Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 8, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 8, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. # A OUKDOR I K R I V V? KMTOK AND PROPKITTOR. tmca h. w. ooknb or uamav akv htlrow m. TMKM\ im |foM| ^ KI4<i Ol tK? JWV tA? Nnd?r /' ? u^e #tar/i?M not nJucripium *?/?* DAIIT BSRALD iwmliyrnn.R^min fH* WKMKIT UtLUALO. mt ? .'*Uur LiSI, a' u -r,x< vtr UN. or 19 pfT mnwi; tKt Kwrfmin Bdition nw< f?l" ?>??, mi Hz ? ?? j*-r nop*. K pr ihwmh In any yart<>f -pr?a/ fl> (ute, #r 96 lo in* i-Kl V tAf llnMMI. VxA to wv lu U p-tstOfj', CM Cali/ot <Ua K-ltfion <m thr tx\ Mi *)'* < ttrA n? uX al -ii omfc Mr r<M. or VI 60 par annum. Tift rAMUr HKfLALD on Wtdmwlty, al row ornt< ^r MP*, or S2 j?r nnnum. V?lUM XIV BO. 1M AMUSEMENTS TO MORROW EVENING. NIBLO'8 (JAROKN, Broadway -t'otWffS-KrOlf Dor. WINTER QARDEN Br*4way.-C0l*?W BAW*. WALLACE'S THKATKK. Br^iway.?OMAT EAJTIM? Ibum Li OK?YaMKKK Hoi"*****"-"' LAURA KKKNK'N TIIKATRK, No. ?M Br?dway.?Ty toon? Mr luirno ?iri aho Old 1'mii.fi BARNLJM AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Day and terming- Wmm Hf.akt Nnu Won KaI* Ladt?l'HKKOva do* m a Saoc* Kbock?PnuvarriTK Krida.ilil?Duaa Max or Majciiuteb?Lit ml CoBiMmw. Ac. b r T a NTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanic*' Hall, ?71 Broadway Bern mw, Imm, Dajicu Ac ?Hcairas at flasaoaooa*. k18uw 8aiioon, Broadway.?oca. chrutt'i mimRTKBLa m Hoaoa, liAiioaa. Bvbuwbs, Ao.?aiat?? L4>ra* KATTOHAL CONCERT 8ALOON. National Theatre.iMHi Uajnjm, BvaixMioaa. An. PAI.ACK GARDEN, FourteMtk ?tre?L?Vocaj. am In innanAi Concaai. na irr*rrn*t nnnriiRT saloon, ao Broadway.? Bono*. lUNcar HoRijumo** Ac. New York, Manila), July *, 1N00. The Ktwi. The old case of McCotter against the city, to Compel them to perform their contract for the purChaw of land* on Ward's Inland, made with him by the Common Council, was reported on by the referee in favor of McCotter to the amount of nearly f 140,000. The deckion of the referee was filed yesterday by Mr. MrMuhon on behalf of Mr. MoCotter. We give an abstract of the lengthy report; It is interesting to every contractor and to every taxpayer, and if the agreement had been closed long ago it would have saved the city the expense Of mach litigation. The Commissioners of Immigration hare occnpied a large portion of the McCotter property for years, and another portion was occu|>i?d by private parties. The Common Council, some years since, instituted an inquiry into the propriety of purchasing the whole of Ward's Island for Corporation purposes. Reports were made in favor Of the purchase, but difficulties arose as to the value, and the matter w as submitted to arbitration; |>at as their award was considered by Mayor Tictnnnn as excessive, Mr. McCotter made a reduction, Bnd the Comptroller was directed to purchase the property. Other difficulties then intervened, and the present suit was brought to compel the city to mmnlttii tliA rmrr1ia>>i> and it ha* resulted so fur in & verdict against the city for the sum above named. In the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday, James Carroll, found guilty of arson in the first degree, was sentenced to imprisonment for life at bard labor. It is strange that the punishment of these heinous offences does not prevent the perpetration of crime. Incendiarisms, however, are diminishing through the vigilance of Fire Marshal Baker, and the energy and promptitude with which be follows up those offences. To Mr. Baker the community are greatly indebted for the punishment of the offender in the present case. Michael Itoake, Who pleaded guilty to manslaughter in the second degree, committed in one of those public house brawls, was sentenced to five years at hard labor. Heveral other prisoners were admitted to bail, and the Court adjourned fine die. Nothing definite transpired yesterday with reference to the assassination of Messrs. Walton and Mathew*. A week baa now elapsed since these two citizen* were murdered, and yet the aflair is titill involved in a profound mystery. The police detectives have, liowever, been actively engaged, i?nd acme interesting revelations arc expected when the Coroner's jury resume their investiga* (ion. We publish in another column the wili of Mr. Walton, by which it will be aeen that he bequeathed all hi* property to his children, leaving liia wife only an allowance of seven hundred dollar* per annum. The steamship Kangaroo nailed from this port yesterday for (Liverpool, with 260 passengers and in specie. The steamship New York also wiled for Southampton and Bremen, with Us pasftengera and $2t*i,720 in specie-making a total of AOtt passenger* and 1171,312 in specic. Th? Brooklyn City Mills, located at the foot of Tulton street, Brooklyn, were totally destroj t>d by lire between three and four o'clock yesterday morning, and the adjoining buildings were alightly damagrd. The loaa ia estimated at between twenfire and thirty thousand dollar*. The Hayes Arctic exploring expedition tailed from Boaton at half past three o'clock yosterduy afternoon. The Police Commissioners yesterday appointed Captain Jamt* i*ooard Inspector, and John C. Helm*. of the Broadway squad, Captain, to Oil vacanciea. No other business of importance transpired. The thirty-aixth aesaion of the Board of Excise Commissioner* took place yesterday afternoon. Twenty eight applications for licenses were re Mired. ftli of which were gtantod, on the usual financial term*. Tbi* makes the whole number of licenaea granted this year 441; and though there re jet fourteen meeting* to take place before the Commi-xion close*, the number already granted is much in rxecm of that of either of the tiro yean ImmedixMy preceding. The Mk < of cotton jraaterday ombrac-td about *00 bale*, eloatag 00 tl,p baat* '* USt fc" n>Midline uplands, I0\e. for nor Ida ud Motile middling, and at lie to* New orleans aod Icui do The receipts of flour were light and pricea were firmer, with fair aal<-a to the domestic trade Md for export In wheat the market was heavy and pricea eaaier, wbiie saSee were lair for export and for milling Corn waa aiao leas bony act, while aalea were limit**, at prKxw given in another place. Pork waa firm, with moderate salea, including new weae at 119, and new prune at 9U ITH a 914. Beof was beary, while lard waa Arm and in good desaand ftagar* were steady, while the naJea reached about 1 190 hdda Coffee Arm but not ac lire, MUM of 400 bag* Maracaibo were made, and 700 do. Coata Rica, at full prices. Freights were Arm, with a mo *? * *? ?u?o?i?? oi ncwxxaieai* mirai, in pa**, wma to Liverpool in sUlp'a bag* at 9\d Dour *4 tk 94. per barrel. A QOXi-V Vlkw or tur British Mh.it art ftTBTXM.?We publish in another column a fery lotereaUag article, translated from a Freach military oi'P^a, the fy*cUU*w Miiiiairt, giving * German riew of t&? Dailitery <y*tcm of Eo^ land, tahen from a series of article* appearing la the Darmstadt Military (taMtte. It prepeata la rather a disadvantageous Ufht the pre peat power and organisation of the Ikitish army, and the capacity of England to defend (beraelf against a French Invasion, should the Hnrd Napoleon ever decide upon carrying out the d?*igns of his uncle in that direction. The militia and yeomanry of England are represented as wholly Inefficient to act as soldiers In tim? of need, and the entire system of recruiting the regular amy i* very generally condemned by tbia military critic, who appears to understand frhat be is writing about. We commend the article to the attention of our read**. Tfae *'Irr*pre*?fblc Conflltl" AmoBR ?hf ' Dtmorrnrjr?The Hi vuiallon rro(|r???* Our democratic realore have doubtlesa perused and inwardly digented the manifesto, which we published yehterday, from the Hon. Miles Taylor, of Louisiana. Chairman of the Douglas National Democratic Executive Committee at Washington, denouncing any joint stock arrangements with the Breckinridge faction ' at any time, in any place, or under any circumstances." The reason advanced by Mr. Taylor for this decree is, that the antagonism between squatter sovereignty in the Territories and the protection of slavery therein by Congress, which broke up at Charleston and at Baltimore the National Convention of the party, is nta?Aliluf? nrtiinK atill AAnitnnoa "ftnH ifl ? ? "ft ***"14* TV UIVU DMII VVUM"?4B| Buch as mu8t preclude the possibility of any union" between the belligerent factions ''in the support of a common electoral ticket in any State, no matter what may be the probable result in it without such a union." It is thus apparent that all the movements and overtures and propositions among our democratic spoils politicians to bring about a joint stock electoral ticket in Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York and elsewhere, must all end in smoke?that there is an "irrepressible conflict" between the Douglas and Breckinridge divisions of the democracy which must bo fought out. In a word, we now perceive that the split in the party camp, commenced at Charleston and consummated at Baltimore, was not a temporary alienation between the Northern and Southern wings of the democracy, but a permanent rupture, marking' the final dissolution of this old democratic party. As matters now stand, it is probable that while Douglas will leave Breckinridge in a Mender minority of the Northern democratic vote, the reverse will be the case in the South. We should not be surprised if by November there should be a pretty solid concentr&tlon\of the Northern democracy upon Douglas, and a general abandonment of Douglas for Breckinridge in the South. In any event, we may consider the days of the domocratic party of the la?t thirty odd years as ended, and that the broken fragments of this exploded party and of the old whig party are now drifting about for a permanent lodgment in some^new organization of parties. That we shall have a reconstruction of parties, very shortly after this Presidential election, is morally certain; and that in this reconstruction tb<* controlling party for the future will stand upon the conservative Union sentiment of the country, we have do doubt. But we must uwalt the issues of this Presidential campaign. If we could bring the conservative popular elements of this State alone into '*a happy accord" against the sectional republican party, the defeat of Lincoln would be secured; but between Bell and the broken up democracy the conservative popular majority of New York will most probably be frittered away. So in the South, if the conservative democratic element there could be combined with the conservative opposition vote the coa lition would be competent to carry every Southern State except South Carolina. But from the division of our Northern national conservative elements into three separate partj camps, the sectional anti-slavery republican party has all the odds agaiust them; and so. from the division of the national conservative elements of the South into the two party cumps of Bell and Douglas, the Southern ultra pro-slavery sectional democracy will be apt to turn out the strongest. But these divisions of the conservative forces of the country will disappear after this election, in the formation and crystalization of a new natiomfl I'nion nartv. broad enouch and stronir enouch I WW- ? O -- - O to combine the discordant Union factions of the present day into a single homogeneous party. Then. our Northern republican party begins to dissolve under the fervent heat of a new administration, it will subside again to a mere contemptible sectional faction; and then, too, that Southern sectional democratic party which has been so clamorous for disunion, a Southern confederacy and the African slave trade, will be silenced bj the immediate presence of a more powerful Union organization. The first work of a revolution is the overthrow of the old order of things. That has been done in the destruction of the democratic party. The next thing is the establishment of a Dew order of thing*. That work will be practically commenced very soon afu?r this Presidential election, In the reconstruction of our political parties. The existing divisions and confusion of parties can only be settled by the Presidential election. As It is, we see on all sides that we are in the midst of a revolution, and that it must go on to its consummation. Anmnc An) to Garibaldi.?The performance in aid of the Garibaldi fund will take place at the Academy of Music, on the evening of Wednesday next, under the direction of Hgnor Mur-io, who has been delegated by the Italian Committee to superintend the arrange menta. The artists at pn-eent la the metropolis have come forward most promptly, and the programme. which, with the letter of Garibaldi to Gan. Aveuana, will be found elsewhere, is of the moat attractive character. Klgnora FrextoHnl and Signor Maniani will sing in "Lucia dl Lammermoor;" Madame Cor teal, Signori Erranl and Suslni will give "Lucreaia Borgia;" and Madame Coleon will ring the famous "Bolero." from the "Sicilian Vespers." Thus we nee combined in one programme the beet works of the modern Italian schools?the chift d'amwt of the favorite masters, Donizetti and Verdi, whose compositions represent Young Italy in its artistic fueling, as Guiseppe Garibaldi is its political exponent The night of the grand performance should be made the occasion of a grand demonstration o( admiration for the Italian people, who are now engaged in a struggle for their national exist nee?a struggle in which all our sympathies am nf nx>*aJhr with Lh? nllinl (UmimI baldl, Um Italian Marion, tad his followers. We baee bo doubt that this appeal for material aid, made under such circunwtaacen, will be promptly and Hbe rally responded to. Th? subject in one upon which we might enlarge. There are many pood reasona why the Ameri- ' ciin people should come forward and nid the Italians in their present extremity, but such an effort wptil^ be roperfluoiij, Erery sensible in this country understand* the Italian question a* it U. What is wanted ndW i* tn*?4?* rial aid, not argument; and erery movement that tends to the nil important end should be duly encouraged. We tnnt that there will be no rarnnt place* at the Academy on Wednesday night. NEW YORK HERALD, ' CnglKBd and Her Coitfiilcs?The War la new zetuiia. By the latest accounts from New Zealand we find that a bloody war was raging there between the British troops and the native popula. tion. New Plymouth was the principal Beat of the fighting, and large numbera of the Maoris had been killed, including fourteen of their chiefs. This looks like a revival of the calamitous scenes which followed the early colonization of the islands, when the aborigines?a tall, well formed and valiant race?were mowed down in thousands by the military, and indiscriminately shot by the other colonists. It was their extermination that was aimed at; but the New Zea lander was endowed bj nature with too much physical and mental stature to be so quickly and remorselessly swept from the face of the earth, in order to leave the rioh lands of his inheritance in the undisputed possession of a parcel of unscrupulous invaders, whose hands were in too many cases stained with murder, to the lasting disgrace of themselves and their country. The prime source of England's great political power unquestionably lies in her colonial empire, upon which, as they say in Albion, the sun never sets. But the acquisition of these dominions was not achieved by her without vast cost both of men and money, and the perpetration of massacre after massacre upon the coin? ? ? Ka/IIaq a# tKa aV\rvi>?nr!nal pnrBUVnjr uucuvncoo wvvuvo vi Miv Hvvii^kUHt inhabitants. The colonial history of England is associated with unnecessary bloodshed, and if it were truly written would convey horror to the mind of every reader. It is a dark page in the eyes of the philanthropist, and a terrible record against the nation which caused such deeds of slaughter and rapine to be enacted. The British wars in India were monuments of unholy carnage; so were those against the raflfroH at the Cane of Good Hone, and the Maoris alluded to In New Zealand. Cases of monstrous Individual cruelty on the part of the Boldiery abounded by it 2* 9t thousands In these campaigns. Helpless native aQ(^ children were shot down without mercy whenever they were met with. As late even as the recent Indian mutinies numbers of the captured rebels were arranged in long lines, and tied to the mouths of guns, from which, at given signals, they were, batch by batch, blown to atoms, which filled the air like a shower of snow for several seconds, and numerous other almost equally diabolical acts were committed about that period by the British army in Bengal. England may rest assured that she did her cause no good by this display of inhumanity, for the people of British India now nurture a more deadly feeling of revenge against their conquerors than ever they did before. The aborigines in the settled districts of Australia hare dwindled almost entirely away, owing to the murderous treatment of the English colonists. Kinahan Cornwallis, in his "Panorama of the New World," gives the following instance of their mode of dealing with them:?"I met with a squatter at Melbourne." says our author, "who deliberately confessed that he had joined, on several occasions, a mounted party to hunt down 'the blacks,' partly for the sport of the thing, partly to rid the district of them. This hunting consisted in shooting as many of them as tbey could overtake; men. women and children were indiscriminately murdered by these demons on horseback, and their bodies left to lie where they had fallen, beneath the silent heaven." '-We sometime* iiwd to shoot a doze* or two before breakfast," was one memorable confession of the squatter alluded to; "but even that didn't keep them away; they'd come in the night, and if there wm Anything they could lay their hands on they'd plunder it; bo, said I. wait a bit my boys, and I just poisoned a bullock carcass or two villi the stock arsenic, and had them left out for the gentry. That dose, two or three times, ridded them off better than anything else. " The people of our own country, we are porry to say. hare shown but little forbearance towards the red men; nevertheless, we never Knr\f Kair Kurlnw diiaK aH>aa( U\MU VI (U\ It UHtUI^ VVU1IUII1VU OUVU HMUVI' ties as these diabolical wretches in Australia hare done. Wc think, after all we hare heard and seen, that England, Instead of Bending missionaries to courert the aborigine*, ought to send tome to conrert the colonial*, for many of them are sadly deficient in the practice of the Christian virtues. If we are not mistaken. England will jet And that her colonies will cost her more than she hat* gained by them; for the more extensive the distant possessions of a nation become, the more danger is that nation exposed to both at home and abroad. A Ct riots Form or Jn.r Crt.xmiATtov.? We learn from one of the abolition organs that there was to hare been a celebration of the Fourth of July over the grare of John Brown, at North Elba. All of the Browns, and tome of | the black*. wore to be on hand:? Jobs Brown, Jr., tho rMeat aoe of Qmt Joho Brow*, ni appointed to road the Declaration of IndopMdonco, mid S'lomon, hi* j-uiuifMrt sua to read the Srrm<m on Um Mount Tti" following |?r?on' tw inruwl to fcoyr?nt and (peak ? rpt Hrnrv Highland Oaruett, of n?w York; Th<* W. lllKKitiRoo. of WorrMtw, Mm.; Mlaa FranoM Bl?t? WaUlaa, of Philadelphia; ThadJ.'U* Myall, UU of Washington Jail, U. C , Richard J. Iliotoo, ml KaMM; Kredertck iKmglaaa, of Bochoaler, M. T.; Itet Hw>H? B. Ctwver, of N?w York. Hoory D. Thor??aa, of Ooaiord, Man .; Judf* W M. *. Arnjr, of KaMM, 1*4 bm; other*. That is what might be called a very nice tea party. Will not somebody send as a report of the celebration? It intuit have been rather unique than otherwise. Wfcere waa Hoi. Maaaa Greeley f IlArmrr Marttmcac on Rowu* Emamtfanow.?Harriet Martineau haa written a eharac- | lensuc leuer. wuicu we give ewewnere, on tuff failure of the scheme for the emancipation of the Ruselan sorft. According to hPr showing the Rumian emancipation scheme has failed for two reason*:?Flrnt, because it provided no legislation under which th? new multitude wm to lire; and. second, aerf ignorance of the miwnhtf and tices of property in land, which prevent* their seeing whj the landowner mimt be paid for the land which must be taken for their aetUetnont, and Incapacitate* them to discharge their liabilltJe* and to use their new privilege*. Here we b?ve the very difficulties whioh attend the fine spun theories of the black republican abolitionist* for the emancipation of the four millions of negroes now held in domestic pervitude at the 8ouUl The black republican lawgiver, Spooner. propose* to emancipate the Southern Mare* bj habea* corpus when a black republican President in elected; but he goes no farther than the act of emancipation. He doe* not consider the practical social difficulty, SUNDAY, JULY 8, 1860. 9 ? w L?re they are to get land to settle on when they are once emancipated, nor who Bhall make laws to govern them during the period of their intellectual inferiority. Will some of the black republicans tell us what they propose to do with the four millions of negroes in the Southern States alter they have set them free by habeas corpus? Thk Execution or Habdkn?A Lamenta.bij? s i'kctacle.?It is customary with the provincial press to reproach the city of New York with its immorality, to represent any violence, disorder or crime which may ocour among its rowdy class in the most heinous light, and to picture the metropolis as a united Sodom and Gomorrah?a terror to the peaceful dwellers in the rural districts. But a spectacle was witnessed on Friday, in the little village of Belvidnre, New Jersey, nestling in the very heart of a beauteous country, where one would suppose the softer and finer feelings of human nature might be nurtured, and that insensibility to emotion which the demoralization of a great city so often generates might be unknown? a spectacle was witnessed in that village on Friday last which New York, or perhaps no city in the Union, ever did or ever could present?a scene calculated to shock the feelings of the least sensitive, and make us wonder that human beings anywhere within the reach of Christian civilization could be so utterly lost to a sense of that decency and solemnity with which, even among Bavage tribes, death Li invested. We refer to the scandalous occurrences which took place at the execution of Harden around the Court House at Belvidere. The chronicles of Newgate and the Old Bailey, in the British metropolis, furnish many melancholy examples of human degradation, and the depth to which the hearts of men and women can sink in the slough of corruption. The orgies around the gibbet hare there been commenced at midnight, the eager participants, men, women and children, awaiting the dawn to welcome the horrible spectacle, and vice and crime have plied their trade in every shape, amid jests and blasphemy, in the presence of death itself. ?*jt happily in American cities such scenes an- never witnessed. However desperate the criminal, or howeter loathful the crime, the people accept the infliction of the penalty as a vindication of the law; and, though curiosity may gather its hundreds in the vicinity of the place of execution, the victim is permitted to suffer In peace?if peace come to him upon the scaffold?unmocked and unmolested by the coarse jests, the heartless jeers and discordant laughter of a vulgar crowd. Women, even of the lowest class, rarely if ever present themselves on these occasions, and children only > when they belong to a class over which parental care or guardianship of any kind exercises no control. But how different was the scene in this little interior village of New Jeraeyl Except in the vicious character of those comprising the London mob who beset Newgate and the Old Bailey, the comparison between them and those who assembled to witness the execution of Harden would perhaps tell in favor of the former. Ribald jests and vulgar epithets were bandied about from one to another; coarse mirth seemed to vie with eager curiosity in characterizing the scene, and the wretched victim actually stepped from life to death?from the vigor of youthful manhood into the shadow of the grave?with nhoughta of laughter ringing in his ears, which drowned the last prayer to God upon his lips for mercy. Women were there to gloat over the pangs of a man whose evil and uncontrolled passions sent one of their sex to an untimely grave; and children, upon whose young hearts that sqpne of mingled agony and desecration will leave a scar for manj a day to come. Dut perhaps one of the most revolting feature* of the case, and one that speaks painfully of a vindictiveness which neither age nor respectability could quench, was the request of the father of Harden's wife to be permitted to witness the execution of the law's vengeance. One would suppose that the old man bad had communion enough with death already, and that the knowledge that his unhappy daughter was avenged would have sufficed to close up the pages of that diornal tragedy. Thank God, such lamentable scene* M this are never witnessed even in our largest cities. It wjui reserved for the rustic community of a country village to present an example of human degradation which outrages every conceived idea of the simplicity of a rural population, and puts to shame the worst manifestations of the vice and hardheartedness of a metropolis. Til* DnuccvoM ok tiik Gkkat Eaxtkrn Cohino to Their Sknwcs.?We are glad to announce that the persons in charge of the big ship hare seen the folly of thtir attempt to carry out the high price system for visiters, and hare reduced the tariff one half?that in, fifty cent* for Adult visiters, and a quarter for the little folks. They hare also appointed Mr. II. C. Jarrrtt. a clerer mtrqirrMt-r, to take charge of the visiting department of the ship, and arrange excursions to her from all the principal cities and towns throughout the country. It is also stated that in the course of the month the Great Eastern will make an excursion to some point on tto seaboard?we suggest Cape May?returning on the next day after her departure. All these things loek well and sensible. The new rtyimt. under which the ship Is entirely in the hands of persons acquainted with the peculiarities of our people, will begin on to-morrow, and during the next month we may expect to see the city flooded with strangers who will come to see one of the greatest wonders of the world. The directors of the Great Eastern have taken the proper step just in time. The Political Retolttton in Nkw E.vo? t vii _ 1 ho InunrrAOtlAnnr* nkolUlnsiUta llaa WIMI^VUVWI J nvvuuvujflw V/l 1HM* sachuaett* celebrated the national anniversary at Kramingham, and thej unproved the occasion to take the backsliding black republican* to task for having tried to purge the platform of "Old Abe" from some of its most odious niggerisma. The New England black republican* are beginning to be afraid of the eflfect on the people of wh*t the Tribune calls "the halftruth* of Douglaaism," and on several occasion* have softened their anti-slavery enunciations. A new black Douglass, from Chicago, came forward at Kramingham to attack Lincoln and the political abolitionist* as unsound, and Senator Wilson took up the cudgel for bis friends. He proved to the satisfaction of the assembled Innirrectionists that the new black Douglas* was in the wrong, and that "Old Abe" and bis follower* were John Brown men np to the bilt, and good enough Insurrection!*!*, *t least until after election- The fact is, a political revolution is going* on in New England, where the people are abolitionists enough to hate the Southern political nigger drivers, and too shrewd business men to love the John Brown principles of the black republicans. If the Douglas leaders there hare the wit to play their ''half-truths" skilfully, they will take half of New England clean out of the black republican camp. Senator Wilson, with Sumner and John Brown in his boat, is sailing between the Scylla of insurrection and the Charybdis of Douglasism, on the rising and roaring tide of a political revolution. The News from Mexico.?We give elsewhere to-day the Ml particulars, as far as received, of 4V? ..il i iuc lupviw u ucitav buu wnpvuir vt nunuiuu, and of the movement of Vidaurri la Nuevo Leon for the recall of ex-Preeident Comoafort. In both of its aspects this news is important, but it requires confirmation. As regards the report of the capture of Miramon, we will only say that it is a characteristic of the present contest in Mexico that whenever the constitutional party has suffered a severe defeat in the interior, as was recently the case at Guadalajara, it has been immediately followed by a report of some grand victory, like the present one of the capture of Miramon, of which we never hear anything more. The reported movement of Vidaurri in favor of the recall^of exPresident Comonfort, though requiring confirmation, is not without probability. Recent events in Mexico Indicate that an early period will be put to the disastrous Ocampo-Degollado policy, which has bo long ruled the Cabinet of President Juarez. The separation of Lerdo, the ablest financier and statesman of the day in Mexico, from the Cabinet, leaves that disastrous influence without a check in Vera Cmz. and affords to Vidaurri an opportunity to revenge upon Degollado the course the latter took in driving him from his State last year. That Doblado and Traconis may have united in this movement may be possible, as it is well known that they in common with all the active generals of the constitutional party, were strongly opposed to the return of the illstarred Degollado to the interior as commander in-chief. In view of the doubts that hang over the course of affairs in Mexico, we can only give the reader the true rule for ascertaining ; v t. ???*'?%?+ under flriven cirprooauit* iteuuo?twutvi .. cumstances, would occur in any other counuj* and the opposite will happen in Mexico. Trying Times for Office Hou>er.s?Federal office holders?those men who perform, or are supposed to perform certain very easy routine duties in and around the custom house*, post offices and nary yards throughout the country? are in a terrible state of bewilderment just now. Between Douglas and Breckinridge?the two democratic aspirants for the Presidency? they know not on which side to lean. They have no defined notion as to the answer they should give to the question? Under which king, Brtonlaa ? for, if they declare their preference for Douglas, the chances are heavy against them that they are removed from offioe; and if they should lean towards lus Kentucky rival, they may offend their immediate superiors, and run the same risk of losing their bread and butter. It is a trying position to have these unfortunate office holders in; and the worst of it is that, at heart, they do not care a fig for either candidate. It matters little to them whether Breckinridge or Douglas makes his way to the White House, provided only that he be a representative of the democratic party. If they thought that thej stood an equal chance of holding their UUie subordinate office*, they would cheer M laetily for Lincoln or for Bell. There is no principle In the matter with thorn. It is not natural to suppose that there should be. Their business is not to make Presidents, but to try and make out a living for themselves and fami lies. We really do not know of any public measure that would be more beneficial in its effects upon the whole community, and that would reflect more lustre upon the administration that inaugurates it, than the passage of a general law which would give some degree of permanency to the holding of subordinate positions under the government. There is no reason why a clerk or laborer in the Custom House, i'ost Office, or Nary Yard, should be deprived of the employment on which he may have been depending for yean, simply because the man who j is equina President prefers to be called republican rather than to be called democrat, or vice vtrta. Leaving out of view altogether the fact that a man who has been three or four years in the post may fairly be presumed to be better able to discharge lti duties than he whose only recommendation ii that he may have carried political banners, or hurrahed loudly at a mass meeting, or had a patron in a member of Congress, these mutations in office are accompanied with vorv mve evils, m well to individuals as to society at large. The office expectant* are, at the lowest calculation, ten timea as numerous as the office holder*. Those who hare once enjoyed the idlaoam of a stall at the public crib are generally unfitted for a long time for the ordinary avocations of civil life, aad thoae wW are anxiously watching to get into office usually beguile their weary honra in loafing, attending political gatherings, and other rich highly useful occupations. In both cases they are drones in the human hire. Tut an end to these change* in the subordinate offices of the government, and yau at once cut off nine-tenths of th? blackguardism of political contests; you restore to industrial pursuto the thousands of lazy vagabonds who control primary election* in all the large cities and towas; you ?et respectable men sent to Coo gran and to State and municipal Legislature*; and, by a judicious priming, you get, in the coon* of time, honest and competent officers to discharge the duties of subordinate positions. We do not oror estimate the importance of ?ach a change ia our political system when we say that in i?a ultimate results it would pro** of ore benefit to Um country at large than any other public measure that can be inaugurated by any administration. We do not expect erer to nee such a principle established. either by law or by usage, no long as our politician* are chotwrn from among ranting demagogue*; but still there ia no barm in occasionally ,a**ailing this, as we do all other ubiu>ea, and saving a word in favor of that claaa which is so much to be pitted at the prevent moment -the poor office bolder*. These an* trying times for th?*m. As for collectors, marshal*, nary agents, and otbc: If jdiig offl*e holders. the g'.IUotine can* not b? too often applied to them; bat for the subordinate there should be some Bjmpftthf and consideration. NEWS FROM THTNATIONAL CAPITAL. Our Special Wnhlagtoa Deipttth. WlUBMB, July T, 18fl?. Tin (uiiroRKU mail mavic*. If the truth u ever known concerning the carrying the mails to and from the Pacific States, it will be mr tamed that Senator Half '? bill for a daily mail bf the aat direct route overland tu defeated at the last sssston at Congress by a powerful lobby, la and out of Congress, la the Interest of the steamship companies. Senator Owia was iocliaed to fkror this bill afVr foiling to succeed wIMi his " ox-bow," or Butterfleld route, but it is said he attained a promise from Postmaster General Holt that If Bale's bill should not be allowed to pass, he (Holt) would afford every facility for carrying the mails by *'**?* ship via the Isthmus. Accordingly, Hate's bill did Mt pass. It is now asserted that three Senators, inolod ing Mr. Gwin, labored three days during last wssk with the Postmaster OeneraJ to induce him to keep his promise. It is reported that rery angry wards were uttered; that Holt was reminded of his prosstes; was assured by one of the Senators that but for his promise to send the mails per steamships, he (ths Ssoator) could have passed Senator Hale's bill, which he would assuredly bare done, notwithstanding it would have placed the republican part/ in the ascenden y oa tfcs I*aclfic. This lame Senator, It is currently reported, politely Informed Mr. Poetmaftri Geaeral Holt that but for bis official position as a Cabinet officer be would out bis cars off. There Is no doubt tbat tbe osubiishaaeat sf overland mall routes across our own coon try, lastead of investing the public money to open op highways In other countries, is vastly more seasible and economical. The greater encouragement tbe government gives to the establishment sf wagon roads and mall routes across our own Territories, the greater will be the inducemeut to the people to establish settlements along those routes, and thus facilitate the construction of a railway uniting the States and commercial cities of the two great oceans. If the people will keep men out of Congress who lend all their energies and pecuniary moaas to increase the value sf their own private interests in tbe Panama Railroad Costpanv, the Atlantic and Paciflc Steamship Company, and the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, Instead of opening up the Territories of the Cnited States, thus looking ts the best interest! of the whole people, thajr will take the first steps towards accomplishing the great work suggested. , I am informed bjr the best authority that Postmaster General Holt promised a Southern Senator that If the bills providing for overland auM service all foiled, that he would take the reapooatbllitj to provide means to keep some of the sM contractors employed; but I learn now that ha declines keeping his promise. If the report is true that he haa made a temporary contract with Vanderbllt to carry ta? mails until March 4,1M1, it will verify the deeUrai.ons frequently made in thia correspondence, that the Atlantis Mid Pacific California Mail Steamship Companies constltote in themselves a power at "Washington greater tlui iin uiuiaiauHiun itaeil. The arrangement with Commodore Vanderbilt, just completed, for the transportation of the Pa?ifl? malls, tri monthly, will commenoe on the llth instant an* continue till the 4th of March next. Be Is to r?cetve the postages, and the President is to reootnmend that Otagrew, give a reasonable compensation besides. The mails would have boon carried by the last steamer had his despatch from Saratoga to Mr. Allen, bis agent, bete received by the latter before the steamer left. nwNunoa a> tbm HAVT. Chief Carpenter Simmons, of the Charleatown Navy Yard, has been promoted to the position of Construoter in the Navy, and has been ordered to San Francisco, California. tri Atirr nnnn ornusa. Major Myer, reeently appointed by the Prealdeat, wltfc the authority of Congress, to the poet recently nisaHd. of Signal Officer, with the rank and pay of Major, has beta ordered by Uie War Department to report U Lie* General Scott. Major Myer is tlie inventor of the new system of eignala to be uaed In the army, hence the om ferret)ee of the honor referred to upon htm. ixrnoraia?Tt w nuuuo. The secret of the provision put on to the OiTil Appre priation bill, and put through C'oogreea by Mr. Je&trmm Davis, during the lost few hour* of the aeeslon, may be found In the fact tbat Governor Floyd, since be baa beaa Secretary of War, baa commanded bts own ably, and not followed In the wake of either of pear Pierce's kitchen cabinet, especially tbat of Mr Davis, who waa always averse to the pure baa* of American Inventions, preferring to leave all wbo ?nit iminuTcwaiu lu lull w |U W AUMII ur rrun or AIVtela to aeek encouragement and And aale for their araa. Gotfrnor Kloyd haa puraued rurtlj the nppuaite oouraa. He haa encouraged all new invention* in arma, after 4 careful examination ?f them by the proper arm/ oAcers Wherever he haa discovered merit be haa encouraged M. It ta necaaaary that our troopa. lomparatireiy m f#? ta number?about eleren tbooaaad regular*?acattered over ao mat a terrl tory, thould be provtdrd with aa many of the beat weapona aa poaailrte, especially la ladiM warfare To thia ead Secretary Floyd haa fifW encouragement particularly to the breech loadlog rifle, a vaatly superior weapon, and the araf ia very thoroughly supplied with it. Mr. Da via waa oppoaed to thia weapon. The result ia, the Ga!ta4 SUW-e not having the right to manufacture any of Umm patented arma, under the prohibition of Mr Darla' mam law, an additional weapons far the aapply of tha iraf muat be manufactured in the govarnaaent armor tea, aa4 muat neceaaarlly be a very inferior modal, howevar aacellent tha work. It Is common talk hare, I know Ml tar) Floyd manifested Ike mm dlaraapect aa4 nit?ft Uwsrda On Srott that poor Pierce and Paris 414, tkM would dow exist a belter feeling on the part af >?mtary of War Dart* an4 the prrotl Secretary. uucu on omui aowiu*. V31i* B. Hrhnabel, entering toe OmMMKM oSca thtf morning, aneaulted Oeoerml Bowman with a stiok, wfcUa tl?e latter waa sitting la his chair. Oae of the clerks tm the office effectively came to the reecue, whea BnhaaK made a hasty retreat. Immediate steps war* takaa tm Brhnabel'a arreat. The reaaoa for the aaaaolt waa Ikt publication la yMterday'a (WiMIim of a* artiaia raflectlnf on the conduct of gchnahal. nun or mnn rroci. Edmund French, late Assistant Superlateadaat of tfeg Treasury extension, under Indictment for fmbmalumsnl, A IaH Hap* lhi? RlATlina ftil trial wa4 kaM place to-<l*r Of 1HTMT RMM 1W Booi* or Madloal Mew* wtu w>U M MMmm* on the Wk of giUiwtir, for Um (OMMUh ft Miataat (urgeon* Ibr prewwiloe, or of nokciaMila tor pfoiatmral for the medical (taff of the armf M he lnnled to pr<w?t thenelrw. There are mw lira . ?r*ncK* in the grade of aa*biUat surgeoas. The Promdeot baa recogtiiaed 0 W. Moaning* at Ttw Cooxul of Haoorrr at New York. Sftlllsf tf Dr. Htrw' Antic EiptilMaa. Bono*, JtUjr V, 1M* TV. Hajrea' Arctic W\ ?t 8 J* P. M., I* law Of Um> RtfyMf R B Torbt* A Mluto ?M flr?4 om Mm wharf prwtm to aaUtof The D?m? of th? rtmet wm changed to Uk Cmt?d fH*4?w NiWl !>! Plkt'i t JoMfW, Mo., July 7,1 Ml. Tb? Dkv'i PwU rxprtm arrived ycwtorday lAtraoa, < kruiiriac M" MO in g?M dual Bj ikta irrHnl wa km Ik fcMawIt wiwry ?f Mn, wklafe hMkNiMMMkm kcoMMwwfT* aort-rc torn praalraUag Um MUfiaph luaa ? IV rtaW-n Crooi Pwvrr OKjr tntelkr Mih ?H !?<! dcpr (trial tona upon ttrftfgliaf pvttoa aod upon imMm MwW ?d?t?Ha *? wril m mu*m M cmmmlm mmUmr MIMNM aa held on Ik* MkwtK? n of the 87th, and tweaftho Ar rapahoe rhtefr *r? present part of the time ? *sira*e* in the wain roov^t of the Indiana taking ?hal>T"r they dee.red Iron [?rln who were unarmed or urtK from lark of number*, to ruMteaaftllr reaut Uwm, tearing do? a fencte, turning thotr pastes Into garljtwt no<l deatroyiAg Ui^w, and is me ossee shooting at Mm whitrt, oop or t?o of whom ar? knows to t?T* hem kilML The chiefs thought it rr*j hard to he held wmntihlo r?r the had set* not onlf of tlwu own trtfca hst f<mr otbora new in Una rtfts.ty, tti : the Oiewnftra, Riowwi, AjWflifa an i Cani*ncb<* They prom.ee^ bmnTC, that o far as tlntr osu m*s ?*r* r?Mtr<ved, Uiey vro"M hoti

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