Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 22, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 22, 1860 Page 6
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-4 6 NEW YORK HERALD. JANESUOKDOft BEAXETT, EDIToR AND DR1ETK0I\>K. Of MCK K- W- COKSKH OK NAS8AU AND Ft LTON 8T8. T?/ttfS, (ki Mil (1 I'll#". Monty wnt by moll tof" b' at tht yi. i r" thf nfnJtr. Voting* ttamp* not rrcWeoi a< i?Wrijj(i?ii ' . 77/A' PAILV ftf'KA LP >"o run It par copr/, $7 p*r annum. 77/A H'KKKLV II&KALO, eitry Sturdily at th rii.l, per , . (*>(' o-Kjwro n (a# oUfOpdio Mditian miru MF'"ln"fny, I <M ix mnts pri eopy,, tt ptn ynn im to any part ol' Orrat Britain, ' r> $b biO"V ivi'7 oy tht Cam!inn*, kith to tnctuil> jtatfajt; tht Gihiin too Klin >n on tlo HI an J Mil, of mh month at tix <??/? ^thTea MILyI/eAaLO on Wtine/tdny, at /'our cent* }>< < m i, or H nor anrt'im. rot rSTAHY COKMC-SI'OyDEA'CK, rontainin/f imporUtnt , ytei'\ ' from any quai lor of' the world; it nurd, trill ho lib- illy paid for. Ij-Om Kokciow ('<kBitr.iiPOSut.Mi> Aitr , 1'iKTICUl.AKLY Kl<)CL3TED TO SlAL ALL LCTTCttS AMD I'ACB- j ALI-S I1M OH. AO h'OTU'E talon of anonytnous eori erponJrnee. We </ > not | return rri'rtotl arwtww??<<tUiam. APYEHT/SEMEXT.S renewed every day: adiortirom'nh Inret led in the WrtkLV IIf.kald, Kamily licit alu. ami in the Ca!Honda and European thHHorn. JOB PRWTltiH, eteo ulod with itealneu, rheapne** a?<I tier - 1 - Volume XXV No. 173 AMl'sEMENTS THIS EVENING. MBI/V8 GARDEN. Brosdwiy.?Labt or tub Lamb? Oysmatic Vabibtuj?La Catiivk. BOWERY WATRR Bowery.?Willow (.'owe?CnAiti es II?Mr Wire's Ssuoso Kukml WINTER OARDEN, Broadway, opposite Bond si reel ? Ou> I'lA.mTATIOM. I.ACRV It RENE'S THEATRR. No. 651 B oaJwiv.-CJor toon's Wipb?Own Jata.hbsb Embassy. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowerv.-UiCHSLieu-Foa Who-NOB AH Cksika. BARNUM** AMKRIOAX Ml'HKUM BrOAdway.-DnT and fr 1 u^?1JU>UMS ? 00* Ou> liotss At lloal-Lmau Co iiHidn, At It". V V N r- MrvsTRKOS, Mechanics'Hali. 472 Hroariirar ? B" AjOuu. ho sua, I>thtu, At -Wi Com tuou ink IIills. KTBTO'S SAt.OON. Broadwav.?Gro Cuisrr'S Mi* *><?..< l> ho>uS, 1>A>CSA, bUALlS^BAJ, At'. ?J AC A* KaB Imtr. TFMPLE OR MAO 10, 441 Broadway?P?nrr?o? Jacobs. RATIOS At. COSORRT SALOON, National Theatre.? Bo-LJ. L?A*ltS. bUHLKBOUCS. AC. I'ALAPK GARDEN fourteenth street.?Pitosrv.kDc Co*C '1 A^l> SOIEtt I?Af?sA.OTe. COR.VffR OF THIRTKKXTn 8TRSXT AND FOl'RTU A ' KNL't ?CAUrOASLA Ml.a AUABIC. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, FritUjr, Jus *4, lHttU. The Ntnrs, in the Democratic National Convention at Haiti more yesterday, the (ommittee on credentials Hi . ie several reports relative to the admission of new'y appointed delegates. The majority report admits the Douglas delegates from the seceding Rates. The Convention did not come to a vote on tin- reports, hut the New York delegation, which holds the balance of power, has decided iu caucus, In a vote of forty to twenty-nine, to sustain the it port of the majority of the committee. This decides the question of the dissolution of tho democrat;. parly. The seceders will, in all probability, reopen tlieir Convention at Richmond to-day, while the Douglas men at Baltimore will.it is believed, nomi-inte their favorite. The proceedings yesterday wi-.-e characterized by considerable turbulence. A street fight occurred between Mr. Robert Randull a son of Hou. Josiah Randall, and Mr. Montgome ?. of Pennsylvania, and Messrs. John Clancy and Win. II. l.udiow, of New York, had a severe personal altercation, which is likely to lead to an appeal to arms. Among oar Washington de patches may be found a tubular statement of the appropriations made by Congress for the fiscal year lNtil. In Congress yesterday the Naval Appropriation trill was passed. Also the Civil Appropriation bill, aud the bill establishing a mail tlx tunes a week betweenSacra meaty and Port. pes* in snrr aT^ioued or 8Ti The business on the calendar, and discussed the Mexican and Centrial \ niarics-t IrnatSnu Tlw If.man iia&wn/i tlm V*.? vj! Appropriation bill, and so vera! unimportant njra-i.roa. A bill authorising a loan of 921,000.000 for tbe redemption of Treasury notes Aa- iutro(lured, and ?rmotion to lay it on tbe table was negstived b) a vote of 6it to 101. The death of Mr. be b warts, of Pennsylvania, was announced in both bouses, and the customary resolutions were adopted. We print in another part of to-day's paper the Homestead bill, in the shape that it recently pa-c-od both booses of Congress. This is the compromise bill agreed upon by the Committee of Conference On the twelfth meeting. It may be interesting to recapitulate the points of difference between the original House and Senate Iluiue tea<l bills and the bill that has now become a law. The House bill cxtenUed its benefits to all Citneon (nod all who have declared their intentions to become each) of twenty-one years of age. It Included all pre emptors now on the public lands, Md applied to all lands subject to pre-emption. In a word, it throw open government laud everywhere to the actual settler, subject only to a charge of tlx ccuta per acre, to meet the expense of registering. Jic. The Senate bill excluded all but heads Of femihes; excluded pre emptors Uuw on the lauds, but allowed them two years to buy the land at the government price, confined Its prov'utoa* merely to lands remaining after n public sale, at which specu la tors would take their choice in advance of the actus! settlers, and finally charged twenty-five cent- an Acre besides the Land Office fees. The compromise Agreed cm opens for homestead* one-hall the enr< veyed public lands not yet offered at public sale. | And all tbe lands now subject to private entry, bat ' It retains the charge of twenty five ceuts per acre. | Preemptor* now on the lands are to have their , homestead* at sixty two anil a lull scut* (which is lialf the former price) aud to hava two yw*i? twpayIk Hut the moat objectionable feature of it is that It only applies tv head* of faiullie* thus excluding joung men over twenty one. thousand* of whom are admirably iitted lor Um- work ot pioneer settlements. and would gladly htmU themselves of nu op portend ty to aid in developing the rcsvuree* of the (imt Went. the steamship Asia, frotn Liverpool !>th and (yweeu-down lOtli in*t., arrived at this port yesterday. An interesting compilation of the news la Ri*ru In to-daj'a UxavLD. We republish from the Londou 77?wa a most admirable narvative of the Sicilian rorolution, from the appearance of Garibaldi ou the aci-ue to the taking of i'wlernio. a period of only twenty days. | Jhe description of the scenery, the Insurgents, the | attack, bombardment, aud all the incidents or battle, is most graphic, and. together with our own Palermo correspondence, which contains a minute 1 and highly interesting description of Garibaldi's ' lamp and personal appearance, we have a com ! pi<te in-tory of one oi the Stoat remaraaDie event* oi our timet. la soother cotumu we publish newt from Celifor tut. four dsjji later than that brought to thia port Co Uth uwt. by tht steamship North Star. Oar t?u lis of *<-<, corre?pon<Ibnt rendu as additional mews, brought to that city by tht schooner Page, fn-m Jspsa. The latest news from the Wa*hoc Brining distakt, It Western Utah, the scene of premot Indian dtfllv ultle* with the miners, is of an exciting character. The Indians it would appear, are sating extrusive preparation* fur another attack. 1 Posse of the Waahoe tribe hare declared themselves frwsdJy to the miners, but their friendship is looked upon with suspicion, and a wide margin Is left for Ma eararrtaim. Ths general news l? only of ordi pary importance. W# hart received fcc? oar cdiresp^udeut at bait NEW 1 Lake City aome particular* relstire to the interruption of the l'ony Express L?y Utah Induus, and tin* measure* taken to reopen the roo*. Major Eagan left camp Floyd about the loth ult., with a bod) of picked troops, to chastise the red skins. From the present aspect of affairs, the Indian tribes of that Territory, numbering Ik.500 warrior*, ar e preparing for a war on the whites of Western Utah, especially those in Carson Valley and the Washoe mining district*. This hostility on the part of the red skins is alleged to be on account of the indignity of the whites towards them for a year past, and especially for the massacre of Indians on Humboldt river. A despach from Cape Island, K. J., lepotts that the United States steamer Walker was run into at three o'clock yesterday morning, oft Absecom, by an unknown schooner. The steamer sank in half an hour. The captain and forty of the crew were saved in the boats, but about twenty of the crew arc missing. Accounts from Pike's Peak state that Isaac V. Fowler, the defaulting Postmaster of this city, ha recently been identified in that region by an old acquaintance. Fowler, who had assumed the uaiue of Achille Drance, when first confronted, denied his own ideutity, but on being pressed finally acknowledged who he was. He had won a couple.pl thousand dollars at gambling, the report says, und proposed starting for Salt Lake and California, intending ultimately to visit Australia. The Court of Pardons of New Jersey have reIused the application for a commutation of the death seuteuce of Rev. Jacob S. Harden, convicted < of the murder of his wife by poison. The thirty-third session ot the Excise Commissioners took place yesterday, at which seventeen licenses were granted at thirty dollars each. Thi ' is the largest number granted at any meeting this year, and makes tli* total number of licenses granted thtis far 2J3. The Postmaster General has agreed to an arrangement with the New York and West India Steamshin tomunnv for carrying the United States mails l?y the steamship Baltimore between this port, Kingston, Jamaica and Aspinwall. The first departure will be on the 16th of July, and a long list of freight and passengers is already engaged for the tiip. The only business of interest which came up at the meetiug of the Commissioners of Public Charities ami Correction yesterday was a communication from the emigration CouimUsiouers, informing tbem that they have appointed a Conference Committee to adjust the account between the two Boards. It was referred to the Committee of the Whole. The number in the institutions at present is 7.VM), a decrease of thirty-seven for the week. The argument in the West Washington Market case was again postponed to Wednesday next. The cotton market yesterday continued heavy, while Mies of 1.000 bales were made from store, and late tu the afternoon the previous day about 1.400 bales were sold. The market was so irregular, and especially for the lower grades, n- to ruuder H difficult to give reliable quotations. Middling uplands rauged from l0\c. a 10,'?c., without any desire to sell at these figures ou the pari or holders, and especially below 10%c. There was considerable exctteroeut in breadstuff?, with an active demand for export, giving rise to a speculative movement, especially In flour and whoat. Sales of the former were made to the extent of about 31,000 bbls., closing at an advance of 10c. a 13c. I?er bbl., and 190,000 bushels of wheat, closing at 2c. per bushel advaucc over previous current rates. Corn was also firmer and active, the sales having reached about 30,000 bu<hclf>, at quotations given in another place. l\>rk was timer, with moderate sales, including new mess Ht 918 12}* a 918 23, and new prime at 913 80 a 913 62},'. Sugars were steady and quiet, sales having been confined to about 300 a 400 hhds. Cuba muscovados, at prices given in another columu. Cotfce was firm, with sab-a of l*gua> ra, Kio a id Java at full prices. There was more Ircighl ofl-i nig. oud among the engagements were abiut 75,(100 bushels grain. miMly wheat, at T)*d. in bulk and at T\rt. in ship's bags, to Liverpool, and 3.800 bbla. Sour at li. 10},d a 2s., with flour to Loadon>t 2s. 9d., and to Cia^goa at 2s. 61. . ? 6^9 ' Whom the gods would destroy they first niuke mad." We refer the inquiring reader to our reports of yesterday's proceedings in the Halt in tore Contention. They were unique, and in every point of view they are full of instruction. They betray the character of the material* of whic h these national purty conventions ure composed, and particularly the predotfiuullnii r.f riiftifinUni In (In. lull ,.f the world. We perceive, too. in these scenes I ol brutal violent e, where all should be har| mony and conciliation. that the days of Uils i demoralized democratic party are numbered, and that it i- in the agonic* of death. Upon the question of the contested Southern delegations the New Yorkers asked another night's reflection. They herlute between the alternative of sacrificing the party for the sake of Douglas and the expedient of dropping Douglas to save themselves. They fear that In dropping Douglas they will array the solid Northwest against the Albany Regency, and they see that in adhering to him they only precipitate the inevitable explosion. For once the wily, plotting Dean Richmond U in water beyond his depth. He finds that all his beautiful arrangements perfected at Syracuse last September, for dictating tbe candidate of this Convention. fall short of tbe necessities of the cose. But be and hi* delegation do not yet despair, or they would not have a?ked another night for the purposes of a treaty of peace. We can tell Master Richmond, however, and Mr. Church, hi* henchman, that they may as tthttndnn nt nnro nil Lhnlr ilnliulun hnnna of the spoils and plunder of the ooxt admin is ration. They are loaf'. The democratic party is destroyed. There U not the remote*! visible ghost of a contingency for the rennion of the t?eiligerent clement* of this revolutionary con* vcntion. The moral consequences of what they hate already done render it superfluous to speculate upou a hat they may do to-day or to-morrow. Assuming (bat these fighting factions, cliques and sections may still agree to bury the hatchet, and unite upon a compromise ticket, it *111 avail them nothing. The party is broken to pieces, and, with one. two or three tickets, it must be superseded. It is too badly cut up, too seriously crippled, and has too many bones broken, to be healed and put upon its leg" again in a single day or a single year. It it practically dissolved and disbanded, whatever mar be the remedies attempted by this Convention. In brief, tbe Nationnl Convention of the democratic porty, baring become degraded to tho bn?o condition of Tammany Ball in its wot>l days of ruffianism, is only suffering the fate of Tammany llall?discords. division* rebellion defeat and disgrace. Weir tbew? no other drawback to the reunion of the broken fragments of the party, the faot that this disgraceful Baltimore Convention represents tho party will v>? capital enough for I the repnblicnna. A miracle, and only a mirt cle. can sare the distracted, divided and distorted democracy from a terrible revolutionary ' i explosion at Baltimore, and we despair of a miracle of this sort from Dean Richmond and i hi* Regency delegation. They are but tinkets. ?nd It is this dirtf tinkering thut h.v* ruiisJ their party 1 i rORK HERALD, FRIDAY, The Opening of the F.n*t?Contrasting Foil* > ot the Aatlonj of Ctirlntenilom. The opening ol the many-iuiIlion>-d E?*t to commerce ur.d a free iuU-rcouiM with Christendom is a question that now occupies the attention of the leading Powers of Europe and America, and the contrast of policy pursued by the several governments involves one of the must curious and instructive problems of the age. The White Czar, as the Emperor of Russia is called in the far East, has extended his sway over the wandering Mongols of Northern Asia, from the Caspian sea to the mouth of the Amoor river, and both China and Japan look with a feeling of apprehension upon his udIn Ikn L'nnt oj I r. ikn lIlU > auniig |/vnrii i.u iuv uwtn no iu mv n r-i, iav tide of conquest has flowed from the North over the South, and it is not a little curious to observe that two of the great currents of human migration, which have flowed from the steppe? of Northern Asia in opposite directions, are now meeting on the shores of China in hostile array. The Teutonic branch, after traversing the north of Europe, pursued the path.? of it? devolopement upon the sea, and their ship? to-day, having rounded the Cape of Good Hope, crowd the waters of China and Japan. The other branch, the Sclaves, following the footsteps of their Tartar-Mongol predecessors, arrive at the same point by the century-trod land route, and, though feared and hated by the ruling races in China, are yet lobked upon by these as having the kin of a common origin with themselves, and alike antagonistic to the comers in ships. It is the conlideat belief of the Cabinets of Western Europe that Kussiu has sedulously cultivated this idea in Eastern Asia, and this supposition forms to-day one of the complications of the web of European politics. While these events have been progressing, another branch of the Teutonic race, pursuing its western march, made it* home In North America. There it has spread fro n sea to sea. and, like its European brethren, ha- pursued its path of deveiopeinent upon the ocean. It has circumnavigated the world, and to-day its representatives stand, with those ot Ru?*ia. England and Fiance, before the gates of China. Tb? history of events there for the past twenty years is know n to our readers. The opium war of Euglaud. the subsequent occupation of the five port* by the same Power, our Japan expedition under Commodore l'erry. the advance of the Russians upon the Amoor, the landing of the French in Cochin China, the capture of Cani... n.,. ah:.e... tuui> ii.? IUU UJ 1U1 XXillVOt IUV IIVIIMV "" tl ikU IUV v Ul?v u States entered into by China and Japan, the attack on the Peiho forts, the reception of our Ambassadors at Pekiu and Jeduo. und the departure and arrival here of the fir-t foreign Japun Embassy, are the prominent events that mark the contrast of policy pursued by the several governments, and which point indicatively to the future results to all. The last advices from the scene of these events inform u.? that the Chinese government has positively rejected the demands of Frunte and England, and the com\-?e of the latter government, in asking a large appropriation from Parliament for the Chinese war. leaves no doubt as to the policy those Powers mean to pursue. Force is to be resorted to for the purpose of breaking dow u the exclusive policy of China, and opening her crowded port* and rivers to the commerce of the world. We cau have little doubt as to the Immediate result of over infCtunPSb, ^ the European I science, art and arms. m?. I"1".' *' 1 advantage in the war, and the event of battle between European and Asiatic forces is fore* gone thing. It is a prevailing idea in England that Russian officers are employed in drilling the masses of troops in China, and marshalling their resources for the struggle; but we do not find that this supposition rests on any tangible basis. It may be merely a political manoeuvre, on the part of English statesmen, to influence the grunting of large subsidies by Parliament, or to prepare the people for any possible reverse. Of the real policy pursued by Russia we know uo thing. iter intercourse with the scene of events is entirely distinct from that of the other nation-*, and we learn little of her moremen to until their results begin to be perceived. Our own policy stands ia strong contrast with that of the Powers of Western Europe. We have made treaties of amity and commerce with both China and Japan, which have been intided by the respective governments, and our diplomatic representatives in Asia have come U> bold the position of friendly relations with alt the parties. An event of even greater sig nlftcauce is found in the presence here of the fliTt foreign embassy that has qrei left Japan, j and tin* friendly relations wliioL llna intercourse ha- established and is developing. Political relation have been the subject ot personal conference with our government, the important question of currency has been practically examined by the l.uib??y at our Mint, commercial relation are to t>e di>cu?*ed by them with our New York Chamber of Commerce, atul our busy hives of industry are every w here thrown open to and being attentive^ examined by them. Wbon this liiubasay returns to Japan, as it will soon do, it will go laden with strange and curious information regarding Western civilization; and should they not be compelled to disembowel themselves on landing on their own shore*, by the triumph of a reactionary policy in their own government, the lore they carry back a ill form the germ of a new era in Eastern Asia. In the meantime, events seem to be hastening on to a warlike issue on the shores of China and our repreeentative* will be called upon to play there. In the r&le of peace, a most important and influential part. lit am o or British Statkmun o* thx Slats Tait*.?Among other item* of European Intel|{(*nn/*a Kl/ K u a imiKILK iK(a miirnini* will Ka IgT UVl """V" " > *"" xaw.UtUg " IU OT 1 found tbe spoecbes of several English states- ! men commenting on the recent seuure of Mnrer I by American vessels. Prominent among these gentlemen are Lord John Unwell and Lord Broogham. Any one unacquainted with the subject w ould suppose by reading the* speeches in Parliament and elsewhere, that the siare trade is kept up entirely by the United States, and that it is organised and encouraged by them altogether for their especial hem-fit. Mow nothing could possibly be more absurd and hypocritical than tbe-e statement*. They pos*e?* no kind of truth or justice, but are made Intentional'} by English state uu-n *> thro* duet into the eye* of the people ; bees i*e it is manifest that If England would only Q-ml} insist on her treaty stipulations with Hp-v 'U*ilare trade would cease at cny* JU.VE 22, 1860.-1 RIPLE lie Tfl'|raph and the Pabllr-Importanl nrrlinn of Slurrholdfra. TV magnetic telegraph has now been In existence a- a means of communication about tift?-en vi-an. In this short period it bus been extended ?ith aucli rapidity that more than one hundred thousand uiiles of its lion nerves are aUho pre ent moment vibrating with intelligence throughout the world. The large proportion of forty thousand miles Is in this country alone, aud so extensively are the public availing themselves of the advuntuges it offers that it Ls rapidly taking the place of the l'ost Oftice as a means of intercourse between one individual and another. The telegraph Is more employed in the United States than anyw here else in the world. Everybody uses It. It is an institution. It is therefore the more :.nnr.n?isrst *4w.4 4 qKahI/1 Ko urull monoiftxA an/1 lujpviiaui tuui ?i ouvuiu mv hv>i , wa.m on a plan that should at once combiue the accommodation of the public, at economical rates, with a perfect system of operation and proper remuneration of the holders of stock. When the enterprise was first suggested, by reason of the peculiarity of its original organ!' ration and the doubt that prevailed as to its ultimate success, many individuals who did not belong to the class of capitalists, merchants . nd shareholders of the day, were induced to lend it their support because they discovered in it the elements of the powerful usefulness and profit which have since ' been developed. In consequence of its falling into the hands of this class, difficulties arose which have never been satisfactorily settled. One of these difficulties still exists between the press of the country and what is called the American Telegraph Couipauy. who own the extensive line which runs along the Atlantic seaboard from Nova .Scotia to New Otlean-. ThU company, covering as it does a most important acciio.i of the country, and taking in it* route moat of th>- principal cities, has a capital ol one and n half million of dollars, which is about lo b<* increased to two williou*. Oj this capital its annui?l net earnings are twenty per cent, and within six months, if uo accideut occurs, it will probably declare this buudsotne dividend. It appears, however, that its managers are not satisfied with this already remunerative income, and, on the principle ot ' the more gain the greater greed." think that by increasing the rates they can add to their enormous profits, maintain u monopoly, aud do as they please. The first conflict they have had on this score is with the press. But the more acute shareholders of the company see in this conflict, and very justly, too. au opposition Mbich will load to the construction of competing lines, a division of the business, a diminution of the profile, and a consequent depreciation of their stock. They bare, therefore, called a meeting, to be held at No. 4 Wall street, on Thursday, the 28th inst., in order that the subject may be laid before the entire body of stockholders, who nonnumber some Are hundred indiriduals. and such measures be taken as shall prevent so serious a calamity to their interests., The only manner in which this desirable object can be accomplished is by securing on that occasion a Ml representation of their strength, so that all may be present to hear what is said on both sides of the question. If shareholders cannot be present themselves, let them entrust their proxies, not to directors or managers with whose interests their own are antagonistic, but o associates who bare the same interest* with 'k#m. served by the establishment of competing lines, and If the press undertake this work, it is the intention that theywhali be conducted on a merely remunerative principle, and not on a system which, Like the present, draws from the pockets of the people an extraordinary profit, and transfers it to the coffers of a monopoly. When we take into consideration the fact that the press pay this company alone lloO.OOO per annum, and w hen we remember also the state BU'Ui maue oy uie i rcsiaeni iuui me press pay only one-tenth of the annual receipts, some id?-u may be had of the immense business which has beeu done by the company, when they receive their oapital back every year. It ith such facts as these before theui. the public can see how easy it is to establish competing lines, and how much capitul can be obtained on such a favorable basis. There is, probably, no other Incorporated company in the United States that annually receives back iu capital in actual receipts. It shows with what encourage, meut an opposition would proceed, and how quickly new lines would take from the present company a very considerable portion of its Income. Remembering this, we trust the shareholders will see the necessity of being properly represented at the approaching meeting on the 2t>th of June. The press have moved in this matter because 1 they make the interests of the public their own, and because, as the regular customers of the j telegraph, they are the only organization which I can combiue in a movement of this character. It would be impossible to unite merchants, brokers and private individuals who use the telegraph in an opposition to a monopoly, any tnorv tbnn to combine the writers of the letters daily dropped Into the Poet Office; but the interest* of the press and the people are identical, and in taking the initiative we are only contending for a protection which will be alike eigoyed by all. When the Red Sea telegraph shall hare perfected all its connections with Australia, China, India and Europe, which a ill probably be with in the preaent year, and when an Atlantic cable has been laid, of which three plans are now on foot, connecting tus with the Old World, property in telegraphs properly managed will be the moat valuable In which the capitalist can invest, because the principal lines in the Union will then unite with these great ocean wires, and we shall be brought in daily contact nith every portion of civilised humanity. Let these event* be consummated, and the wealth that will be engendered, and the benefits that srill accrue to the people of the United States, will be of a character so magnificent that the enterprises of the present day, when weighed in the same cble. mill unnettr almost iOMiiniifleiiUt in their proportions. _______ Jafanksv Notions or Oik Mrurvar (Vwkr.-Our Jap?nm visiter* appear to take a lirely intercut in everything connected with onr military org.iniaation. The impression* made by it are strengthened by what they have wen since they came to New York Not a day pause* that they have not an opportunity of observing from tbelr w indows the pMMfe ot the til* companies of o'vr volunteer troopt, who mtlce it a SHEET. 3 pO>t ;-? gfi tb?t W if. T'V I. ? ;,.<! ??* : jllOd ' w ben the} are told thai tke> arc i-otnpu-ed .for the mo-! part of mercantile :u"T. who sacrifico their time and money to thin duty. Our 1 visiters cannot but forui a respectful opinion of the military power of a nation whose citizens are all soldiers, and who serve without pay. Uncle Stun must have groan wonderfully in their estimation in the short time they have been in New York. The Japanrt* and the Ladle*. It is not without some natural self grutulation that we are able to bear the most ample testimony to the good breeding displayed by the ladies of the metropolis in the matter of the Japanese visit. It will be remembered that we alluded, more in sorrow than in anger, to the very bold and presumptuous manners of the women of Washington, who. being demoralized by coming In contact with the fighting members of Congress and the corrupt and unprincipled lobby, formed j themselves into predatory bands, and made guerilla charges upon the illustrious Orientals. worrying them almost up to the suicidal point. ' It will be recollected, also, that the venerable Premier, General Cass, was fain to confess to the Ambassadors that there was no power in : lliii frovurritiiCiit cillinr in his denartmeQt OC that of War, or Nuvy, or the Interior (the Treasury is quite another matter), to restrain the ciiuoliuities from going where they pleased and doing what they pleused. Of course the Orientate looked upon this shocking (to | tbem) state of things * ith utter amazement, and , thought, no doubt, that matters were much ; better inauuged in Japan. When they arrived at the rectuugulur \ illage of Philadelphia, w lieie sensatious are so uncommon that the oiMMiing of a new dry goods shop w ill bring people from thirty miles around the country, the Japunese were pretty well tired of being stared at; but that circumstance did uot prevent a repetition, in fact an exaggeration, of Washington rudeness. Their quarters were ruthlessly invaded by piratical craft of both sexes, and the illustrious "Tommy" narrowly escaped with his life. But ?t' have chunged all that. Now and here, it is the Japanese who run after the women rather than the women after the Japanese. Wo do not allude to the head men of the Legation. They, with all the reticeuce of high caste Oriental?, pursue their usual rou- j tine of daily duty, looking upon the antics of I the subordinates with calm benignity or philo- j Sophie indifference, receiving graciously all per- j sons who are formally presented, but mixing ; with uoue. The attaches, however, keep up the j reputation which youthful diplomats have eu- i joyed, us Mrs. Maluprop would say, "from time i immaterial." They are much fascinated with the i superior beauty und breeding of die lailie-. hereabouts, and in some cases have approached tbem with a degree of freedom which their experiences at Washington and Philadelphia among a certain cla-s of women would seem to warrant. The Japanese have been informed of their error in that very delicate way in which a woman oi tact cuu manage that sort of thing, and thus amicable relations have been maintained between the parties. There seems to be a very wide difference of feminine opinion ' aooui liie upuur-r, uui uii'rt* is umv uue im* t predion u|k?u the manner in which the/ arc to be received, uud that is. with the usuui conveu- | tionalilie* which obtain in th? society of well bred persons of either wx We were always satisfied that the ladies of Mauhuttuu. among , the most glorious of its institutions, were as good as they were beautiful, aud that they vnnta Ko ftnir too hot>PV to give their provin- ! cial sisters a lesson in manners. iue ^apane-e 1 afforded theui un excellent opportunity, aud thejr have availed themselves of It in that complete and thoroughly perfect way in which bey do everything upon which they set their hearts, from buying a bonnet up to building a hospital. | TiikCanaoi.cn Rfcctriuxrrr Thk.it r -Ktroitr i ok Mk. Hatch.?We publish to-day an abstract ' of the report from Israel T. Ilatch. of Buffalo, just presented to Congress, on the Canadian Reciprocity treaty and its effects upon the revenue of the United States. Mr. Hatch re ports adversely to the treaty. and reeouitn-nds its abrogation. Ue represent* it a? imju-t and unprofitable in it? operations toward* thi* country, though highly favorable to Cauudu. The principal grounds upon which his objection* are based are, first, that the revenue of the United Stales from articles of Canadian product on the Northern frontier bare diminished by several millions since the treaty went into force in 1664; that during the Ave year* preceding the ratification of the treaty ere collected duty on goods coming from Canada to the amount of some twenty-one millions of dollars, while during the four years it has been in operation we Hare collected duties go out mure than two millions, against some fifty-nine millions imported free. He complains that the , Canadian Parliament has closed the markets of Canada against the products of American labor by continually increasing the tariff upon them eTery year since the ratification of the treaty, until the average increase of doty upon our staple manufactures has grown from 1864 to 1869 nt the rate of slaty-two and n half per cent, and upon distillations from grain nt the rate of a hundred and twenty-fire per oenL This, be argues, Is a virtual abrogation of the letter and spirit of the treaty on the part of the Canadian government, inasmuch as that Instrument was based upon the theory of free trade and the expectation of mutual commercial libe! rality. The profits arising from the carrying trade 1 out of the narlgation of the St. Lawrence by American vessels, and the free navigation of Lake Michigan British vessels, he contends, i are all In favor of British shipping; and In sup portot tnis allegation be cites the fuct that since the treaty only forty American vessels hare reached the sea through the St. Lawrence, while in one year nloue (1&>7) a hundred and nine British vessels cleared from Chicago, freighted with the produce of our Western markets, for ports on either side of Lake Ontario. Thus the contluuaoce of the treaty is represented by this report as prejudicial to the Interest* of the Northwest and inimical to the wishes of Its inhabitants. But it appears that there is a difference of opinion upon the matter. It it contended. on the other band, that while the interest* of Buffalo and the shores of Lake Erie ma/ feel themselves aggrieved by the working of the Reciprocity treaty, a strong sentiment exists in it.? favor on the whole line of the grest lake* to the west of Buffalo. In order to give both sides of the q >-tion we publish. in connection with K' Hatch's repo-t, a Iqtter frotn Kr Mun gor the United States Consul Agent a' Wiad6ur, Cicada V\ est, addressed tj the President of the Detroit Chamber of Comrn ? ce, iu which k I * Cou'.meiidn the operations of the treaty as highly I favorable to American interests in the Northwest. Both documents are well worthy of attention * Ferine Location ok t:h. Caitcked Nw- ? tfei groks.?We see that the government has decided to send all the Africans captured from slavers in future to Boston instead of to Florida. This is n very good, and no doubt a very economical, movement, for as there is no State in the Union . in which a greater love for the negro exists than in Massachusetts, of course these pooc * exiles will be taken good care of by the Boston people without any expense to the government. Instead of being lodged in wooden sheds, as they are at Key West, they will no doubt ba accommodated in comfortable brick houses, probably in some of the finest mansions iu Boston. Some vcrv fine houses are now heinir hniLfc in the neighborhood of the Boston Park, vulgarly , called the Common, and this would be an excellent location for the negroea, for they could ? lie off all day on the grass, basking in the sun, or indulge in some of those war dances which now impart such a lively variety to the barracoons at Key West The Boston folks, we pec-** , ceive, are about to enlarge their park by the addition of two or three blocks, and they have recently seat a committee of the Corporation to New York to inspect the Central Park, and see bow we manage these affairs here, in order that they may be able to lay out the additional two hundred feet which is about to be annexed to the Common with the best taste and advantage. The captured Africans will thud have a capital place for recreation in the neiorh borhood of the Tremont and the Revere, with ? fine domiciles on all sides, and every comfort within reach which the ardent friends of theic race can devise for their enjoyment during their sojourn. ? The only disadvantage which Boston labors under as a temporary resting place for these chil- t dren of the sun Is the climate. It is a little to* cold for them. This the Massachusetts people discovered long ago, and that was the reason why slavery disappeared from that State. It would not pay in ao cold a region. But this difficulty may be obviated by keeping the Afri cuds iu well wanned houses while the/ re mail 4 pending their removal to the colony of Liberh. Upon the whole, we consider this arrangement - * '}"*oa tb<* part of the government ver/ wise, both as regards economy and the comfort of the ua- - , fortunate negroes. . i p Cou.Kot: CoMMKsc't-jtK.vTs.?The annual college commencements are just now about taking place. These are very interesting, and, to the participants, very importuut ceremonies, foe upon these occasions numbers of young meat make their entne upon the world's stage to commence the tough battle of life, with ouch a share ot education as books and the seclusio* 4' of a college can afford?some as doctors, tons as lawyers, some as ministers, aud a few to fol- ' low in the footsteps of their fathers, as merchants. The latter class is the most useful, perhaps, which our colleges turn out, for an educated merchant is the most valuable member of a great commercial community like this. Well educated physicians and lawyers are also very ui'Mruuitr; uuk u colleges iura oui uu oekiet claw of ministers than we hare now all orer the Union, we are afraid that their contributions to the growing generation in this line wilt * not prove of much service to the country or to civilisation. "?~ ' Navigation o? the Rad Rive?. or rn Noktu.?In another column we publish a letter ' trom our Minuesola correspondent, and an article from the Aor'ioeater, containing interesting intelligence upon the successful navigation of the Red river of the North. It appears that travel can now be performed, in stages and by steamboat, from St. Paul to the Red river settlement?a distance ot seven bun- v died miles?within eirht da vs. The rrmi* lies through a fertile portion of the Northwest, and the facility with which it it* used lot ? travel and transportation prcients a pleasing prospect of frequent communication with tht hitherto remote possessions of the Hudson Bay Company, and of the developetueut of our aljacent frontier. Our readers are aware that the R 1 river settlement numbers about 10,000 sou Is. and that the expanse over which it is widely scattered * embraces resources conducive to a growing and prosperous community. The fact most striking In relation to this matter Is, that the Hudson *""" Bay Company have now adopted this newly > opened route for the transportation of their goods. The old route, by sea and through Hudson Bay to York Factory, which they have used for two centuries, is now relinquished. 60. also, ull hopes appear to be abandoned of opening the much talked of route from Fort William, on Cuke Superior, via the Lake of the Woods The energy which has contributed to render this Miunesotta route so available cannot fall to advance the commercial interests of the Northwest. und even now seems to bo an Incentive to the liberal emigration moving towards the R. | river valley In Minnesota. Tax BoNaPA.RrKs.~-From ull accounts tho condition of Prince Jerome Bonaparte La such as to leave no hopes of hi* recovery. The last bulletins represented him in *9 prostrate a state that his death was daily expected. Individually he will leave behind him fewer regrets than any member of his family. Deficient in judgment, self respect and dignity, bis career has neither been a useful nor a brtf Ham one. The last or tne brothers of the great Emperor, he baa, however, this claim upon our Interest, that he has witnessed not only the foundation but the restoration, of his family dynasty. Like the race whom it has supplanted, the Bailing ot Westphalia, whilst he has forgotten little. seems to hare learned hut little of tte past. When the Italian campaign was projected he offered the most strenuous opposition to it let the -Council of State, of which he was rresiJent. Overruled by the opinions of wtoec jeadi*. he could not help exclaiming." We hare ;ume an tin to the year 18111" Prince Jerome i3? liv?d to find 'hte belief falsified. like most >f hN o'her convictions. But for the good wune wbkli gave him a great military geotua 'or his broUMf, the world would have heard t>ut HUle and cured le?s about hi* oplniooa and iajlug? Fkmm ARRtvsi. or Moknon* ?o? Ursa.? , ^ rhe packet abtp W? Tapscott. which arrived a* this port from Liverpool on Saturday, hroufhi jo tea" tbar etgbt hundred Mormons as passes*

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