Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 20, 1858, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 20, 1858 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 7841. ADDITIONAL BY THE BALTIC. ?e Hew York Banking System Reviewed in England. E SECOND ESCAPE OF THE ADRIATIC. terrMing Partirularn of the Kleattig of the Leviathau. FASHIONS FOR FEBRUARY. *e, He., *o. rv aire sudden change in Um wi'Iht which had octroi in Kngiand had ai*> beon experienced in Ireland, d the country waa white wilii snow. Ifee win Federal Council rmreived, not a note, but a #;ie verbal .iommr*nlcatioa of a despatch addressed by 8 M.n.awr of Fowign Alitor.1. of JYance to the Krencti gatton. In substance It ?*ys that if Switzerland, as a utral State, is eolttlod to tbe kind consideration of the rerb, ?he has cko International duties to fill til, and, in rticular, she cannot permit thf refugees who reside in r territory to <.*onooct machinations calculated to disturb e tranquillity of neighboring countries. The hope is, cref'ore, expressed that tie Federal Council will be kind crugti to uuce measure tor senuiBg um reiugees now opping at Geneva Into the interior. The whole despatch draw n up w very moderate terms. S* kirn on Heine & Co. And the North German Bank have ;oed a prospectus of a new nix per cent Swedish loan, to ? amount or nine millions of marc banco, which hag ten taken by them, and which is ropayablo in 1860. Tbe truneactlons in the funds in London on tho 2d inst ere not imixi riant, but they gave a tone of firmness to ismess. The decline in the value of money still conti>ed, and it was impossible that the bank directors could am tarn the rate at lour per cent, when the terms in the ifn market were not above three per cent. I^rge suples of gold wore expected both from Australia and nwrica in the course of the next two or three weeks, ade u ax gradually improving, but there appeared little fwpec< jf activity. It seems from a circular signed " Isaac Ironside, Frnt ycMofflce, Sheffield, "that Lady BulwcrLytton is in urgent frees, and has nothing to hope from her husband. ?She is been advised to have recourse to legal proceelings tainst bnn, and Mr. Ironside solicits subscriptions from sr friends to defray the expenses of the suit. M*r. >rin?e l.uclun Bonaparte, who lately received orinafcon from the hands of the Pope, has just officiated at one. on tbe occasion of a J< IJeum celebrated there for te preservation of the lives or tho Fmperor and Kmpret* r the Kreich. At Vcnice, the cburen of banta Maria orniuMt, where a thanksgiving service was performed on ?? same oocatten, was scarcely large enough to conbun te vast crowd whs, in addition to the civil and military uUtoriiiee, flocked there to be presont. The I'arig correspondent of the lx>ndon Globe, writing on le 31it ult., has the toliowing paragraph ? At ibe American meeting on Friday an ex-member of Sorrels presided, an?i the new United States Consul, penoer, attended to eougratuiatc the Kmperor, but Clie Jk r Count.Ion oe coul.l Dot get a bearing. The Bark Adrlalli Again Kw apnl. [1'an.s loUor (Jan. 31) in London (iiobe.) You have already beard bow that maritime Jack Shep ard Capt. I >u rham, of the Adriatic clipper, has broken Vafa-n anil is once more over the waters of the dark loe sea. i ount Cavour telegraphed to the authorities at larecitles and Toulon big arrival in the (Julf of Spex/ia, ihere ti.e Krotich war steamers dragged him toiinnoa, le weather being too stormy to proceed turther. It wuhl appear Utat tin y rolled on tbe (.oiKx 't* captain ol? ?e port tor irs aafe custody, and the port captam on tbc rei.rh, b it betweeu them amid tbe sq'ialls and d irkera. the clip|>?r crept out at night. and Jasbod oil iu a Mart arid :! iver btyle. lAver toll* of a Tipjierary ant. when ar.ktjU U> pay lor prayers Tor bis -ju wbo tuul ui giiel. -aytrg, My boy, when alive, broke out of verv ia ! in Muni-tvi, an<l he won t sta> long in purga?y-' [From another Pari* letter.] Brother .lon.iUutn ha- ij a.u g'veo the KreO'h rriiwr' le (to by. Tbe ulipi?*r Adriatic, which alippel onto laxM'ille* in the cievvr way I mentioned *i tbe tune Kmgh an embargo bad beou Wi t up.>11 her, was over a?il?sl in Sj*Mia 1 viy by a ' renrb *te*nior or two sen <u-r ber. It.it a tempest aio-e m the bight, wrueh tn r<-L. ba><n st-'Ut in mak'i.g ill uim. At <'*> bf ii. le x turning n m ibe b'lM/. 'u was all that < ould be seen f tbe Adriatic. | Marseilles letter (.tan. 'M) In Mwsager du Midi. | H-re is a mw and ciirloua mei teai aoout the Hi.-Ui of U?- \dr*i A *1- uteii tr< in M *\i.;ir Ui H < -it, ke >*refet of the Ptnu bu du-liUoo", announced that the V.riat. wa-< at f'pe/vtia Mr. !< - ?a tautened to commitnieato the fact to Mr. kpr> - r the lawyer of Mewvr*. (iauitjier Hrothsrs Mr. W|.? >?r started immediately for All, and nlitiiuM inrn lie ton.t wtii?.b b id >>? .ten*e<1 Capt. I>uriiin to n-im ur?c ibe pri-eof tike I yennala. a pin vision ot 40 000 tuK-s on *ei.mnt, and also letters of ?*%niiuate>u ,/,i neri). -'i that the Adrtat'c murht be i/ed In twenty lo ir oi:r- in accordance witb a law ma between trance n?l ( ?< imor.t iu 17f>*i and which tins tie?i r been .n ro led All th~e formalities lux i 14' been a'conip'osbed. Mr. bappH'i W'-nt to lies, but 1 .irne.t on b ? ar-irai tual apt IhiM.ani. alur bavins re\ e ti.aled nw vevnl, nari aileil n, mil It i? thought ttuit tins t ine be ha- ;otii to im mi..it* oi lanruiiar. rkr \< w 1 'irk llatiklnic Nfafeni In ih JCu|f U*ti I'nlnt ??f Vlrn. |l'r?tn Ilia l/?n<loii T men, )Vb. 1.| The Sii|*riiit<'D?l< iil o( the lUiiktnx department of Now furk i? r xjnlrixl Vi mako in annual r?;|?<rt to b*e (Halt jfwlature. Mr. J. M (took. the pri-eat bolder of the .like, na- naturally taken t(i< opportunity of tbo recent of cirh |>a) mcou to publuli at reriM-lertMe mtfrth be- *i?wa on th>- theory Mil pra> u< u! Hankng. Iter* m mabmjt more remarkable Uian tbo aptitude of wry Am< r* %n for the dmcnaritc of any riutii* winch Cy be impoeart upon him by U? Mchtrat <w papular Kr. Mr. Cuok m neither lurid nor grammatical in bio uric ol Oomtwaltion, but bo ban evidently applied Inn aiB'l l>< Ike biurtiM"-* of h>? department. mi l arter Muay a# tbo hialory wf recent evc&M bo ua formed Mlmta rnocliuuona, and e*pre??ed Uioin in lm TMkf which may MMiily be trautlatod nt < nu ?ible Knfliah. "l.ven the conglomerate of m-a(4M>i .n ?bkh lite 8uporiul> u'lent indulge-. Air It'' fMbwn "l bir . miritrv m' l. ? > ,d"t:: "eaq'i WRigli '? i 'Hi. eal hi- meaning Kurnpoan ultteiai- ? Id can < ly venture to aaeert that fori tjru ri hU|i" 'bi t ihrajr > een Ihe barcnuou r by win. b the bunker ?a.io-l tie bark fie ctiuiil remember, perh?{?, wbon bo ?a* Bm to the wall by a foreign demand tor coin; but he Mie dr"HOit of a nn.lia) in aw own afcip. w.ih the very rtii looming with agricultural wealth It m *ht bfl IrflWult to explain boa mutioy i onld all.-1 the romcter or be influenced by a l.? >ral>'.i harvest hut bo reader un'loraiau'i* tbat hank< which apprehend Imrgrr only from abr-A.1 might be taken by gcrpriae rfceo a run occurred a* bot.ie Tlie butt.* wero <?? <-ine, t one |iert<Nl' Ibe t-reat balance a boel that ntoa.i ( J mc ra.tr an I .mni.-n i of tlio ><intry Ttiejr mi tor upy bat |??il"'D S H ire-?n e- ill.-tan wV'i ?h.- n>?n>e<l laabatiAii lalaml auJ tbe harlnir with wliicb It la ?ur aanded " Whatever may bare been tbo intention* of nature an to Oka and balance wheel*, alio lnr?"t m> turnmli Mannat M Ulaiif! with a utlii lent uw<oait of -|?* io U> m?et il< bnu.lanl ? rnp of tial<(| lio- Mr I nk dotinoa m terim miaiiaily pr< i?e the tent of pih < cj?ful bankiriB In tbe My of New Vork "II i?, if ??ya. " imply > arrytng ui4 M-r?t <I? l>'? <* *'"*1 paper on Internet upon the smallest mount of dead we iht M*" 'or, toq'i'.t# a'eHlier pararapt., "It ? in incurring tbefiTent?nt amount ot debt ayah'e on demand with the nM:,fl amount of money rmi)lop*y IbfMM when demanded The re?uH <?t Hon- !,ro. te.! to fio?i nn I '.?? ' "fn ,t?lv ? tnc> d Tin rlmlvy n'romt^linu establish m.wite >n<"leTmed be pr>* e*a of weakening the foun latum* of creitit and of erlnartln^' the *uper*tr octurc. The city bank* of Now '?>tk keep mi account with the llatik of Aniet > which ? aily ndni-tod M the I learn* Hiu*e The talutco it at Una ii"lit'ilM? forms the collective pm le reserve of tlf harks, and before Hie re. out nw it. amount It*' !?.>< n gradually diminishing In IV.; lie fpecie het.i by all ll* bunks * a* betw eeu a si \ Hi an I rreiith part of tlio ain'Minl of their liability* In Mim, M7, the h|iwh wax ouly suffl em to i>av ' one loii ?r to nin In ui"?t ? kIiI ilolliirs M'l e clily n n?cent" <( mme iatc am I preeatng demand loan- '' The "mutiny" ??* rw Imminent. notwithstanding the abnn '. nn?' ( the rm*. and the failure of the o:i, |jl< an.I Truet? >Ti?i.%?1jr. 1Mb large bn>moM oittturt <>n* at New \ nrk in l ot go>?d redil. waa I be A rat di?nnct mntt-rlnn < ' thi j|?i .it ?n?li Tert'xik ita. The country batika b*gan 1a the < a s? of lir autumn to .Ionian.i tin ret'.rn o! a port >n >' the or. k* which they had been coRtpellrl by law to deposit fore commencing htinn^ in the Ma'e Hanking ?ert the Superintendent naturally hold Ibat the . :?im i ? 'l"' ?( r t <>' tin ,w 11 i fry '< t'1"1 th*< "> Npa- York, a* in Inland, the U k- ? Mure -omatime* tail* in e*pr?w?.i,(; it* intention* Hie Iwirt* de? iled that the law required that th-> ? >, iri?i.-? hot 11 (I be deposited, but not that they should reman, n Upoeit The provincial bank* nocordlnifly . Ida n- I a empor ,ir\ relief at the co?t of 'Tearnilly dcplet nc the |e nd, ot Uio?e ID tile city and thl ton i.f tint aleop* ,n | ?ki kind, the Bi?iet desirable and reliable In tbelr pmee* I. " Th# Mferintemlenl attrihntea the raueiropbe nrmel *lly to the modern practice of payinR interest on de?. ite. but healen call* attentton to the *encr?| increaxe of usury .<nd r*perdlture, and eape< tally to a remark .ble ?s<u|iartty In the recent pro^reaa of New York H.<twe?n MO an<l the population of the Stale had lner.<*. ?d y ro lew than a million, but not a mngle agricultural *fri.:t had ebareil In the incroaae Aftricultaral ixVetry and all rural forms of production mut e?e remained stationary, unle** they hare de ime.1 rte rc?t ctpaiuK? of the t*wDi and E MM ft maoifacturlaf fin&cM baa uasurally jirrxhiced a dwprtyortMii?t? totufcai fur bu.uk lug acoummodauon. ThoM causes ka?? '-proliably allied hundreds of millions of credits. a? to oe T.iiuidats-J upon a basis sufficiently small for (fee safe transaction of our buniuetis In 1840. ' l'he competition or railroad companies ana or land Kpecu later* for loans at extravaghut rBtes of Interest constituted another Hffirce of danger; but baikers, if they take proper precautions, are independent ot ttie rusks oi com merce. It is only l>y imprudent proceeding* of their own that tftcy can be rendered nnablc to meet their engage mental. "Its result," as Mr. Cook justly observes. "has demonstrated, and that too in tones that ejhuot be mistake*, and should not bo forgotten, that a basis of one dollar in coin to nearly nine of Immediate liabilities will produce a homo panic of hank creditors and a liome demand for coin." It may be added Uw>t, as tho specie reserve wax of con rue unequally <Wvmed, some of the banks most necessarily have fallen Inr short of the average capacity to pay oven one ninth of tiieir liabilities in cash. A body cf independent institu Mobs ought to maintain a collective reserve beyond tho amount which might be required by tlie Rank of England or the Bank of France. The dangers of the deposit system were aggravated by . the practice of allowing Interest on tho balance* due from ; <11.e bank to another. The reserves of the provincial banks m part consisted of the sums which they wcro com pulled to keep in tho city to meet their notes and other liabilities. The rity banks, paying interest on these ba lances, were compelled to employ the amount in their own bubiuee*; and. consequently, two se piirate oj* rations of credit were based on the samo limited capital, l'he consequent risk Is, however, only an exaggerated form of that which necessarily arises when banker* become borrower** as well as lenders. In prosperous times trade is stimulated by tho comI Mtltion of private ravings with the capital ordinarily employed In commerce. Even when pressure is impending bankers arc compelled to remunerate thomselvcs for the interest which they aikiw to their customers. On tho arrival of acrisis deposits aro suddenly withdrawn, to the great Inconvenience of trade, and to the ruin of speculative bankers. The flank Superintendent of New York believes that the note circulation excrciscd no Iniluenco on the reccnt suspension; but after the beginning of August " both banker and depositor commeiioed a mutual onslaught?the one upen his line of loans aud discount*, the other upon his bank deposits." The unequal contest was decided In a few weeks. By the lOlh of October tho basks hai reduced their discounts by twenty millions of dollars, but they had pain away more than thirty millions to their depositors. Three days afterward they suspended specie payment*, although the circulation had only varied wlthsn narrow limits. One of the remedies pro|>oeed to the State legislature may perhaps deserve consideration by tho committoo of the House of Commons. Mr. Cook recommends that all banks jhonld be requlredjto keep a reserve of coin equel to twenty per cent on tbeir average weekly deposits of all descriptions. They would thus be compelled either to allow themselves a wider margin of profit ou deposits, or to decline the payment of Interest to their customers. A furthor suggestion, perhaps, exceeds tho'power of any Assembly or of Parliament. To enact measures "In such language u shall place their construction beyond the roach i t jiuiicial decisions" is a natural b'H vain aspiration. It is, perhaps, well for the interests of Amerk aa jurisprudence that court* of law impose some restriction on the eloquence ot legislators; judges habitually assign to every enactment the smallest possible meaning, and that wnieti is loiu-t consistent wilfc its supjiosed purpose; bat for this wholesome check tlfe Code of New York might pcrhitin be ornamented, like the elticial documents of the Slate, with figurative allusions to "storms" and ' mutinied," to balances," "flywheel*,'' and "nature.'' Cnfortunately, no rhetorical decoration can effectually conceal me intrinsic baldness and dryness or all <1 inquisitions ou credit and currency. Spain and Mutrn. [From the Jjondon Herald, Keb. 3.) When the <|ii?Mion ftps itbked. neai ly a year since. Whether we were to wnnees a war between Spain ana Mefejco, a good deal of subdued mirth was created ou both continents, the eventuality NNMd so ridiculous. Spam, a nat/on apparently in the imbecility of premature old ago. indulged in the uio**t magniloquent throats against a n*publlc ot it* own progeny, lying far away across the ocean and the mountains, and in close proximity to an energetic and powerful neighbor, who already looks upon Mexico as a certain aoquisitioa at no very distant day. The <arut Mli was of tie slightest character. The real grounds of the Spanish ire were to be sought for, m fa:t, in that excessive sensitiveness which grows in proportion at the substance of power depart* and loaves only the forms liehind. Mexico, It must be coufcssed. showed little reverence in the matter for its progenitors; but if Spun was really strong enough to carry war into that republic she would have torg-vnn the offence, and taken no notice of the disrespect manifested by the persons who for the tn< nient are supposed to wtcld authority in Mexico. What was the origin of this dispute which w?- now find so far subsided as to be referred tt the good nfltces of kc.ropcan mediation/ Money. And here is the curious I sunt The character of ihi Spanish government as a del>tor m tolerably well under t toad by the Spanish boudMders I>ut this case cihivs.i? hcoi more than an un willingness to pay her delits. ."-he ignores the great Christian maxim of doing as she would be done by. It is lingular enough that a large amount of Mexican securities shi uld Ihj held by tf nash ratj Kl>, and th> -e have turn cd out to nearly of equal \aluo with S|n?iish securities th?ims? Ives. Mexico is notoriously ink>Ivent. It is, indeed, some years sii<ce she entered ou the course of last resort, that of selling her U rrilories to roablo her to carry on, uot the g?>\en .I.ei t - I.., : i. wars. < '?'/.. -i ,iat, and revolutions, which have loft her where she Is, an easy prey f?i the I nitod States. (M course she did no*, tind It convenient to liar her Spin h creditors, and your Don, who nous noi (.istri-i s himself abo'il the payment, of his o#n dshtf, * ii"?i m-k .ii-ij imii uj in uii> uiuunv a- a i rcuikh . 1'i'r! ... - X". preyuri* ?U 'I a little It ,* < rtaiu that sho pleaded frawl t? reference to tbe l?otnl??but then that is h iriral and equitable ploa. |w-rhatH. tx? she merely waM<d to pall. time. Al au> raw, a pso.al Spanish cn \< v ?M MM to demand HlMMki or iheae claims a Ktnr.blo per^ni bo agracd to compromise, tut the groat and |>o*orfiil administration at Madrid would 1i>i>mi to nothnu of the kind. They dJ*arii?ri?d tbe a-t (' their plempit< Miary. Tj embitUr the dill reno-an s'.lacV was made about that period, or a little b?fctc it, by Mmr Mexican bandits upon a Spanish hacienda. an I koine of iv occupant- wore murdered. Wcare *on\inc"d Uiat tb? NHKao^n*uiiNt M whtl It could to capture the nn>i train luinil'tx and bruit'ihem to |>tiiii.~litnnnt but tie I'owr of tbe Me\.~aii authentic* licio: by a tew sluidea Ic; thau that of the Simtiixli government, which cannot ii ?i.pi i i" ?> i , i. ,t. h it wiw found taposMblc to bring the murderers of the S| uiitrh Httliji i t* to Jii*tlne. 1 Hereupon tbe govnrnment of ber inort 'all olio Maieity gave ordera to tujalp a tlcct to i ap'ure Vera Oil*, and a military expedition wan u> be nrpanr/id. for month.* and months politician*. who*? studies had not tx-en profound enough to enable them to unit' rstand the lnip<?>ettiiiity of two i>ueb countri** as ."l*to and Mexico point to war, wore kept id a rantlna* anxitty by the fanfaronade ol tbe Madrid prees. Mexico merely ent a n?ni*tcr to Spain, Senor l.?rragua, to arrante the quarrel tm -ably; ant. alter considerable exer l.onn Mil expenditure of litue, he seems to bare made good the ir*t ?tep toward* tltat . "My august alliee,"' aid WuecA Isabella, ta her racrnt *pea< h to the flortee, the Kinprror of the Freoch at't Uie yuorn ol hngtand, moved by noble sentiments, have offered me Uwir mo dlatinn, which 1 have willingly accepted, wt-hliiv to give, a new pruo( of the *puit nf ocktiiaiioii wltb which i am animal d." so ends that s>torm in a teapot. The political condition .however, of begh Spain and Hex ico prei i nu a subject tor deeper reflection?a {xUnt ul subject in every ri-spcct. and not the least in that in which tbe |?i)cy of the "liberal" si-tMiol of KnflMi statesmen la implicated. spam ? una of the Kuropaan nation- which liae beeo hleseed, a* the phrase is, with a coiu-itntional form ot gov rna*etit. alu.?? tln r through the io?Uu?*u tahty "f Kngittn influence, ran tbe hngltafa people con template Um> reonlt with onwipnaiiea ami ?atwfa< tmu Km Pnrnametttary (fivrrnmrnt worked well tn Spain? We I lutlled and we intr /uad ??a*, we Knight awl |>eut kug li*h blood and treasure?to place the present uy nasty ou the Uirona of that ountry. Has it u,i ? erod the eipectatum that were formed* Arc the Span;nh people bappy and contented, aad progrewing In intelligence and wealth Ila* the iiyim* aft?i the TV. tannic faahlon aided Spain m regaining any portion of that loat Intluenre which ?he at a fornior period exoreisad In fi; rope an pohtto Never betore Spaui or the Spanish monarchy so dogrado.] m tbe eyes of the wurld as at tbe pr< "nt i: m ] a Its xoverelgu and court no wa* it* itnu -traltou 1-s- -u?Me, or :te tinanr ami ma lei lal condition i?t lower tb)i An.I yet tli* Iberiati i>?uln<ula pwiicpn* natural reanurcef not surpassed by tboe? of any c< intry in Furope. ."-oil. i limw, mineral winlih, fwi^r iphlcal pop.uon i?mjirnUy lamrablc for <on.toerce, tAgelVnt port*, and a people loc;le to in'lairv ami cape- ?<>r out. rpr*e?w.th all thi* pf???.l>le, wW a epwlvle don fl|?tB pr?-ent' Inai .to. anarchy, an t conataatly imminent flaw the IntlrlaiirNof Fjiglish coast 't'onal liberty, in their proi'Vjan tiim of fo?m? of for rpment pe*>:liar W> th>? tenia*, nothing U? answer I n m tlite nialeer* Could afttrlirt sovereign ami governnv M of .-pam, during the la?t twenty or t'xrty fi'Wi, have r*.iu. .1 it to >U present ?<4i iit?>n M<xtco waa ho|>o4c?* from the ilrst, and the tat<< of those Ppaui?b American republics a:?nc they threw oft the do tnniou of the mother country te an insintrttre c nrwn^ntA ry upon tbc tenacity of that eminently liboral tale-man, tworge Oann.tg, who wan in nob a hurry to recognise tliclr independent * Indep ndrnra ' with their hi??ory anil actual nondltiou before lit, what a blMt of ?eorn seem* to whiMie through tlie word! Why, they are all In a fair way K liolng ** allowed ?i|?? at leaet ae far 'Oath ae New i.rsns.ts ?nd Mex<<o will be th< first mouthful. Their "Xirtenre Is an increasing subject of lealouay betw een the two g'eaicxt con im'rciai rowers of iho world and their history I* on* internal discord. uian hy, and revo lntion. t?r tt?e moment Cnniouf'>rt te aga.n dominant la Mexico. l>ot who l>.>lii'Te? It possible fur that loader to found a stable government' No ; It l? not in the nature of thine < Already ha< a larjfe portion Mexico become ?.n> orporaled' in the t'nitod States territory, and a lew short y eari will complete the ab-fri^-ion lbe etprriment of Iree !*paiu*Ji Ami-man republics, if cx|?rlxiient it were?our own opinion is that nothing -o moc< -I a* an experiment wa? mt n led?la an utter trlurc, and the "manifo-t destiny '' of thoee conn trie* te ob\ mw. A* ton !>|?nteh war again t Mexico, little more m oil be said about it. ir nothiiu elan, Cub* tamis i? lbe way. Tlie Frfmh Kiw|>lr?. iFrom the Paris Monitenf, .'an 23. | lbe attempt of tbc 14th of .lanuarr has had r? ry ,llf ferent reeolts to thnee which it* author* had hoped It ha* only served to consolidate that which they wished to destroy The universal liorror which it lia? ex< Ited lia* been everywhere followed by the ino*t brli liant manifestation* in support of the Kmperor and the Kmpress The people, the National (iuard, the a/my, and all claiwe* of In* nattoh hare associated tUtroivMci Wltik tht great bodice of Uie u lbe W YO [ORNING EDITLON-SATUli expression of Um Mime seatnu*r.t*. We may My, indeed, that tne wtwie 01 E-rope inruiw oi tjiem All the ?ev?r-!gnf have fliown tu eagerne^ to sand the most eminent personage a of the r court* to Wea? their congratulations to the Eni xror and ibe Kuijresa. <*11)011, the most Important by their rimmrrce and their Imputation, have shown an eagerness not to re*rsam bemod; ?ii'I that nothing should be wact og to complete thi* concord of manifestations, the press of every country nas expfetsed tbe gaaie judgment upon the crime and cpon ?! consequence*. Vert to the evident protection -which Providence has given to the lives of tbeir llajesuee, noting can be at this time more consoling and more reasauruag than to sen all the t.earU and ariaH of ft groat nat ion [ remlog around rta sovereign and profusely rendering to him and to his race testimonies ib? most&nimpeachabi* of love anu fidelity; for the maniiestation of which the Kmperor and Empress are everywhere tbe object are not ad.lretsed sole y to the persons 01 their Majesties. They are adresacd to Ihe dynasty as well as to the ImperuU fauiUy; they ar?. addressed to that child of Franco, wh(*e"rorth hail been proc'almed even in the n.nallest. hamlets as a pledge of -ecurity for the future of the country. "It 1 tall tbe empire will be stli continued even by my death, for the indignation of the people and of the army will thtn be an additional support for the throne of my son.1' These memorable words of tbe Emperor at the opening of the LafMftMVft action rind their echo in all lieurle?they liwd the eanw senitmeut In every aldreae, especially in these which emanate from tbe army. Kaithtul gnardian of cur institutions, the army, in its noble fredoin, declares that it bus not only taken tbe oath to the Emperor. but also to the empire, to tbe son of tne Kmperor. and t3 his dynasty: and that it will continue to riffend.aH it defends to day, the HfHt chief who has restored to it its eagles and its glory. As Napoleon I. truly said, if ho bad been his grandM.teflWlMkwilWMMM bini agamjeven at tbe loot it the llreaces. We know by what# brilliant man: fnatation those prophetic words have been realized. Notwithstanding the tint that elaptwd since the fall of thai lni*?rial throne France had not been mistress of herself until it hastened to re establish it an J to seat upon it the lieir of tilt* Kin|>wr"r. It is not exclusively m France thai the Imperial throne reposes upon the public will. The whole of Europe wheh tome years ago was leagued together to overthrow It, Bees in it today the most solid guarantee for its repose and prosperity. It has not waited the cxolor.on of the last attempt to manifest its sentiments, rho manuer in which the Kmperor has been received by al'. classes of the populations in his vints to England an 1 Germany .s ui undeniable proof of this fact. In tbe face of such a concord of sovereigns and of peoples, what can d< magogues do with their twuid of asuassinsH I>o those who take up such ferocious weapons think they can e\ er obtain tbe sym|)alh.es of France m their wicked endeavors to strike at the heart? The object of these foreign assassins is to overthrow ail order m France, with tic view of revolutionizing Europe. If they could have ever Haltered themselves with such an illusion the fleet produced by their 1 ?t attempt must have opened their eye?. They ought bs now convinced that order in Franco rests- not u|>on one single head. however Urui it may be; and tbe abettors of the crime, if ever they had -i>e< ceded, would have only consolidated the empire, and Jbey themselves would have been encountered ;n every civilized country, with naught but the public execration. The Leviathan Afloat. [From the tendon Post, Feb. 1 ] The Leviathan is at length alloat. Yesterday, as if to give the lie as far as possible to tae earplug and luiblling of amateur engineers, the groat ship rose subaUat-ally from Iter cradles, buoyant on the bo.-iom vf the rising tide, and, majestkiaii} slow, moved from her b rtit^:.v *, im.dRt I'.iges and foundries, to Uko her place on t'ue opposito side of the river?no longer a mere Iron boiler of shi^-ln?i>e, but an a<-.lual living vessel. It was a proud thicg as tbe vessel moved irom her ways, complet' <y >moer command, to see the chairman, Mr H. T. Hope, ,vhu Uii loyally uphrld (lie vast uiideitaking laldsl SO BUM dui rourHgemento, shaking hands on the vessel's deck with Mr. Brunei, and heartily congratulat ug hitn >n the tin 1 Liir-elf took what be seemed to consider rattier a rcjuU than a puixeSB Uf> cooliy a- be baa borne the .fno Hi abuae wbicb bat) boeit hint, and the lying prophecies of failure so r:fe for some time jmH. Not so the multitudinous asxembla^e around and about the vetsel, al 114; tbe shore* on cither iide, and crowded u|*>d the river in craft of every fi/x and description. rbe^o, aa s.v>n ax the motion of tbe \e?*el was perceptib'e, greeted ber advent" upon tbe *aters with vigorous Fhoutt of wolcome, every one pr< seat seeming to rejoice in the prosperous consummation of au MM WMCk in daring has never bM equalled, and in tkill will hardly be surpassed. Ji was generally elected that tbe ship would have tmated and been secured at ber mooring on Saturday. Hitherto it bad hern the obstina< y and caprice ot the leviathan, of which the publio in general and Mr Brunei in l?rt.cular, had to complain: baton Saturday tt was tho prudence and lore'hougb of the captain of ibi <th>p which alone kepi ber in ber position The ?hip would bav? llr-ated on t riday?ibe w-nild have made "the world of waters" her home on Saturday if the b?4 beeu per nittud to do so. So lively bad (be been for some day* paat. that it bad been nec?t?ary to piwcp soli liftei n hundred or two thousand t w of waver into ber hold topre\ent ber moving oil' wfth tbe t;le. At three o'c'ock on .^turda;' m< mine of workmen were employed 1b i>uni,ang oat the .?ater .l ite hip, and i.g' uam^ It of !ta w?:ery burden Mr. ft* ;no! ana f i plain Hnrr'irm, and other engineers and ofl. :ers o' Uie ship, had liken up the r quarters lor tbe night n the yard and lay down to rest ut>Jer the full peruae hi that u lew more hours would see the #n-. of the r la'x'r* 'cd anxieties Tb< re was, however, <n" a'nong the party who bad canned tbe Hgna of ti e weather on the prev dm night anil who ba. predicted a heavy ?il" and an .nfa vnrable w.rnl. from certmn ilou . ai piionociona which cngineerr-had disreparJed C*?!iui Htrr'.so i was b r.<> no ana -anguine that the launch would t>e elf-vled, and intimated a- muck to Mr. Brunei, :he ?ry. and some other perron*. Although set down ait" croaker,'' he nevertheless a1hered to toe opinion* whi.h long namiral exjienenc"' t?dd hmi were correct, and at daylight on Saturday morning, just as tie bad probated, there was a Irtiig gale blow,t.g W S.W. right on th? broads.de of tbe hip. At ten o'clock it was computrd that the pressure of the w 'tid on the surface of the ship would exercJM a force of considerable n or > than lOu ton-. Captain Hwr, on was tiie man on whom the reapocsibility of th> ol the vessel a ben aUoat would rest, and he profited iigain.-t aay attorn) t to complete the launch wbi!e such a gale was blowing from such a quarter There was a long consultation. Mr Hope, the chairman of the company, aud othr ra, were anxiius to tee the work llnishod, but the <aplam, not less anxious, was llrm In bis resolve. At li nutb the frio In al si small carried Iv- nolnt over ei en. rer* and an* Ion* director* and the order wu given fur the floulltg ?t< am engine and the gain "f men to *et to work, and p'imp in .'i.COO ton* of truer tokcp the ship from bring floated I>y Ui<' returning tide The bca\ y rain which fell oo Saiurduy night ha 1 a beneficial eflect id changing the direouon of tne ? :nd, and y eaterday morning the weather broke Tk>r, and the wind wax everything th.it rould be deaired. Karlv in the morning the auxiliary t??m ?>ng neon board g"t npWr vteataand *?-t to wr.rk pumping the water or.t of the compartment*. the motuter ."purling It out ot her atde? ami through her paddle wheel*. like some huge atria dcd whale buwmg out it* eoh.moa of water The hydraulic pm*e* were eel to work, and the (real bulk, without much dtfiiculty, vm puehed <(own aooie eight or t?n feet to the <ud of her ways; and at a quarter to 1 o'clock, m the Ude waa running up, Ifr Brunei auuoun?ed the w elcoma new* that rhe wan afloat, t 'p went the Admiralty flag at th" foremoet funnel, the I'mon Jack at the item, and for the tint time the leviathan bad the right to b? mIN "ash p"' then rang forth a cheer from gang* of workmen, from a'netiibled Uio?K*nd> on each aide cf the river, which one would have thought mual have been heartily ?et<*>m?- to Mr. Brunei Not so, boweYer. rrpejuedly the imperturbable engineer inwled vxil through hie em-aaing tub"!" for Uie rrowdp to " hold their noma." but they were a? difficult to manage a* the big ship had been, and it war only when they had grown aomewhat hoarae that thetr voicea aub meted, into rk-uce. In point of fact, the cheering of the spectators and ot the workmen interfered with the Iran* roieeton of oriler*. which at thi* critical moment it wa* mr. t important *hnuId be rapidly and dxliocUy understood for upward* of an hour after the - hip waa afloat the attention of tkptaia llarriaoo wae directed to removing the letter* and rhama which ha<l ao long been worn by the Ijevlathan. aud clearing away the cradle* In which rhe had lumbered The front |*rt of the aft cradle on the river <<tde came awav m mattr, and wa.- tnwed to a die tanee by one ol the fleet of tug ?t?*inera in attendant oo the *t*p On the land aide the timber* of theaa rradlea farted from each other. The breaking up of the e rail let pre-vated oee o( the inort ?trikng feature- at the proceed ing* of Sie day. A* *oon aa the weight of the (1% waa U.riy off the timber*, the head* of which mere kept down K<*1nw the water by the preen:re, each maaaiv c baulk floated by Ms own baoyancy. and roec in some ca*ea thirqr or thirty live feet, and then toppled over with a tvemen dou* splash. J--.imet:tne* the massive timber* shot up in tw.? aoil llir<e*, whi< h (ported awhile ainid the wrecl, around them, a* though they were rejoiced u> be rid of the irou nmc-trr wtiieti had to long weighed them down, while olhfru rose up timidly, m it wff, curiously around, m<1 then 'lonted away S'und i,g on lli-' decV itf tlie huge Dhip, t?wonnc high abore thf dwarfed lookugcraft in the riv>-r, and overlooking halt ot the metraj*>!i*, the rlrof .'nutted with Ivm <*re,is nf wherry bent*. atri ibr ton steamer* swarming around #ie ship, throw ng up M??-ir cloud* o< dark bla< k moke. a <ceno nf exljmoi'tnary excitement wv< pre tented to lln <>b#ei ver. flint far and wide, borne on the *ir, <an,e the sound itfchlmee and bell* of rhiuehe* and rbapcJa. and thtw the fan ug and < lank of ponderous climb*. whxh our by one were looaed and fell away from giddy height* around the ship: there was the none of order* roan jed hy t!ie?.U1itorian lungs nf raptoin Harn *rn mennitied a hundred tal i through the apeak mg ?rum pctr then Mr 1'rnwne thf ebief officer, echoed m a voico nf tl,i o let foite iin ntt!'. gible word* ot command. and a hundred men tuebnl inrtiirtlvely to fulfil It, *ome gliding now n 11min? ai I rem* With a c>ntemj>t for neck and limb wlii<h made the bh*?l run cold, some armed w tb sledge* and hairriMr* *wch a* Vulcan might hare wielded A bar^e, wjiicl Sad some nf the hauling appwra tu on board, got enlargl<*1 ill the starboard naddiewheel of tlie ship aliirtvt immediately afUv she WM afloat, and rather interfered with her progrea*, until a mechanic, nobly damp, untied himself witti an axe. and jumping abrard, h< we', a hole tn tlie tide of Uie Itarge, let in the water and scuttled her "?,o abend," now hovt* the captain, the strain tu?c* strain, the hawser* irr' w rigid as r< n bar . the ahip fmco m<re move*, the old lam ii.ir jard which wan tier birth place recediw Im percrptihh and with the lowi-t possible prog re-. <? only seen by wati hing ;M? ntly thi *j>tre? an I tall chm n*y* p* *h<?e, or tbr motionle** mvls rf the .shipping afloat, the centre of the rlt.r M galnM from tins point one hnndrrl mm wink the tremendou* apatari* at tlw for*, and haul the shin In hrr mm,r !? down to the wMor'fl mtfrc with their fr< ight of pMm Kfr*. rliffv tuaUly, thr |*>nplc on rtfv.k jtv? * returning (.hnnt; Itrunrl i* complimentdl again unit apain, ( apttin Uarm-on la cprgratulntni, Mi Y?t<*, the ?ccr*tory, Noki RK ? LDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 18i smiliDg; Mr. Hope, Uie chairman, appears an nwod; prur pec'-; 01 dividends Drightea ibe faces of a few ofctLe .irfort ebarebvluers; .Tctman'a Cftco Beams with a refulgent alfcile, as 'bey wake (be good ship fa*t to h>* uD y elding anchors; Hewlett baa taken h.s liuit mafmlkant photograph on board tbe ihip, wttli a porinu' uf '.he chairman ul the company in tbe foreground; Uo'jdj u im happy as ihcogh be bad picked tbe moet :ntncato lock In Christendom there is a genera) ?di?kiug of Lan-ls all

round, and, than us to tbat ao.c oon-mwHoriat olfi-cr. lYotman, a leviathan round of beef and 'ii?< _ .>ni?nUj uf a well aifcorted hamper attord a grateful an 1 welcoMa opp-vtunity of making tbe brat meal in the big ship, which, rough though it be, ? e n beaeath the notice or the Uarquls of Stafford. L:>rd Dutferin. ?r. C. K. Stewart, of the ' London and North Weatern Ha (*ay, and oOier persons of note, whose Interest in tbe undertaking; Las attracted them to Killwall. Tbe ship now Ilea at her moor.ngs, i.ut her own length front tbe, ipot on which she was built, .u 19 feet at 1 >w waUr, although st># draw* at present <?i!y U feet by the bows, and 10 feet fl jicbes by ibe i?;err The Leviab an will probably rentu-n at ber moorings for tbree months, while ccmpleung ber interior and other finings. and duriag a portion of UiUi Mine it ia expected tbe public will be anic.ited, undercertajc reg'iiatioc.", to view ber. Fashleni for l^?t?ru?ry. (Prom Le f olic:) At. m^(b; ha .'ft been ei|?u U*!, the reign of the burnou is apnroucbing it* close, for although it is still much wohi, i; is frequently replaced by an elegant caaaqiM. trimmed with fur or lace, or by a siuail embroidered shaw 1, also trimmed with lace. We have in our late numbers given so full a description ct these out of door garments that wo will no* at once pas# on to nuti? walking and ball ilreseei, which at tbis season are so much in demand. With regard to materials for tbo former, satin and other ri -h fabrics are more in favor than soft silks, and are frequently made without any other ornament thiin their own rich designs atlord. For evening drees, plain or embroidered muslins arc in great fa\ or. especially ' jr young ladlos, a* also arc organdia, embroidered in colors eitber in spots or very small flowers. White and colored tariatanes still retain their place of high favor for demi toilette. What can be prettier, on these occasions, than a dress of white or pink tarlntane, with a ecu bio skirt dimply hemmed; the upper skirt rather more than tin inch wide , the body gathered a la vifrge, and ornamented with only a velvet sanb ; the leeves very full, caught up jus4 abo\ e the elbow by the rows of oarrow velvet, w.th hows and long ends? Another elegant toiielte may be mode of white Urlatane, with three skirts,each ornamented with five narrow gauffered and soul loped liouuots, put on, not straight, but waved. A very light wreath ot green leaves and red fruit might be placed across the upper skirt, and .mother to match arranged In the hair. At a very dirttitgue re-union wo obsorvod a groat many very elegant and becoming dresses. One wag of tulle illusion, with throe long skirts gathered up at intervals tn festoons, with drlkate pink w roaths. The body was pointed and the berihe matched the skirts. Another was of black tulle, over a buttercup-colored lip. The tulle skirt was gathered in fjilnesse* from the hem to the knee, separated by ruches ot tilk the color of the slip, cut In point*. The bertho ?u black laco,sur mounted by a ailk ruche. The headdress was composed of onds of black and gold colored valval. A richer and very handsome drei-s was of white taffeta", with a double skirt, each ornamented by a triple cbicoree of pale lilac pinked crepe. The body wat slightly pointed, a lid lnisbed ai the watst in fror.t by a bow with long ends. On the upper pvt was a drapery of crt'pe, aar&nucd in large told3. The biaiidress wa - a eiwihc pc iguc ot lilac auJ wfcito Ulac. One ot the most elegant was a robe of pink moire an tiquc, with a double skirt, the upper one edged with a wreath of very ?ma)l rv.wa and efllitolyrovr rod by a black lace innic. <>n tlio low body was a t>orU.o oi moire, o.lg.i 1 with dowers, and covered by b!*ch Ucc u> mat h the ?klrt, w.th bouquets on the shoulders, and in front a. ccro net of small roses formed the ootffuro. Tlim, if possible, war sutpa.' ie<l by a draw of tulle HJu non, with tlve hemmed skirts over white satin. T'je low body was ornamented by an empress wreuth ol ivy, ending in long sprays, falling on one side un<l raiding flit skirts. The headdress was long tulle barbos, separated b? a cache p*igne of ivy. An eiceedmgly rich drees ni of mauve tafTotae, witb four lkmnces eovwed with poiiit d'Angleterre, mid aurmounted with a wreath of very pniall lilac marabouts. ?>n the lower body wax u berthe of Laflctan, covered wiui lac-. Thin was rouoded behind, and tormou rivers in front A very delicate trimming ol marabout* surrounded the t >p, and was l In is bed .n front in a mull toft. Two rows Of thie tame trimming across the hair, witb ?mall bunchne oa either side, composed the headdrew. Another was of whit" gros de Tour*, w'tli a sitglo akirt, ornamented by wide qulUei of gruen ioaves and rod herriea. Tbeae iniUee were, vary ?1<tu at ?' tXv.Xt i:.?l gradually decrcaeed In li/e towards the mill. TUe tow body was acc* mpanicd by revors, which, itilcd, were only & cootlnuauon of the i|ullea, tbo rU>iu?cL< r ben* termed of tulle bouillonn. The coiffure wis com;*);i-d of red berries, placet! quite at the* buck of the head, and so delicate as ?o resemble it net? irk. Two very dlaLuguiabed foreign vialVera were very elegantly dressed. One had a dress o sky bluo nmr untwine. wi'ha doub.e skirt; the upper one c.igea with ruche a U vicillo, of wide blue and silver ribbon, an 1 covered by a tunx of ootnt d'.Al> nccii. Sb'irf b< iH'jmo sleeves. with ruches and lace. M t> >4 was pointed, and trimmed in front with a bow ol bin and silver rib Is in, the eoda o' wh.ch reacted tb bottom ol the upper ?kirt. The headdrea* wa^ formal of two bands of nauow blue ami rtlver, hold by a tuft of blue marabouts apotted with silver. The other an I younger vi?iter ? a (Ires-Mil ,u a sc.* green moire antique with Uirte tlourc- a of double crupe, the same color ai th iirtM. Th '*? wer<< covet e j by black lit <- flounce-, n?ado I by a )>af*tii.et.u*rie compo-cd of bead* in tassela fallm { ob the lace. in the low 0<I > was a berthe of bla> k laci fastened by taw-cla of gre?n b-ala. Tie.' hair w.u dress ml ?:ih a wreath of leaves an 1 *'ring? of beads. The lady at wbof.- bouse this elegant vseinbloge nH woreawulte satin dress, ?ith a plain rkirt, trimtiml en tablier * itl. frtlls of Kn? lish laee, fa-tei.ed at the sldce by agral < ( iSeries. Over this skirt was uooUi-r of butter cup colored moire antique, ripen in front, and surroun-led by a frill ol I ngll <h jk ?, surmounted by a rich euibroido ry in perles. T! e low body w as of the same material as the <i]x-n skirt, with a lace berthe fastened on tlie houl ders. and in front by agrafes, to nutt. b thiwe mi the -am skirt. The sleeves were very short, and hid under the berthe. llie headdress, which whs lioth slmnl* an I graoeful, was formed by |>erlo* plaited in with the h\ir, and hang'ng oruitm> nts on each able. A very yinuig and charming lady was dre aed in a robs of tuile, with lour double tulle skirts, the llrst and lltlrd white, the second and fourth pink, which had a very good effect. The low body waa folded and on. a in sated by tin eniprefs wreatn of pink and white snowdrops, reachiag n?arly to the bottom of Uie skirt, where it dm-ihsd in a rich agrafe of firmer*. A cache peigne of pink arc I white snowdrops formed a very amiable coiffure. (hir attent . n may now be given to the dearr'|>lioa of several walk jig dicaae*. > irst of all, we notice one of sapphire blu< lulbiaa, the aklrt covered by eleven narrow flounce* edged wiUi v ry narrow guipure. A hand of black velvet, i.early an inches wide at the bottom and two inches at the top, war placed over each team, partly covering the flouncea, and edged on each aide witb narrow aure. fbebody waa high, and trimmed on the front and ; i' the height of a I iw body, with Ave frilla, edged with guipure finished on the atdea A very narrow revera, trimmest with guipure. Tbia would be lose dressy made in black taffeta". but still very elegant. With it was w >rn a barqumc of black velvet, re?< hing nearly to the bottom of the dress, Ir mined round with a broad guipure pteeementerle. the pattern being In medallion*, derreaa.ng in fiae toward* the want in front Kxceaaively lull bishop uleevsa completed Una handsome and i omfortible baamine these were ornamented w*th me iallinna :n guipure The bonnet was blue velvet, the Maty Stuart abs|<e. w>th a faxitbion of velvet, trimmed, aa was the rartun.wth wide ciiimire A ilenil fall of the um<> tarj* iiu fb*liti.isl If. cud the front edge of the boon* l The two following dreaxep have latoijr been w>>m by * (attainable brunriic The nr?t was of iron grav grnm de Toura, with a double akirt. the lop <<n? trimmed ? th I?r>> Moaner* * ion | !y htmmfd Thi? dr. M waa quit* i la n n it e tront.Uiat la to ~a?, the plaiting commenced un ler the arm*. tm each n<le of th? from breadth were arranged Inar ngia of ruby velvet miged with U.11 la. Tinfattened by WaMl button*, and trUrm-il wth ruby volvet Inaeage* Th* aleovwi were?pM an.! u large lint pi? ortamented with loecnga* of velvet, c< rnneni of at the aboulder and Inrreaeing la ?l*e towar la the ii 'iuo of the aleeve. t?tar lhi? waa a v hi-t ihr.wl The 'no not w*. white royal velvet. th* front and curtain edged w<th ruby velvet Round the rr<i-*n ?a* a wa'.e bin:* of mby velvet. Anifbcil on one aide by a double rmjue, with long ejjdt, and en tb? other aide by a tuft of taenia. TVe a?< 'md wa* emerald gieen moire antique. with wale quilU* of black velvet edgoo wiUi jet taaaela. <m tlx I rout of the body waa a atomacWr of biark velret. al?? edged with let ta^.rle, lorm ng a wa.Mnat Th< bodjr had email ba?qn?? reaching only U> the qitiUea, am' I >rinjhg a double point tn I root The ba?.,xa and poinla were nlpi wtth Jet t*^el?. The litem were e? c?**ively ferce, w,lh velvet revere trimmed with t???*le. With Ibta droaa wa? worn a lamqiir of black velvet. trimmed with fur, and a fur bertha. The Ix-nect waa white vehet, wttn a king almdad green feather placed roend the front " die Th* curtain waa edged with green velret, and covcred with a broad bkmde a blonde to match waa faaiened round the front. A handsome hi*. k ?i in dre * waa made with . * double ! kirt The body wae plain, and without ba. quea, forming a alight point in front. fhe eleere waa wide and open, allowing the ?iiwlett. wlileb wm tight, with a email reverae cuff, trimmed with a rm ha, k la vtelle. The inaide edge of the open aleeve wm ai*<> trimmed with a ruche to tuatcii. and lined with whll? mo.ro. Hie collar, etiffa and jnbot were of point d'Aleac on. A maglulb ent bur??"t? of i.lack velvet, trimmed with the aibeiine marten. now to faatilettable, completed the r?. */ rrKe toilet Another waa a dresa In 1'toa.l -itrlpea? violet and black. The violet was moire, and the bite* eatin. The ?*irt wa< inutile the mitier one ornamental ?ii>. ,i~,n i friiite. The body ?? high. without barque. The R:iph%cl bertbe ?nil jockey wore formed of cheallie frtnce, to (Ml "li tli* *kirt Over Uitv wan a ?hawl ot vrh et. erobroi.lerrd, and trimmed with * broad guipure, mixed wtth jet 1>aaid*. Thr bonnet waa bla< k velvet, wi'h a -twrf of violet velvet finished Willi a fringe the curt tin wv edged with a teia* of violet velvet A very elegant dree* wm c< emerald green, #mbos?ed with mental I ton* c4 black velr* woven in th<- material The ikirl alm?* plain. We lay alowwt plain.be cause on each side of the front breadth wan a millle of tatnped velvet of the nm? i*tt?m an the medallion* in th< dri?* The high body wae cn>en *n*irnr half the height, -will trimmed round with 'tamped velvet. A double bouillon, with a (Vtll rut square iind trimmed wtth velvet ta match that on the body. The burnous *v black v*hst, trimmedwith chinchilla Pile is a fur whl? h has been lor some time past but Itttla worn, but hi now adopted by several fa?hlonabla ladle* The bonn?t wa* wb*e rojaj velvet, wNh acrvwo of green velvet. [era: 53. i A very simple yet pretty drees of silver gray; !>? skirt ' crnasiented oy tfcreo deep flounces, edged w ife a broad blue velvet triBge ahe high body waa tnmined with brandotxinrg* ot Dlu* velvet. fringed a', the ends. The ftmiluo \?hb 1?>iik?male <?f liMtck velvet, iriuini**<t with fwr. TN.> hauttft wax white, quilted with a be?d in ?aeh iqtmro, t rnaraeutert with a blue leather on the tide. We saw recently h charm i g robe dc chambre, of brown fi'k, lined w!U? piusn of the same color. Th3Hiia[>*of ihi? dress du very graceful in the front. The body and Fkitt were without join at tho waist, hut from the a >*m uLder the arm it was stt in very large round plaits. A bertbe uf brown plush, pointed In front, au<l at tho back fulling like a small cape. The drew ojien In front and ! lined with plash. A pretty little cap, of tog ish lace, trimiiM-d with light blue ribbon. Collar aud cuff* of One quiitirg, with black velvet eboes trimmed with rosettes, completed this 'hxriniiig toilette. A white eschemire .ircaa was lined with whites:lk, wadded and quilted. Down the front, and round tho slecvea knd pelerine, a blaia fold of pUld silk. Saab and bow at tho tnroat of plaid ribbon. The front bnudth of tho under skirt trimmed with small tucks and rows of Valenciennes laoe. Sleeves and collar of embroidered cambric, trimmed with Valenciennes lace. Plaid slippers, trimmed with ruche* of ribbon. Bonnets aro worn decidedly larger than they were In the summer. The Mary Stuart is, without doubt, tho fa varite. They art) still much made In two i-olora, which, when well chosen, have a pleasing effect, lace is much BMd in the trimmings, and the strings arc worn very wide, rounded at the ends, and ndged either Willi taffeta* of another color, velvet or narrow blonde. Amongst the newest bonnets have seen, was one of black velvet, trimmed on ono side with long Scotch heath, and on the other with a barbe of lace, placed bajk,and tailing over the curtain. In the cap u double bow. without ends, of plaid velvet, trimmed with black lace. Ulaok velvet strings, edged with plaid. Another was edged with light blue velvet, the front being mode of quilled blonde, raised at each sido by a chicoree of blue velvet; tho crown, formed of four rows of velvet about two Inches wide, > dged with blonde, and crossed ono over the other, and falling In long ends over tbe curtain. Wide tarings of velvet tdgM with blonde. Tiie third was a quilted satin bonnet of two shAdea, trimmed with a superb fanchon of black lace. Bandeau plaited across the front, terminating on one side in a long end trimm?d with lace, and fastened with a jet buckle; on the other side a bunch of small pink roses. Evening coiifures have lately engaged much of the attention of our modiste*. The be rot has again mado its appearance, nnd is certainly very becoming to some faces. w i) wf win aescrioe i wo iroru uiwc wr bkw. The first wkh made of pink velvet, surrounded with torsade ol' the same color, trimmed Willi marabouts, icnger ou the right Hide, and ou the lefi mixed with euda of velvet. The other vu made witli a rctllle of jet. <>ti the right side a long liaw of black velvet, aud on the left a silk fringe. Under the brim, bundles of roses of two colm. Another style of ooiflure, very elegant, wh- a 1 domic crown, under which wm plaaed a wreath of leaves, in the middle of the bioadu watt placed a velvet dahlia, of two shades of green, and on each side foil loug gian mixed with heath and red berries. One, tn a similar ttyle, we admired rery much. The crown was of OVrlso velvet, covered with a blonde in deep scallops, allow roe the velvet between. A plait of velvet acroes the head, and bunclioa of aorbler ant leaves falling gracefully on one side; and ou the other a bow of cense velvet mixed with blonde. The coifluree of flowerti are principally made round; bill as tl.'s style ui'e* not suit all faces it in by no means utiiv?TFal. (Sold, nlvcr aud pearls arc much used, with flower*, rr.poludied amber is almost ax much used m headdresses an coral, and wr.b charming taste Wo have m-n cock, coral arid balls of amber mixed with tlowora .ltd leaves, n, garlaada m vUiMBtoaa ataed with branches of coral; and ball* of amber with pink tulips. It is impossible to (five our reader any juat idea of the |*f*edtlon at which some of our tlorists luive arrived, not ot !y in the fortr. hut also In the arrangement of flower*. Those BKKt In favor Jttgt now are the elJor flower*, Jeam jio. myosot-a, dahlia, whit* lilac, pink heath, cameluis, and lieart'a eaae. Sometimes the wreath is couiposod entirely of one kind of flower, mixed with coral, amber, or tat*eta ct gold or diver; tap others, of various flowers. Thus, white, lilac, pick hnMn, and catneliaj, of nrlNI c hades, or jasmine^ myoeatis, and heart a eaae. Bur ties of blonde or lace are Jfiueh worn, mixed with velvet or ribbons; and leng ta-HJli are aa much worn as N at tiers n full drugs. Fluaniial New*. (Prom the londou t,lol>e, leb. 2.) NotwltbatuiidinK the approach of the 4lh ol' the month I there i" no perceptible alteration In the demand lor di?. OMt and ibe tendency in the ratc? charged tor accom [ mo !.ump? In i-t< nrtlly to decWoe With uii lie rnh>u^ 1 >r> !* of in?-..|>T>e?i4 m> mm atid a urtaile t iti-j-nr> . tho j| term* hill broker* and others arc willing Ui ae.ept arc not Kirrerued by the mlulmuDi. which uo longer c.ta bo con rtderwl the index ol the money market. uor will any charge occur in thir rc*pect until iiuch tima ax traile ?lutll buy reejvered from the paralysing influence of the re i i '.t erieif. .-?me month* mn?t elapee before pruM|wrily m rt'tcrwl, and In Uio meanwhile, although new undei- | i? r i;e urn1 exttnatve InvewtmentH will al>?orh a i.iri<>s aj^regMe amount, a continuance of eaee duty ).? t'li.rulrU-d u|on. Thr same leaturc* ure apparent in tho tutted States and on the Continent ?h.e extreme haa been q lieklv folio we. I t>y th* other, but 'be traiiritMin lias been at tli<-<:x|~ n? M>t commercial crod It, which, ]nrhu]w, never in the liiatory of trade ha- received audi a violent shock. The Fame revtilxioti having taken place in all the princ:)?al centre* <>t commerce, 4 ti n. porary check Imm been ?i\en to mercantile priori**, j ct d In every direction the ?|i?ntMU eWmted from day t ) 1 oav >Im>w a remarkable reduction when compaied w th I thoec of the r rrcMpondinf pcrMd of Iwt year. Kot tho i present, and for *ome time to come, however, there wi.l | M anriaik iI^inoI coowiatiou In kinwiog Uiat tran<- j acti< na.nlthe gh <> 11 u<h circumscribed, are of a legiti1 male character, baeed on a mire Inundation, and mixed | ?t I i"j erulat 'yo ??r terpru e, Aft'r Mich a degrading ex pot-ure, the accommodation aystcm will be abnnjied a'. ua?t voire yean*; for the lesf-oa ha* been to InatrucUvo that coin|?aiativcly few won Id be |>old cbi'iigh u> alien pt a car'-er aucb aa that which br>? led to th'i lailiire of numerous mercantile e^tablinhmenta during tie last Uirte month' P.ven If they wtre in:lmed to an eo.lt may be nue-tioncd whether the opposition whcti ibt bank* and discount firms would manifest would not , wholly frustrate their endeavor* In thia way trade will t>e kept healthy, and alien the chief market- of export? via, in India, Aaatralia and America?become more active, a policial improvement In bunincaa will eiiau*. Ihe proin III rl afbil.' IIIIW e Xi , I 1 'lll|Kiriltl'ely littm mflueiire upon the current valuta ot the lutida, but aa the terms decline prion* will probably advance, urilma political events occur to iin|?;se a check. Home an*)"ly la felt inapeetiBg the earlier proceeding* in Parliament m connection with In lia and tbe expected loan, and thl< pre venlo increased buoyancy. At tbe i*m<' time, however, aa nothu.tf ot an unfavorable character m anticipated, the quotation- remain very llrm. Consols lb* moraine bav.11 been at an advance ot % per cent, vl/.., !'6\ a M|| for tranarer. arid W> . aWi>, for Uw> 4Ui of March. The new threv per tent* are 96>t a ttt a, and lit* redirt?d v> , a T1IB LATEST XXWR. I.ivdiivi., leb 8, 1M The Hrazil mail ateamer reached ."Vjulhampl * in Jay The datea from Rto ar?< not telegraphed ( ode"- m dull ud nominal Tb? itock wm large, i reighu and irmlo were generally dull LATft-T MARKET Bit PORT. IjTOKnjot, Keb. a?I P M. nwuMnrm of alt kind* very dull, and no b prMPing I'm iv mm** w.thout i hanff Otto*.?1The market la Armer Price* ateady I'r ?ha. ble ante* for tbe day <>,000 lo 7,0<"0 b*Je? RICHAKDPK.V SI'KVCK * CO. liorruov Feb. 3? V?>n IoMote lor money, and for aocaii.t. 96'? a ?V City Intelligence fovrmrvo o? a jihiw ?Yeeterdar the cRv ? a tiaited with the nearest .ipptuta to a ?nnw Murin wo havn had Una aeaeon It commenced pretty well, hut lagged it iK*>n, mi I tli< n i?>n m< no-d in tbe afternoon Willi great fury. At thin time it really looked a* though wa were aliout to have an old I a* hi' >ti''d wl?t?r snow stirm, ami the fast young ( "fir of both *ojrn were felicitating ibem-clvc* oo tlm pro-pet of a ?M|pilnir r*mtral, with all tt? a< mBpiojWMi of turnout* or the avetiu** i-ourt me an<l riding. bu talo -kins. whtakey rkton, aii<l Tun gau<rail). la the after tmon a few ventureamne p*<>pte brought ctit their alcigh*. bit even Rr-iadway ?a< found a hard road to Iravoi, an<1 the artatr wa* a lailura. Abwtduek the wowcw<i falltn? an<l a line hail M In.aad Uv proupcrt la*t night ?a* thai the enow ?v>rm which prom> well would turn out to be a humbug oC the Drat water?in tart. what tbey call In the c^antrv a "aiijmr | bow . which i* aft to dissolve in rain and mild. It how i ever leaver the city in a moat filthy condition and iV< debri* will be Willi u* for a week at low* the |iooc i ln.r??-(i In Broadway bad to -um>r yeaterday It in mu matrd that at leaat two hundred slipped oa the pavement. I and the drner* were at length compelled to urn lata (he ulile street*. The Hue* pavement is terribly severe on hnrne flesh The city car* were also mm h itn|>ed?d by the alipj'ory condition of the atreeta and the Impediment* i ai med by the Know Tv* Trim Mi Vtwntan.? The commitOeon the reoe|?Uon of Rear Admiral Mahommed I'arha looked aa If J<ey wor,a little disappointed ye*terdar A few of th<-m (rot to i getiier and fiMWM reason* why llie Admiral wa? not a i l#**enger by tlie Baltic, but agreed, by way of consnla in n, that they may feel certain of hi* presence in the city i wh< n the Africa arrive*. Tlie Africa will arrive here I probably about Tuesday n?tt, when doubtb*** the com- t rnlttre will be affhrded an opportunity of extending tber I h<?<pitalltiee to the Admiral ?nd hi* suite. Tim committee r redioo* on the presence of the Seventh regiment at the i rtawtabarkalioti, bm cannot he fully certain on that point f until tbey have another interview with the ufflnrrt of that r <or|* t MartiM o? *vt> Ptrra H>*< im> ? A meet mf f of the member* r4 thia trade took pis- e la*t evening, at ? the I oion Hhade*. ftl I toe.. street .loseph > ate? wa? una t nimouely electod to the chair, He mated thai the meeting ji wa* called in order that all the member* of the trade j might be afforded an oppoetun ty of l<ecommg member* of ? ?r * *<? lalloti which l? to be formed tor the pronation of c taodard price* of wage* in the tr*d?^a !*everal of those T prrsent then ?n rolled their name* an mJ^nbera of the new t aasocia'.wwi, and an adjournment ?ook placa MM Monday ? etfhjsg tot l LD. PRICE TWO OK NTS. THE ADMSSIOS OP KlXSifi. The Beport of the Majority of the Senate Committee on Territories. PRESENTED TO THE SENATE FEB. 18, 1860, The Committee cm Territories, to whom wa? referred the memage of the PronMent, communicating a r.oncUtatlos for Kauum an a .state, adopted by the Convention which met at 1 wornpton, on Mondaf. tho 4th of September, 1867, having lia<l the same iinner con-uderat.ju, .n?n?cted Senator Oreeu to r^jmrl ? By the treaty Willi Kranee made on the 30th u ay of April, 180^, known an the louisisna treaty, Kan'uuf wan acquired, Kith u special stipulation for the protection of the rights of the inhabitants. aixi tor the admission of such Slat. - its might be lorm?d out of thai Territory into the Union on an equal footing with the ordinal states. Thia >olin.n treaty obligation Inn lioen heretofore faithfully observed, anil the SUt.-ri or Iomsiana, Missouri, ArWaiu<aa, bu<I Iowa have been respectively admitted into "Jie ! nion, and another (art of the Territory aoquire.il under thai, treaty, Included In tie proved State of Minnesota, is now about to b9 licewi.se admitted. Kansas has the 'amn right to expert the same treatment in the fuliUment oi -acred treaty obligations, made *lth out of the first p iwers of the world. In vliw of these obligation*, and In strict cotformity wllh the uniform practice of the government in fiiitilment. thereof, citizen 1 of tho United States have sealed in Kan aa*,under the just expectation of liavmg a SuVi organza tion Aud to protect the people and enable Win u> prepare for such an organization, Con cress, on the 30th day ot May, 18M, passed an act creating a government far that Territory. That act, following up the constant practice of the government, and in fulfilment ol the treaty with France, contemplates a change of it* lor in into that of a State, and for admission into the Cnion. Under the act ot Congress aforesaid a regular Terrlto rial government was organized, anil the people of tho Territory were thereby constituted a political oommunity, wnu inn powers 01 Kvvcrutiit in, suooruinate only to Ml)* constitution of Hut United SU?o%, aim proceeded to pasn laws for tbe protection of p< rsonn and properly, too validity of which cannot now b.? called in queetion. Soon after the Territorial government wont into operation, ii party of disaffected persons formed comb v\tk?n to resist the lawn and to set at defiance both the Territorial and United States government*. To that end they proceeded to form an orgamy iiion; and, although the imputation at that time amounted to lean than twenty live thousand inhaliitautn In the entire Territory , and they constituting a small minority of tbal nam ber, yet, in order to resist the legal authorities under the color of law, got up an illegal assembly at Topeka, and actually pretended to organize a State government; and thin, too, without a Congressional enabling not?without ihe ament ol the Territorial legislature?without a vote of the people authorizing the election of a Convention; but In disri -gurd < f all. That fame party bar been perv. Jtent in its illegal effort* to maintain its own organisation in violation ol law, and to defeat and prevent the operation of nil Iswtt and the settlement of all <| u stionH affecting live |?ace of Kansas. To accotnpiiRb It* cnim they concocted und clIectM a socret military organization of theti malcontent*, pledged to re?.et the legal authorities and actually received -'hariie's r.flee and other arms and munition* of war, which were sent oot Ircui >lu*sachum)<its and otbc r states by the so called l'ttiiyrant Aid Societies. to enable them to maintain tbotr forcible resistance to lawful authority. TTieco siemtie* bad previously sent out the w orst part of the spurious |iopulaUon ot Kan sax for the prof nssed and avowed object of esflnding slavery from the Territory. That attempt aujusIIv regarded as offensive to the Southern ^t.a?<n. Tlie people of the I'niled Mates, through their rej.i osootalives in Congress, eatahlifthed toe principle of atrtct non Intel vention on the aubject of slavery in the Territories and Stati s. The Supreme Court subsequently (uaUilned, by a solt inn decision, tbe same principle. Therefore, for Htatca, or societies chartered by States or any other combination,|to undertake to effect an object that fongrcM, the Supreme Couituid Ihe American people bait pronounced against, must, of neceaaity, have proved obnoiiou*. The action ol tbfae aoctetiex, in conjunction w.tb their affiliated orgaai/atioHi in the Territory of Kan as, crtatod a general commotion throughout the country, an waa U> have been expected. Chaiges and complaints were made on both s.dea, ud the whole subject was siih-e.|iiently brought befcro Oo?ire't, lor vn?ider?b0?. Tb* u<atter wan fully J!V*t> gated, ami the reg'da*. I< ral Territorial governmnnt wan oompli tely sustained and endorsed. Kver? dnpartmeat ol the federal government !n which this question hvt been considered bus pronounced the same ludgmnut in favor Of the Territorial authorities, and agitinet the part/ reflating its law*. A riport was made Iti the Senate on this aubject by Mr. I*otipla . t'? chairman of the <'wnmitt'-e charred wi^i tho nventipatton, In which lie (?y? ? Ihcpaaanfe of the Kansas N'ehraska net w in a' r~n ivinfy tesiaii d by 1*111" raotis who UhhihIii it a .'SI VI1 te depr va h-* people of new Matea and Terrltoriea of ilw uf St*u eijealiiv and self gnvrftiaii ut laau 10 allow iiiem to ti"CSU- ib? ?ln%er> uea'lon for tbcrnai lvea. a* every Siale .it th-: i'.iam had dot i . end aiutt reiani In iiodt uiabfe riuhi to ib/ao iota a* ihe eonaUtu ion ot the Culled Mai * shall be malntainad ..s Hie aupicmc 'nw of the hud King ing nppoaltl in n the prm e|pl? *, of tbe act unavailing In tbe hit it* ol (N I' crr"f I tr.; unite r thefoima of Hie coca Hut Ion < omldOKtlnns were mc-dl aiely enlereil inin in aome portions of iie I toon to c'Itrol lb.- political lestlmea ai d lo<in am regulate il.e |.>n call. In Uiliitloi.H nl tl|<i?e Terrtlorit ? an I ni'jrn Stale* liirivlf h the in him t)mi Knii*rani Aid >'s'iet|eH In r l. r uir em?i? ii 111 > Mil.i mln it in-> t? the tnoi meni, and ?nrr ir i l? * "b tbe col?.i ol lc?al au*hnrtly, an ac of liirnrfnrvl-iii n'wprirureit fiotll the l^fflslaluri et ilie State of Mvmrcliwtta. when a powerfuleorpo alien, wilt a capi tl ot lite n.. :an? of Uollara, uiv. sied In iM>ii?? a ami laudn. in merJ>aa<u?i and mills, in e?iini'n and rifli>?, In onrderiind l-'ad. Inalltfte in p>eui< n'a art, agrtculture and w ?r, and empui in< a cur reapon iin* aiimher of men all nuder tie manage i?n ii.n'rolrt nun real.lent dim inra and a'oeKbflld-'ia, who ar??w borl/ed hjr their charier to vote by pnmy Ui th. . >t> aiof ' liliy visea eai h, eulera a iliat.-ini and *para*ily ai'tli^d Tarr itory Willi.he tir.i purpoaaof wiel.|||i( ml ita p.,v\. r t" :uti'rol dnBieaili in-i luitaM and pol ral deeilniea..f the T.-rn'ory. Ii beeomea a i|u*atlnn of feartm imp "rt how ta.' ihe operatioaa of llieai m| anv n-e i umpatiMi * i h itv rleb'a and llhertles of the people WltAlcvcr may he the evrni nr llm't if t'on Rreoal'wal authority over l?e I errltnrien It |? a,ear ?!t*l n<? In otviduiil htnte haa tne riuhi to puit any l'iw ur autb irite any aci eoocartilnn or aOectiuti the T?rrtinrie? tahu b it miiht not eiiari iii relerince loany nilier Mat. It la .1 've!i aett|c t principle ot i"iii?lltiitioii.il law ill Ihla eoun ry. thai while all ilie Halca of the Union are united In on*. I ir i n pur poaea, yi-i eai h Utate, m reaped to ererythlig tv? h alrr. in ita i.ein??U< policy and Internal niw erna, atauda >n be re| i uon ol a Ion Inn power to e?er? oilier Sia1*. n<? fita'i haa a rl(fhi lo paaa any law, or do or auihurl/e any u : wiih a view to influence i r h.m?. ilie .lomi-ati poll y or any oiher Staii" or Ti rrliorv of the i'dwi, more fh\n it would with referewe to frame or Kaglan4. or any other f..r?/n Wale with aldih ?r are hi pen#. Ind-ed. ?very si?? ?f thia ciimki la nn4er liiflier otdl^nltnii* 11 iiliiervr a friendly foibenranoe ami keoeroiiacointty towards flack o'tt rne-n tier of ill" confederal y 'ban tb?i litwa of aallina can .ii.i'oae oil foreign htaira. If out nhdKxtion*. ari?ing under tho law of naii'ua, are no imperative to make tt our duly to enaei neutra.lty lawa, aim to ei*rt the wboh pown i?nd authority of the et??wttrw hraneb of ilie (ovi rnnii ni. Ini ludinc Ihe arm) and naty, u? i-Hi'i-r iik m iu imi-mmai; ' 'irrin/rn< inna imrn witn lbr ln'< rnal > "ti< rr>? of lomrn ("h'i a, r*n ih? iv<d? of riM-hr1*" .ti l lermorV Of ttW I Bl<? IH* l<*?l Wlp. r.UIVr, undrrib< led>ral rim?inu'lon, l?iilwr?? ?r *'< ? MtraUty in r> ?|??*'10'k?- ln?ltnin*a 'h? aeverai *tWFit and Tfrfl<Mli? TIkk'- PxlrM-ta prove the rhararter of tbe r??jt.iyt par ty In Kaneaa. Mid llluMrale it* irpo-?o from U>e beginning to U?e iirwtl time whlk tbe r port alao rnl!y ?u? Uiti? tbe regular, legal iwrnnwil, m b*??ir? ?tate-1 t'nder theee nrcumataaooa, and to thla nondtton of alTatra. n<l with theaa expr> * recognition*. the roffular, \?mt Territorial government r<*itiniie<1 to program, ail Uw population matinu&l to Increase, until It tu tx. avad the time had arrival for aiimuMM-n mt > the l n-m, In %. or?tanre with the provision* of the I s>uiau\na treaty, the obi h>rm practice <4 government, lh? prnvWtona of th? orgasm art, and the ju*t expectation* of the people ' ? U>? ? day of July, IMA, the regular I*k ?lature of the Territory jwcarrt an art to take the ?*o?r 01 the people on U\? ?ub)art of forming a Stole government. pi'caraory to admuwioo Into the I'nHto The election ?? beUi.aad a.argemalority voted la favor ol having a * onvenuoo to adopt a i on-titntioti?indeed, the vote wiy ulrm-l 'iaan m ?i* In pnr*uance o| wbieh vote ** territorial fegi?iature, <m the I'tli'lay of February pa aed a law tor taaiai dMMMM of the Mopto, lor makiag a regle'ry th* voter* and for tlie atectmo of d? i?^ate? to the Cooventioo Thla law la admitted to liava Ix-eo "Meted by lawful authority, and to be regit la', hi r and Junt In Ui prwrt aioti* Mr. (ieary, then "vertinr of KaiiMa. Te*??d tbe bill calling the Conx-i aPon , fur ? r?w<iQ th I L.lid oat require the > .neBtutiou, when framed, to be ? ilm. Ite l u? a vote of the |>eaple for adoption or rejection. The hill, however, wa- r*onaiJered in ea<h H?a*> and |w?M>l by a two third* vMe over tbe veto of the f.ovnnor, anil th<? b?-< *m> a hin4ui|; law in lha Terrrtory The le(t ?lature, no doubt, K^Kider J It a ?o!ema doty In leaf.- tl.o tM-op p of the !' rntnry perfio fly frea, Ihr' 'gh tbe;r own 'lolejrmlo* in convention a^a<<mi>led, W> nrrni urn mi'ir "Wli ' f>OF1 IIUU'H 'II tdi rown way . kri'1 lirnt 'n| not uti'l'Ttake to lii'tato any ? ni-in art to be perforated br tbc peofdr'a rrprneenMlima whom authority >? ?nrh matter* *? rniUr than that ot thn Irgt-latnre If the I ?rr tould dlrr. t the tonreo linn what they ati<*ild <n i n on. nhu ?. t m f tit, with r?pi:?i |i?m>r??ly lnTrffiv. B nrnand* on all other imr> Ifiln. Tl.ie would have kfn * 1?(rrnnt >ola|ion of all rule* of ritil* ami of junto e to l*i? i?jple At the preceding <>l<< twin Ike peopte ha?l dl-O'lttd Iw Ie>r*lat> re to a law ralnn* a convention rf delegates, lo be elected ?IV the |"'npl<", f " the purj-we of adopting a rooatitnt'on, and II Uic l*?r I i*?ir?- lia.! gone boyiod the I* rft>rnia?t< of Ibrt irlMrt'rial ?<1. whtrh th? poupt* r* quired. it would have hM y regarded a* a violation uftlie people rtghla, a?..| an attenipt to i oer? e the .-on i entioti which the people were alx.ut to ele. t t,> rf flprt their own will. The repuhin an mstitnuona of the Imted Unit* a/i all 'axed upon the representative prin.-ip;* intend of morting In p? r?w a* did the penpie of Athena, in arge tiimnlliioiii aar-<mblHg<*. where uo r?rta n Itw-Vton >n anythlt ? r<uld b* had and wher* liberty itaalt wan It mat- i J I oat, the people of the Mver%l -lalea of ?Hir lappy I n>? n hare rboeen rather to delegate a ithori'.y to ri.re*et,iati??? who ahoold art tor, and to the name and leYalt ot the people, in pnbl'r political matter*. Hher, in mak tig rnnMifcition* or la the pM nge of lawn for the regiiiMwHHi and government f aeriety The pnnnple ia observed n all nmr innita iona, Ptato and federal, and tim* far in our h??nry tun rro\ 1.1 faithful and *' i til M pr< t' rtirg the rights of the aoole, and bt nrfV il ID avowing the tumultuary moha ?tx-h dirgraced the t.re a> rt\ ' - and ?'-me of our iwn larger citte* (tut whether the representative prln. ipla or the per-~onal i*?ociatirn in assemblies he tb? letter system, it i$ not for the committee to d*?ide ft : ufltrtent If either one be aitopfM and pursued by the 'tuple, ar m lift cate of Kairae. an 1 the selection ?f th?