Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 1, 1858, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 1, 1858 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. iai1i oordoii iisr1tt, rrnprtrror ornci x. w. cce-vxs ox ixltom lsp mssar "t* 7kRMS. am*A M* ivImu*. r/rx jm// r rkrai r> #t?o p" t: p- **? ??. t/i/ m tmi r huhalv. -it-m ?< am??\ vr $- 1.' unmix., lAr /%, Djnili mill!"** $4 (ix. aiUIUtl. U an* r*n ni krw hruim or $6 A, <w.? pur i w ia* (A??<,>w>A. MA* V Anrlurf- T t trj/j' thk rAmLr rrrrtALit. ?n~v ir?w?i<?v.?pfeur??*j*>r rir? n? f'.11? I'oirsTARr mKFr^rnynrtr-p ?m?/.?*i<i*r *?'i, ""if 'clfwiU'i'jwirW ! >hr trnrll Mml irilt hrlinr rnfl|'jdWf'w. #*'< *m Fomiow Ookk??i'm???tj ?k? P?h ncciAKIY i;?4{ U-UD tiy Rk.C ALL LtlTtKA AKL PaULAOBJ gtMT B?. VMsim XXU1 Wo. 31 AiU'KKME.N'Tt>" THIS KV'KMNtf. UOAUWL1 rUKATUA, tu->?aw%r-Afifniocn-K?rw F*aT5??, > Kventn??OtmBaBTICS? ?ii3iitiiukimi-Elbmiabt, '.lot, Tiobbp, Ac. ITTBLOU ilAKPnX. B?w.(l?ftc-Earr'TntA!?:?* AKB Or* AinC*?PtBrOBMlXC HKIJ*OCKROA, M;.U. KLintAJfT, AMP Bobock Ac. BOWKRTTHKATRK. Kow?rr?Pact! UTPOIID?hirrin It ItUlA?ALOlO, TMI BkaTK. BPR^VH THF?TKF Hr-iw?y, appoatt* Bond atnwH Slki.kT Witt." Or WlNDSOli?PftCABOtTAJl. VaI<U('K'M THKATR&. BivaJwaj?Tub Vicae or W iKtrilLD-A PbcipkdI a?. LACK * KKKNTCT THEATRIC, B.-oa<1w?j?Wbiti Lit:*? b ICPK* IlKIIBUBOOM AMERICAN MfNECM. UroACwBT-Afttnioot -BtPtU S*OKI>. C'euiBA PIWUBBB PATMIOT. woori'g RCTPINOR. vn Anil 6R& RrvtAdwtT?Oirmr.M Trfistt AMTood'm Uisitbeia-Tub Toollbs, b its Cachls IntriM BUCKIJTT? BKRKNAPERR, N4U4 Bpooiwar?NicBO Cu U1MK? At 5 UlBlttUl'AA?1>, *00 &> m?l MBCHANIV'N FIAI.I. ?TI Un'AiiwA.t?R?T?at'4Miamthil* -llTU'OriAM &OW*.t?GaBA* or TUB ClBBICl' I'M. f? %'urtL, .Mount}, PrhriiAi; 1, MM, Thr \rwk. I he Uo< nipti.n ronKtttntinn brought by Mr. (. lark son to Washington will be submitted to Con gross by the President to day, accompanied by a special message. A caucus of dem<>cr;Us opposed to the Lecompton constitution was held on Saturday evening. The House Committee on Naval Affairs, we are informed. will disapprove of the conduct of Commodore Tauld'np in arresting C.enend Walker in the territory of Nicaragua, and assert that he went ltcyond his ills'ructions. The tariff Investigating Committee are progressing slowly w ith their labors, and for the last four day a have had Mr. Stone before them. A fewfacts begin to leak out, aud new developernents are made every day. The report that the Hon. John Appleten had been appointed tosucceed Mr.Forsyth u> Minister to Mexico is contradicted. By the steamship Isabel at Charleston, vre have new* from Havana to the 25th of January. The second division of the Spanish fleet went to sea on the 20th ultimo. It consisted of three war vessels. The weather wits very favorable for naval practice in the Gulf, the ostensible reason of the movement. The slave traders were making preparations for an extended traffic. A murderer was garroted just as the Isabel steamed out of port. The health of the city and harl<or was good. Trade was heavy and sugar j unchanged in price, with 55.000 boxes, including 20.000 new. on hand. Freights Imd slightly im- | proved. h^cuaFg* wan dull, rutinjTat Zj a Jf on ; New York. The .Ifercu r?o. of Valparaiso. of 12tb December, ststes that the mail (steamer Valparaiso, on the previcu? oyage delayed her departure from Panama ! tight hours in order to bring the mail from the i United States, the arrival of which at AspinwaH had ! been announced, bat without success, as the American agents on the Isthmus would not deliver it. She therefore departed without it, although she took passenger. and papers that left New York on the 5th of November. It complains that this fact, which reveal some carelessness on the part of the American n ail agents, deprived the merchants of the South Pacific of their American correspondence lor fifteen days, at a time when the financial pressure made its \ early delivery of great importance. Advices from Montevideo to tdie lsth of Novem her. state that remarkable events had taken jdaee there. The President dissolved Congress by force, I and banished without trial twi nty per-ons belong 4ng to the opposition. The House of Rcprrsenln tives wa? iavaJed by a force of two bundled men , and two pieces of artillery. ami the mamber* were j ordered to close their session. The cause of these j di-turbanres was the treaty of commerce and limits j with Brazil, which government desired should heap- j * *1 Tlin r>artu nrr.mrit^il t)i<? ilitrimi* i by *op|>orting government. After this, and j<wt when a revolution wa* expected. General Don Mar.iel Oribe. of lamentable celebrity as chief of the famou* siege of Montevideo, and worthy lieutenant of R*?*a*, the Buenoe Ayrean tyrant, died. (Jovernnient, Wing deprived of that support, ha* engaged in conference* with the liberal party. Our date* from Iluenn* Ayrcs are to the 20th Not. Nothing remarkable had taken place there. The Indian- had been W-atcn in several encounters, and the sonthern frontier! were well guarded. Government will strive to rarry on the war with the savages until they shall be drivcb from the frontiers. CongM -? t?rminated their sc?ion- on the Nt of I?ec*mKr after uppro\ing the agreement for arranging the foreign debt. Tlie Argentine Confederation continued in peace. f-en< r raraiihae wa.? at Rosario a- Envoy Extraordinary from Brazil to the government of the Confederation. A treaty with Brazil, respecting river and pilotage relation- was being dbvcue?ed. It *?m.s that liiuzil want* to engage the Itiver Plate pro vim e? to take part in it* war with Paraguay. In i(o?nri? thr commerce of direct importation waa increasing. Our cotri pouih nt in Valparaiso, writing on the 16th of Ih-iember. send* wmo additional particular* relative to the pmgrew of event* in Chile and on the South Pacific const. Execution wa*. levied l.y ' the government officer* on the French hip Phmjne. J notwithstanding a very decided demonstration made J i. .-niie t tlieir authority by the commander of the war [ ehip Lavoisier. The lo?? of th?' mail ?tr?mcr Vnldi j via was not resetted, aa the Pacific Ma i Steain-hip Company, to which she belonged, ia cla*?<*d in the oUl f< >ty order, ?nd it wa? hoped an American line would men connect Valparaiso with Panama. , A very b'wtilc f' prevailed towards Amcri< an ahipniaeti re, owing, it la -wid. t<> the cMklnetofeome hati Franeieco trad"!*. Madame Ann* Hi?hop wa? iu Valparaiso. and about to leave for Buom* \yrei j by way of tin* mountain*. The annexed table ?*jow? the tomperatnre of the atmosphere in this city dnring the jawd, wrcek, the ranpe of the barometer, the variation of wrind currents, aud the state of the weather, at three periods daring each day, viz.: at 'J A. M , and il aud 0 o'clock P. M. r? j: |j> t At \ Tr~Ti ' !? / *. a ! Ti?TT?TT7 ?i 7" - ? " s'i S a ? #' I S J t : * * l * J * " 1 * * ? t- |U : * : it1 : < j jf| HAL nil <? ' N V f 'It* ' 1 *1 fun . x\ ?* nr. j?y. 411 n * . #> ? *nr ?, -Mi' IJ *. - - ,?t ?. W 1 !| tw* X ??. * ' .1 ?* juJA..- * W . .1 ? V! ' w?d r ?? -i ? ? vi i , s -v ?.4) i s * Thur \V v 11. ' * W ? ^ A ' P fit. *> ;u . !* I . K W>. .v v '.v ??<. r y " J_ | VtV^LA Hit* Kttorday?d??f ?i"i iow a'-two a' plitty Ov iTr?l f ndav?IInreitK, claaf an 1 (t Id. alVlDiu, oti **l wUi ram tbw-i ft* dur>r tb<* rvan't^. Monday?I'tfcy and (nHrt all <*iy an I ?r??t*!Tu. Tuaaday?Mortiibi;, ordf *ft and warm a* >Ui -rh; rt n during da) m, '.ijfl ar. Wad (tarda??- Miming. ft?ar and J>'an?nnt a'tnnmnn, i liiti'i* n *lit i irar ami mi?ti gbt. TbtOTday?Moniin*, clendj iff monti, ova ut n. 1 fnnl llfht rain dnrlnf nrnfitflir, Dnw d ring night Friday?<?ti*i*at all da) n ffht, ctoar and told. Saturday ? Morning, ?1 . buy rloady and ooM Ammn nur hrtctriding c<irrc-ponJ< ncc tlii* morn f r *111 Im fi.t'ttt) a fnfl ccmtit o tin. W.itlcot to ' . N the -teamship Ariel, by u pussengcr, who expresses the utmost Miti.->fsetioa at the conduit of the officers and the staunchness ot the ship. From Key V\ est we hare a fall account of the arrest of Col. Frank Anderson and a party of thirtynine of Walker's men, by the United K totes Marshal, on the uftidavit of Commodore Paulding, and a report o t he trial as far as it had progressed. Some of the accused claimed to lie citizens of Nicaragua, while others refused to testify. A letter from George Seward, Esq.. Secretary of the Atlantic Telegraph Company, dated at London January 15, mys :?' Our arrangements here for the completion of the work we have in hand are pro *.^---.111^ paupittcioriiy. ana l trust nnd believe that our next attempt will be crowned with suoeesa. The machinery is being oveihauled under the direction of English and American engineers, and experiments will be carefulh tried before sailing next time, with a view to meet every known or anticipated difficulty. The English government has again granted us the use of ships; and the manufacture ol new cable to supply the place of that which was lost is going on satisfactorily. It is intended at present to take out 2,800 miles of cable, being 300 miles more than was thought sufficient last time." We have advices from the West coa?t of Africa, dated at Sierra Leone on 18th of December. Trade was dull, with an exceedingly high market for hides, palm oil, nnd other produce. Two American vessels were in port loading w itta hides, but tlie prices had so advanced that it was feared the vent ares would end in serious losses to the owners. Our trader? do not exhibit their usual experience and i aution when in the African traffic. We publish this rooming a curious story about Louis Napoleon, which appeared in the January number ot Graham's Illustrated Magazine. If it t>e true, the present Emperor of the French, instead oft>eing the n>n of Iioui- Napoleon and Hortenae, is a Yankee. It will, howeter. repay a perusal, and we give it for what it is worth. The value of foreign goods entered at the Bo-ton Custom Hou?e fbi the week endinc 29th ult. was Js47,315, which is an increase of 13.15,928 over the corrc ponding week in 1857. The principal articles of import were groceries, lin-eed, and saltpetre. The colt m market was firm on Saturday, with sales cf about 2,000 hales, closing at )0>jc. a lO^'c. for middling uplands. The transactions fcr two days have 'o?tM ur abotrt 4.W> bales, which, estimated at $44 per bulc, would give a \alue of about $190,000 The flcur market was dull, ar.d agsii 5c per bbl. lower for common grades of State and W?Urn uud on lour grades of Canadian tLere wa- a decline of about inc. p'r bid. I.ow piadt R of Western and Southern worn also cheaper Wheat a aa quiet and nominal. no sales of momont transpired. Com was w.ihout change of moment, while sales were limited. Prices ranged from 66',c. a 68c. for sound new, and prime dry white wai held at 70c. Pork was rgthcr timer for lots on the spot, and sales of 200 a 300 bids were made at $13 a $13 26. Sugars were quiet, but firm, owing to the extremely light stock -n thus mar kit, which ccmpris- d only 3.041 lilids., aga.ust 3,837 last year, at same poriol (1st of February.) and 4,618 boxes, 18,171 last year. The only excess was in molado, which amountod to 4,760 hhds.. against 996 last year. The importation of molado sugars last v ear were in excess of demand and heavy; losses were sustained on them It Is believed that during the present year this description of giyxl-w dl be imported ,n much smaller quantities than w as the case last seajen. The Oner grades of Now Orloan.Ftipan are always popular with the trade, and wtit have a good run; to compete with which Cubans will be com pr led to rend forward better r.a's of grot-, and greatly reducetlieir supplies of inferior article The sale' ves terday were cinfined to a'oout 220 hhds. and 230 boxes at rates given in another column. There was a movement in coffee on Saturday, w ith greater firm era in prices. The sa!?s embraced about 7,600 bags of K.o at htjc a 10' chietly at 9c. a 9>jC. Showing an advance of about )je. per lb. The stock of Rio was 71,432 bags, and of ah kxd- j of packages 91,979. >re.gkl engagements wcro sncdcrau . and rates without change of momrut. The Lreomptan C onstltutloii?The Drmoera* cy?1 he North, the South, and the t'nlon. That hitherto myatorlov Utile pajM*r at v\ u.-h ington. Th' Snitr*. ha? at length definitely taken its position on the ride of Mr. Senator Douglas. in this view, we publish today its leading article of Friday last, touching "the admisbiou of Kansas under the Lecompton constitution, and its probable effect on the future of the democracy." It is an appeal, bowercr. against the acceptance of that cfwietitution, which, we think, may be very readily answered. First, we are told thai -flov. DenverV proclamation to the people of the Territory, showing that tin ra is a majority of ten thousand of the bona fidt voters of fhe Territory against the Lecompton constitution, is tne tirst well nuthentv.t a. ....i, .? IKUK-U CI IUVUVC "C USVV IUUI IUV Ui Kansas are almost unanimously opposed to it." ! Well, whht of that ? Mu^t we not still abide by the law? The election of the 21ft of December wan the only one lepally applicable in .the matter of the ratification of said constitution, ntal if that election was carried by default InMialf of slavery, the responsibility lies with the people who refused to vote. Thut is all. The -ub sequent January election was a du.. or two after the fair. It may prove that there is "a majority of ten thousand of the kma JUr voters of the Territory" against said constitution: but the fact is of no lepal value in the case. It is flje majority of a regular election, and not of an irregular one, that Is decisive. But this January vote of ten thousand majority is still valuable as a proof conclusive that though admitted tinder the liocompton rnnofitution. Kama*. to all practical intent* and purpose*, can be nothing lint a free State. Why, tb?'n. should Northern democrat* tremble and turn pale when brought face to face with the mere attraction of slavery in this case: Our Washington cnteraporarj a-^ure* ?? that ' a Urge majority of the Northern democracy i* oppo?< d to the I.ocompton constitution, on the ground that the people of Kansas. who hare the right to choow- their own institutions. arc opposed to it." Thj-. wc think. I* a premature declaration. TV <Vm<*wacy of the North and the democracy of the South ar> awaiting the action of Congress snd th? practical consequences I thereof. I.ct the I.ecompton constitution ?jQ accepted, and kt Kur-a*. aa *hc wiN '.;o very shortly thereafter appear before t^c world a fr<e State, to all intent- and purpo* ?. and the*' I Northern and Southern democracy, and the of tl:? c?nw rTatirc people of all other partle*. will bo cont< nt, aw] thu* the occupation of tb- Kan-no- agftatom will h< pon?. Hut our Wanhington orarl<- of Mr. Doughi* r< join? that ' the adfn>?ion of Kansas in defiance of th" < *ja ef d will of it? people will, ac cordini* to th- r- p rt^d r turn-". l?rir,^ into th?* F"nat?'of the 1'nit'il -tato- two >>!;?* h rgyjbli can wnator*." We ar- not m> -me oftLat. Mr. John Calhoun ha* not yet rendered in |d? final roporf. But if. with the Lecotnpton conetitution, we do admit ' two 1.lark republican aenntnlf." will the rejection of that constitution k"ep them out. W think not. tnd-o. wh- n w? can do no b-1* r u> i t-: < v< n b< cor nt to ti.l.e tli'rnc ae t\e find t' ?r the u < ?<! <1,,. r tn._ * th< r -Mi v? -- But thru w< .u- .vl m? ni?li''<l thif ir to draw any :nf r ' iv til J > ' :> T |?illior I). N?.t til 0 I'm'' riu v tli< r<- must Iff |irn*trn*' d for -onr ji'ur* by th?- inliiiiwion of K und' r - n il < : tni-1. i <~? -." I'ut it^nin. w b?"/ Irat to Ink' i wholly dip. r> ut \lew of the Mibjrct Admit Kanm* technii ally a- n flare Sta< what will th- ? l?v In thi* tbr Northern agitation if i-b mni-'liat'lv thereafter, 114 K^p-at K\V YORK HERALD. MO and in Congress, tlirougkout evei j department of her State organization, becomes a free Mate* There can be nothing to agitate against the' alavc power," w ith tbc ''slaer power" and slavery en tire ly removed fr m Kansas. In this view the Lecompton constitution would hardly serve oa a bugaboo to frighten the most uervou* of the old women of the Northern al<olitionist*. much lews to weaken the ranks of the Northern democracy. In fact, with the admission of Kansas, and with her people thus left "perfectly free to regulate their domestic institutions in their own way," this tenaelees agitation will cease. The South will be satisfied in having carried their abstraction, and the North will be content with the full possession of the prize. A powerful prestige to the administration, the harmony of the partv, and the peace of the Union, will follow in their regular order. Thus, locking to the campaign of 18G0, we regard the success of the democracy, from present appearances, as lying in the opposite road to that indicated by Mr. Douglas. We believe that the adoption of the Lecomoton con-uku tioD, instead of breaking down the Northern democracy, will result in re-uniting all the ?cuttered fragments of the party, North and South, uponthe general policy of Mr. Buchanan's administration, and in a great democratic victory in 18G0. upon new and leading practical issues which will be brought into the foreground. Hut it is perfectly idle to talk of the tuture of the democracy if the party abandon the administration, and break up into little sectional eliqnee before the expiration of the second year of Mr. Buchanan's term of office. The State* admits that ' the South is almost unanimous iu favor r of the Lecomptoa constitution. And why so? Clearly itecause ot the i great constitutional principle ?Hd the- great political issues involved. If the said constitution rejected. ?t will lie because of its recognition of si in ory. Mr. Douglas may plead a different pi, a: but thi-will lie the real canse. The South ' w ill thus consti uo it as the verdict of the North j against the introduction of anj, more slave >iaies. r or ii ido .>oriu canuot concede the empty abstraction in this can', what can the ^outh expect in any new case involving the substance as well as the shadow of slavery? We may safely assume, therefore, that the rejection of the Lecompton constitution will be but the beginning, instead of the ending, of the troubles of the democracy and the dangers of the slavery agitation. Reject this constitution, and the first r'-sult will l>e the humiliation of the administration as the visible head of the church. The next thing will l?e, from the cour-e which will inevitably be pur sued by the Southern democracy, the complete di-ruption of the party into two or three sec- i tional factions. We might contemplate alt thi- witli comparative indifference if the mischief wotld only stop here. If one administration is rendered powerless for active service, we can substitute another : and a* our existing parties fall to pieces, there i? no difficulty in re j organizing ineir iragnicni1- into new parties. But the great danger to be feared is the organization of purely sectional parties upon the slavery <gie?tion. Let things be driven to that pass, and *e are at once..North and South, thrown into the broad down hill road to destruction. A,v?r the Hoitb ugutu?t the South, and the South agnin-t the North, upon slavery, with no intermediate half way ground of compromise, and the South must soon be pushed to the wall, or pu-?hed out of the Union. The consequences of such a st^p we have before us in the continually fighting military republics of South America. The greatness, glory and moral grandeur of the*e United Stutee, as they now ! stund. would thus be dissipated among, perhaps. half a dozen little republics-North, South. East and West- perpetually in a state of war with each other or in a rtate of civil w.?i between two or three military chieftains. Let us. of all things, avoid the rooks and shoals which lie in the way to such terrible dieter?. Give the South their abstraction in reference to Kansas-it is all they ask. What cause of complaint will there be to the North, with Kansas practically organized at every point as a free State? Pun* the liecnmpron constitution, and the administration will bo strengthened and the party will com" together again. North and South ; but reject this oou-titu.ion. atid thf real war oi the sections begin* KsnMM In rofijtnw?Ineoneletenelea of Senatun Seward and DouglM. The Kansas question will practically occupy the attention of >s?th bouses of Congress this w<fk, und we lielt'-ve th<> result will be a solution of the whole diflh'iilty. upon the broad conrtitutionnllmeis which the President has advocated?the absolute right" of the people of Kansas, a" represents by their official ac ts, to regulate and adjust their own local affairs. A caucus of democratic senators is to be held in the Senate chamber this evening, to determine upon the plan of operations to be pursued, ahd it i? therefore a fit occasion for a r*nm4 of the facts of the case, showing the petition occupied by the two principal leaders of the opposition? Senator Douglas and Senator Seward The disco-don in Congress will doubtless tie acrimonious and personal, and all the more so fr<?m ?'ne fact that the record proves directly upoii Mr. jsouglOft uic irum 01 me cnargc 01 n?* navlag abandoned his former position, and now advocating a principle * hich bo was the fir-t to repudiate in hi? official character aeChafrman of t^o Committee on Territories, We than twq yeara ago. In order to facilitate and evpedite the admission of Khois?- ae a State, it Wa?deemed expedient at the commencement of the last Congress to prepare a hill providing for the election of a convention in Kan*** to frame a constitution and present it to Congress Mr. Drajglaa. accordingly. on the 17th March. I*.'*;, from the Committee on Territories, reported a hill to the Senate "to authorize the people of the Territory of Kama* to form a constitution and State ifvernment preparatory to their admiwion into the I nion." Thi* hill prnvldcdfhr the election of a convention of lh- people, ami contained the following clau*" That tl?p rollnwtii* rrnpi-tkm.* >< . Mid |h? arc, li'Teli)* pt errrt to tbo saul oon\i nlion of tho |wo|>iP of

who! fhr Iboir ffoe an <j ',nn<v> or ro oo i o, iah . h. ii a. <-opt?-i by tho t<?\ naunti ,-,ul ritijirt '<? j ?!,'/"<>/ (Ac elediMl _/?r (A* ntl-f '.u < 'A. rviMft/N' a, shall be obligatory'Vi tbo t nttod M and the ?tAl? of HanariK. The wording of tide clause mad' a distinction Ix t^Pin the power? of th" convention and the t* onto. Tit" constitution Was to t?c ace -nihil l?v r r # I he convention aiul ratifbd by the people. This is the ground now taken by Judge Douglas tliat a? the Constitution bus only been in part sulnnitted to the people of Kansas fir ratification, it is an n -sumption of po* r nnltfi" part of tlr Contention. Dinsted of extraneous points. tVi" is in brief the graTain>n of bis op i'ositiou tv IJi; LvVV^r1 *'A VffiiUlutivi'j .utdHlit, NTDAY. FEBRUARY 1, 16. ostensible reason for the course be la pursuing in opp< sition to the view* of the President. Let u? s< e how far his record sustains him. Tie bill of the 17th Marrh remained unacted up< n, and on the 25th of June Mr. Toombs presented an amendment to it, which he gave notice he would propose at the proper time us a *ul stilute. In this substitute bill ofMr.Toombs the precise wording of the third section of Mr. Douglas' bill (already quoted) was retained, recognizing the right of the people of Kansas to ratify the constitution after its adoption by the Convention. About the same time Mr. Seward presented a substitute, also iu the shape of an amendment, which ignored the people of Kan *as, either in convention or otherwise, and declared that Kansas should at onrc be admitted into tbe Union us m State, if the Territorial Legislature, then in being, saw tit to accept the offer. On motion of Mr. Douglas both of these amendments were referred to his committee, and hi* bill, already reported, w as recommitted. One week thereafter?on the iSOth June?Mr. Douglas made n length} report from his committee, accompanied by a bill as a sulwtitutc for the one he had originally presented. This bill embraced many of the features of the Toombs substitute, but the provision as to the power of the Convention, and the distinction between a ' convention of the people" and the people themselves, was abandoned. The sectiou was made to r< ad? Aid be it further enacted, That the following propositions be, und the tame arc, hereby offered to the -ai-i Convontion ot the people of Kiuu-a. for their tree acceptance or rejection, which if accepted by the Convention nhnll l>e obligatory on the I nited t?Utes and upon the said btato of Kansas. Thus amended by Mr. Douglas, the absolute sovereignty of the Convention, when constituted to do as it saw fit, conceded the bill passed the Senate, receiving the vote of every democratic senator, including, of course, Geu. Cass, the present Secretary of State, and Mr. Toucey, the ' present Secretary of tbe Navy. It is out of the question to suppose that Mr. Douglas could accidentally have made this important omission in the bill; and we have not beard that such a pretence is set up. Indepen dent of tbe record itself, it was stated by Mr. Bigler, in the discussion which took place at the commencement of this session, that the amendment was the result of a discussion on the point which took place at Mr. Douglas* house. Mr. Douglas flew into a rage at this statement, and | after insinuating that Mr. Bigler was divulging the transactions of a private conversation, magI ranimously gave him permission to do so: but asked Mr. Bigler if he (Douglas) was present when the striking out of that portion of tbe section providing for tbe subsequent ratification by the people was discussed. Mr. Bigler thought he was. but was not certain. Now all tbis is mc-re pettifogging on the part of Mr. Douglas. The fact is patent, that as Chairman of the Committee on Territories he did report the bill to the Senate, and that the bill so reported omitted tbat portion of his first bill which made a distinction between "a convention of the people-' and the people?and thus acknowledged the sovereignty of the Convention as the representatives of the people of the Territory of Kansas. We are informed that Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, at the meeting referred to, was the person who moved to strike out the l>wsng?- requiring luc suowqueuv rawncauon ny the people: and if Mr. n?"' *' ? uo*P" bin case in any way, he can call Mr. Brown, who in still in the Senate, on the stand. The bill parsed the Senate, but failed to pass the House in consequence of the opposition of the republicans, who wanted to keep the agitation open. But the point is, that every one who Toted for Ibe biTI is personally committed to its principles; and that it* author (Judge Douglas! is the last man who can, with the slightest claim to consistency, refuse to admit Kansas under the constitution now presented, which has been made m strict conformity with the provision* of hi* own bill. He has undoubtedly a right to udopt any course he naty we fit; but in hi* present position he must stand braDdo-d as a deserter, and as such meet his fate. William II. Seward's position is perfectly reconcilable with his whole political career. All he desires i* to keep the agitation alive. It cannot injure his character to show that. In 1NJ6, be offered a bill ignoring entirely the people of Kansas upon the question of their admission into the Union, and that he is now screaming at the top of his voice for justice to the poor people there, because they have only been bi tud through their rcprcwntatm s in oontrcntion assembled. He is simply following out his character an a demagogue and an agitator. It ia contendedia some garters thnt the people of Kanwv* had no right to form a cotistitti ion either by convention or otherwise. unless with the concent of Congress. Where do the advocates of such a course find their authority? Not in the constitution of the United states; nnd certainly not in the doctrine of popular sovereignty? the great principle which it ia asserted was endorsed in the Kansas-Nebraska act. As a mere matter of expediency, to expedite the action of the people of the Territory, an "enabling act,"' as it it* termed, would have done no harm. Hat in the absence of any such act in the ncgloct of ComrresH to nae* it. if it were iMANwrv th.? legislature of the Territory inwi an undoubted right to provide, a* they did. for the election of a convention of the people to frame a constitution. That Convention, when nnranir/ed. represented the sovereignty of the people of Kansas, and had a right to submit the result of theirdeliberatiuns back to their constituent* fot ratification. or not. a* they might determine themselves. Aa for its organisation outside of the Convention no question could be rared as to the locality of the election of Hs members; that was a question which the Convention had alone the power to determine.. I'ach heuao of Congress is the judge of the qualification of its own members. Tin- is aright guaranteed by the constitution. If we are to take the constitution as our guide, we must recognise this prineiple wherever it can lw? presented. If members of the Convention were illegally returned, it was for tlieConrsiition to repudiate them. Congress cannot go )s>hind the record without usurping a jsiwer in direct conflict with Us own existence and for that matter repugnant to our political existence as a nation. A- it -MV'* K.111-* in iv t rii tv i practical b? lng. H i* lh? principle uton* which in couk'iids <1 lot the a'wolntc right of th" people lo n?k? their own local regulation*. Th" fact thtit a convention nf tlic psople fi'MKid ? constitution, nn?l that thsit constitution, with 1 lie official tote of tli1, ifopl" of nttsu hi <1, i" now |?rco?*Tit?-*l to (Jon r< - ;<ml a denial i?f tin rixht nf ('ihikpcih to go ln hind (be - ? _ l 1_. !..i . <1. r . riT<irn mm hum c *?* r^mnni* ?n rr* turn*. officially < or1ifl??l to !?" -? ?r?* the (mints ti ilit liu... Unci iiduittvd, Uit t-ui 38. amend their constitution as they may choose, notwithstanding any prohibition in that instrument ; for the right to alter and amend their constitution in a right of sovereignty from which they cannot be debarred. As for Judge Douglas, his own record kills him. There never w as a clearer case of political suicide. Ilis only hope is to make a speedy recantation, confess his error, and assist the President in restoring harmony and allaying sectional excitement. Judge Douglas is a man of ability; but, like many other able politicians, ambition and personal griefs have been his stumbling blocks. It is to be expected that the opposition.will fight hard to reject the constitution now presented. It is with them a question of life or death?of political supremacy or political and personal defeat. By the close of the week we will perhaps be able to record the result. Mt McrTAi. CoRRnnon.?The public arc anxiously w aiting to hear of the resignation of Azariah C. Flagg, Comptroller of the city. Of course, after that functionary's confession that the grossest frauds had bccu committed iu his nvn r.thr-p nndpr his nvn nose without infpr ftrence, or even suspicion on his part until it was too late, the only thing that he could do, to be decent, would be to resign, and seek some quiet retreut tq hide his disgrace. There are those, however, who pretend that Mr. Flagg baa no ink ntion of resigning ; that he is by nature the lust mun to give up anything that he could keep, no mutter in defiance of what duty or principle ; thai if the gity in a body went down on its knees to him, and besought him to vacate the office for which his own confession shows him to be quite unfit, he would clutch his desk and his treasury chest more energetically than ever. and. like Jim Bags, refuse to "move on" under a decent sum. Comptroller Flagg knows " the wally of peace" and comfort us well as any one. Whutever Mr. Chemung Smith's sins may nave neen. iney arc mere uiomn in inc ma.-n 01 the defects and deficiences in the administration of the Comptroller's office. If Mr. Chemung Smith, as the Comptroller tries to make it appear, has cost the city ten thousand unnecessary dollars, who is to answer for the other thousands which the city has lost, by leakage in the Comptroller's office since Mr. Flagg took office ? Several hundred thousand dollars, so saith popular notoriety, would not reimburse the city for the waste and leakage in this department within the past few years; and this is quite independent of the losses, defalcations and other dispersions of money w hich were considered in the late report of Councilman Franklin, and estimated at no less a sum than eight millions of dollars. Chemung Smith cannot answer hs a scapegoat for all this; though he might, no doubt, if he chose, set the public on the right track to discover a few at least ot the leaks. The best thing for him to do would be to make a clean breant of nil he knows in the Interest of public economy: and the best thing for Flagg, as everybody is saying, is to resign forthwith. These two event* might la? of benefit: though, a-, we have often said, we anticipate but partial and incomplete reforms in every department of the city government, no long as the present many-hcailed svetcnj ' vmiim .* too onen dinned into the ear of the public and tbe Legislature?there can l>e no good government in the city of New York, until the public selection is restricted to the single office of the Mayoralty, and all executive officers, boards. Corporation Counsel, Comptroller and Commissioners arc uppointed by the Mayor, ubject to the confirmation of the Aldermen. Mont: Lantrv DKv?.i.orr hunts.?The Chevalier Simonton. who was ex|?ollod from the floor of the lust Congress in consequence of his lobby operations, tells a very curious story about the same matt& to the obscure journal in thfc city , fov I i-?f i k o AAsraufuxfula Ha utataa thut VC? ivi nuuu uv vvii1I* ?iavcn turn .ui. intone, one of the witnewes examined before the Congressional Investigating Committee in relation to the $87,000 bribe, ha* testified that a member of the last Congress offered to obtain twentyfive votes in favor of the free wool tariff amend- \ ment if $25,000 were paid by the Middlesex company into the hands of a certain bran-bread editor in New York. Chevalier Siinonton evidently alludes to Mattcson. the member, and i Greeley, the editor. It will be recollected that i the last named philosopher was the stool pigeon or l?ank of deposit or broker in the matter of a j draft for ane thousand dollars drawn on account of the Fort I)es Moines Improvement and ( Navigation Company, handed by Strykcr. the agent of the company, to Greeley, curried by , him in bis breeches pocket for some time, and j then paid over to Matteson. It' in my truth in thin statement, wo hope that the wholo matter will lie ripped up by the committee. Fimonton in former times used to be very {rood at ripping up old brooches; j and it would Is* a pity If he had left the busi- \ new altogether. { TlHTT Jot'RN ll.l-'W T\ THE NOKTII.?TllO :ldrainMration of Mr. Buchanan is nqw in the j struggle of life or death on the Kansas question, j and not ouly the administration, but the party | that supports It also. In this struggle where arc the party journal* of the North, and what arc th'-y doing.' The Anjii* and Atlu> of Albany, the Sum, of Ne.w York and the Boston /W, pretend to be the principal supporters of Mr. Buchanan's administration in this great crisis. . What do they present.' Their proprietors and 1 editor* exhibit nothing but dirty, mean. mi-orablc *t niggling for office and "poll*. An Independent journal like the hf?nun ha* expended more on it* own account, by *cnding private correepondent* to Karma*. in order to procure correct information, than all the party iournal1-t* and party journal* and miserable, *neaking party editor* who crowd the avenue* to the I White Hon*c, and cry out to Mr. Huciianan, "fiiTP ue, give u* more epoil*^,' Mavoh To,mann ani? m* Huron**. We have no doubt of the good lnt? ntion6 of Mayor Ti<*niAnii with regard to hi* effort* in creating a reform in this city: hut we have very little faith in hi* succe*. Kv< u tie- very instrument* which he means to use in effecting (hi* reform are secretly oppowd to hi* progre** we m-an the police. There cannot be a doubt but the huni dr"d* of lottiTy office* In V?w York, the hun| dred* of gambling b"lK the thousand* of im i proper nou'i i?, ftrr ail w>ro or i'?sx unuor im.' prii lit' ptuli ctiitii of ' rtniii m- iiib' r*of th?- I*o- I lien It. partition! itni uf II,.. Corporation if-' If. < Ibr fiict llnii Mr. Pluoley, tbc client of Mr IT?i? 1 feed, WR? introduced tn tb< Major 1?y flint otli I rial, pin a color to lb'* whole prococdlDps that i may be taken in rc{r*r<l to reform. Tie Mayor'* 1 lioncxt inlt ntiuM in rbultinp op there e.?tahli?b nn lit- will |h turned Rxide nn*l renderd inef- 1 tVvtnal by the tory perwiix that -nrronixl him. i ?q-ti iiivt. pilivaUri;- Utc fvliv.. Important Naval Commission to Visit thi United States?Ay American' Suip op Wak for the Truman Nat^.?Iu another column we publish a letter from 4>ur correspondent at Constantinople, by which it will be aeen that the Sultan of Turkey h?e appointed a commission of* distinguished persons to visit this country for the purpose of euperintending the construction of a large threedecker ahip-of-war for the Ottoman government. This commission consists of no less important peisonagcs than Hear Admiral Mohammed racna, wno commanded the l urkibli navy at Sebastopol; Hussaiu Bey, the aid of His Highness Mehrroet All Pacha, and Capudan Pacha, the Minister of Marine. The new vessel is destine* for the flag strip of the Ottoman navy, and it fe to be honored with the name of his Imperial Majesty, the Sultan. These illustrious dignitaries were to leave Constantinople on the 16th of December for Marseilles and London, whence the? were to start, via Liverpool, for the United States. It appears that this design has been some time in contemplation, and that a correspondence has been going on between the Minister of Marine and the Consul General for Turkey is New York on the subject. The reputation of the United States as a great shipbuilding country is growing apace in the Old World. Governments there hare began to rtalizc our facilities for that business?the excellence of our workmanship, the skill of our mechauics, the beauty of our models, and the fine qualities of our timber. Some eighteen yoars ago a splendid steam frigate?the Kamschatka?was constructed in this city for the Russian navy, and was subsequently used as a yacht by the late Emperor Nicholas. During thb Crimean war Mr. Webb built the splendid steamer America, now at Hong Kong; and he has now on the Btocks a still larger three-decker screw steamship for the Russian service. Not long since a noble strain yacht? the Yoyagcur ae la Mer?wus ordered to be built in Boston for the Sultan, and she is now completed and announced to sail for Egypt. But besides vessels of this magnitude we have built some smaller craft for the Russian nary, on the Amour river ; among them two splendid models?the Lena and the Amoor?which we now remember. In Boston, recently, another war steamer, of large dimensions?the Naajoor?has been built, at the order of the Russian government; while Austria has had for some time in contemplation a project of constructing a number of steamers for the Danube, in American ship yards. All these facts show, in connection with the present enterprise of the Ottoman government, the high position which American skill and labor in this art have already assumed in Europe. If our shipbuilders will only take care to maintain their reputation by turning out nothiug but the best workraunship, this country will become the most important in the world in this branch of manufacture. For many years our shipbuilders have exerei-ed an influence in fiurope. Some five and tw<mty years ago the celebrated American builder, Henry Eekford, went to TurkfVj. and . , , . -vl VI IlilVIU S^^tPVSlMSrSSk. After him. the euceeeding superintendent was another American. named Rhodes. Another opportunity will now t?c presented to our shipbuilders to show what they can do with the new flag ship of the Turkinh navy. We hope whoever may be the favored one will turn out a ship-of-war which may prove the envy of all the maritime nations of the earth. Meantime, we may be looking out for the arrival of the illustrious Pachas. Jctimu Criue in New Yor*.?The reoent cwse of Rodgers the murderer of Swaoston, and the pending case of O'Conncll, for a rape upon and the murder of Teresa Spit/len. are a sod Illustration of the tendency of our Metropolitan morals. In both these cases the culprits are boys, we believe, under twenty, with beard* yet ungrown. They are not isolated instances of premature depravity. On the contrary it may be said broadly that nearly all our crime is the work of youths. The rioting, the assaults, the murders, the robberies, the cases of arson, the attacks upon females, which give employment to so many judges, jailors, lawyers and policemen, are nearly all the work of boys under twenty. Two-thirds of the houses that are burnt down are set on fire by these precocious villains. Kvery one who has had a large experience on juries will agree that were it not for persons under twenty and twenty-flTe, our criminal courts would have nothing to do. In other countries youth is frivolous, reckless. impetuous, ardent, hot headed; in New York, It seems to be brutal, cold blooded, treacherous, savage, cowardly. Abroad, the more heinous crimes of the calendar?murders, rapes, arson are invariably the work of men hardened in crime: here they are the achivements of youths who are just at the age when the heart is believed to be the most generous, and the feeling'* kindliest. Our boys pass from the schoolhouse to the Tomb* m A.-1 ik .l iL:? ?l i Lii met inui uxir miramiiry pn^nouiciioa is confined, for the mo-t part, to this city, an<l that a majority of the young offenders seem to b<* not native born, justifies th?* belief that this is a sporadic accident, which may be chocked at once by a vigorous application of the proper remedies. But here at the outset we arc beset by difficulties When these young ruffians who are the curse of the place ar?? detected in the vilest and moat outrageous crimes, the defects of our criminal ?y*t*m and the shortcoming* of ihe bar and many of the Judges afford them ' many loopholes for escape; and if these are safely avoided half the city is ready to sign petitions for their pardon, which shortsighted weak Governors are only too ready to grant. It never arems to ocenr either to the signers of ,L at a t a ika I 'nrot rtiifQ whfl iTfltll LIlfK' prUHUD^ (H lt? lUf ..v. r>their prayer tlmt mercy to th? youth who commit murder i* m?*t aggravated crucltj to Ife u<*ociatcn. companion* ami the city youth federally It 1* hi* Impunity which no rue* hern in crime. Wc re he puni*hrd an he *hould *! tin y would not -in. One or two executionn new would probably -^ve a ncor?* of murder* wit hilt tlw nest two y?nr?. To* Paink'? Fmtivu. A* nmial. the Tom Paine Annlveuwry wa* duly celebrated I ant week by a numb?T of infidel* of l>oth n?xe?. and tarlou* *hade* of tinMlcf. Our cotcmporary lhe 7Ytl*im. a* the organ of the *uct, publinhcd <n rlaborato ami complimentary 'ketch of Tom I'aiiicon Iho day of fhr mrotfn?Tom 1'alnc was a tyjio of llie infidelity of tho last century: llio coarse, MR-crlng. vulgar. riHald ?ot, alio titok Iholr lone from the most conUjufllb:-. jutki vf VvUwii", juM umr fries*