Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 26, 1860, Page 12

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 26, 1860 Page 12
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V r 10 ffiTEBESTBG r*01 VAflDMCTOl. The Closing 'tout* of (lie First Session of the Thirty-Sixth Congress. ADJOURNMENT AT NOON YESTERDAY. &AVI BBO! THE COVOOE COMMITTEE. UffORTAUT MUTEST OF THE PRESIDE.VT. DEFEAT W TFJ3 VOST ROUTE BILL. Fusaf* of the Foot Ofleo Beflotency Bill. Bon-Aeoep<Mi * by Mr. Fitspatrick of tho ' BohutaMFoii for Vice President on *the Douglas Tioket _ \ The Tionnation Accepted ly H. V, lehisM, of Getrgla. din &o<i Ac. Oar Special WadUngtwi Oetpatch. MB. f ntTATtUCK imCLtHHH TO WR Am VMM l?MKfD?NT*C N THK DOCtihAS TICKKT ML H. V. JHNHON ffiLKTB) TO FILL THK VACANCY?HB ACl'U"ra TUB NOMINATION, KTC. WAMHiNuroM, June 26,1MB. Mr.'Fitspatrick, the nominee of the Douglas democrats for V ;? ITomdent, retires from Ike field. He declines to run i (ion lbs Douglas ticket, und casts his future political fortunes into the extreme Southern scale. The selection cf*Vr. FiUputrick was the work of the Southern dele gates who remained wnlh the Itoaglas Convention. The eb<>ico was conceded to them toy the North, and Now York signified its intention to cast its all powerful unit Tote for any man agreed upoa by them. The blunder, therefore, of the Domination, if it is to bo considered as a blunder, rests with tho South. The National Committee assembled in Washington yesterday, a quorum being now there, and filled the vaoanoy occasioned by Mr. FiUpalrick's withdrawal with the name of H. V. Johnson, of Uoorgta, who has accepted the nomination. The friends of Mr. Drntghtn say that the w ithdrawal of Mr FiUpatrick wiii twit us|uur the strength of their tick ft, but is more likely to prove a bene tit than ail injury to them. They assert that the more evident becomes the bitter hostility oft lie South to tho noinitce, the more sympathy he is likely to liud in the Northern statist, ami that nothing is so likely to create enthusiasm ill his favor as ibe idea thut a ."Southern prescriptive crusade w to beinitiated against all who buld fellow -.tup with liuu The withdraw al of Mr. Fitzpn trick is waUl U> have be. u secured by Mr Yancey, who coulideutly assert-xl a* anon as the nomination was an nounced. that th? nauie of hi* fellow A la bam i an would not rema.u on It* ticket for forty.eight hours, anil who pro reeded to Washington oa Sunday to vusurc the liiitlllmeal' of hia prediction. Mr Wk kltfle, of la., war considered the moat proen te nt candidate to day, but was set usidc for Mr Jobuaon. Mr Johnseu was prcM-uled Id the Natioual Dec* sialic Douglas Committee tu the ladle*' ordinary of the National Hotel to night by Mr. Ihclt, t utted States District Alter ' Ley ol North Carolina, and in rwsjwus* delivered an ad ?!re-? accepting the nomination and reviewing at -sane length the doings td the Coursntion at itulliuiore. lashing Ibe ?.vedrr* ami w-aertuig that they were not actuate.I by ' principle in .irgaaiciag a new-Convention and placing can d i da lea in uotuiuatHei. li arxwiajmjk op A large tiody, aceonpanted by a band of innate, |>to< ceded to night to Hie rcHldence of Mr lirwkiuirldgc. tuci having 'creiiailed Jiiiu. lie, in rc.-\?iose to reputed calls appeared. saying he felt <lee]>|y this manifestation o friendly regard, and accepted it to. an ap|>roval ol the pro reed nig* at Haiti mure, hy which the Natl, .ui.l Drmmrali t'caiveiila.ii presented he name and that of hi* Italian and houor.xt rriend, lieueral lane, as lor President mii.1 Vice I'risudent of the l'uitc.1 Map IIn n> an woiu.i i? cold auia mseiiMhie m |. ! : I ih'I ihriit with tnililiMlr at such itn fxhiinll<? of ID<> con ndenee <4 hi- oountrynicu. He toll it, ant fell It deeply and did u?f aftecl to conceal It. He hud soon, with fe< Iings of ihuji, tiiv ill vis lot ui autl disturbances which occur red in the demi?ralic convention, au.l had boned to see. in the end. thai three evils would lie averted His friend- f km w tl>.tt b' would not. tor .111 111-U1.1l |?rinll Ins u.nn to stand in the way of fraternal liarutony. Ho well ! knew tlui there were p. Mlcmen IhiIJi at Uie North fc and the Siulh. of utierlnm aud ability. who were tilted . better than liiinsi If tor sucb a trust. Itut without refer ring in detail til the proceeding* at itiltiaiore. be would only -ay, tliat the I'oiiv ntion winch assembled at Uie Ma ry land Iti-Ulote sat c<ai|?~ed, in las opinion, of tin- na- b Ilocal . III racy of llie l ulled Motes (I rlcs of "Hissl!" and cheer*, j W lien be learned, tlsaigh with regret, that Ins inn"" liad been prise tiled to the country. be (5 tut not lake long to determine tbat he would not mean ly abaio > u itw'iii (l> ml uppliu-c.) II 1-I...1 liiat ** Si". |? 1 - n-<* copy ug high (--inou III bo Ci li f thiit the behei iliui in -141" luirti i-a di- inioTi p I-H'I intend- to I'm ak o|i Ihe I 11 en oMle -a M it f) (I'l Ili'l Ni ? er," "Sen r -'We In I ml |o |?4>rTe It It If ' J1 Ihe r??o|ulioi|. .id. 'i'l. il III ' li lt I'oOli Iltioll e] ? III ki U dent of . sre Tle -o *n? n. IblUd in the ch.i ? ra. ler i4 iliai Conieiaioii or 01 the giuiHemcu vlwi oa cc Ill)- 1x411 IBM*, to J'l-llty II (a|ijiuii-.-.) Ili-t. u I ( f breakjitg ti|> tlx- I'nioO. nv intend. * lx- -jxI. l? xl't-iik'tlx-n .ui-l Itiiglhtli II iX v-n-x, Oitl-1 ') Auolh-i r- -lull-Hi, iui-i 'I of i lai i-ri.-kit. up Unr i tUoo mcmx to pli'-lvn l<jr lli imw.t of wl organi/alMm, h> unite in -1 ill- rout parte ny iron l-ui-l* in h ix-i"-*! tin- wixim bx -i-.---.iiiy an t g-a-ully r--?ii/xi n>! ii-- - ? uoiliiiik ??." there from any ?l Uix w*t- Ontof ua im-ivlwii-- irtlirMI the eg uilily uf tlir i-ui.-n In all tlx" rtrnin.-ti TrrrltOf* under our c\>ii?lllu|l<m. bill im> nuui i* a -lir iti-4-i-l v> lav ??-u lx praaer tr? lim i nx-u ah ui lli<- grt-ttl p.-iucl|4f of tlx- c< - iii 11 loo ml tint t-|-i*li ru ly -i.-- m.l-- lb thir pro- -- in- nrror bora4M?rk-il, exerfit "li rr hi he prtuti|-h- itmti- la cu <i--|-uri< <l from Willi i ^ord l<i iiliu St krlf, wbm tin- Cmrcalko miwm hull ax tuav <m lla uau ' iimihI - lookliik* at In- IhiiiiIiI-' aaiil l>'i i- -il l i-l.i- - -it ih< lli- alxxlx. ii gave In tlx- imimry a perwnaal ami ir-n graphx-al k - iraiit. - Hint ht int<-r--ai am in ux i umi i ioxx-f.) ik- .illolnl ui hla iiaWngut-lu-l axwcitl - Mr. tne auw It a-nwlm-" hapftxhx that ux a arr |>l.x ?--l in a |*> atlx-u otx rr tin-% -re r- i-x t.-ui to ? i .-ml- tp-xi-lir in 1 h-lvw toonxurx. if tail inrx'-i-mlinn it?-y -in not merit; for but a-- m-i-l lx- jn-pori -l to in - i au< li i? . a i .- in hi - j*n| lib- All inxii ran move forward with dignity ait with rx.m an-l -ii-h-Uxr-ni -i- |i h In- i< irj- i- |- n- x- i tliat <imr- hi -tx i--l- -i to .-ih-: ii- -nil- k. -i |hii Col ! ? la- . la - tux-1 f--r littn-r w-ibnilt aerUimuv ami act an-111-~.ty lx- a- --jil i tin- i--luin-i hhi li n-l-'i i b in | aamowaam ta ox* tor loh oi'inr .1 i-ox, alt- i tin- t-xi i--i nun- ' an - i fn~- - t ^ a. i tendxrx.1 hir think- to Ibx i?p.n-i-i> |..r i to- mauitiw -f iIn-1r klnita- H- ? - |v--a I of the i -- i? tlx hi inn-ire con-- - -num. Ux wax a ii-m whom ux ln | m( loo ki 'mun thx hat i lx iicl-i -tn-l In hi m- l-vftha nation, ami hi- fell ?b---|ilv tm rxil m bxi-u* |i:.i- --4 on llix bp u-i? i kit with turn If- -1 an i> a? i- i ih- m ? |h4| of Ihx nalxHiiii ilxni-n-1.1- j a?*<Bblt-.l at UMIIItp-ire. . ami a Ih llixni helixve.1 in um equality au4 r ilit* i4 ikx ' Hated under lit* r-aixti' .v-t.- -i-vli-il i- ;o~-r rk1 bo alt* -nid itxroiioii to In-< miairy . -n-l f ?r tl- |ier|?-t.iit *** txn -4 thx i nmu be w*? ready ui la/ tinwn In* nix- . in-lai w?< ' -'iii aci'lau-lx-l tt?r>- i. k -i-l hi- ?|i"" li jj Mr Ya-a-xy followed, paying that the --ovulry w-? in a < rh i-fiui - whteli ii aa? ihx duty of thxib iu-? rax* In ?" i tr x xx It h-- i-4--al i hu-i-h-ral Ixtiglb mil VMIff m gut-nily am laixb-i NrnitlorM'v w fed -1 -nail cl *411 at alram -fthi- t .1 "ff maiai uxl gxiblic ttwrarvxr -if llrt. k.-nri Ue an-l I tax. ' 11?x tnauMi' u- l Mi- |iarly ulix a - k* far -|> rlu f" r-h- ll-uit up??i ux- - -am, 1 w t| \ ,? u>'?f Itori' , - id 11111r 11.' iii- . . 10' 11 ui whxn il r } tlx r drtn- - rat ,'ir-vnJ m-rxani, t ninuiug l??r tli<* * |wrt) . Itllliful in . u iuxtllM u, tu i-|<1 ale Itini .1 irotn ef'*1 tin- l- ilj He ra- Jkailxd tlx Cxnn-alioa that iiotain,t | 'up' Hreti nrikjrx and i?xix ix t xpnllxm- n go a lixf, 1,, , **r'" |hhi li'mti* v?*n> ox dun--rai l it-Htor Mr h-x h nxt lu ** all ha l.i* wttii'. xiul - n-t lite iniii|iUtiul -d v'u 1 < ? r v"1 ' lo thx windii ftatrnmer.) ih- -poke id ihoi-oo-litut-xi Ihe c Htafe right- /hxuio aaj rrab-nnly ax ihx prim-tpl, -m lwi - ii Llrei k urb k- m-4 i one w - i in- - i- o-1 ( a|'( t4'i?i- ' r at m- -1- t.- it-'i' an-l It Hxt f-dlnwi-i. ii,.- uii.-' iit-i-lln.' ' on tjix frame i4 iii ' pi ubftu, om Ih it iii -fx .1 IMiti-nir Ux-r-II- M ^he u-aaf enonleiiHlx I-,. ?y.i HI , < ivx *' 1 x_ 11 tin- wilotvd l*ro? wo having t>xi-n run u I ' . I W" aOi |'?e.i 4 .1-1 .1 - n ? <# ii"- Txrrilnrii?. and to gain ahnlltxHi v ,.i - un b-r 4 ? , amorxhh. 4- mo. 1 x jr ,! Mr >li*4ii?i ki-ntnur> . tnaiix xm.- l.-iiiior.-i* ixmirk-, ''j!111"' v in 11 the pr.- -vhi m-rx-l to Brown - h-ixl. wIt-roan p*rwl in-inena- j rnw o hod pr- xm-ly gather-<l. iowxta?iat or a* oarv-.a Thx eoanmltlna U> Inlhrm tha . andkUtoa of their aootl rath-n, walled on Hxrarhel 0 Jlnhnana b. nlghl at the ! Wat dhal Hotel. He rxrxlrxd thxtn -a lib- largw dining 71k" na-ie of tha h tol. which wax crowd-i w,tu ladlea and p",n* geallexoxi. |? hi x|Aod thx mxitltlatlt>n. xmloranm thx ivocm |iiitf- roi in rjr pu' th-nlar, and dn lar-ng Utai Uix .w-ith n wo- m aaataln th>- - ol.xi laid down in it. In hit *e ih* d -lr-nei'' aon iUtxxT-entXCI a %? a ni-exanty *" to the tirxaer n wf si i nt., 11?'.tpr't-in ? 1 ii| ! Uial h ?tc aik'uw nu.iv/, a a.- b? i- i--i pr^n NEW Y< brtvely, accept tb^ responsibility imposed upon Him lie crtci l?hed U',. hope that Pro* idenee aill lead u? out >>i our civil iliee -ter and in hi* good time com!not us to w-uiii(Uility w ,i ptucc. (Loiig continued cheering.), demon/trullcm continued beyond midnight. Tin. IO-I CLUCK IIIHOIM.V HILL ' out c rtbce Deioicuy bill escaped >laughter by the Hove.,, baling down to the senate and receding on tho reViilo lion to lesloie the niail service. THK HOST HOI TK HILL LOUT. 'Ike lot Koulc lull, containing a Urge number of amendments, one <>f utihbwuKin favor of overland mail >-ei v ? ?, wu- called up, uud strongly urged by Mr. CuUai, Cka iniau oi tin- Commttiee on l'o?t otticcf and Post Roads, but Mr. Sherman upon the yean and nays, indicating u ilis|?*-illoii, as wus charged, to filibuster against it until the session expired. The llouae accord ingly abauduin <1 the subject, and the bill was loM, carry mg down w >tti it mi immenae steamship Interest The California mail steamship com)>ueioH, In figliilng every overland bill thai eame up. got slaughtered themselves. It is understood thai the Postmaritcr (>o?eral intends to assume the n-s [ions ibt Illy to oontrurt for carrying tba mails without any authority from Congress. niK sasjria is oojmhuxs Congress adjourned at twejve o'clock to-day, agrwMbly to the joint resolution of both Houses. The galleries of both booses were densely crowded with persons of hoik sexes to a ltness the closing scenes, which woio marked by netting of a disreputable character, as on previous occasions. The President uud members of the Cabinet were at the Capitol during the morning transacting business in connection with public measures. Among the last bills approved by the President Is one reducing tbe rates paid for the public printing forty per cent on tbe present prices?to take efTeot from the date of its passage. The special committee to renort next session on the Presidents further promts, communicated to-day against the Covode Committee, constats of Messrs Stanton, Oir rv, ^dams ol Mass.. Sedgwick and Fry or. - not public st xinw utrr ninitb Congress has adjourned, leaving a large amount of business unfinished, notwithstanding the members are salaried to assemble and transact it. Rbrh man pockets his three thousand dollars per annum, and neglects his public Inties; but to-day when a few poor pages who support their mothers and educate their brothers and sisters asked Ibr the usual extra comiieusation, enough mean members were found to order tbe yeas and nays to be called Jl?n tbe question to defeut it, knowing that before the roll call was through with tbe hour for adjourumeut would trrirc. The admission of Kansas, the organization of five Territories, a I'm ille railroad, the establishment of mall steam hip and overland ronb>s, the Tariff and the Homestead bill, are important subjects for consideration at tbe next sesHiou. run ratkk or rt'SLic rmxmu. The pas-age of tbe bill reducing the rates of printing forty per cent or the present prices cannot be considered an economical measure, inasmuch us It ; stops the printing altogether, if it applies to tbe work ! now in baud uud llmt which has been ordered. Tlie prin tors cannot go on. Hue bill was concocted, like too many olln is. to cieate |?>litic?l capital lor its author, without rcgurd to its unjust application or caring who would be Bluincially ruined by it. jtuch is legislation In Congress. IIRKAT HHITAIS ASP Till. FK1KK ISLAM*. The last ud\ Ices Iroiu fciiglaud have brought intelligence ; thai ttreat Hritniu hnH accepted the sovereignty of the Fejee Mantis, which was made to it a short time since, lli" sane idler wn* made to the I'nited States about three yeal - ego Slid declined. The result is another proof of i tlie disinterested moderation of FngUial ami of the grasp 1 tug propensity of the Initial States. ? movkuicvt ok troop* By order of the War He|?rliiietil a detachment of seven ly-eight troops of mounted service recruits st Jefferson | Barracks ha\e Iwshi ordered to Fort Kiley Sergcaut Hold | rr will uoodaci them as far as Fort Leavenworth Tlie J -emmauding otta-er there will detail mi otttcer from lhai 1 liost to condui t them to Fort Riley. These, with severs! >iber . om |*i ne* that hate bi-en ordered, are to operate I igainst the Indi.ius who arc commiltiug depredation* ' i|s? emigrants and others crossing the plains. AKWaTArKHs niuHi urr. ? It will be announced to morrow morning, lam informed. I n the OtmttUuli'm new?|*|>er, that the publication of hat paper will l?? suspended. The passage of tbe law, utting down tbe public printing forty per cent, wbicb | coders It entirely worthier, la tbe alleged cauae for this tcp. The old InlrlHomctr will shortly follow suit It la ' >n its last leys THIRTY-SIXTH CONORB8I. I1R8T SESSION. Staate. ViMuamM, June 36, IHOO The Somite met at nine o'clock. The reading of the journal occupied half an hour. Mr. Suisse, (rep.) of Mam., presented a petition of ' It liens of Massachusetts praying for the repeal of tbe Fu [Itlve Slave law, tbe interstate slave trade, aud tbe pro libit n>n of slavery In tbe District of Columbia. He asked bat it might lay on the table, aud it was so ordered. THS PlMf KOI TK SI 1.1. Mr Yt uts, (detn ) of Kla . asked that tbe Poet Route ill be taken up. Agreed to. Mr. YfLKK offered an amendment. that the Postnu-tcr erieral be aulhortn-d to advertise for pro|waal* for lrin< orttng the mail* to Cahloruia overlan<1 on the notral route within twenty day*, and on le northern route, from 81. I'aol to the alleR, Oregon, and that lie he ?1mi million*. o i contract tor a temporary Meamahlpacrvtoe on the uioet tpedltiou* o< fan route to California. The amendm -nt ax followed with a provtxo that the Rottertlold root. [ i mtractm* have |?-rmiai'ioii loch.iugc their route between ouiinenl |?nut* Mr Wtt.xoN. (rep.) of Maaa., imped that thlx proviso I nit Id t>e w Ithdrawn Mr Wiijaei commented ?ti the manner in which tti t it oeetui mail eontraet to Calilornm waa made, and h - I u o(.|-l to the making ol anymore ateumrhtp eon < n-to lor that - r\ n The eoulra< I in that not moe wi. I i te with Vamlerbllt, who wax not the loweat bnld-r ' Mr \ll>> taled that lite lowest hid waa male bjr Joint J i. .0 ? 'i > hoitox, and w a* therefore not accepted I Sir ! ' ?a (dr ni.) of N r., moved an amendment ollxhri . tie pYov talon all- wing the contractor* to pre t ipt latoi* on tlie nortliern route from St. Paul to th t ilia- \Mlioo|(ti thi* liud town allowed on other roulcitle tfht that it wa* time that the policy ahonld rx-axe >t agreed lo. Hie lull wa- then read n third time, pa-sod and nenl to Bmm a\tmn?t>i>*RY *?*nnw or Tint xktatk altera Irian the I'rexldeiit for an executive *e'.ton to r" irrow were liere delivered to Senator*. Ii< Miiwixetrn uttx roa Ran.aovnx "he bill to amend an art granting land* in Mis-iwippi , the aid tif eertam railroad* wa* reported from the T1IK IWM UI KKRVHIM. J, Ir Tcvouiw. (dim.) of tJa.. from the Committee (in MiTit, returtad the llotiec bill to amend the Conmlar . aiid aeked it* t im?tderattoo. al Ir kuu. ir(|> i ul V Y., objected, and the bill w.c t-nver bniwh i . i.fii?i.hi eii?ued that the Preeidt-ul r*i?-AUiil> |ged IV nator* to preserve order m uati *?n t?i anico dr WIIMH ) iifini-, ftum tin' r~i t?m.. mmilter . ItfnrM a bill for the r*tabll*hmi*nt of a dl rout*, between the Tutted State* and Meaico (br l*ti . in>. In ateamditi* built in the Untied Stall * dr Sunt'/ idem ) ??f la , objected to the bill, an it laid *W ? V* ."AT or TO* l AT* *K\ iToR RRoMCRIt K. Tic bill In /wythe axri^tni o( tIn late Senator Hri*!* I tb* aa v till* him at th* time of hla death *? * ' * Due m*T nm<* i'l.rii i*Mt mi rcw.n i trrwtnjr.' iv received from the Hon** that it re *d t'orn the Amendment* to th* llwt tWn l*>fti icncjr r<, .and tli. rvfcat' it ?tei?l? pawn! (|| THE IBUI momMSNM. r Ibttrra. (A*i ) of Pa . offered n resolution fbr the 1 nntrmvit of a am mi tie*, in c injunction with on* from House, lo waltcn the ITeaident of the 1'nlled State* inform film tint, if he ha* no .-ommuntcatiofi to make, tr.-?* I* r <ady tw. adjourn. Agreed to r I"?a*' , (Am >*f Md , offere.1 a reputation tender ng dial k* of the s-nsle to Vice President Hreeklnrbt** j?, he |m|iart al and diguifted manner In which he ha* ((| ded over the dolrWat *>n* if Ihla *e?*ioa?(Mr. in . branding. *1 the chair i?and it war unaoimoualy ? "1 K> to a few moment* pant eleven ockvk* ceased, he Senate remained fa *e?*tnn awa Hlng the report of mmiltee to wait on the Pre*ideal the Interim a pruciatualMii by the Pr widen! wa* read j i executive *ee*iua on Tumdar at two 're o'clock. M , diort executive *earion wa* then held, when a rec*** r#| taken until ten minuton la twelve o'clor.X. , llutl u?. Senate rcataemhled, wt'en llv 'o.nt j nltte* r*|.wted that the Prr'tdent of th* United ? had no r minimical ion to make to Congri " ^ > hour of twiir* o'clock having arrived. v?oe ^ l*nl teniieretl In* thank* to the -Vitale for I X* oom r } Mary reeolution ,n..ti4m i-!y im-. I, md thW'1'' j I the Senate adjourned without day ohj llotaae of Reprrrenlatlvea. din WaemviiToT. Juao M, 1M0 * in* rtwT urn-* muuivn am y Hotter a. ceded to (be request (if the Senate, to ap- i anothnr Committee of Conference ou i'ie r.?t Oflhm kni. M it riiWiMn tag vttx rmi arratirmtnti,* Mti. \t Prealtlenl *ent in a meaner-', notifying the H !?* ' bad *>gne>| certain b.,i*. including in tkuiff ap- . j,,, , along [<m lh? civil. iptwiT, nub a prutf-d against and ORK HERALD, TUESDAY, tbe clause designating Cap'aia Meigs na Superintendent or tbe expenditure m hair a million dollar* ibr the onmpietiou of Uio Washington aqueduct. Ha does D< i believe It w?* the intention of Congrit-s to Interfere * itU the constitutional right of tlie President. at Commander in Chief of the army to order (hptaUi Meiga elsewhere, ami asserts that bis authority masia to aeuil him away, to superintend the erection of hydration* or other works. It was evident to bim that Congress Intended nothing naor than U' e*vress * decided opinion tbat Captain Meiga siwMld be contiuued in employment to upermtaid the aqueduct. Is the appropriation const! tutlonai, and will it fail If ht ahould not think proper and eapedfenl to regard this designation? are questions which thai receive his serious consideration, because on this 1 wM depend whether the water works shall be arrested Ibr another season. He now desired to expreaa no opinion, but this question ahail be carefully considered if 1 It becomes neceaeary. not piuwidsjit's main. Another message from the President recapitulated the grounds of his protest of March last against the proceedings under the Covode Committee, the charges ngslnst him being vague and expressed in equivocal terms. H did not for a moment entertain a doubt as to tbe re suit. He did not believe it possible tbat there existed s man who could basely perjure himself. The proceeding* of the House, be repeats, were violative of the rights or a co-ordinate branch of the government, and which, if en (breed, would establish a dangerous precedent. Thj House bad acted without constitutional warrant, and in a manner tending to degrade the Presidential office add render It unworthy of acceptance by an honorable man. The accusatory resolution was nothing more nor leas than that the President has used corrupt means to accomplish certain purposes. By what authority did the House undertake to investigate tbe Executive's course as to the Le oomptun constitution, to pry into our foreign relations, aaaslltns our Mexican Minister, as to the Tehuantennn route, to investigate removals from office notwithstanding tbe power of removal belougs to the President under the constitution, and vu no decided by tbe first Concrete, and accordingly nas ever since been so exercised? There was I no authority for the committee to investigate the subject of printing the Post Office blanks, because that question had previously beeu examined by two other committees. ' The President speaks of the vindictive manner in which the witnesses were examined. The first information be received of any testimony which could Injuriously affect him was published in a New York journal, but wnicb was , disproved by most respectable witnesses. Tbe telegraph, . however, was silent as to tb? oontraillctiou. He says that I only such despatches were published as could reflect on bis character, thus inflicting most flagrant iitfustlre, and that different versions were given of private conversations when there was no opportunity to refute them. Muuibers Of the (labinet and others were summoned to discover, if possible, something to his discredit. Disappointed applicants for office, becoming hon tile to tbe administration. app|>esrM before the tbe committee. These were most dangerous witu. sjvs Tbe committee spread a drag net over the whole L'liluo to catch disappointed men willing to uialigu bis character. Tbe tyrannical Star Chamber was not worse tlian ibis. There has been nothing like it since tbe revolutionary days of Itobcgpierre. Should the proceedings of the committee be sanctioned by the House, the constitution will have been violated and the Kxeculive be no longer au inpendent branch of the government, and the wor^t fears of the early patriot and statesman will have been realized. He reiterates the power uuder the impeachment clause, and that it was sought to convict him in the absence of all proof. In tbe name of the representatives of this great people, and standing on the ramparts of the constitution which they ordained and established, he solemnly protests against these unconstitutional proceedings. Tbe message having beeu read, Mr. Sravnix, (rep.) of Ohio, said:?The late period at which that extraordinary document has beeu presented to this House prevents any discussion of it. It is a State paper, however, of no ordinary significance, and as such will go on the archives of the nation. The serious character of the documeut seems to me to demand a respectful eon.- ideratiou at lea i, and If the doctrine it lays down is correct, the Executive is emanci|*led from ail supervision on the part of the representatives of the people, except in the nature of impeachment. If It be well fouuded, then this government is a very different machine from what 1 had supposed. I had Hup|Kiscd President.", a- well as representatives in Congress, were responsible to the |>eoplc, ami that it was not essential, to enable the people to |>ass upon the actum of the President, as well as of Congress, that there should be somewhere a power to investigate the official conduct of Presidents as well as of Congress. The people have a right to know, sir, tbe actions, secret and public, of all public functionaries, that they may hold them responsible through the ballot box for the maun or in which they may discharge their official duties. Now, sir, as we c-au not discuss this plea with a view of giving it a fair consideration. wilb the perini.-'iiion of the House I will move that this message, for the purpose of examination?and I hope to see avoided the bud taste thai prevails in the message?for the purpose of examining the constitutional question involved in it?I mot e that it be referred to a select committee of five, and printed, and upon that mntioa I demand the prev lorn- question. Mr. Rkacun, fdem.) of Texn-, Mid the l*resi<lent protested against thr constitutional right of the House nf Representative* to make an Investigation of hl? conduct Ukc that instituted by the Orrnxle Committee The prln clple the President aiiggecte applies to himself and to all otlxer officer* of the government of the I'nlted States. The President Is responsible for every violation of duty, at he admits thta responsibility, but he is responsible according to the laws of the laud, and has so distinctly annonneed. He is eipoeted, as every other officer of ths government, to stand accountable to the laor for Ibe violation of the law So we expert every private rltiaen to stand responsible to the law?responsible to its rigorous execution; but we have guaranteed to the citizen the right of trial according to the laws of the land, and If a man robVcd his neighbor or committed murder it Is not expected that lb1 may be taken up by a mob, or other in formal body of men. tried by ble accusers, sentenced by Ins accusers and executed by his accuser*. The most flu grant murderer or lawless miscreant that ever degraded the so. let> ot the nation, is. according to our system en titled to a fair and impartial trial, according to the laws of tbe land, and It would be deemed a shock to public justice and disregard ol our laws, as atriklug at the Ibun 1stlor- of society, to permit eves surti a character as that to be tried In the manner in which the President of the i I'nlted Ht.itc* lutf beeu tried and t Uul- nined. If the Pvtsldrhl hsa violatsd Ux low, he - habi? to impeach i nicnl If he trnn-cends hi* duty in any respect be is liable lo rlisrges, and upon cha.g-or proofs ma le uttl ' rwM lo satisfy ihc House of his proba ble gout, art irlea of impdMhrnM may b# i fivej?red and mat be sen 1 to the Senate ol the I'nlted i Stales. and he caa there he lin-d according to law, and j can' . In- H , u-.'i - ,i. i let.' CI- lice And this will se , 1 cure the integrity at hi-p -iixui. a fair trial, and the i niamtniiianre of law, so?l prevent so great a six* k to the ' onsiitnticu aiid -i flagrant an ujn.-i, as liaa b nil iu . flirt, .t hi tkls cntntnlttfc. without specific cli trgv*, with- , . out t h' colli rel.t :rg ol w:llic*-e- ;.ud the p"\liege ol ' cross exati i it ion ah. h w>'hat c g mt<~l to the poorest tin liniiibb1*! the greatest rlltarn id thv fnit'-d state- . Mr lt.tnKxn.iis. (dein.) of Mis*.?We luve hut I wo hours left. There Is so time Is dtseus* this miwsure In my lodgment the President ' needs no io fence lie has come out '?f lite llery ordeal, *!r. unseat lied, and lie stands before the :ountry to day without reproach, occupy itig a prouder 1 wwttion than ever before, tllustriooa as has been his p' ' iltb n the country. .Now, air, as I remarked there a no lime to dtscu-a this question I therefore move pi ' efer It lo the t'ommittce of the Whole House, when at he n? xt session of Congress gentlemen can dbruM It tl hey dexir? lo do *o. and upon tliat motion I call lite pre ' nous uucstioo. lie- motion w?s disnvreed lo. ] P ii'. in- limn refern-1 lo a select com mi lire no roxTortuv orrrrx nicnnrWT kiu raw-go In accfwihtnce with Mr Stanton's motion, the House ' i cede,1 I'n m tliolr amendment* It the INitl Ufficc Do c let. tl.,II. 0 c Tlii- bill is now a law. iairemk or Tun hM iiiii tk ?ni 1 The l'?i Houle hill w.ik returned from llie ft-nat when ^ i i mm moved to take It n|> for ronaideratiou M hokwax, (rep.) i>f Ohm, ruid there were ninety || me N nate ann u lment*, and that br VOuM not cOB*>-ui i ?<m?ider them at tbl* late Innir n Mr. C?tm. (rrp.) vf lud.. denied that there ware c? ^ >*t>> amendment- I, Mr W ikhmi nx*. (rep ) of Mo., uuderiitood the blllap g i ?t>r late* half a million t Mr Comas mM the <>nij Important amendment w.?r i > tbe overland mall, ami the Hon*e could coueur or a<*i joeur T?*> hill war WWll4 by Ilia- department Mr Shknmax repeated tluit then- were ?> many Stnat- c imudmntit* coming Ix-re at tbm late hour that the ioore ought to reject the bill d The lloun ri f i-. d to t peo4 the rule* to rounder tbe a ibjeet?M :?galn*t M>?not two third*. ? rm? (vinxinos nm m ki aoam*AT> '>nr r??o? M Till HOCPKMr lUmurr'. (rep.) of I "a . offered a reaolnlion orov itliug tl r the |?y ment of the OompeiiMitkwi of certain cob rdnml. o tkerf ot the Houae Tbe rule* were (depended for tliat irjaee II There wan much confnnou thrniigtmut the pi oooedlng*. Mr Rrnxnrr. (.tem ) of Ky., with a view of dcfeatm| n ic revolution. moved to adjourn C It war now five minute* to twelve. TWV (HWIVf. moTKKIWVIM Mr "Wan**x. from a Joint Committer to wait on U?e r- defit. rijr'rled that tiler performed tlull dull llial ai e Pre-menl had no further common ie tt ma to make. p id the |*r< dent de?lred them to convey to the nv m'M-r- cl irh?-" for their health and nromwrtty .and a happy retnrn lh? ir labor- on the lint Monday in |MM neat. W A ln*??W he *ald lltaC Mr smaita*?The PreeMcat. ' _ Mr Aiimui a (r?'i> ) i'l Milan . w; tia?l to kii"? ?nili i Ir ?? in ?r<l?*r U? inovr .1 r -i?n- ?n ol Uio ri?.? loi gin dcl.wla (la'tfhi'T.) >lra of "firdar '' ' rl Mr Ilnmcxm. (dam ) <i l*n ? Wo ara ftlnviy ?< ting | Mr Of IIN' I bMi >laa of "Road Mao ??<? and wnt >>n iha qnoaljon of ad rnment " tli ha < lark romtnaoord doing an. 4r. I>atn?o*, (dotai.) of la?It ia now iw.lTC, and I , if I Ir Snrrn (<l'-rn ) of Va. (hi* roaca pib-licd ahova Iha ! rl Ii.-im mi Inn nig ilM-m rand El; Jons fmiMtr. idem ) of V. V.? I mora ihejr Ih' ? ? iaoa.-.| Ir \ ?\r? iS nif of N f??I call for Hi reading of Kh4 ai I. (loiigliti i j Twfivr n'<*ti?Tc i 'lull ih' Clrik waa reading tiro nam- ilwmiaakar I . All , *i i-?I r hare a few quirt mlnntaa n?w (W"f. , v mm a~->Tha ho'tr * d by th* ronriimnt rano- , r 11 n " it - Iwo ij ',t ? ha- iiv arrived fhf ri nnl. I I a i.i '*ri' Iha iioi~iailr Hraad ftrr ilia tiff ft a< eater, j no bin ;m ail ulliii iiwh artnHI 1 a JUNK 26, I860.?TRIPLB This wu greeted with applause and much good humor, and in a fear minutes thereafter nearly all the members and spectators retired from the hall. loallaaatlen of Mamas Bills, Mud IB* Sraat* lines Una ?th Instant, and Approved By the President. an act fur the relief of George P. Marsh. An act for Um relief of Benjamin Bar re. to act nude log appropriations for the current and contingent expenses of the Indian Department, and lor fulffiluig treaty stipulations with rarioua Indian tribes, for the yea* ending June 30,1M1. An set fur the reli?-r of Anson Dart. in act for She relief of Isaac 4 Smith, of Syracuse, New York. An act r<* the relief of Congress local Township No. 2, north of range No. 9, west of the fourth principal meridian m Adams county, llliuoia. An act recognizing the surrey sf the Grand Chonlere IrUuid, Plato of Iouisiuna, as approved by the Surveyor <, moral, and for other purponea. Am act to authorise the rale of the Western Military Asylum, >n Itarrodsburg, Kentucky. An act making appropriations for lighthouses, beacons, buoys, he. An act for Um relief of Tbotnaa R. Livingston. An set for the relief of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church. An act granting an invalid Pension to Beriah Wright, of j New York. An act granting an invalid pension to Ezekiel Jones. An act for the relief of Joel M. Smith. An act for the relief of Jfraatus Hutch ins. An act granting a pension to James Alexander, an Invalid soldier of the war of 1812. An act to incorporate the East Washington Library Assoc latton. An act extending the charter incorporating the German ! Benevolent Society, of Washing too city, In the District of I Columbia, approved July 20, 1842. An act for the relief of J. R. Crump. Au act or bill granting a pension to Martha Sanderson, w idow of Major Winston F. Sanderson. An act for the relief of Francis Lavonture and Pierre j I GrigDon. . An act making appropriations for the service of the i Post Office Department during the year ending June 30. I 1801 Au act tor tbe relief of Aston L. C. Portman. An act to amend an act rcgulatiug the diplomatic and consular system of the United States. An act making appropriations tor the payment of the expeuses of the Legislative Assembly of Minnesota Territory. An act providing for additional terms of the United States Circuit and District Courts in the state of Kentucky. An act to change the name of the ship Rockall to Massachusetts. An act to amend an act approved March 3, 1847, eoti ' tied "An act to establish a port of entry at Saluria, in the State of Texas, and tor other purposes.'' An act making appropriations for the support of the aruiy fur the year ending June 30. 1881. An act to authorize divorces in the District of Columbia, and tor other purposes. An act tor the relief of Joiiah Atkins. An aot for the relief of l'hilip B. Holmes and William Pedrtck. All act tor the relief of Chauncey W. Puller. Au act confirming certain land entries, under the third section of the 3d of March, 1848, entitled "Au act mukiug appropriations for the service of the Post Office Depart mem during the fiscal year|ending June 30,1868. " Au act for the relief of Kben 8. fiauscomb. An act for the relief ol' the legal representatives of Charles H. Mason. An act tor the relief of Casting M. Clay. An act tor the relief of Margaret Whitehead. Au act to confirm certain laud claims in the Territory of New Mexico. An act to confirm private land claims in the State of Missouri. An act providing for the punishment of marshals and deputy marshals of the United States, or other ministerial oilier rs, tor permitting the escape of prisoners in their custody. An act for the relief of Hockaday k Liggil. Au act for the relief of peay k Aylnf. An act to establish a mail six time- a week from Sacra mrtilo, in California, to CNympia, iu the Territory of Washington. An act muking appropriations for the naval sorvioe tor the year ending June 30,1881. Au act for the relief <S' Robert Johnston. An act for the relief of Isaac S. Smith, of Syracuse, S. V. An act for the relief of Klizabcth Smith,of Coffee county, Tennessee. An act for die relief of Congressional township number six, south of range number eight, west, in Randolph county, Indiana. An act making appropriations for the legislative, execu ttve .aid indicia! expenses of government tor the year ending Joue 30.1801. An act for the relief of George W. flquter, of Ne m York. An act to authorize notaries public in the District of Columbia to take acknowledgments or deeds for the conveyance of real or personal estate therein. An set to authorize t to re issue of land warrants in oerlain cases, and for other pur|H?es. An act providing for the erection of a post office in the city of Philadelphia. An act authorizing a loan, and providing for the redemption of Treasury notes Au set authorizing the issue of a ^agister for the brig Charles H. Cordon. Au act for the relief of Mrs. Anne W. Angus, widow of the late Captain Samuel Angus, United States Army. An act for the relief of William A. Loomis' estate. An art to establish two Indian agencies in Nebraska and <t one in New Mexico. u Joint resolution In relation to public printing ri Joint resolution to reduce the prloe of public printing. si (ostixtatiox moM jtxx 9 i*r to jrxx 33, ma.rwvB.?aot'DB it bills i'atsgol ati) ix sbsatb. f| A bill making appropriations fbr the conetruotlon, pre- J serration and repair* of certain fortifications and other if work* of defence, for tbe year ending June 30, 1801. 11 A bill to amend an art approved February 6 I860, en- <i titled ' An act providing for keeping and distributing all , hi public documents," anil for other purposes. b A bill for Die relief of Congreaaional township No. I, , i south or range No 8, east, in Mercer county, Ohio. f A bill granting an Increase of |ienet?n to William 0. . i Bernard, late a soldier in the I'nited States Navy. ih A bill for the reliel of William Sutton. to A bill granting an invalid |icn?ion to John Fnrcell. pe A bill to cotplrm certain entries of land in the State of < f Missouri. re A bill for the relief of J. and R. Porter, J. C. Irvio Jt Ito. and Owles Perry. I in A hill granting au invalid pension to William Boruea,of P) lihio. nil A bill for the relief of tbe heirs of Lieutenant George ?, Walton. w | A bill granting relief to Harriet S. Wyman, widow of pt, Daptain Tin eras W. Wymau. |<oat captain in the naval acr- ve rice ,f the I'm ted States. mm A bill f.?r the relief of A. Bledsoe, Willi.<m Bry*?. L n'illii.m C Scott. William Ikity ami others t? rrstjc acts aitrovko it to jcxk 20. ?a An act making appropriations for the current and ooo "" li-gcnt e*|>etiSis of llio ludiun Department, and for fultUl- pf ng treaty stipulations with various Indian tribes for I be 'rr rear ending .lone 20.1M1. riM An act making appro|iriuliou* for lighthouses, beacons, h" ji.ojk. and <> forth An net muking impropriation* for the support of tb? "" iruiy lor the year ending June 20,1801. "? An ucl providing for the punishment of marshals and >h< burnt) nuu of the Cm ted mutes, or other ministerial *ul >At< ere. for permitting lite earape oi |>risonerm in their ?" ustod). ha An act to establish a mail six times a week from Sacra h> m i to iu Oaliforuia, toiil) tnpia, in the Tt i rltory of Wash ' an Au ml confirming certaiu land entries under the third 1 lection of the act of M March, llt>, entitled "An act uiah ng appruprlsttcmF tor the service of the Post OfAoe De- tul wrtment during the bscat year ending the 30th June, ?f ism" [set An act to confirm certain private land claims in the f"? Prrrltory of New Mexico. i ine To carry into enact provisions of the treaties between e? he I n.ted Slstes. China, Ja|su, Siam. Persia and other Prr, giving certain judicial imwers to ministers and sib otisnls, or other funetionsries of the I'niled States in those ' ""d nuntries, aad for other purpuaeo fan Authoriting a Usui, and providing for the redemption of . acr An art making appropriation* f?r the naral service for aetl hr year ending th? JtOth June, lfMtl. . Ul? An act to grant U the city of furl Huron, Michigan, a <"> art of the mlnv! reservation of Fort (> rat lot, for the en ren irgemenl of the rltjr cemetery at that place. 'hr Ad art lode. tare the meaning of the art entitled "An act 3 inking funbrr prove iona for the satisfaction of Vtrguiia i wb ind warrant*, paasee August 81, IMtt." ??* Ad art to amend an act eatillad "Aa arl for giving effort d<* acrrtulD treaty rtlpv atmna Mtweeti tbia and foreign 1 tal orrrnmenta, fbr the apprehension asd dallvery up of cer u'1 v in on. odera ' 1 An act ft>r the reltet t f the California Stage Company w? An act for the relief of f'ongresatoaal township number ink Is. south, of range number eight, weal, la Randolph f"r ounty, Illinot*. ?* An art to amend an art fhr extending the law* and Ju lnt< It *y?tem of the lulled Mates to the Male of Owgw. are n.I ior llu r pnrpiei - to I An art to change the time for holding the rourta In the arv lor tiara diatrtct of Florida. hal An act for the Onal adjuatment of private land clalma * a the Mate* of Florida, Louisiana and Missouri, and for tk* ther purpoae*. of c In relation to mm*inn rUimi at Sanlt Me Maria, H>e In liigan 1 l a An act in relation to mnl injuries to. and trespnaa felh pi*i. public and private plop rf) within the District of tagi olumhia thei ithtatx mite arrant an rr to jts* 23. to t For the relief of William Nelson apei T" repeal the second section and other portions of aa gral ct parsed the 2d day of June, IMC, entitled "An act to bmj rovide for the location of certain confirmed private land whl aim* In the Mate of Mlaaouri, and fhr other purposes." a fa An art to roc firm certain private land clalma la the nun talc of Missouri. evei For the relief of Chauncey W FuUar. pro. Fi r the relief of Emllle O. Jones, execntrli of Thomas pntx t .? deceased, and Nancy M Johnson, administra until ix of Walter R. .Inbnaon, deceased. 6 For the relief of Fear k Ayliflb. mar For the relief of William r Holmes and William Prd p?M rb Mati For the relief of Eben 8. Haoecomh. . <*> For the relief of Margaret Whitehead. II For the relief of the heirs or legal repreaentallrea of M< i t estate of Charles H Mason. net For lit* relief Qmslaa M Clay just i For the relief of Samuel H. Tayler dero A Mil ft'T the rollef of Robert Johnston s> -h Authorising the settlement of the accounts of Edward cee<k I. deceased, late Consul of the l ulled Dun hay, )?vt* prim ipte* of Justice and equity. are I Far the relief of Mary Fresiou, widow of George Praa m<>n i. their Kor Hie relief of David Waldo any, I '.r tlx- rclli f of ,-iylreatcr Cray rvmi "or Dm- r? II. f cf William A. W inder, of the United Mate* pcroi ay. 'he tin. adah rr of an set approved June 14, lUt. for tin rllisr a i o.' Flier nek k Shirley. land or the th" at Ijeotenant Aagi.stua II DM I- <*' i to the live list of Uie navy. ventl nr the rrl,'nf of Arthur IMwards ami hla assnshtaa 1 c SHEET. IP HOMMTEAP BILL Tfc. Veto HmM|? *r the Pmldeat. To TKK ?i1l or TVK t smto S-fATOJ? 11< (urs, with my objections, lo the Seuale, iu which Ituctdialed, the bill emitted "Au Kl to tenure homesteads to actual settlers on the public domain and for other purjH?w*," presented to me on the 30lh umlaut. Tins bill gives to every ciliaeu of the United Slate.. "who In tin' bead of a family," aud to every person of foreign bh th residing iu the country, who has declared hie intention to become a ciUxu, though ho may uot be the head of a family, lite privilege of appropriating to himself utlo hundred and sixty acres of govurnmeiit laud, of settling and residing ujion it for Ave years, and should bis residence continue until thu end of Una |ieru>d, lie shall then receive a patent ou the payment of tweuty-Ave cents per acre, or oue-UI'Ui of the present government price. During this period the land is protected from all the debts of tbe-sculer. Tbia bill also continue a cession to the States of all thu public lauds within their respective limits "which have been subject to sate at private entry, and which remain unsold alter the lapse of thirty years." This provision embraces a present douution to the states of twelve million two hundred aud twenty ulne thousand seven huudred and thirty one acres, and will, from time to limit, transfer to them large bodies of such lands, which, from peculiar circumstances, may not be absorbed by private purchase and settlement. To the actual settler this bill does not make an absolute donation; but the price is so small that it can scarcely be called a sale. It is nominally twenty-five cent* per acre; but, considering this is not to be paid until the end of Ave years, it is in fact reduced to about eighteen cents per acre, or one-seventh of the present minimum price of the public lands. In regard to the dtotes, it is au absolute and unqualified gift. 1. This stale of facta raises the question whether Oon grees, under the constitution, has the power to give away ihe public Lamia either to States or individuals. On this a question 1 expressed a deckled opinion in my message to j im House or Representatives, of the 24th February, IBM, r returning the Agricultural College bill. This opiuiun re- c mains unchanged. The argument then used applies, as a B constitutional objection, with greater force to the present 4 bill. Hxre it had the plea of consideration, growing out 4 at a Specific beneficial purpose; here, It Is au absolute gra- g tulty to the States, without the pretext of consideration. 1 uiu compelled fur want of time in these the last hours of a the see*ion to quote largely from this message. 4 1 presume the general propositiou will be admitted, that p Congress does not possess the power to make donations of j, money already iu the treasury, raised by taxes on the r people, either to States or iudividuais. a But it is contended that the public lands are placed p upon a different footing from money raised by taxation, a and that the proceeds arising from their sale are not sub- 1 |ect to the limitations of the constitution, but may be ap- 4 proprialed or glveu away by Congress, at its own dis- 4 cretloo, hi Mates, corporations or Individuals, for any 4 purpose they may deem expedient. v The advocates of this bill attempt to sustain their position upon the language of the second clause of the third B icctiou of the fourth article of the constitution, which T ieciares that "the Congress shall have power to dispose a >f. and make all needful rules and regulations respecting. j die territory or other property belonging to the United ? lutes." They contend that, by t fair interpretation of m .he words "disjiose of' in this clause, Congress possesses 4 he power to make this gift of public lands to the States g or purpots-a of education. 4 It would ri-quire clear and strong evidence to iuduoa the B lieluf tliat the frsmers of the constitution, after having 0 limited the powers of Congress to certain, precise and spe- f, :ilic objects, intended, by employing the words "dispose g >1," to give that body unlimited power over the vast pub- B Ic domain. It would be a strange anomaly, indeed, to , lave created two funds, tbe one by taxation, confined to B he execution of tbe enumerated powers delegated to Cou- 41 frees, and tbe otber from the public lands, appli^ble to f, Ui subjects, foreign aud domestic, which Congress might s iesiguate, tliat this fund should be "disposed of," not to D ley tlie debts of the United States, nor "to raise and sup- y port armies," nor "toprovide and maintain auavy,"uor ki acctsuplifh any one of the oilier great objects enuuierat- Bi d in tbe constitution; but be diverted from them to pay p he debts ul' the States, to educate their people, uud to car- p 7 into effect any other measure of their domestic |Kilicy. f] Hits would be to cuofer upon Congress a vast and irre- Bl qMisible authority, utterly at war with the well-known p ealoury of federal power which prevailed at the formation ?1 if tbe constitution. The natural intendment would be u hat, as the coustiiulkm coutiued Congress to well defined p ipecific powers, the funds placed at their command, {(, whether >u laud or money, should be appropriated to the B| lerformanre of the duties corresponding with these p xiwers. If not, a government has been created with all p. Is other powers carefully limited, but without any llmtte- D{ ion in respect to the public lauds. w But I cannot so road the words "disposed of' as to naks them embrace tbe idea of "giving away." The ? kuiu. if 111 n r hi uc am-uriaiueu oy lUO nbjcct to which they arcnpplied and the known geueral ?tent of the lawgiver. Congress is a trustee under g he coastilulHiu for the people or the United Males to 'dispose of" their public lands, and I think I may venule to ue-ert with ooofldeooe that no case can be found i a which a trustee in the position of Congress baa been uthuriaed to "dispuae of" profierty by ita owner. ^ rticro it lias ever beeu held that those words authorised .r urb trustee to givs away the fund entrusted to his ^ are. No trustee, when called opou Pi account for rf he deposition of the pro|ierty placed under his man- y( goment bel?ire any judicial tribunal, would venture a present such a plea in bis defence. The true p, leaning of those words is clearly Mated by Chief Just toe anoy, in delivering the opinion of the Court (10 Howard, 486). He says, In reference to this clause of the coostltuoo, "It begins Ita enumeration of powers by that of i. ispnetng?In other words, making sale of the lands, or lis log money from them?which, aa we have already In tid, was the main object of the oeaaion (from the States), ad which is the Ant thing provided for In the article.'' , la unnecessary to refer to the history of the limes to itablish the known foot that this statement of the Chief uatice la perfectly well founded. That It never was in nded by the ItamArs of the constitution that these lands rould be given away by Coogreaa Is manifest from the . including portion of tho same clause. By it Ooogrena * is power Dot only "to dispose of" the territory, but of e "other property of the United Ptatss." In the Inn- , ' lage of the Chief Justice (p. 487)"And the Mine power ' making needful rules respecting the territory Is in pre- ?_ ?ely the rune language applied to the other property of ? United States, associating the power over the tern- f ry, in this respect, with toe power over movable or rsonal property?that is, the snips, arms or munitions 1 war which then belonged In common to the 8tale sove- < ignite*. The question Is Mill clearer in regard to the public lands t the Stairs and Territories within tho Louisiana and or id a purchase*. These land* were paid for out of the , bite treasury from money raised by taxation. Now, If id ha.- no |?iwer to appropriate the money with _ , iieb these lan<t* were purchased, i? It not clear that the f war over the lands is equally limited? The mere con- (,jjj i*ion of this money into land could not ooufer upon Con- rr% iwa new power over the disposition of land which they d not |aai?M>Mied over mooey. If It could, then a tru?', by changing the character of the fund entrusted to his ' io f<>r special objects from money into land, might give p land a way. or devote It t<> any purpose be thought ?l?cr. however foreign from the trust. The iufereuce is laistihic this hind |>srukc* of the very same clutter with the tuoney paid lor it, and can bo devoted to I< objects dull-rent from llnae to which the money could levi ted. If this were not the case, then, by tpwrr^a-e m a new Territory from a (oreign govern 1 nt out ol the public treasury. Congress couldenlarge tier drown powers, and appropriate the proceeds of the C4,u of the hind tlius purchased, at their own discretion, other and lar dillereut objects from lite* could mu< vi ip|4i<-d the purchasi money which Imd lieeii rawed to taxation ,llfr ! It will prove unequal and unjui-t in It* operation |lln, nmg tin- actual settlers themselves. He llrst settle i s of s new country sre a moat merllorl a(r, ? c'.?s? Tley brave the dangers of savage warfare. yjr ler the privations of a frontier life, and, with Ihe hind (,.|i| toll, bring the wilderness Into eull iralion. Tin Id t, rv thru," aa tboj are every win re called, are pulilu la-ue .jj,, lors. Tin# cla- - hue all |?id for their lands the governtit price, or $1 26 per acre. They have constructed (|,e ds, sslablislii-d schools, aud laid the foiuidation of (lcl<! prVMS < oninionweiillli- I- il m?t. is it equal, that. rnf>| it they have accomplished all tins i?> then Ulmr, new r,..? tlfrs whl tllM liimn in unwiWrr I 111 ? sas.-4 ?L - i.-vmr wvir M?| m* at the price of twenty Irr or eighteen e. tils per thin r* hurely the old pettier*, as a clns*. are entitled to . el equul Iwneflte a ith the new If you give the new Her* tln'tr land* for a comparatively nominal price, pro, m every |.i inelple of . .(lulity to.l justice you will be w,^, ige.1 I r. uihI out of tin . '>01111.111 treasury the .title ^ << which the Wkl have |aid als.vr the new settler* H>r pu,| ir 11111< I dr? Tbt* bill wtll do great injustice to the old soldiers wit| o bare received land warrants for their services u> itlng the battles of their country It will gradually re- ^ * the market value of these warrant* Already their |q ? ue liaa sunk, lor oae hundred and sixty acre warrants, Mt,n Ixty seven cent* per sere, under an a|iprebrnsloa that h a measure a* the might heroine a taw What prlee __ 11 Id they command, when any bead of a family may c (awse-slon of a quarter section of land, and not pay It until the end of Hve years, and thro at the rale of yj, jr twenty live rent* per acre* The magnitude of the . rest to be affected will appear In the fart Hurt there lllro outstanding unsatisfied land warrants reaching back log I ;he last war wllh Great Rr I la in. and even reroTul loo Jt,sl| times, an..Minting In round numbers In seren and a , r million acre* -M"" . Tbia bill will prove unequal and unjust in Its opera- 00 t I, becsuse, from Its nature, It Is confined to one class . sir people, It Is s boon exclusively conferred upon cultivators of the soil Whilst It is cheerfully admitted Pr,il t these are the most numerous and useful rlaas ol our sine >w cillaens. and eminently deserve nil the ndvao -p.. s which our laws have already extended to them, yet re should be no new legislation which would opsrntc U* 1 be Injury or embarraasmsot of the large body of rs guam rtabie aittaans nnd laborer*. The mechanic who eml ( its to the West, and pursues bis calling, must labor ; before be ran purchase s quarter section of land, Intsll 1st the till. r of the w>il who ac<mnpanu'r him obtains was I rm at one. by the bounty of the government. The Mill terone body of mechanics in our large eltlss oanaot, * ' t by emigrating to the West, take advantage of tba s*? hi.vis of this lull without entering upon n new ooon- Britu "0, for which their habits of lift have rendered them ^ c| Ibis bill Is unjust to the old Mates of the Colon in from y respects; and amongst these (States, so far a* the were I. laic Arc concerned, we mnv enumerate every east of the Mississippi, with the exception of Wis- 1 in mid a portion of Minnesota | piciot Is a r"innu*i belief, within their limits, that the gf r kliiles M flic eonf.-derscy do not derive their prolonats benefit from the public lands. Tin* to not a P"*4"] opinion It to doubtful wb? ther fliey could bo r.-n i when rt more l.oneftciAl h' ?*?? - Stales under any oth-r -m than tliat whi.h at present exist* Their pro1 go Mto the somnioii treasury to accomplish the ob- Wm. 1 of the government, and In thh manner ail the 8utc* name. M-nefltted In Jnel proportion But to give this com- JohnInheritance away would deprive tie old stAt.-s of the fh pot proportion of Ifo* rev riiu? without holding out don. 1 the least. corresponding >i vst.'<ge Whilst It to our ding I lion glory that lb.- ir w Nliiics Uhvc liec?.mc ?o pro*. appea nn.l pot at leu (1. re no ,..h| f n why statni 1 premiuma t. their own j mm me to emigrate rroin ihnn o. tie it at. Iliat of III. of promt#" J>r> "Ms in if?elf.*ipll< I. rtlurofn "fits 1 trsge. r young and enf. r|gto|ag citisena v* atU? it ary >1- the e tiou* aid. The oft.-r < if free fknns Id peebaW* I crime a powerful effect m eurouraging tin.'rat i-neejiec 11. ' theju Lfp.m ' Hut)** like llltuoi?, T'.-uaessee and heutucky,to ! w<el of the Miat^sippi, and could not fail to reduce to* price oi (*ro|M*rty wiilnii their lunita. An individual n Mei<n time situated would not pay ita fair value for end wl?e, hy crossing tli>' Mississippi, he could go upon he |inline ieinih and obtain a farm almost without wmy am w nix ut iirtce. # This loll will open one vast lie Id tor ?peculation, lien w ill II.d pay tl 25 f.,r |autis when they can purchase ln-m lor I lie tilth oi Uutt prkse. large numbers of actual eltleib will be carried out by capitalists upon agreements o give Ihi in lialf of tlui laiui for the improvement of tho ittur twll. Hi in < aunot be ..voided. Heciet agreement* if Una kHi*I will be niiaieroun. In the entry of graduaiad and* the . x|? ro>uce of the land Office JuatiUea this objecioti. 7. We ought ever to maintain the newt perfect equality wtween baiive and uatuiaiii -d citiacaa. They are aqual* ind ought always to remaiu equal before the lawn Our aws welcome foreigners to our shores, and their rights rill evei fa- respected. Whilst these are the seutimcuts hi which I have acted through life, It Is sot, is sty pinion, eximlient to proclaim to all the nations of the >arth that whoever shall arrive in this country from a orelgn shorn sad declare his iutautton to become a cillsen ihall receive a farm of one hundred and sixty seres, tla oat oi twenty-five pr twenty cents per acre, If be will inly reside on it and cultivate it. The invitation extends oall; and if this hill becomes a law. we amy have suneriata actual settlers front China and other Ihstsrn union*, enjoying ita benefits on the great Pacific slops. The >1)1 makes a distinction in favor of such persons over naive and naturalised citizens. When applied to such clti on* it ia i /iiifltutH t/i oitrh an urn thn hnmia nf t'nnrtilidjn Kut Then applicable to persons of foreign birth recently irrlved on our shores, there is no such restriction. Snob wrsons need not be the heads of families, provided they < lave filed a declaration of UAmtkm to become ottkseos. *erhaps this distinction was un inadvertenoe; but it Is, leverthaless. a part of the bill, fi. The bill creates an unjust distinction between perous claiming the benefit of the pre emption laws. Whilst t reduce* the price of the land to czistlna pre-emptors to ixty-twoand a half cents per sore, and gives them a. redit on this sum for two years from the present date,. ? matter bow long they inay have hitherto enjoyed theind, future pre-emptors will be compelled to pay double his price per acre. There is no reason or justice in this iscriminatioo. 9. The effect of this bill on the public revenue most he ppareut to all. Should it become a law, the reduction of he price of Innd to actual settlers to twenty-five centner acre, with a credit of five years, and the reduction ef Its rice to existing pre emptors to sixty-two nad a half cents er acre, with a credit of two years, will so diminish the ale of other public lands m to render the expectation of utnre revenue from that source, beyond the expenses of urvey and management, Illusory, lbs Secretary of the otcrior estimated the revenue from the public lands for he next Ileal year at $4,000,000, oa the presumption that he present land system would remain unchanged. Should his bill become a law. be does not believe that 91,000,000' rill be derived from this source. 10. This bill lays the axe at the root of our present admirable land system. The public land la an idberitnnce of ast value to us and to our descendants. It is a resource to rhlch we can resort in the hour of difficulty and dinger. 1 has been managed heretofore with the greatest wisdom, nder existing laws. In this management the rights of ctual settlers have been conciliated with tin interests of he government. Tlie price to nil has been reduced from 2 per acre to $1 25 for fresh lands, and the claims of acual settlors have been secured by pre-emption laws. Any tan can now acquire a title lu fee simple to a homestead f eighty acres, at the minimum price of fl 26 per acrer ?r$10U. Should the present system remain, we shalh ertve a revenue from the pnblto lands of 910,000,000 tier nuurn when the bounty land warrants are satisfied,, rithoot oppression to any human being. In time of war, rben all other sources of revenue are seriously impaired, lis will remain intact. It may become the beet security >r public loans hereafter, in times of difficulty and anger, as it has been heretofore. Wby should we imair or destroy this system at the present momentfiliat necessity exists for ilf The people or the United Slates have advanced with* leady but rapid strides to their present condition oT owtr and prosperity. 'Ibey have been guided in their ngreus by the fixed principle of protecting the equal' ? ghts of all, whether they bo rich or poor. No agrarian iutlnu-nt lias ever prevailed among them. The nonest * oor man, by frugality and Industry, can, in any part of ar country acquire a oointietence for himself and (xmilv ad In doing this be reels that he eats the bread of indemdonce. lie desires no charity, either from the govern* tent or from his neighbors. This bill, which proposes to Ivc him land at an almost nominal price, out of the prorrty of the government, will go far to demoralise the ople anil repren* this noble spirit of Independence. It. ay introduce among us thane pernicious social theories Inch have proved so disastrous in other countries. JAMES BUCHANAN. WAsmsoTon, Jane 33, IMP. A ppelntsssnts sir Use PrssMesst. V A Nil WITH THE ADVICE AND CONSENT OP THE SENATE. I Francis 6. Baldwin, of Mlmlwilppl, to be Register of the md otBcc st Columbus. Mississippi, reappointed. George B. Graff, of Nebraska Territory, to be agent for ' le bidlnus of_the Omaha Agency, vice Wm. E. Moore, rented. William W Ivory, of Nebraska Territory, to be Reiver of public moneys at Dakota, Nebraska Territory, cc George B. Graff, resigned. John 8. M. Van Cleave, of Washington Territory, to be wiver of public moneys at Olynipia, Washington Tertory, to take effect from the 16th of August, 1860, vice luclus Garfield, term expired. Charles 8. Benton, of Wisconsin, to be Register of the md Office at la Crosse, Wisconsin, reappointed. Benjamin lis vies, of Missouri, to be Superintendent oC f dian Affair* for the Territory of Utah, vice Jacob For y, removed. cnuaoinE. lames A. Watson, Mouierev. California. reappointed, npnvnrtmn. John B. Norman, New Albany, Indiana, reappointed. William K Burns, Jacksonville, North Carolina, reapinted. % Alfred W. Lamb. Hannibal, Missouri, reappointed. Joseph Gregory, Marblehcad, Massachusetts, vice John W can*. deceased. Matter G. lone, Jr., Kaet River, Virginia, vice Joi n bannon. Jr., deceased. a a v a i orncm. , >ani|i*?n B. Lord, Portsmouth. New Hampshire, reap inted amuim Ktmui Villiam P. Williams, of Louisiana, vice Jobn Claiborne lined. Alexander P Wilbar.of New Mexico, to be Purveyor leral of New Mexico, vice Wm. Pelham, resigned, laltbcw Keller, of California, to be Register of tbe id < mire at Loa Angelei, California, vice W H. ilno r, realgnod near Taylor. of Minnesota. to be Reg later of tbe I .and ce at inter Tail City, Minnesota, vice George B. Cub II, resigned. a > ^ ir Haakla and Battrrworth C"oi*reapeadrare. TO THK XMTCIK OP TUB HKRAI.D. FuKi'iui, June Zl, ISdO a your t-*ue of June 16. containing a letter of J. B. , kin. In wlncli my name Ir used In connection with an rview which took place between tbe honorable gen uau and myaelf at the New York Assay Office, the acut given in that letter Is false in every particular. I Ir no such statement, or anythiug tike it. In answer <iue*ii<.n whether I would eupport Mr. Biffing, I tohl i I roukl not. He wanted to know what I had against v i, I aimwcred nothing, hut that Mr. Morn* waa my hlMir and my choice. w ben he cot In a treat rage ick lua h-l against the wall, and want>'.| to know If ^4+ Motl<>? Worth liad raid anything to me about It. I InmiM' lie then talked considerable about Mr But- . It vorth, and wauled to know If I waa going against him "km), and lift. A* far u* Mr. Butter worth la 000 I led. all ha ever raid to me on that aOair waa:?After |wrly bad apllt and Iwd twa candidate* In Om I lie went fbr me. and aald If our niug tao randtdate* would be the mean* of electing a ibl* an, that he would like for me to gr> to Mr. Morris request him not to run. I told hint I could ant, for thing bad bet ome a peraonal matter between Mr. pan and myself. ha having tinted In a public meegttn Mr Morria would not iun, which alatament I bait i lounced raise, that Mr. Morrta would rwa and that I U support htm I to Mr Hash la'1 statement about the "bread nl er." I always considered that Mr. Baakln was ring more from the "public crib" than myself. 1 tree labor, and that be war nothing but a "bread bulU?r im)|i(k tin I 1 to Mr baa never In aay way trkadl ' 1 Horace my political acta 1 always bare been and I am a national democrat rrn? BICKHOCT * Plrala Hicks, alias Jahnaaa, rad the ?MMU riracjr. I statement. which has received general currency v I iifh the newspaper* throughout Um oountry, connect- I ritllam Hicks alias Johhaon. now under aenlaooe of I I) for murder and piracy on board the sloop K. A. I son, committed last winter, with murder and piracy I card the Rrlllah ship Haladln. In the yenr 1844, I out lobe without foundation In Jhct. Webaaeoo ran- , I on upon documentary evidence now la our paaaan- I p ship Salad In nailed from Valparnteo tor London oa I Tth of February, 1M4. bar lag on board a cargo of IjM a and copper, and M.MO In specie, and manned by |H re end crew ooeniatlag of fourteen men. The next igenre oT the Haledtn in connection with thte voyage that, in the month of May, somewhere about the she run as bore at Island Harbor. IT. S., and WM afterwards boarded tjy n party of men from Um ih war steamer tender I sir Rosamond OT the ortftraw of fourteen, but six remained onboard, and H the statement of the latter the others either died or JH kaockcd ovirooard in a gale. After an extlton of the veasel, the discovery of suem circumstances and tbe equivocal statement* i IS s Salad m* crew, they were arrested oa saeplckm of J I \ f and munler, and taken to llallfex, Nora Hoot la, ^ t s they were >carevested. They gave their names ?orge Jooee, John Ueiletoo, Carl Centolf, Andersen, Carr, John GnUoway and fn, Johnson. The latter 1. and who, It le alleged, la the Identical Hicks, alia* on. now in tbe Tombs, was described at the time of t lad in affliir as a man * yww nf age. born In Innuid of low stature The ,dace of birth snd age, ad be years that hare clare^d s|n< that event, would r to ft* the Identity of one with the other, but In the Tomha culprit la tall?hence the comparison l. and to remove any forth, r doubts >? the subject ha', alias Johnson ronnertlon with the Haled in ly. the Ha lad In Johnson and hla mnfrdcratea, with t?-e|dhdi of Oarr and (iallowsy, confessed hhelr w nn I were r" . ,f v mi ? km ' yard st llalifns V vs Soot la m m

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