Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 23, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 23, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. 'Alfl OORDOd BKIIHIT *?, BMTOK AND PROitUUlOB. mua M. W. OOUtD OP KAJB8AC AMD PCLTON PTt. TMMMS, ?Mk in almaruu. Monty urn: H <*? b* o? A* Hti V like maim. PoMafft 1ampt ml rteemmd at mbtcriplitm "fJl It All f BMSAID hto ttmlt par ?om. II pw *??* TH* WKKHLY UKKA LD, rrrry .<4wu.-<?m,. <W tit tmUprn Mm, o** tSptr annum,, Ou luruytan Million rvrry WtdamuStp, ml ir emit ptr trpy, %i ptr aiMm to mp port o/ ?r?a( Or 91 to any part,,/ Itu dmlinrnt. both to inrlnU ? California Ahtum on the 5M and *XA 4/ nMili a/ <? jn?r ?H?p. or pi 80 prr annum. , .. THt Family UKKALD on WtdnrtJa? at four c*nlt pm '^ULD^fAHr'rORHgSPOirDMjrCM. ronton** MMM, uUiriUd/ram amy quarter of the 7? UbmUf pat i for. ?- Ourn Tommton < uMiMfOMDUli AM F*AYlCVLAIU.f tiLftftCMTftD fO #*?1. AU LlTTEBi AID PUISL?n 0??rr r*. . ? . A'O NOTICE taken of antmvmow correspond*nte. Wt do not Prtu'n rrirrint amauuninUumt. A /> VHHTISHMKKTS rrnftni mtry day. adterHtrmfnft in tchl ,,, ttu M 1Uk*u>. ruiLlHUiU, and At (A* CMViirm.. W tfurojnan Ai/i/ion*. jnH PHth riMI fcutod ?M nm(n?M, cneajmrtt and at ppmtcK. Volam* XIV N?. *03 AXU8KMKNTN THIS KTKNIHU. NIlllXVK OARDKN, Broadway.?Aladdin ?a tue Wo*piun Uir. V1NTV1 OilrtKH RnnjlmT aBBfldta Bond dree'.? I Ktu-aa?tiaocrtMua-Vai. ad Vast Walla c*'? T1IKATKK. KnAdair-DiMiir asd Sox? VovMb Annu I.Al'RA KIKKK'S TIIKATRI, No. 824 RraAdway.-Oc* Ahikioa* locai n NKW ROWKRV TIIKATRK Bowrry.-W?*XK-DlM, tm Nt*-?or?Niihhoht CowrrikAToaa HAKNL'M'S AMKKlt.AN Ml'UCl'M. Broadway-IHt and Rrentnp?NniiortAi* Bono* 1*a?l?. Hi/hhsoim, Litiao cvkiosiiiba. Ac NATIONAL. OONCTCRT BAbOON. NaUooaI Tbeatre.tBONOS. DaALU ItOALAWtUBA. Ac TAI.Al'K 4IAKI.KN, fourteenth i!rW.-'VOCAL ASC Ix otkcaaatal c'oacaat. ( A NT! RltfKY COM'KRT KALOON. No #6.1 Broadvrhy.6oxo4. ln.mu, Bcauuauaa. Ac w lorfc, Mond?r, Jaljr ltd, 1MH>. AILS FOE EUEOPI. VM >*w York Herald ? KAItlu kr Karop*. The Cunard atcamahip Arabia, Caplaiu Stone, wilt leave Dcetoo on Wednreday for Liverpool. The maila for fcurope will close in thui city to morrow afternoon at quarter paM one o'clock to go by railroad, and at a quarter to four o'clock to go by meainboat. The Etmoraaji EDmo? or ?n Haaain will be publlabed at tea o'clock la the morning. Single oopioe, in wrapper*, Nt oeata Tha ooateoU of the CumoraA* bmoa or m W#J oomblne the new* reoelred by mall and telegraph a the office during the prertoua week, and up to the hour of fabltoatloa. The News. The steamship Ariel arrived at this port yester4aj from Aepinwall, bringing newn, via the PanaCna railroad, from ftan Francisco of the 30th ult., ond the Central America ana r>ouin t aciac maus. flhe Ariel brings $G73,2!?0 in specie. The revolution in Sew Granada still continue*. the State of Bolivar having formally declared itself independent of the federal government. Three of the eight btatea?Msgdatena. Bolivar and Cau:a were in open hostility to the government. Santander and Mugdalena were expected t j aeparate from the Confederacy on the game day that Bolivar seceded, and the progress of dffalrs indicate a total disruption of the republic. From Salvador, C. A,, we learu that the President of that republic has issued a de ;ree prohibiting the importation of foreign spirits into tint republic after the 3i?t ult. The decree is considered unconstitutional. The government has conceded Co Sidney Oaksmith, of New Vork, the privilege o( establishing a bank in the republic There news from Nicaragua is of no intere-t. The United Btates steamer Wyoming was at Callao June 29, and would remain there until Mr. (day, the United States Minister, is advised as to the final determination of the Peruvian government as respect* the demands of the United States. Mr. Clay is doing all he can to obtain a peaceful &ud satisfactory adjustment of the American Claims; and it i* rumored that the Peruvian Minister of Foreign Affairs is more favorable disposed How towards a peaceful solution of the questions At Usue than he has been during any previous stage Of the controversy. It is thought if Mr. Clay had 0 little stronger naval force to bac k him up, or u little more bac kbone in making Ids demands, there nrould be no doubt of bis success. The news from California is unimportant. Vuiet prevailed at Pyramid Uake, most of the llOHUJe lliaian* inn in^ n il lum n/mmj. n _>u Able silver vein had been discovered about fortyCite miles from Mound Lake in Carson Valley.) Ad tires from Oregon indicate that bhiel is elected to Congress. The members of the Legisture elected sum up as follows:?Anti Ijine democrats. 21: whig, 1; Lane democrats, 10; rcpubli-. Cans, 12. ... Our military visiters, the Savannah Blues, spent most of the time yesterday forenoon in their quarters at the lAtarge House, where they were visited by a large number of the members of the City Cuard. The Blues appear to be much gratitied frith their reception, and between them and the City Guard a strong attachment has been formed. In the afternoon they visited the residence of Lieut. Col. Ferris at Manhattaoville, where they were most hospitably entertained. To night a dinner frill be given to them at the Metropolitan Hotel. The Lmmct Guard of New Haven, Conn., will visit V l- city on the lUst im-t., and will be received and entertained by the Irish Fuailccrs. The Chicago Zouaves will return to this city on Wednesday morning. Accompanied by the Second company of the National Guard thry will pay a visit to West l'oint, and it la expected will give an ihlubition drill la front of Cosscua' Hotel. Further particulars In regard to the remarkable meteor which made its appearance ou Friday night last, with observations ou its great velocity through the air, will be luund in cur column.- this morning. We publish this mormng a letter from Gcrrit Smith to Frederick Pougiass, giving his news on the Presidential que.-tion. Mr. e. says that he tan Ceither vote for Lincoln Breckinridge, Bell. Dongtaa nor Houston, aud denominate s temperance, freedom and the " irrepressible conflict'f as his platform. In conclusion. Mr. bmith entertains but little hope for temperance or freedom in our day. Comments on the letter are given ia our editorial Columns. The speeches of Senator Poagla* on Bunker lid On the 19th. and at Albany ou the fifth last., are given among our political intelligent e to-day. Joseph Gsles, the veteran editor of the A'afo nal Infe'bTmeer, died in Washington on Saturday Oight. of paralysis. Mr. Gaies was in the seventyflnh year of his age. In lMft he purchased the /; ttUiymcrr establishment, and from that time lo hi death has been ita principal editor. The dwelling house of the Hon. A. B. Conger, on bis farm la Rockland county, was yesterday morn (pg totally destroyed by lire, iff Ufa-en persons, (arm hands, In the house at the time of the Ore, but Ccd escaped, the remaining five having periahed in he flames before they coold be aroused aud resCued. Several outhouses were also destroyed. Jbe total loss is about f If ,000. A fall account, famished by Capt. Btorm, of t! tenure of the brig Virginian at St. Georges, Bcr^uds, on suspHon that she might be engaged ia (he slave trade, Is given in oar paper to-day, The sales of oottara embraced about MO bil? .Saturday, V11 <a The market ckswvl wtbui cbei.f* id quota I loos C TS.C Ut'.rrt (f?a )he Red r-rer and other ports of io? 1 fcxitti apeak of a coaliaued and aevere draught, f?om A which botti corn u<d cotton were uflbeWg Flour ?u doll( , Wilhatendeocv towards lower priww Tho chief eatoe wort for home uw, with light purchases (or Hftft. Wheat j wan b?*vy, with a fair amount of aalee, at price* given In another place. Corn waa lets active, and the market a lew bun>ant while ealew were moderate. Pork wan C iuw.iv , with sale* of new mew at $10 26 a $10 50. thin 0 m<*. at $18 60 a $16 0US, wd new prime at $14 25 * $14 fa SS hale* were also made for future delivery at full price* ^ .-i.garF were firm and active the aalea embraced about 2,600 Uhde., 600 boiea and 2400 bage Bahia. closing at a * further advance of >fc. per lb. Coffee wan firm and held above the vtewn of purchasers Bale* or (00 bags Mara t caibo and $00 bag* Java were reported at private terms i Freights to English ports were rather Irmer, while the chief shipment! were confined to grain and flour. * c tier*It Smith on tike Presidential tfimee- ( lion?The " Irrepressible Conflict." j A characteristic letter from Gerrit Smith | (white man) to Frederick Douglass (black ( dihii), on the Presidential question, we submit this morning to the careful consideration of our political readers. Emanating from one of the great lights of radical temperance and radical abolitionism, this epistle presente a gloomy picture of the prospects of both total abstinence and universal emancipation. Mr. Smith declare? that the .* cause of temperance is prostrate;" that it has been betrayed by its friends, and that a "like treachery explains the like low condition of the anti-slavery cause." But notwithstandiug all this, the veteran abolition sage of Feterboro tells us " that the parties of the day vastly overrate the importance of the petty issues between them;" that " the battle is to be fought between the slaveholders and the abolitionists, and will be fought just as soon as these parties that block the way get out of the way;" and that " the result will be not this or that condition, this or that liability of slavery, in a Territory, but a nation all overspread with slavery or all emptied of it." This is the " irrepressible conflic t"' proclaimed by Mr. Seward and by Mr. Lincoln. Mtid yet Lincoln is no more satisfactory to Mr. Smith than Breckinridge, Bell. Douglas or Houston. They all stop short at some recognitions of slavery, while Smith, " constitution or no constitution, would have the North vote slavery to death," or ask permission of the South peaceably te leave the Union. Th< ?e points of the letter in question are very suggestive of matter for a wide range of reflection. Granted that the battle is to be fought between the slaveholders and the aboli- , tionists for the indefinite extension or absolute suppression of slavery, " as soon as these par ties that block the way pet out of the way," we j must ttlll submit that our present interests and ^ attention are all directed to the immediate con- . te?t between these parties now in the field. s Out of the revolutionary condition and conflict * 1 of these parties, the events and the order { of things which are to govern the future ' must be shaped. We therefore propose, ^ from the elements laid down by Mr. ^ Smith, to ccnsider the main question, which he ( has overlooked ?the nature of the present conflict between our existing political parties and the probable results. Mr. Smith deplores the present low condition of the anti-slavery cause. He weeps over that 1 demoralization which has carried the great body of the abolitionists from a heroic fight for principles into a mere scramble for the spoils. But are not kings and politicians always ready to profess anything and promise anything to obtain power? With us, too, where power is derived from the popular vote, are not our political parties compelled to court the popular 1 sentiment, and even the popular prejudices, o' ' this or that section, in order to ride into power! 1 And will not these facte sufficiently explain the ' existence of the several political parties of the 1 day. and the conflict among them for the control of the government! 1 We ha\e four parties in the field -the repub- 1 lican party, a Northern and a Southern demo- ' cratic party, and a so-called constitutional 1 Union party. The republican party was organized, exbts and holds its ground upon that 1 prevailing sentiment, and those prevailing ' Inherent prejudices, of the North oppose! to the Southern institution of slavery; the late ' national democratic party has been broken into ' two hostile sectional camps upon this sectional ' question, and the constitutional Union party 1 vainly undertakes to ignore this sectional con- 1 fiict as a conservative national party. It is ' easy to discover, from a glance over the field, .that the Southern democratic or Breckinridge party will probably command the suffrages of all the Southern States, and that the republican party will sweep the Northern States, or that they can pnly be defeated by the co operation oi the cocservatU ee in Pennsylvania and other central States with the Breckinridge party. And wherefore is this Breckinridge monopoly of the Southern, and this republican occupation of the Northern States, so strongly foreshadowed? It Is because the overshadowing idea In the North is hostility to slavery, while the vital question in the South is the maintenance of slavery; and it is because the republican party upon this issue is the accepted Northern party, against the Breckinridge democracy, the \ accepted Southern party. Thus between these two parties, the * irrepressible conflict,'' suggested by Mr. Smith, really exists, aud the only party which "blocks the way" is the Bell-Everett party, which it 1 powerless to prevent the success of the republican anti-slavery party, except a* a Northern ; Italunceof power In co-operation with theSoiubern pro-slavery party. Believing, too, af we do, th it tbs North, with an overwhelming an i rapidly increasing majority ii be th houses of Congress. is perfectly safe against any aggmatona from the iJouth, and (bat the irouth, depending entirely upon the justice and moderation ol the North, has good cause of alarm, we also believe that the true policy of the conservative Union men of the North in this contest is the policy of co-operating with the South to defeat the republican party. It is folly to talk of Mr. Douglas. IL> is practically a Northern candidate. utterly power W? U his own behalf. It is folly to talk of electing Mr. Bell. The c ontest U between Lincoln and Breckinridge the one standing as the aggressive champion of the all-powerful North, the other as the defensive champion of the South, which can do nothing within the Union, even to protect itself, without the help of the North. The -irrepressible conflict" is on. Mr. Gerrit Smith may be a good philosopher, but be is a poor politician. Having an abundance of this world - go??ds, be has never been able to COtu prei?pnd the necessities which compel politi Ci*0" td their principles for a season in order fo secur* wV *nd This ithe pn-re of tl e rep'thi* *'*" ?Dd '^S >Outh and tb '' Hi Vn '.itderBi-tiJ it MSWSYORg HERALD. M( >tw View of the PreiUoitUl Cam- II U- ? We publish in Mother part of this morning's Ikrald a carefully written and well reasoned rtcile from the oldest democratic journal ?n 'onnecticut? the Hartford Times. The theory d f this article is strikingly similar to that which * as been put forward in these columns, and i? ne'wbich cannot fail to recommend itself to g very man of common sense. w In the first place it is assumed that the c V ion lies between the democracy and the repub- *> leans. Mr. Houston and Mr. Bell are very C food men, and would be capital Presidents, no loubt, but tbey have no party, aud their n ?<ni u iation has failed to me?A with any response u rom the popular heart.^The democratic party o la* been rent in twain by causes which are of 10 significance in this oonnectlon. Whethei U the one platform or the other is the proper one ^ For the democracy to stand upon, matters very n little. The difference is only an abstract F one, and platforms are at the best d rery trashy things, which few people * inderstand and no one cares a snap of 1 lis finger about. And, above all, we are not ' uBt now addressing the democracy only, We 1 peak to the conservative masses in the (Central '8 States, eight or nine hundred thousand voter* 1 . I? L.ij .v_ i. ~r ?? KI i n'UU UUIU vur uomm r vi j/imci in mvii unuua snd who always throw their votes on thp ?ide of law, order, peace, tranquillity *nd equal rights for all the States. Many of these men have personal preferences for Mr. Douglas, others for Mr. Bell. They all agree in opposing Mr. Lincoln. There is nothing to be said against Mr. Douglas; ou the contrary, there is much to be advanced in his lavor. But he has made a tatal error, aud has been thrown overboard by his own party in all the States where it is predominant, and is only supported by a minority in the republican or doubtful Stales. Even the State of IlUuois is not by any means certain for its favorite sou; and that being the case, his affairs are as desperate as thise of the First Napoleon wbeu he ran away from Russia. Mr. Bell is in quite as bad & way. As to the position ot the deuiocra tic masses, we belieTe mat the tirm altitude oi the Breckinridge men in the South, the falling away of the few prominent men in that section who adhered to Douglas up to the last moment, together with the vigorous manner iu which the Breckinridge campaign opened in New Vork :ity, bare created a reaction in the Northern aud "entral States, the effect of w bich will be to eave Mr. Douglas far behind in the race, aud telp Mr. Breckinridge in a degree correspoudDg to the injury inflicted upon his opponent. lis fui? no Ku t\ur?innru tin nur xr /iPuU n i'/ut liwi iy TV mi (to Mil UVUiVV |/w? VigHMII-BllVU to :oncerned. the centre of power ia ia the 1 Southern States, because there the party is sure of a certain number ot electoral rotes, while in the North they are liable to be beaten In every Stale. The democracy gravitate? naturally towards the centre of power, ind the Northern section of the party, after waiting a short time to see if the mountain would come to Mahomet, have concluded, from 1 ill appearances, that if anything is to be done Mahomet must go to the mountain; so they are preparing to go over, horse, foot and dragoons, to the Breckinridge wing of the party. This being the actual state ot the case, the choice of the people is narrowed down to Lincoln and Breckinridge, the only candidates who represent electoral votes. One or the other must bo elected, if there Is any choice by the people, and the conservative voters of the North shoe.Id refrain from throwing away their ( rotes and shirkinc the reeponsibilitv w hich the . present position of political affbira places upon .heir shoulders. They have to choose between ^ he Vice President, whose polit cal record is fa- 1 niliar to every one. and the representative of , he doctrines which brought old John Brown to , i richly deserved gallows. If the merchants uid mechanics and working men of the Cen- ( tral States w ish to endorse Seward's "irrepressihie conflict," Stunner's "sacred animosity." and , Wendell Phillips' constitutional "compact with , bell" doctrine, they will vote for Lincoln, or throw away their ballots in favor of some of the merely personal nominations for the Presl- ( dency. But, on the contrary, men of all parLies. old vhigs, Americans or democrats, who desire to set the seal of popular disapprobation upon such agitators as John Brown and Charles Sumner, will take the only way to beat old Abe. and vote for Breckinridge, wbo may be elected by a vigorous effort in the Cvntral, States. Pennsylvania and New Jersey particular Tnr La.sdi-ord's Sit? or thk Hotti, Qtx?- i nov?In accordance with our usual rule to give a fuH bearing to all sides of every important question, we print in another column a letter from the keeper of Congress Hail Hotel, Al- i bany. upon the subject of a bill recenlly rendered to a correspondent of this journal, and commented upon as excessive in its charges. 1 Mr. Mitchell admits the facts us stated by our I corn-eponaeni. i>ui demur* to ue conclusions, on the ground that the charges were no higher than those which he usually makes ; and for the further reason, that be ha* received, during the session of the Legislature, more money for the hire of the parlor used by our correspondent than was paid by him. Tills is all very well at first sight, but it does not follow that I ecause Mr. Mitchell gets lebby prices from the politicians who centre at his hotel in the winter, be is justified in keeping up the same tariff tor respectable travellers during the summe. season. Congress Hall is an old and very reputable hotel. For many years It Iras been the resort of the politicians of all pfftiee, and it is more especially the h?adquart*n of the clique which is beaded by Weed, add which runs all the jobs through the Legislature. The lobby chiefs always have plenty of money, and spend it liberally in entertaining the country members. The bills are not too strictly audited, and the lobby has to pay roundly for its accommodations. To this we enter no objection. The professional politician s almost Invariably a colossal nuisance, and should be charged accordingly. We appear in behalf of the great travelling public, just now croa ding all the steaiibontr and hotels in the land, and we demand thai they shall be well fed. comfortably lodged, and reaaooably charged. Many of the provincial landlords impose upon the good nature and presume upon the liberality of New Yorker* and Southerners. and charge them more than the regular ruti*, which are invariably too high The only way. as we said before, to bring the hotel keepers to anything like reason, is to print their bills in some widely clrrulaXl new?pa,?er. Kvrn floe m ?y not be altoge'ker effective, hut it will at least put tL Hurdling pub DKPAY, JULY 23, i860. If on ft* t!uard, and every one will know ? ctly what be has to pay, and govern himself ccordiogly. Send along the bills. Dmociucr or Ntw York, Bkwark I?In the ilbany Atlas-Argus of Saturday laot we Bud long editorial article copied from the Journal f Commrrcs, of this city, recommending a ainle combined electoral ticket for this State, and, ,'hat is equally curious, a leader In the Albauy a per endorsing the proposition as sound and eusible, and worthy of adoption. This politial phenomenon is as wonderful as the meteor ihich startled all who beheld it on Friday eyeing; but fortunately we hare a better explaiation of it than has yet been given of the fiery, aysterious muss which shot across the shy. One of the editors and proprietors of the Alls-Argus is Comstock, the Albany Postmaster. Jow, his brother is editor of the Journal of Com>itrce. By this beautiful arraugemeut they can day into each other's hands, as the two papers lid at the time of the last election for Mayor of Jew York, when the Journal of Commerce, true o its instincts and antecedents, sustained the fee soil ticket of Havemeycr, the choice of a arse ?< ' n of republicans, and championed ippropriaudy by the New York Tim**. Amilidibb Sleek now professes to be In the ntereBt of Breckinridge. Th?t is all niinmun, for it is the original anti-slavery orpin of the abolitionists of this city, and is nerclv playing a part in subordination to the Mbuuy Regency, who want to get Breckinridge nto their clutcbtw, that they may cheat him as bey cheated Wise and cheated Dickinson. In he Convention at Charleston and at Baltimore hey voted first and last and all the time for Douglas. They could have had Breckinridge .ouiinated regularly and in due form by a two birds vote of tLe undivided Convention. They neld ?ho balance of power. Why did they not :ast their vote for Breckinridge, then? Hail they ion so the present proposed patching up of a ;oijpromise ticket would be a holly unnecessary, U these political swindlers take any step now that seems to favor Breckinridge, it is only to betray bim into the bands of bis enemies. They have found out that Douglas has not the ghosl if a chance?that he cannot get the electoral rote of a single State; and their object now ii w niiu id? coaocfb 01 orruiuuriu^r?, no mi as they can do it, io the State of New York. Hii jnly safety is to keep clear of them. The tru? :ourse of hU friends is to have nothing to dc with the Regency, and to make no compromise! >r bargains of any kind. Let them go straight o the w ork. The Regency would cheat thea >y the electors whom they would contrive o put on the ticket, or in some way or other >o not trust these Greeks, even when they offei avora. There is always treachery at the hot om. The united South is with Breckinridge low; the whole democracy of this State will be aith him long before November. His only danger is in having anything to do with the Re gency. Let them be kept continually at arm'i length, as if they were so many pickpockets, ant nil will come right in the end. O PPORTTNTTT KOR GOOD FkLLOWSHIP.?Th< Boston people are always talking about the ab sence of friendly communication between th< North and the South, and that they canno have the pleasure of meeting their Southen brethren. We have not heard of any attemp on their part to go upon a friendly excursioi to the South; the last expedition we heard o going in that direction was of a very differen kind?the John Brown raid. But theSouthron< do not wait for us to go South; they come Nortt n a friendly spirit. A splendid military com pany from Savannah is now on a visit to this :ity, and we would suggest to the Bostoniam hat they have now an opportunity of enjoying the society of a fine set of Southern fellows worthy descendants of the troops from Georgia whose uniform was so beautiful, and who fougb so bravelv for the common countrv in Ne? England at the time of the Revolution. Le the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Compa ny. or the Boston Light Infantry (the "Tigers") or eome of the other crack military com panics of which Boston can justly boast, extend to the Savannah Republican Blues an invita tion to their city, thus proving, not only by words, but by deeds, that they desire to culti rate the same friendship with the chivalry o the South that prevailed during the great strug pie for the Independence of .the Colonies, anc lor a long time since, bul unhappily has beer superseded to a great extent by a very differed spirit In recent years. The Boston military companies have now the opportunity of ssttin; a noble example in courtesy and brotherly love We wait to see what action they will take, and whether in their opinion the Union which bind.' North and South. East and West, in one greai confederacy, is a reality or only a parchmen Union, no better than k rope 'of sand. Th? Zouaves from a Northwestern city have been in vited to the capital of Massachusetts. Surely leas cannot be done in the case of the Savannat Republican Bluea. I I aki i ni3.> rvn i?ir I'm idk\( Y.?Of the candidates in the field foi ihe next Presidency, only two represent living party organizations. Mr. Douglas stands at th< head of a ragged and broken column; Mr. Bel! was nominated by a convention of fossil whigi and broken down Know Nothing politicians; San Houston's army is of the Falstaffian order. an< so 011 through the list, up to Breckinridge an< Lincoln, both of whom are backed by powerfu party otganizatlons. and bare a certain amoun of definite support That Lincoln will carr; the bulk of the electoral vote North is beyon< |?radventure. That Breckinridge will b< equally strong in the South admits of no reasnnn ble doubt The other candidate* are all per sonnl representatives of cliques, and bare n< strength beyond the support of their imme diate friends. Choose, then, between Brechin ridge and Lincoln. Ths: GRKAT EaiTKR* TO KKITRM W ITH A CAM* nv Cotton.- We understand that arrangement ure on the tapis with the directors of toe Grei Eastern to take her to Norfolk, Va.. previous t< her return to England. and there lead her witl thirty thousand hales of cotton for the Bridal market. It is not stated where this cotton is b i ome from. The freight on cotton being a fai th ing. British money, per pound, or about half i cent, this cargo would amount to little mon than sixty thousand dollars freight money. This is no doubt a movement on the ptrto the votatle* of direct Southern trvde wttb En rope, that the dottth la always threatening i< inaugurate, of which the Great Eastern Is to b< the no ting wedge, and it must be adruitte< that they have selected a pretty hig wedge 9 Wtl? vacation. " 1 Is tex Guat Eastern a Failcm??Great Ships amd Great Newspapers Coupakkd.?We are continually aaked what we think will become ot the Great Eastern steamship, and if such large vessels can ever be profitably employed in commerce or the transportation of passenger*. The twc questions have no relation to each other. The Great Eastern is the result of an individual enterprise, which may succeed or fail from causes within itself, while the employment of vessels of twenty-five thousand tons burthen is a natural result, which will arrive, sooner or later, with the growth of trade. This will be evident to any one who will look back upon the developement of naval architecture. Thirty years ago a ship of one thousand tons burthen was considered to be a monster which no merchant could fill with cargo for one voyege, no trade could continuously employ; and it was even considered doubtful by the public mind whether wood and iron could be put together in so large a mass as to float safely on the ocean. To-day the Adriatic and the Persia, measuring more than three times that burthen, are looked upon as small for the work required *of them. The cnmninf are already buildinir a much larger ship than the Persia, for the route hence to England, and in the general acceptance by merchants, a ship of from eight hundred to one thousand tons, once looked upon as a monster, is now classified as a medium sized vessel. The particular enterprise of the Great Eastern may be in advance of the times; but if it were part of the general growth of any particular line of business, instead of it being, as it is, the isolated effort of science and capital, it would not be fovind to be such an unwieldy monster as she now is. It merely requires adequate concomitunts to handle such an immense instrument. Her present owners are puzzled whut to do with her, because tbey have none of the con1 nections necessary to use her; but it would not be more difficult for the Cunard company to employ her profitably now between Liverpool ' and New York than it would have been for them ten years ago to employ the Persia, or the greater steamer they are now building. The mistake of the Great Eastern Company does not lie in the fact that their ship is so much too large for the present capacity of trade, as in the fact that something else betides science and art are required for the success of all great enterprises. This truth is practically demonstrated in the daily achievement of the IIkkalu establishment It would be a very easy thing for skill and capital to combine and print one hundred thou sand copies or a morning newspaper, ana yet skill and capital would fail in the practical result of their effort, and their pile of newspapers i would stand, like the Great Eastern, a wonder and a doubt Yet we print and distribute a r hundred thousand papers every morning, and our only trouble is the demand upon us for i more, which the mechanical appliances avallaL ble for the purpose do not enable us to supply. Any similar achievement by some great newspaper company would bankrupt the concern. ' just as the Great Eastern has bankrupted the company which built her. The great ship is a failure as a business enterprise, merely because it is not a part of a natural growth; and while it will return to Englund to rust in idleness, long before it has dropped to pieces ships of equal capacity will be actively employed by the ' growing needs of trade. , The Last ok thk Albjjsy Rkuknct.?As the , poet has said. " Time at last makes all things even," and the Albany Regency are now reap, ing the fruits of a long series of political , crimes. They are compelled to drink to the , dregs the cup they poisoned for others, and a speedy dissolution awaits them. The Regency was brought forth in sin, its whole existence t has been one continued lie and fraud, and now r it is doomed to perish tor the accumulated cort ruptiona of years. These men, pretending to . be democrats, broke up the party in 1648 by splitting it into two factions and giving the . election to General Taylor. Now, again, in I 1860, after a lapse of twelve years, during which they have perpetrated every enormity in r the State, they again resolve to break up the party, because they could not control it themf selves, and, by dividing it as before, they have . done their utmost to give the election to LioI coin. To this end they cheated In State Convention t and in caucus, cheated at Charleston and at Baltimore, cheated everybody with whom they , came In contact. But they will never cheat again, for they will never be trusted more. The I conservative democracy which is now being organized throughout the State, has cut t loose from these "political gnmblers." as Mr. t Dickinson has so well described tbcm. and will f have nothing further to do with them. The Regency will thus be left without a corporal's r guard, nobody will vote for their ticket, and ( they may as well shut up shop. This will be J the last of them. Their days are numbered. and their rotten remains will soon be consigned s to the tomb of nil the Capulets, where eternal oblivion awaits them. The "evil that they have [ done" will probably live after them. But we > cannot say that "the good will be interred a ith I their bones," for their whole career has been i one only of evil, and not n single bright spot 1 relieves the dark Infamy of the picture which 1 their history presents. Whoever after their 1 death writes their annal.? true will unfold a tale 1 of political iniquity without a parallel in this t country, or probably in any other. r Slavics in New Yom. Within the last few 1 days two sluves have arrived in New York, and they are still here, walking about, under no control or guardianship. What are the abolitionists about, and the republicans who nullify the Fugitive Slave law. that tbey do not induce tbeee men to assert their right to freedom, especially as they have been brought here by their masters, not merely in transitu, as was the case ? with the Lemons, but an a pleasure tour to the s free States. We allude to the two musician! t who came here with the military company from > Sac annah during the last week On* attempt ) was made by the abolitionists to kidnap tliern: 1 but they ran for their lives, as if something > dreadful was to happen them, and never step - ped till they were under the protection of their t masters, who (pve them free permission to 8 leave if they desired it But these young men could not be induced to accept the offer. They f prefrr the kind of slavery to which thry are subject rather than ?ucb freedom as the aboil9 |tionlsU would give them. What a comnimii * this upon the humbug anti slavery agitation 1 carried on for so many years at tne North, and n now carried in?<> the ('residential riet jon by tie republican party r?ew ?v. 1 1 ? > V/ Thx Phtlamlphla Polio* Onci Morm,?In* ' Philadelphia editors are in great diatreae ? mind over our strictures upon the conduct o4 their police during the time of the Japanese visit to the Quaker City. One of these irate journalists says:? There was a multitude of spectators in Philadelphia o? the day when the Japanese were clrcuitously c?oveyei through the city, at the rate of a mile an hour, but a mob A better behaved multitude we never saw Th Japanese were neither crowded upon, nor boset, nor In suited here. Our police had no need to interfere It wai in New York, not in Philadelphia, that the Japanese wer advertised to be seen in Niblo's Garden daily at Oft" cents a bead It was New York Aldermen who sob forged tickets of admission for rowdies to the Japane* ball. Lastly, the whole municipal appropriation a 10,000 in this city was not expended, whereas Km Vork voted $30,000 to entertain the tmbassy, and cat / tain Aldermen aod Councilmen spent $100,000 In eater tain Log themselves. Now there is no doubt as to the fact that th< mob in Philadelphia did insult and annoy th Japanese nmvoys wnen mey eniereu id? ti\j The testimony in proof of the charge wa gathered from the Japanese themselves, fron the Philadelphia papers, and from reliabl*1 eye witnesses, altogether free from preja dice. So far from the truth is th statement that the New York reporter* colored their accounts so as to mak> the matter worse than it really wsb. the fact i they rather softened it down. We were assure* at the time that the behavior of the Philadel phla mob was rude and vulgar in the extreme and that the police never once attempted u teach the people better manners. Here, on th contrary, the police arrangements were all tha could be wished, and the people behaved 1 the most gentlemanly way. We have neve denied that the New York Aldermen were tru to their natural instincts, and turned the ba! into a revel for the especial delectatlo of their friends from the Five Points an< oilier agreeable localities. What we di tag?and we desire to keep our Philadel phia friends to the point?was that th conduct of the Philadelphia police, apropc to the Japanese, proved that they did not uo derstand their business, that they made no at rangements to protect the Envoys from th rowdies who beset the Ambassadors' carriage and violated the privacy of their upartmentt and that, therefore, the police aforesaid do no deserve any part of the princely gift of tbe En bossy. That is our point, and the Philadelphi editors must see, if they are not utterly stupii that it is sustained by common sense and th facts in the case. As the matter of the diffei ence between the New York and Philadelphi appropriations, it is quite characteristic. Philt delphia, being a village when compared to Ne' York, made a small appropriation?we migb call it mean, but we will spare their feeling and say small?characteristically small. That all for to-day. Progress or the CEVsrs.?As the census n turns are reported in the different cities an towns throughout the country, it would appet as if the increase of population will not be s great as was calculated upon. However, unt the work is completed, it will be impossible t make any safe estimate of the result, for th returns show so many unexpected variation and apparent incongruities in several localitie that speculation is somewhat baffled. For ir stance, it would appear that Ohio, instead c increasing her population for the last ten yean as might be expected of that fruitful and prof perous State, has actually fallen off. Illinois on the contrary, hap increased in populatio nearly & million in the same time, which miph account for the decrease in Ohio, a large emi gration to the younger and more rising Stat i probably having been progressing during th last decade. The returns from Maine so far show an in crease of nine per c*nt in many districts ore the census of 1850; and in Hartford and Nef Haven, Connecticut, and the other manufactur ing towns of that State, the increase is abou eleven per cent. The aggregate population o Connecticut will probably be 470.000. On tb< i other hand, several manufacturing towns ii Massachusetts have fallen off. such as Merrimac i pelham. Hudson and others. In New York am Pennsylvania there is considerable variation ii the small towns, the population of some having increased, and that of others diminished, and s< it will doubtless prove pretty much in ever; Atlantic State, but In the large cities we lool for u uniform increase. From report? received at Washington upor the progress of the census, it appears that the population of the United States is about thirty two millions; yet we ure disposed to thiok tha it may run a little though perhaps not mach over that. Tm Em> or Tawwast Ham..?'Th? democracy outside of Tammanv Hail I for Tammanv (a in the hands of the Albany Regency) are now organic log In this city and throughout the Stale, anc will toon have the whole conservative el# ments of the Empire State with them. The de mocracy of all the democratic States Is alread) with the Breckinridge ticket, and the democrat* of New York are not likely to throw away theb votes on a ticket that will be repudiated by th< eeventeen State* which have sure majorities fot the d< rnocHicy. T&muany Hall will tbua b* left in the lurch. Like a abeep-killiog dog, it will be thrown overboard, with the Regency tied to Its neck as a dead weight, to sink it tc the depths of perdition; and that will be ths i end of Tammany and the Regency. In their lives tbey were twin brothers in corruption and rascality, and in their deaths they will not be i divided. Rkactton in thk Sntrnni.dtno Traps ?Fot some time past the complaints of dutne?? ir the shipbuilding trade bave been frequent and doleful. Business in that line seemed to be totally suspended all the winter; the dockyards bad been converted into so many deserts, the sound of the hammer was heard there no more. But there appears to be a sudden rextion. for the shipyards are ail alive, again and there are now. we believe, some eight or ten large ees eels on the stocks. This, no doubt, is the reeult of the growing activity of c< mmerct- and trade generally, and the cheeriig prospect of ac abundant harvest, which instti new life into every branch of business. Tbe shipbuilding and shipping Uade ot New York are pretty fair Indices, as a general rale, of tbe condition of commerce thro; ghout tbe whole country. They ri*o and fall, like mercury in the thermometer, as the country is prosperous or tbe contrary. W llllimbsrg Cltjr fa??lllg?nc*. r?.,r wfcitu w a Crmnut.?A child fit tpa- 11*' ihc eoa "f Mr J-Am Rser. rseHiojr M No. 1' M. ore * treat. P., *? drowtiee the early <rf las' week by v*ldeol*Hjr I f <e 1'iUt * ?ts'?rn, ?u<1 the h dy ?nw rt found 4 y.et.'dmy. It war eupi'IVt ti i h*d fi'?; * awry. it r\ ( m . tint be< : ? r t n? l?r a > tr nr i. it tt r t d<- ?. th ft t at ? Ut'ciivva J? t'. " <} tT'dn g

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