Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 31, 1860, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 31, 1860 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMK8 GORDON IlKNNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICI K. W. CORKFR or NASSAU AND FTLTON 8TS. TFRMS* cn h in nAmn^. M<m*y *+nt l?y matt iHW ^ ?%' tb' rvJ. of lh* fnui^r. I'tk Uiif stamp* ttui re** irtd a* nyhKriptton ?%rmry. THE DAIL1" /7A"/?w4 I/> / *? *v?/?v $7 jwr TUB Wl.f.K L1' HKKiLfl rrerj, iy, al *U m>t*jrr t**pp, or K5|h r annum, |A?- A* < irj*a>i K?UHom * < y a4 <r?x (fitly, ?4 ;*r annum Uumjf pari of iwtfii 11' >tmn, or fb U> any par( of th> ibhtinriit, htdJi to inclu*!* iMmby; Onli/omi i Alitum on th> bik an ! 20thq/' rwh rn >mh at ?tx O ut* fH r <<n*y, oi $1 .V) i*r annum. THE FAMILY IIKKALD o.< Wr<h>-hty> at four rent* per copy, or f2 MTUNNNM. . von a r.ffii ( uKursrosnrscK. ?????>.. n?/ ...</? mric*% solicit*!from any quarter of lAt trorhl; ?/ " ' "" la, rally I*,.jr.., *J-Ouu KoKKIi.X Cohhwi-osu**!*.??' I* U>.?UKMti' to Skal iu Ltrtwts a>u ACM MST Dl. . |r . ,,,,. A"0 A'Or/rA- taken of anonym'"" " ?Mm wjirirfo ________ Volume IU AMUHKMKNTti TUW KVKNINU. NIBI/O'8 OARPF.S. Bn-idwny?E^umtrias Perform ecu ____ 1TINTKP. OARJIKV. Hniadwir. oppoalta Bond ilrfrt. room Unuu- Voi-aiM bm ?OnACErui. UBOtrmua. tVAI.I.ACK'8 TUKATHK, Broadway.?1Toombs?Zopatbs. LAURA KRKNK'8 TUKATHK, tU Broadway.-Ouii Aubmicaj) I'otnua. NKW BOWTCRT, Bowery.?Abtiia* Of Ltoss? Hold Kmm?Shosi or tu Is*. BARNUM'H AMKRICAN MUffajM, Rro?d w*y.?n*y and tvft.hir ? Kthiopian Soix.*, Dabcks, BLKLUviUES, Lingo UniminM, ta. NATIONAL VARIKTIJtS, Chatham mrrtet.-Siri.M Tot YACB?HIM.IHU AkU DAMfftU ?School IK AS UruoAB -Lia brick Hot. PALAt'K OARPKN, Fourteenth streot Vooai aHO InB1KDMB.1TA1. COUCBBT. CANTKRHI'RY CONCKRT SALOON, (X3 Broadway.? BONGS, 1'amu, Buullmive*. AC. No 444 BROADWAY.?KoboB, Pabpb*. Bcrlbkoubi, As. New York, Toi Bdajr, July 31, 1HOO. for europe. Tk* ?w York Herald ? Kdttlov Iter Karopt, Tlie Cuuard mall steamship Africa, Captain Slmnnnn, will leave this p<>rt to morrow for Liverjiool. The European inaiU will close In this city to morrow afternoon, Bt liatt punt twelve o'clock. Tit* kliitorBAJi rjMuoB or tub Hbrald will be published t eleven o'clock Is the morning. Single copiei, in wr*p|x ra bix ocata. The content* of the Ktbotbaw Emtio* or tti Hbbai d will combine the news rwoived by mall and leli-graph bi the oOV'i during the prerloiw week, and op to the boar of pabliouioa. I1A1L8 rot THE MCIFIC. H r w fork He r? Id?C*1 I fbrnlB Killdon. The nuiil ?lp?mi-hip Ari)l, ("apt. Minor, will leave this |iort lo morrow, at noon, for Aspinwall. The mail* for California and other parts of the Pacific Will cl<*e at half print ten o'clock to morrow morning. The Nbw Yoki Wkbklt Ubbai.o?I'ahforuia edition? containing the latest intelligence from all parta of tha world, with a large quantity of IocjU and miscellaneous natter, will be publiahod al half paal Blue o'clock la tha tornlug Single copiea, In wrapper*, ready for mailing, (Is cents. AgtuU will please send in their orders as early at possible Tlir New*. The news from Europe by the F.ohemian. which arrived at (,?ttehec, ami the Raxonia. which reached At-i i..< -ui.i i. i. it,, ii,ii. ? nil.- ((Oil llisi 111(1111. in Hi vim I.'VII uiih Account* from Syria confirm the frightful number of victims who had fallen. The number murdered at Damascus was not known, ami more massacres were apprehended. The fears of the Christiana were, if possible, Increasing. Austria had despatched a war steamer there to co-operate with vessels of the other Powers. In Sicily affairs were not materially chanced. Farini and two others had boon expelled by (Jaril>aldi. and he had formed a new ministry. .Sanguinary conflict* had taken place near Messina. In the Itritidi Parliament there had been a debate on the expenses of the Chinese war, and Mr. Gladstone had made a statement of the amount that would be required and the manner by which it wa? to be provided. The estimate is no less than ?.? 1,000,000. !x>rd Brougham called attention to fhe fact of a colored woman having been refused a pa-sage in a Cunard steamer. The fourteenth sc?*ion of the International Statistical Conures* opened in l.ondon on the 16th. We have received files of Jamaica papers to the T>th inst. The Kingston Col' -liol Stuivlard of that date says:?The weather has been exceedingly sultry on this side of the island, and rain Is much wanted. Native provisions are scarce, dear, and nothing commensurate with the demand: and were it not for the large importing houses. In keeping up constant supplies of foreign food, the sufferings of the people would be great we might almost say famine would overspread the land. We announce the fact as a convincing proof that the industry of the island is not equal by an? means to the physical ability of the goring population. The rn>al f??|?in?lron convoying the Prince of Wale* armed :%t Halifax yesterday morning. anJ about noon the Prince an<l suite landed. amidst the booming of cannon ami the most enthti?iastfc demonstrations on the part of the people. Our special despatch from Halifax, in another colitmn. give* a graphic description of the ' ceoes at the landing. The monster steamship tlr^at Eastern wont on her promised trip to Cap* May yesterday alternoon, and the event ofri?ionod an excitement as unexpected aa it *?< inteo*'*. At the do< k. foot of Hammond street, about ten thousand people were assembled to witness the departure of the "big ship," and the enthusiasm displayed was such as has rarely been witne?-ed in this city of never-ending wonder*. The North river was filled with excursion boats, nod the whole space along West street, between Hammond street and the Battery, was in a perfect jam from people nulling to behold the splendid spectacle. The Battery was covered with one living masa of human being*. About half past four o'clock the (Ireat Ra?- rn fairly started on her voyage, and was accompanied down the bay by some thirty steamboat*, craminod with ex< unionist*. We give a full and graphic description of the affa;i io another portion ol this paper. n? wu% '|m?i ?vi kvu u v iv i\ tail mgni a fire burnt out of the fourth story windows of the six *t?>ry building. No. 100 Nassau street, known a* the Fuller building*. Tlie alarm was at once given, nnd the firemen got to work quickly. Steam Fire Kngine 3H kept a powerful stream on the upper part of the burning building, and at timet wetted the Hamlp buildings, thus doing effective service on both sidea. The flames extended to the roof of 100, and spread to 9*. and then to 102, cor ?r of Ann street. The npper stories of tliese buildings are m arly destroyed. The loss and da mapte by fire and water is estimated at between #2.1.000 and *30.000. We give a full account of the affair elsewhere. No further developement of importance has transpired with regard to the Baxter street nays tery, noticed in the Hnut.o yesterday morning. Jiavendam, tke person accused of the murder, is still confined In the Tombs. The body of tlie Hfxiniard. Jnan U< starino, will be disinterred today. The Excise Commissioners held their last meeting for the year in tlie City Hall, between three and four o'clock yesterday afternoon. The num ber of licenses granted exceeds 1,730. They altered their previous programme for the dclircry of licences by dividing it over eleven da/#. viz ? Augurt I, A B; 2d, C D; 3d, K P; fltii. C H; 7th, I J; Htii, K L; <Hh, M N; 10th. OP; Hth, Q B; 13th, 8 T; 141b, U to Z, inclusive. Tliey aUo al1 >wed applicants whose papers were ^defective ten da} ? to rectify li e eicor. Judge Bouncy, of the Supreme Court, ban given a decision in the matter of the petition of 6t. Thomas' church, allowing them to sell their real estate, situated st the corner of Broadway aad Houxton street. Jn conclusion he aaya: An order init\ be entered authorizing fit. Thomas' church to M.-11 the said real e-tate for an amount not leas than three hundred thousand dollars, subject to the lights of the vault holders, for the prote:t;on of which the order niitBt contain proper provisions; and it must also contain directions in relation to the application that shall t>c made of the moneys arising from the sale. Our Bait Lahe City correspondent furnishes as with an interesting description of the celebration of the Fourth of July by the Mormons. Quite a display of patriotism and enthusiasm was made. The main street of the city was decorated with evergreen# and flags, and the various occupant* of buildiugs \ ied with each otlier in these manifestations of honor to the nation's birthday. Salutes w ere fired at Mtntise and sunset at different point-* in the city. In the forenoon a procession formed at the County Conrt Home, and marchcd thence to Temple Block, where the people were'entertained by speeches from.Governor Cumming and others, the reading of the Declaration of Independence and the delivery of a patriotic poem. In the evening there was a ball, attended b> the most distinguished personages of the Territory. Accoiding to the City Inspector's report, there were 604 deaths in the city during the pa3t week, an increase of 8 as compared with the mortality of the week previous, and 112 leas than occurred during the corresponding|week last year. The recapitulation table gives wi of diseases of the brain and nerves, 1 o( the generative organs, 10 of the heart and^blood vessels, 87 ot the lungs, throat, &c., 5 of old age, 3G of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 3 premature birthf, 227 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 45 of general fevers, 2 of diseases of the urinary organs, 2 unknown, and 20 from violent causes. The nativity table gives 374 natives of the United States, 77 of Ireland, 31 of Germany, 7 of Scotland, s of Kngtaud, and the balance of various foreign countries. the cotton market continued to rule quite lirm yost.-r day. with sales of about 400 .? &00 bales, in lot*,; closing but! <w the basil of quotations given in another columu. Fiour was without change of raiment for most doscrip lions, while sales were to a fair estent. Southern Hour waa iu fair demaud, but closed at easier rates forjeomraon brands, wbile the better qualities were unaltered. Wheat was without change ol moment, anil sales were loss active. Corn oja-ued dull, but closed with more 1 activity, and st steady prices. Pork was steady, with tales of new mess at >18 80 a *19, and new prime at $11. Sugars were steady at Saturday's rates, but quiet, and the sales were under 200 hlida. Coffee continued lirm, and a sale of 000 bags of Hio was made from second hands, at 14??o. s 18\'c., while Java I waa held at I6l*c. tn mats, and at lBXc. tor government, in bag*, and 200 bap, llaracilbo were sold at 15c. 11 tu itatM that (be ulos ul coffpfl in Ibis market, lo IMS, from July 27 to An|iut 31, embraced about 04.600 ba??, aud for the hidi' jeriod in 1S50, 64000 bag*. Freight? were firm and not very active. To Liver jtool d>me M.OOO or 40,000 bu.-heiH of wheat were takeo In bulk aud b?sM. CbieSy in bifllc. at 1IM , and io bap at 10 w. The Otrrwhilmlng Moral lu? of Thli Pr< Contt at?Th?- HIhtci) i^uratlon. The politic il element* of the country op! posed to the republican party are in a state of I chaos. In the North they are dirided upon men und secondary abstractions into clashing factions, as hostile against each other as against the common enemy; in the South, where the exigency demands a united people, acting under a common Impulse, that of self-preservation, the Rame factious discords prevail. Nor is this all. The South, like a strong man struck senseless by a heavy blow, seema to have lost the consciousness of its position, with the disruption of the democratic party. There is a gene ral apathy existing in the South, a confusion of ideas, a relaxation of the moral energies of her people, an imbecility of purpose, which may be likened to the despairing condition of a ship's crew adrift upon the fragments of their broken vessel, with neither land nor sail In fight. At this moment the anti slavery republican party of the North, representing hardly one-third of the popular vote of the country, is morally certain of electing its candidates for President and Vice President, by a majority of the electoral vote of the Union. The only party in the Held limited to one section, in being rigidly excluded from the other, it is the only existing party which exhibits any thing of positive strength, unity, efficiency and confidence in its movements. This is a very extraordinary state of things, and is uttetly beyond a satisfactory solution upon tbf ephemeral party organic ition? and party platforms of the day. We can reach an explanation only upon the basU of that great overwhelming moral issue of slavery, it-, au institution of good 01 evil, of right or wrong. And tbU is the exact Lwue, which, though * nrecojrnir-cd or evaded by our parties. faction.* and politicians, ha* produced this formidable unti slavery coalition in the NorM). and this impotent division of the political element* of both section* opposed to It. Thi- underlying fundamental Northern idea, that the institution of Southern slavery is a sin; that it Is founded in error and agaioat right; that iu fruits are poi onous: that iu pre en-ions are false and inc >mpat.ble witii our free institution*, and that it must be hunted out of the country. ?il\ account tor thi- (?olid front of the republican party: no. too. the conflicting opinions of democrats and Union party men. Noith and South, upon this brond question of good or evil, of right or a mere usurpation of right, in reference to *la?erv, will account for the incurable division* of the force* opposed to the republican party. Before ti e Invention of the cotton gin. slavery North and South wan almost universally considered an evil. Its advocates rested their de upon the plea that it was a necessary evil, under the circumstances which surrounded them, but that time would provide a remedy. Soon after the invention of the cotton gin slavery b? gnn to assume, not only the feature* of a permanent establishment, but the form of a controlling agency in our political affairs. Thi was strikingly made manifest in the Missouri agitation of 1S1? 20. Some eight ot ten years later the first of our Northern abolition societies were set in motion, including a newspaper oigan in Boston, and another in this city, a daily paper, called the Joun <il of l' *nme <y, started under the auspices of Arthur Tapp.'n, David Hale and Geratd llullock; that paper. with all its rutf)ition? of thirty year*. !u? stood f*M to that primary idea to which it ow.?* IU origin, that ularetj I? an evil, aad emancipation i.? a duty. It wa? not. however, until I.*11, that the** Northern witi Phverj movement? eaiered k NEW YORK I1ERALD ' ti\ ely and decisively into the work of our Presidential election!, m a Northern political balance of power. In that year Mr. Clay, although in sentiment an anti-slavery maa, was regarded by the abolitionists as a Southern apologist of slavery, and upon this test some fifteen thousand whig votes in th.s State were thrown for Birney, the anti slavery candidate for Prertident, whereby the election wasde id'-d in favor of Polk, the pro-slavery democratic nominee. But upon the same general issue the tables were turned in 1818 agaiust the democratic party by the independent free soil Buffalo organization, with Martin Van Buren as their Presidential champion. Thus, by the_dlviaion of the democratic vote of this State, General Cass wbh defeated, and General Taylor was elected President And it is not the least singular feature of that election that the line which was then drawn by Van Buren through the centre of the democratic party of New York has never been obliterated, but will account for the line drawn through the democratic party of the Union at the late Charleston and Baltimore Conventions. In 1852, upon the platform of Mr. Clay's compromise measures of 18o0, there was an overwhelming reaction, North and South, in furor of peace upon the slavery question. Under thin conservative reaction the old whig party was prostrated and dissolved, and the antirtlavery agitators, it was hoped, were rendered powerless for at least twenty years to come. But in 1854, Meters. Mason, Jefferson Davis, Atchison and Douglas, of the United State* Senate, and noor Pierce, hit uDon that desperate Presidential and new slave State experiment, the Kansas-Nebraska bill; and from that daj to this hour, the aroused and five times multiplied anti slavery legions of the North have been steadily advancing towards the White House, until their occupation of it on the 4th of March next appears to be an inevitable event. The Bimple truth is. that this contest fe between the anti-slavery sentiment of the North and the pro-slavery sentiment of the South. It is the " irrepressible conflict" proclaimed by W. II. Seward; but it will not result, a- he has proclaimed it, in making all the States free States or slave Slates. Far otherwise. The mo*t probable result will be the withdrawal of the bulk of the slave States from the Union, sooner or later, peace or war. But it is possible that tills conflict may be prolonged until there shall appear a party strong enough to maintain slavery within the Union, not only an recognized by the compacts of the constitution, but upon that high moral ground that, as existing in the l:nited States, negro Blavery is right, is good and proper, a divinely ordained institution. Upon thi* fundamental issue the republican party now have all the advantages on their side. Hence the solidity of their columns, and hence the distractions and divisions among the conservative and pro-slavery forces opposed to them. But under a popular government like our*, such a Southern institution as thi> of slavery'can never be safe until public opinion in the North shall have been trained at least so far to recognise it right and good as to let it alone. Will that day ever come? We know not; but we know, for we see. that this Presidential contest, for good or evil, is the beginning of the end. CONHKMATION OK TIIK HKIUI.1>'8 NfcW.H.?Some twelve mouths ago we published a number of articles on the slave trade and the fitting out of slavers In the port of New York and numerous other ports of the North. Our statements were contradicted at the time bj all (be newspaper*, which is always their cue when they find they are beaten in the publication of Interesting intelligence. The capture of several slavers shortly utter showed that we were right, and now the Evening Post and other journals are publishing a list of more than eighty slaver*, fitted out during the last eighteen months, and giving not only the names of the vessels, but the names of the captain*. Ac., thus confirming all that we had stated. We do not publish these names, lest the accusations aguinst them *11 may not be borne out. Cut we have no doubt that the list is nearly correct. Thus do these journals unconsciou-ly bear testimony to the reliability of our news, on w hich they attempt to throw discredit when it first appears, calling it "one of the Uerju.i?'s lies." or applying some such other epithet to the facta w hich they had got the industry or the skill to collect themselves. It war" in this way they treated onr disclosures of the Po?i < tftice defalcations. Neaily all the journals aunted that there was no truth in the intelligence. The new* they have since published themselves shows that we were right, and that the defalcations already amount to $300,000. to say nothing of what are yet to be brought to light These ca?es are only samples of the general course of New York journals towards the Hriui n. They envy us because we publish new s and opinions ahend of them, and because we are always neater to the truth than they are. Ami ricas Cin/vah G<?n<> t" Fi none.?The ' numbers of American citizen" going to Europe this year are unprecedented. Already ten thousand must have left in steamers, and the season is not yet over. It i.? estimated that each traveller spends on an average fci.OOO. The total amount spent by ten thousand persons would thus be $.*0,000.000?fifty million*! American travel must therefore benefit Europe in a very great degree. Since the Atlantic has been bridged by steam and America has been brought nearer to Europe than muny parts of Europe are to each other, the intercourse between the I'nited States ancMhe Old World ho* r renwu m n wrnomm ueprc1' i no top i 01 thi? intercourse upon tb*> political institutions of Europe will *oon be felt. It will gradually revolutionize tbem. and elevate the masses to self government. On the other hand, the American people will be enriched by the treasures of art and science and literature to be found in the countries where they -oj<<i rn. Thu? the di.vidfotf ocean'" really i.nit*e and bring* together the most distant ration*. Hut while American travel to Europe i- u*eful to both *orld?. we thiuk that many wc > Id do * ell to lir?t vi->it the fair eft portion? of their own country, if it were for no other purpOi>t' than that th?-j may be qualified to give au opinion upon it.? scenery to tho??? whom they will meet with in their foreigu travel*, ami that they may be able to compare it with the most celebrated spot* in Europe?for instanoe. the Hudson with the Khine. and the bay of New York with that Of N"apl?*? It i< not creditable for American* to seek the beauties of rfatTire under foreign skle*. w!,i'c th?y t-eit wl'h neglect those wLicb He beue*ib Uielr cwn rUESDAT, JULY 31, 1860. PolttU* Brd Tmdf In E?ropt?Frtp>ni< Mom Ibr m CoatMt. The growth of the times is eminently propitious to the preparation! of the oppoaing dynasties in Europe and Asia, and all of them are exhibiting greet energy in preparing for another conflict between the old and the new. which is steadily approaching. Never were the arsenals of Europe In a more active state than at present England is preparing hi.ndreds of the Armstrong guns, calculated to throw shot of a hundred pounds weight, to say nothing of minor material. France is pushing her steel-clad ships to a slate of completion, in order to bring a new instrument to the contest for the supremacy of the seas. Austria is pouring hundreds of thousands of men. and immense quantities of war material, into Venice and the quadrilateral, in the hope to preserve there a barrier against the tide of dit^utiffied nationalities which menaces her heterogeneous empire with dissolution. Sardinia is gathering and organizing hundreds of thousands of Italians and Sicilians under the banffers of Italian unity. Naples and the Papacy stand on the brink of a conflict with the new element; of national life. Turkey is presenting the spectacle of a dissolution of the Mohammedan temporal power, after a thousand years of ezclusiveism. and the crescent is evidently waning in a flood of Christian blood. Russia is preparing for a religious crusade, which will sweep southward with all the energy and ten times the vigor and enlightenment that characterized the overrunning of the old Byzantian empire. And France and England jointly are preparing for another conflict at tie antipodes with the oldest of the semibarbarian Powers in the East. The central point of observation at this time, in all these signs of war, is Sicily. There the name.and presence of Garibaldi have given life and vigor to the revolutionary efforts of the new ideas that now animate the world. Unfortunately the heroic Garibaldi is not so able in organizing the new as he is in animating men to 6weep away the evils of the old. Twice liaxj bis government in Palermo been broken up by internal dissension1*, and he finds his march upon Messiaa. although there lias been some splendid lighting, to rnmolete the liberation of the i.-lnmt rp larded by these causes?by the indisposition of the Sicilians to make a steady and united effort to fiee their country, and by the heat of the summer season. These delays are giving the old Tower* breathing time, in which to seek safety through new complications. Young Boicba tenders his people a constitution, the Tope seeks a new combination with France, and Austria prepares to resist Sardinia with an overwhelming force at a moment's warding. From thete causes, no doubt, emanates t'ue evasive reply of Garibaldi to the Neapolitans, dictated no doubt by Louis Napoleon, who wUhes to carry out the idea of Italian unity, but without producing grave and imminent complications. To the immense expenditure necessary in all these preparations the state of the financial world has been eminently favorable. Commerce has been prosperous everywhere, the crops have been abundant, and capital has accumulated in vast sums at all the great money centres, seeking employment. That employment has not been forthcoming. The great enterprises of public utility, vthich require long continued expenditure in construction, have not yet recovered from the effects of the panic and revulsion of 1&">7. Neither in this country, England, France nor Germany are any great public works being energetically prosecuted. Spain and Russia are alone ecguged in the active construction of great systems of railroads and public works. The easy money market and the prosperity of the geueral revenue therefore enable both the old and the new dynasties to continue their system of enormous expenditure. The result of this state of things is evident. The dynasties are preparing for a general and sweeping war, and the elements of material prosperity are gathering for another period of activity and ex* pauMon. Which will first obtain control of the course of affair* is not yet evident. The merchant's ledger, which is now the great school and guide of statesmanship, ia undoubtedly on the side of the new order of thing?, and will strive to prevent a general war. Ilut the old feudal order of the aristocratic and theocratic cln.sses will not give up without a contest, which th?-y hope to make simultaneous and universal. but which the Napoleonic idea is to pa.-u through piecemeal, thereby securing a permanent triumph for the new. Thk Eikction in North Carolina?The Kii:-t Skirmish in tiik Cani*ahiv?1Tb? first State election which comes off between this time and the residential election will take place in North Carolina on Thursday, and promise* to involve some test questions touching that great event. Though the issue is to a certain extent a local one. relating to the mode of taxation upon slaves, yet we find that the contest for Governor is between a democrat and sn opposition candidate- the democrat. Gov. Kllis. the present incumbent, being a llruillmlilx 1 hi !-* ? I/I vvmiM 111(111. UUU I ur Up|'U?IUUUI7(, UI. Pool. going for Bell. The State elections in Arkansas and Missouri will tuke place on the t>lh of August the candidates for Governor in the first State being a democrat and an independent democrat (which probably moan* a I>ouglas man); while in Missouri there are four candidates- namely, a democrat, an irregular democrat, an American and a black republican thus representing all the Presidential tickets. It will thus be seen ihat skirmishing if beginning at the South. A little outpost fighting will be done there during the coining month, which may foreshadow something touching the great battle of November next. Nokkkvsi. o? tiii Pomth us*.?The politicians of the mere party press are continually putting forth tin* rankest nonsense aWout the prospects at the different candidates for the Presidency. Take, for example, the silly and ridiculous assertion of the Richmond ll'A?</, that Bell and Kverett will carry five Northern States- Massachusetts. New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode NViind and California as well as the entire South. Now eve^y one who knows anything know? that the whole North, except, perhaps, some of ti e border States, such as Pennsylvania. and it may be Illinois will go for Lincoln, while the South will unquestionably support the most prominent man who represent- Southern views, and that Is John C. Breckinridge. TTieae newspaper politicians, while they are ' relieving tit Ires of much blatant nonsense, are dealing only with side issues. The great iMuea of the contest are shirked altogether? pro-slavery and an ti-slavery. Why not stick to them? The Pouticiaas Wajklno Up?Aj. Elegant Ki'ustle.?The politicians and office holders, present and past, are waking up and showing their teeth. They are Gghting and abusing each other like flshwomen. George N. Sanders had just published a letter to the President, which may well be handed down as a model of violent abuse and vituperation. The letter affects the Junius style, without its dignity, but bristling with its sting; and as we are pretty sure that George N. Sanders has not the capacity to write it, we conclude, from the continual antithesis, the peculiar verbiage and other idiosyncracies, that it was fashioned by the hand and brain of Robt. J. Walker, whose grievances are 'dwelt upon with a bitterness which bears the stamp of personality. The letter is amusing from its violence and its silliness. Let us give a few choice specimens of the* language employed:?"Not only the political but the social atmosphere of Washington is poisoned by the upas of your influence. Such is your pernicious course that the White House is made uncomfortable to visiters by the intrusion of vicious politics into your parlora.'' And again: "The Nero-like perfidy to individuals which characterised your administration," 4c.,'Ac. Then, again, allusion is made to the ?' low passions of your nature.'' The President is also politely informed that " there is nothing so base that you would not do to prolong your power. Madness seems to possess you. To have no successor, to leave no government behind you, like the miser who clutches his bag of gold in his dying hour, and refuses to will it to another lest it should loosen his hold upon it in his hist moments.'* This sentence, it strikes us, lacks the perspicuity of Junius; the demon of ill temper seems to have vanquished the genius of composition. But with one quotation more we close our comments upon this delectable documenkt-^'Uprightness of heart would have saved you, even amid the shadows of a declining intellect, but your moral obliquity deprived you of every stay which the virtuous mind possesses against mental weakness." We thought when George N. Sanders was appointed to the office of Navy Agent that the President was making a mistake, and it appears be has found it out now. It is no wonder that the public should be disgusted with the whole batch of politicians, when they are perpetually fighting and abusing each other in this manner. The thieves and murderers who are expiating their offences in Sing Sing would use deeenter language towards each other than the politicians do when they take to quarrelling. It can hardly be a matter of surprise if the people everywhere become so disgusted with the politicians that they will permit the Presidential election to go by default, and let Mr. Lincoln walk into the Pre?idential chair, ii his fortune carries him there. NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL, Cur 8p<clal Washington Dripntch. WAsmiuTox, July 80. 1SOO THI FTBUC mwrJKO. Governor Ford arrived litre to dm/, tiul upon consultation with tb? Superintendent of Public Printing, Mr. Paugboru, his authorised agent, ut Mosar*. Urcomn and Knglisb, arrangements have been entered into satisfactory to all i *rtie-. an 1 ih work ii to be executed at ihe office of Me i-rs. 1-arcomb & English, under the peiwonal superintendence of Governor Ford or hta authorized agent, M* l'lnjborn. About foriy thousand copiet of the l ovode rep?r: are ready to go u> the binder*, and will be m ro*dy for delivery. i I'rchaf* or iimk roirr, CAuroajru The repor; which haa been sent to the lountry that I.ime Point, at Han Francisco, California, ha? been purchased by the War Department r<>r a site tor a fort, at two hundred thousand dollars, ia a mistake, The President declines to purchase at that price, and haa givon orders to have the land condemned un er ihe laws of the State, which will result In the appointment of a Jury of twelve men, who will appraise the laud at its prcaont value, and the government will Uke It at that appraisal. TBI auxigri OOMMHNOX. Information waa received at the Navy Department u> day that the war steamer Brooklyn left I'enaacola on the jiih instant (or Hampton Roads, to take on board the Cbiriqui Commission. She will probably arrive at Norfolk about Augu? t in fraivkjno rmvrum*. run pout < u.vx a_\d ma agri criiram While tarfe clerical forces are employed at the beat quarters reapective'y of the Br-ikmridge, the Douglas, tne Bell and the I.iocoln partiua In directing and sending away campaign doc imenta, the officers of the l aited ."tales Agricultural Society are equally induct nouaiy employe is Fending to all i?rta of the Uuioa the premium I lata and circulars of the Great National Eihlbitioa, wbicb ia to be held at Cincinnati In Septeinlier. The political mailer iocs free, under the franks of members, who remain here to uac their al lographs, but the agriculturiats pay postage. Til* CTMUKXATI MTWAL FA IK. (t I* expected that the Cincinnati Fair will eciipae anything yet held In tblt country. The premium lfctjunounta to $S0 0C0, of which a large abar ? n sums ol $500. MOO, 1200 and *10"?is offered for boraes. A level track, one mile long and fifty feat ;n width, will aflord a line opportunity (or " tria' o si>eed." large caah premium" are rflso offered (or portable and for stationary steam enciae*, steam pl'Higb* and ateam fire engines. The grand goid medal of honor is offered (or the best threshing machine raBAui AJ* AFFAIR*. Although no pro< lamation ban yet been made a= to the reault, ther> is roawu to believe the Joint C-immi -ion has tome to the conclusion that Paragony Is not renpoosible lor indemnity to the United States and the Tsraguay Navigation Company. which claiaai-d damages lo the silent of nearly ?1 000 000, exclutivaof the alleged viola tioa of granta of important aod very valuable privilege* m* intll AN **I?fTK*KA\?A\ Alia.iv TIm> Savannah ha- been <>rder?<1 to the Mediterranean, aa part ot ll e American a^uadHHi. without fliumi i u> the massacre in Syria. The ?team?hlp Ri :hmond?CUpUin Ingrabam It M aald, bavug volunteered U> tak? ran mand? * ould have been ordered thithr r If the could bare bt? prepared in time for service in that fi. varam ?o? hi* imm mi km? Official* fresn Vtah show thai nut hundred army revolvers and right thowsi I cartridge* were furDtahcd by the scting Ad,.;lant tieneral to the a*ent of Russell* pony express to drfeod lb- rider* from the Indiana iim Borof numro Tbe difficulties abiih bare .irtien iu rcganl to the House printing are amicably adi'i*t*d novm-ir Kurd, tbc House fritter, returned to day, and <11 parties to the controversy have sgreed upon a *?Mlement. Mr Pang horn. wbJM authority is rccoguised, remains as the le^al rrprrscLtalive and sjent of Mr Vord to snperlntmd the ftiisinesg, and Urcotnbe and English are employe I |? ese cute 'he printing. Tbe Ho??c printing will now be speedily e*ecuted. rttr oo\or>* wvwmr.*TW*. forty thousand copies of th? Covodo report will he ,m mediately dktriouted. TBI (flaw mmrr iM*Hrno*?n.*a. The Coast Survey Office and the Smithsonian Ini'JIilMi are Investigating the subject of tornadoe<, stimnUte.| by those of recent occurrence in the Went. An eOcieal <l!:cer c?mn?ctod with the Ooast Kurvey ha* t?eei detailed to visit the scene* of tbeir effect*. for the procuring of such data as to geography, Ac , as will aid tbe scientific examination. m.?*rti Awrov?. W. p Irvine is In c? arge?>( the business of the British |/gat><>n, during the ?h?**-e ??f lord l.yrma In Om?1i Cotoue Irffctoo, Buiidlfr to ftyaia, * b<t?, tr*ua*cl.fl{ I biuwaaa at the 8t*ta Departajat, U liu if turn to Madrid General Lao* tm arrived troa"1 runt Is Norm Carolina. mm from the pi^mc. Arrival of U? Poar Kxprea* AC MJ 'OMpk, St Joim, July M, 1MB The pocy erprew, through in ten day*, has juat reachedl Lere with a general summary of news from Calforma la July 1?. Arrived at San Fmacisco July 12, steamer Ooidea Agm | from Panama; 13th, bark Comet, Honolulu. Failed 12th, Vietala, for New York; 13th, bark Loniae, Melbourne. Business haa been quiet since the pooy of the lltii left. Nothing occurred In the market worth oommunlcaiu^. Prlnx " . j vu.m?, auu uaooaiu still limited. Dates from 8t. Louis, received by telegraph via Sprti^fleld to the morning of the tSu of June, fire the now* UU the Baltimore Convention broke up In a row. Intsass anxiety prevailed to know what followed. The republicans regarded thia news a* so encouraging that U*f caused cannon to be fired. An injunction having been issued restraining the Alt* Telegraph Company from using the Morse patent, ha* brought about a consolidation between that and the HUM line, the latter owning the patent. There is no California news of importance. The overland mail leaving for the East yesterday, look over 11,000 letters. The fcteamer Panama brings Oregon dates to the IStb. General Harney and stafi had left for the Atlantis States. The mining expedition from Linn county to U? Bta? Mountains, bad returned before reaching their poiat of distmation. They had a serious fight with Indians, awt killed five of them. They bad two men-wounded, and had to abandon $750 worth of property. The Indians are supposed to belong to the same gang that have made war oa Waslioo. Trouble ?u also anticipated with the Suako Indians. a portion of whom bad recently returned fron the Washoe country, greatly embittered against the win to? in consequence of their depot there. The official returns of the election elect Shiel, democrat, to Congress, and leave the Legislature as heretofore ro|x>rted; in all probability securing the election of republican and popular sovereignty democrat United Statea Senators in August. The whole number of votoa cast (in the Slate was 12,432. against 11,210 last year. The bark Comet brings advices from the Sandwiob Islands to Uie 23d ult., two weeks later. Business was dull, and there was no exciting new*. The operations of the American Guano Company at Baker's Island appear to have taken a fresh impetus. Ships will follow each other as rapidly as they can be loaded at the Island. Some 300 laborers were despatched to the pits frotu Honolulu, on or about the 21st ult. LATKR. a Sa.n FKA.Nci.tco, July 10, 0 40 P. M. Arrived Since the departure of the last I'ooy, July II, ship Jacob Bell, trom New York, 17th, bark Carrie Island, Kansgawa. Sailed 17th, bark Julia and Willi elm, Cape of Good Hope, w ith a cargo of Hour and wheat. COMMERCIAL. Tradehas been quiet this week, with but little enquiry for goo40m>m the country, and only a (mall quantity going forward. No important transactions have transpired, i-mall parcels are selling at about the last quotation. Sales of same articles, however, show m downward tendency. Crushed sugar Is not worth over ll^c-: wbiskev 34c. a 3&c ; American brandy 43c. 000 bags of Rio codec, ex Victoria, sold at 14>?c., at auction to day. A targe lot of china goods were offered, but could only be disposed of to the exteot of kairmlcs- In grain, lhere is but little rhinm In h> Tl?* New Mexican Mail. IvDKrcMnEiicB, July 80, IMS. The New Mexican Mail, with date* to Uie 16th insL, ar rived here last night, making the distance in Uurtosa days. News had reached Santa Fe that Manuel Chares, with fifty Mexicans, had gooe In pursuit of a large band of Ntvajoe Indians who bad run off a herd of sheep for the Rio Grande. They overtook the Indians and had a light with them, In which twenty Mexicans and forty Indians were killed and wounded. A considerable quantity of sheep and other stock was recovered. Business In Santa Fe was recovering. The crops promise a tine yield, but pro vision* are Mill scarce, and command very high prioee. Major Sedwick'B command are at Beat's Fort. Captain Stewart, a few days ago, went in pursuit of, and captured the family of the principal chief of tha Kiowa tribe of Indians. In the melee two solocrs were wounded. Lieutenant Bayard was also very kivsreijr wounded by an arrow being shot in Uis cheek. At last accounts from him the point of the arrow was still la tha wound, and be would be sent to l*swnee Fork for medical treatment. Two Indians were killed. Mr. Oanglai at Burlington, Vt. Brnuxjros, July 30, IMS. Bon. S. A. Douglas arrived at half paM nine A. M. Ha was srected t?v a larse and enthusiastic colWtinn ar?iu. een?, escorted by the Howard Guard and large procession of carriaces and citizens. He passed through Um principal streets to ths Town Hnll. where Mr 8?ia introduced Mr. Douglas to the audience, tome 6.000 in number, and Mr. Douglaa responded in a abort apeech erpreaaiva ot hia appreciation of the kind and honorable receptma thu> far give? him in hia native State. Mr. D. rr?*4vad hia friends at the American Hotel. Mr. 0. loft for Moot pclier on the hulf past wren train tbta evening. Prnnaylvania Politics. I'iulajuuhu. July 30,1M0 The Prvifyfranian haa changed proprietors, Dr. t. Mor wita retiring, auueeeded by John H Brunner. The Breckinridge and I^uie flag ha- been hoisted. Kmtaik) Pallliri. Iwwiii* Mat 20? P. M. Gen. l/*lie Ooombf, American c.-iudii.-ite for Clerk of the Court of Appeals, is sddresting a large and <-?thaaw?tlc Bell nnd Everett meeting. A great uuiuber of ladiso are among the audience. The Zoiavri at PhilaaelpliU^ Ilut-aimi-Ma, Jul) N, 1MB The Zouaves visited Independence Hall Una rooraisg. This afternoon they drilled at Fauiaoi.nt Park before Sfteen thousand apectators, among whom were a large number of ladle*. As the drill took place on a hill, aa exoellrn' view waa afforded. Their movements were closely scrutinised, and loudly ap|iiauil?d. Tlie corps is gaining much favor here, where they were flrst looked upon as egotists. Attempt to Throw a Train of Csrifrsai the Truck. Boktut, July M, 1AM An unauccf asful mutnpt wax made Saturday mgtit to ti ro* the Near York express trsin from the track aaar Krammgham, by placing sleeper* a> r<ws Ute rails. The train bad been ronaing at high S|*ed, being behlud tiiae, but the engineer had just ahut < ? ateara as It waa neartaf the depot, when the engine strut k Ave b1?*|kti <m> Ute track. Three of them were thrown off the rails, but two caught under the cow .-atelier ami were borne aloog till the train atopnrd The train rock I fearfully. emm.ty a panlr, but no d*ma#i waa done Tht Funeral Ut??r?|nl? a of .Mr. Van Rrssaelsrr. 4 BrauMitoN N. J-, July 90.1M0. TV' funeral obsequies of Bev. tortland Vsn Kinase Is sr, P. II., took place to dsy. A very large number of praainent clergymen of diflerent dei?uminstlon? wore preaaat. The Itinera I discourse was presetted hi the IVeabytertaa church, by I?r Hodge, nf Princeton, I**' Plumer, lliardiran an 1 theater participating in the advices. The b*41s of the City Ilsll and all the various churches were tolleit, and during the passing of the hoaored remans from Ira ale mMwrf ? the rhurch and thence to the railrv*,! Matioit. the hotels. More-. I>ank nil n' ??!. ? rkWCd. Ttie remain* wore takim to Albany fur tnt-Tfn?>n^ tu Um family vault Th* Srw Jm<) liildgi ? mm . Tk? \to?, July 3f1M0 Th? C1ianc*ll<r ?< 'lay pare mi opinion in t? # lion fbr Injunction made by llw proprietor* of ttv- t*tdc* ovrr t !?? tui kriiMH-k *n<1 Iumh.Io r?at mill Uw flu l>okeii l?n<i lnprtnrrmMt 'i?i>puiy from hridfui^ mi.i ?lv*ri>, (ill the ground "f having etrlnalV j graota. Ttw nw<ti?n ?M drtitai, mul Mi* bill Jiamf ?*d with Tb<> pr priet >ts have rxi it.mve rigM If r a Ml brr 1e, but a vialiw i to can y over a rmilrood ? *a not ?:i uT-uig" ment of the right Nnidrr In "or riitow a. Nn?MK IH , J?|y 30, 1**0 Him M> Namo* w? fmin4 *t? hrr d?(1 n; to day IT r a1 ma and rib* wrr? b? m lad l*r a*u;i vm IrM ? a li.rcd V* buabajiJ at 'u? ?i.fjrtuuki? ? r I m b.<?

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