Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1858, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1858 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JA NKI b OH DoT IK W If E T T, kditor *>?> rruprirtob 0rv- * w robkv*o? fulto* on ko.*au wi. TFh' W.\ u I aH/ ) Ht.h'ALD. f?r'> "*?? ? rv~ **p% W, i*~ ani-") UK ^A'A'ir Ii?J\All> every Sotur& ? ,al . *x c%nU p+r % o* S3 jm** (iKnu*ii, Jf? milium $4 pr innwm fo pr?rf Arfi?#f? ?H- Id fc ?,f,y Jhirf ^ f/w fWf*'**'. boJi j ?ffed/ ??> .'<*??? UK lAUlLY H EH ALU, every, M>Jrw?*Jay. cH/mir ornOpe* ,\it* $2 ?w*r Ul f'A fi4J? 1* 0>MIii:.\roXI>K.VCE. r&rUaintmJ important ; *tVt? ifoijrrmt any q% nrirr oi the irorl f, vnea in'W V WA#w.lypairt/or fpQi H Fokkiun (.okkicnponPKNT* ?KK PA? flti'un"- K*ogiu<ITSI? TO ? *i AI i. I.?tt*MJ A*I> PAIILAGU Ib?t ci JVW A'OT/fJf to**"* <v anoK'yinoK# owrpff nirti^. We do net return i^.n*r rejeetenl JVb rklSTUta ex*cuf?t trith r.eatnMft, chtvjme** a?*l de?pmtch. ADvr.liTI^KMKNTS ren'mi er^n, tiay, advertisements tn ftvtotf i* th* WkiKLT Hick\u>. Familt Ukhald. and in rA? Cbli^rmVi and European KHt'On*. 9 etm AMCSKMKWT3 TO MOHEOW KTS.N1SG. ACAPKVY Of Ml'StC, fouripeath ilrt?t-ItEUI Opera ?Otmbaxu. BEOAfWAT THfATKK. Broadway?Kocaarmi abisr Bt I Cft.BEH.TID MaI-B AMD KRRAi-E ARTISTa?VAR ARBPEOR'S I WkRAOtHia. Ac BOWKXT THBaT&X. Bowpry?Wirbrr?Destruction 0t * Baatiib?Taurine tur Tabucs. BOBTOITR TTTEATRK, Broadway, opposite Bond lira at BAIUT-Ibiar 'VMTOR WALLACE'S TBVATRR Bro?i1w?;-Jri!i Baova, Ob |u lUuEr or Locuow?Swim Swaiba. LAURA Knurrs THKATRK. Broad wbt-Kaob aw. C?i*bot?cted km?lb?Caytai.-i l iiiluitii. BARWTTK-A AKRRICAN KURKUV. Bro*dw?r-Aft?rboos fnr Sobkabbuliit Kvrnlng Tat SctKLit Utii.iqlp amd vobpu WOOD'S BUILDINGS M) ?ad 5*J BroA<1w?y?Gronoi O'iautt A Woom Miastbel??Wirro th* Sa.ysibu: Mo.uii MKCH aXICS' HALL, 4*t b~wlway?ravarr'a miimiu ?Ktbiabias 8<>wc??Brtaitt'a 1>beab or Seorri, by (lew York, ^tutday, February 9N, IH.iV, The Nr?u. We harp news from Europe to the 1,1th instant brought by the steamship America, which arrived at Halifax yesterday afternoon. In a finanr is! point Of view it is important. The Bank of England had reduced the rate of interest to three per cent, and consols had advanced to !H>{. The cotton market Was unusually active, at a considerable advance In price*, while bread-duffs were correspondingly de. pressed. A allocking catastrophe had occurred on the coast of England. The ship I/eaader, Captain Curtis, of Bath, Me., and the steamer North American, came in collision, and m a short time after the ahip sunkCarrying down with her the captain's wife, the second mate and eight of the crew. The captain and the * ^ ' ?' ? a?Ia?-..u In ni'iwluvr ten ra frtwbi DailUlCC UI IUV lltw, rin Cli Ul uuuimii , mn jttately rescued. There is but little j?oliticaJ news of importance by Kb is arrival. lord Pal moist on had introduced a bill in the British Parliment providing for the transfer of the governmental control of India to the Crown In France reports were in circulation of the resignations of Marshal Valiant, Minister of | "P ar and of Count Walewshi, Minister of Foreign Affairs The steamship Moses Taylor arrived at this port yesterday from Aspinwali, with the California mails to the 20tb ult, more than a million six hundred thousand dollars in treasure, and news from Salt .Lake. Oregon, Sonora, the South Pacific, the Plate Province*. New (iraaada. Central America, and the West India Islands. The new > from California is interesting, but not important Money was scarce in San Francisco, and the receipts of gold from the interior quite limited. The markets were again overstocked with all descriptions of merchandise except tlour. ( Jn tins commodity some speculation was going | on, and prices had advanced to a higher | figure than had been demanded since 1853. I Wore than the usual number of murders and affray- had occurred in various parts of the State. At San Diego, Mr. (istnian, Sheriff' of Lo* Angeles county, had been killed by an insane man named peed, from Texas. In a subsequent attempt to arrest the murderer u regular battle ensued, which resulted in the killing of the homicide, his body being riddled with ball* A thrilling account of the affair i? given in our compilation of the new- A eun ide mania prevailed at San Francisco. No less tl an thirteen auic'de* and attempts at wlf destruction were perpetrated during the fortnight previous to the sailing of the steamer. A duel had taken f>'a<e between two French editors. They fought frith -uuU -words, and both were wounded. Tbcre is nothing important from Oregon. The p' a OU..e* on rruzet ? nvcr were .*uia vo ue ricn in ILe pmiwi? ore The i?.telliirenee from Salt lake City represent* ihe Mormon* a* mBeiii lor want of prorUow, clothing and dry good* A party had arrived at the M have river in queat of supplies, and with order* to prevent the further emigration of the Saint* from ftun Bernardino Two companies o; iwtillery had Been aent to San Bernardino to protect the inhahi taut* fiow any violence from the Mormon*. Aorotiou. from Sonora state that (iandara had collected a large force of Indian* and attacked the government troop* at ( uayaina*. They were, how ever, repiuoed after a two day* fight An attack on C ant Stour'* surveying party was apprehended. The r.ew* from t entral America i* uitereMing. O' r itinerant plenipotentiary. W. Cany J oner, waa vegetating at Realijo awuiting the arrival of '-en T*:nar, ocr newly appointed Minister to the Central American State* Col. Aivarado. of the Costa Ilicau a-mv had Ven degraded from rank and sentenced to tocr year* imprisonment, foe surrendering to Col Frank Anderson. thr filibuster. without a (tattle. The t"Vv* crop of Co?ta Rica wa* not up to the average yield, i.a*t year* coffee *?id at I:' .*>0 a ) ' 75. Cholera bad censed la the Guatemalan vapita. and IhTaident ( urrrru was on a tour. The Wgiaiature of San Salvador met on the '.".'d of tannery . President Cam|?o's address was eery fluttering B* regarded tbe prospects of the republic. Internal stnprorement# of the country were fostered by government. and coffee planting on a grand scale was going forward Spauieb American politics were neglected. The intelligence from New Gmtuuln in meagre and unimportant Proa the Houtb Paeific we leant that the rrvolu lion in Peru war drawing to a clone. Preaident CastUla defeated the flower of VivancVs army In battle on the Kith of January. near Ampiipa, alien B great many revolutionist* were left dead on the field- Government had offered propositions of peace which were l>oth libera! and merrifnl and it was thought that President Castilla would emerge from the *trfe with a glory which could not he tarnished fven by his opjtonent* in the church. An attempt bad l-een made by the officer* of the wi?r steamer lienyal: to tjke off the vessel for revolutionary purl>ct it was frustrated, officers who served lind"' the late government, but remained Vieutra during the last revolution, are to l?e ftwtond to tlieir rank Some spirited yacht races liad come off at t'allao, in which the offloers of the Jlritiah *.ilift Alarm took part. The guano contract for supplying the United Stiitee had beej (Civil t* Ilia house of /Airalondcmii A f'o. A new ( aliinet tad been formrd in Bolivia <nd the army winbein? yrdu? ed The alpaoa wool t .de *? very low. The ?du> i -tration of I're-idtnt Liiitret wi? prod iriog vr ^>.1 effect* In Chile th government and the Opj ii were both preparing for a arverc election ptr- i Money wae much more plenty. The r ?. %r?-,r eacellent. nnd promised a very f ill yield Tl. bant steamer Catapilco wax wrecked off I'i i :igu? on the 8th of January. I iBf Piste province* we hare new- dated ft' li i Ayrea 24th December. The frontiers had i |i* Mint state of defence ngninst hostile In ft*. it w*a behaved that Boeno* Ay res would pni-.e tta in the erent of a war with Para pjfly, JP bopM were entertained that Paraguay y j would be cin.i. ipat.?d from aubiection to the clergy A political reaction against the government wu* commencing in Montevideo Provision* were *+> tin e , at Hnenoa ijtw. but a plentiful harvest was hoped | for. Hides had fallen in pmes. We have tiles troui the West Indies dated at Kingston, Jam., on the 20th of February, with later news from moat of the other is lands. Generally speaking the weather was good and the prospects of the sugar crop encouraging. The labor supply que* | tion engaged the attention of all parties Whilst the importation of African Blavcs. according to the I French plan, was denounced, it was acknowledged that the plan of coolie emigration from India did not promise any decided relief, and the hopes of the arrival of convict aepoju were fast diminishing. The public health remained good. We learn from Washington that u caucus of dento cratic senators was held yesterday, at which it was determined to proceed at once with the consideration of the question of the admission of Kansas under the I/ecompton constitution. It was furthermore agreed that Minnesota should be admitted at the same time with Kansas. The debate will commence on Monday, and the next week's Congres sional proceeding* will, more .than orili narily important. By the proceeding* of the Legislature yesterday it will he seen that Mr. Mather has introduced a bill in the Senate providing for the erection of a new City Hall. It i* proposed to erect the new edifice in the rear of the City Hall, and to make it of sufficient capacity to accommodate the publk business. In the Assembly a bill was introduced declaring the office of Street Commissioner vacant, and giving the Mayor authority tc fill the name. A fire occurred at No. 638 Broadway on Saturday morning, about one o'clock, and spread'with such rapidity that. before assistance could be rendered, three men. named Michael Madden. John Rflcy and Hugh O'Brien, perished. Full particulars of this melancholy calamity, together with the proceedings of the Coroner's inquest and the verdict of the jury, are given in another column. According to the weekly report of the City Inspector there were 503 deaths in the city daring the past week?an increase of 30 as compared with the mortality of the week previous. Of the whole number 335 were of ten yearn of age and under, and 54 inmates of the public institutions. The following table exhibits the number of deaths during the past two weeks among adults and children, distinguishing the sexes:? Mm Wnmm. Riiyt. Girlt. Total Week eadmgFeb. 20..77 74 171 151 473 Wee* ending Feb. 27..75 SI 191 156 503 Among the principal causes of death were the following:? ,? Wee}, ending ?, IHtetuet. Feb. 20. Feb. 27. Consumption 57 69 Convulsions (infantile) 32 37 Inflammation of Uia lungs 36 32 Inflammation of the brain 11 11 Scarlet fever 22 28 MararmtK (m'aotile) 27 21 I>ropsv in tue&aal 19 . 27 Meaales. 16 36 Croup 17 16 Broacb'lis 7 17 There were also four deaths of apoplexy, 5 of con| gestion of the brain. 7 of erysipelas. 8 of puerperal fever, 7 of disease of the heart, 14 of hooping cough. 21 of .smallpox, 8 premature birth*. 46 stillborn, and 10 from violent causes. The following is a clarification of the diseases, and the number of deaths in each class of disease during thu week:? Ihtttuet. Frb. 20. Phb. 27. Boom, hurts. he 6 4 Bram aiiu MITM 91 92 Gen rratlve organs 8 10 Beer*. and blood TeMtli ... 22 17 Longs. throat 4c 147 169 Oldijt 4 2 Skic. Ac . and eruptive revers 67 83 3tillt>orn and premature birttvs 33 64 Stomach, bowel* and other digest,reorgans 66 61 I'rwt?:a ?e<t and general levers 28 20 Urinary organ* 2 1 Total 473 M3 The number of deaths, compared with the corresponding weeks in lSW. and 1H.17. was as follows: ? Week ending March 1. 1846 360 Week end:n( February 28,1847 .446 Wee* ending February 20, 1861 473 Week ending February 27,1868 60S The nativity table *ivtc 379 natives of the United States. 67 of Ireland. 30 of (lermany, 7 of Kngland, 3 of France, 3 of Scotland. 2 of Italy, and the balance of various foreign countries. The cotton market waa leas animated yesterday, as dealers were d-spesed to await the receipt of later news from Kurope. Tb<- sales embraced about 1,000 hales, closing quiet at about 12c for middling t'p'aads and 12!?c. do for m:da!!ng Gulfs The flour market continued quiet, while pr.eea were without change of moment, and sales were tc a moderate extent and chiefly confined to the home trade Wheat war firm and the stock reduced, while prime to rholee lots were scarce Indiana red sold at 81 08Corn was steady, w-th sale* of about 16.000 bushels, included in which were 7,000 bushels Southern white, supposed to have been at 70c., and Jersey yellow, part in the dock, at 66c a 07c. Pork was irregular, the marl el for tne?* opened with a *ale at 816 A), but it alter wsrtis foil o!T, with oflt rs to soli at 8 6 4ft, and finally about 100 bb'- were sold for eaab, on the day, a' 81fl 86. wh'rh was considered, however, ratlier under the market price, hugars were in lair demand, with sales of New Orleans arid C ibi* at steady prices. Coffee was quiet, while prices were unchanged Freight engage-rents were light, and rates without alteration ef moment, Shippers were *i I ui for later tore go ueirs due by the A ji?nr? before doing mtcb The Kotlhrrn Drmnrralli PrtM-lli InrOL. Irnry end Impndriirr. We hare frequently alluded, of late. to the Inefficiency. stupidity and impudence of the Northern democratic newspaper pros*. and to the deplorable conspquences which from this po>ldle<l source Lave fallen npou the party at Washington and throughout the tountry. It is j to thin incompetency. laziness ami supreme eel- j fi'hnte* of our Noithern democratic journal** that ?r may justly attribute the cruihin.t disaster suffeted bj Hie party, from Maine to Missctiri. with the downfall oi poor Pierce; and to the same cause we may as justly charge the pr'>cnt demoralizations of the democracy. and the present factious squabbles and sectional wriiugliug- which eui iron the administration ot M: Buchanan. In reiterating those opinions to-day. we must r? [wut our -pecifk aliens of sueh Northern democratic organ* h- the Washington Vnv the Philadr phia l'r*> the New Vork baity Snm, the Albauv .1 -pus. aud the Boston /'ny. The fir-t named of these pa|s rs, it is true, is pub lnbed situth of Mason and Itixon's line: but it is none tl les-a Northern *-tabliehmeut. foi Mr Wi nd' 11. the chief proprietor, and all the lobby gang concerned in ownership, are. we believe Northern men. All these pretentious i-torimrii exponent* 01 aernocrurv. men. from Washington to bortoo. and nil their newspaper kbo< k ami ?-at? llit? f rom Mow York to Chicago belong to the Mtnie school of seltiib ?poil? turn and insatiable office lHyfrnr*. Tli*. principle which govern the whole batch an* the I set on < ardinal principles ?? enumerated Ity .fohu Randolph. to wit : the flee loaves and the two ti?li"? In this view their rapacity is only euiIHtseetl by their piitt*al op ?elf sufficiency, their ignorance and ttuir brazen effrontery. submit a conspicuous editorial from the \\ ( inp!on f in , onffrtn.ttion of {hi- i..|g mcnt. bead:? Tit* tw tot i M. Ai.n **r> rnr n**r?r*4T;f run s. Tbf-c er w . tr'tr" 1 t < r1'.? ustfcao that w i ronf 'T'.i u^ 'ti tb? N*w Y % ItartLr. It ? i. t o'tta ti.atai: the capacity. -agaeity an i i?M'??ty of a wl, . ?L'! unrj !? N??tcwe1 at"--? th? contactor* f?.- )onrral B'lt so II Mt bwn with tho Hiwitn, if tilt I ?: fr m entitled to ?ip 1p*a* credit fiir IU d? '.in t < t.? t', ? record. Nt - if wo diejionod to qonrr-i with our rVtspti'trt <> pox lb in point w b' ll'.ok It t little le Hint ta? den>?crnt.c pr'??. onJtMeuod M>t i <?ri> any, ki-c.-ij." Jtg Pnidoyn. by the i?>ui IKIV..4 f lb? H~hi.i nbouiJ r<-ui*fii ^'Klofty ine-Tak lit '.jv. IL< g*i?l fu iW l> 'viaOf UW VU? f>%# ?W YORK HERALD, SUN ? \ and tu? w >Hd. *> bare rcqaed xi tai growth of Ue o|>?e.>? cf spooia* I'roviaeiisc, but we are "iif i) u,? lo cooc cde :t us t } B'i'.-h '.Jung but a natural r( Intellect. morality, wisdom aat prevteioo - i a )!<(.? newspaper octerpr ao. arising, no doubt, iron: r coavictu n or js itu> part of aJ Lb* sd. n> 'i t.-r crart'7 Uiatu waa uaeleaa to contend againj'. . jr.vnai jo iorxiitanty endowed. We have been loosing i .ij or.*;. to sec the ion Jon Timet discouraged and aup aatta'by our iratarliiabio cotcmporary, because it * k so' ovr Napoir vtic neighbor wtr be sat stie<l with itb'rff s.orrt ot the cocqaen ot the worid In iact, tt ta i-tLinia^ apporisnt taat institution* of .eartnng, especially 1 . ie Vghe'departui? uU, are tjvi;le 'i*e! and we look to . ineir m::y disroot, nuance We are not poaitlva that for tuieiiU a:* ucLuecesjary /ot, but it seem* tolerably aura i \m ao early future, should the Hatuu> continue, will dU io*e 'be tolly of tna'QtainiDg them C...L .t,;D f~-? .. ITMIIII PUIII lUin, 1IUIU B UnKUIUlU^ lobe the great central organ ol the universal eemocracy, and the official mouthpiece of the President and his Cabinet, may be very satislactory to Mr. Wendell and the lobby; but it is hardly calculated, at this crisis, to bo of the slightest service to the administration. The New York Hkraij> is an independent press. Of its own free will it has come forward to the rescue of the administration and the democratic i party from factious discords and sectional issues and troubles which threaten, to both the ^ administration and the party, the most serious consequences. Some of the most prominent captains.of the party, with a number of newspaper organs anil numerous camp followers at their backs, have bolted from the administration upon the great overshadowing issue of the day; and the party defections and de- . moralizations existing from the Atlantic coast to the Western frontiers of Kansas may well excite alarm as to the recuperative powers of the demoralized democracy of the North. At such a crisis the interposition of the third estate, the independent press, in support of the administration, a rational mind would accept as a most important acquisition in behalf of the policy of the President and the re-union of the party. But from the silliness and insolence of such party organs as the Washington Union, and its Northern echoes subsisting up?*n the drippings of unclean legislation, one would suppose that neither the success of the administration nor the interests of the party nor the interests of the country are of the slightest importance to these democratic newspaper spoilsmen, provided they get the spoils. We charge upon these Northern spoils orcrans of the democracy the responsibility for the present embarrassments of the party and the administration What are the facte? When the KaasG?-Nebra*ka bill was brought forward, about the only Northern newspaper that had the moral courage to come out boldly in its support was the New York The Northern organs of the democracy were aborted with thair little thimble-rigging cliques and tricks for the fat offices, job? and sinecures of poor Pierce's unfortunate dispensation. Next, after the passage of the bill, while the aiiti-sisvery league of the North were raising funds by millions, sending out free State emigrants by thousands to Kansas and newspaper correspondent-1 to inflame the local contest into a sectional quarrel, what were our Northernde mocratic r< wspaper organs about, fat and lean* Wrangling and squabbling over the public plunder. Not one of them was found liberal enough to incur the expense of a Kansas correspondent with a view to counteract the teeming Kansas misrepresentations of the anti-slavery agitators But, on the other hand, the Nkw Yoke Heraij>?the slave of no party ami the tool of no administration?sent out, upon its account, a Kansas correspondent of its own, faithfully to reflect the doings of both parties, and to expose the misrepresentations alike of pro-slavery and no slavery border ruffians. We have done this, from time to time, to the present day; and at this very moment the only Northern newspaper accounts from Kan.-tus giving any color of justice or expediency to the policy of the administration are those from the special correspondent of this journal. From this simple statement of facts we may truly say that, if the time has not yet arrived when the people may dispense with such things as governments, the time, at least, has come when the government may safely dispense with all such superfluities as official spoils organs, new-pape r plunder cliques, and their confederate lobby squads of miserable spoils and office beggars. For example, we have seen quite eneiigh of the stultifications, the follies, the blunders, the ignorance, the insolence and the plurder-mongering instinct* of the Washington I'mm to satisfy u- that it i* as useless to the able administration of Mr Huchamin oh it wan powerless to save from it? crushing downfall the wretched imbecile and fluctuating administration of poor Pierce. Tne Inkhriatk Amtm t.?M e hare before u* a letter from the Corresponding Sicietury of 1 the New York Inebriate Am-ium to hl? Excellency the Governor on the subject of an appropriation tor the purpose of carrying ont nn?rc effectually the objects of that Institution Thia ' document U clear, brief and to the point. We concur genet ally in It* vkws. and ure rati* fe d that the establishment of such an asylum is aiuong-t the mo-t imperative of the demand* proving upon the attention of an enlightened philanthropy The spectacles ari-inr frOtn in, U-mperaoce that ate so f:et|uently 'j uc encountered in the streets of onr largo cities are too di-.:upting and painful to he witnessed with patience. and it the eflevt of the new institution be only to withdraw from under our eyes these distressing sights, a gieat public ts>neflt will Ire accomplished. Whether druokennnn* tre caused ] by hereditary taint or otherwise, there can he no doubt that even temporary moral and physical treatment in a propei ly appointed asylum will lie in the highest degree advantageous not I I only to the unhappy sufferer but te his family, i friend* and the public at large. If we differ from the write: at ail. it i" in teuard to his idea that druokennesi ? crmmonly the remit of insanity or of hereditary tran-mi-cion. ffoubt; less very many ca-eM aH'-e from tbe?e causes. : but the majority are contracted by habit, evil a-mriiition* and inl.ereot tinifiim ian<v?n/<lna Intemperance i? and :nu-t always Ik- regarded n? a vice, nod merit* not the indulgent conside ration that it 1* an inrolunt'try affection; it i? the taint of immoiality. rather than of hereditary indisposition. With thi-? single comment wedinmie* the subject hoplncrthat it will meet with thai farurufole comid-raltou from the Legislature

to wl.ioh ita philanthropic claims entitle it. 9atas wtnt nn Ku-aMt at Hot Nos*.? There is n pause in the stock gambling in Wall street. Why so? VVLy lies!lute? Why parley with wickedness' Take the plunge at once, and Ik; rich a' least for a week, If to foe a foegpnr for life after. Huntington, now in Sing Sing with his hair cut, enjoyed stock gambling for si* months with all it* side di?hes, horses, carriages. mistre-?<'?, wivt-s, dinners, gambling, eating, high livtng ending in the State prison. yon t 0" a'rud, ft rc'.irrw of w*U it ret'.' DAY", FEBRUARY 28, 18; Incenpiakism in nkw york?afaipfirk dnpartmtnt?From the facta stated in the Fire Ma:>ha','s report, published yesterday, it witlbe Been that of the incendiary crimes annually committed in our city a large proportion is the work ot mere bom These young wretches, it is stated. form themselves into organized gangs, which are to be seen prowling about the streets day and night ready to avail themselves of the chance* of plunder afforded by the unguarded condition of premises or improvised scenes of disturbance and confusion. Whers opportune tie* of tlii* sort are wanting they create them by tiring unoccupied stables or workshops, and j in the aiarni thus caused they usually contrive to j pillage the adjoining houses. Mr. Baker throws out some useful suggestions for the dispersion of these gangs and the reformation of the boys composing them, but there is one point that he ha* left untouched which would go some way towards the prevention of this class of offence*. We believe that the plan on which the Fire Department of our city is at present conducted is chargeable with the creation of aome of the evils which it is intended to suppress. In the first plucc, the competition and bitterly hostile ' feeling which exist amongst the companies cause a good deal of the confusion at fires which is said to be favorable to the schemes of these young operators. Iu the next, it is a question whether in the knots of idic youths who are continually lounging about the engine houses, waiting for an alarm, we have not the normal schools of those up town gangs of marauder*. If there was greater harmony of action amongst the fire companies, and a more rigid discipline in dealing with outsiders, there would be fewer chances of pillage for expectant thieves. At all event* the suspicion would be excluded that to the hangers on of some of these companies acts of wanton incendiarism are frequently attributable. Experience has, we think, sufficiently demonstrated that these improvements cau never be secured under the present voluntary system. The Fire Departmeui of a great city like this should be placed beyond the reach of all outside influences. It should be a well paid and thoroughly disciplined force, partaking somewhat of a military character and subject to inexora ble rules ot organization. Such bodies are the Fire Brigade of London and the Pompiers of Pari*. The nearest approach to them in this country is the present Fire Department of Cincinnati, which, during the short period that it has been in existence, has been found to work admirably. In one feature, indeed, the Cincinnati system exhibits an improvement upon those of London and Paris, aud that is in the introduction of steam fire engine*. These auxiliaries have been fouud to mcrea*e the force of the water jets, to diminish greatly the amount of manual labor required to work the common engine*, and to do away with the trouble, confusion and loss arising from the superfluous zeal and jealousy of rnntnnriinor ramniinica. It is obvious that with the steady and uniform action and rigid discipline of such a force, carefully guarding all the avenues to burning premise*, and examining all suspicious persona passing through their lines, it wouid be difficult for incendiaries to complete their work by pillage or to escape detection It is another item of reproach against the legislation of the State of New York that a third rate city like Cincinnati should be allowed to take the lead in reforms and improvements so urgently called for. By and by we shall offer the spectacle of an immense metropolitan community remaining half a century behind the progress of our own offspring. Snu, Sqrimiuso,?The officeholders of New York arc like the pigs at the upper end of the Fifth avenue, near the Central Park. They are always fighting over the same tub of swill. When these patriots are tired of squabbling in New York, they go to Washington and quarrel there, by way of variety. They quarrel in Tammany?they quarrel out of Tammany? they quarrel in the street - they quarrel on the railway?they quarrel at the hotels in Washing ton?they quarrel in the White House?they quarrel in the lobby of the Senate?they quarrel in the Capitol?they quarrel in the gambling houses?they quarrel in the grog en op?tney quarrel everywnerc. j be rresiaent should turn them all oat, aud put in a new net ever} six month*. JriHiF Rank's Si?< es-ok.?A good many names are mentioned for the succession to the Judgeship la IVun jlvania, rendered vacant by th'* death of Judge Kane. The most prominent amongst there are Messrs. Dallas, Sharwood. Brewster, Cadwalad?t, fhephard, Wharton and Kelly. In any caw the selection is likely to prove satisfactory a<> the President h as declared that he will nominate no oue who is not c. .ending member of the bar. f There arc strong reason* for believing that Mr. Dallas will l?e offered the vacant seat. Ah regard personal qualification*, no man i* letter fitted .*r P -his legal attainments, his long experience in hi* profession, b'ls well known integrity of character. and his polishes! and Amiable manners, all pointing him out as the most suitable successor for the able magistrate who lately presided in the District Court. From this to the Supreme Court the step will be an easy and natural one, and we will venture to say that no Judge has given more satisfaction than Mr. Dallas will l?e likely to do in l?oth capacities, A man of such cnlurgtd views and so distinguished as a statesman and politician cannot fail to bring to the 1>ench an amount cf know ledge, experts, ox and fact which are vainly to be looked for in the ca-8 of any ordinary trained lawyer. Doubts have been expressed as to the probability of Mr. Italia" accepting the vacant Judgeship, we sec no reasonable ground" for anticipating a refu-al on his part Hi* fortune is small?he is ad vanctd in )car* ; hut hi* d< *ire to render him self useful to his country i* d^ong as oTer. There is no po*t that could l?o offered him which will so fully reconcile this laudable ambition with the *ase and independence to which his long and useful career entitles him. a? this seat upon the bench ot his native Stole. Till Now Mormon Ri pi mucin PjirfV.? Mr .Senator Hale, of New Hampshire, is at the head of thi" now moral pnrty *ee his efforts to defeat the army lull in the Semite. B'ighaui Young will probably hare a revelation from the Lotd of I'tah, conferring on Hale the mantle of ' one of the Twelve," with the sp'cial privi lene of having tlurtv wive*. Think of that, I{<?y. Mr. Kallocb, and lick your Hj>* Ilow many wiTea would Mr. ftenator Tootnba like to bare for bi* eef'cea In deft*'tog the bill? Brtghom Vouor ?- ? ' ' o #?! !. of * man la 5*e t i > i * tAU^J - M * m * |.i >& Ri: j cm kb Kkvivai^ amuno tub Rascala.? We gave to our render* in the Hkkai.d of yesterday full detuilg of tie "Great Revival of Religion" in this city, and a particular account of the prayer meeting* in the North Dutch church, corner of Fulton and William street*. Ilcrt- it will be seen that a large number of sinners have !>een brought to a realizing sense of their condition. The convert* include persons fr< in all grade* of society, Hud the good work eeemB to progress ill the usual Hutu-factory way. The moat remarkable conversion that baa been made seem* to have been that of an ex-Alderman, who, after being ''seasoned with prayer," gets up in the meeting and announces that he was one of the " Forty Thieves" Common Council; that he was indicted for malfeasance in office, and that he pleaded guilty. Now he is fairly on the " road to salvation." The laws cf man, it seems, had no terror for him, but he found in this religious revival a "power which be could knew and fool." Now this was a brand snatched trom the burning at the most critical moment. In fact, it' was nearly burned up. The reclamation of the ex-Aldermau verifies, in the greatest degree, the lines of Doctor Watts:? wail a the lamp holds out to hum, The erring sinner may return. And now that we have opened up a new career to this very tough customer, may we not reasonably hope that the good work will be generally extended amongst the politicians and the financiers. Cannot something be dooe at tbe national capital, which 6eems buried in infidelity and all manner of sin. Why do wc not hear of a revival at Washington ? What better field could be found for the Christian missionaries than in the purlit-UH of the House of Representatives and the Departments': Take, for example, the entire lobby and such members on Matteson. Let the saving grace Ix* extended towards the person new in jail for contempt of the House Committee in the $87,000 case. Give Matteson an oppot tuuity to make a full explanation in relation to the twenty-five votes that were to be had for twenty-five thousand dollars. Let the same unction be administered to Siiuonton, who is a particularly hard case. Altogether there is no finer vineyard than Washington. The harvest is ripe for the reaper. W'e direct the particular attention of the churches to this subject. After the completion of the good work in Washington, the next field is the city of Albany, w here, we perceive by the Observer, the work has already commenced in the churches. We do not see, however, that it has extended to the Legislature, or the railway men. or the lobby, or to the journalists who are particularly the 01 guns of corruptioniets, intriguants and spoilsmen. Who stand more in need of grace than Thurlow Weed or tbc conductors of the Ar<pi*f 1 he members of the Legislature themselves would be much improved by the infusion of a little piety into their proceedings. There should be a daily prayer meeting at the Capitol. Albany and Washington having been purified. a new field of operations would bo opened in this city aliout the City Hall, public offices, Tammany llall and the Custom House. All our resident politicians are sadly in need of some moral renovation. They have l>een breathing a sinful atmosphere for the last twenty years, and now they need some purgation. An infusion of religions enthu siut-m for men fellow? as Matteson, Simonton, and their compatriots in the lobby at Albany and Washington, the politicians and officials of this city and State would hnve the same moral effect as that produced on the physical man by Brand roth's pills We have been striving to convert these customers for many years, and huvo also labored without ceasing in the Wall street held. They form together splendid missionary piaoers. The stockholders, financiers, lobbyn. ?n and officeholders altogether afford a fine opening for our religious co-laborers. We hope that they will work night and day to biing them to a sense of their condition. It cnu l>e done. No one is so far gone that he cannot retrace his jteps. After the (\ample of the ex Alderman, the blackest rascal may take courage. One caution, however, we have to giro to Weed, Mattcson, Simonton A Co. Don't go to u prayer meeting where " not more thnn five minutes ure allowed to each penitent for the confession of his sins.'' What in the world would you do with five minutesit would take longer than thut to think where to begin. F inally, as the parsons say, success to the r( ligious revival among the rascal* A bright and shining light has been brought into the right path, and we trust that this is only the begiu niug of the glorious end. when all the politicians shall Ik- entirely renovated. Then the inilleninm may be confidently predicted, and the exact date when the "good time" that has been coming so long will rarely arrive may be fixed with the precision of an aimanac. We can hear now. with the ears of fsith, a c?oir of the Albany. Washington, City Ilall and Wall street Haiuts. led by Simonton. singing? These ia a land of pure delight, W here aau ur&orta* rnga t terns! dsy exr'.udes the night, And pleasures hsotoh pain I'roorfm or Opinion r> Favor or a Gknkkai. Bankri it Law.?It tyill be seen by our reports from day to day thut the number of petitions which are being sent in to the Legislature and to Congress in favor of u general bankrupt law is rapidly or the increase. Of these we only hear of a small proportion, as only a chance reference is made to them by the Congressional a*4l Legislative reporters. From all that we can learn an active movement in fai vor of this measure is begiuning to pervade the ! mercantile community throughout ail parts of i the I nion. It has as yet only found expression 1 in the independent action of individuals, but | there i? no doubt that it will speedily assume a I more definite and imposing form. It is now ! generally ncknow lodged that without some general law applicable to all cases of commercial delinquency, it will lie impossible to carry on I t!l? alltile .ifblirs nf Ihn pnnnlrir .... - j ?.n.VH< the recurrence of periodical Mincks like that nr. ler which we are now suffering. "neb Mag the feeling, it i* the duty of the merchant* and other* whoic interests are the most deeply in volred in thi?qu?ation to call meeting* to <li?eusr the ( xpuliency of petitioning Congress on the subject. If the metmrt i? likely to prove a oononriai odp, ihp p<>< n. r It i< curri'-a tnrou^n ilit* Iwtkr, If, ou the contrary, Iberp arr well founded ohjcctiona to it, diaouwion will only w:rvi" to pUco tliom in r clearer and more nnanuMtaldp light. t1rivi".>OR Wnf T\Mis'. Governor Wise baa wtlttrn another "popular povprpigntv" |ftt?T to I-diann but it i? "flat Male and 'inprc?6t?l??e" He bad betbo atbj'i to hn " 8. Thk Mktroitujtan Pouch Law ln tii* Lkowi.attkk?We publish to daj abstract* from three legislative documents rdatiiig to the Metropolitan Police law, now occupying the attention of our Legislature at Albany. The* documents are, first, a new bill introduced into the Senate by Mr. Diven to amend the infamous Police law of last session. This is a black republican scheme, got up, we dare say, as a Bet-off to the bills for the repeal of th* Metropolitan Police law in the Senate the House. It is proposed by Mr. Diven the Police Commissioners shall henceforth be elected by the people, instead of being appointed by the Governor; and that the counties at Richmond and Westchester shall no longer continue a portion of this police district; together with sundry other amendments, the whole at them entirely valueless and unworthy of consideration, except in as far as they show that the originators of the law are obliged i*> back down from some of its most promineut principles. The other documeute?the reports of Mr. Weir and Senator Mather, in favor of a repeal of the law?arc very good in their way, but they do not go far enough. They only put a brick in the building, whereas we want the whola trainee re-cuuMruciea irum iounaauon 10 root. Our system of municipal government is aU wrong and a pu re return to the condition of | thing* which exinted before the noodles of the j laet Legislature saddled ua with the Metropolitan Police law will not suffice for a remedy. All patchwork legislation for our city government is worse than useless. It is like extracting a thorn from a shattered limb which one may see at a glance must be quickly amputated to save the life of the patient. As we have repeatedly said, nothing short of the complete abolition of all the independent departments, bureaus and offices into which . our municipal government is now divided, and olacing the supreme authority in one responsible bead, will ever reduce the system within proper limits, or check the current of wholesale corruption with which the city government is rank. The Fine Arts in New York..?The British and French exhibitions, the collection of Mr. Belmont and the Murillo of Mr. Aspiuwail, have caused quite a revival among the orusta and connouswrs of this city. Mr. Aspinwall's picture especially provoked u great deal of dispute, first as to what it was intended to represent, and second as to its genuineness. The pundit* on either side never gave up a point, we believe. Since then we have heard of more Muriilos; in fact, they are growing to be, as Jack Falstaft would say, as "plenty as blackberries " The vouncr man who told an Italian connoisseur that his father's gallery in New Yolk was composed "chiefly of Guidon and Raphael*, with here and there a Leonardo da Vinci," in not without imitators. The last gallery advertised in composed altogether of the "old masters and engravings,'' and purports to include many originals, with a Raphael, we are told, among its treasures. An enthusiasm for the fine arts is a good thing, but let it be properly placed. There is a good deal of humbug about some of these "old masters." General Smash Up in the United States Senate.?Brigham Young, with his new religion of thirty wives and any quantity of sealed concubines, has shown himself more powerful at the first onset than Garrison, Greeley, or all the nigger worthippersof the North. Brigham in three weeks bos smushed up all the old partics and factions in the United States Senate, and made them come up fresh and new with llale, Toombs. Doolitlle &. Company all ready for thirty wives apiece. Progrk ^ ok the Opera Season.?The pub lie amusement* of the city generally, and the Opera particularly, nre beginning to feel the u?m 11^ IUIIUVUVC ui buu Piii'iuff Brnvain iutf present is never a good seasou for the Opera, but the Academy is. nevertheless. wt'tl ens tained. Many of the fashionables have returned from Washington and th>' Opera house presented on Friday an array of brilliant costumes that could not have been excelled in any of the continental apitals. It seems probable, now, that the Opera will be continued to the lirs-t ot May, which will give a continuous season of nearly nine months. Thin is nearer to a ' permanent establishment" of the Opera 'ban we have before appi oa< Led and this is but the beginning. Under Mr. Ullman's energetic management it is probable that the Academy will not remain closed more than a month or nix weeks throughout the year. The public now is availing the production of "The Huguenots." and the cpera by Mr Fry called "Leonora.M The excitement aliout the last named work in musical circles is quite equal to the quarrels be tween the frieods ot the administration and the foes ot Lecoinptoa in the political world. One side hold" that the cpera is good for nothing and the other that it i* a splendid work, so evcrylKjdy ! anv'c* s to hear it xnl settle Ui? question for themselves ? **" Two democratic meeting" are '.o lie hell in thi" city this week "n favor of the immediate admission of Kan?as a? a State The more the merrier. Prt?w?l InWIIIgftM. AMIVALS At th? n?<vnSsn Hotel - IIob J IVtintaViim W r , :?n1 Mr. a.i1 Mrv T .' It.,? ?!i ? <! l.mll? ? "! R 1 Toronto I' W . (! S r,'i?ldnii * fcr und M*S Tin intiau ami?hi id. Hrxtnn V Thntriw r hi m? Mr ?lu Mm .1 h l? die/and fsmur. Savannah bn T WU1'nau sad Mta* W'U..'.m?. North ? .T 3 P'.owb, AItmnj. II. C. Winter ?n<l A. A'A eta. Xn. ?j?1 i t m' 4 Tl" 'IP r*ir?n-n I 17 or -T ? Maddat ?rd lw.| Mt? A (' ff^k/, ,1 / Jtrrat M:?J ' ?0<2 and hUnt, tl It lull. A Apri.ror Uraham MtaCapi Jwajo s n niwl w'r* nrn .? a.i4 JI' "td?w, N Kwiji, Sirs v anr* and twe lataau. JI , "tl/'U- < Ark. 1, A.ajrr.ard, I (ioMsinlth, H .W,.hl W K J>\rrr.r W r, R; :lkin. 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