immediately behind and over the Speaker. The Speaker an i even some of the members of the House caunot be seen Irom most parts of this gallory; besi des it is al>out the worst place in the House for hear ing. The '? third estate" certainly deserved more con s deration from the hauds of these gentlemen who owe so ?Mh lo " kmdlv notices " Oolbel.stof newspaper* taken for members of the H i?e of Representatives, the Philadelphia /'rets Is eiten si vi j {lalronieU by the black republicans . almost every member of thst ptrty has ? r tared tt A i irious cuci.rustanee to be noted is, that Judge IViug las. having the Imprest >n Ihitt in consequence of h.? o ir- ? !. tin i, .i ?, .e.tmn he ??> .Id n ??, ui th? re ot gauiiatioo of tlia P"n?te c nimilt'e*, be re apisiinted << '.(lalriuati t>i the Committee oo Territories, hao r? moved all his tl'it;gKfroui the l ommiUee routn. Now he Ilu Js that his ileleuti jii ba not cr ated su jIi a terrible sensation Mid apprehension, and tint tv h magn inim n-ly re ap jointed to ins former |?>->ition. he may remove lliem back agiiu. The ?th nat " tJfeeo . of Missouri, delivered is the na*e yc4terday ?:n reply to Jndge Itouglaa. is one of the ab)e?i made m that t?ody for many yen r< ,>i?t Ths orator b is placed himself in the front rank of American statesmen. This is the impressiou of ui'nt of thus wbu heard him. He did uot leave ike Judge a leg to stand upon. It made the Senator from Illinois uneasy in hit seat, an>l brought him frequently to his feet Whatever speeches may tie made by other Seuators Ai the Kansas question for the sake of political efbvct at home, or for tb* s*? ?'?! speeibntaking. Mr Green ha* resiiy clovd the argument and completely vindicated the administration With regard to foreign appointments, the President in formed a pn#Dnient applicant that he should, after c m sullies; the delegation.- in Congress o! the different stales, spt?-rt.r>n them a* fsirly and as epiallyas possible Con s dering there are in each of the states men always to he found of sufflceut capacity and character, this decision shows the rhsr?rt?-rt?tir wisdom of Mr Buchanan. It Is expected lbs: the I're-ident will act upon the an print m*n?s for the fnstrtc'. of Columbia within a short t ini? In reference t? the Msr*hsUhip, when th* nam?* of ilr William Flinn war mentioned to the President. Us re marked thst Mr Flinn *?< now ons of but family ? meaning that he held the confidential position of a private aacretary In view of tlie long friead.kip the President has had for that gentleman, who is a Pennsylvania. and for many years a resident of the Matriot, it is thought he will obtam the appointment General U?nmoreen M in Washington, endeavoring to understand the real news nf the government before he ?>ake? any further movements for the re conquea' of Nlsa ragoa.asthe determined oppos Won of th? administration t> Wslker would, in all probability, render his efforts fslile In a cw?ver*a?inn with the I'ostmaster General, 1 letmed that be Is very desirous of bav ing the Post ' >fO e built la your city at the earliest t,me the g >rernmetit may be able In afford hi<n the mesns and he etpresses the hope that It will not be long flrst The aite Is definitely Used at the lower end of the Park. I formd the Postmaster at hom? in tUe evening, owipied as n ? were in bis egn?. lahoring over pile* of rfflctal dnrnmeru It is a posltl?u of im menee labor Apr"pns of (iovernor Brown, I will relate an interest ng and characteristic jm d'etf-ril. which e?n,^ to my knowledge trom another source The posimviter General a*keit one of the official* "f bis ilepartment hew many mall agents there were tn I'ennsylvan s. the reply wa< three 'Three," he said, emphatically, "that it s o g'liar " ''No.sir, answered the official, "It is in the plural " ' Well," rejoined Governor Brown, railing, "thst sort of plurality will not suit tne " Mr. Nl'.-lfdsoti declined being a candidate for the Sen?t? printing The ca'tcus of Senator* nominated (>>l Harris, of the r'ni-m, yesterday for printer. He will probably be e'ss t*d to day. It ie uriderst >?l thai an efficient c irpfl of writers will be emp|o>ed op'?n the f "i?i'?ft, and the g-ne ral political ootiduct of the paper will be controlled hy a geniiernan holding a bgb off)' ial position in th? Male >le l*riment. The House binding, another prize, worth abo il $5't 000 for Ibe tvnirres*, is being wsrm'y contested. Mr Wen de|| |s In for tbat also. Ivuibone snd I*nce areconte-i ants Smith of Tennessee, Singleton of Mississippi, and Ntcljf.l* of ?>hio, are the eommittee of the H iuse to dis po*e ef this patronage Toe three contestants, it appears, hsve each a man of the committee. Now, Wsn l-ll is smart, having cut his eye teeth some years ago at Alhsuy , ami hat mg grown up among pilitic.ans at both your State Capita! snd at the f<?deral i noital he i, certainly m <re tfiso a tnst'b f,,r so modes' and retiring a man as Mr Price or ??r J!r Pettibime. The e* imple of the genll?nen who lAeiy ? mnbtv ,i fi fight for 4be larger pr in>* of the House printing m<rht av? the weaker party lo this binding biasi oeae an idea TT?imil'HI. Dee 1?, 1##* Jhe Govrmorthip ef A .Vrasl/)? Cmfrmwmit Repnrling on a Sew fintii?lh- It n* Arrangement tie Regard tn f%s Chaplain if C<mgrem?T\e nitf Appointed Territorial Uteretafy Kanmt. Sc . 4e . ?(?. Tb? acoeptanee of the position of Governor of Nebraska hy Mr Rl< hardaoo may render a few fact" lo regard to his appointment of rofflclent interest lo Justify publication at this particular tunc you nay r?acaib?r htt wm of fered the office last spring, but it is only very recently that be liw consented to accept. Whatever his motive may have beeu for wt*hold1ng bis consent no long, it is impassible to nay, but bis acceptance of the post proves that there must bave bivtymmc valid reasons ta actuate him. It appears that he hail an interview with the I'resl dent before tbe message was delivered and another alter its delivery. Those who pretend to find a motive for i everything, say that his acceptance of it under thoie ctr , cumstanjes prove* that be is in favor of (he position as- j sumed by tbe IYe*irtent in bis message towards the Kau sat question, and thai bis cour>-e in accepting the office limy be regarded as a pledge to support Mr. Buchauau on that issue. Tbe course adopted by Mr. Hires, tbe publisher of the Cuttffressiottal (rlvlie, in regard to printing the speeches of tbe members as they ire delivered and not as they are after wards prepared, when the written reports are pre sciiled to them for correction, has created u little bit of quiet excitement among some of the orators rtie reasons which he urges for his refusal to coutiuuo ac.curuing to the old plan are both just and forcible, aud will meet with the approval of every fair minded and impartial per son. The members, when their speeches were submitted to them as they had been delivered, not satisfied with correcting and improving, were in the habit of inserting whole paragraphs which were never uttered, aud upon (Hunts which were not even alluded to in their speeches. Tbe result of this has been not only to mislead the reader, hut to do injustice in a great unuty instances to the speakers on the opposite side of the question. However, this Is trifling iu comparison with another abuse to which the privilege which has thus been accorded to mem bers Of improving and correcting their speeches, has been subjected. Not satisfied with nimplv adding to their remarks they also cut out tuoso parts which tliey may, iu their cooler uioaieuUs, consider objectionable to their con stituents. This is a common practice with regard to any part of thoir speeches Ilia1, taay have been severely handled, or cut up, by an opporent in debate Of courso no man ? especially if he had ilie power to pee vent it ? would allow anything to be published exposing his own weakness or discomfiture. It a not to be wouiiere 1 at, therefore, if, when presented wim the opportunity of placing themselves iu a belter position beiore their con stituents than a fair verbatim re|>ort would put them in, that they take advantage of it. If Mr. Kive* holds on to tbe course which be has Kioptel, the public will know precisely what our public legislate really say, whether it is said in good or had Kogiixh. It is but justice ti the people that they should know what their senitors and representatives say upon the great uublic matters submitted to them, ami not what they would have said, or what they intended to say. Another good ell'ect must follow the carrying out of liiis plan. It will, to a great extent, put a stip to those ungentlemanly exhibitions of ill teiii|*r which occasionally disgrace the debates in our national legislature. The new arrangement which hat been made with re gard t<' the office of ch'tplain mu-t meet with general ap pi oval. The salary system was fast bringing about the i-anie eaEer competition for the tacred office of chaplain that is iu* exhibited iu the struggles lor th>? office of l>ublic pPmter. in- voluntary offer which haibeen made by the clergy of Washington of their services is very for tunate at this particular time, for it will save all good citizens thr mortification of behclding the clergy engaged hereafter in a scramble for public OlllO*. The voluntary service was tbe system which prf vailed in the early Con gress among the lathers of the Revolution, and the return to it ought to be a subject of general congratulation. The new Territorial Secretary of Kansas, General Den ver. is said to be just the man for tbo position. He is a man of the most unflinching determination, and will car ry out tbe policy or the admir.ist ration with llrmness. He represented California in the thirty fourth Congress, an! is thoroughly conversant with the whole history of legisla tion on Kansas, WASMftOTOX, Dcc. 18, 1957. Taking Poueuion of the Sev> Hall qf CMfnm Aioocia tions Connected ttt/h the Coj'ilnt ? Itt Ifistory I s D> rign ,r and Builder? Style "f Architecture? It* Lai/ Enlarge ?i, tU? Mr. Webster' i l'rcthecx, dc The act of the House of Representatives taking posses, siou of the new hall in the south wing of the Capitol exten slon appropriated to it, and abandoning the old one. with which are associated so man? incidents or great national importance, Is an event of more Uian ordinary interest. The essence and embodiment of till--* great renrtljCAre in the Capitol to regulate its destinies. ShouldfflQ'" P' '< - pie. then , of the United Statas be proud of a grfco^d clas sic structure with which their history Is so ii^tnately identified? As a proor bow much they desire to have a noble edifice a? the Capito of the country, and how little they regard the vast app-opriations for the purpose, we hardly ever hear, even amobg the strictest economists, anv objection lo such appropriations? The turtory of the bu.ldlng of the Capitol, with its pro sent condition, being ? matter of such public Interest, I propose briefly to notice it. The Capitol was commenced in 1793 by Mr. Hallet as architect. He was succeeded by Mr. Hadfield and Mr. Hoban, who finished the north wing. Mr. Latrobo was then placed in ^charge or the work and direct ed the building of the south wing, and prepared the halls for the reception of Congress. Such por tions of the building having been completed as were indispensably necessary for public use. further pro ceedings were suspended during the embargo, non inter course and war. at which time the interior or both wings war destroved in an incursion or the enemy. For several see-ions after the close of the war or 1H12 Congress as sembled m a building patriotically raised by the citizens or WahbiDKton for it* at cummodaliou. In 1815 government resolved to restore the Capitol. The work was commenced by Mr I at robe, who superintended it until December, 1817, when he rei-igned. Mr. C. Bui finch then took charge or the work and proceeded to exe 1 cute the designs already adopted for the Representative.' llall and Senate Chamber, and to lay the foundations of the cetjtr e . c'Iiuti* ing the rotunda. library , and so forth In the court-"- of t. u years these, together with tho terraces, gateway* and lodges, were completed. After that the wiuks and < eutre were finished, and the whole com!**ed, one |>art in unison with another, the nobie budding as it stood previous to the present enlargement. a Th'ih it appears that, contrary to the received opinion, Mr I Air "be was not the drifter oT the Capitol. Hallet mtntti'ti"''! the butldmg hut It would appear that to Had . field, * h" gucetfded h?a? in tbo direction ?>f tbe work, i should be given the I or of the .l.-sign, K wa< generally known at tb?* tsm? that the idea^ and labor a of Hadfield' who was a highly educated architect, were nia le use ->f l>\ a Mr Thorton and bv Hallet. the first architect, i for ibeir ,<wn fame and profit Mr. lAtrobe tia th < ? merit ! ot having assisted n the building, an t lor a portion of the ! interior tlni^h of the hal!?. ? . ?J-).,. i f, of Kiel, lit I lure >>! the < *1' tol : ? Komnt 1 rip th ill 11, ielleil from llir Pi.Mhc -0 at Kom. . th" propor t . i t'f'ti g prr iv the same Th- rotunda and dom> th- . vo l si/, precisely has the cupola or the par-th. on been i op .-d that th. cupola of the Capitol was l?-li i an untlui?h?d slat*-. c?rr<? pooling with th'- dilapi ! < ' i ? 1 ?t .'?!? "1 the P.anth. ? n which wan strippe . "f im -?a"". u- s -tat'ies srid column- md of it? lantern, by one ot the Roman emperors, to ornament a oalav of hu ?on l*w The silver shitfrles which covered the cupola ?rr, takfi after* aril- r> another < .e?ar, and n,c,u-l it. t., i oid to |*> his atnii-s. Tin- cupola it-e.r was formed of putnmne stone, In long pieces, tW(, and a half leet thick, ,i"ggle I into each , , as \r. form a wh<->, ha\ -of beautiful panels carved on II . ... 6, .,. 1 Ti -material wv -elect.- I by tl.< am ei.U I. r its iigbtuc-s. durability aul strength, au 1 as a Loll conduct, r of electr- ity Compare this with the ma*- v* f '-^rr nf iron work now bnnfc put up OapUtn M ifr t? f??rm n ni*w dome for tbe Capitol, and *?' xball whit a wrrtrbed mtatake bas Iwn made bj de\ aiiiiiC fr in Uie original -ie-ign for th- Cap-to! enlargement as t.,?.1e by Mr Anderson, wh -h was Intended en.y to finrh the tn acrordanc with that of the i'ant.i -on before M* Vi' gelo n h-.ilding ?t Peter's, at Rome to- W the l-anth?n as a m-d-l f?r it. pr .porl-n- Most celebrated arrb?t#'ft> ? i ' tbi I'aiithfon WIS bunt, havr .... m Ml mod. i m that =tyie and it was judiciously ?e le< te I for our Capitol on ae.'"iut of the be?.ittful Irr ? lar t> of Ihc site d-tnandini; R .mao archit-- -ture Tto- idea of enUreiuu the Capitol had been put f irth, and the subject disc issed many years before t^ngres* rn Urtsined the matter On th- iWh af May,lW>", Mr II mt-r of Virgin-* pmpo? d in Ihe Henalu tliat the comtn tti" or i-th the senate and H-rase of Representatives act to ge.ber in maturing a plan of action with reg.rd to ar en argrmer.t or the Capitol. On the 24Jl of <,.Pt 1*50. Mr Hinter s'ibinitted th- resolution t ial the 0.mmitu-e on Pnbli. ltnildings be a ithorir.-'l to invite 1 an? ac?'oiii;?ale<l toy estimates, for the eat-nstou ot ttie { a" t. an I t" silo* * prem um of ?*? for th- jUn ,h h mav be aj [lei by th - j nt committees of both House- *' This resolution pa??ed on the 'iOtb, two dsys t ? t - at- 'v afterwards Mi- tsry fr th \ ert i '"! nvtiing a?? ' .t- ts to subnut pi ill* S.'ins t Iirti to f.<tv des.gns w'i" ' * i out of which Ave oc ?|g were *Vs... f ' and -er.t by th. iv.tamittees of Onnrre-s to Pre. ., Tit f Illmore for hm to ch'i<i.-e the t|i .Ign, as It was e,., re 1 that b> a f- "i r i t ot OmgresS th- Pr. - -I- lit , ( tli- t t. tel Stst ? sl-.n- had thst power, as w-.ll as th pisrr to direct the eteent.on of the werk Among Uie desiKtis submitted wa? ooe from C r Ander ? r \ew Vrl M- I mor?> an I his Cabinet .-vam n.-d the architects ?ii their pl?n? snd ..n the one submit*-! by Mr Anderson, when with the ac< ord of his Cabinot lie decided on that of Mr AnJcr.on The retary of Xtat.-. Mr Webster, urged till' design, and remarked that what ever th-y might <io at present tht-y would have to come to Uiat in the end. Aflef Mr Anderson had staked out the ground and had explained the details oT his plan ai the re<pie$t oT the Pre s dent, he was informed by Mr Fillmore, with an expres sion of regret, that his 'Cabinet had deemed it expedient to employ another to superintend the ex-ciition of the work Whst ha? lie^n the ronse?|u-nesf An architect who could not understand the plan as th" designer, and who proha bly was desirous of chant; 'ng It to acquire cr- dlt for him seir, was appointed over the work AftoT wards. When the defects of this arrangement beeam- apj>arent from an investijation fcy a committee of the J*en ?t-, the entire work was (ilaced under tho chsrg- of the engineer depart merit of the army, and Ca|>tajt! M-igs appointed to super Intend, still retaining Mr Walter as s subordinate, (.ant Meigs, on taking charge, consulted Mr. Anderson on the nature of the errors committed in his plan, and cau? l alterations ?> be made which have probably cost the eonnVy near half a million .?t 'l*s ars Th*- ^'eratioiis were verj wxtensire, but so?.? ot ihe defeeis co-ill not well be repaired only si s gfwt ost, and so hsvo r.;m im ed OaiSam Megs. In h's (urn, np|>ears n*J" been amnitioas. t-?>, of origlnslity and <4 lt?v ng his name identified with so great a work The result or Ihe changes he haa made rrom his own Judgment sn I taste tg seen in ihe .ie,"-cis of the new hall and in other parts of the build Ing The rentllstion ts had the hearing is misera_ ble and the fis hy attempt at ornament is wretahed, and all done apparently without a knowledge of architecture When shall we cease to be humbugged by having ev-ry public work ?even so great a work as the national Oapi'ol ? made a "Job" of by speculators snd tsililloal patronage' Mr. Webster's prophetic language will yet Its rsalixe-1, uuleta we mean to lutwut to tb? e*Htinf gUrmj <fcf?ctt? tt.at vm ball yet liuvetogo back totheoriginal leMgu. An I ?i .f !<? be bo|KMl thai beiore auy more mo icy be si>eu< , the d< me of ttic Capitol especially may not be built in a ? i in er that will disfigure the building, and ?"troll makes it ?i?i geious l'uiiii the lightning audio the superstructure bepeutli Correspondent** of other Papers. [Correspondence of the Ml- .-our i Democrat] Washington, IH-c. 10, 1857. Ifisiot'ri h>" Soil Vine nf Douglas nrni h U Cinirtr. Ti e moral otttN't of Douglas' dcmontsatiMi is plainly apprec iable iN |s>litical circlet). The talisman of the na tional democratic parly is broken; the s|>ell wand which never tailed to rally that great host and keep it united, 1b di?t-ncli?uted and reduced to a vulgar noun substantive, and ere long itn late association will render it an offence in the esis ol' all honest men. The most devoted partisans the democratic mrty do n?t know which <>r the two, Bu cliunitn or Douglas , is til* horesiarcb . The prestige and per sonal qualities of the senator counterbalance theoltlcial au

thority ol the I*re?ident. Inditt'erentism and ds?organi*ation pervade the ranks of the democrat!) from the Tree States. 1 art) fealty ?ils light uton them. Membership and fra ternity in the party ha* ceased to be u yoke to bow their necks, and the title of national democrat is a despised anil meaningless distinction. The secession of Douglas m not like that of Alidiel from the rebel ranks of Satan, who went Miliary and alone. He carries with him one third of the democratic Congressmen from the free Slates, the leading democratic journals of the free States, alio the mass ot the rank and file. Nor w he with out sympathy and support in the border slave States. He lias given the envjj dr graze ? the finishing blow ? to the national democratic party. It is no longer a unit, no longer a national organization, much less a prietorian guard to make Presidents at pleasure. It it* mnv a slave ry party geographically as well as politically, incaiiable of putting* forth another plausible delusion, although its la culty of invention is marvelous. The dividing line which rr.n north of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, of Indiana and Illinois, at the last general election, runs south of Ma-on and Di.vou's line: and the next Presidential contest will not lie between the entire South, fortified in front by a tier of free States and a section of the North, but betwoeu s section of the Sooth and the entire North, iucluding Cali fornia, aided by the friendly neutrality or the active alli ance of the border slave States. The united North and the divided South will be the parties to the next contest. Mr. Douglas in his speech , declared his determination to stand by the principle of popular sovereignty, whatever might eui-iie, and that ho would take the consequences if his conduct involved the disruption of his |M>litical asso ciations. He spoke with a robust energy which excited universal admiration. He crossed the Rubicon. unlike the Komim. without showing the least trepidation or inde cision. W hen Hurke, shocked by the crimes of the French revolutionist*, passed over from the side of Fox to the sid* of Pitt there was much pathos (aud shedding of tears. Whi n Douglas declared against tho dcmocrilic party, there wa; no demonstration; but when he resumed hie seat, the galleries shook with applause. Washington, Dec. 12, 1HS7. I bave informed you that he (Douglas) will carry with him tive or six democratic Senators , and though the ad ministration press teems w ith sutements to the contrary, 1 have every reason to rely on the correctness of my iti formaiion. Ho w ill also carry with him the five demo cratic representatives from Illinois, Including Samuel S. Marshall, whose well known proclivities gave the Southern members high expectations of his continued adhesion to them, and in addition, most of the democratic representa tives from Ohio, Indiana, Connecticut and C&lifortria. The democratic representatives from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New Yofk, will probably support the President, lor there are many valuable appoint ments yet to be made, and Pennsylvania and New York politicians are liberal of their rotes, when the public almoner is liberal of his gifts. Jewell, of Kentucky . will alto go with Douglas, but 1 know if no Southern Representative who ha.* the intrepidity to follow his example. With such a formidable following in both Houses, and with the republican host in the rear, ready to rcceive him at any moment, it is not surprising tbat IVjuglas is implacable and aggressive ? that the adminis tration hesitation to prescribe him, or to mukc the I.eoonip twn constitution a test of orthodoxy. The dismissal of Stanton std the appointment of Iionver to succeed him, with the immediate coullnnatijo of the new Secretary, is no indication of the unity of thn democratic |>arty in* the Senate, no evidence of the isolation of l*ouglaa iu that body, for Denver was the only Secretary of the Territory of Kansas officially Known to the Senate, and there was no reason lor rejecting him., Stanton bad not been eon tirmed by the Senate; his name was never submitted to that body , and consequently his dismissal as well as ap pointment was a simple Presidential act, with which thn confirming power had no complicity. It his apjiointraent had been ratified by the confirming power, and his dis missal sanctioned by the prompt confirmation of Denver, the act might justly be interpreted as an administration triumph, but as it stands it means nothing more than that the democratic Senators are acting together in a compara lively unim|>ortant part of their duties. The administration hopes to be relieved from the dan gers which menace its present position on Uie Kansas question by tbe'fcsue of ths approaching election. Multi plied instructions have been sent out to the Territory vehijJicntlv requiring Urge election returns and t*ie rejoc Uon*bf the slavery article. The whole force of the admi nistration is cxcrcised to this end. Agents and smmissa ries have Iw n (lis patched to the Territory. The Kansas slavery men who were railed to Watjbington have been remauded to participate in the electlra. and mould the rt ult to conlormity with the necessities of the adminis ' trillion ; and as Douglas bitterly said, on Wednesday, there will doubtless be a " large vote returned,'' whatever vote may be cast, while the slavery article, which is a mere superfluity, will be condemucd. ? ??????? But tbe legislature of Kansas, now in session, may hsve launched tbe most destru ti\<- missile against tho Cause of the South It may have annulled the proceedings of the Convention, pronounced the constitution null and void, forbidden the election on the "1st, and taken mea sures for organising a new constitutional Convention. If this has been done, the slavery men in Congress will bo placed in a dilemma, which indeed will not embarrass their action, but which will dertroy their only argument. To support the majesty of the law will then be the privi lege of those who are now supporting the rights of the people, while those who are now opposing tbe sovereignty of the people will also be compelled to oppose tho sovereignty of the law. and invent a new pretext to sane tton the old purpose of forcing slavery on Kansas. (Correspondence of The South.) Wahhihotii.i, Dec. 15, 1967. l\f F'rrrign Appkntumts ? The Emlvtry In Spain. "n >alurda\ last I'reaident Buoliauiui state! to a member of Cot grew that he would on the evening of that ilajr com tncnce a careful review of the list of foreign and consular sppointmepts, Id order to ascertain what few appointment* yet remained to be disposed of; and that he designed to apportion such remaining posts among the different demo entle Haiti and on tbis point he *u anxious to hear sug (?MoMfmi members of Congress. ? In relation to the Ppam-h Kmba^y Mr Buchanan said that he kid fully made up his mini to appoint tut man to thai i*>*t unless l,e was fully conven-ant w ith the lan guage. 11. ' manner- and even tbe prejudice* of so peculiar ai. 'I jca'ous a people as the ^iuiihIi As soon as ho could 11 tic - uch a man, lie was ready to uppoitii linn to this post, but be would appoint none other. ?<i appreciitiaf the difficulty of finding a iii. i n qual fled & the President wi?li?d, urn! worthy Iti other respects, be would invito suggestion* Oil the subject. The dl- creel and determ ned action of the President with retard to the foreign appointments cannot tail to command the approbation <>f tiie country. Mr. Much man ha? shown that he has a will of bis own in tins matter, and his practice has n, as I am well assured, in cases wb? re he ha. conceived a preference of his own, to dw ri;?, very summarily, other applications for the post, whale; er it be. He will say: ? "I want to make that ap (ointment Myself, and 1 am willing to bold myself per ?->n*tly responsible for the fitness and Integrity of toe gentleman 1 Khali name." The d !>? closure of the action of the Naval Courts of In quiry is awaited with great anxiety, not only by the vie tims* of "the immortal fifteen," but by the public gene rally The reports of the inquiry do not come before Congress unless railed for, but the President will follow tbe recommendations Of the courts, or may obey the dic tates of bif> own ludgmeut In sending in nominations of ' ftlc?rs I understand, from an authority entiUel to con siderable reliance, that tbe decisions of the Naval Courts are in favor ot tbe reinstatement of about one-half of the number of officers who had applied to them. A large portion nf those reinstated on the active list will be bene fitted by an advancement In rank. [Correspondent of the Press ] Waiwihutos, Dec. IB, 1857. Supmnlrrvlrnt rf fuNir /'rifting ?/'lUmt* /<? /'rimt* /4>mf ( ?? llnHfnmia ? L*ttrrfrom trig ham I'cstnp- Rrpnrl Ihr I'nilrd StrUrt Irrmmrrr, Sr. t.meral iw'iwman has arrived here, and, as I wrote you some time ago he would be. he Is now beset with host* of applicants for tbe places under bim. and for fat Jobs of I Tinting, engraving, lithographing, for furnishing paper, kc.,kc. He will Sad, I am sure, Wore be Is here long, that tbe supermtendency of the public printing where be has to stand between so many reindicting interests, is not exs? tly a bed of roses. Huhjo ned is the letter of Itrigham Young, referred to In my letter of yeeUViby ? Om<n StnniiJiTiWM'rr l?i>u* Are tins,) lissAT f*at.T I.SKR Cinr. i Tvssrmsv l'T*w,>ept 1857. J Pr flam ?*n Hint ? fur? I sin informed that you purpose going to the States by some unfrequented route, and In company with certain Indians as pilots and travelling companions fucb a course is very na?afe snd highly im prnjwr in an officer of our government. 1 therefore re spe< tMly ad v ise you. when you are ready to start upon jour journey to the Kast. to call ujwm me, at my office In Great !-slt I Me City, and I hereby pledge you sufficient ? sc.ort and a comiortable carriage for your speedy and sale transportation io the protection of tbe United states troops en re Kle tor this Territory Trn.-tmg that this advice will meet with cheerful com pliance on yoer | art, t am, BRW1HAM YOI'NO, ?Jov'r and eg officio Sup't Indian Affairs. The follewing is the latest weekly reisirtof the Tre.?*u rer of the I'nlted States 11 will be perceived that he has the pleasure to chronicle, this time, an increase instead of a reduction ? ABriUBt Subject to draft. Dec 14 M.212.304 81 Amount of receipts fl"fl,903 67 Ifrsfls returned paid 1,102,041 48 I (rafts issued 4.X1,W 115 Increase.. 843,177 88 Ha n hr tip* l.nw for Ranks ami Railroads. to tii* Knrron or thk hrrai.d. DCWtjro, Iowa, Dec. 17, 1857. I'n ler the bead of ? The Prooose.l R-fhkmpt Law,"' in the lis* >m of Iscember It, you di so#* the propriety stid a it-f ssHy of liaving such an act passed by Cungre's; snd I f .tnp'y so bm M t la .t ij. t p -ii for yosr privsy o|rtnon. I uMiCly e>pre-?ed, whether the lunk and rwroad m terests o' the country w permit Cieiyrwsi m i?a s such a law If, as rapertelton has ion oft -n taught us. tbe niffoeyed power of New York can influence legislation in Congress, It Is surely too much to ex|>cct that the com bined power of bank and railroad interest* ? those of the Vast. West, North and South united- will suffer Congress to pass any law effei ting tbelr Interests to the elieni pro posed You admit that all our great railroads control the States In which they are located, Their united power will control Congrcsh. and depend on it that Congress will not and dare not pass nu< h a law this session With a few honorable exceptions Luagrsss is influenced by the patriotism at tbe purse JOHN NOBUM. . NTERESTING FROM KANSAS. of the L?Klalalnrt-All(((ed JUIrra* lions Ik tht liMumpluii ComUl utlun -Thr l ujirliii CutiatltutloM br NiilMnlttMl to th? Pitijilr- Muaa Convention ul I'ceoiupton, &>?, (l'r?irt the St. l/iuta Doniocrat, Dec. 17.] We are in paaacKsion otn.ws from Kansas to the l'2th mutant. In the counties along the Missouri river attoni|>ts were being made to get up compauies of voters to go to ! Kan.-as mi llie 21st. A meeting was held at Li-xingtou uu Saturt!a> for that purpose, but the proceedings wore kept : secret as lar as prac.tiiable. The projtosal did not meet with a very enthuBi:udjc reception. At Kayette, in How ard county, a meeting fur tho name purpose wad hold on Thursday , and a number ol* volunteers obtained. Along the border the blue lodges were eniiatvnnng t? roorga ni'/.e and vote claim holder* iu Johnson county ? turn is, men residing it l'latle and Jackson, who have driven stakes in Kansas government lands. I-arge preparations j are being made for fraudulent returns upon the hogu; ' constitution. The nullitleia hud held a convention to no minate candidates under tho State organization It was to : have been held at Iiocomptou uu the 7th, hut some llfteen j hundred tree state men from JAwrenee came over, giving ? three cheers for free Kansas, whnn tho nullitlerR, somn three hundred iu all, adjourned across tho river and made their nominations, en ruutr home. Calhoun was, by accla- i matiou. tendered the race for Governor, but he declined i tho flattering honor. Mr. Marshall was then selected us the i candidate for that post, and Mr. Mathias, former Speaker of the House of Soprosentativeti, was nominated ! lor Lieutenant Governor. In the Territory the people are en viatv opposed to the bogus convention and all its doings. They will not submit to it uuder any terms. Only one newspaper supports the constitution with any hearti ness. The news of Stanton's removal had not reached the Territory. The Legislature wan iu session and had j fully organised. The nullitters returned as members from 1 raven worth had been thrown out, and their seats given to the l'rcc Siutc men, which secured the laLtcr full con- I trol by mor^roan a two-third vote of both branches. The course of jiolicy hart not boon fully determined upon, bat i it was believed they would repeal the act authorising the Calhoun convention Mr. Henderson (who recently figured at Washington) had jwssc 1 up c? Monday, bearing, or v, us reported. Secretary Denver's commission, and in- ! struetions to Calhoun The proceedings of the l/'gisla- j ture are reported ^>ry fully in tho I ,ea von worth Tim-* of j the 12th, which haa been kindly forwarded to us. We I subjoin the most imi>ortant items. The mass convention j of the free State men, which had adjourned over from l.av* MM, and which met at Lecouiplon on the 7th, is said to have been a very enthusiastic assembly. It march ed iu procession, fully armed, each man with a Sharp's rifle and revolvers, presenting a very formidable appear ance. ALTERATIONS OF TTIK KANSAS CONSTITUTION. It heems that General Calhoun am! his committee. who have in keeping the bogus constitution, have uot been idle since the adjournment of the convention, but have chang ed that instrument at will to mi it their own views. Kvary change, too, has math' the body of it more radically pro sluvcry. Our correspondence from Kansas to-day alludes to these ulteraticns, and wo may as well point some of them out. They occur chiefly in the schedule, and the most important of the additions are to tlje eighth and fouitcentk sections. Thus they have inserted in the eighth section, the words " to l>e conducted as the election pro vided lor in the seventh section of this article," aud this is done to take the control of that election out of the liands of the Territorial Assembly, and in vast Calhoun with the power of appointing judges, selecting precincts, falsifying returns, and recognizing the members of the future Statu legislature. This language was not in the origi nal draft of tho schedule, either tut printed in the Territory, or as printed from an official tran script sent to the Washington Union and it haw been in serted since the adjournment to answer the end designa ted. The next alteration is in the fourteenth section, and amounts to the perpetuation of slavery in Kansas lor all time to come. It is in regard to the calling of a new con vention after the year 1864. to revise the constitution, and the sentence surreptitiously put in is as tollows : "But no alteration hull be made to affect the rights of property iu the owr.ership of slaves." This clause was not in the llrst publication uf the instrument, and is a palpable in terlineation. Now, when we remember that the same constitution prescribes as a rule for Judicial decision, that "the right of an owner of a slave to such slave anil its Increase Is the same and as Inviolable as the right of the ow ner of any property whatever," it will bo readily seen i that the effect of the clandestine addition is to make Kan i sa? irrevocably a daw State in the future. The last change that wo shall notice is in the soventh section, where the following words are substituted: "And to estab lish precincts for voting, and to cause polls to be opened at such places a* they may deem proj^r in their respective counties." This is an enlargement or the power of the commissioners to tx^appointed by Calhoun to control the election, and its object is too manifest to be dwelt upon. Several other minor substitutions wo might mark; but, as they arc unimportant, they need not be specified. How many more phases the constitution wi! I undergo before the 21st is purely conjectural; but, as the iwopie are not to be permitted to vote on the instrument, we supixwo Gen. Calhoun, in his character of dictator, will cou-dder himself jierfectfy at liberty to amend, cliange or strike out ut pleasure, until the appointed time, w fmi his work shall have been fulfilled, and Kansas shall havo be.m made a slave State. Any one wishing to verify the foregoing facts, can do so by comparing the tirst publica tion of the schedule in the WaAinfttn Pnumof the 8th with the publication just made in the same paper. The schedule was originally as given, uot only in the Democrat and the Territorial papers, but also in the official organ of the administration, and thr alterations look place under the direction of Calhonn and his committee nearly a week after the Convention had adjourned. They also took occasion to add a few names to the whole instrument that were not authorized ? names of men who now disavow the signatures. Such is the last development in c??nec tion with ths attempt of the nulliters to Install their bogus constitution over the heads of the )>eople of Kansas. [From the ssme paper of same date.] MAPS CONVENTION AT UMWHW HlliBH TlfOr HANI) KKKH STATE MEN IN ATTENDANCE ? TH K TKK ltlTOHlAL UCOIHLATl'KR ORGANIZING. IjtconroiM . K. T. , Doc. 8. 1857. Yesterday was the day designated by tne proclamation of Frederick P. Stanton, artirg Governor or Kansas, for the Territorial legislature to convene in extraordinary fessionat this place, for the purpose of legislating upon the lecompton Constitution The delegate convention held at lawrcnce on the 24 inst. , also adjourned to meet in Ijecompton on tho s unn day in mass eonvi ntiou. Since the publication o( Stan ton's proclamation, the defunct Legislature, of Shawnee notoriety, avowed their intention to answer the cull, and take their Mats in the legislative halls, thereby causing the corntry to be filled with the exuberant threats of the pro slavery party, that AU bison, Kickapoo and the liorder countK s of Missouri wi'uld tend up their blue lodge re cruits to aid und assist these scoundrels in their infamous proceedings. The morning dawied wllh a clcudy sky, and soon com menced raining, SLrt the ros'i.- and weatbt r wore an un propitious appeal ui: e Tor so .tuporunl a day in the his tory of Kansas. But, u< twiihstauditig the adverse ap I" .trance of the tncoiilrolable elements, the people re solved to put their Ixsislaturu In possession of the halls, and there defend them, II' necessary. Between twelve and fifteen hundred asteniMed at an early hour, beaded by the lawren^e bia"S hand, man hed into this citadel uf border rnUlsnism to the clarion notes of " Bail Columbia." (Jen liine rode iu the van and gave the word halt in .rout or the legislative halls mid then proposed threo cheers for the Topeka constitution, and thrco groans for the l<o rompton swindle, Simultaneously three multitudinous rheers went up for the " old Rsnner? free Osnstttntioa," which was inscribe J on a banner home by the TopcLa i company, and three groans, none the less significant, Tor the LscotnpMl swindle Gov Robinson was called to tho chair, and stated the object or the meeting, aft tr i? hic.h a oemmittee was appointed ou resolutions. Gen. lane, being chairman, said the committee would repair immediately to the grocery " Groceries or grog shops, are about the only buildings accessible In lecompton. Trie meeting was addressed by lane, Robinson, Cutiway, I'hillips, and other distinguished speakers, afu r which the following resolutions were adopted s ? Resolved* That we, the people of Kansas, In mass Con volition as?? nibled at fecompton, thts seventh day of De cember, 1?57. do fully and earnestly endorse the proceed tngs of the ftelegate (irmvention assembled at lawrence, on ihe 2d iut., whie.h proceeding we horeby submit as a part of these resolutions. Kesolved.That we do hereby enroll our names In the league and covenant formed by that Convention, and pledge ourselves, individually and collectively, to oppose to the uttermost, the constitution adopted at l<soompt0o, and to reswt every attempt which may be made to put into operation a government under the same. Mr solved. That we reiterate otir adherence and devotion to the Topeka constitution and government, aud express mir unalterable det? rnvnatlon, when the proper time shall have arrived, to give tt foror and effect in pursuance or the principles upon which it originated. The legislature failed of a quorum in the lower House yesterday. Both branches have organised to day, and read Stanton's message. The following letter from our Kansas correspondent, al though not so late as others we have publiahod, yet cc tains some information that my be of interest ? Ijwsnnt, Doc , IW, The constitution has been altered In many oasenttal points since Its adoption, hut all in favor ot national desto cracy The apportionment has been altered and revised, and three more Senators added to the list by the com mittee on verbiage. A more parts piece of rascality could not well he gotten up without time or study. John son county, notorious for ivxfnrd frsuds, has rour reprs sentatives, and l.yklns one, while I.vklns hai rour times the population or that of Johnson Itouglas lias live rep resentatlvi-J1, and has teu times tho population of that of .lohnvrn, and so on to the end of the chapter of outrages. The preamble says ? "We, the people of the Territory of Kama*, by our representatives in Convention assembled at Ixtompton, do mutu.Uly agree to rorm oursolves Into a free, independent and sovereign State, by the name and style of the State or Kansas." Tho "we" spoktn of, m*n, women and childrsn. number about seventeen hundred ; and the "representatives" repre sent the "we," and a portion of Missouri, with the admin istratMi at Washington Gov. Walker surrounded the "repre?enta'.lv< s" to keep those represented rrom diiturh/ ing their deliberations. flow very consistent the adminl* t ration of the decapitated Governor has been with that or the general government, except In one particular, and Mien he used his own discretion. and has gone to Washing ton to make an explanation He rejected the Clm inn at i alphabetical poll list, in order to get the bogus conititutsm through. p ?eenis to he the conviction of every thinking freeman in Kansas, tlist there is but one way for the people to rid thet i-elve* of the degrading institution of slavery, and that ?s) is. to organise under their own government, ami never auircMor one inch to border ruffianism or the jm geant display or ted<ral raitlniritv , but steadily and per a latently adhere to the p? nelplcs thereiiaanunnated, until tyrant, stid usurp* rs sre hjiy led from i!? "high pl;?'??s," snd the rotten administration government gives way Tor one re? iflM snd re?|S-i teJ by the 'itisens ot Kansas Kvcry movement for the ai complhlimei.t of the same purpose in any other direction sc' ins to fall, and leaves the government still as a seonr^e in-'r ad of a pntecliofi fYipnlar sentiment begins In awake from the ilsHher II hts taken over the O. tober election, and run In Its dignity and wrath In opposition to the assumpti >n of |iower which ths admin strstlon would force u|>nn us. The list went forth to the antipodes, that the Octcbcf election would settle the difficulties In Kansas, but no sooner did the half breed democracy discover tl?t they were beateo, nod th* ptopio wore In pow?, tftnn ^sy rtaorW W extreme measures offruud and villainy mjil arc muai by the chief mag istrate of Uie nation. * i.Ktil.Sl, ATI VK PKOCEKDINUH. [lYom the oorrei-ixMidoisce of the Leu vet worth Times I Ijscompton, Doc. 8? u a M House of Representatives met. The roll wis called nd the following members answered to their uarnoa _ ' I woman, Brook, Stratton, Graham, Owen, Cooner Speer, Deitzier, Apphanuu. Still, Morrill, De I^mv /ml' Seymour, U khan, Curtis? 17; no quorum ^ 1 he Council met at 1 1 A. M., aud oigamitaJ by the olaa tlon of the follow i ug ofllcern : ? I resident, C. W. Babcock; chief clerk, Joel K. Good*; lirHt UKHiHtAtit, J. M. Colton ; scrgeont ?t arms, A. Cutler* door keeper, Mr. Frost; engrossing Clerk, l>. H. Weir. en' c'L'rk, H. T. Hutchiiu; chaplain, Rev. 8. V. Lui. At lour ]'. M. , the House re assembled On motion of l^0 H?use proceeded to the election of [xvLoa , ' , officers. A motiou to elect by ballot wm Ti... ele?t by vn<a voce was carried, i .? " ,?lw "/ ,w Hcitzlor am! Mr Bartlett wore put m Ui~ for Pr*Sident. Of the 21 votes cast, Mr. I)uit Mr n J.J f'1 WM declared elected uuauimouty. receiverf8^^ 'u*0 u*c*"Pnt *peecli, which was well received by the House. Mr. C K. Currier, of Leaves worth, wax elected chief clerk by acclamation, la the P is tan t^erlr f ' Mr V?fao,w' of B"rliu^tou, wxs elected as \it i.i f. ilr'. W arreu was elected aergeaut at arias. Mr. Wake was elected doorkeeper by 16 out of 21 voteg Urn Ki -itR nf 'ih^'m0 "hi3 V Keller , and others contorting , ? V. of th< members for T^mvrn worth, was read Ur ' John ..peer, and referred to a committee of live. TV. n . Ijcoomiton, Uec. ?? 0 P. M. The nnuso has done but little to-day. The varnaa standing committees have been announced as follows' hlecliiHis? Messrs. Speer, Jamison, MorriU, Lockhart and Jenkins. ' " 7.inn'"lia~MCS3r8 0welu' stratton- Brock, Appleman u< Ways and Means? Messrs Barker, De Lang. Still, Oweoa anil Culumbia. 1 legislative Expenditures? Messrs. Applemau, Seymour. Mitchell and Cooper. ? Public Printing? Messrs. Seymour, Owens, Still Jm. kins and Barber. ' Kjigrot^cU Hills? Messrs. Cooper, Curtis, Morrill Look, hart aud Brock. ' Kniolled Bills? Messrs. Curtis, Graham, Jamison. Go lumbia and De Lang. ' ' I jcjompton, Dec. 10, 18&T The House was wholly occupied to-day in considering the following report of a siwcial committee, appointed to investigate the allegel frauds in Kiokapoo precinci is I-eavetworth county:? i??wiiw, ? Tom* Romokjmlk tuk Snofru or ma Hons* ok " H*trr*nviw:? , Tlie special committee to whom was referred the me morial ot George H. Keller, 11. Miles Moore, K. G. Klliott O. A. Bassett; William McClure, William Pennock, 1'atrick K. Urr and J. p. Hattc-rscheit, claiming seats in th:s house as representative, from Leavenworth county, regoerS report that they have given to the contesting part,,"" ? ? f .1 c,'rlJ"0d members, ample opportunities to ore si'Ut te8thnony , aud that in said investigation they hav u elicited the following facts:? 8 ' lmiu Jirut. That by the admission of both parties the ro turus of Leavenworth county were not reoeivtlu al tho o lliee or the Secretary of the Territory until about th, let Ot November, and that conHcipientl) the oont.wt.iiiu< had complying literally with tho requirement* of the statutes, (laws of 1S66, ch. 66, sec. 25 and 28 t which require contesting members to give notice to ner sons having certificates, so that the persons holding seal, by Virtue thereof were completely stopped from any bar against the rights of the contestants, on account of failure to entity. The committee, however, do not regard I strict adherence to the forms prescribed by statute mdi*. |)ensable, fein. e it is an universally acknowledged prrn Ciplo that a legislative body is the sole judge of elecUoa and qual ill nation of iU own m.'mbvrs.au'l has r.ill and es clu-ive power over the mode aud manuer of admmuitor mg them. ?ww Second That in the absence or any proclamation, or oT ticial notification of the result of the election m s&id coua ty , but acting upon general acknowledged taou the oon tesiauts resorted to the only possible proofs within thefc I T l ! n ,,*klnK thB aflidavits of reputable citrons, (which alliu?viU ure herewith submitted.) conclusivolr proving that extensive frauds and groc^ acts o; dishoneety j were practised at the | tolls In the precinct of Kickapoo, in I saw county of l^avenworth; satisfying your nimmiUM Uiat more than five hundred fraudulent votes were added | to the real vote ot said precinct, and given almost exclu I Si ? ^ ' c?rtiflod of this House from said county, j Third, That the poll books of said Kickapoo preset I boar impress of gross fraud ami (iishoaesty. Th<> certificate of tho ju.le* is not only contrary to the form prescribed in the statuU-e, but is inserts on U>? back of the Ufth page, and certifies only that "the fore? j lng li a correct I'st," etc., apparently purposely evadri* the charge of falsifying tbo returns by failing to certify | that the nine jiages following were corroctatall And moreover, that portion of the returns following the sixth page is, in the opiniou ?f the comnflttee, more glaringly fraudulent, being evidently ?< simulate and fictitious " From an investigation of them.it appears, lit. That tho vote for towniHiip ofiicess is almost wholly wanting 2d. There is almost perfect unifoitnity in the vote purporting to have been polled ? a feature that doe* not appear on the prowling ,*g?,. It wti rtlso in evidenoe that about dOO *>ldier* and teanmten c4>nnt?cted with the troops at rort I/ea^enworth voted the democratic ticket, or again** the me mor mli* to, in violation of the organic act. which deelarea that 44 no ottteer, soldier, seaman or mape or other persen in the employ of the United .States, or'at tached to troops, or other person in the army or navy of I the I niU-<l states, shall b<' allowed to vote or hold otDca U!. Jp territory, by reason of being on service therein " I By the rejw Hon of tliese votes, as fraudulent, vour me morialists would be entitled to seats in this House an ^theV^d^lct W,"0f ^ th? ^ \ our committee would therefore report that Hue h If J* . B. Denman, A. B Hazzard, B. J. Johnson, F. B Whitesides, A B Bartlett, Nlax Armstrong, and W 8 Sharp, are not entitled to membership in this House and recommend that H Miles Moore, tieorgn H Keller Wm M. McClure, J p Hatterschiet, L(?. A. Baaset Wm Pen cock , R t . . Klllott, and Patrick R ?>rr, be ilmitte.1 to seats in this Hause, a. the legally elected members thore of trom the first district. All of which is respectfully submitted JOHN SPEKR, 1 HARRIS STRATTUN, HKNRV OWKVS, ^ Committee CHAS. JKNKINS, | JOHN CI'RTIS. I Mr. Speer, Chairman of the committee, stated that botfc the sitting and contesting members had been notified ot the time and plac4- of meeting of the committee; that the sitting memltei* absoluU-ly refused to ?<??) for any wit ' Ceeritn^an^g|U,>OD "t'f rr?t0it "hole pro c<edinp.. and doing nothing inrther in the premiaes m 111' ' r",,"rl a^'T'ed , Mr St rut ton of }>oniphan cal ing the previous question. Mr. Curtis, one of the r.,mm* The fVMn11?! r''por1' ?Oinat its adoption . . I ?e been considering the ^tt9r t<>. da\ , but no action ha* vet b??en taken. [I rom the Iawrenre Republican, l>ec 10 ] HI SrBXIMIOM OF THE PKOPLIC'8 OU UUKKA CONUTI TVTIOH. It ha* been pfOfwtrt by aonae of the free State party, omot Kanwia, ihut our Territorial Legislative Aioicmbij ?hall pro\ nl<* for th* culling of a new conatitutloaAl uoa ventiou, whii li roulil re enact, auljitaatially the p ?ple'a constitution framed at Top* ka, ami Ujuk place that consti tution far above all \alid objection on the ground of for ? mality. Tina line of policy waa arge 1 l>y nome free W-te mea ban previou* lo the grant T%fc*gate Oonvention ?>t the trt tnatui.t, but upon (borough consideration ttr idea waa abandoned, and the policy of aulitnitting the Mote's constitution together waa iinauiUHiualy adopted WhUa the policy of the people la, therefore, aetUed, it may not br .imipp to indicate gome of the reaaona watch induced ita unanitnou* adoption. 1 llie tune for calling a n?w Convention, and aubrnit t!n*c the coii*titut>on they should I i nto* to the voice of Uia people, iJ> too Knotted to influence the action 01 t'-oogreaa at it* prom-tit aesxion. Tlio great and imminent danger t? the rree Mate caua* now ia. that Cougreaa may accept of the l^compton conatitutlon. t The constitution framed at Topeka would not receiva a single :i4a i.f formality or legality, beyond what It low puaffeeex . by being brought forward a* the work of a Onat.tut.onal C<'ii*<<nliou ml 'led under the proviaioaa uf an act of the Territorial 1-egi-laiurn All aurh acta aia entirely illetial. inform. il and void, f'jch waa the decuuoa of Attorai y General Butler in the cane of Arkansas, and anrh wae the sentiment of Mr Hue hanan, la hia apeech la the Senate on the admianiuo of Michigan 3. Thia may be the only opportunity tliat the people at Kanxa* will ever have to ?how by formal evldeaoe that the Tojaka < onstitntmn ia their choice. Th? Territorial 1/ gi.-Uture l? now a legal and valid body, and an elactioa bdd by ita authority would poaacaa nil the legal formality whi< h any election o>?ld bave Our conclusion, thrretore, and that to which the peaplrt Lav e arrived, i* thai the conatitutlon framed at Topeka aliould be aubmltted by the prv?ent Territorial I<egiste tun- to a vote of the people and at ax early a day aa pox aible. That duty, we, i?nd the people, think devolve* npon the legislature at it* railed session There Is oaljr once valid objection to Na being done at the ejrtra aeasmn, and that ia that certain pledge* were made, by member* of the l-egislatiire and others, to acting Oo?ernor Secre tar) ^litod, to induce him to make lb call Good faitll ?eq" that thoae pledgee be acrupuloualy kept. No Mrati prospective advantage could reward u* for a breach of honor Our own opinion i* that the prop?*ad subtnif-slou would not be a violation of thoae pledge*. That, however, ia a matter for the legislature in ita wia dom to dacida (From the T^aven worth Daily ledger, Oec * ] MKKTINli or Till OLD LINK WIIIOS IN LEAVENWORTH ftTT. At a meeting of the old line whig*, held in the Market Mail on Saturday evening, fieo. H. .^hotwell waa elected PreaidsM and T sink* , Secretary. On motion, a com mittee of Ave, consisting of Ueo. W Me lane, Jeremiah t lark, It Thompson, I* I'arka and T. Sink*, waa appoint ed to draft resolution* expraaaive of the sense of tha meeting. Tho commutes reporta<l the following resolutions, which, after being briefly dlacuaaed, were unanlmooaly adopted ? Where aa, the time ha* arrived In tha affair* of Kan*aw whea it Iteeome* all goo<t citizen* to exprea* their viewa upon the questions which are now eieitmg the publkk Blind, and whereaa we have a deep end abiding eonfl lenc* in the iuatioe and connervatlem of thcue who have lieaa guided by whig principle*, and who onee eonitituted tha whig party; and whereaa we believe that a full exprea aioii of the v iewa of the whig* of I>eavenworth (Ity and county in maex meeting naaemMed, will be appreciated by all right printtpled men, ai d whereas the particular in* terette of the i>raaent and future of Kanaa* are aerioualy invoked in the constitution now preaented to the paopla? therefore, Hiualved, That we, member* of the oil notional and constitufliaial irtiig party , are now aa heretofore governed by the principle infilled by the training and Uaciimu of aaid prgM-iple*, are oppnaed to all fraud and elrcumvea tkm in poUtir* aa well na morala?that we are atill art ever in laror of a pure ballot boi, and the rule of the ma jority. RaautVW. at. That we do not now meat for the pnrpnaa ofawlug organization. or re orgararation, believing theiimi* hii* not \et arrived for that pur|H?(i_hiit we meet lc? coa *ult n|*m the pre*, nt conditioti ,.r our political interest* la Kaoaa*? eapeclally in reTerenoe to tb? eonatitutlon pra *ente?l by the late comentlon, and to etpreea our vlewa? founded upon the Haf< and reliable baate of the principlea of our glorkml old party. Ke?ii\a?l, ;vi Tli at we are in favor of aettling the af. f?ino( vuilenitwrj up?u itutviH?awt U*e fctnia