Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 21, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 21, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALDT jam Kit U O U O O ft UKItmctT, 0>m?K fRitt'KIKKOK ?F71t? H. ?. OOKKKH i?K hAKHAT IXtl eTLTON tWK. r*iK.\ <*?.?* to adtmmf M<*?% **nt Ay ?<U '? u Uu rUJt < ?>? MWiVr Pnttngt Bati.pt ?at "rff* I'AtLf BKHALO otv .antt pi mm. #7 w imwm TBI WKt'M'Ll HKKALD. <wif Auii?(it. m Ai mUt m -*)f-V (N nut 'A* Furtijm,ir. Ytliti.it. m#f V Wlitow/uy V ?ii nr?'> ?*i ' ?>'(, H iixaum to <in> ;??r( ?/ Uixi/ Aoaim yt Hi"I Ot.ntt.mi Vrffc li inrlmli yrtoly, Hit Oaly.irttui mtHttim on 'A* IW/> ?n.i Ra* o^ norA wttmln til tiw rtt.lt pi 0*0.. ?' >1 Wl|.' r onnuo.. f?/ FAMILY IIKBAI.O on (TnlMirtov, at foormupi To Trs 47BY 'OR HK.hr IIBI IK.ft M. iwMWMtim Ma?t f<?/a WV> tnlirilttl Iron. ony yuuflfrr (V 'A* w?H, V" unoi, ?/' V ,'iul fm aar'iOK KOKEIUA OomBKmaoAjif. ABA ftHTiiTuui HnorurriP *c. BBAI ?U 4J"> PAO? auk? ?ra? _ , AO B'VTtrt Liktt. 0/ inumymo.u rorrMpmuUana W* tin not rHur r. rt/trtrd 1 .mnt.niruH.mi. A l> YKM T fhKM KMTS rrnrvt.1 trrry .in, .*te*rtUmmU* <*hlJ in IV Wbbkiv Hkkau>. Kamil* Hbmaui, nnd imthr Ch Rjunia amI Kurii/Mi* KtiUi.it. JOB FHINTI/tu KtmUt! if ML mmtnttt. cKtmpnm and tin tpalrk Voiamt XXV ...No. Hill AMI oKMKNTH l'HU KVKN1NU. irrxi-ot ??AR|>KW, HrnodwAf.?floaoot ros Bcavdal? r.Tc-vt *im rtnMom. ^ Ajd-AtTL't THKATRK. Hraadwtr.?rouna?Duit laL.*a COfWCM THRaTRK. Mo. ?M Kravunyr.?l?at ?rw Mi?rMi THKaTRK rtnwerr?RicntMo III. ? [Arnwv Tit* at?Tour* Tart Navr* Haw a Woaab. HAKNLR'H lmKKU'AW MlTRRr*. UnraawAj.?lbty and Rrrnliy;?rmpuiu-M ducaalaaaao?I jti*a CKioei riu Ac. KIHl.o'h KAUHih, broad way ?U ao CaaIITT'I Ml* tniiii i* Ho*u?, lUftca*. Knmjuxitu. Ac ? I>oc*i.* Hapdap Room. RATIONAL. WINCKR1 *aLOON. tfaUOQAl Theatrrvtonui. i>>*cu boulmmca* Ac fAUi'K UaKI'KM. Fourteenth tree1.?Vocal a*d la mtci>**tal rcir<-krt CaM KKHI K I I'llM'KK'l (LAlAR'A, m.1 iofo'- T,R?rri? rmmr* ir [Now %'ork, ?AIA*?U|, Jr1| Mi. IHAU. UILH Hm THE NC1F1C. rw York Hrmld?(ullfnrnln Kdttlon. Tin- mail ?toamalii|. North *tai, .mwn. wU< leave tho- |x>rt hmiij , ? uoou, for ah|iiiiw*U. The man* for fulifoniiH Aim other part* of tho I'ACtdr ritr oliw ai riAif t?u*i ton oV.iocA ihtM morning. Tho Nim Viik* WioiKLt f*A*u>?i All forum oitilton? COIItAttirtMI the latoxt utlnllltftHlor IrotK All IMtrlR of tho a.Mill, with h Otrirr t)-nuillt) of local anil ulSfOllaiiiMMi* mat or. will bo ouhliahetl At hAlf |wwt o'oo o'olor.K to Ihe morning Kirigle rnfn<?, in wrn|>|>orH, n<a<1) for moiling, tig coot*. A:ml* *'ill i'Icicf. <o U'iMr nritir* a* OArlj a* fro* Ihlc _ Tito Ntwi, By ihe arrival ot tho Atrica at thia port yesterday ae have detail* ?>l tinroptan new a t? the 7th, and telegraphic advice* via Queenstnwn to the nth mat. Three day* later intelligence.however, received by the Connsught. at St. John*, was published in yesterday'? morning's paper. The letters of our correspondent*, and the extracts from our Hies given elsewhere, arc interesting. The discussion of our difficulty with (Ircat Britain respecting the San Juau question, and the obsequies of Prince Jerome Bonaparte at Paris, were the principal subjects before the public in England and France. We publish in another column news from Venezuela to the 2l*t ult. The rebels still continued to commit acts of diabolical atrocity in various parts of the country, more particularly in the village of Aragua. There were reports at Barcelona that Julius Monagas had died of wounds. Our correspondent at Nassau, N\ P., writing on the Hib lust., says:?The fruit crop here and on all the islands is a short one; but the quantity of salt on hand, and the future prospects, more than compensate tor the loss. The quMQ'ity of green turtle sent to England and France is greater this year than at any tormcr period within recollection or on record. Yesterday was one of the hottest days of the season, so far. The heat wn? intense, and there wa* not the slightest puff of air stirring. From ten o'clo< k A. M. to four P. M. an oppressively warm temperature prevailed?a dead, heavy heat, which rendered exertion excessively uncomfortable anJ caused profuse perspiration. At ten o'clock A. M. yesterday the mercury in the thermometer stood at 90 degrees; at noon it was at 92 degrees, with an upward tendency, at two o'clock, at 1*2 degrees: at three o'clock. 93 degrees: at half past three, 94 degrees; at lour rather less, with a downward tendency; at five o'clock, 93 degrees. The Chioagn Zouaves, after a aojourn of nearly one week in this city, took their departure yesterday afternoon for Boston in the ateamer C. Vatiderbilt. of the Norwich and Worceater line. Tbey were eacorled from their quarters to the point of embarkation by an honorary battalion of our citizen soldiery. Aa the Zouaves proceeled down Broadway they were enthusiastically chesred. The Savannah Blues. Capt. Anderson, arrived in this city yesterday. They were reoeived by the City Ouard. whose guests they will be duriug their sojourn in the metropolis Ths steamer Pennsylvania. of the Philadelphia and Richmond line, *11 totally destroyed by flro In James river, near Jamestown. on Thursday night. The flamea cut off acrca* to the boat*. and spread with such rapidity that the passenger* and crew had barely time to escape frotn the burning wreck upon hastily constructed raft*. They were all. excepting three of the children of Mr. Deiti. of Philadelphia, picked up nevt morning by the steamer Cnrtia Peck, and landed at Norfolk. The Committee of the Convention <?f Railroad Manager* whkb has been in session h this oty for several days past, made a report yestcrdoy. and a synopsis of it is given in to-day's p- ;wr. The committee propose a number of important reforms In the management of railroads, as regards exprrwe. ticket offices. Ac., sod recommend that the rates of freight should be gradually increased on and after the 1Mb ot August ueat. The Convention adjourned to meet at Saratoga oa the 27th last. The Committee of tho Fraternity of all Nations held a meeting at the bteuben House, in the Bowary. at eight o'clock last evening, for the purpose of raising subscriptions In fhrtheranre of the Oeribaldlao Italian Kund. Mr. O. Htrause wss chair man. and Mr. Minnelll acted aa (Secretary. A mm ber of formal resolutions were passed, and committees were appointed to co-operate in the lauJahlo irovementof raising money for the general land. The ditferent nationalities will be duly represented on the Committee of Finance. The trial of Jackaloo. who Is now confined by the United Htstea authorities in tho Rase* county IN. J.) jad for supposed partii ipancy in the sloop flj>r?}r tragedy. will take place at tbo next trmi of the United Htates Court, which will bo hold In Trenton in September neat. Of late ho Una betotno eery reserved la hia communication*. Ho denies absolutely any know led (to of tha transaction* for which he is held. Uo la now said to b* of Japanese origin. The session of the Board of Councfliti"n loot evening was principally occupied lathe *rao*action of routine business. A resolution ? aa adopted frlTiTtft the New York Preacher*' Association pern.i-eion to erect a tent In Jackson square during the summer season, for the purpose of holding re Ilgiou? meetings. A petition woe snhmitted by Wm. I rost, claiming Uiat he Is the inrontor of a ins<-b ne whir'i will groore the Ibis* parcmem in Brradway more effectually than any other mode. He proposes to groore the psrement at one dollar |>cr square yard, which would make the parcrncnt (iff ?ere TuJuabir tti*a it irbuis b? il :afcvu Bp .u4 J br< ken. The paper was referred t<. th? Committee on Strri ts, The report of the fun?ittee oil Hnance, in fa\or of concurring with the Aldermen to make ho addition*! appropriation of $86,-100 for the expenses of th* . ui rent year, was adopted. The iu-tt: of $3,i)flo t pay the legal expenses of the celebrated Mut*ell Investigating Committee of IS-5, earned aomt debate, but the motiuo to .strike it cut waa loat. In reply to u teaolution of inquiry, the Comptrol'er statef that the amount expended for cleaning the ?trecta tor the first a<x mouth* of 186ft was $109, 638 6?. and for the eauie period of I860 $l7ft.7t>4 91. The tialance available on the 30th of Juiia, IKtiO, wiui $126,57H ?4. A large number of report* of committee* were presented and laid over. The Comptroller eent iu hi* weekly atateraent for the week ending July 1ft. The amonut received up to July IP wa* $3*9,670 84 ; the payments were $461,184 36. The balance on hand on the I2ib of July wan $441,249 26, and the balanc e on the lVth im-tant wan $330,7.7.6 74. Comptroller Haw*, in reply to a resolution of inquiry as to what autho rity a ferry flip was made on tiie Battery extension, say* that, by the covenant* of their tenure, the city have no power to permit the Battery to be used for .such a purpose, that no amount had ever been received for wharfage, and that at an early day he would institute rigorous effort* to prosecute all parties who have euBroached upon the Battery. After the adoption of a few general orders the Board adjourned till Tuesday. The Police Commissioners, at their meeting yes terday afternoon, dismissed froru the force patrolman J. C". Ward, of the Twenty-third precinct, and Peter Kehoe, of the Sixteenth precinct, for misconduct. A resolution was passed directing the General Superintendent to report if due vigilance was u?od by the Kighteenth ward police to arrest the muiderer of Mathews and W&lton. The Prevrat Aspect of the Campaign i n? for lilting. The Presidential campaign of 1860 will be remembered a* one of the most remarkable in tbe history of the republic. The conservative sense of the country stands arrayed against a sectional minority, which latter aloue presents an apparently solid front We say apparently solid, because the anti slavery party is really not without serious dissensions in its ranks, and is only able to make a fair outside show ot unity through the hope that the divisions of the demon acy may throw the spoil* of the feder* government into the bunds ot the black repuo licans?a party which has been built up strictly upon the dogma that tbe Almighty Nigger L- ?f paramount importance in the affairs of the country at large. This position of the repub limn party is patent and it cannot he btJdeu I or controverted. Mr. Lincoln and his supporters represeut the tbeoties which John i Brown attempted to carry into effect in the ] Harper's Ferry affair?the practical exeinpliti | cation of Mr. Seward's "irrepressible conflict'' and Mr. Sumner's "sacred aui mosity." That the purty creed favo^ interference with slavery anywhere it exists cannot he safely denied. The struggle has been going on these thirty years and more. Indeed, we may go back to the Congress which adopted the constitution, aud find there that the subject was the theme ot elaborate discussions Id that body, and the diversity of opinion upon it came very near to preventing the enactment of the organic law of the country a* it now stands. Thirty years ago the old anti-slavery party set up in business on the ' philanthropic plan, and its tenets have since become so far embodied with the politics of tbe country that the question must he met squarely. It is too late tor any attempt at cotnpro | ml?ing or dodging the issue. J The Sooth has boon thoroughly aroused upon < thin subject uud can no longer be juggled or trifled with. In the North, every man with a modicum of common seiise cannot fail to we the absolute necessity that exists for the defeat of the rcprewuUtive of old John Brown 'h theories. Yet we find that through the i jealousy and personal enmity of the email politician*. the opposition to the treasonable doctrines of the republican party is divided into three or four cliquty. which, if not hereafter united, must heritably be defeated. Thus we have twa separate and distinct factions of the democracy, each running a candidate; the rump of the old whig and Know Nothing parties, with their ctndi-late. ai d the so-called independent democrats, who insist upon throwing away their votes on Satn Houston. If something is not done to combine the conservative vote of the (Central States upon a candidate w ho will be acceptable to the South, the election ot Lincoln seems to us a fart already accomplished. If. on the other bund the conservative vote of the Central States can be combined upon one candidate, then Lincoln can be defeated, and the coup df pnet be given to the negro question for four years m? re. If the election is allowed to go by default. the contest will be protracted, aod a terrible denouement accelerated. So stands the present aspect of the campaign. We believe, too. that the people are aha'per lb .11 i! i i-liiiciao*; that the former understand ibt inc i <adtiot? of thing*. and are willing to *ct npot without regard to tba leader* ? ! I iCtlon. The rapid apread of the Breckinridge movement in this Stat**, and the preaent attitude of Pennaylraala. abow very plainly that a Union. conservative, com dilatory apirit prevaila In the threat Central Statea. and that with proper Iforte a great deal of atnngtb outride of the democratic party may he gained for the Breckinridge ticket. If the Union, peace loving voter* will drop Douglas. Bel) and Houston, neither of whom can tyr any po**ibility be elected, and torn their votea in to Breckinridge and Lane, they will aweep the country and demolish the black republican* ae Swmeon did the Philiatinea. Mr. Breckinndire ia the onlv candidate, excent Mr. Lin coin, who is sure of an electoral vote. and the Litter, if beaten at all. can only be overthrown by the former. It is all very well to write an.I peak against Lincoln and hie supporters. but it all avails nothing, unless there Is a united opposition to him. The sectional republican par ty must be met and overthrown at the polls, and all othfT cousiderations should give way to the grand object in view. Mr Breckinridge gains strength In the North every day. It is possible that be may conquer Lincoln. It is not possible, so far as we can seo. f->r any other candidate to do so. Therefore a ? advise the conservative mae-c of the North 'o unite and outvote Lincoln at th?* poll*, combining to support the only nominations which bare touched the popi'lur heark 'hose ol BreukUridge and Lane. Jon* n-KU.s ni tilt: IltnwicsR. - Ills given out in the nee <j>aper< thv Hon John flickmnn. tir? d of the scanty pasturage of squatter overeignty. ha* mounted the ham**** <>f the rej?ublj5<w fu';. will fvfUlwilb lake the ritw YORK HERALD SA1 Held M b knight errant io tbeir service ug&ir.ht all Comers. It in said that he will make the tour of the Wee tern States during the cum paigu, and that, "at the august request of Fruncia P. P'air, he has consented to vlait Missouri," to help the republican* along in their fight in that quarter with the -'border ruffians." This is rather a bold venture on the part of Hlckinnu. who la only a fighter with hlfi tongue. Let him take care, or he may find that for auch violent partisan abuse as that which he heaned upon the head of the administration and upon the "slave power" in Congress at this last session there sre knock down arguments in Missouri ot the most forcible description. The Atlantic T? lepra pit?Wtoy W e ghall Have One. The accounts from Europe show that in France and England the question of laving down an electric cable between that continent end America is being agitated io a practical and characteristic way. In England private enterprise and the govern went go band in hand in an attempt to open and survey a new route from the north of Scotland ?k.. t. .? 1 ? * ? uii'upii Mir Imur irmuus, ii;rntU(l HOB (ir^D' I Mid to Labrador. The government tun* tent out the steamer Bulldog to aurvey the route, and at the I act adviceti the Fox. ho well known through the search for Franklin's remains, under Capt. MeClintock. wai about to leave England on the name minHion. On hoard the latter vessel Mr. Sbaffner was to embark, accompanied by Dr. Rae and a select corps of geographers and engineers. The French government has taken tlie matter up in its per a liar way. Instead of waiting for public opinion and private enterprise V> stimulate and seek the co-operation of the government, the Rmperor has taken the initiative, and has given the Impulse by tendering a government guarantee of seven per cent interest for fifty years, on a capital of three millions of dollars. tor laying an electric telegraph. We do not yet know what limitations or conditions accompany this offer: but be they what they may. the tactitaelf cannot bur give a new impulse to the enterprise The experience acquired in the laying down and working of the ?hnr'er lines of ocean telegraph, all along the Atlantic shore of Europe, through the Mediterranean and Red seas, and in the Indian Ocean is gradually wearing away the distrust of capitalists in such enterprises, and increasing the , ronflden< e of science and mechanical skill in ( their practical success. At the same time, the j growth of ron'Oierce, and its increasing use of ( rbe electric telegraph wherever it Is available, render more palpable to merchants the bene- t (Its to be derived from a transocan line, and j diminish the fear of the aacrifb'es that must , he made to obtain them The opinion ia now he- j ginning to prevail that if even ten million* , were to be expended in various attempt* to lay | rubles, and one succeeded, the gain to trade ( would be far more than commensurate with the ( capita) mink. But the most important element of the new Impulse that is being given to the Atlantic tele- ( graph enterprise is the power which that instrument Is developing at) a political power. | The Interchange of ideas and diplomat^ advices between the several courts of Europe Is now carried on in a very lurge deijjree by else ( trie telegraph. Its value In this respect was first demonstrated in the Crimean war. and dur- ( ing the receot campaign in Italy its immense power was much more clearly -eon. Keen on | the field of battle Louis Napoleon received , constant and hourly advices of-the effect pro- ( dnced on the several courts by bis victories, ( while the courts learned, with equal rapidity ^ and certainty, the acts and measures of the ^ French Emperor. Thus Europe has been coo - r verted into one va?t field of view, tinder the rail command of every apeotutor and actor; and title Ie the work of the electric telegraph. Through It Louie Napoleon knew of the German combination against him. and with It be rung In the ear* of etartled Europe the new* of the peace of Villatranca. Such an instrument a* this muM be extended to America, for the course of the I'nlted State*, in peace or war. i* too important to he left to the Mow wiuga o! the aind or steam. when the lightning can be impressed for it* conveyance. Social Rltoutiok in Canaim?The Privci or Wales' Visit.?Canada 1* at thi* moment in a biifh fever of excitemeut?the ouly real excitement ?be ha* indulged in since the era ut what her people are pletsed to term the patriot a or. The joung Prince of Wale* I* ou his way to visit the American pmseeeions of his royal mother, and Canadian loyalty and enthusiasm are hoiliog over It it* not often that among these quiet, respectable, humdrum, old fogyisb people any event occurs to draw out meir nut-in emnunaMn. or 10 lead tnetn int. nuch popular fr?lli*-* m our more excitable poo plo are ao oftou guilty of But the vUit of the bolr to the Brltinb throne 1* to them an event of the century, and coon-quently ihay arthound to celebrate U with ail pocwible eclat. Strange eoaugh. however, tboy took their cue from thin aide of the St. Lawreoce. Tboy bad o long boon inert and eluggiab that they did not at irat realize tbe importance of tbU prinrely viait. and eome of their nmnictpalitie* had even declined making any nppmptlatioa to defray the t-xpt-naee of the reception of their gneet. It wa? not till the Hkmalo and other newspaper* of thia region enlightened them on the aubject. and awakened their apathetic t'eelir.jra. that tbey began to beatlr themeeirea and make eome preparation for the great event. The aocial revoltttlon hae aince been going on to a wonderful extent, and now the excitement pervade* the whole North American province*, and ha* been raised to a pitch that would not do discredit to their republican neighbor* We are glad of lhat. We *ee In it an evidence <d tiie national affinities of the two peoplea, ft lllnatrau-a bow true it ia that? ore leu-I. of nature innkea the ?be,a world kin. It remoi-e* one of the diaaimilaritiei that heretotore existed between tbe dweller* on eltbet aide of ibe St. Lawrence Large depu atlon* of our < in?en* will be on band to help on nnC direct th.- excitement It haa been re iti.itk? ri thu' notch tew than the usual Dumber o? Aoteticati tourist* have vlaitod Canada thi* *oBitner. Tiie n-aeon ia lhat they have been holding themeelvea back till the arrival of the Ttlnce of W alee. They want to aee Canadr. in a lively atato of mind. ar.d they wnnt to aee the Prince. Many pat Ilea of American tourist* will undoubtedly Oiuke Ibe ekcuTwkdi through the province* an i into the Cniti d State* with him. Not tba' they care any more for a king that I* to he than for a Prcs'dent that haa been. but th.?t they love excitimmt, and will be wherever It!?to be I rPRDAT, JULY 21, I860 bud for love or money. Now that our Canadian hiet-dii have got their frigidity thawed out, we hope they will give their awakened liberality free ecope. do the tb ng up in elegant style, and have no reaeou to apprehend that, when the young Prince crobMa* the line and leeolvea bimrelt into Baron Renfrew, bU reception by Yankee republican will put to bluab their effort* in the name line. Tte* Qalway Lta* or itoaotr* Broken Up Every one here rejoined in the succeed of the (Jalway line of atearaera, and particularly at the fact of it* receiving the contract from ti e Britihh government fur carrying the mail*. It was regarded a* one of many aigna of returning pumperity and good government to an impoverished and oppressed country. But a strong feeling arose in two diatinct quarters, to nay nothing of that general jealousy that has al a aye characterized the Hngliab people in relation ?o any measures for the improvement of ireiana. inc ounaro ocmpauy ana me Canadian Company complained of the advantage which tbe subsidy pave the Gal way line over then , and mm, at length, the reault Is that the transfer of tbe mail contract with the Galway line to tbe 6aaad>an Company baa been concluded, and the ateamahlp North Briton was to leave Liverpool on the 18th Inst, with the mails, and proceed to Quebec, via rit. Johns. The Gal way steamers are to alternate onne a fortnight with tbe Canadian to that port, and they are removed from New York. This, of course, disposes of tbe line as between New York and Ireland, and is only a part of that ptdicy which for ages has been practised by the dominant country over tbe conquered. Tbe f.ul way Company were coerced by the British govt rnment to share with the Canadian Company their contract, which they bad found it so difficult to obtain. It is admitted on all hands that this line was eminently successful; but just w b< n it reached its culminating point of prosperity it is wilfully and deliberately destroyed, it is sent to Canada, where tbe Irish do not want to go. and where there is very little done in the way of freight and it is taken away from New 1 ork. where Irish emigrants all desire to make tfieir way. and where there is plenty of freight tor the steamers. In tact, an extensive aud healthy trade was springing up between Ireland and the United States, embracing Irish linen irom the othei side and provisions from America. But this was tbe very reason why the old liritisb Lion first growled, and then put his paw no the mail coutiact. John Bull has no desire that there should be inv direct trade between the United State* and lis province of Ireland, and be cannot brook he iaea that commercial ties and friendly re atious should he established between the two countries. Tbe Gal way steamers. however, have been doing a thriving business in passenger* from Ireland to tbe United State*, taking enslaved, able-bodied stal worth men away from i heir hopeless poverty, and giving them "happy bomea ami altar* free," and hopes of a great luiore for their children in this republic. Now John Bull prefers that this population should be kept in misery in Ireland, so that when be wants recruits for his filibustering army with which he bullies U e nations, he may be able to get them among the ueedy hordes of Connaught men, who will be glad to make any esc ape from utarvation and rags. If Ireland be indeed really united with England in any other way than as the prey is unied with tbe shark, why does tbe government nuke invidious distinctions between tbe two oiintries? Everybody knows that the western >arl* of Ireland are the proper aod natural Kilnts tor tbe mail stat ons. They are the nearest to tbis country by a whole d?y, and there is i renter safety and leas risk of insurance. J pun what principle, then. Is it that the British (overmnent does not cause tbe mails to be conreyed to those points? It is only because it irould tend to develop the rosmirces of Ireand and give it importance. If British stateenen really desire to see a thorough inion of Great Britain and Ireland, why lo they wound the Irish people in their feelings md their interests by such manifest injustice? For many years the Knight of Kerry sought o have tbe bcautifiil. commodious and safe tarbor ol Vah ntia made a British station for ibips-of-war?a place of refuge from the Atlanic. But bis interest with the Duke of Wellingon und o'her English statesmen was wholly in ufhclent to accomplish a j ^ which was vidently Tor the Rood of .. whole United Kingdom, lest a precedent should be eatabb-bed which would result at last In making It i mail packet t-tuiion. and thus divert American commerce to the western ports of Ireland, s here nature directs it should go. The same n tolerance of the prosperity of Ireland to opo ating now in the case of the Gal way line?the nine that broke up the Irish Parliament, under vboee fostering care manufactures so thrived; >nd that by a direct act of Parliament, in the -elgn of William Third, the woollen raanufacures of the country were avowedly and deibcrately destroyed, being at that time far In idvance of the British manufactures. but we are glad to learn that steam commitdcatlon between this country and Ireland Is ?uly suspended, and that Mr. Lever and other lentlemen will start another line between New York and Galway. over which the British government will have no control. The day Is gone by when the old policy of Pitt and Castlereagb *nd Mettenilch can succeed In Europe, and the -ooner the British government fall in with the new order of things the better for Itself. It can no longer afford to treat Ireland as George III treated the American colonies, as Austria has continued to treat Hungary, and aa Naples treated Sicily Ull she lost the Island the other rtay. By some chapter of accidents a '-Ring MacMsbon" might drop into Ireland some fine morning, and it is not wise on the part of the Rritleh government to try to make the Irish more db loyal than tbey are. Rhivai. or CaNai. Bt stxr-v.?The return of lolls collected on the Erie canal siuce the opening of nav'gation indicates an immense inrrease it husimas. The lolls for the second week of Inly amounted to i80.218. being an increase of I32.0M, or about sixty per cent over the receipts for the corresponding week of 1819. The mtal amount of tolls collected up to the 1.1th of fillj was $947,821. being an increase of $:W8,?;i3 about the -ame percentage over the cor espondltig period o( last year. We recollect hat there wss a great outcry last winter against he canals, as being an annual drain on the State rrew'n v. nd political do, t<?r? pre-, ribed a- r s medy the sale of the canals to the highest hidler. We r? sisted sut h it proposition, expret ing I i our confideaoe that, with the return of prosperous times, the canals would bo found U1 do a good pacing business. Our confidence is u'ow justified by the experience of the present seasoB. i and we expect that we shall hear no more about the sale of the Brie canal. The Commons op Enuijuto Snubbkd bt the Loro*.?As a sop to the popular Cerberus, the House of Common* passed a bill abolishing the duty on paper, amounting to ?1,400,0(M> (seven millions oi dollars). By our last malls from England we learn that the House of Lords rejected the bill, and that Palmereton has pocketed another insult to bis ministry and another aggression upon the representatives of the people. The London T^mes, for some secret purpose of its own. probably because it feared the rivalry of cheap papers, opposed the removal of this odious tax, which is worse than the stamp act for which our Revolutionary fathers in the colonies drew the sword. The 'Brass, however, put it on the ground that in view of the war with China, and the unsettled condition of the o< ntinent of Europe, the government could not afford to give no the tax. The House of Lords. the grand obstacle which has always stood in the way of popular reform in England, agree* with the Times, and thus practically annuls the maxim that the people can be taxed only by themselves, or by their representative* freely chosen. Tbey do not chouse the House of Lords direotly or Indirectly, and yet that House saddles them with a tax of seven millions of dollars, after their representative* In the House uf Commons had removed it. Is this constitutional? If it be. then the constitution is what Lord Chief Justice Denison in the House of Lords once prouounced, in a solemn judgment trial by jury on Ireland, to be "a mockery, a delusion and a suure." Let us hear no longer of the glorious British constitution alter this. We bad always a suspicion that it was a myth, nowhere to be found, nowhere that you could lay your band upon it Late proceedingH in the British Parliament m we than confirm that suspicion. In the late contest with the House of Lords upon the constitutional question of interfering with money bills, the House of Commons and , Palmerston. after a great deal of bluster, caved i in, a milk and water protest being put on the < record that the Commons are supreme, ever 1 have been supreme, and always ought to be supreme. In all matters relating to money, taxation and expenditure. Yet. in the face of this. 1 Palmerston permits the Lords to shiver 1 the supremacy of the Commons into atoms, by their reimpoaing the tax on paper which , the Commons bad taken off. Is not the unwritten thing called a British constitution a chang ing chameleon? If the Commons are sunrerne in matters of taxation, then why are bills of tb&t description sent to the Lords, who ought , not to be permitted to hare anything to do i with tbem? As long as the bills are sent to 4 tbem, of course they conclude naturally that ' they have a discretionary power to act upon ( them. I But the sympathy of Palmerston Is more , with his own order than with the people or their representatives. The only members ot bis government who bad the pluck to assert ' that the Commons' show ot independence was a J sham were Lord John Russell. Mr. Gladstone ( and Mr. Milner Gibson. And Lord John Rus- t sell is brother to a duke and heir to a dukedom. The age of chivalry is gone. All the talk about British love of freedom is humbug. A hereditary house of old fogies domineers over the nation, a paper owned by the Rothschilds imults and dictates to them, and few are found with aufflcient courage to assert their boasted birthright Mr. Disraeli and all the tories are content, aa well as the easygoing whigs in office. If the House of Lords be such a nuisance, why not get tld of It? Unfortunately, in England there is no Supreme Court of ultimate resort to expound the law and the constitution. The House of Lords are themselves the highest legal court in the land, and their deciaion is final. There is only one way of upsetting them, and that is by revolution. Tbe Norman bltiod still rules tbe 8axons In England, just as much as when the Conqueror from Normandy reduced them to subjection eight hundred years *K? Hiubco Dat or Ha*va*d.?There have come to be so many parties and sections ot parties of late, such variety of opinions. s< me presenting such a wide difference and some only resembling split hairs, and there are so mauy tickets in tbe field, that li has been hard to place our f lua^ino nnlliSrlgna Rati at last u?u K,?? ? sot u ft large batcb of tbem on the name " platfotm." 1 At the Harvard Convention? we mean the " Harvard commeocement?on the great humbug J day, Bankn. Wilson. Douglas. Everett and Sum- ? ner were all on the name platform together. A very curious coincidence It may be just now; hut we have no doubt that had Stephen* and Toombs of Georgia, or Bell of Tenneeeee. or f Yancey of Alabama, been in Cambridge at the time, they would have been found sitting on that stage too. for every one Is hooked in to witness the great event of a commencement at Harvard. Collegians are there without number; presidents, ex-president* and newly elected president*. fully Imprnwad with the solemnity and vital Importance of the occasion; and when the ceremony is over and the old fashioned tea time comes, every one of them Is fully convinced th ?t the country is all right, and the affairs of the world generally are to go on sw immlngly. now that Harvard ba? enjoyed its commencement. There is a good deal of humbug about old fogy Harvard. Tii?. Hot Wrathbr andthe^itilk HaAJ.ru.? For two (r ihiee days past tiie weuther In thl* city has been unusually hot. the temperature preserving almost a uniform degree of heat for a greater length of time than we often ex , perienee in this latitude; but, notwithstanding this fact, the health of the metropolis I* re matkubly good, and the absence of epidemic disease In any form Is an evidence that the sanitary affair* of the city an- properly utu tided r to. The condition ot the public heal.'h is inula * ly due ?o City Inspector IMaveo. who has stio- i, C??>ded in keeping the street* cleaner than tliey ? ever were before. But there are some district*, such a* the Five Point*. Centre street. Water street, and others, that require constant vigilance to keep them sweet and clean, ind unless , there localities are continually swept tt,,. ?oCU- * mnlstion of garbage will be very likely breed sortie fearful dkeais, should the weatbar conthme as hot as it Is now during U?e remain der of the dog days. We hope, then, that M" j Pelavan will i>sy particular attention to t'rese. f unsavory and dangerous localities, | I :-t r.t?~ ???n - . *- 1 Oca Miijiaht Gntn Darae-rao akd Aft- * * wvttO'?Tb# Chicago Zouaves, liter astonishing Mid delighting the citizens bj their splendid manoeuvres during their brief sojourn la the metropolis, took their departure yesterday foe Bonton, where they will 4oub*'oas create military furore among the lo&rned Atheniaa phOoeopera of that village. Almost at the same time thsti the model soldiers of the West were leaving us a crack corps trom the South? the Savannah Blues?arrived here. Our military men Lave learned something from the Zouaves, and we are glad to learn that a wholesome spirit of rivals hen led to the proposed formation of a Zouave company In New York, who perhaps, when they mains their ?, first visit to Chicago, one of these day*, may astonish our Western friends by their pro --V.? u- wvwvo, IUV lU'llMg MIV ir^UlW OVWtTV jell, "tiger" and all. The reception of the Chicago company la the metropolis, and the gallant manner la which they were escorted to the boat jeeterday I bj five companies of our militia- each repre- a, seoting a different regiment?show what a strong fraternal feeling exists emoog the dtiasa soldiers from every section of the Union. The animosities and heartburnings of politics do net affect them, and when they come together from be North and the South, the East and the West, harmony, goodfellowship and generous rivalry prevail, despite the sectional squabbles and party differences of politicians. The drill of the Zouaves at the Academy of lluslc, oo 1 bursdaj night, elicited an extraordinary maniteration of military spirit, and proves hew strong a hold it has upon the community, busy as it is with trade and commeroe. We expeot to see before loDg two or three Zouave companies among our soldiers, who will not do Injustice to the high military reputation of New York. mnm????????? v NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL uar ojnEiBi nsuiin|wa IMipKIOBi Wauhlkuto*. July SO, IMS. the cnnuqn cokkumo*. The steamer Pawnee started from Philadelphia fester Jay on her second trial trip. U she la masouably sue renvful the Nary Department will risk her with the com mission to Chlrlqut, aa the capacity of that beautiful craft, the Harriet Lane, la not large enough to meet the requirements of the commlaalon and their offloers and tttoudanta. thi nubsmaxnui cajrvaas. The members or the Breckinridge and Douglas parties tmuse themselves here with Informing each other that Lhey would rather Lincoln should be elected than the ilavery extension or squatter sovereignty candidate The l.incolnites rati at both factions of the happy family party with an air of cooOdenoe. m wahhctuton aqcsdcct. Captain Ben ham, Chief Engineer of the Washington aqueduct, la tn New York, aad will enter upon bin duties n a few days. It la subject of congratulation In the *?r Department that the anuounc* meat baa been mad i tn tome of the provincial presaea that Captain Meigs yiet la > :o the appointment orChptain Beaham, and thluka him impotent to execute the work promptly aad ecoaemlsally. It is onnatdered settled that the estimate made >y Captain Melga, that Ore hundred thousand dollars will sompletr the water works. Is about one half the amount hat will actually be required. A show of economy la . wnietlmes very convenient. tn tbial or in scbxajvi fosirmtap. The caae of the United Stales against Ellis . Snbnabel, or assault aad battery on Qeoersi Bowman, was takes ip In the Criminal Court to-day and postponed tin Decern >er, owing to the absence of Messrs. Co rode, Wlnnlow, < iobtnnon, of Illinois (members of the Ute Oovode Com ntttee). and Hon. Henry May, witnesses for the defence, rcauc lsjtd salbs at HoniBuTa, Kansas am Kaaaaaaa The number of acres embraced In the proclamation for be pnbllc land sales In Minnesota in October next I? four nlUloaa aad three quarters. In liAS seven millions were fibred, bat owtafc to the pressure an., interoeesioo of sutler*, all except seven hundred thoueend sores were with Irawn. A year ago, of the two or three mllliooa of acres iiwrni ior aain m? land* pre emptra Wen- omitted as % urtber relief Ui settler*. Tbe rule la, that the oldest urreyed lands are first offered. The Dumber of acres included In the proclamations for ates In the Terrttortea of Kansas and Nebraska. In August, seven mill loss. erxHTK or rirero*Tw iienc. Prom tbe 1st of January to tbe lat of July four thenand two hundred passport* were issued from tbe Stree Vpartmeot, about three-fifths of tlirm to naturalised cits ens Tbe number no* t?suln* ut comparatively emaU. cmcclattso camtaio* notrsairm The Breckinridge National Ktecutlvc (Wialttec hare, t Is said, made arrangements Ibr printing live hundred houaand cop.oe of President Buchansu's recent rallfienion epeech. Mewestemte ef Nr. Desglat. utcirrioN or u*. wh o las at cuahi-kxtostk, mam. RijKi.iv Jui\ SO, ISSU Lest rvrelng Senator Dnuglaa wee received by Mayor tana, of Charlretown, and art rt res red atxmt three thou and perenna. Hie reception war Tory cardial aod saibu lartir. During the dar he visited Lexoiglnn. lacrrnon or us. pot ui.au at sr*tNomu>. mass. CndMinsto, Dare , July SO, IMo. Senator Douglas arrived bore <>o the after."<".n trale rum Breton, and waa received by a crowd of at least .000 persons wltb great enthusiasm. firing of rannoe and band of murtc. He spoke Tr<m the tabvmy of to- Mas aaolt Boose for three-quarters < as tw>ur, btiag r-e iienfy tntsrrspted by obeere and a,.plause He will dine his alterticno with a large number <>' our ccmi.nenl oill ens, and Ire re at twenty five mtiiutre paai sit for Albanv, rbere n great reception await* him. RtcrrnoM of mk. ducola* at albakt. ALBAirt, July SO, I860 Judge Douglas arrived tn this nty at half past ten ( clock this rvrelag Tbe drronosirstsni mart, by be rlanda waa of the moet I moreen, e and snirlu d rtur.r.i, ino At the Boston depot be trsc met by a detarhtn>-ol f "Little rilootf," lb drab and blue imif .rtn*, u>4 ty I beCommittee of Reception, oumberibg fifty ciUreoe, I tnoogst whom appear* the no? of Joba T. Rejnoida, aembsr of Congress from ibis district. I Oo creasing tb? rtvcr the side* of the pier and landing I rere brilliantly lighted with Roman randies, and g :ta I rer* Bred la rapid suooraston. Tbe military was IbrTned I athteolde and eaoorVed Ibe carriage, containing Judge I touglas, Mayor Tti tcber, Peter Chggef, Htrpbm Hark and I * hers. trhl<b was Banked and (*"' ted In a square In J b" club of Little (iianta, bearing torches At tbe itev aa House tbe crowd numbered many lb>u??its I "d*r Douglas. after a brief spo-. k -me be layer Thatcher, responded, attributing lh< mag, It ( I demonstration here, as w<41 aa lh,*o throughout tlve me of his Journey, not aomucb to any dsstre to do bo? tr t? I B b #h idual a? u> a popular sentiment in fbror of tbe I rent doctrine of noo Intermit loo with the free will of I h> |??>pie ft. slludrd to the SrrtbmSl p>?lt>or of M><ua I art lea wbo desire mterrentloa, the our to prohib> and I bt 'ther t" protect slavery against u?e snlxiiif tbe I erplrofa Trrrltory He dastard that the oalv do?- I tlrrtiprd which the To ten ootild stand was the cog. 11,00 of the right Of the pc"|d* ta free govern- I neat are??td>n* to thetr own wishes sublet* only I 0 the rntst Aotien of the foiled ftst-e The "Iithjsiasm I igt!? address and iksdstihi nt the line if irrh *wt I , r I. .V ' p IP' r<- to* iVrvh-- m. H sate ibe ws.nmsas at friemi-'dp with v?h,.'i .H-lgo I < ngtas Is na.led by hi* frieads. V pr x sxtiijga ti l not I cr-in?lc tilt ancr mldntght Bell sad Rrrrttt la Ohio. I I .0 Iwto. TTto Friends of IVII An f .^trrrii 1 a* iwilr gr *it prepa- I attests tor a tnsss mofnu "w> rlfht. and a*ary 'aegn 1 d embr?l?sl e crowd yatN . ,n >mh strw? ma'k-l pans, but afrri short spes-chea r>y Hoe. tewtt ft <?mg ell Hetirsl I.She Toombs and Hoe John -terttl ''asrt. on. tbe meeting adtsumrd till to n rht, on accosri sf a 1 sry rata. I Marylaad Polities. I ''iimon. J"ly I*. 1I The rVnuV a 0 ,4 ,,,, l^moerettc fTecutire SmlMn rr,< 1 pi ,igj and adopv?if lbs n l are*a to the repieof the ?utc, Tic address dors not rsotynisc tbe 1 csdrra. Rjiitisosn, July 90, ISM. n nwtf'as men 'tsvo aalhd ? "tat, Qatntm fur tha " "f >.?fusl to present aa elrJbirW t iqMA pledge < la and Job nam. ^ H Mew Task mare Politics. I i o-.-.r -H 8ii. Itdrt ^ T rirmis rstlr ro.,r nltct, f-r <m- Third Astu-nhlt dls t r I I 'I I loll mo -st . If. iq

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