Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1858, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1858 Page 2
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_2 Vftien, (Urt U ou ctBMt strong enough U hoil R together under ell Urowmnn, ud that cem-xit gentlemen, u ft comm and universal Matt Mt of reverence is every part of the country for the chfti aoter and thr services ftftd the principle* of VT?ah tngtun (Apptaase ) Yet, gentlemen, If the ittne thtll be eenonaly preeonted to the oo Ml deration of toy portion Of tint country, I venture the prediction now that no Slate Of this Union, in any combination of circumstances which can be reasonably foreeeeo at likely to occur in the tide tftime. will be found ao regardleM of her own name and ler ow* honor and her own interest, as by any act of se Mraboa to deprive berwelf of her equal and lawful nortu t> V the fiat of George Washington (Applause ) It to not t>7 purpose to give you a speech for which the quiet labits of my life bare entirely disqualifled me. and when Hook round and see ao many coouemen bare more competent to address you Uian I am, I (W), even were I competent to do ao, that It would be improper to trespass further upon you (Cries of "(Jo on," "Go on ") I will, therefore, conclude with a sentiment ?"The Suiter States of the American Union, equal copartners ta the fame of Washington?They will prefer ? just and undivided preaerration of the whole to a partition or the inheritance " (Applause ) The next toast was? The States?Trees in tbe Gar.lea of Kdeo, each yielding fruit after its own kind, and God saw that it was good. Awnasw H H nswarx., Keq , of Georgia, being loudly called upon, said?Mr. lYeaioent and gentlemen: If Geor giabad any other ropressntetive faeie te night I ehould certainly hare sought to escape the responsibility of re wpomiiog to the oall made upon me I am able, bewever, to congratulate myself upon one thing whioh I am happy to see and that a that there is in almost every heart here a willing response to th? i ue conservative sentiments which have been ottered here tanight, and the great principles which it was the part of Virginia to have promulgated Beally, gentlemen. I have been overwhelm ed wth gratification at the propriety of both the toasts which you have just offered They are appropriate on Una -.ccaaion at tba celebration of the natal day ol our groat and good Washington. As far as his fame u knows ?and the most ignorant are famfliar with It In this eoun try?nothing can be better understood about him than his devotion to this Union. (Applause.) How often did I ragret when I have heard the criminations and recriminations that have taken place between your representatives In Congress and elsewhere It to a source of regret to find them so ob l.vioua of those reflections and considerations which would have given them charity one for another, and the sentiments which have been offered I think appropriate and proper, when there are gentlemen present from the free aa well as the slave States We might make some allow ance for the sentiments entertained by many of our North vm inwoi la rrgwu w uui iuiwiumvub ubto jwu "? V1 red toted that. perhaps, were you bora ud educated at the North, and brought up from childhood to manhood amid all the association* peculiar to that section, you would have been aa tht northern men are prejudiced against the Soutn. Hare the gentlemen from the northern Stales ever reflect ed that had they been bora at the Soulh, and reared at the South, thai they would have been perhaps aa great Oreeaters as any amongst us. (laughter and applause ) This fact, if properly reflected upon by every man, would in dace him to receive with many grains of allowance whatever he may hear from an opponent in sentiment and political economy. I wili not detain you with a speech after the examples of brevity that hare been set me by the distinguished sons of Virginia who have preceded me, and whose eloquence it has been my privilege to listen to 1 will conclude with a toast which 1 trust will meet with the approbation O' all present. It is, " The Memory of Washington and the Union of these States-?1 atll the tlrst shall perish may the last flourish ' (Applause.) The next toast was? The Orator of the Day?His great and noble thomes were with a master's band, bis pictures vie with the majeetic status. Tho Hon R M. T Hunter was loudly called upon to respond, but the President informed the assembly that he had left, whereupon? The Hon. m. R U Garkictt, in response to a call, addressed the company in a brief speech, which his remote position from* the reporter rendered it impossible for him to bear. The honorable gentleman mads a warm Southern speech, in the course o! which he denied the natioim.ity of the claim to Washington's name and fame lie declared that they were the property of Virginia, and that the other States had no more claim to them than they had to the fame of Milton or Sbalupere. lie concluded with the following senl.ment ? Virginia and her sister States whose column she leads? Th" South first, the South last, and the South at all times The next toast ? Tor Poets of the Day?The muses strewed the monument With flowers, and the incense of patriotism sheds its fra grance around. .Umu Barjuin Horn and Joss R. Tnoxrgos, Esqs., re sponded in brief but appropriate speechos I UP I BWVI'WI ur?l gi?r Masiiachuselia and Virginia?The Revolution*!-? ti?s that united them still live in the hearts of our people. The Hon Eon ar? Evkrjcit rose la response to a call from all parts of the room, and after the applause which E*.i.;d lu> presence had subsided, he said ?Mr President an 1 gentlemen 1 thank you for this cordial welcome I thank you tor calling upon nan to respond to so welcome s toast Kr, the reverence ot Massachusetts for Washing ton and for Virginia, the mclher of Washington, goes back beyond these Revolutionary times which you have mentioned Yes, sir, further back than that Massachusetts knew and honored and loved Washington while the colors ol Prance yet floated over the bastions of Fort Dujuesne, while the red cross of St Osorge floated over the American oolonlet fro s Massachu aetts to Georgia Maat-arbuaetts loved and knew and booornd Washington, ntr. He cams to my own Boston as long ago as February, 1766. He cam9 to ua then, we knew nun then He was already known through out the colonies as the youthful hero ?' the seven ynnrn wnr. And, nir, when tha Revolutionary t me* came on, when the colomns flew to arms, and when the great and important question arose In the Continental Congress who. at this critical mnsture, should conduct the leg one of the sons of liberty in this war of isdspeadaace, MaasecbuseUs cast her voice and her tnflaencs is fsvor of the nomination of George Washington, flood applause ) Sir, she had her owe aoldr?m; sbr bad her own chiefs in the fleld In the ranks of Rogers?men who would troad with naked feet over the (rozesi fields of fake Cham plain? men w ho would thread the pathless forest?men who would storm the Citadel of Louisburg. aha had leaders of tried skill and valor, vet with al. these brave mna and brave leaders in the field, and at the risk of wounding the teuderest nerve in the breaat of a gent>man?the point of honor? nbe et II gave her suffrages tn favor of Washington?ah# sti! gave her suffrages for that hosored and noole chief (loud applsuse ) We like to remember his, and to remember thai wbea your great Virginia , brro cams te assume tha! all important trust, be did it under the shadow of the walls of our veoe rable university tn the ancient town of Cambridge We like to remember that be held lbs throes ot the eoemy beleagured in the town of Boston for several m uibs, and thai the first peat snreeas that he achieved tn the war was upon the heights that overlook our capta. (loud applause ) Borne of the foreign writers tell vie that Washington was no mllttvy rapt an Maesaehu sew*, sir. knows beIter. Nearly within sight of wfiere yru stand?my honorable friend says some vhere In this neighborhood?with his milltis fresh from the plough, un |ir?iW fill) ordnanfle, out ot ammunition no Kepi mc royal forree at bay for nearly tejlre mirnib* Mm** cboaett* behold* another monument of hi* genlu* on to* height* of ltorrheeler, wnere be achieved one of the oobleet eucceaeea of the Rerolntton (Applausp ) I reed a few weelu ago, sir, a pemage ts a trench work, in wh;cb It *u etated that WaebiDgton coul'J LA bar* con ducted the French army in tbe greet campaign of 1812, which wae tbe moat stupendous military array ever wit Dewed It we* led us thirteen column*, each column couponed of one hundred mm pen lee ft we* stated that WwhiBnino could not hare conducted that army to Ruaata I do not koow wbo bee any rigbt to aay that, I do not know on bat principle of probability or cam ram aeoee, or law or juatioe. you can aay that a man wbo had bmo^ anccwafu ruler orer a few would not bare heeo a anr manful ruler orer many But tbia I will aay, that from tbe tuperionty claimed for Napoleon on tbe grotml thai be roe due tad that great army to Rueala tbore m i? be made a ehgbt deduction, and that U that be did not conduct It out again (langbter and eppleuae.) How errr that may b*. Washington bimaell raimly contemplated the probability that he would be brought into per eonal mil lion with Urn dreadful Napoleon I beilera that a a fact in b? b story in w?|*h at lent on baa net been properly green Ten might recollect, te that jmiI war into which we were about to fall With our aac eat all lee, when our council* were dmtrarled by dome*tlo feud* that W aehtngton-after facet ring the WJ* of Lieutenant Geo# ral, whtrb weenerer before bat la one other I lis Inner roof*rred upon aay military rb-eftnio?eaid that "If aa tnvae.oa tt aiiempied tbe enemy moet nerer be perwrtted to geia foothold on oar eborea take w.ta that a memorable erp-easiou of hi* in a letter e Wtaa by btm la Utr Preeideot of tlM I'nM Haifa thai tb* Kraarn baa adopted lha t ra^t** ( ad wtib a?Wdu?h'ng ?ocoane) of ptariag thair armi? uadac Onwrbii af yarn?]* yanrt and Wn?h tigb.n tnt' mated thai If an army ted laodad upon our boms it wntild ter* been M by Ihf ynvagaat M<1 moat roorrasfu! Of (irD*raU MBd that ha himaaft would barf ba*n bmoght into parwonal ool sl?f) wfth that grrat man Mr Pra?idaot, ! join with al my h*ar1 in Ibt njbla rnmmamnratioa o< tb? O'-ar -n wh b ha* caliad tin tngrthrr Virjr ota hat b?an aaKad lastly tba Moth?r t4 Putaa. ao-1 if m*n wb<i tiara i .atty baar eaUod 'talesman but lhara laobf bonoi thai ?h<- ?baraa with h*r *t>tar* ia tba oonfedarnry Toil a , it? land ftnnr lha (mpx* In UK jsv ?r cirtiln, bob'U ?ta attar hmrnt e lb* .Id Hate* and, sir. I might aay thai thrrf m nog <-,* ,* u,. qf ih# ?bt thirteen. or many of Uta mw. thai cannot bna*t of graal maa hot to Vff f r a bfinoga the mromparabla and dwtiDrtwhad boaoi of nartag prodaead the graatrat nf man, whn?a prr rtnf 0- i. a ah, without aery, adm't? n wboaa fame it ra tha i oa-oaat draira to ba allowed, aa fallow cltltaa* to partlel pair (Applauaa ) tor, yon bara doaa wall to comma morata tb:? graal and booorad aoo f rajotoi that ym ha c dona d by th ta ant of a natlrc artbtt I raj ?)< ? Uiat yon hava found tn on* n* oar own natira olltxana at artint with the gaalail ta ooacarra and tfca tasta to atacnU the worn (Applattsa ) Ob* that Crawford could bavt hrad to wnnaaa tl?a triumph af thi* day Oh that lb a j raaa might po r ona drop of balm into tba baart if hn widow (Applaona ) ?r, whan 1 traea (bat giftet aeuljtor from tba commanramant of ht? raraar?whan tn' ow him fro? tha aa'ly prodact < n of hfi ' angel* ' tb< bint* of bring contain porn"**. h? ftrphau*, hut latai w Tk# tP flyraa and gro?|a tr Uu padlmant o* tba aontb art ? g of tba r*t< nnns of tba (fepitol at Washington and tba tub'* ?tntu*? of Jefferson and Hrnry whirl al'imdy adorn yf nr oobla monumaot?when I aaa him w ?a- -1 eg from g >>ry to glory, and surce** to avion?**, til br ha* raac!f* Uir apai of hi* art and repletion In tbt I bebo.rt h m r-nf f;t m tttf he? nrijtf, a*cen<1:e< trow triumph to triumph. a? it la Mi of ftudiaa wlK carved the ?o?a and #*v? to fhympw * Jove? m n fanei f- ir th? uif f ? m ?. g 'd?'t l.? rtiantr| hatif t?">r )$& a! the--ca-?f ?." *? vm nverpoa errd al IW by the tranv?ndaet jio'.? < f ti at matrble?? wo'b of art 1* it fanciful to ?urt" *' that tt)? (fic.Mi %r jiptof, oh* men much m< fe that mi ordinary mar.. wuo peDetrairi pc fmurh deej*r Into the eacred nijater-ei of cKprejatot wh eeegpc mocb blfber t< the throne ui heaver bit c* - i r?rrin( thmcb'-* bad character, aod ftfimi fron ito t-faia of Muntp. a rbvolotiob au-.eoaafuii/ fjo tutted an ?vt>itno wia-ty framed, a (foTarnoiant palrigtteall] dtr ?a?red, Ml! dafted erecy |lae?e of that d'vlo faoe -ta ft meea fancy to ear that the anted erulftor tiki Ui? (fftad poat of " Paredlar I/*t" M? it b'aee with etoaaa of lt|rht, An' r.aaod fata eyee In eadlcne r.ifht' (Y>mtoao loua apy ?<ua ?htch ouottaued ror pararai m ) I aa h ad 'aafeoaad u k kt a batara I N] in monuments. ! brieve la tbe gr*ulto u4 marble; I believe in moc ueenta, and I regard them as one of the aobleet eaerotoee of getunt, teste and skill in a highly advanced etnge of civilisation But, air, they are mure than One They embody higher elements. Thev are the embodlmeul of patriotism, truth, fidelity to country and eervioea for the common good. I ull yon that as long as that noble work shall brave tne anew* of winter and the heat of summer, if the arm of flesh shall ever fail to surlaui you, that rigid arm will buoy you up and be a terror to traitors (Loud applause > I tell you that thus dor more furious than the elements will clotae tbe neck of that war boree to strike terror into the hearts of the eno nvt> ot the Union nud the constitution. (loud applause.) I will save a little voice for what awaits me to morrow: and 1 beg leave, therefore, simply to conclude?(cries of I '-(In on ffnon"i^iith thn fnllnwin* u*ntm<>nt _ Virginia, the mother or Washington?She honor* herself in the honor that ?br pa^s to her great men. nits was followed by thunder* of applaose. The next regular toeat waa? Connecticut and Michigan?Virginia's aistera, who bare come with us to recall and reverence oar lather*' virtue* Gov. Holutt, of Connecticut, being called upon, saidMr Prestdewtand fellow citlseas; I came from Connecticut to Virginia to acquaint myself somewhat more than 1 have been acquainted with the Old Dominion, but more especially to eee this beautiful ceremonial, to mingle with my fellow citizens of thin vicinity, and to participate In the feetivities of this occasion, and I am'ooastramad to confers to a deep feeliog ut diffidence on rising to respond to the compliment which has been passed to my native Stale, whose representative I hare the honor to be on this oocaaion, and especially as, after you have tiateael to the gentleman whose oratory baa moved multitudes throughout this whole Union. (Applause.) I am constrained also to confess to a feeling of pride and pleasure in res pending for my native Stale, if I shall but succeed in doing justice to the expression of her sentiments and feelings. Mo call ever made u|iou her to render aid or contribute to the glory and good name of Washington was ever passed unheeded by her citizens. (Applause.) His name and tame, his birth day and his history, his deeds of glory and counsels of wisdom, his services in the guidance and direction in infancy of Una republic are as ramillar to the oitltens of Connecticut as household words (Applause.) I am here to testify to her appreciation of his worth, her attachment to hit name, and her affection for his memory. (Applause.) And, Mr President, I know that a feeling and exuberance is felt which animates her and which gladdens me in being able to respond in her name, and to proclaim her joy, and which would at this moment, if possible, resound through out every valley, and reverberate from every mountain top throughout her borders. (Applause.) Sir, the fame of Washington (turning to Mr. Garnett) is not the property of Virginia alone. It i* the patrimony of the nation, and what more heQtUng than that representatives from the entire republic should oome up to the discharge of this duty and this exalted privilege of raising another monument to his name anl add to those which have alrealy been raised in various fbrms by our countrymen to perpetuate that name. (AppUuae.) Do wnat we may with the perishable material! of earth to perpetuate that noble name, the name and fame of Wash ington will brighten with increasing lustre aa they ptlss iiown the stream of time, long after yon grand pile rhall bare crumbled into dust. (Applause.) Cast ing my eye down through the long vists of cowing years, I see, in Imagination, what will be seen in reality?multitudes of oar descendants coming up to the celebration or this, his natal day, more Jubilant than we are, and prouder still of the rieh Inheritance of his tsme. (Applause.) We are prond, and justly so, ot the noble founder* of the republic; but we are eapecally proud of the history of Washington and his illustrious compeers of the Continental Congress and of the army. We coutemplate their < ounsele of wisdom, and their prowess in the held, with great exultation; and we delight in teaching our children to glory in such an honored ancestry. (Applause ) Will you allow inquire whether we, their deacendants, are leaving such a history as w ill be contemplated with equal delight by our descendants- t Are we not rather Indulging in sentiments that are leading to diasentions throughout the whole of our laud, which shall brisg a blush of shame to crimson the cheeks of our descendants* Let us ace that no such result shall follow. Let us see unto it that no deed ot ours ever dishonors a single page of our country's history, let us see unto it, that no act of ours ever I impairs the integrity of this I'uion. (lead applause.) What occasion could he more filling for us to renew our vows o! fidelity to our country, and our whole oounlry, than this on which we have come up to found another i monument to tht- memory of the illustrious Washington* let us enoourage our fellow-citizens to raise their monomeets throughout the whole land, that they may excite still more the patriotism of our country wherever they are raised. (Applause ) Pile them, then?pile them high? pile tbcm to the skins (Applause ) And God grant that none o: them shall ever be raised so high, and that no 1 mountain in our midit shall ever he discovered of such an elevation a* to enable the behslder thereon to witness the broken fragm-nts of this beloved, this indivisible Union. (loud applause.) Mr l'resideat, allow me to give you, in conclusion? The I'nion of these States?Indivisible, one and the same, now and forever Gov [Put.ham, of Michigan, was next called upon. He wed ?Michigan has been honored as the sister of Virginia, but eho u> net only that, bat a daughter of Virginia she is indebted for much of her success and prosperity as a State of this Union?not yet a quarter of a century old? to the wisdom and the patriotism transplanted to her soil from Old Virginia. (Applause) While we have no tarred grounds at home?no battle fields?we have, neverUnless, a proper spirit of appreciation of the services of the illustrious Washington and his illustrious compeers of the Revolution (Applause ) It it worth a journey across the mountains to have witnessed in Old Virginia the prucesaiun that 1 witnessed to day. I waa pointed out the headquarters of Washington, since my arrival here, and the spectacle 1 never shall forget. I will represent it to my children alter me as wor-hy of a pilgrimage to Richm in i to see that spot 1 am not familiar with public speuktng. and feel, therefore, that I cannot interest foil with any remarks which I can make, ermit me to conclude with t - >t meet Tns Union has been frequently alluded to, and I believe the people of Michigan adhere to It, and are willing to adhere to its principles as (bey have been espounded by the Boo .senatorfrom Virginia (Mr Mason). A '3 <" Virginia war the first Governor of Ms h-gao.and. aa 1 xaid. the has derived many of her useful lessons from sous of Virginia lad me close with this sentiment ? The Union?Its dangers will all disappear if the people of the several states will be governed by the counsels and be guided by the principles ot the early founders of the republic. (Applsuse ) The next regular toast offered was? New Jersey?The blood of heroes consecrated her land It waa there Washington showed himself a general. Gov. Nrwau . having been cailed upon,said ?I deafer to thank you for the honor done myself in inviting me to 'participate In the ceremonies of this day. I hare come here with great pride and pleasure 1 as an individual and representative of the State of New Jersey to honor the memory oi Washington, and 1 will be pardoned for Raying that New Jeraey bae a right to be represented on this ocraeno, for la that Mate, over and above al< other*, perhaps, hts greatest trials and h.s greatest triumphs were achieved. I bag leave here new to respond to even sentiment to the uuion of the Mates which haa been offered, or shall be offered here to Light (Applause ) Gov. N, after a few other remarks, onetuded with lbs foilowlngpienlim?nt ? V.rgx:n? Fortunate in possessing all the elements of I-ro-p?*rity and irntom, fortunate in the no?piiaiiiy anu tbe < biralry of her people, end fortunate over end ebove ell ili ngs fief, tn being tbe borne and tbe birthplace of Washington. (I/rod applause ) The Dell regular toast wen? The Home of ffasbtnyton?Oonsecrated by lb* <lerolir>n end gret'tude of hi* daughter* Hon We l. Y**crv. of Alabama, being called upon, said ?Mr iTeeideot, "The Home of Washington"?tile, iiideed, Lie lent reeling piece? hie tomb?en 1 tbet tomb i* ?lusted where the politico! exigencies of the lour would eeem to deneeed It should be?on the banks of hie own Potomac, midway between tbe frosen I ekes of the North end the broad Gulf of Mexico, end tbe Atlentio end the velley of tbe Mississippi It rises there e monument to his pelnoUaa. bis devotion to duty. bis eiwolwte self negation where tbe interest of bis country seemed to require It. end there It seem* to stend reedy to rise up sod strike down tbe treitor's bend, now reedy to rise up end aey to Utoee State* on both aides end of both I set loos, ' I'euse end consider ' And what ere the lese<>oa to he leeraed et tbet tomb* There ere tbe leasoos tbet I'etrtck Henry endeavored to impress upon tbe House of Delegate* ?f Virginia wboo opprwaston was bearing down upon tbe colonies R * clarion roice rang forth tbla noble sentiment. "Glee me liberty or (ire me teeth" The Peelers*', on of independence, too, was pen nod by another Immortal oompeer of Waehington, who taught tbet all gorernments are but institutions for tbe benefit of tbe governed This la another lesson that we are to learn nt the tomb of Washington And metbinks I | ran bear now once ^raia, rolling down tbe aisle of tisie thai other aentmeM, rolling trumpet toned from tbe Up* of Uie illustrious Usury, " Oaar had his Brutua, Charles tbe First had his Cromwell, end Gaorgr the Third may profit by their example " (Applause ) , "tbe tomb of Washington ?the mighuest. tbe nearest, the noblest line that i? written upon tbe pages of history mmeasurably rises up and shore that grave end over abode** thisgreetend mighty laod. end write* upoo the i bias don-la of btaven that there must he no oppression of American rights (Applause) Sir, tbe neck of the war ne? d of Wasta.ngtuo, the furious nostrils that seem ready to breaths forth flame* o'firs, teach that bo lane worthy of rreedom who does not. as Washington did, plwlge for tune I Je end aecred honor la defeocs of tbe principles of tbe revolution (Applause ) And then, again, to aey to \ irglsls. thou mother of Atetes end statesmen, thou cradle of heroes whose fame fills the wtole world, fell sot la the hour of our country a need ooor more ?> be the earl >?r of our lihertle*. (Applause ) And then If my roioe could i he heard?feehja, bumble and weekbut I trust for tide,] 1 w lb eternal truth?if n could be board ringing around tbe frowan mountain tops of New Kafiand, it would be to ray to her sons, learn at the tomb of waehington tUSI sense of duty that distinguished him shore all other men?thai eloolute recognition of the rights of others?tbet broadly defined negation of all his own possessions, in order that the right* of the whole country might be eatabliahed (Applause) And, then, if thai troioe could hove no/ electric Influence upon my hrethren of the South, I would h' i V II ti ill -ay , if New Koglandaod the froaen region' or th< North ( limwe not to imitate the virtues of the Father of hit Country. but rather 11 Imitate the rourM Ol l a opponent*, and retard not the rights of other*, then do you not forget to sarriflre life, fortune nod eaored honor In imitating the example of Washington (Loud applause ) A* Patrick Henry said, "|f tbti be treason. make the moat cf It*' the veneraote?1 may any the beloved ?son o! Maoaacbuaelte that site upon my right, (Mr Krerett.) In li-a own noble and elevated conceptions ot what are the duties of an American atttoea, b m*elt feel* in ha heart and he tongue r lla forth tne truth of tin* great I -IDC pie and therttel'nguieiici representative ot the Slam eovereigl-liea of Oootr-ticut, Mew Jersey aud Mi In*an have hern to night endorsed ttua great prin- iple of duty Hut the r.atne nf *nmu baa bemi connected with tba t e-t and I fear that I am a had representative of the ?-* Woman?<?od bl?ae her Uie emblem of peace, but. thank Cud also, toe emb em wf po-e and simple J oat) so . v. oTllftn *1 UJ* mfliD m WMe ng?- r .Tim u y in I f ?ia U?e tn4of*??rj patriot e ?a-vlomaa now ao*t?r l> I *a?rwl Wf?).n at H?* fvi.b of Waahmfu.n' a | Woman nay* to rou, *tat?-*n ? ' v Tftnia, that tf 70a I aaa orar tin* thing a* boll $ uhwor' ? ?f thaaympathy of f-aal maa, Woman will aav to bar bi it?ar* throughout tha mwo HMUa. proMrttbf tomb ac fa .ant of raigaty dead* I and nghlf TirVtaa (.VppUuM ) Vaa. aha a ha! I nay to r ! bar ceoalrymaa. take that tomb, mat It saUouU proper m YORK HERALD, FRI I/, devoU it U patriotic ?ntimitf; forget Tor a i i our tk? ere pursuit of material success, and epea < i at the tciub of Washington. There csn you cultiv Ac he pa UioUim which you can cultivate nowhere ?ls<. Mr. Yancey closed with a few other raaarlu on l ie m-i rice of Woman is tins noble cause. The next regular toasts were then offered:? The Army?The fields of valor are its monu 11*11 a, the spirits of its heroes its ornamental stars and wriithr. General I*xkmkkk F. Sana briefly respond * t 0 this leant. The Navy? Its trophies are on the billows; 1 ut the winds and the waves waft them to be reed and a. mired by the world. Capt Mauki'dkr responded to tble toast. Thome* Jefferson?The statesman thinks In brtnxe, and renews with his pen the epiemn pledge to five "our htm, our tcrtunes and our sacred honor" to the cause of independence. J. rajhwlth Trcxmt, Esq., Attorney General of the state, responded in a strong Southern speech full of Are and enthusiasm. The President of the United States and the Cabintt? Animated by patriotism they will guard the constitution, respect the rights of the Stales end preserve the Uuion. In the absence of Oovernor Floyd, Col. B R. klutd, brother of the Governor, was called upon to retpond, which he did in a speech ef much greoe and elegance. John Marshall? Ills fame will endure where law governs or justice presides. Governor Thomas Nelson?The patriot who sacrificed his own mansion en the altar ut his country, and tendered bis purse in her need, is entitled te a pedestal on the monument of Washington. General Andrew Lewis?he hero of our border wars, who was worthy, in Washington's estimation, to rank as commander in-chief. George Mason?The embodiment of the rights which { ertain to the people end their posterity stands nobly in Washington's family group. General Have lock?A Irua type of English chivalry, Invincible by man, he only surrendered at the summons of bis Msker. Iniayette, the bosom friend, and Houdon, the first great sculptor of Washington?Virginia treasures tnese gifts ss worthy of France. ThejMMng dispersed evidently well pleased with the enjoy dHKof which they had partaken. Tremendous Punic Among the Douglas Ds* mucnty?EpGovwnsr Walker Caving In -Fright Among the Disorwanlxera. [From the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, Feb. 24.] kouakt j. wa1.kkk and tbi lbcobpton constitution. Having never had any confidence in the political integrity of Robert J. Walker, the late Governor of Kansas, we are not surprised to hear that there are fears entertained, by those democrat* who oppose the Lecompton constitution, that he baa betrayed and abandoned them. The information we have obtained rests on no slight authority, bui even without that, tbs recent perfect silence and reserve of Mr. Walker on the subject of Kansas, are sufficient at least te excite suspicion. Governor Wise continues firm and bold in his defiance of the administration policy; Douglas is not less ao, ana Stanton, the associate of Walker, is making speeches in rtiladelphia, New York, Albany and other places, in which the wrongs contemplated by tbe adminit tration are exposed in no mincing torms. Only Walker, who had a* much to do with raising the Kansas stor in as sny man in the country,has sunk into silence. We think we are able to give the causes of this mysterious disappearance of a distinguished politician from the public view. A tew weeks ago, just after the Philadelphia anti Lecompton democratic meeting, a correspondent telegraphed to us from Washington that Governor Walker had written to the President, declaring that the announcement ui UUS uiu uuuu ('1 ouruv* ! iuai iuwiui|( w*o wuvuj uuauthorized. We could not credit the story, and declined to publish the despatch; but subsequent information gives to it a color of probability. We learn from the moat reliable authority that the leading actors in the Philadelphia auti iA'Oompton meeting believe that he waa purpoeely absent from it, and that the letter from him, which was read at the meeting and published, was, if not actually labr.catei!, modified herein away to make bis excuse seem more plausible. And yet that meeting was got up at Walker's urgent solicitation, and up to within a lew days of the time fixed for it he was anxious for it. But then he suddenly went to New York; and although several letters were written to him, no answer could be obtained, and at last, at the mooting, the short note dated at Hoboken, at 4 P. M , on the same day, was produced and read. When the New York meeting was held, he was absent. On the day appointed for the meeung in the New York Academy of klusic, which did not take place, he suddenly appeared in Philadelphia, and when the meeting at iast todk place at the Chinese Hall, he turned up in Washington city. He aid not even send to the meetings letter to explain his absence. He has beee dodging anti-Lecomptouism in evqry possible way, and is now regarded as quite out of the reach 01 bis late associates on that question, who have been relying on him as a leader, and quoting him as an authority. The Washington correspondent of -the Baltimore .Sun, who is known to be in the secrets of the administration, states in a recent letter that Governor Walker will not for the futuie write any more letters or make any speeches on the subject of Kansas. The abandonment of his late position teems to be complete. Hi- late associates regard him as having completely betray ed them. These are the facte. Now for the reasons. It Is given out. in quarters where Governor Walker was lately in hign lavor, that he baa " sold out" to the administration, abandoned Kansas, and will hereafter devote himself to loqal business and promoting the southern Pacific Railroad project Prom similar authority we learn that while Governor Walker waa iu Kansas h<- received a long private letter from President Buchanan, repeatedly assuring him that he approved of his course in urging the submission of the constitution to the people, and that hi* administration should stand or fall on that ground Governor Walker, In his letter of resignation, declared that hia course had been that directed by the President, but General Caaa, In his reply, asserted that no *uch instructions bad been given. Governor Walker did not answer General Cass's letter, but be ia said to have informed the President that he intended to answer it by punlishlng his private letter. This would have been a complete and overwhelming prorf of the wrong done by the President. This private letter of Mr. Buchanan to Governor Walker has been seen by scores of persons, but notwithstanding the immirtanca of makimr it oublic. it ia now lmaitivalv stated ihat tt will Lever be shown again and will never be pubhi-bed. nay, that it la Id handa that will keep tt so a* to prevent iu ruung up In condemnation of the President bar. Walker i< never agate to appear aa a witnaaa oa Una Ksnsar subject tongue and pen, both lately acUve, are to remain alike Idle, and the ant. Leoomptonltea are to do wtUiuul him From the same well informed aource that ha* fureiahed < u* the fact* above stated. we learn the reaeon for the re< qtarkable change thai ha* taken place in Gov. Walker a opinleoa and course A case la pending In the Supreme Court of the l ulled State* at Waahiugton, in which the Tatted States are plaintiff* In error, and one Koaaalt la defendant in error. The amount involved la two or three millions of dollare, a valuable quicksilver mine m California being connected with the case, tgovernor Walker, who ts In Washington city all this time, claima to be interested in this case to the amount of about two hundred thousand dot lars. It la now said that the government mil abandon lis appeal in the case and thus the decision of the U. H I Ma trtrt Court of California, favorable to Koaaalt and other*, will he affirmed Indeed, on last Wednesday, when the case waa called up for argument, Attorney (reoeral Black did not appear. It waa adjourned until ibursday, when we are Informed that Attorney General Bltck came Into court, and saying that he did not intend to argue the oaee. expressed his willingness that tt abould be argued instead by Hon. Reverdy Johnson, who only represented certain private interests The rourt waa aMonisoed at aurb an unprecedented proceeding; hut some of the Judges were disposed to let H pass, until Judge Wayne openly con detuned it, and reminded the Attorney General that he waa bound to represent the government, and the court would not. except for incompetency In the officer, consent to hear any one elae The case then went over, and will probably br railed np In the course of this week In this rase ta to be found the explanation of Governor Walker's late singular conduct The decision in th* Tinted Mate* vs. Foasatt la to reward him, and to explain why he bae never answered Gen Cans'* Inter, why he baa not produced the President'* letter, why h* retimed to go to the Philadelphia and New York meetings, why be has been struck dumb ta his powers of speech on the Kansas queettoe, and why be will let the bill to admit Ktnsaa aa a slave State become a law wttnout uttering another whisper in opposition lis.Hr Lhr cause of rtrht loses I ttl* bv the defection of nark rnjLB ee Walker. Nothing but bin official character m Uorernoc of Kum, acting under the instruction* of the Prteident. ever p'f any weight to hie position It la unfortunate that eo much rellanoe wan placed upon him on that account, but It la fortunate that hie treachery baa been discovered ae early an K haa been. The great mia take that haa been made haa been In treating him an the A .lax of the ant leooni|itrmiu>? Another grave mi*uke,re ultingl rnsn thl*. wae the productton of the pretended letter of Walker to the Philadelphia meeting There can be no jut tiflcatmn cf ?ur.h a deception, well designed at It may bare been. It would hart been better if the treachery had l>een expoaed at once, and the traitor had been imme iliatel) (liamtmcd from the rank* of the ft lends of free (lorn and the advocate* of the right* of the people. But the to net shameful thing about all thie wretched bn eineee la to see the national administration reeortiog to baas expedlenta tn atlll the clamor of those opposed lo them Ke|*'( tally i* It mortifying lo see their Intrigue* carried into the bigbeet judicial tribunal of tbe laci -a tribunal that baa./Until recently, been kept aacred from the polluting touch oAtrtv politic*. When men in the highest position* tnkhegoT. rnrmnt are driren to *ueb a elate of deeperaliotma to reaort to the Ttleet expedient* to sacrifice their own Integrity and dignity, and to endeavor to Involve to their cwn shame the Supreme Ooort of the t niteiigkatee, it Is tune that tbe people should he Inform d of lt? A Bor*r ano I Iran Avpair ir WfRcoMRfit.? The Jancsvlile stanilard haa tbe particulars of a matrimo ma I affair that occurred near Janosvllle laal week, which very much reeemblee tbe celebrated Roker and (lean marriage in New York Here la the Standard'I story ?A yc utig lady, highly accomplished of euperior education, and beautiful withal, the daughter of a director of the Suffolk Biwik of Boston, has been spending a few month* w tth some friends o Mnerald Drove. In the employ of the gentleman with wbotr she wu sojourning was a at tire of the Kmerald tele, a man, for aught we know, of good reputation, but imexcee ng none of the refinement* of the roaohmac of tbe Ik kef fain ly of New York city. The < qua rdanre dmiwo in,- man ami ino l*?ilor none anon ripened Into intimacy, and an elopement an* the 000*0 queue* fakiCR the foot line to sLopiere, the twain procuring the aervirea of an officer, ware nooo mala "floah of one fleah," and are now, we learn, onjo, lu* love In a cot tairc. where, although not aurmonrted by the refinement* and laxuriaa which adorn the manmon of the bride* ruber, they rejoice that love will nometim ? o'erleap the hjund* of prejudice and bring the trireme* of aoclety Into matrimonial embrace* Wa can ?ull picture Uie aaton?hment and ind (nation which will overepread the torture* of the ariatocratlc old father, a lieu ba hear* of the erratic cour e and peculiar taate of bi? faehionahle daophter, Rot he muat learn that, If holla and bare are Ineufltcient to coeflne Cupid Within tbelr utruugholda, the harneia eaietii>| between the Celtic and the Anglo American ranee are ae brittle a* the aplder'a wr o. I)?ATH nOM HWAhhOWINO A Pi*,?A little girl about four year* of age. rraiding on Kaat Fallon atreet,

died teaterdaj from accidental Ir ewaUowtag a pla, while playing with Ik?Autmm Am, At 33 DAY, FEBRUARY 26, 185 The Protectant and Catholic Religion* In Cnwrt. A PROTESTANT DAUGHTER PETITIONING THAT HER CATHOLIC PATHBB SHALL RE MUPKR8BDED BY THE APPOINT KENT OF A PROTEST A NT GUARDIAN. [From the Providence Pod, Feb. 24 ] It will be recollected that a few weeks ago tbe Pott referred to tbe fact that considerable excitement had been occasioned among tbe Catholics in tbe north part of tbe city by tbe conversion to tbe Protestant faith, and subsequent withdrawal from ber father's house, of a young girl who had for some two years been employed In tbe iinrins wUhlUimnt of Jeremiah Heath. on flonMtitution hill. This girl, who is the dsughter of -Joseph Carroll, a teacher anil sertoa of St. Patrick's church, has, since about the 21st of January, remained In seclusion in Mr. Heath's family, fearing to go oat, as she states, lest her father should attempt to exercise his parental authority over her, and having obtained possession of her person, restrain her tram enjoying that freedom of religious opinion and worship which the desires. In order to secure relief from any legal obligations to her father, as ber natural guardian, Miss uarroll pre tented a petition to the Municipal Court for the appointment of another person as guardian. The painrul step was taken in accordance with the counsel of friends, whose adrioe, however well meant and conscientious, was in this case, It is to be feared, exceedingly injudicious. The movement wss certainly premature, as not a single allegation of harsh treatment or even a threat of restraint in matters of religion or otherwise oould be brought against the guardian provided by the laws of nature and of Uod. A healing upon the petition was held yesterday afternnoa, before the Municipal Court, Judge Uoppin. The court room was uncomfortably crowded, and Intense interest was manifested In the case, especially by the partisans of the parents. The petitioner, a modest, pretty looking girl of sixteen, wss present with Mr. and Mrs. Heath, and sustained her part In the trying scene with remarkable equanimity and self-possegsion, although sometimes, as the uniform kindness of ber parents and toe present deaottte condition of their home were alluded to, the big round tears would well up into her mild blue eyes, and thoughts would seem to flash through her mind too deep for ulteranoe. The father, mother, brothers and sisters of the petitioner were also present, and the highly wrought feelings of each of them sought frequent vent in floods of tears. Taking it all in all, we doubt if so exciting a case ever before came up within this probate jurisdiction. The petitioner was represents 1 by H. S. Bartlett, Ksq., and Messrs. Thurston and Kipiey appeared for the parents. The petition of Kiiza Jane Carroll, setting forth that she bad made choice of Jeremiah Heath for ber guardian, and asking the petitioner to approve her choice, was read by Mr. Bartlett, when, in answer to the court, the petitioner stated that she would be seventeen years old next spring; that she wss the daughter of Joseph Carroll, had father, mother, brothers and sisters, who were of the Reman Gatholic religion; and that she left home for the purpose cf enjoying unrestrained religious freedom. Petitioner examined by Mr. Bartlett?Am afraid to return home, because my parents think I am lost and will do all in their power to compel me to return to the Catholic faith; was brought up a Catholic; the Catholics are bitterly opposed to Protestants; shall not return to father's house, whether Mr. Heath is appointed guardian or not; experienced religion, and became a Protestant on the 11th of .Tmnumrv lut Cross-examined by Mr. Thurston?Have lived with my father during my whole life until the 21st of January laat; have been employed in Mr. Heath's shoqpaboul two years as a tailor ess, took my meals and lodgeS|?t home, my father is a school teacher and sexton at St. Patrick's church; I left school within three years; have two bro tbers and two sisters; did not communicate to father or mother my intention of tearing or the change In my views; the first notice to them was to send a letter, and then I told them in the shop, father or mother have used no exertions to change my religious views; father told me 1 might exercise any religious belief I pleased: but my mother told me there was no religion about it; they have again and again besought me to return to their house; have received a letter from my mother. [The letter was presented and read as follows:?] Mr IIkabkst am in hopes you will soon wish to see your poor mother, whom you nave left disconsolate, and waits with impatience for the moment that will restore her dear inuocent ever obedient and moat loving child to her arms and heart. Do my dear, return. I know you would not willingly inflict pain on any one, much less me, If you were aware ot it; but you are young and Inexperienced, and couaeqvt ntly unprepared for the trials of Uua world, for whsre do you expect to find a boaom on which to repose your aching head, or a heart that would rtak all dangers to console your aching mind r On none but your mother s. Put your hand on your heart, and ask yourself, hat your mother been deserving of such treatment f I know you will answer no, for my dear child Is tscapahle of a harsh thought. Heturn, then, and fill that vacancy you have made in yonr family. Our hearts and arms are open torecolre you. You know, my dear, your father can compel you lo come home, but it Is not his wish or mine to have to resort to the laws of the country, we only clslm those of nature. Never will 1 expose my dear Innocent child, of sixteen years st age, to be dragged through the streets of Providence, by one of its public oflicers, to her father's home, sod then have vnu lampooned t> rough all the scurrilous sheets thst would meet the eye of the stranger, and be Inquired after with more corlo ally than s State's prison deserter, never, my dear. Vou will at least have the happy reflection that your parents do on'y claim the laws of nature, which of all others ought to be the moat powerful. If yon do not wish to return Immediate ly, write to me. treat me wlih candor, say all you think or know; remt mber you conlldc In a mother, who. If yon per stat In yrur present mind, must droop to a premature grave. From your aflecUonate mother, GATHKRlNK CARROLL. Cross examination resumed?Father and mother have always treated me with Christian kindness and Indul gencc. know of nothing to blame In the conduct of either; read the Blblo and other books; Tor three years past have read mostly works of fiction, father lias frequently endeavored to direct my attention to reading of a different character, historical,Ate.; have felt an aversion to heavy reading; my change of views commenced from reading the Bible: then bad a conversation with Mr. Heath; do not go home, because I know If I went there I could not enjoy my religious duties, Mr. Heath did not advise me to leave home. he said I might come and reside with his family; have not been home or been out at all since the 21st of January; father has offered to guarantee perfect freedom In religious matters, but I did not trust that guarantee while at home did not stand tn awe and fear of father; he never used harsh language to me, was food of music, and my chief hdum merit with fhllier wa- music. To Mr. BartleU? When at home was not allowed to attend a 1'rote*taut church, was not allowed to read the l'roteetaut Bible; wrote to parents after leaving home, but they would not accept the letter, [ffltneaa produced the letter, and It waa read as follows ?] Psotiobsck. Jan. 21, 1RS8. Dxsa Fathxs sun Mornta?Per laps you will be very much surprised to receive this note trom me. The reason 1 a rite to you la. because I know that yon would not permit me to tell you all that 1 wish to say to yon. I have changed my opinion In religious matters, and now renounce the SO man t'aibolic religion for ever, beUenng It to be false, and to embrace wlih all my heart the I'roteatant religion as taught In 'he Bible, and loo believe that Hod has forgiven me of all my alas for the Saviour's sake I have searched the Scrip Hires for a long time, and am convlneed that I am now belleviag the truth as t'brist taught It to hia disciples. For this reason 1 now leave borne that 1 may enjoy Protestant reli gion, because 1 know that you would not suffer me to If I remained at home. I love you all very dearly You hare been very kind to me all my days, and I shall always remember It, and shall prsy h> tiod to open your eyes to the truth, as he ha-mine, from jour aflectionsle daughter, KI.I/.A. Direct continued?hxpm icnce 1 religion no thellUiol January, have not been out of doors sinew I left home until to dsy. I was afraid to go bocauao my lather could lake me; my sister hss told me that If I returns! home I certainly would not be permitted to attend I'roteatant meetings; Roman Catholics would feel Justified In uslug restraint and deception to regain a person straying from the folds of that church. Mrs. Mary A. Heath affirmed?Petitioner has worked In my husband's shop nearly two years; have not sought to induce her In leave ber family, have had no conversation with her upon the subject or religion was informed hy my husband that she waa becoming interested in re I ig Ion wrote ber a letter, understood tiial abe would have to leave home or be compelled to go to confession. Cross examined?Am not employed in the nbop, never have conversation with Catholics. have strong prejudice* agaim-t them will sometimes employ them to work never had any communication with petitioner upon religious subjects except In writing; had talked with but band about the mailer. understood that she came to my houae to avoid going in confession. her friends come h: my bouse with holy water, and make signs of crosses, he upon the petitioner. am most paaiuvely a violent and via dictive ceemyjof the Roman Catholic religion Jeremiah Heath) sworn? Petitioner came to my shop two years ago next month, first conversed with ber upoc rt-llg'nn about six months sgo. ?be was then as Arm a Ro man Catholic as any mortal could be; asked her If shi would reed the Bible; felt It his duly to do eo; she reac the Bible end by degrees became interested. she was oelj ooce is s Protestant church, have never advleed ber U abandon her home, have aaaured ber of home and f rtendi upon the supposition that she would be compelled to leavi ber father ? bouse. Crni?iHmiD?<l?I commenced the coo vernation will petitioner religions u>pw?, fell it my duty aa a Chru uu to talk with bar, regarding her in error, converse none were not frequent at Orel, did not ooaalder It my July to change tbr girl's mortal maa can cttangi ChlhoHo?eolhing but Hod's Holy Hpirtt. conceived It u ha my duty to Impress upon her mind Protestant views lotorwiewa were held while at work. I have from twou eight other girl* In the whop?mime Catholic, ioim Proton tanl. name efforta were not male with them. our religion conversations were kept studiously secret from the other in the whop, the petitioner did not wtab to hare it known did not understand that the wan compelled to leave be borne, was aware that she Intended to leave som* II or eight daya he I ore ahe did leave, the t!?< for leavlag was Died the day previous, ah and I arranged the way she wae to ge bar clothing, her father ban desired her re return at Drat her mother said she should malet u|*>u hsi returning, ol late her father haa aaid that ahe might hav< perfect freedom If ehr returned home; the Urat day bet mother cams to the ahop for her there was aome excite ment, until police office r Potter came in and etplaine<l th< law, no pariv headed by Mr Carroll ever came to my ahop In take her away I am prosecuting this rase la peti tMiner a behalf and Incurring the expense; Kev. Mr. Ikiug Ins Drat advised tbis course, don t know aa Mr. Douglai ever aaw the girl, I aaw Inm he advised tbiaoourse, I was agreed upon, and it was taken Joseph Carroll sworn?Am father of the petitioner; ti| to the Slat of leal January hail no information or auapi clon that my daughter pro|poeed to leave me, there wai nothing unuautl et parUpg that day. our relatiooa were those ot the strongest affection, there was no harshness01 threats In reapect to religion or anything else, when I Drs heard that my daughter had gone I sent a note to Mr llealh requesting him to send ber back to her legal home receiving no answer I went to the shop on the Slat, thei told ber abe was at liberty to go to any meeting ahe pre ferred; tepeatad the offer on the occasion of my eeconr visit told her I wanted abe should come back voluntarily with her aflectiona; never contemplated or used any force If ahe should raturn home there would he no Influence to coerce or restrain her; my religion teaches me thi contrary . my only motive In appearing here Is because feel it a duty as a Christian and father, don't aak rn; daughter to return home unless she wlehea to, no hn la deelrrd. Crnm mwUH by Mr Hartlett?Aa a father I want mi daughter In return; I nerer deatred to attend a I'roteatan church, It la contrary to Roman Catholic rnfulatlnM t< attend any place of error: froteatantorm la re yarded ae an erro the I'rotaalant Bible in regard rd ae err one mm; I betlere In the holy Roman Catboli cliurrb, and aerate to Ita principled; think I would cer talnly allow ray daughter to attend a l*ro?eatant church Calholtc prleete would not tolerate parent* In allowing their children to attend any place Immoral or erroneoua I knew nothing about Mr. Hani*'a moral ebararter. h< Ma tWaalkaaw, know af m raaaoi 18. why my daughter would not Oe kindly t-.-aW u? aj family. TO Mr. Thnrston?Have mm a degree of ruileaem practised In Mr. Heath's family inconsistent with my i news of Christianity; the oiergy hare ne right to interfere in parental government, it is no part of my duty to : restrain my daughter in matters of religion; she can go where ahe pleases; haye pledged that she ehall not be la .J a. A iatn eKnH 1st knr waUiMana wfnm ?# >Ka am til Ma (urn; I have bad no part or lot in any disturbance or excite meet about tbli matter, but baveb?sou(bt my friends, for God's sake and the nice of society, to crush any disposition to create a disturbance. To the Court?1 boUeTe there is one true church, and outside of it there is no salvation i which Is the true church is for the deoision of every one's own conscience. We have space for but little more of the evidence adduced on this remarkable trial Mrs. Catherine Carroll, the mother of the petitioner, confirmed her husband's statement; said she had never sought to restrain her daughter's religious views; had told her she should have perfect liberty; never Intended to practioe aay deceit; her religion would not warrant that; was willing the girl should follow the dictates of her own oonsoience, and would sacrifice anything to have her return to her father's house. Richard McNeeley, Stephen Bush, Richard Davis and John B. Henneeey testified to the excellence of Mr. Carroll's character, and that he would be likely to keep his Sledge to his child. On the other side, J. W. Bcovtil, W. . Noyss, Benjamin T. D. Weetcott and Naman hitler testified that they were acquainted with Mr. Heath; and that he was a proper person to have guardianship of a child. The case wes submitted in a very able argument on each aide and was held for advisement. Annual Report of the Commissioners of Emigration. The annual report of the Oommlsaiooors of Emigration for the year ending December 31,1857, to the Legislature of this State has Just been issued in pamphlet form. It is so interesting document, and has been gotten up with great care. We annex the most material portions of the report:? The last annual report of the Commissioners, as well as their special communications to the Legislature and the Executive, made during the last winter and the session preceding it, showed the Commissioners struggling with difficulties, embarrassed with debt, with their ordinary limited income much diminished, and apprehensive of the most serious public calamity should a season of pestilence occur, whilst the means at their disposal were thus rendered inadequate for the protection of the public health and for other duties entrusted to their charge. The Legislature of the session of 1857, by granting a postponement for three years, tr required, ot the large debts due by the Commissioners to the cities and counties of theCState, and by authorizing a loan or advance from the Slate Treasury ot $30,000 for the purposes of the Commission, relieved their anxiety as to the future, and provided the means of guarding against the apprehended dangers and evils. Happily, a kind Providence has granted that these anticipations of danger, well grounded as they seemed to be at the time, were not realized. A season of unusual health here and abroad relieved the Commissioners from any especial or additional charges or expenditures at the Quarantine establishment; a large increase of emigration and commutation payments relieved their pecuniary embarrassments, without recourse to the aid of the State Treasury; the im proved character of the emigration itaelf, united with the lions under their charge, administered by experienced and able officers, diminished the proportion of their expenditures to income during the year, and enabled the Commissioner* not only to pay oif their temporary and floating debt, but to redeem largely their arrears to the counties and towns. Indeed, the whole of this debt, of whieh the Legislature had authorized a suspension or payment for three years, would have been paid off, or nearly so, during 1867, had not the Commissioners been obliged to pay an instalment of tbe debt formerly contracted on mortgage for building and for the purchase of lands; and that it was also adjudged to be of Imperative necessity to guard against the possible contingencies of the winter during a l?riod of general pecuniary difficulty, by making ample provision* of supplies, and retaining in hand a sufficient tund for tlie support of a large increase or claims upon the emigrant fund, under the pressure of the Umss. The mildness of the winter and the lessened cost of provisions and other supplies, have thus far enabled the commissioners to meet these claims, without any renewed increase of debt, even by temporary loan, (for which they bad also made provision,) although the numbers of destitute or diseased supported or relieved by them since the end of November, 1867, is greater than it has been for some time, should tbe present expectations of the commissioners be realized, of carrying tbeir establishments through the winter upon tbe means now on hand, without aid or loan, tbry trust to resume, at an early period, the liquidation of tbeir debts^olkbe several counties, cities and owns, that debt belni/fSow/educed to an amount within their ordinary means of discharging. The Commissioners, have, therefore, the satisfacticn to report to the legislature (hat at no period since the organization r.f the system in 1847 hare their financial situation and prospects been better, or the system itseil and its practk-al administration by their officers, been m s better state of order and efficiency. Tbe important subjecthof tbe removal and permanent location of tbe Quarantinffestablishments will demand the serious attention of lhesLcgislature. It Is also most desirable. as will bejtiow nWi another part of this report, to make some more cultmle and efficacious provision for the insane pcsrfslling under the charge of this commission. ? With these exception.", there is nothffig upon which the Commiasioncrsiiavr specially to aak legislative assistance, though there may be some minor points on which the existing legislation may probably be Improved. The number of alien emigrants who arrived at this port in 1867, and for whom commutation was paid or special l*>nds required, was 163,773, being 41,431 more than in 1866, sod 47,640 more than in 1866. But it is worthy of ob servation that, like the emigration ot 1H66 and 1856. that of 1857 Is still much below that of the preceding years, 'ailing about ote third short of the average of those years Of these emigrants, 80,976 were from Germany; 67,119 from Ireland, and WflTl from England; the increase for the last year being mainly from Germany and Ireland. During tbe last, as well as the year immediately preceding, the emigrants at this port from Europe were of a rlffijui :?ml rhmrnrtpr ffiiiti?rinr tn thn mua nf thn?A whn *r rived during the earlier years of this commission, and were generally such as appear able to support them >-elvea, and to add to the productive mean* ot thin country. This was manifest through the inqu.rv and inspection which the eetabhnhment at CMb WW as an ex elusive landing place for such passengers enabled the Commissioners to make, through their officers, and which has been conducted with great care and regularity, and very useful results. This Improvement in the state and character of the pas scngers arriving was also evident in the comparatively dimin'shed proportion of thnee who, soon alter their ar rival, sought relief from the Commission or required medical aid. This improved character and condition of the emigration may be abecrioed to the oo operatiou of various 1 causes. 1st. To the more stringent legislation, and the actioa under It, of the officers of the Commission, sided by the cfl operation of the consuls and diplomatic officers of the l otted Htates abroad, thus excluding, In a great degree, 1 the most worthless class, sent by local or State authorities abroad, to be/thrown upon our shores for support or to live by worse means. ad. Hv tbe salutary effect of the legls' lation, bnth here and In Kurope, guarding passengers on the ocean from much of disease and suflering to which tbev were formerly exposed, thus landing them herein health and vigor, finally, much must be ascribed to the ' character ol the emigrants themselves, leaving tbelr hemes with better information as to this coantry,and more distinct ideas of what they might reasonably ex1 pact, and of what was necessary for their welfare here. from these causes, together with the great facilities given by means of the Castle Harden establishment, as an exclusive place of landtnglor emigrant passengers, for tbe facilitating their transit to the various points in the inte ' rlor, where tbelr Interests called them, or where their > labor was In demand, the lumbers ef feeble or diseased and wholly destitute persona received at Ward's Island was not generally mote than half the number received In rarreeponding months, prior to January, 1RM. 1 Dunns thelaat two months of the rear, the number of those claiming relief or asnfcitniice increased considers bly, In cooaequener of the sudden interruption of the usual demand for labor, and the derangement of exchange* and bastneM, materially affecting the plana and Interest* of many of these at ran (rem in oar landJt Uoonae^ qoence, the inmates In the Hospital and RefugealWarJW Island rose from 1.370, which had b?iulhi> jn.nftwrKj Jaaoary, 1887, and which was a bore th^Vveraga (JuriiP tba succeeding months, to 1,016 on the (truestar of the present year That number has continued to increase, but there happily appears no reason to apprehend any thinf like the amount of disease and suffering which are ret orded in the reports of sereral earlier years of this Commie* too Tbe number of patient* received at the Marine Hospi tal, nt Quarantine, affected with contagious or infet ted diseases, was 1.H6B, which was lot more than during the ( receding year; hot. like that in number, much below the average of matij prsosdlng years, being a fourth less than In 1*88. That decreaae. however, arose mahily from the smaller number of lighter casea and classes of disease whilst though yellow fever and the severe forms of typhus were dtmlnwhed In comparfror of 184f> and 188fl. Jct cholera appeared at one period in a thriaiming form, and the Insulated edifice, devoted to the small po* c ases, was often fall. The number of well peaeir.ers landed and temporarily provided for at Quarantine from ships affected with cholera and yellow fever who were detain < d for a abort time by authority of the lloaltb (iffloer of the port until the danger of commune iting contagion appealed to have peered, was 8,772. a larger number than nana), being 608 more than In 1888, but Uielr period of detention was generally much shorter, not averaging three days. All theeo circumstance* added to the exp oses of the establishment and the duties or the Commission, as well as to the duties and cares of the medical officers who are entrusted with the professional responsibility The general result of these labors, as well on the pa 1 tlenis themselves as in the exemption not only from the spread of disease, but from serious alarm or interruption to commerce and navigation, has been highly satisfactory throughout the year The statistics of emigration to tbia port and of the operation* of tbia Commission present lb* following results ? Numher of sick sent from offloe to Mew York Tfnspltsl during the year 1867 188 Number of sick sent from offloe to itt Vincent's Hnepltol m g T?iUl r?i(* Irnm office 154 f Number ?T lunnltc em if mute m N. Y City Any I him on 1*1 Jab , 1M7 M ? Number Admitted during the your 31 s Tout number of luiiBttr cmlgrABt* *3 C?f which there Ml the Asylum, *1?. ? . Number dtnrhargcd cured ** t Nnmber died., * ? Number whose term of At* year* hue expired 13 ToUl flier h?rge? Number of lunAfe emigrAnt* to City Asylum on lnt Jnnunry, Ut&H, ?bArgeeM" In the comm melon w f Number of person* neot berk to Europe nt their ; own rrqueet ."* I Do or at expense of wmsigneee ofTteso * 134 I ToM number nest back to KuropB ? 161 Nxmber forwarded to various pieces inland by the commission Number temporarily relieved in thia city with money 3W Number applied temporarily with board an 1 lodging 6.10? Number of outdoor poor in the oity burled at the expense of the commission 627 Number o'females provided with situations at the Intelligence Office and Labor Exchange.. 6,415 Number of males 4,318 Total number provided with employment at at this offioe 10.033 Whole number relieved and forwarded in and from the several counties of the State chargeable to the commission 4 261 Grand total relieved, forwarded and provided with employment by the commission in the Stats and city of New York 21,996 Number of days spent In Marine Hospital 32,146 " In Emigrant Retuge, Ward's Island.216,901 ? and hospital 2M,644 610,446 Total number of days In both Institutions 642,676 Number of letters written from the Labor Exchange to friends of recently arrived emigrants. 2,006 Amount of money received at the office in reply thereto 610,446 76 Amount of moneys received at office of Irish Emigrant Society, from friends or recently arrived emigrants, and applied to the tor warding of emigrants, chargeable to the commission 62,406 06 THK MAK1N1 HOSPITAL AM) QUABAHTUni SgTSBlJSHMSITT AT STATKN ISLAND. Sines 1649 the hoipitals on the Quarantine grounds at Staten Island, being set apart by law for the reception sf , infectious cases, have been devoted exclusively to the ; protection of the cities of New York and Brooklyn and the < vicinity from pestilential disease. The patients are either directly from shipboard, sent by the Health Officer of the port, or else sent; from the cities under the authority of : their Boards of Health. A great majority of those treated i for such diseases at the Marine Hospital are aliens whs | have paid commutation and are under the charge of Mm Commissioners. Most of these were sent from the oity In consequence of infectious diseases either brought from abroad or contracted on shipboard, but not manifested until after landing. The arrangements of this commission, acting if cooperation with and by the authority of the Beard of Health, have, as in former years, thus proved an efficient aid to check peatilential and Infectious diseases which often of necessity escape the most careM Inspection of the Health Officer and his deputies During the last year the number of natives of the United States received under the health laws, chiefly from shipboard, was 61 out of 1,666 under hospital treat men during the v ear. In addition to this number, which includes only those actually laboring under disease, it is made the duty of the Commissioners to provide for tne reception and cars of persons arriving in infected vessels, who, though not manifesting symptons of disease, are yet thought proper to be temporarily detained by the Health Officer, under the authority vested in him for the protection of the publie health. ' The frequency of small pox cases In emigrant vessels at various periods'and the appearance of cholera and yellow fever during the autumn, enforced the necessity of exercising thii power to a larje extent, so that the Quarantine grounds and buildings were sometimes obliged to receive several hundred persons besides the patienti. Tbe efficient means now provided for purifying ami ventilating ships and cargoes, and for the care and inspection of passengers and seamen, havefit is bel.eved, rendered this detention as brief and as tittle burdensome, either to commerce or the individuals detained, as prac tically consistent witli the important objects in now. The average period of detention of passengers baa net exceeoea three days. The whole number of persons, other than those received as patients, thus temporarily landed and detained at Quarantine, in consequeuce oT their arrival in vessels in which casee ef cholera, small pox or yellow levor had occurred, was 3,772. There were thirty cases of yellow fever received into the Marine Hospital from vessels from tbe West Indies. Kighl ol these were of shipkeepers and stevedores employed here on these veaaeU when in port. Otherwise the disease did not spread and was comined entirely to the patients received from shipboard. On tbe 19th of September two casos of cholera were lauded from a Hamburg vessel, and on 28th November the disease appeared among tbe |?tients in the hospital who bad been admitted with other diseases. It spread rapidly in tbe hospital for a time, and fifteen died within the next twenty five days The whole number of cholera cases during the year was 80, of which 26 died; but this terrible disease wax effectually confined within the hosita of the Marine Hospital. Comparatively few cases, and those of a milder form, of typhus fever, were received from shipboard. The diminution of this disease on shipboard, which in former years appeared in such a fatal form and to an alarming extent, may be aacribed under Providence to the improved sanitary regulations and arrangements of passenger \e-sels, resulting not only from the wise laws on this subject recently passed by the I'nited States and by other maritime powers, but also from the humans care of many maxters and owners. The following summary of the monthly reports, mads regularly to the Commissioners, shows tbe aggregate results of the year.? Number remaining 1st January, 1857 79 Received during the year 1,771 Whole number under hospital treatment during 1866 1,846 Ol whom were discharged cured 1,610 Of whom died 209 1,819 Remaining 1st January, 1868 37 location or yr araxtuvs. The same course had been followed in regard to buildlugs and improvements at tbe Marine Hoipital during tbe year 1856 and for some time preceding. In this theCommissioners were governed by their conviction that the public good, as well as tbe public sentiment, now required a change of tbe Quarantine location, and that their occupation or tne present site of the Marine Hospital could not be of long continuance. The great and rapid increase of |<opulalioo along the shores of the harbor and throughout the whole of nil Stalin Island, with the cowslant ami easy communication with the neighboring cities, render the Quarantine laws less an! less efficacious aid their strict observance more difficult, whilst lbs danger of diffusing col lag Ion or pestilence grows daily more thrsatenlog. Tbe Commissioners of Kmigration do not believe that any p(M on Staten laiand would meet the requirements ami convenience of a pro|?er permanent marine hospital for Quarantine purpoaea, with the necessary appendages of a Uuareutinr station. Accordingly, at their canfereaAe held during tbe last summer with the Governor and other State officers, th?y expreeaed their decided opinion ta lavor of Sandy Hook whenever the proper reeaion of Jurisdiction could he obtained from the State of New Jersey. But the legislature having confided the duty of eelecUng, procuring and {preparing proper sites and buildings for such hospitals, both trmiHirary and permanent, to another set of Oommuwioners, Una Board did not think It proper to take any further action or express any further official opinion thereon, hut held themselves In readiness t) comply a lib whatever decision might be made according to law, and to facilitate all measures where their co operatic* might be MCMMff or useful The selection of Beguine'a Point m a site for a temporary or yellow fever hospital was not, as they thought, a question for them to pronounce upon, nor have they done ee la any way But wnen the ground was procured and the buildings erected there were tendored to them by the other Commissioners, these were found on inspect.on by a Special Committee of this Board not to be such in accommodation, in hospital furniture, kc , as would warrant this commission in placing in them their yellow fever patteota si 'I r. win' might be plai rd there by the 0|M>rstloo of the law. This judgment of tbe Commissioners wsa con firmed by that ol the Health Officer, tbe physician in chief ol tbr Marine Hospital, and of Dr. (lockwell, the Resident Physician, Dr Millar, the Commissioner of Health, and 1. K Phillips, the President of tbe Board of Health of New York. On this point of fitness our own long experience and Uial of those public medical officers had certainly enabled this board to form a correct Judgment, and it was their duty by law to make proper and effectual provision for tbe reception of all patient* suffer,ng under malignant or contagious diseases These buildings have consequently never been accepted or occupied for hospital purposes: but thin Board has taken measures to protect them against Injury or destruction, as far as possible The Commissioners of Kmigrallon regret that there should f>e any collision or differens# of opintoa between themselves and an-Mber Commission acting under Stats appointment and having In view the same common and ' most important object". in regard to the protection of lbs 3 public health and of the commerce and navigation of this :* port They are themselves conscious of having acted In the businrMi without the slightest bias of neraooal reeling W or Interest, and U> the boat of their judgment. nod wltbuwt entering further Into any detail or argument on the point* In which Utry have appeared to differ with the Ooanmiasncers on Quarantine locwtfca they refer to the report Just mintioned, which contain* all that eeem* neoeeearp to be *ald bp them tn relation to tble queetlon Great egritemcul listing been tnanifeeted bp manp *f the inbabitante of flUU-n Inland, realdtng near the Quarnalim or oear Heguioe* Point agalnat thoeo eetabHehmente, oar of the building* at the latter point baring beoa destroyed bp Incendiaries, and Rltnllar threat* having t>een made a* to tbo Marine Hcapital, the Oommta xirmer* fonnd themselves obliged, In concert with the Health tdhcir, tcf take nil the precaution* In tbeir owa power aod Uioa< provided bp law. Addltlooal watchman w ere employed aod the aid of the Municipal pnlloe demanded The notice provided bp xtalute in similar caaoe wu given with the proper tvldrarc to the Sheriff of KJchmoml eountp, oo as to make the ooualp reepooable (br any Injury raoeed bp popular violence. Those and othor measure*, aided by the influence of the more prudent and I* areful inhabitant*, have been thit* far effectual to the prevention of any violence and the preservation of tho public property. r*wna i.nwrt mioRAirr onrot. Ttie Cumin H*ionerx have the xatlstactlon of again report Nig (bat the e*perienee of a second pear amply connrm* the opinion* eipre**ed bp them In tbelr port on the great efflclem p and usefulness of the met I at One lie Garden for tbe etclwivelsiHfefP1' *' alien em gran a, under the authority J ""' ict of April 11, 116b. "For the . he eetabllehment continues to fulfil *n<l even the just eipectol on* of the Ixgislatur* tn Utla wt?e enact ft deel* on* of the court*, upou deliberate argument ?nd ad- ioenirot hnv Jiff P*t a* end M> It* legal obstacle* MprtSto 'luterpcVd to this on the .art o' person* wno, on varioui grounds, feared or thought their tx-cumart Interest* would be affesteil bp H i? measure, the opposition hat net since extended te vord acts m inferior, but continued, anoyance frtni host Who have formerly pfoffUed from tolling advantage of the ignorance ef new .y *r;iveil and frlend'cs* stran8 Tii" benfflcrnt effects of the system have btto shows In the much ditninixhe.l proportion of rtceutlp ar- red emlKranU requiring aid fi.>ro tl.i funds of the Ooinm'.aaiot, or applying etoowhere tn public o: pr \?te rbarlty Tl.e report of the Sup ,lnlcni>nt o fhstie Garden, with '.r .fti.,11. h ??i- kniuiiii ad ??. fK_e ecu -fl i ill b t* rninf otlifr latcrmllu| ami lrd,i>rtanl datalla, of ?b!ch not the leaet raluabla u<d important U< the hut* mi nt of ihe u'litua*' Jtst L<Ui ? ol the aliaa paMtogeni *ho arrived m 1*67 The ?ati?tir? nhirii *re w>llrrt*d and prMnrred at the f-.lgranl lrpy, ?* InrniigrnnU, nod thf r aaUoni <r oth? <u? c rtous *nd lBKlrttC(l7?, mi<I t?u Ikar bare I b.v a toita-ol lor aoaaal au longer wO. form a bo4> A I