Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1860 Page 6
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1 h I 1 jjjff YORK HERALT- j 1 a?KI ?UHDON B??? rT' I ' KDITVK AND rm>THo?-o& / I "To FTLTON 8TS. f ygflF I' W' CO*Kiai or WAWAr^ ( 9 by mail mil br ai tAr Mt, oath in adrunf*. Monr* roaeittd <u raborripiiun \ j/mtmuitr. PnMagt dam %. rnU p~r inyy. $7 per annum. trn DAILY BKUALD ' """? unity. U Aj root* mo n WKKKLT Wuuk 'fry Wnintvliy, *. trtSjwroMMM, ptmomm to any pari of &rrai Britain, r xnifrj.VzttkZt *J&?r?x i? 1 1 *BtiBALD on Wdw?i*, <tf / trmli j?r *%i? Mrr COHKBSPONDBMCB. mrUatntnff <mporf<.?i v?LVmirmm am vmirter tf ikt world, if wi/7 V ii? *HW/or a^Oint PoaniwH (.'OHHUkroKuwr* a nil JJJJjMlT TO Hill UX IilTTIU ANO Pwi' yJBfiCI Mkn <y anmimow wrrwpwtan* N> do md n?W mMMidnihMu VMMTLiKMKAtTK r wwwni mwry It*, adrrrtim i nrnu in yM 4n |A? Wuut Hkhald, Family Hahalp. and in ?A? W>nd? and Alrnai Ethtions JOB FRUfTlf/Q. acwwfed u-UA noolwm. rAoafnuvu and do VohUM XXV No. 17 4 ' l AJIU8HMKNT8 THIS KVRMINO WTVUOH OARDRN. Broadway.?I-adt or Tn Tilll 1 Orvuiu VAOnio-Li I'Amn Afternoon aad Kvoalng. BOWRRT THKATKK. Uownry ? Adtocato?Oou Sou j u?Koout Mac aim?To Oauaa Benson wir-ibh OaRPKN, Broadway, oppaalte Road HmoC? I Ou Plahtatiom. I.ADBA K BUNK's THKaTM, No ?M Broadway?got most Wirw?on J at ah ma Kmoamy. mtw BOW km THF.atkn. Hnwtry.?Hommhoi Roa Ouh Foarunio?Naw You ih UN BAJtNVM'H ankkh'an MUHKI/M Broad way- Hay and '>ld IJOBU at Hiwi-utm Cvoiuoitim, Ac. BBTANTS' MINHTKKUi, MrwDaiuoa* Halt, <71 Broadway ? Ft 1? Bo?ua, Damcu. Ao.?Wk Com a Poos in Hnxa. NIBlABS HAiAHtN, Broad way.-Goo. OnaUTT'* MmtraiLA ih Boaaa, Dahcoo, Hboloiuace.-. Ac.?JarAHaaa Tojlatt TKMJ'UC OF MAGIC, 441 Hr,MuJ?tj-Pnora?AO? Jaoood. Rational CONCERl SALOON, Nti'looa! Theatre ? lorn Dajicm, Bum vistUM. L. ^ CORNER OE THIRTKKNTII rfTKKKT AND VWRTH ATlin'l.-Ouirawu Muionii. TRIPLE SHEET. | R?? Tarh. gatarter, Jaa? 93. I?M. J The Maws. The news from Baltimore ix the absorbing topic 1 of the da>-. The proceedings of the National Convention yesterduy are easily recapitulated. The ' majority report, admitting the bogua Southern Douglas delegations, watt adopted, and the Southern State*, led by Virginia and followed by California and Oregon, bolted. The secedera will go on with their Convention at Richmond, while Douglas will be nominated at Baltimore. There is no doubt from present appearances but that there will be six caudidateN for the Presidency in-the coming contest, more by one, we believe, than ever before nubliclv asoired to that distin guisked station in the MUt campaign. Before the middle of next week we hell Imve:? Black republican Abruluun Lincoln, of 111. Northern democrat y Stephen A. I>>utfl:is, of 111. Southern M<rra*iuu ilt mocncy. ? ? Indrproueut dmiuirac) Stun of Texan Nations! Unmn John Hell, of Tenn John Brown abolitlou Gerrit Smith, of N. Y. Mr. Hmith wiui nominated by an Anti-Slavery Convention held a few weeks since in Boston, and he will, doubtless, be endorsed by the grand powwow which i? to take place over the grave of Old John Brown, at North Elba, on the Fourth of July next. In Con green yesterday the Senate adopted a reeolotion providing that the Secretary of the Interior, instead of the Superintendent of Printing. ahall contract for the erection or purchase of a building for government printing offlce. The Post Rout# bill was discussed, and laid aside, and the House bill authorising a loan of 121,000,000, was taken up and passed. The Legislative, Executive and Judi- I ciai Appropriation biil was also passed. The con- J aiderstion of the Poet Route bill was then resumed, i the question being on an amendment allowing the Poatmaater General to provide for the transportation of the California mailt. Mr. Wilson proposed as a sohetftote an entirely new system of overland mails, dispensing with the ocean service altogether. Aa animated debate ensued which continued till the adjournment. The Honse passed the $21,000,000 loan bill by a vote of M to 77. The bill authorises the President < at any time within twelve months to borrow, on the credit of the government, a sum not exceeding twenty-one millions, or so much thereof as in hia opinion the emergencies of the service may require, to be used in the redemption of Treasury notes now outstanding. The stock shall issue bearing an Inters* of Ma per cent, and the loan shall be reim- 1 burted within a period not beyond twenty nor less 1 Asm tea years. The Secretary of the Treasury i shall be authorised, with the consent of the President, to cause certificates of stock to be prepared by the Register for the amount so borrowed, which certificate* may be transferred oa the boohs of the Tnassnj, under such regulations aa may be established. No certificate la to be for less than $1,000. Coupons may be attached to the certificates, and assigned and transferred by the delivery of the same, instead of being transferred on the books of the Treasury. newea proposals by adrertiaemant are to be In Red, and the noat favorable offer* by responsible bidden in It bt accepted. Mo stock ia to be Waal for ten than par Taint, for which the faith of the United Btatea ia pledged for the redemption of principal and intercut. The Legislative, Executive and Judicial Appropriation bill waa paaaed. A a amber of private btlla were alao paaaed. Coagnaa will no doubt Anally adjourn on Monday. The Poet Office DrAriency Appropriation bill and the Poet Route bill are the only public menaaree aow pending, except the Tariff, and that will go over to the next session among the unfinished business. Ry the arrival of the overland mail, wa hare | Be we from Ban Francisco, to the let Init.. and later advkea from Oregon and Washington Territory. ' The only new* of Importance ia the aoconnta of the Indian difficulties in Western Utah. Several shirniahaa had taken place between the white* and ! Indiana, and a general battle at Pyramid Lake, 1 where the aaragea had assembled in large namber*, ) was Partly expected. The moat intense anxiety Una ffih as to tha result. The pony erpreea which Bt Loala for |Ban Francisco on the 20th nit . sad not reached its destination; fears ware enter 1 lalned that It had been cnt off by the Indiana. By tray of New Orleans wa hare adeioea from DITW W UW I-"111 lim. 1 up migar uhui w ki <t*ady, with l slock of 340/100 bom *1 Hirui u4 Ifateneae Freights wore active. Kj change , os New fork 14 to i| per cent premium. Bp (h* arrival of the schooner Hoand at thin port peter day, we hare reeeired files of Bermuda pap we to the 14th im*. They contain so newt of latereet The Legislative Council, in an address Hi reply to 0 speech of the Governor, eaye:?"It is with greet eetiaJhrtion that we learn from your iEscetieoep the cootinnance of friendly relations I wrfth another powerful country, and the probability (hat aa amicable settlement between her Majesty's poverwmeot aad that of the United Mates will soon remove?we trnet forever?a cause of variance or ( | let raahonal litigation whi' h has occupied their | attention opoo the question* connected with Van- j , Couver'a ialead." The Police Commlselonrrs, at their meeting yet- 1 erdsv, sppoirted II. A. Rowlam telegraph opera- < lor, to be detailed at headquarter*. It wee also die- 1 NEW TC covered that the Por-" r ' < on appointing ku ml leading politician* during the juu-t tour I weeks, at the request of Tburtow Weed: a nong them Scth C. Hairy, an ex-member of Congres.-. from the Western part of the State His duties are that of it clerk; but though having been appointed for over four week*, he has never a* yet been at hie post. The United States mail steamer Pocahontas, from Vera Cruz ltith mat., haa arrived at Sew Or leans, with important despatches for the government. She brings no news of iinportan:e from Mexico. Mr. O. H. Wood, one of the oldest nd most accomplished telegraphers in the country, and who tnr wi'V'i't'ul voaisi liau huH tlu. mattA(roiltf*nt At thff Canadian lines of telegraph. went to Europe several mouths ago on buainraa connected with his profession. During his sojourn in London, Mr. W. made many inquiries touching the prospects of the newly projected telegraph line between England and America by the way of Greenland and Iceland. The results of these inquiries he sums up in tue subjoined, extracted from one of hia letters to a friend in this country"They (the new company) will accomplish nothing except making surveys. We shall never see Europe and America connected hy telegraph via Greenland and Iceland. The more inquiries I make the better am I satisfied that we will soon have a direct line working successfully across the Atlantic, and I hope that yon may live many years after its accomplishment." Mr. Wood strongly deprecates the difficulty which has recently sprung up between the Press of the United States and the American Telegraph Company, in consequence of the extortionary measures of the latter, and predicts that the inevitable result of the quarrel will be the establishment of rival lines throughout the country. The Excise Commissioners met yesterday afternoon, and granted eleven thirty dollar licenses. Mr. Haskctt informs us of his intention, as President of the Hoard, toiuvite the Japanese Embassy, now tlie illustrious guests of the city, to attend one of the meetings of the Board and behold the operations of the Excise law. He will also furnish them with statistical information of the amount of the various descriptions of intoxicating liquors manufactured in this country, the amount exported and imporu'u, l?f(i'Uicr *IUI uic irnuiug urniui imi iwic of the manufacture and effects of liquors, and other information on the subject of a varied and interesting description. The Grand Jury submitted two presentments in the General Sessions yesterday, which will be found in our report of the proceedings of the court. The first attributes the prevalence of crime and pauperism to the liquor traffic, and denounces the proprietors of Sunday theatres in unmeasured terms. The other paper alludes to an alleged abuse in the administration of the militia laws. Charles P. Thompson, who was convicted ou Wednesday of perjury, was sent to the State prison for three years. The particulars of this interesting case will be found elsewhere. TBe Baltimore Coorrwtlow?Terrlllr K(< plostoa of the Democratic Party. The train has been fired, and this time the gunpowder plot of Uuy Fawkes bu blown the Parliament into a maw of ruins. We refer our readers to our copious reports of the intensely interesting, exciting and revolutionary proceedings of yesterday in the Baltimore Convention. Dean Richmond, with his cunning devices concocted a year ago to control the Convention, has thus come to the ground. His thirtyfive votes, secured from his packed convention at Syracuse last September, have done the business. Had the Wood delegation, or even half of it. representing the national democracy of New York, been admitted at Charleston, a less violent death to the party might have been achieved. Treacherously giving it out at Washington. in advance of the Convention, Uwi Uny acre ready for any man acceptable to the South, the Dean Richmond set were admitted without difficulty. From that moment, casting off their disguises, the trouble in the tabernacle Lt-can. liut whj it ia that Richmond and hia subordinates of the Now York delegation did not (Sail back, after halting, at the critical juncture of the Convention yesterday, remains to be told. Rumora are abundant in the way of explanationOne baa it that Richmond and the New York Central railroad jobbers were so interwoven with Douglas and the railroads of the Northwest that the inducements to hold fast to the Illinois candidate were stronger than the claims of the party. We presume, however, that Richmond himself would, in the crisis, have sold out at half price, but that he waa overruled by his associates and their leas flexible ideas of conkiat ..nnu UaturoAtn IWiufflmt Anal Vnnr>wv (Kit Northern and the Southern vote, Richmond at Baltimore hae been in the delicate position of the hero of the "Beggar's Opera," between his two aaistremea? How happy could I be with either, Were t'other <tear charmer away. It is magnifying very much, however, the importance of the New York delegation to suppose that they conld have aaved the party. Had they united with the South upon the Southern platform, and a Southern rhneen candidate, the Douglas wing of the Convention would doubtless have bolted and repeated the revenge of Van Buren. The *< ed.- of corruption, demoralisation and dissolution were sown broadcast over the party under Vnn Buren'a administration, and his crushing defeat in IfMO would have been the last of the democracy but for the folllee of the triumphant whig party. From the follies of the opposition, some new sensation, the almighty nigger, and the lucky accidents of the boor, the democracy, since 1H3 a lean minority in the popular vote of the i'nlon, have managed, like a bankrupt. by the extension of his notsw, to bold fast to the federal apoila. with only a failure or two, down to this day. Their wna a report yesterday that Mr. Hooplas had bent a despatch to Derm Richmond withdrawing his name as a candidate, In order to save the party. The report was doubtless a feeler, a hich It was discovered came too late. The lines of division and of revolt between the Douglas and anti-Douglas wings of the Convention had become too tightly drawn to be any longer within the control of Mr. Douglas. lis was like the necromancer who bad conjured up a spirit from the Infernal regions, but could no bid him down again. Well, what of ail this? Ilere is an explosion of the dominant party in the general government for the last thirty-two yearn. It came j in upon the glory of the battle of New Orleans, | It goes out, goes down, and goes to pieces, upon ' the miserable abstraction of squatter sovereign 1 ty. The event marks a new epoch, a new departure. a new order of things, in our pollti. *1 nffnir* For good or evil, it is the mostmoin-nlov* event in our political history in-- t Imt election of Jefferson. What I- to follow* rhe trium) h of the republican- the eie -Hon of Lincoln, a republican Congress, a republican iriminbtration - and what then? The imaginalion vainly endeavors to compass the comp'tn >RK JlKUAJii), SATURDAY hoi >i>o tha.v - thus foreshadowed tn our po litical partie-., and our whole p >lit. ti system T)?e adherent* of Mr. Douglas have professed h -acred devotion to the democratic part), ac the vn'j party competent to save'the Union. Put a party which, from itn intestine quarrel* over the lederal office* and spoil*. has beconv uircmpe <>at to save itself, may be dismissed and whistled down the wind without fear and without remorse. We ure not prepared to sound the tocsin of di' union with the dissolu lion of such n party. We have some faith in the pood sense of the American pi*ople. Lin coin may be our next President; the wise, pru u?*nt and patriotic administration or Mr. nucna nan maj be followed by a republican administration. We anticipate, however, that a month or two of such an administration will result in the organization of a new party fully equal to the duty of saving the Union four years longer, in a bold, united and irresistible movement for a new division of the spoils. Oar Trade with Chlaa?What la Repaired or (7s la th? Ptadlaf War. Now that the fleets and armies of England and France are on their way to China, to retrieve by force of arms the disasters of the Pelho and the mistakes of their diplomacy, it becomes us to consider what is the condition of our merchants there, and what is the protection we are affording them. During the past few years our trade with China has resuscitated, and is at this moment exhibiting an increase wonderful to behold. The following table, drawn from the annual reports of the Secretary of the Treasury, on com merce and navigation, exhibits the average annual imports and exports of this trade lor eaeu decade from 1821 to 1860, and for each quia quenium from 1850 to 1860, ending on the 30tb of June each year:? TRAUK WITH CHINA. Import*. Erportt. 1821-30 $5,800,600 3,674,519 1831-40 6,619,322 1,274,902 1841-60 5,392,073 1.7U..00J 1861-56 9,967,372 2,3.'*,>j2 1866-69 10,013,321 4,941,4 7.) , 1860?estimated... 11,000,000 9,000,0u0 This table presents matter for deep redeotion upon the influence# that cause the prosperity or decay of foreign commerce, but we have space only to toarh upon a few of the most prominent one#. It will be observed that, while the imports from China varied but little during a period of thirty years to 1850, the exports to that country present a remarkable fluctuation. The cause of this fluctuation may be found in our own fluctuating system of tariff duties. Domestic goods form our staple of exDort in this trade, and the protective tariff era. which began with the decade of 1830-'40. marks the decline of export, consequent on factitiously enhanced prices of cost at home. We thus lost a large portion of our old export trade to China, which we did not begin to recover until 1667, when the new treaties began to exhibit their effect*. The exports of 1869 show a total of $7,127,199, of which $4,233,016 were articles of domestic, id $2,894,183 of foreign production. The export trade of the present closing year exhibits a large increase over that of the previous one, and we believe that our estimate of $9,000,000 will be under rather than over the fact. At the past rate of increase our merchants will soon be free from the effects of a supposed adverse balance of trade, which, however, we do not believe exists now, as we have a large indirect trade with that country, carried on from other parts of the world. With uus vast and rapid!/ growing trade, Its safety becomes a matter of great importance to the country. The general object of the allied xpedition to China is well known; but the plan of the war and the scene of the conflict remain a secret, while the dimensions which the war may take can be known only by future developements. Our merchants, with their families and their property, are established at all the treaty ports, and they should be cared for and protected to the full extent which the magnitude of their interests and the honor of the country require. We fear that this is not likely to be the case, for two reasons an insuOciency in the number of vessels, and the unadaptability to the service of those we have in the China seas.. According to our latest advices from Song Kong, the Germ an town, Mississippi and Powhatan had been ordered on other service, and the only national vessel remaining was the Hartford. The old sloop John Adams is on her way out, and when last heard from was at Table Day, after having remained for some time at Rio repairing. The Saginaw has left San Francisco for Hong Kong, and the Niagara is about to leave here for Jeddo with the Japan**? Embassy, after landing which she will b? disposable for general service. These are good vessels in their way, but unfortunately they are too large for the shallow shore and river service, and we have not a single small steamer or gunboat, so necessary, in those seas. The British naval commander there has formally notified our own of his Intention to provide, during the period of approaching hostilities, for the protection of Canton and Shanghae, but that his resources would not permit him to station guard ships at the other open ports. Consequently, Ningpo, Foochow, Amoy and Bwatow will be left for protection for some time to the casual visits of two ships the Hartford and Saginaw the John Adams being of doubtful seaworthiness. It is true that our government and our citizens are on neutral or friendly terms with the Chinese; but all foreign ers at the open ports are settled together, and in any sudden movement of the populace it will be qnite impossible for them to distinguish, and the destruction of life and property would be indiscriminate. It is but a short time since the wives ud children of our countrymen it Shanghae were obliged to Uke shelter on board of British ships, during one of these popular outbursts, in order to escape a Date worse than death itself. It Is not unreasonable to expect similar exigencies to arise at the other porta, where there will be neither Britiah nor American ships to flj to. It is time that our citisens and their interests abroad should not be compelled to relj for safety upon the fleets and officers of ether notions. We are capable of protecting ourselves, if Congress will for a time cease to take a political and adopt a national view of the requirements of our navy. A little more comtnoo sense, too. might be employed in the distribution of wbst nsvy we hsve. The overbearing conduct of s private company makes necessary the malnt( nance of a number of vessels in the harbors of A>| ii.wall and I'annms. at a cost of a million of do Dors a year to our government, when a n little common sense in diplomacy would sett'e ever) pending question with New Granada. nnd set those ships free for other service. , JUNE 2:1 I860.?TRIPLE The ratification of the Mcxicaa trr?ty m>uthn ago would have liberated three or four of our rhipn hum Vera Cruz, and an energetic attitu le in our pending question." with Spain, Peru and Chile would have left the waters of Cubt, Africa, and the South Pacific, in aa little uoed of American ships-of-war as are those ot the British Channel and the Rio de la Plata. The country wanta a revolution in Congress, the Navy Department, and the conduct of our foreign policy, and leea spending of the public time and money in political Intrigue and factious quarrels for oflloe. We commend the interests of our commerce in the Chinese seas to the attention of the government, before a masaaere of our countrymen there shall involve us in the toils of Eastern diplomacy, and perhaps a China war. Optalag of Use PsshtoaabU He a. sow?A f?w Nor* Remarks to Bsalfkce. "> Vll-I. 11.1 1 iL - A 4 In. TVepUDIUfU UUB muroiog uir uroi nmnm iuvoice of watering place correspondence. coupled with a general topographical account of :he Virginia Springs, which latter document will be found to contain some valuable information for invalids who intend to teat the properties of the Old Dominion's healing waters. Our correspondents at Niagara, the White Mountains, and elsewhere, tell, it will be seen, : the same old story. Nothing could be more desirable than the attractions which nature has given to our Hummer resorts; nothing could be more detestable than the pettj annoyances and small swindles to which visiters are subjected. For example, what can be more absurdly annoying than the practice prevalent at Niagara of dogging tlw footsteps of strangers, and meeting them at every conceivable point with demands for small sums of money. While some enthusiastic lover of the beautiful is standing by Table Rock for the first time, and, as he sees I the mighty torrent sweeping over, almost under his feet, is thrilled with wonder and aw*v how provoking to be aroused from the delicious dream by a request for the eternal quarter. We would not be at all surprised if the people of Niagara village should be found at the end of all things standing in the midst of the " wreck of matter and the crush of worlds," and demanding their quarters for t iews of the awful spectacle. We cannot perceive, either by our correspondence or from the local papers, that there is any desire on the part of the landlords to make the hotels any better than before. There may be a single exception to make in the case of Newport, where a New York landlord who Can keep a hotel?we refer to Mr. Kerner, of the Clarendon here and the Ocean House at Newport?has stirred up the old fogiee wonderfully. ?m.? - ........ ,.r ?v? Da..., iur urn piupucuvi vi uiu awnuuv kiuuoo promisee to carry out our idea, and if be does will And his account in it, as Mr. Kerner has. We intend to try to make the hotel keepers, particularly along the line of the Lakes, at Niagara and the White Mountains, do better. Those who treat their guests decently will hare a good summer of it, as the opening of the Victoria Bridge and the visit of the Prlnoe of Wales will attract a great stream of travel northward. We desire to warn the travelling public beforehand, so that they may do the places most notorious for extortion as quickly as possible. Niagara is one of them. One cannot help smiling at the "improvements" contemplated at the ; Falls. "Two rooms" are to be added to one | avern, and the p'nH^ton1 Wr? generously consti ui wa a prank road f/uu their house to I the river, a distance of as much as a hundred ^.1 ifv.t i1l 1!*_i u i 1 > jaraw. nusi bvuuuiu^ uuoniiii/i muuirvu ina Quebec are full of quiet English taverns, to which the tourist should resort, avoiding the | fashionable hotels. At the White Mountains the I hotels are dreadftilly bad and shockingly dear. 1 The landlords are all professors of religion, and ' they practise it like the Pharisees, by making long prayers and mortifying the flesh of their customers. The mountains cannot be done properly in less than a fortnight, and three weeks { is better. The farmers are always willing to 1 entertain tourists, and give clean beds and | plenty to eat. such as it is. It is not Delmonico'a 1 rtiUine; but there is quite a difference between a j Mount Washington and a Broadway appetite. | Many New Yorkers are kept away from the i White Mountains by the fact that the hotels are I so miserable. And the same remark will apply j to the Virginia springs, where the society is splendid, but the cooking is awful. Our land- j lords generally would find It to their profit to j adopt the European table d'hote plan, rather ' than the per diem. They could then tell exactly how many persons they had to provide for on the morning of each day, and govern themselves accordingly. This rule obtains at all the German watering places which have capital hotels. Under such an arrangement a man with a thin purse may graduate his bill to it, while the rich customer spends twioe as much as be would under the per diem rule. One thing is certain: either the hotel keepers must change their system to suit the progress of the ege, or their buslnem will be ruined, an it hu been at Nahant At place* like Niagara, where people must go, we nball nee, perhapa, before many aeaaoae, some nice email bote In, kept by foreigner!, oa the plan adopted at Badea, Aix-la-Chapelle, Hombourg and Kiatdngea. Saratoga would be just the place to try the erperiment, and we traet it will be dooe quickly. It cannot be loag postponed. Too many of our people have beea abroad and out their eye teeth to be nude the passive victims of avaricious hotel keep era. Tm Diboaa cam, Scavaa at Balttkom? Thb Pudq Ueijaa Ottdonb.?The political aanembly at Baltimore, known aa the Democratio Convention, whoee object la to nelect a peiaoa to fill the high office of Chief Magistrate of the republic, and one of whose avowed intentions it *u to harmooiae ft quarrelling and disunited party, has pronented within the pant few day* a diurnal spectacle of rowdytam and indooency. Within that brief period eceoee of violence and personal enoeunter have been enacted there which, in point of numbera and Incidente, have outdone Confteaa. No leea than flee diagraeeful Aghtn, attended with more or leea eerlooa danger to the partiee concerned, have taken place between the deleft*tea at Baltimore daring their abort aeeaioo. There waa the Hooper and llindman light; the Yoet and Brannan light; the Whiteley and Towneend light; the Randall and Montgomery light, and the Clancy and Ladlow fight In moat of theae caeee blow* were given, blond drawn, and deadly weapon* exhibited. iii hen the tongnea of the delegate* had exhauated the vocabulary of opprohHoua epithet* and vile language, they resorted to the flat and the piatol. covering themael vea with blood and blackguardism. " T" SHEET, connection with her Plug Uglies, Blood tub*, and other rowdy band,, is a* unenviable as it is un ver al; but it was reserved for the delegate* to the lb mocraLic Convention? the elite of the d( ttocrucy?to cap the climax of infamy for the Monumental City, and throw the rowdyism of the Plug Ugliee into the shade. How Long Will Englnni BtUia IndUlTkkr Car of the Mlnnloaarloa. Most of our readers are aware that a submarine telegraph cable is now being laid between England and India, touching at Gibraltar. The progress of this enterprise, which is to reuder Great Britain independent of the Continent of Europe in her intercourse with that country, is being anxiously .watched by the British government, and every means is being employed to hasten the completion of the work. England is wise in thus preparing for the exigencies of the future. She knows the dangers that menace her in that quarter of the globe; she knows the designs of Russia with regard to Constantinople and her own empire in India, and she is, too, aware of the growing political friendship that subsists between the preeent Czar and the Emperor Napoleon. In the course of her history she has accomplished great results, but, if we are not mistaken, she is destined to Buffer equally great losees. The conquest of India by Clive was an ever,t equally, if not more, extraordinary than the achievements of Pizarro in Peru. Both accomplished their objects with ridiculously Inaignlfl cant forces, and the results in each case were sufficiently great to influence the destiny of nations. Instances such v these strikingly demonstrate the moral, v>ower which the stronger nature exerts oebr the weaker; and there can b? produced frt)m the whole roll of history no more stirring examples of the superior might ol l$tyropean civilization, and the Angle-Saxon none, over all others, than these. But second only to either must rank the reconquest of India at the time of the recent mutinies. It was little less than marvellous that Hindostan, with a native population exceeding two hundred millions, including a vast amy of well trained Sepoys, armed and otherwise equipped, whose hatred of the British was of the deadliest kind, and nearly all of whom were roused into open rebellion, should not have crushed the whole of the comparatively few white inhabitants there at the first step in the murderous march of fury and revenge. It was a hard fought battle, but a glorious triumph for England, when she quelled and routed the hordes of traitors that were plotting the destruction of the empire she had built up for herself at the expense of dethroned moguls and princes. Nevertheless, that desperate strug not. n iu j Li. MUwam wsa gie oi nana oaoio ua uu uuiuvb i?u???h not unprovoked. The native population, ever since their subjection, but more particularly about the time of the outbreak, had been treated harshly and with open contempt by the British troops and other residents in India, and what is worse, their religious prejudices had not been respected. They were ordered to rub a certain grease on their carbines, and it was against the caste of the men to touch that grease. This ths English oflloert were well aware of, but they wanted to overcome thai prqjudioe of caste, and they insisted upon the ' order being carried into execution, and this i trma on inm?etuaw> cause OT tne revolt Mom I over, Bbgiish missionaries, m well u some ol the army chaplains, had been endeavoring to convert them to Christianity bj exposing the 1 "errors" of the one religion and exalting the | virtues of the other. Now, there is nothing in this world that offends a Hindostanee, of whatever caste he may be, more than interference with his religious beliefs. The insurrection, therefore, that followed, was the natural result of these combined offences. The unsuccessful issue of that tragic attempt m - - a a. a m iL _ _l_ %_? j i Ia_ vo tree uu-inscives iron lot' Bnacmr* ana lasuiis by which they felt themselves degraded was Dot owing to their lack of physical strength, but to the want of a proper organization, and a more competent leader than Nana Sahib proved himself to be, for he will now be remembered not as the Intended emancipator of his country, but as a monster of cruelty, deserving only of execration. The storm, however, is still pending, the oloods of insurrection have net disappeared i from the sky of Delhi sad Oawnpore, and before many years have elapsed the world will, in all human probability, hear of a more dreadful calamity than has yet lent horror to the chronicles of Oriental warfare. It is more than likely that this catastrophe will be has tened by endeavors to make the Hindoo* convert* to Christianity, for very strenuous attempts are being made to spread the Gospel in these parts by many influential models of excellence who harangue the most select and sanctified of audienoee assembled in Exeter Hall and elsewhere. These men are. of course, ignorant of the mischief they are working; they are unconsciously sowing the storm to reap the whirlwind; yet they esteem themselves, without doubt, the most worthy of philanthropists in thus assisting to enlighten " the heathen n and bring them to a knowledge of the truth as taught by the Church of England. It is almost inevitable that sooner or later, perhaps very soon. Great Britain must lose possession of India entirely and forever. Many of DfT UWU inun? ruiiurui *m?c?uiru mr wi ujw opinion, and all the circumstances bearing upon the two countriea only tend to strengthen It; not tbe leaat important of tbeae is the climate of that portion of the Orient, in which the AngloSaxon race can never permanently flourish. Notwithstanding, there is no reason why England should hasten her own fall in that diatant region by promoting the cause of mlaeionnry societies, which can never by any possibility do any good, but will moat assuredly work a great deal of barm. Tbe "Empress of India," as Queen Victoria has officially proclaimed herself, only rules In that country by sufferance, and there la no knowing what an hour or a year may bring forth. Tbe natives of the three province# of Bengal, Bombay find Madras possess tbe power to sweep away from those territories the whole fabric of British government In a single dsy. Therefore it behoves England to act cautiousl y. We are influenced by no ungenerous, no unkind motives in thus speaking. We should be sorry to see any snob disaster occur as that which we have just named; but we forewarn ber of the tempest which threatens to wrsat from ber grasp tboss Eastern dominions which give bee rank in th* scale of nations. It wtti be well, also, if those who are bent 1 ' *-Vr upon Chiistlaniziug the Jupiuicnc will dr^w a moral from our renurlui. ? 4 CAMPAJON LKOIHI-ATUKS THK HlMUMTUAV BlX.?On* of tfa* greatest evils connected with 0 our electioneering excitements is the influence ; which they exercise over our State and Congressional legislation. Measure* are iutruduoed i which, in nine cases out of ten, have either ! nothing to recommend them or are positively ? ! mischievous. Their authors have rarely any expec tatioq of carrying them through, but 14 nevertheless somtimee happens that they pa? into law, through accidental combinations, or no the results of party compromises. The approach of every Presidential election inundates Congress with measures more or Man of this character. Thus, during the present s?sion, we have had n new Tariff bill to ooaelliatn Pennsylvania and New Jersey, which are considered the pivotal States in the Pi?idential canvass. Then we have had Pacific Railroad bills for four different routes, all of which are intended to affect the popular vote in the fron- _ tier States of the Mississippi valley, and in Tex? and the Pacific State*. The Tobanntepee nod Central American rout? have each been suocorted mere with a view ? ttofr political eflbct upon the South thaa to ] Iheir own merit*. The Homestead hill original* ! ly introduced ia the House waa a block repub1 lican measure, intended to win support in the ' Northwest. It dealt prodigally with the publie lands, throwing them everywhere open to the actual settler, subject merely to a charge of six cents per acre to meet the expense of registration. To defeat this a bill was introduced in 4 the Senate excluding all but beads of families, excluding pre-emptors now on the lands, but giving them a certain time to buy at government price, conferring its provisions merely te lands remaining after a public sale, and charging twenty-five cents an acre, beside the Land Office tees. A Committee of Conference was appointed. and after twelve meetings u compromise bill was agreed upon, which has iiuully passed both houses. It opens tor homesteads one-half the surveyed public lands not yet offered at public sale, and all the lands now subject t# private entry, but it retains the charge of twen- t ty-five cents per acre, and excludes all but | heads of families. Pre-e rupture now oa the j lands are to have their homesteads at sixty-tw# ! and a half cent* i half th? furn>?? mrm to have ten years to pay it in. This modification of the House bill is an improvement on the original measure, and will effect a saving to the country. The government lands are public domain, and they ought not to be frittered away to promote the electioneering interests of political parties. If Congress is to i be thus made a constant vehicle for re ashing ton different interests Involved in a Presidential canvass, it is evident that by-and-by we shall have but a sorry account of the public property entrusted to iU charge. i The J ai" and American invention's.?' ' The Niagara will hood be in condition to tnko ' the Japanese Embassy to their native country, ' for which they will probably anil about tbe 1 Fourth of July, and we esteem it fortunate that they are to be conveyed directly home by that ' vessel, for they will return laden with a perfeet 1 mixed cargo of American inventions, which will : be about as much height as that ship caa ooa1 i veniently carry. The Japanese are an inquW~r j tive and highly imitative people, as the oouraa of their representatives now in this oountry ; manifests. During their visit here they have sopplied themselves with a variety at articles et manufacture, and before they leave thej will doubtlem have accumulated a vaat amount of these things, comprising every variety of Yankee inventions and construction. In addition to their own purchases of bijouterie and curiosities of various kinds, they have been loaded with presents by the maaufhcturera of all sorts of notions?sewing machines, guns and pistols, washing machines, plows, apple pearers, docks, and probably even printing presses, not to mention knick -knackeries of every possible description?quite enough to make a good shipload. All these articles will be viewed with woader and interest In Japan, and doubtless many of them will find faithful immitatora among that , highly ingenious people, ae the rifle hes done already. They will form the material links to bind the two countries together, and when they are reproduced In Japan, as many of them will be. they will remain forever associated la the minds of the people with the Kmbassy of 186# to the United States, which served to cement the commercial union of the great hast and the great West Th?: Militia Fixk Ncuancb InroaTA.vr Pammcytoknt ar tub CbajcdJcht.?We have frequently called attention to the impositions practised under the militia law of this State, which imposes certain fines upon persons neglecting to serve or commute. The commutation is oaly seventy-five cents, and many persons, through forgvtfulnem, allow the time to pass by withowl paying the amount, or, as is frequently the cans with foreigners, without lodging their plea of exemption. After a few weeks they reoeive i notification that at a court martial convened by somebody, somewhere, and composed of God knows whom, a fine was inflicted unoo them for contumacy, which, with the fees, they wilt hare to pay by a certain date. Should the reonaanta fail to attend to it they receire a ascend notice, elating that if the fine and feea, new rwrlled to nearly four dollars, be not paid by rucb a day, their property will be dintrained for the amount. Under thla threat large auma ham been annually levied, the allocation of which no one bat the partite collecting them known anything about The Legialature hue often been called aupnn to interfere in thin matter, but having failed te da { no, it hae at I net been taken up in n quarter thai i promisee redraw. The Grand Jury hare jest made a presentment denouncing the proceedings under this unconstitutional sweetmeat an n nuisance, and calling upon Urn courta to put n stop to them. This will elicit a judloiel opinion as to their legality, and enable people to act upon something more certain than their own uninformed judgments. Tnn Gnut Eaotkrn PnaeasuT on Has Wat at Last.?Although at the laet advices it was not positively determined whether the Great Eastern would sail for New Tbrk on the 20th Inst (Wednesday last), or on the 2.1d (to-day), yet it appeared a matter of certainty that her starting would not, under any circumstances, be delayed beyond this day. In either event, then, we may safely calculate that sb? will be fairly on her way to-day heading towards these shores, to display I few gigantic form to tbouean* ot aniens and I

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