Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 18, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 18, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. j^NEli GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PBOI'itHftMt OrriC'K N. W. CORN It U OK NAMAC AN1> Fl'LTON ST*. TEHMS. wj?A in arfmv, Monry nmt by tn.iif uill V at th* lilt of th* ~*iutr* Po4.uj* .tamp* not reerivod a, >u*?<rip(,on "T?tr DAILY HERALD '?") 7*^ oipy, f7 j*+r annum. I THE WEEKLY HER !/./>, nrry Mitur lay, at ??r miuprr top\ or%&p*n*nMm; th* European Btitnn 'r'ry W*in**<kiy, mi ?ir rml* p*r ropy. $4 p*r annum to any p?irf <\f Qrrat Britain, Or 96 ??> f??yj*irt of (Ac D>mtin*nt, hotJt to in?IwU ; fA* Rtlition <m thr OtA an i 20fA aarA monfA at ?u mnIi ?wr rt?f*v or si to tH-r <?? ?!i/l'. r?? rAMlLY HKKALP on Wtdrvtlau. at four cmt, per copy, or nprr iwiwn rOCTNTAKr (V/tNZSPOyngyrg, omtaininy important pete,, talirii*d from any quarlrr of th* irorht : tf Hint, rilt Or Ubmilly yxiui for. fc#- ou* poaiuon ('ohhiurondkrth abb pa*ncri-a?tr Kkoobbtco to 8kal all Lurrtw and PaceAABS MKT n. VO ZfOTlCM tnitrm of anonymous rorrrop tn.Unrr. Wt do not POtnrn rrjnrind mnimwifmw. ADVKttTlSKMBPTi rmrtrni m*ry ?t,y ado*rti**mmt* inoortr i <? tJ>* Wbbklt Hbkai.u. Kabilt Herald tiivi >n th* (wtfgnha and Mumpnan Edition* JOB PKi/fTlHO, omnthnl pith nmtnm*, rhnapn*** and dotpmieh VNtmt XXV NO. 169 AMUSKMKNTc THIS K7KNING. NIBt/O'S 0 ARDKN, Hrovt *?y ? bbaott 4*0 the BlUIOrMMina Vuuinii-U Ctnin BOWNRY THKATRD, Bowery?Toww tin Cocwrar? Bcaa?n.. _____ WINTKR GARDEN, Brand***, oppoalie Boad atreet.? OOMAK. LAURA KKKNIYS THRATRR. ?N Broadway?JaKRT Urn?Oaa Jatajom Smsamt mew BOWKRY, Bowery-haw Tou M UK-MWbam. bbib "?? ? baKNL'M'S AMERICAN MUSBUM. Broadway ? Day and Keenin* ?Ova lloawrr?Roooa Diamond? Lmno Coaioainaa. Ao ______ BRYANTS' MINSTRRI<S. MecUanloa' Ball. 473 Broadway -' Wb Cobb rmon tub Urn*. NIBLO'S SALOON, Broadway.?<4ao. Caatsrr'a Miatreata ib Boaoa, Daacaa. Bcauaaaaa, Ac.?Jar a* au nun. TEMPI.K Of MAGIC, 44t Broad war -PaoraasoB Jaoom. NATIONAL CONCERT SaI.OON, NnWenal TheatreBoa08. Paacaa, Boiujuaoaa Ac. TALACK GARDKN, Fourteenth Mreet ? Vooai Aao la fyaaaaaTAi. Ooacaar. OORNKR OF THIRTRRNTH STRKBT AND FOURTH AJtKNL'K ?Cauroaau Maaaoaua. No. 894 broadway?CaLtroama Gold Mikiko Kaaiaiftoa. New York, Monday, Jane IN, 1W0. The Ntwa, By the steamships Hammonia at this port, and the Bohemian at Farther Point, we have four days I.,.. Tin ,.C Garibaldi at Palermo is said to be complete and decisive. A capitulation had been signed between General I>ansa and Garibaldi and the Revolutionary Committee. The capitulation 8tipulatea that the Neapolitan army, 25.000 strong, shall quit Palermo With all the honors of war, aud embark with their moUriri on board the Neapolitan squadron. There were rumors that the King had refused to ratify the Capitulation, and that the fighting had recommenced. but they proved to be unfounded. Letters from Naples state that a grand manifestation had taken place there, during which ahoata for "Emanuel." "Garibaldi" and "Sicily" Were freely given. It was thought the Great Eastern would sail on the 23d inat., but no day had been absolutely fixed upon. Lord Palmerston had granted a steamship for the purpose of ranking a survey and soundings for the proposed line of telegraph from England to America via the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. The Liverpool Cotton market showed a declining tendency, and Drices were barely maintained. It *u mentioned some time Mince by telegraph that General Walker, with a party of officer*, had left New Orleans in a nailing vessel for norae point in Central America, but the fact elicited eery little attention from the public. It may be interesting to Our reader* to learn that it is now stated by partiea who are supposed to be well informed on the matter. that hi* destination ia one of the Ray island* which hare been recently re-ceded by Kngland to the republic of Honduras. We published a abort time ago the fact that the people of Ruatan had protested against returning under the away of the Honduras government, no that they are at present, a* it were, independent The ialand la populated by about four thousand people, of a nixed race, the Indian and West India negro preponderating. The probability is that Walker expect* to create some kind of a government organisation there, and than obtain a foothold for himself Somewhere in the Central American region, with a view to future action. In the Hmui.n of Kunday we published a synopais of the majority report of the Corode Investigating Committee, submitted by Mr. Train, of Massachusetts. This morning we give a summary of the minority report of Gov. Winslow, which ia to be submitted to the House to-day. The report of Gov. Winalow shows up the objects and intent* of the majority of the committee, which, It at*tea, were not to ascertain the truth, bat a mere trick and contrivance to obtain evidence to be flaed for partisan purposes. Advices from Ariaona Territory, received at fit Louw. state that the Indian depredations atill con tioued near Tucxon and (<04 t'ongoe*. and that aereral Lit m had already been I oat. The proapect of an abundant harvest in the Territorj was eery food. tecridc hail atonn passed over Albany yeater day afternoon, lasting half an hoar, by which great damage waa done to property in all parte of the city. The doing* of the Japaneae yesterday, with a very Interesting sketch of 'Tommy," the apeclmen of Yoong Japan, are given In oar paper thia morning. The official reception of the Embassy by the Mayor and Common Council will take place at the City Hall at half past one 'o'clock thia afternoon. The overland mail coach, with San Pranclaco dates to the Wth ol May. arrived at Springfield. Mo., last evening. Incessant raina had prevailed at San Francisco, and but little bu*inr-g? had been transacted. Prom Canon Valley we learn that about 6,000 Indians were in the vicinity of Pyramid Lake, and 600 Indiana and >00 United States troops had goo# to attack them fa front and rear. The rumors of Indian dtetarbaacM on Butter creek is confirmed, and tha Indiana la that neighborhood seem determined 00 hoeUUUsa. Tha station of the Pony Express at Bimpsoo Park had been horned down, supposed to hart been set Bre to by the Indians. Oar special despatch from Baltimore thia morn lag. furnishes n* with the ronton, gossip, Ac., as to tha course of Democratic Convention which la to assemble in that city to-day. The sales of olios oa Saturday were onoOaed to s frw hundred bates, ckntag as the basis of about 11a per pound for middling uplands The market for lour was heavy asd lower for Mdium sad common grades ST State md Westers, white fresh ground asd good ertra bras da were mstetsed. Southern Sour was steady, and prions ni bengal. Wheat opened with mors flranaas and was Is good demnsd roe otpurt, with lotoraMy bus sates at full prices. Com was Is good supply and tbo market heavy, while purchase* were to a Me attest; tbo turn af Ue market was Is Ctror of purrhaairu Pork Was heavy sad easier, with a fair demand from tea trade, tea of tow maaa wart mads at til UHattSM, asd now prune at tU Tt Tha Japnsme ruoepuou interfbmd With iaaieam b tea afternoon, whieb wan nrarly aaapsndad The sugar amrkot waa trm.wite aateaof a fbw basil a? bbda at fall prtoaa Oteae was Srmly held, ante light Stem There was a movement la Omrta, and sales af dtjtte amis warn amis at Ms a 1?M*. frugbaa warn trm tar Urarpsal, and further angagaaaania / , Tht BnUliutit f'oti v*ntiou?-It* Conipaul* llvn ?n<l Allrndanl Danger*. To-day the adjourned < Charleston Convention meet* at Baltimore, and the ?yes of the whole country are turned towards it. to see if the politicians who compose and manage It are equal to the occasion, which requires them to lay aside their personal preferences for the safety of the common good. The crisis is a great one. From one end of the country to the other?in every city, village and hamlet?the true majority of the people desire that the government shall be saved from the control of the abolition fanatics and demagogues that have made a common cause to so-* cure possession of it. The destructive tendencies of the ideas they havp proclaimed as the rule of government are universal!/- acknowledged, and all hope to be saved from the terrible ordeal. Safety lies in the union of the national sentiment against the revolutionary assault. and this union is rendered to all appearance impracticable by the personal contests of ambitious aspirants, and their disputes on abstract differences which have little or no connection with the great issue before the people. While they are quarrelling for office and spoils, 1 the great mass of the community ars learning to hold then in the contempt they merit fqr ignoring the common interest In their shortsighted greed. From this state of things there is but one possible result to be obtained if the cliques persist in their dissensions, and that is the division of their own partisans, and the withdrawal from the support of all of them by the honeat national sentiment of the country. This gives the election to Lincoln by default and the division of the elements opposed to him. Our Baltimore and Washington correspondents concur in stating that the dissensions which marked the Convention at Charleston are to be renewed at Baltimore. Resolutions aiming at men and not at principles are to be introduced, to widen existing breaches and to increase the present feeling of partisan bitterness. New bargains and new treacheries are to be combined, and the final severance of the democratic organization is to be consummated. Such a conclusion to the Convention that meets to-day at Baltimore will give something like the following returns from the Presidential election in November, as will be clear to every man who has watched the variations of the popular majorities during the last twelve years. A split in the democratic party will give to Lincoln, besides the acknowledged black republican States, the doubtful ones of New York, Pennsylvania. New Jersey.,Indiana and Illinois. The running of two democratic tickets in the South would give to Bell, by plurality, the electoral votes of Maryland, Kentucky, Tennessee, norm oarouna. Georgia, and probably Virginia. Houston would carry Texas, and a Southern sectional candidate might possibly receive a majority in South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Arkansas. This leaves, as a matter for contention between four Presidential candidates, the States of Missouri, California and Oregon. Here we have the matter in a nutshell, and it shows bow utterly absurd are the quarrels which the cliques are keeping up between themselves. They look at everything with passion, and their judgments are blinded even to the immediate circumstances of their own position. The extreme Southerd men will not see that the action of their constituents in sending tbem back to Baltimore, instead of supporting the Richmond idea, is a rejection of their sectionalism. The delegates from the acknowledged hlnrk renublican States will not recoirnise the fact that, if they drive off tbe South, and thus lose tbe prestige of their national character, they never can hope to obtain a majority in their own State*. In the Centra) States the democratic politicians well know that their only hope lies in the nomination of a national candidate, and bence their readiness to bargain with the extremes, and to cheat them all if they think the winning chance lies elsewhere. The fact is, sectionalism can never prevail in this country, either North or South, if the national sentiment is left free to combat it; and the only dagger the country now incurs is the triumph of the Northern abolitionists through the division of their opponents. This is the work that is now being performed for them by a set of greedy, selfish and shortsighted political office hunters who have succeeded in obtaining control of the Coaeenttow by a vicious system of party organization. There is not a single element of popular freedom in the present mode of party construction. A few offlce holders or office seekers, in tbe guise of a General Committee, call for primary party elections, and appoint their own inspectors thereto. The polls are opened in some low groggery. and surrounded by a few hired bullies and shoulder-hitters, and after a few houra the inspectors make their official returns to the General Com' mittee. In conformity to the arrangement this body had already prepared. Thus, a ward or county contention Is packed, which goes on packing, according to the will of the managers, until the last point of a national ronvtwdton. like that at Baltimore, ha* been reached. While the system was new and its details were unknow n to the public. It worked well enough, but now these have become too transparent to Command the public confidence any longer, and the only hope of success that the politicians who compose them can entertain lies in the merit of the candidate- they notni rate. The gradual decline in the moral *tan dard of the representative men in convention that baa followed the increased confidence which politician* have acquired in managing the public ha* led the ahoulder hitter* to claim the poaition of Councilmen. bullies to in*i<! upon seat* in Congress, and pothouse politicianand shrewd intriguers to aspire to the Prod dencjr. This infamous system of partj organi vation is approaching its end. The result i? hastened by the quarrels of the cliques, and ll tbey persist therein at Baltimore, aod do no' unite upon a national m.?n. in whom the peop!< have confidence, they will have dug their owi grave and leaped into it with their iniquitous system, to be covered by the country with i complete and permanent forgetfulnesa. Cants ra Nsw Toat.?It is a common complain that In this great metropolitan cltv of ours i vast amount of crime goes unpunished Ttuw Is. unfortunately, bnt too much truth in the state ment, for owing to political and other influence criminals often manage to escape the penalty o their offences. And yet, notwithstanding the* occasional perversions of justice, the records 0 ourcrlminal courts during the present year wouli NEW YOKK HERALD, 1 go to establish a creditable decree of energy and i#*\ en the part of thorn- who are en trusted with the dnty of administering the iawa. From the ollowing facta, which we gather from official KourceH, some idea may be formed of the amount of hard work which devolv es on our city Judges. Those who are unacquainted with the extent of crime in New York will be somewhat startled by them. In the Court of Sessions, before Judge Russell, there were, in January last, forty convictions. Seventeen of the prisoners were sent to the State prison, nineteen to the Penitentiary, two to the City prison, and tines were imposed upon them. In February there were, in the same court, sixty-six convictions. Twenty-seven of the parties were sent to the State pri son, twenty-fire to the P enitentiary, two to the House or Refuge, and fine* were imposed on twelve. At the February Oyer and Terminer there were seventeen convictions, of which two were for murder, ten for manslaughter, and two for assault with intent to kill. Thirteen prisoners were Bent to the State prison, one to the City prison, one to the Penitentiary, and two were sentenced to be executed. At the Sessions in March there were fifty-six convictions. Twenty-four prisoners were sent to the State prison, sixteen to the Penitentiary, two to the City prison, four to the House of Refuge, and fines were imposed on fourteen. At the April Sessions there were twenty-six convictions. Ten prisoners were sent to the State prison, eleven to the Penitentiary, one to the House of Refuge, and fines were imposed on five. A the April Oyer and Terminer there was one conviction, and the party was sent to the State prison. At the Sessions in May there were seventy-six convictions. Forty-two of the parties were sent to the State prison, twenty-three to the Penitentiary, four to the House of Refuge, five to the City prison, and fines were imposed on fkpAA The above shows an aggregate of about three hundred convictions in courts of record during the first five months of the present year. Besides these there were, at the Special Sessions held in January, 1,207 convictions; in February, 1,201; in March, 1,677, and in April, 1,703;?making a grand total of offenders convicted In the Court of Special Sessions during the above term of 5,788. Judging from these facts, we are led to the gratifying conclusion that, notwithstanding occasional failures of justice, the law has been, on the whole, fairly vindicated during the period covered by these statistics. Triumph of the Sicilian InuorrcctIonCapitulation of General Lanta at Palermo. We have received by the steamship Ilammonia at this port and the Bohemian at Farther Point, the details of the fall of Palermo and the capitulation of the government troops. The manner in which the assault was conducted proves that Garibaldi possesses higher military qualities than those of a mere guerilla leader. Considering the immense difficulties he bod to deal with, the disparity of his force as compared with the army J * ?tl.V X. ... OS AAA unutr littltui, HUIVU nuiuuuvc-u iu wmii w,vw men, and hie deficiencies in artillery and battering trains, the capture of Palermo may be regarded as one ot the boldest and moat achievements recorded in the annals of warfare. The foots, as they reach us through official sources, may be thus briefly stated. By the 2Ctb of May Garibaldi had entirely swept the country around Palermo of the adherents of the I government. General Lanza, as was previously I mentioned, had concentrated his troops *in a position which enabled him at once to cover the city on the side of the regular approaches from the interior, and te bring his entire force into action when the occasion pre- 1 sented itself. Had any other leader than Garibaldi been opposed to trim, it is probable that the dispositions he had made would have proved sulBcieot for the defence of the city. It is the misfortane of military tacticians. however, that when they have to deal with self-educated warriors like the hero of Varese. they do not take into account the con tempt Ot me miter ior w inroru-s mm uumHons of Ibe military school* and the pedantries of the camp. They prefer rather to be beaten on strictly correct principles than to guard against the irregular modes of warfare practised by leaders who hare not graduated in military science. It will probably be found, when the fasts ooaas to to InvMttgatod, that It was to this depreciation of the military genius of the revolutionary chief that the prompt fall of the city was mainly owing. How else are we to Account for the feet of 25,000 disciplined troops, under an experienced general, being so immediately and thoroughly whipped by a force which there is reason to believe at no time exceeded Ave thousand men. Garibaldi profited by the advantage which his opponent's strict adherence to precedent afforded him. At four o'clock he made a sudden attack on the north side of the town from the suburb called Peperlto. which being next the sea, and covered. as it was supposed, by the government vessels in the harbor, had been left comparatively unprotected. No sooner did he force his way into this part of the city than the people roue en mosse and attacked the troop# with whatever weapons they could lay their hands upon, and in two or three hours the whole of Palermo was in the hands of the insurgents, with the exception of the citadel, into which the government troops retired. It is said that daring the conflict three regiments went over to the liberals, and it may have been the fear of a more geae rai aflPCUDD um luuuiru un-iif-rui i. i ,7. i 10 subsequently take the step which, to far as ! Sicily l? concerned, virtually terminate* this . contest Be that a* it may. the Neapolitan , commander*, with the savage ferocity which has distinguished them all ttirough the insnrrection. continued to bombard the city during the , whole of Sunday, and they killed a great numf ber of the inhabitant*, beside* destroying many t honors and public buildings. On the following , day Garibaldi, with the aid of a park of artille, ry, which he had succeeded In capturing. , stormed the citadel. We hare no particulars k of the assault, but It must have been attended with heavy loss, as it was strongly fortified and well provided with ammunition and provisions, t General Lansa must, however, have become i aware that his men were no* to be relied upon, e for after a few hours siege he made up his mind to capitulate, and the article* w ere arranged s on board her Britannic Majesty's ship Hannibal f and tbe whole force embarked. There Is somr s doubt as to the precise character of the term< f agreed upon ki one despatch it is stated thai 1 the government commander was allowed U HONDAY, JUNE 18, 1660. carry ^im his rar tnalerid, and no mention is made* t>f a stipulation that the troops should not be lauded at some other point of the Sicilian coast. Chivalrous as he is, we think it very improbable that Garibaldi would omit providing for these two points, the more particularly as he stands urgently in need of artillery for his descent on the main land. It is not likely that any further effort will be made by the government troops garrisoning the other towns on the island to resist the authority of Garibaldi. It is more probable that the fall of Palermo has been the signal for them to lay down their arms and abandon a struggle which Lansa's defeat must have taught them is hopeless. Thus, in very little more than inree wcou irom me aaie 01 nis landing,, me Italian hero has made himself master of the island and virtual arbiter of the destinies of the Neapolitan kingdom. The London Times, which has alternately petted and sneered at him, may well say that such a feat of arms has been seldom related in history. The Old Bsit'i Greeting to the New West. First among the important events in the history of the metropolis, since the keel of Hendrick Hudson's ships kissed the noble;river which bears his name, we aocount the official visit of the Japanese dignitaries, who werp re* ceived on Saturday with all due pomp and ceremony. The details of the affair, the splendid appearance of the cortege, the magnificent ensemble presented by our great avenue, the au-. perb military display, the immense masses of people who filled Broadway and the adjacent streets, were fully described in our ample reports. We are gratified to say that in almost every respect the reception was a grand affair, and one worthy the occasion and of the city. No more remarkable scene has been presented to the civilized world than that which New York witnessed on Saturday. Japan, a nation which has existed in a compact form during more than thirty centuries, sends a first class Embassy to pave the way for relations of amity and commerce between the old East and the new West. This Embassy comes from veteran Japan to young America, the adolescent giant of the West, as yet not three centuries of age. Through the energy, perseveverance and diplomatic skill of a New York merchant?one of the few happy selections for diplomatic honors that our government has ever made?the imperial government of Japan has been induced to send its first mission to us, ignoring, for the time being, the European Powers, and^nagnifying the commercial importance of the United States to a very great extent. To us the manners and customs of the Japanese are as a leaf from an Oriental book; while to them the habits, the speech, the social con dition. the sayings and doings of the strange people who have made so much of them, must present an inexplicable mystery. This interchange of relations between nations so widely differing from each other in almost every respect is indeed a curious spectacle. It has, however, a deeper significance than may be apparent at first Bight. All these shows and parades mean something. When the cannon from the Battery opened their rude throats to shout an iron welcome to the Japanese, a million of people responded most heartily to the salutation, which expressed at once our pride at the magnificence of our city, and our gratification that it should be thus honored over and above the great cities of the Old World, for this is Jnot only the first Japanese mission, but it is the first important Embassy from the far Orient ever sent freely to a Western power. We presented to the Japanese on Saturday the imperial city of the West in its finest aspect. We gare them the types of the new civilisation towards which they are advancing. Japan has now reached only the medieval era, the ' feudal period. We, on the contrary, have passed far beyond that, and are trying the experiment of free institutions, perfect equality before the law between man and man, the abolition of all hereditary distinctions, and selfin Uo mnci o/tficra cutnoxb TKa fltra. ! ^UlCiUluriiV III aw UlV't HVv uv MUX . . ?v *,J w tem has never before been tried upon a grand wale; and while it has its imperfections, like all other human inventions, we have managed under it to present .to the world the most wonderful example of national progress that H has ever seen. These facts will recommend themselves especially to the attention of our guests. They will notice as well the great diversity of religious opinion which prevails among us. They will find here representatives of all the different sects of Christians which sprung up in Asia Minor?the Jew and the Gentile alike free to worship in such form and manner as may seem to him best. Tbey will perceive, too, that the wise action of the founders of our government has prevented any evil results from arising out of this conflict of theories; that religion with us is, as it appoint to be with Uiem, asocial and family matter; and that no particular, creed or aect has official recognition here. They must perceive that to this perfect freedom of opinion, this careful limitation of the powers of the government, this jealous shielding of the natural rights of the individual, the great prosperity of the nation, its vast commerce and material progress, is in a great degree due. Thus ;tho effect of their visit cannot fail to have a most important bearing on the social and political condition of Japan, while it gives us a proper recognition as the Power which will yet be, If it is not now, freely acknowledged as commercially the first in the world. It is eminently fitting, therefore, that we should all unite to pay due hospitalities to the Japanese Princes. Let us send them away from the Empire City with the confirms lion of their preconceived and most correct idea, that New York is America. Tint PwooaAimt o? SonncR Sicvuttovs.? The opening scene in the drama of metropolitan summer sensations was enacted on Saturday with an eclat and a brilliancy which equalled the highest expectations. The curtain rose upon the er/ree of the Japanese Embassy, and presented a spectacle which, for novelty and enthusiasm, has never been equalled in New York. It was thought that the sen.sntion programme would prove too crowded, and that the rapid i succession of great sights would spoil the interest in some of them, and damp the ardor ol i the populace; hut. by a lucky circumstance, it I birns out that the programme as arranged is , shout as perfect as the bsst friends of the New Yorkers could desire. Had the Oreal Eastern saMed on her appointed day -he would t bars Keen here at the same time as the i Japanese, and the Interest in either one even) pr the other mu*1 hare suffered. Now, however, ire have thd/apanese to nil** muC^ ?f the next ?reek or two, and by the time they have departed the Great Eastern be floating in the waters of the bay, the cynosure of all eyes, metropolitan and provincial- The probability is that the monster ship re" main with us a month or two. That, hoire?<?r> depends upon the amount of enthusiasm she may create. The Prince of Wales is to leave England for Canada about the middle of July, and, as of course he will travel over his royal mother's dominions pretty thoroughly before visiting the United States, he cannot be expected in New fork before the middle of September. Thus it will be seen that our metropolitan sensations are most fortunately arranged by circumstances so as to extend over the en tire summer. Has tht Governor ef the State anjr Right to Slga a BUI After the Adjoarnaaeat of the Legislator* t This mooted question has recently been decided in the negative by the Supreme Court, sitting in this city. The question came up in the case of the Metropolitan Gas Light Compa X-J Al 1 Ik. ny, wnose adversaries convenueu vu? wo charter wm ouli and void, as the act creating it was not aigned by the Governor during the session of the Legislature. The constitution provides that all bills which hare passed both houses shall be presented to the Governor for consideration, for his approval or rejection. "If any bill shall not be returned to the Legists-1 ture by the Governor within ten days (Sundays I excepted) after it shall hare been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Legislature shall, j by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law." This language is plain, explicit and emphatic; nevertheless, Governor Clark signed the Metropolitan Gas bill several days after the adjournment, which adjournment "prevented its return" to the Legislature, bringing it clearly within the provision that "it shall not be a law." The Court have unquestionably rendered a correct decision, which will be sustained by the Appeals bench, should Messrs. Bowen k Co. send the case up to that tribunal. In signing this, as well as other bills, Governor Clark no doubt followed various precedents. Other Executives preceding him have done the same thing. We know that the present Executive has signed bills, in numerous instances, several days subsequent to the adjournment of the Legislature. His excuse for doing so was based upon precedent, justifying himself by stating, through his private secretary, that ex-Governor Seymour had exercised the same right Now we are not the apologist for any of Seymour's official acts, but in searching the laws passed during the two years of his administration, we do not find a single one bearing date of approval subsequent to the day of the adjournment of the Legislature. Perhaps the archives of the executive chamber contain evidences sustaining the excesses of the present Executive. We have been at some pains in making inquiry, and we learn that Goyernor Morgan signed several bills after the adjournment of the last infamous Legislature. There were some ten or a dozen of them. TbcU "af>|Mo*al" is dated generally on the "27th of April," so as to come within Urn days after the adjournment, his Excellency supposing that the ten days' grace was allowed him, whether the Legislature were in session or not The bill purporting to "prevent encroachments in the harbor of New York," though signed, as appears, on April 27, was not permitted to be presented to the "public eye" until the 30th of April. No doubt Governor Morgan entertained the belief that he had the power to keep bills under advisement for an indefinite period of time after the adjournment of the Legislature. Among others thus under consideration was the Bankrupt bill, gotten up expressely to wipe out the indebtedness of bankrupts of the higher class. The Governor was urged by Mr. Speaker Littlejohn to sign it; hut it was kept in abeyance until near the middle of May, when the Albany Journal made the semi-official announcement that Governor Morgan had finally decided to withhold his signature, under ilio imtirpMttinn that another bill, less objection able with regard to trustee*, executors, Ac., night be passed by the 1st of April next, wbcn the bill In the Governor's hsads was to become effectual, so that no material Injury would result to the gentleman bankrupts. Let honest debt paying people ponder upon this fact There is nothing in the constitution authorizing such conduct. If a Governor does not sign a bill, and can keep it in his pigeon holes for one or ten days, be can hold on to it until the next succeeding 1st day of January with the same propriety. It is well that the Supreme Court has set the matter right. We shall not take the pains to make any further examination than to allude to those of the last Legislature coming under the decision of the Supreme Court:? To authorize the purchase of flour and meal * * * - ? ??' I CIama | L tns-pocwa DJ ITintll n |>?wui IUUT. I.'i|iuru UJ Got. Morgan May S, 1860. Amending the net for the incorporation of the Association for the Improvement of the Breed of Horses. Signed April 27. To prevent encroach menu and obstruction* in the harbor of New York, and authorizing their removal, and to correct the Harbor Commissioners' lines. Signed April 17. To provide for the payment of work done and materials furnished on and for certain parts of the Erie canal. Signed April 20. This claim baa already b??<?n referred to a committee of the Canal Board, as we understand. For the relief of Wm. Johnson. Signed April 20. This is also a canal claim. To establish the grade of Flatbusta avenue, In the city of Brooklyn. Ac. Signed April 19. In relation to the Colonial Hiatory. Signed ipdl 19. This act provides for distributing the worit to the very deserving members of the la<t Legislature. The Secretary to the Regents of the University will please, therefore, suspend sending forth any more of those volumes until further orders. For the relief of Anna C. Stannard. Signed April 19. This is a land claim. The Legislature adjourned on the 17th of r April, consequently all laws hearing the Coveri nor's approval subsequent to that period are reni dered nugatory, ineffectual and void, so long aa i the recent decision of the Supreme Court shall \ stand as tbe judgment of that tribunal. [ The practice of withholding laws on the con fines of the executive department for several I days -nfler tbe adjournment of the Legislature I 'S 6qo which should no longer prevail. Hundreds of laws, faKiri?g the sign manual of the Governor, are not allowed to be placed before the public until several days after the sessiomi close. If the laws contain an endorsement that they received the Executive approval previous to or upon the day of adjournment, it is prtrntf facie evidence that they were signed during the session. But to make the matter certain and unequivocal, every bill should be returned la one houw or the othfr, whether approved by the Goyeruof pr not, beford the final dissolution of the Legislature) A. law to that efibct should be adopted. > What tub Mator akd Ai&totms Gig uv Ought to Do.?The judicial sotufUm of the difficulty concerning the City Chamberlain, by ?WIaK II* Ctmit lama Knnn rnmAvnd fpAfti tHml VT4JIVU OUi UbUUl WW vvvu Aviwvrvw kivmi ? office, has a very important bearing upon our municipal affaire, far beyond any merely pereonal consideration with regard to the individual who may or may not occupy the position of guardian of the city funds. The decision of the Supreme Court has established tte , principle that the Mayor and Board of Aldsrmen have conjointly full power, under the charter, to remove for cause the heads of all the departments in the city government, with the exception of the two officials who are elected by the people, namely, the Comptrolleraad Corporation Counsel, and replace .them by morejefflcient persons. Thus, the executiveand highest branch of the legislative departmed of the municipality can, if they choose, proviifc as with proper officers to discharge the publiCduties, and with this power in their hands bey should, of course, be held responsible for the conduct and character of the men to whom bey entrust the administration of affairs. The prime difficulty in our city government has always been that its business is entwted to a set of small politicians, and that the geed of office and the intrigues of party have had more weight in regulating the appointing pwec than any consideration of the efficiency of the appointees or the public welfare. The Myor and Aldermen, it appears now beyond liestion, can give us a good staff of officials ifmey ? ?? " k?? A11 SnAAIMthfanf ure BU UU|JWVUt *JJ ICIUUVIU5 ou luvvuiff KUV or dishonest persons; and if that power It exercised judiciously, and with a view to th4>ublie good, we will have reason to rejoice tht the courts have confirmed them in it; but if, * the contrary, It should be exercised for mere >arty purposes, to exalt one clique at the expeae of another, or for the removal of competent and faithful men through any mean partisan motives, no good whatever can come out <f It By removing all the rotten sheep from themunicipal fold, and by retaining in office t*?e who are faithful to their trusts and qualifiedfor their positions?such, for example, as the gesent City Inspector and Street Commissioner without any regard to political differences, he Mayor and Aldermen can do fnuch towatis procuring an honest and economical city government; and more than this, they may plate the affaire of the metropolis upon such a foa ing before the election of the next Legislature as will insure the selection of a legislative body at Albany who may be able and willing o restore to the municipal government all the rights, privileges and authority of which it hae been so scandalously robbed by the last aad previous Legislatures. Tiiv. Rkpcbucan Pabtt ox this Scvdat Law.? We see that the warfare against the republican party, on account of its pet measure, the Sunday law, Is maintained with rigor by the German journals, and that the republican papers, in their endeavor to worry themselves out of the responsibility of the act, as a piece of party policy, are, as usual with habitual falsifiers, sinking stiil deeper in the mire. The republican journals cannot deny that the argument is against their assumption from the start The men who formed the republic* party came from a pious clique in this country, who have been for the last forty years endetvoring to legalise their peculiar religious vievn. They belong to the order of the person wht wrote to the Post Office Department to request that bis letters might "lay over" on the Sabbath. They have not only attempted to stop Sunday travelling, but they have always been in favor of laws which tend to deprive the cititen of his right to eqjoy bis leisure *ours in such manner as he may think bet provided ho rosoecta the public peace and nvpecU ih? right* of his neighbors. ?ubUc opinion on this matter is liberal enough, and public opinion is decidedly against the action of the republican party in the matter of th? Sunday law. But the last Legislature paid d? hurt of reapectjto public opinion lipon this f any other subject, as our readers are very well aware. The Legialature of i860 was thivf fourths republican, and the moat corrupt on i?cord. It is possible that some of the pious lea) era of the party may bare frightened the member* into something like a twinge of consciene, and that thev thouirht. be enactimr a Sund.* law, to get absolution for their sins. Insteid, however, of doing penance in their own proper pontons, they laid the lash on the backs of he working classes In the metropolis. They nay rest assured that they will be paid back vitii Interest at the polls next November. Important News jm>x tux Ukttkd Stittw via Enolaad.?Our British cousins indulge occasionally in pretty sharp criticisms vpoa occurrences In the model republic. It Is only occasionally, however, that they are sufflciently informed as to the facte upon which they comment as to- justify the satires which they level at us. Such, however. Is not the case with the editors of the Ms*" Chester Timts, who display, In the d'l^~ joined paragraph*, a degree of equalstance with political movement whioh could hare only been obtained *J elaborate research and intern* application In the nummary of news from the United *ataa the read ' era of the Tmtn are told tb*t The rail:roof* fninn Cbavt^M M nwalnated M nd Cvereii a* randidatM lbr?be nwrtdeney. TVt r? publiram of OiIcmo bad u..t).n*U?d Mr uncoil for Pre mdency The Illtaoia (y^w-ollm had nominated Mr Hamlin aa Pre*.dent, and it Maine ad Vim Praaidant OmU entbuxlaem p^-va*d Mr arwar.l ?md d?*r mined upon rkwinjj bin >?oalorial (* ? The (Vineac Kmhtwy arrived at Waahlnaton on tba 14th ult . ami were receded with ?re?l military ^d Ctrll dlepiay, weant frm*!* detiglilM. Tbelr int^w new with the lYraUent waa *? ukP plara on the lath ultimo ' It would be diBcult to eee bow a greater number of blunder* could be packed into the Fpaoe occupied by the above. Kirat. we are i told that Bell nrtri Everett have both been nominated ?>r "Pvcaidency." Then, thai the Obicago repnMiran* have nominated Mr. Uncola- lordly, that the nifnoia Oowreatioa 1 hn* put up Vr. Hamlin and "Mr. Maine," and Iwtiy. that the "OhiPeae" 8mba*?y bad arrived

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