Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 23, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 23, 1860 Page 2
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7 2 perty stand 1b Nature and God, and every Invasion of them is sacrilege The only legitimate fanction of cm! government is to protect these rights in all their original fulness and sacrcdnees But the Vice President la a slaveholder, and in self defence he must assert the power of civil government to destroy the rights of persons So too be must assert its power to destroy the rights of property, and to abolish slavery. For to abolish slavery is, as he holds, to destroy those rights and he clearly sees that If civil government cannot abolish sla very, then upon hut own principle it cannot creste it. The Vice lTesident has made a mistake The only posi tlon at this point on the side of slavery, which he could have taken with consistency, he ha- failed to take In one breath he makes property in man to be as full as pro perty in any thing else?as propertyof whatever kind." In another breath ho admits that the State can abolish property in man. What if his State should undertake to abolish property tn the matchless blue grass tields around hia Lex lngton, and In the highly improved breeds of cattle that graie upon them?would he not rcMti such abolition? From what I personally know of hisspirit and intelligence, I ven ture to attlrm that none would be before him in decUnug that God and nature have said what is property and that their authority is paramount to that of Kentucky - T" j have been consistent, then, he should not h^yesdiuiltod j the right of the State to abolish property In man lie has | admitted a distinction between slave proj>ertjr and other property. and if not so wide as that the republicans claim, nor even so wide as thai acknowledged by the DougliwiUw, sufficiently so, nevertheless, to g!V" countenance to each, and to deprive lna opposition to each of the dignity and foree of a coolest lor a priuciple. Tn# only contest for a principle at Ibis point i< that which the abolittooists are waging against republicans, democrats, Douglas itc.-. and all oilier ruemies and despisera of human right* The soum! abslitiouist tolerates tn no circumstances Uo- claim of property m man. He respects God, and cannot consent to sink to the lovetof hi stss the bsiigmade in His image. 1 "resident Buchanan in bt? speech of last Monday asks i what he "as a l'eonsyIranian would say or do" in case it should be contended that aTerrMsry could outlaw iron or coal. And 1 ask him what he would say or do iu case Pennsylvania herself should attempt such outlawry. If he is still a man?if the politician has not yet entirely consumed the man?he would promply ret. 1st his Slate, and scout the idea of her power to strike down the rights of property. Bui, Mr. President, >ou did cooseol to her abolishing slavery?or, in other words, to nej- obolithing property in man. What Uien becomes of tbe lis.-is doc trine of your speech?that property Is property ?and that oronertV in men IB an oa.tm.1 u ant? r,lli..r nrnnarli-V Th* right* of property Me a* inviolable and Indestructible an those of person?and the jUHliiicalioa of Pennsylvania for abolishing slavery is that she therein touched no rights of property. Just here let roe say that the parties vastly over rate the importance of the petty issue* between them. The battle is to he (ought between the slaveholders and the abolitionists and it will be fought just as soon at these parties that block tiie way get out of the way. The result will be, not this or that I condition, this or thai liability, of a Territory; but a na lion all overspread with slavery, or all emptied ol it. The result will be to give the lie to the Declaration of Inde poo deuce," or to honor its great doctrine, that ''all meu are created equal." It is true that many members of the republican party believe slavery to be unconstitutional wherever the federal government has exclusive jurisdiction. Itut they all acquiesce in the proposition that this government has no right to array itself against slavery in the States, aud nearly all would accept the logical sequence that this government is bound to prMeet Slats slavery from all foreign aggression. In s word, all the parties believe that the Nortb is pledged by the coustitu tion, not only to return the fugitive slave, but even to inarch South for the defence ol Slav cry. Truly, this is bemg pledged to the |>er|>eiratlon of enormous wickedness. f or my own jisri I do not sec 1uai this pledge exists Hut the North does; and hence Iter only wise aud Christian course is pi eulreat the South to liberate her from It either by consenting Pi change the constitution at this point or by consenting to let her, the North, to go out of the I'nion. Surely, the people of the Sluth will not insist that we ahall continue pi Irsmple up.iu our consciences and kill our souls by contributing to uphold a system, whitb, however innocent it miiy be in their eyce. is in our own more full of injustice to inau and dishonor to Hod than any other on earth lot the Siutb do to the North as iu an exchange of circumstances, she would have the North do to the Smth. What if the Northern States should adopt the policy of ou-lavmg her light haired iieojiie, and the South should then be holding as she does now, in common with the North, to Hie doctrine of the absolute right of a , State, as against the national government, Pi do what ahe will with her neoeie?she would, of course, regard herself I as constitutionally bound to ii|>bold this |?>licy. How deeply desirous, therefore, would she be to be released from all responsibility for it. Kor she would believe it to be ail e(weeding|y wicked policy. Yet, what more wicked is it to euwlare peo|>ie because of their light hair tbau because of their dark skint I believe the constitution to be ant i slavery. I believe that it im|>oeea no obligation upon me to uphold and fight for murder in Maryland or for the worse crime of starery in Kentucky. Hut const itu I ton or no constitution. I would have the North vole slavery to death. The North, however, believes the constitution to be pro slavery, and that whilst It remains unchanged such vol tug would be wrsng. Again, 1 would have every slave run away from his macter, and I would ailord him every facility for his peaceful escape. I would tell him, as I have been telling hitn these twenty years, to "take the horse, the boat, the food, the clothing," and to believe in no rights of property anywhere in the boulh, as against his needs?uor, indeed, in the North either so long as it continues to be to him so "enemy's country " l?t him take what be will, human life alone excepted But the North, interpreting the right uf the slaveholder to hit slave to be a constitutional right, and holding every constitutional I right to be sacredly inviolable, and paramount to every other right, whether in earth or heaven, cannot consistently put forth its hand in any way to deliver the slave. I repeat, then, that the North, taking her at her own view of her obligations, bas no other alternative than to east herself upon the good feeling of the Honth, and petition for a change in the ennsittuinm or a peaceable release from the I'nton The right of such release?be It the release of the North or the South, the Kast or the Writ? I argued is my speech in Congress on the Mexican Treaty. That right I hold to now, and that right I be lievr the South is mst and generous enough to acknowledge. As you are aware, I am as ready to look South as North for justice, generosity and manliness l*> you say that the .south Is greatly corrupted by slavery? Sbe Is, but not more than th?> North Slavery is upheld at the South in accordance with education. At the North In the I face of education. The South believes It to bo morally right to demand the return of fugitive slaves The North brlieves it to be morally wrong?constitutionally rtghl.bul morally wrong?toLreturn them and yet re turns*them Is not the North, then, the more wicked ? the more corrupted?of the two? Certain is It l? my own mind that the North bears a more corrupting relation to slavery than does the South Char he Sumner, that pare and brave sad strong and learned man, does, in his speech of day before yesterday tn New York, distinctly convey the Idea that the American I'oion is no more responsible far slavery In Charleston than in Constantinople. Mow otherwise could ho put himsel' in line with the republican party1?especially after having shot so far ahead nf it in hw recent ms-terly speech in Congress' Rut, It is iratxissiMe tor my noble iriena w onny urm mio nirmnny wivn m*i party. Thee* ) nut room eno-trh with to its e*'?edingty narrow 11mila for a eoul au Kr'"at?*o expiuaeu by the love of truth?ne I* bit Kveu were tbcrc ground for bla rorapartarn between Charleston and Onoalanttnopie, be MWHMmI (MM not be of that I*rty But there la not Ibe *l>ghle?t ground for it The I'mnn ta not bound to maintain any aort of government in Constantinople But it i* bo ni l to main tain "a republtc.n Ibrm ol government ' in I'birleaton. It i* not bound to put down inanrr'-utinu* in ConsuuitiDotde But it w bound to nut them down in Ctiarleaton. la alatery incompatible (with republlcani'm" tben the t'tiion mum put down atavery everywhere wtthio theCnton aid ao must it do if aiavery ha* been or 1a euro to be the aource of in* irrectbma in any of the Male* It inual not permit the eafety of a Slate, and, through a Stab" the safety of the t'nion, to be tbua endangered by Hie exiatenoe of aiavery. Doe* Mr Sumner a Imit that the constitution tolerate slavery in the State*- Tben does lie virtually a<imit that the whole nation la bound to d-*f?nd Itaye in < rtain i oolin?en,-|. a t-- light for it Or doe- be deny that It la in the .'oat-mplatina of the cooatit ilion, that a State may no outrage all mat cooeepUans of "a republican form of government, ' aa to aet up or continue aiavery, or may furoi'h those frightful matertain hf "dome* tl<" violence" in which slavery abounds, then a--e d.w* he virtually admit that the whole nati.m ia reap noble for It?as re?|*>n-ible under the constilut.oc to ab >1 b it, as in th? former raae it waa responsible under the < * t tut ion V> maintain it. M 1 that my dear fr end might -1 wmbarraM hlm?- If of the few remaiotwg hindrance* in hi* glorious aerviee of the can.- of freedom, and hasten to plant him-elf by the side ot * illiam iSc-dell, I.yaador Spooner and tlowe otb -r radical aholiHontat.*, who hold that the whole nation i? bound to shut out aiat erv from the wliole nation be. au-e the cfmstitutlon doe* so I ha.e spoken of the duty of the North, in the lirbt of the conviction* vnil admiaaioos of the North. I hardly nerd any that I ahull myveir continue to go to the poll* with a vote for men, who are not only anti dr.iw-hnp m-n, but who, knowing no law for alt very. treat aa nullttte* whatever court*, conattlntxm* or legivUi-irva may aay in (hror of it. My vote mutt continue to be for men who are content with and obedient to the law of heaven In reopect to aiavery tncr wamgly dlagoaV-d a* I am with the cant of the church** about rhrntianity. 1 mu?t neverthclear continue ta gc> fbr fhriatiaiilty I have no know ledge of Chriat if It I* poaatblo that, in any rlrrumrtanoc*, rote* for ruin men or aUrery nn c.to aerve Hl? cauae or do Him honor I ahonld be 'glad to rote at the coming election for namca presented by a temperance and aboii tton convention : and t hope there will be anch a eonrcr lmn But If there are not enough **rn*?t temperance m*o and aboliliooixt* left to get it up, I will eadearor to cotnpoa* my ticket without the help i4 a i-invention t tniat that th* ?tr*?n which I lay on voting will n.>t ?>e conatruod to imply a cenaure of Mr flarriaon an t Mr PhlUI|W and their noble aiwojiate*. I atiH honor, aa I it way* have dooe, the m?n wh", differing broadly from my. aatf ia their lalerpedal too of the coaatitution, Imve con- i acience agalMt voting under It I timet, too. that I aha.; not be regarded a* ?*e ng no I merit in any who vile rum aodrlaverv tickett. Many *o I vote, "the latchat of whoa* ahoea I am not worthy to atoop down and unlooae " The longer 1 live the more am I convinced that men may be very good, and yet d? I thing* that I think to be very had They do not anrvey I every anhject from my atandpoint Aga-n. though ther ate pa, where diverging from my own. may not lie aa d* fenalble aa my own, n*v*rthe|c? the end lh*y have In view may be aa go id. and It may he cb*ri?h?d n a v.irm eg and better heart Rren aome nf thoae whnee bad motto la, "The end Juat flea the meana," may on the whole be i better than some of thoae who are very aerup-iti-n on the More of meana To illuatrate my poaltion, that a rerv b?d de vl m ?y be combined with a character in which the-v tx much goal, there ia nothing that In ay eye lam >rc uo*qnt\-nrii|y the i work of flataa than canting bark Into the pit of al.irery i the poor brother of gtater who ha* *wap*l fro-u it. i NeverthelMa, through the blinding power <4 a wrong i eduoation, good men are drawn Into tbia fitanic work. | I I know and reaped Mr Mai' aad Mr. Mrerkinridge No I I tlttla fOevntme and beauty of r ha-wrier mark them hoth J I MMngflMM wok diAftr/ riKJBcu? t them to ths recapture of the fugitive slsve 80, too, fro? the like cause, U Gob Iiooetou reconciled te it. Never! i" i ! ?, id regard to the wrongs dime the Indian, he l. a? lender an a wonnu. One cau hardly fail in hie eocial inter course with the General to be pleased with him Mr ''-Jbfl I a, loo, would have the flight of the slave arretted, audall the gnalcr 11 the crime 10 bun Irom hia having been edu I rated tn Vermont and New York. But I have aeen pleasant things in Mr Douglas, and a relatue of mine, who haa longTived near him, told me years ago that even , Mr IYmglaaiaeminentlykii.lt' the sick and suOering | sround huu Aim even Ihe oilier presidential randMistA does alao stand .'igatnat. instead of by the ante of, the poor I tri mbling Imploring fugil.rt' I And yet, In respect U trtupenuice, Mr LiocoUi 14 ri"]>ortou to uiv6 & vt?fy clcai vision Moreover.no man has spoken more aubltmelj thai, himself on the " leelaratleo of Independence.' How 1 >ainful k> eee in one, who haa bo many claims to oui reaped and admiration, so wide a departure from Justin and merry?and that too in the very case where Justin and mercy are inoal called for I Hut however worthy may be the gentleman I havi named, I must not rote for any one of them Howevei - mitigated may be the crime of their pro slavery by th< misleading foretc of their education and circumstance', . nevertheless am not permitted to vote in their darkness but am bound to vote in myowu light. Not their Igno ranee of the wickedness of slavery, but my knowledge o that Jwirkednees must govern my rote. Myprosltverj vole would not be excused at " the last day" on thi ground the* my candidate did uolknow the sin of slavery but It would be condemned on the ground that I did know it. , Should any ope of the five Presidential candidates b< | elected, and I should see him applying his official powers to give back his brothers and Bisters to the horrors ami hell of slavery, I should he distressed. But had I votec for him 1 should die of remorse. For I should feel thai - his superlatively guilty work was ray work?I bavin) made it such in advance by my vote to give him the of lice, which I well knew be stood ready to use for this moil diabolical purpose. In that case the summons of the President for military or naval aid to the kidnappers would be my summons, and the guilt of it would crimson tuy soul as well as his For the stripes and tortures that would await the returning captives, I, as well as he, would be responsible. Responsible I, as well as he, for tlieir doom of s compelled and unrequited life long toil. And the thought that they were no more to have right to husband or wife, pareut or child, and no more to be ncrrniUpd tn rsWkrf tl>? Rihln r\r onoll #ka wumn t\f Tnn.in would bo the excruciation thought that to this possible am) even probable end did I cast my vote, when I cast It for one whom I knew to be in favor oi consigning them to thia fate No, 1 must not vote for such an one. If others with their views can, I with mine cannot. If there are othern who can afford It, nevertheless I cannot tfume there may he whose stock ot righteousness it so large that a balance would be left them even after votiug (as does every voter for a slavecatching I'residenlial candidate) to set the whole army and navy of the I'uited States against the innocent fugi live. But I have no such surplus goodness to vote upon. and therefore tor me to cast sucn an unrighteous vote would be to reduce myself to utter Slid immediate moral insolvency. Christian, were Jesus again on the earth, would you vote to have him lead the tones for returning the poor slave to the disabilities and tortures from which be had escaped? The bare proposition Is most abhorrent to you. How, then, can you cousent to vote for Mr. Douglas, or Mr. Lincoln, or any other man. who virtually tells you that be is willing to lead them lias not party spirit blinded you? Nay, has it not corrupttd you? What is too abominable for Christ to do Is too abominable for any man to do; and llins would you yourself decide la every case where the spirit of Christ and not the spirit of party prompted the decision. 1 sail! thai I must not vote for a slave c itcner. *> pro feasion of deep and tender interest for the slave is a life, long one To turn now and vote again-it him?to vote that if he escape from chattelhood to manhood he shall be thrown dow n again from manhood to chattelhood? would not that be giring an emphatic lie to this profes Hon? Again, when men get to be as old as lam. they have an especial reason for not adding to the number of their sins?particularly of their great rids Their '-space for rc|n-iiiaiue" it. reduced to a narrow one?too narrow to supply all the penitential tears which even one such enormous sin as voting a man back into slavery calls for. Hut I am asked whether I would withhold my vote from a candidate because I foresee one official wrong In him, and yet feel assured that lie will be guilty of no other Certainly, if that wrroug is the murdering, or, what is worse, the en-daving, ot bis fellow men. The wrong done to one man is not cancel! d by right dealing toward even all other men. Moreover, lam not at liberty to feel assured that In- w ho is pledged to commit the tnos ttlagr&n! uijuslice against one man will not. when as strong temptation calls for it, b? guilty of as llagrant injustice toward oilier men There is but little hone for cither temperance or freedom in our day. Too few of their present friends are their true friends <lod grant that the next generation may hare the wisdom, integrity and courage to rote away the dramshop and slavery. But in the mean time will not our land b? more deluged with rum than It Is even now It And (fearful question I> will it not alao be deluged with the blood of the slaveholder and the slave' It does not follow that because four millions of slaves submit to the yoke, six or eight millions w ill. How, indted, ran we hope for either of these great causes in our d*> f The f tends of temperance would like to vote against rum?hut they love their parties too well to do so. Politics have a far stronger hold than temp* ranee upon them. As to slavery-, the North does not dislike it enough to break away from all scruples and all parlies for the sake of voting against it and neither North nor booth is willing to come into the amicable v rangement of putting away slavery by their consenting to share in the present lose of putting away the crime and corse for which both are equall) responsible. GERR1T ?M.TH Movements of Besutor Don gifts. SmtCR ON BIMKK HILL. JI LT It. 1 **?Jr. Mr. Mayor asd Kkixow Cmr.sss?1 have just ret .rned frt*n a pilgrimage to Islington, preparatory lo |.- I tag this sarred spot where we are now assembled. Ltf a11 the battle fields and all the placet consecrated to pat rioliam by the blood of our revolutionary fathers, n- ne U so dear to the American heart as Bunker Hill ( 'Hear. bear, and applause ) There |s not an American citi/e:, upon the face of this broad continent, no matter whether he mar be from the South or from the North, or whn'i t he un;. r.ime frrun the plains of the Northwest or the -bores of the Pacitc, who does not claim for himself and his |we terlty a share in the glories whiuh that munumeut was erected to commemorate (Applause ) You may imagine that the monument is peculiar to Charleston, and that ysv. have a dee|>er inter eat in that work than the American ollitro who may be in the remotest parts of the republic, or sailing upon tlie broad ocean; but I will assure you that there Is not one of you who claims greater pride, either ih the work itself, or in the glorious deeds which it was made to commemorate, than the citizen- of my own IUi noli. (" Hear, hear," ami applauae ) Thla ha* been to me a <tay which I ahall loo* cherish aad remember I liave *een the *pot where the first American blood waa aiied, which rare rife to| the American Kevolution, and now 1 bare Ibc honor of addrceimg you from the place of all other* which gave the impetna to the rerolvtion that resulted in the ratabllahment of our iBile(<endeDce and of our libeVtiee. Lei the none of these brave atrea prove true to the prlnciptee which gave rtae to the Herolutioa which formed the fouudatioo of our whole political ayatem, and upon which atone thla republic can be maintained in tta unity and tta purity forever. The American Revolution originated in the ai ettiou, by the people of the ooloniea. of the right of aelf g..v. rmneut by each colony in everything that related to their domeell. and internal polity, our lather- were willing to recognise the paramount authority of the British Parliament ar. 1 Uie British crown ov.-r all matter* and thing* which were imperial and not ookmial?over all that ail rot ed Hie general welfare of the empire, without interfering with the local aad d.-maatic attain of the peopla of the colony. but our fatbera said to the British govern ment. "you must not Interfere with our Omnia* and our bear the tone* Wo hare a right to our Provincial legtsia mm, to make our own lawa, eatabliah our own uistitutiona and manage our own Internal affair* in our own way, without the interference oi the Britwh Parliament " (Ap nlauae and crie* of "Good, good," "bear, bear.") The Revolution wa- f-.ughl ! lefeuce of the great principle of local aelf government May we, their *uoa, be fhithful to that principle, and never permit It to be violated either in State or Trrrttory, province or rtleay (Applause, and cnea of "Good ") If we only remain faitbrul to the fundamental prta pie* lea\ ing the people of each State and each Territory free to maintain their own domestic affair* and Internal con cent* in their awn way, without interfering with tho*oof their neighbor*, tin re can be peace forever between the North and the South, the M and the We*t (Ap plauae You tare inxtituti'ioa in Miliaihuaill? prcu liar t> voorselve*?in*tllution* differing from thone of u* in Illinois, differing Irom Uioar in the Suithem State*, differing from those upon the Pacific roaft. Waen I come to vlult you. you receive me with open arm*, wel rome me among*! you, and ahow me everything that Is curious or ?acred in the blatory of our country and, nr. 1 trust, when I MM among you, that I *hall pay all due reapect to the constitutional aiithoritle*, and run der obc-ifence to your law*, ("Good,'' and applause } Rut, *tr. If you find me complaining that I do aol like I??F, )?'II luniimir , unir UWIII'HI ; BIUICS I CI pert you will tell BO that, while yon regret my dlepleuaure. the**- law* were made for you aud not for me, and If I do not like them I ran go back to lUtnot*. (Applanar.) And u">w, Mr Mayor, prrmll nc to My to ymi, tn return for the kind aeatimcul* with which yon hare welcomed ma to Bunker HIU, In Uie name of your fellow cillreu* of Charleatown, If rou will do me and the Stale that I bare the iionor to rrpreeent, the honor of making ua a rlelt, I will take pleaaure and pride in welcoming rou ta llllncia, but I wiah you to nndaeatan 1 that it la on the ot pre** codtiton that you will obey our lawn?reapeol our InatituttoMi, and not interfere with our dnm*alic eon cerna?'laughter and applauae) ?and if you complain to me that ymiito not like our lawe, I -hall cay that, while I regret it. you moat remember that they are our l*w? an t Dot your* ? (laughter and cheer* >?we made them for our 1 relrea and not foe tow?(renewed cheering)?we adapted 1 them to our oondltioa. to our intrraat*, to our want*, I and II tou do not like them, you mn?t go ha- k to V i--? rhnaetu, where you will flnd better one* (AppUutt.) S> It I* in Ihc Southern State* It you of Mar*achu*"tl*. I or we of Illmoia, go to tbarlualan or to New Or lean*, It I doe* not berjene ua to tell tbnwr pmptgahat (bee bare bad * law* and bud mitituttona, which ?^tn not like They are their Inatitutlona If they be good one*, let Ut*m en toy the blearing* of them. If they are erkl laotituttona, let j them bear the burthen aud the erila they enuil, unt: they become wiae enough to change them and make bet ler onen. (Applauae) And e peciallr wben you go to Kanaaa or tn \ew Metico. fHVMml M| there pnaaeeamg more of the l -ment* of energy, of cut rag", of eolarnriae4 and of inlallect. than you will And m any State ot the t'nioa for | euppo*" that I may utter one great truth without few of offence ?being a Yankee, like the balance of rou,? (laughter)?by aaying that New F.nglan I i* an em grating I rouatrr, and wheoeTor a New F.nglanl farmer ha* tw.. aoo* trie one a little wild, daring, ruckle**. but intellec lual hfl think* the ralley where he wa? born it a little loo ?mall a theatre for hJ operation*, nod atart* off ITeat, roe# into the * ddneu* or apna the prabieu. and carre* ait hi* own f rtune and mate* n man of him*elf by hi* ?wn energte* The pther brother being, perhapa, a IIMIa more obedient to parental authority, a little lea* am lutkroa.a little {lea* energetic an I a litUe more lary? 'laughter)?rather at*i at h >me and be MffurM i>r h.? add) m4 sassy, Uua p Wm aud awppurt It,awn. NEW YORK HERALD, ! i (Qrest merriinool.) Rnh, tf you go to the frontier, you v i ! tod men of the highest capacity of any n the known world. These men go from Massachusetts fr< m Veriijuut, from South Carolina, from Virginia, fr >tnU< rmaoy, f em Ireland, from all parts of the world; an I wh o they gel there they carve out their own homes, erect their own house*, lay out their own towns, erect the>r own churchea, establish their own schools and c 41?gi a, and i lay there the foundations of society, and es abluh just such institutions as they believe will be best for them selves and their posterity torever. ("Good, good," i and applause.) I believe that they are entiled i to that great privilege of self-government. It won't I do for you to tell them that a particular system of laws Is good and another bad, and therefore they must not ' have It They have an inalienable right to determine tor ' themselves what is good and what Is bad. That is their privilege, and not yt ure You Judge for yourselves; let s them determine for themselves. They are responsible to ) the same Divine Providence as you are. They hare got consciences of their own, as well as you. They leave 9 children behind tbem to be blessed or to be cursfd by r the acta of their fathers, as well as you. Let them work out their own salvaliaui make their own laws; establish I their own iastitutlons; manage their own affairs in their own way, and be reaponslMe to posterity and to Ute Almighty, but to no other power on earth. (Applause am} f crire of "Good.") Gentlemen. I djd net come Were to r make a speech to you, but in the pre tenoe of that monu 9 ment, and inspired by the place and by the nobis deeds of thorn immortal men to whose virtues and patriotism r that work waa erected, my attention was unavoidably dl reeled to the consideration of the great priaciaes in> volved in that memorable struggle. (Brsvo.l That i principle was, I repeat, the right, the inherent, [nallenI able right of the people?the people of colonies, or Terrt I lories, of .provinces, ss well as of Stides?to t make their own laws, establish their own goi vernroent, and manage their own afUlrs. Let us be true to thst principle, and this Union wlU last forever Let It never be said, let not the histo rion ever record, that the children of tboae sires who erected this temple of liberty were not competent to maintain it. Remember that, when the Revolution began. Virginia scut her Washington to Boston to take command of the army. (Applause.) Remember (hat Northern and Southern men stood side by side in all of those grest struggles. noMnrrn via miuuhtd men irom me iroe Stale) Mid the slave Stales poured <?ui their blood lu common cause, m order tnst they might transmit to their posterity a common country In all time to come. Let ut cultivate that paternal feeling between every portion of this Union which existed in the timce of the Revolution. Let ua cherish that forbearanoe toward* the people of other State* that they cherished toward* e*:h other. Let u* mind our own business, manage our own a.Tain, and let our neighbors alone, and then we will live and die In peace (Applause ) My fellow cititena, I owe you an apology tor having detained you thus long. (Cries of " Go en ") I am deeply indebted to you for the kindness you have manifested toward* me I came to Boston a stranger, and you have treated me a* a brother. When I return to my own dear prairie* of Illinois, I shall carry w ith me fresh in my heart, the grateful recollection of the kindness and civility with which you literally overw helmed me. I thank you kindly again RPKKCII AT ALBANT JVLY 20, 1800. Mr Pokii as, in a clear and remarkably musical and dl.-linct voice, said this day had bseu to him a series of surprises At every ruilroad station from Boston to the capital of the Empire State, he had been unexpectedly received by large numbers or his fellow citizens, giving him a greeting of which any muu might feel proud. The extent to which he hsl been compelled to acknowledge these gratifying demonstrations might be observed in bis voice when lie attempted to make himself hoard by the vast assemblage bctore him lie had never received the slightest intimation that any demonstration would b? male on his arrival here, aud he had expected to be permitted to retire quietly to hu rest, and to receive the visits of a few of his friends in the morning. He felt com|>elled to say that hi- surprise at the magnificence of this demonstration was great, and that it was not only grateful to his feeling*, but flattering to his pride He could not, however, but feel (hat this vast demonstration was no: prompted hv a desire to do honor t j an individual, but sprang from the popular feeling is favor of the groat principle of sell government which underlies all our free institutions, and which alone can ensure the peace aud bartony and perpetuity of our government. There never had been a time u hen the In ion was so serious)} threatened by the evils against which the Father of our Country in bis farewell address cautioned his countrymen We are now threatened with the organization of sectional part es, bounded by geographical linos, aad menacing the peace aud harmony of the whole country. The republican parly demuds the |>ossesfiou of the federal government in order that the power may be wielded for lite purpose of controlling the domestic institutions of the various Territories sf the Uuited State*. A Southern sectional party demaud possession of the federal government (ur a simikr purpose; each p'oposing to wield the power In a mauuor adverse to the opposite section The republican party demands that the federal government shall use the power to prohibit slavery in the Territories, when the people of those Territories want slavery. The Southern sections! party demand,-, thai the federal governmeut shall use th) power to prohibit slavery In the Territories, when the {>eopie of the Territories do not want it A vac* ?Well, tell us what you say yourseir Judge Docglas would tell them what he said?non intervention b} the federal government with the domestic institutions of the people anywhere aud everywhere (loud applause ) lit' would havettie federal gov eminent J confined within the narrow limits prescribed by the Constitution of the I'ultel Stales. The federal government jo created only for apodal purpoaea, and Ita power* ware properly restricted and enumerated by the ronatltQ tioo The question of slavery and of the domestic inati ! tuti'ms of the people was not one of the power* delegated to the federal government by the sovereign States Sup pone it should he admitted that the federal government should take the power over the tnstltif loo of slavery. Then we should hare a Northern party insisting that the whole force of the federal government should be used against slavery, ant a Southern party insisting that the whole force or the federal government should be used for slavery, and Uilt would at one* create an irrepressible oontllr; that won d be mcom|>at:ble with the peace an! harmony of the I nton. It was held that thi Southern poo I pie have the same rubt to move into the Territorial of the l ulled Stater with their slave property as : the Northern people haielo move Into the Territory ! with their horse* nod cattle, and that tbey are lust as 1 much entitled to the protection of the law. The vary : proposition Itself shows the ignorance that prevails In re latum to the subject of the protection of property in lh< Territories. When did the Federal government ever paar J laws to protect the oxen and horses of Northern man ti. the Territories ot the I'm ted States? Congress had never even passed a criminal code for lbs Territories It war Its duty simply to organise s Territory, giving It a Lsgls I latere of its own. and leaving that legislature, as the ' representative of the people, to make all laws relating to the domestic policy of the Territory, and for the protec I Hon of property. The Northern man asks no Gxtgrrs i kinntl riul# for the nrotei-tiori of his nronorfv !!. (Om i tat* property Into the Territory subject to the local lawa. I anil be deprwds upon the local lawt for Its pr tectton The Southern man aUnd* upon the aame footing When ttae Southern man claims the right to go to the Territory with fc> property , be goea ?ith ttae aame right the North ern man doea, subject to the local la# of the T.-rrll?ry, and looking to that local law for hta protection Ttae I?red Scott d *1*100 declarea that aUre propert) to the Terrttoriea 1a ttae aame a* other property. and stands on the name fbotng. If *e, ft is subject to local law. the same aa other property. Ttai* outcry for sectional lawa In a Territory fbr the pro t'ctmo of one dencrtption of property alone, erincea ei traordinary Ignorance of the whole policy of the Terrt tonal gorerninent of the country. If we are willing to trust the people of the Terrltorle* to protect ertry other speruw of property. and to regulate everv other relation In lift- in a Territory , why are we not willingto give them the aame power in regard to si* very* We allow the U-gwiature of a Territory to make law* in regard to the relatl"n of hatband and wife, of parent and child, of Euardian and ward. Wbv not, then, allow tbcm to make IHara 111 regard to the relation of mailer and -ervsat? la there aa thing more warred In that relatton than In ! any other in life1 Was it to be auppoaed that the people of a Territory would not make such lawa aa would beat promote their own lntere-d*"' He could aee no reaaon why the people should n ?t l>e as ratable of atlf gnrern ment 111 a T rril <ry as tn a State Who are thcnerpleol a Territory4 Are they not citlren* from Sew York and from every other Stute in Uie I'mon* And are oot the | citizen* of Sew York State, who go to the Territories a* Competent to make lawa for their own government as they were b?fore thrir emigration' I* it true that the Amer. can clttxen toeea the right of self government because be passce from a State to a Territory" They were told that the poopltWif a Territoey hare such right* tsCbngre** h..? specially delegated to tbcm. and no more That wa> the very doctrine that brought on the Revolution. which rein] ted in the freedom of the I'utted State* The British government told u? that the colonien had .Put ao m ich right at the crowrn delegated to them, and no more. The colonies replied that they did not receive their right* from the crown, but from God Almighty, and that they Intended to maintain and defend those right* Aad it irna because tin- colonies would not acknowledge the pre poatcroua claim art op by the British government, that the Ikv-larallon of 1nde|>en4enre was pot forth and the battle* of the Revolution were fought. Thus, the war ut the Revolution van fought fbr the right of the people. In colonies or InJTerrltorlea, a* well a* In Slates, to govern themselves ami lo regulate th"ir own domestic concern'. Now, if we allow the people of the Territories to govern themselves ami lo regulate their own affair* In armrdano* with the constitution of the Coiled State*, we shall hare harmony betwe n the North aa<1 the Smth. the Ka*t and the Wr-t, anil this Cmon ran last forever on the stirs nr>ntiplrs a? thoeo on wb el n waa ortrnally four t*d He wouhl aak why the lime of Ongre** should be forever occupied In the dt*rus*ion ant ag'tstusi of thi' pict'on of slat ery? Why, if one of the citizens before him had an honeat demand against the government. and atiould ask hta representative on hht return home why that claim had not been passed, the answer would be. there ha<t not 1>een tune?the whole seasion had haca occupied with the discussion of the slavery question When the pMp . ?r California Inquire why the Pnciflc Railroad project Ua? not lieen pushed forward, and why mall rootee have not been laid out, the reply la, there was no tune?lb slit- ' rery q neat ion had occupied tl all. When thepeopeof Pennsylvania a?k why no rev- on of the tarff has h en made?why their interests hare not been protected?their | isprsinitiatives e*rns? th.meelve* by pleading' want of time And *o |n retard to every material Interest of the country, which ta rant aside l?e. ause the t me of Oootress la taken up with the dis<vaaton ot this rjue-tion. si.? very Now, will It n<<t be wise to etrlude that ip'e<< of slavery for ever from Congrem, and to leave the people free V decide It t themselves l.~\, >?\t I of "Yea, yes' ' and loud appiaias.) Tha. was I the principle istabl shed by tha somprom ?e measures of 1*.V> That waa the principle that 4 wsa rarrfed into cffsrt hy the treat Clay and the immortal j Weleler in l*.W (Umm applause ) That waa the prinei- <T pie established in the whig platform of laM. and in the democratic pUlAwm of the same year That is the prioripie to which the deneer itic party now -tan la pledged, and the only rrmr.ip e upon which tha friend* of the 1 rioaaadof the const it it mo cart uow rally ! > pat dowa both Northern and Southern sectionalism and to restore peace to the country (Cheer* I He fear*I he bad b?en lest into rswiark* upon snhyerts thai might be deemed political He dt4 not intend this year ta ent -r Into any discnaaiana of a political or party character, but tie had >i opened that hia friend* who had thus honored him had rvpreled him to aaake eonte few remark* on the general I tonira of interest at the prearnt time, aad he had nev?r jA taantcd bow corneal M opiates w (was rat it wig I MONDAY, JULY 23, 1860. dssired by bis friends (Load applause.) Hence be was m iti. Lab it of expressing his opinion in plain language (but could not well be misunderstood, and yet be hoped in sui I) ? manner as to render It impossible that he could give otlt uce, even to those who chanced to be his political opponents. He renewed his thanks for the magnificent recepti. n extended to him, one that had indeed surprised sin! del filled bun, and would now lake his leave by bidding bib friends good night. The Democratic Party-Its Division?Its Doty In Connsetlcnt. From the Hartford I Conn.) Dally Time., July 19.] There is a split In the democratic party. This fact cannot be denied, and it is better for the party and the country that it should be calmly considered by the democr?i c masses. We bear much about "office holders." Tt).- try has been used by the btsck republicans ever sinr. they had a party organization, and it is now taken up by the office seekers who support Judge Douglas, death m' n selected for their capacity and their virtues to disclarge official duties are entitled to as much respect as oilier cilisens, so long as they bebeve themselves as good citiaens should. At least they ought to be considered as worthy as office seekers whose virtues hare not yet been tried w any public capacity. The office seekers My that the office holders are guilty of a political crime in endeavoring to keep the democratic electors together in tli< support of s single ticket against the common enemy. It will he well for the people to consider this grave charge, and decide for themselves whether H Is really a political crime to keep the old dmscracy together in Connecticut, to My nothing of other .States. New. being neither officer holders or office seekers?be log aider no obligations to government, State or national? never having held any office and never Intending to hold any, having no favors to ask; but being, as we have been or many years past, devoted to the weltkre of the democrat c party, and being most earnestly opposed to the present sectional and dangerous black republican party I our roailnpu mr 111 imp.L.n nu If mtm onnnat In Ikn risannrratii' voted Uumselves, lo take this subject into their own bands, and save (lie democratic party in Connecticut from dk-ruptioh A.- we bave already remarked, their la a split in the national organization. Whether this split shall last longer ill hi the sixteen abort weeks that intervene between tlutime and the Presidential election, remains to be seen. Of one thing we foel certain. There will be a democratic national organ i tat km, in which the friends of State rights, the constitution and the Union, North and South, can act te- I getber unitedly. But in the tew weeks of this campaign there will be two Presidential candidates. Each will have lus friends and supporters. It is claimed on one hand, that Mr. Douglas is regularly nominated, on the other. thathU nomination was in violation of the usages of the democratic party, after refusing seals to a large number of de legate. who had a legitimate right to participate in the proceedings of the Convention. At the same time Mr. Breckinridge did not get a nomination under the rules and regulat.ons of the democratic organisation, and as President Hu< lianan suggest-, neithsr having been uomin ted under the rules of the party, democrats will not be bound to support either, but will vote for one or the other as their preferences may dictate. Here is a split that all good democrats must deplore. But still it exists. and it is evident to every impartial observer that Mr. Brirkinridge will carry full one third, if not quite one-ball, of the el*ctoml votes of the Union. But in tha present condition of the party it is difficult lo aay where Judge Douglas cao get one electoral vote. We had sup posed he could carry his own State. But four tickets, it is announced, w ill be run there, and we must confess that the present state of the case throws a doubt over the result in Illinois In Peonsylranla and New Jersey a union ticket would probably be successful, and the [xaople there are moving lo effect it. Without a union those States will go for Lincoln, certain. Straoge as it may appear, under these circum-lances, the Douglas leaders, or office seekers, oppose the union. We can account for this only in one way. They desire that the democratic party .'shall be broken up, and that Lincoln shall be elected, ou the suppwltioa i bat his success will speedily be followed by a disruption of the black republican party, with fragments of whtoh they intend to combine, form a new party, and ride into office. This, it has been suggested, Is their plan. We can hardly credit it, but slill their movements appear to give much plausibility to the assertion. If any such scheme exists, it must Inevitably be broken down completely with the termination of the present Presidential canvass. Now, for one moment let us loik st the condition or Connecticut. The democracy polled last April 43,920. and fell only 624 votes short of success. Since 1830 they have gained about 10,000 votes, and cut down a maturity against them or over 10.000 to about 500. The same rate of gains would carry us through the contest of next November in triumph. Now .'shall the 43 920 democrats who so noblv stood shoulder to shoulder last April, remain firm and united in the November contest, with a prospect oi succes*; or shall they be divided, and go into the oon test with no prospect of a triumph7 Six names can be selected in Connecticut, of oil and reliable democrats, in whom every democratic elector lias the ftil est confi dence?the preferences of three of them to be in fsvor of Breckinridge and of three for Douglas The conditions in their nomination may be simple sod unobjectionabls to any democrat who cares more for the welfhre of the par ty than he does for aelfish ends; athus, If elected, the six votes of these electors shall bal eiven where thev will most surely defeat Abraham Lincoln. If they can be at any benefit to Senator Douglas he shall bare them. If tbc> can elect Breckinridge, give them to htm. If they can elect neither, but can still aid In defeating I.lncoln, let three be gtren to each. t every democrat ask himself whether, in his own mind, there Is an) thing objectionable In such an arrangement. It If not to fofm a revolting coalition with opponents, bat s simple proposition to keep the old demo ciatlc famlh together in this crisis?to coocentrate the 44.000 democratic votes so that they will tall with affect. I?nl It wound your sense of political duty to act in harmo ny Ust spring, democrats of Connecticut" Will it hurt your feelings to "give a long pull, a strong pull, and a pull all together" next fall* {foiled, you msy defeat the common foe. Divided, you will yourselves be defeated. This Is certain. But, successful or defeated, the democracy of Connect 1 cut, weprosumr. will not have fulfilled their mission ths moment next fall's election Is ended. Wo have congressmen, s Governor. legislature, he , to elect next spring. If united this fall, ho shall we present a compact and |<owrrfiil front next spring, and shall secure most gratifying triumphs then. But if divided this fall, we fear the breach will not be readily healed, and that de feats in the future will fall upon us Kor the fetors wel'are of the part) union in defeat in the coming fall will be of as mu' li importance to us as union in triumph. In either case Its infloenre must bs great. It is for the people in the various towns to say whether a united demo- I cracy shall go into the coming contest with a prospect of snooeMi. or wbalher, divided, we shall bo plungsd upon Inevitable defeat. Gtn. Lame la Karth Cmrollmm. Ralkuih, July 22, 1*60 Gen. Lane was received at 5hoceo Springs on Friday by a large concourse of ritisrns, and the military of Warren and the surrounding counties After reviewing the troops he reeponded to an address from the Attorney General of the Stetc A salute was tired and there was a grand en tertatnment His prrsenoe in his native State creates great enthusiasm. He visited this city sad Klttrell's Springs yesterday. The Btnarr on the Outer Wall. BIMRON PRATER TO HIRAM CRANSTON.) New York, July 16,1860. Drar Sir?I presume the New York Hotel in Dot a political institution, and therefore ark. on behalf of the Ceo Iral Campaign Club, Uiat tliey may have the privilege of attaching their cord to the New York Hotel chimney for the purpose of hanging the banner of freedom (not the < andnlales themselves), of Lincoln and Hamlin Would > "U as- sit Younlruiy, 8. PRAI'ER H. Craotiwi. HIRAM CRANSTON TO RIMFON PRATER. New York Horn , July 16, I860 S. Drai-xr, Esq. ? ? Prar Sir?You are right in "presuming that the New York Hotel IdentiSes itself with no political party" In ! this campaign, but you are wrong in presuming that 1 would have no objection to hanging the republican banner end from the New York Hotel chimney, as It is well known that the New York Hotel i* as directly opposite to you ia polities as to your "headquarters " 'ibwp-rtfully. H CRANSTON. Nlerllaaesai Political Item*. CoSM..*no* Pat in Truurmv. N. J ?Tim Bttchkr* avt> Brwae ?On Wednesday next, the 25 th Inst., the political miiwiT" win irMP?mi"n 01 sr* Jersey are t" meet on 'Change in Trenton, to fix upon Uv price* and transfer the feci km* rump* and fax enda of all extating and defund partlon ia that State except the black republioana, and nadravor In roll, If poaaible, all the dinronnectcd and diacdrdant element* into one organization in order to de fcal|he l.incolaites and abolitionlata In the rosing election. What the reault will be we will not venture to predict, hot we ran ear ly anticipate a lively time among the folitlcua*. the friends of Breckinridge and Lane, of Don^aa and Johnaon, of Bel) and Everett. and of n"u*tnn and Work ton. bare all called their Plate Conventions to meaf ia Trenton on that day. Maaa Cm a an it a?The St. Albaas, Vt , /Vwurraf. aa I original 1 king la* paper, put up hta name Imme-liately ( aflat h"? Domination, and kept It there two weekt. Last weak it hauled it down, and nailed the Breckinridge and I and colore to It* maalbead The following i* Ita article { upon the anbject ? I | With patriotic pride we place at the head of our columns I IheBame* of the nat nal democratic i tndidale? for I'reai 1 deal an 1 Vice Trail dent?John C Brer.* In ridge and I Jredph Une. Ike Nort ham i'i oa Cotrrtpemdent, a German organ of the j Jemwracy, puliliahod at Kaaton, ra., after having had j he name of Stephen A. Anwglaa at the head of ita column* I i or two week*, haa declared fbr Breckinridge and lane j ' Mom Hj< arSMi ?The Houston Coaveatioa, which wai . acid la Schenectady on the ltth mat ., waa composed of I twenty two member*, but In ccoaeqnenre of aome ml-an- J jersiandi lg four of the number aecedod and organlaed a | operate coerrnUoa in aa adjoining room of the hotel. I BnaCBiMunua m PrmvavivA.au.?Tha Goal City (lawrm e, I'ena ) ('\maif-le mya that the most of tbecandi- g latea recently nominated in that county oa the demo ratlc ticket are out and out Breckinridge men. The | on i en woo refuted lo paaa any reaolutkma ?n the I'reai- a leniial qnealion Waat twa lkiroti* Canm Vrsoa Moot ?A DougU* pa ! J or ia the South any* that all his rauar needful truth; I ,od the Onlumbua Asm* repliea, ia effect, that hit eanae J lerda nothing etar an badly ? (M fB> Bnwiuiwig ?L Q Otm Breach,fConfraag t I iru from North Carolina, who advocated Douglas' ' nomination at Charleston, has since cotne out for Brock ! inridge. Governor Ellis, the democratic candidate for Governor of North Carolina, in also out for Breckinridge. Thk Mlmskmota Ikwockacy.?The St Paul Alinnetot*an ways that when all or the democratic papers in Minnesota have taken their position, they will stand elevon for Breckinridge and Lane, and four for Douglas and Johnson. I'ounrat Joi'KMAin is Alabama ?The Montgomery (Alabama) Adivrtiser, having given a political classittca tlon of the papers in lliat State, says:? It will be seen that Bell and Everett have nearly twice aa many uewspapcr supporters In Alabama as Douglas, and that Breckinridge and Lane six times as many papers aa Douglas, nearly four times as many as Ball and KvereU, and more than twice aa many aa Bell and Douglas combined. Iowa ?The Breckinridge democrats of Iowa are to hold a grand maaa State convention, In Davenport, on the 1Mb of August. In Kavoror diaeolmom The Camden (Ala.) Reg&er hoists the Breckinridge flag, and accompanies the act with the following extremely frank admissions:? We run up our flag to day for Breckinridge and I-ane, the democratic nominees for President sad Vioe President of the I ei..'<1 Slates. We have unwaveringly concluded Tor the last ten years that It would be better (for all concerned) to make two or more distinct governments of lbs territory comprising the United Stales of America and that snch will ultimately be done, there nan be no sort of doubt; but it should be done with fairness and Justice to every section of the Colon; sad believing Hut the purty M) WUlUi WB DVIVDK US IUC UUIJ rcu?uic WUC Ml MMIJ WUI this measure, and secure to our own section all her rights, we intend to battle for its principles to tho fullest extent of our ability. rim ran I jk col*.?The editor of the Cumberland (kid) Telegraph, the American organ, referring to a statement that the opposition party of Alabama had, in convention, repudiated llell and Everett, and declared their purpose to support Breckinridge and lame, says? We prefer Mr. Lincoln before either of the democratic nominees, and if driven from our support of Mr. Bell by the treachery of our leading men?ir our party is to be sold out to either wing of the democracy?then we are for Lincoln, with tens of thousands of others in good old Maryland. Scmrauox or a Buck Rrptblicam Paras in Mlsbocrj.? Mr. 8. Harbaugh, who has for three years published a neutral paper at Lexington, Missouri, oalled the OiliMmt' J'iMic Aiveriiter, has been driven from the town, and his printing office has probably boon destroyed. Mr. Harbaugh has arrived at St. Louii, and publishes a card detailing the facts, declaring that he was driven out because he came ont for Lincoln and Hamlin. Poor Pisrck on tux Stvmp.?It is reported in New Hampshire, that ex-President Pierce will take the stump in that State for Breckinridge and Lane. Nkw H ami-shirk?The Concord correspondent of the Boston Traveller thinks that in the coming contest Mr. Lincoln will receive in New Hampehire 38,600 votes, Mr. Douglas 31,000, and Mr. Breckinrulge 2,600. llorti's Partt or I'rnnsii.vaxia ?The Norristown (Pa.) Defender, belonging to the people's party, supports the national I'nion candidates for President and Vice-President, and Andrew G. Curtin, tha black republican candidate for Governor. Docolam at Old Joitn Brown's Gallows ?The Spirit of Jeffervm, a democratic [taper published at Charleetown, Virginia, where old John Brown was tried and executed, saye ? The conservative sentiment of the party will rebuke anything which has a tendency to woaken (J* bonds of the I'nion. Whenever Yancey and IUiett are sought to be made the exponents o.' Southern democratic sentiment, the conservative men of the party will raoet respectfully ask to be counted out. And this conservative element is no mere corporal's guard. In this State It is the great mass of the party. They are not going to submit to s dissolution for the benefit of Mr. Yancey's Gulf States, and yet they are prepared to resist Northern encroachment as quickly as Mr. Yancey or Mr. Rhctt. They want what is right; nothing loss, nothing morn, ibi; irg mi'D. loo, upon wnom me aeroocrauc party in Virginia bave to rely, and without whose ser vtcee the party would oiUti have suffered defeat. Docolas Mkv or Ownt ?It i? sa d that all tbe officers in tbe Custom Qouse in Eastport, Me., are Douglas men. Bkbckixkidgb as as Orator.?As a popular orator there is no man in tbe West his superior; tall and commanding in person, be exhibits tbe most graceful elocution. He is rapid and vehement in utterance, yet distinctly articulates. He combines an Intellect of high order with great personal accomplishments. Row aT a Brkckisrithib Ratification Msstim; is Loci atills.?the Louisville Journal in giving an account of tbe above meeting, held on the 14th inst., says ? Mr. 8imrall, Col. Preston, Col. Geo. B. liodge and others attempted to speak, and |>erbape did speak. They were See 11 successively upon tbe stand, brandishing their lists, shaking tlour beads, working their mouths, and looking awfully red in the face, but no human being there could tell whether thsy were actually talking or not. We managed to get wilhm five fell of Governor Piweil. and straining our ears (or fifteen minutes, tbe only words we heard from his mouth wore "seventeen State#." All possible combinations of sounds, all manner of shouta, yells, and bowlings loaded tbe atmosphere. A hundred sheriffs, each with a ??-.<<<* tonitatu*, could not have kept the peace. The noises of the wild beasts of twenty extensive men a genes let loose in a single amphitbedtre would bave been drowned and loot In the hurricane of articulate and Inarticulate sounds Tbe rumpus was caused In part by Bell men. who "went to the meeting to attest their acorn of Col. Humphrey Marshall, who was announced as one of the speakers. '' DorilLAS cajirakn Dotxussr is ths Sotts?The Augusta (Ga.) ContLiluiumalut states that there will soon be Ueued from the pre* one hundred thousand copies of Governor Johnson's recent speech at Macon and Atlanta Hon. Albbst Risk ros Docuul* ?Tbe Helena (Ark.) SkxfU stale- that the Hon. Albert Rusk intends Humping the State of Arkansas for Itouglas atd Johnson. Excessive Hotel CHerges. TO THK kl>l TOR OP THK HKSALD. CoMissm Hau., Albany. July M> 1460. ad signed "Quill," does me (treat injustice I be* of you, therefore, to pubhsb this article in reply te aaid commu meet too Mr ? ? came te mvf hotel) about sis o'clock on tbe moruia* of the 8th Inat., with his wife. child and two s<rruli. la oonformny with hia wiahee, the best parlor and bedroom la my hotel, and for the use of which I char*e tbe hi*beat price, were furnished to him. He was unwell, and therefire demanded and received every attention in my power or that of my subordinate* to be How Meals were furnished to him, hia wife and child in their parlor. News papers were purchased and sent to htm, ba**a*e and carriage bills paid, and every effort made to render his brief stay at my hotel agreeable And now a word or two as to the charges which he deems exorbitant. He and his wifs occupied a parlor, for which tie was charged $6 a day, and for which, in coonec tion with a bedroom adjoining, I have received 176 per week, or 110 50 per dav during tbe winter from a single perwo, and this, too, for newrTy three months at a time, and w ho alao look meala at tbe publte table. My chary- for meals furnished at the rooms of guests Is Invariably (0 rents extra, or II 10 prr day. Tbe aer vanta and child were charged halt price The bill, therefore, would foot up as follows. (He occupied his room a day and a tall, coming, at lie early on Sunday morning. and leaving at twelve o'clork on Monday 1 ? Board for himaelf and wlfr at t'i 60 prr day rounting ? one and a quarter day MM noaru ior cnuu (Dan pric>') I 57 l*arlor on? day and a half 7 50 Extra for meal* furoi*hed in room, being four meal* tnr himiwlf, wife and child 8 00 Hoard of two terrast*. oar day and a quarter 3 It Paid tor t>M?ajr< 1 26 Paid ff>r carriage 1 00 Two hot Ilea Coo greta water 60 Kew*paprr*,lf <ml p<*Uge Rtamp*, 81 1 If Ala 38 ToUl 827 78 ftrrr i* the pi?W amount of <he bill id llama. TN will thna prior rr that thr ami unt i?id by b.ro war 33 cmt* laaa than be abould hare paid, and In preciae coo fortmty with oar regular price*. and aa low, I had lata not to nay, aa there charged by any flrnt ela?* hotel I will not at"pto character i*e the miwrablr attempt of Mr to dirparage my hotel .and rxruat hi* owa nieni.neM a* it deserve*. but rrat control for lb* present with auhscribing raynelf joura and tbr public * humble . rvant, JaMU t MITTHEIJ. Th? CaalkMloi of Hardaa. Tin* documatit. aay* Uta Newark Adwrlitrr, I* a aery un*?ti*fhrtcry production, adding *carce|y any thin* to iir know ledge .f ib* rrimlaal and hi* earner beyond the i Tact- developed on the trial and auhsequentty made pah i lie. Tbr only new mailer la *ome rorro pnodaace ba | Iwern Harden and bi? family, altar hi* coavictlon The con8*a*loa contain* none of Ih<??e disgusting rave I lation' which were aa tic'Dated, and I* a mere record of Harden'* rxleraal llfr Concerning hi* connection w th I Ml** Imrhmd?hi* wife afterward*?Ike impre~*ion < -ought to be er<-atrd 1* that the engagement and man iagc | *' re thrust on him by hi* mother in law i the iMirontng of hla wlfb is openly confa**ed. but ooeu- I l?i'-v only a little over a page, and merely confirm- what I ?a* before b'* u published He admini*ic-e,l *r-enic to I irr on an apph . -ay mg it waa a powder to prevent prog- < lanry Several limes afterward* be gave it to her. Lit l la is said concerning Harden'* feeling", except that after t h<' murder he was haunted l>r fear and remor*e. I The Phlllip*hurg XmmdmrH relate* that to hi* other t rimes Harden added that of forgery He endeavored to yt riahed at tbr E**ton Bank a check for 81.000. with lie name of John I. Wnlr. President of the Helvidere lank, forged uj?>n it. The hank o?cer*. through caution. t i ould not em-h tbr check, and Harden then presented it I ,t th- lliilllpal'urg Bank, wberetbeforgery w i* detected. f lut n incisure* were taken to arr- -I Harden win w i- t liikiiown to the officer* of the bank The affkir took place t m the\ery day on whn h linden puri liasod th" I*-*.>n 1 h:',i hla wife Hia Identity with the pi'ri-on offering the i heeh w e,;.t m have been discovered had h Matt m t 1 It to the ?hertfl It I" prohaole Dial he ialend<?l to V l?e the money, had he ObUitied it, to f*C*pq alter COX 1 biting the murder. | Ctuu Itrau. The indication*! are that Uic incraur ol i^puai >oa m the border States U far beyood the most sangum* Mttmatcs, while in Ohio, Indiana. New York, Pennsylvania and New England, outside of the Large towus and cit es, it bus remained nearly stationary. A* Imraiuora fnscs Taksb.?Mr. J. L Barber, Assistant Marshal in Lawrence county, Ohio, thus nun ay his week's labor is a note to the I'nited Slates Marshal "1 commenced on Mouday at twelve o'clock, after walking ten miles from home, visited every house in Lawrence township, filled thirtv pages of Schedule No. 1. foar sf No. 4, and took all the other statistics. He walked over 100 miles through brush, briers, whealtand corn. Astds. and iuibH two babies?called one James Buchanan and U>e other Uws Si fiord Finished the township by Sstur day uoon, and walked home a distance of fifteen miles by sunset And ail this tune the mercury w as 90 dog Fahrenheit." Maiitv Crow* Rkti rjis 1The Machias I'nvm give* the following census returns, with the population of I860 ? IBM. IBM. Jones boro .460 5'44 Whilneyvtlle 019 664 Nortbfield 946 263 Meeley 329 343 Centreville 1T? 19B Marsbflel.l 9M 33t Plantation No. 31 46 34 Total. 2,0TB 2.2T4 This is an increase of only about nine per cent ovar Use | census of 1660. Midplksxx Cocirrr, N. J.?The Assistant Marshal M* ' completed the enumeration of inhabitants in the tire townships of North and Kasl Urunswtuk. Be has fire* ; the following statement;? Number of inhabitaaU la East Brunswick 2.43ft do. do. do. North Brunswick 1,04ft > Village of Washington 686 do. Old Bridge 23V do. Spolswood 382 do. Ml lis tow a 34ft I'tica, N. Y.?The following is the census of the Fust ward:? 1800 1,42ft 1866 1,441 A Iocs of. 1ft Number of dwellings, 200, of l.iiniiiM, 217. Number of unoccupied dwellings, 7. Number ot deaths during the past /ear, 13. k Commoner*.The Hertford 7\mes has some scattering information as to the present census; but not more, we apprehend, than to make a good guess. It thinks New Haven and Hartford together will exhibit an increase of over 40,000, which would be, of itself, an increase of 11 per cent on the total population of the State. Meridea, which numbered 3,670 inhabitants in I860,it now ored ted with 7,300?en increase of 3,830. New Britain has increased from 3,029 to nearly 6,000 Vernon stands at 3,823, ! again.-12.900 in 1860. The borough of Danbury counts over 6,010, which is larger than the whole towa, inctui ding the present town of Bethel, ten years ago. Those places. It is true, are amoug the most thriving maaofae! turing towns or the State, but there are plenty more like them. They iho* a gain of about 60.000, and the aggregate in the Slate, making due allowance for losses, ought 1 to be at least 100,000, making our present population 470,000. or 30,COO short of ball a million. Nashua, Mash ?By the United States census the population of Nashua is 10 004, of which 4.487 are males, and 6,677 females. The population in 1860 was 8.942, gain, 1,122 Merrimack, l'elham, Hudson and Ltlchheid have all decreased in population since 1860. Baliihoki ?The Deputy I'nitvd States Marshals are rapidly progressing with the taking of (be census of Baltimore city, and will complete their labors in about one month. The population or Baltimore will not be found to have reached the point many persons have plaoed it, end from present Indications will not exceed 230,000 inbabi! IfttiH The Senonfi wnrH nrharo ?Ko Inesm ft?u , .? ?< !>*. V.gU tion rondo, bu decreased since 1460, owing, no doubt, to the abuse and ill treatment the people have received from political rowdies within a few \ears past The Eleventh ward has increased since 1850 about I 000, the Sixteenth ward has increased about 3,000, and the Twentieth ward about 0,000. In I860 the population of Urn city was 160,000, which was an increase of 65,006 over 1840. Now. in I860. It will be some 230.000, an increase of, sag 61,000 over 1860, showing that the city has not gone on increasing in the ratio of preceding rears. Mzmron, Wis.?Deputy Marshal Habich handed us yesterday the tigures ol the popu'atiou of the 1 irst. Second and Third wards of the city. They are as follows:? First ward 1.408 Second ward l,66f Third ward .1,438 Total in three wards 4,4ft These figures do not indicate as large a population In the city aa we had expected. York, lhcxx.?The population of York, Pens., by the new census iaaabout 10,0(0. In 1868 the population wan 6,866. Thia shows a very handsome increase, hut not an targe aa waa expecied by many. The social aud industrial statistics will be a very interesting feature in the return, aa the business of the town has largely increased, and the real and personal wealth of the citizens commensurate!/ enhanced. Amjwtowji, Psjto ?The new census of the thriving borough of Allen town has been completed, and shows the following result ?Aggregate population?First wsrd, 1,667, Second ward, 1,648; Third ward, 1,378, Fourth ward, 1,607; Fifth ward, 1,847. Total population, 8,047. Nxw A lb art, L\d?The present population la reoorted 10 be 12,000. JwmwwTTtxi, Lvd ?The population of this town, iccording to the returns, amounts to 4.000 Yiinsnmo, Miss?The Marshal of Vlcksburg, entrusted With the duty of taking the census, reports the populatkm of Yicksburg st 4,864 In 1820 the population area 2,678 This is s healthy, but not s large increase of inhabitants. The Ehihth Ward or Clsci.vnaii?It was announced bf a Cincinnati paper some days since that Deputy Marshal Hanson, in taking the census of the Eighth ward, had enrolled the names of over 12,000 residents, recorded near 8,000 families, enumerated sixty pairs of twins and an extraordinary number of children. Boon after this announcement the census laker received the following leitor Cnii.licorns, Jane Id. 1M0. Mr Cexw * Tanks or thx Fx.hth Wari>, Cirowhaxi, O. ? Would you plenne enquire if n comfortable tenement could be obtained in the Kigntb ward in your aity at a reasonable rest. Mr wile in animus to settle ia thai ward. Yours, JUdHl'A CHlLDlXiB. To which be responded in the following mannec ? Joeiu a i hiijti.ass, Kso . Chiijjomn,Ohio ? In consequence of the unprecedented demand fbr tenameut 1 louse* since the result of the census taking was known, I base to announce to you that thsre is no nouse in the Eighth ward, " at a reasonable rent," that oouid be rendered " comfortable" to a childless tenant Hoping this announcement may not affect your wife's health. I subscribe myself your obedient servant, WM. L HANSON Census Taker Eighth ward. Phii at'Xi mu ?We copy the following from the Philadelphia /' !,; r ?The work of taking the oensus of Philadelphis trill not be completed fbr several weeks, the operation being a tedious one. in consequence of the great number and variety of questions asked None of the wards hare yet been completed. but it is thought hp those baring charge of the returna that the populei. >n of the city will exceed 650 000 The o-nsns takers report a number of persons who hare nasaed their 100th year, the oldest one being 117 years of age. and still in tolerable health In nearly every ward, people of 100,100,106, 110, kc , have been reported. In the Fourth ward there is an old colored man, who states that he was stolen from the cast of Africa when bnt sixteen year* of age, sad that, after passing safely through the horrors of a passage on b<ard a slaver, eventually fonnd a master in Georgia. After the death of his master be became the property at hia master's daughter, who, on her death bed. aet him free This happened about nine years ago, atnee which lime be ha<> been living in Philadelphia. A remarkable circumstance attending the taking of the Krnt census, is the fact that scarcely an Americas has found that cannot read or write. In ons family, not "to the manner born," consisting ot husband, with ami altAiil a ~ ?1 ~ ? ?. vwmui r*i , Knur vi wiliHQ ?r? gI"VWU. Dot a ? jigle individual of it could be found able le read nr even write But ru? hl?e tbl? are very rare. par llrularly where the parties have been in this country any length of time lite census of that portion of the Third ward wont of f ifth street ha* tieen completed, and it abowa a popttla lalton of 11.000. with a valuation of real and personal property of 91 MA,470 There are, according to those returns, in this portion of the ward, four public schools, including one charity school. In which there are M teacher* and 1.760 scholars There are also Ore rburcbse la the courae of a few weeks the returns will he *o Ikr i ompleted that a proper comparison maybe made he tween the po|mlali?n of the city at preerat and of 1M0, lh< ugh no rompartson can be made by ward*, the coeen lidatioo of the city ami alteration of wards having changed their boundaries. In one of the wards an old lady was called upon to glee the names and number of ber family, and after having ber own name recorded, she grve the uames of twenty four of ber daughter*, and concluded by telling the census man that of these twenty four twenty three were mar nrd and had families of ibeir own. SomeQ'f the lower ward*|rthibit 'many strange phases of human lift, |?rticularly in the vicinity of Bedford, Smad and other streets of a like character la the etwee from tbi- south aide of Booth street, to the north side of Vitzwater. and between Twelfth and Thirteenth ?tree la, the population foots up 1.000 Tlie tiouse* occupied by tbetu are generally three room buildings, and to most of thrm a family occupies each ttrm. This is particularly the case m one now, whore the proprietor rents them only by room*. In some of these bou-ee the ocr'ipaata appear to he comfortable, notwithstanding their close quarter* but in other* there appear* ta be dlSrnlty la getting along In EJnelin* atreet, which la the nogre quarter, may be (bund a white woman with a husband, formerly n slave la Pelawara, and In another place two white men had the Imoor of giving the names of two rotored women at their lawful wives. In a?me of the teller* the most sheet poverty la apparent?the omj[v?nt', black and white, frsternivng log ther?t>eiaz ei raged In bone and rag picking, the result ?f the day*0 a)>or be ng la one corner of thefr wretched room, nhlle he individuals occupy the other?the only furnltnrd In nany place* being a straw bed. n wooden t>ench. and one ir two article* tor cooking. One family m a small two dory house rents the cellar to a colored family, and hough the white* in the upper portion are ettreaefr ?or they manage to take care of a relative who has been , ntlrcly blind for several year* Tw* N*w Tow* Harsor ?The triumphant manner,says he Richmond Duya h, m which thr Greet Eastern wan irought orrr the Gar nr the New York harbor has gtvea a It of blue drv is to the good not iired friend* of that city rho predicted that she would thump ber bottom oat en be ovster shell*. Ales' she weet over like e bird, end V ?r Murphy, the pilot, say* had two Ibet of water te ipere Thi* is sad rows to whet the Rrraid would rag be provincial ports. The truth is, New York cannot be > iept under She la a sort of Greet Eastern hereetf, end Mb a ten knot breere can easily run down hit It* two kWMAd toil Wit* ? tot wtttiatii

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