Newspaper of The New York Herald, 23 Temmuz 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 23 Temmuz 1860 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 8719. HEW8 FROM THE PACIFIC. Lfrivil of the Ari l, with Adricw from the Weit Coast, Cent al and Sooth America. The Distracted State of New Granada. OUR RELATIONS W1TII PERU. Vothing Yet Accomplished by the American Minister. DNE DAY LATER FROM CALIFORNIA, At.. Ac.. At. The utruNb.p At,el, Captain Mine., arrived at this port lft^t night from Atpinwali whence she sailed on lb. Illb lUHt. The Ariel brings ug one day later now.s from Califorlia, and later advices from all parti of Central and So'jlb America, lite Pacific mails were left on the Isthmus. teoeral 6. W. Jones, Vnited States Uimstcr to New Granada, ww a passenger in the Ariel. The following is the treasure list of the Artel James Patrick 119 000 JenniugsABrewster.*12 000 K.rhy, Byrne A Co.. 3.000 P. Naylor 7,.100 Renard A Co 15.200 Amort*.u? Ex. Bank . 65,000 Order 0,000 Wm Hoge ? Go 10.000 J. G. Parker A Son.. 3,000 Duncan .Sherman ACo 97 013 W. Sahgmann A Co . 30.000 ' (stiver) 17.509 Einstein A Bros ... 3.210 American Ex. Bank.. 22 500 Atlantic A P SB Co.. 19.207 Wells, Kargo A Co.. .173.400 Ballen A Bander 32.100 Freeman A Co 9,200 Oonroy A O'Connor.. 10.000 E. Kelly A Co 64 000 Total $073,290 Off tbe Capes of Delaware, Thomas Wbartenly, a passenger, fell overboard and was lost. The United States frigate Sabine was at Aspinwall when tbe Ariel left that port. The sloop-of-war St. Inula wan at Cartbagena. TUB lEVOLFTIO* n JEW ?Kim Threatened Breaking Up off the Republic?'Three Stmtea In Open Rebellion* The Presidential Campaign. OCB ASPLWWALL CORRESPOKD1WCK. Asflvwau, July 14,1860. The last news from Cart hag en a, by tho Prince, states that tbe act of separation of the State of Bolivar rom tho Confederacy was formally proclaimed on the S1. A translation of tho official document, together with President Kioto's address, is Subjoined:? XPAKATIOM or THB HOVERKIOV STATS OP BOI.IVAR FROM TRX ACtVAL ORASAlllA.V mMFXIUCHATIOV. The President of tho sovereign State of Bolivar, taking Into oonsideraiion:? 1. That by the law of the 11th of June, of the prosont year, the State of Bolivar has declared, through the or (an of its legit,mate representatives, that the general government has trampled under foot the federal compact of the 22d of May, 1858, by the law. of the 8th and 20th of April, 10th and 12th of May, 1S69, and hy those of public ord'T and of expropriation of the prc-ent year. 1 That inconsequence of this declaration it has authorized tbe Executive power, by the said law of the UtU of June, that en coming to an understanding with two or more States of tbe Confederation, who likewise think the fe tern! compact byoken, and who --hall denounce to Congress as unconstitutional the aforesaid laws, lie may declare the separation of the State from tbe present Confederation, and proceed to form a new mo, in exorcise of its inherent rtgbw 8. That the sovereign State of the Oinea, at whose brad la found oue of the most illustr.oug gencrnia of our history, has resumed, by decree of the 8th of M ly of the present your, the plenitude of Its sovereignty, tuul hu3 declared that it w'U not continue in relations with the aauotiat Powers. which have broken the federal compact, until the ?way of the constitution l*iu< re established, third shall bo restored, together with the federal I nf u, the enjoyment of those rights to the Mute* which Its national ''uwrrs have usurped. 4. That the State of the Magdalena, joining Bolivar, and *hu?'' territories embrace the whole shore of tho Atlantic, bar made aitnilur declarations to those of Bolivar, man I* testing its determination to adopt a like resolution. b Ttat the State of Santander is animated by like ser.Macnis. A. That the States of Antioguiu and P tuomn, although th< y bare likew iso declaimed gainst the uoooaatltiitiou ality of the aforementioned law*, yet have m unfitted that they w'll not take part In the actions of the other de. claiming States. 1. That even in the very States of Hoy-aca and Can (Unaware.*, there is a strong opinion in favor of the riglii? of the States. 9. lastly, that from all these reasons it ts evident that ' the ou- has arrived to f llUll article Second of the law f the 11th June, of this year, the Slate of Bolivar taking part in the detoncc of the federal constitution of the 22d May. 1WH, wh >-ecustody has been confided to it by tho tenth article of the same, and, placing Itself out of tl.o 1 r- arh of those who, inveytyT w ith the public, u< jrp tie- sovereignty of the Ml In the D one of the State ef Bolivari and in fulfilment 1 o: the afor< -a d law decrees. Article 1 Tlie Ctato of Bolivar remain* from let-day ? purai-d irom the preeent I frame I lan t'onfc leration- an t in cortu^ueii. e the national employes who reside ni it territory cea?e the exercise of their functions, with the of those who merit the cemfl leoce of the exec.u live pow r, and wiio always submit themselves to ti e laws ar d autborifict of tho State Article 2. The Legislative Assembly, the Pre* dent, the supet me tribunal of justice and the Attorney General of the State,shall r*er< tie, respectively and proviaiouaily, according to the terms of article tconud of the aix vc mentioned law?. the administration of ail thoRfl SlUIrS (heretofore) reserved to the government of the Coniedcrawt. Articles The executive power will promote, with the I government* of the other Stater who tiavo or may s.f? rate thernselvea from the Guifederatiou, the establishment of a provlaioaal general government, according to the terms contained in article fourth of tho afore-< ted law, and will cultivate friendly relations with the other State*. upon the tooting of tho most just reciprocity Article 4 The other disposition? of tlie aforctn- ulioned law w i| go into affect in tlielr re*p. ctivc cases. ft.ven in ?arthsi-ena, July 3,1800 .rt'AN J(W, K1ETM ! Jriv Avtosmi i>s ut Em-ciem-i, tSocroUry boueral of Stat". Tho Pre- deat of the Sovereign State of Bolivar then Issued a maiuftsto tc Its inhabitant*, which is too loo/ for the Hnum. There are now three out of the eight State? of the Cop federation In open hostility again?! the governtn nt, and great diaaftecton prevails In ilie five other*. Magdalena and Bolivar, the two wealth e*t Ptules en he Atlantic, and the Cauca. on the Par die. being ui 'ho hard* "f the federalists, rots tan entral government ud 1 trout *"ppliss of ammunition ami a.-BM f-otu abroad. It is, however, expected that the whole matter, .tfler a frw ?** rm ir?u? r . wm cm-i m ? i ,?n r. ?. vmr < - ? - v w* a President or proclaiming him??-if <1 tctnt<-r th-ai while tljr politician* *'< mi the f- lire ti"l kn-W kng whether to declare f<>r IT-quer* or ht* ?on in law, General llemn. The federal employer in ft'liTBT no t M^llllfM hake been Htlnl, Mid the outturn lion*" , -v< , ar< in tin- hand." s of the federal laid. A^nswau.. July 14, lwoo frparn'ion n( Ike Staj.- / Boiir+r fr< -i iKr HtpmHtr?Tk/'on'ton of O-otrrm't Hot-infra anl /l-rran^ KWk toil I hr J'rrti-lmt'?TV DUtratlfl VtUr of !kt (*-<uV-y? Trrml l' ui'A A* Mailt, Mr x <? the 3d ill the Plate of BollTar declared lineH in dependent of the federal gnrcrnnv nt. Sank <u ier *ml Magdalen* were to aepnrate oo the ?<ime day In lb Ifgtalature of the former "tale a propo*.ti>n waa made to declare IU independence. and wa* negatived by a rote of nineteen again*! two. Afterwards though. the At""?tri >\j authorized the Oorernor to declare tl? ladoprodeno o eoon a* ooc of the other Stater done ro. (fen. M'W^nera war In open rorre?pnudence with the moat mfi'icntni partita la Bogota, an 1 It war expect.-d h * would make term* with the government. The uewr Which har gone up from GarUmgeoi of the ?ta'.e of iV.lirar baring declared it* independent-. wlllcotnpli- ?U ?ttera again All the national authorities hare been *e.*r,i by the reeolutinetstr, a groat many of them having par to Panama. Warlike preparation* are rontmnally going on in Oar thafoov Nteto .? constantly drilling hia men, and putting the State In v prrfe I rendition of iiefem . Ho n ,1*. arming gunboair for the Magdalma nine of them ar to leave oa the HOlh. It la reported that la (knee a battle war fought. In which ll.wpiora got the worat. The place of a< i on la aald to be tfuileaca, on the frontier of Parte, ^ battle la aooo to be fought la the Bute of Magdalena, between the troop* of the general government, under leti Tteen, and the Bute militia, comaundetl by Oen. Vega. Oea. Vleco, acting under iaatrortloBr of the general gnrermont, ha? tm/M out the SUfe mifltte w^k^it (1m cement of the .aaveraor, and the eooaerratlre (art hare flocked to bta ataodard. He m awaiting an attack from the Slate militia at Rio Hae.ha. * Oa Jane U the goremmeat force* were encamp. I ad at Marxjalta, the port loo which had marzhed em AjBhaicma ia reported aa being tuccomful, E~NE the prisoners taken have bean sent to Bogota and imprisoned. Beneral Parte had left the capita! on the 4th, to Join the First division, which was 2,600 strong, General Pasada bad left Tor Antioquia to raise troops. The revolution which had broken eat in Pasta, headed by Genera! I. Cordova, was causing great alarm in Bogota. General llerran continues as commander In-chief of the forces of the general government, lie bad resigned la consequence of the President, Otpina, ordering him to the command of the forces destined to attack Hen. Iloaquera, who is Herran'e lather in-law. He had r> signed aa candidate for President, In consequenco of a committee (conservatives) waiting upon him, tn which they asked him the following three questions:? 1st. What would bo his programme for the admin lairstion? 2d. Who would be his Secretary of State? 3d. How was bo to act in the present crisis? It was their intention to withdraw his name aa candidate if bis answers were not satisfactory, and put up Mr. | Mallarnios instead. After a consultation with the President hia resignation wits withdrawn. U is not known what took place at the consultation Ho la to remain aa commanderin chief at Bogota, and General Paris commands the troope. The Intcndente of this rtate has been censured for issuing the decree against the exportation ol arms as illegal. The Attorney General of the nation has told the President that he should call him to an account. General Jones leaves this for New Verk per the Ariel. He carries with him the copy of tbo CWsa-Herran treaty, ratified by the Congress. This is the second copy of it? the first ;s supposed to have been loot a short time ago, when the schooner Esperan/a was wrecked. In consequence of the discontinuance of tho mall service, the merchants here are grumbling very ranch. Thev think the rovernment should make a contract with Vanderbilt to carry tho mail from ibis place, Panama and the interior. If the government <loea not, the mail from the interior will have to rernuia over, and be gent by the Panama Railroad Company'* sailing vessels, with a delay of from twenty to thirty days, thereby causing great injury to the commerce or tbi* republic. Our Panama Corrmpandence. VAH AHA, July 14, 1860. Propctil Meeting <f General* llerran ami Mafjuera to Settle the Troubles of the Republic?The Cniriqui Grant? JVaeal New? The Mails from the Pacific, 4c. The political aspect of affairs in this country have changed but little since the departure of the last steamer for New York. The f'tate of Bolivar has formally declared itse'.f independent of the federal government, an even: that was fully expected, an it has been in contemplation for some time, and the Governor of the State has seined the Custom House of (lartbagena, driven out the federal oftleers and plaeed his own partisans i i possession. It is ! rumored that ho Intends also to take possession of tho ' Custom House of Cabanilla. i Gen. Herran, who has abandoned his intention of returnI ing to tho United States, is reported to have left Bogota on a mission of peace to Gen. Maaquera, who, it will be recollected, is his father-in-law. They are to meet, it is said, at Ibaque. This has inspired the belief amon? many that their mcetiDg will result in restoring peace to the country. President Ospinn, it is well known, has been in favor of resorting to extreme measures to force Mntqucra into terms, and it is related that when he informed General Herran that he must march at the bead of the federal troops against Moequera, General H. replied by saying, ' I do not think your government is so immoral a* to require a son to take up arms against his lather." Whereupon President Ospina gave him full pt were, it is said, to arrange matters as he pleased. The Supreme Court of New Granada has annulled the grant held by Ambrose W. Thompson from the lay:-latere of the former province of Chiriqul, for the construction of a road from tbo Atlantic to the Paclhc, through that portion of the Isthmus of Panama. I have not yet seen the decision, hut I understand that the Court has decided, among other points, that the provincial Legislature ban no power, under the constitution, to make the grant, and that it is a \ lolation of the contract between the general government and the l'aiuuna Railroad Company, Inasmuch as the latter, by the terms of its grant, has the sjlc ntd exclusive privilege to estab hsh reads', Ac., across the Isthmus. The United States aloop-of war St. Marys, Commander Porter, arrived here on the Fourth ef Julv from tiuavm.e. and Acnpulco. and llu- United Stales steamer Surnnnc, Captain Robert Ritchie, Bailed heate for Sin Francisco on | thc'th ifcr Itr.taiiQn Ihoeety a ship Qio la still in port. Tie United States frigate Iaacaster i.- expected > arrive here iu al! nf this mouth. Tlie Wyoming is still at Callko, aud the C\ aue 1= on the way here from San Francisco. The store ship Warren, I.leut. J. J. Boyle, commanding, is etili iu jKirt, Another large and important mail from the Wont Coast and Cmtra! Amcica has been left on the Isthmus, Mr. i Vanderbllt bavitn.'written to his agent at Axpmwa 1 tw allow no mail to go on board the steamer Artel. It is to he hojK'd that the I hi tod States government will make eome provision for the transportation of the mails to and fiom this coa t, which are of great importance to American merchants and shipowners. There are said to beat lie present time ltfty American vessels at tho Chtneha Islands loading guano, and the only way the otlieer1- and erews of these vessels havo to commnn . ate with their families and friends in the United Plates i? via this Isthmus, Then again our r ival sqiindrnn on the Pacific is very large, aud the I only me 1 facility s M.e oSicers ami meu have her toforo J Lad have been by this isthmus. The d?b utusi of tho | I res-nt m.ii! here will t>? of serlou- injury to thsso i > la es of our fellow countrymen, beside- hundreds and thou-amls of others engaged in mercantile pursuit- on the l'nriti coast The Unite- -tul a Corse! at tins place arranged with i the ag?nt of the I'.vcifle Mail Steamship tompau v fbr the conveyance of the mail to California and Oregon, which iefv here or the steamship John 1- Stephens, on the 11th I Inst . bv agreeing t<> allow the rompanj the postages on the letters?the tirrangein?ut being-aibiect, however ^to i the approval of the Un ted States government. The 1 Consul would rhe?-rf illy have mudo the same agreetnetil with Vuuderbtlt agent, but tt could not be d<?e. j U.WS FEO^l THE SOCHI PACIFIC. Our Paoama Comipoarfrarr. rxXAMA, July 14, 1VO. H'orL II. fore the Chilean Legifla'ttre?Rrisknett of the Mining a' the Custom House at f'al j esraiso?ActiiHty tf the Crain Marlrf a' Peru. Ilvrmt Ayrtt ar.d Hracfl~-P~rprrtaticn rf S/fri? frtnr Chile? French Flr.-t at Celiac? Stem from Hnhria?.<r?ho fated Bloc hade of the Pert iff Calkja?.hon Interotrurtr Rriurrn Bolivia and Peru? Harem rf the FAliferent Generals in Fc'iaiior? The Unsettled Ft at' of Afairt Brtneen the Vnited States and J'-ru?Mo-emenU of Mr. Clay. American Minister. <H The Kngllab ateamer Valparaiao. front Itiewt iwl, with two wecka later new*, arrived at this port on the "th inat., bringing the niati and $310.W? in specie for Enrope, two hundred bidet and f fir eight hales of deer sklna for New York. Her dales are Valparaiso 1Mb and Callao l?'th June. The news from Chile it not important Oongr<w* had been In srwloo a little oxer two week*, yet no very great amount of public bu*'c -*a bad been transacted The following measures were under consideration. A Mil to and ihduac ihe pcwcra of the elrtl eourta of Cnplapo: a bill to create a new province between Conor prion and Araneo; to ertaWish "3)ce? in the porta of the republic for ll.e enlistment af failur*. to ree.-panire the system of prt roary .ratrnctiou to amend aart ttiie enoau'aiea. nle rntn'ri .titer' - - of the country e t to , much attent t.. Ttc annexed r et.t enrapr tV j abivment of ons and tr jl from ibc d.-trict of Copiupo tl. rir-t four n. ntfc ?l tin year ? . iVit nrr s - ?*- ai u" ,n -vi.v.iui ni ir ccpp? r. in bar-, qmntaS: do., In ore?. m.W j quintal1 d'>. regoluJ.4o.8TO quintal* coptierand ' liver do.. S.T14 quintal1. TV- great-:1 purt -f th<?e r -tali were export?d to England. aau the re Juc to the Unit-.J < HI me*. The receipt of the Custom llou?e of Vatpara'.-m forth'1 month of May amounted to #4i>6>2!' Tin re < nb r d tie Mine p?rt during the Or1! quarter cl the present y-ar , J>1H foreign cotton re-?ili', the total t image of which inoi.ntcd to 384 W2 ami there cleared during the am I period 47fl rr <hv tn con-e<juencc of larg1 order* bar .nf been received ' from l"rrn. Buenos Ayre- ard rtr.ui. the grain mortal of Valparaiso has iin me ? littv mor-artitu of late.tuid pr cr> of wheat and Q< ,r liav Improved. There hns been exported rrom Chile rrom the l?' nf January to the Sin May, of lb' present rear tt? in gold coin, and M24 *66 in ?;!ver coin, flic gold coin wns ' principally ahIpprd l?> tbe neighbor np rc[<ablic* nf .Weitli America. while tbat of Urn went to fop jn countries. Onpper, In bar*. WO 26 a I'JO 60 per quintal, rash. \ Cbpfcr reeulii' 48 eO, cn?t 0opf>er or"* M '>0 a 81 66, cash. Hides $16 60 a 81T. ca*h Flottr? T.000 quintal* hare been purr based for the Australian market at 83 12 beet brands, being in small lots. W 40. Tb? re ts no later news from fVdtrta The port of Onbija ha* not yet been blockaded by President Castillna, of l"cni, although he sent a naral fleet tn the Ho itb aeowr lly for tbat purpose. The decree nf non .ntcreouraa between Mt> llvla and Peru is Mil! strictly enforced. At tbe steamer Valparaiso dd na'. touch at Gwirnqnll we have nn lap r reliable new* from Ecuador. General Robles former President of Bcuador, haa left Ps ta, Prru, where tie bas been sojourning for s nr jw It Is supposed ttiat be has gone tn Icnador. The forces nf Generals Flore* an I Franco bare probably had an engage ment ere this, and the next news will doubtless lnf< rxi as of the triumphant entry of the former into Guayaquil, aa. at last accounts, he wa nn tbat plare. There is bat little tn report from Peru. The French narsl fleet ia still in the harbor of (Allan. awaiting. It .a presumed, the re*nlt of the r. Terence of the questions in dispute between t rance and Peru ta the Emperor, it be ing underates-d tbst Ihey bare been referred tn hoi Imperial Highness l>efore a final arttlement takes pu?re Tbe t'mtsd HUtf* steam rnrrette Wr?tntog,C>miMnder John R Mitchell is also at Gall*'1 snd will roms n th'-ro until Mr (lay, the American Minister, m advised sa to tbe Baal determination of lb? ferny Ian fOTenuaent aa W Y O MORNING EDITION-MOJ - .1 respect* tbe demands of the United iftilm. Mr. City Idoing til be coo to obtain a peaceful and satisfactory ad Jusimmtor our rlaitnh , and it la rumored tUat the Pen vian Minister of Foreign Aflhirs is more fav irably diapoaed now towards a peaceful solution of the questions at issue than be has been during any previous stage of the con | troversy. i If Mr. Clay bad a little stronger naval force to back bits , up in bis demands, there could be no doubt ol bis suoI ceeding. Tbe pier at the port of Pisco, built by government con tract, is at length completed. It is two hundred feet long ! by thirty wide, and is supported by iron pillars, it cost upwards or >300,000 'o construct it The contractors are Americans?one of ttum, Mr William Whoeliwrgbt, well known on tbe coast fur hie enterprise, Is now at Lima, arranging a settlement with the government. SEWS FROJI CENTRAL ASERICA. (far Panama Correspomdemca. Pntnu, July 14,1800. The Coolie Question in Gwxtemalm?Crokibition of the fm 1 portatim tf Fl/r.iyn Spirit! 1'Uo Salvador?The Decree Contidertd Uncru'itutional?Per mixtion Granted to a yew Yorker u> Ktabluh a Bank? Applkation of Pirnnat f'ranrxt Mrayhtr of Yw York, for the ConttruHion of a Railroad in Coeta Rica?Oppotition to the Project, <tc. The Panama Railroad Company'* steamer Guatemala, J. M. Dow, commander, from San Joae do Guatemala and intermediate port*, arrived bero on 4th instant. Her dates are?Guatemala. June 24tb; San Salvador, 29th, Nicaragua, 30tb; and t'oeta Rica, 2d Inst. She brings the following freight:?2 600 hides, 819 seroona cochineal, 206 do. Indigo, 220 bags coffee, 224 bales India rubber, 2b do. deerskins, and 20 packages sugar. The news by this arrival is unimportant. From Guatemala there is nothing of special Interest to report. The subject of introducing coolies into the coun try is discussed In the public journali. Some interesting statistics are published, showing the great prosperity of the h-'and of Mauritius since tho introduction of coolies on the nlaud. It appears that after the abolition of slavery on the island the population a as reduced to 10 000 whites ind a few thousand idle, worthless negroes. In 1834 the Indian population waa only 76, hut lit 1K69 it tiad mereasu I to 201,679, and dnring the years lio>8 and 1869 there were imported 69,446 Indians. The whole number introduce.! since 1834 is 289,712, to which are to be added 30.627 born on the Island, making a totul of 320.229 This force Is empleyed in making sugar, of which U-ge quailiHe* are shipped to Rigiand. The crop of tlie present your is estimated at 140,000 tons, equal to 700.000 boxes of liava na sugar, which was the amount of tho crop in Cuba in 1836. The island of Mauritius may yet become a rivtl of Cuba in tbc production of sugar. The President of Salvador issued a deeree prohibiting the importation of foreign spirits after the 31at of the present month, and present stock In the country ts either to be exported before the expiration of that time or de Itvered to the government at cost price and charges, to be paid for out of the proceeds of the sale. The decree is clearly unconstitutional, aa the constlto tion provides that no alteration shall bo made in the existing tariff, except by giving one year's notice for all articles imported from tbc Atlantic, and tlx months for all imported from the Pacific shores The foreign merchants engaged in importing liquors have protested in strong terms against the enforcement of the decree. Another decree imposing a duty of ten per cent upow the exportation or silver and gold in the cruio state, has been issued. The government has emended to Mr. Sidney Oaksmitb, of New York, the privilege of establiahlng a rank in tho republic. The Congress of Costa Rica Is still in session at S*n .t-we de Costa Kica, anl have had under discussion during the lust two weeks the contract entered into between the Kxeculive and Thomas Francis Meagher, for the con ' struct ion of a railroad from Hoco del Torn, on the Atlantic., to Pup fa Mala, on the PnciUc. Tbc measure upiaiurs to meet w lib ct nsldcrable opput tlion, it being contended, by those wbo oppose it in Congress, that Cotla Rica has no right to make such a grunt, inasmuch ns the territory over which the projects road is to run helorgg to New Granada; at any rate she should wait until ihtt boundary line between the two countries la fully [ < ttahlifhcd before entering Into engagements of that sort. A project is under consideration, having for its object the irnrc "rtion of Swiss emigrants?600 families of that i tu n to become permanent settlers if the government of I Costa Una will oiler sotte leut inducement in liie way of giving land. t'fwi from Ol'R t"AN Jl'AN CORRKRPONDRNC*. ft** Jra.i r>si, Noim:, June 11,1R10. Ofpo'ificn to a Riyht of Way?Horn to Overcome /t? Chureu ter of Pretidrnt Martinet?Vol. Canty?fho hmm HuN/tr lradr, ?fc. Since my last some further information touching Iran sit matt ?r* has reached hero from Managua. It is raid that the majority of what is termed In .Vicaragea "Agrlcultnristes," that Is to say,those who possess cJomtfai hr>TUu, or small plantation patches, wherein are grown plantain*, ban anas, pigs, chickens, dog*, moles, horses, with a sprinkling of homed e?Ule, Bra/d wood, r? ai, co flee and such like com nodi ties, ars decidedly opposed to grantirg a charter for right of way across this country, as it w odd have a tendency to Increase the price of labor (Votn wn.'U is now paid, or premised, to the poor devils who "dig and delve" for one dime sud a half i>er diem, to one dollar, the same as was paid by the old Transit Company. Among those holding this opinion is President Martini /. This |?atriot;c gentleman, however,admits that lor Xomlrrrfdr trahojo? by whom he means to designate the miserable fellows who are now and then com pot lis) to ?irk?ire to i man anxious to wo a transit again in oporatrn, ami that should a liberal spirited company tomb r tlio goverumei couple of hundred thousand dollar* or so in ci-li. for r privilege (4 clearing out and making i nnvlguble the river Sin Juan, repairing the old transit I rood, rebuilding dock*, offkee, Ac , why, be would not feel himseti at liberty to reject tbo oiler, it la likewise reported that Honor I'erez ?uieis a fair chance of obtaininjr for the old Acn - 'orv Tractit Coni|>any a renewal of it* charter, and that he bar Martinez pledged to this com puny, pro\ nieii he succeed* In rawing the i?e isnry fund*, ftp.akicg of Martinez, he is ale ut to resign the Prvsidcn cy and retire to In* hacienda, In consequence of ill health. He Is a morose, Illiberal man. strongly pre nl r *1 igtin-1 Americana, (bu- he caufc to b< ) but upright aud bowel, oti whore word full reliance fan he placed. Tbia can be said of but very few Nicaragua!)*. The foment Od. Cuuty, nree a* pert and flippant as a fl?a. ia here with bis wife, keeping hifuscll very quiet, d judging from h.r look*, big transit project, like Hons Belly's. is settled forever. Vet 1 have no doubt that should the British government ratify the treaty lately negotiated with Nicaragua by Mr. Wyke, very strenuous eflort* w ill be made to cbliiu a route through thl* country, as John Buit I* very tuuch/lisg'isted with the I'anama route. There is an excellent opportunity for those already en gaged or wish,rig to embark In the India rubber business, to obtain supplies of thil c? eh rales I article at a amall ex ponse. The forest alonj the river Herrrpiqut, and newr the road tending fr< m the Moin to Han Jose, CV?t? Blca, l? full of gum clastic tret *, anil the milk is said, by ooape tent judge*, to tie of a very superior quality. Abundant help can be obtained either at 'his town or from up the coast, to procure whatever quantity m*y be detired Indeed the only thing raqulait to enter into the busimwa, I# capital all the rest Is her?. B side, any pemoo en g'igiiV In the busier** may remain at home if be ebon*-*, as the bu?.ue?i can be carried on quite as well through ti e agency of rxpertenred and r"?p.>nelble pert b-s rea d Irg here, who are familiar with the country, th < )<eo|>te ai d the language. Qt naidcrahle quantities of rubber are Constantly l< "g gathered by the natives and other*, which It sold 11 th-* tn*n, or exchanged for had whiskey Th> m ill from Costa Kma has arrived, but brought no ncs* of imjoriin The ma I fr m (frao.MU will not h< here until the day after to morrow. I send you this by the schooner J. W Corgdon, which is now pady for sea. and only waiting a fair wind Vo get oi l of the harbor. The only vesvcl* at this port at ppeent are If. B. M's ftblp (Mediator. royal mail aieamer Trior*, and fbr Amori cab tchooucr Cotigdoo, b"uod (or New York. YRffS FROfl CiUFOftfli. Ilnr Wan Pronrlwo ( nrrrapomlrnrc. Ha* nuimn), Jno' 2 ?, JHOO. Suit Aaaintt Me California SteaiuMp tympany?T\* I'ony Murder of a ?w Vorker?Arrml of Ik* Perpetrator, 4r., 4cTlie ateamer Honnra, from Panama, wilb Now York dat<n to June S, arrived here to day; tbo Oregon, from the aaino port, reached on the 27th. Both voaeolbrought paffngera from the Kartrrn .?tateo. Ttie pray txprem from St. lama, with datea to Jane 12, arrived at Cerroo City yMwUjr afternoon. So l>na tile Indiana arc reported between California an t Hall lake. At M' krlumne Hill, on Monday laat, a man named Ab ner Hall, a native of New York, aged Ofly five yearn, waa killed by a voting man named I?e, during an alt*rcalioo. Hr rtabbod in ecveral placcn. lew la now in jail A letter from Martpoaa clva the partlrulara of the killing of two men mimed :md Clbbn, on the Colorado The Indiana who committed the deed acted in aelf do fence and meted out to deceased what they richly me riled. John Fowler and liiry Anruata, hi* wtfr, who arrived on the Honors, have I>rought a auit agalnat the PactOu Mail Wtmmah:p Company The complaint net* forth that the partiea wrra married at Niagara Valla, XVI April, tono otiWayS th?y engaged pannage from Panama to Han tranriaro. and on reaching the former place from New Ynrk, took paa-.tge on the rteamer John I. Stephen* It ws* agreed that they ahonld have the evelnelve i*w of one alateroom. for whlrh the plaintlffc paid g67t. that M. , ?126 etlra for the egolueive right. They were, however, 1 pre vested from enjoying a itatcroom ticluairely, aad RK II WAt, JTJLY 23, 1860. Were U> fsct separated?the husband having to occupy one room with twAother males, and the wife a ro >ra with two other fraralte. During the passage the wllh *? ica?lck, and suffered much by being deprived of tie care and assistance of her husband, and of the convenience o? hb ezclutlve stateroom They claim a Judgmeut for 61,000. The Comet* (Trons the gen Francisco Timea, June 80.] The comet wee I rat pianiy visible from this city la " evening It may have been seen bifore, but certainly bet well, safer three or four evenings the sky baa been entirely overcast, or the horiion was obscured with fog 1 and mist. Last evening aroat nine o'clock the eocentrio i visiter could easily ha tees with the naked eye In the north west. It reaemblee the last great oomettln general appearanee when it mm first seen Tn this neighborhood It trill be reoelleeted that U the first appearance of that one a mere Star could be s?en, with a small haze, or fieooe of light, following it; but that in the oonrae of a few weeks, aa It approached nearer and hearer to the sun, it grew large and bright, untd it showed itself a phenome non of great brilliancy ant sublime beauty. The prevent 1 'timet Ts yet a great disunce from the son, and ma* be sported gradually to Inrreaae, as the last did, until It too shall span the sky ft on, horizon to zenith. The iaat. d will he recollected, drew Its train after It with a grand -weep through the skies Tho preaent, as near as we can Jurge fmro present appearances, has a straight train. It is a grand thought, as we look upon tbo approaching oeseenger, to think of the incalculable spaces through which It baa been travelling for the last few hundred, or i*-i hope thousands of years, and the varinua aspects that our earth baa presented at its various visits. It must at ne time have shown upon the forests which have left us mtr coal fields, an t attain when the huge saurlaus dragged i heir gigantic hours oTer the green places. It would be in cresting to know which were the generstioi s of men who saw it, and how man; generations are going to see it hereafter. Siwi from CarsVsllay. We have news from I Arson to June 27. Major Dodge bad returned fin >m Walker's and Pyramid lake. Here fiorts 2,000 peaceable Pali Utes on the Walker River Reservation.He hat a talk with four of the principal che fs, viz ? Nabahira, Odeske, Padwa and Ohartamat. The; *< re all friendly, and wished to remain so. Accordingly, to protect them in the same. Major Dodge has ordered a bouse lo be built immediately on the Reservation, and appointed John A. Thompson, the celebrated moun (ameer, loeal Indian Agent for the Reservation. M.yor Ikidge reports all quiet at Pyramid fake?most of the hostile lndiars having gone to Oregon and the Humboldt mountains. A company of dragoons have arrived at Pyramid lake from Fort CrookTbo United States troops now in Washoe are Captain -' ewart's company of the Third artillery, acting as in isntry; Captain Flint's company, Ruth infhntrv; I.ieut. <?'Gary's company, Hxth infantry, and a howitzer bat iery under the command of Lteuleuant Gibson The iroops en route and under orders for that place arc Capt. Adams' company, of the First dragoons, forty men, from ortCrooke, and Lieutenant Smith's company, of Sixth infantry, from Fort Yuma. Captain Ketchum's company of Sixth infantry is also under orders for Washoe, hut probably will be detained here until the arrival of the -ecruus naked for by General Clark, the company only n mix-ring about thirty men. Tbc Carson Rangers have determined ta proceed ts the Humboldt river rountry to sflbrd protection to the im migration against the Indians. The movement ta entirely an independent one. They go into camp to-day. Oftloers: J L. Black hum, Capt.; Then. Winters. First lieutenant; T S. Wmn.Second lieutenant. A valuable silver vein has been found about forty.five miles south of Mono latke. Oregon Intelligence. The returns published in the latest dated Oregon posers uidiuite tbatShiol is elected represeritative to Congress Ttie Stair.'man, published at Salem, the capital of tho State, of 10th June, gives a list of majorities, so far as then received, of 1,(59 for Sbiel and 1,079 fbr I/>gan, or JO in favor of the latter. But the counties of Coos and lAirry were not Included in these returns. In regard to them the Stairtman says:?"A citizen of Umpqua, arrived here, reports Coos and Curry counties at ?0 majority for Shlel. This report, If correct, will give Shlci 40 majority io the State." Ttie H'rald (Eugene City) of 15th June, says?.Joseph Meador arrived here today from I mi>qua county. He slates that tlie official returns of Ooos and Curry give Shlel forty ?even majority. He saw the official returns of Josephine, which gave Shiel over 200 majority; does not remember the exact figures. Tho lUra\d makes out 00 majority for Slue I. The Statmmam says of tho election of members nf the Legislature:?Summed up, the 1 egielature will at ind very nearly as follows Anti lane democrats, 21, certain; old line whig (pretty much democrat, and intensely antiLane and Delusion), 1 lane, 10; throe of l.xtie's ten are also for Delusion,and Delusion baa ooo other; republicans, 12; (this count includes logon, of Waaco, declared elect ed by tbo official canvoh of that county). Not ('lowest, but one under-lc >d to he. and three sleeted as ant i.uie democrats, live, uniting 90, tho nomber of members composing both branches of the assembly, Ilrltlah Culsmbla. CA-K OF THK DKSKRTKH FHOM TBk I'NITKft ST VTKA ROITHDAKY COMMISSION. Oo the 21st of June the dewrter Watkins, from the United NUtea boundary tommies.on, was uk'ii before the Supp mo (ourl at Victoria, under an /*? !?!io*i made by ('apt. Woodruff, who claimed tbat ho should bo (ivrn up to Dim aa a deaerler from tho suid Commission. ('apt. woodruff conducted his own ease. The Attorney General ap|"o?rod for tbo crown. w ('apt. Woodrutl argued that, according to the terms of tbo treaty between tirrat Britain and tbo United futon ro IhIito to the Bo'ai'lary Commission, the prisoner should be giv<o up. .ta they were allowed to seize deserters north of 110 lino, ho did not see why thoy could not do so to the south of tt. The Attorney General was of opinion tbat the Court had no right to giro up or to detain the prisoner, he was not employ e?t on the Boundary Commission at the time of his tscape, but was a prisoner in traiuUu Judge Cameron ruled tbat no cause bail been shown why tbe prisi tier should be given up to tb? I'nited Hutes The i Hirers of tlie comtnlaston bail put into another colony of the British crown to sad their own convenience. This port was not in the direct route between tbo places they were conveying the Pserler. According to thecodont of International law h? should release tbe prisoner. (apt thanked the Court lor l' alteuliof) in. y bad shown hltn.and intimated bis luteution of lorwrarding tbe partirular* of tbe case 'n WaablDgton. in orner th. t it might tie scttb d between the two nations. As the labors or me ta unaary wmimiaaion would iiui live j'Mm longer, it would b? it nwurceof great annuyance to Ixjlti part lei, unlaw -oni# iirttBtto underatond ng were come to. Tike S?H Arrlitcat la Ho*ton Harbor. [from the baton Traveller, July :l ) Ye' terdtty aliernoon a pai ty of young people, reading on the South One, mar Sudoral xnd Kne? l/ui I atroeta, went down 'to harboi in tlw yacht Thwtle, belonging to Mr. J. W 1' Iberbn, a aupcriDtendant at one of w Sooth It* ton bridge*. The bust wa* In charge of Timothy 0'ltnll?r?n tn e xperlenced Ik at man, and the party c-onatfted of el. Ten f?rw.n* be?idr? the *kip|*'r?Jeromi*h Murphy, Mi Intel Lavery, Htmli > laiunell,Tbo m** Bnwrn, Mary J.100 Kit/aimmon*, Anna McCarty, Marv 0 Hri.-n Mary Murphy. Katu flavin, and Mary Attn and Kate SI may, the latter only about ton year* obi Wh? n i If Sort Independence the vac-hl waa run into by the schooner Alma, of Grand villa. N. 8., and wrn* no ftorr that it M .k almoet inatantly, and before any of the party could gel hold of anything with wbirb to buoy themreive* op Oifalloran the moment the oollu ion ot,curred, Jutrpe 1 ob board the Alma and threw a rope to tie Tbtatle, abhb wax c aught by Jerry Murphy, who waa dragged through the water by It, the ache oner nit atop picg tn it* (nance, Mary Jane S'ilMtmmona gut her arma around hi* neck, and clung to him till they w?re both ?4v<"d by a boot from the (team tug Walpoto, which fortunately }waa near at hand at the time. Katc-Clavin caught bold af Murphy by the wattt, and waa taken along -come dlalaece. hut waa drawn b< nealh the water ?o mue.^that ahe waa furoed to let to, at 11 he waa drowned. the re ' of the party, with the exception of Mary Murphy, 'loaled and were taxed by boat* that wore m nt to their uwttt.ioor from a Cape Cod arbouner and the Alma an another Nova Hrotta vrmclt. The Murphy girl ia auppee d to hare gone dowo In Urn Tbietle The flrd perron* reached by boat* were O'Pcwnell and lavery. <ho aaid they could take rare of tbemaclre* and directed he reamer* to look after the women. They were pieced up latt of all, and laivery waaao exlvauatod that he ( inled after being lakeu from the water. It waa near tf tulf an hour befr re be waa rearued. MarySliney waa MMc eg whe n renrued, ant la having faintingfits to (considered out of danger. Mary .lane Fitaatm mm* wv (o weak that a ph> aician waa callod when abo -earhed ie wliarfa* it waa thought abe ?a* dying, but he waa emforlablc Una morning. Ihomaa llowen i* not atwimn r, but be happened to have hi* boot* off at the time of I ie accident and waa able tu keen hlmaolf from sinking ly "treading water." Our reporter h* little Kate fllnev this tr"ruing, Sh" waaal b<r father * bouse, corner of Cast ao>t flea etreeta, and bad ardly got oti r the fright In answer to an Inquiry be* eh"1 was aared abe said?"Anna MoCurty kept hold of tre till the boat picked me up, and that's all I knowah<nt ft." By further inquiry we learned that tbe Met arty girl, although having nothing to to, hraeety - mk hold of her younger <"m|?nlnn, who was too frlgh ened to take care of heraelf, and kept her head ahov th water till ar?t*iauce came. Tbia abe did at the nek f ber own lifr The nliljwrwon* picked up hy the I mate were taken on hoard th Walpn'v and brought up to the city about tig o'elork. It that time it wws supfoaed that 'i llal'aran was drovaed, and his parents and rnendg were mourn ng for hat. when about two hours later be got h itne, having two brotgbl up on a Baltimore coal veaeel. He. Kaya the accident was caused by recklessness in the part of thow in liarge of the Alma, and that they did not use projer "(forte to save the passenger* of the Thiatle. The two girls drowned were rath about seventeen veare ef age Mary .Murphy was tbe .tsnghter of flmo ihy Murphy, living In Shaving street, and ihe parents of the i.Uvir. girl reside in Cove place Their bodies have not been recovered. a c-rr Tmustot "Jbnn Mann.'?While the legislative Comir #ttoo at fblladelphla, or that portion' of it which did net think It proper or advisable to reetgn, m aolemaly rlttinr and arranging plana for spending between two and three millions of dollars of tbe city ut payers' money to furnieh enormous and ettravaganl public building*, the City Treasurer i* unable to And mnaey enotigh from Utia year's assessment to pay a Ore dollar warrant dun fqy labor of other service to the rlly Tbe ordinary erpensee of tbe gore-nateal bare eeooped out the entire treasury, sad left it "dead broMr." So say* tbe ledger of that dty. [ERA TM* Cm of ih< Brig VlrflatMi TO TUB KillTOa Of TUB ILKHALD. Nsw You, July ?, 1M0. Aa many mlamatemenU have recently bee* made m Um various Journals of this city ud elsewhere respectlbg Um brgantlne Virginian, 1 herewith enclose you for publication oopiea of tb? letter* I have received from her captain, which will tell tM whole story m it hi. WILLIAM SHARP. Sr. Gbobom, Bermuda, July 7, lseo. Wiuum Sua bp, isq., New York:? Dbab Sib?1 bar* to Inform you that this letter being dated from thla island la aa painful tx me aa It will b? unexpected to you. On the afternoon of the Sd instant I made thla land, li rery thick and oloudy weather, aid immediately, on ob nerving the shoals, endeavored in rain to extricate tlx ?brtgantine Virginian from them, but aba rery shortly struck on the reef, and remained there; and, supposing that she could not be aeen (Tom the shore, I dee pa tehee the mate and (bur men to procure relief; but before they reached the land four boats, containing about thirty men ame to my rescue, and with an increasing tide and the Id of the sails we doe ted tbe said vessel about half past even r. a. >euner alienors, nor cnains, nor nawwri were required: but tbe fatoo keel, by heavy tnumping was knocked off. I then proceeded to Murray 's anchorage, where we came to anchor about nine o'clock P. M. At Ave P.M. on the 3d instant Lieut Murray, R. N., went on boardjthe Virginian, and, according to hanote in my log book, I herewith produce a copy, viz:? Five P. M ?Boarded this vessel by order of the senior officer; found master and mate an shore, and no person acknowledging himself as being id charge of her or possessing authority on board. 1 therefore lifted her hatchesV> verify ner eharweter, as no papers were fortheonilng, snd noticed several articles in her hold leading to the suspicion thvt she might be engaged in Ihe slave trade. I placed an otlleer and a guard ou bosrd to prevent any Irregularities until 1 could communicate with her master. J. MURRAY. Lieutenant commanding H. B. M. H. Hkipjack. On the morhiDg of the 3d inst., Lieut. Murray went on board the Virginian again (duriDg which time both the mate and myself were on shore), and I shall now quote the Lieutenant's own record from the logbook, namely ? Seven A. M.?Returned on b<)ard this vessel, where I found the mate, but no captain or papers, those being in shore at St Ueorges. The salvors being about to navigate the vessel into that port, I directed the guurd to assist there In. Ytbilst proceeding thither I examined the paper* at the United Plates acting t'onsul's office, ami on seeing the captain found him unable to give any vouchers for the legality of the purpose, to which 79 water casks, some with salt snd some with fresh water, were to bo applied. The captain then consenting to an examination of his hold in pre sence of the United States acting Consul, we again hoarded the vessel at about 10:30 A. M., and removed so much of the cargo aa to certify myself that the vessel had not the materials for a slave deck on board, nor did wo meet with other matter for suspicion beyond the presence of an tuiasually large quan Uty of stores and provisions; also, ss cargo, much rice, but the interior of the respective casks and packages were o'k In spected, nor was any search made for money or papers; and at 1 JO I*. M , the vessel being then at anchor In fit. (leorget Harbor, 1 removed the guard and quitted the vessel. J. MURRAY, Lieut. Commanding 11. B. M. 8. Skipjack. On the 4th inst. the mate noted in the ship's logbook the following, viz.? At 8 15 F. M. was boarded again by a boat from H. R. M, ship fikipjark, which left an officer and six men nn board, not staling ai y reason for so doing, the captain '>eing on shore. At ni?s J* M. he came on board snd retorued on snore again to lep'irt it to the V. 8. acting coosul. I have to add that tbe officer and men are still on board the Virginian, nor have any measures, Dial I am aware of, been taken to release me from this moet oppressive and degrading position. On the Ath inst., at about six P. M.I went ou board the Virginian, accompanied by Mr. R W lliggs, a partner of Mr. llyland, acting Consul, and stated to the officer in charge that 1 wanted to go to a>-a, his reply was, lhtve charge of the ahlp and cargo, and cannot |sirmil you to do so." Question?By wbosefnutborlty have you taken ebargo of my vessel)' Answer ?By order of Lieut. Mutray.of H. B. M ship Skipjack. My object in asking the question If ho would allow mo to proceed to sea, was merely to elicit a reply to ascertain the extent of his authority, as my rtglster and my papers were at tbAl time in the possession otitic U. S acting Consul. After this conversation I wcut on tdiotc with Mr. lliggs, and wrote a letter to tbe acting Couaul to tho following effect:? fir. Qrobuks, Bermuda, .Inly 8,18d0. But?An officer'>f Her British Majesty's navy, whose n.tme I believe is Murray, commanding the Skipjack having put a number of men, with an officer, on board the brlganlmn Virginian, under my command, with direction* to remain nn bosrd, I have the honor u> acquaint von Qttl I look upon such an art as one of unjust (liable aggression, and I claim from you, as Amerleau Consul and tbe repreHciitub e of tlie Am* rtoan people, redress. 1 resign tbe command during the Interruption (g ui) rights, and 1 claim loan you Ihe protection of tnvnrlf and crew until such um - as ! can nmunnioe.ue wllh the Amertrnii vovfrnmrg', I al?> re-piue surh a"r ,:n modaUeo 'in ihore aa the etrrimiaUheaa at Ihe case render neceawry. I shall leel obliged by an immediate r?-, ly t. this armmuniraUou 1 have tbe hrnor In be, sir, your obedient servant, JACOB STORM. 1 received tbe folic wing reply:? L'MTr.D Svm* <'os?ri u.Tr., i llu.aim, J iily ti, ItHD. \ Cant Srosw, brig Virginian ~ ? Or ?a Km- I am in pinaes-ion of your letter of >his bis; and, wlill* pendirg the denalnn of her wa)**ty's niithnrnlea timedIng the legality of your voyage to the roaat ol Africa. I must decline rsceiving the reaignaitou of the property littler your charge, an I also ol Incurring suy exponas a on acc-niti' ol' tb? ' I mtrd sut- e a ivernuientj by furnishing yourself and cruw wphareonm -1sttens on shore. Vonr prott -4 I Ji-em sulld lent for tiny future ml ton In the premier*. Tour caM, however, shall b.ns my rame-lta'e attention I ha.-- the boiior to remap ijyour obedient aer ant, w. t iivi.vnp. Ifepntjr Cnlled States ConsulNow, In reply to Lieut. Mi rray * lirrt statement. botb captain and man- were on shore, I bav< to inform H/u that my object in taking the tuale on shore was to enable mc to make arrangement* to settle the cla m of the salvors; mil, when 1 Ural -aw Lieut, Murray, I tt- ih-sicu verbally agonal tbe intrusion which I deemed be bad a month d, according to my jin-cm'-nt, to remove the hatch's before the vessel hail entered this t<>rt, in vlolallbu ot tbe treaty between (treat Britain and America. I stated to Lieut. Murray that tbe ranks to wblcb he alludes wore Intended lor bai'i-tind lor palm ml. and llial III. a . , slave voyage, neither was she a Slaver, <Ht I lie second - an a Mag made by Lieutenant Motiv. la He id 11.e I lilted states acting CV.iisiil, I w? irli.ced to ri nsent merely to convince him that no contraband or illegal trade bad txen entered up in. My oelllsl |g thai tin \ rginian must be given up to me, :"m there la not a tittle of evidence to justify her detention. It it my duty to state to you now tbe extent of what I require, if the veasel t.a relinquished by tbe government h< rc. Might hundred dollars will be auaicient, if there la no Mention to heave the vessel down, wbleh lean only ascrrtxui by mating a diver from tbe Navy Yard to an trum Hie extent of injury, and In ease the damage is more than 1 xia-i i. a much larger urn will be ri<julr?d to repair t?-r Tloj e.ghl hundred dollar* I* merely to meet the claim* of Um nil tore anil other unavoidable i xpctiKea. 1 I tare further to auto I bat on poll in* arrot* the Ac. 1 remain, dear air, your*, re*pc< ifullv, JAOOR KTnRM. 5?r. n*oMir.?, Bi Rurm, July s, JS60 Win on Stunr, ?q , New York:? Dmr Si*?Since m.v letter of ) ewterday'g date, Lieut, Murray, Royal Nary, ha* withdrawn hi* m-n from the Virginian, but how long I aball remain free from intru lion la a iliflleult matter to de*cr1be or imagine, a* it appear* to me that if a moaqulto only give a buzzing bla't and a gentle pnrk of bla protxiact*, gun trout.-; of mjrsrwh mt'tlon c?me tbuuderlng into tbta harbor, and tending forth ateam and not*e an if to rmlae the ileal from tho churchyard near by. I hate been refleeting whether or not 1 ought to sell tbe cargo, to enable me to pay U t anlrora, or to remain here and await furtlwr order- front you with a remittance. tf you cnatdi r it advleablc Unit I ahould aell and return to New York for a cargo, I thai) immediately obey your order* or If,OB tic oilier hand. r* m<' i? proceed |0 MM with mj preaent cargo, I aball alao be roadv to -d-ei A report waa current la*t night that the Attorney fle. neral bad adrltod the Deputy Receiver (JetnTal of thl* port to aelre my re*ael, ?o that I may yet he *ubj?rt to interference,occaetolttd by rcporU altogether ttalbmd I and perfectly fal-*e; but thi*, of poufec, lauet I* rjci.ito UicoIIm Iter Mary. The men on txwrit were armed to the teeth, rifle, fe. rolrer*, cutlaare*. and f know not wbot other oourcaie-l weapon* tbey might I .ire had, a* though they win to attack thlcTC- and robbera. I am happy to Inform you that the Virgin an tight and ha* not leaked tmce we have been in j*>rt. 1 have |u*t learned that the "alvor?, who agreed to re. eelre >.',00 for tbelr claim, hare now derided t<- j. t the brig Into the Admiralty ?ourt and I anpi?oeo th boa hern done with the rain hope of detaining the vetuel unt il the authority* hear from the AdmlrnT, aif Alerandcr Milne, who I* now at Halifax; but all their rrhcrr. -t a.a .Ho frtnlldhllf . I* X <?J? f Thof lit., n iti'to ?.( WW mmt imagine that we have n^pra on board hermetically eewled. | really Im-tv ibat Mil* cvrrlui itift eexed q lection may yet be *etft"l brlewn Inn two ronntrle l>efr>re a row 1?k' - place. for n my hnmWe opini'd It worr better that * rortnilt rvw were exterminated from the fhea "t the i artli than that two coontrtr* like firent Britain and America at variance On information and dwllliernte rellecfinn f am of opinion that If the rc??el w< rr to to !? hovr out here to bo repaired, It would be very to pr"*\rr laborer* and meetianlcn to do the work minimi. JAam JTOftM City latelllgrarr. A Pwnargn Wir* tmarrt ft urnr? About ton n'cMrk yesterday morning, a youag woman named Mary laxk wood, jumped into the Eaat ritror, at the ftxd of J*?ne? alip, and war la danger of being drowned, when a colored man Jumped into the water and reacued her. A police, mao ebo'tly a'ler look In r In <htm M UN urfort .ante woman etruggted violently to get to the watrr aga.n, evidently with the intent of committing (ulcwie tin .n quiring into tbo history of lb< woman It waa dkaoovered that the bad been married for two jrarn. and that lor hut band bad recently abandoned brr. flbo war locked up by Juallcc Kelly. Cwvwm Aotmrrr DBeaanrwnvr ?On taat feturday bide for work on aevaral newern were opewod by tbr Croiou Aquedoet Board In preaeace of Mr Unnptroiler llawa. Patrick Ptaaaigaa wan awarded tbe contract lor the oon In nation of a rawer on Mott utreat, batw -an tirwod and fleeter etreeta, aad J oka fl. MeUabe received another cow tract foe bniMieg a aawer In flrtt erewue, between Tenth aad Betcntb itmtt LD. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE PRESIDENCY. Ctarrit Smith on the Presidential Question. HIS LETTER TO FRED. DOUGLASS, ; His Platform Temperance, Freedom and the M irrepressible Conflict." > lart Vote Tor Lintola, Breckinridge, Pell, r Douglti or Hontloi. "little Hope for Temperance or Freedom in Our Day." SPEECHES OF SENATOR DOUGLAt, fee*, ki?, fee* lheimnoito, July 13,1MO Fnnuniinr Dor?t.ass. Mt Dun Funn? I am frequently asked what tho friends of temperance and freedom should do at the approaching election. My answer is the name aa that which for so many years I have glveu to the same question. They should vote Tor the uncompromising enemies of tho dramshop: and for those who, knowing no law for slavery, accord not the least legality to its leaat pretensiins. The cause of tem|?erance is prostrato. Who prostrated It? Its professed friends. How? By trifling with it and trampling it under fool at tho polls; by voting for candl' dates whom they knew to he in favor of licensing the sale of intoxicating liquors for a beverage. So man who [ believes iu tho rightfulness of such sale is lit for any political otDiCf for the sole legitimate eud of every such ofi (Ice is protection of the people; uud hence they, and they : only, who love to he, and study to be, their protectors, > are lit for such ofllce. But are they such protectors who ! license the dram shop?that manufactory, not of drunkards and paupers only, hut also of ma<lmen, murderers, and every other sort of criminals? Certainly not. An [ well might we elect slaveholders to political ofllce; and how unlit they who buy and sell people are to he entrust, ed with the protection of the people does surely not U'tu w uo AI^IICU. iltVLl iUSU M) VUt'SU iriCOUD Of tempornnco. yielding to other in to res to and of the I'renry ot party politico, ruth to the polls to rota for drunkards and drunkard makers. The rumseller himself is not a more responsible drunkard maker than he who Ik-en sen him. And if here or there is an earnest man, whose conscience sternly forldds such prostitution of suffrage, he is sec lied at by these Iricud of temperance as a fanatic or a fool. They aro over proclaiming that the dramshop is the greatest of all curses?and yet they aro ever voting to maintain it. Is this their matchless infatuation or their amazing hypocrisy? A like treachery explain- the like low condition of the anti-slavery cause. Abolitionists hare from year to year voted agaiDSt^t, until at last there aro fewer abolition hits than there have boon at any tlmo wilbin twenty years. The mass of those who wero ones intent on sbolishlrg slavery everywhere, do rot go now for lte abolition any where. The calculating policy of non-extensk-n has taken the place of the uncompromising principle of abolition. In the year ls-U more tliau sixty thousand men voted for James <i. Btrney. They would have refused to do an, had he not tn-en opposed to the returning of fugitive slaves, to th'- continuance of latery in the District of Columbia, to the con tin nan e of the slave trade between the -Hates, nod to the admission of slave stales. But ere four yearn had gone by another splrtt bad entered into them and now even Martin \an tiuren. with all his pro-slavery sine up n him. w?i> Id to ho voted for by men, who had so recently cou-i-crati .1 their votes to that repentant slaveholder?Cliat sublimely pure and Just moo?James U Blrney. <1 these sixty thousand probably not one thousand would row demand In thrir candidate tho quallbcal or8 which they demanded in 1X44 Who ul all the sixty thousand would have voted II bo did, had Jtirney avowed himself In favor of a white man's party, or ol any however ahaht discrimination ngainstlle black Dian iii toe *biw multitude of political right*' But new lmw very few of thee* all would w ih bold their vi.v. * tri.m tbelr Candidate because of stub an atheistic avow a on liln (art- 1 sny atheistic? for what is plainer than be who tonkt? it d>?* not believe iu the Ood " w b<> tnadr of one blood all natiuMf" Very few of th<> sixty thousand but would now denounce a rtudtdale ax foolish or fanaiii al lor placing huns. If on any of those high /round* on a In. li Briny *to..d forth ao openly an. lirmly and Now tho sixty th. uxanl call for cun ntng in their naiulldntc. Then they insist. I on .ulgrity Tbi n lb'- candidal? nn.-l be grandly moral aa well an grandly tnti llectual In oriler to he worthy of tbeir rota* Now b" must Wi ow how to Hh.tpe In* creed to the popular favor, and be tkdied .<1 contrivance* to get rote*. Ttauincreasingly rapid ar? the downward slop* in raorr ft bat a mighty bo -1 would ll.c sixty iliousand bare be come bad they not fallen Into tbe fatal error of giving up truth for number*. Ibey were impatient lor surco.*? not knowing tliat tbey already had it, and would oon tlnuc to bate it *o bug a* tb'y adhered to principle For hot only 1* It true tbat *ncb all* retire work* out and surround* itself with every miccev*. but that it .* tsell' tbc highest form of snore**. The sixty thousand had grown ftom seven thousand in lour years. A lir I.wm rat* of progreaaiou would have put the government ot the country Into tlieir bunds long err this tune. Kvll w*1 tbe hour in whlrh th y listened to the proposal to i.v.icbaSe sjeedy vicu>ry at the price of their princlp'se Tho price was | aid. Hut uo vie: <ry and n<> gmxl came its return. Thanks for tb" eternal ordination that no good cat be p .feUasedat Such a pr ice Tlie retrogradatlon of North* ru legislature* m respect to slavery ill let rates the d . line of Northern sentiment uti tliat sublet l. Vet moot i* acknowledged to be tbe most srti slavery of all (be Slat.* but would 1m r pr. t. ut legislature rw solve by ev. u a b*r? majority m Invor of rioimbing the tulrr Slate ! trade; m WtaHtfJ f the fmtrict of Co honbia; or in favor of retiring lb- adnti on of new slave State. TT>e dim-trour t!<< t ot *ucb rwoiutn n* on tbe coining election would Ire au . flcctuul plea aga.nst tie in. Nevertheless, in ICS ber Senate voted unanimous ly In favor <>f all these. an.l Iter Assembly by such an overwhelming acclamation that no m gativM were called for Tbe ouly antl slavery to he fontid in any of tbe present part.'? an i. i. wijr .twin t" tlx eaubliahmeol ol slavery in a Territory. 'kcu-lnnully mmttoM, it mwi bo aia>' oorualonally r- Df wed, to the < i, in apparol, ilWil ?clt-iil|h tnfkn.teeinuJ, difference may be kept ai> between the republican antl other partlea on th? queotloo of slavery. A republican rotor uwdl to hear and ? >' something now and then T. rrit<>rtal slavery, not only |o pro von t ot bora from oca found log him with a IsuigUs democrat, but to preserve the bair'a br adth dlf ftreure in hir < wn c<itnn !< >?. v. At every olhor point than thia of Territorial slavery all th? i?arties allow lavrry ita foil awing And how inconsistent and rain would be even an earner! and >t<Jv opposition to slavery at thia mint, If a* ompnuied. a* die pnwont vacillating opl^ritx-n ia, by the a imuMton lluti n iv ry may eg* In a Xlate?yea, in every Male' tor what la alavery hot the pra< liraily ?r-< ru d rla m of property In man? And >f tie rigbltnlbitw of that el: to .n a i*tato la conceded, it ia virtually cntioedeii to a Territory also Whit la prop ty anywhere Ia property everywhere. That "what the lawn mak< property i^ property," ts one of ttia thiuga in tbe log bundle of atb< istns Property makes noc?iaitr fbr laws. bi I foil ah'Oe ordama what la iwoperty. Tn th< school of great natoro, and not l? the ena' tmenta and conventions of ann. arc we to go to learn tbo elcwptu and subject* of property. Thai government mAy author lae tbe diatrtxtion of property ir case* where It hae br come a source of actual or apprehended evil, I do not deny. Rut I do deny that tbw admitted power ador la, an some ii. ground for tbe claim that government nan tranamule Into property that which la not property, and ran k?k away ft >tn the tight id nature, eommoo aenee, and ci mmon law to determine what la property. Per tups inM< ad ofsi.ywg that governmenl may authorise tho trtlnnimg of pr<qcrty. I bad bettor said that It may au tbor?* the deatriMtion of that in which tbe righta of pro prrty are already forfeited or low I. Would th< n, any poitleal |wrty cot?* elently and offto Inaliy op|*we the introduction of alavery into a Territory. It meat neall every aImlns on it h ?? inaile in fbror of I he lawiulmwa of alaver) in i ."tote. At this point of Territorial alarery the anil wjuatier aorerelgnty d?rm eralr linve on the aeoreji I censmtenry, an imiHTW ad vat.) it' over the ropnbhrana and Iteiglaaaibw. If a man may be profiefty in a Plate, it follow that he cau be rightfully catrh'd ? property Into a Territory. These ill morrnta make lliern-elrm sir -rig hy adopting thia In ference. and Ibeir opi?neiita weaken them?elrrw byre iee| ng It But taeae democrata would make themselves far strnngtr If they would push their eonataumcy further and insist on the right to carry thia man property, not iuto any Territory, butllnto every Stale also And thej will yet rome to thia, and bring the nation to tl.a, provided the abollttdhiata do not *u c id In the meant me with their oounter dor tr ir Ibat man la property nowhere. Blther J< ;i< rv ij Ravi* or Wendell Phillips la right Alt between them, be it Mr. Douglas or Itr. I.In mo or wbo ever elac, are wrong If tbe being, made la Ihn imago of t?od. may be a "lave anywhere he may be a alave every wbrre.and If not Jr very where then nowhere Vlea Pre aitent Breckinridge la bla letter of aeroplane* juol acw |*iMt?hed?a letter by tbe way evlwsivo of the high order of h.a cultivated mind?aaya "Nothing lean than wrvafi ignty ran deatroy or impair tbo rigbla of guana or priqwrty." A aonnd propraltton thin, woro the worde "Iom than aov ere ignty" omitted But a rwy uwaowad pr-ipoailkw la It. whtrh aetn aoveeeigwty (human lawo) above Nataru and uod. Iba rights of >ifll? mi |T>

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