Newspaper of The New York Herald, 22 Temmuz 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 22 Temmuz 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. jABKit (illKUOH I) K1 Jl KTT, K:ilixiK AN I' PW tt'KlKKOK orrif* N. ? t-MKNKf OV SAHSAI' AND PULTON (m?. rti'Mb, ra-s M ,.||.?I<V l?A MM Mil IMII ac ? Ml P?+I0' 4ainp? nn' T*4?rd MJ mn/*r rim i. *r _ TUT (All T Hr't.A 11> two r-atUt per copy. f7 our rut WtKKLl HKH/LP. Tmy Nifurlu* at tin ctnu ui rH. or AS ?ir? rtfcnii.. <> ? Pin.ij.rMr IHitirm rrery iV'dlira'Clp, u rrrA* per n?j? M ^uunw ?n IM? wrtnf Qr-nt HrlUtiu yr jft to j'ty **i ' ' rs->i' fin.I V>f* in ?r.'7irir yiAtnye; 1U* lamitt Ah it' i?. ?*! KA nrr* ax* ?ocA *w*tA or Ji rr.i'. #rr >i?<j.. or N A" y< iii??*. Tft k' r*MU. I" hPNMLP On oi rilo* rimta pM | k>]-? I* ?* ur? VnrKTAKi > V A K.-ruNl'ttTfia ?wily ??). otM , ?rv>? hnfnl/rm "ttu ./imrlrt of ?A? .<v.rfcj, <1 marl, trill >+ jtfio-u.'* ? >?./ /or VnxMOX <'onKaKriin?o>T> m j Paxti.hmkl* Haul urr*i' *n **?i ?i.r 'o?rr?ii? ?*r f?rx Aiio i??' OX. I Vnramt IJV ....!* > -AO* J AJH1KKJUWTH THIS KVKNINW. PAI.ACK ?IAKr?KN. rourtiuuiB Arm, Oacbm Co?c*?t AMl'SKMKNT to morrow kvrnino KIHIiO'fi OARi'KN, ?n*4w*jr ?n la run* ok tik Wo*DKKHll loir. WTNTRR OARDKH. BnoAou. appealta Bond tremKix AA ?I.KOUPIBOA?Vot-AC VlM?* J$ Waii.ack'* THKATRK, Brr.Adway.?TUuuulY abb Son ? Tptut ACTHSStl LAI'KA KKSNK'8 THKaTRI, Nc. 621 Broad* ay.?Ova Asmara* Cotwur. NFW BOWKRY TH#ATRK Bowery.-Wchne*- IHrc, ' Til* SrWMSOY- MtPMGifT Compels athk* | BARNIM'S AMKRICAN Mt'fiRt M. Broadway.?Da> and I Kvrililxj? tTHlOTlA* KOAGA, IUAOBb, BCKLUMti'iA LHI.Ni. Onutiniii *i ' NATIONAL OIU'KRT SALOON. WaUmuU Theatre - ' loni.j. ii?ni *. hlikl.kmisu ac !*ALA(T OARPKN, Fourteenth street.?'Vocal and In ^ stkcmentat. cflnckkt ^ CANTFRBl'RY ro.VCKRT 8 \LO0N, No 683 Broadwaj .? 80ng>. Panchs, Hv?i.M<10W>, kc. Vork, SnndAy, Jwljr M, I MM). The Mews* A telegraphic despatch from Van Buren, Arkanbu?, states that information had been received that the < alitornia overland mail coacb had met with a serious accident at the mountain paaa of the Choctaw Nation, and that the arrival of the mail would be decayed aome thirty hours beyond ita usual time. The accident referred to was caused by the team running away. One person was killed, several others seriously injured, and the coach was completely wrecked. The topic of the town yesterday was the ejttraordinary atmospherical phenomenon of Friday night. This a ouderful celestial visiter has created an unusual degree of interest among all classes of the community, and no Letter evidence of this Is re- 1 quired than the number of communications on the t subject that we have received, and which we pub- f lish in another column. | For a long time paat the republic of Ilayti has ? been Hooded with large quantities of counterfeit f paper money, manufactured in the United States, and vessels trading to Haytien porta have been subjected to no little annoyance in consequence, and efforts have been made to detect the counter- " feiters. but without success. Yesterday, however, ' the Brooklyn police arrested on board the brig ' Baltimore, hound for Port-au-Prince, a German named Haslcr, who is charged with selling fifteen j thousand dollars of the counterfeit money to the m.ite of Maid vessel. Hauler is supposed to be one of a Rang who have been engaged in manufacturing and selling Hayticn counterfeit money for year* part. We publish in another column the particulars of the disastrous conflagration at Dallas, Texas, oa the Nth inst. The whole number of buildings destroyed was thirty-three, comprising the most substantial edifices in the place, and including every storehouse in the town. The loss of property is estimated at from three to five hundred thousand dollars. In the Supreme Court special term, before Judge l>eonard. yesterday, the case of Frederic Hoffman the alleged defaulting secretary and transter clerk of the Pacifi' Mail Steamship Company. w as brought up on a motion of counsel for the si cused for a redtu tion of the amount of bail reijuireJ from 000 to I10.0OO. The District Attorney deemed the latter sura sufficient, and the bail was accordingly reduced. The steamship Fulton sailed from this port yesterday for Soutlmmpton and Havre, with 120 passengers and 966?;,693 in specie. The Glasgow also aafled yesterday for Liverpool, with l.?0 passengers and ir>f?>NM in specie, making a total of 270 passengers and fs.*ti..V.'l. Tlx- tales of Cotton yesterday embra v<t about M)0 bales, ta tuts. The market rbwed without chance in on ?t?ti tis. Private letter# from tbo Hod river and other porta of the Soutli *pr ik. of a continued and aevere drought, fron which both corn and cotton were aulhring. Flour was dull, with a tendency I" v#r<t# lower price#. The chief (ale# were for home u#c, with light purchaser for eiport. Wheat wm heavy, with a fair amount of aale#, at prices given In another place. Corn <raa let# active, and the mar tot lea# buoyant, while aale* were moderate. Pork wu teadt . with aalee of oew meae at IIS 2S a 119 60, thin me## at $1S 00 a 119 ?2 , and new prime at 014 26 a 114 S9. as) 5 were also made f.vr future delivery at full price# Sugar# were Arm and active: the tale# embraced about 2,6oO lihde , 000 bote# and 2dM)0 l>age Bahla, cloemg at a further advanee of '?? per lb. Coffee waa Arm and held above the view# of purchaeera. Mien of >00 hag# Mara caibo and 900 hag# Java wers reported at private term# Freight# to Kaghah port* were rather Ormer, while the chief ?b<pmenta were conSned to gram and flour. A Scvdat Law Laid ox tub Shelf.?For pome time past the police of Brooklyn have bi-en carry in* on a very vigorous and valorous war against the candy stores and other plu es wVre refreshments and newspaper* were solo ??u onday. The supplies of the juvenile p ortioa of the sister city were cut off In the candy line, and the adult population, who rejoiced in their Sunday newspaper, were seriously inconvenienced by tbe difficulty of procuring one. An Amount of vigilance, which, It employed by tbe police in suppressing crime and rowdyism woo id be alike valuable and commendable. ha? been exercised by the guardians of the City of Churches in preventing a desecration of the Bab bath by the vending of lollypops and newspaper*. The criminality of the latter act tans, however. been tested In one of the Brooklyn court* betore Justice Cornwell. in a case where a number of persons were brought before him charged wito filing warm on Mtnaay. in viciaiion 01 an old standing Sunday law declaring all good* ex |>owd Tor tale on that day, except meat, foh and milk (which can Hesold up to nine o'clock), forfeited and condecated dt f uA>. The court de- . tided that it was impossible to construe the law with any clearness or safety to the parties making K>e arrests, or the magistrate who deals with tbe c ase, and the charge* were accordingly die taiss?d. Thus one absurd Sunday law has hi ,-n laid on tbe sbelf. and It la not unlikely th.it many others will be served in the same manner when they come before an intelligent court. A Pfjtanm roa thi Dmtonurr.?The growing popularity of the Breckinridge and Lane ticket In the North. Tbe metropolis has set the ball tr (nation, and the excitement is spreading over i the whole North. The only way to save the de pnocratlc party and whip Lincoln Is to unite on g-eikinridge and Lane. The Aoiulraa ('nngrra* la Theory ??1 la Reality?A Coatraet. When at the formation of this government an annual meeting of the representatives and Senators of the diflerent Slates of the confederacy w?h provided for, it was naturally supported that this Congress would be composed of the worth, the wisdom, the patriotism nil 1 the inielligein ? of the country. It was but reasonable to assume that, as a matter of State pride slope, each State would be emulous to send to ibis national convocation men whose talents *nd character would reflect lustre upon her. ?ud that thus the American Congress would be b the eye* of the world, a worthy embodum-u jf the virtue and intelligence of the Ainerlcau people, aiui one of the grandest evidences of ihe principle on which our political fabric is bawd? the right and power of the people <o govern themselves. And for a considerable time after the establishment of the government that theory of Congress was carried out in practice. The ablest and most reliable men were chosen in the several States to represent them in the Senate aud House of Representatives, and the Congress of those days was really the most imposing deliberative assemblage in the world. Unfortunately we have changed all that, and now the poeitiou of a representative in Congress has fallen as low almost as that of a New York Alderman, itid few men who have refined tastes or moderately good abilities are to be found n the roll of members of Convress. War after year thin state of things has been growing worse Even the Southern States that adhered longest to the idea of being represented by their best men. hare of late years been falling off in that regard; and dow the national House of Representatives is composed for the most part of pettifogging lawyers of the smallest calibre, who have taken to politics for the same rensou that the stars have taken to shining according to tbe songbecame* they've nothing else to do.'' In the Senate matters are not much better. The new State* are particularly reckless or unfortunate in regard to their representation in Congress. Political trickery is resorted to for the purpose ot obtaining seats in the Senate, and then partisan majorities are appealed to for the purpose of retaining them The old fashioned idea of having the sove reign States of the Union represented in the national Congress by the brightest intellects ind purest characters of the couatry has rrown obsolete, if. indeed, it is not entirely obiterated; and where here and there some men >re found in either bouse who do not come j airly within the general category of worthless ( less, it seems to he rather the result of obaace ban of auy principle in the selection. Of course there are some such exceptions, but they are too few to change the general character of the body. It is not a matter of st rprise. therefore, that n assemblages thus constituted?in assemblages where political trickery and the cor uptUrns of primary elections stand in lieu of merit and capacity?there would be scenes enacted which put tbe principle of popular government to the severest test. How many such disgraceful scenes occurred during the last six months in the House of Repiesentatives at Washington* They were loo numerous to remember. They were of almost daily occurrence. It seemed to be h mutter of the merest good fortune or of Provi initial interposition, that in the excitement >ver the contest for the Speakership the weapons of calumny and abuse which wrere so reely used were not exchanped on the floor of :be House for pistols and bowie knives. and hat the torch was not then kindled which could hare assuredly set the whole confed- ( racy in a blase. It was an understood thine ( bat members came to the House armed to the j eeth, expecting from hour to hour that Ilelper?m quarrels would break out into sauguinarv ( ncounters. On several occasions weapons, if , lot used, were exhibited. An honorable mem- , >er from our own StAte, in the midst of a riolent altercatiou. exposed part of his armory >y letting his pistol fall on the floor, and afterrards mule a ridiculous attempt to explaiu by itatinir that he carried weapons for protection iguinst non-Conpressioual marauders. Another lonorubte member from Illinois provoked a jolleapue of his own by using opprobrious pitbets to him. and then, on a movement of the tssailed party toward him. coolly reached hack or the deadly weapon which lay on the sofa u'side him. ready to his hand. And then who does not recollect that day vhen the floor of the House was converted into i bear pardon, on the occasion of Lovejoy's .1 I- !_. , v..i ..J k... |M rmuiDiniB uisur n^niuni iur i?uuiu biiu uri iudilutions; when eioited membera from opposite ddea rushed down to the area and main aisle to >rovoke mutual attack; when clenched fists and nenuHn? gestures were directed against oppo linir fnr.-ea; when the presiding officer. Finding ilmself unable to repress the tumult, vacated he cbair the Sergeant at Arras. with his iu?ce of < ' . ? i? Forbidden to interfere between he would be combatant.-, and when such epihets an "perjured villain.'' "lying scoundrel." ind -damned nigger thief," were liberally interected into the inflammatory harangue which -ovejoy persisted in making from his vantage cround at the Clerk's desk? Again, who will rer forget the puppyish bravado of that Virriida sprig of chivalry who was constantly, like ibe pugnacious tailor at an Irish fair, dragging hie coat after him and daring any one to tread rut it. because be was "blue moulding for want nf a bat in?" He never allowed an ocoasion to pass where he could display his cheap bravado without doing until be wm brought to hi* ensc* by th?' n-.dy acceptance of his challenge to the tluoli" by the Wisconsin Potter. who. In his* right as tho challenged party. selected bowie knives a* the weapons of combat The Virginian had long practiced pistol Grtng. and hail supposed himself qualified to diapoaa of an antagonist very expertly and with comparative safety to him-olf, with hair trigir^r*; but h<> was not trained in the use o( tbu weapon selected; w*? not in favor of thAt sort of literal "war to the knife." and consequently the sequel did demonstrate?tQ use uw 0*0 vaunting expression -that Mr. Potter had nothing o ><| prebend 1 from him. Those are a few of the very creditable scenes which fvelast House < *" lTef?-.*???nta,ive? presented to the disgusted : ire ot ibe civilised world We abstain from cotumentiog now upon the disregard by Congress of the real practic .1 bu sinews of the session With houses ?o cottethnted it is not to be supposed that business^ will be attended to. The one house spent months in a fight over the organisation; the other nn NEW YORK HKEALD, ! equal length of time in constructing a political platform, the immediate effect of which was to disrupt the party itself. In every view of the cm*, therefore, the history of the last *ev Hion was anything but creditable or profitable to the country. If our institution* could withstand the effect of a tew more sessions of the kiud, they might really be regarded a? indestructible. But the experiment would be a rather dangerous one. tVe cannot avoid another such session, but fortunately its term is limited to three months. And now we put it to the American people, bortb, South, h**t and West, whether they think they are forwarding the material, moral and political interest* of the country, or promoting the cause of popular government throughout the world, by sending to the grand council of the nation the petty pothouse politician* and cour.ty court pettifoggers who now fill the *eata intended for the worthy representatives of ?oveleign States. Let the people ponder that question. If they do. we will guarantee that few of the member* of the present House of Representative* will ever occupy that positionswain. and that ?be Senate will, more slowly, but as certainI v. be cleared of the one-horae demagogue* who biing discredit upon that assemblage which ought to be the grandest in the world. Ctlntlal Phrauuttba? A. Magalflttat ttw. Astronomic annala do not, perhaps, contain the record of a phenomenon occurring in any age of the world more t-tartlingly beautiful than that which was witnessed in this locality on Friday night The great Comet which blazed in our harvest skies two years ago waM, night after night, an object of grand attraction; but those who w itnessed the flight of that brilliant meteor through the air the night before last, enjoyed a spectacle eclipsing In its splendor anything that they had ever before i seen, or that perhaps they ever wiil see again. Meteors, though regarded, like comets, with much superstitious awe, as portentous of some great calamities, are net very rare. We read from time to time of meteoric stoneB Calling in different parte of the country. There were some remarkable instances of the kind a few months ago in Virginia; and those phenomena known as shooting stars, and which are ascribed to meteoric action, may be witnessed almost every flue puromer night. But the display ot Friday night was. if not without precedent in astronomic annals, at least without precedent in the memory of uny individual w horn we have beard speak on the subject. We have received, and publish elsewhere in to-day's Hejcald, various accounts of it w it appeared to spectators in different parts of the city rtnd suburbs, alt of which agree tn the mai particulars, and may be thus summed up:?At about a quarter before ten o'clock on Friday evening, the atmosphere being very sultry, and no perceptible motion in the air, a light cloud appeared in the west, from which a blue-tinted luminous globe shot out. which at the first glance suggested to the spectators the ides of an artificial firework. Instantly it lost its globular form, bursting, like an Immense skyrocket, into four portions. The first two are represented by one of our correspondents a# resembling brilliantly illuminated chandeliers. with innumerable jets of purple flame; the others were globular and comparatively small, appearing rather as the tails of the firat. They maintained their re latiie distances a* they flew athwart the sky from west to east, occupying in their flight something like a minute. Whether they vanished in air or fell on the land or sea we hare not yet ascertained. About a minute after their passage a detonation a as heurd, as from a piece of ordnance; but whether it proceeded from the bunting of the meteor is a matter ot conjecture. One very curious optical delusion which it gave rise to Is worthy of remark. To the spec taton it appeared to be no higher than from a quarter to half a mile, and to be almost direct ly over their heads, and yet when the fact is considered that it was witnessed under almost identical circumstances at Philadelphia, some ninety miles southwest of New York; at New Haven, eighty miles ea*?t; at Barncgat, forty miles south, and at New burg, on the Hudson, sixty miles north, it will be perceived that the Idea of its insignificant elevation was most delusive. It must hare been at an immense elevation to have been seen at these w idely remote points, and to htve presented at all of them the same appearance of being so nearly in the zenith. It is also to be remarked in connection with the meteor, that for the previous two or three nights brilliant flashes of the aurosa bore.,lis have illumined the northern skies?a moot unusual display in the dog days, and one vChich we only look for In the lute fall and winter months. The aurora Is generally supposed to indicate clear cold weather, but In this ca?e it has been followed by an oppressively sultry state of the atmosphere, thus contradictitg our previously conceived notions. It is alad very closely connected in point of time wth the solar eclipse, which took place last Wednesday morning. Meteor*. like comets and eclipses, have been, from the remotest antiquity, regarded is portentous omens. It Is bard to get rid tif such superstitious ideas. Even in modern tinuS. and notwithstanding the flood of tight throfr by scientific men upon all natural phenonn nt, people cannot entirely direst themselves f this feeling. In the poem describing the downfall of Poland, it is related that on that tifrible night of carnage when Kosciusko fell. for h shs*. re?t meteor* HssheJ tlont the sV, And rnosrtous nature shuddered at th' rrjr. To many the meteor of Friday night ndalled the memory of that summer night, twentfeight years ago, when the remarkable meteoic display. known as the shower of stars, took place, and which preceded, if it did not interlace, that terrible plague, the Asiatic cholera. There may be reason for supposing that those iisturban res of the atnswphere which produ* me teoric displays may afTect more or less tV' elements which sustain animal life; but |utnan knowledge is so limited in that regard and speculations on such subjects are so often fotiDd destitute of foundation. rt|s? all inch apprehensions may safely be dismissed, and that those who saw this magnificent display of celestial fireworks may. withont any alarm, felicitate themselves on baring witnessed the most sublime spectacle of the century. Lmrow on FngrniMunnn- WirtcH??The news| apers make theniselres very busy with the discu??ion of abstract political question* sAich have netting whatever to do with the > SUNDAY, JULY 22, 186(1 real question before the country. We here half a dozen candidates in the field, but only tao? Breckinridge and Lincoln?who possess any strength. Neither Mr. Douglas. Mr. Bell, Mi Houston tor Mr. Gerrit Smith has a single State at his back. Lincoln has nearly all the Northern and Eastern States, and the South is united for Breckinridge. The conservative voters of the Central States have, then, to make their choice between the two, and will, of course, vote for Breckinridge. Very well. Dou g I as is very well; so is Bell, and 60 is Houston; but they caDnct be elected without votes, and might as well give it up first as last Lincoln or Breckinridge will be the man. Throwing rat Eijsction into Conorem.? Some of our republican organs are very seriously exercised at the possibility of some arrangements among the odds and ends of the opposition to Lincoln whereby this Presidential election may be thrown into Congress. Thus we are told that the voice of the people would be stifled, and that a paltry minority might, in the House of Representatives, elect the President. where, each State having but one vote on the question, the three comparatively insignificant States of Delaware, Florida and Oregon, with only one member each, will neutralise the three great States of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, which have in the aggregate seventynine representatives in the House. In other words, it does look, prima facie, a little onesided that the three members from Delaware, Florida and Oregon, representing say 300,000 people, should be equal, in the House vote for a President, to the se% enty-aine members from New York. Pennsylvania and Ohio, representing seven millions of people. But the constitution has placed the House election oa the platform of the equality of the States, great and small; and as this resort to an election by the States as equals can only occur in the event of a failure of the people to make an election, there can be no just ground of complaint on the subject. "The proof of the pudding is also in the eating thereof." We have had two Presidents elected by the House of Representatives?Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams?and very respectable Presidents they made. too. Considering, in short, that when the election goes to the House that body is limited to the three highest candidates from the people, the reduction of the struggle to a vote by States, each State giving only one vote, as the majority of its representatives may determine, appears to us to be an eminently wise and unobjectionable arrangement. But then it is said that should there be no election of a President by the people in this ewe, tnere will be no election of a Vice PrwidMit, and that tints, while the three highest candidates for President will be thrown into the House, the two highest for Vice Presi dent will be thrown into the Senate, and that in this way "Old Jo. Lane," by default of the House, will become President of the United States. This result is not impossible; for should there be no election of a Vioe President by the people, we presume that General Lane, as one of the two highest candidates for Vice President from the people, will be elected Vice President by the overwhelming democratic majority which holds the Senate. Next, it is possible that say between Lincoln. Breckinridge and Bell?from the present party divisions of the House (the same that elected Pennington Speaker) there would be no election of a President in the short interval between February, when the case will come up, and the 4th of March, when the term of this Congress will expire. In this event the person elected Vice President by the Senate, in default of an election of President by the House, will become President of the United States, and thus General L?n? ma> become the successor In the White Boom of Mr. Buchanan. From present appearances, however, there is even less probability of this election being thrown into Congress than there wee at this period of the canvass that the content of 1856 would be. Our explanations upon the subject are simply intended to satisfy our readers as to the fairness of the constitutional requirements of Congress in the election of a President and Vice President, in case of a failure of the people to give any ticket a majority of the electoral vote. A Mission art's Vrxws of Emancipation in thk British Wxst Lvdiks.?An English mis sionary aud agent of the British General Baptist Missionary Society made an address on Monday last, at an assemblage of Baptist ministers, in the Bible Union rooms. 350 Broome street. The speaker referred to was the Kev. E. B. Underbill, who told his hearers that he had recently paid a visit to the British West Indies, taking Trinidad, Jamaica and Ilayti in bis way. The reverend gentleman took occasion to refer to emancipation, and to deny statements made regarding its results. We do not accuse the gentleman of uttering nun uiupt uui wr nave no neaitatton in flaying that be baa passed owr or suppressed well known and well established facta regarding the working of that measure. He admits that tbere has been no progress in Jamaica compared with that made in Trinidad; but he failed to assign the real cause of the difference. He tailed to tell hia bearers that Trinidad had received large additions of labor in the form of recaptured Africans and imported ooolies. while the blacks of Jamaica, acting probably under the advice of the missionaries, who possess great control ovw them, have resisted all additions of labor to their present population. They dislike to make sugar, as Mr. Underbill remarks; and. he might have added, anything else involving much skill or labor. Hence tbeir chief produce consists in what nature or the least amount of labor yields, such as pimento and ginger, growing wild in many places, with a limited amount of coffee. The government statistics of Jamaica show tbat the value of her exports has for several years past steadily decreased. This fact the gentleman passes over. Again, the leading inhabitants of Jamnira a few years since sent a memorial to .\ir. Lahouchore, then Secretary for the Colouies, stating that unless additional labor was afforded in the form of recaptured Africans or of imported coolies, the whole island wa? in a fair way of going to utter ruin. The government statistical tables go to sustain their assertion. They also declared that the treed neproes wou'd not work. Tbev stated that from the neglect of observing the simplest rules of hygiene, or precaution of proper cleanliness. Ac., with the neglect of vaccination and of skilful medical aid. in one single year?1 MO 51? about 50 000 of their population h id been cut off. <>nly recently we saw a notice that medical men were extremely scatce and much wanted there. With emancipation tkil'ul white physicians abandoned the ialaai, and black doctors and travelling missionaries probably made poor substitutes. Mr. Underbill fails to allude to these facts. He also fails to refer to the fact that a black mob in the county of Westmoreland broke up a court of justice, and rr- i.. the prisoners, while the preset.ce of Lit? ist orcee was necessary to jestore e ?j?i- .. . ? t, said to have been abetted, if < ' im > o,Ly tne missionaries or by preachers < l tht ii i?i, coioi. He failed to say what he have siau-u, that Jamaica wa* only kept ii oioej and in a measure sustained, by Britisn ? esseis of war, and by soldiers in pay of the iMivern merit The reverend divine does not give us hisexperience about Hayti. which he says he visited. The truth is that ali these evasions and false colorings about the workings of emancipation in the West Indies, by foreign and domestic abolitionists and their organs, are intended for American consumption, and with the view of misleading and prejudicing public opinion. Suppose they could prove all they assert, do they for a moment suppose that a system which bad worked well, as they alleged it had done in small and isolated islands, could be practi rally applied to half a continent? to four millions of blacks in contact with over twenty n Uinns of whites, and which, while ruining 'he atter. could only end in the extermination 01 the former ? Si'nday Excursions.?The intolerable heat of the past few days has caused an immense deal of suffering among the tolling millions of the metropolis, at least three hundred thousand ot whom live In narrow streets or lanes, and inhabit close, noisome dwellings, into which the free air of Heaven rarely penetrates uncharged with noisome and unhealthy gases. Uow welcome to this valuable class of our population is the day when labor is, by common consent, sus peoded. How sweet to the artisan, with his 'aithful partner and little ones, is this one day in seven, sacred to rest and recreation! How charming the country ramble, the sail on the river, the promenade in the Central Park, or the after dinner lounge in the gardens of the suburbs. It may well be doubted whether our wealth? citizens who spend their whole summer | at their country villas, or amidst the delights and dissipations of a fashionable watering place, enjoy the luxuries which money and taste supply with a more exquisite zest than that which the poor man feels with his Sunday in the green fields, or by the ocean wave. It is good to know, also, that the Sabbath Committee. with all their cant and rant, have not sucoeeded in driving all the people of the metropolis into hot churches to hear drowsy sermons. On the contrary, the Central Park on every fine Sunday is visited by ten, fifteen or twenty thousand people. Jones' Wood, and the gardens on the East river, Harlem and the Heights adjacent, are easily accessible by cars and steamboat, and are thronged on pleasant Sundays. The Harlem Railway Company run steam care to the Central Park to-day. The steamboat Ceres makes an excursion to-day to the far-famed beach of Rockaway. leaving pier No. 4 North river at half-past nine o'clock in the morning; the Coney Island boat runs as usual, and the steamboat Magnolia makes an excursion around Staten Island, with a band and two German singing societies on board, leaving the pier foot of Broome street at nine o'clock. The steamer May Flower makes an excursion to Glenwood every Sunday, leaving Catharine street at half-past eight in the morning. There is a Sunday boat for West Point and Newburg (a delightful excursion), also for Rockland Lake, both leaving the foot of Jay street at seven o'clock in the morning. For mo-e wno wien 10 explore the prettiest of Jersey bay*, the Alice Price leaves the foot of Robinson street at eight o'clock for Keyport und other places along shore. The above list includes all the excursions of which we are aware. It is not so U>ng as it might b?. but. with the city railway cars, will ulford facilities for a very large number of people to get away from the hot pavements, and the stench, dust and noise of the city, for the day, returning in the evening refreshed and ready for the toll of Monday, with lighter and more cheerful hearts. It Is a very shocking thing to reflect upon, but we fear that the Sabbath Committee will be unable to prevent the Sunday excursions, which are consid ered by the people generally as capital things to do in the summer season. The Pharisaical dodge was tried in London several years ago. and the aid of Parliament wns invoked to prevent the railways from running Sunday trains. It was all in vain, however, and now all the railways out of London earn an immense deil of money with their Sunday traffic. As many ait hall' a million of men. women anil children leave London every fine Sunday. We expect, before a great while, to nee the name thing here. Ait the population of New York becomes more and more dense, the outside pressure upon the railroad companies will increase, and they will be compelled to run Sunday excursion trains to all places within a convenient distance of the metropolis. In a sanitary point of vi-w the Sunday excursion is of the highest importance, and deserves the encouragment of the more liberal and enlightened portion of the community Thk Militia Ft** Ni is arc*.?On reference to our police column the other day it will be seen that one of the many inconveniences arising out of the State Militia law was brought more prominently than usual before the eyes ot the public, because, in this case, the parties appear ed before a police magistrate to settle the difficulty. How many such cases there are which are net known to the public, and which are privately settled by those concerned to avoid the annoyunce of arrest, will be perceived by a glance nt tbe names contained in the elty direc tory. Tbe Grand Jury very promptly, ami In a praiseworthy munner, have indicted tMs law as a nuisance, and its repeal shonld l*\ among the first acts of the next Legislature. The question now arises, diyps this annual muster of ununifortned individuals, equipped with old muskets, tend to bring about the object viewed by the law - the inspiration and fostering of a military spirit by our citiiens? If a display such as is witnessed at these musters attains this end. then certainly the law is a success. But the poor fellow s who attend tbem serin to think differently on the subject, and as they must be the best ju<lg<>s under the circumstances, we nrv compelled to accept their opinion. Again, the law Is uuti" ; V ?.. _ [7. - the- payment of seventy-five cents those baring that turn to devote to Uus purpose can avoid the public turnout. Besides, the people are too much endowed with the true military bpirl to require legislative enactments at all to make soldiers of them. Stringent laws might be necessary under monarchical forms of government. but not in free and enlightened America, where each citizen is a sovereign and a soldier. The war with Mexico, to which volunteer* poured in numbers tar outnumbering the regular troops; our target excursions, which drill and discipline thousands of our citizens every year; and laatiy, the volunteer system of the whole country, so splendid an exhibition of which it has been the good fortune of New York to witness within the past few weeka, are all a sufficient proof of this fact. The law. as it stands, is both ridiculous and unnecessary, and is, in addition, an insult ta the spirit of our institutions NEW8 FROM THt NATIONAL CAPITAL. ... <i MxiBHHia uMpaii'B, Washington, July 21. IMS nn ntnuqtr connthhion As intimated in a former despatch, Dr Frui hM bSSB selected as geologist to the Chlrlqul expedition On arriving at the lagoon, Capt Euglr will detail Capt. Morton, with hi? surveying party, to proc ed on shore, aad after making tidal and barometrical observations at the harbor, will run a line with cmpaes, level, and bar* meter arsons the Isthmus, eighty miles, to Golflto This will probably occupy some sixty days, as portions of the distance a*e rough. Meanwhile, Dr. Evans will explore the ooal mines in the vicinity of the lagoon, and Capt. Engle himself will make a survey of the harbor at Cbiriqul, and test the accuracy of the present maps, after which be will go to the Pacific side, vis Panama, and Inspect the harbor of Golflto. The commisslna hope is be bark by the 1st of November. The veasel wb'ch lakes It out will be under the commaod of Capt. Hartatcin nrsiNiws at rmt patkjrr omcs The business at the PateDt Ofllce usually falls off during the "heated term," and though this year is not an exception to the general rule, the receipts are in exoaas at other corresponding periods. Those for the quarter ending July were seventy thousand dollars, being greater than for any preceding quarter A nxprnucAN UBmrrr polb hot pkkmvttxd in Washington Application was recently made by the Republican Association for permission to raise a liberty pole In this city. The Mayor consented, as did also the Commissioner of Public Buildings, at first, but after nine days delay in an examination of the laws. Dr. Blake has discovered that It Is unlawful to erect liberty poles in this District, and therefore the permit Is withdrawn. Queer country this when a liberty pole can't stand in the capital of the republic. THE HOUNI PRINTING Df THE COTW Larcombe and English have petitioned the court to enjoin and restrain everybody from receiving moneys for the House printing except themselves. Mr. ford's arrangement with tbeni was only temporary, and they pursue this course to prevent the work from belug given to other parties who are willing to do It cheaper They receive eighty per cent on the groan payments. Unr Wathlngloa ' orrripoadeara Wanhkn.to*. Juiy 17 LMO Movements qf the PMiti'-ians?fire HumPed Thousand Copies of the President's Recent Speech to be Gratuitously Circulated by the Breckinridge. Party as a Campaign Document?Anxiety as to What Course the Herald *mil Pursue in the Coming Election?Clear Dodge of the Politicians to Have Their Speeches Spread Bqfore the People? Appointments, etc., Sc. One of the wisest ?n<l best thing* I have ever hea-d of from any set of political directors was done t< -day by tbe Breckinridge Resident Committee, namely, the ordering, for gratuitous circulation, flee hundred thousand copies at President Buchanan's recent speech This was proposed By Mr. Tlinn, Nary Agent here, and unanimously adopted. If those who take any active part In the can ram shall Jam use this matchless address as their chart, both for matter and manner, and try to follow (even (hough lunge inter saO<> behind) Its moderation, Its wisdom. Its magnaal moos Impartiality, Its falrneaa and decorum towards oppo MOta,and Its reliance upon truth sad common sense, little more will be needed. The country is quite sics of tbe shallow, exaggerated, denunciatory style of wiat are called campaign papers and harangues Inflttod eulogy or senseless inrectire Is the staple of these scribblers and slang*hangers. Bell and Krerett, Douglas and Johnson. Lincoln and Hamlin, Breckinridge and Lsue, are either angels or fiends, according to the proclivities of the s-tisw who palul them. When the President spoke tbn plain truth ou tbe absorbing topics of the lav, m*ny of these worthies were taken quite aback. "What" (said they), "tbe Breckinridge Convention not'rsgutar" not 'naliot alT What, 'every democrat leO free to rbonse*' And then the Douglas Owventiou not regular either, n d aw liooal, not binding on any democrat'" "Whore shall we gvr tuey Mtn; anail nr Maud on thM nenher o*a nor good dry landV They were puuled by out candor and J not Ire They were Ingredient* .pnte iiunsnal MS n polilk-al speech. Hut the |?-<>|ik- will underatand and appreciate three qualifier . and draw ? ouitraet hel weea the Vreeldent and the campaign mature moat boon-able to hie tcm|ier, tamo and rharm-ter T?te moat prqf.<d-<-r>d opponent mum acknowledge that It wax the ep-??ch of a g.-nttemnn a* well ax a e'atreman. aud of a man who vali.ee truth above all other Ihttiga in giving coauaol to hi* noniitrjtnen. Ar the Hbkam> la generally regarded by aagacioua poll t'ciacs aa a flret rate power, lh*?re t* aaaa c-uic-'cn felt, you may eaelly imagine, a* to what It le going to do Hi toe approuct ing I'rraidentgal itm|?irii li ix inoted a?al the Senator from Ilhnoir ha* been very arduously wotug Ita fhvor; and *omrthing i* aald about ihe Inti-rchanga of *o. rial oourweiea. Kr [tut nil the ? -it known -fr Hen nctt* taxlrfhl and tu n ift-eut h-ip'Ulity ; and srnaible people Infer nothing tbrrelrora In regard' to hit political proclivities That *? a rapital aurfxetl <n about the Itnivraance of orators, who wi*b to give their production* a wkle circalatlon. dellvf'tng tbemacivea In Sew York, foe tb>- par|iom> of being reported at length in the column* of thi M de|<eietent prexx Imk ..ut. Ik wcver, leal tie- nvirkel ehould become overetoeked Several crack -towtwarwaker? are a'rendy on the alert to get invitaiioon to make ad dreeaee in Now York. The Hon Sylveatec Howry, of Sew MewWw, ha* thla day been appointed Oboitr leamoer to run aad mark the boundary between the ternlortc" of the I'mo-d ?taiee aiel tatlfnrnt*. under act of May 36 1*60 mbyret u> the regu latkemnf the Secretary of tin- Interl'-r iTx-ee were ovi-al applicant* for tht* important p>?t, hut Mr. Mnwry wad the only one ever thought of. Wa?h votow July 1?. 1W0 It' ffrertanridpr fmpult*?The Grrmt Casern mnd the ?//e /fc'um Car# <4 30,00b Hal/ eftVrftvw? Ckrvulirr rrc,,f. 4c. The Huulp of yaatcrday delighted it* nuroi rou* frlcnda ... vnj. ><m nr<? urin hiwt r"m*i oonaf j?r long edrorial earrre than in your Itinainou* ivatemeot of the im flirt uf couMllullnoai principle* which notera into thf preecut revolution, no I which inuat anapa ?b? nrw party organ irattow The creat eonteat uuq oUtooably mill b* between Ilie doctrinee and f-t iini.-nts re:"-oa--nl*d by l.tncoln. and I In Me dlrrctiy at iayifiiatic, i epie?ented hi r.reckinrtdgr. The tru;?orta t > ( the IIkk tt.n'a aup- ' fa rt of the latter m highly appreciated here by ah abo deeire to nee their nuoceaa, and your publication uf yaw. terday ha# been hailed by a central arclaiin, ' (teaa*It to will, a' Who care#.-thra, for the |>hi'fwn|ih.ini of the TVi/aow, or the little villain of the fwan " W are to have the i.raal Vaateta m the aaP ? of tb* 'hera|wake. Mr Uoocb, noe of the |>rtiiel(inl tlleerinra of Die tin at Kael.-rn OoWiphhT, hae tent re mit in# Iwu tlaya here with Mr Mann, wlat haa laben nncti an In it-at In the (WtaltiinhMirrt ol a Olraat iraue between (irgiuia and ft* ?(c. lie n t. i '.kU.ita W.I! i t\iy . .-aire la AupoM.fl al 111 the glnrlima harbor <w Nbnpww Knarfn, an?ltir?eoi I itrd. for her r. i.irn trio itn*y M> t- u<d balet of cotb u Wi taHilh* roara will, n-* c ,?\hle either at a do lar for a night of the hit? ehlp: and It way fb'rty be t-M-matad ii ai three htm ired uowwaod people will vtalt bre If ?he I pea tulo U'V Cuf*a|?>iiki Anilo-t, ?i ? i o.?a trnlv International re|pbrati?W, haitrwrd I c the i?< au-riea of V it Vrer- ?> ? It- K*"." "I h t t-. , an# ?i t,nd , 4 h> Peaaalewt MartMoaii Vice IVvdnt I'aecaitiri ife, leaning Emitter* a?><J ft jet.. ULoa, the di?l..marie ore*. hi'T r : T,iv ? M ' ? -? t r? , t#. - . -I,r* th* |ifa* *rr?*?if Iho tY?OOn n? WV?* aa,t M* ?]?. p,,, (llll|4 h? lti? ii.?i**it.ii,"I. <- . ma r,% !,.r i>,. ^ta_ u ho aiiiBiBfj* Um n?aaiii>uot IN far *iaUo-l pcIumiw M flrorga W*ntitoct<*. BMmUi -to*irm to prroorra* hli!*?!? br?aiBh? t? V?Mb?#.' |I. <*ii||h hi liwl.TlBC a !? *? tIMC wMk Kant* fm? ht* l*n?,lif\il f*n*.?m?i" anil CWaiMki TV Si'illin.rj %t|i awarm W> bvr* lit* UM to Brr thr nroat FiWn rti. That ??*f ?h>?t and rtt-irM of mortal*, tho CboTBlirr \t ik (I, all h'l- t u..? n upm, ?mr ?.?rr?od m?'r>ip>?. li* tin* riuxutci. j?*l alunit I'uc Imr of Uir rnXar Mltfua, lllutnifktiur *h?l a-oaM n?h,rwhr bar* hoot) J?r* IV ph-mari hi*i araHi *#o.l hi* o rrtoM. h? loot, hi* tn,?. imifo ot n.i-ii *|.,1 ,, uti, an,I hm rargkr r??-r*. H- haa worked he'd runt C?x?-rre? ^r*ai< t'ua. U||| lit Ion Ilia American Tdrnrarh f?ai[iaojr. ^ Ml* n*vm,Uafi., Ju!j21.1vt It. th* Uln ra?' of tlx *m?" aa T- ,f r> ;>h <- ?n* ai? - ' ? , f? ?' \ ^ - i tat,', ' m \

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