4" . NEW YORK HERALD. j4ibrgordon blkhktt, kpitor awu fkorkimtr. irrin n. w. coimor kkltos isn it taste bts. TtHiy nw" *'? mtummr TV I I'Mil 1 HKKA LP, tun rmf. wr ru?y. t f1" c""'""UK wy.KKLT RrvAtrt. mry .s?/i/r,Cjv. <w P"r /?*- atimtmt: fh* jsiroymnvii VVihoti ^ p'r i"" (hj jwi-f o' fif?m flnkhh, (" $6 w u mi jmrf o' far ? n/limt, nrfa fci & <<?,<, ^ Thf r.4*n I HlKAl.ll. rrwy ir?",l<li , ?w.??iir mwpr, ?? ff 'I" '1"" Vut I'A '.4 ) (> KNESPO\r> f:\ry o.,'mnu. Mr./ ?wv.< .aFv.'rd /rat* nay qunr1*r of tkr in"*!;?/ ?.??' mi/1 or li/mra' >. mW ?.-r. arr-ora h'oRaiiin vt> iki ParfllTUHL) Ruit'^nino SUL ALL Ulim. iJU PAOBAUAS Bb?T pp A" A 0T1CT tal n of an,mi/m.ju,' cxinmvn, 'a!,on s. H> do no 0v > U.-'rriilfl . ' AI'ir'KTisr.MrNTSrmtn *! " rri, dau; ndf in pm*, fArWR?AI.Y Hnf.tr Kiillt H1K41 1>. U?./ IN ?.r tUifunin J?.d k rn)*au trillion*. J<>H PHlXTltre ?/* ntahMn, cl*tap.\ * and de# pmlfh t'T' XXIII Ho. 57 AIII'M,MK.VTH THIS KTKNI.VO. ACAI'KMV OF Ml'FIC, Kourtecn\h b?..-Itauar OpbraKiiift _____ IIOaPWAI THKATRK Broadway?Afternoon and Eve?l?|-ClBCim A??Mk*AUEBlB?VlKDaRPEJLA. BOWBRY THEATRE. Bowrrr?OrwMAKCB or Mosoow? 11 [ Lart I.K,??llnoNB* Swobd? Blasb Kthu Sciak. BfiTOii'S THEATRE. Broadway, opposl'* Bond hItnaI? A Prittt Piece or IUbiihe**?Colohbcs?Itiou Like BeVOW DtAIO-rOTAIOITAt. WAIAAOK'8 TllKATRK. Broad way?.1 ESSIE Ubown, or Tub Rati Br or Lpcebow?Swim Swains. LAURA tkKiIH THKATRE. Broadway?Mian Yocu Oti ItuaiEESP?A Steamboat Disaster?Mr Nbiohroh'i Bin. B*RKT1TR AWERTCAN MUSEUM, Broadway?Afternoon ?P'ovaaa Patriot. Kvroiuf?('Boas or Oolo?c'etohiso AJI HEIRESS. WOOD'S BtTILPTNOP, Ml and MR nroAdway-OBOiioi OnilTT A Worm's Min?tbbij? Wtrro tub KaxrieLb Mo.nkbt BUCEI.KVS 8ERKNADERK. No. 444 Broad way?NeoeO Mbvoime. tan Bcrce?.jpis?'Tbk El notes at tbb Acadbmt. MECHANICS HALL, 4r Broadway?Bryant's Minstrels ?BmrariAB Howwr-Butabt'i Drear or Shotbl rt. IVew York, Katwdaf, Febwmary '47, IMS. Ike Mews. The steamship America, due at Halifax, with Liverpool dates to the 13th inst., had not arrived at the first mentioned port at two o'clock thin morning. A letter from Salt Lake, published elsewhere, written fcy om at the faithful, given an interesting inside view of the state of affairs among the Mor moos. TW wTitel ridicules tiir cnorts 01 tne govern meat troops, and asserts tliat the whole army might easily have been destroyed by the Mormons had they felt disposed so to do. He also predicts that the army will make a retrograde movement in the spring. We learn from Washington that the Secretary of War and the General-in-Chicl aA diligently engaged in arranging the spring campaign against the Mormons. It has been decided not to wait the action of Congress upon the various propositions for increasing the military force, but to withdraw troops from the frontier posts and concentrate them upon Utah Orders in accordance with this design have been already issued. The call upon the President for information as to whether the people of Utah ure in rebellion against the federal authorities has 1-eeo responded to. The documents, however, contain nothing of importance on the subject that is not familiar te the public. The committee of the New Jersey Legislature on the Quarantine question has reported against quitdauning to New York a portion of Sandy Hook for quarantine purposes, and the Legislature has en cloned the views of the committee. As this subject is shelved, let the Board of Quarantine Commissionera be abolished without delay. The Senate was not in session yesterday. lu the House tlie <oiiwderation of the resolution providing for the appointment of a select committer to inquire wtetbet executive influence has been employed to control legsdation was postponed till Thursday next. Notice was given of a bill permitting creditors of the federal government to bung suits for the recovery of debt * in the United States Court*. After a dis cut-sion of the Kansas question in Committee of the Whole, the I mi inn Appropriation bill, and the bill nppropt i at nig money to f.Ufil treaty stipulations regarding the abolition of the Danish Sound dues were parked, and the House adjourned till Monday. A laige number of bills and reports were presented I t; 1 hi I.i i dati.n yi-irrday. Iu both branehe-bills to provide lor the purityol tbo ehctin bMcUn,'1 to j tevent illegal voting ' in pl?iin terms, for theregutratiMi of voter* were introduced by racmliera ol the Know Nothing party. They were referred to select committees, after considerable opposition from the democrat*. The Know Nothings and republi can- seem to be united upon thl* project, if upon nothing clar. In the A-?embly a bill wa* introduced errating a Board of Home Relief for the city of New York, to consult of aeven members, with saillird <-ili? en? and clerk*. with sutlng-ity to superviac and regulate tenant bounc*. provide relief for va pianl children, Ac.?all exponnei to be paid out ol the city treasury. Hill* legalizing stock transaction* on time, and for levying a tax to pjy the old police force, were alao introduced. The Board of Councilmen were in session last even ing and transacted - onsidTable routine hu- n??~ but iiothmg of * pec ml public interest. The Board coo curved with the Aldermen in ordering the fire alarm Iiell* of the city to be ring at nine o'clock every Kibbath morning, for the convenient of the Sunday school folk: and aim in relation to advertising for new boor for the vari .ua fire companies. An ordinance. (submitted by the Fire Department Cotnmittee of the Alderman, for the better regulation of the department, wa* concurred in. The report of the 1 inance Committee on the tax levy was returned by the other Board and referred to a Committee of Con lerence. The CommitW on Isinds and Places were lontructed to report at the next meeting as to what are the difficultiea in the way of the pun ham of Ward'a Inland. Mcasr- Genet and Brady were added to the Btanding Committee on A? wments, the Matter gentleman affirming that Ibe re cut de f f'lO|M vnruui ui irnuun i* hu? i*u it ? < i ui fx* ? mine the upportionment of Mwwni?nt? carefully. JV committee of fire. in punwanco of a resolution i.flared none time ags, *m appointed to proceed to .Albany to advocate the rfjieal of tba Metropolitan Police bill, after which the Board adjourned till Tuesday. The Committee on Landa and Place* of the Board of Coonrilmen weir in session yesterday McCotter came before the committee to urge upon Ibem the necessity of the city buying hi* portion of Ward's Island. Mayor Ticmann waa present. and ?aid be thought that Mr. McCotter bad no right to claim I'uHUc road*, which be doe*, or po****aion of the land I-nm water mark on ground that doe* not belong to liia, but to New York Opposition in the form of router objection* wa* oWr*d to tba objection* of I be Mayor, and the result waa an adjournment of the t mailt tee without any act ion. Two other committee meetings of the Board of I ooocilmen also took place yesterday. One wa* I he Railroad and the other the Street (leaning ommittee. Tl* Committer- on Railroad* ?*i en I *ged hear i or partiea on the subject ofextendlng l he Fourth Avenue IUilr--ad to Forty-aecond street. Jmt agreed to bold another tn?-ting previous tore I Kiting for or against the propriety of (ranting per mission for an extension Tbe other commitee wj? ex-mpied hater.iue to argument* aa to the bet Method of having the -ir<?-t* cleaned', but it . i 'joumed irftboutdoing anything. A correspondent at Rridgrtown Hart .l - wing on U?e 8th ii.-t., aaya Within tlie ihr-wi-eka twenty two vee*< I* from 'h- ' -- . s tm-ved at tftia port bring.nz u* fx*) t.ir" 1 .list poonde meal. 1 >4? bag- rom rd t bar ?eU pork with a fair anpply of hor*e? and mule*. We therefore report the market a* abundant1/ ?np )>UM.an<l h- *ew-eL? continue to arrive, the trade l>eration?,|.?rH< ularly in l?rrad?tuflVare i ondnctod with caution Corn meal and corn owing to arnne *j<ern!a? on, range firm)) the former at *1 7* a KB1 U 80 pe(-barriS, ud tfc? iMcr >S. OoMk is ia mall fu|ip4>'. and u> much wanted. Lard doll at $16 a f?0. The weither L <lry+ad rain much wanted. Sugar making ia teoomiag daily more general, aad ia another wwk or two the mills will be in full oywili,?i?li tl.? U?J Tl... :il *? .1?> ? -> " B" wra UC VOCUH|W eter made in (he island. Kew Bugarsells it ttMl $3 2.1 per 100 lbs.; molasses, 17 cent*; rum,36 ctaU, in bond; storting exchange. $440 a $447 60 per ?10$, ami bank bills on New York, at ten days. 2 per oeat premium. Th? tx.tV'n market continued firm yesterday, wtth free isles. Tlie trwiMartlcoH, tDc'.u^'ng considerable lets in trantitv, embraced about 4,OOC htlea, cto*.ug Urm oa Ui basis of middltuy uplands at 19c and goUs d> otitic. Flour m dull end sales moderate, doling at rates (a tavor of purchasers Wheal was quiet aud sales limited. Choice lots were scarce and wasted tor mill.ue. The aales embraced cnoicc Southern white at $1 46 and red do. at $1 25, and Chicago npnng at $1. Corn was steady, with sale* of Southern yellow un i white at 64c a TOc.wiia a small lot ol the latter reported at 71c. Tori, wn nuady, with *-?>?, ot loot* at $16 6i a $10 CO aid of prime at 613 26. Stifars wnie ftcady, with sales of 720 hhd/;. ol -Sew OrI.hlo laid Cubs, Bu i ISO libilii. rew crop I'orto Blot give* at rates in another cc.uma. Coffee war steady, wtth sales of 1.000 a 1,600 Ugs ltio auJ 200 do. Jamaica at prtoes given elsewhere. Freights were without chsagc ef me meat in uuotafconi, while cogaiiemeutg were moderate. The Defeat of the Army BUI --Singular Developemeoto In the l/'nlted States Senate. The proceedings of Thursday last, in the United States Senate, which resulted in the defeat of the Army bill, abounded in the most singular and significant political developments. First, the bill was on administration measure (three or four thousand iucrea:^ of the regular i m m} ) imperatively uemanaeu, ta view 01 me Mormon rebellion uud the numerous hostile Indian tribes of the vast wilderness of the far West; ardyet this practical measure of u democratic President has been overthrown in every shape and form in the Senate, which is democratic by an overwhelming majority. This is a curious fact; but from the peculiar views of ultra Southern and Western democratic Senator? upon the subject the want of unanimity among them may be readily explained. Ultra Southern fire-eaters, of the uarrow calibre of Mr. Toombs, were afraid of this proposed increase of the army. It might result in placing too much military power in the hands of some future Northern President; and we suspect that Mr. Seward's emphatic support of the measure may have contributed to strengthen such ultra Southern suspicions. On the other band, the ultra Western Senators wanted volunteers instead of regulars, because, while the great West would be ready to furnish any number of volunteers for Utah for a limited term, her people would have little or nothing to do with the enlisting business for the regular service. Thus, among many of the democratic senators conflicting ' sectional and local considerations were pant" mount, and between them the administration and its requirements were disregarded. In the second place, singularly enough, among the most steady and consistent supporters of the administration upon this measure were Mr. Jefferson Davit* and Mr. Hunter, the two most prominent leaders of the Southern ultras. and Mr. Seward, the great leader of the anti-slavery holy alliance of the North, seconded by Mr. Cnmcron, the especial anti Buchanan champion ol the l'cnnsytvuuia republicans. But these meu, upon this subject, were governed by broad statesman like views, and properly appreciated the general public sentiment of the whole country in reference to that gre.it moral ulcer of Mormonism, for the extirpation of which this proposed increase of the army was requested. In this light the moral independence and consistency of Mr. Seward, through all the varied proceedings and amendment* of the bill, (eonsidering the party appeals and remonstrances that were brought to hear against him.) are particularly entitled to respect. But the most remarkable feature in the divisions of the Senate upon this aforesaid bill is the Inveterate hostility with which it was resisted. in every shape, by the dyed-in-the wool black republicans of the New Kugland school, from Hale, of New Hampshire, to Doolittlc. of Wisconsin. They opposed the measure upon the pretext that this army force was intended for the reduction of the people of Kanr-as to submission to the Lecompton constitution that another object wa- executive patronage, and on the general plcu that the army was already large enough for all legitimate purposes. Th' r< al ground of this ultra Northern opposition, however, we fear may be traced to a lurking sympathy for the Mormons and their seanda luiis syst* m of patriarchal polygamy and . on cubinsge From the advent of the missionary labor* of I anny Wright and Hobert Owen, in Isbalf of ; a fr?*e love" reconstruction ot our so. ial sya- I t-m tier p.. ?.n. os doctrine-have I.e. u sprout tag up in the North, and especially in New Kngland. in all sorts of hideous shapes. Koilri? rit' pbulan\e?, amalgamating aliolitioiisocie ti>-. woman's righis conventions Bloomer-, -piritual circtar and fr<e love conventicle*. from Massachusetts to Wisconsin, have In-en the oN"r of tb? day. Puritanical Massachusetts. inth-social reforms, has taken the lead, until, if we may judge from the caac of th? Ib-v. Mr. Kallocb. oineof b'-r most saintly anti-Nebraska clergyman are little better than .Mormon elder" in diaguiw Thus, among the rabid anti-slavery faction^ of New Kngland and the North. free love and it* attendant abnminutions appear to bav? ?*en extending port po*"i with abolition fanaticism, till at length we may pretty -afely xsTt that shore wc meet with an inveterate hater of negro slavery we find a sneaking free lovor. or a -kulking Mormon with anothername. We have no doubt that thi" hidden sympathy for th< Mormons and their practical Fouricrite ] and fret love institutions has bnd much to d<? with the opposition ot the .iltra blaek republi . hds ol the Senate to this army bill. Mormon ism as it exi-ts in I'tab is a "ort of nucleus \i|?oo *hicb may h< engrafted similar expeii- j ments In other quartern and and< r the various disguises of our Northern social reformers. But 1st Mormonism he extirpated and public opinion will next be directed to the various modifications of the -am" abominations existing nearer Lome It tvii's therefore a bold venture on the part of Mr. Seward to denounce the infamous polyjramirt* nf I'tah a? a moral nui sance: lMii it was an unpardonable offen< e in him to advocate the increase of the army required for their expnlaion Th? result will pro liably be come curious political clarification, at no distant day. of the anti-slavery legion* of the North: but in that emnt Mr. Seward may rejoice in ?*?ing relieved from ibe contami natinjr association* of Fourieriem, free lovei?m end addition sympathies with MnrmnnUm A* for the recommendation of the President for an incr < ? .' of the army to the extent of four or tive thousand men. it wn* eminently wise ;,nd iudi< hw>. The force indicated will Iw r d d ' r?'m ! r Mr Morm ? nuWa:i W YORK HEHAU?,. SATE from our territories. Tilt general public sentiment. North and South, demands the. abatement of this nuisauce, and in some form or other we hop< that the troops required will yet be pro vided by Congress. As for any danger to Kan gar or to the public liberties from the permanent iu cream- of the army indicated, it is all nonsense. With the addition* proposed the army, alter disposing of Brigham Voung, will find permanent and useful employment as the government police force of our w idely extended western deserts and frontiers. RrwiiM or Mntrr.?It seems that General I Nye has got his bouse and lot, at least the title deeds are said to have been secured, and possession is to l>e given on 1st May. The property is located, it seems, on the corner of Twentythird street and Tenth avenue. We are not told whether the house is four or three story, or the lot fall width or anything more or lees; but we presume that the policemen have done the thing handsomely, and that the property is all that even General Nye could wish. It may be presumed that the house will be decorated with a suitable inscription, to run somewhat as follows: Prfsmiled to Oommmtioner Njs oat of U><? scssty s*Tia?s of the Metropolitan Pollcaaen, as a rowarU for a tow months exertions as a member of the Metropolitan Mile# Board. The police must not Btop here. Having begun the good work, let them not falter in welldoing, but persevere to the end. General Nye cannot be expected to be content with a house. A Commissioner of Police should have his carriage aud horses. They will cost but a trifle. A pair of cleun limbed, handsome animals (General Nye could not be expected to be satisfied with auy others) will cost about $1,000 to $1,200; the carriage may be bought for as much more; and a vacant lot adjoining the house, with a suMttntiul stable upon it, may be added to the I f gratuity for about $5,000 more. A few mouths steady economies on the part of the patrolmen will enable them to manage it. Then, it is but fair that Generel Nye should have a service of plate; a thousand to fifteen hundred will pui chase this. Finally, as the hot summer months are approaching, it would be u very delicate attention on the part of the policemen to present General Nye with a yacht, in order to cruise through the waters of the hay and recruit his exhausted energies. A yacht like the Wanderer would cost $25,000 ; but if the policemen eould pick up a yacbt like tno Ilebccca. second hand, they could g>.t it for about five thousand. It would be nothing for thejn to raise this sura now that they have begun. A little privation in their families, a few boots and shoes or a little beef less for the children, and the whole could be managed, and everybody, including Commissioner Nyc, would be perfectly happy. Kansas Nkws. The letter from Kansas publish d in yesterday's Hikai.d sheds mueh further light upon the condition of affairs in that Territory. The writer draws a vivid picture of the adjournment of the Legislature, and portrays in striking colors the political agitation which has so loug been the popular pastime in that Territory. From his statements it seems quite likely that no one would be better pleased at the admission of Kansas under the Lecornpton constitution than the very Kunsa? people who have opposed that constitution. They, like the rest of us, have grown tired of the subject, and wish to see it settled at any cost. We take pleasure in drawing attention to the | maturity of judgment and comprehensiveness 1 nf virw rlicnl'ivr-rt h-e thf wrrit.?r nf niir (fin-iis: correspondence. "<* despatched to Kauaas ! som< time since from this office, and has been maintained there for some time; it is not too much to suy that he bus done more toward spreading correct views of affairs in that Terri tory than all the other newspaper correspondents who have been there. Had the democratic organs in the North had the energy and enterprise to send correspondents of their own to Kansas the agitation might long since have been checked; as it is they have been so busy quarrelling about spoils that the republicans . have enjoyed a monopoly of the manufacture of I Kansas news. Mom; WiTxraWE; i on mi; Tvnin Lvrurn- j CIITIMJ Committi i:.- It seems that this commit- j tee arc pickiDg up more witnesses in Mnssaelm- i setts capable of throwing light on that $.17,000 : affair. They must not forget, however, that j cm lain philose>phers in this region profexa to j know tbut $200,000 were collected from the Sew linglanri factories for tlte purpose of re. I nlenUhinsr thr lobby and promoting the di-.ui/s I ' " I of the tariff hill. The manager* of an obscure ' stock jobbing and stock gambling journal in this city have acknowledged that they arc AC- ! qnaintcd with the facta and their evidence may help to bring the charge home. Their name* air Raymond. Wesley and Simonton. f^t them be called before the committee and com- i pellcd to testify. Tin Pouck Bii.l.* it Ajjiant. AH sort* of bills hare been and are going to >?e intro- . duced into the Legislature at Albany to amend and tinker this and that defective part of our municipal system. All there ore mere n?ooi)-hine; we hope none of them will paw, for < ven a good bill *up< radd' d to the ina?* of incongruous legislation which we have ju-d now would do u* more harm than good. The only reform that will I*1 of any use will l>? a return \ to the old system of a one man power. In the person of the Mayor, aud the uholition of all the independent official* and Hoards of Commissioner" whioh now cunilx 1 the muuicipat (Vain", and prevent the wholesome ;<dmiui*tralion of city government. If any member will propose to aboUfth all our existing charter* and amend ing acts, aud to substitute a brief law assitui lating tfce government of New York to that of the confederacy, ho will render a good service; anything short of this is an injury. rentier. Him On ?The man ol the Spring field Rrp-tbJtci'n, in Muvuchusettx, who made such a ridiculous fraivr> in attempting to e*tahli*b a gn at journal in BoMon last year, lia- the impudence to say that our Kan--i< corn ponilenec i* not written in Kansas, but is manufactured in the HKIUI'D oflice-lhis, loo. in the lace of wlf-cvidcnt facts. We can hold no cotnmunica tion with such insolence, lying and meanness in n'w*pap<rs. We shall therefore strike the fel low ofl from our exchange list. A NfcwsfAPKR rii.M.ns.R. Mr. Booby Brook" j> ?*?ry other day stealing from our columns without acknowledgment. and -?tvlnjf up a cold cheap hash suitable for th< Hlth a?<>nne. Ili? last basket of cold vittal" was made up from our account of the r> <l republican banquet in Leonard street, lie re-cooked that ptqtun'ff ntlair in the -hape of a I 'port and an editorial article a cold hash and hot "tow at one meal Hta butcher's Mil for the hat week mn?t bare been a little more than u'ual.
rRDAY, 'FEBRUARY 2T, 1 >?rtlii?n KlUniloii ?Ad Nwthtn IntM*UtThtRcwVkHnorikiHortk. Severn! of the minor newspaper* ore endeavoring to make it appear that the extension of our influence over Mexico and Cuba would redound exclusively to, the interest of the Southern portion of the Union, and that it should be resisted on grounds of sectional interest and influence. A gret.ter fallacy than this could not be easily found; for not only is it not true in its assertion that the Scuta is exclusively interested in the extension of our southern frontier, but the fact is that the North, and more particularly New : England, draws a tar greater advantage from j our extension southward than any other section of the Union. The political weight that inay have aceruad to tte South by the admission of | Texas has been counterbalanced three or four times over by the admission of new Northern States, wnile the actual material advantage is with the North. The direct and indirect trade of New York and Boston with the ports of Texas is a hunderod times greater than that of all the Southern ports together. Seua; tor Seward's declaration on the floor of the Senate that the fight between the social pysteins for political preponderance \ in the Union has been fought and won is eminently true; and while the political elements of the agitation that has been so rife for a generation among us is dying out, it behooves us to consider what are the true principles involved in the bringing of new territories within our circle. These new principles are entirely of an industrial and commercial character?the opening of new markets for that thriving industry which hives in our Northern States; the removal of those tariffs, protective laws, preventative regulations and jealous schemes of policy that now so greatly obstruct our trade with Mexico and Cuba; a free interchange with them of the products of the fisheries, looms and forests of New England, and the grains and meats of the Northwest, for the intertropical and metallic productions natural to them. The extension of our influence over Mexico and Cuba might give them a stable government, and a prospect of a permanent future, and thus redound gTcatly to their advantage. But a much more palpable benefit would accrue to ourselves. Every mill privilege in New Englaud would double in value a^once; the demand for the products of her looms would more than double in one year; three times the present yield of her fisheries would not suffice to meet the wauts of the new lr.<de; every article that her prolific ingenuity now produces would be at once demanded by ten millions of new consumers; and in return we should have the rich productions of Cuban agriculture without the burthen of a double line of duties, and the countless treasures of the uow almost unworked mines of Mexico. A very few statistics will demonstrate this. We will take Cuba first'.' That island now consumes, in round numbers, the follow ing articles of trade, which she should mostly, if not entirely, gel from us:? Cotton, woollen and linen fabrics . $6,000,000 Meats, fish. Ac. .1,000.01)0 Flour (nearly all from Spain) f>,000,000 Lumber 2,000,000 Total from New England and the Nortkwast... . .... $it;,ooo,ooo Kice (the only Southern product) . 1,000,000 1 rou and metals 11,000,000 Total $20,000,000 While here we have only one article, rice, from the South, we have four articles to the value of sixteen millions of dollars which should l?e supplied to her by the Northwest and New England; yet, owing to the prevailing system of tariffs between the two countries, not five per cent of either of those articles, except lumber and fish, are supplied to her from this country. None of our cotton or woollen manufactures go there, when proximity, superiority of product, cheapness and many other reasons should give us the exclusive trade, lty the present political relation or Cuba to the United States, New England is deprived of an immediate market for ten millions of dollars worth of the products of her industry, which would Increase vastly from the moment of the admission of Culm into the Union. A far greater result would attend the removal of the commercial barriers that now exist between us and Mexico. We have no trade with that country w orth calculating, while every clement ol her industrial existence demands a free exchange of products. We will take only one of these elements her mineral wealth. The mines of Mexico during the latter part of the last century yielded as follows:? From 1770 to 1770 110o.000,000 From 17x0 to 17x:i. 194,000,000 From 1700 to I7?:i .. 231,000,000 Total #600.000.000 Before the tirst decade of the present century expired she became involved in civil war, from which she has never since been free, and her production of the precious metals ha? gone on decreasing continually. in addition to this cause of industrial decay the high price of quicksilver, nrccHSiiry for the extraction of the metal* from the ores. ha? tended against her. Thi? lms been removed by our devclopemont of the quicksilver mines of California, from whence it can be -applied at much lower rates than ever before known. All that Mexico now wants is our guarantee to the stability of her government and un industrial union with oa, and she will produce far more wealth than California tin times over. In return, she will require cotton goods from Lowell and Law rence. boots and shoes from Lynn, Yankee notions from cTrry town and butnlct in New Lngland, and machinery from New York and Pennsylvania. The stimulus that the opening of these markets would impart to New Kngland would far exceed that which lin? resulted from the opening of Texas and California to them; and it is in this material light that the entire North will look upon the question of our Southern extension within a v< ry short time. The admission ol the free States ot Minnesota and Kanraswill forever deprive the ubolition agitators of the political elements they have found so ready to tb< ir hand ami (oik the old ?|ii?'^iiodk to giv way to the new one*. Some of the lending Northern politician* have already for?*e*n thi* refult. and nre prepmcd to b?ad off on A new lark for putdic furor in Northern public ! opinion. Sto? r pRKMrrtON*.?Sow of the prophet* of Wall atrret foreaec a rcTultdon in *i*ty day*; other* in three month*, other* In *ix, other* in nine. To lirtrn to each, you would auppoee the *pc?ker wa* revealed. How hnrmonion* (hp revt lation-1 How *en*ible the prophetical B58. . , Pwpm or |k? Bdlgltui RcTolaUM. . 1 The religious revival in this city and elsewhere is gaining ground every day. A similar movement commenced at about the name time in Europe and on the shores of the Pacific, so that we may reasonably conclude that all Christendom is awakening to grace. In this city there are twelve daily public prayer meetings of all the evangelical denominations.. We give a report of yesterday's proceedings at one of them in to-day's paper. There are also daily services in all the Episcopal and Roman Catholic churches. These services are attended by cot lees than ten or twelve thousand rwrfinr.H everx duv: tha nravar meetinca r rf ? i /? o' are crowded, and the attendance at the Lenten church services is greatly in excess over any previous year. We read that in all the meetings "there seems to be a desire to avoid denominational bias, and to make all the women who come perfectly easy in their minds on the score of possible offence at their preconceived ideas." The same zeal prevails throughout the country, and the sinners are flocking in great armies to taste the sweet waters of eternal life. The philosophic mind will naturally seek for the cause of this sudden religious excitement. It may be found chiefly in the historical verification of the theory that in all ages the spirit of God and the spirit of Satan have been at war for the possession of the bouI of every man, woman and child on the face of the earth. To go back no further than the Christian era, we find that the Apostles and their immediate successors, "the noble army of martyrs," buckled on their armor and fought with Satan night and day, in season and out of season, overcoming him at last. Then the spirit of God reigned upon the earth. Then arose Hie Roman church, with all its pomps, splendors, political power, corruption, sins, lusts, and wickednesses. The church was rich, powerful, luxurious, licentious and cruel. During many centuries Satan had possession of the Roinish church, and therefore full swing over all Christendom. What he did history will tell. Then arose the fiery Luther, the mild Melancthon. the ascetic Calvin, the sturdy John Knox. They openly defied the devil and all his works. They preached through all Europe the plain, simple faith of the Fathers, and worked out the reformation. IIow the Dissenters in England and Scotland and the Huguenots bled and sutfered for the cause of Christ. the records of the times of Queen Mary, tne blood stained sabres of Claverhouse's dragoons, the massacre of St. Bartholomew's and the cruelties in La Vendee will tell us. Here was another army of martyrs, and the spirit of God again reigned. But time impaired the power of the Roman church, and the Anglican organization took the lead. The penalties against Dissenters were relaxed. Even Quakers were acknowledged to be human beings. The successors of the reformers fell into the old ways? Satan again possessed the kingdom. Then appeared the instruments of the devil in the shape of Voltaire. Rousseau and other free thinkers, whose infidel publications set all Europe in a bla/e, acd brought about the horrors aud the terrors of the first French revolution. The effect of that revolution was to disorganize society in France and elsewhere, and to make it fashionable to scoff and sneer at holy things. The teachings of these French philosophers inculcated many dangerous heresies, and many weak brethren, seduced by the glittering generalities of the infidel books, embraced the spirit of Satan with open arms. In the early history of this country the Puritans had a hard fight with the old leaven of unrighteousness. They conquered, however. They never banged a Quaker, set an Episcopalian in the stocks, hunted a Papist out of the settlements, or shot an Indian without having prayers before and afterward. But here also the church grew rich and la/y. The spirit of Satan came down upon us twenty-five or thirty years ago. in the shape of Fanny Wrlghtism. Owenism and so on?all theories connected more or less inti uiaieiy wiiu liiiHieuiy. men came ruuriensm. spiritualism, agrariunism. socialism, and the crowning abomination, Mormonisn. The reign of corruption, roguery, iuGdelity, licentiousness and fanaticism had commenced. Satan seemed firmly fixed when this new, spontaneous revival of religion commenced. And now we are told that the spirit of God is to dcsccud upon all Christendom, to drive out Satan and all his works, to cleanse, renovate, and invigorate all the rcgulur churches?to crush Mormonism and all the other isms-to make us all clean and white as little lambs seven times washed in the silver Jordan. This is the philosophical view of the religious revolution. The Christian religion is founded upon certain plain, practical, radical moral principles and truth. Men change?times change; truths alone ore immutable, unchangeable, eternal. At various periods since the birth of our Saviour the reign of error Ins seem e?l to be permanent, but not so. The spirit of God has descended upon the churches, the brethren have returned to first principles, and I.ucifer has been sent howling to Hades. It is now the time for a similar movement, and with | the time we have the movement. We are re, turning to firsl principles. Already we sec the decadence of the political and the fighting par[ sons. Beecber preaches Sharp's rifles no more. The spirit of Satan which popp4*d into the Church of the Puritans, like the spirit of evil in the shape of "Jack Calhoun'" in Congress, has (sen routed out. and the church is coming around right again. Let the revolution go on. 'I brougn Hs agency wc snail crusu oui an tne heretics of the day. and walk in the path* of ; righteousness through the light of the NewTee. lament, which is the lamp of eternal life. _____________? Tiir !>ok?i ** PmiociurT *\n Trocwjc. The defection of ex-GoTemor Walker from hi* pn sitioa of hostility to the administration on the Kansas question is creating quite a row amongst the handful of politicians composing the Douglas democracy here and elsewhere. Poor Forney is in a stew in Philadelphia, and has found out that, another seceder has gone over to the administration from his camp. It seems that a Mr. Johnson, who claims the merit of the nomination of Mr. Ruchauan and the chief agency in his election, has abandoned the Douglas det moersey and i* now writing for the Union at Washington. Rut this Is not. all; George N. Sanders and all the New York Hotel clique have also deserted the Douglas democracy. So tin re is trouble all round. I* the Ki*? ok Pnrssii Casein IIkm!? It Is reported that the royal family of Prussia :1TT nlxint in inrrewve their investment in Krie I bomK of which they already hold nenr n million What Hooa Ihi* moan? Do they foresee n ("tnin o<|ii;?lI in liuropo. and do they wnnl to prepare a comfortable bon?e in tho Ulit'd Stales? % 1 THE LATEST NEWS. 1 . I, NotrArrlTVl of the AmrHfa. Hxiuu,r?b ST?2 A. H. There are aa yet bo etyaa of tile royal mail steamship America, nowfnily due at the port, with three d^o Mar newt fTom Europe Weather calm and clear. DnpatrhM for Baropt. Powlajtd, reb ??, jut. The eteamship Indian will leave this port for Liverpool at S P. M. to morrow. Deepatchee to be forwarded bf her should be left at 21 Wall street, New York, before noon of Saturday. Affaire at Washington* tbx brninq campaign aoainnt tbi mormons?op POSITION TO COLLECTOR 8T1IHLI NEW TOR* cusTOM HOUHI APPOINTMENTS?MAIL RTEiMBHIP PROjects before congress?opposition to lmoompton dttno out, ETC., etc. WAsairoroE, Feb. 26,1S6?. Tbe Secretary or Wet, with Generals 8oott and Harwcf, is busily engaged in arranging the spring campaign against the Mormons. The Secretary has decided not to watt Iks action of Congress in relation to increasing the army, bat to immediately withdraw the entire force rrom the frnntiw and all other quarters, and concentrate them against Urn Mormons; and with this plow orders will be at ones transmitted for the movement of troops to For} Leavenworth, preparatory to their march to Utah. I also learn that tho Secretary has decided to oonveae a court hero for the purpose of trying Col. Sumner an charges preferred again-<1 him by Gea. Harney. Mr. Schell, your Collector, has been here with a list of thirty six new appointments to the Custom Boons. Tl?> are selected from all the Tammany factions, but are not yet confirmed Opposition is made to them by the Tammany Society. A desperate, but secret end suppressed oontest, is going on here between tho New York democrats of the dlTsrssf committees. Great effort is being made by the Sickles, Fowler, Ryndera and Hart party to break down CaLsotor Schell and those who act with him. The opposition among the democrats in the House te tbe admission of Kansas under tbe lecompton constitution in disappearing rapidly. There can be no doubt bat It will pass the House by ten or twelve majority, and there is no doubt about tbe Senate. There is no truth whatever in the rumored change* of Southern members on the Kansas question. You may depend upon it the bill will pass both bouses Horace Greeley has come on here to drum up tho republicans. It is said bis evidence will also be required before the several corruption committees. Mattesoa will be examined b fore the Tariff Inve&tiga tins Committee In-mnrrnw The statement telegraphed from here as to the leetii* of the Houae Poet Office Committee regarding an increase , oTocean poet routee, U an instance of the manner, la I which certain correspondent* attempt to black mail parties 1 laving hueineee before Congress. In point of fact, but few more routes have been memorialized for?two to Kurope and two to South America, on the Atlantic and i'aciilc coasts?and all of these met the approval of Die Postmaster General in his report to Congress. The committee have not yet taken the subject up; but so for as the opinion of its members is concerned it is more this probable the reports will be favorable for all such lines as can be conveniently established, and which can be shown to be required for the developemeut of our commerce. The views of the Herald in this respect will be fully endorsed. There will be a caucus of democratic senators to-morrow morning, for the purpose of agreeing upon a plan of action with regard to Uie important measure* of this session. It is stated by the administration democrats of the Pennsylvania delegation in Congress that Mr. S bar wool will be appointed to the Judgeship made vacant by the death of Judge Kane. The district appointments still hang Ore. Dr. Jones is Postmaster, but the President is much embarrassed in the selection of Marshal He may be compelled to retain the present incumbent. One of the principal writers for the Union is a Mr. John son, who claims that he once conducted the New Yoex flnmi-D, managed the democratic party, got Mr. ltuchanan nominated, secured his election, had Walker appointed Governor of Kansas, G. N. Sanders to the navy agency of New York, and himself to be Consul to 1/ondon Do yoo know him * THE lir.NKKAl MtWsPAPKR DWO-tTC*. official cobkesfondknci relative to the t'tau rebellion. wa.siiim.tos, Fob. 20, lsfid. The Pi evident to-day, in response to a resolution of um House calling for information to show to what extant Utah is in rebellion, communicated voluminous documents in reference thereto, the substance of the most important of Kiek ha. A aleo.itw koae n..klUk^ A letter from the headquarter* of the army informs trt-n Harney Ihmt "80 well n the nature of thn nemo* appreciated, and no deeply are tho honor and inter evu of the United State* involved in it* auroeaa, that the govetrntnrnl will heeitate at no evpene* to complete the efficiency of the little army, and enaur# health and comfort to It a* far aa attainable." He ie told?"The prudence expected of you require* you to anticipate a reeialance, general and organized, and to ahape your movement* at if it were certain, keeping the troop* meased and in head when ap proarhing expecW resietance." In e letter to <M. Jehnstoo. dated January 2Sd. Geoeral S oil heartily ap|irore? of the Colnel'a conduct, and nnllee hut sympathy tor the difttcultlen he (John*ton) *0 manfully conquered; aleo tendering eo expreeeion of hie (Scott'*) high appreciation of the noble energy, patienon and uplrit dinplayed by the officer* and men. adding that 10 thi* the War Department concur*. In another letter aridreaacd to Col. Johnston during the preaent month Ceneral Scott My* that it w no lunger proh able that he will go to the 1'ariflc road, or that any expedition against or toward Utah will be <1e* pate bed from that aide. Surgeon* tlreene. Kunrheoberger and Folti have been appointed aa a board to examine candidate* for promotion and applicants for adtmrjion in the medical corn* of the n*Ty. Tbe Board will convene at Philadelphia, March 16. Hon John Cochrane and other*. during the pant weak, hare presented in the Houre an unusually larfa number of petition* for a homcntead bill, and those for Uie passage of a bankrupt law are multiply inf. .Several trial* of firearm* baring bean recently naada here, noma coafuaton ha* arisen in the accounts whxrb hare found their way into the pre** The Board of Offlcar* who witnessed the trial of a new breech loalmg pts tol manufactured by Mr. Sharp, of Philadelphia, reported that it waa similar in construction to tbe .Sharp** breech loading carbine manufactured by a competing company at Hartford, Conn There being several essential difference* in the principle and nnnstructioe of tbe arms, the Sharp's Rifle Manufactories Company, of Hartrord, feel that the report did them an injury, and after considerable per?n\ erance they succeeded In having the odtrisl report modified in meet the case They ask for Una evplanation a* * matter of justice The following are the names of Postmasters re appoint ed ?Samuel C. Alien, Past Boston. Isaac 8. Rurrell, How bury Charles B. Swain, Nantucket Report of the t^ as raw tine Committee of Um t?w Jersey l/egtslstnrr. Tsnsrov, N. J.. Keb ?. tUft Tbe legislative Committee oa Quarantine lis* reported adversely to lit# application of tbe New York Oonsml* sinner* Their duty to the State, justice to their own citizens and the dictate* of humanity, forbid their allowal of the proposed location of guarantiee at Handy Hook Tbe committee argue the subject at length They *ay that the application is pressed against ike protestations of the Health Officer of guaranline itself, the Chamber of Ownmercs, the Board of t'nderwriters. the Oommissiooora of emigration, and thousands of New York merchants The legislature has adopted the report sad ordered tt to be printed. Ri -tlpriiliig nf the Afrtrsn Mars Trmle at the Month. New Ontasss, Feb. an, iflA*. An editorial article In the /VUa of to day aeeerta that the Honth ha* already opened the African a lava trade, and that a regular depot ben beam established on Pearl river, In Mieeliwippt, where cargoes hare been received, and the negroes eold and put to work. The Dtltn aaye the veeaaln engaged in the trade generally uae the French flag, be < auee tbe British cruiser-; on the African coaet will not trouble It. fM? latona the Demerrary of lUrllbrd Hsmman, Feb at, IkMThe demoerats net to night to appoint delefate^ to their fttate Conrr-nttoa The meeting waa large aad very ranch etcited It wae l?ougla? and anti Unuglaa, and the thing!*" delegates were choaen by a vote of nearly two to ona The (irand Ball o? the Brntah l,lgbt Inlknlry. ttnenvs, F ab 3d, lkM. The grand hall of thn Ho ton Ugtu lalantry, Captma Cliaa l? Roger*, at Musk; Uail.laet oighi,wos the mn?t