Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 2, 1858, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 2, 1858 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. J A MR H COHDOH BIlllfETT, KWTOR AWP PROPRIETOR rnci M. w. cornKR OK rvLtow AND NISSAC BTS. TERMS, ca*k 4n tnf ><?*/-* tjrm daily H:KAJ ;> <***+ %7 Y*** <w*^UK WKKKLY ifb HAt /> NMT/TTMJ/, a' ?u r*mt< JT pf rtttnvw, f*? Kumfoo ohttrm. H prronootn. to I of (i rrrtt flnt./m or ft'o any i?rt of t).* AmltwiH, t*xA rXmuft HFHALI>.to~y Woinroloy, otfoor ~nttror \ ; 09 12 IXf ifRvm a>K**vrojv/>KJvr* i > **l<c4tai/rom (iny <V V<?fU. i/ vi*? J? ' KOVBIOP lO?l?fOHWHjno^i'fL T1I U1 ABLT T? niAU AI L I.ITT1W AMP i ?*^T.cr AD jTOTICN taX *m of oaoayB) u. mrrrp Wr 'lit no< i ?fcm fhote rqwdrd. VaiwBi urn No. 00 MUSI M K NTS THIS KVKNINO. Al'AOm or ML8IC, Fcmrtern h at.?Italiab OrcsAL'htiua* m Auiiw bkoadwat THKaTRK. Broadway?facbstblabmb Br OtLUtilll Mals abb IlUU ABUCM-VlA Aait-bcb'9 Mr.aiociiib. ao. ROWKRY THBATRR Bowery?.Ilia Rkar?OagTEWinoa or ma Kastilb? Black Phirtiii. BCifOil'S THBATRR. Broadway, opposite Bond street? Tub Hobbt Moo*?Paol Pkt. VIU.ACIC8 ThkATBR. Broadway?J11.111 Biovir, ok Tbk Kkinr 01 I.oranow?Bwua Nwaib*. LACRA KIRNR'8 THKAT&B, Broadway?Hbjb at Law? Cajtajb Cntaiam. B ARWPM'P AMFRIO Alf MTJRBTM, Rraadwar?Afternoon Ttta m>aa*bbui.rat. Evening?Tan KoakBtt Lkttik?Oi.b abb Yoona. WOOD'S BCTILDIWOS. #S1 a ad MS Broadway?(laonOB Obkitt A Woob's MiasTKKi.'?Wirro thk Hc.rriblb MoitKBr MFrHAWICS H a I.U ITS Broadway?Barafrr's Miwstkku ?Bthiotiab Soboa?libtan'a Dkbab or Sbotbl bt. New York, Turiday, March *4, IMAM. BAILS FOR EIROPK. The !Vm York Herald?KdUlon for K a rope. I up ?. unaru sn-aun-nip Aim*, xsipi. miiuuqd, wiu leave tbifl port to morrow for Liverpool. The F.uro\x>au mails will clone in thin city at Ualf-pret eight o'clock to morrow morning The European edition of tLa Hkrald, printed in French nd English, will be published at eight o'clock in the aornirg. tangle copies, in wrappers, six cents. Subscript t..ns and advertisements for any edition of the Nrw York Hkkm i> wilt m received at the following places In Europe:? Lom-os . ..Kam.-on low. Son & Co.. 47 l.udgate hill. Am. European Express Co. ,61 King William gt Paris Am European Express Co., 8 l'.'ace do la Bourse IsrsKtMUL.. Am.-European Ex pre- Co., 3 Chapel street. R. Stuart, 10 Exchange street, Mast. Havkit Am. European Express Co., 21 RueCorneille. The contents of the European edition of the Herald srH combine the news received by mail and telegraph at the office during the previous week, and up lo the houro publication. The Mewa The European mails to tLe 13th ult., brought by the steanLship America, reached this city at an early hour this morning. The letters will be ready for distribution at the Post Office at the usual hoar. Our flies do net contain any news of importance that was not given in the telegraphic summary of the intelligence published on Sunday and Monday. The shipping news is given under the appropriate head. The news from Washington this morning is important. The attempt to change the Senate's programme on the admission of Kansas failed in the Senatorial caucus. The bill provitlrg for the ad. mission of Kansas was taken up hi the Senate on motion of the Chairman of the Territorial Committee. alio defended the positions taken in support of the liccompton constitution by the majority. He gave notice that he would to-d.iy present a sulisti. tute, wherebj Kansas ami Minnesota should be admitted together, as iu the case of the admission of Florida and Iowa. It is believed the bill will pass both honses by satisfactory majorities. In the House little of importance occurred, save the annouurement of the select committee on the Matleson expulsion resolutions. The committee consists of Mr.?<r^. Seward and Bishop, democrats, and Messrs Harris, Grow and Curtis, opjioeition. Mr. Harris was however, excused from serving. The Senate in executive session yesterday con firmed a large nnml>er of appointments made during thq recess of Congress. The qnestion of the com firniation of the appointment of Mr. Isaac Cook as Po-tmaster ot Chicago in place of Mr. Price, a partauin of Senator Douglas, created an angry discus a ion. It is reported that Mr. Douglas charged Cook with grave offences against morality. Mr- Cook was ap|x>inted Postmaster of Chicago in 1853, at the solicitation of Mr. Douglas : but he at this time pre fern to support the administration, and hence the opposition of his former patron. The subject was laid aside in order to afford an opportunity for rebutting the allegations preferred, and perhaps to render more complete the eventual defeat of Mr. Douglas. H n. George Ashmun, of Massachusetts, was examined l>efor* the Tariff Investigating Committee yesterday. He testified that he did receive money frnm Wolcott In aid of the passage of the Tariff act. but deuied that be had employed any of it to influence member* of Congress. Wolcott swore very positively that he had not spent any of the funds in pr? ci ring the passage of the Tariff act. The verad ty of one or the oilier in likely to suffer aorne before Uie investigation is over. .Nothing of im|>ortance occurred in the State Senate yesterday. In the Assembly notice was given of a Wll to prohibit the deposit of mortgages as ' basis for hanking, and of a joint resolution pro vidiug for the appointment of ex President Fillmore, ex Governor Seymour and B. F. Butler, as Commixdoners to treat with New Jersey for the removal of Quarantine to Sandy Hook. Neither of these propoaitiooa are likely to pass. An interesting letter from Ctah. published else where, written by a person high in the counsels of the Mormon leaders, and addressed to Senator lionsIon, will enlighten our readers a* to the designs of Ihe Saints and their mean- of resistance to the (reneral government. The Tammany Society mot last night and passed rear lotions endorsing the I prompt on constitution and the course of the administration on the Kansas question. These resolutions were ordered to be properly authenticated and sent on to Washington to the memtrrs ot Congress from this city. The units again-t the city in the prv-eut unsettled state of affaire are multiplying. and the costs for law expense- will amount to an alarming -situ betora the tax levy is agreed upon or Comptroller Flagg relaxes hi* opposition to the authority that award* payment. We understand that the Corporation Coi nHr) reoeived notice* yesterday ot no loss than twenty new suits which hare been commenced agninst **>' salaries. A lengthy communication was received in the Board of Aldermen last evening fr<?nj Mr. Conorer on the suh>oct of nutneron* fmuda in the street Pe |>?rtment detailing, irriatim thirty difR-r?nt cases. Frauds m u. to have been the order of the evening. Th? allegations of frauds in the ragnlation of Fifty He ond street and the opening ul Owwl street were also on the tapt*. A rewdution was adopted awtbonr.ing the Corporation Counsel to memorialise the legislature to repeal the act of the last Legislature which appointed com nri-doners lor the erection of a new City Hall. A disroamon arose on the Mayor's veto of the proposition to pay the f'ommon Council, but the motion to adhere to the former action of the Roi'd was lost for want of a constitutional vote. Bestial important .intendments to the tax levy for 1*>:,k were made amongst which was th< addition of f I?n,lX>0 for the rebuilding of the hospital on Black vrellv iaUsd. 11m- Aklrrnuwir CnmmiMor on Railroad* held a Tnr<t\i\fi jrvtcrdaj to hear part'cs ?prnk In rrfrrrnc* t' tl? of prrmittla# tlte nud?>n River lt.< :r ad Company to run thfij car* on E.tvuitU livIwlow Fifty-ninth afreet when locomotive* are attached to th*m. Only one ft*mon ?|a>k? upon He anljoO, bower ex, and what he Mi J wc^tWihow tbat the running of locomotive* ou the avenue is detrimental to life and property in the neighbor hood The committee promised to review tb< testimony already iu their ivoaoeaeion in relation to thia matter, and from tnat to make their report in accordance with their conviction*. A auit Iuih been commenced in the Second ^inlrict Court by Frederick W. Secor, for nervicea ma Clerk of the First Judicial District. The plaintiff was appointed by the late Mayor and Board of Aldermen, and on demanding possession of the office and books the old clerk refused to vacate. Mr. Kecor tendered his services, and demanded his pay. The decision of Jndgr Sweeney has not yet been given. The Excise Commissioners met for the first time yesterday after their recess?present. Commissioners Hnskett and Holmes. No applications for license liad been made during their recess, an I there being nothing to do the Board adjourned until to-day at one o'clock. The October term of the Court of General Sessions was commenced yesterday, Judge Russell presiding. The District Attorney, who went South some time since to recruit his health, has returned, and was present in Court. A quorum of grand jurors could not be obtained, and those who answered to their names were discharged till this morning. George Brown, convicted of grand larceny, was sentenced by the Recorder to two years and three months imprisonment in the State prison, his Honor observing that. although the evidence against the prisoner was very slight, his duty to the community I would not allow him to suspend judgment. Francis j Ranskoll was convicted of an assault and battayy on ' Wm. Krnmick.and was remanded for sentence, after which the Court adjourned. The Brooklyn Common Council last evening adopt ed unanimously a preamble declaring the Fire Department of that city an expensive, demoralizing and disgraceful institution, and passed a resolution | appointing a committee to make inquiries wjth a view to a reorganization of the department upon the paid system, as practised in Boston, Cincinnati and I other cities. The Brooklyn Board of Supervisors yesterday adopted? by a vote of seventeen to three, a resolution to petition the Legislature to repeal the Metropolitan Police law. A resolution is favor of memorializing the Legislature to abolish the Brooklyn City Court was adopted by a vote of eleven to seven. A similar resolution was also adopted by the Brooklyn Common Council. By the brig Foster, which arri\ed yesterday, we have news from St. Thomas to the 12th of February. Capt. Crowell reports the island as quite healthy and but little sickness in port. There was nothing doing in freights, and the prospects were very discouraging. We have news from the west coast of Mexico, dated at Acapulco on the 12th of February. (Jen Alvarez having, for some reasons not explained, undertaken to regulate the rights of medical practitioners in that city, issued an order vesting Drs. Billings and Smith?Americans and graduates of schools in Mississippi and Kentucky?with the privilege of an exclusive practice and drug trade. Under this order an attempt was made to close the doors of a French doctor and of a druggist named Browne, from Buffalo, N. V. The two last named gentlemen refused to obey, under treaty rights, aud thus the curious combination of martial law, diplomacy, physiology and chemistry made up by the old warrior, wa* likely to produce serious results. The French ship Esilda had arrived from CuIIao for a cargo of logwood, having failed to get a load of guano, there being one hundred and fifty clearances ahead of her at C&llao, where she would have to lay for a year before filling up. The European news by the America imparted greater flrmoens and animation to the cotton market yesterday, and the sales embraced about 3,000 bales, clos-ng firm at full },c. per lb. advance. We now quote middling up land.- at 12>a'C., and middling (iulf do. at lS'.c. The market for flour was dull and, with both a light domestic and export demand, sale* were limited, while pricee were unchanged Wheal waa more (Irmly held, while nates were unimportant. A email lot of prime Southern white | sold at 91 45. Corn waa easier, but more active, with sales of prime Southern yellow at 6fc , and white at 69c. a 99c., and Jersey yellow at 67c. I'ork waa eaeler and aalea mode ' rate at 916 30 a 916 35 for mots and at 913 a $13 10 for prime For stock* we refer to another column. Sugars were steady and in fair demaod, with sales of 900 a 1,000 libde. at pricee given in another column. For stocks we refer also to another place Coffee waa heavy and sales limited. Freights for British porta were more active, and to Liverpool atou 40.000 a 50,000 bushels of corn were engaged, in hulk and bags, at 4\d a 5d , with provisions, flour, fcc , at about previous rate-. The Moimon RcbcHlow and the Scheming Sectional Politicians at Washington. The late defeat of the Army bill, intended for the suppression of the Mormon rebellion and the extinguishment 01 the scandalous abominations of the saintly community of Brigham Young, throws a heavy weight of responsibility upon the shoulders of the scheming sectional and factious politicians of the United States Senate w ho combined to reject the just and seasonable recommendations of the President, The Mormon community are in a state of open rebellion?formally proclaimed and organized by tbeir civil and military authorities. The news which we published yesterday, direct from Salt Lake, leaves no doabt upon the subject. The message of Brigham Young, the Gov crnor, to the Territorial Legislature, a^d the resolutions of both branches of the Legislature endorsing the message, practically amount to a ; declaration of war. aud narrow down tue issue j A ? - A1 MIa Al_ \ _A ? AL. I iu ;* mm in miuiurv Pircnfrui uuiweuu me government of the United State* and the high priest and supreme dictator of Mnrmoridnm. Sully apprised of this condition of things, and fully aware of the prevailing sentiment of all claws* of the American people. Mr. Buchanan, io his annual message, applied to Congress for a reinforcement of the army to the extent of four or fire thousand men. He had evidence enough before him to know that this reinforcement would tie indispensable to the early and complete subjugation or expulsion of the rebellious Mormons In pursuance of the President's appeal, the appropriate committee brought forward their bill to secure this proposed increase of the army; and yet in the United States Senate, which is nearly two-thirds democratic, this bill, in eTery shape and form, lias fallen to the ground. What can tie the meaning ot this, has now. therefore, become the great question. We say the great question, for the Kansas question, principle and facts, we may pronounce to tie subetontially settled. The principle of " popular sovereignty" in reference to slavery will result in making Kansas a free State, whomever mny Is1 the abstractions of her Leoomptou constitution. The facts in regard to election frauds, forgeries and swindles, may lie safely left to the settlement of the people of Kansas themselves. The simple ceremony of admittiag Kansas as a State is all that is needed to remove thi? bone of contention from Congress and from the poMtical agitators of the country, and that act will bo shortly done. The .Mormon rebellion, then, becomes the paramount question of the day. and the po'iti cal coif-'deration*. Interest* and contingencies In iht* Connection, anggoated by the dateat of the aforesaid Army bill, cannot be disregarded. An isolated community ot perhaps arranty-fire thousand noulfi have ad np a little prle?tly kingdom of their own In a dfdant Territory of the United States. Their peculiar ia?titution is polfgaaf, nth all Us attendaa* aVjurnttidag NEW YORK HERALD, T1 ' in thtir worst oxceanea. They recognise law ' 1 ul the law of the bold iraposter who in their c-iief. They have au orgauized baod of secret axeamna, whose duty it is to cut off all intrusive i (.entiles, after the fuahioa of the Thugs of j ]<>dia. j They have become a living scandal to the ! i iinnfrv ftiid are ftt liut in niun opmo umiinat its authorities. They are difficult of access. A thousand miles of desert plains and mountains h ave to be grossed to reach them. The supplies for the subsistence, through this long desert journey, of the small army force of Col. Johns ton. some twenty-five hundred men. have swallowed up millions of dollars, and where is this srtny detachment? Arrested, and compelled to w inter in the mountains by the guerrilla operations of the Mormons, inflicting a direct army Iosb of over a million of dollars in the destruction of its baggage trains, and in the seizure of its horses, mules and cattle. And the worst part of the journey to Salt Lake City has yet to be made by GoL Johnston, when the spring opens. But then he may anticipate guerilla obstacles of every kind in the numerous r arrow and dangerous defiles he will be compelled to pass. Without a seasonable reinforcement of men. monitions and provisions, his force will probably be exterminated before finishing half the distance of the two hundred and fifty miles of mountain chasms, torrents and precipices that lie between him and the Great Salt Lake. Common prudence, therefore, and the nrgument of economy Bhould have had their weight in the prompt ordering by Congress of the army reinforcements requested by the President. But the bill has failed, and it may now be too lute, not only fur the anticipated subjugation or expulsion of the Mormons this next summer, but even for the rescue of Col. Johnston's command. Not only has this consideration, however, been blinked by the sectional ultras of the Senate. North and South, but in iheif course upon this j Army bill they have betrayed, if not a positive I sympathy with, at least a criminal indifference I to this Mormon rebellion. It is a disunion j movement of the most brazen-faced description. I If such a precedent may be winked at as a trifling affair, we may next expect to be told, should the reckless demagogues of some Southern State set themselves up as an independent power, that it is not the business of Congress to aid the President in reducing them to submission. We apprehend that some such State rights notion as this may have influenced the action of some of our Arc-eating Southern Senators upon this question of reinforcing our Utah army corps. At all events, it is a most remarkable circumik.i ik!n A ? 1.111 Ji- J -i1 x x~ xl. . MJUJUt- lUtti lUlf .firiUjr OUI UWITH JIB UVieUl lO IUC junction against it of the black republican ultras of the North and the fire-eating malcontents of the South; and the least that can be said of this opposition is, that it was inspired by the most coaiHnptible and factious hostility to the administration. The public sentiment of the whole country calls for the speediest possible abatement of this great moral nuisance of Mormondom. It is a disgrace to our institutions, a disgrace to the government, and a living reproach to the American people so long as it lasts. Bat when this moral ulcer has ripened into open revolution, there is no excuse for any longer delay in its extirpation. Here is a revolutionary movement in the most emphatic shape?the first positive disunion movement, in fact, within the limits of the Union pince the organization of the government. The disunion movement of 1812 of the New England federalists was projected in view of contingencies which never came to pass: the South Carolina tariff nullification movement of 1832-'33 was suppressed before it came to a liead: and the secession movements in South Carolina, Georgia. Alabama and Mississippi, of 1851. on account of the admission of the whole of California as a free State, were all quietly extinguished by the sensible body of the people ' of those States, one after another. Lastly, the ! Soutbtrn military muitli upon Washington, threatened by Gov. Wise and other*, in the i event of Fremont # election, wan happily arrested by the election of Mr. Ruchanan. This ' Movnon rebellion stand# alone in our history as the only regularly organized and positive , disunion conspiracy upon the calendar. As a disunion movememeut of the most repulsive description, it should be put down with j the utmost prompfitude. The indifference of 1 the Northern and Southern ultra# of the Senate j to thi# view of the subject betray# the lament- J able fact that with them a factious and di#or- i ganizing policy toward# the Administration i# i considered of high< r importance than the #u- | premacy of the government or even the moral and political integrity of the I'nion itself. And thai it 1# that we regard the defeat of the Army bill in the Senate a# more significant of dan- i gerou# sectional and faction# demoralization# than any proceeding iti Congress of the la?t twenty years. The French Crisis.?The new government which Napoleon has just established is more like a Council of War than a civil administration. All the mo?t important posts are given to soldier*, and soldier# remarkable for their strenuous and merciless energy. The new UUi.t.r ,.f ?V>? Intnrin* I ?. ._? I. i*l 1uihici WI ?uv uiivi IVI I urunui WJIIlinwr, I to perforin, it seem*. duties varying between those expected of a police agent in disguise and a ivlft d* placr. He I* to see the Kmperor at leant once a day, and to take with him what measure* the safety of the government may require. He in to communicate directly with the military chiefn of Pari* In a word. Pari* ma> be considered an being in a state of siege. Private, far more decidedly than public letters, give us an animated pic- I turc of the terror which has begun to pervade 1 all classes of society, in view of a revolution, j As the diead twenty fourth of February np- | proaches. the dtcennnia] univrraary of the overthrow of the government of Louis Philippe. l?oth parties?Bonaparlists and republicans, and stilfcmorc clearly than either, the neutral masses ?seem to foresee nn approaching contest of fearful magnitude. On the one side, the Kmperor Is organizing his forces for a severe flgbt. and making everything ready in the shape of laws and instruments to execute them: on the other, the people? m the /V-we too noon and too ably told ue?ur?' readv on their aide for a movement. The great ina* of the people are very much frightened indeed, and are trying to arrange thelf Inline* in such a way that they could not I* ruined or iujured by a midden rcrolutkin. The news from Pari* of the ltPt dayp of Keln-uary will ?* worth reading. Rrrn Movopoum. - The ga* eompaniea. the fierry companion and the railroad companies of i this metropolis alone probably yield a revenue to the monopolists ot nearly two o vm' / Why lb iid tliu be, while the taus art- so high ! J ESP AY, MARCH 2, 1858 Tin Krporttd Reopening of the Move Trade at the loaU.

According do a telegraphic despatch from New Orleans, published in the Hkiujld of Saturday last, an editorial had appeared in the New Orleans Delia of the same date, stating that the slave trade in the South had been reopened, end that* a regular depot has been established on Pearl river, in Mississippi, where cargoes have been received and the negroes sold and put to work. It is fhrther stated that the vessels engaged in the trade generally use the French flag, for the reason that the British cruisers on the African coast will not trouble them. The announcement of this fact may strike those who are not conversant with the subject as something new; and will, no doubt, create considerable alarm among those who are opposed to the revival of the slave trade. Whether there is or is not any truth in the statement of the Delia, it will furnish a text for innumerable articles from the abolition press, and for ferocious diatribes from the abolition and black republican orators and preachers of all denominations. In view of the statement, and of what may be expected to follow from its publication, it is hb well to look at the facts in the case. In the first place, then, it is notorious to all who are at all informed upon the subject that the slave trade has existed in this country for years past; that it was and is carried on chiefly by Northern citizens of the United States; that Northern capitalists have invested more extensively in it than the citizens of any other portion of the Union, and consequently are more deeply interested in its maintenance and success. The vessels which have been employed in the transportation of slaves have been fitted out mainly in New York, Boston, Portland and Bristol, but ef these New York is the favorite point for the operations of the dealers. Within the last twenty years over fifty slavers were captured and brought into this port, nearly all of which were equipped and fitted out with Northern capital. The number of vessels captured and condemned, however, bears bat a very small proportion to the number fitted out from the ports we have named. The slave fleet which leaves New York, Boston and other Eastern seaports in the course of a single year consists of about forty vessels of various sizes, ranging from one hundred to five hundred tons, and capable of carrying from four hundred to six hundred slaves each. Every slaver is maimed by crews of from fifteen to twenty-five men, including the captain and officers, making a total for the whole fleet of about a thousand men. The whole of the capital invested does not probably exceed four millions of dollars, upon which a profit of something like eleven millions is realized. Here, then, in this array of facts we have abundant proof that the slave trade has existed, does at present exist, and is maintained chiefly by Northern men and Northern capital. The reports of the Mixed Commission at Havana present still further evidence on this head; but there is no want of proof while the records of the United States Courts in this city can be presented. There is another fact which may be stated in this connection. The landing of slaves along our Southern coast can be effected with little or no difficulty, and without danger of detection, as there is no Mixed Commission, like that of Cuba, ia the South, and no one sufficiently interested in the matter to furnish the Information to the proper authorities. The laws of the United States have declared the slave trade to be piracy, and punishable as such; but, for the reasons stated, slaves may be landed with impunity on the Southern coast uutil some action is taken to put a stop to it. In conclusion, we may state, as announced in our telegraphic report from Washington yesterdav. that the English Minister has addressed a letter to Secretary Cass in relation to the rapid increase of the African slave trade, and suggesting the propriety of adopting more deceive measures for its suppression. The English plan is stated to be the increase ot the African squadron; but experience has proved that the employment of a naval force is entirely inadequate, and tliat for all practical purposes it might as well be withdrawn. The annexation of Cuba to the United States would do more for the suppression of the trade than any tiling else that could be suggested. The policy of our government, however. will, we presume, be fully set forth in the reply of General Cass to the letter of the British Minister. Soithtin Flre-fCntrm upon Kannua. A belligerent cotemporary, who seems to huve )*>en indulging in a Kip Van Winkle sleep for a couple of years or so, has just waked up to the probability of a desperate blood and murder conflict in Kausas. Our cotemporary is a general as well as an editor, chevalier, minister and the lord knows what beside; hence it is but uaturai that he should take the warlike view of most subjects which he treats. But he is very savage indeed jwst now. lie says that the President is acting " rashly and wickedly that " be knows that the people of Kansas will resist with arms," rather than submit to the Lepftmnffnn rnnkiitiitlnn I hut thn m?nnln r%f ?kn North In n l?ody " will aid them In driving from their soil the foot ?f the oppressor;" that " submission would lie the death knell of our liberties;" that " Mr. Buchanan baa not nerve enough for f>nch a crisis;" that " be dare not attempt to enforce" the Lecompton constitution; but that be is so " unscrupulous" that he may try it after all. in which case the people of the North, led by the doughty General in p< .son, " would rally to the support of the Kansas men. and render their resistance successful;" that they " ought not to stand by and see them crushed;" that " a dreadful state of things" is impending; and that the only part fit for a patriot at this juncture is to shoulder the musket and report to the Gedcral for orders. From these quotations it will be perceived that the sluml>ers of our worthy cotemporary mny have commenced some couple of years since, and that he has not been long enough awake to realise that anything has taken place in Kansas since then. He evidently fancies that the situation is the same as it was when, on the floor of the Philadelphia Convention, the belligerent General declared his readiness to march then and there, with sword or with lance, on foot or on horseback, agaiust the South or indeed against anybody else who happened at that moment to be in his way. It must be a relief to his over chafed mind to peruse the calin, quiet, business like letters from Kansas which we have lately been publishing; and to learn from them bow very far from the iroin in vn?* ciht.j nounn u?hi w peupi* 01 Kan?ic< are disponed to embark in a civil war about the TiCcompton conatitntlon, or indeed about anything else. He will uncertain by a ^arcjbl gtodj gt toid I I* comnuflicattoas that the people of .Kaiwaa, ?o far front being exercised on the subject ttak constitution or anything else in the pe.'itical world, are as tired of the political squabble ** any of us; and that the great talk' of the rank and file of the free State party are ready and determined to accept the Lecompton constitution if Congress admits the State under it, and to take the earliest opportunity, according to their convei J 1. J. uiriitv, iu nuit'uu numcT^i 10 uiwuiiauic ui ut?* fcctive therein. There are of coarse a few surviving political leaders to whom the late contest has been beef and bread; they may continue to shriek for some time to come, but no one is listening to them. Not only hare the rank and file of the free State party given up all thought of politics and devoted their whole attention to the subject of their private business, but the bulk of the politicians, too, have jilted the slavery question. From the letter we publish this morning from Kansas, and from the extracts which it contains from one of the most noted organB of the free State party, it will be seen that the political leaders-of that party have entirely forgotten their old love in their ardent attention to the seat of government question. So disgraceful a scene of corrupt legislation as is pictured in these extracts we hardly remember to have seen before; yet the picture is drawn by a friend and partisan of the leading parties. In a word, considerations of land speculation and corner lots?the Minneola land scheme? have usurped the place formerly occupied by the slavery question in the minds of all those inhabitants of Kansas who are not exclusively engaged with their private affairs. There is not a State or a Territory in the Union where people are quieter and take less interest in general politics than Kansas. As to getting up a civil war there?persuading the people to appeal to arms to resist the Lecompton constitution?pouring in Northern sympathizers in order to render their resistance to the administration powerful, the idea is palpably absurd and ridiculous; it would be hailed with roars of laughter by the people of Kansas themselves. Belligerent articles read well, and with the i?ujj?fi ui uui vuirui|iuraijF nutu prouucilUUH are natural. But, as a general rule, before proclaiming a war, our cotemporary, as a military man. must be aware that there must be two parties to fight. The misfortune with regard to the future Kansas war is that there is nobody to fight against the administration; unless perhaps Jim Lane and the few of his friends, headed by the General-Chevalier himself, undertake the contest. Would this pay ? We put it to our cotemporary as a military man?Would it pay ? On foot or on horseback ! With the sword or with the lance? The Late Indiana Democratic State Convention ani? its New Party Hi*MBro.?One of our morning cotemporaries make* a great pa- | rade of the onti-Lecom?ton proceedings of the late Douglas Democratic State Convention of Indiana, and gives ub very flatly to understand that the said Convention have initiated a movement which will result in a new Northern democratic party. Fudge. A weak device to frighten off the Northern supporters of the Lecompton constitution in Congress. Suppose a party were to be organized upon the anti-Lecompton "popular sovereignty" plank of Mr. Douglas, what would become of it with the quiet settlement of the Kansas trouble by her admission as a State? The only plank of the party would be gone. It is too late for a Douglas-Kansas de mocratic party; but if he wishes a "popular ho- | vereignty" party of his own. his only chance now ia Utah and the Mormons. Let him fail back upon the "popular sovereignty" of Utah, which allows five, ten, fifty or a hundred wives to each man; for it ia the Little Giant's last remaining chance with "popular sovereignly." The Lottkry Bvsinkss.?It is estimated that lottery tickets are secretly sold illegally in this city to the amount of nearly $7.10.000 a year. Tkb Orwu?Omu>.?TbiKpera, which has been rarely pcrfortred tn this city, and never before last MRni at the Academy, wk there produced with the following diatributinn ? I)eed?mona Madame De lagrange. (Hello Slguor nberini. Rodorign Signur IAbocetta. lago rtlguor daMer. Kltnlro Carl formes. It wou Id be rather late In Uie day to review tbe rn -rita. mnaical and dramatic,of <Hello. To an audieure acquaint ed with the grand tragedy on which it m founded, it seems more like a travestie than an attemtd at a musical interpretation of the great master's creation. Ihe music, bow ever, la well enough, and If one could dlveat himself of the rcmembrauce of the Knghsh play, the opera would be popular As It la, bo waver, It cannot be. Ihe mttmlltof the opera last night was gsaerally good Mm- Ia (J range looked beautifnlly and sang rare fully, artutically and admirably as ever. Tlbertnl had In (Hello an up bill part, hut seemed quite equtl to the work, though obliged to sing nearly all the time at the top of hla voice. Formes was properly dignified. ami quite Uia ideal of a heavy fattier. He wan in excellent voice, aa be proved by hia One execution of h a music In the first net. The booae waa well attended Tbie evening?a ' heap night?when " L' lialiana in Algerl," In which h Angrt ha- made quite a fimrt, will be repeated; and on Wednesday?regular uifbt?" Kebsrt le liable, " w U> all the art at ^ in the r?at. Br?tTOn'? Tuxatnb? Mr. k. L. Iuv?>ronT ?Tha ad mirable actor commenced an engagement last evening here, and wae entbuetertlcally greeted by a mil bouse He played Hamlet, and waa supported by a very good cad. including Mr*. Pavenport a* Ophelia Mr. Haven port Inoka like the ideal Hamlet, and m art lain flniah baa few equate on the Kngltah stage HI* Hamlet it without M?ml*h and possesses many poaitive hoauUea for the student ol Ahakspere. We are very glad to hear that I Mr Davenport a eairagemrnt here is to be prolonged. Aw tan or tint Woor> Pntrss.?The prises offered by Dr. Jamee R. Wood, surgeon of llellevue Hoapital. for the l?c*t specimen of aorgical anatomy fhrmahed by the atudenta of the three mod tea I colleges of thta city, were awarded yeaterday, In the amphitheatre of the hnepttal. by Dr. Mott, acting In bebnlf of the Commission appointed to deride upon the merit* of the aperimene offered in competition The audience was compoaed mostly of medical student* The llr*t prlae of MO waa awarded to ttcorge T. Shrady, a graduate of the Twenty tnirn street college. the <, ond, of waa awarded to tieorge K. I'cat, of the Fourteenth atrret college, and a aon of Prof Post, of thla city. Dr. Mott apoke in the highest torm* of com mt ndalion of the manner in which Ute apecimen* had lieen prepared, and said that In aome reejpeeta i.iej were un equalled, ao far ea he knew. Dr Francis alao made an Interesting addro**. He waa followe<l hy Pro! ftmtth and l?r Wood in brief remark*, alter which the company diaper and. Prison a I Intelligence. Amur ALII. Prom Savannah. In the steamship Augus'a- Fllas Ross, 1n?iy Ami H a in<i U<1/, W A Hbw*i<1, M) Clarke Mr* Redman. lfr? ete'ra*# ?'k<-?cn, Throphlltia C Mitchell. and If la ^Frgm Onrlaro. ?mi roaat .,f A fair.-,. In th- ?hip AtUnlle Mr. I rra on and lady, Hot W {.'lament and lady. i 'r"m."''cttoa Artea. (a 'bo bark Krntuefcy -{'apt Mallard. late <ii th? twrt Olpaaf, an 1 lady. Mr?K1l'WH. ??r ll?mh'ira. In ih<- aieamablp rt?int??u Mra CaraHna {(cttneri Mi llafr, Mr Hr Ittaen .1 MfhnSerth. M I-eoo. Mr "" At.-' n Rmm-ti, Mr llifm?n, il O H tlarllrl.a a l,l| """in. (Iiaa Waj<ner and '% ! Mra Verln and fatulli C II hi'hard. ? ant V in Han'm *t^? Tl I ? .lair , a T lla. in. Mlaa p.'k M'aa .Ta-th. Mine Marcm.-r*. Mine In..lee (Ml! rnri/r (' Mr dun and Cam t . .'"hri t ml and dminiver ( M m a> mann, Roberta. .1 I Hrhticyer .1 an N Ham'tnreer, ? !'-> M Krmuic !? ftnk. 1 Ri'Mrl. .Jf'nrri and r|,i|.|, ,| h H Yon H<if ?. Oi lrni.n ' tVmi nli It A Km ha b Tl. la I >r final. II H mk-. ' H k'ra a-i I tamily, A Qnen tin a-d Ian t|? M Tb? ' ? k -m i'timn 1 It tier. ] I ' ' aa a Hall" - a-. I V Ke-un akuf K v tr|. R t ?ara.1, d **??. tl *?;v ?MW THE LATEST NEWS. INTERESTING FROM WASHINGTON. | Testimony of Hon. George Ashmun before the Lawrence, Stone & Co. Committee. Wofeott Paid him Honey on Use TtrilT Question. MINNESOTA AND KANSAS BH.L IN Tiff SENATE. Outrage* of the Free State Aden fa Ifaneaa ( ileree MhmAw Ib the ieaale ee the fM> raf* fiileiAHiMp v^aaaa^vw?>vwWAAA< Hew Quarantine Beaonl Scheme in tha Ufr lature, At, At. Aw. A flair* at the Vatttnal Capital. TU PHOORAMMB FOB THB ADMUMION Of KANRB AND M1NNKMOTA?THB $87,000 INVK3TT0ATIOH? THK TRCTH COMING OCT?PIKBC1 FfOHT OTfl THB CHICAGO POST MA8TBB8HIP?THB SPRING CAMPAIGN AGAINST THB MORMONS?THB NHW ATl.AlTIC TKLXOKAPH KZPBDITION, ETC. Wasbinuton, March 1,1861. The caucus or democratic senators held at the Capet this morning for the pnrpoee of reconsidering the pegramme aa laid down on Saturday for their action wh regard to the admission of Kansas and Minnesota, ?eolved to adhere to that programme. Minnesota wP. not, therefore, be taken up first and alone, as eetne of tit more accommodating and compromising Senators who 1st this caucus called, daaired. The caucus determined to more, as a substitute fx Ms Kaunas bill, a bill for the admission of both Kansas afl Minnesota, similar to tha bill admitting Florida and lowi. This amendment will he presented to-morrow by Senate Greeu. The substitute All is drawn up bo aa to nam both of the Territories conjointly throughout, so that if tie republicans rote against the admission of Kansas the must also exclude Minnesota. This is precisely the moG pointed out by the Hxrald. There is no doubt ot U> passage of the bill by the Senate by a majority of let; I whilst it is confidently believed that it will pass tha Houa by at least as many. The majority In the Senate do mi purpose forcing a rote on the bill admitting the tiro dot States, but will give a reasonable time for debate. A rob is|expected about the last of next week. George Ashmun was examined before the Tariff Investigating Committee this morning. He Informal the Committee in the beginning that he should tea tify under protest. When asked whether he hat received any money to aid in the passage of Uu Tariff bill, he Informed the Committee that be dit receive money from Walcolt for services rendered In pas sing that bill; but be denied using say or it to iniluenc* members. He, too, is a regular "know nothing." Wotcott swore that he had never used money to aid In the pas- | sage of the tariff. Ashmun says that Wolcott paid htns money for that purpose. Here is Oat contradiction. Call Thurlow Weed?he can doubtless unravel the mattsr. Subpoena** have gone north thia evening tojbrtug certain New York editors before the Committee. They, too, witl doubtless dodge the question propounded. The Senate were in executive session for a loog time totoy, and bad under consideration the confirmstion of Mr. Isaac Cook, the Chicago Postmaster. Senator Douglas opened the ball against him, and attacked right and left The Little Giant was perfectly furious. He cha^od him with all sorts of crimes, none of which, however, wilt stand fire. Senator Pitch ably defended Cook from the charges made by Mr. Douglas, and I understand hanilM the l.ittlo Giant rather roughly. Without coming to any vote, after a two hours' session the Senate adjourned. The friends of the administration could easily have con . firmed the nomination of Cook, but Judge Douglas declared on his word of honor that Cook was personally and politically dishonest, and a man of neither the ability nor character for any position under the government. Under these circumstances the nomination was permitted to lie over, so as to investigate their .truth. It is very possible Mr. Douglas' friends may endeavor to induce the belier that tbia postpooemeal U an evidence of a vaat of support to tbe President in lbs course which he baa seen proper to adopt towards the Douglas office bolder*; but aucb is not tbe fact. Tbe pjst pooement was simply tn consequence of the grave |>eraonal charges preferred by Judge Douglas agaast Cook. This is a curious case, as serving to Illustrate the poai tion of Judge Douglas and hi* friends with the admiais trail on and In the Senate Cook was formerly Postmaster of Chicago, appointed in 1863 at the instance of Judge Douglas, who was his intimate personal and political friend. At the eipiratlen of hii commission, in 1867, Mr Price, the proeenl incumbent, wee appointed also by the influence of Mr Douglss. Cook is not ?ith Mr Dooglss c bis defection from the democratic party, but is a Ira administration man; hence hie nomination over Prtoe. who is remove!, and hence tbe bitter chagrin of Douglas How arc the mighty fallen' Judge Douglas' influence is gone. Whilst the Secretary of War is making arrangement* for the concentration of all tbe regular troops who can be spared for the I'tah campaign, it is believed that Oongrose will yet grant the increase to tlic army wluoti has beco asked for. The .Secretary thinks be can send into the field sbout six thousand men with the prcs?"ut lore Tbe bill will pass the House in sotno sbspe, and agsin come up In tbe Senate, when it ia not improbable it will be sruenl ed in proper shape Tbe government does not desire a volunteer force, and if Congress eeea IK to insist upon it. the volunteer* will he detailed for garrison duty. Despatches were reee.ved this momlnjf at the stale De paitmenl from Central America. They contain pr thing of eenetal inierml II mm* not nnnllvalr known at (ha mml tng of tbe steamer whether the Yrifarrl treaty bait been , ratified or Dot, but It fu generally conceded that it wool! be. From Intelligence received tbe gorernment hww hare no doubt of it* ratification H understood tbat tbe steam frigate Niagara will tail from New York this week to aid In laying the reetraph cable Her muster roll embrace* four bun trad and tea men. The greatest care has been taken by the Nary Department to make ber ifBclent In ber wen and la her arrangement* for tbe work tar obakra: * war* * r>me*rcn WfUMM, March 1. It Is calculated by prominent democrat* that th.< Kansas and Minnesota bill* combined will pee* the Senate by eix or eight and tbe House by about fifteen majority Tbe Senate In executlre sesatpn to day ennfi-aied a large number of appointments male during the rsrena Mr Samuel Meier > wan to day confirmed by thi So. ate ea Postmaster at Columbu*. Dr. Wm. Jonea has been uoming^l ruelaiasUr of Washington, in place of Barrett, wboee coiu.utae.cn bat expired. The MatUsoo Inreeturating Committee wtit boil tketr flrat meeting o? Wednesday. Impertaat ftnm Kente*. TTlRRATtMD 488 A881N ATION OF ORNRRALWH.Tmi.ft ?Mt Rnmte and incrndiarmm on thj rhivh ri rordrr. etc. Washi rotor, March 1, 1*M Oen. Whitfield, la a letter r reel red today, aay* that Gen lane's party be* eerred upon him a notice to .jolt Kama* threatening tbat unless he shall do sc, that be (lane) will assassinate him. Gen. W. adds that he he* sent hie family out of the Territory, but thai be lijruetf will remain Oen W. also ?ey* thai buu*e buru.ngs am murdeit are frequent. In lbs county opposite St. Joseph, Missouri. Mr ftm* and hi* family here been drlren out, and sererai os** person* bring there killed, also, one in tbe coumy *) * The Pennsylvania Drmorrary on l,rr*>u*??on* Harrisim no. Mar. !i 1 1*M The Dauphin County Democratic C-en ventre to lay passed resolution* endorsing the admission of 0*0 tbe I'nlon under tbe l.ecouipton romtttation The naryland I.rglslatnre wn f.eemptne. B.tli ??i?s, Marco 1, Tba Maryland Ugialatura Io da/ r*>jaci?d a ? ?:?? <x raaoltitlona ?n?taiBii'( Mr Bucbaaan <<o t'?? Kmpm^vn tiro, by 44 na)a to 1 jca Tat dumo< raij \ '.ad u? -ja Una account trt th?awt?'wat mat? by tt>? Am?n a* m?lVta !* ?? from 111* ana. ^narwrns, Kan 'la. IV-t V'? eatu?L > UaUi, ' < ia-* a. >,. / * ? > Io.,it d?.a. .. .w,.?