Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 4, 1858, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 4, 1858 Page 4
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1 XSJvW YORK HERAIJ Jil 'RK GOHDOK RRRNKT1 tPITOK AM) PROPRIETOR. mo* K. w- COW'KB or rCLTON AhD NAS8AC 81 Rnuu n 1X1 A?TD Tnxs KTKNINtf WtO A X>V \T <f*i Hr*>4ulwAy? ?( VMWAJTiC l*wn?uyn>-KiA "ejjit, l ion Tioim#, Ar. B.-.WFBT TBr.TKS ? " ' RrroiPTiON?So**?oi? ??. * row" '"IB "' nrwroirn tkx ?trk "**" Mrasr Wnw or WmtOR-oft ^80"Ti"WALLACE* TO G.ow R, ? KluilT. AN. CJaoNC* or \Vu?/J I.ACR4 KKfrNK'S THEATRE. * ?">w?j-WBrTll I.IEI Btuium UBUK0IOAI ___ babntm* ambp.IOAN mrsEnf-A ^?joT7~An*ra? ?Bioun Rwokd. SErening : PioB.xJf* I WOOD'S BUTPING*. 861 ud W ^ w*.^7?^n A Woo.'l >a wru?u?-Tn* Toc."^A ' WIT" UAPD L%x-nyREs. BTKLKT'S SKBSlf ADKR8. No. 444 B.fSt 'w?J?Nm Hucuwaa A*I> UcaxsMcW-iios * in ALARAIII KRrn A NIP'S HALL, 472 Bmadwn?R.T*rt^ ** *" -S*kK>?uj Bono*?(;? ??? or tr? Ccnbico ca*' =- W ? ^ "== **w lork, Thorwlitj, Kibroarj 4, "A 1H* BAILS FOR THR PACIFIC, "rw Fork Herald?ralihrnta Kdttlor Tiie Lulled States mail steam-ul[ XIowi T?vlor t * f* McGowa., wiU leave lilt's jiorl te ~xrram afternoon, sf two o'clock for Aspinwall. The mail. for California and other p.irt- of the Pacifl.:' Will close at ?bg o'clock to morrow .&ernoo?. ITio N*w Voi.* Wbtkiy Hskaip?fatlfbru'.. edition? the litest intelligence frnra aH pwrtg of tho world, will he published at ten o'clock ia the morning Single cojMee, in wrappers, ready for rar.HIn? o'x cento As cots will ptcaao eend in their orders us earl/aa pottat bio. The Krw*. fly the nrrival of the pteamsbip Edinlrrp at this port ye-terday, from (51a row I7th ult., v* haw one j day V later news from Europe. The newt is not; of 1 special importance. The markets remai.ied a* reported by the Canada, with, however, rathx en .inproved aspect. Our latent account* from the headquartc t r.f tb? army of Utah arc to the l*tli of December. .At tba tic o the troop- wi iv ||| in pood condition, ..nd as comfortable a." circumstance* would permit The ( various bodies of military remained at the enoairpmeni* previously mentioned. Col. Johnston tv of ?pinion that active bo-tilitie* would commence in the spring, lu connection w ith this news we pub-| lish a letter from Washington upon the subject of ! Dr. Bert tinsel's overture* to the President for p. peaceable settlement eif the dispute with the Mor- ' mot is, topether with some extracts from Knglish a.vd I Freuch pajiers, pivinp their views and opinions wish j reference to this momentous matter. I The President's message on Kansas affairs appears I to have bad the effect of somew hat allaying the ex- I cltcmcnt which has existed upon that imjiortant subject. One of our correspondents states that there I is l>eyond doubt u majority of eight in the House of Beprc-entaiives in favor of the la-compton eonstitu two. Its passapo in the Senate is not seriously ; { M-.Hiumd, and indeed much of the opposition that I w<>s anticipated in that body has l>ecn neutralized . by tho vi . ws of the President. Tu the Senate yes t- rda^ Mown. Wilson, of Mamar hu-< tt-,and Browu. delivered speeches respectively in J opposition end in defence of the jtosition- maintained by tlir {'resident on the Kansas question. The appr priation hills lor the (>utmcut of imailid and other jiensions wn? passed. Thc Senate in CM-cutivc session yesterday con- j firiM a immbcc of consular and army appointments. lath House ye-terday the Sergeant at-Arm* reported the am-st of Mr. J. I>. Williamson, the contutnu witness in the 1*7,000 tar iff investigation cjsc. H< isto be arraigned today to show cause why he will J re t te-tify. Rejs?rtRiri rp made by the Naval Com roittee upon the a< tk-nof Com. Paulding in capturing the Ciilaisten. The majority report regards his con' due i a? a poive er- r, which calk for thc disapproval. | o Congress. Vhe minority report states that thc ; Conirnodr#e acted w ithin thc spirit of his instruc- | ti ! - and that he desensea etw approhationof th# c<s'ilrv. Tli''mb.iect wis referred to the Committee ] rd the Whole. The Committee on Invalid Pensions rcj ited i 111! p raffling pensi<m? to soldiers engafiwi In the la-t war w Ah tiient Britain and those whoj ar j ticipated in the Indian wjrs of that period. The hi1] J involves an expenditure of many millions of doUnrv. and a Crow? effor* will lie made to carry it through without referring it to thc Committee of the Who*. Tho Committee on Klectinna reported adversaly to allowing toon time for taking testimony in the contested ' le<-?ioo til" Messrs. Campbell and Vallanding urn.' Ohio. Ca'ujiV-lI, it i? alleged. wti- ek ted ]>y the Mt*rr r? - of i.egro voter*, and there ie, there'orr. u very luce point to be decided. A .t-t number of propoaitioni were brought belorA !1>? Ixv'Wati re ye-t< rday. noire r?f than. how cv . <>( an;, general importance. We refer to our htI- for detail*. The Ser::ite. in executive ?e? i J1 i J n;-?n revrral appointment*, hnt did not. t . t,. <-m <n1. t' uih tin important question of the ? ?na! Audit' -hip. 11 tank* of llwladdphia very quietly rrentned -jm rie pt?yin? nU y? -te'day. Hj :.u arrival at tliia j<jrt ve~lcrday wc have in tore-ting new* from Hayti. At l'ort au Prince previouo to the lHlh ult. bi.i>iuc- bad aomcwhat itn proved tUoiijih native product wat lower in price, wbttr the American prorKita market wa? well t k< d w ith good* of all d<-' riptkm*. Boaineaa at (rmaivo* hud not recovered fr?>m the ? ' ci -i-'auM-d by the failure of a prominent merrh vit of the place, named lb imhaud. The let' >i rorrvpondent, puhL-hed in another < t.ein* oaae valuable information with it die'dcr and *usge<ti>n? respecting a trade r? w ith Havti would do well to hrcd. An .uteri ding meeting of the Board of Flducalioi ? i i-ii... ?? a ">?< .!ntInn to ai?oli?h th wa- n? iu ia-i v u hiu?i <. ,v?? _ normal m h<?>U wt- introduced, and after a aharj di*cu?>? .in arm ndment to refer the matter t?? th Committee >11 N rmal Sho?>'- prevailed. Abou uO.onn wor* ?p|?r..pnat/?] f?r . Id],rent purpose* The alary of the clerk wa- advanced from 12ri0<? t 2.MJ0. Much d ? u->-i"ii mac cut ?f a motion t appoint n rnnmi'ttc thut would investigate the tot ditioti of all the public schools to ascertain and rcpoi to tin Hoard whet her they arc properly, irrancred. -or to k> ?rd agiirid fire <>r ac> i?2**nt in ease of any alan ani"ngM the children, and it ?w finally agreed thi a Committee of Ward Inijirotof* should he appoint* on the wibyect. Th> Finance Committee of the Viard of Ald>rms tnc t j e*u rday to nverb.>al the U* v levy for the yea and agreed !> report in favor of :educing the mi l>li< u> public oflh on from f'lO.OOQ to tl.i.OOO, at th< appropriation for lands and place* from #J.?,Ot to (20*000. Th* *uLj* t of salaries to member* > th? Oomtnon Council w.j introduced, and tl Hwnrding of then opposed >>y Alderman flregor ?ii>' - lid fl at the appri' on of money to pi mendrr* of the Common ( Kin? il would be an act i proee injustice to their < ?ii?titoente. 'Hie existing metb<>d of apiiointWig chaplain* f tlx army nnd Bnvy ia delcndtalby mm of our Wa ingi-n ivirreepomlenia from the amhult* of a certa Nee York morning poper, and a palpatio tui?rrpi eeninthei of facte by that jo ruai is thoroughly ? poeed. Hie Cmnd .tiny preeented a number of indi >n? ntc yr-terday tn the (lenernl Kc*aion? to whi c- u. > r I olid n?t pirit.y. and were remand fi trial. M 'mm Hold en, the decoy u-ed hy Jo Hi" i tin i.i-1 11 e. M"li Hodge* to pe-rpetn a . ii \ l-y n.n - <>l tin panel game, plead gi Jly and waa ? ut t tin |< ait? atatry for one yr * f'\ The other defendant* were couvieted .md aent to t State prison hut! month. Recorder Barnard grant , a motion of ex Recorder Smith to afford John Hat ett, John Cbirk and laaac Kdgar, arrested on charge of gambling, a preliminary examinatit Wm. Petit. John Barker and Wm. Brown (youth 34 pleaded guilty to atealiug ten firkina of buttor, t ? ln?.<1 at H25. the property of Nicholas Phillips. I Honor -cut each of them to the penitentiary fotrt , _ yearb and ten month*. John Smith, indicted wi t'i? < then., was discharged at the requeBt of t rm Pietrict Attorney. Mary Waters pleaded guilty Lftiitinrr o t. ? w " ? . u.n>iuru>) in him* ana was remanded i HB lenience. The Recorder said it was his intention Hid in breaking up tlict-e establishments. Matil t_ Sti vcjih. n little girl, was jointly indicted with k father and sister for receiving stolen goods. T CB principal w itness for the people was a lad who w arrested for stealing ribbon from Mr. Recder'sstoi in t'anal street, and who swore that he was in tl hab't of selling it to the prisoners; but the jury d on not believe him, and she was discharged. The receipts of beef cattle the past week we QB again very light, and there was an acti\e demac L" at the market yesterday; those offered were of good average quality, and prices advanced $c. c *? last week's quotations. The receipts of cow- wei moderate, and prices ranged from to $Go. Vci calves wen* in pood demand. Sheep and lambs < ? good quality were in brisk request, au<t sell ut goo prices as fast as they arrive. The receipts of swin ? have been very heavy during the week, but prict have advanced ^c. ttc cotto; market continued Arm yoaterday, with salt of al out 1,000 balm, listed upon middling qriands l lf.'i'c. The decrease ;n th? rec-Mpt* at tiie jvrt-rir* the first of September last amounts to about {Vl&.QOb bates I compared with the same period last year Th- iccrea\ <n exports to Great Britain amounts to 11.000 bales; tl; ^ crease to FYatce to 1R.O00, and ts other foreign f>cr ^ 000 bales?show'rp w total decrease of exports < . .?* 00 bales Flour displayed increased act;?ily, wi.hc re of moment In t"lcc? Some purchases wet cr.nsa, ed for cx'o.t Wheat wa.- firm, wh i ere limited C*r sold tn a moderate - at at 60< w t nd 68c. a 7<c. tor ytilow and white, according ( Tork advanced about 25c. per barrel, wit ccrrtttrsa , . >cfa at Hf 60 while tedders at the closed* laljiiw a r, "f Sti *ar? ttrrn firm with iw,mh? i | rnaracv. p\ . -? ? . I the a?r!"?ta of ^rw ()rl,sns. eoMalBiiig jimio? jinm I good? . m)m about 1.00 hi do. New Orlttiu woro raid at prt-r.t '<>rf elsewhere. Me quote the ?-tat.. ,-oe price- ~f &*"<* * fltnart fw the r< titled gcot-i. in uQMhe I coluu, 3 At ?> ? ' ''"S* '''? C0,T' ?' were sold at Oc. si lc I Kreifbis v ere a to n fair extent to Livrrpoc w'.l j light (i -?eer.v ? * 10 I-otJon sod wther j-ortt, white ra'.e as ere * .thout etna 'Rt o! monitsi The Presl HrM '? M???uge -wj KsiiMta-Thi C'rfRt S"4 Flnul Contest Tjmn IV Our r ndeis - ? parties, iu the special race sago of I be Pro >?nt to Congress upon Kau*aj alt. airs, a *0- folly a. rormcj| of bis reason* for art liei iug to the bee-?* ipton ronstitut/sn. It is n pre at inc.?ago. ' '*>? generations to ?ome it teill stan d out its bold r>iit * a roe of the most prominent landmark* it; ;bt ' political history of those Unit ed States. Th ere is somctbizig fc "uly -Bnpriflccit in tkr enrnt stness with which Mr. Buchanan undertakes the tok before hill ' una the style in whichbe m hievo- it is positively sublime. Fully aware of th?exigencies o\' the orisis, anJof the twmei idous contingencies .invobSed, he does not setk tt ? fTuut or sr>fV? bif rwp vwibilitlss but conies forward bravely and r?!?Jutely t# the work. He knows that the tdtrrnative is the olutio n of this rrntt - is life or d( xth- Ur.'ov or disunic -n?tl.w couth: ted mart li cb the lepubT.'c in the tipvMid path ?f prosperity, power and glory. ? >i it > swift descent to des ruction -wad he writt-s accordingly-. If wo it?k. we.iwail look in vain for any -orange oJ' a- ? prcccii'4* lYeeidei it, upon a great emerge uic-, mere roxuarkaiie t( - moral courage, convincing a-gn? nitntnud ir. bam it able resolution that this i .-us ultimatum of Mr. 'tuehsuan. The unr featured violence with rvblcl: it; la denounced by lliti oppo?it::*it prt-w^ especially of the black -rpetbli a*, school. finishes the m<*t i Mudae I yry oridenre in *?pp< rt cf th? position c'th? Prcedent a? the policy of he democratic party. ( ur city coteir poraries tP the Seward fr.itb. lor sxample. are perfectly fraatic. The E.ig??!; language. witi its abun jmk resource*. 1? Uw w?ak for th?- expression of tb*ir terrible v "ath. < ih? ot them declares tii^i this message Li uoti lag more nor '.ess tbau .a incendiary p-kticaUcnc"" that" it .wru to jwve been etudi Wbiy lated to put the vbolc country into the int< nseht hvat of excitement, and to light up -the flume? of civil wa> in Kansas. r<td thai the churgc taut the Topcka party are ;o n state of reb< llioa " is on atrocious calumny.'' Another of our Reward organs detlares that the President has become a sectional chivftain, tiarnpling tunder foot uiikr the dir tates at patriotism ml (hi- rnntrol of comtnon fans- in tin .?vi. . of sectional jealousy toil tniHMMlili' fanati* cinsa.-' These shrieh* from thi entra/ pretty ,>iui:;ly Indicate that tbl.- Kansas broadside f><m the White Hourr has struck tbein LcUtecn wind and water. Hat there is yet anothir of oty Seward cotc mporarit * wUom shrieks*. from iucc-sant practice, are a llttU sharjK.r than a'il tb? rest. He says, speaking of the manner in which the uffuirf of Kansas are discttmd by the President, that "from the gigantic i*Im hoods. by suppri - sion.with which he sets out. to the'nothingcant v.iili whirl he conclude*. an is systematic im t><? re, perversion and villany." Thi eomw i it the eie;?ant style of argumentation I- ui..?r to the Five Point*; but we supp<?? that the Ulwl, reduced to the exact term* ol that locality, would be that "Jatm * Ruchanac 1 is an inf-rnal liar, a perjured scoundrel and s snaffling hypocrite." A fair interpretation, a< ? CT'-ry reader will perceive. But what does thi< t spitting of venom signify when applied to th? ^ real merits of the ca- Simply that our bind o rspishlican philosophers are driven to the wall 0 and that, concerning bleeding Kan*w." th< 1 l'f ^id?'nt t? Idly prop?.to roh them of tbeii t stock in trad". Let the d< mocrary in Congriws sustain th< n m? -sog' ??f the President, and admit Kansaj ^ under thi" l/'comptou constitution, and thej v. i: l soon ?U. < oTor iney naye aaopieu tm ^ true policy for the party, and for the peace o r the country. We ?]ar?' w?y that withlu ni: j, month" from th" acceptance of th" l.?couiptoi id constitution. peace will Ire restored in Kansa* " that eli? will 1<" n ft"0 State, out-and-out, atv "f this KanK?e agitation in Congrcw. and through ,r out the Union, will he at an end. We helievi 7' too. that with the euheid"tice of the agitation, th iy odd- and ends ol th' d' raocratie party, 5ort and South, will be brought together again r>T and that upon new practical and popular issur h they w ill ho strong < noiigh not only to necur n the Pre-identlal eucc?-?ion In ! but f?j ir.any y^ar* to come. The I.ecoatpioTi constiti '* tion 1? 1h" legal product of th?- K.insai* Nehra k t'.ll. f er? hp in K.iusa- ton thousan or I ?-; ! do. ! r seventeen lhou*.ui icn ( () I# gal vo'< rs uppo? <i o thie constitution, t bn tie i clter. 1 he greater the majority tl |lp mor" readily can the people accomplish tl ir(j very thing which they most desire?-"the regi ar. Utio# of th' ir domestic aititatiooaia their ow fbw York hekali^. thi he h uy a power which they can Mi/ yswss ii * * the capacity of a sovereign State. The only trvd opposition to the poBey dt'th? a administration comes from the anti-slavery & a natice and demagogues of the North and thi ' disunion ultr as of the South. Both these faetions live upon the nigger agitation; hut re w0 move Kiin^a* from the arena of Congress, and ith their "occupation is gone." On the other hand, he the rejection of the Lecompton constitution reto opens the agitation in its most perilousehape, and ror t lit* t it- upon the direct issue of the accession of Oh Southern States and the establishment of a Southern conb-deracy. ^ An empty attraction may 1>e considered a ri(t.eulouH pretext for a Southern movement bo w i lull of peril as disunion; but we must remembcr that in addition to Kansas two other new id frio States will hood be added to the political supremacy of the North. In this view, we must o* remember that there are inudy Southern meu "1 who are ready lor secession, with or without d a special provocation; while there is in the n background u formidable Southern party pre4j pared to move out of the Union upon any plaubible cause of offi nee. And why t Because of d the political preponderance of the North at ie Washington; and because of fthc continually in ii creasing pressure of the Northern auti-elavery movement against the " peculiar institution*" of the South, with the grtiwth of this Northern ,A balance o: pvwer. Thus it is that Southerns men consider this abstraction of iduvery in the w Lccomptou constitution as a questmen to them of vital importarce, inasmuch as it viM determine L!; whether the good old policy of concession or the de-potic policy of coercion is hereafter to l>e the policy of the North. ? The President baa pointed out 'Ac way of peace to Kansas, peace to the country,.and harD mony to the party. Let him be curtained, and the w isdom ol his course will soon he made manifest. Ib-ieet hi* *?niiiit?la ?n,l -?*-,liiisul < confusion. actional ponies. and the reel agitae tioa of di union begin. a ? r THK INTKJPCC'TION 6V C.VMKIX INT.T TITK United Statiw.?We publish a cornnninirotion in another colupin claimi'sc: that the merit of introducing the camel into tibe United State ?bele>ngs to llr. I> S. \IcCuulc7, late Cousul ( >net rai ut Plpjpt. ard not to 1?V. Gliddou. as .-.opposed. Mr. McCauley'* claim, we Relieve, i- the supe4 rior one. He wr-< for many -ears Consul Genera? of the United States in flgypt. and during k hie varied observations of the customs of t'i# East it occurred to him that the camel?the preaf carrier of fh? Eastern icserts?was eminently suited as a I fust of burthen for the wild prairies ard rugged'passes of the Western de serts of the American continc fc The patience of the camel under fatigue aui suff- ring, his grea power of endurance, his capacity for sustaining life without food or watar. his sure footedncas and remarkable tractakiM-ty all these were qualities which seemed to Mr. McCauley i equally suited to We tern America us to Egypt i or Arabia. He consequently suggested the ' idea to the governraant, whereapou a report i was sent to Congress asking fot an appropria- j tion to carry out the experiment The commu- j ideations of Mr. McCloley on this subject are : all on file in the archive* of tho WoAc Departi?e?it, clearly showing thot to him. uud not to Mr. Ciliidon, ia due the credit of introducing this valuable animul into the service of the United States. How well Mr. McCauley's antic ipsiions have Won realized we can re* in the su*esrful result of Lieut. Beule's late expedition. (*ii that long ai.d cu-J.jous journey j* found the camel* to exceed h;s utmost e.\]?e tat ions. For forty-eight days they continued their travel, bearing heavy burdens feeding. a? they went, o.Tthe roughest shrjlw?even the th^ruy caetu and prickly pear, which they cropped as they trotted along by extending their ong necks Into the brushwood by the ways Ida; carrying abundance of wa'.er for the teams men. yoi not tasting a drop of it themselves for several lays; journeying over sharp volruaic fragments without the leant impediment; nay, even . wimaiing the rivcm in their course stoutly aal- without fear ?a teat which the oamcl was nowr supposed oapalile of?and bee iog all the l.vboj, privation un<l fatigue with a patience and docility unexampled in any other animal; L is no wonder that Lieut. Healc - .staid declare thut he would rather have the mc 4 indifferer. camel for suet a journey than four the best mules. It U evident thct nature der'grind this useful an anal equally for the western as the euster-. dusrls. ai d the r mtry would ? i ?<ry nmrrato ful did It not .laknuwledgi benefit t*. itwd upon it hj. the man ul wboue wise huj> i; i>li?n the ennui was iutrod tied. 8b tVi? connection we ma/ observe that '_bn widow of Mr. McC.?uley is row seeking fr:m Cao/ress a recuncration cf some fifteen or twenty thou? .ad dollars ."or write? ?rformcd hy her late husband- wluh in Kgzpt. HUtdde bier? :.?lar duties * Consul; nor/iaan accruing in pail to the benef &Of the government, lid in part J? that of individual citizens of the United Stat us. She i;. now -uidwas oring {.3 get : her claim* Ibrengh Conr;**m If themrviooa tbn* rcndi -ed should not '.?datme<l to l? tech r nicully aIvjin the cognivaace of government, we would -tggi-t to Conv?* 'hat Mr. ifUnnj ley's efldntato introduce Ihe camel on ouv wtwb , trn prair'.Oii atone entitLbia family to s?aecon, "id* r<?t i?a td their han la Any other /government in the world would hasten to uawer rewards upon the man v?io had done ?<? signal a service to his country Let there be rw-'jiwetion j then about giving IfA McCauley '.he small r sum claimed by her. W will be rs^ayiag but indifferently the ImannM benefit" tiat art likely s to rt wit from her husband * labors * A Charity CowarmtK i*d tim Pm**.?We r givs a statement In another cnlamn of our ree porter In regard to the discou ii?:aus trcatmeri. f he received at t!?e hand* of one of those core* mittee* who p/ofes* charity .ud pood will 60 i all men, and who had rhar-ie of the arrargomcnt* coibmM with the recent lecture given J j by lion. Edward Everett at the Acaderrj of 1 Music. We cannot let thW matter paw w'^iout condemning the Impertinence and insolence of e nome of those charity (ofiimittec* towards the h pr? h*. Such parties. preriotta to the bagging of : their proceed*, run to all the daily p^pern beg ;* ging for all aorta of charities, grativ advertisec taenia. gratis notice*, gratis puff*, gratis ercry>r thing; and perhaps no journal has been more ?- generous and liberal in these respects to all *- respectable c haritable move ment* than the Ifkd iui i?. Yet. on many occasions, the conduct of id thee* charity manager* as In tho present In>o stance?is anything but courteous or gentleie manly or charitable toward* tho representative* ie of the press, when they appear on **rh evasions 1- to extend their labor* and benefits toward* m them. J USD AY, FEBRUARY 1, 1 I The Swlhcm Hit-Betew ud Our Nattoti* NX/. , Several of the oltra fire-eating Soothen journal* have dropped the dbcuahion of th( x Kansas question, and taken to moaning ovei General Walker and the failure of his Nlca

ragua ache men. They have been relieved fron t?he difficulties attending the first named by tin Pr eeident, and they turn round and carp at hi/ policy in the conduct of Nicaraguan affairs. Tlhe time has passed by when Walker MKi ? u - it - n?i? i A # sset ^ ui- iuji ncinc iuc v/vuirm American qoeetioi'- He bad one opportunity, and mort tbnt one, during his away in Nicaragua, to have opened a a cw phase of Am^ican progress; but tbrough hi* utter want of capacity as a statesnihil, and hi# .ignorance as a soldier, he not only let the opportunity slip, but placed us as a nation in a far wot *e position in those countries than we bad rrur before occupied. The question which he rlak'is the right to manage has grown far beyond the ability of mutually jealous petty leaders rr squabbling steamboat captains to muaoge, a ltd Walker is of about as much account in their considtration as is Dan Rice, who rides the rtoiooccros at a hone opera on Broadway; though uflike D#c. Rice, the rhinoceros he attempted to mount has courpkHely thrown him. Cuba, Mexico and Centra1 America-arc three great questions intftnefrefy (00006011'# witb the future of this count *7, but tl?ey are not simply and purely American questions; they involve, in a great degree, our international relation* with rke Towers of TSyrope, and each in its phase has a strong bearing upsaionr diplomatic intercctTse with Kngland, Pnmee or Sp?in, as the case may be. For their pnoper working out they require a high dtgrt* of diplomatic skill and' statesmaulike ability Our international relation* must not bo compromised; the grout interests of our citbotse, so widely founded in e?eiy part of the tsorld, must not lie placed in jeopardy; and the 'jrve m-arch of onr progress m int not be delayed by au nowise treatment of either of these tbreo uueHions in its separate dersloperuenL The Hlghert powers cf mind must be brought to beap upon them, ul.C not jjk>u each alow-, but upon tbo hearing it may have upon the vast range of on? domestic and international questions. T icy arr in many unngv Qiiicre&fc irota eacu oiccrt aca a tew more well bungling pieces of work1 as Walker has ui.vde in Ida Central Atneric at proceedings would ?et tin Lack fifty yearn in the settlement of all cf them. The f-ie-eatinp> journals that arc e<y ready to attack the President because he takes a proper x lew of Walker, would da well to consider the grounds of high nation;i pplicy that all of these queefcions rest upon, ".nd not endeavor, by an imprudent advocacy of their cause, to retard She prrgresw of '.he country. There are high principles of international law involved .Wiieh niwst be respected, ?nd which can be respected without delaying _ha extension ol' 01T influence southwarol a ."ingle day. But our own domestic broils mui t be settled before these question* can be talo -n up with that calmness end attention which they require; and though the Soetbern ultra tire-ccUirs may feel relieved from thfcir pressor e by-the President assuring tho brant of the fray, they can do no good to thoraaelves by t trging the consideration cf qiiuaticaa-which use not yet ripe. That of Cu'a require* m-xch si .ill in its treatment with pain. Mexico is not in ocomlitiou at this momont to carry on any ) &lnd of diplomatic negotiations; jtJ in Cea tral America a favorable treaty awaits aonfiri nation, solely because of -he disorder -centl; t ca??ed there jy Walker, lit is " played out, " awl we advise the fir veators toreoonsidei their position iu regard to him, nad- to take ? mc re truthful .'stkhatc both of men and rceasur es. Not Ynrrwnrva?A. Ghbjmtm n Tjumpi.k.? Mr. Booby T*rooka is la a very unc amfortable position. Y/e bo gin to pity hi m. l)ny after lay he tells nstxuths \n J falseh ood: until he is nearly black in the fxae. is th#i re no mode ?rf correcting this bad 1 abit? Will, he take no advice.' Mr. Booby Brooke very coclly asserts that we hare abandoned the re pul licun camp and gone c?ar to the democracy, in support of Mr. Itucbarao, beena*#, an ho s ays, the ;ulmiuLdriition bat transferred the Poi t Ctloe iulv"rtlsing fror: cuotber paper to ou rt IVbat a confusion of i tons I The advertisements of the city Poet (>flic were ocvynally awarded to as by the administration of pour Pierce, and ertainly the administration of poor Pierre bad no grea', ronton to be friendly to as. They were awarded ho us because the award was strictly in a > coedanre with law, and because tka guTcrnmcut ba?l no ether alternative. Mr. B <oby Brooks aays that *j bare abandoned t' ? republican for the democratic party. We bow Is-longsd to either?we despised and i> cbcw'. l Istth. !n ISifJ wc nominated for ihe Presidency. <>n our own hook, C^lcarl Frnraot. lie vu our uaadidatc, arl wan firs', in the fie" A g'aat many abandoned Mr. If *?by Brooki and went in to the support of Prcraoot. Agreitmany abandoned Mr. Seward an?". fullowdtheir enarapW. As to aorselree w * supported Fremont <? his own j 'M or in and ir his own merit* We repudiate 1 *11 connec ion *r nffili .lion with any party or faction what waver, whether democrats. republicans, Amermnsor Kn'/w Nothings. We are :n the same Position still. Wc support Mr. Rind snares Kansi* policy hemaso we brlioTC that he interest of tb>> Union and public opinior demand the; support free eve-y putriotic nai independent journal a ad citinn. If Mx Booby Broolu nan only minage ts be decent fcr once and acknowledge 'hese trnths we will W generous c*v?ugh to order our tailor a L!^. ? faV _ !A -l> l_it . i U? pr?-vui nun ?iu % n> w sun 01 .wmcn, snti we may even be iulu/x'l to incite him to a cruist in onr jtu It during the otaing seawcn. It will Ik; necessary for him, however, La the meanwhile to toko lessons in the manner* and deportment Of a -{eDtloman. in order that ho may not feel on\ tf place in the new potation to which our benevolence may ca'J him. Tnr. Mat?u, win tiik QAMnuftu Umwkm. The Mayor seentt jjifurtunate in his crusade against th< gambl'ag bouses; by the time hin polio reach the mmm.v of action, the birda are invaraal>]y Gown. Ibe fact is that while our worthy Mayor fancies he is giving instruction) in the moat discreet and confidential manner for a deKent apon this or thai gambling house. tlw Very policeman, perhaps. who rocwlvrs bis order* la putting the gamMcra on their guard. Be it will be, we fear, throujhont all time. A l*rge portion of the polio , Imth of the old and the new force, are In tbo pay of thp gamblers and the keepers of gambling bouses, who ifnd it pay* well to give these fellows money, and suppers and wine. If the Mayor wants to break up th?? gambling hoot** in earne?t, he will hate *o de1 vise pome new plan. 1858. 1 Tut CoNvicno* vt O'CooNBiA*?'Th? jury iu the taae of 0 Council, the man trho raped and 1 murdered one Teresa Spitzlen, did not disagree, 3 aa such juries usually do; they brought in a ai verdict 01 guiuj, wit" ? mroog recomineuuation to mercy. Wq lutve reaaou to believe that ? the jury at first stood seven or eight for conviction to five or four for acquittal; that when the case was properly explained to the minority, most of them gave way and joined the majorJty; ' and that thus they stood ten tor conviction and two for acquittal. These two did not appear to have any particular reason?unless a personal one -for their opinions; the facts, which, Heaven Tr knows, were plain enough, were explained to them over and over again without altering their views; it would seem that tliey counted upon coercing their colleagues by sheer endurance into returniug a verdict of not guilty. Hap- R* pily for the ends of just tec there were among A" the majority several persons who declared that C(V they woald rather stay there six months thau g \ violate; their oath by rendering any other ver- scl diet than one of guilty; and vfter a brief st'-ug- Wl! gle, the two gave way, stipulating as a compro- a ( mise that the verdict must its coupled with a recommendation to mercy. qui We are nat told of any ground npon which 1 this recommendation rests. A culprit is usually ajj recommended to mercy when he hae committed mr a crime under provocation w hich does not excuse ?t < though it may palliate the act. A hcnricide is is <1 recommended t? mercy when the uuin be kills has wofully injured fcnm, insulted hifrwife, or ^ beaten his father. A thief is recommended to tbe fnercy when he has hem brought u?i> among nie thieves and has known- no other society. An T Mieeiiuitiry ih nv9imneuuru iu inure) wiit?u? ut* Mt s? young as nc* to krow the whole eonoecyiences of setting fire to a bouse. Jn case* of no thi > kind, one can underhand that a conseien- or tioiw jury, in findings verdict of guilty, should the still' desire to screen the offender from a punkah-' wo' meat which was not designed for cases like his. ^ ' But, an what grounds?we ink of the twelve thi: men who sat on O'ConneU's trial?can that nan bee --coavieted of the de'lbferate commission of the two gravest crimes on the calendar?be recox:- 1>er mended to mercy ? If we are show mercy to those who deliberately aomu it rape and mur- u,e der, tc whom. Gentlemen of the Jury, are we tc mci show jtstiee 1 It is time that the oaat and drivel about "Tnerey,' and 41 very young offenders" and "hopes of reform" shoul I 'be swept away, and <>f i at least a-ray of common 'tense let in upon our T adoHuir,(nation of criminal-law, It is high timo 000 that, the villanies which are daily perpetrated * " liy young saffians of whom 'lodgers and O'Con- dfllJ r.ell" are types should bo cheeked y some t wholesome examples of severity. We have bio: tried- the merciful system for some years, -* urv; aril very pretty are its fruits. 1 A very tine average crop of4 murders, ra?*s< arsons, roblaries a-al assaults has n it yielded as. It is time, if this city is to con- 3 tin jo to be a fit habitation for Christian ]>eople, F that terror should be struck into- the hearts of the .Plains who untke a hporl of every law. and j rob a store, fire a dwelling, insult a poor girl, ? or stab a fuiet citizen with eoual recklessness T ao.l out of sheer wickedness and deviltry. ul* Let us bear no more of tsnecial favors to ..T Mot Rodger* :vnd O'Connell on account of their liie youth. Vouth may be pleaded in mitigation of d'.uaagea when it is doubtful whether the culprit knew the nature of hi* crime or it* conse- j quenees. But it in an insult to our common on sense to a*k us to consider fuvcrably the youth the of a fellow who is old enough to commit a rape, ,ak( or strong enough to kill u grown man with a ga, single blow of a knife. All our t>ad characters j,idi have the misfortune of being-youth*. Their on youth, should no more screen them from just pmi-hmoat than it helps tho?;j whom they In- 11 j** ' Tin: C ?\ v ri.*kn and tuk Nkvwjii'krs.?The 11 i?ual farue was gone through in the Board of ful1' Ouuncilrmen on Tuesday night in reference to ^ the adverting of the jWoceeding* of the Board. ?iru The sun paid for the advertising of th'-so pro- Tt cecdings is *1.000. The last timo we had them. hcr' we received f 11.000, and refused to continue to ,.T' llftd pubiirh them under $G,000; t till, though only M #1,000 are paid now, a Councilman gravely Ui?< moved that the proceedings Isi given to the son IIkha' j and two minor piqiers. Then a fight arose v> to the substitution of cue little two- \? ti> penny sheet for another twopenny sheet; aud or a then somebody moved that they lie given to all writ the nctwrs. This of course wa the legitimate if tt rthtc'tn i#rf nhturtbm. Ths whole thing is a farce, and was not j'1 meant eriously by any of the parties coucern- u^, ed. The Counciiinen never rn?p.nt to give the it* ad vertisements to the IIkkm u or any such pape*; tbvy intend to keep them for an obscure little weekly sheet published wc believe by W1 ou j of their honorable body; ?he allusion to the daily pap?T< was in the boner, of making news- M \ vis t capita! and geltine a pufT. " ' sad cv jhki 'iiriti i tU'-olUIX 10 going lor- ">o wird with great micociv. It like* piece thin ia" veuing at the Academy of Mur-ic. uad promise* fcf( to W the event of the neimon. >Ve learn that the M OMinmittee have had presented to them already, dm< hy the storekeeper* of Broadway, nearly nd 'Aiiaiwf <f>ircl.i of calico patterns for 'tbvumrof the charity. Kverything looks sue ceaafnl. am ay? >1 Hive * xaw coi In aoam^aeoae ? of the apathy evinced by tho Albany mail" owtw?ai for erecting a new City 11*11, wa usdoretand that a step lu another Urection wlU shortly aw taken by the sheriff to furnish >v.mliable bu'ldtng for the transaction of the bnsinc m of 'jm varioua law onus's. Section us of the code aaya "that the fhtpnrvleoni cf the aereral counties ah all provida the courts appointed to he bold therein with m room, attendant-. faol. lights and stationery, suitable and lw>f mfflc. at (br .the transaction ?l their bustao?s. it the Pvpor vleari neglect, the Court may order the Shorlfl to do no ? and the erpenee incurrod hy him in carrying the order In to ' fleet, when cnrtiOed by the Court, shall !>e a county yi har;c." Cndirthe foregoing section tho eonrta. have ,im, 'mrly tho power to crdcr the sh< nB to provide thesi Una with suitable rooms foe tha transaction of Utsir busiiww. M b sed In cosec jjence of t'to frequent prostration of some of ear .ludyea. kupertnducad by silting in llm ill ventilated, T1 ow , duty,v mom* situated over a life house, now provided fir them throagli the liberality uftbeSjpervk r-sors, we think they would be justified in filing an orlor mill 0 the rherin to proceed forthwith in the erection of e m 1 omm< Jions and sgm, long building an the Klvo I'olate or In that immediate * l-inity. fit; Wo protest, sal ibe whole bar and ihu twdi iary will pro K * test against the distribution of th. Jnurt* amongst hall' a ,'? d< j> n olrterciit bul.ltegj, no m at. / how rceiigaoua to the b*p lark. The taipayer* are tired of snch |obs and they ? will no loagnr be tolerated We must have one large ,rU build ing~-tbe Incus of all judleial pro. coding*. We von. the tore to say that there i not a eouMv in the state of hew J^jJ York where the court rooms, are not in every re*p*cl far q?r superior to thof e of this grant < Ity, aiul so long as we are be i dependent upon black repibltran t'cnoiulssloners for aay teei relltf, so he will we remain without decent court moms. erdi No < on-tttuiion, hnwetra atroug, cau withstand the eg. els of I of the foetid sitnorphe-e which tne .bulges of this , uy ure to n compelled In inhale. * It reflects , o ctedd upon <> ir City l athers that while ttei they ure rrnMde ?b',,r own Wat* courts but adi. suttshle sccemreodetlor* they are able |n rent out atgr to the federal government the best rooms >u Ute city tor th* tip use w*. the I'bited 8MM courts pre THE LATEST NEWS. rnMSTiHGjraoM washugtoe Mtiiitttira of the Dfkatf oa tbo Kansas Question. ensioas for the Soldier* of the Wars of 1812. &.C-I Ac., Ac. InterdMtMgr from the KMieiiAl Capital. IE VOTE OH ?** LWflMltUt WONsTrTUTIUW" 110CHFA31 OP THE AKMY?TnK VO-Vr SHWT l.rKO ?*Y?HTlUAT'lON?OOWttA* ANl? AlUf? Ai'l'OlNTUJMTS COM'IKMKD, ETC. WAHIHvaTV!1, Feb. 3, 18W It is calculated, op?a a clove count of the of pteveniatives, thai there will be a majority of eight tn* > admission of Kanswe with the *couip?es constitution, leading Souther:. Know Nothing r eiprasa?s ht* 'n otion that th? tjootberu r.mbert of klY party wii e a solid vote hp ft Keaitfiero Seuators of ;He extreme 100I, who did not recently took upon (lie alniatetracMw :L too much farer, cow express themselves ctramif ui support The si?eciai message is producing n r wi sentiment. Mr. a caucus of t ;-;konolori i night, eauwtd etjdeut signs of repentance, lie wsl* te io a stefe of N>fe?y scquleeceeee. lie Wusbiogton Statsi is uign QoaAtly el,cut on tht m<v? f. It makes no cwrieut. fr Williamson wm Vought before the House tbie rtiag, when She matter was postponed until to morrow >ne o'cioc*. Ho has mode up his mind, ho says. wS lote-mined to adhere ?e'K, an<t that :w, Lot to testify or wer any question. Ho e sjs that if thsy will allow birr ;o back to the passage cf the tariff t:t5a of 1841,1341 11K3*. tie trill make seine disclosures that will startlw country, and that will ochu riesHant to some gentlo* n now uccupjitg scats in Coxgrees. he Fort Enelling InvestIgaticg Committer met to-day i examined John C Matber, of New Vort The comtec desired him to str.te all the facts within hit know jo roiatlre to the sal.1 of Tort Celling, lie slated that government officer had the pH^hMst ictereat, directly indirectly, in saia purcaare As to tho pries at property, the sum paid was vouch higher than It lid have brought at public sale He instanced the tre he i'crt Ri.ev roservalien, wbietl was sold su'oseqv at it auction at about five cents per aero. Tht*? far nwig has been elicited involving any one. The belief ki oinkig univ. -sa. that the movers of this tn vebiigauna e prompted hjr dliappoin.tnect tn not getting toe prot> themsolvei. petition Is tew before both Ere ate and House CocaIces on Military Affairs, and under coosid. ration, front (Ulcers compassing tbe Hasted States Dragoons and anted KiiUmcn, asking that the rail? companion bs 'ged Willi the cavalry, and tut- whole to cuualiluta ouo ps. This is an important movement he nouse Military Committee will report tn favor of teg theauuiticnal regiments asked ftir by the Secretary War. instead of volunteers. he Army Appropriation btU, reported today by tbj imlUee of Wave and Means, Ntcouats in the aggregaae ix millions of doll*-*. The deficiency lor the yuartrriter's Department alone U nearly sevx-_ millions of Inrr. This is a separate bill ho following Consuls were cor flrraoC it riecutire nea i to day Welsh, of la.. &: Monterey. o. Vail, of K. J , at ('h-jgow. ,<S. I>ancy, of N. C , at t*uudee. < Henderson, cf I'a., at Londonderry f K. 1'okard, of Kansas, at Bangkok. . B Wlll'.ama, of I?. C , at Revel . R. Sarmiento, at Venice. . D. Diamati, of Ca , at Athens. L. Itohcrta, of I'a . at Trinidad do C-ba. . *1. Costa, of Teias. at N'tce. )bm- forty or fifty army ?. Boere were atro oicftrmed ho clerk rt.ently in the City l ost Oilloe, charged with trading tiiuuey lc.ltra, has confessed L a oruue en delegations of luii:ucs (eiigrecated to day at tha tat Vernon cane factory. faUi h.u.,,s toot a cane froia h:me of Washington run i.rootac nnrirn mwATc.r. WnSHicew, l>b lHga heKnate dcmncrat.c c.vur .* Ia?t ntpbt was merely t* eriu.n* Uic order of bu.-im ? It v/w- ey,?eii t?? refer Rraeident'a message lo cr to Kuaaa, aud then s up the Army bill and dispoee cf ft. The attendance liars*. Mr. Dougiae was prescta. A hi; -egh the Kan au Ainct vru3 free.'y dlscuatcd, no attempt waa mads t? 1 th."> vftlrn r?f jannlnrc U, aJ u -- * ?u ? w? irary to the principle* which uiL'tiif <'l.*r;volec./e suet ct -?aetuig* of aeoatnrs lie Iiougla* democrats are in c utf'! to tight U> roc r what u tU'.r boat policy cr conduct on the Rousm rlion. ?c republican* hare held several cauoaaca, ?aJ vo f rg'atd to reaist by all f wliame&U ry uuac > :ho aJ lloa of kanaa* ua<!er the l?(.onjpton constitution II part-en we cotwoMating their strength fcr the fig i*. lere are ten or eleven repair Indian ciejejat.ees now I on banner* with the government ?e -o-iat* In Executive Seaiontoday. confirmed t iaon Cutt*. a* Second Oomptaoilec of the Waeury. r. J. I). Williamson. who arrived hire tbie morL.og ia custody of the officer* of the Houeo, *ay* that the rca he declined com ng to WiehlngtMi wm ride bectus* ha was under hoavy bond* not Icav* New York, and that the o(Ei -nr of Hour- k dnappod hian yesterday, not* Ijnuug h.Ui bote n opportunity to teed for h * U?.e' or UU.<- out a of habeaa corpus He throwa himself upon Lis r vQU iat raepw t, aad privately row* hi* prnecut detrrial cn : > he nottn tcbfy bifnra the h<-lcet Committee to >st gate the charger again*' the ruarafrera or idBrer* of lai t House, growing out of the dwbarre incuts by ?r* Lawrence, None \ Oo. to laffuaiM'i tb- parage rrf Faril act, otithe ground that t ? cw?IUr? have no t to question him concerning hi* prtrals e/l?m. mm on* to Lawrrner, flea* 4. Co.? fr. Llbby. B'v ro, Tel>, 3, MM. r Cah, as At ?tart Per Taaat at \ n tin ?ur in ?r>W r. Ualoott, of tha bona# of, Hone A On , T. T. Ilolden, Imohkct t or of the drtn, to appear before Oongreeai >nal Committee at W**tiii.g-i(i This morr Mr Ooleaiarted for IbtUi, Me , b> -.moot Mr .larvi* |e, who has nearly rccorere>l ho health, to appear *e tha name c.unn.iUee r. Joseph lubby, hraktrr, %h0 wot- reported to have kim u.i.i I'll j?.i. ?) , war iadve ivl eniiif, < onvejrd to hi* bow. ?m?ptlor? of Hiwlf Pk /awrnta In Pkll*4*lphl* ITni ADW -vra, Veb 3, lbM. ur but* rraumad aperie payor tb today. THIBTV-rtVTIft MMURCR1, riBPT m-wi<N?. IdMlfc Ka Willi, Feb. 3, ?VA "WilF mtX MR MtiiflDIN. r. Davw. (adai.) of Mirk. . Introduced a bill fov the Mof the officer*. and aoldtara of the army who worn aia td at Kort Kearny, Nabaneka Territory, pauvmae b> ch 1, 1853. wtswt"* au.'Jt PAwatn. Se fbllnwrag Houre Mia warn pa?nnd ?Tt? alter 'ha ?tor holding the I mbd .--tatee On.irt* In . ?ulh (larw, Mil Iir the pajunl of invalid ard other pea a. kammi gftrgeno* ?eeewrtttti or wm* wn.-ew an* HM>wa. b unflamhrd luMtonA of y.eterday wan then rwomnd. r Wiuo*. (opp.) of Maaa .olTrr.Mi no aniredmeal to mot low to rofnr the eeeage of the Preetd tat oa Ktti10 the OntnmllUa olt TrrrlU.riee, a iuil u a. butt nubml yeetorday b> Mr. llaHa Ititbe llouee. r. firwnuti., (Opp.) af IH.. deeimd tnrgj tip a que* < 1 privilege, idtin /. lb- report of the CuauniU-e eu l.tary on the cUMmd aoata of M. waa. Hrlgbt tad r. lAYAtiv, (adm ) of IV1 . objected. Ma though* tho lrtar ^iirKtKKi lar atom hntmrtent and im if lit Hrat to >w? led, a* It lavo.ved rone dcrattoaa wlwch might, pera. .vitrei Oio at-vb'litjr of tbe Jntoa. t ravaai ll war or "pinna that the rea rm r> ...?nad Mr I*)ard **- tl ?'i; ie?i rev,* in ta< w rl.i Par hag af tha guntma of Uerght.f to -,-r uvt'eruen In acala they bow oeenpy. If the ban*** <|>i?*?hi M an orUnt a thai .-enatoi (epreproaaadad H, I ha grat thing e iIixjp ia to determine who W tbe right to Kettle the Hon, alid Itlaaoniorbthe more tb-rrvutry t a Mhonld iatUe I by the Senate propxrlv < irtltnt - i' a eon 011 elr. tun ha he.a |? ndtog for nearly a . v , and In i>r to have an and ratnmling when I wwit. ul-pwed be mayod to make the untym tt )ie< i?i #rd?r for norrnw. Ir ft*' <* > replied tu-it if there were any nil. jrolje t oeateettrg the aoate. It Would present a different rtM; thee- mernhera have taken their aeaN ugdar regularly ted credential*, which ronetilnir prim* fa-V* eridew* * Ithf) were e ititl. i to Uietn In. much a. they re|eut tin public sei.tftBcot ol I&il ana, *hry ought Vu r<?