Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 25, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 25, 1860 Page 1
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c th: r? p* OLK NO. 8692. 1 K PRESIDENCY. *1* * < ?f Ik* MMmI t*M*H*M ' ?f MM. * THE FSJSllkKRTLAL FIELD, r CAMPAWS REALLY IE4WN. * U" MUM OF THE 8EVERAL PARTIES. ^-lum of the aami*TB8. gftp cct In Washington of the 1 BoHIa * Nominations, Ac. Ac. tnli*. nominations decided upon by both ? t the demoracy at Baltimore an Saturday last >t? the list of candidates for lb* chief magistracy be V ion to be voted for In November next, e political battle field, the belligerent parties, the baoperations, and the groat strategists sad their subis, who will conduct the fight for power and the are bow hilly before the 'public; and to make the kr still more clear to our readers, we publish the Y ' iopted at each Convention and tbe candidates I with brief sketches of the services rendered <a to M country. ^ ; 1 OUGLAft DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, fia^r in cbaku*ton, arail 30, and aftebw abdrt in saltuiobb, jun1 18. tsk candida ins. ^B* ruideal Stephen A. Douglas, of Illiuois. i'reriuffli. .Benjamin FiUj?aUlck, of Alabama. (1 TBS PLATTOSV. i >> J, That we, tlic democracy of the tfnlnri, Id ? naspimbled, h'rcby declare our affirmation of lions Unanimously adopted and declared as a f principles by the liumocrntic Convention at i hi the year ISM, belie voir that democratic are m.changonblu in their nature when applied a nc subject matter, ami we recommend as our y'her resolutions the following:? [ DHsmnrh as differences of opiuion exist in the ralic party as to the nature and extent of the , ef a Territorial Legislature, and as to the u?d duties of Congress, under the constitution of si 8ut>s<. over the institution of slavery within orlee; si, That the democratic party will abide by the cc#Ai. "i the Supreme Court of the United States over t# Institullhmpf slavery within the Territories. solved, ThaCAl '? the duty of the United .dutns to ^T'/ le and c< -mph-te protection to all Its citizens, at oad, and Whether native or foreign horn. , H?at one if tlie necessities of the age, In a , commercial (hid postal point of view, is speedy icatlon betweed the Atlautic and I*acihc States, ad lemocratic party pledge such constitutional on tt? is will ii'-ore tbo construction of a railroad to p. uu. coast at the earliest practicable pe riod. Bpmi. w That the democratic |*rty are iu favor of the ^Kilton of the island of Cuba, on sucli terms as shall 'able to ourselves and Just to Spain. * xd, Tnsa the enactment* of Hute I/egislalves to i .? faithful execution of the Fugitive .Slave law are ?ti?s n character, subversive of the constitution and evolutionary in their e/kct. BKKTCHK8 OP TBI CAKSIDATKS. fflxra? aiwoto oocni.As, or iluxobi. The subject of this paragraph was born in the town of handon, in the State of Vermont, on the JM of April, 13, and la now in the forty-eighth year of bis age. His Mher, whose name ho bears, was a native of Rensselaer dlaaiy, in this State, where he was a practicing physiian. He died leaving two children, one of them the uhjeel of this notice, who wns but two months old t that time. Stephen Arnold ixjiiku*. at " ? "k? >? j ?i'tf to k*ru the tra lc f ?/ cabinetmaker, at Mtlbory. At this Irade Ite rrougr for two years, aud gating vetrM of Ir-^e sought the means of procuring an eJuoatoo. Ho was admitted as a |*i|dl in the ChaandaiRwa toa^l y, ami entered upon a course of < Umcal judtre, and at the same time studied law with aa attorney f that vill. go, and while there evinced a fondues for ml it ii s In 1S33 be mov d to Illinois, and for some lime aught iw Ik* 1 in the village of Winchester, in that Stole, pile et>..t . I in teai hint; si l. ol ho still contiuned las rgttl stI dies, biMi was adiii.tlcd to th bar in 1S34 In be follow ing year, at the age of twenty two yearn, he was 4>;s.i.,'. .t Stale Atulruey by tli" legi-lamr" aim li nffle.' m n - i ' in IhUfl to take his seat in the leg -laturc. P* was he yoaagesi member the House, M aami ? ?jjnnrtf. .1 >r hi" industry in legislative uiatu'b- Tlic (lrsi osit ao of importance which h?' took in legislation was in Ptekig the mention of the "wiid cat batikm/ system iul tli majority was op|>o*cd to his vitwr, and the ex maioo nieusaro was carried. He was in tavor of a mca re pot'.t'g tl.e railms/brcoton!. uly in t!i j?.>w r of th to lie asbeciji niij held, for a short tdm , ltd |> Us it' r of the laud Oiltce at .4|>riugttchi l.l.uois By i he became a pii'in.i.ent politician, and rati for HI tftrta li'it was hut jn bv five votcJ. lb -luino into for Viui Huron fur the Presidency in 1M0 In k. or, 1S40, he was elected Secretary uf Stale, aild iu 'j ' wing February was clei.jd by the Legiahitarc ? odf ?r .he Supreme Court. He wan sub-oqocntly twice bete. MitBKUibvr of Coi-gnna, butouly served one t. rm. Ih ' * was elected to the United : uk - .vuaU iu 1>K T?, e mber of the lower hot .< h" took rtrmri groiutil p the -yww of ?ww Orasua boundary . and b.loused at Stiroc to the M SO party. He h > ajwat ? t>een an ad dernnl iroprovem nt?; fivwod the M-xie.iu the Indrpt'iHteut Treasury bill, and ha* al. ed the power of Congress on Ike qn- lion *hip in the J1 late* , oppowd the Wiluiot Prui l-o, eaned himaalf in favor of the exten?ioo of the li tine to the PactHe H?* alwav* bo n a frien I lo * .-lead measure* bill. Dunn* Mr Pierce* admin it the Kanea> Nebraska bill tain* up Mr to wa* Chairman of tiie Senate Committee mi a b ttoo bill came, and anally engineered the pan that measure. Thla dnptitne of "pop u M f " w ith other thine* linked tngothar. advocated by Ir * : ? . are qn. imna of the day W. II known lo ur i k r* In Un Thirty liith Congre-i. he D vayl Mr agtlsrt Pruldaul Bnnhaaaa's admini-t*ati.<n m b> er of the admtw-.isi of kan?a* under the 1/ >iup Nation, whteh prtxliwd a *ehi*tn In both b<ni?.M ^ 1 ktiwai IwiihiiMMkeM lo Mbtt tin nrnwre I ?_Mr has born marl bltlrrly IwMilr to Mr Ifcirba I :oiit>? truwm Al ill.' hut SUtr rk-ctMt in lllln?t? pad iter Stair, ami bu purt> . aft.r * >1 %to?M the ,t?m. tbe day. 11- w?r <*n nil/ raeloctaj for anotbrr Hraatnriai trrm tea I.irti br ha* boon cots Morably b-fcrr Ihr public in raMcctMM with llr- qnortrm of rlarrr y In th* Tcrritori*# BCNJtni. rmrjtnum. o? tuitit Mr Pitapatm*, tbr caaduUKi tor ihr Vic Pro- l<rwjr. %? Wa In ?rmn county, t*orfia, Jan* 39. liWJ la ? * tafl an orphan wlsm very young an I In 1113 rr |A .iihaavl.l. r brolUrr to ibr M..-..**ippi Territory ^^LcttM in tlu raltrjr of tbfl AUhaiat nrrr. nrur ^^^thr ?itjr of Montfonv-ry. Alabama, now Manrta lr? M* ?< an rdo-vl... i MM Ml .... I fftM By a* ! KllrJ law, am4 waa a*? m. W waa tow aTtorwar* iMaiaJ 8Utc All > I l*9t On aroanat ?f WwUtim* AT br UMM olaurW inn (MM; < if lit* <*dt ami in tjub ; rfi iy uat.i tmj. (., U I . do aw' a* a d: :n -r.. ,c r iiirlMutr .r IV loo' rlsrtor Tor tW H*M al Inty . I t 1*11 h w, Mat. .( : . T ' ru .r .11 la. t MM la 1M3 In Nbrrtab r 1*4* ?. i . ? br 6< ?riiu r the a|>i"'irt:ii nt of t'nll . .* i - i . I r raraarf acvaonoMl hjr Ike AraRi <<f Pit . >( trA Hr vi-vt-M dui iiig lib.' abort ? M nl *v<*titlv? i- Mi * ?. ?.!. i> . '|? h- . untrg M IV-?i l< 'M . I I n M flr JatSory, M#H ht w i- <i > | W. R KMif, ortoo iataU" hr n'-ii'v lie Un'vnni T "l? i ? !* "?' 'I *' ' ?i/> . m* e\* i?1 fur Hw r?-im < > > v* K .1 rt?* i'ii 3, I V i'I ' > r?4:lPi:W*J?r?Mill t- rut Of .*> -i* H i nothoc of lh? ?*nmiU-" imlTi -ll>ir. ..Wilier A>? f. M " ? PrnMru W ? |ilnn. j?, .! ' ' i'. w if i. .. II II r, a M of Wl Jw-U'ii-til 1*1 a^rt- Ml n?i I'I H l>K*OCRATie C03IVKXTIO.V. VJ> ni*T IV rtoAiu.Mrrnv, (?. c.. ?mn. SO. tmhv iv mnoKn. v4 "TI sf IT WO tn>:nuH;i m *. JI M 21. f II" '*V|.,?,TR. r*" ' " ' -? ' BivMI'I'1.1 ! K w n<s I'm. r I" | f . i. ii 1 UK i'LATrofUI. Tini ; . |4.. .'in . ! I by Ui- |. n . . . ?l<r at <**i rfctmMI ha ??rn?"I, ?Uh i . ) !:> ? ,4 aaao ry rm l ithma - . f.r. TTiMtbOfVyrii mint r? T iril 'jr oqp.n ? f by !; ENE an act of <> agrees Is provtsioaal and temporary, tad daring its existence all citizens of tha United States have an equal right to settle with their property la the Territory, ? touut their rights, either of peraon or property, being destroyed or Injured by OongrMatoasl or Territorial logulattea. Second?That It la the duty of tho federal government, in all lie depart meets, to protect the rights orpersons and property in the Territories, and whororer else its constitutional authority extends. Third?That when the settlers In a Territory having an adequate population form a State constitution, the right of sovereignty commences, and being consummated by : their admission into the Union, they stand on an equality j with the people o< other States, and a State thus organ , ized ought to be admitted Into the federal Union, whether ( its constitution prohibits or recognises the institution of slnrery. Uom'.lviul That Ika ilaani n rrattr nartv iM in fuvnr n/ Ilia I acquisition of tlie island of Cuba, on such terms us nh iil he honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at thn earth -t practicable moment. Keaotred. That the enactment* of Stato legislatures to defeat tie faithful execution of the Fugitive slave law are hostile In character, subversive of tho constitution and revolutionary in their effect. Resolved, That the democracy of the United States recognise it as the imperative duty of this government to protect Uie naturalised citizen in all bis rights, whether at home or in foreign lands, to the samo extent aa ita native boru citizens. Whereas, One of the greatest necessities of the age, in a political, commercial, postal and military point of view, is a speedy communication between tho Pacific and Atlanta cuatttsilherefore be H Resolved That the national democratic party do hereby pledge themselves to uec every means In their power to secure the passage of aome hill, to tho extent of their constitutional authority, by Congress, for the construction of a Pacific Railroad from the Mississippi river to tho Pacific ocean, at the earliest practicable moment. tuutcmu or m cakdidatbb. job* r imwmwn, or aasri'rm. Mr. Breckinridge, the candidate fur President, was born near Lexington, Ky , January M, 1821; was educated at Centro College, Kentucky; spent a few months at Princeton; studied law at the Transylvania Institute, snd was admitted to tho bar at Lexington, where fie practised his profession with success. Daring the war with Mexico be served in ono of the Kentucky regiments as M^Jor, and whilst in that country made many worm friends amongst the officers of the army, and es tabllahed an honorable reputation aa a soldier and a gentleman. His campaigning over, he returned to the practice of law in Kentucky, where he soon made a name for at a liar renowned for the learning, eloquence >?* acumen of lis members. In iMi he ifftf elected ?? 8tate legislature. In this naw sphere he at oaoa established for himself a distinguished position as an orator. His style Is compact, savers and logical, whilst his views on public ?oastlons are marked by solidity and breadth. These qualifications Induced the party to elect him as their candidate In 1851?a Congressional nomination in opposition to General Leslie Coombs, a strong man?and the result was the election of the democratic nominee. In 1863 he was re elected, after one of the hottest canvasses ever known in the Put*. His opponent was On. R. P. Letcher. Among luF numerous ami brilliant apeecbee, that on the Nebraska bill, delivered March 23, 1864, mxy be instanced as a masterpiece of high toned oratory and conclusive reasoning. During his administration President Pierce tendered to him the mis*ion to idpain, hut dutn-.etic affairs forbade its acceptance. Ever ready, however, to do battle for bis party, he did not hesitate to accept the nomination lor Vice President on the ticket with James Buchanan. He was elected, and entered upon the duties of his office in March, 1867. By vlrtne of his office he Is the President of the Putted Ptales P?nat* As a presiding officer h? takes a high rank. He has Just been elected to the United Platen Parnate for aix yuan from the 4ih of March. 1861, to take the place of Mr. Crittenden, whose term expires. Mr. Breckinridge Is about thirty-nine I years old, and ta possesard of a moderate fortune, accumulated by his own efforts juHKi-H u. Lara, or ouooa. General Joe lane, the candidate for Vice President, was born in North Carolim, December 14, 1801. In his Orteentb year he became a clerk in a mercantile bona* in Indiana, in 1821 he married and settled on the banks of the Obio, in Indiana, where bis fiamily continue to reside. In 1822 be was elioeen a member of the legislature, eerv ing in that rapacity, with occasional Intervals, until 1846. lie supported General Jack eon in 1824-?26-'32; Van Uuren In 130O- w, Ban nw IB arm. n? wm auue in uio State Legislature was marked by a devoted patriot nun and a singleness of purpose to advance Um prosperity of Indiana Ho was moat active In tbo arrangement by which the Mate was raved from bankruptcy, and h?r honor from the ?Uiu of repudiation None but thoae who were residents of Uw State In that trying time can aufQriently estimate hit Invaluable norvlcoson Uita important question. In the year 1M0 ho was a member of tlie State Senate, but resigned his seat when a rail was tuado on Indiana to furnish volunteers for thr Mexican war Ho entered the army as a private, and, hi a few months afterward*. was appointed Brigadier General. He served w ith dounctem during thr war, and covered himself with lienor. a)-out August 1. IMS, he reached Indians, where s succession of pulils- receptions were tendered him. but to wbirh lie had no tune to raapuod, for on the lHih of August he was commissioned Governor of Oregon, Without his -ols ttation. and organised the government; wras rdieted delegate to Gungrea* in IM1, ami is now one of tbo lulled Stul<* Senator* from the (dale of Oregon. In polltlrs General Law is s demur rat of the Jefferson and Jack?<? mlaml, and la Umrouglilv acquaint* 1 with the history and politic* of this country. Hi* retentive memory and quirk, active intellect enable him go turn to Immediate and effective use the more Important facts and Incident* ooonocted w ith our innHution* He Is more a man of action than words?mure practical than Chworetioal?and prs-uU Innteclf with a mind formed rather by a study of things titan uf ihcir un'ni names. THE BLACK REPUBLICAN CONFEXTIOS, UKI.II IN CHICAOO, ILLINOIS, MAT lb. Tl? damns ITS Enr Erwrvlml Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois. j hir I tor J'rrtiUftU Hannibal Hainlui, of Manic. tub platform. Resolved. That wf, lite delegate.) representative! of the | republican elector* nf the L'nit?U .States, in Convention aa 1 i eemblcd, ui the iles-berge of the duty wn owe in our couI stiluvute and tntr country , mule in Urn following dectaralioosv?. 1. Thul the history of the nation dartmr Uh last fbur Teari". lia? rttUy eetabllabed the propriety and necessity of the nryuiii?tKU> and perpetuation of the republican party, mid that the ratines which ratted II Into existence are permanrni In their nature, and now, more than ever before, demand Its peaceful and nutstitutInaai triumph. 8 That the maintenance of the priori plea promulrsted In the Iteriaratiiin uf Independence and emlxslted In the 1 federal const Hot Km?"That all men are crew ted espial. (hat ! they are endowed hy their Orentor with crtaim Inalimn tile rights: itiai among these are life, liberty and the pur- I suit <s taippincss, that to secure these rights governments , are tit tltiled among liten.deriving their ju't |e>wcrs frtrj ' the conaeht wf the rovrrned" ?ts raarntlal to the pr.wev- I vaiion ot our nyiMlcss tnstlluti n>?, and that tt> fed.s-sl ronatilulioa. the rights of the .States', and the La km uf the Ftale? mr-l an'', slisll be preserved 3 That to the fni-m of the Wales this notion owe its unprecedented increase in population. Its surprising developeiu'ut of material u sunrces. Ita rapid augmentation ot wealth. Its new at home and IU honor shroud; and we hold m abhorrence all schemes |hr disunion, runs from w bates er sourer they may , and wr .smgralulata the ivuntiy that no repuhteni thember uf Gangrene has ut lend or countenanced the threats of disunion so uften n...dr bv d< m'*.ratir members, without rrbiike and with u|ifMa'>?'i- fri.m llirlr political aaarwiatt*; and w demmnea | I Imn tLr?*U of U it union, la caae of a popular W r throw . of ibrlr ?rpadrary. aa drtiytag iho \ ital prim iplea of a ITee fmrrrntw+t, Met aa aa avowal <4 ooltnijdaUnJ Iran- . am, ?tilth It Ip the imperative duly of au Indignant |wo i | ) atertily to rrbuko anil forever cilcrier. 4. Thai' ilit mainienunte inviolate of the rlyhta of the )p|afr?, ?o?l e?|ietiaily tl?^ right of twb suu- to order and control Ita nwu ilnoee-lic inatitotlonr at-eording k> Ita own eMJopovel/, la amentM to that hohui- e of power* on *hWi the i?-rf' and endurnDee of our pditl<al Mir a depend; and m ?wrnt the (a wttsaa Imaalun by nniX'i font- oi llir aoil of any ritata or Territory, no mailt r under * 1*1 pretext, aa arming tlx gravuet of rrunre. 6 flk.t 111* preterit derm*-ratio admlnlPtratkm luia fir ev-eturtl our pool afipreh' meaia la Ita miwir.-laaa agli. aervkncy (8 th? rxaetiaaa tf a aertiimal, aa ea aUally < Tint ed In Ha draperoU exnrti<?* to f>rce the Inf.tmtx Ire.uniH n conatilul.'iu upon the proUwtiug poopie of kannt -; lii rom-ti utax llto |? mortal r>lui?>n between ) rnaew r .ml wrvant to In voire an unqualified prinmrty in nen?ma- In Ita altrTiuited eiif->pr*>ine?t everywhere, <m land and era. through the Int rveiitbm of Omyeaa and <4 the federal o?irt?. of the cxtci-ie pre l< -op of apurely torai la term, ami la ita gem . a! and unvarying abhM of the power miniated to it by a eoulldtng p t>n|e 0 Unit the p <>pie jnpily view with ate in lb" re.kbm eilrarogutioe wuieh petvale* evert departmust of tin federal government ihil a rHnna h> rlgt I etx.otny and arronutablllty ia lnd|ppen"ahle fo arrepi tho ?y?t matm plnadrr of the public Ireaam y by favor > I pirti*:iu.?, wii'.le in>< rrv- ni >ui umg aevoiot*<ni .uu of fi t :? and i liimi at lho federal nit* alww timi ?n entire uitanga of ntm in let ration In hope rat Irelv dawid -1 7. Thai the no* di*roa lint tka eaaatltulinn, of II* own force. rarrtw slavery Into nny or all of Uk> T.'rrltnrlea of the lulled Hair* la a Uo? nnie paitttoal h. >, ?*> , at varlaaee with I ho outfit proT la Iowa of thai fcalt?ial lt?<?lf, with ranfempniaaiiiu* svpmtttaa, and ?Mh kr*t*lallTe and jmtirtal precedent; la revnMtaaary la it* Ion leney, and anhvendve of 111* faaee and h irw aiy nf U?. count. v. H Thai I ho normal eimdHlon of all Mia larrWory of tin ratted State* la M of freedom lhat aa one tv,rii>ll m Uila-r*. whan I hoy bad abolished alnvrry In all tar ttonal territory, ordained that 'i iqM h* 1' Ch atl of llfr. Iiltarly or property wllheit d i> |.r?n> - t of nr.-' II baoomaa onr duly, by Msi-laiN?n. wh *o -ror ?'io?i l<>( taint am la nmweery. to maintain thi* jctrsn<m of ?h oanatltutioa statu*! all attempt* to TVdate If; and w? deny tbe authority of Vvngn^-, of a Tvrri.trUI I.^hla W Y O MORNING EDI 1 JON MO ture, or of any individuals, to *..? lac i irtfeeooo m slavery in ajiy Territory of the Ci > *lat?-j. P That we brand the recent re wult,g id uw kfr - an slAve trade, under the covor of 01 nations? 'lig, *i.. * pervcraions of Judicial poT*r> ' -r''' scamr. ur manity and a burning sluune to o n ty an 1 j*'- t - d we call upon Congress to take ( u. ' Hiot\.e>i, surea for the total and final suppression of that execrable traflc. 10. That 'n the recent vetoes, by their federal Gorertors, of the acta of the legislatures of Kammb sad Nebraska. prohibiting slavery in those Territories, we find a practical illustration of the boasted democratic principle of uou-iutervcati<'U and popular sovor?ign?y embodied in the Kansas Nebraska bill, and a demonstration of the do caption and fraud Involved therein. 11. That Kansas sho jid. of right, be Immediately admitted as a State under toe eonatiiution recently fbrut-d and adopted by her people, and accepted by the House of : 1632, he became a rami Mat" for the State legislature, but was defeated. TTir next three su ceeding biennial ejection# he waa elected to the legislature l<y tl?e whig party. During his legislative term he studied law, and subsequently engaged practically In the profe~Vm at Springfield; but his ] ra< tice at the bar did rot withdraw hia attenti n from j? lilies, and for many years he was one of lite leaders of the whig pnrty in Tllinoia, and wan on the electoral tnkel in evoral I*fi Mrntial campaigns. Ho was a disciple if Henry Clay, ami * sorted himarir in his brhalf in 1<U4, by making a tour of liiiiioia and advi? ai.'iig fl.iy'a tier lion to th ftwtMenry. Jfe wns elected to Guigr >-s in 1**J. ami aerved till 1S40. While in Oongre the Wlltnot proviso warfare was in |iregi>es. sod dlsturlied tlic pear tad ksromy tf the country, until it shook the foundation of thn I'nioa from its centre to its circumference. H.- cued fnr'r-two Iiiimw for the provi*'. Ha was also active la ?w?*etk>n with hrward, Clmse, tistding* and mis* abolitionist* in the a vital b*i of th?t subject. II also o)>|? ?> 1 the M"Sitail War. and diclind it uliiim-1 Itnt otiai iukI worn*, and voted a| airisi tie- loll irraitlutg 1M scow of laud to tt?e vomnH* r* In the .>ati<?inl UnivautwD in l**i?, or which be w.i* a member, tie a'lv?? *!" ! tin mta nation of fJeticml Tiylor, ami ciemim-d the n*ni nation by a rauvaa* << bt* iwn ."tale. In 1 *.#i bi waa vdlrwut in In* effort* for benoral dentt, ami waa ctmakiered by (be whig* of llliuni* ami tbu Vorthvr.*t an oue of their leaden. From 1*49 to 1*44 Mr Lincoln wa-t <-ngnge4 in Ihv (>r;u tire of In* profowkm. In 1*49 lie m a .aii.lnial. before Ui" Uliu<.ia lytgialaloro for I'm ted sut<-i Senator, pr . -r t<> wliioh he ?tiiini*^t the state for the wbiij*. Wlicn tl I it tetnre mat 11 ? democracy via* in the major, ty. and General dhteM*. tin democratic candidate, war dec let In l*4Mie waa agtin the candnlale of the whig* f r United Slat"* Senator hefore the IrtUlatun}cho.-oii that year: tint the d mnrraey hrinfU lite ina,i"rily, Lincoln waa attain dehmted, an I Judge TTViiliuli, thff democratic oaudidate, elected In lStd Mr. Linii'lu'* rmne h.-aded lilt Fraim nt electoral ticket In niinoii!. In ISM It *aa Ui * draire of the IllmoU Refold lean state Committee to havn Mr. I.ioooin inceeeii Pongla* u the United Malm rtotiate, ami to effect tin* h i *tiimped lie.- State for the rcptibll. an?; m.l It w:w durluf thla rani paten iliat Mr Lincoln made th.. b"*t pollti-al "tieeclws >>l bin lift, ami trout which tlie people of the I lie n w ill at ouce read In* (.'111.0101114 on the gr jit que* timiMof the day. ||e |* a t-irilT man; In Cavor of a protective |??l r: op|?'?e.| to the I?r --1 "cot! dec 1 ..>n. wrung a* an e?pe< ial r'.a?on for ht* t??itioti that It <trpriT<* the negro of the right* of lhat i>v m the oau-litulion of the United nut"* wh.cU to ih<; c:l:Z 'm vf ea..U Male all the rifht*, prlvllei"-* and iinmnnitie* of tlie ?* vera I Malm. In the ntmisigii In Illinois In 1*64. when he tlwnpril (h-1 Mta>? tn opposition to Pnitglum, be showed himself :ui adopt la political strat?gj. and Fnitsxl Ms spi-oehes to tho |or.,|itjr In which lis rjsAie. In one county ho would preuoh ?o?e a>t id principle*, and a dlflbrul and oontradtotory net la other ooon ?!? ?. no Is n<j nralor, itateemwa or H^Mor. hut la clashed lunf 'ig the ?tutup rpcnker? of the Tom ford stamp Mr. Urr .|n was e?mi<,.mtl*ely unknown to llM people Cf this section of Mm Cninc until during the i??t winter, wh? n ho inad? a tow of the Middle and Now Ei*Hni Plate*. delivering |*M1'fcnl stump spnibes nl twenty-Ave tent* ; f t?#*'? admission Ho IctiverH ? sp-os-h 10 lb- Go'i^r In t'.tnte, whirh bo evidently prepared f* lint WW<pupor^; but <*i tlio night i?f tho l-etrre ho inter *p?r?cl It with rnltrsl republican sentiments, fully M treasonable a* beward'a -irro|ir.-r#lblo rociilict" dra-trlne. lie realhatl two nandtrd dollar* from this lecture, Ho wit Tl?ltrd ('"nncrtkut and tltuapcd that Jtato for tho irjMiblK-an*. Tlio !*? t of hi* char* nf an adtntaatna foo tn hi* ba t,if?a thine unknown loftsvi in our p?liti<j?l In* tory?was tho * ihjoct of eomawat ?m<-i?tr bw,liti? r?pul>ll rnns, and in several instances received tho rebuke which such political showmanship deserved. tuttnui aanus. or ?caiv* llnnnthai Hamlin, tho cudidato for Vies President, wns born la Per a, Oxford county, Maine, August 27, I?j9, a a tawyrr by prdMoa; was a m mbor of the Msn.o I^jr latere from 14C4 to 14*0, was elrctod a representative to tho Twenty eighth Osifross, and reelected tn tho Twenty ninth Congr?a; waa a menribor of tho House of Representative* of tho Plate Legislature in 1447, and eWled to the I'nited State* ftraate May 24,1*44. for fixir years, to fill a vacancy oeeaotoned by Iho ilrrosee of John Fhlrfteld. Ho was rn-eleele-1 for sis Tears July 25, 1*51, and elected Governor of Maine 7 1*57, reelentng hi* seat tn the k nsto and being Inaugurated Governor the same day til tho sixteenth of til'' same nxsitli ho wna re-elcct?i| I"nlle,| Xtste# 4eaator for si* ye*r?, and resigned the nttice of (Jot emor r?orunry J' mi. ns m ii"w a i_niu"a pmi"s .? tiai'ir ft>r Mnlnr, and a iwrntwr of tho fiitomitlr - up (Virnmor. <> sil l ' ? lb* Ibntrict of Columbia. Mr Hamlin wan for tm rty a donna-rat. but prior to Ms efc-rtlon v? Oormof of Halrir M rhatigad h;? politi a vry " ?.i.l?'ii!y in ep?*N h In lb" JVtiat" on tin- NVbrv kit bill, arnt aftor that at ta< lud l.lrnntf to Uh> repaMiraa party, and aaccoadod to ilw Vovornorab p by the vote* nn?l support of tbat pnrty. THE UNION CONSTITUTIONAL PARTY. UKLIt IN RALTINOHI, MD., MAY 10. run nnimiTm Phr .Mm BrII, of T"urw??ne /tr I'lf J'ttitlrnl.... .Kilaard F.vnretl, of IhaaachuarHta. T0? Yi.Ai rtritM. f Tlio 1'ni'B, the < oiMitutloa ari'l tho orifrrrrrruont of lbs law*. sirrt rfn or rn* oanwmatck. zona mrtt. r? Ttmwn Mr IVIl, tb? candidate for lh? Frmi.lency, wan born noar Saalivilte, Trnn?a?ar, February It, 1797 lie was arm of a firmer in moderate ctrrom tiwnra, who waa. bow t?t, able to give Mm a food rdraat?ai/l Cumberlnn 1 Cbll 'jr, n,w Na*hrfl)e Calrerei<y, whra h - gratf-ialM in IR14. Me atudieii law. anil as a-tin tied to tint bar In Ulfl. ami aettied at Fruklla, WUMani'oa rotiLty, T? no . tail *u elected to the Plate Senate to 1M7. He *? aaw L? error In eblerinf K * Beprcsctitativw. 12. That. while providing revenue for the support of the general government by duties upon imports, sound policy requires such ?n adjustment of those , in .skits as to eucourage the develop incut of the interests of the whole country; and wo comnvnd that policy of national en hungi s which secures to the working men :.! lul wugt . to agriculture ni :.n piv;. :, to 0M> ebonies and manufacturers an odaq late reward for their skill, labor nn<) enterprise, and to tno nation commercial prosperity and independence. 13. That we protect agu.uut any sole or alienation to others of the public 1-ntfs held by actual settlers, and against any view of the free hi mestead |*?llcy whicn regards the settlers as paupers or suppliants 1'or public bounty; and we demand the parage by Ooogrcs* of lUa complete and satisfactory h .mestead measure which lbs already passed tho House. 14. That the republican jsiny is opposed to any change inouriiutuiuiizali. il laws, or auy i?Uto lefisLUi >u by which the rights of citizenship h:ih"rto accorded to immigrants from foreign lauds shall bo abridged or irn paired; and iufu\or of giving a full and efficient protection to the rights of all ciascen of citizen*, whether native or naturalized, both at homo and abroad. 15. That appropriations by Cuiigresa for river and bar. bor improvements of a national character, required for the accommodation and security of an existing commerce, are authorized by the constitution, and JustWud by the obligation of government to protect the llvoa and property of its citizens. ii rf. ,^-ean la Imperatively demanded l#y Hm lu tercet of tb? whole oountry; tliat I ho federal government o?gi?? to romler immediate and cttcient aul in tu .-ouawuction; and that, a* preliminary t|lvr.. to, u duiiy u\ i-iloud nail should be promptIjr ? tab halved. IT. Finally, having tha* set fartb our di-t motive principle* and views, we invite the co operation of all ciiiceus, however differing oo other question-, who subatautully free with u? m their affirmance and support. "FETCnES OF THE C iNDTPATEB. Ark iimif tl.vCoz.v, of ritaoN. Abraham I.incolu, the republican candidate fbr the Presidency in the campaign of I960, i? a native of HVtffh county, Kentucky, lie was b->iu F? bruary 12,1900. Ills parents were born in Virginia, und were of very moderate circumstance*. Ills internal graudftiiher, Abraham Lincoln, tin.grated from Roikingliara county, Virginia, to Kentucky about 1781-Sd. where, a y<wr or two later, be was kith d by Indians. His ancestors, who were respectable members of the Society of Friends, went to Virginia from Bucks county, Pennsylvania. Descendant* from the **m? lineage still reside In the eastern part of Pennsylvania. Abraham Lincoln, the subject of this mcmcir. farther removed from Kentucky to Spencer county, in Indiana, lu 1M0 Mr. Lincoln received a hmiU-d education. In 1930 ho removed to Illinois, ai.d possod the first year in Macon county, et^nyed In ogricuRural purs-. t?. Ho next went to New Salem, at that time in i-suignmou county, now Chenark county, where he remained about one year a* a clerk in a store. About this time the Block Hawk war broke out, and on the call from the federal goyenmetit for volunteers, a company was raised in New Salem, and Lincoln was elected captain. He served during this memorable campaign. On his return to Illinois, in V 1 4 R v H NT)A1", ?1;Msk "5, IMO. ' ?rlj- t:W|r *i? : 'ift , 'mil i ' , ife* lut Ida y?art vf v to ur? 4rv *e r W 'IH v>r? ! to (|M V- t .Jttrt a . for O (?>(, f I I v .J.a flMfely, L.r U>-? f n a tho 9ta' j I J T*UMfc???, ajwj "wV ;>tul p ' * VH*>ri rf Ail I !?. .unl l1a ^ .-i , ' -M' ,, . ?? .iuM i John (Juincy a t -> Mr.B?u. 4' 't ' electrons be m ?.:? ?in? r >' <?i w I fWino I MB?atiT>-a ftv f- > ?. -1 v.?r. Ik- nu OMtgrmm a j warm admir r Mr u ? iwm to j the protect: m ?retetn,a, a? t .hiss im> - -b j la IMC. S* Wr;U.T.t tnJ Jl daead him t thaag txtr ..^rfvji w dw . ft TM anpunilu) thr MP<? , -toll 1 .'**1 .by" government 'or roada aid wQ?la ?. U ?.?k Id the cue of ?jWM ?r? at r>?d Ar tn! Ui > .r;? I the Pacta-' WaUioa* and in Nvor rf lite j-.U< ? at [ proving tba xr?.M rtv 1 k i lake fc? bo-a. W ith u apparent admiral-M ' r V Ualbm ? ir. Bell . e.t | the South Qar-iiua AkU, .0 of nuUthoMrm, and vrac 1.1 Chairman of the Jc- \3 vnaut, * A lb- Hv?? j o BvprtweewiTef, ? it;. ?p. .5 ret' *ndb 10 the (fi!<wu <e 1 connected with that ftihp *l?uh roighv h.v? la be cmHidtrad and rsnsrien .. :.* f ar L* m ik? r j man of 111# Cuian.:. . ? 'k m. furor of a luited glatoe Bunk, though ha rotcd agaiue , the bill for its rechartcr in 1S33, baoauae.aa it is alleged, ha believed thai tha tuhjaet waa brought up at thAt Mm*? (bar years before the expiration of the old charter? 1 merely to detest ?eneral Jackson in the ensuing Pre sidenital election, and because Iw?m afraid the Preaident would veto Ute bill, which proved to be the case. He protested against the removal of the deposits, aed refined to vols for a resolution approving tftat measure. This reft)sal was one of the causes which led to the subsequent breaeh between himself and President Jack sow and the democratic party, and finally to his co operatleo with the wbigs. This change of party rela tieaa was much accelerated by his election to the Speak erablp of the Bones of Bcpresc&Utives In 1834. bt Juue of that year Mr. Stevenson resigned the chair upon being nominated Minister to Great Britain, and Mr. Bell was elected to succeed him in opposition to James K. Polk, afterwards President of the Uniiod States, who was the candidate of the administration and of the democratic party. Mr. Bell was supported by the whig* and a portion of tl^ democratic party sh) were opposed to ?" I? **f Ui.iin Von Huron as inn. i Uie IQIOHIUU GUU'?H?ti"u "* ??" '? ? --W J coHor to Gen Jackson. The principal ground of Mr. Bell's oppoelticn to Mr. Van Burep was his strong disapproval of the system of resaovals from subordinate offices for political reasons?a system which Mr. Van Bureu bad zealously promoted in the party conflicts of the 8tato of New York, and which, it was supposed, ho Intended to carry out to tta full extent in the administration of the federal government. The flnal separation betwoen Mr. Bell and Gen. Jackson took place in 1886, when Mr. Bull de clared himself in favor of Judga white for the Presidency, in opposition to Mr. Van Burcn. Up to that time there had beou uo opposition in T<nnesaee to Gen. Jackson's administration. and it was generally supposed that his personal and political influence could not fail to subdue the opposition raised by Judge White and bis friends. The whole farce of thA administration was exerted totblsend. Judge White carried the .Slate by a large majority, and Mr. Bell was re-elected to Congress. An impulse was given to the political character of Tennessee, which arrayed it in opposition to the democracy during the lour succeeding Presidential ejections, 1840-44-46-65- When the reception of petitions for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia was agitated in tho House of Representatives, in 1836. Mr. Bull alone, of the Tennessee delegation, favored their rcoeptioa. 9ubm>qiietiilf, in 1838, when AtnertotTs resolutions wore introduohd. proposing to receive and lay tlcse petitions on the table, he maintained his consistency by voting in tho negative. When President Harr>-on, in 1841, was forming bis Cabinet, Mr. Bell was Invited to accept tbo War Department ftrcretaryship, to which ho readily assented. With the rest of the Cabinet, Mr. Webster only excepted, he resigned office on the reparation of President Tyler from tho whig party, in the autumn of that yoar. Tho whi;{ majority In the next Tenneaaee Legislature which met after his withdrawal from the Cabinet off re I him the office of United SutCH Sunder, which he declined. Mr. Bull ro twined la retirement until called by the people of his roi.niy, ID IHI, vu mjiriwin iimu m uic naw< osumi, iu which )ear, on the occurrence of a vacancy, ho ?m eh*. tod to tbo rtiited States Senate, to which lie vru ro el -oted in lSi>3. Ills term <>f service expired iu March, iN'U, since in Inch time ho haah.ju living in retirement trotii public I n'e. In the .Hiiate Mr. TMI oppoaod the policy of annexing M-xko ui<I other Spanish American States to the Union. He war in 1'avor of the compromise uteasur' x of 1U0. but deaired to sc -Urn Menoa then made l'ully a<'tiled at th) t me of the d.vlalon ofT"Xxs nto State*, as provided by the act of annexation. In is.'d, when the Nebraska blil was presented iu the Smut*, Mr Bell protected actual la pasav I:i the eontrcv rsy un the *im..--ijo?) ; Kama*. m Mai oh, lSJS. Mr Doll opposed ths lieoraptrm canetMutlen. ki.w u> a-. iTtTT. or *v?acnr?.m. nw ml F\ir tt. lite Urli a candidate for Vice IVemdent, | was In Pmhtrur, M.uxiaeliuseiU. Apili 7,17M. Hi. (hiker, the Rev. Oliver Everett, was the predecessor of President KirkLmd as paator of tb? V w Smith Churcb in Boston, and was after war .la Judge of the Court of Common Kloaa in Norfolk county, Maea. Edward Everett entered Harvard C<>!1" ye In 1*>7, at the early age of thirteen, and waagraduated in course In 1911, with the highest liouorx, n a class roulaming naore than the average ahiounl of ability. For some time after graduating ho mm employed ui hi* Alma Hater a* a tutor, at the same time pursuing kia studios in divinity, ike profession mIih-Ii tta bid stketcd. In 19U be dc'ivcred spirited |s*tu In-fore I bo Pbi Bru Kappa Hot wly, on American porta. In 1913 l.e was settled M pMtor wf the Brattle atrn t cburrh in Beaton. In 1914 he published several works on religious subjects, an I in Utia year be waa i Ik 'flti J rofrtfnr of fir** It literature in Harvard Collage. U itli a view o( qualifying himself for the duties of hi* peat, be entered upon an extended course of European tied) end travel, kavfog bonie In tla? aprlng of 1913, and paiuKd two years at the famous University of Goiiing<n, engaged in li e atudy of the German language and the branch** of learning connected with tbla department. He passed ibo winter of 1917-19 at Paris. The next spring be again visited Londoh, sad paaaad a ft*w wedes at Cambridge and Oxford. la the autumn of 1*19 he ro turned to U>e CVintloenl, and divided the winter between Florence, Roma and Vaplee. In Ute aprlng of 1*19 be made A abort tour in Greece, returned heme In Um same peer, ami entered upno the dutlea of hie professorship. During Ma residence In Europe bis coarse of study em hra>v?t Uie ancient c Lam lea, tbc m.-lcrn langiiages, the history and principles of public law as then prof?nend In the German uaiventtlcs, and a comprehensive examine ton of Ibaex'dtlag political system of Europe, tkm ilta neotia with bis profrswrsbip b? edited the .Yorlh iaoi-an Hf'ifW. xlish be conducted till 1934 H* ftl?n fm ml time to prepare and pnbl!?h translation of -BwUmna'a Greek Grammar " Mr Everett'* publle life >>(U in 1*24, when be wad nominated am) elected to Onicrif* by the mnalltuency of tlie <ll?triet to wIih h he riftW' il. Hia nomination ran m.vle without hi* twin# ouueulted, ? <! waa a fxuiUumtH movent fit on ibe jwrt of the ???-o of Urn dwirtct, wiibont dintinc Una of party. He woa a iui-porter of John Quitu y Adam*, then JuM ol-Tt. -I rtwiHlont of tho CiiiteiJ *t*u* Mr. Everati *erved tea y.*ra In Oftiftew, and during the whole period be waa a member of the Oanmittee on Foreign Affair*, perbape the moat Important one at that time in the Hon** of RrpffentatlTea In the Twentieth Outgrow he wm rhMrman nf that Anmialtte* In the Nineteenth Goa(nee though then Jual elected to the Ho we, and the yowner*l member of the cammtun*, he draw the nelr brated rrpotl en tlie Panama mtsakm He waa chairman dnrint Mr Adam*' PreeldiDCT, In the Georgia eantmveray. and waa alwnya zoaioui and prominent In hi* eflhrta to ecure (nod uraiment to the lodiann. Daring hi* Cbn (rr?*!onal career be dlaplnyed a thorough knowledge of the politic* of the country and lb* wanta of the whole I'nhm.and hie apeechea alwaya engaged the net pro fti'iid at untie n. In the autumn of 1 Wt he declined n renomiralkm to Omgreea, aa hi* polHloal frlemu In rtaara rhiwetta were dcairans of pweenttng bin name w cnadl date for tin (.Okie of Governor, to wblrb he waa ehnara by i pi mw)(" piwji'i 11/ iu vtm niniiio( nn n m. rw wmm mv*r I ward* three time* ftllMM, hold In* Ui? ernrotlro otBr<four ve?r?. IIin vlmfciiatratlnn wa? dlynllted, naeful and popular. In the .mtumn of IMA, after an animated ?tro? yle be ?u defeated In another ennteat fbr the giibarna torial chair, by Marma Morton, by a mujnrlty of one m?? In IMO ha miM for Europe with bia fhmlly, and remane d abrraKl for Ive year*, futur of which be pwwd aa A mar I rati Mhitater at tha Court of St. Jamee Purlnf th-< p*r?id of hm mlaaIon aome delicate qiicellnn*, of whkli that nf the Not thcactrm boundary and tlx* Mcleod cane wer* Oto nv*t iwominenl, threatened the pacific. rotation* of the Catted i-'tatea and Oreat Britain, and to their am loth!* ad jnatment the rtrmwaa and diplomacy of mir Mtnieter largely contributed. TTir cam- of the Creole, and qw>?tiofM connoted with On-yon and Texa*. woro al*o ilam-nt* of Irrltatnn. He pro> ur?d at rartoua time*, and Ml the flawof groat obstacle*, the releaan fTntn the penal colony of Van Pieman * lartt of tlrty or *er*ntr Amartoan cm ten*, convicted of parltr ipatlon m the i Mnada rebellion The ?|o<-e allotted to ihla ?kei< h will not allow'aa to run mArat* hirlher tha httraPnahle aerrleea of Mr Kvamu ahlio nnr Mini?ier at England Mller It to any, hi* oai* ?u of lint mtet dignified character, In lite uprlnti of 1141 be tr*a appolnletl t<>f||| the newly enmti luted ommtaulcm to China, with a rlew to e*iahll?li coin i mati *ial Malum* ailh that country. wheh honorable irurl he tu ' omjelled to decline Vpnn hla return to the United ,-tati*. la 1*4A be waa boaru Preaxteal nf Barv?rd l'ju';rrHy. hat h.? impaired iMmth cost ERA palled hint to resign hie poet at tbo end of that I year. In ISM he wan called upon by ProHntant Kill mora to Oil tbo vacant 8ecrotaryshlp of Sin-, made vacant by the death of Mr. Wubxter. Bo j held the office during thu last four moutlu <>f Mr- Fillmore's administration. The condition of the puti ic hoaloeM made them months of moat severe labor. Among the t matters that demanded his con- < '' a relating to tho Creacvut City kf"hi. and the negotiations pertaining to ><Ji:d?dan Internal ion: il copyright con vu. . oh i'- - Iritain, and a Consular Convention w nil . o, u> * viewed Um? whole subject of Central Kl -r .Wr , . tl.eir relation# to the government of V ' Great BriUiu, and induced Congress : > . su u 11 of the first class to Central America. Hut vbe qu , t> tout attracted moat of the public iuterea! ?uj Hr. Eviett's administration of the D-part ibeut '-r Sin. <*ra the joint proposition of Great Britain arw* 1'rsjn a to eut-r ?ith the United States into a tripurtU eeiv/entk>? guaranteeing to Bp*'0 in perpetuity tbo ejtwvivo n?ji "we i. of Cuba. This pr monition was decBnrd b V I'!'1' <1 r tales, in a diplomatic note of great '> oiy " Mr. Everett. Before leaving the Dope. a. . nt Everett was elected by the legislate.. jf i.-'V? .' to the sJenato of the United Mutes, twJr 1 >*. .hd* body at the commencement of tbo ?r*eta "> siloo in March, 1863,'and made an , tiat or trt^ee lie Central American question. Such , ma ' euu. i?o dr. Everett's career. Though past * if. U * ?<T tu ir he is still in the full vigor of his In ' '.allc ' *1 fa. %i<d bis latest efforts surpaM In merl I tie- v .. .em ,th of his manhood. Those who re e u Uu .a , - thirty years ago r.coguiso in it the same are and ni??j that charmed th?m at that period, refined and chastened by long practice and familiarity with all classes of auditors. It is rare to ttn^ a m in who has led ho laborious a life, displaying, after years of toil, so keen an Interest In every movement of life and oflhirs. Though clamed among the conservative men of the couu try, he is the eloquent advocate of rational progress in every form of social dovetopemeut. THE PEOPLES' CANDIDATE FOR THE PRE3I1 DENCY. Sam Houston has been nominated for the Presidency by the Stato of Texas, and at various local meetings throughout the county. His platform is the record of his public life, which is rather too long for tbo columns of the HtlULD. ? kkwrites nt ran viv Sun Houston was born on tho 2d of March, 1703, new Lexington, Roxbridge county, Virginia. He lost his father when quite young, and bis mother removed with her family to tho banks of the Tennessee river, at that timo the limit of civilization. Hero he received a limited education, and passed several years among the Cherokee Indians. After having served for a time M 9??rk V? a country trader, and kept a school, in 1813 he enlisted in the army, under General Jackson, in the war with the Creek Indians. He distinguished himself on several occasions, and st the conclusion of the war he had risen to the rank of lieutenant, but soon resigned his commission and oommeuced the study of law at Nashville. In June, 1818, after a few months of severe study, he was admitted to the bar; in October, 1819, he was elected District Attorney Ibr Davidson district; in 1821 he was clocted Major General of Ten DOiwcc; in 1823 he offered him.clf as a candidate for Congress, and was elected withont opposition; in 1B2A he was returned a second timo to Congress, almost by acclamation, so well satisfied were his constituents with his course in the House of Representatives. In 1827 he was elected Governor of Tennessee by an overwhelming majority, resigned his oflioe after saswlnw lurn vosru unri ri tiutvoH trx Avlrunaoa iilA mlhai northwest of l.ittle Rock. In 1832 he repaired to ffwhington and laid before the President the cleareat and moat overwhelming evidence of tho conduct of the government agents in their dealings with the Iudtaus, and the result was the dismissal of a Urge number of principala and accessories. During a subsequent visit to Texas, ho was requested to allow bis uaiuo to be us'sl in the canvass for a convention to form a constitution for Texas, prior to its admission into the Mexican Union. lie cou*eu tod, and was unanimously elected. Hie constitution was submitted to Presidcut Santa Anna for approval. It was rejected, with a demand for the Texans to give up their arms. They dc terminod upon resistance; a militia was organi?<d, and Austin, the founder or the colonjr, was elected Commanderin-Ciuef. In which ofllce he was shortly after succeeded by Oeneral lloustou. He conducted the war with vigor, and Anally brought it to a successful termination hv the battle of San Jacinto, In April, lHdti. In May, 183d. ho signed a treaty acknowledging the iudep uiteuos of Texas, aud in October of the same year he was inaugurated tho Arst Presideul of tin- republic. At tho end of his term of ofllce. as the saute person oouM- not be win Stitutionally elected President twice iu succession, he became a member of Ibo Texas fVnigreos. In 1841 he was again elevated to tho Preaidi ntiul ciiair. During the whole time that be held tliat ofllce his Uvorito pulley was the annexation of Texas to the United ."tab*, but he retired before the consummation of his w|sh<?. In 1844 TSXaa hsnsmc one of the States of the Union, and tieneral Houston wo* ulecied to the Senate. His whole public career bos been that of an old f.ishioned Jm Um demo crat. He is one of the very few remaining personal friends and supi-iiters of "<?ld Hickory;" his life has been s life of romantic and heroic adventures, more remarkable than tlx which rontrihubsl so much in 1854 to the popularity of Fremdat. He lias always bees an inflexible champion of tlie Union and the peace of tlie Union. He Is opp>isod b> opening the lavs traiflc; ami he now stands upon the brood Union platform of Mr Buchanan's administration, with a slight spread southward. THE INSURRECTIONARY PARTY. At the Convention of insurrectionary aholitioniste of ino John Hrown genus, re>*?ntiy noiii in ??!?, tierrtt Sinilb wasnominated as tbeir candidate Tor the Presidency. The platform of the parly Is tho total abolition of negro slavery from the Union. The Convention will roasaemble shortly ml North Elba, In this State, tbe residence of the surviwug relatives of tbe late John Brown. THE VERY LATEST. Utttfrail Particular* sf Htlw4i)'i Prf tcdk(i hi liKkNfc lit Uert ?f Ike HbIuIIom hi laNkwrr, fc#?t kit) kit Haiti* out, Juno 34, ltflO On account of Sunday interv<mug, many of the trailing delegate from tho Southern States, and also fran the North, ore stlH here. The nomination* ore the subject of general dutcumien. Tho Southern men are Jubilant over their suooest In having so gulckly and with such unanimity dispiwed of tbcir.hnslness. Wliat cost the other Convention the labor of a week bore, to say nothing of the time lost in Charleston. the decoders accomplish*! in a few hours. It was a ma-terly stroke to flnlita the business and seod off to tvsrjr State nominations on the some day as the nomination of Douglsa and Fits Patrick. The withdrawal of the chairman. Caleb Curbing, from tbe theatre to the Mar)land Institute, gave tbe roup ds (jrorr to the whole proceed lugs If one Oinvrntmn had a greater nnmV-r of d-|e*ale?, lh? other had a greater number of (Hate* represented. TV one rail* lt?rlf the ftemnrrntK* National CbarentKM, and tV other the National nemorratlc Con rent ion TV Houthern men who remained in Iho rVnig'vt Con ventloo to the tat tiymtut attribute the (innI cataetropta to two thing* ?Tlret, the ra*callty of the Albany Reg -ncy, and necondly, the conduct of the two bogus delegation* front Alabama at I l?ui?tana frfciug tVmerlvr* into the Convention Many reflect upoa Ku lijfd *>, of Ihiaol?, and I lean Richmond?the one for not ?Vwlng the telegraphic despatch from ftougta, miggrMlug hit withdrawal from llie cooteet, and the otlier for not ahowiug hi* Utter to the *ame effect, till It wit* too Into. II la a doln*ioa to think that Ute personal popularity of Motile can euttain Dong la* In Vni'iana against the general acntunent in New Orleans TV party mlo IV roael, and in tV Male at Urge IV rrguUr dentorrate will rertiinly defeat iV fools party. Nor U the name of Fitgpatrick popular aa he u likely to overthrow tV regular democracy in Alabama TV name U IrUh. and it U mild Uie election ha* more to do with the North than IV Mouth. I had mipt?eed In-fore com trig here that Dougta *w popu lar In thM citv hot the rererae I* true I.i t evening the midnight apeeehea fiom the Gilmor H'?ii? attracted three for every one who lirlened u> the nratert at Reverdy Johneoa'a. and wlieucver an atu inpt waa got up to rale* cheer* for Ibmglaa they were drowned in fronna. Th? rnthn?Mi?m on Rrecklnrldffo mo I lstnr hi. in ten*?. The general tmpree*ion la that thta ticket will aweop every Hoatltcra W?le. Thehnta leader* are evM-itly d'? appoint< <1 and tmly nalmlate on the Vnrtb They fael convinced that they cannot carry the Satilh. and they are already talking of another convention wli h will unite the party, and nominate anme tfng in in n p! v ? of Pongl\a, who ran now retire without womvied honor, after having ? eivoil a nominal i<? of "? kind Teatenfay a gentleman of UmKiaiia m.vl< two beta with Mr Dniiiaa, of Rcwituckj ?one of a Umqeaiyl dollar* that Mr 1> gla* will not carry the electoral mto of lltinoand another of a th<> learnt doltara that the Dmekinrtdga ticket w II obto n a larg. r n td throughout U>e oontry than the Wuflae Kltot. Kw, howavcr, wiU hainfJ Um L D. PRICE TWO CENTS. . - . ? . ^ aaeeilion that eiilior can be elected by lb* people, and tiM alternative is obv.ous that e.tber Lincoln will bo elected, or the election will bo thrown into Cungreea. The regular Louni.iua delegation have plenty of money' to spend ou the election, being worth among them thirteen millions of dollar.'. The Douglas Convention forgot to name the place of holding (be Democratic Convention in 1804. Perhaps they thought such a resolution would bo superf! is, as there will probably bo no democratic organ u in existence by that time. The other Convent. , however, have made provision for such a contingency, and named Philadelphia aa the next place of meeting, which certainly does not look like a dissolution or the Union. U is expected Mr. Douglas will make a strong pro nut ion, in order to take the Southern oreeze out of Breokinridge's Falls; hut tho Southern m-'a laugh at the idea that the nomination of Douglas is any nomination at all. Before the breaking up of the Convention his highest trot* but from that must bo taken minorities which were swallowed up by the unit rule. The exact votes tor him, if heads were polled, would be 138?wnslderaWy Its* than a majority. The nominations of both the Democratic and Bstsdtstf Conventions were received well here by their respective friends, but alt tlia outside enthusiasm la for Douglas. Tb< re was much excitement taat night about ths hotels. The nomination of tbo Receding Convention was tendered to Ifr. Guthrie's friends as well as to Mr. Hunter's, hot both candidates declined, it is understood that Mr. Breckinridge will accept. A chnllenge baa tx-cn scut by aAr. Pmith, of Cullfornla, to Mr. N'esbitt, of Illinois, who was tbo delegate who declared In the Can vent ion Jduring Mr. Rmitb'a offensive remarks, that if Mr. Curbing, tbo President, would not protect the members, they would protect themselves. A large number of persona went to Washington to day, both the friends of Breekiuridgo and of Douglas. Moat of the New York delegation return to-night. sraca op menus boi l*. When the state of I/iuisiana wan called, Hon. r:erre Soul* rose and was received with enthusiastic cheers and applause. After silence had been restored tho gentleman proceeded as follows;? Mr. Pkotdxtt?I am appalled, trulv appalled, hy thfl expectation* which the welcome which iuut jWfC b660 extended to me Metis to signify. I am tbo la*t man in jbuj Cvuyi.hWvtt bum YiUm olj Uu"tE Uvecrviug these manifestations could bo expected, and it i.i at oooe with a dwp feeling of gratitude fur what kindness there was in them, and of ft"** diffidence that I attempt to addrew you on this most solemn, most momentous occasion. Do not afraid, however, that I shall treoEm long upon your kindness and your attention, t u few remarks from me will lay the foundation for the vote which I shall east for the noble State which I have the honor, in part, to represent In this hody. 1 hava not been at oil discouraged by the emotion which turn been attempted to be created in tills body by those who have seceded from it. We from the fat tbesl South were prepared; wc had heard around os tlie rumors whkh were to be initiatory of tbo acts which you have wltnessed on lliia day, and we kuow that oouFpiraey which bad been brooding for inonlta I met weilii break out on tliis occasion, and for the purproes which am obvious to every member. Sir, there are in political life men who worn unoe honored by popular f&vor, and consider that the favor has become to then) an inalii-uable property, and who cling to it as something that can no longer be wrested from their bauds: political ft sol Is, so much encrusted in of hoe that there is hardly any power that con extract them. (Applause.) They saw that the popular voico was clearly manifesting to this glorious nation who was to be tier next ruler. More than . iglii or ten months beiorc this i onvenisin a-wntbi-d tbn name of Ui?t future* ruler of those Slates had boon thrown Into the ctovwt. sad *H before the people, lust- ad of bringing a candidate to op|>oae him, instead of creating before (he peo|4e issues upon ahicu the choice of the nation could be enlightened, instead of principles discussed, what have we seen r An unrelenting war against the Individual presumed to be the favorite of the nation (Applause ) A war waged bjr an arm/ of unprincipled and unscrupulous politicians, leagued with a power which could not be exerted on their side without disgracing itself and dbgrwtng the nation. (Renewed applause) When this Ouuvenlion axwmbled at Charles ton the idea bad not yet struck their minds that a movement of the nature of the one which haa just been etl.-'liet could be ba> ed upon the doctrines of lbs distinguished gcutleinan from Alabama (Mr. Yancey), who has fathered this secession. It was presumed by those | ml It leal intriguers outside of the Convention, who were ru uiu-uvcring the measure# through by which the destruction of the democratic party was to be effected? t km presumed by them that it would bo In their power, after raising the storm, to master and quiet It; but It will be found, before forty eight hours have claimed, thai in that stoem they are bound eventually to sink and disappear. (I-trad applause.) For It la Idiofor South em men to disguise the true object of that movement, bee ess ion from the democratic party can be nothing els# than a disruption of that |strty at the very moment whan the hopes of the whole nation are haugmg upon tts continuity In |lower. (Applause.) Hone**Ion is a word Intended to conceal another word of inure fcigniiloaocv. If secession was to tlnd sn echo among th? people of thin great confederacy, then no longer could this republic boeni that 11k- structure which our fathers erected with so much our bandp. ud tint P>m\b accepted the com prom lee, and lb? rompmtnlM became the law of the nation, certain!/ of the partr aa far ae Uio quad em of win rm mod I am eurpci-ed at the extreme aentltli 11? exhibited by m<n of the Houlh at thia day upon that question of now Intervention. Johd C- Otlhmn, when the liimw rompromiae tendered by Mr. fU/l'W "f fMawiww, waa being dtanaaiMl in the United Statae .donate, John C Callmun nmaiderad that I be pr>f*T to ntaca ia the band* of onr lederai tribunal tbe question of tha extent of power In the terrltorlee wa? to the Wuith a enAcient Suarantco to make acceptable the compromise trowed, and wln-re Mr Oilhoun could ataml, a Southern man need act fear to ataad. (Applause ) I have eaid. In the very unconnerted remarha that I Into h ait iKo ki..,oe tn tihnil Id I tmi. thftl aorv<iainit maana A\m tinton tn<! I *111 jr> ?n now to ahow npnn what omM*ration that op In bin of mine M |<redlr?ted. What W the am-aik* *1 hnnef (* the one hand Northern abohtbuiteUi f I;ian intervention fur tlw nurpoee rf e*ch>dla* ulnvary from Dm Tarrttnrino; on the other hand "ton'been man claim Intervention on the pert rt < "h*reea fhr tho pnrpnoo ef protectm* alavery In lb?Territories. Now. 1 and Anothera gentlemen here and claewlvrr are jroo ??rtoua. whew the battle I* thn? drawn?when the line* are thnn drawn nut?when the whole etrength of the North la combined with the irrert atreti*tb on the part of tho Went, to rtrlude alavery from the Trrrltorleaf Am jrrm, my friend* of the Honth, in enrneat when you aak to tubmrt the proteetmo of yn?r properly to the kerp.o* of anrh men aa may ho ?cnt from the North ami Weal lo rooatituto the m*Jnrltir in your <ho*T' *" There ta not a paper In the Amtb which 1* hot leemin* with denim wtb'iia that (Imcreea haa became a rotten body. U>at the ina>irlty In hnth houaea In In henrl. lo all intenla and pnrpnare nppr?Oi| to alavery, and yet tbcee men who aet up the y.-etetitmu of he In* the esrluaive friend* of alavery at the trwith.aak thai th> protect urn of a la wry ahall tie put In tho keeptn* of that eery power which M mpreeented aa be in* heat upon it* (ounwrvw OM anaxu nerlUceiuid ao uiu- it lull, waa a now "i|irriiu>-oi. mom phni mart beget die'inkm. l'|>un what pretnaca muat nu? awn be |irp<ii(Vil#d I n ill r I In Knar Iiml gaillla nn-n who stepped out of thw room Una morning iba injur tut; to auppuje I tut they truly purled from you btcanae of your having dee.ldad llm i|Uo*tion of Internal organ i?t ion In a manner tliat <1|<I not agree with their \ tew*. They may glvo thus an a prei -nce.j they may aaa It ax a rloaic to cover their daaertkm from (he |*rty, bat the truth ran not be diagulaed. Whether deluded or aot they are tool* In Uie hand* of Intrigue*, and Un-tr ooaraa tnuxt ntT<**.irily tend to damn ion. (Applaunx.) Many of up who then itie representative* of tbo ftmit^i In the National Oidhnlu, believing that tbo ^Mtth wop in earw-vt and oooauWiiig nureelve* Imnnd to Mlow In their lo<>t*U'|?. fought the battle, not with tb" view of creating the roiilingoiuy contemplated, but to defend tbo right* of the Mouth, and oppoae the introduction of I'altfomla Into the rouiK-ll* of tin' nation. Ttial, at that Unto, war to the Mouth the gn-ul wrong, and lite creating of * gTtat danger, b< < hupu not only waa California romlng Into tha l'nl"n wKtt a eonrtitutlon obliterating the Miwtourl c'mprnm;** hire?It la naid that tbey carry wttli lh<'m nut of thia Convention, the ajrmpalhlea of the Mouth Believe it not. (Kenewed applan*".) rtlievn It not; and I have, in my own aiperkiboe of ttie paat, certain vrong rearnna why I i aii in it hring my mind to the *u|ipu*tt|oti that the Seith, under the prexetit rirnr.nntan .*, ran re*pond to that Irmvement, and I Will briefly lay them before you. In 1MV and |H60 wbeu tfcllfornla wax afeail being admitted into line Ld loo, the Mouth ran again rt her adtnliwlon. paxeed resolution*, and lmpre?ae.| upon the minda of llm North, that If the outrage waa perpetrated, a he would nerede from the Colon not <aily waa abe coming into Dm Cni?n without havuig (award through the ordeal In territorial evlaten -e ?not OTil j ww ?r?r t 'mi iijh mi'i tnm nrtpin r -i rty inw miliUu-y forcca <if the fc<l. r*l government. but her en trance into the I'nlon wa* going to destroy that power nt number* ehkh wan the last bulwark of our projection in the Serial'- In Uie lumber llona* <rf fkwigre** W* fought agmnal Uiat wrong?w? engaged In the battle to maintain our right* to tlic U?t, hut * lien tlje nocation came to the U?t, tioe alter Uic other * -aw the mate* of the doulh rereding fmm th' lr pneltioo, disowning every eflbrt we tun I made to maintain onr right*, and, let me any It with urruw, dragging iuto llm very gutter for the very devotion we hail rbown them. And why did the Houth do thief There la do ungrateful hreaai at the South It could not be that a he wae Inclined to dirown the aervicea of I hone who bad vtnod by her to the taal, but II wan berauee ahe coualdered, and truly eonatdered. that even an impending wrong wan not to br |?it in the etak with the preoerratloa of thin glorloua confederacy?(great applanae)?tnd we In ?hod letter In their w|abc*. out of deference to their .-onrletaioa, aurr<-ndered We coor Idered that we were In dntjf bound to abide by your own declaton*. and perhapa it may not be improper for mo here to refer to the ornwlder Mm me n j am whirtftb<ee dectaKina were nredicalori. The only com pern ration whteh the Amth eoold find In the me*, pun* generally known aa lie Cumpromiar meaaurea wv, uwf do. trine of noil intervention then claimed, t Aiwdanna.V That waf the only boon oflrrnd to na In thorn daya aa a rumnenantlon for the great aarrlftee whteh waa aaked aa

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