Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 30, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 30, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. " JANES GORDON BENNETT, EPITuR AXD PKOI'RIKTOR. Orrrci N. w. coknem of Nassau and irtTOK ara. 1 TXXJfS, rtuh in aitranr* M *mey *mt by mail trill be at the { c?/ (A* tri.der. r<*tayt stamp* not rvxivtd a* ?*b*cription tnrms} THt DAIT 1" HFRALP tiro emtti per ropy, $7 per flwiwwi THE WKtK LT lit". H.i Lit, every 4W ur./.iy, <U ?i-r 'eat* i**r ] o* per artnuin th* K Kiittum every W? in^iiy. Of r x.r cnt> per c<f>y *1 ; ' -i* m "iny part or (}r*\t IhiUiih, f Or 9f* U> a * pnrl of th' (\>ntinm< both to indutietw igr; th< Cli/i'fr-iHj Edition <#,. tU' i*lK <i:>: 2Uf/< of e*tfh mont/l at j?jc rents * per ropy, nr |W fter nni>urn. ? Tolsmi XXV Mo. *01 ? AJ4L HKMKMTV this kvknino. c ' e WIBIiO'S OART KN, Brcvdway-EucMTKuw ?*?*roKiiAlow V WINTER GARDEN, Brrwulway. opr<wlt? Bond itiwt.? 0 W Dmuali'mkac l'tu.i or Maphid?riuirt Ror? r un. P WAU.ACEHTHKaTRK. Broadway.?DOM!* AMD SOU? J, ijLWOti rot, lictajMu. I,AURA KERNES TUE.TRE, EM Broadway.?Our AmtM.UA* COW* _____ * NEW BOWKRT Bowery.? \RT1I15 or LtOKS?Thumb? t UllUiT or TU* 1 UK BARjrrif'fl AMERICAN k <7BKUM, Broadway.?I>ay and B*?nlivt KTiuoriah Ho?u?, Dajicbs, BoitLmtuia. Urixa V . r:*< AC. I NATIONAL TARIFTT1BB. Chatham itreel ?S*i? c<vt- | Va^i?Bingihq ajid Dahcuiu?Scuool in am I'raoiK-la*BKICI BOT. ( 1 AliACK OARHK'I, FourtMutk atreeL-VOCAi. Am IXgiDumi Coicin. CANTKKBURY CON^KUT 8AL00N, 863 Broadway.? DoMoa. Dancu. hciu.' micb, Ac. MO. 4U BROAPW A Y?So KM, DjlHCM, BVKLM4VM. Ac. New lork, Monday, Jnly 30, 1NOO. 'J he Nan a. Tbc steamship Quaker City, frifm Ilavana 26th Inst., arrived nt this port yesterday morning. Tlie news by this arrival is not particularly interesting. The health of Havann was pretty pood, considering the season of the year, but few cases of yellow fever being reported. The Captain General had Just returned to Havana from Pinar del Rio, where I c had been on a visit for a few days. The British steamship Clyde arrived at Havana rn the 23d inst., bringing news from Caracas Venezuela, of the 7th inst. The news from that country is not very favorable as to its political and social condition: robberies and assasinations were quite frequent, and the authorities inactive. The trial of the case of General Castro had been fixed to take place ou the 7th i^at. before a jury composed of the Senate and the Judges of the Supreme Court. T >e Venej^p Legislature or Congress adjourned cn the 6fP^ist., having passed salutary laws for g the protec tion and pacification of the country, pro- 0 vided there can be found cxcutive power enough a for their enforcement. Frr>m the tenor of letters published in the Diario xle la Marina of Havana, from its Honduras correa- _ T jiondent, it would appear that the treaty recently tatiikd by the Senate of the United States with ^ that republic it- not officially recognized, under the t' assertion that Senor L. Alvardo was not legally s constituted the Minister of that republic near the t peve -nment of the United States, and that his labor a a nullity. \ A correspondent at Bridgetown, Barbadoes, g under date of July 11, says:-Our market for Ireadstuffs was nearly run out, when most opportunely, yesterday morning, the barks Mayflower, Montezuma, Henry Trowbridge, N. H. Caston, and brig Atlantic, from New York, arrived this 0 morning. bringing 3,115 bbls. flour, 2,628 bbls. # meal. 700 bags com and 450 bbls. pork. From e the general dearth of native provisions, and the r consequently large consumption of breadstuff*, j importers this time will realise large profits. Cod- j fiab is greatly in demand and supply small, although j, four cargoes from Newfoundland and two from j Halifax arrived during the week; or house bought four of these cargoes on private 1 ms. Lumber m wanted. Shingles are in large supply. Tho T growing crops look well, but heavy rains are reeded. The sugar crop is finished through tho island, and the produce is estimated at about 47.000 Lhds.. nearly shipped, and no demand for tonnage. Descriptions of the places of public resort mostly visited by the working population of the metropolis on Sunday, with account* of the manner in which they. with their wives and children, enjoy * themselves, are furnished by our reporters in our paper tc day. Ihe Excise Commissioners?up to five o'clock Saturday evening?had examined and passed about 1,600 licenses, and rejected a large number. They will hold their lust meeting in the City Hall, at three o'clock. P. M.. to day, and then rlo?e the commi?<?U>n for the year. Tl index of the license* passed upon will be opened for inspection this morning in Mr. Hnskctt's office, at nine o'clock, and applications will be received there up to the he ur of tie final meeting. .Nearly all the respectable dealers have obtained licenses for the enrrent yea". The license* will be delivered in the following alphabetical order:?From letter A to J inclusive, on the first of Augn?t; from K to H inclusive on Jic second of Augrst; and from S to Z inclusive, en the third of AugtM next. The rceut visit of the Chicago Zouave# and the hnvanna'i Republican Blues to Xew York seems to Iiave infi;sed new spirit into the military organUatioos all over the country. The original challenge nf ffiA (' iracr* Pnrlttw to fltiv v?.lim!?-or mil l:irv companj in the 1'nion. and the acceptance of tho a tome bj the Columbus Guard. of Georgia, arc j, published in our paper thin morning. Richard BavenJam, the keeper of a rile don in B xter street, wan yesterday arrested and committed to friaon. charged with tLe murder of a f Spaniard at hi* house about a jrar ago. The 1 principal witness against him is a girl who enticed r Ibr man into tlie house, and afterward* a**i.*tod the f occused in robbing and beating him. Some of the h dtatemento of the girl arc corroborated l?y tV? record* in the Coroner a office. ^ The cot loo market ?w firmer a? f?Uurdajr, srd ?.>me , alee were reported after tbe receipt of inter for. ,5. in _ l<;itgeoce f'to 9t Johns. The trai'vtiooa erbrar^l ^ about 3.40*. balee. eloetac Brm on the basis of 10 -*e for h middling cplards. Tbc demand for suprrflos Mid com- 0 mon fp-adea of State and Western flour was fair and j pr oas unchanged, while medium jrrados and comnv?r i-itra* were Irregular Wheat was la fair Jrraaud, wb.la 9 p'ices etbiblted do alteration of moment Corn is ' comparatively qutet, while pricw were steady Pork 1 v> ax low*r; sales of new mess were made at 119 90 a f, f 16 12 S'. ac f new prime at 914. H .g?rs ?>ld to a mo. derate extent, while prices were curtained; the trawac ai I oni inctudsd 300 a 400 Lb Is and 460 botes. ColTee " ?rv trm. while sales were Halted. Freight* ennt on<*l r' firm, while e vagemenU were l?ht. Among the ahtp n K>nls k Liverpool were S3 000 busbcla of wheat, in ? b j 1 bag*, at 10J a 10 sJ- ti m IN Tut Wbathe* axd the Metro*. ?For the pai " two or Uxrif days the weather has become 1*- o gnr rkably cool for the season; the thermometer j! A I r.11 4? J a.. . . . * i*n w < ? uprtw, wnue iwt week It rarely marked Mow 86 d^gre^s or W d<*gre?*s. M IHirlng portions of yesterday the air rerg?'d \ poa the Icy. Everybody must hare obserrod th <?at erer "lnc? the prat meteor visited us the hi 1 *t has been greatly diminishing, and that th o and thunder storms h?TP been rcry fre- pe ,t ct and violent. The atmosphere appears to se i t varcharged with magnetism and electricity an 4c on unusual degree. Can our scientific iften pc jp (i observer* of atmospheric phenomena tell ns co M * fter t^e raet*or has anything to do with this R? 4 ic state of lft? ircsU.:: t ? '?' aire1 Htt Workl>|i of the Pollllctl UMivDoulu' Petal 9f D^pmrtmr* from Trie PrtMlpU< The profeesional politicians are wonderfully ?xercised at the rapid change* and complete niscarriage of their plana and calculations, which the political revolution now going on in he popular mind is working. We are not surprised at it. The politician by ?rofes.sion never comprehends the operation ol peat principles. These overthrow all organiations, all bargains for office, all the antic! (filed distributions of Bpoii, by acting through he mtiK^es of people who have no part in cor upt und selfhh arrangements. This is the pro ess that ia now going on, and the people verywhere are seeking the true principles in olved in the present campaign, instead ol beylng the behests of worn out snd selfish lolltical organizations. It is this proems whict s rapidly ranging the masses under the ban lere of Breckinridge and of Lincoln, and lest ng to the Douglas, the Bell, the Houston and he Gerrit Smith party managers and wire workers nothing but the empty shell of party existence to be traded for and sold out 'or the benefit of the creditors and -esiduary legatees. .Two parties only, in he present contest, have any real principle underlying their organizations. The black epublicans hare proclaimed a self-satisfied and reductive theory, that Northern society is more -eligious, moral and pure than that of the South, ind claim that, being more virtuous, it is more mppy. On this ground they are urging the ountry to an "irrepressible conflict" with the South, destructive alike to the great principlee >f the constitution which establish the equality >f the States, and to the brotherhood, the social ntercourse. and the great material interest! lowing from that equality. This the people see; and that fact has ope ated to diminish the popular majorities of that jarty in the North, and to make its banners the 'yrabols of an aggressive war on the South. A actitious character has been given to the con?'st. by concentrating it for a while on the luestion of Territorial sovereignty?one of the constitutional questions which has not been thoroughly ventilated and decided by the people, ri'is question rests upon certain simple, Axed ind abstruse piinciples of government which :annot be departed from without leading to ither departures from constitutional prin:iple, which are full of danger to the [overument and to the Union. The Id and now defunct democratic party had cU'd iu the past without reference to these riuciple* leaving their discussion and settletent upon n permanent basis to the future, hat discussion is now going on, and the time as come for its decision. Although the quesion has been presented before now, In the hape of Wilmot provisos and similar proposiions, and always with a formidable and widely gitating character, it was not until Mr. Douglas irought forward that Pandora's box, the Kanas-Nebraska bill, that the real discussion was pened. When that bill was brought up in 1854, be farseeing and sagacious among the leaders f the democratic party perceived how necesary it was that the great principle involved hould be formulated and expressed without eference to political partisanship or personal ireferenccs. The policy that then animated >artie8 is thus stated by Senator Benjamin, in lis speech in the Senate on the 22d of May ast:? TV republican* nrofeased tbe principle (bat (be Or?n rr.-B i>f the l mted States bad the power to govern tbe errltories, ai.d that there was to be found in the conati utlcn of tbe t'nltcd itlalea no prohibition agaiaft e*erising tluM power so ha to exclude alavery, and tlioy lieref.ire went for cxcludin# alavery from the Territories > tbep.wero' Corses*, wmcb bad an admitted power i ran thorn. The smtbera members of tbe demoralic |*i ty, w.tb soma of tbo members from the North, greed ? lib the republican party that the (Jongrew of the Mi Slates 'iad tbo undo<;bt<-d power t<> govern tbe erntoriee but they held that there wu a limitation to hat |t'?er to found In the constitution of the t'nitod iat<?. which nutation prevented tbe Confre*g of the iiite-1 States Irom exercising the power to exclude my, but. on ti e coutrary, Imposed it as a duty upon Degress to protect property in aUvea, J act ok all other io|M>rty The tlnri school held that the sole power of ni <rea? a u Ui mat.lute an organic act, aK tbey termed tl.at tlif ?ole power w?? to jive, u tl w?rf, a con?litu h>ii to t' TitrlWW by which the people might 1>? rooikl It th'T in organized form, and that when the eople v ' thu? brought together In m> organized form, n a lff.-ut'v<> capacity, i My poMMMd Inherent ?>? cietit) , just a* a Mate, and had a right to do tn rclttioa d slavery ju?l w they plenaed. All of tbcw wore more or less biassed rem the true principle by local Interests anl iarty aspirations, and in order to save the donocratic party from the inevitable dissolution vhich would follow an adhe-ion to local aspirations, instead of great national interests and institutional principle, they all agreed to abide )j the decision of the Supreme Court. the only )o*.-ionle*s and di-intere*ted interpreter of the 'oiutiiutioD. To this wi-e agreement Senator )ou?la.? ww a party. The decision of the Court ;ame in 1nT>7. in the celebrate*! L>red Scott derision. The black republicans undertook to cet tid of that decision by o ?nouncinp the Court, ind Mr. Seward, again and again, in tbo Senate md out of it. insinuated and charged that there lad been a bargain between the Chief Justice md the President of the United States. That itterly groundless charge has recoiled on him 'verywbere. because it is confidently believed Lat in his accusation* against the highest and wrest in the land, he judges them by princl>1 ?s of action which would have guided him a be been in their place. The principle established in the Pred Scott ecioion is well known When Mr. Dougis went into the contest for the enntorshlp of the State of Illinois, e had not the courage to tight a local battle ... ..... u..?.vuni I'IIUV, .ii" in u|ipumn<'n 10 ho evanescent prejudice? of the day Ho h.unk from his obligation and duty n? a na icnnl statesman. nnd when Mr. Lincoln, in K'.K fortod bitn on the question, ho ropliod m jllowf:? 1 matter* rot ? hat way the Aiprew* Oonrt mar hw f\. r tltx itio aa to the abetvt question ?b<th r alavery ta/ or m*f no! fo into a l>mlcr7 BB*er the r?"r?^iu. ..i tbc profile bare the taw (at mean* to ln?*?vt-)rr Or \. ? !? it a* ibey plow f<* the reaxnn that ?l?. ty caa ot ei??t * day or an bour anywhere unleaa tt la ^.'ptv>rt J bj I.cai police regulations Tboae poller nfQlattoaa ui *1; bf eaUbllabeil by the local I "ft ?l iture, an 1 If >< |?oj>U) arr <>i pi?r.| to 'alavery tiiey will elcet rcpre ntitlvee to that U?1y who will, by unfriendly Iff lata pb. Hltctually prevent the Intnxloctloii of It toto their mitt If, oa the contrary, tlirr are fi>r It. their l*ftala on w.ll fa\or Ita extension Hence, bo matter what the <ct*ton of the t*tipr?r* tYmrt may be kb that ab?tra<-t leatlcn. at 111 the riflti f the people to make a Blare T<>rlory rr a fter Tnrritory < |? rfr. a: t rnmpi t?" 'in.l -r e Nrbraaka bill. I tx"pc Mr. Liuc u derma it/ an?wc>r twfactory on tb.it p?int. Ilore is wbor# Mr. Douglas deputed (Vom e tme constitutional principle, abiuidoned s stand as a national statesman. and took tip c subordinate and Inferior position of a local itti-an and political demagogue. Thi< is th.? cret of bis success with mere local politicians, 1 of hw weakno--< ? a candiAa'o I r n \tio tl i?ition. hhort sighted party n.tnaper-' nntl rnipt prcft-asional spoll?mor 111 ?tho Albany 'jre: cy Bad shoulder hitting T mmv;y sa ?<M, (ell lLat U? uieut iw?i * NEW YORK HERALD, were of more Importance than the Presidency and they could not see that a Presiden tial contest, conducted on great principles, always controls subsequent local elections. Thej forgot that every man is first of all an American, and after that a New Yorker, or a Virgin! an?in a word, that the national feeling underlies and controls that of State pride. This er, ror has led them and their leader, Mr. Douglas into the innumerable contradictions of expediency which are rapidly working their dentine tion as political leaders of the people. The lineaments of the present canvass are just beginning to stand out to the view of the people , and ss they become bolder in every section ol the country, Mr. Douglas and his followers will in aKnnj3/.ninat nrrafti minni. I* vuiupii uruu UiBli Ui UVUUUVUIU^ Q?VH? |/I1UV* plea for the shifting grounds of local prejudice, they have lost all hope of obtaining from the people the trust of either national or local power. Thk Princk or Walks and the Parsons.?We publish In another column a curious article from the Churchman, from which it appear* that the Prince of Wales, on his arrival in New York, is to be seized upon bodily by the plow* old fogies of Trinity church, and set up in thai ancient minster as a new Idol, to be worshipped conjointly with the god mammon, who hae heretofore almost monopolized the devotions ol that respectable, wealthy and very devout community. The "daughter church,'' as our pious cotemporary regards the denomination which Trinity represents, is about to exhibit its filial affection by boring the future head of the "mother church.'' We are told that "the clergy and vestry of Trinity church, in an especial munncr, will show attention and respect to the young Prince." Perhaps it is intended to Instal liim us the head of the Episcopal church in America, as bis mother is the head of that establishment in Great Britain tmd Ireland. We bad hoped tnat the young Prince, travelling, as he IntendB to do In the United States, simply as a private gentleman, and hawn^r thereby escaped the clutches of our vulgar Common Council, would be saved from bores of every kind; but it seems that, while avoiding the attentions of our not over pious Corporation, he is destined to fall into the embraces o( the very pious fogies of the Churchman and old Trinity. It is evident, from the spirit of the article referred to, that the heir apparent to the throne of England, and therefore the future "Defender of the Faith," is to be made a show of upon strictly religious principles?that is, provided that his own good sense (for he is represented to be a very sensible youth) and the judgment of th? noblemen and gentlemen who accompany him do not rebel against the fulsome stuff of the Churchman, and that the Haron Renfrew, under which title only we shall know him, does not refuse to carry out the programme of the clergy and vestry of Trinity church. The Prince of Wales has been very well received in her Majesty's colonies. Everything compatible with the most exuberant loyalty, and the most enthusiastic admiration of bis "brilliant hazel eyes," "well knit figure," his graceful condescension and very delightful dancing, on the part of the ladies especially, has been done in St Johns, lie has made himself exceedingly popular by remaining at the ball until two o'clock in tl 9 morning, dancing with halt a dozen different young ladies in succession?not the best of dancore. either, it wuultl appear. IIcotcu look upon himself the duty of calling out the figures occasionally?"first couple right and left"'?"bal" ance to the right"?"ladies to the centre,'' and bo forth? nil very charming in a Prince, and very natural in a joung man of nineteen, in tensely devoted to the Terpsichoreau art?an w bat young man of nineteen is not? The Trinco has evidently come to this continent to enjoy himself, as well as to study the institutions, col. lial ard republican; and we opine that wheL be comes to the great metropolis of the United States be will hardly enjoy being seized upon by tie parsons, exhibited in Trinity church, and saluted with the stupid homage of a set of old fogies who have more piety than brains. Oc the contrary, we think that the grand nephew f '-the first gentleman in Europe" would be r h better pleased in tiipping it on the ligbi -tactic toe with some bright faced Yunk.-c girl,' to the music of Dodworth's band. The Prince of Waits rei:?rioBon the frontier of the British possession* ie Huron Renfrew, a young nobleman travelling privately for his amusement and instruction, enters the domains of the United States, and we trust that he will be permitted to accomplish his purpose, like any other private gentleman whose rank be bas decided to assume, lie does not come here as tbe future King of Great Britain, or the future head of the Church of England, the mother of tbe Episcopal church of America; and while he fortunately escapes the oration which he would certainly receive in the former character. it is to be hoped that nothing of tbe kind will be fcrced upon him in tbe latter. Cunnot the Trinity church people find enough to do in enlightening the benighted heathen in foreign parts, and let tbe Prmcc of Wales alone? Iitr.iuTTTrai of thk Dooouui WoT.mciAjm.? We laid tbe following notice in one of tbe small ii j |Mu*iunui |i.iprn* puousuea oui west, 811(1 devoted body and soul to the Douglas interest:? Cur reader* will understand the rumor* not eoasUot r> port* uilkT?nbl( to the democratic nominees. l>wt*Uui ar?l JokMon. winch are eent ly t<Mei{r.i| h ail orer the cwintry, when ?h*y mo M.1 that the A**ociat"?l Prrm t.' .?t? of the N?w' York lln*>t?>, Timrt, TriJ Con rirr and f'nq>iir>r and >.'ii'W<Wf /Vit. every one of which la ! Mr, I*'"flAS. Among their falikhorvii, elfrulatwl for the betn at of I.'ocoln and Hrcckmr 'fee, we net icc on* to ttecflnl tLat the friend* ot Mr Ifcmgla* id tend to renominate him lolMM.and which n greedily . raufht t?f by th>< tory M c.lJcucc of the want of eonfldwe IB tb? [<rr#. nt canvass, Wba*. an ungrateful set of fellows the*' Doug1m men are. Ever since tbe nominations at Daltimore, the columto cf the Now York daily prers hare been filled with telegraphic despatches containing favorable reports of Douglas meetings and I>onglas receptions in all quarters of tbe country, for which the Associated Press paid pretty smartly. Indeed, to judge from the newspapers, oae would almost snppoM that there was no one elm* In the field but Douglas. Like Figaro, it was Douglas here, and Douglas there, and Douglas everywhere: and yot his adherents grumble becn.ise one little despatch does not suit them. Tie fact is that the ngruts of Dotigliis Lave b->en n'.'pulrin.: ill their enthusiastic acoe :it? of den-. .'ra , >n themselves. They hare wised upon the1 newspaper corre-pondi-nts everywhere and crntinned them with all kind - of Motie- un?il th" poor cort??it? Ccnt.Ufivd ?4JU Ui<4 UVi kUOrt 1 MONDAY, JULY 30, I860. , what they were doing. But the newspaper eorrespondents are getting _ tired of thL: kind of cramming, and they will probably write nothing but the truth in future. Hnadaf Reeraatlon*?The Parka and Gardens Around New York. Of late yean there has been growing up in our community a decided taste for Sunday excursions to the innumerable places of interest in the vicinity of Mew York; and accordingly as that taste has been developing itself, the means of gratifying it have been also progressing with more or less regularity. The opening of Central Fark, with its wide and sweeping drives, its pleasant paths for quiet strolls, and its many objects of attraction, gave great encouragement to this popular tendency; and the establishment of the numerous lines of city railroads contributed also to the same end. Within the lust few months the Harlem Railroad has given evidence of the growing liberalism of the age. and , of the good sense of its directors, by running half hourly trains to the Central Park, thus competing with the regular city railroad linns for the profitable business of carrying excur, sienists to and from the Park. The Hudson River Railroad has not yet thought proper to un?as it might do?excursion trains from , Chambers street to the vicinity of the Park; but uv presume that that corporation will also. In good time, imitate the Harlem road in that respect. The greater the facilities offered to the public for travelling to and from those beautiful grounds, the more will the taste for visiting them be developed and strengthened, until eventually the Central 1'ark will be to New York what the beautiful parks of European capitals are to those cities?the Sunday rendezvous for a large proportion of the population. In the interest of public morality and public health, there can be nothing more desirable thao such a state of things. Fortunately, however, there Is no restriction upon the tastes of the community as to the localities where they may seek health and recreation on the Sabbath. On all sides, up the rivers and down the bay, on the shores of New Jersey and Long Island, on Staten Island, and around llarlem and High Bridge, are attractive places, where, at a very moderate expense, people may enjoy themselves according to their various tastes. Jones' Wood and Conrad's Tark have their charms for some; East New York and the numerous German gardens in the vicinity attract others. Swarms of operatives, with their wives and families, pour into Staten Island by the boats that leave the Battery every half hour. The Brooklyn city railroads have barely capacity to carry the thousands who get into the country by the various avenues. The beach from Greenwood to Bath is gay with saunterers and picnic parties; Long Island Is boisterous with the merry shouts of those who disport themselves in the surf; dozens of excursion boats carry passengers down the bay and up the rivers; and. in fact, every beautiful suburb of New York is the scene, on fine Sundays, of life and animation; and the strictest Puritan might, on looking at such a panorama, smooth the wrinkles off his face and confess that, after all, there might be something in the philosophy which inculcates happiness as the great object of life. There are, however, some sour vlsagod Pharisees in our midst who hold up their hands in holy horror at what they, in their narrow, unchristian views, regard as a desecration of the Sabbath; and if these canting hypocrites could have their will, they would have every ferry boat and excursion boat moored at it" pier on Sundays?would prevent the running of cars on every city railroad, and would tolerate no movement in the street* except the solemn walk to and from their own conventicle*. Happily, however, they have not much influence, and despite of all their efforts, the poor artisan, who has been toiling at his beach or in the dusty factory from Monday morning till Satu^lay evening, may. on God's Sabbath day, ramble along the ocean beach or over the green fields, and with his wife and children seek that health which would seem to be denied them in their pent-up apartments in filthy tenement houses. Probably not less than two hundred thousand of our artisan class thus leave the city every fine Sunday. Yesterday was a gloomy and unpleasant day; but still a very large number of people congregated in the different suburban resorts. Our reportersvisited several of those places, and furnish sketches the scenes which they witnessed. One fact deserves speeially to be noted and commended to the attention of ?or so-called reformer*, and that is, that with such a perfect freedom from police restraint a* prevails In the suburb* on Sundays, there is rarely an infraction of the peace, or a violation of good order, to be complained of. People learn to be polite to one another in these cosmopolitan commingling*; and in thin way we regard them as really conducive to morality. When the Erie and the Long kland and the Hudson River railroads recognise the profit and propriety of inaugurating Sunday excursion train*, as the Iiarlom and the Staten Island roads have done, aaU open up new route* for Sabbath trips, the good results of encouraging such a tacte will be still more apparent. In the meantime let o\m toiling artisans make the most of their present facilities, and laugh at the grimaces of the Sabbatarians. TlIK IkREI REfWTFI.K COXFI.UT IX VlRGtNU.? In yesterday's IIkh m.h we published an lutei-Aatin<r nr^imnl nt <hn niHitirr ? ,.t iV,.. republican liberty pole in tbe vicinity of Occoquan, in Virginia. Notwithstanding the "blowing" and gasconade of tbe republican*, who were armed, they permitted the pole to be taken down and chopped to piece* by a military company, w itbout maKtog the *light?**t efT< rt to defend it. There cau be no doubt that the erection of tbi* pole is part of a plan to drive tbe people of the South into *>me act of violence which will injure their cause at the North, unite tbe republicau party, and indnce oil the moderate and conservative men to vote with them in the Presidential struggle: for no one pretends that the republican* have any party i:i Virginia, or that their Uckrt can get a hundred votes In that State. The object of erecting the pole, therefore, ir like tbe Incendiarism in Texas. intended to exasperate Southern men into the commissiou of deed* which will sene the republican can ?. But we have every confidence in th?> good .-cn*r of the Southern people, that tliey will net b? provoked into anv count calculated t* pla\ into the hand* of tbe conspirator*, but i that if they find nny ra*cals eng fiet in r . . t> tie/ execute '! c 'Vntn ' i TOW* m COU.T1T. -to ?' July, those who reside and ffltXU1 "J a Sreat bustling, crowded city like New . 0 ' j|ro" llfic in novelties and excitements, to^e tteir pleat ures and compea-ations. The mini? Will, of course, long for the seaside, the mountain retreats, the watering places, where health and fashion meet each other, the quiet cottages by the lakes, or the majestic scenes of nature. It must long for something. But instead of these, we hare had the Zouaves, the Japanese, and the Great Eastern, and are to have the Prince of Wales. It is true many of the residences of our up town aristocracy are deserted for the summer; the fashionable churches are closed, flocks and pastors hare scattered themselves throughout the country. Quiet reigns in Fifth avenue, and it is considered humiliating for a member of the elegant worm 10 oe teen in town, But time and tne Central 1'urk will change all that. Meanwhile we find ourselves overrun with correspondence from the watering places?now highlj eulogistic of the beauties and advantages and delights of this or that retreat; of the urbanity of the host, and the gentlemanly bearing of t?e clerk; and again devoting to the Infernal regions the avarice that condemns poor victims to anffoca ting little holes, dignified with the title of bedrooms, and to the dangers of starvation in sight of plenty. The correspondence which we publish elsewhere in our columns to-day belongs principally to the former category. It comes from Old Point Comfort, Cape Island, Rockaway, Piermont. Whitestone, Long Island, Niagara Falls, Newport. Stratford, Fairfield and the Lehigh Valley. Aa a well painted landscape affords pleasure to the observer, and sometimes leads him to fancy himself reclining in the cool and pleasant shades represented on the canvass, so the perusal of the?e tattling letters may delude those who remain here into a momentary imagining that they, too. participate in the enjoyment of the hoarse surf nt Rockaway, or of the elegant society at Old Point Comfort. If it b7qq nM fr?r OT^npftAne onrt dSsonmfnrtA fft which people are subjected at watering place hotels, there would be a much larger summer exodus from our city than there is: but all the attractions of the country are, to most people, inadequate to compensate for the surrender of the comforts of their city home. We have been long trying to awaken the keepers of country hotels to a sense of their own interest in that regard, and hope that our efforts have not been entirely without good results. Military Emulation.?The recent visit of the Chicago Zouaves to this city, Albany, Boston and Philadelphia has put all our military amateurs on their mettle, and many of our volunteer companies are about to introduce the style of drill, the gymnastic exercises, and even the rules as regards temperance, the effect of which has been so brilliantly exemplified in the Zouaves. But still, this company, with its universally acknowledged superiority in drill and discipline, is not to be allowed to carry off the palm without a contort. The challenge which they gave to all the volunteer companies of the United States has been accepted by the Columbus Guard, of Georgia, who offer to compete with them at Memphis, Tennessee, in May next. We publieh this unique challenge and its acceptance in the Herald to-day, and we expect that the matter will create an immense sensation in military circles. Should the terms of the Columbus Guard prove satisfactory to the Zouaves, the scene of this modern tournament will attract an immense concourse of people from all parts of the country. and will rival in celebrity the fumous Field of the Cloth of Gold. We know of no reuson why Col. Ellsworth should reject the terms, except on the ground of the remoteness of the period fixed; because the ten intervening months would suffice to enable his competitors to attain the highest roint of nroficienev: and bis challenge was to companies now trained, not to those that might hereafter l>e trained. Still, be will hardly stand upon that formality, and will probably accede to tbe proposition. A spirited rivalry among our volunteer troops all over tbe country has been growing up of late. Our own Seventh regiment did more than any other organization to promote it. and now tbe Chicago Zouaves tave come to show tbe Seventh that they have "wtlll n-higher standard to attain. The plan which Captain Mansfield Lo\ ell, of the City Guard, bar recently in troduc?d, of drilling his men to th? use of the Urge gum on tbe forts in tbe harbor, is an emanation from that du corjtt which (s being developed. The system will we may be sure, be followed by other companies. With such laudable emulation manifesting Itself among military men. we may safely calculate that, in the course of a few years. "his country will possess an army of over a mi'lion and a half of volunteers, which, in point of discipline, will compare favorably with the standing army of any European nation. Thk Galwav List and thk Oorr.rvwrnt StThere stems to be some ii jubt and a good deal of mystery ubout the government subsidy to the Gulway steamship line. It wa? pretty confidently stated, some time ago. that the contract was transferred to a Canadian company, and that we ehattM see tbe vessels cf the origtnii ualWay line New York no more. The London T\mt$ of tbe 12 fb Inst. Ml* us that the Gulway company la fti rrlrtviit, whatever it means by that, for other indications certainly point to a different condition of health. For Instance. ?he Liverpool Post of the 1 ^th. a week later than the Tbntt. says. positively, that the government dUailow i, !oto the proposed transfer of tbe Galway line mail eontrr<*t to the Montreal company. Moreover the si >1 of the Galway line are r.mnitur still The INriflr < advertised to sail from N?w York oc the 1 Ith of August and the Prince AlSer* on ibe K.tb. while tho new '-hip Conn.mg.,t. which r<>?t half a mlllk n of dollars to build. i.? now '.a Boston, after muting bcr first vorago. We tniM that the Onlwa/ line rill uot b* lnoken up at the height of its src*1**! Tl? Bill .1 GOVERNMENT ?Vp Till. ClM'l > TKA .r-.-Th.' I.ng'.ieh i mig:-tion C utni-sloa ers hare given notice of tLui intention to receive tender* for three vessels for tie conveyance of coolie* from Calcutta I^B*itlsi> Guiana and two veestds fcr the con: evince of Chinese migrant* from Ilong Keag or Wbampoa to the -..me colonj All re. oiled i.iat a fufr- wa- m*?ie In E&|l(kDd when tL? Emj rcr ?. f lie Fr?nch prrposed tc take free oegrcvi to Lie colony in th' West Ind!e? B t here l? > slave 'rade ;n rftite iuvo *uicu w wvi?v a**- ?w; o.aik surt ?? ? * -'-H, trade ia existence. Tb? British And that their colonies of Trinidad and Guiana would go to destruction, like Jamaica, if they did not supply the place of the negro slaves with white sea, whom they make slaves to all intents and purposes. It ifl well known that the coolies are continually committing Bulcide to escape from the horrible suiferinga they endure, and on board of the slave ships these kidnapped men, called free, often rise in revolt against the oap- ' tain and crew, and the most frightful scenes take place. Yet British statesmen and th? British press lecture the United States upoa their mild institution of domestic slavery. Caa the force ef hypocrisy further ge? Profit axd Loss Accorvr of ths Grkat Eastern.?The Great Eastern starts at two o'clock to-day on her excursion trip to Cape May, with probably between a thousand and inuwn nunarea passengers on board, and quite a fleet of little excursion steamers in her wake, which will sport around the great Triton like so manj minnows, as long as they can keep up with her. The exhibition season of the Great Easter* closed on Saturday, and was undoubtedly a rery prottafcle one. Indeed, we think it can be demonstrated that her Atlantic trip paid pretty well, considering that It was after ail little more than a trial yoyage, and in England wm evidently looked upon as an experiment to test her capacity and safety upon the ocean. It is true that the directors expected some profit to accrue from it, but the voyage was more of an experimental than a commercial character. When the news reached England of her safe arrival here, and her prosperous and rather speedy passage?considering the great care exercised in running her, and the disadvantage she had to contend with, owing to her foul bottom?the stock went up at once, and confidence was restored. Let us see now how the profit and loss account of the voyage stands. The ship left Southampton on the 16th of June, and she will leave this country for England on the 16th of August, which, allowing t?n days for her return trip, would make the period of the whole voyage just seventy days. Her expenses average about $1,200 a dav. or Drobablv not aulte ?n much at which rate the expense of the voyage would be $84,000, or we will Bay, in round numbers, $80,000. She will hare received before the voyage is completed about the following sums from various sources:?From 150,000 visiters in New York. $75,000; from her trip to Cape May, including tickets and profits from the restaurant, about $15,000; from visiters at that point, Bay $5,000 more; from her visit to Annapolis, $15,000 in coal; from visiters at Annapolis, Baltimore, Norfolk, &c., $15,000; her freight home to England will probably pay $15,000, and her passengers and other sources about $10,000?making her total receipts $150,000. Thus she will have made a clear profit of $70,000 by her first Atlantic voyage. So far the Great Eastern has not done badly; but the question now is what is to be done with her when she gets back to England ? She is too large for the commerce of the present day, and will hardly pay as a passenger and freight carrier. As a troop ship, calculated to throw ten thousand men into any given point in an emergency, she is invaluable, and to this service she will probably be devoted ultimately. However, it is satisfactory to think that she did not lose rather in money or reputation by her visit to Auierica; and she] has demonstrated bat vessels of the largest size can cros? the bar at New Tork and lay alongside of our wharves. News from the Natleaal Capital* OUK SriCLU. WASHINGTON DBS) aTl H. Wasiixotoii, July 29,1390. n* riw mcxxAjr TUAJT. Tbe Cam Herran treaty U at last a Bird feet. It baa run the gauntlet of the elements and tfce politician-, tbe Panama railway men and the steamship Commodores duruof the laat two ycirf, t il it baa been twice drowned, an J many more time* itnbted with latent to kill. But tt hu escape"! all these perils, and has finally retched the pigeon boles of tSe Circumlocution OtUcc through the protection and poiitenes- ol our Minister to New Granada, 7x Senator June*. When an exchange of thia treaty was Orct attempted, It war lost by a wrock on the Magdalena rircr. Afterwards an approved certified and rented copy having been sent fn m Bogota to Washington by mail, tlie I'oetraaster at Carthagooa forwarded it by a sailing vessel, advising bis government at Bi gota of the fact, but neglecting to write to Senor I'osibo. Ctiarpe de AfSHre1 at Wa*btoirt6a. The vee-e.' waa wreckcd in February last but the first iatelligence of the Inee of th> treaty was received in thia city from Bogota. No wt nder Seoeral Jonea chose to cnact the rLaracter of escort to tliia precicnf doeemrnt after all this ill luck. Sow. however, the *pt. .a broken, and only an appropriation by Cbbgress ia require** to pay the expense? of the cuutni'sion to aettle the claim* under it, ta ?!?" full eflect and foree to thia oelebrated treaty. General Jones la greatly j leased with the people and the country an4 contemplates an early return tbltler, lita attention la repaired for the arrangement at private business affaire, nhich are et mewhat deranged by the death of a relative. He ia said to be very popular wilb the New Granadtaaa. and hi' efforts have beer bespoken a itb reference to the eatabllsl meet of a mora liberal commercial policy towards the United State* by the South American repcblica. Frequent steam ortrimunication between all the porta on the west roast of South America and the United Statee porta, via the Isthmua. ia a natter of the utmoat Importance k> Ktw Granada, as the owners of UlC Isthmua. which muat abortiy bcroBC lb* teat of on of the greatest commercial depot* '.to the world. It la lobe hoped thi' G?n. Jooee will ap I predate the va<-t impo-tance to Ot ewn country of free I aecrea to the ^outh At near, marki.? for oar product* | Cmi n#PM? im miv In Brvanta an/4 tKa UmIImi ta U cbarjre of hti mrtli r, Benor rombo, who, with Vi? tea l/ of (.en Berrta, n oow la Xivr York. Geo Joom left >?re t day for bu ion* In low* ? arroumun or a roenura. Join Pawnco, coLceeted with the Breeklnridf* ornc ritlon la Ohio, baa boon appointed roetmaater of Oolvta b.n, ta plara of Thomaa Mir r, retmrod I'ayn,after Kot>l W Chilton will proceed to |*y the tidopa at Fort MarVnac Naa>Arrlral of th? i:?tieaalaa. MijrrKtAi, July 29? Erecfeg TB^re ware do M|tn* of the Dobctuu^ at Farther Po nt Ihta m fninf Tb? Nora snptiaa, frorr Qofb v, p*M<.1 Farther Po;at at m h, gbt of Saturday, bornd to l.t/erpoo! The line la interrupted tb cven.nf between thia c ty and Quetec Market*. K*w July 2i, 1W Cbtioa tolet ?ale? to (to; l.loo balea at 10c for middi.ug. m!' t of tbr week H.JfO bale*, r iptc of the we *50 balee, aa?in*t POO baUi the ram< ne U*l year; ? porta. f. ba,<e total e*porU . S.llU ftoo I alee. reoe.pt* ahead of le.t y<*r. 490.r<f? balra; reeel >t? of all HnMth?ra mrt? ahead or l?ci ?< ? ??* <*v> ...i . ? r.fOO l"ikp fr, rr.m'7'Zr" " " """ ? i???. SC....U fi halM Ihr wmr , m? ' h'1'-; *4 40 a t: fo for wiiwrflnr i l7 Fh urquioi, ( VJ> Kkri IT' r ,it , , Iroriiioci qo.t hut flrir Ml" 1 '* <*>?* flm at I V a lac.: Ml? of IS 2 -0 i '* ? til. AfT>^ . ^rt 4 ** ? . U. n P L??' ' Uil > ? ' ?*cl o7 L? ? t f|V r Jl'T * Premium. and n iib I lift r*f Miqc \ r prf m u" f"?h? rtrbuv* on ?w V f* j1 CfBl prcir n: Krc'jhti of cotton to Llrecr . .. CtjrunMfi. Joiy is, m?o r* ir 1 L 3 r*?" h 1 *" ? ? *? 4/5 > M 50 f .f t (i.aa ' ' ?tc?4y at l#Sr Moo#r tmrkrl ?n r, r*r?oo Joi.- w, imo ' ** M f'Tl ? OO .C < fir <ir N, J " W i rt<L U?rs Cm? Ml* Jo 0w biu^cJ *t

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