Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 26, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 26, 1860 Page 4
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4: NEW YORK HERALD. !? ?UKI)OS bilnuktv, JBWTOK AK'i PRUtnUKROK. rrua n. v. ootMi or kamap a*d fttltw <m. TMBBA. oat.- to Mm*, v t k? mMl Wtl V of t*' Hot *f tVi nod? PmUlj* mat received at tjbecripttjm ^TBt VAIL r BBHALV Mm mh por nm. r p#r IMo TB f WBMLLY Ufa AI D, twerp Sa/rrriiw. at tit etatt ptt ?ortS per flvw (Ar Pwropano Kl.'Um rrorv Wedoo?l<??, | crnte per cep^, Bi per annam to a ^ pari of Great BriUtit, or 96 '/> (I' V P""< 1'' "> * f*?irtorot V>?A ' > m. A..(r WWH'C Wj . Cat^oraia B <?i tAr MA aod AAA ?y okA wJlaiiu n? r.?? or 11 80 o.r OOM.OO. ""Tab'rAlULY'BKHALD on WtdnmL*'. at fonr pm Mf. of $1 prr sviwn VOLUtrfAMY IVBMMSrOrDMjrCM, <?niat-dnp MM, tohcitort from on* funrtor o* ttif world, V MaraUp paid far. BAT Ooa t'ouun I V??k??roM>*flIi AJta pimmuit Raacarrao 10 hoaa ui Larrsaa and ra<jsABM rain im. ao XOTICM o'iwni/1-aw ntrrr. Wtdonot ^ovnvi wi ^ tifl/www , AUrfKTlSKMYXTS rmnerd ?r~n dap: adtoriitmmti to*>rMd to Ow Wbbklt IIbkald. FaSU-T Uaaout. and in tho CnMorma and Euro)? tn Kdinonf JOB PBturrrs-a 1. *t?d tnik mKikn. cktattaut and doralaai XXV Bo. BOB AMUaKjnWTB THU ETENINO. irnilou OiBOSH, Broodway.?Alabou ok tub WosBmVl I .amm WlirrSB BAXDXH. Broadway, oypoalia Bond atraeL? Twat Bon Fbat??cootka*ajn>ui?<au?i. fiti. THtlTtl, Brood war?Toodi ss- Mvschiit M ia*u. LAO It A UKMR S THBATBX No. ?2t Bro:Uway.-Offa Anamio Oooais. WW BOW EH T THEaTRK. Bowary.?At Ksaaa?Ihbaaro U It t??'War at, Moaota. BABKUK'S AJTRRICAN VTT8KUM, Broadway -Day and twain*? Ftsiotlak bovsa. Dabobs. Uobabsoobs, Lmsu OsoMomaa. Ac. KAFTOKAL OONTRT SALOON, HaUoaol Theatra.Sowe* oa?(ti. BcouuttPaa Ac. PALAOB OARPKN, FourtaeoiA aver'..?Tocai atd IsOtSTmrTAi. Coercaat. CANT* It BURT CONCERT SALOON. Nj MS Briadway.SorBA daavba Bsmutoooa*. Ac. HALL, Nawart? Hoolit A Carau:'! MisBow lark. Thsrtday, Jaif *6, I HBO. The News. The Canada, which left Liverpool on the 11th and Queeoatown on the 15th inst., arrived at Halifax j-enterdav. The main points of her news, obtained off Cape Race, were published in vo->Urda\ 'a paper. The latest despatches, given in auothcr ?*l..Maa "*? ? #1.?A# a nnu? IfinLter libil h/uiFi VV1UUU1 p rvait u1?i a ui w uiuu.<n j u?u mvvu iviuivu in Sicily, and that report* had been received from Palermo of sanguinary combat* near Medina between the royalists aad Sicilian forces, (iaribaldi bad received additional pecuniary aid an I tiftyneve a pieces of cannon. Accounts from Naples state that an outbreak had occurred among the troops in the citadel, in which twelve were wounded. Three political Conventions assembled in Trenton yesterday, aud put forward three electoral tickets. The Convention that assembled under the call of the State Executive Committee, after a harmonious ise-M.on nominated an electoral ticket composed of two Breckinridge and I.ane men, two friends of Pongiaa. and three followers of Bell and Everett. The Bel! and Everett Convention nominated a full electoral ticket, and gave full power to the Executive Committee to make such changes in the ticket as might be rendered necessary, which i* in utwtance union with the Breckinridge men. The straight out Douglas men held a separate Convention. and with great unanimity aud enthusiasm nominated a straight out Douglas electoral ticket, and opposed all fusion with the other conventions. The proceedings of the three Conventions will be found elsewhere. The Gridiron Railroad case, at the anit of the trustee-* of the Sailors' Snug Harbor against the Mayor, AC., was sei aown ior uesring yesterday in the Supreme Court special term, requiring the defendants to show cause why they should not be enjoined from constructing the Seventh Avenue Railroad, known as the "Broadway Parallel Hoad." The contest, however, promises! to be a severe t ne, and too warm for the present weather, and as Ihere ia a formidable phalanx of the legal profession engaged, who must have their summer vacation, the case was, after a little agreeable conversat.onal concession all round, postponed until the first Monday in September next. The Commissioners of Washington Heights held a stated meeting yesterday at their cffice at Fort Washington, and adopted a preamble and resolutions unanimously repudiating the rectangular mode of laying out streets or roads. The Emigration Commissioners held their weekly meeting yesterday afternoon. The Committee on Castle Garden reported that Captain Crabtree. the Vice President of the Board, has offered his service* aa Superintendent of Castle C.arden, in place of Mr. Kennedy, resigned. The Captain offers to discharge the duties without any compensation. The report recommended that the offer be accepted. that the salary of the Assistant Superintendent, Dr. Camncra. be increased from 91,750 to 12,000, and also that of another employ* in the same department from >000 to >700. Thearport was adopted, and thereby the expenses of Castle Garden establistuscnt were diminished in the amount of >2,000 annoaily. The physician of the hospital on Ward's Island reported that twenty two cases of ship fever have been sent to that institution from the ship Cynosure. The c ommunication was referred to the Pre*id?ot wftL power. The number of emigrants arrived at this port during the present year to the 35th inst. amounts to 59.217?an increase of 13,493 a* compared with the corresponding period of last year. The balance of the commutation fund on hand amounts to >15,391. The Board of Education disposed temporarily of the Vcnrth ward dismissal question last evening, by adopting the report of tha special committee appointed tc investigate the snbject. censuring the local board of the Fourth ward for their hasty and wholesale action, and by referring a resolution authorizing the payment of the newly appointed teachers to the Finance Committee. The charge of perjury against Mr. William P. Height, one of the proposed bails for Pa Costa, who swere to a fictitious amount of property, was continued yesterday before Commissioner Morill. and still farther adjourned. The Savannah Republican Blue*, who have been ?a visit to this city since Friday last. departed for home yeatcrdaj in tLe steamship Florida. Prior to their departure. they arm entertained to a collation by the City Guard, their hosts, when speeches wen made and appropriate sentiments expressed. The '-oops then marched down Broadway, and attrsrt. I the attention of a large crowd of s|>ectators. The embarked at five o'clock, and in a quarter of an ho r after the steamer got under weigh, amid cbee >, firing of cannon, the strains of Dodworth'a l>a >d .md o'!iei demonstrations of an enthusiastic fa-<'e e'l, T Poi.' e ( ommiswSonera at their meeting Teste uar transferred several policemen, and appointed - * er Minor, of the Tenth prcdnct, aergeant, ar> i "Ti er Brower roundsman. An amendment ws - nade to the twelfth rule of the by-laws, mak Lie >e specia1 detailing of men anbject to the apj il of the General Superintendent or Board of A . .'loners. f ca'tle were in abnndsnt snpply yesterday, 1 ? been forwarded by speculators in antiaipat ?f another rise. In thia they were mistaken. } - n jc-h as the large supply produced an tnpre <. tcJ > ili'l mvk<-'. an1 prices *ho-g,i re-y ' irregular, may be written fully one 'rot a pound lower, sale* ranging at ait to nine cent* Mitch cows were plenty and dull Calves were steady. Bheep and lambs were plenty, but firtil Swine were stealy at 6c. a 6Jc. There were on sale 4,263 head beef catUe. 197 cows, 931 veals. 1'1.699 sheep and lambs, and 3,002 swine. The cotton market exhibited more tons yesterday, while the sales reached about 1 ,?>00 bales, closing on the basis or quotations given In another column. The (tour market was again heavy and lower, especially far com men and medium grades of State and Web tern, uoulbern ilao partook of the general heavtne.a, and was .rvegular, while sales were fair, including some lou for exjort. Choice family extra grades were un changed. Wheat was again lower, while sales at the concession were fair. Corn was rstner more buoyant, with a fair amount of sales. Port was in -teady request, with sales of new mess at $19 26 and new prime at $14 26. Sugars were steady, With galea of 704 hhds and 1,000 boxes, at rater* given in another column Coffee was firm, with sales of 000 bags Ceylon at 16c , 200 do. VUr&calbo it lie I U^c., and 100 do. Jamaica at p. t freight* were higher for Liverpool, and room scarce Wheat mi engaged, in bulk and bags, at 9c. a 9S'0-. ?nd some flour was reported at 2s. 4d a 6d. To Loudon, wheat m ship's bags waa engaged at 9>id. Cotton and tlae Coastltntlon?The Helottosan or Politics, Indsutry and Trade. The programme of the present political cam* paign is being rapidly narrowed down to the single issue between the parties, and the politicians perceive more clearly every day the futility of endeavoring to range the people upon abstract questions of distant and doubtful results, when the very existence of cotton and the constitution is at stake. Herein lies the mistake ot the political managers and wirepullers. They believed that the mosses could be bound to party allegiance and party manoeuvres, the sole object of which is to obtain or secure possession of the spoils by sentimental appeals and nice abstract distinctions. They forget the Intimate relation that exists between the material interests of the country and the stability of its principles of government ? the electric chain that binds the principles and the pockets of voters. Nowhere has a government or a party ever been able to obtain a permanent establishment when the policy which animated it has been in direct antagonism with the interests of production and trade. Before these all ideas and theories must recede, for political, moral and religious theories depend alike upon the material welfare of the people for their observance. The hungry man will attend to the needs of the body before those of the soul, aod he who is pressed by poverty will provide for himself in preference to alleviating his neighbor. It is upon these immutable principles that the intimate relations between cotton and the constitution stand. During the present year the Southern States have produced and exported, in round numbers, four and a half millions bales of cotton, valued at two hundred and twenty-five millions of dollars while yet in its cmde state, and before the merchant, the mariner, or the manufacturer had put a hand to it to double, triple and quadruple its value to men. From this fountain flows an immense stream of employment and profit, which creates and quickens Innumerable branches of industry in all parts of the country. The shipowners and the manufacturers of New England, the merchants and mechanics of New York, and the manufacturers and miners of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, all draw no small portion of their daily wages and profits from the stream that ri?es in the cotton fields of the South. If the constitution should be interpreted and administered by zealots or fanatics in a sense adverse to cotton, it would be the constitution, and not the cotton, that would be in danger. In this cotton is only symbolical of a thousand other interests, and all of these would naturally rouse them-elves to the effort of self-preservation. This is the operation that is now going oa in the commercial, manufacturing and mininr States. The political contest is being atrippeu oi all the abstraction.", humbugs and falluciea that professional politicians have so long hampered party organizations with, and we are coining down to the great substratum of principle that underlies all parties. All the hungry spoilsmen that switched off from the true line of constitutional interpretation with Douglas and the anti-Lecompton men re pouring into the black republican camp to a.-siht in the revolutionary and destructive abolition assault upon the constitution, white, on the other hand, tbe thousands of merchants, manufacturer.-. miner- and mechanics, freed from the dead issues of whiggery. Know Nothiagi?m and abolition, arc coming up to the support of BreckinriJge and the interpretation of the coiutitu- i tion in a manner Just and protective to the eqnal interests of all. These are the only live principles that exist in the present contest, and before November every man will find himself impelled by the increasing impulse of the day to declare for one or other of the only two representative men ?Breckinridge or Lincoln. The same working is visible in all ether parts of the country, though not yet w ith the mime intensity as where the quick pulses of commerce and industry mn. In every State in the Union, government as well as people hare felt themselves compelled to pause and see where we are going to. This has broken up all the old parties, for in them much was found to condemn. Tbe democratic party organizations broke down under tbe weight of their corruption and rascality: the Know Nothing leaders have lost their power to trade away tlcL follower*. and the black republicans have been compelled to lower their tone and recede from their ultra positions by tbe very fear of desertion bv their followers. Seward's ooMtion as a party lead- r was strong and marked in his bratn' nn?l bloody speech in lK">f; In lV>?be (oil back to :< much more conservative position; and wborc ho will stand in 1860 i? not jot known. It was cotton and tho constitution that forced him and his part j to a partial retreat. and which is today operating everywhere among tho people to the overthrow of tho black designs of the abolitionist and thoir republican allies and abottors. Mr. Dot-otas in th>: Sorrit.?Itfe *ery evident that from daj to daj the little partj In the South demoted to the laterr-t* of Mr. Douglas is diminishing, while that of Breckinridge is gaiiing strength from *11 sides. We dare ?av that all douM* of the full rote of the South for Breckinridge will soon be removed We should not be surprised, indeed, if the popular sentiment of the South were to a??ume in a month or so a shape so decisive in defence of Southern institutions as to render an advocate of Douglas in that section as i np^pula; as a follower of Lincoln TV is* e has already assumed. In sereral Instances in th? *r u'h ?>?*thiasr of thli cxnp>tioa NEW YORK HERALD, T Mori Go?rv ?> *?^Di'ifAiXATToss?Ta> Hiam o* Di.fautoi kt9 a Facxt.?We perceive that another defalcation in one of the departments of the general government has come to light at Wellington, this time to the amount of $30,000. The pa; master of the marine foroe, it appear*, ban become a defaulter in that sum. and haa been du<mi**ed the service. The stable door has been carefully locked and bolted after the horse in stolen. We stated several months ago, upon credible information, that numerous defalcations existed in or.any of the government departments, whereupon the Constitution at Washington flew into a violent passion, denied the allegation, and accused us of malice and all the crimes in the calendar for insinuating such a thing of the respectable persons at the heads of the public depart, meats. But now it eeems the defalcations are coming out one by one. First, there was the New York Post Office deficit of $155,000; then here was a default in the Post Office at New Orleans of some $50,000, to which we briefly alluded before; and now in the Marine Department at Washington, under the very eyes of the government, we hear of a defalcation to the amount of $30,000. We will venture to assort that if all the shortcomings of our public de psrtmeots were fully investigated, defalcations would be found, not only in the sum of half a million, but of many millions of dollars. The reason for this malfeasance is clearly to be found in the incompetency of the head* of the departments at Washington. They do not seem to know what is going on among their subordinates, or how the affairs of their deportments are managed, until after the mischief is done. The manner in which the defalcation in the New York Post Office was effected proves that the Postmaster General knows nothing at all about keeping accounts. The fact is that the heads of the departments, instead of attending to their business, are looking after the general politics of the country and the election for the Presidency. When any of theee defalcations are discovered the opposition invariably charge the blame upon the President, who is wholly innocent in the matter, and who is perhaps, after all. the only honest man in the government Take, for example. the infamy manifested by the Covode Committee, where the very mea who gave evidence which was designed te implicate the President in all kind* of trumped up charge? of fraud and corruption only testified to their own villany. Wendell and Forney and the rest of them were mixed up in a lot of corrupt jobs in [ which they expected the President to assist them; but finding that he stood firm, and that (hey could not use him, they turned round and endeavored to fasten upon him complicity with their own base schemes, llow completely they failed in doing so, and how thoroughly they exposed their own rascality and meanness, everybody knows. The truth is that a radical revolution is needed in every administrative department of the federal government, as may be clearly seen by the repeated cfcfulc&tioru and mismanagement which are being brought to light every day. We want competent business men at the head of the governmental bureaus, not mere politicians and President makers; and until such men are placed there we will huve no end of defalcation!* and frauds. Hiohi.t Importa>t from Dover AS ABA.N7t0.VKP BT FORMT, HlCKMl.V Jt Co.?The onti-I^ecompton democrucy of Pennsylvania. led by Forney. Hickman Jc Co., are showing them* Ives in their true colors, as will be seen by the highly important speech in another column, delivered by John Hickman in the Concert nail. Philadelphia, on Tuesday evening, the 2tth inst.. in which he formally announces the abandonment of Douglas, and comes out boldly for Lincoln. Mr. Hickman declares Douglas far inferior to Breckinridge; be gives a scathing record of the Illinois Senator's career, and pronounces that the only safety for the country lies in supporting Lincoln. This is all for the better. It will narrow the contest to the only two issues involved in It, and will strip it of all the ambiguity and humbug with which it has been invested. We always predicted that the anti Ijecompton democracy would come to this. We know that Forney. having received his office as Clerk of the House from the republican*, should giro thom his support, ftirtively. if not openly: but Hickman i* an honest, outspoken man. and he comes out in this speech frankly and above board for anti-slavery and the black republican candidate. By thu* abandoning Douglas, and going bodily into the republican camp, the antiLecompton democrats hare put the stamp upon the true Issues of the Presidential battle. With them it is evident that Douglas is to be no longer recognized as a representative of either i?sue. Opposition to Breckinridge and the democratic party, and support to Lincoln and the black republicans, is the battle cry they have adopted. Douglas must follow them, or be counted out?dropped, abandoned by bis quondam friends. Oct?ii?e Joint Stock Arranoewknts.?A joint stock electoral ticket between the Bell party and the Douglas party of (Georgia has been agreed upon: but it does not appear to create much enthusiasm in the camp of cither of the high contracting parties. Indeed, when we Con-ider that the Bell-Everett party D made up fioni the remain- of the late American or Know Nothing party, and that the Douglas party looks with confidence to a very large share of -the Irish vote.' we mu.-t conclude that all attempts to mix the?e opposing elements will be very apt to fall If Mr. Dougl*- has to be run upon crutches in Georgia it would be be-t to take him off the track, and if Mr Bell Is so weak in Georgia as to need the uidof Douglas, it would be a wi?e thing on the part of Mr. Bell to withdraw. Tieficrht i* between Lincoln and Rrerk inridge. and .ill onUide arrangement* like thl* bftwtta the Rell party nad the Dnugla- party in Georgi* a ill c?>me to nothing. Impohtint. n Trik.?It wm reported at a Houston meeting in ibis city the other evening that Mr. Kierett. dieplea^ed with the doing* of the Union party manager* of this State, had bal: nude i:p hi? mind to withdraw in disgust from thi* unprofitable rumpuign. We hope that there w.i? good ground for this report and that the next authentic new* from Mr Everett will be that he has withdrawn. He U a good Union m.n. bi.t in hia present po?ition he is In the w iy. and can not do one-half the good for the Union which be might do if his band* were mti"d ?o thai lie co- Id re*ume hl? patriotic con- J tribet'xjj tp t1?{f?w Y?rt /- Ip* HPR8DAY, JULY 26, I860. Thu Biu:coMtn>oi Movuhnt or Nj ? Yom? A Staci Convention Caijj:d.?We publish to<1*7 from the Breckinridge State Committee of New York, recentlj appointed, a call for a State Convention at Syracuse on Tuesday, the 7th of August, of the supporters of Breckinridge and Lane. to nominate an electoral ticket and u State ticket for our November elections This is going to work in the right way; for tbi* Breckinridge Committee, it will be observed, ignoring all the doings and arrangement* of the Albany Regency baaed upon the old order of things, is proceeding to business with a new set of books adapted to the new order of things. And what L> thu new order or things ! It is a contest between the North and the South for the Presidency, aggressive on the on s side, defensive on the other?a contest in which Abraham Lincoln is the champion of the Northern party, devoted to the suppression of slavery, while John C. Breckinridge is the defensive champion of the South and its peculiar institution of slavery. This is the sum and substance of this new order of things; for all the other odds and ends are ''but leather and prunella." To be sure, there are the Union party Bell and Everett ticket, the democratic Territorial squatter sovereignty ticket of Douglas and Johnson, the abolition ticket of Gerrit Smith, and the independent San Jacinto Texas ticket of General Sam Houston. But all these tickets and parties are in the way, and serve only to confuse and weaken the conservative forces opposed to this thing of a perpetual sectional war against the Southern States and their domestic uffairj. Practically, if there were only one party in the South, or if there were half a dozen parties and half a dozen tickets, the result would be the same?the unanimous vote of the Southern States against Lincoln. In the North, however, the conservative elements opposed to Lincoln must co-operate with the South, or Lincoln will be surely elected. What avails it if we have a popular majority in New York, New Jersey. Pennsylvania and Indiana opposed to the republican party, unless we can bring the forces together which make up tiiis majority. They can be brought together by a very simple plan of ^operations. Let Douglas and Johnson withdraw, and let Bell and I E\ erett withdraw, and we shall soon realize a concentration of the conservative force# of the North upon Breckinridge that will startle the followers of Lincoln. We apprehend that by tlu# time the most enthusiastic and hopeful disciple of Mr. Douglas is convinced that, come what ma?, there is not a ghost of a chance for him before the people or before Congress, and that hi# supporters, by keeping him on the course, are only playing the game of Van Huron of 184$. The same cannot be said of the " Bell-Everett party; but if this ticket were al>o out of the way the line between the conserva- 1 tive and the destructive forces of this section would be so clearly drawn that there would be no difficulty in bringing out all our substantial interest* and classes in full and overwhelming strength against this slavery-agitating republican party. In a word, the best thing that Mr.'Douglas and Mr. Johnson can do. and the best thing that Mr. Bell and Mr. Everett can do, in this crisis, for themselves, their friends and the country, is to withdraw from this Presidential canvass, so as to remove all obstructions to a fair fight between Lincoln and Breckinridge, the only two candidates for President who will be heard of n the electoral vote of the Union. ] Lanu Kamis's Tnunta ?That fkinoui comedy, " OurAmerican Cousin" baa been revived here with great sue- I cms, the house being crowded every night. The cast Is nearly the saute as during iu first nut. Mr Jefferson is I quaint aa ever Ut Am Trencbard, Sothern'a Dundreary la I the aame deUrkras caricature of the extreme Brlliah i well . Coulfioek, Burnett and Peters are aa etever aa be- I fore la the same ratal, and tha lad lea, Mrs. John Wood, 1 Mlaa Bam Stevens, Mlaa C. Jefferson aad Mrs. Via lag maka up a most agreeable eiuemMe. Everybody should see "Our American Cousin" ones. If not ofUner Amy UUUlgtnce. A Board of Officers, to consist of Captain Maynadior. Ordnance Department Captain Thornton, Ordnance Department; Captain Anderson, Second artillery: lieutenant Bairb. Ordnance Department, and Lieutenant Hose, First wtillrrv. Is ADOOintAd for th* WT?m nit UYft find irtmJ of Jims*' rifled cannon and proectilrs at Watch Rill, K I., and of Sbeoekl's accelerating cannon aad projectiiaa at Boaioo Maa*. The Board will make a report in each oaae of the trial* and their reaulu, and may ad mum from time to time hot a ll not be d.aaolTed till further ordera Irom the War I<rpartmcnt. A??iitant Surgeon C R Smth. Pepartment. la det* ai a? a niber of the Medical Board, appointed to HI' t at Ha t ir> r t . 1. of n plember next lor the exam nation of assistant surgeons for promotion. I maat I r Alciaader. Oorpa of Kagtneers la assigned to duly with the tuigiuerr cm-ipany now in the departm nt of Oregon lieutenant Ai> lander will r.-liere - unit Robert, aame rorpa. when the latter will repair to Washington City and report 1a person to the War Driartmrnl. Captain 8. M Barton. First Infantry, ia deta.ied to 1 roaV a or- j ? the military rcwervtinn of Kort Cobb. , under the direction of the commanding officer of that statioa. by whom all the facilities for the purpose will be suppl e<J a map aad Held note* of the surrey will be I for*ard'd lor the con'deration of the War lv'partmeol. | tin the romp!, tion of this duty Oapta.n Barton will join , lus cmpanr A k are o( absence h.a? been granted by the War Pe- I partment to the folio* u.g officer* ?CapU.n I. Sltgremvea. , I rp of Top graphical Engineer*, twrire mouths Cap la.n ( Hotelier, binth infantry. t .t monthr- Lieutenant 1 W > M-'rill. C-.rpa o-~ Fhginerm, two months: I.lewteo- I ant T Tread well, iirdnanr.- la-part met t two moatha I An ettension of lean- of .ibeeoce has been granted by the V %i Vp.?'tment to the lollow ing officers ?Colonel O 1 loom.? 1' fib infantry, eight niooibf. Major II Brewer- I I Ion, tone of Engineers. three months: Assistant Pur ( Con C. R Wood, Medical l?epartmeot, three months, eutcnant II 11 Walker. S ttb infantry, two months, ' flaststast Burgeon Craefurl. Medical Department, two | mootiis | Naral lateUlgtare. 1 The receipt of the mtelligease of the d mi sal of ' Majoi P J Sulherlaad, late Quartermaster of the Marine Corps as \ defaulter, published la yesterday morning's Hskaio, created bo llttls excitement among the naral romnv nlty, where be wng m well ud fhrombly known. The r?art amount of the defalcation la at preeont not known, bnt II la rumored thai it will not fhll fhr short of hvt.OWO Mator Sutherland eatc-?d tbe terrier on the 2S>tb V?Th. 1*42,nnl ?ti brerrAed Captain on the 14lh September, 1*47 Ho wna after*ardi appointed A. extant Vuart* rmaatrr of the M.. nr turps at I'hila te idi.a. ?nd, on tbe death of Waj.v I Inderr, repaired the appointment of Qaartermaater of the (Prpn .with the rank of M^ot Man* Ruanell will remain the Actiag Uuart.rmaj tor tuitil antrteooo la promoted to Ml the vacancy The I n.led Male* steamer Mohawk, I.ioat. Commander CYart n, pi.t into Matanxaa irth mat for valor, an I tailed early next momma on a entire The Hilled Mate* frigate G ngrc*'. from Rio Janeiro, nrt brig1 t*>'phin and flhinbr.dgr. with the (tranter Pu aakl, were all at Montevideo on the 10th of June. Offlrer> and rrewa all well. Prraanal Intelllffemee. ftoe PafteJ dr Obregon. of Met 100. ta stopping at tha Aator ria? e Hotel. Hon ft. P. fngllah, of Now rUrrq; Os-o K M Riddle, of ivanrrlranla. A It I'atcben. I'at , of Rolfclo and Jooepta Marker. Kaq o( Canada, were among the arrirala al the St. Ntohiotaa Hotel yeiterday Re-- ft C T r> and wife, of Virginia rapt Antho nr. of New He.if. d Her [tr t ri.ay, ot New tlrle ?aa W ft >h pman, I . of Hirtfnrd . Mr llolonnib. of Wat: 1 'too, a: 1 O Johtr .'i K.?.| , of bat ?nn th. are topp iig at ttie ! i Aremie If -tel. W.l Atvo?w| - i., of I'h ladeip . o " W T.lrofl . end W. f? man. fe-t . both of Cnnnnrt.cut H V. IV'kin*. I, i>; Hartlord Ihipont Hurtllo, Ke-| , of (Yha VnorCend; of New Ho en, and F Formaa, V-1 . nf lieion are (topping at the 11. t Place MoU ft ' Tarigla-. leq . of llt.'adelod a W I t antt | 1< of fa ntoa. Ma- I' Cam,>!>< ' ' ( < an a; i M It Clodding ?i < V M-vrre, 1 , and W ' inr , a tof J*?rann*H .:id June* I?d igt?t, r ( , of M n* *ee, an (lopping at the | nfarge II ? .? ,f? tge H*?t *?t rftalfim.a l*r fewe r V o .e n' |.>. a: . If... it til I ntted star , a vi j J am ? i l ill. *./>!. * t ?. . ? 1 *4 ? > NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL Omf HpcrUI WMkUftM DMpakk. Wunmw, July ?. IMO rai nouqoi iirvrrM I The expedition to Chiriqui la under the general charge of Captain Fredk. Engle, of the Mary, an officer of Um highest reputation and of high rank, who dlaburaoa Um appropriation of >10,000 mado by Oongreaa fbr it. Tie examinationa of the lathaoua of Chirtqui are to be ? lot. 01 the harbori at each extremity of Um tins on whicb it u proponed U ran a railroad acmi the isthmus. Throe barton bare already been surveyed, one by the Preach and one by the Eng ltah govern men i; but It Is oooaldered necessary to verify their chart* in a minute and careful manner. The expedition goto wet! provided with all the Inatrumenta, he , requisite fbr a thorough and skilful re survey, should such be fouad neoeasary after aa dtnlmtlon. The harbors are deep and very apartou, with fine, bold shorea. They are the only rood harbors on the coaat where a similar surrey will l>? made, and where they will be joined by the aiu-reying party wh.c'j crosses the Isthmus: and soon after all parties will return to the State*, as be tore stated The advantages that will accrue to the United Plates rrotn the pass mi ion of a trans t route, with such noble harbor* at its as this one has, cannot be over ret .mated, it is Secretary Tvuceyt instructions to hasten the operations of all kinds to the utmost, la order that a report upon the subject may be laid before Congress at tbe opening of their aett session; in his selection ofCapt fhigle be has secured nil the energy t-d ability that could be desired to carry out ha w ilier to the utmost sod with the greeted despatch. r? rc*mc ntarrrto Tie appi rat.oo of Iareombe It Cagtab. tor an lajunc lion to restrain Got. Ford, who is the legal printer ol the Bouse from controlling hia own business to the best advantage of tha public, simply because they are making a good thing out of their temporary contract with him. is viewed here by all who have aay legal or official knowledge of the facts, to be a very ebeurd proceeding. The question was to be settled In the Circuit Court of the district to day, but was postponed unt.I Saturday. The a itberity held by Mr. Pan^bom, who baa been elc.-ted by Gov For J to eirrute th* work ordered .a conicqi . nee of tbe latter'* lllneas, Is recogulred by the proper a ihortt.c* who sit In judgment la ouch rasea as regu lar. legal and just Iarcomue h English do not deny Mr. Pai.'tiorn'* authority to act for Gov lord, but insist that Fini'bora. who is a! printer, ahali coot nue the r acred, nglv prodlabie an-angemeat they were lucky ran gh t? make temporarily with <-ov Ford, who is not a pm< t eat pr ater. Defree* who dguree in the papers aa having comm oned proceedings against Ford for S (hare >> the p-odts o'. the nrmtias. ia the umimu bo run m > candidate agaaid Ford m printer of lb# Home. tod who olfcn led Bunj of the republican bjr M>ndin* a letter to their raurua protn-vng to giro then a khare of the pr<>flu if the/ would fWt li.m Tbej apuraed ibo bribe and repudiated IWVeea When the latter now Hint lord wae about to bo elected. oue of liis frieoJa, It la ia.d. expre?*ed a wlab to Oorrrnor Kord that he would tare IWfreea from anj loot incurred fro* being a caadi late, which waa understood to refer strap./ to Defreeo' rpenaw here lord replied. "I will do wtvatorer is ion ?rable " It la aaid that Ford baa kept till word to tia tuaa oi Bfirly oat tboiuand dot Ian, and bow Ui.a op xwrnt of Ford ko tlx impudaaoa. II la reported, lo combp or* Ipfal procradiiif agm.n.?t lor I for iwrwuNl ilia ra la thr prtntiaf p?oflt? Ford rapv.diata* him *??rr Htm' Ma or A B Ragan. faytnattar for tba dapartnaat Of )rpfoo. haa \*~a ordarad to rbanjra h.i (tatton from Fort tallaa lo Fort Vaocouvar. ia c mwquaaca of d.!Bcu! ta ibtauiiog ruada with to pay tue troopa at ttia forBP' pO t. Tha prot<artjr rar'ntljr \* *tad h- IV H : Iwmi* Bay ~ompa;iy. at Fort Vaact* or. U? lei am.nad aad l_-ipn?ad of by a b- . .1 i n.. tv'>. ? ?. roa? at .of o: hptaia Naumaa. S c t?rnaa aid Ma .?r "ba ditpoallion of tin- p . -?ty - oifl at ta lapU.a In|hfe Fori C nlf. Naw Mai k-o. will ba farriMaod bv com Mtiv C Bot;nW riflea, Captain Morrl* Cantonment Burg'nm will be under command of I - i 'nui O. G. Vagaer Company F., of Coloael Duncan1* mouiH rilemen. tiae ?e?n ordered lo.ioH the Caraaacbe an 1 K.Mn erprdtt; >1 i* moa it la teheeed from preaeat duty at Fort I'nton. rravat. nmt' A circular from the Naey Depart neat to the r>fn nandant* of yard* die* the rovpenM*. mn of maat- r m hanica at twe're b- odred dollar* per ur a. except DC maater ahtp carpenie-?, * 10 art., reeeire four ren hundred dollar* Th a Buperwdrt the old ayitom. ir which Barter ?n?eha:. * we-e paid per diem and >o reoeired prrqolaitca from app-e-itieed1 but loet not lacr-we their affregate aaiar ee TW anai DOIUIT ?* TTia d"r?:eatvwi of QuArte-narte- ! ther aid vuvi.iU o aomo thtrt}-three thousand do. *r? TV iurctiea are enty-lre thouiaai IW * ? *?*?** "Of re*, if IWUCirol. TV defal at ? ? of the >>?<) .*? i. '?>tojia IOTfT?l by h s ret ei T * dtlr-> * > j c ?. f 1 a >< 'a' ar ot oi lh? fteftartirwit n* eaa > A fi ?V ?.*vr Jr-." i I .* lua., ? ? ?, on either side of Central Amerioa. It U these, and the security and feclJItles they offer to trad* at the termini of the proposed railroad, that render the location of a traaait route between them ao ertrecWy Importaat aad desirable Si The surrey of the Isthmus itaelf, ,10 aacertala whether a railroad can be constructed to join the harbora. There la every reason to believe such enterprise la practicable. The officer in charye of this branch of the examinations la Lieut J 8 C Morton, Oorpa of Engineers. He proposes to establish a station for barometrical observations. durlns the period of the survey, on one of the islands of the Chlrlqul Lagoon, which is the harbor on the nearest or northentfllde of the Isthmus, and to survey one or more lines across the Isthmus with the barometer, spirit level and transit, the profiles obtained by the spirit level will be checked by those computed from the barometrical observations taken on the route, which will be referred to those registered at the fixed station. It is also designed as a farther check to take some baro metrical observations at the Pacific terminus of the route, on the aborts of Golfo Pule (tho harbor on that Side), and it may be expected thai some curious results will be obtained relative to the degree to which the height of the column of mercury differs at the same levels on the two elo;>re of the Cordllioras, owing to the different Influences of the winds oo the pressure of the atmosphere on the lWcific and Gulf sides of the ridge This land expedition will be attended with difficulty and danger; not that the country presents any important engineering obstacles to s railroad being constructed, but because, from the shores of the Lagoon to the dividing ridge, it is intersected by mounta.n streams, covered with the densest tropical forests and high jungle, that is almost impenetrable?a wilderness Inhabited on.y by wild beasts A number of Indians will be hired to cut a path through it, and to carry the packs of the party Mule transportation Is out of the question. Once, however. that the dividing ridge is attained. the surveyors enter a d.ffbrent climate, end traverse beautiful scenery. The sun's light, which, is the intervals of the showers on the Atlantic slope, is nearly hidden by the forests, is seen once more. Oo either side of the depression by which it is p'oponed to cross the ridge are table lands of greet beauty, end on emerging from it open plains ore seen stretching down to the PnCiflc, scantily ornamented with groveo of trees sad occupied by several settlements, the largest of which are David and Dolega. On arriving at the sen const, after a short stay employed In obnervntlons, kc , the surveying party will Join n United Statee vessel and return to the States, vta Panama, touching at the Chiriqul Lagoon. Tho third branch of the expedition is the geological survegr of the islands In the Chirlqui Lagoon, for the purpose of ascertaining the kind of coal thoy afford, Its properties, the quantities it occurs In, and the ens# with whioh the mines can bo worked. This survey is under Dr. Fvana, who will procure Indian labor on the spot to work the mines; he will also be assisted by sailors from the vessel. A frame house will be carried down by Oapt. Logic and erected in the vicinity of the mines, to give s better shelter than tents afford during the frequent showers of the present season. The general plan of the expedition is, for the resse! to proceed at once to the Chiriqui Lagoon, and there net shore the survey lag party (consiatinr of seven men is all, besides the commanding officer; aud the geologist, with his assistants. The vessel, after surveying the Lagoon. will take Oapt. Engle and his hydrographical assistant (whose name has not transpired) to Asp in wall, whence thev will proceed, via Panama, to Oolfn fkilr* Join the btmII umeAron. Her After wte ooetetoMd bf her ottoere, who AM not know whet eeueeA the Atn<n * able eteoch which paraded her Upon bete* U?pete?h it wm discovered thet tt proceeded fro? bill* weter The ignorance of her officers ee to the edor of UK artUte, bea been the ceuee of much comment m ormum ilul bbbttcw The Poet Office Deferment bee AeetAeA to lecreeae the . berries oc the Cteh orerteed route from 8t. Jooeph's te Juteeburf, new Denver City, end from lleoerrAle te Ow eon Velley, to weekly tripe. The ceoC-H portion of the service reeeeine eeml-monthly. roe WAwmrroe wevn wo us Ceplelo Bpl?, Chief Fosiurer of the weter worm accompanied by Captain Mr iff, emu n ad the works tedsy lor the first time since the former's appointment, I with refereece to commencing operations at once, "if tarn Beuham us stormed with applications from mechanics and workmen for contracts upon different branches of tha ' aqueduct The works will b# vigorously pushed to oom pletiou. oca uianom win na sum ra rt is asserted by those who bare mads particular inquiry oo the subject, that the secret organisat<oa whkjfc lately excited fears of bloodshed in tha Cherokee country, is, tossy the least, political, and similar to what wan commonly known in "the States" aa "the Know Nothing party," confined to pure blooded Indiana. Our government has bean watching with soma interest the events In that nation, particularly those growing out of the agitation of the slavery question, aa any outbreak in that connection might involve the whites residing in that part of the country in the consequences. No immediate danger is now, however, apprehended The United States Indian Agent having by this tlma reached the valuable Cherokee reservation, he will take mmediate measures for the expulsion of the white intruders. ,'ndge Greenwood, the Commissioner of Indian Aflhirs, will leave Washington in the course of a few days for tha Pike's Peak country. In 1861 a treaty or arrangement was made with tha Arapahoe* and Cheyeunes which, while it fixed the limits within which these Indians might hunt, did not acknow ledge their title to the land, wit, owing to the extension of white population, they have been seriously curtailed in their supplies from the chase. In view of this, and the fact that they are friendly Indiana, Congress, at the late semion, appropriated 136,006 for presents (which are being forwarded), and to defray tha expense of holding a council with them regarding their future welfare. The Commi**ioner's former visits among various tribes of Indians hai ng been productive of highly beneficial results, it is l>elicved that the one now contemplated wig have a favorable effect. and that, in accordance with tha earnest desire of the Ai&pahoee and Cheyenneo, these will be secured In the pcxwmlon of permanent homes, and Induced to change their present mode of obtaining a precarious subsistence ADWTIOSAL IEW8 FROK EUBOPL ARRIVAL OF THE CAHiDA AT HALIFAX. Halifax, July, ?, UN. The FUtunAhip Canal*. from Liverpool, arrived at this port at half peat eleven A. M., and sailed at aix P, K. to day for Boston. The Canada epoke on the 14th tha J Morton, Rockland, and Candor; 16th, the Centurion aad Fidelia, aad 23d. a Urge ateamer bound eaat. The ateamablp Aaia, from New York, arrived at Queen* town on the evening of the 13th, and readied the Mersey the following night. The new* by the Canada waa folly covered by the despatch from Cape Race, with the exceptant of the M- < lowing:? T1IK VERY LATEST NEWS. [bt Tusxan vla Quaaaaiown ] AFFAIRS IN RICILT. Paubmo, July II, IMS A aew Ministry baa been formed. Amarl, the fcsUrian, aad Brrante, are among the numbar. Quaangrown, July If, INS. | A despatch from Palermo reports aanguitary rombeta to have occurred near Mention, between the Neapolitan aad the advance guard of the Sicilian army Garibaldi had received further aid to the amount of one mStion lire and fifty erven cannon. 0CTHLXII AT h'APLSS AMONG THH TROOPS. Naflk, July 10, lfiW. Tt.r King has summoned hia former Camarilla. The popuiatiou is unquiet. A partial outbreak haa taken piaoe among the troopa in x the citadel, and twelve have been wounded Sbipe aad troope are being ernt to Messina THK PAPAL STATU. Ron. July 10,1M0 TUrre have been no further dieturbaacee in the Cmbrtaa Marcnea. * DUrevery of DUbellral Plot la Texan. fit. Lorn, July If, LMO An extra from the Bonham Texas Tra offloe of the lTMl net. received te-night by the overland mall, cnuUiaa a etter from Chan. R Pryor, editor of the Pallas HeraU, tat log that the Are at that place on the Sth led to the discovery of a dlabeltoal plan to devastate the whole of Northern Texan?white men, frtrada of the aboULon preachers, Blunt, McK.nney, who were expelled from the country Iaat year, are the Instigator*. The plan waa In U. Ih. J ?- ? ?/ lire, muvjlQ| Ml VW. ammnnltion, Ac., ud la p( Ikt country in ft state o* belpteesfteee, nnd, then, oft Flection day to August l? make general Insurrection, aided by emissaries from toe Nerth ftftd pert iff friendly to Um cease 1b Tbsae. The.r sphere of operations was districted and sub-districted, each district betnf under the supervision of* white man. who was to control the negroes. Severn! whit? mea anil negroes, concerned in the plot, hare been arrested at Pallas. The following Arts are rrported to hare occurred cm the same day that Teliae waa destroyed, all of are at trlbuted to the same cause?The large mercantile brass In Black Jack Grove, lore 930,000 three mercantile bouaes at Protso. lorn 9100.000; a large storehouse at Ptlot Point, lose $10,000: a large store horse at Iadonia. Una , 92.?00 eight store* at Belknap, loss not estimated The town of M;lrOFd, Kiis co-mty, wis tola. / deatoysd Severn' smaller firm had also broken out. Great exr'tement rested throughout the whole <M Northern Texas In consequence of the dJcovery of this fiendish plot, and prompt and effective measures wers being taken tor the preservation of life and property Abollt lomlats In Truss?Fires la Teens. Niw Omxa.**, July 2$, lMu^i Ihree abolitionists hire been caught la Waah nglun county. Triaa, and ordered to leave the Kale The loss by the recent Ores In the North Fasten const >?S of Trm exceeds 9700,000. , The GeldiB Fleece Onfwtrd Beand. 8t. JoevF, K r , July 99. 1100 The steamship f-oldea Fierce from New York, arrived off Capi- Race at three o'clock this afle-nooa. Bo-tos, July Si, I MO IV A rah is sailed at one o'clock tli s u'.ernoon, wvh , seventy sit passenger* for Iuverpool aj 1 o aeteoft fjr Halifax, and 9100,000 ta specie. Obltnary. B-niiv to* S. J , July Sf, ?? Rev. it Vs.. Recseelae*, ac honored and be s lored cJ-rgyman of tbe Presbyter an churcn. M M Mi residence o this city, tb.e mo-ning He was too son of tbe Hon Stephen Van Kens*elaer of Albany, N T Market!. Nrw ont-'A.**. July 8.V 1990 Cotton?cwVt to day 1.000 market jarhanged Flour a tlve at 93 33 a 9-' OA for auperffne YetgbUi ?* cotton to Havre 1 *{c. Kent of tbe market unchanged RsLTtnoaa. Ju.y 29,1M0 FViur inectiee P.rward street 9* 23. Wheat M-wty red 91 110 a 01 23; white 91 HO a 91 39 Corn quiet, yet- * low Sic a 73c. rrovi* oas Una aad uncharged Wh uey JO^t ? 21c PBnanvurr*. Jnly 13,1990 Flour inactive Wheat dull, wh'te 91 ?S0 at 91 ?C rwd 91 2.' Corn quiet, vetlow 97c a 60e Previsions qv ?*. Mean pork 91C 50 a 91" 75. Whiskey steady, at 21c a "Jc Brwato. Jaiv 29?1 P M Flour m-ei and steady Wheat dull and tending down- * Wt-d. aai a P 000 bushels red Oh o. is part to arrive, at 91 . Co-n opened dull, bit closed 9mer aaies 20.00S busi a at tO'.c Carta, freights weaker, but w tho o qii'.U'j c'lanre la.e mport; 1.000 bbls .flour 2 00C b ali " '. at IC" 000 hubs* corn Canal Fr?rta 41.000 b wben'. 9.000 bt.dje a rora. 19.000 bneiieiaoaU Brrraus. July 8f?9 P V Flour inl! sak? and bh.s . at 99 for e^tra Wsnoa sin, 99 a $9 971, for eit-a Men gan. Ind.tna nod fUvtA tR 'ii a M fftt <4a?K1s Mlaaa Pkmmi MlM 10.(K)O bu?b*l? a?? rod Oh.n at 01 11 (stni?. Mirk l oprord dall, ??ti? rloari sf b ii?- *. ^ 40.000 l>a?b*t? : 00r for ch.o. U> am** SOtjr % 01a for Illinois (.HIM** gri n* non nal W!i tff its* tlr* aa)?a 40o bbli at 10r. Can*, frr *um qui*! and v.nrbanr**1 Import*?2,000 Mi flour. 10OW b jiiirji final, 104 000 do. wo. Export'?4-W bb!? floor. 41 ?*? buahrti wheat. 34,001) burn** Cora. 27 000 .lo nab n w_. w won. July 03, 1400 Floor dt!' but onohaamd. w,i-? q,,i*( aaWal.MO bu*hel* Car. via tin at ?1 to Cora bMinmt -Arm of (Zr. mad? frorty. bat not *er.'.t.-d itia !?' #r*n a? 11,000 bir-h"'? indau ?| 60Vr Ott*" ara.a* q i*t (Mam. (mgUv A~m M 3;j. on k>ur, ?S<- '? wheat, and "v., i ,rw , ,rk ummiKiw-iw u" *> t<* W 'Mu)i*ta forn. t *wbv*b?* K*i"OU>?2,; <i Ubte d.i ir. 34 .'<00 >UAb?U 41400 bcohf ? eon. IS.T *>bu?>i? <*t? C?C*K> JuiTW ISM r.'< O'Jif. 0.-.1 t*a<liaf o.,wa?r?rdti> W $4 ?) * M f>Cio.ofpp-.nj 3 > ti *1 30 fo 'fl ?Ut?r WoiMt "rai *>s#,0ft) , r*Le,? t v?o for No '2 0* ? 1 for rod wrtei, to More <??'"? ft.*" <-10 000 feMbelg ut 43r <48>,e.. i" Or* A Re-; ipU?TOO bbl* 0 nr. W.MO tv oh*.. wh-?t, 44),, corn, 1,7J0 buabnt ,-h nrv-i?Oj >o* beb* wVmu I0'?) hwb?l0 r?ro, MOM b i?'? <nl? F'fuhl*? oyc in c<~m te jb-iwo ?<tu* **c.?%.T,r? <>i N?? i >.-* , in p?r ecr.t c-fnii n Ti p*.? ? - %-i t | i > ?j< i 1 ,?n I". I ? ' * > * "" '* < f " >.{ ' I <VV ; ' )i MV

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