Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 27, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 27, 1860 Page 4
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J'P1'1 ? '.JL1 4 NEW YORK HERALD JANIItOIDOl BKNMKTT, DITw* ITUCTROKWl. OP'tCf N. W. OORNKH OF N48840 4NO PULTON 8T1 TMM * \ ?M ?n mkoiM. Com* mm H mMt Mil V M ti Ha ? MtOrr. Pottmgt 4m|M M ream J m mfitcrtptt, "77* UAJLX UBHA.LV MM mw fMr OHM, ?T per MM. rw WKBBLl- HBHALD, , JTte Mb > A(8inpmJMM?m W?Imm?| M ?J JMT rap? M per mm to any part of Qraat Brilai mrU*?* per* Of Ik* OmNnmt talk taMndomaAaoa. U thli/omia Edition on Ike Hk and tOIk V MMUoTaSi oa H "W, or $1 # JMr mmi. THE rAMILT HBHALD an Wadneadno. * fonr aanla pt MM 8wi ? ?< ?. J?0 trOTKM aahm gf anangmant oarraamanimea, Wadon< Mt." rty^fUd minmlnirtfliu ^ ^ VBRTUS MM MITTS rmwd mtrp do*, ftlmfiionrnfa fc OtT'rd M <4* VmiT Hmuio. Poult HHII4 and in tl CbVVomia ana ICirppMii MIIIim -")? PBummr imirf ?M ? >??, ?iumm and < qpmO. Vol urn XXV Mo. 1TI AMUUUfKNTH THU KVKNINli. NIHLO'8 OAKDKN. Broadwmr-UPT Or *B8 L4MOriKlTIC VaJMBTICO?PlUltriMMillT BOWTIRY THKATRK, Bowmj.? A New Wat to Pai Old l>i?n?Fomtokk'a KMOLIO?Oobmilla1* Rbvbkob. WAIXACKf THKATRK, BroA4wa7.-I.ALLA ROOK4. LAl'RA KKKNK'8 THRATRR. No CM KroAdwBy.-QBABI DOCTOH-On Jatajibab Kmaajat NKW BOWKRT THKaTRK, BoweryComicab lumt ?iKwut-hutm Tkaourr it tn linn An In. BARNUM'8 AMKRIOAN MVRKUM. Broodw*y.-IH] and Eo-olnx?Ooa Isua Ooosin?Litibo Cosiooitiu, Ac. FRYANT8' MIN8TRKLS. MorSontoe' H*U, *71 Broadway.boau'aautt, Soboa, Daaoaa, Ac. --Hcanu at FiittoucGi KIBLO'B SALOON, Broadway.?Oao. Cuusrvt Km Braaui u Boaus, Daaoaa, Boianm. Ao.?Jar ami naarr. NATIONAL OOWCRRT BAVOOH, XaUoaal Theotro.I?*m. Da.mam. Hp?i rnioaa. At FRKN'CH THKATRK. W Broadway?Hoout A Cam Kx'i Mitnuu id Kriuonaa KBTaaTaiaaaan AO. TKMPIJC OF MAGIC, 441 Broadway.?Soiaaas Faniai ruun ar Faor. Jaooaa axD Gotut Htriohtlt. PALACK OARDKN. Fourteenth street ? Pboksmadb Cow but ano Somas Daaaaara FTORNKR OF TITIRTERNTH STRKKT AND BROAD WAY ?Cauroaaia Maaauaaia. Haw Vark, Wrdartday, Jnat IT, I860. The Hewa. The steamship Europa, which left Liverpool 01 the 16th and (^ueenstown on the 17th inat., arrivet at Halifax yesterday. The news ia three daya late than the advices previously received. The Great Eastern sailed for New York on tin 16th inst., and the announcement of her arrival be low this port may be looked for at any moment. There ia little news of importance with regard t< the revolution in Sicily. The royal troopn wen leaving the inland, and Garibaldi was actively en gaged in organizing his forces. A congress of sovereigns was to be held a Baden on the day of the Europa's departure. Thi Prince Regent of Prussia and Napoleon had arrivec there. The German sovereigns who are expectei to take part in the conference are the Kings o Bavsria, Hanover and Wurtemberg, and the Gram Pukes of Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt. It Is al Irgsu mai UH' iniuauve 01 una i,ongreiM w mnuu ted to the King of Bavaria, whose object to t< remove the difficulties which divide the States of thi Germanic Confederation. The annexation of fiavoy to France was finallj consummated on the 14th inst. G. P. R. James, the tingliah novelist, is dead. The financial and commercial news is interesting The ix>ndon money market was somewhat easier Con-ul* on the 15th were quoted at 93} a t?3J for aciount, ex-dividend. American securities were generally unchanged. At Liverpool cotton was very irregular in price, and a decline of one eighth to one-quarter of a penny on all qualities ii reported. The weather had been unfavorable foi i he crops, which had advanced in price, whili flour a as quiet. Provisions were unchanged. Our special Washington despatch contalna impor taut intelligence from Spain. It appears that thi Spaniard.-" have become so elated with their sue ccm-hcm in Morocco that they design having a daal at Mexico, making the necessity of preserving On La to the Spanish monarchy the pretext fer the! belligerent operations. And not only does ftpau contemplate a descent upon Mexico, but the Unitei Hates is to be called to account for the capturi o( the piratical Spanish war steamers off Yen Crux not long since. The Heuate met at noon yesterday, in complianc* with the proclamation of the President, calling ai extraordinary session for the despatch of executivi LuMinrHM. No business of importance was trans acted in open session. In executive session th treaties with Honduras, Nicaragua, Bolivia am Vem suela were ratillod, and the treaty with Bpaii w a? ?lii>< nsssd, but not disposed of. It will probahl; be ratified to-day. it is thought that the Hexicai treaty will yet be ratified. A large aumber of ap poinUncnts ware seat in to the Benaie by the Presi dent, among them that of Win. F. Russell, as Navj Agent at this port, in place of George N. Handera removed. The General Committee of the Tammany Hal democracy held a meeting last evening, at whicl resolutions wero passed endorsing Douglas am Johnson and their platform, after speeches by Minn Belmont, Kennedy, Water bury, Clancy, Chandler Devlin and other* The resolutions may be foun in our advertisinx columns. It was also resolve* to hold a grand ratification meeting on Moadaj next, and to giro it all U>? rviai which the occaaioi merits. There will be firework*, band* of mimic speeches, Ac. The committee adjourned ami< much enthusiasm. The Young Men'a Democratic General Commit tee also held a apt-rial meeting at Tammany Hal laat evening. There was a full attendance of mem bera. resolution providing mean* for ae lectin, de legatee from thin city to the Young Men'a Demo era tic Convention, to bo held at Saratoga on th 31 at of Joly. poraoant to the rail of the State Con mittee, waa agreed to. A aeriea of reoolationa wa offered endorsing the action of the National Cot ventioa In nominating Dong!as and Johnson, an adopted with great enthaataam. The Uwaton Executive Committee met at the rooma yesterday, and issued a call for a State Cot ration, to be held in Schemer tad j on the l?th t July, to nominate an electoral ticket and n cand date for the Vice Presidency. la the United State* Dietrict Court yesterda th* Grand Jury ignored the bills preaanled by th District Attorney against the brig Falmouth, whir! war readers may remember waa brought into thi port, from Port Praja, by th* prise crew of th United State* aioop Portsmouth The Grand Jur were than discharged, with the thaahe of th Conrt. The Excise run mi lealimera held their thirty neeeath Mtoa af the priattt ^ttr ^aatwta^, aa granted eevea thirty daUnr Uoi?is. The who! amber of licensee granted Mnee the Commiadonei commenced their labor* this year la three hundred The Central Park Investigate Committee wer In 11 mi on at their rooms at the Aator Honae (bo hours yesterday. Not a single feet was prove gain* the Comausaionera. On the contrary, the er denre clearly shows that a reveogefbl spirit prompt the action of thorn making the char gee. We pwhhah elsewhere some additional details ? th* defeat and capture of 0*n*ral Oraga, In tfexi on. with ether items of Mexican news. It is sai that Mtraama placed Priddint Zuloaga In cloa coalsimiat when he arrived at Guadalajara the enum ante ylarfey eshihitatf aame mo, symptoms ef vitality, InmM frumtae Smta, repr ?Hat *bt pwvataacs ?f a drwugbl of ??r* * two tod sewrtty la a Urg* portion of lb* nHh ragtaa, cnuosd Allien u o#w suppitm taw fwtay. Uta wtai embraced about i,3S0 boles, whita prtaw tw w?b out quotable change TbO reoeipt* at Ita ports since the 1st of September lata bare mitai M>MN (. Valta. against SM6.006 in UN tta iJtHjm in 1?M The exports have reached iJUIJHO baton, agalnat k. 2,101,000 ta MM, and S.388in MM The (took toft m oa band embraced 266,000 bales, against *0000 in MM, and 207,000 m I860. There in a alight reaction in the * flour market, and for common and medium grades of *! Slate and Western prices fell off about tee cents per bbt., u while extra brands were unchanged; there was a good demand for export, and the market was snore active at the concession. Wheat ww without change of inspsr* tance, while sales were tolerably active, including aoaae purchases for export. Corn was trmer and more active, " including purchases for the knot ward aad for foreign * export Pork was firmer, with sales of sew anew at 810 02X a 0M 76, and aew prtaw at 010 76. Sugars were steady, with sales of about 1,800 hhd* at rates gives ta 9 another column Coflbe ww firm, with limited sales. For account of stocks we refer to another column. Freights were steady, with a fair amount of engagement#. Ttan Democratic Nooalaatlomn?Tits Revslvtlon ait ttac floatb. r The double oomiabtions by the two divisions of the democratic party at Baltimore have confounded the calculations of both the republican i and democratic journals. They are all at eea, without compass, or rudder, or chart, and in the thick darkness which covers the subject ' there is no landmark visible. Some of the der mocratic journals are for Breckinridge, some for Douglas, and some for neither, like the Albany Atlas-Argus, which is waiting to 6nd out the strong side. The republican journals, confident of victor)' for themselves, are speculating on the effects of the new order of things In the split camp of their opponents. None of them sees that it is the beginning of a revolution at the South?a revolution not of blood, but at the polls?and which will extend to the - North, and establish a new conservative party on the ruins of the democracy, brought to the pangs of dissolution by foul corruption within. Ever aince 1828 there has been a powerful party in the South in opposition to the democracy. In 1840 they elected General Harrison President, and were then know a as whigs. They are now known as Union men. They consisted of the principal planters and i men of wealth, who were not politicians, while 1 the democratic party at the the South consisted r of adroit and penniless professional men in the large cities and tow as. whose followers consisted 5 chiefly of the non-slaveholding population. Ily combining with Northern politicians of the j same stamp with theifiselves, they generally t managed to defeat their opponents, and luxuriated in political power and the spoils ol office. Breckinridge is one of this class?a mere t adventurer. On the other hand, Bell, of the s Union ticket, represents the respectable and 1 wealthy classes, identified with the great slave1 holding interests in the South?the successors of j the old whig party?which have overthrown the democracy more than once or twice, owing to its dissensions and profligacy. Now, again, the , democratic party are divided?divided heft tween Breckinridge and Douglas; and that not only at the North, but even at r the South. They are rotten to the core; and in view of their corruptions and divisions, the opposition party, following tlie stuudaru ol Boll, who, unlike Breckinridge, ha* a stake in the community, will carry so many Southern States us to defeat either of the democratic tickets; while Lincoln, unless a political miracle happens, will sweep the North, and be elected by the people. A?d the election of the candidate of the republican party may have a salutary effect upon the democratic party and on the South. He would be an excellent dose ior the fire-eaters who threaten secession. They may have to sw allow him. bitter as be is; but they will not secede On the contrary, Old Abe would cure them of aoceesion. By their Insane divisions the democracy are broken up, North aud South. Whom God would destroy he first drive- mad. The days of their power are numbered, and the sceptre is about to depart from their hands If ihn ITnlnn <irlrM uhmilH nnt ho now 9 it is only because republicanism will triumph 1 for the time; and the Union party at the South B will become the nucleus of the opposition. f which, combining with the conservative elej menu in the Northern States, will overthrow ? the republicans in 1M>4, and transfer the rod of y empire once more from the North to the South, a but consign it to very different hands. The New York Tribune?the chief organ of the republican party?takes an opposite view f of the case. It says that " Breckinridge is the * planters' or slaveholders' candidate," and that j "if Douglas is to be sustained at all. it must be j by appealing from the weight of planter influ I ence, hitherto irresistible in Southern politics, to the yet untried force of numbers?a political party composed mainly of non-slaveholders." 1 This is all wrong. Douglas and Breckinridge 1 will divide between them most of these nonr slaveholders the Kentucky man taking the 1 larger share -while " the planter influence" * will be given to Bell and the Union ticket 1 Breckinridge is not the candidate of the slaveholder*, but of the professional politicians and I non-slaveholders; and the " real democratio h party," which the Tribune expects to be I " created now for the first time in the South>. etn States " has not only been created long s since, but has grown into decrepitude and dei cay, and is about to perish and give place to * " the planter Influence, which baa hitherto been irresistible in Southern politics." when the times " demanded an effort. Thai Influence will be f equally arrayed now against Breckinridge and ( Douglas, and overthrow them both. The re,f cent event* and complications in the democratic [. party are preparing the way for thia denouement, and hastening a great political revolution y in the South, which, on one aide, will save the e country from the threatened anarchy, and. on h the other, from the the corruption which haa * been eating out the vital* of public virtue, and * paving the way to despotism and the ruin of r the republic. Cuum Snunrrs and a Hkai.tet Orrr.?The mortality report of the Otty Inspector for laat 1 week shows a diminution in the deaths in thia * city greater than during the same period for the I laat three or four years. Thia fact la mainly t due to the efficient manner in which the City Inr apectoT himself la conducting the affair* of his department. From the pecnliar location of New I- York?Its facilities for sewerage and ventilaa tion, Its two fine rivers and open bay -It ought to be the bealtkiert city In the world; and it la >r evident that it cm* be made so. simply by keep' ing the streets clean If we eerape any epidem ^ fc sickness this summer it will be due, under Providence, to Mr. Detavan. and we trust that hb efforts to gtve us a clean and healthy city will i- be heartily seconded by all our citisena NEW YORK HERALD, W1 Km I ton m VUvtfUu CawyUf -Ew> > rt f k Owm i?<l?i EmmUM> While the diseotutlna of the taMcntie port y whwiohttE from its dsspaffic nil* of this lait twenty jean, aad will operate fa that section, under Bell and Brerett, to bring lata the foreground a substantial conservative Union party, somewhat resembling the old whig party, there is a good prospect of a similar reaction in the North. As the parties in this contest now stand, Douglas occupies the position of a mere fllibaster or guerilla fighter, not expecting anything but an ignominious annihilation in the general battle of November, but employed by his adherents to watch the roads and out off a haggage train here and there in our Northern local elections. His supporters seem to entertain the idea that he has a boundless popularity, and that, in spite of all the heary odds against him, his name will enable his partisans to elect a few State executive officers and legislators in the Northern States, and perhaps even a few scattering members of Congress. This is a lamentable reduction of the original Douglas programme; but even this We fear is too much. The Breckinridge ticket, with the administration at its baok, will really leave Mr. Douglas without any of the sinews of war for the present, and without finw rnll?li>rtt HpruritiM for th* futuro On the other hand, the independent conservative members of the democratic party, looking to the future from the ruins of their party camp, in the North as well as in the South, will be very apt to fall back upon the ticket of Bell and Everett, as affording the best existing nucleus for a new, sound and healthy national organization. The mercantile and manufacturing classes of the North, like the substantial slaveholders of the South, are eminently conservative in their political instincts, habits and opinion. Their Interests make them so. These substantial classes of the community are, therefore, as much opposed to the " Irrepressible conflict" of the North against the South as they are to that wild Southern faction which seeks to lead ' the cotton States into a revolution," and a separate Southern confederation. The Bell ticket. North and South, at this moment, represents a large proportion of the solid wealth of the country. Out of the existing confusion of the democracy, and considering the sectional limitations of the republican party, this Constitutional Union party, so much ridiculod of late for its weakness, will soon be respected for its strength. Should the election, by any lucky chapter of accidents, be thrown into Congress, the contest in the House will be between Lincoln, Bell and Breckinridge, and In the Senate, most probably, between Hamlin and Everett, as the two highest candidates from the people. In this event the only compromise upon which the House will be able to agree for President will be John Bell; and should the House fail. Everett, by the action of the Senate in having elected him Vice President, will become the President. But assuming that Lincoln will be elected by the people, it is safe to predict that his party will begin to fritter away from the moment he begins to divide the spoils. From that moment this Constitutional Union party will begin to shine as the rising sun, and the neir apparent tor we succession?a great homogeneous national party North and South, resting its cause upon the solid financial, commercial and Lnduatrial^nterosta of the country, and upon a suspension of this terrible slavery agitation which has wrecked all our defunct Presidential parties of the last forty years. TlIK sth*kt dkcaktmkst a.S1> thk CO-amon Coincu.. ?Several contracts for repairing and improving the streets have been accepted by the Street Commissioner and Comptroller within a few months post; but. owing to the dilatoriness of the Common Council in taking action upon them, the work has not gone on. These contracts, unfortunately, require confirmation by the Common Council before tbejr can be uctcd upon, and thus many useful and neceaaary public work* are retarded in consequence of the prevailing cptem in that body never to confirm anything until arrangement are made to suit themselves. In aome instance* it is found more convenient to have work done without any contract at all, as in the case of cleaning the streets, which tho City Inspector does on his own responsibility; but work In the Street Department, being less urgent, cannot so readily be undertaken in this way. It is to be hoped that when the Aldermen get through with boring the Japanese tbey will give a little attention to the business of the Street Commissioner's Department. There is a large amount of work to be done, and the sum mer should not be allowed to pass away without completing it A Jos ror Nkw Yoiu Mkoumos.- The directors of the Great fchip Company hare sent the Great Eastern to sea with a foul bottom, that materially retards her speed, because they bad no dock large enough to dock her, and John Bull had not sufficient ingenuity to cleanse it without a dock. We must send ber back from here with a clean bottom. In order to ahow our cousins across the water that in New York some thirg* can be done as well as others. We bare plenty of submarine contractors, men in armor for working under water, and all sorts of contrivances for amphibious purposes, and we call upon them to come forward and clean the bottom of the Great Eastern. Our New York mechanics always hare been equal to every de 1 round upon them. and we do not beliere they will bo beaten now. Frrapanuc* Dscukm?A Grkat I<om to to* Douoi-ab Ticarr?8enator Fitzpatrick. of Ala bama. the original nominee of the Douglas party for Vice President, baa declined that honor, and Mr. Ilerscbel V Johnson, of Georgia, take* hit place. This U a low both ways to Mr. Douglas First, there is something of the " sweet Irish brogue" in the name of Fltapatrirk. He would hare done eery well fbr a lineal descendant of 8t Patrick, at least till after the election A Dublin paper has shown that Garibaldi b? a descendant of an Irishaaa named Garry Baldwin How easy, then, to prore Fitapatrick a chip of the patron SaUt of the ould sod. Bi t Fltrpatrick has refused this use of his name, and this fires Mr. Taacsy another rlctory orer Douglas In the next place, If we mistake not, Herscbel V. Jokasoa was a red hot aeoesslonist In 1861, and tkis puts a atop to the Douglas cry of "disunlonlsti" against the other wing of the party, flow often It b that wheo luck turns against a mas erery thing turns ^raJnst him la suck a case "it never rains but It pours " IDWPAT, JTO IT, UM Tm Fun or rax Ajjumt Rxoimct.?The Albany Regency have killed Wise, slaughtered Dickinson, butchered Seymour, and ml* mioocd meat of Douglas. They have choatod eery ua who put his trust in them, and made a most unenviable reputation for the Empire State?the word Mew Turk baaing beoeaat in the mouths of Southern men a synonym for rascality. The Albany Regency hare achieved another eucceaa they hare split the democratic party in two, both at the North and at the South, insuring Us utter defeat in the Presidential election, and its final dissolution, without a hope of resurrection to life. They at first contrived to drive out the eeceders at Charleston, and when these men wanted to return to the fold they ' repeUed their advances, and, with the consequences of a split and two democratic candidates in the deld staring them in the face, persisted in their rejection, though their organ, the Albany Atlas, immediately after the Charleston Convention, urged their coming back in the most pathetic terns, believing, no doubt, that they would not do it. They were taken at their word, and thus checkmated. When their schemes were baffled by _a . .. -a -4 " exposure in our columns, ana tney touna tney could not nominate the small politician who would transfer the Regency from Albany to Washington, they became maddened, and in their desperation nominated Douglas, knowing not only that his election was an utter impossibility, but that bis nomination was the entering wedge which would divide, demoralize and destroy the democraoy. The Albany Argua lets the cat out of the bag, and admits that the New York delegation never meant to have Douglas nominated bona fide? that is, nominated by the united democracy. Their voting at Charleston for the two-thirds rule, in its largest sense, so as to mean two- 1 thirds of the whole electoral college, proves 1 this fact, for they admit that they knew from 1 the beginning he never could get two hundred I and two votes. By their own confession, therefore, they used him, in the language of Dean Richmond, as u a standpoint"?a fulcrum on which they might plant their lever to lift Seymour out of the mire of their dirty Albany politics into the Presidential chair. And when they failed in their design, they voted against their own two-thirds rule at Baltimore, and nominated 1 Douglas by a majority, because they thought his name would help them in Western New York in their local elections for the State Legislature, which Richmond has declared to be of greater importance to him than tbd Presidential election, or the stability of the Union. Mr. Douglas had so many enthusiastic friends to reward, and had made so many promises, that these cunning politicians saw clearly enough that by a fair division of the spoils there would be little or nothing left for them. He did not, therefore, suit them as a candidate, but they thought it convenient to use bis name as a party watchword in their local contests for the possession of the ! State spoils, including the rich placers in this city, which cast into the shade the federal plunder of Custom House, Post Office, Navy Yard and all. On the whole, the Albany Regency hare reason to feel proud of the feats they have accomplished within the last few months. Like harlots, they glory in their shame. I Thk DKriP.ruri op tuk Japanusk.? It is an i pounced, on the authority of the Naval Commis- I si oners, that the steam frigate Niagara, which is i to convey the Japanese Ambassadors and suite *i to their beloved Niphon, is now quite ready for | sea Immense packages of luggage marked in i the Japanese character are now being stowed i as ay between the Niagara's decks, and the aer- | runts of the Eir.btwy are hard at work * pucklr.g up for the start The Amb&ssa- 1 dors will embark on Friday and sail on | Saturday of this week, having accomplished i nil the objects of their special mission. The currency question, if not definitely settled, has been put in train so that the greatest obstacle in the way of Western Intercourse with the Ei?t may be considered an virtually done away with. Wo havo the boat authority for stating that the Japanese princes will leave our shores with the moat favorable impressions of the country in general, and of the metropolis in particular. The remembrance of the little contreUmpi at Baltimore and Philadelphia has been quite obliterated by the magnificence of their metropolitan surroundings. They have been exceedingly gratified with their superb quarters at the Metropolitan Hotel, and by the unremitting courtesies of the Messrs. Leland. The neat workshops and manufactories of New York, the splendid shops, the superb life-panorama of Broadway, the private entertainments which have been given them by Mr Belmont and other ' citizens, hare interested the Ambassadors exceedingly. Altogether they regard their stay in the Jeddo of America as the crowning glory of their Western voyage. Whatever may be the result of the Em. bassy, so far as commerce is concerned, the metropolis has performed its portion of the work well, like the dowager who took her daughters to bear Sydney Smith preach, and not being able to get in, went away, remarking. " Weil, my dears, it can't be said that we have not done the correct thing, at all events." So we have done, so far as money goes, the correct thing by the Japanese. They bare had a right roval recention?one worthv of their rank and of the populous and industrious nation which they represent. They carry away with then numerous fine specimens of American manufactures ? aewing machines, watches, firearms and other articles, useful and ornamental. From this auspicious beginning, It seems to us. there must spring a lucrative trade. Before many months hall have elapsed, the Yankee schooner's sharp nose will be poked Into every accessible Japanese port, and American goods will be as common In the marts of Jeddo as In the bazaars of Havana or Rio Janeiro. Under these circumotances we can afford to pay a pretty good sum for the Japanese reception'without grumbling. Our merchants will get it all back again before a great while A Nkw Stfrrr.m or Maktwo Mosht -Shu.inq Baia Trcmnrs. -It will be seen from a communication in another column that the tickets Issued by the Corporation, avowedly free of cost, for the grand Japanese reception ball on Monday night, were a regular article of commerce in the market, and brought from ten to forty dollars apiece Several parties, It appears, were hawking them round for sale during the day, and it Is slated in the communication referred to that some of them, at least, were purchased from a ' respectable gentleman connected with the municipal departments." Was L , . It u AUtnwta? U A* ? ?*"? *?* through the hands of the Aldermen .T*4000"?11men, it m moat probably tome of them' wil0 put them into the market for sale. We should like to know which of them it was who adopted this system of making a ready penny by the sale of gratuitous invitations to the bail. Tmc Tmxrr-Scm Qoswanss Cfruiuartaatics or the Fmtr SnasiOM.?We ought to be rery thankful to the genius who invented the law under which members of Congress are pafila yearly salary instead of a per diem allowance, as under the old rtgime. The difference In the manner of recompensing our servants saves us at least a month in the long session, which has just now been concluded to the Infinite relief of a long suffering country. In looking over the record of the Thirty-sixth Congress we are forcibly impressed with ths peculiarity of its main characteristics; first, the manner in which the members conducted ths public business, so far as they conducted it at all; and second, the studious way in which the bow not to do it rule was practised when any important measure was to be acted upon. The republicans, who had the business of the uoiisc m uieir uanas, siooa pieagea w me country in f&vor of postal reform; of modifications in the tariff; of the Homestead bill, tod of the Pacific Railway. That these measures were introduced simply for the purpose of manufacturing political capital,everyone familiar with the secret springs that govern the operations of partisan organizations was fully aware long ago. Now it is apparent to all. The Tariff bill was so clumsily constructed that the committee which concocted it could not explain its provisions, and it fell through, as its originators intended it should. The Pacific Railway scheme was another bubble intended to catch a few votes In the Western and Pacific States. The Homestead bill, patched up between the House and the Senate, was passed, to be sure, but in such a form that it would have done more harm than good to the parties for whose benefit it was ostensibly enacted. The President promptly put his veto upon it, a circumstance which should gain for him the praise of every sensible man in the nation. The most important measure of those wo have named was that in favor of the extension of mail facilities and a general reform in the Department, including the abolition of the franking privilege. The Post Route bill provided for a daily overland mail from the Mississippi to the Pacific, a measure which would have released the people of California from the clutches of the Panama monopoly, and paved the way for the Pacific Railroad; but this was too much to expect from Congress, and the House, at the latest moment, refused tp pass the bill. Thus we have seen that Congress spent all the public time in President making, in partisan quarrels, In such silly and stupid investigations as that of the Covode Committee?which only proved whAl everybody knew before, that the politicians of all parties are utterly corrupt and altogether unworthy of public confidence?or in endeavoring to blacken the reputation of one of the purest statesmen that has ever sat in the eVtaie nf Vl'auKiniri An We need say only a few word* a* to the personal character, the manners and behavior of a majority of the members of the Thirty-sixth Uoogress. The session commenced with a row; the ensuing contest for the Speakership was diversified by several disgraceful scenes on the Door of the House; the course of debate was interrupted very frequently by the blackguardism of certain notorious members, and the Congress broke up in the same delightful way in ahich it had commenced, the very last words that were said before the Speaker laid down the gavel be has handled so feebly being a request that the Biot Act should be read. The members of Congress, as a general rule, have been as noisy, as turbulent and as ungentlemanly in their conduct as the strikers and blowers who have been saving the country, according to their idea, or trying to ruin it, according to ours, at Charleston and Baltimore. It is very hard to say these things of an important branch of the government of a republic from which the friends of free institutions all over tbe world have a right to expect so much. But they are solemn truths, and they must be made known, as the first step toward* the reformation of tbe abuses to which they refer. Thk Campaign andthk Washington Organs ? Tbe Washington party organs are among the last remaining excrescences of that aneien rfgin* in our political aflkirs which ruled the country before tbe independent press, railroads arid the telegraph were brought into the general scrvloe of mankind. But these excrescences at Washington have continued to exist upon the drippings and pickings and stealing* o! the public printing, and being now altogether taken awaj by the new law establishing a government printing oBce, what are these spoil* organs to do? They must expire, or brush np and keep pace with,the world aronnd them. The old Initttigmcrr will probably h.tng on for a long time yet, and the OcmstiMUm will, we suppose, be kept above water while Bowman ha* the Senate printing, to wit, till the 4th of March next This miserable organ has been a great Incubus upon Mr. Buchanan's administration Bowman, from his printing spoils jobbing and trading with Wendell and Rice, and all that set. should have been sent paoklng home long ago. The good nature of Mr. Buchanan overruled the dictates of wisdom in this matter, and has consequently given him a world of trouble. But the unlucklest of all these Washington party organs is that unfortunate concern called originally the Motes, but latterly the Males and Union. How It has been kept upon its legs for the last two or three years is a mystery. We suspect that it is a whistle for which Mr. Douglas has paid very dearly; but what will It do now? Its future is a dead blank. It has nothing to expect from the next administration, for Mr. Douglas will have nothing to give. We dare nay thai the concern, if not already doftinct. wilt perish from sheer starvation very soon, and that by the 4th of March bext only the old fnMigmctr and the Utti# enterprising Mar will be left of nil the existing newspapers of Washington. Rm.iotos on Boa no thk Niagara.? It is very refreshing to be Informed, as we are by n pious cotemporary, that the rather up-hill work of the conversion of the Japanese, which wns commenced by some good people in Washington, and since carried on in a series of tract skirmishes, is to be continued on board the frigate Niagara The chaplain who has been ordered to the ship seems to he t tor*, of salt wa'er ?eecher, tad Ms appointment to this service is, we mC * ?cmI Interest te foe religious world." It Is also eery Interesting U know that without the Japanese the worthycba^thln has a wide field before him. Of thd Are hundred and ?dd aoula on board Ida Niagara only about a w^enen knew been awakened to grace. "The coaak^der and one of the " lieutenants and twelve of v**e crew are pieue men," whiofe |? a very small alwwanoe for tbt > entire ship's company. It is to ka hoped that the chaplain will remember that charity begins at home, and proceed first to the conversion of the irreligious lieutenants, engineers, purser, doctors, midshipmen, marines, ordinary sailors, landsmen and boys, before he tries his hand est the Japanese. By the time the first part of MT task has been accomplished, the Ambassadees and attaches will have become so far Imp fa" \ meated with practical theology as to aaske their conversion a very easy matter. BSWB FROM WA8HIIIOTOE. Bellicose Attitude of Spoil Towards Mexico ail the (Uted States. Meeting of the Eztraerdhiarr Seedei off the flonito Ratification of Treaties with Foreign Powers. Possible Rattle stioa of the RKesiCM Treaty. Important Protest of the President to the Action, of the Covode Committee. Major Wool Amr the PresMeattal Aspirants, Ac., Ac., Ac. Our Special WaAiagton Detpatck. W.aniaoTOK, June M, 1M BBLUbmurr aitittdh or grant iowaeds iuxioo aadobs cam? 8tat08 ImporUat intelligence was received here this aorntng, brought by the last mail from Europe, from Madrid, to t gentleman in this city, and has been laid before the gt^ v eminent, In order that it may understand what is now ^ going on in Spain in reference to Mexico and Oubh, * writer says that a document has just been published "by order of the government, having for its base the Mextoaa I question, which is so mixed up with the question of Oubn that if the church patty cannot drive Juarez out of Vera Oruz It is necessary the Spaniards Should do so, for if not the island of Cuba will run great risk. The dsounaenl further says the nbaorption of certain territory of Mexloo by the Yankees under the McLaao ing of the island of Gab*. The glories of Morse- I co, says the writer, hare elevated these people is the clouds, and with this belief they think they can carry their triumphs into Mexico. It is already a thing resolved upon, and all the resources of the government are ' ready to take the conquerors to the plains of Mexico. The orders to the navy have been sent to Cuba to hold Itself in readiness at a moment's warning. Already the American government haa received a strong note protesting against the insults to their (b? at Anton Liiardo. The Idea of obtaining satisfaction from both Msxioo and the United States Is generally approved of, and no doubt you will see sctive movemests going on in Oubt to edfeet this object. The government intend to keep n vigilant eye in regard to the operations of Spsin, and that she does not interpoae in Mexican aflairs. nsroa wood and tub rassnxm. i Mayor Wood arrived here this morning. He has been conferring to day with Mr. Breckinridge, V Judge Douglas and the administration, aa to the* proper course to pursue in the oomiag campaign. Ms ^ J suggests that there should be but ene electoral ticket to | the State of New York, with the Electoral College unpledged to either candidate, but to throw the vote for either, aa may be moat politic, and thua secure the Stat# from tba republicans Hla proposition aaama to meet with (hear from both aides Hto Influence arlaea ft^aa the fact that be la not pledged to either, but deetrea la secure U>e Stale to the democracy. If, however, thaaa parlftc counaela shall not prevail, aad the administration does not throw Itself into the fight, the probability la that Mayor Wood will go with the popular aentimeat of Mate, which be tbknka la la favor of Douglas It to aadarstood that the administralioa are In council today" upon this very subject The Impreeeioe to that they will throw their whole power In favor of Breckinridge aad lane. If eo, every ofhee bolder will have to show his band or bto bead will drop Into the basket A word la the Wise, Ac. Manure or tn docuijui aanoaai. oomrma Tbs National I* w?cr Uie (Douglas) Domini tier met at the National Hotel la-day for organlaatloa aad to prepara for the campaign. Angustr Belmont, of New York, la Chairman, aad Tboasaa Uottmaa, of Louisiana; T. O Prlnoe, Of Massachusetts, John A. llarman, of Virginia; and Hugh J. Jewitt, of Ohio, are Secretaries. The Raeon live Committee la aa follows ?Belmont, of New Tort; * Jew#U, at Ohio; Dick, of North carotins; Oeaverse, ef OanoeotKiit, llsljmen, of Pennsylvania; Oottmaa, Of leu 1st ana, aad KoUetl, of Michigan The committee bare power lo appoint aubalilutee. The following reeoluttoag ' were adoptedyp Resolved, The rrtrts demanding that the orgaalaaUea of the dmnecmuc party shall be preserved In Uct agataal open aa wrU as secret eaemiee of the constitution aad lha In ion, It to therefore renenmeoded to the General HtsSo Committees that they take mensurcs to aernre the adoption of aa aierWal ticket iu their respective Htatoa pledged to the uwnulvocal support of the nominees of the Nat una! Democratic Convention, Stephen A. Douglas Ml H V. JohMon Resolved, Thai If any Bute Committor a hall omit to then the member rFthis committor la that HUte le here- N by nuthortrrs, either in conjunction with nnibmtf the HUlf (fwrmltw. or by bin "*i act, to take *ucb as lion a* he may dorm arm ? ry and prefer fbr thai pur psar ' nm mnmnxn wattowai uwsnira. The Democratic National (Br? k in<-idg*) Onmmltfe haa bora at work to day, and will complete their programme to morrow, no uu?iiniiuw is fa row or Biiacinnusoi an tan Tbe CtaWJttfefvm acwapaper ?ill to morrow bo tat the namee of Breakinrldg* and lane at the bead of itecetuman, and publish an earnest article tusulniag tbesr aorniaa tleos na raw ram aarr acmwrr The INeatdent trail a large number of nominations Is the Senate, among them Wm T. Runarll, of Now York, ' e Nsry Agewt, rlee George M fbmders./emeeed. Handera is here, preparing for the DewglaB rampaigs. with an tSTitation In bU pocket from OarlbaJdl Is locals m lAJOdoo sad direct the liberal omremest of Europe la * thai city. nann narrow or remarrm The buaineaa of the Bronte to-day, In eiecetlre mmIm, wm o*clmlTol> coodned to the oona.derat.oa of treattoa, aad reoulted la Uw rat.flcatloo of tbn Ki tradition Irmly with Uwrtoerland, and thoee of commerce and frlra^hly with BoJi?ia, Veoetueln, Hoodorao and Nican^wa. h thai with Boo d urea I* a traaott privtleie, to which, how tree, but little Importoooa to altnchad Tho Niaararw treaty waa amended, an that an Ataertoaa military fbrca cannot be uood without UW iwootouo oooaat of IhoMiNah Mate* tengrem, for tho protection of traaott aad other purpooee. There waa no mnrtrod matoint m to aay of throe treat Ire, which wore rattled by nearly a unaniawoa rote , Much Intrrwt lo eiprmoed rrtatlrr to the treaty between the United Stateo end Spain, prortdin* a emmmto a ton far tho oetttaoaeot of pending claim* oa tho part of both couatrtoo It eoatama o clouoe to pay for tho Am la tad aatroeo an appropriation tor which purpooe hae boea repeatedly praaaod oa the c oo*.deration of tea greao by tho President, oa a matter of juetioe, ao wet! ao a laoiwaewt teodtng to produce a mor. frteadiy feeding betwooa tho United State* aad Spam It It under otood that a motion boo been made to atrlko out thta r elooae It la not balloted that Ihto can prerall, but Ito retention may jeopard, If not oerthhtly defeat, the roUflpa /

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