Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 22, 1860, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 22, 1860 Page 5
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f ItL CAUfiUl) BECIPBOCm TBEATT. ^ K?Hrt of C i Mil i r Batch The Treaty rreaeanced htiarieaetethe Salted Mate*? It* Ahregatlea En ? mm e ade d, 1m?) kt*y he# ^Mr. Israel T Hatch, who wir? charge J with tho special ^^.f (xuminlBg tlie oprratroufl of the rcvyuue law# and tat rec iprocity treaty with Canada, hag reported to Convene adversely to the continuation of the treaty. Subline a ik an abstract of the report, which is quite too long admit of its insertion in full in our columns.? ! Hon. Howell Cone, Secretary of the Treasury:? In ^lieoharging the special duty assigned to me, of examine the operations of the revenue laws and the re ilprocity treaty en our Northern frontier, with Canada, I >rg leave to report that I have visited the principal pointa t intercourse between those countries, for the purpose of squiring a practical information, and have also had in rviews oral corr?S|?ondeuco with leading individuals rhoee intercuts are a UK-led by the treaty, and who are ij gaged in the various pursuits of trade, agriculture and Anufacturcs. The personal observation 1 have thus eon enabled to give the workings of the treaty at the j laces where its effects are perhaps most perceptible, and he* information derived thus from the everyday exerience of thoso who do business under it, I have beirvqd would furnish most important data for forming a radical judgment of its ope rats >n. Ihe treaty of reciprocity produced a revolution in the gjutioa of the revenue laws, as well as in the revenue. The principle of reciprocity. In the commercial interourscTjl the United States with Canada, has met tho npretoaliou of all political parties iu this country at all Imes. Tho territory of the provinces is indented with nr own along a line extending across the continent from eean to ocean. The wages of labor (the great modern est of one phase of u at tonal equality) are nearly equal in nth countries. The cost iu the production of wheat and ther cereals differs but little on both sides the boundary sic. Shown thus to be apparently commercially alike by bese leading considerations, and minor {Kirailcls coutirniBg the similitude, it k) not singular that ut various eriods of our national existence the idea of reciprocity I d trade between the two countries has received the | IVf.rable rrcrard of eminent men. Tlic leading idea of the treaty was to permit the in trod uc~ ton of the products of one country into the other free of ty. and consequent reciprocal bcuetils were expected reuld follow to both. The various colon ion included in its roysions were Ml to regulate their own trattic, and each olouial l*ow?'r ?an annul its honorary obligation* without rference to its sister provinces or the engagements of the npire. No statesmanship could, however, foretell the rorTmgs of tbe treaty, or had a right to anticipate legwtlion adverse to its spirit. Correct in principle, as (he ! reaty itself was, the perversion of Its spirit and tbe discard of lis substance on the purl of Canada have proneed results it is the province of this report to exhibit. Tbe effects of the reciprocity treaty were first and im;ately visible in the great change produced in our colctioD of revenue upon the Northern frontier, and cannot til to attract attention. In 1864, the last year unaffected y the (reaty, although the enumeration was then luuomfete, the revenue on articles rendered free by tbe treaty Mr tog subsequent years, and imported from Canada hne. amounted to more than 81.143,463. Assuming this a basis for calculation in the ordiuury mode of comsting an increase of revenue, aud that the revenue mild have continued to increase in the same ratio an wing the previous Ave years, we should for the five arc now past and ended June 16,1338, have collected a C??-*JIS?: t?| VI WA WlUIMii V , Ull iUipUl - I rtions from tins province alone, and we should at the I lyr.l time have a yet larger revenue from this scarce, I rui<* treaty were abrogated to-day, for the geographical Id political reasons which tuade the Canadians seek our arkets for the sale of their products remain unimpaired i sdrry particular. The revenue derived by Canada from the same class of ere La ml isc was, during the year 1464, as stated by Mr. Michelle, then liie Canadian Commissioner of Customs, ily (196.471. or less than one-sixth of 41.243,403. the nount levied that year on Canadian productions by the sited States. During the same year, 1864, the revenue derived by the sited States on the chief importations from all the pruhces included in the treaty was U, 634.467, com put lag ? increase of revenue during the five succeeding years, Km the basis of the increase during the five years next fore the treaty, the revenue derived from this source ould have been 80,267644, or 41,461,617 annually, rveral items of these importations are not included In 4b calculation, and wa are now near the cloee of an ad tkmal year, when the revenue from this source, for the x vears elapsed since the treaty, would have been 14.109.103. The large amount of our importations from Canada ainoe e treaty, would form no accurate test of the income we Igbt have obtained from that source. In 1464 the artlw received from Ouiada by the United States, and ren ired free by the treaty, amounted iu value to 417,419, 4, besides many important but uncnumcrated items I the average duty of 44 per cent, the revenue would ive gained more than 43642634 on the importations of at year; or, as Canada received from us during the year 47,999664, the value of the correspondiug ar:les. there was for that year a balance of trade so favor Canada amounting to S0.mi.13O. the duties on which Mild have bwu 81.982.226. 1 luring the four yearn speed since the treaty came into effect, and ended 31 si cember 1868, we hare received from Cuuada 828,771,0 ;ii value of the articled enumerated in the treaty re- . .i, the has received of u*. At the same rate of it) the revenue ou them would have been 86.764,388. or 1.122, 089 if computed on 868.813.449. the value of the tutus lilies received by us since the treaty and similarfree. yutint ICS show tiist while for the Ave years nert preeduiff the treaty duty wan paid on nearly five limes caui>"uit of Importst Ions from Canada aa were admitted pc of duty, the exact proportion* being 84,487,438 of e goods, against 821.844 132 of the other class, since a teoaiw ami Knsriniiinff with our Li-ml vitr 1R66 until ily 1. 1859. a of fbur years, similar importations the amount of 859 419 936 haw contributed nutli tig at I to our rcvenim', while he have charged duliee oolv on 1.150.394. or about one thirtieth pari of tbo amount ail Itt- il free of duty, and cm closer examination tt will he en that a large pr?|>ortlun of the duty paying artrk-i iportcd from Quiada consists of commodities not pro Kxd in the country. Wiring the years 1856-7 and I. the total amount of the oducU of American industry taxed In Canada wan 811.>4 293 more than the amount of Canadian productions xed in this country; reciprocity and equality being in ilsh'Mance represented by the relative proportion* of rty-flv to one. Tins is the condition of trade purchased f a loss of revenue, being In 1864. the last year before le operation of the treaty, more than six time* the re enue collected by Canaila during that year on the articles ade free by the treaty and imported front the Cnited latet. The treaty was conceived In the theories of free trade, id in harmony with the progress and civilization of tbo to. It was a step forward In political science. Araeri m legislation had been characterized by an rttraordl try liberality to a foreign neighbor, placing her lines of ansporlatiou upon an equality with our owa, and her lore ban u upon an equality with our own in receiving 'reign merchandise In bond. We conceded commercial eedotu upon all their producta of agriculture, the fiirest id the mine; and they bars either closed their markets padftst the chief productions that wc could sell to th-ni, r exacted a large duty on admission Into their markets Plijm lima to lima the Canadian duties have lieen in eased since the ratltealtoo of the treaty, and during the at five years I be Ibllosrtng latin have heeo smarted on m declared value of various chief articles of oonsump1886. 1846. 1867. 18M M48 Ulrrtf 16 11 11 18 30 agar, refined 88 88 86 38* 40 agar, other 87)6 89 17)6 81 80 bote and fbofi.... 18)6 14*6 ? 31 ? lames, 18? 17 80 31 86 ettoagooda 13)6 18* 16 16 80 on good* 13)6 18% ? 1* *? ilk good* 13)6 ??K I* 11 20 fool goods 13)6 14 IS 18 36 Every year a new tariff has been enacted. aaid each of wm has inflicted higher duliee upon the chief producer of American labor These duties are so adjusted as i fill I moat heavily upon the products of our ciUsens If It be true that the Canadian government has a right . ? increase its Una upen our Industry at ft has done al J Mat to the rictus ion at our manufactures, because no | tlpuiaiton against this course was Inserted in the treaty, en it ban a right to put an embargo f?r a proidbiiory ty amounts to an embargo) upon all articles not <nu terah'd in the treaty, and there could be no check to iu Ifhen the tariff was under discussion In tbo Pmvlnnal art lament, a dedrienry of 84 000.006 (greatly exceeding : lie revenue of that year) was offlclally announced Tl? - | edrieticy and the consequent increase of taxation < u ,awr*hn manufheturse arose. H Is asserted by the or fie of tbo government, from eiprndltnrea la earry tog it their svatcm of Internal improvements. In comparison with the duttm of 1564 the dnhee lev!* I , - ,k- ?r lacm ,m un\ of our manufacture*. au< li - boot* and *hnee. hem*** and raddlrrY. clothing. wear 14 npp.j?< I, fcc., have been mcreaaed a hundred per cut. j ad in the large *!*?* of nttcnumeraled article*, Including | -ail?r *a?l nearly ail ow ether mtu??ifi?rtur*e. ai>ch a* inolldaa. noltuoa, lobarrn, printed handbill*, cheek*. . , lata. beoMwM furniture. pma*. a*.*, edpr tool*. firearm*. (rtnuMnral tmpbmMnb. no tin. ke . other hardware.! inrri and rarua*-, upholeU ry. carr ?? ?, medtcipee, ?dln rubber gwo.1*. mwsval tnttnnoenf*. aoap and nan 1.. trunk*, Maa?in>etur<w if brae* . copper M nd int. earthenware, joint* and varnirh (eiocpt for the ' ee Of ?bipe), wmooteeturm of marble,, lk? dote | a* barn increased eisly two and aiurif per coat. or up rsnle: while ?w the .lKifT'at! m of grain the tacreaae ha* een a hundred and t?ro>4f-ire per net Viewed aa a <joe*t*?i of national lutugritr. the oonduct r the Canadian Parftataant, tn tkua taxing the pmdacta r Atner mduelry almnal lu their exoJwalna (ban the rm ince, mn?t be proaonner.l to be a t Maaion nof only r the letteraad eplnt of th treaty, but of the amtty and roll faith in which II waa aoaot Ivod. and Without which Ittf ntttonal utiligal Mm* are una railing Th'' fa?a by whieh the aaaaaye of foreign preductwm* 1 b rough our country in bund waa permitted, were an aett'ial part of the T'-teru of reciprocal banefita. Intend l"|ie harmmitoualy tlie natural tdranlaaou ot teh eoiiotry. They tended to reconcile our ponplcTo the it linpniwd on nr. They mated 111 the iaan lal 'dlUvr of the government a power hitherto exnrleed Id tfce moat liberal manner lowarda the rallmadt nd carry "py liaea of Chnada la permit tin* tldte thee* nrtateiu tothtuola and reimportation to the United state* r h retail nmr-'handlae in Wad, and merchandise af mertcan origin. Upon thi* idea of being the carriers r n* d< |*nd the hopea of making profitable their invaatrata ill ralrond* ami rat al* Their public wocki were nwdRJKied aa our narrWn. not their* hidkia now emdea.ora to deprive n? of alt the benefit* piarjifctn by 'ay'tj t'vtlea on tbc raiog <Jf good* at NEW 1 the place of purchase 'Tie people of Western Canada were accustomed to buy their wines, spirits, groceries, I and Bust and West India produce, besides many other commodities, at New York, Bostou, or Montreal?the former system admitting American cities to competition, the duties tuning been ^pecillc and levied on the weight, measure, or number of the articles wherever they were purchased. Thus, no greater duty was charged on imports via Boston or New York to Toronto or Hamilton via the St. Iaureucp to Montreal. The present system forces the people of Canada to discontinue their business con ncctions with our merchants, and buy from the Montreal or Quebec importer. Thus, the productions of China, Brazil or Cuba, if brought to Canada via the St. Laurence, will puy duty only on their value in the country of their origin; but if purchased in our Atlantic cities, must puy duty ou that salue increased by interest, freight over the ocean, aud the various other cj|wsni aud charges of tho insurer, ship|H*r and merchunt. This is uol only legislation against our carriers, but agnlnst all our mercantile iuterest. The combiuisl influence of tii? treaty and our bonded system, even before the high tarilf, wus exceedingly iuju tn thn lnrirnwl iktrluut rvf #hn nnrtlitroot It j Curmnro suflbr fttmi competition with thoao of Uuiad*. iu manufactures. useful in the daily wants of Canadian life, are now excluded, and in the bunded system the whole trade in foreign goods on the frontier is lost to the United Hiatus. American duties being exacted in all cases where the original package is broken, and the Canadian purchaser from the frontier, Amcricau merchant would thus be compelled to pay ituties twice over?first to the American and afterwards to the Canadian governmeut. The ordinary customer is thus driven from our stores, and, so fur as the American market is yet us.-d by Canadians for purchasing foreign goods or manufactures, the common suplily of Canadian stores is thrown Into the hands of Canadian merchants who procure their supplies in Montreal. If, upon exporting foreigu goods to Canada in less <juantitles than the original package, the duties wero returned to the owner; the goods, until the recent increase in the Canadian tariff, would still have been bought in the Atlantic ports, but tbey would have been sold to Ameriuaus w ho would resell to the Canadian retailer or consumer as they liad done in former years, and our merchants on the frontier would not be debarred as now from a fair profit by the discrimination of our owu laws against them. Au extensive trade had been established iu leather, al cohol, pure spirits, burning fluid, bouts oud shoes, castings, hardware, clothing, machinery, cabinet ware, upholstery, musical instruments, drugs and modlciuee, manufactures of cotton, wool and tobacco. On most uf those articles the present duty is prohibitory, and the trade is eulirely destroyed or or trifling amount. A general dissatisfaction with the treaty exists on the Southern side uf the boundary line, w hererer its opera tx*i is perceived, except in those parts of the West where the Canadian is erroneously regarded as an additional purchaser or consumer, and not, us he really is, a mere grain carrier in rivulry with our own, or ip those other lutrts of the United States as to which, for its own purpose*. the Canadian or British government has made preferential laws, and to which it has given a local prosperity at the expense of the general welfare of this country. In the profits accrue tug from freight between the two couutries. the advantage since the treaty has been in Ihvor of British shinning?the value of exports aud im ports by the vessels of each country being regarded a* the test. In the live years ending June 30,1*64. the value of domestic exports to Canada in British lM>lt?uts was >ll!.j93.816, and ill American bottoms $16,693,814, the prepouduuee iu our favor being about oue third, whilst in the Ave years siuce the treaty, and beginning with July 1,1864, there was an excess against us of nearly one-half; the value being $26,339,730 iu American vessels, against $38,942,632 In vessels of British nationality. No marked inequality exists in the imports to the United States by the shipping of both countries?the value carried by each being. $37,228*666 in American, and$$$,648,96$ in foreign Canada grounded her hopes of future greatness upon the i*<ssession of tho St. Lawrence. The Western States liavo considered it of great advantage to themselves, and it was said when we obtained its navigation that the beudlis arising from this national privilege would more than counterbalance any fancied Injuries or wrongs on other interests. The British minister?Sir H. L. Bulwer? after pressing upon our attention the spirit evinced by Canada towards our manufactures, and promising on behalf of the Canadian government to carry a liberal policy out still further, presented the navigation of the St. Law reiire, w ith the adjoining canals, as the consideration to be paid by that province for the free interchange of all natural productions with us and for the navigation of Inter Michigan. The commerce of the Northwestern lakes is of immense national importance, amounting to $687.197,32$. More than 1.600 vessels, with an aggregate burden exceeding 400.000 (<>ns. are employed in navigating these waters, which Chief Justice Taney, In that decision of the Supremo Court of the United States which gives the lakes forever their international character, termed "inland Boat." It w as believed that the advantages gained by the navigation of the St. Lawrence would bear adequate proportions to the number and value of three commercial fleets, bat the official statements of Canadian authorities show that since the treaty received the signature of the President of the lulled Suit*, nearly nix years ign, do more than forty American vessels, with a burden of only 12.6M tons, passed seaward through the St. Lawrence, aud that of these less than half, or nineteen vessels, with a burden of only 6,440 tons, have returned from sea. It would seem that the promised advantages from the navigation of the St. Lawrence were more poetical than nautical, as the navigation of Lake Michigan, ceded to Canada by the treaty, baa beea so extensively used that in the year 1857 odp hundred and nine British voxels cleared from Chicago alone, thus depriving oar own carriers of freight by enabling others to take the produce of the great grain growing regions through Cana<la to ports on cither side or lake Ontario, or to Montreal, and thence to the Eastern States, or?chiefly by Britieb vessels?to Europe. It is a noticeable fact, in this connection, that the above is a statement of only the clearances of one |>ort upon lake Michigan of Canadian or Rritixh vessels for one year; aud that is more than double the number of United States vessels that i?assed outwards through the 81. U?w rence for tlie last six years since the ratification of the treaty, and quintuple the number that ever returned inward (rent sea. [The report here goes on very elaborately to show that the Grand Trunk Railroad of Canada is the great commcr L'"1 *iul Jttl'JWErt*tMrtd divert the carry lug "trade from tlio Western Stales, extending over a thousand miles from Portland te Detroit. It states that certain articles sent to England via Portland are subjected to the same duties only as If they came directly from Canada?an exception which dors not exist In favor of any other port in tlie United stales?and argues that the hope of reciprocity in the carrying trade is futile wnou SUCH UlfcllUCUOtUS ?TC Ulauv iu i?> ui v. s.6.....u competitor] The report concludes thu?:? The natural adaptation of the fluted State* ami Onsda to give ami receive reciprocal bcmtUe. easily and without hutniliatkxi, conferred by neighbor* on em b other, la well known, but th<' explictt and ear dm t appeals of Chnada for an honorable an<l mutually beoehrtal reciprocity are now no Irnger uttered. With an Increase of wealth and importance, the liberality of her apirit and of her promise* hat ceased; and deeming heraelf aecure in our for bearanor. Canada ha* adopted. by her recent legislation, a policy intended to cxcladc u* from all the geographical bencflt* of our position. while *ho hope* to use all their advantage* for her beneUL Each concession ha* been need aa a vantage ground for further encroachment. She ha* reverted the natural law* of trade, and prevent* her me reliant and agricultural frotu buying in the *ame market where they tell. The revenue formerly collected on our Nortlieni frontier ha* been annihilated. She ha-< id < reaeed her own revenue by a tax on American uidu-lrv. The advantageous trade formerly carried on with Canada by the cum* and village* on our Northern frontier hat been destroyed. Our farmer* and lumbermen encounter the owui?-titlon of new and productive leer Wort** It having been found that our thippert, tailor* and merchant? in the Atlantic rltte* were transacting a mntuallv profitable buaiueta with Canadian*, the grasping tptrit of their legislation endeavored to aecure all the boucQli of thhi traffic, so l attacked our Intorewt* with dtsortnilnst tug duties. Our railroad* suffer from a British compete tor, supported by privilege* equivalent to taxation on their bmm* ii* with U>a Canadian prurlaan and tha latertsr of our ?Tin*Sn! irL. ^ *TtHipO^aW mrrsJnl |rTMninv the entrance of Umtr areduetftma into tha pro*lace V wool and raw material* of thnad* aft admitted duty free Into our market*, bat the fabric* made ftam that* are ex eluded from Canada, ceatrary to the explicit ?turnt of the British Minister, oa behalf of the Canadian govern ment, that it would be "wtlltag to carry the pr,aciple of reciprocity out atill further.'' Hitherto the vauated ad \ tntage* IVom navigation through the ft Tawrenee have been scarcely worthy of aay eertooa consider at tea. Ike pruSbred liand of commercial friendship, accepted fur a lime by Otaada with far move advantage teChaadkm* than to ourtelvm, it now rqyected In tats cxcluttve and unnatural aintem Canadians yet depend upon <>ar m irk't for the Mir of their produi lion*. upon the imrarnee IraMc of our Stale* tor their rarrying trade, and upon our tcr ritorv for tW mean* of transit to the ocean. For Ihefr participation la the trafltc of oar Stale*, which m Um object of Ihelr un*erupuVti?1y afgroativo tari(ft, they dopeud npoo the root mood liberoHty of ear rrrni* regumttoo*. made under lows giving a real discretionary powrr*. int, ndd to be used ir. facilitating our rtrnimerre, instead < ( advancing the commerce of a foreign \ Tlie reauIU of the reciprocity treat) and Chiudtan legl?lat ion upon our ranartor and rev.'nue are toe obvious to have recapcd the sagacity of British *UW?aian*lklp. Bv the treate wr plneed (Ouad* on an equality with "we of the Stole* Of thia I'nlon without subjecting her to any of ita bnnten*. R> her legislation in extraordinary tare* upon the product* of American fruluetrjr Oha tocenpellin* ua In bear b?r burden*. rrraled to *'ialam (want w rivalries, worthy of the imperial amhiii<?, for ?u|?, mary. bv land and water, over nr inlaw., matmere*, and lor the grave laduence whah thu* may be ra Ireland U|?m our polltteal career. The tenor of the taatrartmna under which thia report la made eidihlc* the Idem id any reomuncn lation u;?,a my part pxiatln* toward any remedy *f ibe great orlla wheli Investigation liaa thuii shown exist un<W thia ayaIta of mi?oal\rd reciprocity. I rannot hot believe, b"wrcrr thai I ebuwM toil la the duly aahrned HWlf 1 omitted to at lead suggest the pr.v deal roouiU to which the fbrrgrdntf e*ui*lde*wtl?o* would lewd. A treaty broken ia a treaty no longer Obligation*upoa <>oe party rea?e when aorelatlre obligation* hare no binding feree upon the other That tic *abntanoe and rrit of thia treat) liave bon mom than dlorrgardod by other contracting Ibiwer with whleh It waa made I* to* evident to admit of diDpute It to equally evident that a systematic scheme of provincial legislation, afflr mallreljr auuvwalrp upon treat l?lereot? of thia country, r i' ?inured with Us rali6calK?n of I ho treaty aa the be ginning of Ha opportunity. and ha* |>rogfe?aed In Ita tveturth aad It* oxtewt. la M detail* ami It* ocope, la all dimatrwua efmaequeme*. every day while that opportunity ha* rout toned Without the treaty no ourh aggrraaloiw ( widhare been ever attempted, with It* termination U.VT eeaae. Thep the government of thia country carp prniiwr. through legitimate mean*, the protection of llwato great iulertwt* nbtob government exwt* to protect. Then the C anadian Pnrlfoment moat be OllOip'ltt'i to modify t W exist*** legialalloa la thia reaper I, until the day hall r Otorn when, aa befbre, the law* of trade, regulated by the .NpMattmi of (otigrea*, a hail give u* *<im*thiagAr mora like* rueipooriiy than wo aowf poeoeo*. The Inane govern me it?the provincial government ttaelf. In the great inter, "ton ewilmly dependent nppn our trade?have given hoatag to, whu-h will be far more binding upon them than thia' ruphwad treaty, that U?a|r Hrtolathm would not i hen be ahaped to make ua their trihuUrte* f certainly *hou M trnoooend my proving# m making I rORg HERALD, FRIDAY, any particular suggestion of tho means of abrogating tho treaty. It iit not for ino to say whether or not tho repeal of the argon Meg laws of Oungrcss required by tta MUi article won bi tune that elli'cl, of what more limited effect, If any, it would have. Conviuced, as I am, however, that the dilatory measure of giving tin- notice required by the treaty for its abrogation would be hir too slow to afford practical remedies of the abuses I have exhibited in this report, I certainly should tail IU I hat duty which tho prolonged and noiel careful consideration of these most important matters brings so strongly home to me, if I did not at lcact point out the tin t tliat such proper alteration of the navigation laws of 1*17. in relation to the transpor latum of goods in foreign vessels from ouo port in tho I nlted Mates to another port in tlie United States as would muke the prohibitions iu such case upon foreign vessels equally applleaMe to a carriage of properly by other foreign means from one of our ports to another ; and thut the withdraws! of the present privileges existing wider the laws of 1799 and ISM, in reference to the shipment, carriage and re entry of projierty going to anil from the United States and timiida, would in a most important degree hasten the removal of many, and perhaps all of the numerous evils 1 have stated. The necessary conso3 nance of such action must be tho alteration by the Quiauiu 1'arliament, now In session, of the* legislation under which we now suffer. Tho wrougg of to-day would thus be immediately, but perhaps only temporarily, mitigated. The proper, radical and suttlcient remedy. beyond question, is the s|K-edy abrogation of the treaty itself. WasiUAtiTox, March 38,1800. ISRAEL T. HATCH. THE OTHER RIDE OP THE QUESTION. LETTER FROM D. HUNGER, UNITED STATES CONSULAR AGENT AT WINDSOR, C. W. United Statue Coneilak Agency, > Windsor, 0. W., April 6,1M0. > William H. Ceaio, Esq., President of the Board of Trade, Detroit:? Dear Sir?In accordance with your request, I herewith submit some statistics aud remarks relative to the workings of the Reciprocity treaty, upon the froulicr in my district, which exteuds from Port Stanley, C. W. upon lake Erie, to Port Snrtiut, C. W.,at the" foot of lake Huron, au extent of over two hundred miles of coast, upon lake Erie, Detroit river. Lake St. Clair and River St. Clair. This request is, doubtless, made in couaequuuco of an effort in Congress, at the present time, being made by certain (artits to abrogate the Reciprocity treaty. In general terms, before entering into argument, or adducing statistics, I would hazard the assertion thai the abrogation of the Reciprocity treaty would be disastrous to the interests of the commerce of tho entire North western cotuitry. It would close the St. Iawrence river to vessels of American bottom, and this, of course, would put a quietus upon our direct trade with foreign ports, which trade has been opened under that treaty. It Is but a \ ery brief period since the first cargo was des|>atche<l from the extrrme Northern lakes, which was at Chicago, at the head of Lake Michigan, for Liverpool. That enterprise has been followed up until now we have a Meet of vptuutla fraupruinv thn A1 lnnt Id i h<nnn wIuima nlnrlina Bunts are from lake Michigan, lake Superior, Lake urou, Uie River St. Clair, River Detroit anil lake Erie. It ia true the Wcllaud canal anil the St. Iawrence river were allowed to bo navigated by American bottoms bofore the Reciprocity treaty came into force, but the owners of such property were at the tucrcy of the Cauadiau government. Doubt lees, should the treaty be abrogated, American bottomed vessels would bo allowed to pass through the Wellaml canal, as the tolls would be a valuable consideration; but it is not reasonable to suppose for a moment that the St. Lawrence river would be kept open to American bottoms when the Canadian government would have it in its power to give the shipping of the vast amount of staves, coppertimber, Hour, and other products of the lake country, to British bottoms. Having an equal privilege in the navigation of all 'the lakes emptying into the St. Lawrence river, the Otnadiau government would secure to the proprietors of British bottoms the entire carrying trade of the Northwestern States of the United States, so far as the traffic across the Allan tic Is concerned. Tliis trade has but just been commenced?it is in its Infancy, but bids fair lobe eminently remunerative to those who engage in the enterprise, besides being of great Irene lit to the entire lake States, as will Ire thoroughly demonstrated in a very few MM, should tho treaty not be abrogated, anil the onward progress of those who hare embarked in this branch of commerce be not thus cheeked. The subject of the abrogation of the Reciprocity treaty Is one which should present itself to your partk-olsr consideration, In connection with your associates of the Board of Trade, as it mu t have material bearing, one way or the other, upon the commerce of the lakes, a |jrcat ezteut of which comes under the notice of your There can be no doubt that the abrogation of the Reciprocity treaty would be boueOcUil to the interests of Buffalo and the Krie canal, as also to some points upon Lake Ontario; but It would seem to be unjust thst the entire lake country, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana. Illinois, Wisconsin, and tho entire interior of the Northwest, should be charged for a tranship mental Buflhln, or tolls upon the Krie canal, while the products of Uinae localities can be shipped from Chicago, Milwaukee, lake Nepcrtor, Ortroit, Toledo, Sandusky. Cleveland and Eric, direct to all ports upon either side of the Atlantic Ocean without transhipment. I herewith ftimish you with a statement of the amount of valuation of all the products exported to the United Slates for one year, ending 31st March, 1M0, which have come under my oOcta.' notice. It is proper here to state that articka of Canadian growth and production require no certificate from mc under a valuation of two huudred dollars, and for that reason It Is fair t* estimate that this statement embraces but about one quarter of the total valuation of products exported. vawaTsi* o* raoDrcTS *xroim? to ?n ram arena nun the * im.n..r district, casasa, for tub tzar kxd 1*0 illST HAKCH. 1880. I tar ley 412,9*6 Timber $1,000 Purr 14.000 CVdar ports 90 Ftoh 11,100 Potatoes 245 Dried apple*. 172 Wool 2,130 l*ota?h 8460 Staves 700 Building stone 4.208 Wheat 429 Oata 734 Rye 327 1.260 (lorn 60 Bean* 1,600 ?i<fjwkiM 289 PfNWii v,M6 Kgg* 16 Pork $6 Dumber 04411 TUi* amoiuit?a little over one hundred and fifty thou rand dollar*?1? largely overbalanced inThc article of ionr alone, Imported Hum the I'nifod State* into Canada, for consumption. And other article*, the growth and produet of the rolled State* lmi?ortod Into Canada, far outstrip in valuation the exportation* of article* which are not of Kufllrient valuation to require my otteial notice. The flour and corn alone. imported from Detroit to Windaor, for the year ending 31*t liarrh. 1849, amount*, tn number* of barrel* and buehel*, and valuation, a* follow* 9.M6 bbl? flour 447.T73 98,078 bushel* corn 84.347 intensive shipment* of the same articles, with all other products, xr* made from Detroit to Amberstburg, Chatham, Wallaceburg, Port tiuruia and other potnu u> Canada It a ill he perceived by reference to the I let of product* erported to the I'uited Male* above given, that there m hardlv anv article which eoinuete* with the product* of the Fntl of that country Tbc valuer* wheat, fur Instance, eiporteU during one year, amount* to the trifling goat or four hundred and twenty five dollar*. It la averted by many thai the Canadian government in ra.?tng tlicir MMmr ujxin *ome article*acted In bad faith with reference to tbc treaty. Tht* t? not *o. The treaty tia* notbiag to do with the tariff law* of either nuntry, aalde from the article* atipulated in that treaty. The Canadlaa gov eminent merely added a certain percentage upon good* already dutiable, which of con re e ibey had a perfect right to do. It la perfectly competent for either government to alter or amend their tariff law* at ptearurc, no long a* they do not tnterft-re with the item* Kprctbed In the Minting treaty. My own opinion t?. In conclualon, and I am perfectly rlewr in the conviction, that, en far tw ray dtrtrtet i? concerned. which lake* to a rowel of over two hnodred mile* of frcMtier, the Reciprocity treaty in materially beneficial to both comMrMS. ' PANIC. MUMMR, * Out tad that** Onnaalar Agent, Vuutoor, d W. Brains o* a Parrs* ?Andrew S?ben?aky, the MmIh, who attempted t* conamit sntekta In the ban Market Totlce Court priaea a few days age by cutting hie throat with e rarer, died yesterday at BelleTue Hospital from thaefihetaof the injury. Coroner Schirmcr held an inquest upon the body, when It appeared that deceased had teen committed fbr rag rent; by Justice Meera. aad placed in rue of the eeile preparatory to being eeat la Hack well a Inland. During the absence of the keeper deeaaaad draw a raanr from bl? pocket and attempted to d**lroy himself ly severing the windpipe aad several of lbe artariea off the neck He wa* found bleeding profusely from the wouad. and prompt I* attended l?y one of the police aurger?? MedVal akiil prored of little arnil, however, a* il( or sard died is a few day* afterward*. ConiMi Castaltt. ?flleo McDonald, the girl who was so BCTrrrly burned by the rrptoetou of a rampbene lamp al lite gr?arry atcre No I Frank I la street, en Tuesday evening, died on Wedoesdey night at the New York Hospital from tbc effect* of aer Injuries. Deceased, it appear*, was In the store making some purrhaae*, when the ceiling, and slang with it a Ugbted rampbrno lamp, fell iiprm bee head Oornoer fcbirroer held an inquest upon the body. Verdict, "Aortdrmtal death." rATAt Acrmswr on Mewm Ann ?Corooer Scblrmw alao held an inquest at the New York Hoepital apon the body of AMmiKi Knee,a native of nwtOfal, ag'v< thirty two yean, * bo died from Ibf effect? of injuriot received on lb lOUi of M?r by felling Into the hoM of (bo iteam?btp Albalrcee. Verdk I in accordance with (ho above fecle. P?rrawd waa a rmdeot of Providence. R. L, where ho loavw a a if* and fetnlly lo lament hi# luee. Arm?rit Dwowroro ?Cbrowor Gamble bet-1 m In nnret at tbe Ihol of Ka?l Forty fourth Hirer I, upon tbo body of a man named William Ktrwin, who waa found drowned. Peceaaed bad boon miming since Wcdneeday wee*, and when i??t aeen altve he wt?? laboring nndrr delirium tremena, brought on by tnurrtcatlon Verdict eeeideaul drowning Kirwin waa a native of Ireland, and w*? thirty flvr year# of nge He war a lynrrvman hy orcupat i on, and M vod In a abaaty near tbo a pot where bo waa ion mi drowned. Killkti at Fauna prr or a Wmxrw ?A child named Arthur Maaurkiewti. residing with hi* paretn* at No. MA Fa?t Tntth afreet, waa toetantly killed on WedneabQr niybt, by falling from a fburth atory window. Deceased waa playing at tbe window with hit ale tor. when be I oat his balance and fell to the pavement, a distance of nearly fifty feet. Coroner Heblrmer held an toque*! upon tbo txxiy of deceoaed yaaterday. Verdict occidental death. Tmi Pram prronrw Cass?The Ctrrnlt Omrt of thlo conaty thia morning, aaya the Chicago Journal of tbe 1Mb Inst , ordered tbe venue in thia cam changed to Do Page roomy, and the trial will take ptwre at Napervitte, the couta oommapcwig >U scasxm on tbe aecead Mupday in Novell bar. m JUNE 22, I860.?TRIPLE WTIREMTM NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA. ADDITIONAL NEWS FROM JAPAN. THE INDIAN WAR IN WESTERN UTAH. The Sava|?s Preparing for an Attach. MARRIAGES AND DEATHS, Ac., Ac., Ac. Wo publish below a letter from our Sao Francisco correspondent of tbo date of ibe 25th ult., or four days later than the news received by the North Star at this port. It wns brought by the overland mall. The additional news from Japan will be found particularly interesting:? OVK BAN FRANCISCO CORRESPONDENCE. Son Francisco, May 25, I860. A Proposed Successor to Senator Gwin?A'm Line of TelegrajA to Western Ctoh? Coinage at the Branch Mint? An Extensive Steamship Lawsuit?Xeio Telegraph Company?Army and .Vara! Mcrnonts?San Francisno Harbor Defence*?Son Juan Island Affairs?Eire in Cresent City, Ac-, rfc, Archibald C. Peachy is spoken of as the successor of Dr. fiwin, wboee terra expires next year. It is said that the latter and Mr. Denver will support Mr. Peachy for United States Senator. A line of telegraph from Son Juan to Watsonville has been completed, and is new in working order. Tbo Los Angeles Company intended to run its line along the coast; but after reaching tiilroy an independent liue was made from that place to Visalia, along the route of the overland by the regularity, speed and importance of the Southern overland mail, the coast project was thrown into the shade and abandoned. The people of Santa Cruz and Monterey, who bad hoped to obtain telegraphic communication to gon Francisco without expense to themselves, no sooner saw the coast line abandoned than tbey subscribed money to build aline connecting with Sun Juan, and the lino now in process of construction is duo to their enterprise. There was received in the branch mint of this city last week $125,000 in gold bullion; $308,000 in double eagles were coined, and $63,076 convened into silver bars. The Mechanics' Institute of this city will hold its annual industrial lair September i. On Saturday last William L. Youle commenced a suit in the Fourth District Court against John T. Wright au<l others, the well known steamship owners. Youle states thst in October, 1848. he and Thomas Wright bad fitted up the steamer West Point, at New York, for San Francisco; that afterwards Capt. J. T. Wright and John T. Wright, Jr., each purchased ?n interest in her; that by arrangement between the parties, Capt. Wright took full charge of the steamer at Panama and brought her up to San Francisco, where she was employed for several years. Cupt. Wright. Nov. 21. 1861, made a settlement with her other owners to llial date, since whieh time the steamers Pea Bird, tioliah, America, Brother Jonathan and Pacific were purchased by the parties, at various dates, and all employed in the coast trade, under the solo direction of l'apt. Wright, and all have been eitiier Inst or sold by him, the two latter having boon sold to tho California Steam Navigation Company in November, 1868. thai liveeighths of the steamer Herman and some real estate wero altrrwards purcluiacd with some of the proceeds of tho sale; that thpt. Wright lias not rendered any account of tlie doings of said vessels or of their sale, nor either of them, since the ahove date of 1861. Tho plaintiH prays for a dissolution of the copartnership and an accounting. He avers that there is $80,000 din- liira by ricfrmlant*. The ship Zaritsa, which arrived here a few days since from Sitka, reports that, April 11, the Russian bark Kodi ac, lu boating out of tlmt harbor, struck on a rock, cap anted and became a total low. She bad a full cargo of ice on board for Fan Francisco. Another of Unite tragedies of go frequent occurrence in this latitude occurred in this city on the 221 Inst., In which Joae Bustne, a thileno, stabbed his landlady, Kioto radia Feras*. inflicting probably a mortal wound. A demand for arrears of rent of the assailant was the imaginary muse for the crime. The culprit immediately after thw affair committed suicide. William Kuchuc was killed May S3, at Jacksonville, Oregon, by Isidwig HartwIK He inflicted two stabs with a dirk knife on the person of Kochue, w ho expired in Ave minutes afterwards. Robert Putter, May 8. whilst intoxicated, started from Isisirte for his home ou IVsiruian's creek, but <>u the way fell down and there perished. A heavy snow storm camo on about this time, covering the body of the unfortunate man, which waa not found until Sunday last. Frederick McCrcllish, Lconidos Haskell, James Street, Morton (heeseinau, H. H. Ilalght, R. E. Raimoud and W. A. Wood war il havc tiled articles of incorporation in the v,*n' v'" luv vjwi v / *1 CWW.WVIWIU* tucir lUK'UlKV of erecting * telegraph Use from Han Krouciaco via Han Jose. tiilroy and Los Anno log, to Kurt Yuma, with a branch liae from Gilroy to HanU Ous and Monterey The Lanital stuck u $360,00ft. divided into shares of $100 each. Captain AMen. C. S. N., commanding ,v- **-" * " steamer Active, ia now, epp*?r.>.e ?ll{: . voy ?f UsuJHSr' Hlxth Irnmtry, Meat. sw ^T' , -To nmnahlli OoCtoK, from lluiulH. dt. |K>re May 00 KJS UBsy men, and proceeded Lost elcuing'lo Sacramento. tn r*uU (br Chi-sou VsIJoy, to rftinforre Cant. Stewart's < <>iniuaud. A musician of Company 11 was drowned at Horn bo Ml Vl.iv 1-i 11m Orxt or lowest tier of run* at Fort Point, at tho entrance of our harbor, has been mounted. Tocjr are flirty two pounder*. Tlte whole fortlicatioa, when oompieted. will be armed with 100 gun*, averaging from lort) two to cue butidrxl aad twenty pounder. Workmen are now engaged in building fbrnama fur rod hot shot, and laving ralla on tha top of the fnrt The Braiik lUunui, published at Victoria, V. I., aaya Apparently Captain Pickett. I'm ted Htatea Army, 1* destined to be connected historically with Han Juan, for bo has landed there with a company of United Stales aoldieia to rellerr Captain Hunt's company, which has been ordered to Fort Steiiacaotn. It la presumed that tbia is done to offset the Royal Marinea at the uorth end uf tho island and complete the Joint occupation oA-red by Qen. Urwvll fit 111 It I at Or art as* tft'I ml Hllitrtll*r I llll l)?s? offltA-r m hi) tint landed should be nrdfwl back. It would almost appear a* if door designedly liy hie government, or tbe Commandrr in fliio or tbe Northwest Itrpartmont An utterance may be drawn thai tbu I'm ted Stale* la taking a boki (Million In reference to the inland in dispute, im a cnaRT crrr A Ire broke oal in CYeeccmt cur Sunday morning laat, which war the wort of an incendiary. Tbc Ore waa die cvrerrd bunting oal of tbc upper a tor 7 of I be old Oea wot City aaViou, situated on Front, between F and G atrceu, and aa the building* were principally old wooden structure* the flame* made rapid program, aoon laying the entire block in asbm. There waa iitUe or no wind at Um time, to wbteh fortunate rlrcumetance we owe the preeertalam of tbe town. The following la a Ibat of the principal aiiff.-rera ?Gordon k Die' iumhi. grown, Kwa 3.MO J. Wall, kwa on building* *2 MX) Norton, do., 1.000. Jurdon, do., 300; Jasper Houck. Oriental Hotel, M.0Q0 Dr. Miller, WW Mr Stewart, WOO Total luae, 10,IM, on which there waa not a dollar tnaurad. run ixtma* waa 1* laaeu* t alloy. I The latent arwi from tbc aeat of war In Canon Valley ie to the eflect that three tbounaud lad waa me m the riemity of Um mine* ta the full panoply of war paiat. FortMaMjr, brgi nrikJhemata cf mm, eram mi ammuniiloa hare reached the eoeae, aad all danger of amoomfai amault cm the part of the enrage* la averted. The Bthnwiit, published at Carton City, contain* the appended late as uiw The 1 at rone rgcttrmaot created by the Indian war baa bad the effrcl to temporarily suspend all operattvaa in the mint* I'pon racatpt of tbe aawa at Virginia City, the fbUowlag rraolutlaa waa paasrd aaanimoualy ? lUwelred,Tbat during ?l*ty day?, or until tbe nettle meat of the preecat bidlaa dHBcultiea, ao claim or mining ground withm tbc Territory shall be aubjoct to relocation or liable to be Jumped flw non work. Tbu resolution. do donbt, will ba rigidly adhered to by the entire community. Many of tbe Washoe* hare came in aad given np their arm* They say tbey bate no dtmrwition to flgbt against tbe white*. Many of them are at lake Blgler. aiteuding to tbeir usual spring bunling ami Aebing operations. A company consisting of thirty live nrvn ww orgaalaed la Uaraoa City m Thursday. ITtn Inst. i. I.. Blackburn. tree clummin panlhin a. I. T11 rna>r flrflt IiduIaoauL. Thou Winter*, orderly arrgeaat. Thu compnny i* mien clod fur a nrouttng party. Robert Fern*. jnat In from Bark Rock, infbrm* on that there are about 100 men there at the preeent time IVy were engaged la hulldtag a atone brume for protection. They are wail armed, but bad not, at the time our Informant Ml, beard ef the Indian maaaacre at Pymtotd Ukl A member of a party gome out there, while camped at Granite Creek, Baring had two bor*? atoleo, waa on guard watching tor any approach which might he mada by the Indian* After watching for n time, a man named Wet cur. thinking he raw two approaching, tired upon the appruei inng figure* killing both. Upon going up to them he found ll?m to be a man ami a donkey From papera found im hi* legly, hla name wan aererta'tned to be O. M. Hmlfh. recently of Waahoe. 1'lrc u? n were killed by tha Indiana about twenty ml lea below Honey 1,-dc* In long Valley. No failed Male* Iroopa reported la Hooey Lnko Valley. The Indiana at kut account* were fortifying the*n?oivee In erery way I bey ooqjd to prepare Inr 'another battle. They drerc off ran*Metallic of the atock from around the ratiey and near Pyramid Lake. We are afraid of the Walker rlrer Indian* Thoee who were mining there had te lea re: they were ordered off bv the Indiana One roan tamo In yiaterday, however, from Walker river, and Mid they were not troublesome when be left. Thory I* more tremble from tho yamblrra than with the Indiana There war another man *hot m Chraoa City yaalarday a gambler. He waa arretted and If to be tried, and Unreport I* that he will be ban; A court to to be organised bT a vote of I lie peopla. Teo ehite mm havo goon to are lbs chief of the Indian* about thl* trouble Wm Arming too, formerly of tha Sutter RMtaf. Sacra mento. who a a* in the fight at Pyramid lake, after being aererely wounded made hla eanape In Auckland'* Ranch. He waa brought to from there by Mr. Plummet in hla am hula nee He received every attention at the hand* of our el Harp*, but died and waa burled on Uia l?Ui Hla fwmaina were followed to the grave by an immenae nwi enuree of our eittoena The Rev A I* ft. Rate man preached a very Hnpreaatvo errmon "u the omnton. During the rtenement of the part two werka, every imaginable kind of nrgaanalrto baa been propriaed fbr mutual prelection. Rome have favored a prov i?ioaal govrrnaMBt on n toqe acafc; tome, digWiCt organ nation, SHEET. otter*, the dec In rat .on of martial law. A mooting 01 many citizens united in requesting Judge CrndlebaugTi to open lot) court. tHbent. again, advocated vigilance oum initio-#, but nothing dctiuile has yet Im-cu agreed upon. A* Judge Cradlctmuph I* the only frdcrid officer here, wo fed sut.sticd that the entire community will sustain hmi in that course, and Congress, tailing the exigencies of tincase into consideration, will no doubt endorse any deci nve setlou on bis put t. He, at Salt lake, gamed a noble | i- -' >> be tu now udd to tliat refutation by acting w ith protnptnes*. TLc death of Major Ormsby is an occurrence that re quirts K'lin tint g lucre tl. otice at our hand Ha was born in Mercer county. I'm, Sept. 3,1814. He eantc to California across the I'luins in 1*40 Rerrmwed them again in 1862 und 1464. During Ins residence in California lie was extensively engaged in staging a-id various other kinds of business. In April, 1HA7, he came to Ccnou, Carson Valley .ami there engaged 1U business. Ot?l. Sunders, of Sacramento, arrived hero 011 the 17th iust..witli 2M) stand of arms and 8.000 rounds of ammunition. Mr. Wallace, of Macerville, arrived at the same time, with forty seven stand of arms, which he lias 11.1111.i II liver in VIM. nuiurm. v.enerui uavon, 01 UlC I .111 forma militia, has telegraphed to Charley Fairfax, of Col. Zanders command, thul ho will soon bo bore with 200 men and 60 000 rounds of ammunition. Major Stein's com niuiid of dragoons from Honey lake Valley lias got as far as Truckce river on their ruuil to this place. LVnCkKKTOU FKOM Jjll'AN Tlic schooner Page, at San Francisco, brought news from Japan to April 16. A pussenger gives the follow tug information to the Alta:? On the 24th January last, the Pago left San Francisco for Yokohuma, which |iorl she reached after a passage of forty four days. In the hay. during their stay, weresome twenty ships', five or si* of which were American. On arriving at Yokohama the Americans went ashore, and were everywhere treated kindly and courteously. H" did not venture into the interior,'for the reason iluu it would have bccu unsafe, owing to the exasperation created by the murder of the Dutch captains a short time previously. The port of Yokohama is situated on the thirty-fllth <le groe north latitude, and is the t-mburcudero of Kauugawa, the government town, which lies sumo forty mi lea above I be Heads.'' The port contains some six thousand inhabitants. Tho town is built of one story houses, with tiled roofe. and contains about six thousand inhabitants. From this port are exported ware, oil, flour, beans, 4c. Flour is so cheap here that it Is shipped at a profit to China for the small sum of two dollars per sack. Wo fear that it will Ire impossible for us, while these rati* hold, to make the Japanese or Chinese eat our flour in lieu of their rlcc. There are a number of old California merchants In Yokohama. The country adjacent to Knnngawa is very fertile and prolific. <irapes, peaches, plums and other temperate fruits thrive luxuriantly. There Is an abundance of beef cattle In fhe vicinity of the coast, but the masses of the people subsist on tlsli and vegetables. Bullocks command but 918 apiece, ami other cattle in proportion. Great quantities of tea arc exported from Japan, tho "i nimii in iiifiuij < uuiiuruxcu, vu UCCOUUb U1 IUV Intrinsic natural purity of the herb. The water* of the l>ay of Jeddo abound in (l?h of every specie* and of delicious flavor. Thousands of tho Japanese subsist on these, aud other thousands accumulate a competency by catching and disposing of them in tho market*. The oily of Jeddo lie* two hundred miles distant from Kanagawa liy land, but by water the distance is further. Ilibltc functionaries and others go there ad libitum; but in the present distracted statu of the country few foreigners care to venture from the seaside. Two years hence, w hen the city of Jeddo is to bo o|iened to our people, agreeably to the Perry treaty, bundruds of outer pricing Americmus will doubtless be received at the im jiorial court. The currency of Ja|<an consists of silver, copper and Iron. The it zebu, a sliver coin, of thirty live cents value; the tempo, worth two cents, and tho cash coppers havo been heretofore mostly in circulation. lately, however, the government has been issuing a eo|>per coin of inflnitessimal value, which is the circulating medium ainougsl the poorer classes. Tlie weather during the last fbur months prior to the palling of the Page had been vorv stormy and boisterous. >'or the tirFt thirty days it constantly rained, haib-d or snowed, and it was not uncommon to sec the suow several itidies deep in Kanagawa, and this, ton, in the latitude ol 86 degree* north. Tim *Iorniy Season continues from December until May; during the remainder of tho year it is hot. sickly and dry. The return trip was an un|>recedentedly quick one, and unattended with any adverse weather or untoward acci- 1 dent, ide has made the vjagc from In r |>orl of de jmrturc in twenty-eight day* and twenty hours. A correspondent, writing from Kanagawa, April It, says:?Since mv arrivul here, about a month am w.. have li I ' exciting l nil* *, thechfefcause of ubich bud been an attack made upon the Wince Regent, oil the 28th March. ?bil?' ou bin way to Um pa toco in Jeddo. Ho wo* no- I vcrcly wounded, and it is reported that be lias since died; ; but ibis rumor doe* not command full credence. Wo i buvo no newspaper*. and no mean* of Uniting oat tbo Irtitb in regard to ufluirs In the bull* of govern moot. wiiru lbe new* of tbe ulluck reached Ibis place a great excitement begun unioug tbe foreigner*, because tbo i Prince wo* considered a friend of foreigner*, and tt wus 1 supposed that be *u aseoMinated by men employed by | tlie party lxsstile to the admission of foreigners. Wo therefore held a meeting to lake measure* to protect ourseUrc*. There were fhrty Ave of a*; we divided ourselves i Into tbrre parts* of fifteen each; the parlies to keep j watch and patrol in tbe foreign quarter turn about; but i the patrol was given up after tbo second night, because i of the incessant rain. When tbe patrol slopped, another i meeting was culled. On tins occasion, many who worn | eager lor a |>atrol at a former meeting now beguu to doubt tbo necessity of It. After considerable tW baling j it mas decided to ndtourn rise die Tbe Hm-siau kIchiiht, after lie- Dutchmen were killod, kept a patrol of sixteen men osi shore all the ttiue. _ . , iataiaam kjij?i> si 4 Hissju*. . Hobo u> take a tmat and earry hua no board, and a* h? did not prove quick enough to null him, bo took out a pistol to harry him up. Tbo pistol went off accidentally and tbe Japanese wu* killod. Tbe government hero baa never made nny flow about It. A subscription was got up among tbo foreigners, and a considerable sum woe raised Ibr tbe a blow at tbe deceased. It Is currently reported here now that the Prince Re geul is dead, uouie *?y lie was behooded. Whether this be true or not is more than is knowu among foreigners, itiswun or powsHixan* umi upas. The government offic ials (Yie konese) are divided on | the quretion or ik<imiittii?r foreigners raw uie empire. Thorn- parties sr- alHHji equally divided; bonce arises tbe fear anion g foreigners. Whilut the present government remain* In power, we are all right; but when overthrown, then farewell to Japan The original dynasty at Jeddo, which entered into tho treaty with America, have all disappeared; not one of th< in i* to be m en at Jeddo Whether tlx')' have been pul lo dentil or i "t i* niore than < nn be known to n? There I* a general depression In trade here now, owing to the high pm-ee demanded by the Japanese aud a* they will only take Mexican dollars at two aad one-half Itwbuca it almost puts a stop to trade. ths cv nnxxnr Tbe government bete only allows each man per day II wboes to the amount of 112, and as there are many boll days this sum is a mere nothing. But (Hr of iho Jape neee will take half dollars w ithout a very heavy discount. Most of tbem will only take a half dollar at one ilwbuo; others, one itaebne and a tempo; a tempo la two cent*. This bring* a half dollar down to thirty seven cents. TB WB4THK* It has rained almost continually since my arrival until tbe last four or Ave day*; they have been unusually pleasant. I am Informed by the Jsraasae that we win have gins! weather until the l?t of July, when tbe second rainy season sets In; then ws may expect from one lo two months rata. Marriages aad Deaths la Callfhrala. MAIOUSD. Atltnetll In l.ydt* B U?tm??arjold.?At Stockton, May 18. Amatiah Conner to Ehrira Arnold. Cuaot-Paaaaa.?At Vlaalla, Nm coanty, May 8, Henry F. Ol?af to KJImkeih ft. Parker. ritm-turn*** ? In Muyarirw, May IT, Wm. K. Fkrra to fe? febmeoa. PmwaiA?fcatm ?In Snn Fraaciocn, May 88. by Rev. Aofiwtu* Rellner, Heiarlch rianell to Oaroliaa Maun*, both of that city. Fori?Elm ?la Sacramento, May 18, Wm. It S. Foyn to Julia A. Kllia Hanaro?Kumar.? In Nevada, May 18, Jacob Hainann to Heroine Robert. IlamrarK?Gnavm.?At Clark'* ferry, an tbafMaalalan* river, Ueorye Hammock to Sarah A. Oriffln. Haamw?IUkk?At thaMb* Plat, El Dorado county, May 18. Fbweaa Harlow to lyrdla Hatch. Iuimft?Warn ?In Sacramento, Mar 18. by the Her. Mr. Mrkwtth, Jacob Uergat to Bregma White. Hnx?Riart ? At Idamoudriile. Butte county, May IT, B. * Hill to Mary ferry, of Beaton, M?? Horcuaw?lor*?aw?In fecramtnto, May 38, by fee. J. n. Rain, Frederic It H Hotcbkla* to Ann Hue Fountain riiHWiim Iki?it III Mnoaabeld, Sonoma count) , May 14, 8 Johneew to Jennie O {handler. Itotronurn?ftenrvrua ?In Voba City, May 18, Matthew Rlockenhaum to M Catherine Sehueaelee Lmmaharan?Mtanrr ? In Marram onto. May 80, John Lmgahaofh to Ellen Marphy. both of Sacramento Miam?Jonroo* ?la MarysvlUe, May IT, Jacob Miner to Eaty Ann Jnhnaon. Nra? Faamtaa.?In Nevada, May 90, J. W. Nyt to & K Freeman. Pa wo row Jwenoa ? to Seemle. May 18, J. & fetter ana to Oram Jeakiaa. Pnumwra? Parnwoa ? At Mlrhiran Bar, Sacramento county. May 14, J. L. Palbeonna l? Mettle A. feridann. Sarfijrr?Anmmnvx.?In Man Fraactmo, May 83, by Bee. O P. FHvermM, Mr. Andrew J. Shipley, Of Sbeora, to Mho Helen f. Arrtngion. feraa??One* ?la fen Awe, May 18, John 9. R Phuert In fepbemm f fen. "ii?a*?Omm ?In fen Frnnclam, May 98, hy Jho Rer F Mooahake. Mr Wllllom ftierman, of QuarUburr, Martpeaa muntT. to MMa Anna OUea. HriRije?lurimiw ?In HM Franctneo, May 99, Beftry W. Mahie to Adolfa Minna ft'?tiif Wouuxr?Kaomt ? At foatar'a Ranch.t no in ilea abora Tolraac. by the Rrr fM F. Joftea, May 30, E B WooUey to Jenftle M. Footer. Ziatsun?n??rs ?In fen Frunfiavt, May 17, by tfto Her. F. Mooahakr, Mr Joarpfa Eloper to MM Mry Bratm. Aiuar ?In fen PnpW>, May II, Mr* BkabtUl AU?, ft native of Nm (Hfeana kin -In feoffment*. May It, Wnrt, fMMftt M of Conrad and Sarah Brlu, aaed ft month* and 1ft daft. Brook*.?In Sacramento, MarM, lota Carroll firooka, a*cd 4 rear*, mn of Caytain N. W andCarotin*I. root*, lata of 8t. Charlee, Kaae county, III. Bran* ? T* Butter townahlp, Sacramento romty. May lft, John, ana of Peter and Ana Borna, afeft 1 year, T month* and 1ft day?. Bemow ?In fen rrnnoMM, May M, lleniy Bftlm, native of North Adam*, Maaa ,aced ft* yeara. Ookkkij ?In Morktoa, May ftft. feaaort OoaaoU, ft na tire of Ipper Canada, a?ed ftl yaara. . Cnmrat ? h? ferramento, Mar ftft, Edward Ooftwty, ft nat ire of Ireland, agMt about M yearn . Uoaiuv ? In fen Franc aao, May 11, llfirj J.ftoft or ? and ChroUftt D Qortma, aft-f ? ?<" 5 Gkattas ? Ou the Mokclumno flill road, San Tcaqulf county, Ma) 19, Patrick Graiuo_Si'.. i3yoars. Htii.-nuiot ?1# Rough a"il Ready. April 9, ft alter, son of J. II. a in! Mary A. HciIhIkhii. aged Ik months Hnoav.?1b Suii Francisco, May 20, Wm. H. Hogan m native of Baltimore, aged 33 yours Komrtt ?Near Aharudu, Ahuncda connty, May 9, Dr. Louis K<'Uiplli ugol 93 years, a native of (icrtnuny. Lamm ?In Marysvilie, May 19. Kale, (laughter of A. O. and Alimrit I at ten. ugod 16 months. law mi*.?At Tama lea liar, Mann county, April M, Wnfc' Law win, a native of Sweden.' McKarixst. ?At Curtis' Creek, Calaveras county, May 8, Jnooli ft' McKurlauc, formerly from Illinois. Monk.omkky? In Sacramento, May 21, Willie, only BtnA of K. C. Montgomery, aged 3 years, 6 months and 24 days. PaimkkIn Nevada. Mnv 19. Mrs. D. Augusta, wife of J. C. Palmer, Esq., aged 34 years Raymond ? In Upper PlacervU)s, May 11, Laura Jan6j wife of A. ti. Raymond. Ronn.?In Sacramento, May 21, Mrs. Hannah Rood, native of Middlelmry, Vt , and born Feb 2, 1792. Sacmikks,?In Washington, Alameda county, May 9? Chnrlotte C., wife of Alotizo Saunders, aged 36 years. Saykr?At sea. Jan. 3, on board t>ark Roacoe, of Noir Bedford, Kcubeu C. Sayer, a native of Nantucket, aged IS years. Shkp ?At Center Hill. Calaveras county, May 14, Goo. Shed, aged 46 years, a native of Massachusetts. SHIUDKN.?In Sun Francisco, May 25, James Rictuur4 Phurden, only son of James and Mary Ann Shurden, agotl 1 your. 4 months and 11 days. 8?oo.?At Chile Ridge. " (hlavcraa county, May 12, 8nmucl Sisco, aged about 90 years. gnoxu.?lu San Antouio, May 17, Win. Strong, aged 21 years, a native of New York city. Waitox.?In Sacramento, Muy 33, Anna, wife of T, Walton. Wabxkr.?In Sucramento, May 22, Ijewis Warner, aged 58 years. Wklis ? At Stony Point, Sonoma county, May 10, Bizabcth, wife of Wrn. Wells. Authentic News from Japan< [Correspondence of the Hartford Cuurant ] In thesa times of alarming rumors from Japan, calculated to excite apiireUcnatnna of the most unpleasant kind, especially iu the inmds of those who have friundM residing there, any well authenticated information of favorable kind from that region seems so desirable tlial 1 take the liberty of sending you for publication the following extract from a letter to-day received by the ovcrlaud mull, via Sau Francisco, from my brother in-law, Rev 8. It. brown?one of the missionaries of the Reformed Puicta cburrb of New York, uow residing at Kaaagawa. Mr. B., who lias been at Konagawa with hia family and other members of his /tarty for six or eight months |?ast, writs# from that place thus, under date of April 14, 1Mb ? ''You will near through tbo papers, probably, of tbtf late murders at Yokahama. Two putch sea captains were brutally butchered by some unknowa Juiunese in tbo most public street of Yoknbuiua. Just alter dark, on the 20th of February last. It was a fearful piece of butchery. They were quiet. Inoffensive men. Just going out for a stroll In the siree# previous to putting off to their vessels. One of them was sixty years old, and left a family cousisliug of a wife and live children ill Iliilhilid Since lliol oil the Mth of March, a murderous assault was made on the Prince Regent as he was proceeding with his retinue from bis own to the Kinpcror's palace. Several of the Prince's uiett were cut down on the 8|xit by an attacking parly of twenty one men, and three of their ow n number went killed likewise l>y (he Prince's followers. Shots were (treat into the Regent's norlmor. and he was wounded in two plaees. toil not mortally. In consequence of this affair, and of other signs of a conspiracy on the |>art of ouc of tbo I'rincc of the royal blood, railed the Priuoa Of Mi to. against the present government. occasioned by the reewt ebaiiges iu the foreign policy of the cooutry, ihe government has redoubled its vigilance to put a ship to the a-'assinatiuu of foreigners, as well as to protect itself against internal enemies. 1 spent Un days at Jeddo, at Mr. Harris', by his iuvitutiou, going up as his chaplain, anil when I was there ho had a guard of twenty ralmngMM, or armed officer", at his house. Since the attack on the Regent his guard has been doubled as well as that at alt the foreign legations. Besides this, wo aro honored here with a guard at every foreign house except one. The government lias mil up a guard houso at our front gate, and keeps ttve Tmkimyiupt there night and day. When we go out at any time we can have an armed officer to accompany us if we choose, A now official from Jeddo, with hi* suite, has |>aid us a visit to-day to see If our defences are all right." Hoping that the above may have the effect to allay tbd rears of some of your readers who have friends residing at Ja|*n, I am yours, respectfully, l>. k. UART1JTT Asylpm Hiu, Hartford, June 18, 1S?0. Est. Mr. Harden, the "Wife Mardtrrr, A let tier from 1 As ton to the Pliillipsburg .Standard gives an account of the writer's visit to Jacob 8. Harder, IU? in It,A U'.rr.n V'.w l.n,. U,l r.. Ih. miml.. rjt bis wife, for which he is to he executed la about lw\| weeks from this time:? He was perfectly calm, easy and deliberate. 1 <te not sec how be could bare ap|iearrd any different If be ha# hcen acq nit ted and we were silting In his own father's bouse. He wus unwilling to say much with regard to lbs crime of which be la convicted, or of his trial. He would listen to my question* and then answer such as hw pleased; some he dccliued to answer, on the ground that it might work to his disadvantage if tic should have a new trial. He thinks he ought to have a new trial, hut If he does not get It, he (Irmly believe* the tiovernor will rerrlere him to a short time beyond the day now fixed for Is execution if no reprieve is granted, be says It will not only he In* justice to him, but hu outrage u|s>n society. I a*k"d tiinrw if he felt resigned to his fate* lie said, "Ye*, 1 are resigned to my late, whatever it may be. if 1 am to die, I am resigned to death. If my sentence la commuted to unbare been made tbe^^Jec't'ofnll',Hje'newspaper'^^^iSlrels for the last fourteen m< ail he.'- He conversed finely and tluenlly ui*w general subjects and things indirectly connected with hi" case. lie wits very lively and m?rry, and laughed heartily somellines at remarks and suggon. Hons or his own aixail others. 1 was very far from being even ttserfil myself, though I must confess his apparently strange Indifference to bis dnwdliil cosditioti. hi* easy off hand manner, wmild almost make me forget for a moment that I was contwrsing with a man doomed to die en the sesflhld as a #low In three weeks Whether guilty or Innocent, he is a mysterious being. He sleeps well and has a good appetite; he road" and writes considerable; Id interested in the new*, and keeps posted up by the daily dm iters He statin-id a thoughtful and aflectionale man* bit of bt* ngeil |>arrut?, who lie raid wore standing <>n IhO verge of the grave Ilia cbief trouble wa* no their ?crounl, a? they umukl In- ro dr?-|iiy lii-rraod if bo k??l bit life by the galluwM. Ib- anoke freely of r'ligiou* doctrines. au<l mentioned lile object irnie to wnie wlm h <UMr,rt fVota bla. Hie bof? i? strung that be rtiall bo buy % ben bm leavea this world. lie believes be la aafe. mb tilth ao firm that In* miml la calm ami jwaecful I left h'm la tb? name cheerful frame <>i miml in which I found him. TELK0 RAPHIC. TTUt CASK OF BARDKS SWORE TUB COlTtT Or PA* MM. Tnrnwr, June 51,1M0 The Court of Pardon* of the *ute of New Jersey new. rrned laat evening, at half paat aoren o'clook, is the <Mat? Houar, In Trenton, the following gentlemen briag pem sent ?The Governor and Chancellor, and Jndgt* Ritley, 0MM, Wood, Coratilaon, Macomb* and Kennedy. TbM trat cnae which came up tor ojoakteratKm area that oC Jacob 8. Harden, who waa acntcncvd by Judge WVlpley to l>e eiecuted on the 58 tb of the present month, for lb# murder of hit wife on the Ttb of March, I860, In Aoder* ana, Warren county, N J. The father of the condemns^ and mm rrima* win present, ana an inter"* trw m mm bour look place. for era! paper* were preaeotsd la habalfefihe condemned, he. the Court, after oooeoltlag uatil halfpart alas o*otock, ii^iemed over onul HM aAeruooa aft fthrwa tkMt, the Chart ef Pardoae cat wltb <M ftoow ftta ?a< la its o'clock, considering Ike iffllallm for perdwt the principal ooe being Ibat of Harden. After dae delib* ration of the whole question, U>e Ooart came to Ike ?Tf-| noun ooaclueioa to reject the application for a oonunutkd lion of bie aentenoe. Tbe q owl too of a reprieve remain# with the Governor, and has not yet been cooaldered. Prneaal Iatellt|eaee. diptaln Caldwell, of the steamship da la, a etopptog a| tbe Aetor House (apt. Bobbins. of Buffalo, and Br BrTV>w*,of Sew York, arc Mopping at the Fifth Arcane Hotel. W W. Mill*. Raq , of Long bland; i. C. WUkiaaoa,Ibfod of Newport, and C. J. Jooee, Esq., of Louttaaa, era (tc^ ping al the 1'BK'ti Place, Hotel. Ber Dr MsglTI. of Boston: Cot B lowrmiahy. of tb# Baartea army. Marshall Parke. Esq . of Virginia; J. lb' Pepin. Keq., of New Orleans, W. G. Nolan, Eeq , of Teaaa* and Pr A. fc.llin, of Louisiana, are (topping at theIU NVholae Hotel. Brv. Fraartc B Hall and wifr, of Hartford,One.; Mb M Macrae Feq . thornac Potter, F*, , and Ueorae 1W eoa, Kbq . all of ftngland; W Au-tio. ft>q , ef Bnafna, m0 Hranka Kimberlay, Kaq , of New Haven, were aaMag Itg arm vale el the Clarendon Hotel j eoterday. Hon. Cbaa P. Bale, drat Judge of tbe Court of Conuaatf Pleas, bee been seriously indt-po-ed for some day* peal. Gov Man. A. Medary. ef Kansas, baa nrrtvod back al leaveawortb from Washington. Bt. Her Btabop (lark baa accepted aa Invitation to 4k> lirrr aa or at km txifnre the city Mfborltfe* of Pro?l<leo?f on Ik* Fourth of J0I7 ft Borfr*or Clifford, of Mm*., I* *t mft uwronit fleWe, Moot reel AnwiMM reglatrre* ot the hanking Kttor of Ionaiag % Co., Fork, from June 1? 10 Tih June?IW. Uanaerrmrt, *ri tierarraort, MM* a*** reert, A R SmtlMli ? Nwr-. Mwvd rntil* Buiru*. *" rrutlwi; Honor mfr*? PfctlMMpfcB; T. R Lowery ">d ">*< L!f^l * Kew Jcmr; & F. k??i *n* fhmtly, * J KU*. Frorldenor. Gtorga moctoco A. OrI*bIon. /oho * * Omvrtaae ?4 fhalHr, OA H. fconhio, ?tward T. KM, hor* T. Blag, OfTft ?r?n, A ?>*;??*? BT?i.DUC2?' id<] ?trior. Wb. c. Cvld *b*1 Wr. AM* flhndfhtrd, T, r tfcuOr, Rl Hnm, Jr., John b WhntMl Oh* MmaC Kew Fork; Chorlt* Welch, Hwr Karon, JoteT. Hollocfa tan Franc 1*0, John H Or 1m. PhlladelphlaTwm. ). MB boi, bhnoo; Moo (Mo, Jr., taRlmor*. * 8m 0* FuiTB a !fnr Otuum?eraely-eight afcr# were *oM to Hew Or lean* on the *th Imt., for fPfTipt Theoe atorao noon*** forty-a tf year* *C ogh, aad In ii ifW with ta a fraction of M/mjo rowa*. Tora* oaoh. d?hia othoro were *1.1, ranting from twetro Booth* to fty HV yean, lor 01JM ro**4, oo term* **alral**l t* *HA Ifci

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